You are on page 1of 626

A CRITICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY OF

ENGLISH, FRENCH, AND SPANISH


CARIBBEAN LITERATURES
(1954-2004)

Diana Castilleja, Lieven Dhulst, Krista Slagle, Katrien Van der Aa


With the help of
Marie Beels, Hanne Callewaert, Marjan De Smet, Sofie De Smyter, Theo Dhaen

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven


2009

Research in the field of Caribbean literatures has assumed large proportions over
the past decades, which has resulted in a very substantial scientific output all over
the world. This bibliography aims to offer a detailed and yet practical overview of the
three main Caribbean literatures. It not only contains international publications
(monographs, articles in journals and collections, and publications available in other
formats such as doctoral dissertations), but also local publications, which function as
barometers of literary topicality The chosen period (1954-2004) coincides with the
development and diversification of the research.
The structure of the bibliography is as follows: the first chapter reviews general
studies (including bibliographies) concerning the Caribbean as such. Chapters two to
four are devoted to the three linguistic areas. Each of these chapters consists of two
parts: the first part focuses on the general references that apply to that particular
language; the second part takes the islands as criterion, and distinguishes for each
island between general studies and studies on individual authors (including themes,
oeuvre, etc.), ordered alphabetically and chronologically by critic. Some authors may
be classified in another language area than the language they write in, for instance
an author who writes in English but who was born in the Dominican Republic or Haiti.
In this case, the place of birth is decisive for the classification. When multiple
languages, islands, literary authors or texts are discussed within a single publication,
the latter will be mentioned in all of the categories provided. Whenever possible, the
references are in accordance with the MLA Output Style.
No bibliography is ever complete and neither is this one, despite the use of a wide
variety of source material (journals, books, catalogues, bibliographies etc.). However,
more than any of these sources (which are included in the General Studies) this
bibliography offers a comprehensive research instrument for three major Caribbean
literatures and provides by means of a simple and open interface the opportunity to
access and order detailed information on hundreds of authors and thousands of texts
which were the object of scientific research during a period of fifty years.
We would like to thank the following institutions, which made this research and the
publication of its results possible: the FWO-Vlaanderen (Research Foundation
Flanders), the Department of Literary Studies of the K.U.Leuven, and the library
department, the IT department and the Faculty of Arts of the K.U.Leuven Campus
Kortrijk.
THE AUTHORS
Published by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Campus Kortrijk
E. Sabbelaan 53
8500 Kortrijk, Belgium

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Campus Kortrijk


ISBN 9789081383103

1. GENERAL STUDIES
The Islands In Between: Essays on West Indian Literature. Ed. Louis James. London: Oxford
University Press, 1968.
From the Green Antilles: Writings of the Caribbean. Ed. Barbara Howes. London: Granada Publishing,
1980.
European-Caribbean Literary Relations. Komparatistische Hefte 9-10 (1984).
Myth and Imaginary in the New World. Ed. Edmundo Magaa and Peter Mason. Amsterdam: CEDLA,
1986.
Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1986.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 33 (1987): 666-749.
Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1987.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 37 (1988): 772-845.
Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1988.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 12.4 (1989): 741-847.
Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1989.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 13.3 (1990): 556-697.
Anglophone and Francophone Caribbean Performance History: A Select Bibliography. Theatre
Research International 15.3 (1990): 260-61.
Latin American and the Caribbean: a Critical Guide to Research Sources. Ed. Paula H. Covington.
New York, USA: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annotated Bibliography, 1990. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and
Martinique (1992): 199-313.
Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annotated Bibliography, 1991-1992.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 16.4, On Post-Colonial Discourse: A
Special Issue (1993): 931-1033.
The Cambridge Guide to African and Caribbean Theatre. Ed. Martin Banham, Errol Hill, and George
Woodyard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, vii, 260.
A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 1: Hispanic and Francophone Regions. Ed. A. James
Arnold et al. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1994.
Presencia Criolla en el Caribe y Amrica Latina = Creole Presence in the Caribbean and Latin
America. Ed. Ineke Phaf-Rheinberger. Frankfurt am Main: Vervuert; Madrid: Iberoamericana:
1996.
La Carabe: des les au continent. Cahiers dtudes africaines 37.4 (1997).
A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A. James Arnold.
Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997.
The Woman, the Writer, and Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen PyneTimothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998.
The Woman, the Writer, and Caribbean Society. Critical Analyses of the Writings of Caribbean
Women. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Centre for African
American Studies, 1998.
A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A.
James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2001.
Tussen droom en werkelijkheid: Een keuze uit de literaire pagina van de ware tijd. Ed. Jan Bongers.
Paramaribo: Okopipi, 2001. 1-307.
Voices from Hispaniola: Hati and the Dominican Republic. Meridians: Feminism, Race,
Transnationalism 5.1 (2004): 68-156.
Alexander, Simone A. James. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Columbia,
MO: University of Missouri Press, 2001, x, 215.
Amselle, Jean-Loup. La Carabe: des les au continent. Cahiers dtudes africaines 37.4 [148]
(1997).
Anatol, Giselle Liza. Mother Countries, Motherlands, and Mother Love: Representations of
Motherhood in Twentieth-Century Caribbean Womens Literature. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[7], 2514. 1999. University of
Pennsylvania.
Andrade, Susan Zulema. African Fictions and Feminisms: Making History and Remaking Traditions.
Dissertation Abstracts International 53[11], 3894A. 1993. University of Michigan.
Angelis, M. P. de, C. Fiallega, and Carla Fratta. I Caraibi: La cultura contemporanea. Roma: Carocci,
2003.

4
Angrosino, Michael V. Dub Poetry and West Indian Identity. Anthropology and Literature. Ed. Paul
Benson and Edward M. Bruner. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993. 73-88.
Anim-Addo, Joan. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. London:
Whiting and Birch, 1996, xiii, 260.
Annan, Adaku Tawai. Revolution as Theater: Revolutionary Aesthetics in the Works of Selected Black
Playwrights. Dissertation Abstracts International 48[3], 648A. 1987.
Arnold, A. James and Josephine V. Arnold. Caribbean Literary Historiography. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 2.1 (1988): 93-185.
Arnold, A. James. Caribbean Literature/Comparative Literature. Semper aliquid novi: Littrature
compare et littratures dAfrique. Ed. Jnos Riesz and Alain Ricard. Tbingen: Narr, 1990.
39-46.
Badejo, Fabian A. Introduction to Literature in English in the Dutch Windward Islands. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 21.3 (1998): 676-79.
Baker, Edward, et al. Final Commentaries, I: Literature, Culture and Politics; II: Problems and
Prospects. Process of Unity in Caribbean Society: Ideologies and Literature. Ed. Ileana
Rodrguez, Marc Zimmerman, and Lisa E. Davis. Minneapolis: Institute for Study of Ideologies
& Literature, 1983. 176-213.
Balutansky, Kathleen M. Naming Caribbean Women Writers. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora
Arts and Letters 13.3 (1990): 539-50.
Balutansky, Kathleen M., et al. Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annotated
Bibliography, 1990. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1 (1992): 199313.
Balutansky, Kathleen M., et al. Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annotated
Bibliography, 1991-1992. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 16.4
(1993): 931-1033.
Balutansky, Kathleen M., Marie-Agns Sourieau, and Yanick Lahens. Caribbean Creolization:
Reflections on the Cultural Dynamics of Language, Literature, and Identity. Gainesville /
Barbados: University Press of Florida / Press University of the West Indies, 1998, viii, 193.
Bandara, Samuel B. A Bibliography of Theses and Dissertations Written in English on Caribbean
Novels. The Commonwealth Novel in English 2.2 (1983): 50-93.
Bass, Margaret Kent. Caribbean Literature. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 6.1
(1999).
Baugh, Edward. Questions and Imperatives for a Young Literature. Humanities Association
Review/La Revue de lAssociation des Humanits 24 (1973): 13-24.
---. Breve recuento de la poesa antillana de lengua inglesa 1900-70: Un estudio de descolonizacion
cultural. Casa de las Amricas 91 (1975): 37-45.
Beckles, Hilary McD. Historicizing Slavery in West Indian Feminisms. Feminist Review 59 (1998): 3456.
Bentez-Rojo, Antonio. Existe una novelistica antillana de lengua inglesa? Casa de las Amricas
185-92 (1975).
Bentez-Rojo, Antonio and Silvio Bertocci. La narrativa antillana di lingua inglese. Il Ponte: Rivista
mensile de politica e letteratura fondata da Piero Calamandrei 29.2 (1983): 213-24.
Bentez-Rojo, Antonio and James E. Maraniss. Three Words Toward Creolization. Caribbean
Creolization: Reflections on the Cultural Dynamics of Language, Literature, and Identity. Ed.
Kathleen M. Balutansky, Marie-Agns Sourieau, and Yanick Lahens. Gainesville, FL:
University Press of Florida, 1998. 53-61.
---. The New Atlantis: The Ultimate Caribbean Archipelago. Hopscotch: A Cultural Review 1.1 (1999):
10-19.
Benson, Robert. One Peoples Grief: Recent Writing from the Caribbean. Pacific Quarterly (Moana)
8.3 (1983).
Berrian, Brenda F., et al. Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated
Bibliography, 1985. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 9.4 (29) (1986):
623-72.
---. Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1986.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 10.4 (33) (1987): 666-749.
---. Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1987.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 11.4 (37) (1988): 772-845.
Berrian, Brenda F. Zouk Diva: Interview with Jocelyne Broard. MaComre: Journal of the
Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 2 (1999): 1-11.
Boxill, Anthony. A Bibliography of West Indian Fiction, 1900-1970. World Literature Written in English
Newsletter 19 (1971): 23-44.

5
Brambilla, C. La Negritudine. Bologna: Nigrizia, 1972.
Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. The African Presence in Caribbean Literature. Africa in Latin America:
Essays on History, Culture, and Socialization. Ed. Manuel Moreno Fraginals and Leonor Blum.
New York; Paris: Holmes & Meier; UNESCO, 1984. 103-44.
Brathwaite, Edward Kamau and Timothy J. Reiss. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other
Realisms in Caribbean Literature. Annals of Scholarship: An International Quarterly in the
Humanities and Social Sciences 12.1-2 (1997).
Broek, Aart G. Carabische letteren van verzet. Curaao: 1986.
---. Het zilt van de passanten: Caribische letteren van verzet: Essays. Haarlem: In de Knipscheer,
1988.
---. Carabische literatuur: Strijders en verliezers. Utrecht: Bureau Studium Generale, 1989.
---. Participants in Caribbean Literary Communication: Acknowledgement of Their Existence. Born
Out of Resistance: On Caribbean Cultural Creativity. Ed. Wim Hoogbergen. Utrecht: ISOR,
1995. 366-76.
Brown-Hinds, Paulette Denice. Long-Memoried Women: Memory and Migration in Twentieth Century
Black Womens Narrative. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 59[2], 483. 1998. University of California, Riverside. 1998.
Bryce, Jane. A World of Caribbean Romance: Reformulating the Legend of Love (or: Can a Caress
Be Culturally Specific?). Caribbean Studies 27.3-4 (1994): 346-66.
Budig-Markin, Valrie Jean and Martha Manier. Traduire les Antilles en anglais: Trahir ou fter la
polyphonie? TTR: Traduction, terminologie, rdaction: Etudes sur le texte et ses
transformations 13.2 (2000): 107-25.
Buscaglia-Salgado, Jos. Impossible Nations: Body and Ideal in the Mulatto World of the Caribbean.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[5],
1561. 1998. State University of New York, Buffalo. 1998.
Campbell, Elaine and Pierrette M. Frickey. The Whistling Bird: Women Writers of the Caribbean.
Boulder, CO: Rienner, 1998, vii, 274.
Carew, Jan. El escritor caribeno y el exilio. Casa de las Amricas 105 (1977): 37-53.
Cartwright, Keith. Voodoo Hermeneutics/The Crossroads Sublime: Soul Musics, Mindful Body, and
Creole Consciousness. Mississippi Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Cultures 57.1 (2003):
157-70.
Castro Borrego, Silvia Del Pilar. Truly Confronting the Past: The Recovery of History and Identity in
Afro-Caribbean Literature. Evolving Origins, Transplanting Cultures: Literary Legacies of the
New Americans. Ed. Laura P. Alonso Gallo and Antonia Domnguez Miguela. Collectanea: 65.
Huelva: Universidad de Huelva, 2002. 101-08.
Cham, Baboucar Aliew-Badara. Language and Style in the West African and West Indian Novel.
Dissertation Abstracts International 39, 3562A. 1978. Ann Arbor, MI.
Chancy, Myriam Josphe Aime. In Search of Safe Spaces: Afro-Caribbean Women Writers in Exile.
Dissertation Abstracts International 55[8], 2373A. 1995. University of Iowa. 1994.
Chivallon, Christine. Du territoire au rseau: Comment penser lidentit antillaise. Cahiers dtudes
africaines 37.4 [148] (1997): 767-94.
Civil, Gabrielle. From Body to Nation, Black Womens Poetry in the United States, Hati, and Canada.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[4],
1388. 2000. New York University.
Clark, VeVe A. Dangerous Admissions: Opening Stages to Violence, Anger, and Healing in African
Diaspora Theater. Violence, Silence, and Anger: Womens Writing as Transgression. Ed.
Deirdre Lashgari. Feminist Issues: Practice, Politics, Theory. Charlottesville: University Press
of Virginia, 1995. 247-63.
Clark, VeVe A., et al. Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated
Bibliography, 1988. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 12.4 (41) (1989):
741-847.
---. Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1989.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 13.3 (1990): 556-697.
Collier, Gordon. A Disunified Field Theory of Creolization? Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a
Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language
and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 293-301.
Collier, Gordon and Ulrich Fleischmann. A Pepper-Pot of Cultures: Aspects of Creolization in the
Caribbean. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 27-28 (2003).
Collins, Merle. Framing the Word: Caribbean Womens Writing. Framing the Word: Gender and
Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London: Whiting and Birch, 1996.
4-11.

6
Cond, Maryse. Order, Disorder, Freedom, and the West Indian Writer. Yale French Studies. 83
(1993): 121-35.
Cooke, Michael G. A Rhetoric of Obliquity in African and Caribbean Women Writers. An Other
Tongue: Nation and Ethnicity in the Linguistic Borderlands. Ed. Alfred Arteaga. Durham, NC:
Duke University Press, 1994. 169-84.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Mix Up the Indian with all the Patwa: Rajamuffin Sounds in Cool Britannia.
Language & Intercultural Communication 4.1/2 (2004): 81-99.
Coulthard, George Robert. Race and Colour in Caribbean Literature. London - Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 1962.
---. Parallelisms and Divergencies Between Ngritude and Indigenismo. Caribbean Studies 8.1
(1968): 43-68.
Creque-Harris, Leah. Literature of the Diaspora by Women of Color. SAGE: A Scholarly Journal on
Black Women 3.2 (1986): 61-64.
Cudjoe, Selwyn R. Resistance and Caribbean Literature. Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1980.
Curtius, Anny Dominique. Manifestations religieuses et espace littraire antillais. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[3], 812-13. 1998.
Universit de Montral. 1997.
Dhaen, Theo. (Post)Modernity and Caribbean Discourse. A History of Literature in the Caribbean.
Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John
Benjamins, 1997. 303-21.
Dalphinis, Morgan. The African Presence: Similarities Between West Indian Creole and African Oral
Literature. Wasafiri 2 (1985): 15-17.
Dash, J. Michael. Before and Beyond Ngritude. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 1:
Hispanic and Francophone Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold, Julio Rodrguez-Luis, and J.
Michael Dash. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1994. 529-46.
---. The Other America: Caribbean Literatures in a New World Context. London; Charlottesville (VA):
University Press of Virginia, 1998, 197.
Davies, Carole Boyce. Caribbean Women Writers: Imagining Caribbean Space. Thamyris:
Mythmaking from Past to Present 5.2 (1998).
Davis, Lisa E. La Casa de las Amricas y la literatura antillana de lengua inglesa. Casa de las
Amricas 22.128 (1981): 108-13.
De Ferrari Rueda, Guillermina. Partial Objects: Body, Text, and Subjectivity in Caribbean
Autoethnographic Texts. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 62[2], 580. 2001. Columbia University. 2001.
Dorsey, Joseph C. It Hurt Very Much at the Time: Patriarchy, Rape Culture, and the Slave BodySemiotic. The Culture of Gender and Sexuality in the Caribbean. Ed. Linden Lewis.
Gainesville (FL): University Press of Florida, 2003. 294-322.
Duff, Christine Kelly. Pour une potique de la vie intrieure au fminin dans la littrature caribenne
contemporaine. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 65[5], 1789. 2004. University of Toronto. 2003.
Dupuy, Alex. Toussaint-Louverture and the Haitian Revolution: A Reassessment of C.L.R. Jamess
Interpretation. C.L.R. James: His Intellectual Legacies. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe and William E.
Cain. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1995. 106-17.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. Race, Gender, and the Caribbean Narrative of Revolution. Interventions:
Feminist Dialogues on Third World Womens Literature and Film. Ed. Bishnupriya Ghosh,
Brinda Bose, and Chandra Talpade Mohanty. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities
(GRLH): 1943. New York, NY: Garland, 1997. 63-78.
---. Caribbean Romances: The Politics of Regional Representation. Charlottesville, VA: University
Press of Virginia, 1999, ix, 228.
Egonu, Iheanachor. Porte rvolutionnaire du premier roman ngre. Ethiopiques 19 (1979): 85-91.
Ellis, Keith. Images of Sugar in English and Spanish Caribbean Poetry. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 24.1 (1993): 149-59.
Ette, Ottmar and Alvaro Eljach. De islas, fronteras y vectores: Ensayo sobre el mundo insular fractal
del Caribe. Iberoamericana: Amrica Latina, Espaa, Portugal/Iberoamericana:
Lateinamerika, Spanien, Portugal 4.16 (2004): 129-43.
Farred, Grant. The Ellisonian Injunction: Discourse on a Lower Frequency. Small Axe: A Caribbean
Journal of Criticism 16 (2004): 205-13.
Felhoen Kraal, Johanna. Caribische letteren. De West-Indische Gids 35 (1954): 192-218.
Fenwick, Mac. New Words by New Women: Contemporary Poetry in the Caribbean and Central
America. Journal of Caribbean Studies 7.2-3 (1989): 173-80.

7
---. Writers of the Caribbean and Central America: A Bibliography, I & II. New York, NY; New York, NY:
Garland; Garland, 1991, xvi, 756.
Ferguson, James. Travellers Literary Companion to the Caribbean. London, UK: In Print, 1997, 408.
Fiet, Lowell and Janette Becerra. Caribe 2000: Definiciones, identidades y culturas regionales y/o
nacionales/Caribbean 2000: Regional and/or National Definitions, Identities and Cultures. San
Juan, Puerto Rico: Sargasso/Caribe 2000-Facultad de Humanidades, Universidad de Puerto
Rico, 2000.
Fischer, Sibylle. Modernity Disavowed: Hati and the Cultures of Slavery in the Age of Revolution.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004, xiii, 364.
Fleischmann, Ulrich. Maroons, Writers, and History. Slavery in the Americas. Ed. Wolfgang Binder.
Studien zur Neuen Welt: 4. Wrzburg: Knigshausen & Neumann, 1993. 565-79.
Fleischmann, Ulrich, et al. Closing Discussion. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 27-28
(2003): 457-77.
Gewecke, Frauke. El Corte oder Les Vpres Dominicaines: Trujillos dominicanizacin de la frontera
und ihr Reflex in der dominikanischen und haitianischen Literatur. Iberoamericana: Amrica
Latina, Espaa, Portugal/Iberoamericana: Lateinamerika, Spanien, Portugal 17.2 [50] (1993):
38-62.
Gibbons, Rawle. Theatre and Caribbean Self-Definition. Modern Drama 38.1 (1995): 52-59.
Gikandi, Simon. Writing in Limbo: Modernism and Caribbean Literature. Ithaca / London: Cornell
University Press, 1992, ix, 260.
Glaser, Marlies and Marion Pausch. Caribbean Writers: Between Orality and Writing/Les auteurs
caribens: Entre loralit et lcriture. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 12
(1994).
Glissant, douard and J. Michael Dash. Caribbean Discourse. Selected Essays. Charlottesville, Va. London: University Press of Virginia; CARAF Books, 1989.
Goldberg, Jonathan. Tempest in the Caribbean. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press,
2003, xiv, 192.
Gonzlez Stephan, Beatriz. Cuestiones de mtodo: Sistema y proceso en la literatura de nuestra
Amrica. Ideologies and Literature: Journal of Hispanic and Lusophone Discourse Analysis
3.2 (1988): 23-37.
Gorsira, E. La culture franaise dans les Antilles nerlandaises. Culture franaise 19.2 (1970): 10-19.
Goslinga, Marian. Caribbean Literature: A Bibliography. XIII Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, Inc.,
1998.
Goulthard, G. R. El sentimiento de la naturaleza en la literatura antillana (1800-1955). Estudios
Americanos 13 (1957): 165-75.
Greene, Sue N. Report on the Third International Caribbean Women Writers Conference. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 16.1 (1993): 65-71.
Greenwood, Emily. Classics and the Atlantic Triangle: Caribbean Readings of Greece and Rome via
Africa. Forum for Modern Language Studies 40.4 (2004): 365-76.
Guinness, Gerald. Here and Elsewhere: Essays on Caribbean Literature. Ro Piedras, Puerto Rico:
Editorial de la universidad de Puerto Rico, 1993, 204.
Gyssels, Kathleen. La migration des mots et le nerlandais comme langue mineure dans la
mosaque linguistique caribenne. TTR: Traduction, terminologie, rdaction: Etudes sur le
texte et ses transformations 13.2 (2000): 179-201.
---. Van The Atlantic Wall naar The Atlantic Sound en wie goed bedoelt: Lieux de mmoire in de
Afrikaanse diaspora. Rechtvaardige oorlogen of zinloze slachtpartijen?: opstellen over
literatuur en oorlog. Leuven; Voorburg: Acco, 2004. 157-67.
Hale, Thomas A. From Afro-America to Afro-France: The Literary Triangle Trade. The French
Review 49.6, Bicentennial Issue: Historical and Literary Relations between France and the
United States (1976): 1089-96.
Hambuch, Doris. Displacements in Contemporary Caribbean Writing. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[5], 1840. 2001. University of
Alberta. 2000.
Handley, George Browning. Family Portraits in Black and White: Genealogy and Narrative in PostSlavery Fiction from the U.S. and the Caribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International 56[9],
3572A. 1996. University of California, Berkeley. 1995.
---. Postslavery Literatures in the Americas: Family Portraits in Black and White. Charlottesville, VA:
University Press of Virginia, 2000, x, 231.
Hardwick, Lorna. Greek Drama and Anti-Colonialism: Decolonizing Classics. Dionysus Since 69:
Greek Tragedy at the Dawn of the Third Millennium. Ed. Edith Hall, Fiona Macintosh, and
Amanda Wrigley. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2004. 219-42.

8
Hayes, Jarrod. Defining Caribbean Identity. MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 48.3 (2002): 737-45.
Heller, Ben Ames. Landscape, Femininity, and Caribbean Discourse. Modern Language Notes
111.2, Hispanic Issue (1996): 391-416.
Henriquez, Denis. Sombras Del Sol. El artista caribeno como guerrero de lo imaginario. Ed. Rita De
Maeseneer, An Van Hecke, and Silvio Torres-Saillant. Madrid; Frankfurt: Iberoamericana;
Vervuert, 2004. 55-61.
Herdeck, Donald E., et al. Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical-Critical Encyclopedia. Washington
D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1979, 943.
Howes, Barbara. From the Green Antilles. Writing of the Caribbean. New York, NY: The MacMillan,
Co., 1966.
Hugon, Monique. 2000 titres de la littrature des Carabes. Notre Librairie: Revue du Livre: Afrique,
Carabes, Ocan Indien 106 (1991): 7-206.
---. 2000 titres de la littrature des Carabes. Notre Librairie: Revue du Livre: Afrique, Carabes,
Ocan Indien 106 (1991): 7-206.
Irele, F. Abiola and Simon Gikandi. The Cambridge History of African and Caribbean Literature.
Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2003, xli.
Irish, J. A. G. Magical Realism: A Search for Caribbean and Latin American Roots. Revista
Interamericana Review 4 (1974): 411-21.
James, Ariel. Novela y nacin en el Caribe. Identidad nacional y cultural de las Antillas
hispanoparlantes (simposio internacional Holgun). Ed. Lubomr Vebr. Ibero-Americana
Pragensia Supplementum, 5. Praga, Czech Republic: Universidad Carolina, 1991. 185-96.
James, Ioney. On Caribbean Writers. 13th Moon 12.1-2 (1993): 125-29.
James, Louis. Writers From the Caribbean. London: Book Trust, 1990, 38.
Jeanne, Max. French West-Indian literature. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 121122 (1982): 135-39.
John, Catherine Amelia. The Haunting Past and the Production of Racial Subjects: Contemporary
Afro-Caribbean Womens Writing. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 59[1], 178-79. 1998. University of California, Santa Cruz.
1997.
---. Clear Word and Third Sight: Folk Groundings and Diasporic Consciousness in African Caribbean
Writing. 241 p. Durham (NC) / London: Duke University Press, 2003, xi, 241.
Johnson, Lemuel A. The Inventions of Paradise: The Caribbean and the Utopian Bent. Poetics
Today 15.4, Loci of Enunciation and Imaginary Constructions: The Case of (Latin) America, I
(1994): 685-724.
Kempen, Michiel van. Literatuurgeschiedenis van het Caribisch gebied. Oso: Tijdschrift voor
Surinaamse taalkunde, letterkunde en geschiedenis 14-15.2-1 (1997): 97-104.
King, Lloyd. Towards a Caribbean Literary Tradition. St. Augustine, Trinidad: UWI, 1993, 92.
Krieger, Milton. The Formative Journals and Institutions. The Cambridge History of African and
Caribbean Literature. Ed. F. Abiola Irele and Simon Gikandi. Cambridge, England: Cambridge
University Press, 2003. 398-407.
Kristensen, Randi Gray. Rights of Passage: A Cross-Cultural Study of Maroon Novels by Black
Women. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences
61[7], 2700. 2001. Louisiana State University. 2000.
Kubayanda, Josaphat Bekunuru. Minority Discourse and the African Collective: Some Examples from
Latin American and Caribbean Literature. Cultural Critique 6, The Nature and Context of
Minority Discourse (1987): 113-30.
---. On Discourse of Decolonization in Africa and the Caribbean. Dispositio: Revista Americana de
Estudios Comparados y Culturales/American Journal of Comparative and Cultural Studies
14.36-38 (1989): 25-35.
---. The Phenomenon of Recognition: The African Ideal in the Caribbean Text. Journal of Caribbean
Studies 8.3 (1991): 175-85.
Kurlansky, Mark. A Continent of Islands: Searching for the Caribbean Destiny. Reading: AddisonWesley Publishing, 1992, 324.
Kutzinski, Vera M. The Cult of Caliban: Collaboration and Revisionism in Contemporary Caribbean
Narrative. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A.
James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997. 286-302.
Lang, George. Entwisted Tongues: Comparative Creole Literatures. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000, viii,
324.
Larsen, Neil. Reading North by South: On Latin American Literature, Culture, and Politics.
Minneapolis, USA: University of Minnesota Press, 1995, 234.
Larson, Charles R. The Novel in the Third World. Washington, DC: INSCAPE, 1976, 201.

9
Leclerc, Jean. Le syncrtisme dans la littrature de la Carabe. Syncrtisme et interculturel: De
Rome lre postcoloniale: Cultures, littratures, esthtique. Ed. Jean-Pierre Durix. Collection
Kalidoscopes. Dijon: Editions universitaires de Dijon, 1997. 65-72.
Ledent, Bndicte. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004, xi, 324.
Leijnse, Elisabeth and Michiel van Kempen. Tussenfiguren: Schrijvers tussen de culturen. Amsterdam:
Het Spinhuis, 1998, 1-326.
Lenk, Cynthia Ruth. Race, Gender, and Personal Power in Selected Contemporary Caribbean Works
of Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts International 52[9], 3273A. 1992. University of Arkansas.
1991.
Lewis, Linden. The Culture of Gender and Sexuality in the Caribbean. Gainesville, FL: University
Press of Florida, 2003, 328.
Licops, Dominique M. Naturalizing Identity, Politicizing Nature: Metaphors of Identification in the
Writing of Caribbean Women Writers. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 63[4], 1327. 2002. Northwestern University. 2002.
Lima, Maria Helena. Decolonizing Genre: Caribbean Women Writers and the Bildungsroman.
Dissertation University of Maryland College, 1993.
---. Beyond Mirandas Meanings: Contemporary Critical Perspectives on Caribbean Womens
Literatures. Feminist Studies 21.1 (1995): 115-28.
Loncke, Joycelynne. The Image of the Woman in Caribbean Literature: With Special Reference to
Pan Beat and the Heremakhonon. Bim 64 (1978): 272-81.
Lpez Springfield, Consuelo. Daughters of Caliban: Caribbean Women in the Twentieth Century.
Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1997, xxii, 316.
Luis, William. History and Fiction: Black Narrative in Latin America and the Caribbean. Voices From
Under: Black Narrative in Latin America and the Caribbean. Ed. William Luis. Contribtions in
Afro-American & African Studies: 76. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1984. 3-32.
---. Voices From Under: Black Narrative in Latin America and the Caribbean. Westport, CT:
Greenwood, 1984, xiii, 263.
Magaa, Edmundo. Carib Myths about the Origin of Some Animal Species. Latin American Indian
Literatures Journal: A Review of American Indian Texts and Studies 1.1 (1985): 13-27.
---. Contribuciones al estudio de la mitologa y astronoma de los Indios de las Guyanas. Amsterdam:
CEDLA, 1987.
Mahabir, Joy A. I. Miraculous Weapons: Revolutionary Ideology in Caribbean Culture. New York;
Washington; D.C.-Baltimore; Bern; Frankfurt a.M.; Berlin; Brussels; Vienna; Oxford: Peter
Lang, 2003.
Makulini, Dean Edson. Narrating the Blues: Music and Discursive Strategies in Selected AfricanAmerican, Afro-Caribbean and Black South African Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[12], 4416-17. 2000.
University of Iowa. 1999.
Mardorossian, Carine Melkom. From Literature of Exile to Migrant Literature. Modern Language
Studies 32.2 (2002): 15-33.
Martinez, Jos Luis. El msico y la msica popular en la narrativa Hispanocaribea. Dissertation.
University of Texas, 1993.
Martnez Montiel, Luz Mara and Suzanne D. Stephens. African Orality in the Literary Culture of the
Caribbean. Literary Cultures of Latin America: A Comparative History, I: Configurations of
Literary Culture; II: Institutional Modes and Cultural Modalities; III: Latin American Literary
Culture: Subject to History. Ed. Mario J. Valds et al. Oxford, England: Oxford University
Press, 2004.
Mateo Palmer, Margarita. Reflexiones y pronsticos sobre el estudio de la literatura caribea.
Universidad de La Habana 233 (1988): 27-40.
---. La literatura caribea al cierre del siglo. Revista Iberoamericana 59.164-165 (1993): 605-26.
Matibag, Eugenio Dulog. Self-Consuming Fictions: The Dialectics of Cannibalism in Modern
Caribbean Narratives. Postmodern Culture: An Electronic Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism
1.3 (1991).
Matthews, John T. Recalling the West Indies: From Yoknapatawpha to Haiti and Back. American
Literary History 16.2 (2004): 238-62.
Maximin, Colette. Littratures caribennes compares. Pointe--Pitre: Jasor, 1996.
Mayes, Janis A., David Dorsey, and Christine Guyonneau. Studies in African Literatures and
Oratures: An Annual Annotated Bibliography, 1985. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora
Arts and Letters 29 (1986): 673-93.

10
Mrquez, Roberto and Maximilien Laroche. The Caribbean From the Perspective of the Humanities.
Process of Unity in Caribbean Society: Ideologies and Literature. Ed. Ileana Rodrguez, Marc
Zimmerman, and Lisa E. Davis. Minneapolis: Institute for Study of Ideologies and Literature,
1983. 96-131.
Mrquez, Roberto. Nationalism, Nation, and Ideology: Trends in the Emergence of a Caribbean
Literature. The Modern Caribbean. Ed. Franklin W. Knight and Colin A. Palmer. Chapel Hill,
USA: University of North Carolina Press, 1989. 293-340.
McCluskey, Audrey Thomas. Encountering Cuba Grace under Pressure-Boatloads of It. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 26.1 (2003): 103-05.
Meehan, Kevin Vincent. People Get Ready: African-American and Caribbean Critical Theory,
Decolonizing Literatures, and the Challenge of Popular Culture. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 58[1], 157. 1997. University of
Maryland, College Park. 1996.
Menton, Seymour. Latin Americas New Historical Novel. Austin, USA: University of Texas Press,
1993, 228.
Milne, Lorna. Caribbean Connections. Forum for Modern Language Studies 40.4 (2004): 357-462.
Mitchell, Keith Bernard. In the Wake of the World: Legacies of Colonial and Postcolonial Violence in
the Contemporary West Indian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4], 1357-58. 2004. University of North Carolina, Chapel
Hill.
Mohr, Eugene V. Caribbean Literature(s). Revista Interamericana Review 4.3 (1974).
Montilla Vargas, Claudia. History and Narrative: the Latin American Experiment. Dissertation. State
University of New York, 1993.
Moore, David Chioni. Where Are All the African and Caribbean Critics? The MLA, Honorary Members,
and Honorary Fellows. Research in African Literatures 32.1 (2001): 110-21.
Mootry, Maria K. Three Caribbean Poets: Sea Imagery as an Index to Their African Consciousness.
Pan-Africanist (Northwestern University) 1.2 (1971): 22-27.
Morejn, Nancy and Alan West Durn. Toward a Poetics of the Caribbean. World Literature Today: A
Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 76.3-4 (2002): 52-53.
Mudimbe-Boyi, Elisabeth. Breaking Silence and Borders: Women Writers from Francophone and
Anglophone Africa and the Caribbean. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 16.1 (1993): 75-76.
---. Francophone and Anglophone Literature: The Women Writers. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 16.1 (1993): 73-242.
Munro, Martin. La Discorde antillaise: Contemporary Debates in Caribbean Criticism. Paragraph: A
Journal of Modern Critical Theory 24.3 (2001): 117-27.
Muysken, Pieter. The Creole Languages of the Caribbean. A History of Literature in the Caribbean.
Volume 2: English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Philadelphia: John
Benjamins, 2001. 399-414.
Mller-Bergh, Klaus. Indagacin del vanguardismo en Las Antillas: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Santo
Domingo, Hait. Prosa hispnica de vanguardia. Ed. Fernando Burgos. DiscursoOrgenes:
Tratados de Critica Literaria. Madrid: Orgenes, 1986. 55-76.
Nettleford, Rex. Communication with Ourselves: The Caribbean Artist and the Society. Caribbean
Affairs 3.2 (1990): 30-38.
Newson, Adele S. and Linda Strong-Leek. Winds of Change: The Transforming Voices of Caribbean
Women Writers and Scholars. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998, viii, 237.
Nixon, Rob. Caribbean and African Appropriations of The Tempest. Critical Inquiry 13.3, Politics and
Poetic Value (1987): 557-78.
Ojo-Ade, Femi. Caribbean Ngritude and Africa: Aspects of Black Dilemma. A History of Literature in
the Caribbean. Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A. James Arnold.
Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997. 357-73.
Omotoso, Kole. The Theatrical into Theatre: A Study of the Drama and Theatre of the EnglishSpeaking Caribbean. London: New Beacon Books, 1982.
Onwuachi, Chike. Black Ideology in the African Diaspora. Chicago: Third World, 1975.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth and Olga Torres-Seda. Caribbean Women Novelists: An Annotated
Critical Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993, ix, 427.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. The Alienation of Power: The Woman Writer and the Planter-Heroine in
Caribbean Literature. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and
Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African
American Studies, 1998. 3-11.

11
---. Women Against the Grain: The Pitfalls of Theorizing Caribbean Womens Writing. Winds of
Change: The Transforming Voices of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S.
Newson and Linda Strong-Leek. viii, New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998. 161-68.
Par, Franois. Thtre anglophone et francophone de la Carabe/Anglophone and Francophone
Caribbean Theatre. Essays in Theatre/Etudes thtrales 20.1 (2001): 3-65.
Passapera, Annette Marie. Ferment without History: The Literary Short Story and the Caribbean in
Anthologies of the Twentieth Century. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 58[5], 1716. 1997. Cornell University. 1997.
Phaf-Rheinberger, Ineke. Vrouwen en literatuur in het Caribisch gebied. Ongehoorde woorden:
vrouwen en literatuur in Afrika, de Arabische wereld, Azi, het Caribisch gebied en LatijnsAmerika. Ed. Mineke Schipper de Leeuw. Weesp / Den Haag: Het Wereldvenster / Novib,
1984. 183-214.
---. Women and Literature in the Caribbean. Unheard Words: Women and Literature in Africa, the
Arab World, Asia, the Caribbean and Latin America. Ed. Mineke Schipper de Leeuw and
Barbara Potter Fasting. London/New York: Allison & Busby, 1985. 168-200.
---. Motivforschung altmodisch? Mit der Mulattin zu einem Karibischen Nationaltext. Rasse, Klasse
und Kultur in der Karibik. Ed. Karl Kohut. Frankfurt a. M.: Klaus Dieter Vervuert, 1989. 85-98.
---. La nacin cimarrona en el imaginario del Caribe no-hispnico. Revista de Critica Literaria
Latinoamericana 16.31-32 (1990): 67-97.
---. La introduccin emblemtica de la nacin mulata: El contrapunteo hbrido en las culturas de
Suriname y Cuba. Revista de Crtica Literaria Latinoamericana 19.38 (1993): 195-215.
Phaf-Rheinberger, Ineke, G. J. van Exel, and Maureen Berkel. Caribbean Imagination and NationBuilding in Antillean and Surinamese Literature. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 11.1 (34) (1988): 148-71.
Phillips, Caryl. Interview by Frank Birbalsingh. Displaced Persons. Ed. Kirsten Holst Petersen and
Anna Rutherford. Mundelstrup: Dangaroo, 1996. 145-151.
Pizarro, Ana and J. Ann Zammit. Reflections on the Historiography of Caribbean Literature. Callaloo:
A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 11.1 (34) (1988): 173-85.
Prescott, Laurence E. Afro-Hispanic and Caribbean Literatures in Recent Theory and Criticism:
Affirmations and Implications. Latin American Research Review 31.1 (1996): 148-61.
Puchet Paquet, Sandra. Surfacing: The Counterhegemonic Project of Representation, Identification,
and Resistance in Nineteenth-Century African Caribbean Womens Texts. Caribbean Studies
27.3-4 (1994): 278-97.
Putte-de Windt, Igma van. Forms of Dramatic Expression in the Leeward Islands. A History of
Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James
Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2001. 597-614.
Raguet-Bouvart, Christine. Traduire la littrature des Carabes. Palimpsestes 12 (2000): 11-97.
Ramchand, Kenneth. The West Indian Novel and Its Background. London: Faber & Faber, 1970.
Reiss, Timothy J. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other Realisms in Caribbean Literature. 2nd
ed. Trenton, NJ: African World Press, 2002, ix, 280.
Rodriguez Amaya, F. Letteratura Caraibica. Milano: Jaca Book, 1993.
Rodriguez, Maria Cristina. The Role of Women in Caribbean Prose Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts
International 39, 6115A. 1979. Ann Arbor, MI.
Rodrguez-Carranza, Luz and Nadia Lie. A Comparative Analysis of Caribbean Literary Magazines:
1960-1980. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A.
James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997. 119-60.
Rodrguez, Emilio Jorge. Oral Tradition and New Literary Canon in Caribbean Poetry. A History of
Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A. James Arnold.
Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1997. 177-85.
Rodrguez, Ileana. Towards a New History of Caribbean Literature. Process of Unity in Caribbean
Society: Ideologies and Literature. Ed. Ileana Rodrguez, Marc Zimmerman, and Lisa E.
Davis. Minneapolis: Institute for Study of Ideologies and Literature, 1983. 132-41.
---. House/Garden/Nation: Space, Gender, and Ethnicity in Postcolonial Latin America Literatures by
Women. Durham, UK: Duke University Press, 1994, 223.
Rodrguez, Ileana, Marc Zimmerman, and Lisa E. Davis. Process of Unity in Caribbean Society:
Ideologies and Literature. Minneapolis: Institute for Study of Ideologies and Literature, 1983.
Rodrguez, Mara Cristina. The Construction of the Imaginary Homeland: Migrating Women in Novels
by Caribbean Women Writers. Colonizer and Colonized. Ed. Theo Dhaen and Patricia Krs.
Textxet: Studies in Comparative Literature (Textxet): 26. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000. 307-20.

12
Rody, Caroline Margaret. The Daughters Return: Revisions of History in Contemporary Fiction by
African-American and Caribbean Women Writers. Dissertation Abstracts International 56[9],
3585A. 1996. University of Virginia. 1995.
Romero-Cesareo, Ivette. El drama del silencio: renacimiento ritual en la Literatura Caribea. Caribe
2000: Definiciones, identidades y culturas regionales y/o nacionales/Caribbean 2000:
Regional and/or National Definitions, Identities and Cultures. Ed. Lowell Fiet and Janette
Becerra. Sargasso: 4. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Sargasso/Caribe 2000-Facultad de
Humanidades, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 2000. 49-63.
Rowell, Charles Henry and Kimberly Chambers. Studies in Afro-American Literature: An Annual
Annotated Bibliography, 1985. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters.29
(1986): 583-622.
Rutgers, Wim. Bon dia! Met wie schrijf ik? Over Carabische jeugdliteratuur. Oranjestad: Charuba,
1988.
Santos Febres, Mayra. Los usos del eros en el Caribe. La cuestin del gnero literario y la expresin
femenina actual. Ed. Carmen Cazurro Garca de la Quintana. (No place): (No publisher),
1998. 103-14.
Saunders, Kristyn Jane. Sugar and Spice: Slavery, Women, and Literature in the Caribbean.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[4],
1246. 2003. Columbia University. 2003.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Registering Connection: Masking and Gender Issues in Caribbean Theatre.
Post-Colonial Stages: Critical and Creative Views on Drama, Theatre and Performance. Ed.
Helen Gilbert. London, England: Dangaroo, 1999. 222-33.
Snchez, Luis Rafael and Alfred J. Mac Adam. Voyage to the Caribbean Identity. Review: Latin
American Literature and Arts 47 (1993): 20-22.
Schomburg-Scherff, Sylvia M. Women Versions of Creole Identity in Caribbean Fiction: A CulturalAnthropological Perspective. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 27-28 (2003):
367-74.
Schultze-Kraft, Peter. Die Wahrheitsprobe des Gran-Man: Neue Erzhlungen aus der Karibik.
Frankfurt, Main: Eichborn-Westpapiere, 1983.
Sealy, Joseph Sylvan. Language, Landscape and Consciousness. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 58[1], 158. 1997. City University
of New York. 1997.
Sebba, Mark. How Do You Spell Patwa? Critical Quarterly 38.4 (1996): 50-63.
Sellin, Eric. A Congruence of Landscape and the Mind: Or, the Cartography of the Colonialized
Psyche. The Literary Review: An International Journal of Contemporary Writing 39.4 (1996):
492-502.
Serafin, Steven R. Modern Black Writers, II: Supplement. New York: Continuum, 1995, xviii, 813.
Sparrow, Jennifer Ruth. Strategic Crolit: Caliban and Miranda After Empire. Literature and Racial
Ambiguity. Ed. Teresa Hubel and Neil Brooks. Rodopi Perspectives on Modern Literature
(RPML): 27. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 117-39.
Stevanovic, Bosiljka. African and Caribbean Books in French. Booklist 90[17], 1588. 1-5-1994.
American Library Association / Booklist Publications.
Stevenson, Rosemary. Caribbean Studies: Recent Publications. Journal of Caribbean Studies 7.1
(1989): 115-29.
Stoll, Karl-Heinz. Calibans Caribbean Career. Komparatistische Hefte 9-10 (1984): 7-21.
Strongman, Roberto D. Allegorical I/Lands: Personal and National Development in Caribbean
Autobiographical Writing. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 64[5], 1667-68. 2003. University of California, San Diego. 2003.
Surez, Luca de las Mercedes. Caribbean Women Claiming Their Islands. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[3], 734-35. 1999. Duke
University. 1999.
Sutherland, Ronald. The Caribbean Connexion in Canadian Literature. The Yearbook of English
Studies 15 (1985): 227-38.
Taylor, Patrick David Michael. The Narrative of Liberation: Perspectives on Afro-Caribbean Literature,
Popular Culture, and Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989, xiv, 251.
Tinsley, Natasha Alyssa. Thiefing Sugar: Reading Eroticism between Women in Caribbean Literature.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 65[2],
506. 2004. University of California, Berkeley. 2003.
Torres-Saillant, Silvio. On Conceptualizing Caribbean Literature. Annals of Scholarship: An
International Quarterly in the Humanities and Social Sciences 10.2 (1993): 219-27.

13
---. La traicin de Calibn: Hacia una nueva indagacin de la cultura caribea. Roberto Fernndez
Retamar y los estudios latinoamericanos. Ed. Elzbieta Sklodowska, Ben Ames Heller, and
Mabel Moraa. Serie Criticas. Pittsburgh, PA: Instituto Internacional de Literatura
Iberoamericana, University of Pittsburgh, 2000. 21-54.
---. The Unity of Caribbean Literature: A Position. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other
Realisms in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Timothy J. Reiss. Trenton, NJ: Africa World, 2002. 22548.
Toumson, Roger. The Questions of Identity in Caribbean Literature. Journal of Caribbean Studies 5.3
(1986): 131-43.
Unruh, Vicky and Simon Gikandi. Simon Gikandis Writing in Limbo: Modernism and Caribbean
Literature. Siglo XX/20th Century 13.2 (1995): 245-57.
Vanderauwera, Ria and Wim Neeters. De grote overtocht: proza en pozie uit het Carabische
gebied. Restant literair 11.2 (1983): 1-296.
Varela, Miriam Muniz. The Caribbean: Archeology and Poetics. Social Text. 38 (1994): 105-10.
Wafula, Richard M. Performing Hybridity: A Dialogic and Semiotic Study of Late Twentieth Century
Drama from Africa and the African Diaspora. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A:
The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[11], 4043. 2004. Indiana University. 2003.
Walcott, Derek Alton. The Antilles, Fragments of Epic Memory: The 1992 Nobel Lecture. World
Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 67.2 (1993): 261-67.
Warner, Keith Q. The Trinidad Calypso: A Study of the Calypso As Oral Literature. London:
Heinemann, 1983.
Waters, Erika J. and Carrol B. Fleming. Replacing the Language of the Center: Botanical Symbols
and Metaphors in Caribbean Literature. Caribbean Studies 27.3-4 (1994): 390-401.
Waters, Erika J. The Caribbean Writers 10th Anniversary Literature Conference. The Caribbean
Writer 11 (1997): 159-232.
Watson, Karl S. Literature of the English and French-Speaking West Indies in the University of Florida
Libraries: A Bibliography. Gainesville: Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida,
1971, 26.
Weir, Donna Maxine. Beyond Binaries: Creolized Forms of Resistance in African-American and
Caribbean Literatures. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 62[1], 168. 2001. University of California, Berkeley.
Wellman, Donald. Emergent Subjectivity and the Transgressive Text. Bridges Across Chasms:
Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige
Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 261-74.
Welsh, Sarah Lawson. The West Indies. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 31.3 (1996): 17786.
---. The West Indies. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 32; 33; 34.3; 3; 3 (1997): 187.
West Durn, Alan. African Caribbeans. A Reference Guide. Ed. Alan West Durn. Greenwood Press,
2003, 272.
Wilson, Elizabeth A. Translating Caribbean Landscape. Palimpsestes 12 (2000): 15-29.
Yoder, Hilda van Neck. Calibans antwoord: de Caribische roman, haar noordelijke lezer en het
kolonialisme. Tirade 30.307 (1986): 694-707.
Zabus, Chantal. A Calibanic Tempest in Anglophone & Francophone New World Writing. Canadian
Literature: A Quarterly of Criticism and Review 104 (1985): 35-50.

14

2. ENGLISH CARIBBEAN LITERATURES


GENERAL STUDIES
Bibliotheca Barbadiensis: A Catalog of Materials Relating to Barbados, 1650-1860, in the Boston
Public Library. Boston: Boston Public Library, 1968.
West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
West Indies. Short Fiction in the New Literatures in English. Ed. Jacqueline Bardolph. Nice: Facult
des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, 1989. 83-126.
Caribbean Literature. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 13.2 (1991): 1-59.
West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. Rev. ed. London: Macmillan, 1995.
Abodunrin, Femi, et al. New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 74.1 (1993):
611-706.
---. New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 75.1 (1994): 692-766.
---. New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 76.1 (1995): 697-787.
---. New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 77.1 (1996): 825-930.
---. XVII New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 78.1 (1997): 864-967.
---. XVII New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 79.1 (1998): 802-903.
---. XVII New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 80.1 (2001): 819-902.
---. XVII New Literatures. The Years Work in English Studies 81.1 (2002): 991-1077.
---. XVII New Literatures. The Years Work in English Studies 82.1 (2003): 820-923.
Abrahams, Roger D. Public Drama and Common Values in Two Caribbean Islands. Austin: University
of Texas, 1969.
---. Folklore and Communication on St. Vincent. Folklore: Performance and Communication. Ed. Dan
Ben-Amos and Kenneth S. Goldstein. Approaches to Semiotics: 40. The Hague: Mouton,
1975. 287-300.
---. Storytelling Events: Wake Amusements and the Structure of Nonsense on St. Vincent. The
Journal of American Folklore 95.378 (1982): 389-414.
---. A Riddling on St. Vincent. Western Folklore 42.4 (1983): 272-95.
---. The Man-of-Words in the West Indies: Performance and the Emergence of Creole Culture.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983, xxxi, 203.
---. Folktales and Event-Centered Analysis: Anansi Stories on St. Vincent. Le conte, pourquoi?
Comment?/Folktales, Why and How? Ed. Genevive Calame-Griaule, Veronika GrgKarady, and Michle Chiche. Colloques Internationaux du C.N.R.S. Paris: Centre National de
la Recherche Scientifique, 1984. 485-509.
---. Storytelling and Achieving Meaning: A West Indian Case. Arv: Nordic Yearbook of Folklore 40
(1984): 57-66.
---. A Note on Neck-Riddles in the West Indies as They Comment on Emergent Genre Theory. The
Journal of American Folklore 98.387 (1985): 85-94.
---. Child Ballads in the West Indies: Familiar Fabulations, Creole Performances. Journal of Folklore
Research 24.2 (1987): 107-34.
---. For Folklorists Chanticleer: No Cry for Feathers, Cry for Long Life: Proverbs from Nevis.
Proverbium: Yearbook of International Proverb Scholarship 11 (1994): 15-26.
Aceto, Michael. Barbudan Creole English: Its History and Some Grammatical Features; Langlais
creole de Barbuda: son histoire et quelques caracteristiques grammaticales. English WorldWide: A Journal of Varieties of English 23.2 (2002): 223-50.
Ackermann, Hans W. and Jeanine Gauthier. The Ways and Nature of the Zombi. The Journal of
American Folklore 104.414 (1991): 466-94.
Acosta, Blanca, Samuel Goldberg, and Ileana Senz. Introduccin a la narrativa antillana de lengua
inglesa. Casa de las Amricas 86 (1974): 36.
Adamson, Lilian and Cefas van Rossem. Creole Literature. Pidgins and Creoles: An Introduction. Ed.
Jacques Arends, Pieter Muysken, and Norval Smith. Creole Language Library (CLL): 15.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1995. 75-84.
Adjarian, Maude Madeleine. Allegories of Desire: Body, Nation, and Empire in Modern Caribbean
Literature by Women. Westport: Praeger, 2004.
Adjaye, Joseph K. and Adrianne R. Andrews. Language, Rhythm, and Sound: Black Popular Cultures
into the Twenty-First Century. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997, x, 324.
Adu-Gyamfi, Yaw. Orality in Writing: Its Cultural and Political Function in Anglophone African, AfricanCaribbean, and African-Canadian Poetry. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 60[7], 2476-77. 2000. University of Saskatchewan. 1999.

15
Aho, William R. Sex Conflict in Trinidad Calypsoes 1969-1979. Revista Interamericana Review 11.1
(1981): 76-81.
Akai, Joanne. Creole ... English: West Indian Writing as Translation. TTR: Traduction, terminologie,
rdaction: Etudes sur le texte et ses transformations 10.1 (1997): 165-95.
Alexander, Simone A. James. Walking on Thin Ice: The Il/Legitimacy of Race and Racial Issues in the
Classroom. The Teachers Body: Embodiment, Authority, and Identity in the Academy. Ed.
Diane P. Freedman et al. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003. 105-118.
Aljoe, Nicole N. Caribbean Slave Narratives: Creole in Form and Genre. Anthurium: A Caribbean
Studies Journal 2.1 (2004).
Allen, R. T. The Reality of Responses to Fiction. The British Journal of Aesthetics 26.1 (1986): 64-68.
Alleyne, Alvona and Pamela Mordecai. Educational Publishing and Book Production in the EnglishSpeaking Caribbean. Library Trends 26.4 (1978): 575-89.
Alleyne, Alvona, Billie Godstraw, and Kenneth Ramchand. The West Indies. The Journal of
Commonwealth Literature 12.3 (1978): 43-57.
Alleyne, Mike. Positive Vibration? Capitalist Textual Hegemony and Bob Marley. Caribbean
Romances: The Politics of Regional Representation. Ed. Belinda Joy Edmondson. New World
Studies. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1999. 92-104.
Allis, Jeannette B. West Indian Literature: An Index to Criticism, 1930-1975. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1981.
---. West Indian Literature: A Case for Regional Criticism. Critical Issues in West Indian Literature.
Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and Lloyd W. Brown. Parkersburg, IA:
Caribbean Books, 1984. 7-18.
Allsopp, Richard. What Dictionary Should West Indians Use? The Journal of Commonwealth
Literature 6.2 (1971): 133-43.
---. What Would They Know of English Who Only English Know?: The Contribution of Caribbean
Creoles to the Expressive Resources of the English Language. Old English and New: Studies
in Language and Linguistics in Honor of Frederic G. Cassidy. Ed. Joan H. Hall, Nick Doane,
and Dick Ringler. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities (GRLH): 1652. New York:
Garland, 1992. 143-55.
---. Some Parallels to Swifts Polite Conversation in Current Caribbean English. English Today: The
International Review of the English Language 10.1 [37] (1994): 35-40.
AlQallaf, Eman Hussein. Shahrazades Triumph: A Cross-Cultural Study of Late Twentieth-Century
Novels By Women of Color. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 61[2], 597-98. 2000. Arizona State University. 2000.
Alston, James Anthony. The Role of Music in Rastafarian Society in Jamaica, 1930-1995. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[2], 280. 1999.
University of Pittsburgh. 1996.
Alston, Vermonja Romona. Race-Crossings at the Crossroads of African American Travel in the
Caribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 65[4], 1354-55. 2004. University of Arizona. 2004.
Amoaku, William K. African Retentions in the Music of Jamaica. The Diffusion of the Afro-American
Idiom in the Western Hemisphere. Ed. Vada E. Butcher. Final Report to the National
Endowment for the Humanities, Grant No. ES 5962-72-492, 1972-1976: 3. Washington:
Howard University Center for Ethnic Music, 1977. 45-60.
Anand, Mulk Raj. Is There a Shared Tradition in Commonwealth Literature? Variety of Ways.
Commonwealth Review 1.1 (1989): 11-17.
Anatol, Giselle Liza. Border Crossings in Audre Lords Zami: Triangular Linkages of Identity and
Desire. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 4
(2001): 130-41.
Anaya Ferreira, Nair Mara. Poesa caribea de expresin inglesa. Anuario de Letras Modernas 10
(2000): 209-64.
Angrosino, Michael V. The Two Lives of Rebecca Levenstone: Symbolic Interaction in the Generation
of the Life History. Journal of Anthropological Research 45.3 (1989): 315-26.
Anim-Addo, Joan. Audacity and Outcome: Writing African-Caribbean Womanhood. Framing the
Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London:
Whiting and Birch, 1996. 210-24.
---. Centre of Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean Womens Literature. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo.
London: Mango Publishing, 2002.
---. Sister Gooses Sisters: African-Caribbean Womens Nineteenth-Century Testimony. Women: A
Cultural Review 15.1 (2004): 35-56.
Anthony, Michael. Growing Up with Writing: A Particular Experience. Savacou: A Journal of the
Caribbean Artists Movement 2 (1970): 61-66.

16
Arion, Frank Martinus. The Great Curassow or the Road to Caribbeanness. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 21.3 (1998): 447-52.
Arnold, A. James. Caliban, Culture, and Nation-Building in the Caribbean. Constellation Caliban:
Figurations of a Character. Ed. Nadia Lie and Theo Dhaen. Textxet: Studies in Comparative
Literature: 10. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1997. 231-44.
---. Spider and Rabbit: Tricksters As Mediators of Caribbean Cultural Identity. Colonizer and
Colonized. Ed. Theo Dhaen and Patricia Krs. Textxet: Studies in Comparative Literature: 26.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000. 269-76.
Arnold, Josephine V. Guyanese Identities. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2:
English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John
Benjamins, 2001. 97-110.
Asein, Samuel Omo. Basteins Anancy Story: A Critique. Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on Black
Arts and Culture 1.2 (1972): 25-27.
---. The Protest Tradition in West Indian Poetry from George Campbell to Martin Carter. Jamaica
Journal 6.2 (1972): 40-45.
---. West Indian Poetry in English 1900-1970: A Selected Bibliography. Black Images: A Critical
Quarterly on Black Arts and Culture 1.2 (1972): 12-15.
Ashcroft, Bill. Resistance and Transformation. English Literatures in International Contexts. Ed.
Heinz Antor and Klaus Stierstorfer. Anglistische Forschungen (AF): 283. Heidelberg: Carl
Winter Universittsverlag, 2000. 15-27.
Atherton, Stanley S. Tropical Traumas: Images of the Caribbean in Recent Canadian Fiction.
Canadian Literature: A Quarterly of Criticism and Review 95 (1982): 8-14.
Ayodo, Awuor Evelyn. May I Grow to Be as Strong as My Mother: The Storytelling Tradition of Black
Women in Africa, the Caribbean and the United States. Dissertation Abstracts International
56[3], 915A. 1995. University of Illinois, Urbana. 1995.
Baker, Houston A., Jr. and James Turner. Reading Black: Essays in the Criticism of African,
Caribbean, and Black American Literature. Ed. Houston A. Baker, Jr. Ithaca: Cornell
University Africana Studies & Research Center, 1976, 58.
Balderston, Daniel, Mike Gonzalez, and Ana M. Lpez. Encyclopedia of Contemporary Latin American
and Caribbean Cultures, I: A-D; II: E-N; III: O-Z. London, England: Routledge, 2000, lxxii,
1754.
Ballantyne, Darcy, et al. Women and the Black Diaspora. Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de
la Femme 23.2 (2004): 3-166.
Balogun, Francoise. Lipskybound (LEnvol) ou les contradictions du pote. LAfrique littraire et
artistique 56 (1980): 18-21.
Bamiro, Edmund. English as a Caribbean Language: Lexico-Semantic Variation. Geolinguistics:
Journal of the American Society of Geolinguistics 27 (2001): 29-44.
Bandara, Samuel B. Caribbean Short Fiction: A Bibliography. World Literature Written in English 18
(1979): 181-234.
---. A Checklist of Theses and Dissertations in English on Caribbean Literature. World Literature
Written in English 20.2 (1981): 319-34.
---. A Survey of Bibliographies of Caribbean Literature in English. Revista Interamericana de
Bibliografa/Inter-American Review of Bibliography 32 (1982): 3-27.
---. Philip Freneau: First American Poet to Write about the Caribbean. Revista Interamericana de
Bibliografa/Inter-American Review of Bibliography 36 (1986): 151-79.
Bardolph, Jacqueline. Short Fiction in the New Literatures in English. Nice: Facult des Lettres &
Sciences Humaines, 1989, iii, 290.
Barnes, Fiona Ruthven. Explorations in Geography, Gender and Genre: Decolonizing Womens
Novels of Development. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[4], 1355A. 1993. University of
Wisconsin, Madison. 1992.
Barnes, Natasha Bernadine. Representing the Nation: Gender, Culture, and State in Anglophone
Caribbean Society. Dissertation Abstracts International 56[12], 4791A. 1996. University of
Michigan. 1995.
Barnett, Naomi and Gloria T. Blatt. Anansi, a Hero for All Seasons. Once Upon a Folktale: Capturing
the Folklore Process with Children. Ed. Gloria T. Blatt. New York: Teachers College, 1993.
152-64.
Barratt, Harold. A Shuttered Cleavage: Marion Joness Tormented People. World Literature Written
in English 19 (1980): 57-62.
Barrett, Virginia, et al. An Annual Bibliography of Afro-American Literature, 1975, with Selected
Bibliographies of African and Caribbean Literature. College Language Association Journal 20
(1976): 94-131.

17
Barrios, Olga and Bernard W. Bell. Contemporary Literature in the African Diaspora. Len:
Universidad de Salamanca, 1997, 170.
Bascom, William. African Folktales in America: XI. Taught an Incriminating Song (Saying). Research
in African Literatures 12.2 (1981): 203-13.
Bass, Margaret Kent. To Be West Indian: Autobiography and West Indian Literature. Dissertation
Abstracts International 51[4], 1246A. 1990.
Baugh, Edward. West Indian Poetry, 1900-1970: A Study in Cultural Decolonization. Kingston:
Savacou, 1971.
---. Breve recuento de la poesa antillana de lengua inglesa 1900-70. Casa de las Amricas 91
(1975): 37.
---. Critics on Caribbean Literature: Readings on Literary Criticism. New York: St. Martins, 1978, 164.
---. Since 1960: Some Highlights. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
78.
---. Friday in Crusoes City: The Question of Language in the West Indian Novel of Exile. ACLALS
Bulletin 5 (1980): 1-12.
---. Prime Ministers Unlimited: West Indian Literary Report. Queens Quarterly 87 (1980): 465-73.
---. The Year That Was: West Indies. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 2.1 (1980): 148-49.
---. The Sixties and Seventies. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1995. 6375.
---. Postcolonial/Commonwealth Studies in the Caribbean: Points of Difference. Postcolonizing the
Commonwealth: Studies in Literature and Culture. Ed. Rowland Smith. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid
Laurier University Press, 2000. 11-17.
---. A History of Poetry. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and DutchSpeaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2001.
227-82.
Baytop, Adrianne. The Emergence of Caribbean English Literature. Latin American Literary Review 9
(1976): 29-38.
Beaty, Jerome and James Paul Hunter. New Worlds of Literature. Ed. Jerome Beaty and James Paul
Hunter. New York: Norton, 1989.
---. New Worlds of Literature: Writings From Americas Many Cultures. 2nd ed. New York: Norton,
1994.
Beck, Ervin. Telling the Tale in Belize. The Journal of American Folklore 93.370 (1980): 417-34.
Beckles, Hilary McD. Capitalism, Slavery and Caribbean Modernity. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 777-89.
Bentez-Rojo, Antonio and James Maraniss. The Repeating Island: The Caribbean and the
Postmodern Perspective. Durham: Duke University Press, 1992.
Bernab, Jean, et al. In Praise of Creoleness. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 13.4 (1990): 886-909.
Berry, James. Westindian-British Poetry. Poetry Review 73.2 (1983): 5-8.
---. The Literature of the Black Experience. The Language of the Black Experience: Cultural
Expression through Word and Sound in the Caribbean and Black Britain. Ed. David Sutcliffe
and Ansel Wong. Oxford: Blackwell, 1986. 69-106.
Best, Curwen. Reading Graffiti in the Caribbean Context. Journal of Popular Culture 36.4 (2003):
828-52.
Bhabha, Homi K., Susheila Nasta, and Rasheed Araeen. Radio 3 Night Waves Discussion. Wasafiri
29 (1999): 39-43.
Bhabha, Homi K. The Manifesto. Wasafiri 29 (1999): 38-39.
Binder, Wolfgang. Slavery in the Americas. Wrzburg: Knigshausen & Neumann, 1993, 647.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Passion and Exile: Essays in Caribbean Literature. London: Hansib, 1988.
---. Indenture & Exile: The Indo-Caribbean Experience. Toronto: TSAR, 1989, 264.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. et al. Indo-Caribbean Literature: A Panel Discussion. Indenture & Exile: The
Indo-Caribbean Experience. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh. Toronto: TSAR, 1989. 140-47.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. South Asian Canadian Writers from Africa and the Caribbean. Canadian
Literature: A Quarterly of Criticism and Review 132 (1992): 94-106.
---. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in English. New York: St. Martins, 1996, xxiii, 206.
---. National Identity in the Caribbean Novel in English. Nationalism vs. Internationalism:
(Inter)National Dimensions of Literatures in English. Ed. Wolfgang Zach and Ken L. Goodwin.
Studies in English and Comparative Literature (SECL). Tbingen: Stauffenburg, 1996. 371-77.
---. New Voices in Indo-Caribbean Canadian Fiction. Floating the Borders: New Contexts in
Canadian Criticism. Ed. Nurjehan Aziz. Toronto, ON: TSAR, 1999. 135-50.

18
Blalock, Glenn B. Colonial Identity in British America: A Study of Writings from the Caribbean.
Dissertation Abstracts International 56[2], 564A. 1995. University of North Carolina, Chapel
Hill. 1994.
Blamires, Harry, Peter Quartermaine, and Arthur Ravenscroft. A Guide to Twentieth Century Literature
in English: Australia, Canada, the Caribbean, the Gambia, Ghana, India, Ireland, Kenya, New
Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Southern Africa, Sri Lanka, Uganda, United Kingdom. London:
Methuen, 1983, xiv, 312.
Blamires, Harry. A Guide to Twentieth-Century Literature in English: Australia, Canada, the
Caribbean,... Ed. Harry Blamires. London: Methuen, 1983.
Bloom, Harold Irving. Caribbean Women Writers. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House, 1997, vxiii, 163.
Bogues, Anthony. Black Heretics, Black Prophets: Radical Political Intellectuals. New York, NY:
Routledge, 2003.
Bolland, O. Nigel. The Challenge of Rewriting West Indian Histories. Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal
of Criticism 4.2 (2000): 216-23.
Booker, M. Keith. The Caribbean Novel in English: an Introduction. Portsmouth; Kingston; Oxford:
Heinemann; Ian Randle Publishers; James Currey, 2001.
Booth, James, Susheila Nasta, and Owen Knowles. African, Caribbean, and Canadian Literature.
The Years Work in English Studies 63.1 (1982): 462-91.
Booth, James, et al. African, Caribbean, Canadian, Indian, and Australian Literature in English. The
Years Work in English Studies 64.1 (1983): 531-86.
Booth, James, et al. XVIII African, Caribbean, Indian, Australian, and Canadian Literature in English.
The Years Work in English Studies 65.1 (1984): 665-761.
Boxill, Anthony. The Beginnings to 1929. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan,
1979. 30.
Brannigan, John. The Regions Caesar Never Knew: Cultural Nationalism and the Caribbean Literary
Renaissance in England. Jouvert: A Journal of Postcolonial Studies 5.1 (2000).
Brantley, Daniel. Black Diplomacy and Fredrick Douglass Caribbean Experiences, 1871 and 18891891: The Untold History. Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture 45.3
(1984): 197-209.
Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. The Love Axe: 1. Developing a Caribbean Aesthetic 1962-1974. Bim 61
(1977): 53-65.
---. The New West Indian Novelists, Part I. Bim 8.July-December (1960): 199-210.
---. Jazz and the West Indian Novel, I. Bim 12.44 (1967): 275-84.
---. Jazz and the West Indian Novel, II. Bim 12.45 (1968): 39-51.
---. Jazz and the West Indian Novel, III. Bim 12.46 (1969): 115-26.
---. The Islands in Between: Reflections on West Indian Literature. The Southern Review: Literary
and Interdisciplinary Essays 3 (1969): 264-71.
---. Creative Literature of the British West Indies During the Period of Slavery. Savacou: A Journal of
the Caribbean Artists Movement 1 (1970): 46-73.
---. Timehri. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 2 (1970): 35-44.
---. Rehabilitations. Critical Quarterly 13 (1971): 175-83.
---. The Development of Creole Society In Jamaica, 1770-1820. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
1971.
---. West Indian Prose Fiction in the Sixties. Black World. September, 1971 (1971): 15-29.
---. Laters Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 7-8 (1973): 19.
---. Contradictory Omens: Cultural Diversity and Integration in the Caribbean. Mona: Savacou, 1974.
---. The African Presence in Caribbean Literature. Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of
Arts and Sciences 103.2 (1974): 73-109.
---. Houses in West Indian Novel. Literary Half-Yearly 17.1 (1976): 111-21.
---. The Love Axe (1): Developing a Caribbean Aesthetic, 1962-1974. Reading Black: Essays in the
Criticism of African, Caribbean, and Black American Literature. Ed. Houston A. Baker, Jr. and
Turner Jr. Africana Studies & Research Center Monog. Series: 4. Ithaca: Cornell University
Africana Studies & Research Center, 1976. 20-36.
---. Houses: A Note on West Indian Literature. First World 1.2 (1977): 46-49.
---. The African Presence in Caribbean Literature. Bim 17.65 (1979): 33-44.
---. The African Presence in Caribbean Literature. Abbia: Revue Culturelle Camerounaise/Cameroon
Cultural Revue 34-37 (1979): 133-75.
---. English in the Caribbean: Notes on Nation Language and Poetry: An Electronic Lecture. English
Literature: Opening Up the Canon. Ed. Leslie A. Fiedler and Houston A. Baker, Jr. Selected
Papers from the English Institute: 4. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981. 15-53.

19
---. History of the Voice: The Development of Nation Language in Anglophone Caribbean Poetry.
London: New Beacon, 1984.
---. Jah Music. Mona, Jamaica: Savacou Publications, 1986.
---. History, the Caribbean Writer and X/Self. Crisis and Creativity in the New Literatures in English:
Cross/Cultures. Ed. Geoffrey V. Davis and Hena Maes-Jelinek. Readings in the Post/Colonial
Literatures in English: 1. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1990. 23-45.
---. Calibans Guarden. Wasafiri 16 (1992): 2-6.
---. Roots. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993.
---. A Post-Cautionary Tale of Helen of Our Wars. Wasafiri.Autumn (1995): 69-78.
---. English Caribbean Literature and Arts. Special Issue of Review: Latin American Literature and
Arts [50]. 1995.
---. Jazz and the West Indian Novel. The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. Ed. Bill Ashcroft, Gareth
Griffiths, and Helen M. Tiffin. London: Routledge, 1995. 327-31.
---. Nation Language. The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. Ed. Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, and
Helen M. Tiffin. London: Routledge, 1995. 309-13.
Breiner, Laurence A. Lyric and Autobiography in West Indian Literature. The Journal of West Indian
Literature 3.1 (1989): 3-15.
---. An Introduction to West Indian Poetry. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1998,
xxi, 261.
Breman, Paul. You Better Believe It: Black Verse in English From Africa, the West Indies and the
United States. Baltimore: Penguin, 1973, 552.
Brereton, Bridget. Text, Testimony and Gender: An Examination of Some Texts by Women on the
English-Speaking Carribean, From the 1770s to the 1920s. Engendering History: Caribbean
Women in Historical Perspective. Ed. Verene A. Shepherd, Bridget Brereton, and Barbara
Bailey. New York: St. Martins Press, 1995. 63-94.
---. Gendered Testimonies: Autobiographies, Diaries and Letters by Women as Sources for
Caribbean History. Feminist Review 59 (1998): 143-63.
Brice-Finch, Jacqueline LaVerne. The Caribbean Diaspora: Four Aspects in Novels from 1971-1985.
Dissertation Abstracts International 48[11], 2872A. 1988.
Brock, Colin. The Caribbean in Europe: Aspects of the West Indian Experience in Britain, France, and
the Netherlands. Ed. Colin Brock. London; Totowa, NJ: Frank Cass Publishers, 1986.
Brodber, Erna and Merle Hodge. Perceptions of Caribbean Women: Towards a Documentation of
Stereotypes. Cave Hill: University of the West Indies, Institute of Social Economic Research
(Eastern Caribbean), 1982.
Brodber, Erna. Oral Sources and the Creation of a Social History of the Caribbean. Jamaica Journal.
16 (1983): 2-16.
---. Where Are All the Others? Caribbean Creolization: Reflections on the Cultural Dynamics of
Language, Literature, and Identity. Ed. Kathleen M. Balutansky and Marie-Agns Sourieau.
Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1998. 68-75.
---. Myths Are Us Too. The Caribbean Quarterly 46.3-4 (2000): 118-32.
Browdy de Hernandez, Jennifer. Hybrid Encounters: Reading Postcolonial Autobiographies of the
Americas. Dissertation Abstracts International 55[9], 2817A. 1995. New York University. 1994.
Brown, Lloyd W. The Calypso Tradition in West Indian Literature. Black Academy Review: Quarterly
of the Black World 2.1-2 (1971): 127-43.
---. The West Indian as an Ethnic Stereotype in Black American Literature. Negro American
Literature Forum 5.1 (1971): 8-14.
---. West Indian Drama in English: A Select Bibliography. Studies in Black Literature 6.2 (1975): 1416.
---. West Indian Literature: Road to a New World Sensibility. Journal of Black Studies 7 (1977): 41136.
---. West Indian Writers and the Canadian Mosaic. World Literature Written in English 21.2 (1982):
374-85.
Brown, Stewart. Poet in Opposition. Index on Censorship 9.5 (1980): 32-36.
Bryce, Jane. Commonwealth Literature: 25 Years. Wasafiri 11 (1990): 3-4.
---. A World of Caribbean Romance Reformulating the Legend of Love or: Can a Caress Be
Culturally Specific?. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing.
Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 108-27.
Bryce, Jane and Kari Dako. Textual Deviancy and Cultural Syncretism: Romantic Fiction As a
Subversive Strain in Africana Womens Writing. Arms Akimbo: Africana Women in
Contemporary Literature. Ed. Janice Lee Liddell, Yakini Belinda Kemp, and Beverly GuySheftall. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999. 219-29.

20
Brydon, Diana, et al. The Year That Was: Canada, New Zealand, Pakistan, Singapore 1983/84,
South Africa, West Indies. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 7.1 (1985): 111-27.
Brydon, Diana and Helen M. Tiffin. Decolonising Fictions. Sydney: Dangaroo, 1993, 192.
Bucknor, Michael Andrew. Postcolonial Crosses: Body-Memory and Inter-Nationalism in
Caribbean/Canadian Writing. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 62[3], 1026. 2001. University of Western Ontario. 1998.
Buffong, Jean. Keeping Tradition Alive. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean
Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 93-95.
Burnard, Trevor. The Present of the Past: A New Zealander Looks at the Caribbean. Landfall: New
Zealand Arts and Letters 46.4 (1992): 422-34.
Burnett, Paula. Where Else to Row, but Backward? Addressing Caribbean Futures through ReVisions of the Past. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 30.1 (1999):
11-37.
Bush, Barbara. Sable Venus, She Devil or Drudge? British Slavery and the Fabulous Fiction of
Black Womens Identities, c. 1650-1838. Womens History Review 9.4 (2000): 761-89.
Butler, Gary R. Cultural Adaptation and Retention: The Narrative Tradition of the African-Caribbean
Community of Toronto. Canadian Folklore Canadien 18.1 (1996): 13-25.
---. Personal Experience Narratives and the Social Construction of Meaning in Confrontational
Discourse. The Journal of American Folklore 115.456 (2002): 154-74.
Byrd, Jodi Ann. Colonialisms Cacophony: Natives and Arrivants at the Limits of Postcolonial Theory.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[12],
4320. 2003. University of Iowa. 2002.
Callender, Timothy. Dear F.A.C. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 7-8 (1973):
9-12.
Campbell, Elaine. The Dichotomized Heroine in West Indian Fiction. The Journal of Commonwealth
Literature 22.1 (1987): 137-43.
Canfield, Robert Alan. Renaming the Rituals: Theatralizations of the Caribbean in the 1980s.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59.4,
1151. 1998. University of Arizona. 1998.
---. Theatralizing the Anglophone Caribbean, 1492 to the 1980s. A History of Literature in the
Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold.
Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2001. 285-326.
Capitani, Diane. Moral Neutrality in Jane Austens Mansfield Park. Persuasions: The Jane Austen
Journal On-Line 23.1 (2002).
Carby, Hazel V. Cultures in Babylon: Black Britain and African America. London, England: Verso,
1999, 282.
Carchidi, Victoria. Heaven Is a Green Place: Varieties of Spiritual Landscape in Caribbean
Literature. Mapping the Sacred: Religion, Geography and Postcolonial Literatures. Ed. Jamie
S. Scott and Paul Simpson-Housley. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures
in English: 48. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 179-97.
Carew, Jan. Some Aspects of Literature and Language in the Developing Countries. Afro-Asian
Writings 2.5 (1970): 190-99.
---. The Caribbean Writer and Exile. Komparatistische Hefte 9-10 (1984): 23-39.
---. Tribute to Alex La Guma. Wasafiri 4 (1986): 4-5.
Carnegie, Jeniphier R. Select Bibliography of the Literature of the English-Speaking West Indies,
1986, 1987-1988. The Journal of West Indian Literature 3; 4.1; 2 (1989): 60-79.
Carr, Robert. Black Nationalism in the New World: Reading the African-American and West Indian
Experience. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002, xiv, 368.
Carr, W. I. Reflections on the Novel in the British Caribbean. Queens Quarterly 70.Winter (1963):
585-97.
---. The West Indian Novelist: Prelude and Context. The Caribbean Quarterly.11 (1965): 71-84.
---. The West Indian Novelist. Consequences of Class and Color: West Indian Perspectives. Ed.
David Lowenthal and Lambros Comitas. New York: Anchor Books, 1973. 281-301.
Cartelli, Thomas. After The Tempest: Shakespeare, Postcoloniality, and Michelle Cliffs New, New
World Miranda. Contemporary Literature 36.1 (1995): 82-102.
Cartey, Wilfred. The Realities of Four Negro Writers. Roots 1.1 (1970): 145-59.
---. Whispers From the Caribbean: I Going Away, I Going Home. Los Angeles, CA: Center for AfroAmerican Studies, University of California, 1991.
Carty, Deverita Elisabeth. Selected West Indian Novels: Thematic and Stylistic Trends from the
Nineteen-Fifties to the Early Nineteen-Seventies. Dissertation Abstracts International 39,
907A. 1978. Ann Arbor, MI.

21
Cary, Norman Reed. Religion and the West Indian Novel. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 10.2
(1988): 98-106.
Cave, Roderick. The Early Printers of Grand Turk. Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America
70 (1976): 519-28.
---. The Plantocracys Passion for Porcupine. Library: A Quarterly Journal of Bibliography 33 (1978):
233-35.
Chamberlin, J. Edward. Come Back to Me My Language: Poetry and the Poetry and the West Indies.
Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993, x, 325.
---. Dances With Daffodils: Wordsworth and the Postcolonial Canon. Canon vs. Culture: Reflections
on the Current Debate. Ed. Jan Gorak. Wellesley Studies in Critical Theory, Literary History,
and Culture (WStCTLHC): 23. New York, NY: Garland, 2001. 153-74.
Chamoiseau, Patrick, et al. Creolit Bites. Transition: An International Review.74 (1997): 124-61.
Chancy, Myriam Josphe Aime. In Search of Safe Places: Afro-Caribbean Women Writers.
Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1997.
---. Searching for Safe Space: Afro-Caribbean Writers in Exile. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University
Press, 1997, xxvi, 246.
---. The Challenge to Center: Caribbean Literature. American Literary History 13.2 (2001): 329-42.
Chanda, Swati. Narratives of Nation in the Age of Diaspora. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 57.7, 3007. 1997. Purdue University. 1996.
Chang, Victor Lloyd. Firm as Conquerors: A Study of West Indian Creative Writing, 1759-1949.
Dissertation Abstracts International 39, 7327A. 1979. Ann Arbor, MI.
---. West Indian Poetry. A Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry. Ed. Neil Roberts. Oxford,
England: Blackwell, 2001. 235-48.
Charras, Franoise. The West Indian Connection: La Carabe et la tradition littraire et critique
africaine-amricaine aux Etats-Unis. GRAAT: Publication des Groupes de Recherches AngloAmricaines de luniversit Franois Rabelais de Tours 18 (1998): 79-90.
---. The West Indian Presence in Alain Lockes The New Negro (1925). Temples for Tomorrow:
Looking Back at the Harlem Renaissance. Ed. Genevive Fabre and Michel Feith.
Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2001. 270-87.
Chauban, P. S. Caribbean Writing in English: Intimations of a Historical Nightmare. English
Postcoloniality: Literatures from around the World. Ed. Radhika Mohanram and Gita Rajan.
Contributions to the Study of World Literature (CSWL): 66. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.
43-51.
Childs, Peter. Where Do You Belong?: De-Scribing Imperial Identity From Alien to Migrant. Across
the Margins: Cultural Identity and Change in the Atlantic Archipelago. Ed. Glenda Norquay
and Gerry Smyth. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 2002. 50-66.
Chukwu, Austin. Window on the Caribbean. Muse: Literary Journal of the English Association at
Nsukka 8 (1976): 53-56.
Cimitile, Anna Maria. Of Ghosts, Women and Slaves: Spectral Thinking in Late Modernity. Annali
dellIstituto Orientale di Napoli-sezione germanica: Anglistica 3.2 (1999): 91-106.
Cirillo, Nancy. Anthologizing the Caribbean; or, Squaring Beaches, Bananas, and Nobel Laureates.
On Anthologies: Politics and Pedagogy. Ed. Jeffrey R. Di Leo. Lincoln, NE: University of
Nebraska Press, 2004. 222-46.
Clark, VeVe A. Katherine Dunhams Tropical Revue. Black American Literature Forum 16.4 (1982):
147-52.
Clarke, Austin C. Some Speculations As to the Absence of Racialistic Vindictiveness in West Indian
Literature. The Black Writer in Africa and the Americas. Ed. Lloyd W. Brown. University of
Southern California Studies in Comparative Literature: 6. Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls,
1973. 165-94.
Clarke, Carol Rose. Crossings, Crosses, the Whispering Womb and Daughters under the Drum: The
Poetry of Phillis Wheatley and Selected Caribbean Women Writers, with Implications for a
Pluralistic Pedagogy. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 61.11, 4374. 2001. Illinois State University. 2000.
Clarke, Shashememe. Dreams of Home: Rastafaris Imagining Community for the African Diaspora.
BMA: The Sonia Sanchez Literary Review 6.1 (2000): 91-108.
Cliff, Michelle. If I Could Write This in Fire, I Would Write This In Fire. If I Could Write This in Fire, I
Would Write This in Fire. Ed. Pamela Mara Smorkaloff. New York: New Presses, 1994. 35670.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. The Background. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London:
Macmillan, 1979. 9.

22
Cobley, Alan G. Forgotten Connections, Unconsidered Parallels: A New Agenda for Comparative
Research in Southern Africa and the Caribbean. African Studies 58.2 (1999): 133.
Cohn, Deborah. The South and the Caribbean: A Review Essay. Southern Quarterly: A Journal of
the Arts in the South 42.3 (2004): 151-56.
Collier, Gordon. The West Indian Poetry Anthology Today. Commonwealth Newsletter 6 (1974): 1926.
---. There Are No More Elders/Is Only Old People: Hindu Religious and Cultural Traditions in the
Mirror of West Indian Poetry. Colonies, Missions, Cultures in the English Speaking World:
General and Comparative Studies. Ed. Gerhard Stilz. ZAA Studies: Language Literature
Culture: 12. Tbingen: Stauffenburg, 2001. 178-90.
---. The West Indies. Companion to the New Literatures in English. Ed. Christa Hansohn. Berlin:
Schmidt, 2002. 110-36.
Collins, Loretta Kaye. Trouble It: Rebel and Revel Urban Soundspaces in the Caribbean Diaspora,
1970s-1990s. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 60.9, 3370. 2000. University of Iowa. 1999.
Collins, Merle. Themes and Trends in Caribbean Writing Today. From My Guy to Sci-Fi: Genre and
Womens Writing in the Postmodern World. Ed. Helen Carr. London: Pandora, 1989. 179-90.
---. Orality and Writing: A Revisitation. Winds of Change: The Transforming Voices of Caribbean
Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson and Linda Strong-Leek. New York, NY:
Peter Lang, 1998. 37-45.
---. Writing and Creole Language Politics: Voice and Story. Caribbean Creolization: Reflections on
the Cultural Dynamics of Language, Literature, and Identity. Ed. Kathleen M. Balutansky,
Marie-Agns Sourieau, and Yanick Lahens. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1998.
89-95.
Collymore, Frank A. Writing in the West Indies: A Survey. Tamarack Review (Toronto) 14 (1960):
111-24.
---. The Story of Bim. Bim 10.38 (1964): 68-72.
---. An Introduction to the Poetry of Derek Walcott. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists
Movement 7-8 (1973): 50-57.
Colson, Theodore. The Theme of Home in the Fiction of Canada, the United States, and the West
Indies. English Studies in Canada 4 (1978): 351-61.
Comissiong, Barbara and Marjorie Thorpe. A Select Bibliography of Women Writers in the Eastern
Caribbean (excluding Guyana). World Literature Written in English 17 (1978): 279-304.
Cond, Maryse. Unlikely Stories: Childrens Invented Worlds in Caribbean Womens Fiction.
Commonwealth Essays and Studies 15.1 (1992): 69-75.
Cond, Maryse and Thorunn Lonsdale. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. New York, NY:
St. Martins, 1999, x, 233.
Cook, Mercer A. Some Literary Contacts: African, West Indian, Afro-American. The Black Writer in
Africa and the Americas. Ed. Lloyd W. Brown. University of Southern California Studies in
Comparative Literature: 6. Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1973. 119-40.
Cooke, Michael G. Modern Black Novelists: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.:
Prentice-Hall, 1971, 219.
---. The Descent into the Underworld and Modern Black Fiction. Iowa Review 5 (1974): 72-90.
---. The Metaphor of Slavery in Recent African-American and Caribbean Fiction. Slavery in the
Americas. Ed. Wolfgang Binder. Studien zur Neuen Welt: 4. Wrzburg: Kningshausen &
Neuman, 1993. 581-600.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. The Oral Whitness and the Scribal Document: Divergent Accounts of Slavery in
Two Novels of Barbados. West Indian Literature and its Social Context. Ed. Mark A. McWatt.
Cave Hill: University of the West Indies, 1985. 3-11.
Cooper, Helen M. Tracing the Route to England: Nineteenth-Century Caribbean Interventions into
English Debates of Race and Slavery. The Victorians and Race. Ed. Shearer West.
Nineteenth Century Series (NiCS). Aldershot, England: Scolar, 1996. 194-212.
Costanzo, Angelo. African-Caribbean Narrative of British America. Resources for American Literary
Study 19.2 (1993): 260-74.
Costentino, Donald J. Repossession: Ogun in Folklore and Literature. Africas Ogun: Old World and
New. Ed. Sandra T. Barnes, Charles S. Bird, and Ivan Karp. African Systems of Thought.
Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1997. 290-314.
Coulthard, George Robert. La literatura de las Antillas Britanicas. Revista Interamericana de
Bibliografa/Inter-American Review of Bibliography 19 (1969): 39-55.
Coulthard, George Robert and Julio Ariza Gonzlez. Dialogo sobre cultura y literatura en las Antillas
de hable inglesa. Sin Nombre 4.1 (1973): 20-28.

23
Craton, Michael. Perceptions of Slavery: A Preliminary Excursion into the Possibilities of Oral History
in Rural Jamaica. Old Roots in New Lands: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives on
Black Experiences in the Americas. Ed. Ann M. Pescatello. Contributions in Afro-American &
African Studies: 31. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1977. 263-83.
Creighton, Al. Commoner and King: Contrasting Linguistic Performances in the Dialogue of the
Dispossessed. West Indian Literature and its Social Context. Ed. Mark A. McWatt. Cave Hill:
University of the West Indies, 1985. 55-68.
---. West Indies. The Oxford Guide to Contemporary Writing. Ed. John Sturrock. Oxford, England:
Oxford University Press, 1996. 447-66.
Crowley, Daniel J. I Could Talk Old-Story Good: Creativity in Bahamian Folklore. Berkeley: University
of California Press, 1983, 156.
Croxford, Agnes M. Nature and History in the Search for a Concept of Self in the Poetry of EnglishCanada and the West Indies. Black i: A Canadian Journal of Black Expression 2.1 (1973): 33.
Cudjoe, Selwyn R. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays From the First International Conference.
Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990, xii, 382.
---. Choosing Exile: Black Women Writers From the Caribbean. Defining Ourselves: Black Writers in
the 90s. Ed. Elizabeth Nunez and Brenda M. Greene. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1999. 7585.
DCosta, Jean. Bra Rabbit Meets Peter Rabbit: Genre, Audience, and the Artistic Imagination:
Problems in Writing Childrens Fiction. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First
International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe. Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 254-62.
Dabydeen, Cyril. Places We Come From: Voices of Caribbean Canadian Writers (in English) and
Multicultural Contexts. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of
Oklahoma 73.2 (1999): 231-37.
---. Places We Come From: Voices of Caribbean Canadian Writers (in English) and Multicultural
Contexts. Twayne Companion to Contemporary World Literature: From the Editors of World
Literature Today, I: Parts 1-5; II: Parts 6-8, Appendices, Index. Ed. Pamela A. Genova. New
York, NY: Twayne; Thomson Gale, 2003. 426-33.
Dabydeen, David. On Not Being Milton: Nigger Talk in England Today. Proceedings of the XIIth
Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe congrs de
lAssociation Internationale de Littrature Compare: Mnchen 1988 Munich, I: Plenary
Sessions/Sances plnires; Colloquium Munich/Colloque Munich. Ed. Roger Bauer et al.
Proceedings of the Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association: 12:1.
Munich: Iudicium, 1990. 80-90.
---. On Not Being Milton: Nigger Talk in England Today (1990). The Routledge Language and
Cultural Theory Reader. Ed. Lucy Burke, Tony Crowley, and Alan Girvin. Politics of Language.
London, England: Routledge, 2000. 302-09.
Dabydeen, David and Brinsley Samaroo. India in the Caribbean. Ed. David Dabydeen and Brinsley
Samaroo. London: Hansib, 1987.
Dabydeen, David and Nana Wilson-Tagoe. A Readers Guide to West Indian and Black British
Literature. Ed. David Dabydeen and Nana Wilson-Tagoe. London: Hansib and Rutherford,
1988.
Daly, Vere T. The Making of Guyana. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1974.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Folklore From Contemporary Jamaicans. Knoxville: University of Tennessee
Press, 1985.
---. Fifty Caribbean Writers: a Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New
York: Greenwood Press, 1986.
---. New World Adams: Conversations With Contemporary West Indian Writers. Leeds: Peepal Tree
Press, 1992.
---. Martriarchs, Doves, and Nymphos: Prevalent Images of Black, Indian, and White Women in
Caribbean Literature. Studies in the Literary Imagination 26.2 (1993): 21-31.
Daniels, Lenore Jean. Echoes of the African Caribbean Revolution in The Marrow of Tradition. Griot:
Official Journal of the Southern Conference on Afro-American Studies, Inc. 20.2 (2001): 1-7.
Dash, J. Michael. In Search of the Lost Body: Redefining the Subject in Caribbean Literature.
Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 11.1 (1989): 17-26.
---. In Search of the Lost Body: Redefining the Subject in Caribbean Literature. The Post-Colonial
Studies Reader. Ed. Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen M. Tiffin. London: Routledge,
1995. 332-35.
Dathorne, Oscar R. Africa in the Literature of the West Indies. The Journal of Commonwealth
Literature 1 (1965): 95-116.

24
---. The Theme of Africa in West Indian Literature. Phylon: The Atlanta University Review of Race
and Culture 26.3 (1965): 255-76.
---. Carribean Narrative: An Anthology of West Indian Writing. London: Heinemann, 1966.
---. Toward Synthesis in the New World: Caribbean Literature in English. Voices From Under: Black
Narrative in Latin America and the Caribbean. Ed. William Luis. Contributions in AfroAmerican and African Studies: 76. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1984. 101-12.
Davidas, L. Problmatique dune littrature des Antilles anglophones: Sources et influences. Revue
du CERC (Universit des Antilles-Guyane) 4 (1987): 74-77.
Davies, Barrie. Neglected West Indian Writers. World Literature Written in English 11.2 (1972): 8185.
---. The Personal Sense of a Society - Minority View: Aspects of the East Indian Novel in the West
Indies. Studies in the Novel 4 (1972): 284-95.
---. The Sense of Abroad: Aspects of the West Indian Novel in England. World Literature Written in
English 11.2 (1972): 67-80.
---. Neglected West Indian Writing. No. 3: Christopher by Geoffrey Drayton. World Literature Written
in English 12 (1973): 119-21.
Davies, Carole Boyce. Black Womens Writing: Crossing the Boundaries. Matatu: Journal for African
Culture and Society 3.6 (1989).
Davies, Carole Boyce and Elaine Savory Fido. Out of the Kumbla: The Female Voice in Caribbean
Literature. Ed. Carole Boyce Davies and Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, N.J.: Africa World
Press, 1990.
Davies, Carole Boyce. Black Women, Writing and Identity: Migrations of the Subject. London;New
York: Routledge, 1994.
---. Carnivalised Caribbean Female Bodies: Taking Space/Making Space. Thamyris: Mythmaking
from Past to Present 5.2 (1998): 333-46.
Davies, Gwendolyn. The West Indies & the Literature of Maritime Canada. Canadian Literature: A
Quarterly of Criticism and Review 95 (1982): 177-81.
Dawes, Kwame S. N. Talk Yuh Talk: Interviews With Anglophone Caribbean Poets. Charlottesville,
VA: University Press of Virginia, 2001, xvii, 244.
Deandrea, Pietro. Trans(L)atlantic I-Con: The Many Shapes of Ananse in Contemporary Literatures.
Journal of Transatlantic Studies 2.1 (2004): 1-26.
DeCosta, Miriam S. Social Lyricism and the Caribbean Poet/Rebel. College Language Association
Journal 15 (1972): 441-51.
Deena, Seodial F. H. An Overview of the Socio-Economic and Political Complications Facing Third
World Writers. International Conference on the Literature of Region and Nation. Ed. Winnifred
M. Bogaards. New Brunswick, Canada: University of New Brunswick, Saint John, 1998. 34161.
---. The Caribbean: Colonial and Postcolonial Representations of the Land and the Peoples
Relationships to Their Environment. Literature of Nature: An International Sourcebook. Ed.
Patrick D. Murphy. Chicago, IL; London, England: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1998. 366-73.
---. Colonial and Canonical Control over Third World Writers. The Commonwealth Novel in English 910 (2001): 68-109.
DeLoughrey, Elizabeth Mary. Tidalectics: Charting the Space/Time of Caribbean Waters. SPAN:
Journal of the South Pacific Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies
47 (1998): 18-38.
DeLoughrey, Elizabeth Mary. Antipodean Archipelagoes: Post-Colonial Cartographies in Caribbean
and Pacific Island Literatures. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 60.4, 1119. 1999. University of Maryland, College Park. 1999.
---. The Litany of Islands, The Rosary of Archipelagoes: Caribbean and Pacific Archipelagraphy.
Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 32.1 (2001): 21-51.
Dennis, Carlton Alexander. Proverbs and the People: A Comparative Study of Afro-Caribbean and
Biblical Proverbs. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 57.1, 277. 1996. Drew University. 1995.
Derrick, A. C. An Introduction to Caribbean Literature. The Caribbean Quarterly 15. June-September
(1969): 65-78.
Devonish, Hubert. Kom groun Jamiekan daans haal liricks: Memba se a plie wi a plie/Contextualizing
Jamaican Dance Hall Music: Jamaican Language at Play in a Speech Event. English WorldWide: A Journal of Varieties of English 17.2 (1996): 213-37.
---. Language and Liberation: Creole Language Politics in the Caribbean. London: Karia, 1986.

25
---. Language Advocacy and Conquest Diglossia in the Anglophone Caribbean. The Politics of
English as a World Language: New Horizons in Postcolonial Cultural Studies. Ed. Christian
Mair. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 65. Amsterdam:
Rodopi, 2003. 157-77.
Dhawan, R. K., P. V. Dhamija, and A. K. Shrivastava. Commonwealth Literatures. Commonwealth
Review 1.1 (1989): 5-10.
Diedrich, Maria, et al. Black Imagination and the Middle Passage. Oxford, England: Oxford University
Press, 1999, vi, 320.
Dieke, Ikenna. The Primordial Image: African, Afro-American and Caribbean Mythopoetic Text. New
York: Peter Lang, 1993, 434.
Dikobe, Maude Modimothebe. Doing She Own Thing: Gender, Performance and Subversion in
Trinidad Calypso. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 65.2, 524. 2004. University of California, Berkeley. 2003.
Donnell, Alison and Sarah Lawson Welsh. The Routledge Reader in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Alison
Donnell and Sarah Lawson Welsh. London;New York: Routledge, 1996.
Dookhan, Isaac. A History of the Virgin Islands of the United States. Kingston, Jamaica: Canoe Press,
1994.
Downes, Melissa Kimball. Erotic Islands: The Caribbean of Early Eighteenth-Century British Literature.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62.12,
4176. 2002. University of Iowa. 2001.
---. Ladies of Ill-Repute: The South Sea Bubble, the Caribbean, and The Jamaica Lady. Studies in
Eighteenth-Century Culture 33 (2004): 23-48.
Dring, Tobias. Caribbean-English Passages: Intertextuality in a Postcolonial Tradition. New York;
London: Routledge, 2002.
Drame, Kandioura. The Trickster As Triptych. Monsters, Tricksters, and Sacred Cows: Animal Tales
and American Identities. Ed. A. James Arnold and Derek Alton Walcott. New World Studies.
Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1996. 230-54.
Drayton, Arthur D. West Indian Fiction and West Indian Society. The Kenyon Review 25 (1963): 12941.
---. The European Factor in West Indian Literature. Literary Half-Yearly 11.1 (1970): 71-95.
---. West Indian Consciousness in West Indian Verse: A Historical Perspective. The Journal of
Commonwealth Literature 9 (1970): 66-88.
DuBoin, Corinne and Eric Tabuteau. La ville plurielle dans la fiction antillaise anglophone: Images de
linterculturel. Toulouse: Presses universitaires du Mirail, 2000, 270.
DuBoin, Corinne. Urban America in Black Womens Fiction. Alizs: Revue Angliciste de la Runion
22 (2002): 9-110.
Dubrow, Heather. The Politics of Aesthetics: Recuperating Formalism and the Country House Poem.
Renaissance Literature and Its Formal Engagements. Ed. Mark David Rasmussen and
Richard Strier. New York, NY: Palgrave, 2002. 67-88.
Durix, Carole and Jean-Pierre Durix. An Introduction to the New Literatures in English: Africa,
Australia, New Zealand, the South Pacific, the Indian Sub-Continent, Canada and the
Caribbean. Paris: Longman France, 1993, 205.
Durix, Jean-Pierre. Places of Memory: Essays in Honour of Michel Fabre. Commonwealth Essays
and Studies 5 (2003): 5-135.
Dvorak, Marta. Fictionalizing History. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 21.1 (1998).
Dyer, Rebecca Gayle. London via the Caribbean: Migration Narratives and the City in Postwar British
Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences
64.1, 153-54. 2003. University of Texas, Austin. 2002.
---. Generations of Black Londoners: Echoes of 1950s Caribbean Migrants Voices in Victor Headleys
Yardie and Zadie Smiths White Teeth. Obsidian III: Literature in the African Diaspora 5.2
(2004): 81-102.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. The Canon, the Female Writer, and the West Indian Novel. Dissertation
Abstracts International 54[5], 1817A. 1993. Northwestern University, 1993.
---. Race, Tradition, and the Construction of the Caribbean Aesthetic. New Literary History: A Journal
of Theory and Interpretation 25.1, Literary History and Other Histories (1994): 109-20.
---. Making Men: Gender, Literary Authority, and Womens Writing in Caribbean Narrative. Durham,
NC: Duke University Press, 1999, x, 229.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. Public Spectacles: Caribbean Women and the Politics of Public
Performance. Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 13 (2003) 1-16.

26
Edwards, Gus. Caribbean Narrative: Carnival Characters-In Life and in the Mind. Black Theatre:
Ritual Performance in the African Diaspora. Ed. Paul Carter Harrison, Victor Leo Walker, II,
and Gus Edwards. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2002. 108-14.
Edwards, Norval Nadi. That Sailors Mistake: West Indianist Discourse in Four Nineteenth-Century
Travelogues. Studies in Travel Writing 5 (2001): 35-62.
Edwards, Norval Ronald. At the Edge of Writing and Speech: Towards a Caribbean Ethnopoetics.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 57[7],
3028. 1997. York University, 1995.
Edwards, Paul. Equiano and His Captains. Common Wealth. Ed. Anna Rutherford and A. Norman
Jeffares. Aarhus: Akademisk Boghandel, 1972. 18-25.
---. Edward W. Blyden: Sense and Sentimentality. The Commonwealth Writer Overseas: Themes of
Exile and Expatriation. Ed. Alastair Niven. Brussels: Didier, 1976. 139-50.
el Sadda, Hoda. Parodic Stylization as a Safeguard of Human Rights: Cultural Politics in AfroCaribbean Writing. Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics.13 (1993): 106-27.
Eldridge, Michael. There Goes the Transnational Neighborhood: Calypso Buys a Bungalow.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.2 (2002): 620-38.
Ellis, David. Writing Home: Black Writing in Britain Since the War. Dissertation Abstracts International
55[4]. 1994. University of Essex. 1993.
Engeldinger, Eugene A. Cumulative Author and Subject Indexes to Studies in Black Literature, 1-6,
1970-75. Studies in Black Literature 8.1 (1977): 7-15.
Erwin, Lee. The Re-Vision of History in the West Indian Bildungsroman. World Literature Written in
English 33-34.2-1 (1993): 90-102.
Espinet, Emile. No Pain Like This Body. Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on Black Arts and Culture
2.1 (1973): 60-62.
Espinet, Ramabai. The Invisible Woman in West Indian Fiction. World Literature Written in English
29.2 (1989): 116-26.
Fabre, Michel. Adams Task of Giving Things Their Name: The Poetry of Derek Walcott. New
Letters: A Magazine of Fine Writing 41.1 (1974): 91-107.
Fairer, David. A Caribbean Georgic: James Graingers The Sugar-Cane. Kunapipi: Journal of
Postcolonial Writing 25.1 (2003): 21-28.
Farred, Grant. You Can Go Home Again, You Just Cant Stay: Stuart Hall and the Caribbean
Diaspora. Research in African Literatures 27.4 (1996): 28-48.
---. Whats My Name: Black Vernacular Intellectuals. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press,
2003, x, 315.
Fayer, Joan M. and Joan F. McMurray. The Carriacou Mas as Syncretic Artifact. The Journal of
American Folklore 112.443 (1999): 58-73.
February, Vernie. Little Sorrow Sits and Weeps. Afriscope 9.2 (1979): 35-40.
Felsenstein, Frank. English Trader, Indian Maid: Representing Gender, Race, and Slavery in the New
World. Ed. Frank Felsenstein. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 1999.
Fenwick, Mac. Female Calibans: Contemporary Women Poets of the Caribbean. Zora Neale Hurston
Forum 4.1 (1989): 1-8.
Ferguson, Moira. Colonialism and Gender Relations From Mary Wollstonecraft to Jamaica Kincaid:
East Caribbean Connections. New York: Colombia University Press, 1993.
Ferly, Odile. The Fanonian Theory of Violence in Womens Fiction From the Caribbean.
Convergences and Interferences: Newness in Intercultural Practices/Ecritures dune nouvelle
re/aire. Ed. Kathleen Gyssels, Isabel Hoving, and Maggie Ann Bowers. Thamyris:
Intersecting Place, Sex, and Race: 8. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 107-19.
Fernndez Retamar, Roberto. Las Antillas de lengua inglesa. Casa de las Amricas 91 (1975): 11200.
Fernndez Rodrguez, Carolina. The Thematic Tradition in Black British Literature and Its Poetic
Representation. Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses 16 (2003): 55-71.
Ferracane, Kathleen K. Caribbean Panorama: An Anthology From and About the English-Speaking
Caribbean With Introductions, Study Questions, Biographies and Suggestions for Further
Reading. San Juan, P.R.: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1999.
Fido, Elaine Savory. Radical Woman: Woman and Theatre in the Anglophone Caribbean. Critical
Issues in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and
Lloyd W. Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 33-45.
---. Finding a Way to Tell It: Methodology and Commitment in Theatre About Women in Barbados and
Jamaica. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean women and literature. Ed. Carole Boyce Davies and
Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1990. 331-43.

27
---. Freeing Up: Politics, Gender, and Theatrical Form in the Anglophone Caribbean. Gender in
Performance: The Presentation of Difference in the Performing Arts. Ed. Laurence Senelick.
Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, for Tufts University, 1992. 281-98.
Figueroa, John J. M. Some Provisional Comments on West Indian Novels. Commonwealth
Literature: Unity and Diversity in a Common Culture. Ed. John Press, Sir Roger Stevens, and
A. Norman Jeffares. London: Heinemann, 1965. 90-97.
---. Caribbean Voices. Washington, D.C.: R.B. Luce, 1973.
---. Tribute to Colly. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 7-8 (1973): 21-22.
Firth, Kathleen. Ritmos de amor en la poesa caribea. Amor e identidad. Ed. Marta Segarra, Angels
Carab, and Marta Pessarrodona. Mujeres y Literatura. Barcelona: PPU, 1996. 189-96.
Fischer-Hornung, Dorothea, et al. EmBODYing Liberation: The Black Body in American Dance.
Mnster: LIT, 2001, 149.
Fittin, Robert. Some Kekchi Beliefs about the Behavior of Women during Pregnancy and with
Infants. Latin American Indian Literatures Journal: A Review of American Indian Texts and
Studies 9.2 (1993): 135-38.
Fitz, Earl E. Old World Roots/New World Realities: A Comparatist Looks at the Growth of Literature in
North and South America. CNL/Quarterly World Report 3.3 (1980): 8-11.
Fowler, Henry. A History of Theatre in Jamaica. Jamaica Journal 2.1 (1968): 52-61.
Francis, Donette Angela. Cosmopolitan Patriots: West Indian Intellectuals between Home and
Metropole. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 61[12], 4912. 2001. New York University, 2001.
Frank, Kevin Fitz-Mauritz. The Gift of Language: Tropes of British Empire and the Caribbean Quest for
Completion. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 61[11], 4397. 2001. University of California, Los Angeles. 2000.
Fraser, Robert. The Death of Theory: A Report from the Web. Wasafiri 30 (1999): 9-14.
Frye, Karla Yvette Evangeline. Landscape as Structure in Black Womens Fiction. Dissertation
Abstracts International 55[9], 2830A. 1995. Saint Louis University, 1994.
Fumagalli, Maria Cristina. The Reversible World: Poetry and the West Indies. Caribana 5 (1996):
159-71.
Gadsby, Meredith Miranda. I Suck Coarse Salt: Caribbean Women Writers in Canada and the
Politics of Transcendence. MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 44.1 (1998): 144-63.
Gadsby, Meredith Miranda. Little Salt Wont Kill You: Caribbean Women Writers, Migration, and the
Politics of Survival. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 61[6], 2307. 2000. State University of New York, Binghamton. 2000.
Gant-Britton, Lisbeth. Perspectives on Black World Literature. A Current Bibliography on African
Affairs 6 (1973): 47-50.
Gilkes, Michael. Racial Identity and Individual Consciousness in the Caribbean Novel. Georgetown:
Ministry of Information and Culture, National History, and Arts Council, 1975.
---. Pioneers. The West Indian Novel. 1981. 41-85.
---. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981, 168.
---. Creative Schizophrenia: the Caribbean Cultural Challenge. Coventry: Centre for Caribbean
Studies, University of Warwick, 1986.
---. The Madonna Pool: Women as Muse of Identity. The Journal of West Indian Literature 1.2
(1987): 1-19.
---. The Creature From the Blue Lagoon: Work in Progress on The Madonna Pool. Crisis and
Creativity in the New Literatures in English: Cross/Cultures. Ed. Geoffrey V. Davis and Hena
Maes-Jelinek. Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 1. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
1990. 47-60.
Gilroy, Beryl A. The Woman Writer and Commitment: Links between Caribbean and African
Literature. Wasafiri 10 (1989): 15-16.
Gilyard, Keith. From Lets Flip the Script: An African American Discourse on Language, Literature,
and Learning. Dialogue on Writing: Rethinking ESL, Basic Writing, and First-Year
Composition. Ed. Geraldine DeLuca et al. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 2002. 83-103.
Glaser, Marlies. Of Peas and Pears: Translating Caribbean Creoles into German. Bridges Across
Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 24560.
Gleason Carew, Joy. The Role of the Novel in Developing Countries. Afro-Caribbean Heritage 1.1
(1965): 9-15.
Goddard, Lynette. West Indies vs England in Winsome Pinnocks Migration Narratives.
Contemporary Theatre Review: An International Journal 14.4 (2004): 23-33.

28
Gomes, Albert. Through a Maze of Color. Port of Spain: Key Caribbean Publications, 1974.
Goodwin, Ken L. Invective and Obliqueness in Political Poetry: Kasaipwalova, Brathwaite, and
Soyinka. Awakened Conscience: Studies in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D.
Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 251-60.
Goonewardene, James. Nationalism and the Writer in Sri Lanka and the West Indies. Savacou: A
Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 11-12 (1975): 12-17.
Goudie, Sean Xavier. Creole America: The West Indies and the Formation of American Literature and
Culture in the New Republic. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 61[4], 1400-01. 2000. University of California, Berkeley. 1999.
---. On the Origin of American Specie(s): The West Indies, Classification, and the Emergence of
Supremacist Consciousness in Arthur Mervyn. Revising Charles Brockden Brown: Culture,
Politics, and Sexuality in the Early Republic. Ed. Philip Barnard, Mark L. Kamrath, and
Stephen Shapiro. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 2004. 60-87.
Goveia, Elsa. The Social Framework. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 2
(1970): 7-15.
Gowda, H. H. A. Refind With the Accents That Are Ours: Some Reflections on Modern English
Poetry in India, Africa, and the West Indies. The Colonial and the Neo-Colonial Encounters in
Commonwealth Literature. Ed. H. H. A. Gowda. Mysore: Prasaragana University, 1983. 20-32.
Grant, Jane. The Literature of Exile: A Comparative Study of Exiled Writers from the West Indies and
South Africa. South African Research in Progress: Collected Papers 3 (1978): 30-57.
Greene, Sue N. The Use of the Jew in West Indian Novels. World Literature Written in English 26.1
(1986): 150-69.
---. Report on the Second International Conference of Caribbean Women Writers. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 13.3 (1990): 532-38.
Gregory, Lucille H. Children of the Diaspora: Four Novels About the African-Caribbean Journey.
African-American Voices in Young Adult Literature: Tradition, Transition, Transformation. Ed.
Karen Patricia Smith. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1994. 277-92.
Griffen, Arlene. Women Speak Out in Literature: Pacific and Caribbean Voices. Wasafiri 25 (1997):
22-24.
Griffin, Farah Jasmine. Textual Healing: Claiming Black Womens Bodies, the Erotic and Resistance
in Contemporary Novels of Slavery. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters
19.2 (1996): 519-36.
Griffith, Glyne A. Veiled Politics in West Indian Criticism. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing
15.2 (1993): 104-12.
---. Caribbean Cultural Identities. Bucknell Review: A Scholarly Journal of Letters, Arts and Sciences
44.2 (2001).
Griffiths, Gareth. A Double Exile: African and West Indian Writing Between Two Cultures. London:
Boyars, 1978, 205.
Griffiths, Robert Gordon. Expedient Truths: Aspects of Narrative Representation in Elizabethan
Voyage Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 62[4], 1419. 2001. University of Victoria. 2001.
Griswold, W. The Fabrication of Meaning: Literary Interpretation in the United States, Great Britain,
and the West Indies. American Journal of Sociology 92.5 (1987): 1077-117.
Grosvenor, James. Teaching to Learn and Versa Vice. Black Times: Voices of the National
Community 3.11 (1973): 8.
Halil, Karen. Conjuring Power in Caribbean and African-American Literature. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[8], 2909. 2000. University of
Alberta. 1999.
Hall, Michael L. The Emergence of the Essay and the Idea of Discovery. Essays on the Essay:
Redefining the Genre. Ed. Alexander J. Butrym. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.
73-91.
Hall, Stuart. Cultural Identity and Cinematic Representation. Black British Cultural Studies: A Reader.
Ed. Houston A. Baker, Jr. et al. Black Literature and Culture. Chicago, IL: University of
Chicago Press, 1996. 210-22.
Hamlin, William M. Imagined Apotheoses: Drake, Harriot, and Ralegh in the Americas. Journal of the
History of Ideas 57.3 (1996): 405-28.
Hamner, Robert D. The Measure of the Yard Novel: From Mendes to Lovelace. Commonwealth
Essays and Studies 9.1 (1986): 98-105.
---. Jokers Worlds, Old and New: From Tirso to Walcott; Les anciens et nouveaux libertins du monde:
de Tirso a Walcott. The Caribbean Quarterly 44.3-4 (1998): 151-58.
Hanchard, Michael. Identity, Meaning, and the African-American. Social Text 8.2 [24] (1990): 31-42.

29
---. Identity, Meaning, and the African-American. Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation, and
Postcolonial Perspectives. Ed. Anne McClintock, Aamir Mufti, and Ella Shohat. Cultural
Politics: 11. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1997. 230-39.
Hanna, Mary. Cross Ties and New Buildings: Outsider Voices from Exile to Diaspora. MaComre:
Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 4 (2001): 155-64.
Haring, Lee. Textual Communities for Oral Literature. Cahiers de Littrature Orale 50 (2001): 185205.
Harney, Stefano. Nationalism and Identity: Culture and the Imagination in a Caribbean Diaspora.
London; New Jersey: Zed Books; The Press, University of the West Indies, 1996.
Harpelle, Ronald N. Radicalism and Accommodation: Garveyism in a United Fruit Company Enclave.
Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies 6.1 (2000): 1-27.
Harrawood, Michael. Shakespeare in the Caribbean: The Morant Bay Massacre, Jamaica, 1865.
Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History 65.2 (2004): 269-92.
Harris, Christine. Caribbean Women Poets-Disarming Tradition. Miscelanea: A Journal of English
and American Studies 22 (2000): 45-60.
Harris, L. J. and D. A. Ormerod. A Preliminary Check-List of West Indian Fiction in English, 19491964. Twentieth Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal 11.3 (1965): 146-49.
Harris, Trudier. Greeting the New Century with a Different Kind of Magic: An Introduction to Emerging
Women Writers. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 19.2 (1996): 232-38.
Harris, Wilson. Tradition, the Writer and Society. London: New Beacon, 1967.
---. History, Fable and Myth in the Caribbean and Guiana. The Caribbean Quarterly 16.2 (1968): 1132.
---. History, Fable and Myth in the Caribbean and Guianas; Being the Text of the 1970 Edgar
Mittelholzer Memorial Lectures. Georgtown: Guyana, 1970.
---. The Phenomenal Legacy. Literary Half-Yearly 11.2 (1970): 1-6.
---. History, Fable, and Myth in the Caribbean and the Guianas. Yearbook of Comparative Criticism 4
(1971): 120-31.
---. Kith and Kin. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 7.1 (1972): 1-5.
---. The Native Phenomenon. Common Wealth. Ed. Anna Rutherford and A. Norman Jeffares.
Aarhus: Akademisk Boghandel, 1972. 144-50.
---. A Talk on the Subjective Imagination. New Letters: A Magazine of Fine Writing 40 (1973): 36-48.
---. The Enigma of Values. New Letters: A Magazine of Fine Writing 40 (1973): 141-49.
---. Fossil and Psyche. Austin: African and Afro-American Studies and Research Center, University of
Texas, 1974, 12.
---. The Womb of Space: The Cross Cultural Imagination. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983.
---. Adversarial Contexts and Creativity. The New Left Review.154 (1985): 124-28.
---. Quetzalcoatl and the Smoking Mirror: Reflections on Originality and Tradition. Wasafiri 20 (1994):
38-43.
---. Quetzalcoatl and the Smoking Mirror. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other Realisms in
Caribbean Literature. Ed. Timothy J. Reiss. Trenton, NJ: Africa World, 2002. 1-13.
Harrison, Ira E. Traditional Medicine: Implications for Ethnomedicine, Ethnopharmacology, Maternal
and Child Health, Mental Health: An Annotated Bibliography of Africa, Latin America and the
Caribbean. New York: Garland, 1976, 229.
Hart, David W. Exile and Agency in Caribbean Literature and Culture. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 65[6], 2208. 2004. University of
Florida. 2004.
Hart, Matthew. Synthetic Vernacular Poetry and Transatlantic Modernism, 1922-2002. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 65[6], 2191. 2004.
University of Pennsylvania. 2004.
Hassan, Dolly Zulakha. V.S. Naipaul and the West Indies. New York: Peter Lang, 1989, 376.
Hayden, Lucy K. The Caribbean Presence in Tom Cringles Log: A Commentary on Britains
Involvement in Slavery and the Slave Trade. Journal of Caribbean Studies 6.3 (1988): 30921.
Haynes, Lilith M. Language Variation in Island Voices. English World-Wide: A Journal of Varieties of
English 5.1 (1984): 25-42.
---. Strategies of Intercommunication in the Caribbean Short-Story. Akten des 2. Essener
Kolloquiums ber Kreolsprachen und Sprachkontakte vom 29. und 30. 11. 1985 an der
Universitt Essen. Ed. Norbert Boretzky, Werner Enninger, and Thomas Stolz. BochumEssener Beitrge zur Sprachwandelforschung (BEBS): 2. Bochum: Brockmeyer, 1985. 10319.

30
Hrting, Heike Helene. Performative Metaphors in Caribbean and Ethnic Canadian Writing.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[10],
3990. 2001. University of Victoria. 2000.
Healy, Jack. Reflections on the Kingston Commonwealth Conference and West Indian Literature.
ACLALS Bulletin (1974): 32-40.
Hearne, John. Who Killed the King? An Inquiry into the Death of the West Indian Poet. Focus (1960):
137-42.
Heller, Ben Ames. Multiculturalism, Caribbean Space and Identity at the Margins: Two Cases.
Research in African Literatures 28.4 (1997): 71-84.
Henry, Keith S. Language, Culture, and Society in the Commonwealth Caribbean. Journal of Black
Studies 7 (1976): 79-94.
Henry, Wendy. Lion deh pon Road. Sing Out!: The Folk Song Magazine 28.4 (1980): 22-23.
Heron, Maureen Michelle. (In)vested Interests: The Economy of Authorship in Columbus Diario and
Raleghs Discoverie. Dissertation Abstracts International 56[7], 2668A. 1996. Yale University,
1995.
Hill, Donald. I Am Happy to Be in This Sweet Land of Liberty: The New York City Calypso Craze of
the 1930s and 1940s. Island Sounds in the Global City: Caribbean Popular Music and Identity
in New York. Ed. Ray Allen and Lois Wilcken. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2001.
74-92.
Hill, Errol. Calypso. Jamaica Journal 5.5 (1971): 23-27.
---. The Trinidad Carnival: Mandate for a National Theatre. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1972.
---. Plays of the English-Speaking Caribbean. Bulletin of Black Theatre: Newsletter of the AETA
Black Theatre Project 4 (1973): 11-15.
---. The Jamaica Stage, 1655-1900: Profile of a Colonial Theatre. Amhurst, MA: University of
Massachusetts Press, 1992.
Ho, Elaine Yee Lin and Shirley Geok-lin Lim. The Cultures and Literatures of Micro-States. Ariel: A
Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 32.1 (2001): 7-215.
Hodge, Merle. We Kind of Family. Gendered Realities: Essays in Caribbean Feminist Thought. Ed.
Patricia Mohammed. Barbados: University of the West Indies Press; Centre for Gender and
Development Studies, 2002. 476-85.
Hodges, Carolyn R. The Power of the Oppressed: The Evolution of the Black Character in Anna
Seghers Caribbean Fiction. Selected Papers from the Twelfth New Hampshire Symposium
on the German Democratic Republic. Ed. Margy Gerber. Studies in GDR Culture & Society: 7.
Lanham, MD: UPs of America, 1987. 185-97.
Hoenisch, Michael E. Creolization in Anglophone Caribbean Literature. Crossing Borders: Inter- and
Intra- Cultural Exchanges in a Multicultural Society. Ed. Heinz Ickstadt. Berlin: Peter Lang,
1997. 93-101.
---. Creolization in Anglophone Caribbean Literature. Anales del Caribe: Centro de Estudios del
Caribe 19-20 (1999): 293-303.
Hogan, Patrick Colm. Colonialism and Cultural Identity: Crises of Tradition in the Anglophone
Literatures of India, Africa, and the Caribbean. Albany, NY: State University of New York
Press, 2000, xix, 353.
Honeyghan, Glasceta. Rhythm of the Caribbean: Connecting Oral History and Literacy. Language
Arts: The Journal of the Elementary Section of the National Council of Teachers of English
77.5 (2000): 406-13.
Hornung, Alfred. Paradise Lost in the Caribbean. (Trans)Formations of Cultural Identity in the
English-Speaking World. Ed. Jochen Achilles and Carmen Birkle. Anglistische Forschungen
(AF): 251. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universittsverlag, 1998. 161-73.
Hoving, Isabel. In Praise of New Travelers: Reading Caribbean Migrant Women Writers. Stanford, CA:
Stanford University Press, 2001, xi, 374.
Howells, Coral Ann, et al. New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 72.1
(1991): 510-91.
Howes, Barbara. Tributes. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 7-8 (1973): 13538.
Hughes, Michael. A Companion to West Indian Literature. London: Collins, 1979.
Hughes, Roger. Caribbean Writing: a Checklist. London: Commonwealth Institute Library Services,
1986.
Hull, Gloria T. The Black Woman Writer and the Diaspora. The Black Scholar: Journal of Black
Studies and Research 17.2 (1986): 2-4.
Hulme, Peter. Colonial Encounters: Europe and the Native Caribbean, 1492-1797. London:
Routledge, 1992.

31
---. Survival and Invention: Indigeneity in the Caribbean. Text and Nation: Cross-Disciplinary Essays
on Cultural and National Identities. Ed. Laura Garca-Moreno and Peter C. Pfeiffer. Studies in
German Literature, Linguistics, and Culture (SGLLC). Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1996.
48-64.
Hussein, Aamer. Joan Riley Talks with Aamer Hussein. Wasafiri 17 (1993): 17-19.
---. Changing Seasons: Post-Colonial or Other Writing in Britain Today. Wasafiri 20 (1994): 16-18.
Iannini, Christopher. The Vertigo of Circum-Caribbean Empire: William Bartrams Florida. Mississippi
Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Cultures 57.1 (2003): 147-55.
---. The Itinerant Man: Crvecurs Caribbean, Raynals Revolution, and the Fate of Atlantic
Cosmopolitanism. William and Mary Quarterly: A Magazine of Early American History and
Culture 61.2 (2004): 201-34.
Ink, Lynn Chun. Decolonizing the Tropics: Gender and American Imperialism in the Pacific and
Caribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 62[5], 1834. 2001. University of Miami. 2001.
Innes, Christopher. Wintering: Making a Home in Britain. Other Britain, Other British. Ed. A. Robert
Lee. London: Pluto, 1995. 21-34.
Ippolito, Emilia. Caribbean Women Writers: Identity and Gender. Rochester, NY: Camden House,
2000, 201.
Iyengar, K. R. S. The Colonial and the Neo-Colonial Encounters in Commonwealth Literature. The
Colonial and the Neo-Colonial Encounters in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. H. H. A. Gowda.
Mysore: Prasaragana University, 1983. 9-20.
Jackson, Tommie Lee. An Invincible Summer: Female Diasporan Authors. Trenton: Africa World
Press, 2001.
Jahn, Janheinz. A Bibliography of Neo-African Literature From Africa, America and the Caribbean.
London: Deutsch, 1965.
James, C.L.R. Beyond a Boundary. London: Hutchinson, 1963.
James, Cynthia. The Maroon Narrative: A Study of Caribbean Literature in English and its
Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Literary Origins. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[11], 4148. 1999. Howard University, 1998.
---. Twentieth-Century Caribbean Literature in Retrospect. Wasafiri. 33 (2001): 37-41.
---. The Maroon Narrative: Caribbean Literature in English Across Boundaries, Ethnicities, and
Centuries. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2002, viii, 134.
James, Louis. Islands of Man: Reflections on the Emergence of a West Indian Literature. The
Southern Review: Literary and Interdisciplinary Essays 2 (1966): 150-63.
---. The Islands in Between. London: Oxford University Press, 1968.
---. Caribbean Poetry in English: Some Problems. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists
Movement 2 (1970): 78-86.
---. Heinemanns Caribbean Writers Series: The First Dozen. Commonwealth Newsletter 8 (1975):
18-20.
---. The Trickster God: Imagination and Reality in African and Caribbean Literatures. ACLALS
Bulletin 4.2 (1975): 1-8.
Japtok, Martin. Postcolonial Perspectives on Women Writers From Africa, the Caribbean, and the U.S.
Ed. Martin Japtok. Trenton: Africa World Press, 2003.
Jenkins, Carol and Travis Jenkins. Garifuna Musical Style and Culture History. Belizean Studies: A
Journal of Social Research and Thought 10.3-4 (1982): 17-24.
Jenkins, Lee M. The Language of Caribbean Poetry: Boundaries of Expression. Gainesville, FL:
University Press of Florida, 2004, x, 232.
Jer-Don, James E. The Literary Insertion of Homosexaulity in Caribbean Identities. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 57[8], 3483. 1997.
Brandeis University, 1997.
John, Bruce. Bumbatuk (Poems in Barbadian Dialect). Revista de Letras 4 (1972): 540-53.
Johnson, Gloria Carniece. The Folk Tradition in the Fiction of Black Women Writers. Dissertation
Abstracts International 52[3], 917A. 1991. University of Tennessee.
Johnson, Newtona A. O. Angles of Vision: Diasporic Consciousness in Post-Colonial Diaspora
Discourse. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 58[3], 857-58. 1997. Emory University, 1997.
Jolivet, Marie Jos. Mmoire carabe, mmoire caribenne et histoire coloniale. Ethnologie
Franaise: Revue Trimestrielle de la Socit dEthnologie Franaise 32.4 (2002): 735-40.
Jones, Eldred Durosimi and Eustace Palmer. Africa, America and the Caribbean. Ed. Eldred Durosimi
Jones. London;New York: Heinemann Educational;Africana, 1978.
Jones, Joseph. Caribbean Holiday in Kent. WLWE Newsletter 15 (1969): 7-12.

32
Jones, Joseph and Johanna Jones. Authors and Areas of the West Indies. Austin, Texas: SteckVaughn, 1970.
Jordan, Elaine. Jane Austen Goes to the Seaside: Sanditon, English Identity And the West Indian
Schoolgirl. The Postcolonial Jane Austen. Ed. You me Park and Rajeswari Sunder
Rajan.Routledge Research in Postcolonial Literatures (RRPL): 2. London, England:
Routledge, 2000. 29-55.
Joseph, Clara A. B. Nation Because of Differences. Research in African Literatures 32.3 (2001): 5770.
Joseph, May. Sycorax Mythology. Black Theatre: Ritual Performance in the African Diaspora. Ed.
Paul Carter Harrison, Victor Leo Walker, II, and Gus Edwards. Philadelphia, PA: Temple
University Press, 2002. 209-26.
Juneja, Renu. Contemporary Women Writers. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London:
Macmillan, 1995. 89-101.
---. Caribbean Transactions: West Indian Culture in Literature. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1996.
Kane, Stephanie. Race, Sex Work and Ethnographic Representation: Or, What to Do about Lokis
Toast. Canadian Folklore Canadien 15.1 (1993): 109-17.
Kaup, Monika. West Indian Canadian Writing: Crossing the Border from Exile to Immigration. Essays
on Canadian Writing 57 (1995): 171-93.
---. West Indian Canadian Writing: Crossing the Border From Exile to Immigration. Writing Ethnicity:
Cross-Cultural Consciousness in Canadian and Qubcois Literature. Ed. Winfried
Siemerling. Toronto, ON: ECW, 1996. 171-93.
Kaye, Jacqueline. La historia en la novela antillana de lengua inglesa. Casa de las Amricas 67
(1971): 61.
Keizer, Arlene R. Black Subjects: Identity Formation in the Contemporary Narrative of Slavery. Ithaca:
Cornell University Press, 2004.
Keizer, Arlene Rosemary. The Middle Passage Never Guessed Its End: Slave Subjectivity and Black
Subjectivity in Contemporary African American and Anglophone Caribbean Literature.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 58[2],
451. 1997. University of California, Berkeley. 1996.
Kellman, Anthony. Tuk Verse and the Monomythical Folk Tradition. Wasafiri 28 (1998): 39-51.
Kemoli, Arthur M. The Theme of The Past in Caribbean Literature. World Literature Written in
English 12 (1973): 304-25.
---. Africa and the Caribbean. Teaching of African Literature in Schools. Ed. Eddah Gachukia and S.
Kichamu Akivaga. Nairobi: Kenya Lit. Bureau, 1978. 216-23.
Khair, Tabish. Why Postcolonialism Hates Revolutions. Wasafiri 30 (1999): 5-8.
Khan, Aisha. Portraits in the Mirror: Nature, Culture, and Womens Travel Writing in the Caribbean.
Womens Writing 10.1 (2003): 93-117.
Khan, Ismith. Dialect in West Indian Literature. The Black Writer in Africa and the Americas. Ed.
Lloyd W. Brown. University of Southern California Studies in Comparative Literature: 6. Los
Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1973. 141-64.
Killam, Douglas. Commonwealth Literary Criticism: Past, Present and Future Prospects.
Commonwealth Review 1.1 (1989): 50-59.
Kindermann, Wolf. From Babylon to Eden: Afro-Caribbean Responses to Metropolitan Culture. World
Literature Written in English 24.1 (1984): 100-07.
King, Adele. Postcolonial African and Caribbean Literature. The Cambridge History of African and
Caribbean Literature. Ed. F. Abiola Irele and Simon Gikandi. Cambridge, England: Cambridge
University Press, 2003. 809-23.
King, Barnaby. The African-Caribbean Identity and the English Stage. New Theatre Quarterly 16.2
[62] (2000): 131-36.
King, Bruce. Caribbean Conundrum. Transition: An International Review 62 (1993): 140-57.
---. West Indian Performing Arts and the Rockefeller Foundation 1957-1963: The West Indian Arts
Festival, The Little Carib, and Errol Hill. The Contact and the Culmination. Ed. Marc Delrez,
Bndicte Ledent, and Juliette Dor. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, 1997. 259-70.
King, Bryan. Notes for the Record. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 7-8
(1973): 12-14.
King, Rosamond S. Born under the Sign of the Suitcase: Caribbean Immigrant Literature, 1959-1999.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[8],
2752-53. 2002. New York University, 2001.
---. Sex and Sexuality in English Caribbean Novels: A Survey from 1950. The Journal of West Indian
Literature 11.1 (2002): 24-38.

33
King, Ruby and Mike Morrissey. Images in Print: Bias and Prejudice in Caribbean Textbooks. Jamaica:
Institute of Social and Economic Research, 1988.
Kirpal, Viney. The Third World Novel of Expatriation: A Study of Emigre Fiction by Indian, West African
and Caribbean Writers. New Delhi: Sterling, 1989, ix, 174.
Korte, Barbara. Exploring Without a Mission? Postcolonial Travel in a Global World. Colonies,
Missions, Cultures in the English Speaking World: General and Comparative Studies. Ed.
Gerhard Stilz. ZAA Studies: Language Literature Culture: 12. Tbingen: Stauffenburg, 2001.
383-95.
Kraniauskas, John. Flight from Non-Existence. Index on Censorship 18.2 (1989): 23-25.
Krise, Thomas Warren. An Uncertaine and Dangerous Kind of People: Role Conflict in the
Eighteenth-Century West Indies. Xavier Review 13.1 (1993): 25-42.
---. True Novel, False History: Robert Robertsons Ventriloquized Ex-Slave in The Speech of Mr John
Talbot Campo-Bell (1736). Early American Literature 30.2 (1995): 152-64.
---. Editing the West Indies. East-Central Intelligencer 11.1 (1997): 10-12.
---. Caribbeana: An Anthology of English Literature of the West Indies: 1657-1777. Chicago, IL:
University of Chicago Press, 1999, xii, 358.
Kubayanda, Josaphat Bekunuru. Notes on the Impact of African Oral-Traditional Rhetoric on Latin
American and Caribbean Writing. Afro-Hispanic Review 3.3 (1984): 5-10.
---. Minority Discourse and the African Collective: Some Examples From Latin American and
Caribbean Literature. The Nature and Context of Minority Discourse. Ed. Abdul R.
JanMohamed and David Lloyd. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. 246-63.
---. Notes on the Impact of African Oral-Traditional Rhetoric on Latin American and Caribbean
Writing. Afro-Hispanic Review 21.1-2 (2002): 113-20.
Kutzinski, Vera M. Caribbean Theory and Criticism. The John Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and
Criticism. Ed. Michael Groden and Martin Kreiswirth. Baltimore: John Hopkins University
Press, 1994. 138-42.
---. Borders and Bodies: The United States, America, and the Caribbean. CR: The New Centennial
Review 1.2 (2001): 55-88.
La Fortune, K. S. Folk Poetry in West Indian Literature. Bim 64 (1978): 258-68.
Lacovia, R. M. Caribbean Literature in English: 1949-1970. Black Academy Review: Quarterly of the
Black World 2.1-2 (1971): 109-25.
---. English Caribbean Literature: A Brave New World. Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on Black
Arts and Culture 1.1 (1972): 15-22.
---. Ismith Khan and the Theory of Rasa. Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on Black Arts and Culture
1.3-4 (1972): 23-27.
---. The Medium is the Divide: An Examination of V.S. Naipauls Early Works. Black Images: A
Critical Quarterly on Black Arts and Culture 1.2 (1972): 3-6.
---. Caribbean Aesthetics: A Prolegomenon. Toronto: Black Images, Inc., 1973, 47.
Lacroix, Frances. Introduction a la littrature guyanaise. Etudes Anglaises: Grande-Bretagne, EtatsUnis 25 (1972): 245-56.
Lagapa, Jason St. Inarticulate Prayers: Irony and Religion in Late Twentieth-Century Poetry.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[5],
1648. 2003. University of Arizona. 2003.
Lalla, Barbara. Voices in Exile: Jamaican Texts of the 18th and 19th Centuries. Ed. Barbara Lalla.
Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1989.
Lamming, George. The Pleasures of Exile. London: Michael Joseph, 1960.
---. Writing and Publishing in the West Indies. World Literature Written in English Newsletter 19
(1971): 17-22.
---. The West Indian People. Caribbean Essays: An Anthology. Ed. Andrew Salkey. London: Evans
Brothers, 1973. 5-16.
---. On West Indian Writing. Revista Interamericana Review 5 (1975): 149-62.
---. The Indian Presence As a Caribbean Reality. Indenture & Exile: The Indo-Caribbean Experience.
Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh. Toronto: TSAR, 1989. 45-54.
---. The Occasion for Speaking. The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. Ed. Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths,
and Helen M. Tiffin. London: Routledge, 1995. 12-17.
Lamming, George and Frank M. Birbalsingh. Concepts of the Caribbean. Frontiers of Caribbean
Literatures in English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 1-14.
Lane, Dorothy Freda. This Island in His Pocket: The Island as Site of Resistance in Postcolonial
Texts of New Zealand and the Caribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[2], 511A.
1993. Queens University.

34
---. The Island As Site of Resistance: an Examination of Caribbean and New Zealand Texts. New
York: Peter Lang, 1995.
Lang, George. Islands, Enclaves, Continua: Notes Toward a Comparative History of Caribbean
Creole Literatures. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and DutchSpeaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997. 2952.
Larson, Charles R. Book Section. English Around the World (English Speaking Union, NY) 20; 21
(1979): 4-5.
Lawrence, Leota S. Women in Caribbean Literature: The African Presence. Phylon: The Atlanta
University Review of Race and Culture 44.1 (1983): 1-11.
Lawton, David L. English in the Caribbean. English as a World Language. Ed. Richard W. Bailey and
Manfred Grlach. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1982. 251-80.
Laz, Jacqueline. National Identity: Where the Wild, Strange and Exotic Things Are: In Search of the
Caribbean in Contemporary Childrens Literature. Childrens Literature: New Approaches. Ed.
Karin Lesnik-Oberstein. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 189-205.
Le Page, R.B. Dialect in West Indian Literature. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 7 (1969):
1-7.
Ledent, Bndicte. New World Nomadism: Exile and the Caribbean Architecture of Cultures. ReDiscoveries of America: The Meaning of Cultures. Ed. Johan Callens. Brussels: Vubpresse,
1993. 129-53.
---. Du cauchemar lutopie ralisable: Londres dans les nouvelles et romans de la diaspora
antillaise anglophone. La ville plurielle dans la fiction antillaise anglophone: Images de
linterculturel. Ed. Corinne DuBoin and Eric Tabuteau. Interlangues: Littratures. Toulouse:
Presses universitaires du Mirail, 2000. 207-21.
---. A New Wor(l)d Order: Language in the Fiction of the New Caribbean Diaspora. Revista Alicantina
de Estudios Ingleses 16. Nov. (2003): 191-200.
Lee, Maurice A. Caliban, Exiled and Returned: The Search for The Self in the West Indian ShortStory. Short Story 4.1 (1996): 69-78.
Lee, Valerie. The Female Voice in Afro-American and Afro-Caribbean Poetry. Umoja 3 (1979): 17584.
Lefever, Harry G. Unraveling the Web of Anansi the Spider: The Trickster in the West African
Diaspora. Journal of Caribbean Studies 9.3 (1993): 247-65.
Leggatt, Judith Ann. Post-Colonial Tricksters: Cross-Cultural Encounters in Caribbean Literature and
First Nations Canadian Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 57[12], 5143-44. 1997. Queens University, 1996.
Lehmann, Sophia. In Search of a Mother Tongue: Locating Home in Diaspora. MELUS: The Journal
of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 23.4 (1998):
101-18.
LeSeur, Geta J. The Bildungsroman in Afro-American and Afro-Caribbean Fiction: An Integrated
Consciousness. Dissertation Abstracts International 43[8], 2681A. 1983.
---. One Mother, Two Daughters: The Afro-American and the Afro-Caribbean Female Bildungsroman.
The Black Scholar: Journal of Black Studies and Research 17.2 (1986): 26-33.
Lewis, Maureen Warner. The Nkuyu: Spirit Messengers of the Kumina. Savacou: A Journal of the
Caribbean Artists Movement 13 (1977): 57.
Lewis, Maureen Warner, Margaret E. Crahan, and Franklin W. Knight. The African Impact on
Language and Literature in the English-Speaking Caribbean. 104-23 in Margaret E. Crahan &
Franklin W. Knight, eds. Africa and the Caribbean: The Legacies of a Link. (Johns Hopkins
Studies in Atlantic Hist. & Culture). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.
Liddell, Janice Lee, Yakini Belinda Kemp, and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Arms Akimbo: Africana Women in
Contemporary Literature. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999.
Lima, Maria Helena. Decolonizing Genre: Caribbean Women Writers and the Bildungsroman.
Dissertation Abstracts International 54[10], 3738A. 1994. University of Maryland, College
Park. 1993.
Lindberg-Seyersted, Brita. Black and Female: Essays on Writings by Black Women in The Diaspora.
Oslo: Scandinavian University Press, 1994.
Lindfors, Bernth and Reinhard Sander. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First
Series. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1992.
---. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Series I & II. Detroit, MI: Bruccoli Clark
Layman, 1992, xi, 406.
---. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1993,
xiv, 350.

35
Lindfors, Bernth. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third Series. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1996, xiii, 393.
Lindo, Cedric. Frank Collymore by One Who Does Not Know Him. Savacou: A Journal of the
Caribbean Artists Movement 7-8 (1973): 17-18.
Lindo, Locksley. Francis Williams--A Free Negro in a Slave World. Savacou: A Journal of the
Caribbean Artists Movement 1 (1970): 75-80.
Lloyd, Trevor. Myths of the Indies: Jane Austen and the British Empire. Comparative Criticism: An
Annual Journal 21 (1999): 59-78.
London, April. Novel and Natural History: Edward Bancroft in Guiana. Genre: Forms of Discourse
and Culture 31.2 (1998): 101-16.
Lorde, Audre. Sisterhood and Survival. The Black Scholar: Journal of Black Studies and Research
17.2 (1986): 5-7.
Lovelace, Earl. Welcoming Each Other: Cultural Transformation of the Caribbean in the 21st Century.
Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Development Bank, 1998.
Low, Gail. Publishing Commonwealth: The Case of West-Indian Writing 1950-1965. EnterText: An
Interactive Interdisciplinary E-Journal for Cultural and Historical Studies and Creative Work 2.1
(2001): 71-93.
Lowe, Arbon Jack and Kathryn Shaw. The Obstinate Troubadour. Americas 34.3 (1982): 59.
Lowry, Ann. Style Range in New English Literatures. The Other Tongue: English Across Cultures.
Ed. Braj B. Kachru. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992. 283-98.
Lpez Ropero, Lourdes. Diaspora: Concept, Context, and Its Application in the Study of New
Literatures. Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses 16 (2003): 215-25.
Mackey, Nathaniel. Discrepant Engagement: Dissonance, Cross-Culturality, and Experimental Writing.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
MacWatt, Mark A. West Indian Literature and Its Social Context: Proceedings of the Fourth Annual
Conference on West Indian Literature: University of the West Indies: Cave Hill, Mona,
St.Augustine, College of the Virgin Islands, University of Guyana. Annual Conference on
West Indian Literature (4,1984,Barbados) Cave Hill, St.Michael,Barbados: University of the
West Indies, Department of English, 1988.
Maes-Jelinek, Hena. The Myth of El Dorado in the Caribbean Novel. The Journal of Commonwealth
Literature 6 (1971): 113-28.
---. Postmodernism and Its Others: Cross-Cultural Counterpoints in British Fiction. Anglistik:
Mitteilungen des Verbandes deutscher Anglisten 8.1 (1997): 61-73.
---. The Novel From 1950 to 1970. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and
Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins,
2001. 127-48.
Maes-Jelinek, Hena and Bndicte Ledent. The Novel Since 1970. A History of Literature in the
Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold.
Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2001. 149-98.
Magaa, Edmundo. The Old-Head Woman and the Penis Man: Two Wayana Narratives. Latin
American Indian Literatures Journal: A Review of American Indian Texts and Studies 5.2
(1989): 15-30.
Mahabir, Cynthia. The Rise of Calypso Feminism: Gender and Musical Politics in the Calypso.
Popular Music 20.3 (2001): 409-30.
Mahabir, Joy A. I. Rhythm and Class Struggle: The Calypsoes of David Rudder. Jouvert: A Journal of
Postcolonial Studies 6.3 (2002).
Maison-Bishop, Carole Nathalie. Women in Calypso: Hearing the Voices. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 57[8], 3710. 1997. University of
Alberta. 1994.
Makris, Paula Catherine. Colonial Education and Cultural Inheritance: Caribbean Literature and the
Classics. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences
63[7], 2548. 2003. Case Western Reserve University, 2002.
Malouf, Michal G. Other Emerald Isles: Caribbean Revisions of Irish cultural Nationalism. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4], 1357. 2004.
Columbia University. 2004.
Manning, Frank E. The Performance of Politics: Caribbean Music and the Anthropology of Victor
Turner. Anthropologica 27.1-2 (1985): 39-53.
Mardorossian, Carine Melkom. Cannibalizing the Victorians: Racial and Cultural Hybridity in the
Bronts and Their Caribbean Rewritings. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 59[11], 4134. 1999. University of Illinois, Urbana. 1998.
Markham, E. A. Roots and Roots. PN Review 29.3 [149] (2003): 22-28.

36
Marle, Hans van. Lawful and Lawless: Young Korzeniowskis Adventures in the Caribbean. LEpoque
Conradienne 17 (1991): 91-113.
Marsh-Lockett, Carol P. Decolonising Caribbean Literature. Studies in the Literary Imagination 26.2
(1993).
Marsh-Lockett, Carol P. and Elizabeth J. West. Caribbean Women Writers in Exile: Anglophone
Writings. Studies in the Literary Imagination 37.2 (2004): 1-122.
Marshall, Emily Zobel. The Anansi Syndrome: A Debate Concerning Anansis Influence on Jamaican
Culture. World Literature Written in English 39.1 (2001): 127-36.
Mason, Mary G. West Indian Autobiography. Black American Literature Forum 24.2 (1990): 357-74.
Matthews, John T. Commonwealth Literature: General Introduction. Commonwealth Literature in the
Curriculum. Ed. Ken L. Goodwin. St. Lucia: Journal of the South Pacific Association for
Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies, 1980. 7-13.
Maurer, Bill. Islands in the Net: Rewiring Technological and Financial Circuits in the Offshore of
Caribbean. Comparative Studies in Society and History 43.3 (2001): 467-501.
Maximin, Daniel. Critique de lactivite critique dans le Tiers-Monde noir. 314-37 in Socit africaine
de culture. Le Critique africain et sou peuple comme producteur de civilisation. Paris:
Presence africaine, 1977.
Maxwell, Marina. Towards a Revaluation of the Arts in the Caribbean. Savacou: A Journal of the
Caribbean Artists Movement. September (1970): 19-32.
May, Derwent. Amis, McCarthy, Naipaul. Encounter 38 (1972): 74-78.
McDonald, Avis G. How History Hurts: Common Patterns in Australian and West Indian Fiction.
Queens Quarterly 96.1 (1989): 78-93.
McDowell, Robert E. Mothers and Sons: A View of Black Literature from South Africa, the West
Indies, and America. Prairie Schooner 43 (1970): 356-58.
McGarrity, Maria. Washed by the Gulf Stream: The Historic and Geographic Relation of Irish and
Caribbean Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 62[3], 1005. 2001. University of Miami. 2001.
McLeod, Corinna M. The Problematic Postcolonial Narrative: Intertextuality and Empire in African and
Afro-Caribbean Fiction and Film. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 64[7], 2479. 2004. University of South Carolina. 2003.
McMillan, Michael and SuAndi. Rebaptizing the World in Our Own Terms: Black Theatre and Live
Arts in Britain. Black Theatre: Ritual Performance in the African Diaspora. Ed. Paul Carter
Harrison, Victor Leo Walker, II, and Gus Edwards. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press,
2002. 115-27.
McMorris, Mark D. Subjects in a Classical Labyrinth: Tradition, Speech and Empire in EnglishLanguage Poetry. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 59[4], 1153. 1998. Brown University, 1998.
McMurray, Joan F. Evangelism and West Indian Folk Plays: Giant Despair, David and Goliath, and
the West Indian Tea Meeting. Torre: Revista de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 6.19 (2001): 320.
---. The English Mummers and the The West Indian Bull Play or Old Wine in a New Bottle. Torre:
Revista de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 6.19 (2001): 37-49.
McWatt, Mark A. The Loneliness of the Long-Distance Writer: Exile and the Trans-Cultural
Imagination in Guyanese Novelists. A Talent(ed) Digger: Creations, Cameos, and Essays in
Honour of Anna Rutherford. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek, Gordon Collier, and Geoffrey V. Davis.
Amsterdam;Atlanta: Rodopi, 1996. 279-86.
Meehan, Kevin Vincent. Decolonizing Ethnography: Zora Nearle Hurston in the Caribbean. Women
at Sea: Travel Writing and the Margins of Caribbean Discourse. Ed. Lizabeth ParavisiniGebert and Ivette Romero-Cesareo. New York, NY: Palgrave, 2001. 245-79.
Melchior, Bernhard. Expertise in Cross-Cultural Mediation: West Indian-American Writing in the
Eighties. Fusion of Cultures? Ed. Peter O. Stummer and Christopher Balme. Cross/Cultures:
Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 26. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1996. 71-80.
Mendes, Alfred. Talking About the Thirties. Voices 1.5 (1965): 3-7.
---. A Commentary. From Trinidad: An Anthology of West Indian Writing. Ed. Reinhard Sander. New
York: Africana Publishing Company, 1978. 21-26.
Mensah, A. N. Existential Poses in West Indian Literature. Universitas 3.1 (1973): 27-35.
Metcalf, Rosamund. West Indian Literature. African Literature Today 10 (1979): 253-55.
Meyer, Eugenia. Oral History in Mexico and the Caribbean. Oral History: An Interdisciplinary
Anthology. Ed. David K. Dunaway and Willa K. Baum. American Association for State and
Local History Book Series. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira, with American Association for State
and Local History and the Oral History Association, 1996. 343-50.

37
Midgett, Douglas K. Performance Roles and Musical Change in a Caribbean Society.
Ethnomusicology: Journal of the Society for Ethnomusicology 21 (1977): 55-73.
---. West Indian Version: Literature, History, and Identity. Old Roots in New Lands: Historical and
Anthropological Perspectives on Black Experiences in the Americas. Ed. Ann M. Pescatello.
Contributions in Afro-American & African Studies: 31. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1977. 20942.
---. Cricket and Calypso: Cultural Representation and Social History in the West Indies. Culture,
Sport, Society 6.2/3 (2003): 239-68.
Mishra, Vijay and Bob Hodge. What Is Post(-)Colonialism? Textual Practice 5.3 (1991): 399-414.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. Ecriture et imaginaire de lenfance: Quelques exemples dans la littrature des
Carabes. Interfaces: Image Texte Language 7 (1995): 113-22.
---. Doing Away With Boundaries: Canadian Writers of Caribbean and Asian Descent. Convergences
and Interferences: Newness in Intercultural Practices/Ecritures dune nouvelle re/aire. Ed.
Kathleen Gyssels, Isabel Hoving, and Maggie Ann Bowers. Thamyris: Intersecting Place, Sex,
and Race: 8. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 43-52.
Mohr, Eugene V. Modern Writing from the English Caribbean. CEA Critic: An Official Journal of the
College English Association 33.2 (1971): 15-17.
Momplaisir, Francesca. The Re-Visioning of Goddesses: Revisionist Poetics in African Diaspora
Women Writers Re-Creations of Black Women Characters from Black Male-Authored
Canonical Texts. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 65[3], 922-23. 2004. New York University, 2004.
Montrose, Louis. The Work of Gender in the Discourse of Discovery. Representations 33 (1991): 141.
Moore, Gerald. The Chosen Tongue: English Writing in the Tropical World. London: Longmans, 1969.
Moore, Lorrie. The Long Voyage Home. The New York Review of Books 49.15 (2002): 33-35.
Morales, Donald M. The Pervasive Force of Music in African, Caribbean, and African American
Drama. Research in African Literatures 34[2] (2003). 145.
Mordecai, Pamela and Wilson, Betty. Women Poets of the Caribbean. Special issue of The Literary
Review. The Literary Review: An International Journal of Contemporary Writing 35[4]. 1992.
Morgan, Paula. Like Bush Fire in My Arms: Interrogating the World of Caribbean Romance. Journal
of Popular Culture 36.4 (2003): 804-27.
Morley, Patricia A. Comic Form in Naipauls Fiction. Bulletin of the Association for Commonwealth
Literature and Language Studies 9 (1972): 49-65.
Morris, Ann R. and Margaret M. Dunn. The Bloodstream of Our Inheritance: Female Identity and the
Caribbean Mothers-Land. Motherlands: Black Womens Writing from Africa, the Caribbean
and South Asia. Ed. Susheila Nasta. London: The Womens Press, 1992. 219-37.
Morris, Horace Anthony. The Influence of the Mill-Carlyle West Indian Debate on Four Victorian
Novelists. Dissertation Abstracts International 49[7], 1810A-1a. 1989.
Morris, Kathryn Elizabeth. Skirting History: Decolonizing Strategies in Caribbean Womens Literature.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[6],
2248. 2002. University of Miami. 2002.
Morris, Mervyn. Some West Indian Problems of Audience. English: The Journal of the English
Association 16 (1967): 127-31.
---. Is English We Speaking: West Indian Literature: a Lecture. London: British Library, 1993.
---. Is English We Speaking. English Today: The International Review of the English Language 9.4
[36] (1993): 18-26.
---. Dub Poetry? The Caribbean Quarterly 43.4 (1997): 1-10.
---. Sounds and sense: West Indian poetry. The Journal of West Indian Literature 8.1 (1998): 10-19.
Morrison, Dorothy. Trinidad Field Recordings in the Archive of Folk Culture. Washington, D.C.: Lib. of
Congress Archive of Folk Culture, 1982, 1.
Morse, Jim. Folk Songs of the Caribbean. New York, NY: Bantam, 1958.
Mosquera, Gerardo. Alien-Own/Own-Alien: Globalization and Cultural Difference. Boundary 2: An
International Journal of Literature and Culture 29.3 (2002): 163-73.
Muhleisen, Susanne. Encoding the Voice: Caribbean Womens Writing and Creole. Framing the
Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo.London:
Whiting and Birch, 1996. 169-84.
---. From Mother Tongue to Metaphor of New Imagined Communities: Creole and Its Migrant
Transformations. Zeitschrift fr Anglistik und Amerikanistik: A Quarterly of Language,
Literature and Culture 49.3 (2001): 256-65.
---. Creole Discourse: Exploring Prestige Formation and Change Across Caribbean English-Lexicon
Creoles. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2002, viii, 331.

38
Munro, Ian Hamilton. The Caribbean Festival of the Creative Arts: Carifesta 72. World Literature
Written in English 12 (1973): 61-65.
---. Some Versions of Utopia in Caribbean Literature. New Literature Review 7 (1979): 30-42.
Murray, R. G. A Bibliography of Caribbean Novels in English. Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on
Black Arts and Culture 1.1 (1972): 23-25.
Myers, Helen. Music of Hindu Trinidad: Songs From the India Diaspora. Chicago, IL: University of
Chicago Press, 1998, xxxii, 510.
Naipaul, Shiva. The Writer Without a Society. Common Wealth. Ed. Anna Rutherford and A. Norman
Jeffares. Aarhus: Akademisk Boghandel, 1972. 114-23.
Naipaul, V.S. The Middle Passage. London: Andr Deutsch, 1962.
---. East Indian. The Overcrowded Barracoon. London: Andr Deutsch, 1972. 30-38.
---. Jasmine. The Overcrowded Barracoon. London: Andr Deutsch, 1972. 23-29.
---. London. The Overcrowded Barracoon. London: Andr Deutsch, 1972. 9-16.
Nair, Supriya Mundadath. Expressive Countercultures and Postmodern Utopia: A Caribbean
Context. Research in African Literatures 27.4 (1996): 71-87.
---. The Caribbean Unbound: Cross-Atlantic Discourses on Slavery and Race. American Literary
History 14.3 (2002): 566-79.
Nankoe, Lucia and Essa Reijmers. To Keep the Memory of the Past Alive: A Theoretical Approach to
Novels of Black Women Writers. Crisis and Creativity in the New Literatures in English:
Cross/Cultures. Ed. Geoffrey V. Davis and Hena Maes-Jelinek. Readings in the Post/Colonial
Literatures in English: 1. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1990. 481-97.
Narain, Denise deCaires and Evelyn OCallaghan. Anglophone Caribbean Women Writers. Kunapipi:
Journal of Postcolonial Writing 16.1 (1994): 625-31.
Narain, Denise deCaires. Caribbean Creole: The Real Thing? Writing and Reading the Creole in a
Selection of Caribbean Womens Texts. Reading the New Literatures in a Postcolonial Era.
Ed. Susheila Nasta. Cambridge, England: Brewer, 2000. 105-27.
---. The Politics and Poetics of Belonging in Caribbean Womens Poetry. Wasafiri 38 (2003): 13-19.
Nasta, Susheila. Motherlands, Mothercultures, Mothertongues: Womens Writing in the Caribbean.
Shades of Empire in Colonial and Post-Colonial Literatures. Ed. C.C. Barfoot and Theo
Dhaen. DQR Studies in Literature: 11. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993. 211-20.
---. Voyaging In: Colonialism and Migration. The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century English
Literature. Ed. Laura Marcus and Peter Nicholls. New Cambridge History of English Literature.
Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 563-82.
Naylor, Paul. Poetic Investigations: Singing the Holes in History. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University
Press, 1999, 222.
Nazareth, Peter and V.S. Naipaul. The Mimic Men as a Study of Corruption. East Africa Journal 7.7
(1970): 18-22.
Nazareth, Peter. Time in the Third World. Mana Review 1.2 (1976): 1-14.
Needham, Anuradha Dingwaney. Using the Masters Tools: Resistance and the Literature of the
African and South-Asian Diasporas. New York, NY: St. Martins, 2000, xii, 176.
Nepaulsingh, Colbert I. A New Name for the Caribbean. Latino Review of Books: A Publication for
Critical Thought and Dialogue 2.1 (1996): 5-10.
Nester, Deborah Craig. Gwine By: Colonial Womens Travel Literature and the West Indian
Marketplace. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 62[11], 3774-75. 2002. University of Miami. 2001.
Nettleford, Rex. Identidad nacional y actitudes raciales en Jamaica. Casa de las Amricas 91 (1975):
28.
Newall, Venetia. West Indian Ghosts. The Folklore of Ghosts. Ed. Hilda R. E. Davidson and W. M. S.
Russell. Mistletoe Series: 15. Cambridge, England: Brewer, 1981. 73-93.
---. The Hero As Trickster: The West Indian Anansi. The Hero in Tradition and Folklore. Ed. Hilda R.
E. Davidson and Carmen Blacker. Mistletoe Series: 19. London: Folklore Society, 1984. 4689.
Newell, Stephanie. African and Caribbean Women: Migration, Displacement, Diaspora. Wasafiri 24
(1996): 43-45.
Newling, Mary Louise. Reflections of Rebel Women of the African Diaspora: An Experiential
Research Study. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 60[1], 49. 1999. University of San Francisco. 1995.
Ngugi, James. Homecoming: Essays on African and Caribbean Literature, Culture and Politics.
London: Heinemann, 1972, 155.
Ngugi, wa Thiongo and John Henrik Clarke. Homecoming: Essays on African and Caribbean
Literature, Culture and Politics. New York and Westport: Lawrence Hill, 1973, 155.

39
Niesen de Abruna, Laura. Twentieth-Century Women Writers from the English-Speaking Caribbean.
MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 34.1 (1988): 85-96.
---. The Sea Change of Our Sisters: West Indian Women Writers in England. Literary Griot:
International Journal of Black Expressive Cultural Studies 6.2 (1994): 37-45.
---. Sea Changes: African-Caribbean and African Women Writers in England. British Women Writing
Fiction. Ed. Abby H. P. Werlock and Regina Barreca. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama
Press, 2000. 270-92.
Nihalani, Narsu K. English in the Third World: Changing Attitudes. Indian Readings in
Commonwealth Literature. Ed. G. S. Amur et al. New York; New Delhi: Apt; Sterling, 1985. 3843.
Njoku, Teresa U. The Youth in the West Indian Novel. Etudes Germano-Africaines: Revue Annuelle
de Germanistique Africaine/Jahresschrift fr Afrikanische Germanistik/Annual Review 6
(1988): 65-73.
Noel, Keith. Introduction to Caribbean Plays for Playing. London: Heinemann, 1995.
Norman, Howard A. and Norman Lalibert. The Woe Shirt: Caribbean Folk Tales. Port Townsend,
WA: Graywolf, 1980, 62.
Norquay, Glenda and Gerry Smyth. Across the Margins: Cultural Identity and Change in the Atlantic
Archipelago. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 2002, viii, 214.
Nowak, Helge. Dub Version: Editing Performance Poetry. Problems of Editing. Ed. Christa Hansohn.
Beihefte zu Editio (BezE): 14. Tbingen: Niemeyer, 1999. 224-37.
Nunez-Harrell, Elizabeth. A Fusion of Cultures: The Complexities of the Caribbean Character in
Literature. Rethinking American Literature. Ed. Lil Brannon and Brenda M. Greene. Urbana,
IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1997. 71-80.
OBrien, Susie. New World Disorder: The Place of the United States in Post-Colonial Fiction.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 57[1],
202. 1996. Queens University, 1995.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Selected Creole Sociolinguistic Patterns in the West Indian Novel. Critical
Issues in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and
Lloyd W. Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 125-36.
---. Thriller! Some Observations on Recent Popular Fiction in the West Indies. West Indian Literature
and its Social Context. Ed. Mark A. McWatt. Cave Hill: University of the West Indies, 1985.
148-62.
---. Its All about Ideology: Theres No Discussion about Art: Reluctant Voyages into Theory in
Caribbean Womens Writing. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 14.2 (1992): 35-44.
---. Woman Version: Theoretical Approaches to West Indian Fiction by Women. New York, NY: St.
Martins, 1993, vii, 126.
---. The Pleasures of Exile in Selected West Indian Writing Since 1987. Bucknell Review: A
Scholarly Journal of Letters, Arts and Sciences 44.2 (2001): 73-103.
---. Superseding Me in One of the Most Precious Parts of My Duty: Power Relations on the Domestic
Front in Early West Indian Narratives by Women. Resistance and Reconciliation: Writing in
the Commonwealth. Ed. Bruce Bennett et al. Australia: Association for Commonwealth
Literature and Language Studies (ACLALS), 2003. 214-35.
---. Women Writing in the West Indies, 1804-1939: A Hot Place, Belonging to Us. London: Routledge,
2004.
Oakley, Seanna. A Way to Cross Over: Caribbean Literary Criticism. Literature Compass 1.1
(2003).
Ogungbesan, Kolawole. The Politics of This Island Now. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature
8.1 (1973): 33-41.
Ogunyemi, Chikwenye Okonjo. The Old Order Shall Pass: The Examples of Flying Home and
Barbados. Studies in Short Fiction 20.1 (1983): 23-32.
Okafor, Dubem. The Themes of Disintegration in the West Indian and West African Novel. Bim 63
(1978): 158-75.
Okagbue, Osita. Exile and Home: Africa in Caribbean Theater. Meditations on African Literature. Ed.
Dubem Okafor and Femi Osofisan. Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies: 201.
Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001. 149-57.
Oloruntoba-Oju, Omotayo. Literature of the Black Diaspora. New Introduction to Literature. Ed. Olu
Obafemi. Ibadan, Nigeria: Y-Books, 1994. 131-45.
Olson, Lucia Thomas. This, This Is England, But We Only Passed By: Reclamations and Subversions
of English National Identity in Works by Woolf, Waugh, Rhys and Naipaul. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[11], 4153. 1999.
University of Illinois, Urbana. 1998.

40
Olwig, Karen Fog. The Burden of Heritage: Claiming a Place for a West Indian Culture. American
Ethnologist 26.2 (1999): 370-88.
---. Migrants Visions and Practices of Home: Perspectives from a Caribbean Family Network.
Suomen Antropologi/Antropologi i Finland/The Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society
28.2 (2003): 2-14.
Omotoso, Kole. Changing Environment in West Indian Literature. Africa: International Business,
Economics and Political Monthly 97 (1979): 101.
Ormerod, David. The Swimmer in the Wake: Violence and Despair in Contemporary West Indian
Writing. Westerly: A Quarterly Review 1 (1973): 19-38.
Otomoso, Kole. The Theatrical into Theatre: A Study of the Drama and Theatre of the EnglishSpeaking Caribbean. London: New Beacon, 1982.
Page, James Allen and Jae Min Roh. Selected Black American, African, and Caribbean Authors: a
Bio-Bibliography. Littleton, Colo: Libraries Unlimited, 1985.
Page, Kezia Ann. Kingston 21: Diaspora, Migrancy and Caribbean Literature. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[11], 3950-51. 2003.
University of Miami. 2002.
Page, Malcolm. West Indian Writers. Novel: A Forum on Fiction 3.2 (1970): 167-72.
Pallister, Janis L. Outside the Monastery Walls: American Culture in Black African and Caribbean
Poetry. Journal of Popular Culture 17.1 (1983): 74-82.
Palmer, Opal Adisa. Caribbean Literature: A Hidden Treasure. San Francisco Review of Books 18.3
(1993): 16-18.
---. De Language Reflect Dem Ethos: Some Issues With Nation Language. Winds of Change: The
Transforming Voices of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson and
Linda Strong-Leek. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998. 17-29.
---. I Must Write What I Know So Ill Know Ive Known It All Along. The Woman, the Writer &
Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles:
University of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 102-17.
---. Tallawah Marketwoman and Rebel: Writing As Cultural Production. Colonies, Missions, Cultures
in the English Speaking World: General and Comparative Studies. Ed. Gerhard Stilz. ZAA
Studies: Language Literature Culture: 12. Tbingen: Stauffenburg, 2001. 205-17.
Palmer, Annette. Caribbean Folklore: Culture and Transmission of Values. MAWA Review 15.1-2
(2000): 27-34.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. The Fifties. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan,
1979. 63.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. West Indian Autobiography. Black American Literature Forum 24[2], 357.
1990.
---. Caribbean Fiction. The Columbia History of the American Novel. Ed. Emory Elliott et al. New
York: Columbia University Press, 1991. 586-606.
---. West Indian Autobiography. African American Autobiography: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed.
William L. Andrews. New Century Views. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993. 196-211.
---. Caribbean Autobiography: Cultural Identity and Self-Representation. Madison, WI: University of
Wisconsin Press, 2002, xi, 345.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. Murder in the Caribbean: In Search of Difference. Clues: A Journal of
Detection 9.1 (1988): 1-9.
---. Cross-Dressing on the Margins of Empire: Women Pirates and the Narrative of the Caribbean.
Women at Sea: Travel Writing and the Margins of Caribbean Discourse. Ed. Lizabeth
Paravisini-Gebert and Ivette Romero-Cesareo.New York, NY: Palgrave, 2001. 59-97.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth and Ivette Romero-Cesareo. Women at Sea: Travel Writing and the
Margins of Caribbean Discourse. New York, NY: Palgrave, 2001, x, 301.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. Colonial and Postcolonial Gothic: The Caribbean. The Cambridge
Companion to Gothic Fiction. Ed. Jerrold E. Hogle. Cambridge Companions to Literature
(CCtL). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2002. 229-57.
Paris, Arthur. The Transatlantic Metropolis and the Voices of Caribbean Women. Caribbean Women
Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe. Wellesley:
Calaloux, 1990. 82-85.
Parker, Kenneth. Home is Where the Heart ... Lies. Transition: An International Review 59 (1993):
65-77.
---. Black British Writers: (Very) Cross Currents in British Culture. Postcolonialism and Cultural
Resistance. Ed. Jopi Nyman and John A. Stotesbury. Studia Carelica Humanistica: 141.
Joensuu, Finland: Faculty of Humanities, University of Joensuu, 1999. 24-38.
Parks, Carole. Symposium on Black Criticism. Black World 24.9 (1975): 64.

41
Parris, D. Elliott. The Reexportation of the Caribbean Literary Artist. Culture and Mass
Communication in the Caribbean: Domination, Dialogue, Dispersion. Ed. Humphrey A.
Regis.Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2001. 95-119.
Patteson, Richard F. Caribbean Passages: A Critical Perspective on New Fiction From the West
Indies. Boulder, CO: Rienner, 1998, ix, 189.
Paul, Maritza Adriana. Bad Name Worse Dan Obeah: The Representation of Women and Obeah in
Caribbean Oral and Written Literatures. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 61[4], 1413. 2000. University of Colorado, Boulder. 2000.
Payette, Patricia Ruth. Living in Jane Eyres Shadow: Janes Intertextual Presence in Works by Maya
Angelou, Bharati Mukherjee, Michelle Cliff, and Jamaica Kincaid. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[7], 2436. 2002. Michigan
State University, 2001.
Pedersen, Carl. Middle Passages: Representations of the Slave Trade in Caribbean and AfricanAmerican Literature. The Massachusetts Review: A Quarterly of Literature, the Arts and
Public Affairs 34.2 (1993): 225-38.
Perera, Senath Walter. If Severed They Be Good, the Conjunction Cannot Be Hurtful: A Comparative
Approach to Protest Fiction in India, Kenya, and the West Indies. Dissertation Abstracts
International 52[4], 1319A. 1991. University of New Brunswick.
Perkins, Thelma. Children Should Be Seen and Spoken To: Or ... Writing For and About Children.
Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan AnimAddo.London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 103-07.
Philip, M. Nourbese Race, Space, and the Poetics of Moving. Caribbean Creolization: Reflections on
the Cultural Dynamics of Language, Literature, and Identity. Ed. Kathleen M. Balutansky,
Marie-Agns Sourieau, and Yanick Lahens. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1998.
129-53.
Phillips, Caryl. The High Anxiety of Belonging. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural
Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.Lige: Lige Language and Literature,
English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 7-11.
Phillips, Rowan Ricardo. When Blackness Rhymes with Blackness: An Allegorical Interpretation of
African-American and Caribbean Poetry, in Three Parts. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[4], 1251. 2003. Brown University, 2003.
Poliner, Sharlene May. The Exiled Creature: Ananse Tales and the Search for Afro-Caribbean
Identity. Studies in the Humanities 11.1 (1984): 12-22.
Pollard, Arthur. The English Reader and the Commonwealth Writer. Commonwealth Review 1.1
(1989): 35-49.
Pollard, Phyllis, et al. African, Caribbean, Australian, Canadian, and Indian Literatures in English.
The Years Work in English Studies 66.1 (1985): 646-725.
Pollard, Phyllis, et al. African, Caribbean, Indian, Australian, and Canadian Literatures in English.
The Years Work in English Studies 67.1 (1986): 702-75.
Pollard, Phyllis, et al. New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 70.1 (1989):
693-793.
Pollard, Velma. Word Sounds: The Language of Rastafari in Barbados and St.Lucia. Jamaica
Journal 17.1 (1984): 57-62.
---. Images of Woman in Some Modern Caribbean Texts. Gender and Education (3rd; 19/24-111989;Kingston) Mona: Women and Development Studies, Faculty of Education and the
Womens Studies Group, University of the West Indies, 1989.
---. From Periphery to Centre: Teaching Caribbean Literature Within a Post-Colonial/Commonwealth
Context. Teaching Post-Colonialism and Post-Colonial Literatures. Ed. Anne Collett et al.
Dolphin: Publications of the English Department, University of Aarhus (Dolphin): 27. Aarhus,
Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 1997. 166-73.
Porter, Dorothy. African and Caribbean Creative Writings: A Bibliographic Survey. African Forum: A
Quarterly Journal of Contemporary Affairs 1.4 (1966): 107-11.
Poynting, Jeremy. Seeing with Other Eyes: Reflections on Christian Proselytization in Indo-Caribbean
Fiction. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 8.2 (1986): 97-108.
---. The Second Shipwreck: a Study of Indo-Caribbean Literature. London: Hansib, 1988.
---. From Shipwreck to Odyssey: One Hundred Years of Indo-Caribbean Writing. Wasafiri 21 (1995):
56-57.
---. From Ancestral to Creole: Humans and Animals in a West Indian Scale of Values. Monsters,
Tricksters, and Sacred Cows: Animal Tales and American Identities. Ed. A. James Arnold and
Derek Alton Walcott. New World Studies. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1996.
204-29.

42
---. Praise God, Were Hanging On! Peepal Tree Press: 18 Not Out. Moving Worlds: A Journal of
Transcultural Writings 3.2 (2003): 127-35.
Pradel, L. African Sacredness and Caribbean Cultural Forms; The Creole Society Model Revisited:
Essays in Honour of Kamau Brathwaite. The Caribbean Quarterly 44.1-2 (1998): 145-52.
Prahlad, Sw. and Dennis Folly. Persona and Proverb Meaning in Roots Reggae: Proverbs of the Itals
Reggae Group. Proverbium: Yearbook of International Proverb Scholarship 12 (1995): 27593.
Prescott, Linda. Coming to London in the 1950s. Wasafiri 35 (2002): 19-23.
Prince, Althea. How Shall We Sing the Lords Song in a Strange Land? Constructing the Divine in
Caribbean Contexts. Nation Dance: Religion, Identity, and Cultural Difference in Caribbean.
Ed. Patrick Taylor.Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2001. 25-31.
Procter, James. Dwelling Places: Postwar Black British Writing. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan,
2003, viii, 224.
Pryce, Everton. Ideas and Caribbean Socio-Cultural Reality. The Caribbean Quarterly 36.1-2 (1990).
Puri, Shalini. Nation and Hybridization: Caribbean Cartographies. Dissertation Abstracts International
55[7], 1950A. 1995. Cornell University, 1994.
---. Beyond Resistance: Notes Toward a New Caribbean Cultural Studies. Small Axe: A Caribbean
Journal of Criticism 14 (2003): 23-38.
---. The Caribbean Postcolonial: Social Equality, Post-Nationalism, and Cultural Hybridity. New York,
NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, xii, 300.
Putnam, Amanda Ann. Legacies and Literacies: Life Lessons from Black Grandmothers and Other
Matrilineal Substitutes. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 60[6], 2030. 1999. University of Nebraska, Lincoln. 1999.
Quashie, Kevin Everod. The Love Project: A Theory of Critical Healing in the Works of Black Women
Writers. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences
61[2], 600. 2000. Arizona State University, 2000.
Quevedo, Raymond. Atillas Kaiso: A Short History of Trinidad Calypso. St. Augustine, Trinidad:
University of the West Indies Department of Extra-Mural Studies, 1983.
Rafi, Iris Fawzia. YoUniversity of Age to See about Youself Now! So Pull Up You Socks! Themes of
Bildung in Select Novels by West Indian Women Writers. Dissertation Abstracts International
55[10], 3205A. 1995. Emory University, 1994.
Rahming, Melvin Bert. The Evolution of the West Indians Image in the Afro-American Novel, with
Reference to the West Indians Image in the West Indian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts
International 39, 2240A. 1978. Ann Arbor, MI.
---. Complacency and Community: Psychocultural Patterns in the West Indian Novel. College
Language Association Journal 26.3 (1983): 288-302.
---. Phenomenology, Epistemology, Ontology, and Spirit: The Caribbean Perspective in Ann Petrys
Tituba of Salem Village. South Central Review: The Journal of the South Central Modern
Language Association 20.2-4 (2003): 24-46.
Raiskin, Judith. 7 Days/6 Nights at Plantation Estates: A Critique of Cultural Colonialism by
Caribbean Writers. Deferring a Dream: Literary Sub-Versions of the American Columbiad. Ed.
Gert Buelens and Ernst Rudin. xv, International Cooper Series in English Language and
Literature. Basel, Switzerland; Boston, MA: Birkhuser, 1994. 85-98.
Ramchand, Kenneth. Decolonisation in West Indian Literature. Transition: An International Review
5.5 (22) (1965): 48-49.
---. West Indian Narrative: An Introductory Anthology. London: Nelson, 1966.
---. Terrified Consciousness. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 7 (1969): 8-19.
---. Concern for Criticism. Literary Half-Yearly 11.2 (1970): 151-61.
---. The Negro and the English Language in the West Indies. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean
Artists Movement 1 (1970): 33-44.
---. The West Indian Novel and Its Background. London: Faber and Faber, 1974.
---. The West Indies. Literatures of the World in English. Ed. Bruce King. London: Routledge & K.
Paul, 1974. 192-211.
---. An Introduction to the Study of West Indian Literature. Sudbury-on-Thames: Nelson Caribbean,
1976, 183.
---. Parades, Parades: Modern West Indian Poetry. Sewanee Review 87 (1979): 96-118.
---. Problemas para la historia de la literatura en las Indias Occidentales. Hacia una historia de la
literatura latinoamericana. Ed. Ana Pizarro. Mxico: Centro de Estudios Lingsticos &
Literarios, Colegio de Mxico, Universidad Simn Bolvar, 1987. 137-48.
---. West Indian Literary History: Literariness, Orality and Periodization. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 2.1 (1988): 95-110.

43
---. Columbus in Chains. Wasafiri 16 (1992): 19-20.
Ramchand, Kenneth and Victor J. Ramraj. New Voices in Caribbean Literature. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 24.1 (1993).
Ramchand, Kenneth. The West Indian Short Story. Journal of Caribbean Literatures 1.1 (1997): 2133.
---. The West Indian Novel and Its Background-Thirty Years Later. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature (Calgary) 31.1-2 (2000): 351-73.
Ramraj, Victor J. A Caribbean Literature Number. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature
(Calgary) 8.3 (1977).
---. The West Indies (1981-1984). The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 20.2 (1985): 134-59.
---. The West Indies. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 23.2 (1988): 135-43.
---. West Indies. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 10.3 (1988): 96-98.
---. West Indies: Retrospective 1986. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 10.3 (1988): 94-96.
---. Still Arriving: The Assimilationist Indo-Caribbean Experience of Marginality. Reworlding: The
Literature of the Indian Diaspora. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Contributions to the Study of
World Literature (CSWL): 42. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1992. 77-85.
---. West Indian Writing in Canada. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1995.
102-14.
---. West Indian-Canadian Writing in English. International Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue
Internationale dEtudes Canadiennes 13 (1996): 163-68.
---. Short Fiction. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and Dutch-Speaking
Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2001. 199-223.
Ramsaran, J. A. The Social Groundwork of Politics in Some West Indian Novels. Negro Digest 18.10
(1969): 71-77.
---. The Twice-Born Artists Silent Revolution. Black World 20.7 (1971): 58-68.
Ravenscroft, Arthur. Third-World Literature: Purpose or Indulgence? Commonwealth Review 1.1
(1989): 22-34.
Read, David. Raleghs Discoverie of Guiana and the Elizabethan Model of Empire. The Work of
Dissimilitude: Essays from the Sixth Citadel Conference on Medieval and Renaissance
Literature. Ed. David G. Allen and Robert A. White. Newark; London: University of Delaware
Press; Associated University Press, 1992. 166-76.
Reckley, Ralph, Sr. Barriers, Boundaries and Alienation: Caribbean Women in the Novels of Cecil
Foster. MAWA Review 13.1 (1998): 24-30.
Regis, Humphrey A. Calypso, Reggae and Cultural Imperialism by Reexportation. Popular Music &
Society 12.1 (1988): 63-73.
Reiss, Timothy J. Realisms of the Fictive Imagination: Outsmarting Sisyphus, Amending Eldorado,
Writing Caribbean. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other Realisms in Caribbean
Literature. Ed. Timothy J. Reiss.Trenton, NJ: Africa World, 2002. 249-70.
Renk, Kathleen J. The Shadow Catchers: Creole/Womanist Writers in the Anglophone Caribbean.
Dissertation Abstracts International 56[6], 2229A. 1995. University of Iowa. 1995.
---. Caribbean Shadows and Victorian Ghosts: Womens Writing and Decolonization. Charlottesville,
VA: University Press of Virginia, 1999, ix, 174.
Reyes, Elma. Women in Calypso. Women of the Caribbean. Ed. Pat Ellis. London: Zed Books, 1986.
119-21.
Richardson, Alan. Romantic Voodoo: Obeah and British Culture, 1797-1807. Studies in Romanticism
32.1 (1993): 3-28.
Richardson, Riche. Southern Turns. Mississippi Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Cultures 56.4
(2003): 555-79.
Riley, Joan. Writing Reality in a Hostile Environment. Us/Them. Translation, Transcription and
Identity in Post-Colonial Literary Cultures. Ed. Gordon Collier. Amsterdam; Atlanta: Rodopi,
1992. 213-18.
---. Writing Reality in a Hostile Environment. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 16.1 (1994):
547-52.
Riley, Mary. Guyanese History, Makushi Historicities, and Amerindian Rights. Histories and
Historicities in Amazonia. Ed. Neil L. Whitehead. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press,
2003. 141-59.
Roberts, Peter A. The Misinterpretations of Brer Anancy. Folklore 99.1 (1988): 98-101.
Robinson, Jeffrey. Love and the West Indian Novel. Ariel: A Review of International English
Literature (Calgary) 14.1 (1983): 51-62.
Robinson, Kim Dismont. Taming The Tempest: Locating Bermuda on the Literary Map. Sargasso:
Literature, Language, Culture.2 (2002): 21-29.

44
Robiou-Lamarche, Sebastin. Island Carib Mythology and Astronomy. Latin American Indian
Literatures Journal: A Review of American Indian Texts and Studies 6.1 (1990): 36-54.
Rodrguez, Ileana. Apprenticeship As Citizenship and Governability. The Latin American Subaltern
Studies Reader. Ed. Ileana Rodrguez. Latin America Otherwise: Languages, Empires,
Nations (LAO). Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001. 341-66.
Rody, Caroline Margaret. The Daughters Return: African-American and Caribbean Womens Fictions
of History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Roe, Peter G. Of Rainbow Dragons and the Origins of Designs: The Waiwai and the Shipibo Ronin
Ehua. Latin American Indian Literatures Journal: A Review of American Indian Texts and
Studies 5.1 (1989): 1-67.
---. Gifts of the Birds: Avain Proto-Cultural Donors and Ogres in Waiwai Mythology. Past, Present,
and Future: Selected Papers on Latin American Indian Literatures. Ed. Mary H. Preuss. Culver
City, CA: Labyrinthos, 1991. 89-110.
Rohlehr, Gordon. Sparrow and the Language of Calypso. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean
Artists Movement 2 (1970): 87-99.
---. Islands. Caribbean Studies 10.January 1971 (1971): 173-202.
---. West Indian Poetry: Some Problems of Assessment. Part 1. Bim 14.54 (1972): 80-88.
---. The Creative Writer and West Indian Society. Kaie 11 (1973): 48-77.
---. Literature and the Folk. My Strangled City and Other Essays. Port of Spain: Longman, 1992. 5358.
---. The Shape of That Hurt. CRNLE Reviews Journal 1 (1994): 33-56.
---. Calypso and Caribbean Identity. Bucknell Review: A Scholarly Journal of Letters, Arts and
Sciences 44.2 (2001): 55-72.
---. Calypso Reinvents Itself. Carnival: Culture in Action-The Trinidad Experience. Ed. Milla Cozart
Riggio. Worlds of Performance. New York, NY: Routledge, 2004. 213-27.
Romanet, Jrme de. The Narrative Creation of Self in the Fiction by African-American and AfricanCaribbean American Women Writers. Dissertation Abstracts International 51[12], 4120A.
1991. Louisiana State University.
Romero-Cesareo, Ivette. Travelers Possessed: Generic Hybrids and the Caribbean. Between
Anthropology and Literature: Interdisciplinary Discourse. Ed. Rose De Angelis. London,
England: Routledge, 2002. 133-57.
Roopnarine, Lomarsh. Indo-Caribbean Migration: From Periphery to Core. The Caribbean Quarterly
49.3 (2003): 30-60.
Rose, Vattel T., et al. An Annual Bibliography of Afro-American, African, and Caribbean Literature for
the Year, 1976. College Language Association Journal 21 (1977): 100-57.
Rosenberg, Leah Reade. Creolizing Womanhood: Gender and Domesticity in Early Anglophone
Caribbean National Literatures. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 60[9], 3353. 2000. Cornell University, 2000.
Ross, Robert L. International Literature in English: Essays on the Major Writers. New York: Garland,
1991.
Rossum, Deborah J. A Vision of Black Englishness: Black Intellectuals in London, 1910-1940.
Stanford Humanities Review 5.2 (1997): 219-38.
Rowe, John Carlos. Opening the Gate to the Other America: The Afro-Caribbean Politics of Zora
Neale Hurstons Mules and Men and Tell My Horse. Kontaktzone Amerika: Literarische
Verkehrsformen kultureller bersetzung. Ed. Utz Riese and Doris Dziwas. Anglistische
Forschungen (AF): 282. Heidelberg: Universittsverlag Winter, 2000. 109-56.
Ruchames, Louis. Emersons Second West India Emancipation Address. New England Quarterly: A
Historical Review of New England Life and Letters 28.3 (1955): 383-88.
Sadler, Lynn. The West Indies as a Symbol of Freedom in Johnstons Prisoners of Hope and The
Slave Ship and in Bontemps Black Thunder. Jack London Newsletter 15.1 (1982): 42-48.
Sagar, Aparajita and Marcia Stephenson. Contested Spaces in the Caribbean and the Amricas.
MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 44.1 (1998).
Salick, Roydon. Sex and Death in the West Indian Novel of Adolescence. The Caribbean Quarterly
39.2 (1993): 1-13.
Salkey, Andrew. Island Voices: Stories From the West Indies. New York: Liveright, 1970.
Samaroo, Brinsley. Animal Images in Caribbean Hindu Mythology. Monsters, Tricksters, and Sacred
Cows: Animal Tales and American Identities. Ed. A. James Arnold and Derek Alton Walcott.
New World Studies. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1996. 185-202.
Sancho, R. Anson. The Importance of Our Literature in Caribbean Secondary Education. Kaie 11
(1973): 78-84.

45
Sander, Reinhard. The Impact of Literary Periodicals on the Development of West Indian Literature
and Cultural Independence. Commonwealth Literature and the Modern World. Ed. Hena
Maes-Jelinek. Bruxelles: Didier, 1975. 25-32.
Sander, Reinhard W., Esmond D. Ramesar, and Edward Baugh. An Index to Bim 1942-1972. St.
Augustine, Trinidad: University of the West Indies Extra-Mural Studies Unit, 1973, 86.
Sander, Reinhard W. The Impact of Literary Periodicals on the Development of West Indian Literature
and Cultural Independence. Commonwealth Literature and the Modern World. Ed. Hena
Maes-Jelinek. Brussels: Didier, 1975. 25-32.
---. An Index to Bim, 1942-1973. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 11.1 (1976): 1.
---. Short Fiction in West Indian Periodicals: A Checklist. World Literature Written in English 15
(1976): 438-62.
---. An Index to Kyk-Over-Al. World Literature Written in English 16 (1977): 421-61.
---. The Thirties and Forties. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979. 45.
Sander, Richard W. The Trinidad Awakening: West Indian Literature of the Nineteen-Thirties. New
York: Greenwood Press, 1988.
Sandiford, Keith A. P. The Cultural Politics of Sugar: Caribbean Slavery and Narratives of Colonialism.
Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2000, v, 221.
---. Vertices and Horizons with Sugar: A Tropology of Colonial Power. Eighteenth Century: Theory
and Interpretation 42.2 (2001): 142-60.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Anglophone Caribbean Literature. The Cambridge History of African and
Caribbean Literature. Ed. F. Abiola Irele and Simon Gikandi. Cambridge, England: Cambridge
University Press, 2003. 711-58.
Schipper de Leeuw, Mineke and Barbara Potter Fasting. Unheard Words: Women and Literature in
Africa, the Arab World, Asia, the Caribbean and Latin America. London: Allison & Busby,
1985, 288.
Schlting, Sabine. Travellers Tales: Narrativity in Early Modern Travelogues. Anglistentag 1999
Mainz: Proceedings. Ed. Bernhard Reitz et al. Proceedings of the Conference of the German
Association of University Teachers of English: 21. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher, 2000. 429-38.
Selvon, Samuel. A Note on Dialect. Common Wealth. Ed. Anna Rutherford and A. Norman Jeffares.
Aarhus: Akademisk Boghandel, 1972. 124.
Severac, Alain. Voices/Narration in the New Literatures in English. Commonwealth Essays and
Studies 19.1 (1996).
Seymour, A. J. The Novel in Guyana. Kaie 4.July (1967): 59-63.
---. The Novel in the British Caribbean. Bim 11.January-June (1967): 238-42.
---. New Writing in the Caribbean. Georgetown: Guyana Lithographic Co., 1972.
---. The Making of Guyanese Literature. Georgetown: Author, 1980.
Shaffer, Kirwin R. Drums of Resistance: Hybridization, Cultural Imperialism, and Caribbean Popular
Culture in the Classroom. Cultural Studies in the Curriculum: Teaching Latin America. Ed.
Danny J. Anderson and Jill S. Kuhnheim. Teaching Languages, Literatures, and Cultures
(TLLC). New York, NY: Modern Language Association of America, 2003. 145-64.
Sharrad, Paul. Countering Encounter: Black Voyaging after Columbus in Australia and the
Caribbean. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 15.3 (1993): 58-72.
Shaw, Matthew J. Emigration, Abolition and the Atlantic World in the Revolutionary Era. Electronic
British Library Journal (2003).
Shea, Rene Hausmann. Gilligans Crisis of Connections: Contemporary Caribbean Women
Writers. English Journal 81.4 (1992): 36-41.
Shelford, April. Sea Tales: Nature and Liberty in a Seamans Journal. Studies in Eighteenth-Century
Culture 33 (2004): 193-219.
Shepherd, Verene A. and Glen Richards. Questioning Creole: Creolisation Discourses in Caribbean
Culture; in Honour of Kamau Brathwaite. Kingston: Randle; Oxford: James Currey, 2002.
Shirley, John W. Sir Walter Raleighs Guiana Finances. Huntington Library Quarterly: Studies in
English and American History and Literature 13 (1949): 55-69.
Simpson, George Eaton. The Nine Night Ceremony in Jamaica. The Journal of American Folklore
70.278 (1957): 329-35.
Singh, Simboonath. Resistance, Essentialism, and Empowerment in Black Nationalist Discourse in
the African Diaspora: A Comparison of the Back to Africa, Black Power, and Rastafari
Movements. Journal of African American Studies 8.3 (2004): 18-36.
Singh, Sydney. Bibliography of Critical Writing on the West Indian Novel. World Literature Written in
English 22.1 (1983): 107-42.
Sisk, John P. The Guiana Connection. The Hudson Review 43.1 (1990): 85-98.

46
Sizemore, Christine Wick. Negotiating Identities in Womens Lives: English Postcolonial and
Contemporary British Novels. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2002, xii, 190.
Smilowitz, Erika J. Fruits of the Soil: Botanical Metaphors in Caribbean Literature. World Literature
Written in English 30.1 (1990): 29-36.
Smilowitz, Erika Sollish, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and Lloyd W. Brown. Critical Issues in West Indian
Literature. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984, x, 136.
Smith, Faith L. Coming Home to the Real Thing: Gender and Intellectual Life in the Anglophone
Caribbean. South Atlantic Quarterly 93.4 (1994): 895-923.
Smith, Richard E. A Study of the Correspondences Between the Roman de Renard, Jamaican Anansi
Stories, and West African Animal Tales Collected in Culture-Area V. Dissertation Abstracts
International 32, 6394A. 1972. Ann Arbor, MI.
Smith, Rowland. Exile and Tradition: Studies in African and Caribbean Literature. London: Longman &
Dalhousie University Press, 1976, 190.
Snyder, Holly. A Sense of Place: Jews, Identity and Social Status in Colonial British America, 16541831. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences
61[12], 4921. 2001. Brandeis University, 2000.
Sparer, Joyce. Attitudes Towards Race in Guyanese Literature. Caribbean Studies 8.July (1968): 2363.
Spencer, Suzette A. Stealing a Way: African Diaspora Maroon Poetics. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[9], 3188-89. 2003. University
of California, Berkeley. 2002.
Springer, Jennifer Thorington. A Rebel Consciousness: Narratives of Resistance and Hybridity in
Caribbean Womens Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 62[6], 2121. 2001. Miami University, 2001.
Stahl, Heiko. There Aint No Black in the Union Jack versus England Is De Place for Me: Black
Women Playrights in Britain in the 1990s. Anglistik & Englischunterricht 64 (2002): 79-94.
Stein, Mark. Black British Literature: Novels of Transformation. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University
Press, 2004, xviii, 243.
Stephens, Rebecca Lynn. Immigrant Women Writers and the Specter of Multiplicity: Articulations of
Subjectivity and Nationalism in the Texts of Julia Alvarez, Christina Garcia, Le Ly Hayslip,
Jamaica and Bharati Mukherjee. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 58[8], 3137. 1998. Washington State University, 1997.
Sternberg, Claudia. Mike Phillips on Migration, Inventing Europe and His Novel A Shadow of Myself:
An Interview. Zeitschrift fr Anglistik und Amerikanistik: A Quarterly of Language, Literature
and Culture 49.4 (2001): 385-93.
Stoby, Michelle. Black British Drama after Empire Road: An Interview with Michael Abbensetts.
Wasafiri 35 (2002): 3-8.
Stoll, Karl-Heinz. Black Literature: The West Indies. Anglistik & Englischunterricht 10 (1980): 139-57.
Stone, Judy S. J. Theatre: Studies in West Indian Literature. London/Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1994.
Strachan, Ian Gregory. Paradise and Plantation: The Economy of Caribbean Discourse. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 57[1], 240. 1996.
University of Pennsylvania. 1995.
Strongman, Luke. The Trans-Modern Author: Five Contemporary Writers. Kunapipi: Journal of
Postcolonial Writing 15.3 (1993): 146-61.
Sumner, Karen Elizabeth. Whiteness and Womens Writing in the Caribbean. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[10], 3824-25. 1999.
University of Western Ontario. 1998.
Sussman, Charlotte Sacks. Colonial Production, Domestic Consumption: Narrative and Politics in
Eighteenth-Century Britain. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[2], 537A. 1993. Cornell
University.
Swan, Bradford F. The Spread of Printing (Western Hemisphere): The Caribbean Area. Amsterdam:
Vangendt, 1970.
Swanzy, Henry. The Literary Situation in the Contemporary Caribbean. Books Abroad 30 (1956):
266-74.
Swartz, Patti Capel. Looking through My Eyes: The Multiple Perspectives of Lesbian Literature.
Mattoid 52-53 (1998): 338-47.
Szeman, Imre John Louis. On National Cultures: Literary Politics in Canada, the Caribbean and
Nigeria, 1952-1970. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 59[11], 4135. 1999. Duke University, 1998.
Taylor, Patrick David Michael. Narrative, Pluralism, and Decolonization: Recent Caribbean Literature.
College Literature 19-20.3-1 [Double issue] (1992): 78-89.

47
---. Ethnicity and Social Change in Trinidian Literature. Trinidad Ethnicity. Ed. Kevin Yelvington.
London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993. 254-74.
Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn. Enfranchising Women of Color: Woman Suffragists As Agents of
Imperialism. Nation, Empire, Colony: Historicizing Gender and Race. Ed. Ruth Roach
Pierson, Nupur Chaudhuri, and Beth McAuley. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press,
1998. 41-56.
Terry, Judith. Sir Thomas Bertrams Business in Antigua. Persuasions: Journal of the Jane Austen
Society of North America 17 (1995): 97-105.
Theroux, Paul Edward. V.S. Naipaul: An Introduction to His Works. New York: Africana Publishing
Corporation; London: Deutsch, 1972, 144.
Thielmann, Pia. Hotbeds: Black-White Love and Its Representations in Selected Contemporary Novels
from the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[12], 4765. 2001. University of Kansas.
2000.
Thieme, John. Pre-Text and Con-Text. (Un)Writing Empire. Ed. Theo Dhaen. Cross/Cultures:
Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 30. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998. 81-98.
Thieme, John, et al. New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 68.1 (1987):
701-75.
---. New Literatures in English. The Years Work in English Studies 69.1 (1988): 677-755.
Thiongo, Ngugi wa. Homecoming: Essays on African and Caribbean Literature, Culture and Politics.
London: Heinemann, 1972.
Thomas, Hayley Samantha. Critical Mas: Reading Folklore in West Indian Literary Criticism.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[5],
1945-46. 2002. University of Pennsylvania. 2002.
Thomas, Helen. Black on White: Textual Spaces in Black Britain. Wasafiri 29 (1999): 5-7.
Thomas, John Jacob. Froudacity: Or, West Indian Fables Explained. Port of Spain / London: New
Beacon Books, 1969.
Thompson, J. Downing, Jr. The Novel Before 1950. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume
2: English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia:
John Benjamins, 2001. 115-25.
Thompson, Robert Farris. Black Martial Arts of the Caribbean. Review: Latin American Literature and
Arts 37 (1987): 44-47.
Thompson, Thelma B. A Little Caribbean Night Music: To Comment, to Comfort, to Complain, I & II.
Zora Neale Hurston Forum 3; 4.2; 1 (1989).
---. Their Pens, Their Swords: New Jamaican Women Poets and Political Statement in Nation
Language. Studies in the Literary Imagination 26.2 (1993): 45-62.
Thorpe, Marjorie. Literatures of Rehabilitation. English Studies: A Journal of English Letters and
Philology (Amsterdam) 64.4 (1983): 345-60.
---. Keynote Address: Second Conference of Caribbean Women Writers. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 13.3 (1990): 526-31.
---. Mythe and the Caribbean Woman Writer. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays
on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California;
Center for African American Studies, 1998. 34-40.
Tiffin, Helen M. Looking Back into the Future: Literature in the English Speaking Caribbean. New
Literature Review 7 (1979): 5-17.
---. West Indies: Introductory. Commonwealth Literature in the Curriculum. Ed. Ken L. Goodwin. St.
Lucia: Journal of the South Pacific Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language
Studies, 1980. 36-46.
---. The Metaphor of Anancy in Caribbean Literature. Myth and Metaphor. Ed. Robert Sellick. CRNLE
Essays & Monograph Series: 1. Adelaide: Centre for Research in the New Literatures in
English, 1982. 15-52.
---. The Institution of Literature. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and
Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins,
2001. 41-66.
Todorova, Kremena. I Will Say the Truth to the English People: The History of Mary Prince and the
Meaning of English History Texas Studies in Literature and Language 43[3] (2001): 285-302.
Toland-Dix, Shirley Dyann. To Tell Their Own Stories: Transformations of Narrative Form by
Caribbean Women Novelists. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 62[3], 1026. 2001. Emory University, 2001.
Torres-Saillant, Silvio. Caribbean Poetics: Toward an Aesthetic of West Indian Literature. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1997.

48
---. The Cross-Cultural Unity of Caribbean Literature: Toward a Centripetal Vision. A History of
Literature in the Caribbean. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins,
1997. 57-76.
Trefzer, Annette. Possessing the Self: Caribbean Identities in Zora Neale Hurstons Tell My Horse.
African American Review 34.2 (2000): 299-312.
Treitler, Inga. BrEr Anansi: Individual and Cultural Expressions in Antigua, West Indies. Studies in
Communication: Communication and Culture: Language Performance, Technology, and
Media. Ed. Sari Thomas. ix,Communication and Information Science: 4. Norwood, NJ: Ablex,
1990. 134-40.
Van Der Water, Mary. African and Caribbean Literature in the Schools. Okike 15 (1979): 27-29.
van Putte-de Windt, Igma and Monique S. Pool. Caribbean Poetry in Papiamentu. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 21.3 (1998): 654-59.
Vancura, Zdenek. The New English Writing in the West Indies. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der
Ernst Moritz Arndt-Universitat Greifswald 16 (1967): 167-72.
Vann, J. Don. Outposts of Empire. Periodicals of Queen Victorias Empire: An Exploration. Ed. J.
Don Vann and Rosemary T. VanArsdel. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 1996. 30132.
Varela-Zapata, Jesus. Narrow National Boundaries Transcended: The International Dimension in
Caribbean Writing. Nationalism vs. Internationalism: (Inter)National Dimensions of Literatures
in English. Ed. Wolfgang Zach and Ken L. Goodwin. Studies in English and Comparative
Literature (SECL). Tbingen Stauffenburg, 1996. 363-70.
Vatuk, Ved Prakash. Craving for a Child in the Folksongs of East Indians in British Guiana. Journal of
the Folklore Institute 2 (1965): 55-77.
Veth, Britta. Kids and Crops: The Concept of Fertility among the Wayana Indians in the Guyana
Amazon. Latin American Indian Literatures Journal: A Review of American Indian Texts and
Studies 15.1 (1999): 1-21.
Walcott, Derek Alton. Meanings. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 2 (1970):
45-51.
---. What the Twilight Says: An Overture. Dream on Monkey Mountain and Other Plays. New York:
Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1970. 3-40.
---. The Muse of History. Is Massa Day Dead? Black Moods in the Caribbean. Ed. Orde Coombes.
New York: Doubleday, 1974. 1-27.
---. The Antilles: Fragments of Epic Memory. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1992.
---. Meanings. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D. Hamner.Washington, DC: Three
Continents, 1993. 45-50.
---. Necessity of Ngritude. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 20-23.
---. Society and the Artist. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 15-17.
---. The Caribbean: Culture of Mimicry? Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 51-57.
---. The Figure of Crusoe. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 33-40.
---. Animals, Elemental Tales, and the Theater. Monsters, Tricksters, and Sacred Cows: Animal
Tales and American Identities. Ed. A. James Arnold and Derek Alton Walcott. New World
Studies. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1996. 269-77.
Walder, Dennis. Post-Colonial Literatures in English: History, Language, Theory. Oxford: Blackwell,
1998.
Walkley, Jane. A Decade of Caribbean Literary Criticism: A Select Annotated Bibliography. Literary
Half-Yearly 11.2 (1970): 187-95.
Walmsley, Anne. Put This Man in Jail. Wasafiri 1 (1984): 9-12.
---. The Caribbean Artists Movement 1967-72: Its Inauguration and Significance (Research in
Progress). Wasafiri 5 (1986): 3-7.
---. From Nature to Roots: School Anthologies and a Caribbean Canon. Wasafiri 11 (1990): 4-7.
---. The Caribbean Artists Movement, 1966-1972: A Literary and Cultural History. London: New
Beacon Books, 1992.
Walters, Wendy W. One of Dese Mornings, Bright and Fair,/ Take My Wings and Cleave de Air: The
Legend of the Flying Africans and Diasporic Consciousness. MELUS: The Journal of the
Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 22.3 (1997): 3-29.
Ward, J. R. Carlyle and the Nigger Question. The Carlyle Society Papers-Session 1988-89. Carlyle
Society Papers (CarSP): 2. Edinburgh: Carlyle Society, 1989. 1.

49
Warner-Lewis, Maureen. Language Use in West Indian Literature. A History of Literature in the
Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold.
Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2001. 25-37.
---. The Oral Tradition in the African Diaspora. The Cambridge History of African and Caribbean
Literature. Ed. F. Abiola Irele and Simon Gikandi. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University
Press, 2003. 117-36.
Warner, Keith Q. On Teaching African Literature to West Indian Students. The Teaching of African
Literature. Ed. Thomas A. Hale and Richard K. Priebe. Austin: University of Texas Press,
1977. 115-24.
---. Calypso, Reggae, and Rastafarianism: Authentic Caribbean Voices. Popular Music & Society
12.1 (1988): 53-62.
---. Carnival and the Folk Origins of West Indian Drama. The Cambridge History of African and
Caribbean Literature. Ed. F. Abiola Irele and Simon Gikandi.Cambridge, England: Cambridge
University Press, 2003. 137-52.
Wasuwat, Chalathip. Feminine Postcoloniality and Resistance: Asian American and Afro-Caribbean
Womens Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 63[2], 591. 2002. Arizona State University, 2002.
Weatherston, Rosemary. Embattled Grounds: Resistance, Representation, and the Literary
Landscaping of Postcolonial Space. AUMLA: Journal of the Australasian Universities
Language and Literature Association: A Journal of Literary Criticism and Linguistics 96 (2001):
135-53.
Wellum, Jessica. Animal Trickster Tales-Structures, Classification and Schedule Construction.
Papers I-IV (&) Plenary Papers: The 8th Congress for the International Society for Folk
Narrative Research, Bergen, June 12th-17th 1984. Ed. Reimund Kvideland and Torunn
Selberg. Bergen, Norway: International Society for Folk Narrative Research, 1984. 405.
Welsh, Sarah Lawson. The West Indies. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 35.3 (2000): 195209.
---. The West Indies. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 36.3 (2001): 233-51.
Wertheim, Albert. Polly: John Gays Image of the West. Theatre West: Image and Impact. Ed.
Dunbar H. Ogden et al. DQR Studies in Literature: 7. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1990. 195-206.
West, William N. Gold on Credit: Martin Frobishers and Walter Raleghs Economies of Evidence.
Criticism: A Quarterly for Literature and the Arts 39.3 (1997): 315-36.
Westmoreland, Guy T., Jr. West Indian Americans: A Research Guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood,
2001, xii, 143.
Whitehead, Neil L., et al. The Historical Anthropology of Text: The Interpretation of Raleighs
Discoverie of Guiana. Current Anthropology: A World Journal of the Human Sciences 36.1
(1995): 53-74.
Whitehead, Neil L. Monstrosity and Marvel: Symbolic Convergence and Mimetic Elaboration in TransCultural Representation: An Anthropological Reading of Raleghs Discoverie. Studies in
Travel Writing 1 (1997): 72-95.
Wickham, John. Some Reflections on the State of Theatre in the Caribbean. Bim 65 (1979): 16-22.
---. Literatura de las Indias Occidentales. Amricas 35.4 (1983): 30-33.
---. Literature and Being Barbadian. Barbados: Thirty Years of Independence. Ed. Trevor
Carmichael. Kingston: Ian Randle, 1996. 238-64.
Wigfall, Jacqueline Teresa. Kemetic Character(s) in African, Caribbean and American Novels.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[3],
900. 2003. Stanford University, 2003.
Wightman, Beth Ann. Island (E)states: Visualizing Domestic Safety and National Security in TwentiethCentury Novels by Irish and Caribbean Women Writers. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[4], 1247. 2003. University of California,
Los Angeles. 2003.
Wilbert, Johannes. The House of the Swallow-Tailed Kite: Warao Myth and the Art of Thinking in
Images. Animal Myths and Metaphors in South America. Ed. Gary Urton. Salt Lake City:
University of Utah Press, 1985. 145-82.
Wilentz, Gay. English Is a Foreign Anguish: Caribbean Writers and the Disruption of the Colonial
Canon. Decolonizing Tradition: New Views of Twentieth-Century British Literary Canon. Ed.
Karen R. Lawrence. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992. 261-78.
---. Toward a Diaspora Literature: Black Women Writers from Africa, the Caribbean, and the United
States. College English 54.4 (1992): 385-405.
Wilkinson, Nick. The Novel and a Vision of the Land. Awakened Conscience: Studies in
Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 185-94.

50
Williams, Aubrey. The Artist in the Caribbean. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists
Movement 2 (1970): 16-18.
Williams, Mark. Islands in the Rain: Race, Authenticity and the Politics of Biculturalism. Poetica: An
International Journal of Linguistic-Literary Studies 50 (1998): 215-25.
Wilson-Tagoe, Nana. Historical Thought and Literary Representation in West Indian Literature.
Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1998, xiii, 328.
Wilson, Lucy. Dialogic Interplay in Coming-of-Age Novels by West Indian Women Writers. Childrens
Literature Association Quarterly 18.4 (1993): 177-82.
Wilson, R. M. English Language. The Years Work in English Studies 42.1 (1961): 34-53.
Winks, Christopher LeLand. Golden Lands, Magic Cities: (Trans)Figurations of Utopia in Caribbean
Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 63[8], 2877-78. 2003. New York University, 2002.
Wisker, Gina. Post-Colonial and African American Womens Writing: A Critical Introduction. New York,
NY: St. Martins, 2000, 376.
Wolf, Manfred. The Two Cultures in West Indian Literature. World Literature Today: A Literary
Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 65.1 (1991): 25-29.
Wood, Michael. Enigmas and Homelands. On Modern British Fiction. Ed. Zachary Leader. Oxford,
England: Oxford University Press, 2002. 77-92.
Woodcock, Bruce. Post-1975 Caribbean Fiction and the Challenge of English Literature. Critical
Quarterly 28.4 (1986): 79-95.
---. Long Memoried Women: Caribbean Women Poets. Black Womens Writing. Ed. Gina Wisker.
Insights. New York: St. Martins, 1993. 55-77.
Wynter, Sylvia. A Different Kind of Creature: Caribbean Literature, the Cyclops Factor, and the
Second Poetics of the Propter Nos. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other Realisms in
Caribbean Literature. Ed. Timothy J. Reiss. Trenton, NJ: African World Press, 2002. 143-67.
---. Beyond Mirandas Meanings: Un/Silencing the Demonic Ground of Calibans Woman. Out of
the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature. Ed. Carole Boyce Davies and Elaine Savory
Fido. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1990. 355-72.
---. We Must Learn to Sit Down Together and Talk About a Little Culture: Reflections on West Indian
Writing and Criticism. Part I. Jamaica Journal 2.4 (1968): 23-32.
---. We Must Learn to Sit Down Together and Talk About a Little Culture: Reflections on West Indian
Writing and Criticism. Part II. Jamaica Journal 3.1 (1969): 27-42.
Wyrick, Deborah. The Madwoman in the Hut: Scandals of Hybrid Domesticity in Early Victorian
Literature from the West Indies. Pacific Coast Philology 33.1 (1998): 44-57.
Young, Virginia Heyer. Becoming West Indian: Culture, Self, and Nation in St. Vincent. Washington:
Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.
Youssef, Valerie and Beverly Anne Carter. Confronting Local Dialect and Culture Issues in the EFL
Classroom. Language, Culture, and Curriculum 12.1 (1999): 31-41.
Yow, Laura Genevieve. The Essay. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2: English- and
Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins,
2001. 329-49.
Zabel, Darcy A. Nancy Gardner Prince. American Women Prose Writers, 1820-1870. Ed. Amy E.
Hudock and Katharine Rodier. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 239. Detroit, MI: Gale,
2001. 254-59.
Zwierlein, Anne Julia. Untamed Reluctance and a Way Out: The Milton Tradition in Working-Class
and Post-Colonial Perspectives. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in
Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English
Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 275-91.

PER REGION
ANTIGUA
GENERAL STUDIES
Aceto, Michael. Barbudan Creole English: Its History and Some Grammatical Features; Langlais
creole de Barbuda: son histoire et quelques caractristiques grammaticales. English WorldWide: A Journal of Varieties of English 23.2 (2002): 223-50.
Alexander, Simone A. James. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Columbia,
MO: University of Missouri Press, 2001, x, 215.

51
Nasta, Susheila. Motherlands, Mothercultures, Mothertongues: Womens Writing in the Caribbean.
Shades of Empire in Colonial and Post-Colonial Literatures. Ed. C. C. Barfoot and Theo
Dhaen. DQR Studies in Literature: 11. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993. 211-20.
Terry, Judith. Sir Thomas Bertrams Business in Antigua. Persuasions: Journal of the Jane Austen
Society of North America 17 (1995): 97-105.
Treitler, Inga. BrEr Anansi: Individual and Cultural Expressions in Antigua, West Indies. Studies in
Communication: Communication and Culture: Language Performance, Technology, and
Media. Ed. Sari Thomas. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1990. 134-40.
GILBERT, ANNE HART
Ferguson, Moira. The Hart Sisters: Early African Caribbean Writers, Evangelicals, and Radicals.
Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993, ix, 214.
KINCAID, JAMAICA
The Almost Scarily Honest Jamaica Kincaid Shows Writing = Life. Interview 27.10 (1997): 94-99.
Abruna, Laura Niesen de. Jamaica Kincaids Writing and the Maternal-Colonial Matrix. Caribbean
Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed. Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY:
St. Martins Press, 1999. 172-83.
Alexander, Simone A. James. Growing Pains: Constructions of the Girl Child/Woman Child in
Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. Mango Season: Caribbean Womens Writing 13.1 (2000): 5463.
---. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri
Press, 2001, x, 215.
Anatol, Giselle Liza. Speaking in (M)other Tongues: The Role of Language in Jamaica Kincaids The
Autobiography of My Mother. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3
(2002): 938-53.
Andrade, Susan Zulema. Jamaica Kincaid. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers,
Third Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1996. 131-39.
Balutansky, Kathleen M. On Gardening. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3
(2002): 790-800.
Balutansky, Kathleen M. and Jamaica Kincaid. On Gardening: An Interview with Jamaica Kincaid.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 790-800.
Banerjee, Chinmoy. The Erotics of Resistance and Postcolonial Self-Fashioning in Annie John. Ariel:
A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 33.2 (2002): 33-56.
Bernard, Louise. Countermemory and Return: Reclamation of the (Postmodern) Self in Jamaica
Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother and My Brother. MFS: Modern Fiction Studies
48.1 (2002): 113-38.
Berrian, Brenda F. Snapshots of Childhood Life in Jamaica Kincaids Fiction. Arms Akimbo: Africana
Women in Contemporary Literature. Ed. Janice Lee Liddell, Yakini Belinda Kemp, and Beverly
Guy-Sheftall. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999. 103-16.
Binder, Wolfgang. Is Memory the Amnesia You Like? Some Remarks on Self-Invention and the
Presence of Caribbean Literature in North America. GRAAT: Publication des Groupes de
Recherches Anglo-Amricaines de luniversit Franois Rabelais de Tours 27 (2003): 293-99.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Jamaica Kincaid: From Antigua to America. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures
in English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 138-51.
Bonetti, Kay. An Interview with Jamaica Kincaid. The Missouri Review 15.2 (1992): 124-42.
---. Jamaica Kincaid. Conversations with American Novelists: The Best Interviews from The Missouri
Review and the American Audio Prose Library. Ed. Kay Bonetti et al. Columbia, MO:
University of Missouri Press, 1997. 26-38.
Braziel, Jana Evans. Jamaica Kincaids In the Night: Jablesse, Obeah, and Diasporic Alterrains in At
the Bottom of the River. Dan Vitkus, ed. Re-Thinking Postcoloniality. Special issue of Journal
x: A Journal in Culture and Criticism 6.1 (2001): 79-104.
---. Alterbiographic Transmutations of Genre in Jamaica Kincaids Biography of a Dress and
Autobiography of My Mother. A/B: Auto/Biography Studies 18.1 (2003): 85-104.
---. Daffodils, Rhizomes, Migrations: Narrative Coming of Age in the Diasporic Writings of Edwidge
Danticat and Jamaica Kincaid. Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism 3.2 (2003): 11031.

52
Breure, Marnel. De lege koffers van Jamaica Kincaid. Lust en gratie: Lesbisch cultureel tijdschrift 39
(1993): 50-66.
Brock-Sallah, Sabine. When Light Becomes White: Reading Enlightenment through Jamaica
Kincaids Writing. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 82143.
Brophy, Sarah. Angels in Antigua: The Diasporic of Melancholy in Jamaica Kincaids My Brother.
PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America 117.2 (2002): 265-77.
Brophy, Sarah. Strange Burdens: AIDS Memoirs and the Politics of Inconsolability. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[9], 3186. 2003.
McMaster University, 2000.
---. Witnessing AIDS: Writing, Testimony, and the Work of Mourning. Toronto, ON: University of
Toronto Press, 2004, x, 271.
Buckeye, Robert. The Film of the Novel: The Influence of Markers La Jete on At the Bottom of the
River. Sargasso: Literature, Language, Culture 2 (2003): 13-19.
Burrows, Victoria. Whiteness and Trauma: the Mother-Daughter Knot in the Fiction of Jean Rhys,
Jamaica Kincaid and Toni Morrison. Basingstoke, Hants: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Byerman, Keith E. Anger in A Small Place: Jamaica Kincaids Cultural Critique of Antigua. College
Literature 22.1 (1995): 91-102.
Byrne, K. B. C. Under English, Obeah English: Jamaica Kincaids New Language. College Language
Association Journal 43.3 (2000): 276-98.
Caton, Louis Freitas. Romantic Struggles: The Bildungsroman and Mother-Daughter Bonding in
Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the MultiEthnic Literature of the United States 21.3 (1996): 125-42.
Caton, Louis Freitas. ... Such Was the Paradise That I Lived: Multiculturalism, Romantic Theory, and
the Contemporary American Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 57[1], 212. 1996. University of Oregon. 1995.
Chang, Shu li. Trans-Generational Daughterly Haunting and Contemporary Ethnic Womens Writing.
Taiwan Journal of English Literature 1.1 (2003): 63-82.
---. Daughterly Haunting and Historical Traumas: Toni Morrisons Beloved and Jamaica Kincaids The
Autobiography of My Mother. Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies 30.2 (2004): 105-27.
Chick, Nancy. The Broken Clock: Time, Identity, and Autobiography in Jamaica Kincaids Lucy.
College Language Association Journal 40.1 (1996): 90-103.
Cho, Sungran. Mourning Work: Historical Trauma and the Women of the Cross(Road): Readings in
Modern Women Writers of the Diaspora. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 63[12], 4311. 2003. State University of New York, Buffalo.
2003.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. Jamaica Kincaid: A Special Section. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 773-989.
---. Mwen Na Rien, Msieu: Jamaica Kincaid and the Problem of Creole Gnosis. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 868-84.
Collett, Anne. A Snake in the Garden of The New Yorker? An Analysis of the Disruptive Function of
Jamaica Kincaids Gardening Column. Missions of Interdependence: A Literary Directory. Ed.
Gerhard ed. and introd. Stilz. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in
English: 58. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 95-106.
Coppola, Manuela. Sublime Mothers: Caribbean Genealogies and Deadly Configurations in Jamaica
Kincaids Narrative. Sargasso: Literature, Language, Culture. 2 (2004): 59-70.
Cousineau, Diane. Women and Autobiography: Is There Life Beyond the Looking Glass? Caliban 31
(1994): 97-105.
Covi, Giovanna. Jamaica Kincaids Political Place: A Review Essay. Caribana 1 (1990): 93-103.
---. Jamaica Kincaid and the Resistance to Canons. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and
Literature. Ed. Carole Boyce Davies and Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press,
1990. 345-54.
---. Jamaica Kincaids Voyage of Recovery: The Cliffs of Dover Are Not White. Deferring a Dream:
Literary Sub-Versions of the American Columbiad. Ed. Gert Buelens and Ernst Rudin.
xv,International Cooper Series in English Language and Literature. Basel, Switzerland;
Boston, MA: Birkhuser, 1994. 76-84.
---. Jamaica Kincaids Prismatic Self and the Decolonialisation of Language and Thought. Framing
the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo.London:
Whiting and Birch, 1996. 37-67.

53
---. Re-Memorying, Decolonialising and Translating in Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My
Mother. Centre of Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean Womens Literature. Ed. Joan
Anim-Addo. London: Mango Publishing, 2002. 52-65.
---. Jamaica Kincaids Prismatic Subjects: Making Sense of Being in the World. London, England:
Mango, 2003, 151.
---. Alterity: Jamaica Kincaids Resistance. Resisting Alterities: Wilson Harris and Other Avatars of
Otherness. Ed. Marco Fazzini. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in
English: 71. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004. 197-208.
Cudjoe, Selwyn R. Jamaica Kincaid and the Modernist Project: An Interview. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 12.2 (39) (1989): 396-411.
---. Jamaica Kincaid and the Modernist Project: An Interview. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays
from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe. Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990.
215-32.
Curry, Renee R. I Aint No Friggin Little Wimp: The Girl I Narrator in Contemporary Fiction. The
Girl: Construction of the Girl in Contemporary Fiction by Women. Ed. Ruth O. Saxton. New
York, NY: St. Martins, 1998. 95-105.
Davidson, Diana. Writing AIDS in Antigua: Tensions between Public and Private Activisms in Jamaica
Kincaids My Brother. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 10.1 (2003): 12144.
---. Interview with Felicity Aymer-AIDS, AIDS Activism, and Jamaica Kincaids My Brother.
Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal 2.2 (2004).
de Abruna, Laura Niesen. Jamaica Kincaids Writing and the Maternal-Colonial Matrix. Caribbean
Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed. Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY:
St. Martins, 1999. 172-83.
Delvaux, Martine. The Garden as Memento Mori: Derek Jarman and Jamaica Kincaid. Canadian
Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la Femme 21.2 (2001): 135-38.
Dilger, Gerhard. I Use a Cut and Slash Policy of Writing: Jamaica Kincaid. Wasafiri 16 (1992): 2125.
---. Jamaica Kincaid. Writing across Worlds: Contemporary Writers Talk. Ed. Susheila Nasta.
London, England: Routledge, 2004. 80-92.
DiMarco, Danette. Taking Their Word: Twentieth-Century Women Reinvent the Victorian. Dissertation
Abstracts International 56[10], 3951A. 1996. Duquesne University, 1995.
Donald-Smythe, Antonia. Making Herself at Home in the West/Indies: The Gendered Construction of
Identity in the Writings of Michelle Cliff and Jamaica Kincaid. Dissertation Abstracts
International 57[5], 2027A. 1996. Ohio State University, 1996.
---. Authorizing the Slut in Jamaica Kincaids At the Bottom of the River. MaComre: Journal of the
Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 2 (1999): 96-113.
---. Making Homes in the West/Indies: Constructions of Subjectivity in the Writings of Michelle Cliff and
Jamaica Kincaid. New York, NY: Garland, 2001, xiv, 209.
Donnell, Alison. Dreaming of Daffodils: Cultural Resistance in the Narratives of Theory. Kunapipi:
Journal of Postcolonial Writing 14.2 (1992): 45-52.
---. When Daughters Defy: Jamaica Kincaids Fiction. Women: A Cultural Review 4.1 (1993): 18-26.
---. She Ties Her Tongue: The Problems of Cultural Paralysis in Postcolonial Criticism. Ariel: A
Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 26.1 (1995): 101-16.
---. Writing for Resistance: Nationalism and Narratives of Liberation. Framing the Word: Gender and
Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo.London: Whiting and Birch, 1996.
28-36.
---. When Writing the Other Is Being True to the Self: Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My
Mother. Womens Lives into Print: The Theory, Practice and Writing of Feminist
Auto/Biography. Ed. Pauline Polkey. New York, NY; London, England: St. Martins; Macmillan,
1999. 123-36.
Doyle, Jacqueline. Developing Negatives: Jamaica Kincaids Lucy. The Immigrant Experience in
North American Literature: Carving Out a Niche. Ed. Katherine B. Payant and Toby Rose.
Contributions to the Study of American Literature: 4. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999. 59-71.
Dutton, Wendy. Merge and Separate: Jamaica Kincaids Fiction. World Literature Today: A Literary
Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 63.3 (1989): 406-10.
Edlmair, Barbara. Rewriting History: Alternative Versions of the Caribbean Past in Michelle Cliff,
Rosario Ferr, Jamaica Kincaid and Daniel Maximin. Wien: Braumller, 1999.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. Jamaica Kincaid and the Genealogy of Exile. Small Axe: A Caribbean
Journal of Criticism 5 (1999): 72-79.

54
Emery, Mary Lou. Refiguring the Postcolonial Imagination: Tropes of Visuality in Writing by Rhys,
Kincaid, and Cliff. Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 16.2 (1997): 259-80.
Ferguson, Moira. Lucy and the Mark of the Colonizer. MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 39.2 (1993):
237-59.
---. A Lot of Memory: An Interview with Jamaica Kincaid. The Kenyon Review 16.1 (1994): 163-88.
---. Colonialism and Gender Relations From Mary Wollstonecraft to Jamaica Kincaid: East Caribbean
Connections. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994, xi, 175.
---. Jamaica Kincaid: Where the Land Meets the Body. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia,
1994, xiii, 206.
---. An interview with Jamaica Kincaid. The Kenyon Review 16.1 (1994): 163-88.
Flockemann, Miki. If I Were Her-Fictions of Development from Cape Town, Canada and the
Caribbean: A Relational Reading. Journal of Literary Studies/Tydskrif vir Literatuurwetenskap
15.1-2 (1999): 176-94.
Franois, Irline. Geographies of the Mind: Gender, Memory, Emigration and Exile in Caribbean
Womens Narratives. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 62[1], 157. 2001. Boston University, 2001.
---. The Daffodil Gap: Jamaica Kincaids Lucy. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean
Women Writers and Scholars 4 (2001): 84-100.
Frederick, Rhonda Denise. What If Youre an Incredibly Unattractive, Fat, Pastrylike-Fleshed Man?
Teaching Jamaica Kincaids A Small Place. College Literature 30.3 (2003): 1-18.
Gass, Joanne. Bitter Reconquista: Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother. Journal of
Caribbean Studies 15.3 (2000): 209-22.
Gauch, Suzanne. A Small Place: Some Perspectives on the Ordinary. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 910-19.
Gregg, Veronica Marie. What a History You Have: The Mistress and the Servant in Jamaica
Kincaids Lucy. The Journal of West Indian Literature 8.2 (1999): 38-49.
---. How Jamaica Kincaid Writes the Autobiography of Her Mother. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 920-37.
Harkins, Patricia. Family Magic: Invisibility in Jamaica Kincaids Lucy. Journal of the Fantastic in the
Arts 4.3 [15] (1991): 53-68.
Hawthorne, Evelyn J. Jamaica Kincaids Politics of Voice: Smart Writing at The New Yorker. The
Journal of West Indian Literature 11.2 (2003): 1-28.
Hermes, Liesel. Modern Women Writers: Versuch einer Einfhrung. Neusprachliche Mitteilungen aus
Wissenschaft und Praxis 46.4 (1993): 217-27.
Herndon, Crystal Gerise. Gendered Fictions of Self and Community: Autobiography and
Autoethnography in Caribbean Womens Writing. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[8],
3019A. 1994. University of Texas, Austin. 1993.
Herndon, Gerise. Returns to Native Lands, Reclaiming the Others Language: Kincaid and Danticat.
Journal of International Womens Studies 3.1 (2001): 1-10.
Hickman, Trenton Larry. The Colonized Woman as Monster in Jane Eyre, Wide Sargasso Sea, and
Annie John. Journal of Caribbean Studies 14.3 (2000): 181-98.
Hirsch, Marianne. Resisting Images: Rereading Adolescence. Provoking Agents: Gender and
Agency in Theory and Practice. Ed. Judith Kegan Gardiner. Urbana: University of Illinois
Press, 1995. 249-79.
Hodge, Merle. Caribbean Writers and Caribbean Language: A Study of Jamaica Kincaids Annie
John. Winds of Change: The Transforming Voices of Caribbean Women Writers and
Scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson and Linda Strong-Leek. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998. 4753.
Holcomb, Gary Edward. Writing Travel in Anglophone Caribbean Literature: Claude McKay, Shiva
Naipaul, and Jamaica Kincaid. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 57[1], 201. 1996. Washington State University, 1995.
Holcomb, Gary Edward and Kimberly S. Holcomb. Abusing the Colonial Desiring Machine:
Sadomasochism in Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother. The Journal of West
Indian Literature 8.2 (1999): 10-18.
---. I Made Him: Sadomasochism in Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 969-76.
Holcomb, Gary Edward. Travels of a Transnational Slut: Sexual Migration in Kincaids Lucy. Critique:
Studies in Contemporary Fiction 44.3 (2003): 295-312.
Hoving, Isabel. I and I. Etniciteit, sekse en verteltechniek bij Michelle Cliff en Jamaica Kincaid.
Tijdschrift voor vrouwenstudies 15.1 (1994): 46-61.

55
---. Three Local Cases of Cross-Atlantic Reading. The Practice of Cultural Analysis: Exposing
Interdisciplinary Interpretation. Ed. Mieke Bal. Cultural Memory in the Present (CMP).
Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999. 203-18.
---. Remaining Where You Are: Kincaid and Glissant on Space and Knowledge. Mobilizing Place,
Placing Mobility: The Politics of Representation in a Globalized World. Ed. Ginette Verstraete
and Tim Cresswell. Thamyris: Intersecting Place, Sex, and Race: 9. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
2002. 125-40.
---. Gardening in the Jungles of Post-Coloniality: Representing Multiculturality and Hybridity. Bridges
Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte
Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004.
211-19.
---. Niets dan het heden: Over Jamaica Kincaid, de postkoloniale literatuurstudie, en wat er van ons
terecht moet komen. Wandelaar onder de palmen: opstellen over koloniale en postkoloniale
literatuur: opgedragen aan Bert Paasman. Ed. Michiel van Kempen, Piet Verkruijsse &
Adrienne Zuiderweg. Leiden: KITLV Uitgeverij, 2004. 15-27.
Hughes, Roger. International Review Empire and Domestic Space in the Fiction of Jamaica
Kincaid. Australian Geographical Studies: Journal of the Institute of Australian Geographers
37.1 (1999): 11-23.
Ippolito, Emilia. Room As a Catalyst of Differences: In Search of Autonomous Subjectivity in the
Caribbean (Con)Text of Jamaica Kincaid. Borderlands: Negotiating Boundaries in PostColonial Writing. Ed. Monika Reif-Hlser. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial
Literatures in English: 40. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1999. 145-54.
Ismond, Patricia. Jamaica Kincaid: First They Must Be Children. World Literature Written in English
28.2 (1988): 336-41.
Issen, Laura Michelle. Expressions of Socioeconomic and Cultural Complexities in Works by Derek
Walcott, Jamaica Kincaid, and Michelle Cliff. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A:
The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[8], 3180. 2001. University of Texas, Austin. 2000.
James, Louis. Reflections, and the Bottom of the River: The Transformation of Caribbean Experience
in the Fiction of Jamaica Kincaid. Wasafiri 9 (1988): 15-17.
James, Simone Alexis. Mother/Motherland/Mothercountry Trichotomy: Negotiating Maternity and
Maternal Spaces in the Works of Afro-Caribbean Women Novelists. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[2], 429-30. 1999. Rutgers U,
New Brunswick. 1999.
Jayasundera, Ymitri. Jamaica Kincaid (1949- ). Contemporary African American Novelists: A BioBibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson and Deborah G. Plant.
Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999. 260-66.
Joseph, Betty. Gendering Time in Globalization: The Belatedness of the Other Woman and Jamaica
Kincaids Lucy. Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 21.1 (2002): 67-83.
Kanhai-Brunton, Rosanne. Sensing Designs in Historys Muddles: Global Feminism and the
Postcolonial Novel. Modern Language Studies 26.4 (1996): 119-30.
Kanter, Jodi Irene. Write It!: Practicing Loss in Four Contemporary Narratives. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[11], 4231. 2001.
Northwestern University 2000.
---. Hopeful Sentences: Gender and Mourning Language in Two Contemporary Narratives. Women
and Language 25.1 (2002): 1-8.
Kaplan, Caren. Reconfigurations of Geography and Historical Narrative: A Review Essay. Public
Culture 3.1 (1990): 25-32.
Karafilis, Maria. Crossing the Borders of Genre: Revisions of the Bildungsroman in Sandra
Cisneross The House on Mango Street and Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. The Journal of
the Midwest Modern Language Association 31.2 (1998): 63-78.
Karim, Persis Maryam. Fissured Nations and Exilic States: Displacement, Exile, and Diaspora in
Twentieth-Century Writing by Women. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 59[6], 2009. 1998. University of Texas, Austin. 1998.
Kincaid, Jamaica. On Seeing England for the First Time. Transition: An International Review 51
(1991): 32-40.
---. Interview with Alan Vorda. Mississippi Review 20.1-2 (1991): 7-26.
---. I Use a Cut and Slash Policy of Writing. Interview with Gerhard Dilger. Wasafiri 16.21 (1992): 25.
---. Putting Myself Together. The New Yorker (1995): 93.
King, Jane. A Small Place Writes Back. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3
(2002): 885-909.

56
Kongshaug, Erik. Jamaica Kincaid (1949-). British Writers: Supplement VII. Ed. Jay Parini. New
York, NY: Scribners, 2002. 217-32.
Krsak, Rka. What Words Can Tell: Notions of the Stepmother Tongue in Anglophone PostColonial Literature. Tales of Two Cities: Essays on New Anglophone Literature. Ed. John
Skinner. Anglicana Turkuensia (AnT): 22. Turku, Finland: University of Turku, 2000. 89-98.
Lanser, Susan Sniader. Compared to What? Global Feminism, Comparatism, and the Masters
Tools. Borderwork: Feminist Engagements with Comparative Literature. Ed. Margaret R.
Higonnet. Reading Women Writing (RWR). Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994. 280-300.
Ledent, Bndicte. Voyages into Otherness: Cambridge and Lucy. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial
Writing 14.2 (1992): 53-63.
Lee, Hermine. Jamaica Kincaid. A Readers Companion to the Short Story in English. Ed. Erin Fallon
et al. Westport, CT: Greenwood, for Society for the the Study of the Short Story, 2001. 225-33.
Lee, Judith. Lucifer: A Fantastic Figure. Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts 8.2 [30] (1997): 218-34.
Lima, Maria Helena. Decolonizing Genre: Jamaica Kincaid and the Bildungsroman. Genre: Forms of
Discourse and Culture 26.4 (1993): 431-59.
---. Imaginary Homelands in Jamaica Kincaids Narratives of Development. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 857-67.
Loe, Thomas. Jamaica Kincaids Lucy as a Short Story Sequence. Notes on Contemporary Literature
26.1 (1996): 2-3.
MacDonald-Smythe, Antonia. Making Homes in the West/Indies: Constructions of Subjectivity in the
Writings of Michelle Cliff and Jamaica Kincaid. New York: Routledge, 2001.
Mahlis, Kristen. Gender and Exile: Jamaica Kincaids Lucy. MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 44.1
(1998): 164-83.
Mangum, Bryant. Jamaica Kincaid (1949- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 255-63.
Martin, Janette May. The Dynamics of Expatriatism in the Writing of Jean Rhys and Jamaica Kincaid.
Dissertation Abstracts International 56[8], 3120A. 1996. Bowling Green State University 1994.
Massa, Suzanne Hotte. Jamaica Kincaid. African American Autobiographers: A Sourcebook. Ed.
Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2002. 225-29.
Matos, Nicole C. The Difference Between the Two Bundles: Body and Cloth in the Works of Jamaica
Kincaid. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 844-56.
Meehan, Kevin Vincent. Caribbean versus United States Racial Categories in Three Caribbean
American Coming of Age Stories. Narrative 7.3 (1999): 259-71.
Melbourne, Lucy. Young Lady or Slut: Identity and Voice in Jamaica Kincaids Annie John (1983).
Women in Literature: Reading Through the Lens of Gender. Ed. Jerilyn Fisher, Ellen S. Silber,
and David Sadker. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2003. 15-17.
Mendelsohn, Jane. Leaving Home: Jamaicas Voyage Round Her Mother. Village Voice Literary
Supplement 89 (1990): 21.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. An Island of Ones Own. Alizs: Revue angliciste de la runion 8 (1994): 2534.
Mistron, Deborah E. Understanding Jamaica Kincaids Annie John: A Student Casebook to Issues,
Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1999.
Mitchell, Rick. Caribbean Cruising: Sex, Death, and Memories of (Congo) Darkness. Atenea: Revista
de Ciencia, Arte y Literatura de la Universidad de Concepcin 23.2 (2003): 9-23.
Morris, Kathryn Elizabeth. Jamaica Kincaids Voracious Bodies: Engendering a Carib(bean) Woman.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 954-68.
Muirhead, Pamela Buchanan. An Interview with Jamaica Kincaid. Clockwatch Review: A Journal of
the Arts 9.1-2 (1994): 39-48.
Murdoch, H. Adlai. Severing the (M)other Connection: The Representation of Cultural Identity in
Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 13.2
(1990): 325-40.
---. The Novels of Jamaica Kincaid: Figures of Exile, Narratives of Dreams. Clockwatch Review: A
Journal of the Arts 9.1-2 (1994): 141-54.
Murray, Melanie A. Shifting Identities and Locations in Jamaica Kincades My Garden (Book) and A
Small Place. World Literature Written in English 39.1 (2001): 116-26.
Nagel, James. Desperate Hopes, Desperate Lives: Depression and Self-Realization in Jamaica
Kincaids Annie John and Lucy. Traditions, Voices, and Dreams: The American Novel since
the 1960s. Ed. Melvin J. Friedman and Ben Siegel. Newark: University of Delaware Press,
1995. 237-53.

57
Narain, Denise deCaires. Living in the Spell of History: The Novels of Jamaica Kincaid. Centre of
Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean Womens Literature. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London:
Mango Publishing, 2002. 29-51.
---. Moving Worlds with Words: The Postcolonial Woman-as-Writer in Jamaica Kincaids Fiction.
Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 3.2 (2003): 70-83.
---. What Happened to Global Sisterhood? Writing and Reading the Postcolonial Woman. Third
Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration. Ed. Stacy Gillis et al. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave
Macmillan, 2004. 240-51.
Nasta, Susheila. Motherlands, Mothercultures, Mothertongues: Womens Writing in the Caribbean.
Shades of Empire in Colonial and Post-Colonial Literatures. Ed. C. C. Barfoot and Theo
Dhaen.DQR Studies in Literature: 11. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993. 211-20.
Natov, Roni. Mothers and Daughters: Jamaica Kincaids Pre-Oedipal Narrative. Childrens Literature:
Annual of The Modern Language Association Division on Childrens Literature and The
Childrens Literature Association 18 (1990): 1-16.
Niesen de Abruna, Laura. Dreams of Leaving: Mother and Mother Country in Jamaica Kincaids
Fiction. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed.
Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African American
Studies, 1998. 164-75.
Noakes, Beverley Ormerod. Standing in the Place of Love: Sex, Love and Loss in Jamaica Kincaids
Writing. Gendered Realities: Essays in Caribbean Feminist Thought. Ed. Patricia
Mohammed. Barbados; Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press; Centre for Gender and
Development Studies, 2002. 334-57.
OBrien, Susie. New Postnational Narratives, Old American Dreams; Or, the Problem With Comingof-Age Stories. Postcolonial America. Ed. C. Richard King. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois
Press, 2000. 65-80.
---. The Garden and the World: Jamaica Kincaid and the Cultural Borders of Ecocriticism. Mosaic: A
Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature 35.2 (2002): 167-84.
Oczkowicz, Edyta. Jamaica Kincaids Lucy: Cultural Translation as a Case of Creative Exploration of
the Past. MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the
United States 21.3 (1996): 143-57.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. Jamaica Kincaid: A Critical Companion. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press,
1999.
Perlman, Karen Beth. Memory Speaks: The Revision of History and the Subject in Contemporary
Womens Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts International 55[4], 1123A. 1994. University of
Michigan. 1994.
Perry, Donna. Initiation in Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from
the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 245-53.
---. Jamaica Kincaid. Backtalk: Women Writers Speak Out. Ed. Donna Perry. New Brunswick, NJ:
Rutgers University Press, 1993. 127-41.
---. Initiation in Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. Contemporary American Women Writers: Gender,
Class, Ethnicity. Ed. Lois Parkinson Zamora, Raman Selden, and Stan Smith. Longman
Critical Readers (LCR). London, England: Longman, 1998. 128-37.
Phelps, Deborah. Jamaica Kincaid (1949- ). Multicultural Writers Since 1945: An A-to-Z Guide. Ed.
Alba Amoia and Bettina L. Knapp. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2004. 289-92.
Pigeon, Elaine. Jamaica Kincaids Annie John: The Trauma of Colonial Education. Literature of
Region and Nation: Proceedings of the 6th International Literature of Region and Nation
Conference, 2-7 August 1996. Ed. Winnifred M. Bogaards. Saint John, NB: Social Sciences
and Humanities Research Council of Canada, with University of New Brunswick in Saint John,
1998. 376.
Pittmann, Cynthia S. A Refusal to Negotiate: Transgression and Transformation in Jamaica Kincaids
Annie John, Lucy, and The Autobiography of My Mother. Sargasso: Literature, Language,
Culture 2 (2004): 71-79.
Poon, Angelia. Re-Writing the Male Text: Mapping Cultural Spaces in Edwidge Danticats Krik? Krak!
and Jamaica Kincaids A Small Place. Jouvert: A Journal of Postcolonial Studies 4.2 (2000).
Prentice, Christine. Out of the Pre-Texts of Imperialism into A Future They Must Learn: Decolonizing
the Allegorical Subject. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 31.1-2
(2000): 203-29.
Putnam, Amanda Ann. Mothering the Motherless: Portrayals of Alternative Mothering Practices within
the Caribbean Diaspora. Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la Femme 23.2 (2004):
118-23.

58
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. Superstition or Religious Belief? The Treatment of Obeah and the African
Worldview in the Works of Jamaica Kincaid and Simone Schwarz-Bart. The Woman, the
Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los
Angeles: University of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 67-77.
Rjouis, Rose-Myriam. Caribbean Writers and Language: The Autobiographical Poetics of Jamaica
Kincaid and Patrick Chamoiseau. The Massachusetts Review: A Quarterly of Literature, the
Arts and Public Affairs 49 (2003): 213-232.
Rice, Anne P. Burning Connections: Maternal Betrayal in Jamaica Kincaids My Brother. A/B:
Auto/Biography Studies 14.1 (1999): 23-37.
Riedner, Rachel Claire. Towards a Postcolonial Rhetoric: Imperialism in the Work of Jessica
Hagedorn, Jamaica Kincaid, and Gayatri Spivak. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section
A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[3], 939. 2002. George Washington University,
2002.
Robbins, Bruce, Jill Didur, and Teresa Hefferman. Soul Making: Gayatri Spivak on Upward Mobility
[La fabrication de lme: Gayatri Spivak et la mobilit ascendante]. Cultural Studies 17.1
(2003): 16-26.
Sagar, Aparajita. Dr Freud for Visitor: Afro-Caribbean Writers and the Question of Diaspora.
Semiotics 1994. Ed. C. W. Spinks and John Deely. Annual Proceedings Volumes of the
Semiotic Society of America (APVSSA): 19. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1995. 471-80.
Scala, Arlene Holpp. Teaching Notes. Radical Teacher: A Socialist, Feminist, and Anti-Racist Journal
on the Theory and Practice of Teaching 68 (2003): 41-43.
Schultheis, Alexandra. Family Matters in Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother.
Jouvert: A Journal of Postcolonial Studies 5.2 (2001).
Scott, Helen C. Dem Tief, Dem a Dam Tief: Jamaica Kincaids Literature of Protest. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 977-89.
Sharrad, Paul. Cloth and Self-Definition in Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother.
Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 26.1 (2004): 54-65.
Sherrard, Cherene. The Colonizing Mother Figure in Paule Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones and
Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother. MaComre: Journal of the Association
of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 2 (1999): 125-33.
Shima, Alan. No Beginning, No End: The Legacy of Absence in Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography
of My Mother. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 26.2 (2004): 61-73.
Sicherman, Carol. Escape from the Mother/Land in Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. The
Commonwealth Novel in English 9-10 (2001): 180-96.
Simmons, Diane Ellis. The Mother Mirror in Jamaica Kincaids Annie John and Gertrude Steins The
Good Anna. The Anna Book: Searching for Anna in Literary History. Ed. Mickey Pearlman.
Contributions to the Study of World Literature: 46. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1992. 99-104.
---. The Rhythm of Reality in the Works of Jamaica Kincaid. World Literature Today: A Literary
Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 68.3 (1994): 466-72.
---. Jamaica Kincaid. New York: Twayne, 1994, ix, 155.
---. Jamaica Kincaid: A Critical Study. Dissertation Abstracts International 55[7], 1958A. 1995. City
University of New York. 1994.
---. Jamaica Kincaid: Conjure Woman. Journal of Caribbean Studies 11.3 (1996): 225-41.
---. Coming-of-Age in the Snare of History: Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother. The
Girl: Construction of the Girl in Contemporary Fiction by Women. Ed. Ruth O. Saxton. New
York, NY: St. Martins, 1998. 107-18.
---. Jamaica Kincaid and the Canon: In Dialogue With Paradise Lost and Jane Eyre. MELUS: The
Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 23.2
(1998): 65-86.
Smith, Ian D. Misusing Canonical Intertexts: Jamaica Kincaid, Wordsworth and Colonialisms Absent
Things. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3 (2002): 801-20.
Soto-Crespo, Ramn E. Death and the Diaspora Writer: Hybridity and Mourning in the Work of
Jamaica Kincaid. Contemporary Literature 43.2 (2002): 342-76.
Sotomayor Miletti, Aurea Mara. Flesh the Color of Corruption: Bilingualism and Hybridity in Jamaica
Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother. Signos Literarios y Lingsticos 3.1 (2001): 53-67.
Stanton, Katherine Ann. Worldwise: Global Change and Ethical Demands in the Cosmopolitan Fictions
of Kazuo Ishiguro, Jamaica Kincaid, J. M. Coetzee, and Michael Ondaatje. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[6], 2080. 2003.
Rutgers U, New Brunswick. 2003.
Steavenson, Wendell. Mercurial Maternalism. San Francisco Review of Books 21.3 (1996): 36-37.

59
Sugg, Katherine. I Would Rather Be Dead: Nostalgia and Narrative in Jamaica Kincaids Lucy.
Narrative 10.2 (2002): 156-73.
Tapping, Craig. Children and History in the Caribbean Novel: George Lammings In the Castle of My
Skin and Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 11.2
(1989): 51-59.
Tiffin, Helen M. Decolonization and Audience: Erna Brodbers Myal and Jamaica Kincaids A Small
Place. SPAN: Journal of the South Pacific Association for Commonwealth Literature and
Language Studies 30 (1990): 27-38.
---. Cold Hearts and (Foreign) Tongues: Recitation and the Reclamation of the Female Body in the
Works of Erna Brodber and Jamaica Kincaid. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 16.4 (1993): 909-21.
---. Flowers of Evil, Flowers of Empire: Roses and Daffodils in the Work of Jamaica Kincaid, Olive
Senior and Lorna Goodison. SPAN: Journal of the South Pacific Association for
Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies 46 (1998): 58-71.
---. Replanted in This Arboreal Place: Gardens and Flowers in Contemporary Caribbean Writing.
English Literatures in International Contexts. Ed. Heinz Antor and Klaus Stierstorfer.
Anglistische Forschungen (AF): 283. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universittsverlag, 2000. 14963.
Timothy, Helen Pyne. Adolescent Rebellion and Gender Relations in At the Bottom of the River and
Annie John. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. Ed.
Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 233-42.
Tolchin, Karen Rebecca. Part Blood, Part Ketchup: Coming of Age in America with J. D. Salinger,
Philip Roth, John Irving, Edith Wharton and Jamaica Kincaid. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61.4, 1410. 2000. Brandeis
University, 2000.
Ty, Eleanor. Struggling with the Powerful (M) Other: Identity and Sexuality in Kogawas Obasan and
Kincaids Lucy. The International Fiction Review: A Biannual Periodical Devoted to
International Fiction 20.2 (1993): 120-26.
Valens, Keja Lys. Obvious and Ordinary: Desire Between Girls in Jamaica Kincaids Annie John.
Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 25.2 (2004): 123-49.
---. Between Women: Desire in Caribbean Literatures. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A:
The Humanities and Social Sciences 65.5, 1771. 2004. Harvard University, 2004.
Vorda, Allan. An Interview with Jamaica Kincaid. Mississippi Review 20.1-2 (1991): 7-26.
---. I Come From a Place Thats Very Unreal: An Interview With Jamaica Kincaid. Face to Face:
Interviews with Contemporary Novelists. Ed. Allan Vorda and Daniel Stern. Houston: Rice
University Press, 1993. 77-106.
Wachtel, Eleanor. Eleanor Wachtel with Jamaica Kincaid. The Malahat Review 116 (1996): 55-71.
Wallace, Jo Ann. De-Scribing the Water Babies: The Child in Post-Colonial Theory. De-Scribing
Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality. Ed. Chris Tiffin and Alan Lawson. London:
Routledge, 1994. 171-84.
Waltonen, Karma. Jamaica Kincaid (1949- ). World Writers in English, Volume I: Chinua Achebe to
V.S. Naipaul. Ed. Jay Parini.New York, NY: Scribners, 2004. 195-212.
Washington, Teresa N. Re-Embodiment of Mother-Daughter Relationship in Beloved. Literary Griot:
International Journal of Black Expressive Cultural Studies 13.1-2 (2001): 100-19.
West, Elizabeth J. In the Beginning There Was Death: Spiritual Desolation and the Search for Self in
Jamaica Kincaids Autobiography of My Mother. South Central Review: The Journal of the
South Central Modern Language Association 20.2-4 (2003): 2-23.
Yang, Ming tsang. Vision and Revision in Jamaica Kincaids On Seeing England for the First Time.
Studies in Language and Literature 6 (1994): 143-52.
Yeoh, Gilbert. From Caliban to Sycorax: Revisions of The Tempest in Jamaica Kincaids Annie John.
World Literature Written in English 33-34.2-1 (1993): 103-16.
THWAITES, ELIZABETH HART
Ferguson, Moira. The Hart Sisters: Early African Caribbean Writers, Evangelicals, and Radicals.
Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993, ix, 214.

BARBADOS

60
GENERAL STUDIES
Bibliotheca Barbadiensis: A Catalog of Materials Relating to Barbados, 1650-1860, in the Boston
Public Library. Boston: Boston Public Library, 1968.
Alexander, Simone A. James. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Columbia,
MO: University of Missouri Press, 2001, x, 215.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. The Oral Whitness and the Scribal Document: Divergent Accounts of Slavery in
Two Novels of Barbados. West Indian Literature and Its Social Context. Ed. Mark A. McWatt.
Cave Hill: University of the West Indies, 1985. 3-11.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. Race, Tradition, and the Construction of the Caribbean Aesthetic. New
Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 25.1, Literary History and Other
Histories (1994): 109-20.
Fido, Elaine Savory. Finding a Way to Tell It: Methodology and Commitment in Theatre About Women
in Barbados and Jamaica. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature. Ed. Carole
Boyce Davies and Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1990. 331-43.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
Nixon, Rob. Caribbean and African Appropriations of The Tempest. Critical Inquiry 13.3, Politics and
Poetic Value (1987): 557-78.
Ogunyemi, Chikwenye Okonjo. The Old Order Shall Pass: The Examples of Flying Home and
Barbados. Studies in Short Fiction 20.1 (1983): 23-32.
Pollard, Velma. Word Sounds: The Language of Rastafari in Barbados and St. Lucia. Jamaica
Journal 17.1 (1984): 57-62.
Pradel, L. African Sacredness and Caribbean Cultural Forms; The Creole Society Model Revisited:
Essays in Honour of Kamau Brathwaite. The Caribbean Quarterly 44.1-2 (1998): 145-52.
Ramchand, Kenneth. An Introduction to the Study of West Indian Literature. Sudbury-on-Thames:
Nelson Caribbean, 1976, 183.
Wickham, John. Literature and Being Barbadian. Barbados: Thirty Years of Independence. Ed.
Trevor Carmichael. Kingston: Ian Randle, 1996. 238-64.
BECKLES, HILARY
Griffith, Glyne A. Struggling with a Structure: Narrating Gender and Agency Across Discursive
Boundaries. Bucknell Review: A Scholarly Journal of Letters, Arts and Sciences 44.2 (2001):
160-78.
---. Struggling With a Structure: Gender, Agency, and Discourse. The Culture of Gender and
Sexuality in the Caribbean. Ed. Linden Lewis. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida,
2003. 275-93.
BRATHWAITE, EDWARD KAMAU
How Far Are Derek Walcott and Edward Brathwaite Similar?: Is It Impossible for the Caribbean to
Choose between the Two, If So, Which Way Should They Choose and Why? Busara 6.1
(1974): 90-100.
Caribbean Studies. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 11-12 (1975).
Kamau Brathwaite. Special Issue of World Literature Today 68.4 (1994), 653-903.
Alexander, Simone A. James. Racial and Cultural Categorizations of Language: The Evolution of
Kamau Braithwaites Nation Language in the Fiction of Paule Marshall. Revista
Interamericana Review 31.1-4 (2001).
Antoine-Dunne, Jean. Time and Space in Their Indissoluble Connection: Towards an Audio-Visual
Caribbean Aesthetic. The Montage Principle: Eisenstein in New Cultural and Critical
Contexts. Ed. Jean Antoine-Dunne, Paula Quigley, and Geoffrey Nowell-Smith. Critical
Studies (CritSt): 21. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004. 125-52.
Asein, Samuel Omo. The Concept of Form: A Study of Some Ancestral Elements in Brathwaites
Trilogy. African Studies Association of the West Indies Bulletin 4 (1971): 9-38.
---. Symbol and Meaning in the Poetry of Edward Brathwaite. World Literature Written in English 20.1
(1981): 96-104.
Baugh, Edward. Edward Brathwaite as Critic: Some Preliminary Observations. The Caribbean
Quarterly 28.1-2 (1982): 66-75.
---. Poetry as Ritual: Reading Kamau Brathwaite. The Journal of West Indian Literature 8.1 (1998): 19.

61
Best, Curwen. Tracking a Tradition: Kamau Brathwaite and the Bajan Hardcore. The Caribbean
Quarterly 47.4 (2001): 33-48.
Biancolini, Paola. The Experience of Recognition in Brathwaites Roots. Caribana 5 (1996): 173-78.
Bobb, June D. Beating a Restless Drum: the Poetics of Kamau Brathwaite and Derek Walcott.
Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1998.
Bodunde, Charles A. The Black Writer in the Multicultural Caribbean: The Vision of Africa in Edward
Kamau Brathwaites The Arrivants. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 12 (1994):
17-33.
Branche, Jerome. Para hablar en caribeo de verdad: Sobre martirio y mitopoiesis en la literatura
caribea. Lo que tenamos que tener: Raza y revolucin en Nicols Guilln. Ed. Jerome
Branche. Antonio Cornejo Polar: 1. Pittsburgh, PA: Instituto Internacional de Literatura
Iberoamericana, University of Pittsburgh, 2003. 199-225.
---. The Dreadren and the Message: Of Martyrdom and Mythopoiesis in Caribbean Literature. Latin
American Narratives and Cultural Identity: Selected Readings. Ed. Irene Maria Blayer and
Mark Cronlund Anderson. Latin America: Interdisciplinary Studies: 7. New York, NY: Peter
Lang, 2004. 124-52.
Brathwaite, Edward Kamau . Caribbean Man in Space and Time. Savacou: A Journal of the
Caribbean Artists Movement 11-12 (1975): 1-11.
Breiner, Laurence A. Edward Kamau Brathwaite. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African
Writers, Second Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary
Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1993. 8-28.
Brown, Lloyd W. The Cyclical Vision of Edward Brathwaite. West Indian Poetry. Boston: Twayne,
1978. 139-58.
Brown, Stewart. The Art of Kamau Brathwaite . Ed. Stewart Brown. Bridgend: Seren, 1995.
Burrowes, Marcia P. A. Golokwati Conversations: An Interview with Kamau Brathwaite. World
Literature Written in English 39.1 (2001): 9-26.
Busia, Abena P. A. and Alison Saar. Fashioning a Self in the Contemporary World: Notes Toward a
Personal Meditation on Memory, History and the Aesthetics of Origin. African Arts 37 (2004):
54-63.
Chang, Victor Lloyd. Three Caribbean Poets on Their Work: E. Kamau Brathwaite, Mervyn Morris,
Lorna Goodison. Mona: Institute of Caribbean Studies, University of the West Indies, 1993.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. Teaching Brathwaites Wings of a Dove. Okike 15 (1979): 23-26.
Collier, Gordon. Artistic Autonomy and Cultural Allegiance: Aspects of the Walcott-Brathwaite Debate
Re-Examined. Literary Half-Yearly 20.1 (1979): 93-105.
Collins, Loretta Kaye. From the Crossroads of Space to the (Dis)Koumforts of Home: Radio and the
Poet as Transmuter of the Word in Kamau Brathwaites Meridian and Ancestors. Anthurium:
A Caribbean Studies Journal 1.1 (2003).
Compton, Wayde. Culture at the Crossroads: Voodoo Aesthetics and the Axis of Blackness in
Literature of the Black Diaspora. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 27-28
(2003): 481-513.
Connor, William. Edward Brathwaites Symbolic Use of Water Imagery in The Arrivants: A New World
Trilogy. Literary Half-Yearly 21.2 (1980): 13-21.
Coulthard, George Robert. Edward Brathwaite y el neoafricanismo antillano. Cuadernos Americanos
184 (1972): 170-77.
Criswell, Stephen Edward. Folklore and the Folk in Derek Walcotts Omeros and Edward Kamau
Brathwaites The Arrivants. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 58[5], 1716. 1997. University of Southwestern Louisiana. 1997.
DCosta, Jean. The Poetry of Edward Brathwaite. Jamaica Journal 2 (1968): 24-28.
Dalleo, Peter Raphael. Another Our America: Rooting a Caribbean Aesthetic in the Work of Jos
Mart, Kamau Brathwaite and Edouard Glissant. Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal 2.2
(2004).
Dash, J. Michael. Edward Brathwaite. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King.London: Macmillan,
1979. 210.
DeRose, Michelle Diane. Caliban Takes up His Pen: The Epic Poetry of Kamau Brathwaite, Derek
Walcott, and Andrew Salkey. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 57[7], 3027-28. 1997. University of Iowa. 1996.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. Race, Tradition, and the Construction of the Caribbean Aesthetic. New
Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 25.1, Literary History and Other
Histories (1994): 109-20.
Ezenwa, Ohaeto. From a Common Root: Revolutionary Vision and Social Change in the Poetry of
Brathwaite and Chinweizu. Journal of Caribbean Studies 8.1-2 (1990): 89-104.

62
Gikandi, Simon. E. K. Brathwaite and the Poetics of the Voice: The Allegory of History in Rights of
Passage. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 14.3 (1991): 727-36.
Githae Mugo, Micere. Patterns of Communication in Edward Brathwaites Masks. Teaching of
African Literature in Schools. Ed. Eddah Gachukia and S. Kichamu Akivaga. Nairobi: Kenya
Literature Bureau, 1978. 240-45.
Goldberg, Samuel. El desarrollo de la sociedad criolla en Jamaica. Casa de las Amricas 91 (1975):
196-200.
Grant, Damian. Emerging Image: The Poetry of Edward Brathwaite. Critical Quarterly 12 Summer
1970 (1970): 186-92.
Hardcastle, John. Carlos Task: Pictures of Language and English Teaching. Changing English:
Studies in Reading and Culture 9.1 (2002): 7-21.
Hollingsworth, Joyce Tingle. The Empowering Re-Memberings of History and Myth in the Poetry of
Three African Caribbean Writers: Walcott, Brathwaite, and Philip. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[4], 1349. 2002. University of
North Carolina, Greensboro. 2002.
Irele, F. Abiola. The Return of the Native: Edward Kamau Brathwaites Masks. World Literature
Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 68.4 (1994): 719-25.
Ismond, Patricia. Walcott Versus Brathwaite. The Caribbean Quarterly 17.September-December
1971 (1971): 54-71.
---. Walcott Versus Brathwaite. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 220-36.
James, Cynthia. The Unknown Text. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of
Oklahoma 68.4 (1994): 758-64.
James, Louis. Brathwaite and Jazz. The Art of Kamau Brathwaite. Ed. Stewart Brown. Brigend:
Seren, 1995. 62-74.
---. Dancing to My Father: Alterity and Identity in Cross-Cultural Experience. Crabtracks: Progress
and Process in Teaching the New Literatures in English. Ed. Gordon Collier and Frank
Schulze-Engler. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 59.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 67-72.
Jones, Bridget. The Unity Is Submarine: Aspects of a Pan-Caribbean Consciousness in the Work of
Kamau Brathwaite. The Art of Kamau Brathwaite. Ed. Stewart Brown. Brigend: Seren, 1995.
86-100.
Josephs, Kelly Baker. Versions of X/Self: Kamau Brathwaites Caribbean Discourse. Anthurium: A
Caribbean Studies Journal 1.1 (2003).
Katrak, Ketu H. Decolonizing Culture: Toward a Theory for Postcolonial Womens Texts. Modern
Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 35.1 (1989): 157-79.
Kellman, Anthony. Projective Verse as a Mode of Socio-Linguistic Protest. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 21.2 (1990): 47-57.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
Kortenaar, Neil ten. Where the Atlantic Meets the Caribbean: Kamau Brathwaites The Arrivants and
T. S. Eliots The Waste Land. Research in African Literatures 27.4 (1996): 15-27.
Kubayanda, Josaphat Bekunuru. On Discourse of Decolonization in Africa and the Caribbean.
Dispositio/n: American Journal of Cultural Histories and Theories 14.36-38 (1989): 25-37.
Kuelen, Margarete. From Silence to the Fragmented Self: Michelle Cliffs and Edward Kamau
Brathwaites Subject Constitution in Literature and Non-Fictional Prose. Bridges Across
Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 199210.
Lawrence, Leota S. From Cultural Ambivalence to the Celebration of the African Heritage in British
West Indian Literature. College Language Association Journal 23 (1979): 220-33.
Lawrence, Nicholas. World Echoes: Caribbeanness as Method. Xcp: Cross-Cultural Poetics 12
(2003): 85-93.
Lawton de Torruella, Elena. Caribbean Domestic Spaces in Four Modes: Walcott, Hippolyte,
Brathwaite and Rhys. Torre: Revista de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 7.26 (2002): 657-62.
Lazier, Joan M. Poetry and the Preoccupation with Race in the West Indies: Edward Brathwaite.
Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on Black Arts and Culture 1.1 (1972): 45-52.
Mackey, Nathaniel. Edward Brathwaites New World Trilogy. Caliban 3 Spring-Summer 1979 (1979):
58-88.
---. Wringing the Word. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma
68.4 (1994): 733-40.

63
---. Wringing the Word. The Art of Kamau Brathwaite. Ed. Stewart Brown. Brigend: Seren, 1995. 13251.
Martini, Jrgen. Literary Criticism and Aesthetics in the Caribbean, I: E. K. Brathwaite. World
Literature Written in English 24.2 (1984): 373-83.
Matatu, Godwin. E.R. Braithwaite, Guyanese Author, Talks to Godwin Matatu. Africa: International
Business, Economics and Political Monthly 50 (1975): 34-36.
McMorris, Mark D. Provincial Subjects in the Classical Labyrinth: The Challenge to Tradition in
Brathwaites X/Self. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 6.1 (1999): 104-24.
McWatt, Mark A. Edward Kamau Brathwaite (1930- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical
Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 58-69.
Mills, Browyn. Caribbean Cartographies: Maps, Cosmograms, and the Caribbean Imagination.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[11],
4056. 2004. New York University, 2004.
Morris, Mervyn. This Broken Ground: Edward Brathwaites Trilogy of Poems. New World Quarterly
23 June-September 1977 (1977): 91-103.
Narain, Denise deCaires. English Gardens and West Indian Yards: The Politics of Location (One
More Time). Wasafiri 28 (1998): 37-38.
Nelson, Emmanuel S. Black America and the Anglophone Afro-Caribbean Literary Consciousness.
Journal of American Culture 12.4 (1989): 53-58.
Neri, Francesca. Modern Versus Postmodern Models of Identity in Caribbean Literature. Colonizer
and Colonized. Ed. Theo Dhaen and Patricia Krs. Textxet: Studies in Comparative Literature
(Textxet): 26. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000. 277-87.
Nurse, Albertha Myrna. Skeletal Warriors and Real Mirages: Interrogating Our Postcolonial Historical
Makings and (Re)Markings. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 60[7], 2474. 2000. Temple University, 1999.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Jumping into the Big Ups Quarrels: The Hulme/Brathwaite Exchange.
Wasafiri 28 (1998): 34-36.
Pagnoulle, Christine. The Voice of E.K. Brathwaite into French: Grappling with the Untranslatable.
Le langage et lhomme December (1998): 245-52.
Pollard, Charles W. New World Modernisms: T.S. Eliot, Derek Walcott, and Kamau Brathwaite.
Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2004.
Pollard, Velma. Language in the Poetry of Edward Brathwaite. World Literature Written in English 19
(1980): 62-74.
Pradel, L. African Sacredness and Caribbean Cultural Forms; The Creole Society Model Revisited:
Essays in Honour of Kamau Brathwaite. The Caribbean Quarterly 44.1-2 (1998): 145-52.
Rackin, Anna. Tidalectic Lectures: Kamau Brathwaites Prose/Poetry as Sound Space. Anthurium: A
Caribbean Studies Journal 1.1 (2003).
Ramchand, Kenneth. Edward Brathwaite. An Introduction to the Study of West Indian Literature.
Kingston: Nelson Caribbean, 1976. 127-42.
Reichardt, Ulfried. Diaspora Studies and the Culture of the African Diaspora: The Poetry of Derek
Walcott, Kamau Brathwaite and Linton Kwesi Johnson. Diaspora and Multiculturalism:
Common Traditions and New Developments. Ed. Monika Fludernik. Cross/Cultures: Readings
in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 66. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2003. 287-327.
Rohlehr, Gordon. Pathfinder: Black Awakening in The Arrivants of Edward Kamau Brathwaite.
Tunapuna, Trinidad: The Author, 1981.
---. Megalleons of Light: Edward Brathwaites Sun Poem. Jamaica Journal 16.1983 (1983): 81-87.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Returning To Sycorax/Prosperos Response: Kamau Brathwaites Word
Journey. The Art of Kamau Brathwaite. Ed. Stewart Brown. Brigend: Seren, 1995. 208-30.
---. The Word Becomes Name: Self and Community in the Poetry of Kamau Brathwaite, and Its
Relation to Caribbean Culture and Postmodern Theory. Writing the Nation: Self and Country
in the Post-Colonial Imagination. Ed. John C. Hawley. Critical Studies (CritSt): 7. Amsterdam:
Rodopi, 1996. 23-43.
---. Jean Rhys, Race and Caribbean/English Criticism. Wasafiri 28 (1998): 33-34.
Shepherd, Verene A., and Glen Richards. Questioning Creole: Domestic Producers in Jamaicas
Plantation Economy. The Caribbean Quarterly 44.1-2 (1998): 93-107.
Torres-Saillant, Silvio. Caribbean Poetics: Aesthetics of Marginality in West Indian Literature.
Dissertation Abstracts International 52[6], 2136A. 1991. New York University.
Walmsley, Anne. Dimensions of Song: A Comment on the Poetry of Derek Walcott and Edward
Brathwaite. Bim 13 July-December (1970): 152-67.
---. A Sense of Community: Kamau Brathwaite and the Caribbean Artists Movement. The Art of
Kamau Brathwaite. Ed. Stewart Brown. Brigend: Seren, 1995. 101-16.

64
Warner-Lewis, Maureen. Africa: Submerged Mother. The Art of Kamau Brathwaite. Ed. Stewart
Brown. Brigend: Seren, 1995. 52-61.
Weinstein, Norman. Jazz in the Caribbean Air. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the
University of Oklahoma 68.4 (1994): 715-18.
CLARKE, AUSTIN
Algoo-Baksh, Stella. Austin C. Clarke. Toronto; Barbados: ECW; University of the West Indies Press,
1994.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Austin Clarke: Caribbean-Canadians. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in
English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 86-105.
Boxill, Anthony. The Novels of Austin Clarke. The Fiddlehead 75 Spring (1968).
Brown, Lloyd W. The West Indian Novel in North America: A Study of Austin Clarke. The Journal of
Commonwealth Literature July (1970): 89-103.
Brydon, Diana. Caribbean Revolution & Literary Convention. Canadian Literature: A Quarterly of
Criticism and Review 95 (1982): 181-85.
Carmona Rodrguez, Pedro M. Men Dont Have Nothing Like Virginity: Migration, Refraction, and
Black Masculine Performance in Austin Clarkes The Question. Revista Alicantina de
Estudios Ingleses 16 (2003): 21-34.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Austin Clarke. Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 115-21.
Henry, Keith S. An Assessment of Austin Clarke, West Indian-Canadian Novelist. College Language
Association Journal 29.1 (1985): 9-32.
Meir, C. Narrative Technices in Austin Clarkes Mnemosyne Lay in Dust and Thomas Kinsellas
Nightwalker. Etudes Irlandaises: Bulletin de liason des spcialistes francophones dhistoire,
civilisation et littrature de lIrlande. 8 (1983): 57-78.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. The Cityscape in a Few Caribbean-Canadian Short Stories. Journal of the
Short Story in English 31 (1998): 9-22.
Ramraj, Victor J. Temporizing Laughter: The Later Stories of Austin Clarke. Short Fiction in the New
Literatures in English: Proceedings of the Nice Conference of the European Association for
Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies. Ed. Jacqueline Bardolph. Nice: Facult des
Lettres & Sciences Humaines de Nice, 1989. 127-31.
---. Austin C. Clarke. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series. Ed.
Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1993. 29-34.
Riemenschneider, Dieter. Intercultural Communication: Minority Writing in the Post-Colonial World:
The Caribbean-Canadian Connection. Crabtracks: Progress and Process in Teaching the
New Literatures in English. Ed. Gordon Collier and Frank Schulze-Engler. Cross/Cultures:
Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 59. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 383-400.
COLLYMORE, FRANK
Baugh, Edward. Frank Collymore: A Biographical Portrait. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean
Artists Movement 7-8 (1973): 139-48.
Breiner, Laurence A. Is There Still a West Indian Literature? World Literature Written in English 26.1
(1986): 140-50.
Dalleo, Peter Raphael. Shadows, Funerals, and the Terrified Consciousness in Frank Collymores
Short Fiction. The Journal of West Indian Literature 12.1-2 (2004): 184-95.
Hamilton, Bruce. Colly at Eighty. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 7-8 (1973):
15-16.
Nanton, Philip. Frank A. Collymore: A Man of the Threshold. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial
Writing 26.1 (2004): 161-72.
Walmsley, Anne. Colly. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 7-8 (1973): 20-21.
DRAYTON, GEOFFREY
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. La mer et lenfant: trois exemples dans la littrature des Carabes
anglophones. C.A.R.A.: Centre aixois de recherches anglaises 13 (1993): 215-27.
KELLMAN, ANTHONY

65
Kellman, Anthony. Projective Verse as a Mode of Socio-Linguistic Protest. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 21.2 (1990): 47-57.
---. The Revisionary Interior Image: A Caribbean Author Explores His Work. Studies in the Literary
Imagination 26.2 (1993): 101-10.
LADOO, HAROLD SONNY
Brand, Dionne. Harold Sonny Ladoo. Brick 72 (2003): 158-63.
Early, L. R. The Two Novels of Harold Ladoo. World Literature Written in English 15 (1976): 174-84.
Firth, Kathleen. Resisting the Bible and the Whip: Trinidads East Indians and the Canadian
Presbyterian Missions. Colonies, Missions, Cultures in the English Speaking World: General
and Comparative Studies. Ed. Gerhard ed. and introd. Stilz.ZAA Studies: Language Literature
Culture: 12. Tbingen Stauffenburg, 2001. 168-77.
Salick, Roydon. The Bittersweet Comedy of Sonny Ladoo: A Reading ofYesterdays. Ariel 22.3
(1991): 75-85.
Srivastava, Aruna. Images of Women in Indo-Caribbean Literature. Indenture & Exile: The IndoCaribbean Experience. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh. Toronto: TSAR, 1989. 108-14.
Such, Peter. The Short Life and Sudden Death of Harold Ladoo. Bim 63 (1978): 205-13.
LAMMING, GEORGE
George Lamming in Suriname. Ministerie van Onderwijs en Volksontwikkeling, 1981.
Abrahams, Cecil A. George Lamming and Chinua Achebe: Tradition and the Literary Chroniclers.
Awakened Conscience: Studies in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New
Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 294-306.
Ball, John Clement. Towards a Transcultural London: Early West Indian Fiction and the Metropolis.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 117-26.
Barthold, Bonnie J. Black Time: Fiction of Africa, the Caribbean and the United States. New Haven:
Yale University Press, 1981, 209.
Baugh, Edward. Cuckoo and Culture: In the Castle of My Skin. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature (Calgary) 8.3 (1977): 23-33.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. George Lamming: Africa and the Caribbean. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures
in English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 15-21.
Birney, Earle. Meeting George Lamming in Jamaica. Canadian Literature: A Quarterly of Criticism
and Review 95 (1982): 16-28.
Boxill, Anthony. San Cristobal Unreached: George Lammings Two Latest Novels. World Literature
Written in English 12 (1973): 111-16.
Buhle, Paul. C.L.R. James: West Indian George Lamming Interviewed. C.L.R. Jamess Caribbean.
Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1992. 28-38.
Cartey, Wilfred. The Realities of Four Negro Writers. Columbia University Forum 9.3 (1966): 34-42.
---. George Lamming and the Search for Freedom. New World: Barbados Independence Issue 3
Dead Season 1966 and Croptime 1967 (1966): 121-28.
Chukwu, Augustine. Mad-Men and Sane Boys: The Old and the New in George Lammings Of Age
and Innocence. The Commonwealth Novel in English 7-8 (1997): 148-68.
Collier, Eugenia. Dimensions of Alienation in Two Black American and Caribbean Novels. Phylon:
The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture 43.1 (1982): 46-56.
Comfort, Susan Marguerite. Memory, Identity, and Exile in Postcolonial Caribbean Fiction. Dissertation
Abstracts International 55[10], 3187A. 1995. University of Texas, Austin. 1994.
Cook, Michael. A West Indian Novelist. The Yale Review Summer 1973 (1973): 616-24.
Cotter, Michael. Identity and Compulsion: George Lammings Natives of My Person. New Literary
Review 1 (1977): 29-35.
Damian, Jessica. Minting the Face of Empire: Coinage and the Shadow King in George Lammings In
the Castle of My Skin. Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal 2.1 (2004).
Davies, Joan. George Lamming: The Novel and Revolution. Stand 4 (1960): 52-58.
Ellis, David. The Produce of More Than One Country: Race, Identity, and Discourse in PostWindrush Britain. JNT: Journal of Narrative Theory 31.2 (2001): 214-32.
Ferracane, Kathleen K. Images of the Mother in Caribbean Literature: Selected Novels of George
Lamming, Jean Rhys and V.S. Naipaul. Dissertation Abstracts International 48[2], 398A. 1987.

66
Figueroa, John J. M. Introduction to George Lamming. Revista Interamericana Review 5 (1975): 14648.
Forbes, Curdella. ...And the Dumb Speak: George Lammings Theory of Language and the
Epistemology of the Body in The Emigrants. Literature and Psychology: News-Letter of the
Conference on Literature and Psychology of the Modern Language Association of America
48.4 (2002): 6-32.
Gill, Margaret. Feminist Literary Theories and Literacy Discourse in Two George Lamming Texts.
Confronting Power, Theorizing Gender: Interdisciplinary Perspectives in the Caribbean. Ed.
Eudine Barriteau. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 2003. 206-27.
Gunter, Helmut. George Lamming. Introduction to African Literature. Ed. Ulli Beier. London:
Longman, 1967. 205-10.
Hall, Stuart. Lamming, Selvon and Some Trends in the West Indian Novel. Bim 6 December 1955
(1955): 172-88.
Harrell, Elizabeth Nunez. The Tempest and the Works of Two Caribbean Novelists: Pitfalls in the Way
of Seeing Caliban. Dissertation Abstracts International 38, 2775A. 1977. Ann Arbor, MI.
Harris, Leonie B. Myths in West Indian Consciousness: An Examination of George Lammings
Natives of My Person. Critical Issues in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz,
Roberta Quarles Knowles, and Lloyd W. Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 4653.
Haugaard, Janet Butler. The Fiction of George Lamming: Ideological Mandate: Narrative Despair.
Dissertation Abstracts International 41, 1625A. 1980. Ann Arbor, MI.
James, Louis. The Sad Initiation of Lammings G and Other Caribbean Green Tales. Common
Wealth. Ed. Anna Rutherford and A. Norman Jeffares. Aarhus: Akademisk Boghandel, 1972.
135-43.
Jonas, Joyce E. Carnival Strategies in Lammings In The Castle of My Skin. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 35 (1988): 346-60.
Joseph, Margaret Paul. Caliban in Exile: the Outsider in Caribbean Fiction. New York: Greenwood
Press, 1992.
Kemoli, Arthur M. On Interviewing George Lamming. Umma: A Literary Magazine from the University
of Dar es Salaam 3 (1976): 20.
Kent, George E. A Conversation with George Lamming. Black World 22.5 (1973): 4.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
Kirpal, Viney. George Lammings In The Castle of My Skin: A Modern West Indian Novel. Ariel: A
Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 28.2 (1997): 103-14.
Kom, Ambroise. In the Castle of My Skin ou George Lamming et les Carabes coloniales. Presence
africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 112 (1979): 137-53.
---. In the Castle of My Skin: George Lamming and the Colonial Caribbean. World Literature Written
in English 18 (1979): 406-20.
---. Londres des ngres dans The Emigrants et dans Water with Berries de George Lamming. Etudes
anglaises: Grande-Bretagne, Etats-Unis 34.January-March 1981 (1981): 44-60.
---. George Lamming, lecteur de Frantz Fanon. Actualit de Frantz Fanon. Actes du colloque de
Brazzaville (12-16 dc 1984). Ed. Elo Dacy. Paris: Editions Karthala, 1986. 137-45.
Kortenaar, Neil ten. George Lammings In the Castle of my Skin: Finding Promise in the Land. Ariel
22.2 (1991): 43-53.
Lai, Walton Look. C.L.R. James and Trinidadian Nationalism. C.L.R. Jamess Caribbean. Ed. Paget
Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1992. 174-209.
Lamming, George. Caribbean Literature: The Black Rock of Africa. African Forum: A Quarterly
Journal of Contemporary Affairs 1.4 (1966): 32-52.
---. On West Indian Writing. Revista Interamericana 5.2 (1975): 149-62.
Lamming, George. Caribbean Politics and Psyche: A Conversation with George Lamming. Interviews. Commonwealth: Essays and Study 10.2 (1988): 14-25.
---. C.R.L. James: West Indian (George Lamming Interviewed by Paul Buhle). C.L.R. Jamess
Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham: Duke University Press,
1992. 28-36.
Lamming, George and Richard Wright. In the Castle of My Skin. New York: Collier, 1970.
Lyn, Gloria. Once Upon a Time: Some Principles of Storytelling: In the Castle of My Skin. Critical
Issues in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and
Lloyd W. Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 112-24.
Maldonado Diaz, Arturo. Place and Nature in George Lammings Poetry. Revista Interamericana
Review 4 (1974): 402-10.

67
McClure, Charlotte S. Helen of the West Indies: History or Poetry of a Caribbean Realm. Studies in
the Literary Imagination 26.2 (1993): 7-20.
McDonald, Avis G. Within the Orbit of Power: Reading Allegory in George Lammings Natives of My
Person. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 22.1 (1987): 73-86.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. The Detours of Narrative Voice: A Precondition of Self-Narration in Caribbean
Literature. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 19.1 (1996): 71-75.
Munro, Ian Hamilton. The Theme of Exile in George Lammings In the Castle of My Skin. World
Literature Written in English 20 (1971): 51-60.
Munro, Ian Hamilton, Reinhard Sander, and Dean Beebe. Writing and Publishing in the West Indies:
An Interview with George Lamming. World Literature Written in English Newsletter 19 (1971):
17-22.
Munro, Ian Hamilton, et al. Kas-Kas: Interviews With Three Caribbean Writers in Texas: George
Lamming; C.L.R. James; Wilson Harris. Ed. Ian Hamilton Munro and Reinhard Sander. Austin:
African and Afro-American Research Institute, University of Texas at Austin, 1972, 56.
Munro, Ian Hamilton. George Lammings Season of Adventure: The Failure of the Creative
Imagination. Studies in Black Literature 4.1 (1973): 6-13.
---. The Early Work of George Lamming: Poetry and Short Prose, 1946-1951. Neo-African Literature
and Culture: Essays in Memory of Janheinz Jahn. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Ulla Schild.
Mainzer Afrika-Studien: 1. Wiesbaden: Heymann, 1976. 327-45.
Munro, Ian Hamilton. Exile and Community: A Study of the Poetry and Prose of George Lamming.
Dissertation Abstracts International 37, 7765A. 1977. Ann Arbor, MI.
---. George Lamming. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979. 126.
---. George Lamming (1927- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 264-75.
Nair, Supriya Mundadath. Making History: Social Revolution in the Novels of George Lamming.
Dissertation Abstracts International 53[12], 4335A. 1993. University of Texas, Austin.
---. Invented Histories: Cultural Production in George Lammings Season of Adventure. Reading the
Shape of the World: Toward an International Cultural Studies. Ed. Henry Schwarz and Richard
Dienst. Politics and Culture (PoandC): 4. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1996. 167-82.
---. Calibans Curse: George Lamming and the Revisioning of History. Ann Arbor: The University of
Michigan Press, 1996.
Ngai, Mbatau Kaburu Wa. The Relationship Between Literature and Society and How It Emerges in
the Works of G. Lamming, V.S. Naipaul and W. Harris. Busara 8.2 (1976): 53-67.
Ngugi, wa Thiongo [formerly James Ngugi]. The Black Experience. Umma: A Literary Magazine from
the University of Dar es Salaam 3 (1976): 20.
---. In the Name of the Mother: George Lamming and the Cultural Significance of Mother Country in
the Decolonization Process. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other Realisms in
Caribbean Literature. Ed. Timothy J. Reiss. 2nd ed. Trenton, NJ: African World Press, 2002.
127-42.
---. Home from Exile: Lamming and the Colonial Situation. Pan-Africanist (Northwestern University)
1.1 (1971): 2-12.
---. George Lammings In the Castle of My Skin. Homecoming: Essays on African and Caribbean
Literature, Culture and Politics. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1972. 110-26.
Nightingale, Margaret. George Lamming and V.S. Naipaul: Thesis and Antithesis. ACLALS Bulletin 5
(1980): 40-50.
Nixon, Rob. Caribbean and African Appropriations of The Tempest. Critical Inquiry 13.3, Politics and
Poetic Value (1987): 557-78.
Nunez-Harrell, Elizabeth. Lamming and Naipaul: Some Criteria for Evaluating the Third-World Novel.
Contemporary Literature 19.1 (1978): 26-47.
Odhiambo, Christopher J. Outside the Eyes of the Other: George Lamming and Definition in Of Age
and Innocence. Research in African Literatures 25.2 (1994): 121-30.
Ojo, Patchechole Poindexter. Nature in Three Caribbean Novels. Journal of Caribbean Studies 2.1
(1981): 85-107.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. Politics and the Novels of George Lamming. Dissertation Abstracts
International 38, 285A. 1977. Ann Arbor, MI.
---. George Lamming. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series. Ed.
Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1993. 54-69.
---. Documents of West Indian History: Telling a West Indian Story. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 764-76.
Paquet, Sarah Pouchet. The Novels of George Lamming. London: Heinemann, 1982.

68
Petersen, Kirsten Holst. Time, Timelessness and the Journey Metaphor in George Lammings In the
Castle of My Skin and Natives of My Person. The Commonwealth Writer Overseas: Themes
of Exile and Expatriation. Ed. Alastair Niven. Brussels: Didier, 1976. 283-88.
Prez Sisto, Edith. Entre la ficcin y la realidad: Paradojas del Caribe anglfono. Cuadernos
Americanos 16.6 [96] (2002): 48-58.
Phillips, Caryl. George Lamming. Wasafiri 26 (1997): 10-17.
---. Following On: The Legacy of Lamming and Selvon. Wasafiri 29 (1999): 34-36.
Prentice, Christine. Out of the Pre-Texts of Imperialism into A Future They Must Learn: Decolonizing
the Allegorical Subject. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 31.1-2
(2000): 203-29.
Procter, James. The Articulation of Arrival in Early Postwar Caribbean Writing in Britain. Moving
Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 3.2 (2003): 110-18.
Ramchand, Kenneth. The Theatre of Politics. 20th Century Studies 10 December 1973 (1973): 2036.
Riwa, Masanga. An Interview with Mr. George Lamming. Umma: A Literary Magazine from the
University of Dar es Salaam 5 (1975): 100-03.
Robinson, James E. Caribbean Caliban: Shifting the I of the Storm. Comparative Drama 33.4
(1999): 431-53.
Robinson, Jeffrey. Mother and Child in Three Novels by George Lamming. Release 6 (1979): 75-83.
Rohlehr, Gordon. Facing the Past: Some Themes in the Writings of Eric Williams, George Lamming,
and Derek Walcott. Pelican.July-October 1964 (1964): 13-16.
Sandiford, Keith A. P. Ralph Ellison and George Lamming: Two Episodes, One Myth. Minority
Voices: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Literature and the Arts 3.2 (1980): 19-25.
Saunders, Patricia Joan. Beyond Caliban: (Dis)Forming Identity and Being in Contemporary
Anglophone Caribbean Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 60[4], 1140-41. 1999. University of Pittsburgh. 1999.
Schwarz, Bill. C.L.R. James and George Lamming: The Measure of Historical Time. Small Axe: A
Caribbean Journal of Criticism 14 (2003): 39-70.
Silva, A. J. Simoes da. The Luxury of Nationalist Despair: George Lammings Fiction As Decolonizing
Project. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000.
Sparrow, Jennifer Ruth. Caliban Orders History: George Lamming and The Tempest. Wadabagei:
Journal of the Caribbean and Its Diaspora 3.1 (2000): 111-46.
Tabuteau, Eric. American Dream, Urban Nightmare: Edwidge Danticats Breath, Eyes, Memory and
George Lammings In the Castle of My Skin. Alizs: Revue Angliciste de la Runion 22
(2002): 95-110.
Tapping, Craig. Children and History in the Caribbean Novel: George Lammings In the Castle of My
Skin and Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 11.2
(1989): 51-59.
Tarrieu, Yannick. Caribbean Politics and Psyche: A Conversation with George Lamming.
Commonwealth Essays and Studies 10.2 (1988): 14-25.
Taylor, Patrick David Michael. The Narrative of Liberation: Historical Consciousness in the AfroCaribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International 47[1], 193A-4a. 1986.
Tiffin, Helen M. The Tyranny of History: George Lammings Natives of My Person and Water with
Berries. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 10.4 (1979): 37-52.
---. Freedom After the Fall: Renaissance and Disillusionment in Water With Berries and Guerrillas.
Individual and Community in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. Daniel Massa. Msida: University
of Malta Press, 1979. 90-98.
---. The Novels of George Lamming: Finding a Language for Post-Colonial Fiction. Essays on
Contemporary Post-Colonial Fiction. Ed. Hedwig Bock and Albert Wertheim. Mnchen: Max
Hueber Verlag, 1986. 253-74.
---. Rites of Resistance: Counter-Discourse and West Indian Biography. The Journal of West Indian
Literature 3.1 (1989): 28-46.
West, David S. Lammings Poetic Language in In the Castle of My Skin. Literary Half-Yearly 18.2
(1977): 71-83.
Yarde, Gloria. George Lamming: The Historical Imagination. Literary Half-Yearly 11.2 (1970): 35-45.
MARSHALL, PAULE
Alexander, Simone A. James. Racial and Cultural Categorizations of Language: The Evolution of
Kamau Braithwaites Nation Language in the Fiction of Paule Marshall. Revista
Interamericana Review 31.1-4 (2001).

69
---. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri
Press, 2001, x, 215.
Anatol, Giselle Liza. Caribbean Migration, Ex-Isles, and the New World Novel. The Cambridge
Companion to the African American Novel. Ed. Maryemma Graham. Cambridge Companions
to Literature (CCtL). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 70-83.
Basu, Biman. Oral Tutelage and the Figure of Literacy: Paule Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones
and Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God. MELUS: The Journal of the
Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 24.1 (1999): 161-76.
Benston, Kimberly W. Architectural Imagery and Unity in Paule Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones.
Negro American Literature Forum 9.3 (1975): 67-70.
Bracks, Leantin L. Writings on Black Women of the Diaspora: History, Language, and Identity. New
York: Garland, 1998.
Brock, Sabine. Transcending the Loophole of Retreat: Paule Marshalls Placing of Female
Generations. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters. 30 (1987): 79-90.
Brown-Hinds, Paulette Denice. In the Spirit: Dance as Healing Ritual in Paul Marshalls Praisesong
For the Widow. Religion and Literature 27.1 (1995): 107-17.
---. In the Blood: Performing Memory in Paule Marshalls Praisesong for the Widow. Centre of
Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean Womens Literature. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London:
Mango Publishing, 2002. 95-112.
Brown, Lloyd W. The Rhythms of Power in Paule Marshalls Fiction. Novel: A Forum on Fiction 7.2
(1974): 159-67.
Buma, Pascal P. Paule Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones: A Nexus between the Caribbean and the
African-American Bildungsromane. College Language Association Journal 44.3 (2001): 30316.
Bus, Heiner. Good Fences Make Good Neighbors?: Open and Closed Borders in the Fictions of
Paule Marshall, Toni Morrison, and Michelle Cliff, and in Jos Marts Our America. Revista
Canaria de Estudios Ingleses 43 (2001): 119-32.
Busia, Abena P. B. Words Whispered Over Voids: A Context for Black Womens Rebellious Voices in
the Novel of the African Diaspora. Black Feminist Criticism and Critical Theory. Ed. Joe
Weixlmann and Houston A. Baker, Jr. Studies in Black American Literature: 3. Greenwood,
FL: Penkevill, 1988. 1-41.
Cartwright, Keith. Notes Toward a Voodoo Hermeneutics: Soul Rhythms, Marvelous Transitions, and
Passages to the Creole Saints in Praisesong for the Widow. Southern Quarterly: A Journal of
the Arts in the South 41.4 (2003): 127-43.
Charras, Franoise. Neither Fish nor Fowl: A Reading of Paule Marshalls Earlier Short Stories From
a Caribbean Perspective. Telling Stories: Postcolonial Short Fiction in English. Ed. Jacqueline
Bardolph. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 47.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 109-18.
Chin, Timothy S. Refiguring Home: Displacement, Identity, and Questions of the Postcolonial in the
Narrative Fiction of Paule Marshall. Dissertation Abstracts International 53[10], 3526A. 1993.
University of Michigan.
---. Bullers and Battymen: Contesting Homophobia in Black Popular Culture and Contemporary
Caribbean Literature. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.1 (1997):
127-41.
Christian, Barbara T. Ritualistic Process and the Structure of Paule Marshalls Praisesong for the
Widow. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 6.2 (18) (1983): 74-84.
Cobb, Michael L. Irreverent Authority: Religious Apostrophe and the Fiction of Blackness in Paule
Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones. The University of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal
of the Humanities 72.2, 631. 2003. University of Toronto Press.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. Revisioning Our Kumblas: Transforming Feminist and Nationalist
Agendas in Three Caribbean Womens Texts. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 16.1 (1993): 44-64.
---. Revisioning Our Kumblas: Transforming Feminist and Nationalist Agendas in Three Caribbean
Womens Texts. Postcolonial Theory and the United States: Race, Ethnicity, and Literature.
Ed. Amritjit Singh and Peter Schmidt. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.
300-19.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. An Interview with Paule Marshall. The Southern Review: Literary and
Interdisciplinary Essays 28.1 (1992): 1 (20).
Davies, Carole Boyce. Paule Marshall. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers,
Third Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1996. 192-202.

70
DeLamotte, Eugenia. Women, Silence, and History in The Chosen Place, The Timeless People.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 16.1 (1993): 227-42.
---. Places of Silences, Journeys of Freedom: the Fiction of Paule Marshall. Philadelphia, PA:
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.
Demirtrk, E. Lale. Postcolonial Reflections on the Discourse of Whiteness: Paule Marshalls The
Chosen Place, the Timeless People. College Language Association Journal 48.1 (2004): 88102.
Denniston, Dorothy Hamer. The Fiction of Paule Marshall: Reconstructions of History, Culture, and
Gender. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995.
Denniston, Dorothy L. Early Short Fiction by Paule Marshall. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora
Arts and Letters 18 (1983): 31-45.
DuBoin, Corinne. Paule Marshalls Reconstruction of Barbados in Brown Girl, Brownstones.
Commonwealth Essays and Studies 18.2 (1996): 90-98.
Elia, Nada. Trances, Dances, and Vociferations: Agency and Resitance in Africana Womens
Narratives. New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 2001.
Eppert, Claudia. (Un)Learning Home: Paule Marshalls Praisesong for the Widow, Emmanuel
Levinas, and an Ethics of Reading for Alterity. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a
Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language
and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 169-83.
Ferguson, Moira. Of Bears & Bearings: Paule Marshalls Diverse Daughters. MELUS: The Journal of
the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 24.1 (1999): 17795.
Francis, Donette Angela. Paule Marshall: New Accents on Imigrant America. The Black Scholar:
Journal of Black Studies and Research 30.2 (2000): 21 (5).
Gallego, Mara del Mar. Going Back Home: Homelands and Futurelands in Paule Marshalls
Praisesong for the Widow. Evolving Origins, Transplanting Cultures: Literary Legacies of the
New Americans. Ed. Laura P. Alonso Gallo and Antonia Domnguez Miguela. Collectanea: 65.
Huelva: Universidad de Huelva, 2002. 67-75.
Graulich, Melody and Lisa Sisco. Meditations on Language and the Self: A Conversation with Paule
Marshall. NWSA Journal: A Publication of the National Womens Studies Association 4.3
(1992): 282 (21).
Gyssels, Kathleen. Sages sorcires? Rvision de la mauvaise mre dans Beloved (Toni Morrison),
Praisesong for the Widow (Paule Marshall), et Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem (Maryse
Cond). Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2001.
---. Fils et filles dAnancy: Exil diasporique et identit m-tisse chez Schwarz-Bart et Marshall.
Revue de littrature compare 76.2 (2002): 178-90.
---. Caribbean Waves: The Oppressed Language As Language of the Oppressed in Paule Marshalls
Praisesong for the Widow and Simone & Andr Schwarz-Barts Un plat de porc aux bananes
vertes. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 185-97.
Harris, Trudier. No Outlet for the Blues: Silla Boyces Plight in Brown Girl, Brownstones. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 6.2 (18) (1983): 57-67.
Hathaway, Heather A. Cultural Crossings: Migration, Generation, and Gender in Writings by Claude
McKay and Paule Marshall. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[11], 4093A. 1994. Harvard
University, 1993.
---. Caribbean Waves: Relocating Claude MacKay and Paule Marshall. Bloomington, IN: Indiana
University Press, 1999.
Hawthorne, Evelyn J. Ethnicity and Cultural Perspectives in Paule Marshalls Short Fiction. MELUS:
The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States
13.3/4 (1986): 37-48.
---. The Critical Difference: Paule Marshalls Personal and Literary Legacy. The Black Scholar:
Journal of Black Studies and Research 30.2 (2000): 2 (5).
Hoefel, Roseanne. Praisesong for Paule Marshall: Music and Dance as Redemptive Metaphor in
Brown Girl, Brownstones and Praisesong for the Widow. MaComre: Journal of the
Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 134-44.
Ibironke, Olabode. The Paradox of Cultural Self-Representation in Paule Marshalls Praisesong for
the Widow. Language & Intercultural Communication 4.1-2 (2004): 60-67.
James, Cynthia. Reconnecting the Caribbean-American Diaspora in Paule Marshalls Brown Girl,
Brownstones and Erna Brodbers Louisiana. College Language Association Journal 45.2
(2001): 151-70.

71
---. Gender and Hemispheric Shifts in the Caribbean Narrative in English at the Close of the 20th
Century: A Study of Paule Marshalls Daughters and Erna Brodbers Louisiana. Jouvert: A
Journal of Postcolonial Studies 5.3 (2001).
James, Simone Alexis. Mother/Motherland/Mothercountry Trichotomy: Negotiating Maternity and
Maternal Spaces in the Works of Afro-Caribbean Women Novelists. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[2], 429-30. 1999. Rutgers U,
New Brunswick. 1999.
Japtok, Martin. Paule Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones: Reconciling Ethnicity and Individualism.
African American Review 32 (1998): 306-315.
---. Sugarcane as History in Paule Marshalls To Da-Duh, in Memoriam. African American Review
34.3 (2000): 475-82.
John, Catherine Amelia. Clear Word and Third Sight: Folk Groundings and Diasporic Consciousness
in African Caribbean Writing. 241 p. Durham, NC / London: Duke University Press, 2003, xi,
241.
Johnson, Beverly A. Revolutionary Solutions: Challenging Colonialist Attitudes in the Works of Paule
Marshall. College Language Association Journal 45.4 (2002): 460-76.
Jones, Gavin. The Sea Ain Got No Back Door: The Problems of Black Consciousness in Paule
Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones. African American Review 32.4 (1998) 597-606.
Juneja, Renu and James Kingsland. The Caribbean-American Connection: A Paradox of Success
and Subversion. Journal of American Culture 21.3 (1998): 63-67.
Keizs, Marcia. Themes and Style in the Works of Paule Marshall. Negro American Literature Forum
9.3 (1975): 67-76.
Keulen, Margaret. Bringing Together All the Various Strands: Cultural Roots in Paule Marshalls
Literary uvre. Fusion of Culture. Ed. Peter O. Stummer and Christopher Balore.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1984. 81-89.
Konan, Amani. Paule Marshall: A Conradian Praisesong. Critical Arts: A Journal of Media Studies 9.1
(1995): 21 (9).
Kubitschek, Missy Dehn. Paule Marshalls Women on Quest. Black American Literature Forum
21.1/2 (1987): 43-60.
LeSeur, Geta J. The Monster-Machine and the White Mausoleum: Paule Marshalls Metaphors for
Western Materialism. College Language Association Journal 39.1 (1995): 49 (12).
---. Read Your History, Man: Bridging Racism, Paternalism, and Privilege in Paule Marshalls The
Chosen Place, the Timeless People. College Language Association Journal 44.1 (2000): 88110.
Liddell, Janice Lee. Voyages Beyond Lust and Lactation: The Climacteric As Seen in Novels by
Sylvia Wynter, Beryl Gilroy, and Paule Marshall. Arms Akimbo: Africana Women in
Contemporary Literature. Ed. Janice Lee Liddell, Yakini Belinda Kemp, and Beverly GuySheftall. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999. 32-45.
Lpez Ropero, Lourdes. Some of All of Us in You: Intra-Racial Relations, Pan-Africanism and
Diaspora in Paule Marshalls The Fisher King. Miscelanea: A Journal of English and
American Studies 26 (2002): 39-57.
Machado, Elena. Going Global in a Caribbean Locale: Traveling Home in the Works of Paule Marshall,
Cristina Garca, Andrea Levy and Caryl Phillips. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section
A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[6], 2090. 2003. State University of New York,
Stony Brook. 2003.
Macpherson, Heidi Slettedahl. Perceptions of Place: Geopolitical and Cultural Positioning in Paule
Marshalls Novels. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed. Maryse Cond and
Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 75-96.
Marshall, Paule. The Mother Poets of My Art. The Caribbean Quarterly 46.3-4 (2000): 59-71.
McDonald, Kathlene. Paule Marshalls Critique of Capitalism and Cold War Ideology: Brown Girl,
Brownstones as a Resistant Working-Class Text. The Black Scholar: Journal of Black Studies
and Research 30.2 (2000): 26 (8).
McKoy, Sheila Smith. The Limbo Contest: Diaspora Temporality and its Reflection in Praisesong for
the Widow and Daughters of the Dust. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 22.1 (1999): 208-22.
Meehan, Kevin Vincent. Caribbean versus United States Racial Categories in Three Caribbean
American Coming of Age Stories. Narrative 7.3 (1999): 259-71.
Melchior, Bernhard. Re-Visioning the Self Away From Home: Autobiographical and Cross-Cultural
Dimensions in the Works of Paule Marshall. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1998.

72
Meyer, Adam. Memory and Identity for Black, White, and Jew in Paule Marshalls The Chosen Place,
the Timeless People. MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic
Literature of the United States 20.3 (1995): 99-120.
Mill, Solveig. The Enigma of In-Between: Transdifference in Paule Marshalls Daughters. Sargasso:
Literature, Language, Culture 2 (2004): 43-57.
Nair, Supriya Mundadath. Homing Instincts: Immigrant Nostalgia and Gender Politics in Brown Girl,
Brownstones. Caribbean Romances: The Politics of Regional Representation. Ed. Belinda
Joy Edmondson. New World Studies. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1999.
183-98.
Nelson, Emmanuel S. Black America and the Anglophone Afro-Caribbean Literary Consciousness.
Journal of American Culture 12.4 (1989): 53-58.
Niesen de Abruna, Laura. Twentieth-Century Women Writers From the English-Speaking Caribbean.
Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R.
Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 86-97.
Ogunyemi, Chikwenye Okonjo. The Old Order Shall Pass: The Examples of Flying Home and
Barbados. Studies in Short Fiction 20.1 (1983): 23-32.
Olmsted, Jane. The Pull to Memory and the Language of Place in Paule Marshalls The Chosen
Place, The Timeless People and Praisesong for the Widow. African American Review 31.2
(1997): 249-67.
Palmer, Opal Adisa. A Writer/Healer: Literature, a Blueprint for Healing. Healing Culture: Art and
Religion as Curative Practices in the Caribbean and Its Diaspora. Ed. Margarite Fernndez
Olmos and Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert. New York, NY: Palgrave, 2001. 179-93.
Pannill, Linda. From the Wordshop: The Fiction of Paule Marshall. MELUS: The Journal of the
Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 12.2 (1985): 63-73.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. Paule Marshalls The Chosen Place, The Timeless People: Untenable
Sisterhoods. Journal of Caribbean Studies 13.1-2 (1998): 58-75.
---. The Chosen Place, The Timeless People: Race, Colonial Power and the Absence of Sisterhood.
The Caribbean Quarterly 48.4 (2002): 41-53.
Pettis, Joyce Owens and Paule Marshall. A MELUS Interview: Paule Marshall. MELUS: The Journal
of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 17.4 (1991):
117-29.
Pettis, Joyce Owens. Talk as Defensive Artifice: Merle Kinbona in The Chosen Place, The Timeless
People. African American Review 26.1 (1992): 109-17.
---. Legacies of Community and History in Paule Marshalls Daughters. Studies in the Literary
Imagination 26.2 (1993): 89 (11).
---. Toward Wholeness in Paule Marshalls Fiction. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995.
---. Qualities of Endurance: Paule Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones. The Black Scholar: Journal of
Black Studies and Research 30.2 (2000): 15 (6).
Rahming, Melvin Bert. Towards a Caribbean Mythology: The Function of Africa in Paule Marshalls
The Chosen Place, The Timeless People. Studies in the Literary Imagination 26.2 (1993): 7787.
Restovich, Catherine R. Negotiating Identity in the Waters of the Atlantic: The Middle Passage Trope
in African-American and Afro-Caribbean Womens Writing. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[1], 160. 2001. Saint Louis
University, 2000.
Reyes, Angelita Dianne. Crossing the Bridge: The Great Mother in Selected Novels of Toni Morrison,
Paule Marshall, Simone Schwarz-Bart, and Mariama B. Dissertation Abstracts International
46[6], 1619A. 1985.
Robinson, Kim Dismont. Bourne Again: Mythic History in Paule Marshalls The Chosen Place, The
Timeless People. Sargasso: Literature, Language, Culture.2 (2004): 31-42.
Rogers, Susan. Embodying Cultural Memory in Paule Marshalls Praisesong for the Widow. African
American Review 34.1 (2000): 77-93.
Sandiford, Keith A. P. Paule Marshalls Praisesong for the Widow: The Reluctant Heiress, or Whose
Life is it Anyway? Black American Literature Forum 20.4 (1986): 371-92.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Ex/Isle: Separation, Memory and Desire in Caribbean Womens Writing.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998):
170-78.
Scarboro, Ann Armstrong. The Healing Process: A Paradigm for Self-Renewal in Paule Marshalls
Praisesong for the Widow and Camara Layes Le regard du roi. Modern Language Studies
19.1 (1989): 28-36.

73
Schenck, Mary Jane. Ceremonies of Reconciliation: Paule Marshalls The Chosen Place, The
Timeless People. MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic
Literature of the United States 19.4 (1994): 49-60.
Sherrard, Cherene. The Colonizing Mother Figure in Paule Marshalls Brown Girl, Brownstones and
Jamaica Kincaids The Autobiography of My Mother. MaComre: Journal of the Association
of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 2 (1999): 125-33.
Skerrett, Joseph T., Jr. Paule Marshall and The Crisis of Middle Years: The Chosen Place, The
Timeless People. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters.18 (1983): 68-73.
Smith, Maria Thecla. Slain in the Spirit: A Vodun Aesthetic in Selected Works of Simone SchwarzBart, Zora Neale Hurston, and Paule Marshall. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A:
The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[3], 978. 2000. Louisiana State University, 2000.
Stevenson, Peggy Lee Denise. Conflicts of Culture, Class and Gender in Selected CaribbeanAmerican and Caribbean Womens Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International 50[10],
3222A. 1990.
Storhoff, Gary. Yesterday Comes like Today: Communitas in Paule Marshalls The Chosen Place,
the Timeless People. MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic
Literature of the United States 23.2 (1998): 49-64.
Talbert, L. Lee. The Poetics of Prophecy in Paule Marshalls Soul Clap Hands and Sing. MELUS:
The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 5.1
(1978): 49-56.
Taylor, Eleanor W. Paule Marshall Brown Girl, Brownstones: Pioneering Change in Literary Study:
Keynoting the 1999 Hearts Day Conference. The Black Scholar: Journal of Black Studies
and Research 30.2 (2000): 7 (8).
Walker, Daniel E. Suicidal Tendencies: African Transmigration in the History and Folklore of the
Americas. Griot: Official Journal of the Southern Conference on Afro-American Studies, Inc.
18.2 (1999): 10-18.
Waniek, Marilyn Nelson. Paltry Things: Immigrants and Marginal Men in Paule Marshalls Short
Fiction. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters.18 (1983): 46-56.
Waxman, Barbara Frey. Dancing out of Form, Dancing into Self: Genre and Metaphor in Marshall,
Shange, and Walker. MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic
Literature of the United States 19.3 (1994): 91-106.
Wilentz, Gay. Paule Marshall, Praisesong for the Widow. Binding Cultures: Black Women Writers in
Africa and the Diaspora. Ed. Gay Wilentz. Blacks in the Diaspora. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana
University Press, 1992. 99-115.
Williams, John A. Return of a Native Daughter: An Interview with Paule Marshall and Maryse Cond.
SAGE: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 3.2 (1986): 52-53.
Wilson, Lucy. Aging and Ageism in Paule Marshalls Praisesong for the Widow and Beryl Gilroys
Frangipani House. Journal of Caribbean Studies 7.2-3 (1989): 189-99.
PHILLIPS, ESTHER
Williams, Sherley Anne. Returning to the Blues: Esther Phillips and Contemporary Blues Culture.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 14.4 (1991): 816-28.

BARBUDA
GENERAL STUDIES
Aceto, Michael. Barbudan Creole English: Its History and Some Grammatical Features; Langlais
creole de Barbuda: son histoire et quelques caracteristiques grammaticales. English WorldWide: A Journal of Varieties of English 23.2 (2002): 223-50.

BELIZE
EDGELL, ZEE
Zee Edgell: Belizean Novelist: A Special Section. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 20.3 (1997): 551-83.

74
Bogle, Enid. Driven to Madness: Psycho-Social Tensions in Two Caribbean Female Characters.
Zora Neale Hurston Forum 4.1 (1989): 9-17.
Bromley, Roger. Reaching a Clearing: Gender and Politics in Beka Lamb. Wasafiri 2 (1985): 10-14.
Bruner, Charlotte H. First Novels of Girlhood. College Language Association Journal 31.3 (1988):
324-38.
Down, Lorna. Singing Her Own Song: Women and Selfhood in Zee Edgells Beka Lamb. Ariel: A
Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 18.4 (1987): 39-50.
Mahlis, Kristen. Women and Nationhood: Zee Edgells In Times Like These. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 31.3 (2000): 125 (16).
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. The Wake in Caribbean Literature: A Celebration of Self-Knowledge and
Community. Alizs: Revue Angliciste de la Runion 13 (1997): 131-41.
Nasta, Susheila. Motherlands, Mothercultures, Mothertongues: Womens Writing in the Caribbean.
Shades of Empire in Colonial and Post-Colonial Literatures. Ed. C. C. Barfoot and Theo
Dhaen.DQR Studies in Literature: 11. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993. 211-20.
Newson, Adele S. The Fiction of Zee Edgell. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed.
Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 184-201.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Interior Schisms Dramatised: The Treatment of the Mad Woman in the Work of
Some Female Caribbean Novelists. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature.
Ed. Carole Boyce Davies and Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, USA: Africa World Press, 1990.
89-109.
Salick, Roydon. The Martyred Virgin: A Political Reading of Zee Edgells Beka Lamb. Ariel: A Review
of International English Literature (Calgary) 32.4 (2001): 107-18.
Shea, Rene Hausmann and Zee Edgell. Zee Edgells Home Within: An Interview. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.3 (1997): 574-83.
Stevenson, Peggy Lee Denise. Conflicts of Culture, Class and Gender in Selected CaribbeanAmerican and Caribbean Womens Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International 50[10],
3222A. 1990.

BERMUDA
GENERAL STUDIES
Robinson, Kim Dismont. Taming The Tempest: Locating Bermuda on the Literary Map. Sargasso:
Literature, Language, Culture.2 (2002): 21-29.
PRINCE, MARY
Baumgartner, Barbara. The Body as Evidence: Resistance, Collaboration, and Appropriation in The
History of Mary Prince. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 24.1 (2001):
253-75.
Bracks, Leantin L. Writings on Black Women of the Diaspora: History, Language, and Identity. New
York: Garland, 1998.
Cesareo, Mario. When the Subaltern Travels: Slave Narrative and the Testimonial Erasure in the
Contact Zone. Women at Sea: Travel Writing and the Margins of Caribbean Discourse. Ed.
Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert and Ivette Romero-Cesareo.New York, NY: Palgrave, 2001. 99134.
Moody, Jocelyn. Unsentimental Journeys: Christian Landscapes of Womens Slavery. Mapping the
Sacred: Religion, Geography and Postcolonial Literatures. Ed. Jamie S. Scott and Paul
Simpson-Housley. xxxiii,Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English:
48. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 155-78.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. The Heartbeat of a West Indian Slave: The History of Mary Prince. African
American Review 26.1 (1992): 131-46.
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. To Be Free Is Very Sweet: Voicing in the Caribbean Woman Writer in The
History of Mary Prince. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature
and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African
American Studies, 1998. 11-21.
Ramchand, Kenneth. Mary Prince and West Indian Womens Writing: Matters Arising. SWI forum
voor kunst, cultuur en wetenschap 14-15.2-1 (1998): 82-88.

75
Schroeder, Janice. Narrat(ing) Some Poor Little Fable: Evidence of Bodily Pain in The History of
Mary Prince and Wife-Torture in England. Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 23.2 (2004):
261-82.
Sharpe, Jenny. Something Akin to Freedom: The Case of Mary Prince. Differences: A Journal of
Feminist Cultural Studies 8.1 (1996): 31-56.
Whitlock, Gillian. Volatile Subjects: The History of Mary Prince. Genius in Bondage: Literature of the
Early Black Atlantic. Ed. Vincent Carretta and Philip Gould. Lexington: University Press of
Kentucky, 2001. 72-86.

DOMINICA
GENERAL STUDIES
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
Nasta, Susheila. Motherlands, Mothercultures, Mothertongues: Womens Writing in the Caribbean.
Shades of Empire in Colonial and Post-Colonial Literatures. Ed. C. C. Barfoot and Theo
Dhaen.DQR Studies in Literature: 11. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993. 211-20.
ALLFREY, PHYLLIS SHAND
Campbell, Elaine. A Report from Dominica, B.W.I. World Literature Written in English 17 (1978): 30516.
---. The Orchid House. London: Virago, 1982, xvi, 256.
---. In the Cabinet: A Novelistic Rendition of Federation Politics. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature (Calgary) 17.4 (1986): 117-25.
---. Phyllis Shand Allfrey. Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 9-18.
---. The Unpublished Short Stories of Phyllis Shand Allfrey. Short Fiction in the New Literatures in
English. Ed. Jacqueline Bardolph. Nice: Facult des Lettres & Sciences Humaines, 1989. 10308.
Niesen de Abruna, Laura. Twentieth-Century Women Writers From the English-Speaking Caribbean.
Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R.
Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 86-97.
Nunez-Harrell, Elizabeth. The Paradoxes of Belonging: The White West Indian Woman in Fiction.
MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 31.2 (1985): 281-93.
---. The Paradoxes of Belonging: The White West Indian Woman in Fiction. Modern Fiction Studies:
A Critical Quarterly 31.2 (1985): 281-93.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. The Outsiders Voice: White Creole Women Novelists in the Caribbean Literary
Tradition. The Journal of West Indian Literature 1.1 (1986): 74-88.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. Phyllis Shand Allfrey: A Caribbean Life. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers
University Press, 1996, xii, 335.
Powell, Joan Miller. The Conflict of Becoming: Cultural Hybridity and the Representation of
Focalization in Caribbean Literature. Literature and Psychology: News-Letter of the
Conference on Literature and Psychology of the Modern Language Association of America
45.1-2 (1999): 63-93.
Williamson, Karina. Voyages in the Dark: Jean Rhys and Phyllis Shand Allfrey. Coventry: Centre for
Caribbean Studies, University of Warwick, 198.
Wyile, Herb. Narrator/Narrated: The Position of Lally in The Orchid House. World Literature Written
in English 31.1 (1991): 21-33.
RHYS, JEAN
West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
The Jean Rhys Debate: A Forum. Wasafiri 28 (1998): 33-38.
Abel, Elizabeth. Women and Schizophrenia: The Fiction of Jean Rhys. Contemporary Literature 20.2
(1979): 155-77.
Allfrey, Phyllis Sand. Jean Rhys: A Tribute. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 1 (1979): 622.v.
Angier, Carole. Jean Rhys. Harmondsworth;New York: Viking, 1985.
---. Jean Rhys: Life and Work. London: Andr Deutsch, 1990.

76
---. Jean Rhys: Life and Work. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992.
Babakhanian, Grace Schneck. Expatriation and Exile as Themes in the Fiction of Jean Rhys.
Dissertation Abstracts International 37, 291A. 1976. Ann Arbor, MI.
Barber-Williams, Patricia. Jean Rhys and Her French West Indian Counterpart. The Journal of West
Indian Literature 3.2 (1989): 9-19.
Barnes, Fiona Ruthven. Dismantling the Masters Houses: Jean Rhys and West Indian Identity.
International Womens Writing: New Landscapes of Identity. Ed. Anne E. Brown and Marjanne
E. Gooz. Contributions in Womens Studies: 147. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1995. 150-61.
Bass, Margaret Kent. Race, Class, and Gender in Four West Indian Novels: Pitch Lake, Corentyne
Thunder, The Hills Were Joyful Together, Wide Sargasso Sea. Imagination, Emblems and
Expressions: Essays on Latin American, Caribbean, and Continental Culture and Identity. Ed.
Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green, OH: Popular, 1993. 127-37.
Bender, Todd Kay. Literary Impressionism in Jean Rhys, Ford Madox Ford, Joseph Conrad, and
Charlotte Bront. New York: Garland, 1997.
Berry, Betsy. Between Dog and Wolf: Jean Rhyss Version of Naturalism in After Leaving Mr
Mackenzie. Studies in the Novel 27.4 (1995): 544-63.
Bhana, Hershini. Diasporic Conversations: Reconceptualizing Black Identity in African and Caribbean
Womens Novels. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 60[5], 1553. 1999. University of California, Berkeley. 1999.
---. La mujer conjuro, el obeah y la quema de la casa del amo: Christophene en El ancho mar de los
sargazos de Jean Rhys. Del Caribe. 34 (2001): 47-64.
Borinsky, Alicia. Jean Rhys: Poses of a Woman as Guest in The Female Body in Western Culture:
Semiotic Perspectives. Poetics Today 6.1-2 (1985): 229-43.
---. Jean Rhys: Poses of a Woman as Guest. Poetics Today 6.1/2 (1985): 229-43.
Braybrooke, Neville. Jean Rhys. Contemporary Novelists. Ed. James Vinson. London; New York: St.
James Press; St.Martins Press, 1972. 1161-65.
Brokken, Jan. Goedenavond, Mrs. Rhys. Amsterdam: Atlas, 1992.
---. En de vrouw een vreemde: Het Dominica van Jean Rhys. 2e, herz. ed. Amsterdam: Pandora,
1997.
Burnett, Paula. Intertextualities: Half a Life, Maugham and Rhys. Moving Worlds: A Journal of
Transcultural Writings 2.1 (2002): 18-25.
Burrows, Victoria. Whiteness and Trauma: the Mother-Daughter Knot in the Fiction of Jean Rhys,
Jamaica Kincaid and Toni Morrison. Basingstoke, Hants: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Campbell, Elaine. From Dominica to Devonshire: A Memento of Jean Rhys. Kunapipi: Journal of
Postcolonial Writing 1.2 (1979): 6-22.
---. Apropos of Jean Rhys. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 2 (1980): 152-57.
---. The Orchid House. London: Virago, 1982, xvi, 256.
---. The Theme of Madness in Four African and Caribbean Novels by Women. The Commonwealth
Novel in English 6.1-2 (1993): 133-41.
Carr, Helen. Jean Rhys. Plymouth: Northcote House, 1996.
---. Intemperate and Unchaste: Jean Rhys and Caribbean Creole Identity. Women: A Cultural
Review 14.1 (2003): 38-62.
Casey Fulton, Nancy J. Study in the Alienation of a Creole Woman: Jean Rhyss Voyage in the Dark.
The Caribbean Quarterly 19.September (1973): 95-102.
---. Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea: Exterminating the White Cockroach. Revista Interamericana
Review 4.Fall (1974): 340-49.
---. The Liberated Woman in Jean Rhyss Later Short Fiction. Revista Interamericana Review 4
(1974): 264-72.
Castro, Joy. Jean Rhys. The Review of Contemporary Fiction 20.2 (2000): 8-46.
Choudhury, Romita. Is There a Ghost, a Zombie there? Postcolonial Intertextuality and Jean
Rhyss. Textual Practice 10.2 (1996): 315-28.
Cilano, Clara N. Place-ing Postcolonial Identity in Contemporary Literature by Women. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61.11, 4380. 2001.
Duquesne University, 2000.
Ciolkowski, Laura E. Navigating the Wide Sargasso Sea: Colonial History, English Fiction, and British
Empire. Twentieth Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal 43.3 (1997): 339-59.
Clarke, Joseph Nathaniel. An Acre of Ground: Figuring Identity in Anglophone Caribbean Fiction.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[9],
3052. 2002. Rutgers U, New Brunswick. 2001.
Comfort, Susan Marguerite. Memory, Identity, and Exile in Postcolonial Caribbean Fiction. Dissertation
Abstracts International 55[10], 3187A. 1995. University of Texas, Austin. 1994.

77
Corhay-Ledent, Benedicte. Between Conflicting Worlds: Female Exiles in Jean Rhyss Voyage in the
Dark and Joan Rileys The Unbelonging. Crisis and Creativity in the New Literatures in
English. Ed. Geoffrey V. Davis and Hena Maes-Jelinek. Cross/Cultures. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
1990. 499-510.
DCosta, Jean. Jean Rhys (1890-1979). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 390-404.
Dash, Cheryl M. L. Jean Rhys. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. 1979. 197-209.
Davidson, Arnold E. and Jean Rhys. The Dark Is Light Enough: Affirmation from Despair in Jean
Rhyss Good Morning, Midnight. Contemporary Literature 24.3 (1983): 349-64.
Davidson, Arnold E. Jean Rhys. New York: Ungar, 1985.
De Souza, Eunice. Four Expatriate Writers. Journal of the School of Languages 4.Winter 1976-77
(1976): 54-60.
Defromont, F. Mmoires hantes: de Jane Eyre Wide Sargasso Sea in Le Bonheur, Ordre et
Dsordre. Cahier victoriens & douardiens.27 (1988): 149-57.
Delany, P. Jean Rhys and Ford Madox Ford: What Really Happened? Mosaic: A Journal for the
Comparative Study of Literature and Ideas 16.4 (1983): 15-24.
Delourme, C. La mmoire fconde. Rflexions sur lintertextualit: Jane Eyre, Wide Sargasso Sea.
Etudes Anglaises: Grande-Bretagne, Etats-Unis 42.3 (1989): 257-69.
Diamond, Marie Josephine. Remembering Differently: The Madwoman, the Hysteric and the Witch in
Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea, Hlne Cixous Portrait de Dora and Maryse Conds Moi,
Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem. Gendered Memories. Ed. John Neubauer and Helga GeyerRyan. Textxet: Studies in Comparative Literature (Textxet): 28. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000. 920.
Drake, Sandra E. All that Foolishness/That All Foolishness: Race and Caribbean Culture as
Thematics of Liberation in Jean Rhys Wide Sargasso Sea. Crtica: A Journal of Critical
Essays (University of California, San Diego) 2.2 (1990): 97-112.
Emery, Mary Lou. The Politics of Form: Jean Rhyss Social Vision in Voyage in the Dark and Wide
Sargasso Sea. Twentieth-Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal 28.4 (1982):
418-30.
---. Jean Rhys at Worlds End: Novels of Colonial and Sexual Exile. Austin: University of Texas
Press, 1990.
---. Refiguring the Postcolonial Imagination: Tropes of Visuality in Writing by Rhys, Kincaid, and Cliff.
Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 16.2 (1997): 259-80.
Erwin, Lee. Like in a Looking-Glass: History and Narrative in Wide Sargasso Sea. Novel: A Forum
on Fiction 22.2 (1989): 143-58.
Fayad, M. Unquiet Ghosts: The Struggle for Representation in Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea.
Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 34.3 (1988): 437-52.
Ferracane, Kathleen K. Images of the Mother in Caribbean Literature: Selected Novels of George
Lamming, Jean Rhys and V.S. Naipaul. Dissertation Abstracts International 48[2], 398A. 1987.
Fido, Elaine Savory. Jean Rhys. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117.
Detroit, MI: Gale, 1992. 258-78.
Fils-Aim, Holly W. Coulibri and Libellule: Tradition Empowering Women in Novels by Jean Rhys and
Simone Schwarz-Bart. Journal of Caribbean Studies 9.3 (1993): 164-77.
Flockemann, Miki. Breakdown or Breakthrough? The Madness of Resistance in Wide Sargasso Sea
and A Question of Power. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women
Writers and Scholars 2 (1999): 65-79.
Frickey, Pierrette M. The Dominican Landscape: In Memory of Jean Rhys. Jean Rhys Review 3.1
(1988): 2-10.
---. Critical Perspectives on Jean Rhys. Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1990.
Fumagalli, Maria Cristina. Maryse Conds La Migration des Curs, Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea
and (the Possibility of) Creolization. Journal of Caribbean Literatures 3.2 (2002): 65-87.
---. Names Matter. Journal of Caribbean Literatures 3.3 (2003): 123-32.
Ganner, H. Jean Rhys: Eine Studie zur Rezeption ihres Werkes. Arbeiten aus Anglistik und
Amerikanistik 8.1 (1983): 55-65.
Gardiner, Judith Kegan. Good Morning, Midnight; Good Night, Modernism. Boundary 2: An
International Journal of Literature and Culture 11.1/2, Engagements: Postmodernism,
Marxism, Politics (1982): 233-51.
---. Rhys Recalls Ford: Quartet and The Good Solider. Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 1.1
(1982): 67-81.

78
Gilson, Annette. Internalizing Mastery: Jean Rhys, Ford Madox Ford, and the Fiction of
Autobiography. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 50.3 (2004): 632-56.
Greene, Sue N. Six Caribbean Novels by Women. Nieuwe West-Indische Gids 58 (1984): 61-74.
Gregg, Veronica Marie. Jean Rhys, Europe and the West Indies: A Literary Study. Dissertation
Abstracts International 49[3], 510A. 1988.
---. Jean Rhys on Herself As a Writer. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International
Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 109-15.
---. Jean Rhyss Historical Imagination: Reading and Writing the Creole. Chapel Hill, S.C.: University of
North Carolina Press, 1995.
Griffith, Glyne A. Madness and Counterdiscourse: A Dialogic Encounter Between Wide Sargasso Sea
and Jean Eyre. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and
Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African
American Studies, 1998. 220-27.
Gunner, Liz. Mothers, Daughters and Madness in Works by Four Women Writers: Bessie Head, Jean
Rhys, Tsitsi Dangarembga and Ama Ata Aidoo. Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics. 14,
Madness and Civilization/al-Junun wa al-Hadarah (1994): 136-51.
Gutirrez Mouat, Ricardo. La loca del desvn y otros intertextos de Maldito amor. Modern
Language Notes 109.2 (1994): 283-306.
Harris, Wilson. Carnival of Psyche: Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea. Kunapipi: Journal of
Postcolonial Writing 2 (1980): 142-50.
Harrison, Nancy Rebecca. Jean Rhys and the Novel As Womens Text. Chapel Hill, N.C.;London:
University of North Carolina Press, 1988.
Hawthorne, Evelyn J. Persistence of (Colonial) Memory: Jean Rhyss Carib Texts and Imperial
Historiography. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 32.3 (2001): 91112.
Hearne, John. The Wide Sargasso Sea: A West Indian Reflection. Cornhill Magazine. 1080 Summer
(1974): 323-33.
Hemmerechts, Kristien. A Plausible Story and a Plausible Way of Telling It: a Structuralist Analysis of
Jean Rhyss Novels. Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 1987.
Herndon, Crystal Gerise. Gendered Fictions of Self and Community: Autobiography and
Autoethnography in Caribbean Womens Writing. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[8],
3019A. 1994. University of Texas, Austin. 1993.
Hickman, Trenton Larry. The Colonized Woman as Monster in Jane Eyre, Wide Sargasso Sea, and
Annie John. Journal of Caribbean Studies 14.3 (2000): 181-98.
Hollis, Catherine. The Third Mrs. Rochester: Jean Rhys and the Selma Vaz Dias Affair. Womens
Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 29.5 (2000): 651-80.
Howells, Coral Ann. Jean Rhys. New York (NY): Harvester Wheatsheaf / St. Martins Press, 1991.
Huggan, Graham. A Tale of Two Parrots: Walcott, Rhys, and the Uses of Colonial Mimicry.
Contemporary Literature 35.4 (1994): 643-60.
Hulme, Peter. The Place of Wide Sargasso Sea. Wasafiri 20 (1994): 5-11.
---. Islands and Roads: Hesketh Bell, Jean Rhys, and Dominicas Imperial Road. Jean Rhys Review
11.2 (2001): 23-51.
James, Louis. Sun Fire - Painted Fire: Jean Rhys as a Caribbean Novelist. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature 8.3 (1977): 111-27.
---. Jean Rhys. London: Longman, 1978.
James, Selma. The Ladies and the Mammies: Jane Austen and Jean Rhys. Old Market, Bristol:
Falling Wall Press, 1983.
Johnson, Erica L. Creole Errance in Good Morning, Midnight. Journal of Caribbean Literatures 3.3
(2003): 37-46.
---. Home, Maison, Casa: the Politics of Location in Works by Jean Rhys, Marguerite Duras, and
Erminia DellOro. Madison; London: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press;Associated
University Presses, 2003.
Jones, Angela. Voodoo and Apocalypse in the Work of Jean Rhys. The Journal of Commonwealth
Literature 16.August (1981): 126-31.
Jordis, C. Jean Rhys ou la perspective de lexil. La nouvelle revue franaise.366-367 (1983): 156-67.
Joseph, Margaret Paul. Caliban in Exile: the Outsider in Caribbean Fiction. New York: Greenwood
Press, 1992.
Kappers-den Hollander, Martien. Jean Rhys and the Dutch Connection. Maatstaf: Maandblad voor
Letteren 30.4 (1982): 30-40.
---. Jean Rhys en Jan van Houts. De Revisor 9.2 (1982): 16-25.

79
---. Jean Rhys and the Dutch connection. Journal of Modern Literature Philadelphia 11.1 (1984):
159-73. (dit artikel is ook al iets hoger vermeld moet het twee keer?)
---. Andermans veren: Edouard de Nve, Jean Rhys en Aan de loopenden band. Maatstaf:
Maandblad voor Letteren 41.8 (1993): 76-86.
KeganGardiner, J. The Grave, On not Shooting Sitting Birds, and the Female Esthetic. Studies in
Short Fiction 20.4 (1983): 265-70.
Kineke, Sheila. Like a Hook Fits an Eye: Jean Rhys, Ford Madox Ford, and the Imperial Operations
of Modernist Mentoring. Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 16.2 (1997): 281-301.
Kloepfer, Deborah Kelly. Voyage in the Dark: Jean Rhyss Masquerade for the Mother.
Contemporary Literature 26.4 (1985): 443-59.
Konzett, Delia Caparoso. Ethnic Modernisms: Anzia Yezierska, Zora Neale Hurston, Jean Rhys, and
the Aesthetics of Dislocation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.
Laveggi, L. Ce que savait Jean Rhys. LInfini.13 (1986): 46-51.
Lawton de Torruella, Elena. Caribbean Domestic Spaces in Four Modes: Walcott, Hippolyte,
Brathwaite and Rhys. Torre: Revista de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 7.26 (2002): 657-62.
Lerner, Laurence. Bertha and the Critics. Nineteenth-Century Literature 44.3 (1989): 273-300.
Loendorf, Harald. Two Tunes: Jean Rhys Voyage in the Dark. The Caribbean Quarterly 46.1
(2000): 24-36.
Lonsdale, Thorunn. One of the Most Beautiful Islands in the World and One of the Unluckiest: Jean
Rhys and Dominican Identity. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens
Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo.London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 199-209.
---. Literary Allusion in the Fiction of Jean Rhys. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed.
Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 43-74.
Look Lai, Wally. The Road to Thornfield Hall. New World Quarterly 4.Crop time (1968): 17-27.
Louvel, Liliane. Jean Rhys, Wide Sargasso Sea: The Locket and the Shamrock. Etudes anglaises:
Grande-Bretagne, Etats-Unis 48.2 (1995): 160-72.
Luengo, Anthony. Wide Sargasso Sea and the Gothic Mode. World Literature Written in English 15.
April (1976): 229-45.
Lykiard, Alexis. Jean Rhys Revisited. 1st ed. Exeter: Stride Publications, 2000.
Magarey, Kevin. The Sense of Place in Doris Lessing and Jean Rhys. A Sense of Place in the New
Literatures in English. Ed. Peggy Nightingale. St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press,
1986. 47-60.
Malcolm, Cheryl Alexander and David Malcolm. Jean Rhys: a Study of the Short Fiction. New
York;London: Twayne Publishers;Prentice Hall International, 1996.
Mardorossian, Carine Melkom. Shutting up the Subaltern: Silences, Stereotypes, and DoubleEntendre in Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 22.4 (1999): 1071-90.
Martin, Janette May. The Dynamics of Expatriatism in the Writing of Jean Rhys and Jamaica Kincaid.
Dissertation Abstracts International 56[8], 3120A. 1996. Bowling Green State University, 1994.
Maurel, Sylvie. Jean Rhys. Basingstoke;New York: Macmillan;St. Martins Press, 1998.
Mellown, Elgin W. Character and Themes in the Novels of Jean Rhys. Contemporary Literature 13.4
(1972): 458-75.
Moore, Judith. Sanity and Strength in Jean Rhyss West Indian Heroines. Rocky Mountain Review of
Language and Literature 41.1-2 (1987): 21-31.
Murdoch, H. Adlai. Rhyss Pieces: Unhomeliness as Arbiter of Carribbean Colonization. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 26.1 (2003): 252-72.
Narain, Denise deCaires. English Gardens and West Indian Yards: The Politics of Location (One
More Time). Wasafiri 28 (1998): 37-38.
---. What Happened to Global Sisterhood? Writing and Reading the Postcolonial Woman. Third
Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration. Ed. Stacy Gillis et al. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave
Macmillan, 2004. 240-51.
Nasta, Susheila. Motherlands, Mothercultures, Mothertongues: Womens Writing in the Caribbean.
Shades of Empire in Colonial and Post-Colonial Literatures. Ed. C. C. Barfoot and Theo
Dhaen.DQR Studies in Literature: 11. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993. 211-20.
Nebeker, Helen. Jean Rhyss Quartet: The Genesis of Myth. International Journal of Womens
Studies 2.May-June (1979): 257-67.
---. Jean Rhys: Woman in Passage: a Critical Study of the Novels of Jean Rhys. Montreal: Eden Press
/ Womens Publications, 1981.
Nielsen, H. and Flemming Brahms. Retrieval of a Monster: Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea. Enigma
of Values. Ed. Kirsten Holst Petersen and Anna Rutherford. Aarhus,Denmark: Dangaroo
Press, 1975. 139-62.

80
Niesen de Abruna, Laura. The Incredible Indigo Sea Within Anglo-American Fiction. Engendering
the Word: Feminist Essays in Psychosexual Poetics. Ed. Temma F. Berg et al. Urbana:
University of Illinois Press, 1989. 125-50.
---. Twentieth-Century Women Writers From the English-Speaking Caribbean. Caribbean Women
Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley:
Calaloux, 1990. 86-97.
Nixon, Nicola. Wide Sargasso Sea and Jean Rhyss Interrogation of the Nature Wholly Alien in Jane
Eyre. Essays in Literature 21.2 (1994): 267 (18).
Nunez-Harrell, Elizabeth. The Paradoxes of Belonging: The White West Indian Woman in Fiction.
MFS: Modern Fiction Studies 31.2 (1985): 281-93.
---. The Paradoxes of Belonging: The White West Indian Woman in Fiction. Modern Fiction Studies:
A Critical Quarterly 31.2 (1985): 281-93.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. The Outsiders Voice: White Creole Women Novelists in the Caribbean Literary
Tradition. The Journal of West Indian Literature 1.1 (1986): 74-88.
---. Interior Schisms Dramatised: the Treatment of the Mad Woman in the Work of Some Female
Caribbean Novelists. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature. Ed. Carole Boyce
Davies and Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, USA: Africa World Press, 1990. 89-109.
---. Jumping into the Big Ups Quarrels: The Hulme/Brathwaite Exchange. Wasafiri 28 (1998): 3436.
OConnor, Teresa F. The Meaning of the West Indian Experience for Jean Rhys. Dissertation
Abstracts International 46[3], 709A. 1985.
---. Jean Rhys: The West Indian Novels. New York: New York University Press, 1986, x, 247.
---. Jean Rhys, Paul Theroux, and the Imperial Road. Twentieth-Century Literature: A Scholarly and
Critical Journal 38.4 (1992): 404-14.
Ochshorn, Kathleen. Of Woodlice and White Cockroaches: The West Indian Girlhood of Jean Rhys.
Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 12.2 (1991): 25-35.
Olaussen, M. Jean Rhyss Construction of Blackness as Escape From White Feminity in Wide
Sargasso Sea. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 24.2 (1993): 6582.
Packer, P. The Four Early Novels of Jean Rhys. Durham University Journal 71.June (1979): 252-65.
Plante, David. Jean Rhys: A Remembrance. Paris Review 76.Fall (1979): 238-84.
---. Difficult Women: a Memoir of Three. London: Gollancz, 1983.
Port, Cynthia. Money, For the Night is Coming: Jean Rhys and Gendered Economies of Ageing.
Women: A Cultural Review 12.2 (2001): 204-17.
Porter, Dorothy. Of Heroes and Victims: Jean Rhys and Jean Eyre. The Massachusetts Review: A
Quarterly of Literature, the Arts and Public Affairs 17. Autumn (1976): 540-52.
Rosenberg, Leah Reade. Mother and Country: Implications of Rhyss Construction of Exile.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998):
161-69.
---. Caribbean Models for Modernism in the Work of Claude McKay and Jean Rhys.
Modernism/Modernity 11.2 (2004): 219-38.
Sarvan, Charles P. Flight, Entrapment, and Madness in Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea. The
International Fiction Review: A Biannual Periodical Devoted to International Fiction 26.1-2
(1999): 58-65.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Another Poor Devil of a Human Being ...: Jean Rhys and the Novel as Obeah.
Jean Rhys Review 7.1-2 (1996): 26-38.
---. Another Poor Devil of a Human Being ...: Jean Rhys and the Novel As Obeah. Sacred
Possessions: Vodou, Santera, Obeah, and the Caribbean. Ed. Margarite Fernndez Olmos
and Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1997. 216-30.
---. From Barbados to Dominica: On the Love of Small Islands, and in Search of Jean Rhys. Jean
Rhys Review 9.1-2 (1998): 25-36.
---. Jean Rhys, Race and Caribbean/English Criticism. Wasafiri 28 (1998): 33-34.
---. Ex/Isle: Separation, Memory and Desire in Caribbean Womens Writing. MaComre: Journal of
the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 170-78.
---. Jean Rhys. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1998, xxiii, 306.
Scharfman, Ronnie. Mirroring and Mothering in Simone Schwarz-Barts Pluie et vent sur Telume
Miracle and Jean Rhys Wide Sargasso Sea. Yale French Studies.62 (1981): 88-106.
Smilowitz, Erika Sollish. Childlike Women and Paternal Men: Colonialism in Jean Rhyss Fiction in
Commonwealth Women Writers. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary)
17.4 (1986): 93-103.

81
Smith, R. McClure. I Dont Dream About it Any More: The Textual Unconscious in Jean Rhyss Wide
Sargasso Sea. The Journal of Narrative Technique 26.2 (1996): 113-36.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. Three Womens Texts and a Critique of Imperialism. Critical Inquiry
12.1, Race, Writing, and Difference (1985): 243-61.
Staley, Thomas F. The Emergence of a Form: Style and Consciousness in Jean Rhyss Quartet.
Twentieth-Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal 24.2 (1978): 202-24.
---. Jean Rhys, a Critical Study. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979.
Streip, Katharine. Just a Cerebrale: Jean Rhys, Womens Humor, and Ressentiment.
Representations. 45 (1994): 117-44.
Thieme, John. Apparitions of Disaster: Brontean Parallels in Wide Sargasso Sea and Guerillas. The
Journal of Commonwealth Literature 14. August (1979): 116-32.
Thomas, Clara. Mr Rochesters First Marriage: Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys. World Literature
Written in English 17. April (1978): 342-57.
Thomas, Sue. William Rees Williams in Dominica. Jean Rhys Review 7.1-2 (1996): 3-14.
---. The Labyrinths of A Savage Person-A Real Carib: The Amerindian in Jean Rhyss Fiction. The
Journal of West Indian Literature 7.1 (1996): 82-96.
---. James Potter Lockhart and the Letter of the Law. Jean Rhys Review 9.1-2 (1998): 36-43.
---. Jean Rhys and Dominican Autoethnography. Victorian Journalism: Exotic and Domestic. Ed.
Barbara Garlick and Margaret Harris. Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland Press,
1998. 171-96.
---. The Worlding of Jean Rhys. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.
---. Jean Rhys Writing White Creole Childhoods. A/B: Auto/Biography Studies 19.1-2 (2004): 203-21.
Thompson, Irene. The Left Bank Aperitifs of Jean Rhys and Ernest Hemingway. Georgia Review
35.Spring (1981): 94-106.
Thorpe, Marjorie. The Other Side: Wide Sargasso Sea and Jane Eyre. Ariel 8. July (1977): 99-110.
Thum, Angela M. Wide Sargasso Sea: A Rereading of Colonialism. Michigan Academician 30.3
(1998): 147-62.
Tiffin, Helen M. Mirror and Mask: Colonial Motifs in the Novels of Jean Rhys. World Literature Written
in English 17.April (1978): 328-41.
---. Rites of Resistance: Counter-Discourse and West Indian Biography. The Journal of West Indian
Literature 3.1 (1989): 28-46.
---. Travelling Texts: Intertextuality and Resistance in V.S.Naipauls Guerillas and Jean Rhyss Wide
Sargasso Sea. The Journal of West Indian Literature 6.1 (1993): 58-66.
Todd, Loreto. Jean Rhys, Wide Sargasso Sea: Notes. Harlow; Beirut: Longman;York Press, 1995.
Uraizee, Joya. She Walked Away Without Looking Back: Christophine and the Enigma of History in
Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea. Clio: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Literature, History, and
the Philosophy of History 28.3 (1999): 261-78.
Vincent, Nathalie. Indices de personne et jeu nonciatif: les voix de Jean Rhys [Clues of Person and
Enonciative Play: Jean Rhyss Voices]. Caliban. 30 (1993): 63-81.
Vincent, Nathalie, et al. Pour une approche linguistique du texte littraire: lespace revisit dans
luvre de fiction de Jean Rhys. Anglophonia 9 (2001): 153-61.
Williams, Angela. The Flamboyant Tree: The World of the Jean Rhys Heroine. Planet. August
(1976): 35-41.
Williamson, Karina. Voyages in the Dark: Jean Rhys and Phyllis Shand Allfrey. Coventry: Centre for
Caribbean Studies, University of Warwick, 1987.
Wilson, Lucy. Women Must Have Spunks: Jean Rhyss West Indian Outcasts in Modern Latin
American Fiction. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 32.3 (1986): 439-48.
---. European or Caribbean: Jean Rhys and the Language of Exile. Frontiers: A Journal of Women
Studies 10.3 (1989): 68-72.
---. European or Caribbean: Jean Rhys and the Language of Exile. Literature and Exile. Ed. David
Bevan. Rodopi Perspectives on Modern Literature (RPML): 4. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1990. 7789.
Wolfe, Peter. Jean Rhys. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1980.
Zimring, Rishona. The Make-up of Jean Rhyss Fiction. Novel: A Forum on Fiction 33.2 (2000): 21234.
RUDET, JACQUELINE
Redondo, M. Susana. Realism and the Female Subject in Jacqueline Rudets Basin. Modern Drama
40.4 (1997): 477-88.

82

GRENADA
COLLINS,MERLE
Collins, Merle. Writing Fiction, Writing Reality. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed.
Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 23-31.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Grenadian Popular Culture and the Rhetoric of Revolution: Merle Collins
Angel. The Caribbean Quarterly 41.2 (1995): 57-70.
Lima, Maria Helena. Revolutionary Developments: Michelle Cliffs No Telephone to Heaven and
Merle Collinss Angel. Ariel 24.1 (1993): 35-56.
Meehan, Kevin Vincent. Imagining Revolutionary Communities: Narrative and Social Change in
George Jacksons Soledad Brother, Jean-Bertrand Aristides In the Parish of the Poor, and
Merle Collinss Angel. In Process: A Graduate Student Journal of African-American and
African Diasporan Literature and Culture 1 (1996): 20-35.
Moralejo Grate, Teresa. The Visit, de Merle Collins, y The Bed Sitting Room, de Maureen Ismay:
Dos aproximaciones al tema del desplazamiento en la literatura post-colonial. Lenguaje y
Textos 18 (2002): 143-55.
Saunders, Patricia Joan. Merle Collins. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers,
Third Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1996. 59-66.
Scafe, Suzanne. Versioning the Revolution: Gender and Politics in Merle Collinss Angel.
Postcolonial Literatures: Expanding the Canon. Ed. Deborah L. Madsen. Reconfigurations:
Critical Readings in Post-Colonialism (Reconfigurations). London, England: Pluto, 1999. 12032.
Steele, Susanna and Joan Anim-Addo. New Encounters: Availability, Acceptability and Accessibility
of New Literature From Caribbean Women. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in
Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo.London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 96-102.
Wilson, Betty. An Interview With Merle Collins. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 16.1 (1993): 94-107.

GUYANA
GENERAL STUDIES
Guadeloupe, Guyane, Martinique. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 121-122,
1982.
La Carabe: des les au continent. Cahiers dtudes africaines 37.4 (1997).
Anim-Addo, Joan. Sister Gooses Sisters: African-Caribbean Womens Nineteenth-Century
Testimony. Women: A Cultural Review 15.1 (2004): 35-56.
Antoine, Rgis. Rayonnants crivains de la Carabe. Hati, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane.
Anthologie et analyses. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1998.
Arnold, Josephine V. Guyanese Identities. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 2:
English- and Dutch-Speaking Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John
Benjamins, 2001. 97-110.
Bader, Wolfgang. Martinique, Guadeloupe, Guyane. Eine periphere Literaturgeschichte. Franzsisch
Heute 17.1 (1986): 182-201.
Baudot, Alain. Antilles et Guyane. Guide culturel. Civilisations et littratures dexpression franaise.
Ed. A. Reboullet and Michel Ttu. Paris: Hachette, 1977. 163-205.
Chamoiseau, Patrick and Raphal Confiant. Lettres croles. Traces antillaises et continentales de la
littrature. Hati, Guadeloupe, Guyane 1635-1975. Paris: Hatier, 1991.
Comissiong, Barbara and Marjorie Thorpe. A Select Bibliography of Women Writers in the Eastern
Caribbean (Excluding Guyana). World Literature Written in English 17 (1978): 279-304.
Corzani, Jack. La littrature des Antilles - Guyane Franaise. Pointe--Pitre / Fort-de-France / Paris:
Desormeaux / LHarmattan, 1982.
---. La littrature face la violence. Le cas des Antilles-Guyane. La deriva delle francofonie. Atti dei
seminari annuali di Letterature Francofone: Figures et fantasmes de la violence dans les
littratures francophones de lAfrique subsaharienne et des Antilles. Istituto Universitario
Orientale, Naples 29-30 nov-1er dc. 1990. Bologna: Ed. CLUEB, 1992. 13-38.

83
Corzani, Jack, Lon-Franois Hoffmann, and Marie-Lyne Piccione. Littratures francophones II. Les
Amriques: Hati, Antilles-Guyane, Qubec. Paris: Belin, 1998.
Daly, Vere T. The Making of Guyana. London ;Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1974.
Degras, Priska and Bernard Magnier. Littratures des Carabes. Hati, Martinique, Guadeloupe,
Guyane. Paris: CLEF, 1989.
Eikenaar, Marie Gralde. LEnfant dans la littrature francophone des Antilles-Guadeloupe, Hati,
Martinique et de la Guyane franaise. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 64[6], 2089. 2003. State University of New York, Stony
Brook.
Gafoor, Ameena. Critical Perspectives on the Contemporary Literature, Art and Culture of Guyana
and the Anglophone Caribbean. The Arts Journal. 2004. Georgetown, The Arts Forum.
Gilkes, Michael. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981, 168.
Goslinga, Marian. Caribbean Literature: A Bibliography. XIII Lanham, MD.: Scarecrow Press, Inc.,
1998.
Harris, Wilson. History, Fable and Myth in the Caribbean and Guianas; Being the Text of the 1970
Edgar Mittelholzer Memorial Lectures. Georgetown: Guyana, 1970.
Hazal-Massieux, Marie-Christine. Un regard sur le thtre en crole de 1994 1998 (Guadeloupe,
Martinique et Guyane). Notre Librairie 135 (1998): 118-21.
Kun, Tibor. Az Antillk s Francia Guyana francia nyelv irodalmai. Filolgiai Kzlny 1-2 (1990): 6883.
Kutzinski, Vera M. The Cult of Caliban: Collaboration and Revisionism in Contemporary Caribbean
Narrative. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A.
James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997. 286-302.
Leiner, Jacqueline. Imaginaire, langage, identit culturelle, ngritude. Afrique, France, Guyana, Hati,
Maghreb, Martinique. Tbingen: Narr; Paris: Place: 1980.
MacWatt, Mark A. West Indian Literature and Its Social Context: Proceedings of the Fourth Annual
Conference on West Indian Literature: University of the West Indies: Cave Hill, Mona, St.
Augustine, College of the Virgin Islands, University of Guyana. Annual Conference on West
Indian Literature (4, 1984, Barbados) Cave Hill, St. Michael, Barbados: University of the West
Indies, Department of English, 1988.
Magaa, Edmundo. Contribuciones al estudio de la mitologa y astronoma de los Indios de las
Guyanas. Amsterdam: CEDLA, 1987.
Maximin, Colette. Littratures caribennes compares. Pointe--Pitre: Jasor, 1996.
McWatt, Mark A. The Loneliness of the Long-Distance Writer: Exile and the Trans-Cultural
Imagination in Guyanese Novelists. A Talent(ed) Digger: Creations, Cameos, and Essays in
Honour of Anna Rutherford. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek, Gordon Collier, and Geoffrey V. Davis.
Amsterdam;Atlanta: Rodopi, 1996. 279-86.
Mitchell, Keith Bernard. In the Wake of the World: Legacies of Colonial and Postcolonial Violence in
the Contemporary West Indian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4], 1357-58. 2004. University of North Carolina, Chapel
Hill.
Ntonfo, Andr. Lhomme et lidentit dans le roman des Antilles et Guyane franaise. Sherbrooke:
Naaman, 1982.
Prudent, Lambert Felix. Lmergence dune littrature crole aux Antilles et en Guyane. Prsence
africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir. 121-122 (1982): 109-29.
Relouzat, Raymond. 1992 dans la Carabe. Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane. - Carabe. Martinique,
Guadeloupe, Guyane [1993]. AFI (1992): 137-42.
Relouzat, Raymond and Maryse Cond. Carabe [1994]. La Martinique; La Guadeloupe; La Guyane.
AFI (1995): 159-68.
Rice-Maximin, Micheline. Karukra, prsence littraire de la Guadeloupe. New York [et al.]: Lang,
1998.
Seymour, A. J. The Novel in Guyana. Kaie 4. July (1967): 59-63.
---. The Making of Guyanese Literature. Georgetown: Author, 1980.
Sparer, Joyce. Attitudes Towards Race in Guyanese Literature. Caribbean Studies 8. July (1968):
23-63.
Sternberg, Claudia. Mike Phillips on Migration, Inventing Europe and His Novel A Shadow of Myself:
An Interview. Zeitschrift fr Anglistik und Amerikanistik: A Quarterly of Language, Literature
and Culture 49.4 (2001): 385-93.
Veth, Britta. Kids and Crops: The Concept of Fertility among the Wayana Indians in the Guyana
Amazon. Latin American Indian Literatures Journal: A Review of American Indian Texts and
Studies 15.1 (1999): 1-21.

84
Viatte, Auguste. Littrature dexpression franaise dans la France doutre-mer et ltranger: Suisse
romande, Belgique, Canada, Louisiane, Hati, Petites Antilles et Guyane, Afrique du Nord,
Afrique Noire, Ocan indien, Proche-Orient. Histoire des littratures 3 (1958): 1365-413.
---. Anthologie littraire de lAmrique francophone. Littratures canadienne, louisianaise, hatienne,
de la Martinique, de la Guadeloupe et de la Guyane. Sherbrooke: CELEF, 1971.
---. Le roman de la Louisiane, des Antilles franaises et de la Guyane franaise. Le roman
contemporain dexpression franaise. Introduit par des propos sur la francophonie. Actes du
Colloque organise luniversit de Sherbrooke du 8 au 10 oct 70, sous les auspices du
CELEF. Ed. A. Naaman and L. Painchaud. Universit de Sherbrooke: Facult des Arts, 1972.
136-44.
AGARD, JOHN
Simmons-McDonald, Hazel. Decolonizing English: The Caribbean Counter-Thrust. The Politics of
English as a World Language: New Horizons in Postcolonial Cultural Studies. Ed. Christian
Mair. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 65. Amsterdam:
Rodopi, 2003. 179-201.
CAREW, JAN
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Jan Carew Interview. Journal of Caribbean Studies 6.2 (1988): 117-41.
---. Jan Carew: The Wild Coast. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in English. Ed. Frank M.
Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 42-53.
---. Jan Carew. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1996. 27-35.
Dawes, Kwame S. N. Jan Carew (1925- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 96-107.
Gleason Carew, Joy and Waters, Hazel. The Gentle Revolutionary: Essays in Honour of Jan Carew.
Race & Class: A Journal for Black and Third World Liberation 43[3]. 2001.
Gleason Carew, Joy. Explorations into the Feminism of Jan Carew. Race & Class: A Journal for
Black and Third World Liberation 43.3 (2002): 27-38.
CARTER, MARTIN WYLDE
Asein, Samuel Omo. The Protest Tradition in West Indian Poetry from George Campbell to Martin
Carter. Jamaica Journal 6.2 (1972): 40-45.
Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. Resistance Poems: The Voice of Martin Carter. The Caribbean
Quarterly 23.2-3 (1977): 7-23.
Brown, Lloyd W. Martin Wylde Carter (1927- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 108-14.
Brown, Stewart. All Are Involved: The Poetry and Politics of Martin Carter. New Literature Review 7
(1979): 66-72.
Cudjoe, Selwyn R. Martin Carter. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117.
Detroit, MI: Gale, 1992. 106-11.
Robinson, Gemma. If Freedom Writes No Happier Alphabet: Martin Carter and Poetic Silence.
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 15 (2004): 43-62.
---. Redemptive Strategies in Wilson Harriss Jonestown and Martin Carters Poems of Affinity.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 55-63.
DAGUIAR, FRED
DAguiar, Fred. An Interview with Fred DAguiar by Frank Birbalsingh. Ariel 24.1 (1993): 133-45.
DAguiar, Fred and Mara Fras. Building Bridges Back to the Past: An Interview with Fred DAguiar.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.2 (2002): 418-25.
Harris, Wilson. Canaima: An Overturning of Habits of Mind in Profoundest Trials of the Imagination.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 1-6.

85
Hyppolite, Joanne. Interview with Fred DAguiar. Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal 2.1 (2004).
Ledent, Bndicte. Remembering Slavery: History As Roots in the Fiction of Caryl Phillips and Fred
DAguiar. The Contact and the Culmination: Essays in Honour of Hena Maes-Jelinek. Ed.
Marc Delrez, Bndicte Ledent, and Juliette Dor. Lige: University of Lige. Lige Language
and Literature, 1997. 271-80.
Leusmann, Harald. Fred DAguiar. Wasafiri 28 (1998): 17-21.
Low, Gail. The Memory of Slavery in Fred DAguiars Feeding the Ghosts. Postcolonial Literatures:
Expanding the Canon. Ed. Deborah L. Madsen. Reconfigurations: Critical Readings in PostColonialism (Reconfigurations). London, England: Pluto, 1999. 104-19.
Stewart, Robert J. Fred DAguiar. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1996. 67-78.
DABYDEEN, CYRIL
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Cyril Dabydeen: Here and There. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in English.
Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 106-19.
Riemenschneider, Dieter. Intercultural Communication: Minority Writing in the Post-Colonial World:
The Caribbean-Canadian Connection. Crabtracks: Progress and Process in Teaching the
New Literatures in English. Ed. Gordon Collier and Frank Schulze-Engler. Cross/Cultures:
Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 59. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 383-400.
DABYDEEN, DAVID
Birbalsingh, Frank M. David Dabydeen: Coolie Odyssey. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in
English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 167-82.
---. Coolie Odyssey. Frontiers of Caribbean Literature. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh. London: Macmillan,
1996. 167-82.
Dabydeen, David. David Dabydeen Interviewed by Wolfgang Binder. The Journal of West Indian
Literature 3.2 (1989): 67-80.
---. Interview by Frank Birbalsingh. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 12.3 (1990): 104-20.
---. Interview by Kwame Dawes. The Art of David Dabydeen. Ed. Kevin Grant. Leeds: Peepal Tree,
1997. 199-221.
Dring, Tobias. Chains of Memory: English-Caribbean Cross-Currents in Marina Warners Indigo and
David Dabydeens Turner. Across the Lines: Intertextuality and Transcultural Communication
in the New Literatures in English. Ed. W. Klooss. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the
Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 32. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998. 191-204.
Eckstein, Lars. Getting Back to the Idea of Art as Art An Interview with David Dabydeen. World
Literature Written in English 39.1 (2001): 27-36.
Fee, M. Resistance and Complicity in David Dabydeens The Intended. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 24.1 (1993): 107-26.
Gohrisch, Jana. Gender and Hybridity in Contemporary Caribbean Poetry. Anglistentag 1997
Giessen. Ed. Raimund Borgmeier, Herbert Grabes, and Andreas Jucker. Trier:
Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 1998. 139-56.
Grant, Kevin. The Art of David Dabydeen. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 1997.
Hornung, Alfred and Ernstpeter Ruhe. Postcolonialism and Autobiography: Michelle Cliff, David
Dabydeen, Opal Palmer Adisa. Postcolonialism and Autobiography 1996 (Wrzburg):
Textxet. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998.
Jenkins, Lee M. On Not Being Tony Harrison: Tradition and the Individual Talent of David Dabydeen.
Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 32.2 (2001): 69-88.
Maes-Jelinek, Hena. Interculturalism and Alternative Fictions in Britain Today. English Literatures in
International Contexts. Ed. Heinz Antor and Klaus Stierstorfer. Anglistische Forschungen (AF):
283. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universittsverlag, 2000. 1-14.
McIntyre, Karen. A Different Kind of Book: Literary Decolonization in David Dabydeens The
Intended. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 27.2 (1996): 151-75.
---. Lyrical Liberation: David Dabydeens Slave Song and Turner. The Caribbean Quarterly 43.4
(1997): 11-25.
McWatt, Mark A. Self-Consciously Post-Colonial: The Fiction of David Dabydeen. The Art of David
Dabydeen. Ed. Kevin Grant. Leeds: Peepal Tree, 1997. 111-22.
Parry, Benita. David Dabydeens The Intended. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 13.3
(1991): 85-90.

86
Popeau, Jean. Disappearance. The Art of David Dabydeen. Ed. Kevin Grant. Leeds: Peepal Tree,
1997. 99-109.
Relich, Mario. Literary Subversion in David Dabydeens The Intended. The Journal of West Indian
Literature 6.1 (1993): 45-57.
Stein, Mark. David Dabydeen Talks to Mark Stein. Wasafiri 29 (1999): 27-29.
Wallace, David J. Premodern Places: Calais to Surinam, Chaucer to Aphra Behn. Malden, MA:
Blackwell, 2004.
Wallace, Elizabeth Kowaleski. Telling Untold Stories: Philippa Gregorys A Respectable Trade and
David Dabydeens A Harlots Progress. Novel: A Forum on Fiction 33.2 (2000): 235-52.
West, Russell. Middle Passages: Negotiating Multicultural Identities in Contemporary Britain: David
Dabydeens The Intended. Arbeiten aus Anglistik und Amerikanistik 27.2 (2002): 221-36.
DATHORNE, OSCAR RONALD
Lawrence, Leota S. O. R. Dathorne (1934- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 133-40.
FARRIER, FRANCIS QUAMINA
Bada, Valrie. Peculiar Sites of Amnesia: Recovering Eclipsed Figures of the Past in Francis
Quamina Farriers The Slave and the Scroll and Michael Gilkess Couvade. Bridges Across
Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 14757.
GILKES, MICHAEL
Bada, Valrie. Peculiar Sites of Amnesia: Recovering Eclipsed Figures of the Past in Francis
Quamina Farriers The Slave and the Scroll and Michael Gilkess Couvade. Bridges Across
Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 14757.
McDougall, Russell John. The Unresolved Constitution: Birth-Myths and Rituals of Modern Guyana:
Wilson Harriss The Sleepers of Roraima and Michael Gilkes Couvade. Kunapipi: Journal of
Postcolonial Writing 25.2 (2003): 95-107.
GILROY, BERYL
Anim-Addo, Joan. Anguish and the Absurd: Key Moments, Recreated Lives, and the Emergence of
New Figures of Black Womanhood in the Narrative Works of Beryl Gilroy. Winds of Change:
The Transforming Voices of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson
and Linda Strong-Leek.New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998. 131-43.
Brodber, Erna. Guyanas Historical Sociology and the Novels of Beryl Gilroy and Grace Nichols.
Arms Akimbo: Africana Women in Contemporary Literature. Ed. Janice Lee Liddell, Yakini
Belinda Kemp, and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999.
205-18.
Cond, Maryse. Houses and Homes: Elizabeth Jolleys Mr. Scobies Riddle and Beryl Gilroys
Frangipani House. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed.
Joan Anim-Addo.London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 128-33.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Beryl Gilroy: A Bio-Literary Overview. MaComre: Journal of the Association
of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 1-3.
Davies, Carole Boyce and Meredith Miranda Gadsby. Remembering Beryl Gilroy. MaComre:
Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 4 (2001): 1-7.
De Souza, Pascale. Flotsam in the Migratory Wake: Relating the Plight of the Old in Frangipani
House and Un plat de porc aux bananes vertes. Comparative Literature Studies (Urbana)
39.2 (2002): 146-161. (is die Urbana tussen haakjes nodig? Het gaat hier toch gewoon om
een international goed gekend tijdschrift?)
Gilroy, Beryl A. I Write Because ... Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International
Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 195-201.
---. Frangipani House. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed.
Joan Anim-Addo.London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 197-98.

87
---. Diachronics, Existentialism, and the Novel Boy Sandwich. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean
Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University
of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 240-43.
---. Women of Colour at the Barricades. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women
Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 8-16.
---. Women of Color at the Barricades. Winds of Change: The Transforming Voices of Caribbean
Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson and Linda Strong-Leek.New York, NY:
Peter Lang, 1998. 145-53.
---. Reflections. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed. Maryse Cond and Thorunn
Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 11-16.
Gilroy, Beryl A. and Roxann A. Bradshaw. Beryl Gilroys Fact-Fiction: Through the Lens of the Quiet
Old Lady. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.2 (2002): 381-400.
Gyssels, Kathleen. Lidentit fminine et lespace clos dans le roman cariben: Luvre de Simone et
Andr Schwarz-Bart et de Beryl Gilroy. Canadian Review of Comparative Literature/Revue
Canadienne de Littrature Compare 22.3-4 (1995): 787-801.
Liddell, Janice Lee. Voyages Beyond Lust and Lactation: The Climacteric As Seen in Novels by
Sylvia Wynter, Beryl Gilroy, and Paule Marshall. Arms Akimbo: Africana Women in
Contemporary Literature. Ed. Janice Lee Liddell, Yakini Belinda Kemp, and Beverly GuySheftall. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999. 32-45.
Poynting, Jeremy. A Writer at the Height of Her Powers: Three Recent Novels by Beryl Gilroy.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 47.
Salick, Roydon. Rampant with Memory: Themes and Technique in The Stone Angel and Frangipani
House. Commonwealth 14.2 (1992): 98-105.
Sharpe, Sharpe. Ghosts of Slavery: A Literary Archaeology of Black Womens Lives. Minneapolis, MN;
London: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.
Souza, Pascale Marie De. Flotsam in the Migratory Wake. Relating the Plight of the Old in Frangipani
House and Un plat de porc aux bananes vertes. Comparative Literature Studies (Urbana)
XXXIX (2002): 146-61.
Tarver, Australia. Frangipani House: Beryl Gilroys Praise Song for Grandmothers. Winds of Change:
The Transforming Voices of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson
and Linda Strong-Leek.New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998. 127-30.
Wilson, Lucy. Aging and Ageism in Paule Marshalls Praisesong for the Widow and Beryl Gilroys
Frangipani House. Journal of Caribbean Studies 7.2-3 (1989): 189-99.
HARRIS, WILSON
Black Lightning. Journal of Canadian Fiction 3.4 (1975): 41-44.
Reflection and Vision. Commonwealth Literature and the Modern World. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek.
Brussels: Didier, 1975. 15-19.
Journey into the Canje. Neo-African Literature and Culture: Essays in Memory of Janheinz Jahn. Ed.
Bernth Lindfors and Ulla Schild. Mainzer Afrika-Studien: 1. Wiesbaden: Heymann, 1976. 34652.
The Making of Tradition. The Commonwealth Writer Overseas: Themes of Exile and Expatriation.
Ed. Alastair Niven. Brussels: Didier, 1976. 33-39.
Abaray, Michael J. Wilson Harris: A Bibliography. Bulletin of Bibliography 38.4 (1981): 189.
Adams, Rolstan. Wilson Harris: The Pre-Novel Poet. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 13.3
(1979): 71-85.
Adler, Joyce Sparer. The Art of Wilson Harris. New Beacon Reviews: Collection One (1968): 22-30.
---. Tumatumari and the Imagination of Wilson Harris. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 7
(1969): 20-31.
---. Wilson Harris and Twentieth-Century Man. New Letters: A Magazine of Fine Writing 40 (1973):
49-61.
---. Melville and Harris: Poetic Imaginations Related in Their Response to the Modern World.
Commonwealth Literature and the Modern World. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek. Brussels: Didier,
1975. 33-41.
Adler, Joyce Sparer, Irving Adler, and Janet Jagan. Exploring the Palace of the Peacock: Essays on
Wilson Harris. Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press, 2003.
Akoma, Chiji Russell. Between the Spoken and the Written: Folklore and the Afro-Diasporic Narrative.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[8],
2975. 1999. State University of New York, Binghamton. 1998.

88
Boxill, Anthony. Wilson Harris Palace of the Peacock: A New Dimension in West Indian Fiction.
College Language Association Journal 14 (1971): 380-86.
---. Wilson Harris (1921- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 187-97.
Boyagoda, Randy. Just Where and What Is The (Comparatively Speaking) South? Caribbean
Writers on Melville and Faulkner. Mississippi Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Cultures
57.1 (2003): 65-73.
Brahms, Flemming. A Reading of Wilson Harriss Palace of the Peacock. Commonwealth Newsletter
3.January 1973 (1973): 30-44.
Brulin, Tone. Theatre of the Flying Fish. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in
Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English
Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 19-25.
Burnett, Paula. Opening New Doors: A Glimpse of Wilson Harris and Derek Walcott. Theatre of the
Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/
Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002.
61-82.
Carr, Robert. The New Man in the Jungle: Chaos, Community, and the Margins of the Nation-State.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 133-56.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. The Texts of Wilson Harris Eternity to Season. World Literature
Written in English 22.Spring 1983 (1983): 27-38.
Collier, Gordon. Walcotts Reflections on Caribbean Creativity. Agenda 39.1-3 (2002): 185-97.
---. Revisiting Eternity to Season. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena
Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures
in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 53-60.
Creighton, Al. The Metaphor of the Theater in The Four Banks of the River of Space. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 70-82.
Crew, Gary. Wilson Harris Da Silva Quartet. New Literature Review 7 (1979): 43-52.
---. The Eternal Present in Wilson Harris The Sleepers of Roraima and Age of the Rainmakers.
World Literature Written in English 19 (1980): 218-27.
Cribb, Timothy. Toward the Reading of Wilson Harris. The Review of Contemporary Fiction 17.2
(1997): 59-62.
---. Writing Up the Log: The Legacy of Hakluyt. Travel Writing and Empire: Postcolonial Theory in
Transit. Ed. Steve Clark. London, England: Zed, 1999. 100-12.
DAguiar, Fred. Wilson Harris: In Conversation with Fred DAguiar. Wasafiri 5 (1986): 22-25.
---. Love for the Vanished: Wilson Harris on Love. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the
Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the
Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 11-19.
---. Wilson Harriss Caribbean Vision: Its Significance and His Legacy. The Caribbean Writer. 17
(2003): 172-222.
Dabydeen, Cyril. On Knowing Wilson Harris. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean.
Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial
Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 21-35.
Dash, J. Michael. Marvellous Realism: The Way Out of Ngritude. The Post-Colonial Studies
Reader. Ed. Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen M. Tiffin. London: Routledge, 1995. 199201.
Dieke, Ikenna. Archetypal Patterns in African, Afro-American and Caribbean Literature. Dissertation
Abstracts International 44[7], 2140A. 1984.
---. Anagogic Symbolism in Wilson Harriss Palace of the Peacock. College Language Association
Journal 42.3 (1999): 290 (19).
Drake, Sandra E. Revolutionary Hope As Immanent Moment: The Writing of Wilson Harris. Process
of Unity in Caribbean Society: Ideologies and Literature. Ed. Ileana Rodrguez, Marc
Zimmerman, and Lisa E. Davis. Minneapolis: Institute for Study of Ideologies and Literature,
1983. 168-75.
---. Wilson Harris and the Modern Tradition: a New Architecture of the World. New York: Greenwood
Press, 1986.
Dubois, Dominique. The Redemptive Power of Bones Revisionary Fiction. Theatre of the Arts:
Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent.
Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
2002. 195-204.
Durix, Jean-Pierre. A Reading of Paling of Ancestors. Commonwealth Newsletter 9 (1976): 32-41.
---. Crossing the Arawak Horizon. Literary Half-Yearly 20.1 (1979): 83-92.

89
---. Along Jigsaw Trail: An Interpretation of Heartland. The Commonwealth Novel in English 1. July
1982 (1982): 127-46.
---. Ripples in the Water: An Examination of The Eye of the Scarecrow. World Literature Written in
English 22. Spring 1983 (1983): 55-72.
---. Paradoxes of Creation: Wilson Harriss The Secret Ladder. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature (Calgary) 15.2 (1984): 27-38.
---. Through Tension to Metamorphosis: The Angel at the Gate by Wilson Harris. World Literature
Written in English 24.1 (1984): 120-27.
---. Wilson Harris. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1992. 166-85.
---. Weaving the Tapestry of Memory: Wilson Harriss The Four Banks of the River of Space.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 59-69.
---. Origins in Palace of the Peacock. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena
Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures
in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 83-101.
Durrant, Samuel. Coming Home Upon Threads of Desolation: The Reversal of Prophecy in Wilson
Harriss The Dark Jester. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena
Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures
in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 205-15.
---. Postcolonial Narrative and the Work of Mourning: J.M. Coetzee, Wilson Harris, and Toni Morrison.
Albany: State University of New York Press, 2004.
Duytschaever, Joris. Crosscultural Time in Tone Brulins People of the Void, an Operatic Adaptation
of Wilson Harriss Jonestown. Janus at the Millennium: Perspectives on Time in the Culture of
the Netherlands. Ed. Thomas Frederic Shannon and Johan Pieter Snapper. Publications of
the American Association for Netherlandic Studies. Dallas: University Press of America, 2004.
83-90.
Emery, Mary Lou. Limbo Rock: Wilson Harris and the Arts of Memory. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 110-24.
---. Space Sounds in Wilson Harriss Recent Fiction. The Review of Contemporary Fiction 17.2
(1997): 98-103.
---. The Poetics of Vision in Wilson Harriss Writing. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the
Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the
Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 111-23.
Fabre, Michel. Wilson Harris. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 2.1 (1980): 100-06.
---. The Reception of Palace of the Peacock in Paris. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 2.1
(1980): 106-09.
Fenwick, Andrew Mac. Perilous Adventures: Imagining the Eschatological Unity of Local and Global:
Metaphorical and Metonymical Modes of Interpretation in Salman Rushdies Midnights
Children and Wilson Harriss The Guyana Quartet. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[10], 3548. 2003. Queens University, 2003.
Fenwick, Mac. Fenwicks Vision: Liberal Tyranny in The Guyana Quartet. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 32.2 (2001): 45-66.
Fletcher, John. The Intimacy of a Horror: The Tradition of Wilson Harriss Palace of the Peacock.
Commonwealth Literature and the Modern World. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek. Brussels: Didier,
1975. 43-50.
Forbes, J. T. Wilson Harris Guyana Quartet: The Outsider as Character and Symbol; LEtranger dans
la littrature. Revue de luniversit Laurentienne 18.2 (1986): 61-70.
Gana, Nouri. Donne Undone: The Journey of Psychic Re-integration in Wilson Harriss Palace of the
Peacock. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 32.1 (2001): 153-70.
Ghose, Zulfikar. Lines Composed after Reading The Guyana Quartet. The Review of Contemporary
Fiction 17.2 (1997): 46-49.
Gilkes, Michael. Magical Reality. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 9.1 (1974): 77-79.
---. The Art of Extremity: A Reading of Wilson Harriss Ascent to Omai. Literary Half-Yearly 15.1
(1974): 120-33.
---. Wilson Harris and the Caribbean Novel. London: Longman Caribbean, 1975.
---. An Infinite Canvas: Wilson Harris. Companions of the Day and Night. World Literature Written in
English 15 (1976): 161-73.
---. Hena Maes-Jelinek, The Naked Design. World Literature Written in English 16 (1977): 215-20.
---. Wilson Harris Da Silva da Silvas Cultivated Wilderness and Genesis of the Clowns. World
Literature Written in English 16 (1977): 462-70.

90
---. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981, 168.
---. The Literate Imagination: Essays on the Novels of Wilson Harris. Ed. Michael Gilkes. London:
Macmillan Caribbean, 1989.
Gilliland, Marion C. Resurrection in the Womb of Time: A Reading of Wilson Harriss Da Silva da
Silvas Cultivated Wilderness. Commonwealth Newsletter 12 (1977): 29-39.
Gowda, H. H. A. Wilson Harris Tumatumari. Literary Half-Yearly 11.January 1970 (1970): 31-38.
---. Phenomenal Tradition: Raja Rae and Wilson Harris. Bulletin of the Association for
Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies 9 (1972): 28-48.
---. Civilization Through Fables. Literary Half-Yearly 14.1 (1973): 169-74.
Griffith, Glyne A. Ascent to Omai: Towards a Novel-History. The Journal of West Indian Literature 2.1
(1987): 67-75.
Harris, Wilson and Hena Maes-Jelinek. Explorations: A Selection of Talks and Articles 1966-1981. Ed.
Hena Maes-Jelinek. Mundelstrup: Dangaroo Press, 1981.
Harris, Wilson. Theatre of the Arts. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena
Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures
in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 1-10.
---. Canaima: An Overturning of Habits of Mind in Profoundest Trials of the Imagination. Bridges
Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte
Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004.
1-6.
Hart, David W. Caribbean Chronotopes: From Exile to Agency. Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies
Journal 2.2 (2004).
Healy, J. J. Wilson Harris at Work: The Texas Manuscripts with Special Reference to the Mayakovsky
Resonance in Ascent to Omai. Ariel 15.4 (1984): 89-107.
Hearne, John. The Fugitive in the Forest: A Study of Four Novels by Wilson Harris. The Journal of
Commonwealth Literature 4 (1967): 99-112.
Hench, Michael M. The Fearful Symmetry of The Whole Armour. Revista Interamericana Review 4
(1974): 446-51.
Henry, Paget Elseworth. The Future of the Post-Colonial Subject: Sylvia Wynter and Wilson Harris.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 27-38.
Howard, Jim. Shaping a New Voice: The Poetry of Wilson Harris. Commonwealth Newsletter 9
(1976): 26-31.
Howard, William J. Wilson Harriss Guiana Quartet: From Personal Myth to National Identity. Ariel: A
Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 1.1 (1970): 46-60.
---. Wilson Harris and the Alchemical Imagination. Literary Half-Yearly 11.2 (1970): 17-26.
Huggan, Graham. Anxieties of Influence: Conrad in the Caribbean. Commonwealth Essays and
Studies 11.1 (1988): 1-12.
---. Ghost Stories, Bone Flutes, Cannibal Countermemory. Cannibalism and the Colonial World. Ed.
Francis Barker, Peter Hulme, and Margaret Iversen. Cultural Margins. Cambridge, England:
Cambridge University Press, 1998. 126-41.
Hunter, L. After Modernism: Alternative Voices in the Writings of Dionne Brand, Claire Harris, and
Marlene Philip. The University of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities
62.2 (1992/1993): 256-81.
Ismond, Patricia. Landscape as Possibility: Derek Walcotts Guyana. Agenda 39.1-3 (2002): 236-57.
Jackson, Shona N. The Recalcitrant Muse: Race, Sex and Historical Tension in the Search for the
West Indian (Trans)subject [La muse recalcitrante: race, sexe et tension historique dans la
recherche du (trans)sujet antillais]. The Caribbean Quarterly 50.3 (2004): 47-62.
Jalalzai, Zubeda. The Ethics of Love and Indifference: Readings of Brotherhood and Isolation in
Wilson Harris and V.S. Naipaul. The Journal of West Indian Literature 9.1 (2000): 70-82.
James, C.L.R. Wilson Harris: a Philosophical Approach. St. Augustine: University of the West Indies,
St. Augustine,Trinidad and Tobago. College of Arts and Science, and Extra-Mural
Department, 1965.
James, Louis. Wilson Harris and the Guyanese Quartet. A Celebration of Black and African Writing.
Ed. Bruce King, Kolawole Ogungbesan, and Iya Abubakar. Zaria; Oxford: Ahmadu Bello
University Press; Oxford University Press, 1975. 164-74.
---. Structure and Vision in the Novels of Wilson Harris. World Literature Written in English 22.Spring
1983 (1983): 39-46.

91
---. Fenwicks Log: Reading the Text of Landscape in The Secret Ladder. Theatre of the Arts:
Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent.
Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
2002. 103-09.
Jefferson-Miles, Andrew. Quantum Value in Wilson Harriss Architecture of the Tides. Theatre of the
Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/
Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002.
177-93.
---. Tribe and Territory, Masque and Conspiratorial Time. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a
Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language
and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 39-45.
Jenkins, Lee M. Revenge or Tribute: Pauline Melvilles The Ventriloquists Tale and Evelyn Waugh.
Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 10.2 (2003): 13-29.
Johnson, Kerry L. Interview with Wilson Harris. Journal of Caribbean Literatures 1.1 (1997): 83-95.
---. Translations of Gender, Pain, and Space: Wilson Harriss The Carnival Trilogy. Modern Fiction
Studies: A Critical Quarterly 44.1 (1998): 123-43.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
---. Naipaul, Harris and History. The New English Literatures: Cultural Nationalism in a Changing
World. London: Macmillan, 1980. 98-117.
Kulkarni, Madhav. The Far Journey of Oudin: In the Light of the Biblical Epigrams. Commonwealth
Quarterly (New Delhi) 1.1 (1976): 47-53.
Kutzinski, Vera M. The Composition of Reality: A Talk with Wilson Harris. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 13-32.
---. New Personalities: Race, Sexuality, and Gender in Wilson Harriss Recent Fiction. The Review of
Contemporary Fiction 17.2 (1997): 72-76.
---. The Cult of Caliban: Collaboration and Revisionism in Contemporary Caribbean Narrative. A
History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A. James Arnold.
Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997. 286-302.
---. Wilson Harriss Phantom Bodies: Re-Reading the Subject. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and
the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in
the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 139-51.
Kuwabong, Dannabang. Reading the Gospel of Bakes: Daughters Representations of Mothers in the
Poetry of Claire Harris and Lora Goodison. Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la
Femme 18.2-3 (1998): 132-38.
---. The Mother as Archetype of Self: A Poetics of Matrilineage in the Poetry of Claire Harris and
Lorna Goodison. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 30.1 (1999): 105-29.
Lacovia, R. M. Landscape, Maps and Parangles. Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on Black Arts
and Culture 4.1-2 (1975): 1-95.
Lewis, Krishnakali Ray. The Infinite Rehearsal and Pastoral Revision. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 83-92.
Lewis, Krishnakali Ray. Ambivalence and Pastoral Strategy: Colonization in the Caribbean, Wilson
Harris, and Zora Neale Hurston. Dissertation Abstracts International 56[8], 3114A. 1996.
University of Pennsylvania. 1995.
Mackey, Nathaniel. The Unruly Pivot: Wilson Harris The Eye of the Scarecrow. Texas Studies in
Literature and Language: A Journal of the Humanities 20 (1978): 633-59.
---. Limbo, Dislocation, Phantom Limb: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean Occasion. Criticism: A
Quarterly for Literature and the Arts 22 (1980): 57-76.
---. The Imagination of Justice: Ascent to Omai. World Literature Written in English 22. Spring 1983
(1983): 72-87.
---. Wilson Harris: A Special Issue. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1
(1995): 1-218.
Maes-Jelinek, Hena. The Writer as Alchemist: The Unifying Role of Imagination in the Novels of
Wilson Harris. Language & Literature 1.1 (1971): 25-34.
---. The True Substance of Life: Wilson Harriss Palace of the Peacock. Common Wealth. Ed. Anna
Rutherford and A. Norman Jeffares. Aarhus: Akademisk Boghandel, 1972. 151-59.
---. Ascent to Omai. Literary Half-Yearly 13.1 (1972): 1-8.
---. Un nouvel art du roman: Palace of the Peacock de Wilson Harris. Commonwealth Miscellanies 1
(1975): 62-71.
---. The Unborn State of Exile in Wilson Harriss Novels. The Commonwealth Writer Overseas:
Themes of Exile and Expatriation. Ed. Alastair Niven. Brussels: Didier, 1976. 195-205.
---. The Naked Design, A Reading of Palace of the Peacock. Aarhus: Dangaroo Press, 1976.

92
---. Inimitable Painting: New Developments in Wilson Harriss Latest Fiction. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 8.3 (1977): 63-80.
---. Wilson Harris. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King.London: Macmillan, 1979. 179.
---. Fictional Breakthrough and the Unveiling of Unspeakable Rites in Patrick Whites A Fringe of
Leaves and Wilson Harriss Yurokon. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 2.2 (1980): 3343.
---. Wilson Harris. Boston: Twayne, 1982.
---. Faces on the Canvas: The Resurrection Theme in The Three of the Sun. World Literature Written
in English 22. Spring 1983 (1983): 88-98.
---. Altering Boundaries: The Art of Translation in Angel at the Gate and The Twyborn Affair. World
Literature Written in English 23. Winter 1984 (1984): 165-74.
---. History and Myth in Wilson Harriss Short Fiction: The Mind of Awakaipu. Journal of the Short
Story in English 4 (1985): 67-75.
---. Wilson Harris and the Modern Tradition. Research in African Literatures 20.1 (1989): 134.
---. Ulyssean Carnival: Epic Metamorphoses in Wilson Harriss Trilogy. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 45-58.
---. Another Future for Post-Colonial Studies? Wilson Harris Post-Colonial Philosophy and the
Savage Mind. Wasafiri 24 (1996): 3-8.
---. Charting the Uncapturable in Wilson Harriss Writing. The Review of Contemporary Fiction 17.2
(1997): 90-97.
---. Wilson Harris. Groningen: Martinus Nijhoff, 1997.
---. Interculturalism and Alternative Fictions in Britain Today. English Literatures in International
Contexts. Ed. Heinz Antor and Klaus Stierstorfer. Anglistische Forschungen (AF): 283.
Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universittsverlag, 2000. 1-14.
---. Unimaginable Imaginer: The Dark Jester. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean.
Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial
Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 217-29.
Maes-Jelinek, Hena and Bndicte Ledent. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002, xxi, 254.
Mccarthy, Cameron. The Predicament of Cultures: Wilson Harris, Postcolonial Literature, and the
Curriculum in Troubled Times. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 31.1 (2001): 3-17.
Mccarthy, Cameron and Greg Dimitriadis. Postcolonial Literature and the Curricular Imagination:
Wilson Harris and the Pedagogical Implications of the Carnivalesque. Educational Philosophy
and Theory 36.2 (2004): 201-14.
McDougall, Russell John. A Casement, Triple-Archd: Cultural Kinetics: The Fusion of Music, the
Dance and the Word in African and Caribbean Culture. Dissertation Abstracts International
47[5], 1721A. 1986.
---. Walter Roth, Wilson Harris, and a Caribbean/Postcolonial Theory of Modernism. The University
of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities 67.2 (1998): 567-91.
---. The Unresolved Constitution: Birth-Myths and Rituals of Modern Guyana: Wilson Harriss The
Sleepers of Roraima and Michael Gilkes Couvade. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing
25.2 (2003): 95-107.
McWatt, Mark A. A Late Dazzle of Sun: Aspects of Wilson Harriss Comic Vision in Black Marsden.
Wilson Harris: The Uncompromising Imagination. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek. Mundelstrup:
Dangaroo Press, 1991. 148-58.
---. Omens of Humanity: World Texts and Contexts in Wilson Harriss Critical Writings. Theatre of
the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent.
Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
2002. 125-37.
---. Libidinous Landscapes: Sexual Inscriptions of Place in Guyanese Literature. Commonwealth
Essays and Studies 25.2 (2003): 73-82.
Mills, Browyn. Caribbean Cartographies: Maps, Cosmograms, and the Caribbean Imagination.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[11],
4056. 2004. New York University, 2004.
Mitchell, Keith Bernard. In the Wake of the World: Legacies of Colonial and Postcolonial Violence in
the Contemporary West Indian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4], 1357-58. 2004. University of North Carolina, Chapel
Hill.
Mitchell, Michael. The Magus at Angel Inn. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed.
Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial
Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 153-63.

93
---. With Covered Eyes: Amerindians and the Arts of Seeing in Wilson Harris and Steve McQueen.
The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 39.3 (2004): 107-18.
Moore, Gerald. Death, Convergence and Rebirth in Two Black Novels. Nigerian Journal of the
Humanities 2 (1978): 6-17.
Mordecai, Pamela. The West Indian Male Sensibility in Search of Itself: Some Comments on Nor Any
Country, The Mimic Men, and The Secret Ladder. World Literature Written in English
21.Autumn (1982): 629-44.
Moss, John. William Blake and Wilson Harris: The Objective Vision. The Journal of Commonwealth
Literature 9.April 1975 (1975): 29-40.
Munro, Ian Hamilton, et al. Kas-Kas: Interviews With Three Caribbean Writers in Texas: George
Lamming; C.L.R. James; Wilson Harris. Ed. Ian Hamilton Munro and Reinhard Sander. Austin:
African and Afro-American Research Institute, University of Texas at Austin, 1972, 56.
Murray, Patricia. The Trickster at the Border: Cross-Cultural Dialogues in the Caribbean. Comparing
Postcolonial Literatures: Dislocations. Ed. Ashok Bery, Patricia Murray, and Wilson Harris.
Basingstoke, England; New York, NY: Macmillan; St. Martins, 2000. 177-92.
Murray, Stuart. Postcoloniality-Modernity: Wilson Harris and Postcolonial Theory. The Review of
Contemporary Fiction 17.2 (1997): 53-58.
---. Wilson Harris in His Essays at the End of the Millennium: Time, Countertime, Writing. Theatre of
the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent.
Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
2002. 165-75.
Nazareth, Peter. Time in the Third World: A Fictional Exploration. Awakened Conscience: Studies in
Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 195-205.
Ngai, Mbatau Kaburu Wa. The Relationship between Literature and Society and How It Emerges in
the Works of G. Lamming, V.S. Naipaul and W. Harris. Busara 8.2 (1976): 53-67.
Nielsen, Aldon Lynn. Hieroglyphics of Space: Wilson Harris in The Waiting Room. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 125-31.
Ogbaa, Kalu. Exile, Creative Myth, Creative Truth, Thrust and Necessity: An Interview with Wilson
Harris. The Caribbean Quarterly 29.2 (1983): 54-62.
Page, Eimer. Historical Consciousness in the Writings of Wilson Harris and Edouard Glissant.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 47-54.
Pannetier-Manckoundia, Florence. Revisiting the Universal: Wilson Harris and Edouard Glissant. The
Global and the Particular in the English Speaking World. Ed. Jean-Pierre Durix. Collection
Kalidoscopes. Dijon: Editions Universitaires de Dijon, 2002. 79-87.
Patterson, Anita. Pastoral Poetry and Transculturation in Guyana: The Contexts of Wilson Harriss
Trail. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 37.2 (2002): 107-36.
Prez Sisto, Edith. Entre la ficcin y la realidad: Paradojas del Caribe anglfono. Cuadernos
Americanos 16.6 [96] (2002): 48-58.
Phillips, Caryl. The Gift of Displacement. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed.
Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial
Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 45-50.
---. Wilson Harris. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and
Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 43-44.
Ramchand, Kenneth. The Significance of the Aborigine in Wilson Harris Fiction. Literary Half-Yearly
11.2 (1970): 7-16.
Ramraj, Victor J. Palace of the Peacock: A Portrait of the Artist. World Literature Written in English
22.Spring 1983 (1983): 47-55.
Riach, Alan. The Presence of Actual Angels: The Fractal Poetics of Wilson Harris. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 33-44.
Robinson, Gemma. Redemptive Strategies in Wilson Harriss Jonestown and Martin Carters Poems
of Affinity. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature.
Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit
de Lige, 2004. 55-63.
Robinson, Kim Dismont. Probing the Wound: Re-Membering the Traumatic Landscape of Caribbean
Literary Histories. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 64[6], 2090. 2003. University of Miami. 2003.

94
Rohlehr, Gordon et al. Round Table: Wilson Harris and Caribbean Literature. Theatre of the Arts:
Wilson Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent.
Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
2002. 231-47.
Ross, Jack. Wilson Harris, Josph Conrad, and the South American Quest Novel. Landfall: New
Zealand Arts and Letters 46.4 (1992): 455-68.
Rowell, Charles Henry and Wilson Harris. An Interview with Wilson Harris. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 191-200.
Russell, D. W. The Dislocating Act of Memory: An Analysis of Wilson Harris Tumatumari. World
Literature Written in English 13 (1974): 237-49.
Rutherford, Anna and Kirsten Holst Petersen. Interview with Wilson Harris. Commonwealth
Newsletter 9 (1976): 22-25.
Sander, Reinhard W. Wilson Harriss Contributions to Kyk-Over-Al: 1945-1961. Commonwealth
Literature and the Modern World. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek. Brussels: Didier, 1975. 175-76.
Scott, Daniel Marcellus. To Dream a New World. Race, Reality and Surreality in Csaire, Carpentier
and Harris. Dissertation Abstracts International LIII (1993): 3520A.
Searl, Eva. The Dynamic Concept of Community: Wilson Harris The Whole Armour and The Secret
Ladder. Commonwealth Newsletter 4. July 1973 (1973): 32-35.
---. T.S. Eliots Four Quartets and Wilson Harriss The Waiting Room. Commonwealth Literature and
the Modern World. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek. Brussels: Didier, 1975. 51-59.
---. Companions of the Day and Night. Commonwealth Newsletter 9 (1976): 46-58.
Sen, Sharmila. Wilson Harriss Who-You Bird. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 34.2 (1999):
33 (14).
Sharrad, Paul. Palace of the Peacock and the Tragic Muse. The Literary Criticism 16 (1981): 44-58.
---. The Art of Memory and the Liberation of History: Wilson Harriss Witnessing of Time. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 93-108.
Shaw, Gregory. Wilson Harriss Metamorphoses: Animal and Vegetable Masks in Palace of the
Peacock. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 157-70.
Simon, Louis. The Politics of Complex Faith: Wilson Harriss Resurrection at Sorrow Hill. The Journal
of Commonwealth Literature 31.2 (1996): 75-86.
Slemons, S. Carnival and the Canon. Ariel 19.3 (1988): 59-75.
---. Interview with Wilson Harris, April 28, 1986. Ariel 19.3 (1988): 47-56.
Stanchich, Maritza Giovanna. Wilson Harris Cross-Cultural Imagination and Faulkner: Toward
Circum-Caribbean Commensurabilities. Prosperos Isles: The Presence of the Caribbean in
the American Imaginary. Ed. Diane Accaria-Zavala and Rodolfo Popelnik. Basingstoke:
Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 228-41.
Stephanides, Stephanos. The Kali Puja and Wilson Harriss The Far Journey of Oudin. Indenture &
Exile: The Indo-Caribbean Experience. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh. Toronto: TSAR, 1989. 23443.
Stephanides, Stephanos and Karna Singh. Translating Kalis Feast: The Goddess in Indo-Caribbean
Ritual and Fiction. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000, xii, 200.
Stewart, Joyce. Woman As Life or Spirit of Place: Wilson Harriss Companions of the Day and
Night. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature. Ed. Carole Boyce Davies and
Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1990. 237-47.
Thorpe, Marjorie. Wilson Harris: Writing Against the Grain. Ariel 25.3 (1994): 113-20.
Tiffin, Helen M. Wilson Harris: An Interview. New Literature Review 7 (1979): 18-29.
Toliver, Victoria. Vodun Iconography in Wilson Harriss Palace of the Peacock. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.1 (1995): 173-90.
Upstone, Sara. Anancy as Trickster: Magical Space in the Fiction of Wilson Harris. World Literature
Written in English 40.2 (2004): 23-39.
Urs, S.N.V. Wilson Harris: A Major Voice from the Caribbean. Commonwealth Quarterly (New Delhi)
4.15 (1980): 87-109.
Van Sertima, Ivan. Introducing Wilson Harris. Review (1974): 60-62.
---. The Sleeping Rocks: Wilson Harriss Tumatumari. Enigma of Values. Ed. Kirsten Holst Petersen
and Anna Rutherford. Aarhus: Dangaroo Press, 1975. 109-24.
---. Into the Black Hole: A Study of Wilson Harriss Companions of the Day and Night. ACLALS
Bulletin 4.4 (1976): 65-77.
Walkley, Jane. Ascent to Omai or the Ascent of Man. Commonwealth Newsletter 9 (1976): 42-45.
Webb, Barbara J. Myth and History in the Novels of Alejo Carpentier and Wilson Harris: Theories of
Cultural Transformation. Dissertation Abstracts International 46[12], 3715A. 1986.

95
---. Myth and History in Caribbean Fiction: Alejo Carpentier, Wilson Harris, and Edouard Glissant.
Amherst, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992, x, 185.
Wilkinson, Nick. The Novel and a Vision of the Land. Awakened Conscience: Studies in
Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 185-94.
Williams, Emily Allen. An Interview with Claire Harris. Wasafiri 32 (2000): 41-44.
---. Triadic Revelations of Exilic Identity: Claire Harriss Fables from the Women Quarters, Dipped in
Shadow, and She. Studies in the Literary Imagination 37.2 (2004): 53-76.
Yow, Laura Genevieve. So Sad as Silence: Modernity and the Unspeakable. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[10], 3389. 2002. Yale
University.
Zackodnik, Teresa. Writing Home Claire Harriss Drawing Down a Daughter. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 30.3 (1999): 163-90.
HEATH, ROY AUBREY KELVIN
Akoma, Chiji Russell. Folklore and the African-Carribean Narrative Imagination: The Example of Roy
Heath. Research in African Literatures 29.3 (1998): 82-97.
Akoma, Chiji Russell. Between the Spoken and the Written: Folklore and the Afro-Diasporic Narrative.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[8],
2975. 1999. State University of New York, Binghamton. 1998.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Roy A. K. Heath: Continuing Colonialism. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in
English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 68-85.
Boxill, Anthony. Penetrating the Hinterland: Roy Heaths Guyana Trilogy. World Literature Written in
English 29.1 (1989): 103-10.
Heath, Roy. Interview. Interviews with Writers of the Post-Colonial World. Ed. Feroza F. Jussawalla
and Reed Way Dasenbrock. Jackson;London: University Press of Mississippi, 1992. 117-39.
James, Louis. Dark Muse: The Early Fiction of A. K. Heath. Wasafiri 5 (1986): 26-27.
Kanaganayakam, Chelva. Roy Heath and the Curse of the Dissembler. Caribana 5 (1996): 141-50.
McWatt, Mark A. Tragic Irony: The Hero As Victim: Three Novels of Roy A. K. Heath. Critical Issues
in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and Lloyd W.
Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 54-64.
---. Roy A.K. Heath. Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl
Cumber Dance. Westport,CT: Greenwood Press, 1986. 207-16.
Munro, Ian Hamilton. Roy A. K. Heath. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117.
Detroit, MI: Gale, 1992. 198-203.
Saakana, Amon Saba. Colonization and the Destruction of the Mind: Psychosocial Issues of Race,
Class, Religion and Sexuality in the Novels of Roy Heath. London: Karnak House, 1996.
Singh, Vishnudat. The Post-Colonial Gaze: Roy Heaths The Shadow Bride. Journal of Caribbean
Studies 14.1-2 (1999): 131-39.
KING-ARIBISALA, KAREN
Sadda, Hoda el. Parodic Stylization as a Safeguard of Human Rights: Cultural Politics in AfroCaribbean Writing. Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics 13 (1993): 106.
MELVILLE, PAULINE
Cond, Maryse. Where Myths Meet: A British Caribbean Fiction. Britishness and Cultural Studies:
Continuity and Change in Narrating the Nation. Ed. Krzysztof Knauer and Simon Murray.
Humanistyka i Poznanie. Katowice, Poland: Slask, 2000. 213-25.
Franois, Pierre. Incest and the Ontology of Memory in Pauline Melvilles The Ventroquilists Tale.
Commonwealth 21.2 (1999): 37-48.
Jenkins, Lee M. Revenge or Tribute: Pauline Melvilles The Ventriloquists Tale and Evelyn Waugh.
Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 10.2 (2003): 13-29.
Morris, Mervyn. Cross-Cultural Impersonations: Pauline Melvilles Shape-Shifter. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 24.1 (1993): 79-89.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Mathematical Limbs and Other Eventualities: Translocation of the Body in
Pauline Melvilles Shape-Shifter. New Literatures Review 30 (1995): 47-57.
Timothy, Helen Pyne. Reading the Signs in Pauline Melvilles Erzulie. MaComre: Journal of the
Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 4 (2001): 119-29.

96
Welsh, Sarah Lawson. Pauline Melvilles Shape-Shifting Fictions. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction
in English. Ed. Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 14471.
MITTELHOLZER, EDGAR
Bass, Margaret Kent. Race, Class, and Gender in Four West Indian Novels: Pitch Lake, Corentyne
Thunder, The Hills Were Joyful Together, Wide Sargasso Sea. Imagination, Emblems and
Expressions: Essays on Latin American, Caribbean, and Continental Culture and Identity. Ed.
Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green, OH: Popular, 1993. 127-37.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Edgar Mittelholzer: Moralist or Pornographer? The Journal of Commonwealth
Literature 7 (1969): 88-103.
---. Indians in the Novels of Edgar Mittleholzer. The Caribbean Quarterly 32.1-2 (1986): 16-23.
---. Edgar Mittelholzer. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First Series. Ed.
Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1992. 236-46.
Cartey, Wilfred. The Rhythm of Society and Landscape. New World Quarterly 2. (Guyana
Independence Issue) (1966): 97-104.
Chang, Victor Lloyd. Edgar Mittelholzer (1909-1965). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical
Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 327-40.
Forrester, Faizal. Revolting Bodies: Homosexual Dream and Masculine Anxiety in Edgar
Mittelholzers A Morning at the Office. Caribbean Studies 27.3-4 (1994): 311 (20).
Gilkes, Michael. The Spirit in the Bottle: A Reading of Mittelholzers A Morning at the Office. World
Literature Written in English 14 (1975): 237-52.
---. A Reading of Mittelholzers A Morning at the Office. The Caribbean Quarterly 21.4 (1975): 1-12.
---. Mulatta Angst and Mittelholzers Sylvia. Revista Interamericana de Bibliografia: Organo de
Estudios Humanisticos/Inter-American Review of Bibliography: Journal of Humanistic Studies
29 (1979): 3-14.
---. Edgar Mittelholzer. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King.London: Macmillan, 1979. 95.
---. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981, 168.
Guckian, Patrick. The Balance of Colour: A Re-Assessment of the Work of Edgar Mittelholzer.
Jamaica Journal 4. March (1970): 38-45.
Howard, William J. Edgar Mittelholzers Tragic Vision. The Caribbean Quarterly 16. December
(1970): 19-28.
Huggan, Graham. Ghost Stories, Bone Flutes, Cannibal Countermemory. Cannibalism and the
Colonial World. Ed. Francis Barker, Peter Hulme, and Margaret Iversen. Cultural Margins
(CUMA). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1998. 126-41.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
Mittelholzer, Jacqueline. The Idyll and the Warior: Recollections of Edgar Mittelholzer. Bim 19. June
(1983): 33-89.
Pointer, Jacqueline. The English Novel in the Twentieth Century: 9 - Edgar Mittelholzer - A Wifes
Memoir. The Contemporary Review 269.1568 (1996): 143-47.
Rickards, Colin. A Tribute to Edgar Mittelholzer. Bim 11.January-June (1966): 98-105.
Seymour, A. J. An Introduction to the Novels of Edgar Mittelholzer. Kyk-over-al 8. December (1958):
60-74.
---. Edgar Mittelholzer: The Man and His Work. Georgetown, Guyana: National History & Arts Council,
1968.
Wagner, Geoffrey. Edgar Mittelholzer: Symptoms and Shadows. Bim 9. July-December (1961): 2934.
Williams, F. East-Indian life in pre-war British Guiana Edgar Mittelholzer: Corenthyne Thunder
(1941). The Caribbean Quarterly 41.1 (1995): 40-49.
Williams, Frances. East-Indian Life in Pre-war British Guiana Edgar Mittelholzer: Coranthyne
Thunder (1941). The Caribbean Quarterly 41.1 (1995): 40-49.
---. Colonial Literature or Caribbean Orature?: Creole Chips by Edgar Mittelholzer. Telling Stories:
Postcolonial Short Fiction in English. Ed. Jacqueline Bardolph. Cross/Cultures: Readings in
the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 47. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 129-43.
NAGAMOOTOO, MOSES
Mehta, Brinda J. Kali, Gangamai, and Dougla Consciousness in Moses Nagamootoos Hendrees
Cure. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 27.2 (2004): 542-60.

97

NICHOLS, GRACE
Berrian, Brenda F. Grace Nichols. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1996. 235-40.
Bringas Lpez, Ana. Representations of Black Omen in Grace Nicholss Poetry: From Otherness to
Empowerment. Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses 16 (2003): 3-18.
Brodber, Erna. Guyanas Historical Sociology and the Novels of Beryl Gilroy and Grace Nichols.
Arms Akimbo: Africana Women in Contemporary Literature. Ed. Janice Lee Liddell, Yakini
Belinda Kemp, and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999.
205-18.
Cilano, Clara N. Place-ing Postcolonial Identity in Contemporary Literature by Women. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61.11, 4380. 2001.
Duquesne University, 2000.
Easton, Alison. The Body as History and Writing the Body: The Example of Grace Nichols. Journal
of Gender Studies: An International Forum for the Debate on Gender in All Fields of Study 3.1
(1994): 55 (13).
Fokkema, Aleid. On the (False) Idea of Exile: Derek Walcott and Grace Nichols. (Un)Writing Empire.
Ed. Theo Dhaen. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 30.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998. 99-113.
Gohrisch, Jana. Gender and Hybridity in Contemporary Caribbean Poetry. Anglistentag 1997
Giessen. Ed. Raimund Borgmeier, Herbert Grabes, and Andreas Jucker. Trier:
Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 1998. 139-56.
Hoving, Isabel. Three Local Cases of Cross-Atlantic Reading. The Practice of Cultural Analysis:
Exposing Interdisciplinary Interpretation. Ed. Mieke Bal. Cultural Memory in the Present
(CMP). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999. 203-18.
Narain, Denise deCaires. Body Language in the Work of Four Caribbean Poets. Wasafiri 16 (1992):
27-31.
Nichols, Grace. The Battle With Language. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First
International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 283-89.
Restovich, Catherine R. Negotiating Identity in the Waters of the Atlantic: The Middle Passage Trope
in African-American and Afro-Caribbean Womens Writing. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[1], 160. 2001. Saint Louis
University, 2000.
Scanlon, Mara. The Divine Body in Grace Nicholss The Fat Black Womans Poems. World Literature
Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 72.1 (1998): 59-66.
Welsh, Sarah Lawson. Grace Nichols. Tavistock: Northcote House, 2003.
PHILLIPS, MIKE
King, Bruce. Mike Phillips and the Making of Black British Literature. Bridges Across Chasms:
Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige
Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 139-46.
Ledent, Bndicte. Voyages into Otherness: Cambridge and Lucy. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial
Writing 14.2 (1992): 53-63.
Milz, Sabine. Comparative Cultural Studies and Ethnic Minority Writing Today: The Hybridities of
Marlene Nourbese Philip and Emine Sevgi zdamar. CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and
Culture: A WWWeb Journal 2.2 (2000).
Sternberg, Claudia. Mike Phillips on Migration, Inventing Europe and His Novel A Shadow of Myself:
An Interview. Zeitschrift fr Anglistik und Amerikanistik: A Quarterly of Language, Literature
and Culture 49.4 (2001): 385-93.
RODNEY, WALTER
Alpers, Edward A. and Pierre-Michel Fontaine. Walter Rodney: Revolutionary and Scholar: a Tribute.
Ed. Edward A. Alpers and Pierre-Michel Fontaine. [Los Angeles, CA]: Center for AfroAmerican Studies and African Studies Center, University of California, Los Angeles, 1982.
Austin, David. Introduction to Walter Rodney. Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism.10 (2001):
60-65.
Bly, Viola Mattavous. Walter Rodney and Africa. Journal of Black Studies (1985).

98
Campbell, Horace, et al. Rasta and Resistance: From Marcus Garvey to Walter Rodney. London:
Hansib, 1985.
Campbell, Horace. Rasta and Resistance: From Marcus Garvey to Walter Rodney. Trenton, NJ: Africa
World Press, 1987.
---. C.L.R. James, Walter Rodney and the Caribbean Intellectual. C.L.R. James: His Intellectual
Legacies. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe and William E. Cain. Amherst: University of Massachusetts
Press, 1995. 405-31.
Isaacman, Allen. Legacies of Engagement: Scholarship Informed by Political Cssommitment. African
Studies Review 46.1 (2003): 1-41.
Kwayana, Eusi. Walter Rodney. Georgetown, Guyana: Working Peoples Alliance, 1988.
Mars, Perry, Harry Goulbourne, and John Solomos. Caribbean Influences in African-American
Political Struggles [Influences caribennes dans les luttes politiques afro-amricaines]. Ethnic
& Racial Studies 27.4 (2004): 565-83.
Rodney, Walter and Gerd Meuer. In gesprek met Walter Rodney. [S.l.]: Stichting Wetenschappelijke
Informatie, 1982.
Santiago-Valles, W. F. The Caribbean Intellectual Tradition That Produced James and Rodney. Race
& Class: A Journal for Black and Third World Liberation 42.2 (2000): 47-66.
Wallerstein, I. Walter Rodney: The Historian as Spokesman for Historical Forces. American
Ethnologist 13.2 (1986): 330-37.
SEYMOUR, ARTHUR J.
Brown, Lloyd W. The Guyanese Voice in West Indian Poetry: A Review of Arthur J. Seymour. World
Literature Written in English 15 (1976): 246-52.
---. A.J. Seymour (1914- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 450-56.
Dolphin, Celeste. The Poetry of A.J. Seymour. New World 1. April (1965): 31-39.
McLeod, Alan L. Tradition and Transition: A. J. Seymour and the Poetry of Guyana. ACLALS Bulletin
6.1 (1982): 42-54.
SHEWCHARAN, NARMALA
Mehta, Brinda J. Gendering the Nation: Reading Indo-Caribbean Feminism in Narmala
Shewcharans Tomorrow is Another Day. Wadabagei: Journal of the Caribbean and Its
Diaspora 7.1 (2004): 117-68.
SHINEBOURNE, JANICE
Gafoor, Ameena. The Depiction of Indo-Caribbean Female Experience by the Regional Woman
Writer: Jan Shinebournes The Last English Plantation. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean
Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University
of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 128-39.
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. Language as Subversion in Postcolonial Literature: The Case of Two
Caribbean Women Writers. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women
Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 101-14.
Shinebourne, Janice. Twin Influences: Guyana in the 1960s and Anglophone Caribbean Literature.
Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R.
Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 142-44.
WALROND, ERIC
Bogle, Enid. Eric Walrond (1898-1966). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 474-82.
Bone, Robert. Eric Walrond. Down Home: A History of Afro-American Short Fiction from Its
Beginnings to the End of the Harlem Renaissance. New York: Putnam, 1975. 171-203.
Charras, Franoise. Writing on the External Frontiers of the Caribbean: Eric Walrond and Vernon
Anderson. GRAAT: Publication des Groupes de Recherches Anglo-Amricaines de
luniversit Franois Rabelais de Tours 27 (2003): 245-66.
Frederick, Rhonda Denise. Mythographies of Panama Canal Migrations: Eric Walronds Tropic
Death. Marginal Migrations: The Circulation of Cultures within the Caribbean. Ed. Shalini Puri.
Warwick University Caribbean Studies. Oxford: Macmillan Caribbean, 2003. 43-76.

99
Martin, Tony. The Defectors - Eric Walrond and Claude McKay. Literary Garveyism. Dover: Majority
Press, 1983. 124-38.
Ramchand, Kenneth. The Writer Who Ran Away: Eric Walrond and Tropic Death. Savacou: A
Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement 2 (1970): 67-75.
Stephens, Michelle A. Eric Walronds Tropic Death and the Discontents of American Modernity.
Prosperos Isles: The Presence of the Caribbean in the American Imaginary. Ed. Diane
Accaria-Zavala and Rodolfo Popelnik. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 167-78.
Wade, Carl A. African-American Aesthetics and the Short Fiction of Eric Walrond: Tropic Death and
the Harlem. College Language Association Journal 42.4 (1999): 403 (27).
WILLIAMS, DENIS
Gilkes, Michael. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981, 168.
James, Louis. Denis Williams. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First Series.
Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117. Detroit,
MI: Gale, 1992. 313-16.
Lawrence, Leota S. From Cultural Ambivalence to the Celebration of the African Heritage in British
West Indian Literature. College Language Association Journal 23 (1979): 220-33.
Ramraj, Victor J. Dennis Williams (1923- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 483-92.

JAMAICA
GENERAL STUDIES
Alleyne, Mike. Positive Vibration? Capitalist Textual Hegemony and Bob Marley. Caribbean
Romances: The Politics of Regional Representation. Ed. Belinda Joy Edmondson. New World
Studies. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1999. 92-104.
Alston, James Anthony. The Role of Music in Rastafarian Society in Jamaica, 1930-1995. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[2], 280. 1999.
University of Pittsburgh. 1996.
Amoaku, William K. African Retentions in the Music of Jamaica. The Diffusion of the Afro-American
Idiom in the Western Hemisphere. Ed. Vada E. Butcher. Final Report to the National
Endowment for the Humanities, Grant No. ES 5962-72-492, 1972-1976: 3. Washington:
Howard University Center for Ethnic Music, 1977. 45-60.
Asein, Samuel Omo. The Protest Tradition in West Indian Poetry from George Campbell to Martin
Carter. Jamaica Journal 6.2 (1972): 40-45.
Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. The Development of Creole Society In Jamaica, 1770-1820. Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1971.
Broek, Aart G. Carabische literatuur: Strijders en verliezers. Utrecht: Bureau Studium Generale, 1989.
Cartelli, Thomas. After The Tempest: Shakespeare, Postcoloniality, and Michelle Cliffs New, New
World Miranda. Contemporary Literature 36.1 (1995): 82-102.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Mix Up the Indian with all the Patwa: Rajamuffin Sounds in Cool Britannia.
Language & Intercultural Communication 4.1/2 (2004): 81-99.
Craton, Michael. Perceptions of Slavery: A Preliminary Excursion into the Possibilities of Oral History
in Rural Jamaica. Old Roots in New Lands: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives on
Black Experiences in the Americas. Ed. Ann M. Pescatello. Contributions in Afro-American &
African Studies: 31. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1977. 263-83.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Folklore From Contemporary Jamaicans. Knoxville: University of Tennessee
Press, 1985.
Downes, Melissa Kimball. Ladies of Ill-Repute: The South Sea Bubble, the Caribbean, and The
Jamaica Lady. Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 33 (2004): 23-48.
Ferguson, Moira. Colonialism and Gender Relations From Mary Wollstonecraft to Jamaica Kincaid:
East Caribbean Connections. New York: Colombia University Press, 1993.
Fido, Elaine Savory. Finding a Way to Tell It: Methodology and Commitment in Theatre About Women
in Barbados and Jamaica. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature. Ed. Carole
Boyce Davies and Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1990. 331-43.
Harrawood, Michael. Shakespeare in the Caribbean: The Morant Bay Massacre, Jamaica, 1865.
Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History 65.2 (2004): 269-92.

100
Hill, Errol. The Jamaica Stage, 1655-1900: Profile of a Colonial Theatre. Amhurst, Massachusetts:
University of Massachusetts Press, 1992.
Johnson, Lemuel A. The Inventions of Paradise: The Caribbean and the Utopian Bent. Poetics
Today 15.4, Loci of Enunciation and Imaginary Constructions: The Case of (Latin) America, I
(1994): 685-724.
Lalla, Barbara. Voices in Exile: Jamaican Texts of the 18th and 19th Centuries. Ed. Barbara Lalla.
Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1989.
Lewis, Maureen Warner. The Nkuyu: Spirit Messengers of the Kumina. Savacou: A Journal of the
Caribbean Artists Movement 13 (1977): 57.
Mitchell, Keith Bernard. In the Wake of the World: Legacies of Colonial and Postcolonial Violence in
the Contemporary West Indian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4], 1357-58. 2004. University of North Carolina, Chapel
Hill.
Nettleford, Rex. Identidad nacional y actitudes raciales en Jamaica. Casa de las Amricas 91 (1975):
28.
Palmer, Opal Adisa. Tallawah Marketwoman and Rebel: Writing As Cultural Production. Colonies,
Missions, Cultures in the English Speaking World: General and Comparative Studies. Ed.
Gerhard Stilz.ZAA Studies: Language Literature Culture: 12. Tbingen Stauffenburg, 2001.
205-17.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. The Alienation of Power: The Woman Writer and the Planter-Heroine in
Caribbean Literature. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and
Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African
American Studies, 1998. 3-11.
Payette, Patricia Ruth. Living in Jane Eyres Shadow: Janes Intertextual Presence in Works by Maya
Angelou, Bharati Mukherjee, Michelle Cliff, and Jamaica Kincaid. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[7], 2436. 2002. Michigan
State University, 2001.
Pollard, Velma. Word Sounds: The Language of Rastafari in Barbados and St. Lucia. Jamaica
Journal 17.1 (1984): 57-62.
Rodrguez-Carranza, Luz and Nadia Lie. A Comparative Analysis of Caribbean Literary Magazines:
1960-1980. A History of Literature in the Caribbean. Volume 3: Cross-Cultural Studies. Ed. A.
James Arnold. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1997. 119-60.
Simpson, George Eaton. The Nine Night Ceremony in Jamaica. The Journal of American Folklore
70.278 (1957): 329-35.
Stephens, Rebecca Lynn. Immigrant Women Writers and the Specter of Multiplicity: Articulations of
Subjectivity and Nationalism in the Texts of Julia Alvarez, Christina Garcia, Le Ly Hayslip,
Jamaica and Bharati Mukherjee. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 58[8], 3137. 1998. Washington State University, 1997.
Thompson, Thelma B. Their Pens, Their Swords: New Jamaican Women Poets and Political
Statement in Nation Language. Studies in the Literary Imagination 26.2 (1993): 45-62.
Vanderauwera, Ria and Wim Neeters. De grote overtocht: proza en pozie uit het Carabische
gebied. Restant literair 11.2 (1983): 1-296.
ALLEN, LILIAN
Bucknor, Michael Andrew. Body-Vibes: (S)pacing the Performance in Lillian Allens Dub Poetry.
Thamyris: Mythmaking from Past to Present 5.2 (1998): 301-22.
Casas, Maria Caridad. Orality and Literacy in a Postcolonial World. Social Semiotics 8.1 (1998): 524.
---. Orality and the Body in the Poetry of Lillian Allen and Dionne Brand: Towards an Embodied Social
Semiotics. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 33.2 (2002): 7-32.
---. Whose Rhythm? Textualized Riddim in Lillian Allens Women Do This Every Day. Essays on
Canadian Writing 83 (2004): 167-87.
BARRETT, LINDSAY
Edwards, Norval Nadi. Lindsay Barrett (1941- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 26-34.
Royster, Philip M. The Curse of Capitalism in the Caribbean: Purpose and Theme in Lindsay Barretts
Song for Mumu. Obsidian II: Black Literature in Review 2.2 (1987): 3-22.

101
BENNETT, LOUISE
Brown, Lloyd W. The Oral Tradition: Sparrow and Louise Bennett. West Indian Poetry. Boston:
Twayne, 1978. 100-17.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Noh Lickle Twang: An Introduction to the Poetry of Louise Bennett. World
Literature Written in English 17 (1978): 317-27.
---. The Female Sensibility in the Poetry of Louise Bennett: That Cunny Jamma Oman. Gender,
Culture and Caribbean Development (1st;8/19-06-1987;Mona) Mona: Women and
Development Studies, University of the West Indies, 1987.
---. West Indies Plight: Louise Bennett and the Cultural Politics Federation. Social and Economic
Studies 48.4 (1999): 211-28.
Doumerc, Eric. Louise Bennett and the Mento Tradition. Ariel: A Review of International English
Literature (Calgary) 31.4 (2000): 23-31.
Erwin, Lee. Two Jamaican Women Writers and the Uses of Creole. Commonwealth and American
Womens Discourse: Essays in Criticism. Ed. Alan L. McLeod. New Delhi, India: Sterling,
1996. 124-34.
Farquharson, Joseph T. Literary Revolution and Decolonisation in Louise Bennetts Poetry.
Sargasso: Literature, Language, Culture. 2 (2002): 46-55.
Hoenisch, Michael E. Louise Bennett. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117.
Detroit, MI: Gale, 1992. 93-97.
---. Louise Bennett: Between Subcultures. Alternative Cultures in the Caribbean: First International
Conference of the Society of Caribbean Research, Berlin 1988. Ed. Thomas Bremer and
Ulrich Fleischmann. Bibliotheca Ibero-Americana. Frankfurt am Main: Vervuert, 1993. 181-92.
Morris, Mervyn. On Reading Louise Bennett, Seriously. Jamaica Journal 1.1 (1967): 69-74.
---. Louise Bennett in Print. The Caribbean Quarterly 28. March-June (1982): 44-56.
---. Louise Bennett (1919- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 35-45.
Ramazani, Jahan. The Hybrid Muse: Postcolonial Poetry in English. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press, 2001.
Simmons-McDonald, Hazel. Decolonizing English: The Caribbean Counter-Thrust. The Politics of
English as a World Language: New Horizons in Postcolonial Cultural Studies. Ed. Christian
Mair. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 65. Amsterdam:
Rodopi, 2003. 179-201.
Smith, Angela. Long Memoried Women: Oodegroo Noonuccal and Jamaican Poet, Louise Bennett.
Australian Literary Studies 16.4 (1994): 77 (15).
Wheeler, Elizabeth Anne. Riddym Ravings: Female and National Identity in Jamaican Poetry.
Imagination, Emblems and Expressions: Essays on Latin American, Caribbean, and
Continental Culture and Identity. Ed. Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green, OH: Popular,
1993. 139-53.
BREEZE, JEAN BINTA
Breeze, Jean and Jenny Sharpe. Dub and Difference: A Conversation with Jean Binta Breeze.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 26.3 (2003): 607-13.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Words Unbroken by the Beat: The Performance Poetry of Jean Binta Breeze
and Mikey Smith. Wasafiri 11 (1990): 7-13.
Sharpe, Jenny. Cartographies of Globalisation, Technologies of Gendered Subjectivities: The Dub
Poetry of Jean Binta Breeze. Gender & History 15.3 (2003): 440-59.
BRODBER, ERNA
Brodber, Erna. Fiction in the Scientific Procedure. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First
International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 164-68.
---. Beyond the Boundary: Magical Realism in the Jamaican Frame of Reference. Sisyphus and
Eldorado: Magical and Other Realisms in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Timothy J. Reiss.Trenton,
NJ: Africa World, 2002. 15-24.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. Revisioning Our Kumblas: Transforming Feminist and Nationalist
Agendas in Three Caribbean Womens Texts. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 16.1 (1993): 44-64.

102
---. Revisioning Our Kumblas: Transforming Feminist and Nationalist Agendas in Three Caribbean
Womens Texts. Postcolonial Theory and the United States: Race, Ethnicity, and Literature.
Ed. Amritjit Singh and Peter Schmidt. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.
300-19.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Afro-Jamaican Folk: Elements in Brodbers Jane and Louisa Will Soon Come
Home. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature. Ed. Carole Boyce Davies and
Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1990. 279-88.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Go Eena Kumbla: A Comparison of Erna Brodbers Jane and Louisa Will Soon
Come Home and Toni Cade Bambaras The Salt Eaters. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays
from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 16984.
Feng, Pin chia. Rituals of Rememory: Afro-Caribbean Religions in Myal and It Begins with Tears.
MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United
States 27.1 (2002): 149-75.
Fumagalli, Maria Cristina. Remembering the Contemporary: Lady Mary Wroth and Erna Brodber.
Centre of Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean Womens Literature. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo
and Marlene NourbeSe Philip. London, England: Mango, 2002. 81-94.
Harris, Wilson. The Life of Myth and Its Possible Bearing on Erna Brodbers Fictions Jane and Louisa
Will Soon Come Home and Myal. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 12.3 (1990): 8692.
Humphrey, Lesley. A Myriad of Circles: The Kumbla Image in Erna Brodbers Jane and Louisa Will
Soon Come Home. Contemporary Commonwealth Fiction. Ed. John Thieme. Aarhus:
ACLALS Bulletin Eight Series, 1, 1989. 29-38.
James, Cynthia. Reconnecting the Caribbean-American Diaspora in Paule Marshalls Brown Girl,
Brownstones and Erna Brodbers Louisiana. College Language Association Journal 45.2
(2001): 151-70.
---. Gender and Hemispheric Shifts in the Caribbean Narrative in English at the Close of the 20th
Century: A Study of Paule Marshalls Daughters and Erna Brodbers Louisiana. Jouvert: A
Journal of Postcolonial Studies 5.3 (2001).
Khair, Tabish. Correct(ing) Images from the Inside: Reading the Limits of Erna Brodbers Myal. The
Journal of Commonwealth Literature 37.1 (2002): 121-32.
Kortenaar, Neil ten. Foreign Possessions: Erna Brodbers Myal, the Medium, and Her Message.
Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 30.4 (1999): 51-73.
Kutzinski, Vera M. Borders, Bodies, and Regions: The United States and the Caribbean. A
Companion to the Regional Literatures of America. Ed. Charles L. Crow. Blackwell
Companions to Literature and Culture: 21. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2003. 171-91.
Maximin, Colette. Distinction and Dialogism in Jamaica: Myal by Erna Brodber. Commonwealth
Essays and Studies 21.2 (1999): 49-62.
Narain, Denise deCaires. The Body of the Woman in the Body of the Text: The Novels of Erna
Brodber. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed. Maryse Cond and Thorunn
Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 97-116.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Erna Brodber. Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986. 71-82.
---. Engineering the Female Subject: Erna Brodbers Myal. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean
Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University
of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 228-39.
Oczkowicz, Edyta. Triadic Empowerment: Invention of Female Identity in Erna Brodbers Myal and
Louisiana. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars
1 (1998): 145-53.
Pollard, Velma. Blurring Cultural Boundaries: The Balm Yard in Olive Seniors Discerner of Hearts
and Erna Brodbers Myal. The Caribbean Quarterly 43.4 (1997): 37-46.
Powell, Joan Miller. The Conflict of Becoming: Cultural Hybridity and the Representation of
Focalization in Caribbean Literature. Literature and Psychology: News-Letter of the
Conference on Literature and Psychology of the Modern Language Association of America
45.1-2 (1999): 63-93.
Puri, Shalini. An other realism: Erna Brodbers Myal. Ariel: A Review of International English
Literature (Calgary) 24.3 (1993): 95-115.
Sanz, Ileana. Envisioning a Caribbean Humanism in the Works of Two Writers From the Region. The
Caribbean Quarterly 43.4 (1997): 74-80.

103
Saunders, Patricia Joan. Beyond Caliban: (Dis)Forming Identity and Being in Contemporary
Anglophone Caribbean Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 60[4], 1140-41. 1999. University of Pittsburgh. 1999.
---. The Project of Becoming for Marlene Nourbese-Philip and Erna Brodber. Bucknell Review: A
Scholarly Journal of Letters, Arts and Sciences 44.2 (2001): 133-59.
Tiffin, Helen M. Decolonization and Audience: Erna Brodbers Myal and Jamaica Kincaids A Small
Place. SPAN: Journal of the South Pacific Association for Commonwealth Literature and
Language Studies 30 (1990): 27-38.
---. Cold Hearts and (Foreign) Tongues: Recitation and the Reclamation of the Female Body in the
Works of Erna Brodber and Jamaica Kincaid. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 16.4 (1993): 909-21.
Walker-Johnson, Joyce. Autobiography, History, and the Novel: Erna Brodbers Jane and Louisa Will
Soon Come Home. The Journal of West Indian Literature 3.1 (1989): 47-49.
---. Myal: Text and Context. The Journal of West Indian Literature 5.1 and 2 (1992): 48-64.
Webb, Barbara J. Erna Brodber. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1996. 17-26.
BROWN, LLOYD W.
Struselis, Alison. Postcolonial Ghosts in the Caribbean: Lloyd W. Browns Duppies. World Literature
Written in English 39.1 (2001): 97-106.
CAMPBELL, GEORGE
Asein, Samuel Omo. The Protest Tradition in West Indian Poetry from George Campbell to Martin
Carter. Jamaica Journal 6.2 (1972): 40-45.
CAMPBELL, HAZEL D.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Feminist Consciousness: European/American Theory, Jamaican Stories.
Journal of Caribbean Studies 6.2 (1988): 143-62.
CLIFF, MICHELLE
Want zwijgen biedt geen bescherming: Portretten van zwarte schrijfsters. Ed. Mavis Carrilho and
Tineke van den Houten. Amsterdam: Katijf, 1985.
Aegerter, Lindsay Pentolfe. Michelle Cliff and the Matrix of Identity. Journal of Caribbean Literatures
1.1 (1997): 7-20.
---. Michelle Cliff and the Paradox of Privilege. College English 59.8 (1997): 898-915.
Agosto, Noraida. Michelle Cliffs Novels: Piecing the Tapestry of Memory and History. New York: Peter
Lang, 1999.
Aguiar, Marian. Decolonizing the Tongue: Reading Speech and Aphasia In the Work of Michelle Cliff.
Literature and Psychology: News-Letter of the Conference on Literature and Psychology of the
Modern Language Association of America 47.1/2 (2001): 94 (15).
Barnes, Fiona Ruthven. Resisting Cultural Cannibalism: Oppositional Narratives in Michelle Cliffs No
Telephone to Heaven. The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association 25.1
(1992): 23-31.
Bost, Suzanne. Fluidity without Postmodernism: Michelle Cliff and the Tragic Mulatta Tradition.
African American Review 32.4 (1998): 673-89.
Brice-Finch, Jacqueline LaVerne. Michelle Cliff. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African
Writers, Third Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit,
MI: Gale, 1996. 49-58.
Bus, Heiner. Good Fences Make Good Neighbors?: Open and Closed Borders in the Fictions of
Paule Marshall, Toni Morrison, and Michelle Cliff, and in Jos Marts Our America. Revista
Canaria de Estudios Ingleses 43 (2001): 119-32.
Cartelli, Thomas. After The Tempest: Shakespeare, Postcoloniality, and Michelle Cliffs New, New
World Miranda. Contemporary Literature 36.1 (1995): 82-102.
Chancy, Myriam Josphe Aime. Exile and Resistance: Retelling History as a Revolutionary Act in
the Writings of Michelle Cliff and Marie Chauvet. Journal of Caribbean Studies 9.3 (1993):
266-92.

104
Chin, Timothy S. Bullers and Battymen: Contesting Homophobia in Black Popular Culture and
Contemporary Caribbean Literature. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters
20.1 (1997): 127-41.
Clarke, Joseph Nathaniel. An Acre of Ground: Figuring Identity in Anglophone Caribbean Fiction.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[9],
3052. 2002. Rutgers U, New Brunswick. 2001.
Cliff, Michelle. Clare Savage As a Crossroads Character. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from
the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 263-68.
---. An Interview with Meryl F. Schwartz. Contemporary Literature 34.4 (1993): 595-619.
---. Poetry Is a Way of Reaching Out to What is Reaching for You. The American Poetry Review 24.4
(1995): 29-35.
Comfort, Susan Marguerite. Memory, Identity, and Exile in Postcolonial Caribbean Fiction. Dissertation
Abstracts International 55[10], 3187A. 1995. University of Texas, Austin. 1994.
Donald-Smythe, Antonia. Making Herself at Home in the West/Indies: The Gendered Construction of
Identity in the Writings of Michelle Cliff and Jamaica Kincaid. Dissertation Abstracts
International 57[5], 2027A. 1996. Ohio State University, 1996.
---. Making Homes in the West/Indies: Constructions of Subjectivity in the Writings of Michelle Cliff and
Jamaica Kincaid. New York: Garland, 2001, xiv, 209.
Edlmair, Barbara. Rewriting History: Alternative Versions of the Caribbean Past in Michelle Cliff,
Rosario Ferr, Jamaica Kincaid and Daniel Maximin. Wien: Braumller, 1999.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. Race, Privilege, and the Politics of (Re)Writing History: An Analysis of the
Novels of Michelle Cliff. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 16.1 (1993):
180-91.
Elia, Nada. A Man Who Wants to Be a Woman: Queerness as/and Healing Practices in Michelle
Cliffs No Telephone to Heaven. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 23.1
(2000): 352-65.
---. Trances, Dances, and Vociferations: Agency and Resitance in Africana Womens Narratives. New
York: Garland Publ. Inc., 2001.
Emery, Mary Lou. Refiguring the Postcolonial Imagination: Tropes of Visuality in Writing by Rhys,
Kincaid, and Cliff. Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 16.2 (1997): 259-80.
Gifford, William Tell. Narrative and the Nature of Worldview in the Clare Savage Novels of Michelle
Cliff. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2003, 130.
Hart, David W. Caribbean Chronotopes: From Exile to Agency. Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies
Journal 2.2 (2004).
Hornung, Alfred and Ernstpeter Ruhe. Postcolonialism and Autobiography: Michelle Cliff, David
Dabydeen, Opal Palmer Adisa. Postcolonialism and Autobiography 1996 (Wrzburg):
Textxet. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998.
Hoving, Isabel. The Dark Dank Places of My Silence: Silence, Sexuality, and the Experience of Two
Caribbean Women Writers. Journal of Caribbean Studies 9.3 (1993): 202-09.
---. I and I. Etniciteit, sekse en verteltechniek bij Michelle Cliff en Jamaica Kincaid. Tijdschrift voor
vrouwenstudies 15.1 (1994): 46-61.
---. Love in the Third World: Two Caribbean Women Writers on Myths about the Relation between
Sexuality and Race. Thamyris: Mythmaking from Past to Present 2.2 (1995): 151-75.
Ilmonen, Kaisa. Rethinking the Past, Rewriting the History: Counter-Narratives in Michelle Cliffs
Abeng. Atlantic Literary Review 3.2 (2002): 110-29.
Issen, Laura Michelle. Expressions of Socioeconomic and Cultural Complexities in Works by Derek
Walcott, Jamaica Kincaid, and Michelle Cliff. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A:
The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[8], 3180. 2001. University of Texas, Austin. 2000.
Johnson, Lemuel A. A-Beng: (Re)Calling the Body in (to) Question. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean
Women and Literature. Ed. Carole Boyce Davies and Elaine Savory Fido. Trenton, USA:
Africa World Press, 1990. 111-42.
Knutson, Lin. Michelle Cliff and the Feminization of Space: No Telephone to Heaven as Female
Limbo Gateway into History. Journal of Caribbean Studies 11.3 (1996): 276-300.
Kuelen, Margarete. From Silence to the Fragmented Self: Michelle Cliffs and Edward Kamau
Brathwaites Subject Constitution in Literature and Non-Fictional Prose. Bridges Across
Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 199210.
Labiosa, David J. Strategies and Practices of Resistance and Affirmation in Twentieth Century
Caribbean Narrative. Dissertation Abstracts International 53[10], 3519A. 1993. University of
Michigan.

105
Lima, Maria Helena. Revolutionary Developments: Michelle Cliffs No Telephone to Heaven and
Merle Collinss Angel. Ariel 24.1 (1993): 35-56.
Lpez, Alfred. (Un)Concealed Histories: Whiteness and the Land in Michelle Cliffs Abeng.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 4 (2001):
173-81.
MacDonald-Smythe, Antonia. Autobiography and the Reconstruction of Homeland: The Writings of
Michelle Cliff and Jamaica. Caribbean Studies 27.3-4 (1994): 422 (5).
---. Making Homes in the West/Indies: Constructions of Subjectivity in the Writings of Michelle Cliff and
Jamaica Kincaid. New York: Routledge, 2001.
Mignolo, Walter D. Linguistic Maps, Literary Geographies, and Cultural Landscapes: Languages,
Languaging and (Trans)Nationalism. Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary
History 57.2 (1996): 181-96.
---. Linguistic Maps, Literary Geographies, and Cultural Landscapes: Languages, Languaging and
(Trans)Nationalism. The Places of History: Regionalism Revisited in Latin America. Ed. Doris
Sommer. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999. 49-65.
Mitchell, Keith Bernard. In the Wake of the World: Legacies of Colonial and Postcolonial Violence in
the Contemporary West Indian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4], 1357-58. 2004. University of North Carolina, Chapel
Hill.
Moynagh, Maureen. Articles - The Ethical Turn in Postcolonial Theory and Narrative: Michelle Cliffs
No Telephone to Heaven. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 30.4
(1999): 109-33.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Paradise with Pepper Sauce: Michelle Cliffs No Telephone to Heaven. Moving
Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 3.2 (2003): 50-65.
ODriscoll, Sally. Michelle Cliff and the Authority of Identity. The Journal of the Midwest Modern
Language Association 28.1 (1995): 56-70.
Palmer, Opal Adisa. Journey into Speech-A Writer between Two Worlds: An Interview with Michelle
Cliff. African American Review 28.2 (1994): 273-81.
Schwartz, Meryl F. and Michelle Cliff. An Interview with Michelle Cliff. Contemporary Literature 34.4
(1993): 595-619.
Sethuraman, Ramchandran. Evidence-cum-witness: Subaltern History, Violence, and the
(De)Formation of Nation in Michelle Cliffs No Telephone to Heaven. Modern Fiction Studies:
A Critical Quarterly 43.1 (1997): 249-87.
Toland-Dix, Shirley Dyann. Re-negotiating Racial Identity: The Challenge of Migration and Return in
Michelle Cliffs No Telephone to Heaven. Studies in the Literary Imagination 37.2 (2004): 3752.
Wilson, Elizabeth Betty. Michelle Cliff and Her French Caribbean Antecedents: The Writer As Maker,
Wearer, and Breaker of Masks. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on
Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center
for African American Studies, 1998. 91-101.
COOPER, AFUA
Cooper, Afua. Finding My Voice. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International
Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 301-05.
DCOSTA, JEAN
DCosta, Jean. Expression and Communication: Literary Challenges to the Caribbean Polydialectal
Writers. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 19.1 (1984): 123-41.
Johnson, Joyce. Finding a Literary Medium: Jean DCostas Novels for Children. Wasafiri 5 (1986):
12-15.
---. Jean DCosta (1937- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 160-65.
DE LISSER, HERBERT GEORGE
Angrosino, Michael V. Identity and Escape in Caribbean Literature. Literature and Anthropology. Ed.
Philip Dennis and Wendell Aycock. Studies in Comparative Literature (SCLit): 20. Lubbock:
Texas Tech University Press, 1989. 113-32.

106
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Jamaican Indians: A Novelists View. Indenture & Exile: The Indo-Caribbean
Experience. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh. Toronto: TSAR, 1989. 91-99.
---. H.G. De Lisser. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1992. 141-49.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. Herbert George De Lisser (1878-1944). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A BioBibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press,
1986. 166-77.
Dawes, Kwame S. N. An Act of Unruly Savagery: Re-Writing Black Rebellion in the Language of the
Colonizer. H.G. de Lissers The White Witch of Rosehall. The Caribbean Quarterly 40.1
(1994): 1-12.
Figueroa, John J. M. Janes Career by H.G. de Lisser. World Literature Written in English 12. April
1973 (1973): 97-105.
Morris, Mervyn. H. G. De Lisser: The First Competent Caribbean Novelist in English. Carib
(Kingston) 1 (1979): 18-26.
Smith, Felipe. The Economics of Enchantment: Two Montego Bay, Jamaica Great House Tours.
Caribe 2000: Definiciones, identidades y culturas regionales y/o nacionales/Caribbean 2000:
Regional and/or National Definitions, Identities and Cultures. Ed. Lowell Fiet and Janette
Becerra. Sargasso: 4. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Sargasso/Caribe 2000-Facultad de
Humanidades, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 2000. 21-33.
DURIE, ALICE
Haynes, Carmel L. Subaltern Challenges to the Author/ity of the Colonising Subject within One
Jamaica Gal and A Study in Colour. Revista Interamericana Review 31.1-4 (2001).
FIGUEROA, JOHN
At Home the Green Remains: Caribbean Writing in Honour of John Figueroa. The Caribbean
Quarterly 49.1-2 (2003).
FULLER, VERNELLA
Fuller, Vernella. The Development of My Art As a Fiction Writer. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction
in English. Ed. Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 3240.
GARVEY, MARCUS
Campbell, Horace, et al. Rasta and Resistance: From Marcus Garvey to Walter Rodney. London:
Hansib, 1985.
Campbell, Horace. Rasta and Resistance: From Marcus Garvey to Walter Rodney. Trenton, NJ: Africa
World Press, 1987.
Clarke, John Henrik and Amy Jacques Garvey. Marcus Garvey and the Vision of Africa. New York:
Vintage Books, 1974.
Cronon, Edmund David. Black Moses: the Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro
Improvement Association. Madison, WI: University of Winconsin Press, 1955.
Donovan, Sandra. Marcus Garvey. Chicago, IL: Raintree, 2003.
Edwards, Adolph. Marcus Garvey, 1887-1940. repr. ed. London: New Beacon Books, 1972.
Fax, Elton C. Garvey: the Story of a Pioneer Black Nationalist. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1972.
Garvey, Amy Jacques. Garvey and Garveyism. New York: Octagon Books, 1978.
Giovannetti, Jorge L. and Reinaldo L. Romn. Special issue: Garveyism and the Universal Negro
Association in the Hispanic Caribbean. Caribbean Studies 31.1 (2004).
Hart, R. The life and resurrection of Marcus Garvey. Rave 9.2 (1967): 217-37.
Juneja, Renu and James Kingsland. The Caribbean-American Connection: A Paradox of Success
and Subversion. Journal of American Culture 21.3 (1998): 63-67.
Lewis, Rupert. Garveys Forerunners: Love and Bedward. Race & Class: A Journal for Black and
Third World Liberation 28.3 (1987): 29-40.
Lewis, Rupert, Marcus Garvey, and Patrick Bryan. Garvey: His Work and Impact. Ed. Rupert Lewis
and Patrick Bryan. Mona, Jamaica: Institute of Social and Economic Research and
Department of Extra-Mural Studies, University of he West Indies, 1988.

107
Lewis, Rupert. Marcus Garvey: Anti-Colonial Champion. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1988.
Mackie, Liz. The Great Marcus Garvey. London: Hansib, 1987.
Mars, Perry, Harry Goulbourne, and John Solomos. Caribbean influences in African-American
political struggles. Ethnic & Racial Studies 27.4 (2004): 565-83.
Martin, Tony. Literary Garveyism: Garvey, Black Arts, and the Harlem Renaissance. Dover, Mass.:
Majority Press, 1983.
---. Marcus Garvey, Hero: a First Biography. Dover,Mass.: Majority Press, 1983.
Mohamed, Paloma and Barrington Braithwaithe. A Man Called Garvey: the Life and Times of the
Great Leader Marcus Garvey. Dover, Mass: Majority Press, 2004.
Nembhard, Len S. Trials and Triumphs of Marcus Garvey. Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus Reprint Co, 1978.
Satter, Beryl. Marcus Garvey, Father Divine, and the Gender Politics of Race Difference and Race
Neutrality. American Quarterly 48.1 (1996): 43-76.
Schraff, Anne E. Marcus Garvey: Controversial Champion of Black Pride. Berkeley Heights, NJ:
Enslow Publishers, 2004.
Sewell, Tony. Garveys Children: the Legacy of Marcus Garvey. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1990.
Stein, Judith. The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society. Baton Rouge:
Louisiana State University Press, 1986.
Stephens, Michelle A. Black Transnationalism and the Politics of National Identity: West Indian
Intellectuals in Harlem in the Age of War and Revolution. American Quarterly 50.3 (1998):
592-608.
Watson, E. Marcus Garveys garveyism: Message from a forefather. The Journal of Religious
Thought 51.2 (1994): 77-94.
GLADWELL, JOYCE
Courtman, Sandra. Portrait of a West Indian Woman as a Young Writer in England. Wasafiri 33
(2001): 9-14.
GOODISON, LORNA
Alexander, Mary L. Woman as creator/destroyer in three poems of Lorna Goodison. Caribbean
Studies 27.3-4 (1994): 440 (4).
Bankay, Anne Mara. The issue of oppression: A political stance in the poetry of two Jamaican
women writers. The Caribbean Quarterly 47.4 (2001): 58-70.
Baugh, Edward. Goodison on the Road to Heartease. The Journal of West Indian Literature 1.1
(1986): 13-22.
---. Lorna Goodison. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third Series. Ed.
Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1996. 85-95.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Lorna Goodison: Heartease. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in English. Ed.
Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 152-66.
Bobb, June D. No choice but to sing: symbolic geographies and Lorna Goodisons wild women.
Sargasso: Literature, Language, Culture.(special issue) (2001): 31-38.
Chang, Victor Lloyd. Three Caribbean Poets on Their Work: E. Kamau Brathwaite, Mervyn Morris,
Lorna Goodison. Mona: Institute of Caribbean Studies, the University of the West Indies,
1993.
Fido, Elaine Savory. Crossroads: Third World Criticism and Commitment with Reference to AfricanCaribbean Women Poets. ACLALS Bulletin 7.5 (1986): 10-25.
Goddison, Lorna. How I Became a Writer. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First
International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 290-93.
Gohrisch, Jana. Gender and Hybridity in Contemporary Caribbean Poetry. Anglistentag 1997
Giessen. Ed. Raimund Borgmeier, Herbert Grabes, and Andreas Jucker. Trier:
Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 1998. 139-56.
Kuwabong, Dannabang. Reading the Gospel of Bakes: Daughters Representations of Mothers in the
Poetry of Claire Harris and Lora Goodison. Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la
Femme 18.2-3 (1998): 132-38.
Kuwabong, Dannabang. Apocrypha of Nannys Secrets: The Rhetoric of Recovery in Africaribbean
Womens Poetry. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 59[8], 2993-94. 1999. McMaster University, 1997.
---. The Mother as Archetype of Self: A Poetics of Matrilineage in the Poetry of Claire Harris and
Lorna Goodison. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 30.1 (1999):
105-29.

108
---. From the Depths of Anxiety Valley to the Pinnacle of Heartease Mountain: Lorna Goodisons
Poetry of Release. Sargasso: Literature, Language, Culture (2001): 75-96.
Narain, Denise deCaires. Interview with Lorna Goodison. Wasafiri 11 (1990): 20-24.
---. Body Language in the Work of Four Caribbean Poets. Wasafiri 16 (1992): 27-31.
Pollard, Velma. Language and Identity: The Use of Different Codes in Jamaican Poetry. Winds of
Change: The Transforming Voices of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S.
Newson and Linda Strong-Leek.New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998. 31-36.
---. To Us All Flowers Are Roses: Writing Ourselves into the Literature of the Caribbean. Sargasso:
Literature, Language, Culture (2001): 65-73.
Tiffin, Helen M. Flowers of Evil, Flowers of Empire: Roses and Daffodils in the Work of Jamaica
Kincaid, Olive Senior and Lorna Goodison. SPAN: Journal of the South Pacific Association
for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies 46 (1998): 58-71.
---. Replanted in This Arboreal Place: Gardens and Flowers in Contemporary Caribbean Writing.
English Literatures in International Contexts. Ed. Heinz Antor and Klaus Stierstorfer.
Anglistische Forschungen (AF): 283. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universittsverlag, 2000. 14963.
HALL, STUART M.
Beato, Zelina. Identities and Their Impossibilities. Trabalhos em Linguistica Aplicada 43.1 (2004):
159-70.
Giroux, H. A., Gregory J. Seigworth, and J. MaggregorWise. Public pedagogy as cultural politics:
Stuart Hall and the crisis of culture. Cultural Studies 14.2 (2000): 341-60.
Hller, Christian. Terrains der Verstrung. Texte zur Kunst 6.24 (1996): 46-57.
Mclennan, Gregor. Sociology, eurocentrism and postcolonial theory. European Journal of Social
Theory 6.1 (2003): 69-86.
Presutti, F. I Cultural Studies e il dibattito sul postmoderno: Stuart Hall. Studi di sociologia 33.3
(1995): 277-88.
Wood, B. Stuart Halls cultural studies and the problem of hegemony. The British Journal of
Sociology 49.3 (1998): 399-414.
HEADLEY, VICTOR
Farred, Grant. The Postcolonial Chickens Come Home to Roost: How Yardie Has Created a New
Postcolonial Subaltern. South Atlantic Quarterly 100.1 (2001): 287-305.
Petithomme, Moya Jones. Forty Years Hence: Immigrants and Yardies in Selvon and Headley.
Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 12 (1994): 35-44.
HEARNE, JOHN
Binder, Wolfgang. Subtleties of Enslavement: An Interview with the Jamaican Writer John Hearne.
Komparatistische Hefte 9/10 (1984): 101-13.
---. John Hearne. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1992. 194-98.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Escapism in the Novels of John Hearne. The Caribbean Quarterly 16.March
1970 (1970): 28-38.
Cartey, Wilfred. The Novels of John Hearne. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 7 (1969): 4558.
Davies, Barrie. The Seekers: The Novels of John Hearne. The Islands in Between. Ed. Louis James.
London: Oxford University Press, 1968. 109-20.
Hillman, Richard S. and Margaret V. Ekstrom. Political cynicism in contemporary Caribbean fiction.
SECOLAS Annals: Journal of the Southeastern Council on Latin American Studies 21 (1990):
71-78.
Ingledew, David. John Hearne (1926- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 198-206.
Samad, Daizal. Arise the West Indian: Marcus Henekys Racial Awakening in John Hearnes The
Land of the Living. The Journal of West Indian Literature 4.2 (1990): 66-79.
HEMANS, DONNA

109
Down, Lorna. Navigating the Web of Place: Trapped Identities in Donna Hemans River Woman.
Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal 2.1 (2004).
Shea, Rene Hausmann. The New Voice of a Graceful Lady: An Interview with Donna Hemans.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 3 (2000):
12-18.
HOPKINSON, NALO
Anatol, Giselle Liza. A Feminist Reading of Soucouyants in Nalo Hopkinsons Brown Girl in the Ring
and Skin Folk. Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature 37.3 (2004): 3350.
Batty, Nancy. Interview - Caught by a...genre: An Interview with Nalo Hopkinson. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 33.1 (2002): 175-201.
Collier, Gordon. Spaceship Creole: Nalo Hopkinson, Canadian-Caribbean Fabulist Fiction, and
Linguistic/Cultural Syncretism. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 27-28 (2003):
443-56.
Hopkinson, Nalo and Alondra Nelson. Making the Impossible Possible: An Interview with Nalo
Hopkinson. Social Text 20.2 (2002): 97-113.
Hopkinson, Nalo and Jene Watson-Aifah. A Conversation with Nalo Hopkinson. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 26.1 (2003): 160-69.
Hopkinson, Nalo and Dianne D. Glave. An Interview with Nalo Hopkinson. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 26.1 (2003): 146-59.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. Beginners Luck among Caribbean-Canadian Writers: Nalo Hopkinson, Andr
Alexis and Shani Mootoo. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 22.1 (1999): 89-96.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Settling into Unhomliness: Displacement in Selected Caribbean and Caribbean
Canadian Womens Writing. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 26.1 (2004): 182-95.
Rutledge, Gregory E. and Nalo Hopkinson. Speaking in Tongues: An Interview with Science Fiction
Writer Nalo Hopkinson. African American Review 33.4 (1999): 589-601.
Wolff, Christian. An Interview with Nalo Hopkinson. MaComre: Journal of the Association of
Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 4 (2001): 26-36.
JOHNSON, LINTON KWESI
DAguiar, Fred. Linton Kwesi Johnson. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1996. 123-30.
Dieffenthaller, Ian. Locating Linton Kwesi Johnson in a West Indian British Context. Bridges Across
Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 12738.
Johnson, Linton Kwesi. Linton Kwesi Johnson Interviewed by Mevyn Morris. Jamaica Journal 20.1
(1987): 17-27.
Reichardt, Ulfried. Diaspora Studies and the Culture of the African Diaspora: The Poetry of Derek
Walcott, Kamau Brathwaite and Linton Kwesi Johnson. Diaspora and Multiculturalism:
Common Traditions and New Developments. Ed. Monika Fludernik. Cross/Cultures: Readings
in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 66. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2003. 287-327.
LISSER, H.G.DE
Gilkes, Michael. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981.
LONG, EDWARD
Bohls, Elizabeth A. The Gentleman Planter and the Metropole: Longs History of Jamaica (1774).
The Country and the City Revisited: England and the Politics of Culture, 1550-1850. Ed.
Gerald MacLean, Donna Landry, and Joseph P. Ward. Cambridge, England: Cambridge
University Press, 1999. 180-96.
Coleman, Deirdre. Janet Schaw and the Complexions of Empire. Eighteenth-Century Studies: A
Journal of Literature and the Arts 36.2 (2003): 169-93.
Shepherd, Verene A. and Glen Richards. Questioning creole: Domestic producers in Jamaicas
plantation economy. The Caribbean Quarterly 44.1-2 (1998): 93-107.

110

MAIS, ROGER
Black Lightning. Journal of Canadian Fiction 3.4 (1975): 41-44.
Bass, Margaret Kent. Race, Class, and Gender in Four West Indian Novels: Pitch Lake, Corentyne
Thunder, The Hills Were Joyful Together, Wide Sargasso Sea. Imagination, Emblems and
Expressions: Essays on Latin American, Caribbean, and Continental Culture and Identity. Ed.
Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green, OH: Popular, 1993. 127-37.
Bogle, Enid. Driven to Madness: Psycho-Social Tensions in Two Caribbean Female Characters.
Zora Neale Hurston Forum 4.1 (1989): 9-17.
Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. Introduction to Brother Man by Roger Mais. Brother Man. London:
Heinemann, 1974. v-xxi.
---. Roger Mais. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1993. 78-81.
Carr, Bill. Roger Mais: Design From a Legend. The Caribbean Quarterly 13.March (1967): 3-28.
Codina, Iverna. Las montaas jubilosas: Una novela reveladora. Casa de las Amricas 114 (1979):
129-33.
Creary (now DCosta), Jean. A Prophet Armed: The Novels of Roger Mais. The Islands in Between.
Ed. Louis James. 1968. 50-63.
DCosta, Jean. Roger Mais: The Hills Were Joyful Together and Brother Man. London: Longman,
1978.
Dathorne, Oscar R. Roger Mais: The Man on the Cross. Studies in the Novel 4 (1972): 275-83.
Davies, Barrie. The Novels of Roger Mais. The International Fiction Review: A Biannual Periodical
Devoted to International Fiction 1 (1974): 140-43.
Dawes, Kwame S. N. Violence and Patriarchy: Male Domination in Roger Maiss Brother Man. Ariel:
A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 25.3 (1994): 29-49.
Gilkes, Michael. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981, 168.
Grandison, Winnifred. The Prose Style of Roger Mais. Jamaica Journal 8. March (1974): 48-54.
Harder, Bernie. Roger Mais Vision of Identity and Social Reform: The Hills Were Joyful Together.
Forging Identities and Patterns of Development in Latin America and the Caribbean = Le
faonnement didentits et modles de dveloppement en Amrique latine et aux Carabes.
Ed. Harry P. Diaz. Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press, 1991. 353-364.
Hawthorne, Evelyn J. Power from Within: Christianity, Rastafarianism, and Obeah in the Novels of
Roger Mais. The Journal of West Indian Literature 2.2 (1988): 23-32.
---. The Writer in Transition: Roger Mais and the Decolonization of Caribbean Culture. New York:
Peter Lang, 1989, xiv, 191.
Lacovia, R. M. Roger Mais: An Approach to Suffering and Freedom. Black Images: A Critical
Quarterly on Black Arts and Culture 1.2 (1972): 7-11.
Morris, Daphne. Roger Mais (1905-1955). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 303-17.
Ogunyemi, Chikwenye Okonjo. From a Goat Path in Africa: Roger Mais and Jean Toomer. Obsidian:
Black Literature in Review 5.3 (1979): 7-21.
Ramchand, Kenneth. The Achievement of Roger Mais. The West Indian Novel and its Background.
Ed. Kenneth Ramchand. Faber and Faber, 1970. 179-88.
Williamson, Karina. Roger Mais: West Indian Novelist. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 2
(1967): 138-47.
---. Re-Inventing Jamaican History: Roger Mais and George William Gordon. Beyond the blood, the
beach and the banana: new perspectives in Caribbean studies. Ed. Sandra Courtman.
Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle, 2004. 387-406.
MARSON, UNA MAUD
Covi, Giovanna. The Voice of the Caribbean in New York: Una Marson. America Today: Highways
and Labyrinths. Ed. Gigliola Nocera. Siracusa: Grafi, 2003. 207-16.
Donnell, Alison. Contradictory (W)omens? Gender Consciousness in the Poetry of Una Marson.
Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing XVII.3 (1995): 43-58.
---. Sentimental Subversion: the Poetics and Politics of Devotion in the Work of Una Marson. Kicking
Daffodils. Ed. Vicki Bertram. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997. 113-24.

111
Echevarra, Ana M. Performing Subversion: A Comparative Study of Caribbean Women Playwrights.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[9],
3351. 2000. Cornell University, 2000.
Echevarra, Ana M. Performing Subversion: A Comparative Study of Caribbean Women Playwrights.
Dissertation Abstracts International 60[9], 3351. 2000. Cornell University, 2000.
Ford-Smith, Honor. Una Marson: Black Nationalist and Feminist Writer. The Hague: Institute of Social
Studies, 1987.
Jarrett-Macauley, Delia. The Biography of Una Marson. New York: Manchester University Press,
1998.
Rosenberg, Leah Reade. Una Marsons Pocomania (1938): Class, Gender, and the Pitfalls of
Cultural Nationalism. Essays in Theatre/Etudes Thtrales 20.1 (2001): 27-42.
---. Modern romances: the short stories in Una Marsons The cosmopolitan (1928-1932). The
Journal of West Indian Literature 12.1-2 (2004): 170-83.
Smilowitz, Erika Sollish. Weary of Life and All My Hearts Dull Pain: The Poetry of Una Marson.
Critical Issues in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles
Knowles, and Lloyd W. Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 19-32.
Waters, Erika J. Una Marson. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third Series.
Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1996. 20308.
MATURA, MUSTAPHA
Dring, Tobias. Dislocating Stages: Mustapha Maturas Caribbean Rewriting of Synge and Chekhov.
European Journal of English Studies 2.1 (1998): 78-93.
Jones, Moya. Chamoiseau and Matura: Translators and Translations. Palimpsestes 12 (2000): 6170.
Lampley, James. Welcome Home Jacko. Africa: International Business, Economics and Political
Monthly 96 (1979): 81-82.
Schffner, Raimund. Assimilation, Separatism and Multiculturalism in Mustapha Maturas Welcome
Home Jacko and Caryl Phillips Strange Fruit. Wasafiri 29 (1999): 65-70.
---. Carnival, Cultural Identity and Mustapha Maturas Play Mas. New Theatre Quarterly 18.2 [70]
(2002): 186-95.
MCKAY, CLAUDE
Bajeux, Jean-Claude. Antilia retrouve. La posie noire antillaise travers luvre de Claude Mckay,
Luis Pals Matos, Aim Csaire. Dissertation Abstracts International XXXVIII (1977): 780A.
---. Antilia Retrouve. Claude McKay, Luis Pals Matos, Aim Csaire, potes noirs antillais. Paris:
Editions caribennes: Agence de coopration culturelle et technique, 1983.
Balestra, Gianfranca. Claude McKays Banana Bottom: A Fictional Return to Jamaica. RSA Journal:
Rivista di Studi Nord-Americani 12 (2001): 5-16.
Barksdale, Richard K. Symbolism and Irony in McKays Home to Harlem. College Language
Association Journal 15.March 1972 (1972): 338-44.
Barros, Paul de. The Loud Music of Life: Representations of Jazz in the Novels of Claude McKay.
The Antioch Review: A National Quarterly 57.3 (1999): 306 (12).
Brown Rose, Josie Ann. Claiming the Old Country and That Mans Country: Dual Criticism in the
Transnational Space: Caribbean Literature in America. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[1], 148-49. 2003. State University of New
York, Stony Brook. 2002.
Callahan, John F. A Long Way from Home: The Art and Protest of Claude McKay and James
Baldwin. Contemporary Literature 34.4 (1993): 767-76.
Chauhan, P. S. Rereading Claude McKay. College Language Association Journal 34.1 (1990): 68
(13).
Chin, Timothy S. Bullers and Battymen: Contesting Homophobia in Black Popular Culture and
Contemporary Caribbean Literature. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters
20.1 (1997): 127-41.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. Jekyll and Claude: the erotics of patronage in Claude McKays Banana
Bottom. The Caribbean Quarterly 38.1 (1992): 55-78.
Collier, Eugenia. The Four-Way Dilemma of Claude McKay. College Language Association Journal
15.March (1972): 345-53.

112
---. Claude McKay (1889-1948). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook.
Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 284-93.
Conroy, Mary. The Vagabond Motif in the Writings of Claude McKay. Negro American Literature
Forum 5.1 (1971): 15-23.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Race and the Cultural Politics of Self-Representation: A View from the
University of the West Indies. Research in African Literatures 27.4 (1996): 97-105.
Cooper, Wayne F. Claude McKay and the New Negro of the 1920s. Phylon: The Atlanta University
Review of Race and Culture 25.Fall (1964): 297-306.
---. Claude McKay: Rebel Sojourner in the Harlem Renaissance: a Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana
State University Press, 1987.
Donohue, Charles T. The Making of a Black Poet: A Critical Biography of Claude McKay for the Years
1889-1922. Dissertation Abstracts International 33, 5719A. 1973. Ann Arbor, MI.
Gayle, Addison Jr. Claude McKay: The Black Poet at War. Detroit: Broadside Press, 1972.
Giles, James Richard. Claude McKay. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1976.
Griffin, Barbara Jackson. Claude McKay: the evolution of a conservative. College Language
Association Journal 36.2 (1992): 157 (14).
---. The Last Word: Claude McKays Unpublished Cycle Manuscript. MELUS: The Journal of the
Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 21.1 (1996): 41-57.
---. The Road to Psychic Unity: The Politics of Gender in Claude McKays Banana Bottom. Callaloo:
A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 22.2 (1999): 499-508.
Hansell, William H. Jamaica in the Poems of Claude McKay. Studies in Black Literature 7.3 (1976):
6-9.
Hathaway, Heather A. Cultural Crossings: Migration, Generation, and Gender in Writings by Claude
McKay and Paule Marshall. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[11], 4093A. 1994. Harvard
University, 1993.
---. Caribbean Waves. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1999, xi, 200.
---. Caribbean Waves: Relocating Claude MacKay and Paule Marshall. Bloomington, IN: Indiana
University Press, 1999.
Heglar, Charles J. Claude McKays `If We Must Die, Home to Harlem, and the hog trope. ANQ: A
Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews 8.3 (1995): 22 (5).
Helbling, Mark. Claude McKay: Art and Politics. Negro American Literature Forum 7.2 (1973): 49-52.
Hickling, Frederick W. Psycho-historiographic analysis of Claude McKay. The Caribbean Quarterly
38.1 (1992): 10-30.
Holcomb, Gary Edward. Writing Travel in Anglophone Caribbean Literature: Claude McKay, Shiva
Naipaul, and Jamaica Kincaid. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 57[1], 201. 1996. Washington State University, 1995.
---. Diaspora Cruises: Queer Black Proletarianism in Claude McKays A Long Way from Home.
Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 49.4 (2003): 714-45.
Homar, Susan. La memoria del mundo en el fondo del lenguaje: Lengua e identidad en tres novelas
del Caribe. Dissertation Abstracts International 43[7], 2341A. 1983.
James, Winston. A Fierce Hatred of Injustice: Claude McKays Jamaican Poetry of Rebellion.
London;New York: Verso, 2000.
---. Becoming the peoples poet: Claude McKays Jamaican years, 1889-1912. Small Axe: A
Caribbean Journal of Criticism.13 (2003): 17-45.
Jay, Paul. Hybridity, Identity and Cultural Commerce in Claude McKays Banana Bottom. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 22.1 (1999): 176-94.
Jenkins, Lee M. If We Must Die: Winston Churchill and Claude Mckay. Notes and Queries: A
Medium of Intercommunication for Literary Men, General Readers, etc. 50.3 (2003): 333-37.
Jones, Bridget. With Banjo by my bed: black French writers reading Claude McKay. The Caribbean
Quarterly 38.1 (1992): 32-39.
Kaye, Jacqueline. Claude McKays Banjo. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 73.1
(1970): 165-69.
Keller, James R. A Chafing Savage, Down the Decent Street: The Politics of Compromise in Claude
McKays Protest Sonnets. African American Review 28.3 (1994): 447-56.
Kent, George E. The Soulful Way of Claude McKay. Black World 20.1 (1970): 37-51.
Lang, Phyllis M. Claude McKay: The Later Years, 1934-1948. Dissertation Abstracts International 33,
5731A. 1973. Ann Arbor, MI.
Lawrence, Leota S. Three West Indian Heroines: An Analysis. College Language Association
Journal 21 (1977): 238-50.
Lowney, John. Haiti and Black Transnationalism: Remapping the Migrant Geography of Home to
Harlem. African American Review 34.3 (2000): 413-29.

113
Maiwald, Michael. Race, Capitalism, and the Third-Sex Ideal: Claude McKays Home to Harlem and
the Legacy of Edward Carpenter. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 48.4 (2002):
825-57.
Martin, Tony. The Defectors - Eric Walrond and Claude McKay. Literary Garveyism. Dover: Majority
Press, 1983. 124-38.
McLeod, Alan L. Memory and the Edenic Myth: Claude McKays Green Hills of Jamaica. Individual
and Community in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. Daniel Massa. Msida: University of Malta
Press, 1979. 75-83.
---. Claude McKay. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1992. 227-35.
Mol, Kay R. V. Primitivism and Intellect in Toomers Cane and McKays Banana Bottom: The Need for
an Integrated Black Consciousness. Negro American Literature Forum 10.2 (1976): 48-52.
Murphy, David. La Danse et la parole: lexil et lidentit chez les Noirs de Marseille dans Banjo de
Claude McKay et Le Docker noir dOusmane Sembene. Canadian Review of Comparative
Literature/Revue Canadienne de Littrature Compare 27.3 (2002): 462-79.
Muther, Elizabeth. Great, Unappeasable Ghost: Claude McKay and the Theatre Guild Incident.
Modern Language Studies 30.2 (2000): 133-57.
Nettleford, Rex. Claude McKay. The Caribbean Quarterly 38.1 (1992): 1-80.
Nicholls, David G. The Folk as Alternative Modernity: Claude MacKays Banana Bottom and the
Romance of Nature. Journal of Modern Literature 23.1 (1999): 79-94.
Ojo-Ade, Femi. Claude McKay: The Tragic Solitude of an Exiled Son of Africa. Of Dreams Deferred,
Dead or Alive: African Perspectives on African-American Writers. Ed. Femi Ojo-Ade.
Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies: 180. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996. 6581.
Pedersen, Carl. Olaudah Equiano, Claude McKay, Caryl Phillips and the Extended Caribbean.
Prosperos isles: the presence of the Caribbean in the American imaginary. Ed. Diane
Accaria-Zavala and Rodolfo Popelnik. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 139-49.
Roberts, Kimberley. The Clothes Make the Woman: The Symbolics of Prostitution in Nella Larsens
Quicksand and Claude McKays Home to Harlem. Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 16.1
(1997): 107-30.
Rosenberg, Leah Reade. Caribbean Models for Modernism in the Work of Claude McKay and Jean
Rhys. Modernism/Modernity 11.2 (2004): 219-38.
Smith, Felipe. Claude McKays Sensitive Savages: Ariel and Caliban in the Metropole. Prosperos
isles: the presence of the Caribbean in the American imaginary. Ed. Diane Accaria-Zavala and
Rodolfo Popelnik. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 150-66.
Stephens, Michelle A. Black Transnationalism and the Politics of National Identity: West Indian
Intellectuals in Harlem in the Age of War and Revolution. American Quarterly 50.3 (1998):
592-608.
Tillery, Tyrone. Claude McKay: a Black Poets Struggle for Identity. Amerst, Mass.: University of
Massachusetts Press, 1992.
Tolson, Melvin B. jr. Claude McKays Art. Poetry 83.February (1954): 289-90.
Woods, G. and Emmanuel S. Nelson. Gay re-reading of the Harlem Renaissance poets. Journal of
Homosexuality 26.2-3 (1993): 127-42.
MONTEITH, ARCHIBALD
Costanzo, Angelo. The Narrative of Archibald Monteith, a Jamaican Slave. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 13.1 (1990): 115-30.
Karafilis, Maria. Crossing the Borders of Genre: Revisions of the Bildungsroman in Sandra
Cisneross The House on Mango Street and Jamaica Kincaids Annie John. The Journal of
the Midwest Modern Language Association 31.2 (1998): 63-78.
Nelson, Vernon H. Archibald John Monteith: Native Helper and Assistant in the Jamaica Mission at
New Carmel. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 13.1 (1990): 102-14.
MORDECAI, PAMELA
Ehling, Holger G. Publishing in the Caribbean: An Interview with Pamela Mordecai. Matatu: Journal
for African Culture and Society 12 (1994): 171-77.

114
Savory Fido, Elaine. En/Gendering Spaces: The Poetry of Marlene Nourbese Philip and Pamela
Mordecai. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan
Anim-Addo.London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 12-27.
MORRIS, MERVYN
Chang, Victor Lloyd. Three Caribbean Poets on Their Work: E. Kamau Brathwaite, Mervyn Morris,
Lorna Goodison. Mona: Institute of Caribbean Studies, the University of the West Indies,
1993.
Collins, Loretta Kaye. The Role of Creole Orature, Caribbean Performance Poetry, and Across-Class
Collaborations in the Development of Jamaican Literary and Popular Arts: An Interview with
Mervyn Morris. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 6.1 (1999): 30-65.
Mordecai, Pamela. Mervyn Morris (1937- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 341-56.
Morrison, Derrilyn. The art of Mervyn Morris: An examination of two poems. Caribbean Studies 27.34 (1994): 437 (3).
PALMER, OPAL ADISA
Feng, Pin chia. Rituals of Rememory: Afro-Caribbean Religions in Myal and It Begins with Tears.
MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United
States 27.1 (2002): 149-75.
Flockemann, Miki. Language and Self in Opal Palmer Adisas Bake-Face and Other Guava Stories.
Ariel 24.1 (1993): 59-73.
Hornung, Alfred and Ernstpeter Ruhe. Postcolonialism and Autobiography: Michelle Cliff, David
Dabydeen, Opal Palmer Adisa. Postcolonialism and Autobiography 1996 (Wrzburg):
Textxet. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Feminist Consciousness: European/American Theory, Jamaican Stories.
Journal of Caribbean Studies 6.2 (1988): 143-62.
Palmer, Opal Adisa. She Scrape She Knee: The Theme of My Work. Caribbean Women Writers:
Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux,
1990. 145-50.
Spencer, Suzette A. Shall We Gather at the River?: Ritual, Benign Forms of Injury, and the Wounds
of Displaced Women in Opal Palmer Adisas It Begins with Tears. MaComre: Journal of the
Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 4 (2001): 108-18.
PATTERSON, H.ORLANDO
Diggory, Terence. `Neo-Puritan or `legalistic? Orlando Pattersons critique of feminism. Salgamundi:
A Quarterly of the Humanities and Social Sciences.101-102 (1994): 142 (9).
Hillman, Richard S. and Margaret V. Ekstrom. Political cynicism in contemporary Caribbean fiction.
SECOLAS Annals: Journal of the Southeastern Council on Latin American Studies 21 (1990):
71-78.
Jones, Bridget. Some French Influences in the Fiction of Orlando Patterson. Savacou: A Journal of
the Caribbean Artists Movement 11-12 (1975): 27-38.
---. Orlando Patterson (1940- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook.
Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 368-76.
Pousse, Michel. Entre le diable et la mer bleue et profonde: Sisyphe dsespr dans la Kingston
maudite dOrlando Patterson. La Ville plurielle dans la fiction antillaise anglophone: Images
de linterculturel. Ed. Corinne DuBoin and Eric Tabuteau. Interlangues: Littratures. Toulouse:
Presses universitaires du Mirail, 2000. 25-40.
Williams, Richard. Orlando Patterson Interview. Sociological Forum: Official Journal of the Eastern
Sociological Society 10.4 (1995): 653-72.
POLLARD, VELMA
Dance, Daryl Cumber. A Conversation with Velma Pollard. College Language Association Journal
47.3 (2004): 259-98.
Pollard, Velma. The Most Important Reason I Write. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English.
Ed. Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 17-22.

115
POWELL, PATRICIA
Detar, Elizabeth Anne. Intimacies of Empire: Post-Colonial Womens Writing from the Caribbean,
France and United States. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 63[6], 2232. 2002. University of California, Santa Cruz.
Garvey, Johanna X. K. Complicating Categories: Race and Sexuality in Caribbean Womens
Fiction. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 10.1 (2003): 94-120.
Powell, Patricia. The Dynamics of Power and Desire in The Pagoda. Winds of Change: The
Transforming Voices of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson and
Linda Strong-Leek.New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998. 189-94.
Smith, Faith L. and Patricia Powell. An Interview with Patricia Powell. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 19.2 (1996): 324-29.
Woodhull, Winifred. Margin to Margin, China to Jamaica: Sexuality, Ethnicity, and Black Culture in
Global Contexts. Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses 48 (2004): 119-27.
QUAYLE, ADA
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. The Alienation of Power: The Woman Writer and the Planter-Heroine in
Caribbean Literature. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and
Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African
American Studies, 1998. 3-11.
REID, VICTOR STAFFORD
Cooke, Michael G. V. S. (Vic) Reid. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125.
Detroit, MI: Gale, 1993. 256-60.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Vic Reid (1911- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 377-89.
Davies, Barrie. Neglected West Indian Writers. No. 2. Vic Reid. World Literature Written in English
11.November (1972): 83-85.
James, Louis. Of Redcoats and Leopards: Two Novels by V.S. Reid. The Islands in Between. 1968.
64-72.
RHONE, TREVOR DAVE
Frickey, Pierrette M. Jamaica and Trinidad. Post-Colonial English Drama: Commonwealth Drama
since 1960. Ed. Bruce King. x, New York; London: St. Martins; Macmillan, 1992. 217-35.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Strategies for Survival: Anti-Imperialist Theatrical Forms in the Anglophone
Caribbean. Imperialism and Theatre: Essays on World Theatre, Drama and Performance. Ed.
J. Ellen Gainor. xv, London: Routledge, 1995. 243-56.
RILEY, JOAN
Corhay-Ledent, Benedicte. Between Conflicting Worlds: Female Exiles in Jean Rhyss Voyage in the
Dark and Joan Rileys The Unbelonging. Crisis and Creativity in the New Literatures in
English. Ed. Geoffrey V. Davis and Hena Maes-Jelinek. Cross/cultures. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
1990. 499-510.
Fischer, Susan Alice. Where in the World Is Transnational Feminism? Women Writers, Global
Migration, and the City: Joan Rileys Waiting in the Twilight and Hanan Al-Shaykhs Only in
London. Tulsa Studies in Womens Literature 23.1 (2004): 107-20.
Naidoo, Roshi. Joan Riley and Remembrance: a Critical Reading of Romance. Centre of
Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean Womens Literature. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London:
Mango Publishing, 2002. 185-202.
Perry, Barbara Shaw. Forging Subjectivity in the Jamaican-British Borderlands: Emotion and Identity
in Joan Rileys The Unbelonging. Beyond the Blood, the Beach and the Banana: New
Perspectives in Caribbean Studies. Ed. Sandra Courtman. Kingston,Jamaica: Ian Randle,
2004. 407-25.
Suarez, Isabelle Carrera. Absent Mother(Land)s: Joan Rileys Fiction. Motherlands: Black Womens
Writing from Africa, The Caribbean and South Asia. Ed. Susheila Nasta. London: The
Womens Press, 1991. 290-309.

116

SALKEY, ANDREW
Ball, John Clement. Towards a Transcultural London: Early West Indian Fiction and the Metropolis.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 117-26.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Andrew Salkey: Bright As Blisters. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in
English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 29-41.
Boxill, Anthony. Andrew Salkey. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125.
Detroit, MI: Gale, 1993. 270-75.
Carr, Bill. A Complex Fate: The Novels of Andrew Salkey. The Islands in Between. Ed. Bruce King.
1979. 100-08.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Andrew Salkey (1928- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 418-27.
Dawes, Kwame S. N. Andrew Salkey (1928-1995). Writers of multicultural fiction for young adults: a
bio-critical sourcebook. Ed. M. Daphne Kutzer. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1996. 35163.
DeRose, Michelle Diane. Caliban Takes up His Pen: The Epic Poetry of Kamau Brathwaite, Derek
Walcott, and Andrew Salkey. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 57[7], 3027-28. 1997. University of Iowa. 1996.
---. Is the Lan I Want: Reconfiguring Metaphors and Redefining History in Andrew Salkeys Epic
Jamaica. Contemporary Literature 39.2 (1998): 212-37.
Ellis, David. The Produce of More Than One Country: Race, Identity, and Discourse in PostWindrush Britain. JNT: Journal of Narrative Theory 31.2 (2001): 214-32.
Gray, C. R. Mr.Salkeys Truth and Illusion. Jamaica Journal 2.June (1968): 46-54.
Ilona, Anthony. Andrew Salkey. Wasafiri 16 (1992): 44-47.
Nazareth, Peter. New Books by Andrew Salkey of Jamaica. Afriscope (1982): 22-23.
---. In the Trickster Tradition: The Novels of Andrew Salkey, Francis Ebejer and Ishmael Reed.
London: Bogle-LOuverture, 1994.
Ramchand, Kenneth. Andrew Salkey. Wasafiri 22 (1995): 82-84.
SCOTT, DENNIS
Bada, Valrie. Slavery and Silence in Ina Csaires Mmoires disles and Dennis Scotts An Echo in
the Bone. The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association 33-34.3 (2000): 86-93.
Creighton, Al. Dennis Scott. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series.
Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit,
MI: Gale, 1993. 276-80.
Juneja, Renu. Recalling the Dead in Dennis Scotts An Echo in the Bone. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 23.1 (1992): 97-114.
Pollard, Velma and Rex Nettleford. Dread Talk: The Language of Rastafari. Kingston, Jamaica;
Montreal, QC: Canoe; McGill-Queens University Press, 2000, xv, 117.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Strategies for Survival: Anti-Imperialist Theatrical Forms in the Anglophone
Caribbean. Imperialism and Theatre: Essays on World Theatre, Drama and Performance. Ed.
J. Ellen Gainor. xv, London: Routledge, 1995. 243-56.
Smith, Ian D. Language and Symbol in the Poetry of Dennis Scott. Carib (Kingston) 1 (1979): 27-38.
---. Dennis Scott (1939- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 428-38.
SEACOLE, MARY
Traveling With Her Mothers Tastes: The Negotiation of Gender, Race and Location in Wonderful
Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture & Society
26.4 (2001): 949.
Baggett, Paul. Caught between Homes: Mary Seacole and the Question of Cultural Identity.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 3 (2000):
45-56.
Gunning, Sandra. Traveling with Her Mothers Tastes: The Negotiation of Gender, Race, and
Location in Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands. Signs 26.4 (2001): 949-81.

117
Hawthorne, Evelyn J. Self-Writing, Literary Traditions, and Post-Emancipation Identity: The case of
Mary Seacole. Biography: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly 23.2 (2000): 309-31.
McKenna, Bernard. Fancies of Exclusive Possession: Validation and Dissociation in Mary Seacoles
England and Caribbean. The Philological Quarterly: A Journal Devoted to Scholarly
Investigation of the Classical and Modern Languages and Literatures 76.2 (1997): 219-39.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. The Enigma of Arrival: The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many
Lands. African American Review 26.4 (1992): 651-63.
Robinson, Amy. Authority and the Public Display of Identity: Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in
Many Lands. Feminist Studies 20.3 (1994): 537-57.
SEAFORTH, SYBIL
Robertson, Ian. Growing Up With Miss Milly by Sybil Seaforth: A Review. Caribbean Women Writers:
Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux,
1990. 140-41.
Seaforth, Sybil. Writing About Fiction. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International
Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 134-39.
SENIOR, OLIVE
Bahr, Ada. Olive Seniors Female Characters and the Expressions of Cultural Duality in Discerner of
Hearts. Centre of Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean Womens Literature. Ed. Joan
Anim-Addo. London: Mango Publishing, 2002. 175-84.
Beittel, Mark and Giovanna Covi. Households and Subjectivities in the Caribbean: Olive Seniors
Literary and Sociological Writings. Caribana 5 (1996): 127-39.
---. Talking of Households: Olive Seniors Postcolonial Identities. Nationalism vs. Internationalism:
(Inter)National Dimensions of Literatures in English. Ed. Wolfgang Zach and Ken L. Goodwin.
Studies in English and Comparative Literature (SECL). Tbingen Stauffenburg, 1996. 389-97.
Collett, Anne. Gardening in the Tropics: A Horticultural Guide to Caribbean Politics and Poetics, with
Special Reference to the Poetry of Olive Senior. SPAN: Journal of the South Pacific
Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies 46 (1998): 87-103.
Cond, Maryse. Jamaica in the Fiction of Olive Senior. Swansea Review (1994): 156-63.
Donnell, Alison. The Short Fiction of Olive Senior. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed.
Maryse Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 117-43.
---. Here and There in the Work of Olive Senior: Relocating Diaspora Discourse in Relation to
Caribbean Womens Writing. Centre of Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean Womens
Literature. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London: Mango Publishing, 2002. 66-80.
Gafoor, Ameena. The Image of the Indo-Caribbean Woman in Olive Seniors The Arrival of the Snake
Woman. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 16.1 (1993): 34-43.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. La mer et lenfant: trois exemples dans la littrature des Carabes
anglophones. C.A.R.A.: Centre aixois de recherches anglaises 13 (1993): 215-27.
---. See the Tiki-Tiki Scatter (Olive Senior, Jamaque): une certaine problmatique de loralit dans
les nouvelles littratures en anglais. Fictions dAmrique. Ed. Serge Ricard. Annales du
Monde Anglophone: 5. Aix-en-Provence: Universit de Provence, 1997. 77-82.
Morgan, Paula. East/West Indian/Woman/Other: At the Cross-Roads of Gender and Ethnicity.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 3 (2000):
107-22.
Narain, Denise deCaires. Olive Senior. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers,
Third Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1996. 340-48.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Feminist Consciousness: European/American Theory, Jamaican Stories.
Journal of Caribbean Studies 6.2 (1988): 143-62.
Patteson, Richard F. The fiction of Olive Senior: traditional society and the wider world. Ariel 24.1
(1993): 13-33.
Pollard, Velma. Olive Senior: Journalist, Researcher, Poet, Fiction Writer. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters.36 (1988): 478-79.
---. An Introduction to The Poetry and Fiction of Olive Senior. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora
Arts and Letters .36 (1988): 540-45.
---. Blurring Cultural boundaries: The balm yard in olive seniors Discerner of Hearts and Erna
Brodbers Myal. The Caribbean Quarterly 43.4 (1997): 37-46.

118
---. Images of Women in the Short Stories of Olive Senior. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean
Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University
of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 118-27.
---. To Us All Flowers Are Roses: Writing Ourselves into the Literature of the Caribbean. Sargasso:
Literature, Language, Culture (2001): 65-73.
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. The Double Vision: Ethnic Identity and the Caribbean Woman Writer. The
Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen PyneTimothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998.
140-51.
Rodriguez, Liliane. Langue, parole, traduction: Balisage golinguistique de Summer Lightning et
Country of the One Eye God dOlive Senior. Palimpsestes 12 (2000): 91-97.
Rowell, Charles Henry. An Interview With Olive Senior. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters.36 (1988): 480-90.
Simpson, Hyacinth M. Voicing the Text: The Making of an Oral Poetics in Olive Seniors Short
Fiction. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 27.3 (2004): 829-43.
Thompson-Deloatch, Thelma B. Conflicting Concepts of Time and Space: Narrative Technique in
Selected Short Fiction of Olive Senior. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean
Women Writers and Scholars 3 (2000): 141-52.
Tiffin, Helen M. Flowers of Evil, Flowers of Empire: Roses and Daffodils in the Work of Jamaica
Kincaid, Olive Senior and Lorna Goodison. SPAN: Journal of the South Pacific Association
for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies 46 (1998): 58-71.
---. Replanted in This Arboreal Place: Gardens and Flowers in Contemporary Caribbean Writing.
English Literatures in International Contexts. Ed. Heinz Antor and Klaus Stierstorfer.
Anglistische Forschungen (AF): 283. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universittsverlag, 2000. 14963.
SILVERA, MAKEDA
Dubois, Dominique. Alienation, Despair and Resilience: The Story of Black Women Immigrants in Her
Head a Village by Makeda Silvera. Alizs: Revue Angliciste de la Runion 22 (2002): 77-93.
SMITH, MICHAEL
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Words Unbroken by the Beat: The Performance Poetry of Jean Binta Breeze
and Mikey Smith. Wasafiri 11 (1990): 7-13.
Zoppi, Isabella Maria. Michael Smith: From Myth to History. Caribana 3 (1992): 97-110.
THOMAS, ELEAN
Bankay, Anne Mara. The issue of oppression: A political stance in the poetry of two Jamaican
women writers. The Caribbean Quarterly 47.4 (2001): 58-70.
WILLIAMS, FRANCIS
Drayton, Arthur D. Francis Williams (1700-1770). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical
Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1973. 493-97.
WYNTER, SYLVIA
Chang, Victor Lloyd. Sylvia Wynter (1928- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 498-507.
Henry, Paget Elseworth. The Future of the Post-Colonial Subject: Sylvia Wynter and Wilson Harris.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 27-38.
Lawrence, Leota S. Paradigm and Paradox in The Hills of Hebron. MaComre: Journal of the
Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 88-93.
Liddell, Janice Lee. Voyages Beyond Lust and Lactation: The Climacteric As Seen in Novels by
Sylvia Wynter, Beryl Gilroy, and Paule Marshall. Arms Akimbo: Africana Women in
Contemporary Literature. Ed. Janice Lee Liddell, Yakini Belinda Kemp, and Beverly GuySheftall. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999. 32-45.

119

ZEPHANIAH, BENJAMIN
Middleton, Darren J. N. Riddim Wise and Scripture Smart: Interview and Interpretation With Ras
Benjamin Zephaniah. Religion, Culture, and Tradition in the Caribbean. Ed. Hemchand
Gossai and Nathaniel Samuel Murrell. x,New York, NY: St. Martins, 2000. 257-70.

MONTSERRAT
EDGECOMBE, DAVID
McKenna, Bernard. Performance and Insurrection in Recent Caribbean Drama: Ivette Ramirezs
Family Scenes and David Edgecombes For Better or for Worse. Anthurium: A Caribbean
Studies Journal 2.2 (2004).
MARKHAM, EDWARD ARCHIBALD
Gallo, Bruno. E. Archie Markham: A Poet of Many Voices. Caribana 5 (1996): 71-116.

ST KITTS AND NEVIS


GENERAL STUDIES
Abrahams, Roger D. For Folklorists Chanticleer: No Cry for Feathers, Cry for Long Life: Proverbs
from Nevis. Proverbium: Yearbook of International Proverb Scholarship 11 (1994): 15-26.
Phillips, Caryl. Interview by Frank Birbalsingh. Displaced Persons. Ed. Kirsten Holst Petersen and
Anna Rutherford. Mundelstrup: Dangaroo, 1996. 145-51.
EWING, JULIANA HORATIA GATTING
Molesworth, Mary Louisa Stewart. Juliana Horatia Ewing. A Peculiar Gift: Nineteenth Century
Writings on Books for Children. Ed. Lance Salway. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Kestrel, 1976.
Plotz, Judith. A Victorian Comfort Book: Juliana Ewings The Story of a Short Life. Romanticism and
Childrens Literature in Nineteenth-Century England. Ed. James Holt Jr. McGavran. University
of Georgia Press. 1991: Athens, Ga, 1991.
PHILLIPS, CARYL
Bell, C. Rosalind. Worlds Within: An Interview With Caryl Phillips. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 14.3 (1991): 578-606.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Caryl Phillips: The Legacy of Othello, I. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in
English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 183-90.
---. Caryl Phillips: The Legacy of Othello, II. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in English. Ed. Frank
M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 191-97.
Cuder Dominguez, Pilar. Marginalia: A White Womans Middle Passage in Caryl Phillipss
Cambridge. Vigo: Departamento de Filoloxia Inglesa e Alemana, 1996.V 223-27.
Davis, Alan. Dislocations. The Hudson Review 57[2] (2004). 311-16.
Desai, Anita, Caryl Phillips, and Ilan Stavans. The Other Voice. Transition: An International
Review.64 (1994): 77-89.
Fras, Mara. Out of the Kumbla: Caryl Phillips The Final Passage (1985). On Writing (and) Race in
Contemporary Britain. Ed. Fernando Galvn and Mercedes Bengoechea. Alcal de Henares:
Universidad de Alcal, 1999. 163-70.
Galvn, Fernando. La obra narrativa de Caryl Phillips: Tras las huellas de una tradicin dual. Revista
Canaria de Estudios Ingleses 28 (1994): 109-26.
Gyssels, Kathleen. Tristes Tropiques et Racial Healing: Ellen Ombre et Caryl Phillips rentrent au
pays. Africa and its significant others: forty years of intercultural entanglement. Ed. Isabel
Hoving, Frans-Willem Korsten, and Ernst van Alphen. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2003. 163-79.

120
---. Van The Atlantic Wall naar The Atlantic Sound en wie goed bedoelt: Lieux de mmoire in de
Afrikaanse diaspora. Rechtvaardige oorlogen of zinloze slachtpartijen?: opstellen over
literatuur en oorlog. Leuven; Voorburg: Acco, 2004. 157-67.
Halloran, Vivian Nun. Family Ties: Africa as Mother/Fatherland in Neo Slave Narratives. Ufahamu:
Journal of the African Activist Association 28.1 (2000): 1-13.
Harris, Wilson. Canaima: An Overturning of Habits of Mind in Profoundest Trials of the Imagination.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 1-6.
Ilona, Anthony. Crossing the River: A Chronicle of the Black Diaspora. Wasafiri 22 (1995): 3-9.
Jaggi, Maya. Crossing the River. Wasafiri 20 (1994): 25-29.
Ledent, Bndicte. Overlapping Territories, Intertwined Histories: Cross-Culturality in Caryl Phillipss
Crossing the River. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 30.1 (1995): 55-62.
---. Caryl Phillips. Groningen: Martinus Nijhoff, 1996.
---. Remembering Slavery: History As Roots in the Fiction of Caryl Phillips and Fred DAguiar. The
Contact and the Culmination: Essays in Honour of Hena Maes-Jelinek. Ed. Marc Delrez,
Bndicte Ledent, and Juliette Dor. Lige: University of Lige. Lige Language and Literature,
1997. 271-80.
---. From a New-World Poetics to a New-World Vision: African America in the Works of Edouard
Glissant and Caryl Phillips. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 21.2 (1999): 29-36.
Machado, Elena. Going Global in a Caribbean Locale: Traveling Home in the Works of Paule Marshall,
Cristina Garca, Andrea Levy and Caryl Phillips. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section
A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[6], 2090. 2003. State University of New York,
Stony Brook. 2003.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Historical Fiction and Fictional History: Caryl Phillipss Cambridge. The Journal
of Commonwealth Literature 28.2 (1993): 34-47.
Okazaki, Hanz. On Dislocation and Connectedness, in Caryl Phillips Writing. Literary Criterion 26.3
(1991): 38-47.
Osinubi, Taiwo Adetunji. Beyond the Global Conversational Babble: Diasporic Conversation in Caryl
Phillipss Higher Ground. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in
Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English
Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 65-78.
Pedersen, Carl. Olaudah Equiano, Claude McKay, Caryl Phillips and the Extended Caribbean.
Prosperos isles: the presence of the Caribbean in the American imaginary. Ed. Diane
Accaria-Zavala and Rodolfo Popelnik. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. 139-49.
Phillips, Caryl. Living and Writing in the Caribbean: An Experiment. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial
Writing 11.2 (1989): 44-50.
---. Caryl Phillips Interviewed by Graham Swift. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 13.3 (1991):
96-103.
---. Worlds Within. Interview by C.Rosalind Bell. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 4.3 (1991): 578-606.
---. Crossing the River: Caryl Phillips Talks to Maya Jaggi. Wasafiri.20 (1994): 25-29.
Phillips, Caryl and Jenny Sharpe. Of This Time, of That Place. Transition: An International Review.68
(1995): 154-61.
Phillips, Caryl. Interview by Frank Birbalsingh. Displaced Persons. Ed. Kirsten Holst Petersen and
Anna Rutherford. Mundelstrup: Dangaroo, 1996. 145-51.
---. Caryl Phillips: The Legacy of Othello, Part (1). Frontiers of Caribbean Literature in English. Ed.
Frank M. Birbalsingh. London: Macmillan, 1996. 183-90.
---. Caryl Phillips: The Legacy of Othello, Part (2). Interview. Frontiers of Caribbean Literature in
English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh. London: Macmillan, 1996. 191-97.
---. Following On: The Legacy of Lamming and Selvon. Wasafiri 29 (1999): 34-36.
Rahbek, Ulla. Caryl Phillipss A State of Indepedence: Character, Country, Conflict. Bridges Across
Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 79-88.
Sander, Reinhard. Caryl Phillips. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1996. 307-22.
Sarvan, Charles P. and Hasan Marhama. The Fictional Works of Caryl Phillips: An Introduction.
Twayne Companion to Contemporary World Literature: From the Editors of World Literature
Today, I: Parts 1-5; II: Parts 6-8, Appendices, Index. Ed. Pamela A. Genova. New York, NY:
Twayne; Thomson Gale, 2003. 433-39.

121
Schffner, Raimund. Assimilation, Separatism and Multiculturalism in Mustapha Maturas Welcome
Home Jacko and Caryl Phillips Strange Fruit. Wasafiri 29 (1999): 65-70.
Sharpe, Sharpe. Ghosts of Slavery: a Literary Archaeology of Black Womens Lives. Minneapolis, MN;
London: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.
Sharrad, Paul. Speaking the Unspeakable: London, Cambridge and the Caribbean. De-Scribing
Empire: Post-Colonialism and Textuality. Ed. Chris Tiffin and Alan Lawson. London:
Routledge, 1994. 201-17.
Tournay, Petra. Re-Telling the Past: Metafiction in Caryl Phillipss Diasporic Narratives. Bridges
Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte
Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004.
89-99.
Yelin, Louise. In Another Place: Postcolonial Perspectives on Reading. Reading Sites: Social
Difference and Reader Response. Ed. Patrocinio P. Schweickart and Elizabeth A. Flynn. New
York, NY: Modern Language Association of America, 2004. 83-107.

ST LUCIA
GENERAL STUDIES
Greenwood, Emily. Classics and the Atlantic Triangle: Caribbean Readings of Greece and Rome via
Africa. Forum for Modern Language Studies 40.4 (2004): 365-76.
Johnson, Lemuel A. The Inventions of Paradise: The Caribbean and the Utopian Bent. Poetics
Today 15.4, Loci of Enunciation and Imaginary Constructions: The Case of (Latin) America, I
(1994): 685-724.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
Pollard, Velma. Word Sounds: The Language of Rastafari in Barbados and St.Lucia. Jamaica
Journal 17.1 (1984): 57-62.
Ramchand, Kenneth. An Introduction to the Study of West Indian Literature. Sudbury-on-Thames:
Nelson Caribbean, 1976, 183.
HIPPOLYTE, KENDEL
Fido, Elaine Savory. Island & Overseas: Visions. The Journal of West Indian Literature 1.2 (1987):
58-64.
Lawton de Torruella, Elena. Caribbean Domestic Spaces in Four Modes: Walcott, Hippolyte,
Brathwaite and Rhys. Torre: Revista de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 7.26 (2002): 657-62.
LEE, JOHN ROBERT
Gilkes, Michael. Confluences: Reconciling Life and Language in the Poetry of John Robert Lee.
Wasafiri 16 (1992): 53-56.
WALCOTT, DEREK
How Far Are Derek Walcott and Edward Brathwaite Similar?: Is It Impossible for the Caribbean to
Choose between the Two, If So, Which Way Should They Choose and Why? Busara 6.1
(1974): 90-100.
Joseph Brodsky and Derek Walcott in Discussion: The Power of Poetry. Moderna Sprk 89.1
(1995): 1-8.
Das Privileg, ber Orte und Menschen zum ersten Mal zu schreiben. Derek Walcott im Gesprch mit
Edward Hirsch. Die neue Rundschau 107.1 (1996): 85-114.
Derek Walcott interviewed by Dirk Sinnewe. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 34.2 (1999): 1
(7).
Abodunrin, Femi. The muse of history: Derek Walcott and the topos of (un)naming in West Indian
writing. The Journal of West Indian Literature 7.1 (1996): 54-77.
Ako, Edward O. Ernest Hemingway, Derek Walcott, and Old Men of the Sea. College Language
Association Journal 48.2 (2004): 200-12.
Alles, Gregory D. The Greeks in the Caribbean: Reflections on Derek Walcott, Homer and
Syncretism. Historical Reflections/Rflexions Historiques 27.3 (2001): 425-52.

122
Als, Hilton. The Islander: Derek Walcott Is Writing a Poetry of the Caribbean. The New Yorker 79.46
(2004): 43-51.
Anderson, Jervis. Derek Walcotts Odyssey. The New Yorker 68.44 (1992): 71 (8).
Antoine-Dunne, Jean. Time and Space in Their Indissoluble Connection: Towards an Audio-Visual
Caribbean Aesthetic. The Montage Principle: Eisenstein in New Cultural and Critical
Contexts. Ed. Jean Antoine-Dunne, Paula Quigley, and Geoffrey Nowell-Smith. Critical
Studies: 21. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004. 125-52.
Asein, Samuel Omo. Derek Walcott: The Man and His Ideas. Literary Half-Yearly 17.2 (1976): 59-79.
---. Walcotts Jamaica Years. Literary Half-Yearly 21.2 (1980): 23-41.
Ashaolu, Albert Olu. Allegory in Ti-Jean and His Brothers. World Literature Written in English 16
(1977): 203-11.
Austin, Norman. Homer and the Sunrise in Derek Walcotts Omeros. The Classical World 93.1
(1999): 29-42.
Baugh, Edward. Metaphor and Plainness in the Poetry of Derek Walcott. Literary Half-Yearly 11.2
(1970): 47-58.
---. The Poem As Autobiographical Novel: Derek Walcotts Another Life in Relation to Wordsworths
Prelude and Joyces Portrait. Awakened Conscience: Studies in Commonwealth Literature.
Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 226-35.
---. Derek Walcott: Memory As Vision: Another Life. London: Longman, 1978.
---. Painters and Painting in Another Life. The Caribbean Quarterly 26.March-June (1980): 83-93.
---. Derek Walcott (1930- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 462-73.
---. Ripening With Walcott. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 278-85.
---. Derek Walcott and the Centering of the Caribbean Subject. Research in African Literatures 34.1
(2003): 151-59.
Beckman, Susan. The Mulatto of Style: Language in Derek Walcotts Drama. Canadian Drama
6.Spring (1960): 71-89.
Bedient, Calvin. Derek Walcott, Contemporary. Parnassus: Poetry in Review 9.Fall-Winter (1981):
31-44.
Bensen, R. The Painter as Poet: Derek Walcotts Midsummer. The Literary Review: An International
Journal of Contemporary Writing 29.3 (1986): 257-68.
Bloom, Harold. Derek Walcott. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House Publishers, 2003.
Bobb, June D. Beating a Restless Drum: the Poetics of Kamau Brathwaite and Derek Walcott.
Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1998.
Bonsignori, Umberto. Derek Walcott: Contemporary West Indian Poet and Playwright. Dissertation
Abstracts International 33, 2548A. 1972. Ann Arbor, MI.
Breiner, Laurence A. Tradition, Society, the Figure of the Poet. The Caribbean Quarterly 26.MarchJune (1980): 1-12.
---. Walcotts Early Drama. The Art of Derek Walcott. Ed. Stewart Brown. Chester Springs, PA:
Dufour, 1991. 69-81.
Breslin, Paul. Nobodys Nation: Reading Derek Walcott. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press,
2001, viii, 333.
Breslow, Stephen. Derek Walcott: 1992 Nobel laureate in literature. World Literature Today: A
Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 67.2 (1993): 267 (5).
---. Derek Walcott: 1992 Nobel Laureate in Literature. Twayne Companion to Contemporary World
Literature: From the Editors of World Literature Today, I: Parts 1-5; II: Parts 6-8, Appendices,
Index. Ed. Pamela A. Genova. New York, NY: Twayne; Thomson Gale, 2003. 411-16.
Brown, Lloyd W. Dreamers and Slaves: The Ethos of Revolution in Walcott and Leroi Jones. The
Caribbean Quarterly 17.September-December (1971): 36-44.
---. Caribbean Castaway New World Odyssey: Derek Walcotts Poetry. The Journal of
Commonwealth Literature 11.2 (1976): 149-59.
---. Dreamers and Slaves-The Ethos of Revolution in Walcott and Leroi Jones. Critical Perspectives
on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D. Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 193-201.
Brown, Stewart. Spoiler, Walcotts Peoples Patriot. Wasafiri 9 (1988): 10-15.
---. The Art of Derek Walcott. Ed. Stewart Brown. Bridgend;Chester Springs, PA: Seren Books;Dufour,
1991.
Burian, Peter. All That Greek Manure under the Green Bananas: Derek Walcotts Odyssey. The
South Atlantic Quarterly 96.2 (1997): 359-78.
---. You Can Build a Heavy-Beamed Poem Out of This: Derek Walcotts Odyssey. The Classical
World 93.1 (1999): 71-82.

123
Burnett, Paula. Hegemony or Pluralism? The Literary Prize and the Post-Colonial Project in the
Caribbean. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 16.1 (1993): 1-20.
---. Derek Walcott: Politics and Poetics. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2000, xiii, 380.
---. Opening New Doors: A Glimpse of Wilson Harris and Derek Walcott. Theatre of the Arts: Wilson
Harris and the Caribbean. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek and Bndicte Ledent. Cross/Cultures:
Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 60. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 61-82.
Burton, Richard D. E. Derek Walcott and the Medusa of History. Caliban 3 (1980): 3-48.
Busia, Abena P. A. and Alison Saar. Fashioning a self in the contemporary world: notes toward a
personal meditation on memory, history and the aesthetics of origin. African Arts 37 (2004):
54-63.
Callahan, Lance. Flowers in the Shadow: Derek Walcott and the Poetics of We Little Nations. Ariel:
A Review of International English Literature 32.1 (2001): 173-83.
---. In the Shadows of Divine Perfection: Derek Walcotts Omeros. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Campaa, Mario. La leccin de Derek Walcott. Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos: Revista Mensual de
Cultura Hispnica.541-542 (1995): 267-69.
Casteel, Sarah Phillips. Autobiography as Rewriting: Derek Walcotts Another Life and Omeros. The
Journal of Commonwealth Literature 34.2 (1999): 9 (24).
Chioles, John. Omeros: Walcott and the Tradition. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other
Realisms in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Timothy J. Reiss.Trenton, NJ: Africa World, 2002. 7189.
Ciccarelli, Sharon L. Reflections Before and After Carnival: An Interview With Derek Walcott. Chant
of Saints: A Gathering of Afro-American Literature, Art, and Scholarship. Ed. Michael S.
Harper, Robert B. Stepto, and John Hope Franklin. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979.
296-309.
Cimarosti, Roberta. Metaphor and Metonymy in Derek Walcotts Poetry. Annali di Ca Foscari:
Rivista della Facolt di Lingue e Letterature Straniere delluniversit di Venezia 35.1-2 (1996):
131-53.
Clocia, Stefanie. To Hell and Back: The Katabasis and the Impossibility of Epic in Derek Walcotts
Omeros. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 35.2 (2000): 87-104.
Collier, Gordon. Artistic Autonomy and Cultural Allegiance: Aspects of the Walcott-Brathwaite Debate
Re-Examined. Literary Half-Yearly 20.1 (1979): 93-105.
---. Walcotts Reflections on Caribbean Creativity. Agenda 39.1-3 (2002): 185-97.
Collins, Loretta Kaye. We Shall All Heal: Ma Kilman, the Obeah Woman, as Mother-Healer in Derek
Walcotts Omeros. Literature and Medicine 14.1 (1995): 146-62.
Colson, Theodore. Derek Walcotts Plays: Outrage and Compassion. World Literature Written in
English 12 (1973): 80-96.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. A Different Rage: A Thematic and Structural Analysis of the Poetry of Derek
Walcott, 1948-1976. Dissertation Abstracts International 39, 4265A. 1979. Ann Arbor, MI.
Criswell, Stephen Edward. Folklore and the Folk in Derek Walcotts Omeros and Edward Kamau
Brathwaites The Arrivants. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 58[5], 1716. 1997. University of Southwestern Louisiana. 1997.
Davis, Gregson. With No Homeric Shadow: The Disavowal of Epic in Derek Walcotts Omeros. The
South Atlantic Quarterly 96.2 (1997): 321-34.
---. The Poetics of Derek Walcott: Intertextual Perspectives. Ed. Gregson Davis. Durham, NC: Duke
University Press, 1997.
---. Pastoral Sites: Aspects of Bucolic Transformations in Derek Walcotts Omeros. The Classical
World 93.1 (1999): 43-50.
DeRose, Michelle Diane. Caliban Takes up His Pen: The Epic Poetry of Kamau Brathwaite, Derek
Walcott, and Andrew Salkey. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 57[7], 3027-28. 1997. University of Iowa. 1996.
Dick, Rhona and Milton Keynes. Remembering Breens Encomium: Classic Style, History and
Tradition in Derek Walcotts Omeros. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 35.2 (2000):
105-16.
Dieke, Ikenna. Archetypal Patterns in African, Afro-American and Caribbean Literature. Dissertation
Abstracts International 44[7], 2140A. 1984.
Donoghue, Denis. Themes from Derek Walcott. Parnassus: Poetry in Review 6.1 (1977): 88-100.
Espinosa, Mnica Jeanne. A Terrible Beauty Is Born: Problems of Identity in Two Caribbean Poets.
Dissertation Abstracts International 49[10], 3020A. 1989.
Fabre, Michel. The Poetical Journey of Derek Walcott. Commonwealth Literature and the Modern
World. Ed. Hena Maes-Jelinek. Brussels: Didier, 1975. 61-67.

124
Farrier, David. Charting the Amnesiac Atlantic: Chiastic Cartography and Caribbean Epic in Derek
Walcotts Omeros. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 38.1 (2003): 23-38.
Figueroa, John J. M. A Note on Derek Walcotts Concern with Nothing. Revista Interamericana
Review 4 (1974): 422-28.
---. Some Subtleties of the Isle: A Commentary on Certain Aspects of Derek Walcotts Sonnet
Sequence, Tales of the Islands. World Literature Written in English 15 (1976): 190-228.
---. Omeros. The Art of Derek Walcott. Ed. Stewart Brown. Chester Springs, PA: Dufour, 1991. 193213.
Figueroa, Vctor. Each Man is an Island: The Archipelago of Luis Pals Matos, Aim Csaire, and
Derek Walcott. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 61[9], 3550. 2001. Harvard University.
Fleming, Carrol B. The Plays and the Poems of Derek Walcott: Singing the True Caribbean.
Americas 34.3 (1982): 8-11.
Fokkema, Aleid. On the (False) Idea of Exile: Derek Walcott and Grace Nichols. (Un)Writing Empire.
Ed. Theo Dhaen. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 30.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998. 99-113.
Fox, Robert Elliot. Derek Walcott: History as Dis-Ease. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 9.2 (27) (1986): 331-40.
Fulford, Sarah. Painting the Sublime in Visible Syntax: Derek Walcotts Tiepolos Hound. The
Cambridge Quarterly 33.1 (2004): 11-28.
Fumagalli, Maria Cristina. Derek Walcotts Omeros and Dantes Commedia. The Cambridge
Quarterly 29.1 (2000): 17-36.
---. The Flight of the Vernacular: Seamus Heaney, Derek Walcott and the Impress of Dante.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001.
Fumagalli, Maria Cristina. Special Issue on Derek Walcott. Agenda 39.1-3 (2002).
---. Epitaph for the Young: Culture or Mimicry? Agenda 39.1-3 (2002): 51-76.
---. Derek Walcotts Epitaph for the Young: A Poem in XII Cantos: Modernist Texts and the Caribbean
Experience. Intertextuality and Modernism in Comparative Literature. Ed. Emily Salines and
Raynalle Udris. Dublin, Ireland: Philomel, 2002. 271-89.
---. Bridges Across Chasms: Derek Walcotts The Bounty and Creolization. Bridges Across Chasms:
Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige
Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 303-11.
Garuba, Harry. The Island Writes Back: Discourse-Power and Marginality in Wole Soyinkas The
Swamp Dwellers, Derek Walcotts The Sea at Dauphin, and Athol Fugards The Island.
Research in African Literatures 32.4 (2001): 61-76.
George, Gordon. Perished vision: An evaluation of three of Derek Walcotts plays from the 1980s.
Caribbean Studies 27.3-4 (1994): 409 (4).
Gibbons, Rawle. Band Meet Band: Carnival and Text in a Production of Walcotts Drums and
Colours. Caribe 2000: Definiciones, identidades y culturas regionales y/o
nacionales/Caribbean 2000: Regional and/or National Definitions, Identities and Cultures. Ed.
Lowell Fiet and Janette Becerra. Sargasso: 4. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Sargasso/Caribe 2000Facultad de Humanidades, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 2000. 95-105.
Gurpegui, Jos Antonio. Derek Walcott: A Mediterranean Caribbean. Agenda 39.1-3 (2002): 210-18.
Hambuch, Doris. Rester au pays natal: Derek Walcotts Omeros and Edouard Glissants Les Indes.
Colonizer and Colonized. Ed. Theo Dhaen and Patricia Krs. Textxet: Studies in Comparative
Literature (Textxet): 26. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000. 299-306.
Hammer, Robert D. Creolizing Homer for the Stage: Walcotts The Odyssey. Twentieth Century
Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal 47.3 (2001): 374-90.
Hamner, Robert D. Mythological Aspects of Derek Walcotts Drama. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature (Calgary) 8.3 (1977): 35-58.
---. Conversation with Derek Walcott. World Literature Written in English 16 (1977): 409-20.
---. Derek Walcotts Theater of Assimilation. West Virginia University Philological Papers 25 (1979):
86-93.
---. Derek Walcott. Boston: Twayne, 1981.
---. Aspects of National Character: V.S. Naipaul and Derek Walcott. Language and Literature in
Multicultural Contexts. Ed. Satendra Nandan and James A. Maraj. Suva, Fiji: University of the
South Pacific, 1983. 179-88.
---. Dramatizing the New Worlds African King: ONeill, Walcott and Csaire on Christophe. The
Journal of West Indian Literature 5.1-2 (1992): 30-47.

125
---. Derek Walcott. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, First Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 117. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1992. 290-312.
---. The Odyssey: Derek Walcotts dramatization of Homers Odyssey. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature 24.4 (1993): 101 (8).
---. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Washington, DC: Three Continents Press, 1993.
---. Derek Walcott. Upd. ed. New York; Toronto: Twayne Publishers; Maxwell Macmillan, 1993.
---. Epic of the Dispossessed: Derek Walcotts Omeros. Colombia, MO: University of Missouri Press,
1997.
---. From Winslow Homer to Marcel Duchamp and the Fortunate Flaw in Derek Walcotts Omeros.
Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 31.3 (2000): 75 (29).
Hannan, Jim. Crossing Couplets: Making Form the Matter of Walcotts Tiepolos Hound. New Literary
History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 33.3 (2002): 559-79.
Hardcastle, John. Carlos Task: Pictures of Language and English Teaching. Changing English:
Studies in Reading and Culture 9.1 (2002): 7-21.
---. Carlos Task: Pictures of Language and English Teaching. Changing English 9.1 (2002): 7-21.
Hart, David W. Caribbean Chronotopes: From Exile to Agency. Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies
Journal 2.2 (2004).
Heaney, Seamus. The Language of Exile. Parnassus: Poetry in Review 8.1 (1980): 5-11.
Henriksson, Line. Who Is F***ing Helen? The Representation of Bodies and Voices in Derek Walcotts
Omeros and Tony Harrisons V. World Literature Written in English 39.1 (2001): 86-96.
Herdeck, Donald E. Three Dynamite Authors: Derek Walcott (Nobel 1992), Naguib Mahfouz (Nobel
1988), Wole Soyinka (Nobel 1986). Ed. Donald E. Herdeck. Colorado Springs, Col.: Three
Continents Press, 1995.
Hill, Errol. Derek Walcott. London: Macmillan, 1984.
Hirsch, Edward and Derek Alton Walcott. An Interview with Derek Walcott. Contemporary Literature
20.3 (1979): 279-92.
Hirsch, Edward. Derek Walcott: Either Nobody or a Nation. Georgia Review 49.1 (1995): 307 (7).
Hoegberg, David E. Unstable Identities: Allusion and Hybridity in Walcotts Omeros. Journal of
Caribbean Literatures 1.1 (1997): 53-66.
Hofmeister, Timothy P. Iconoclasm, Elegy and Epiphany: Derek Walcott Contemplating the Bust of
Homer. International Journal of the Classical Tradition: The Official Journal of the
International Society for the Classical Tradition 1.1 (1994): 107 (22).
---. Two New Works by Derek Walcott. International Journal of the Classical Tradition: The Official
Journal of the International Society for the Classical Tradition 1.4 (1995): 136 (11).
---. The Wolf and the Hare: Epic Expansion and Contextualization in Derek Walcotts Omeros.
International Journal of the Classical Tradition: The Official Journal of the International Society
for the Classical Tradition 2.4 (1996): 536 (19).
---. Classical Analogy as Discursive Act: A Reading of Derek Walcotts As John to Patmos. The
South Atlantic Quarterly 96.2 (1997): 275-92.
---. This Is We Calypso: An Ithacan and Antillean Topos in Derek Walcotts Omeros. The Classical
World 93.1 (1999): 51-70.
Hogan, Patrick Colm. Mimeticism, Reactionary Nativism, and the Possibility of Postcolonial Indentity
in Derek Walcotts Dream on Monkey Mountain. Research in African Literatures 25.2 (1994):
103-20.
Hollingsworth, Joyce Tingle. The Empowering Re-Memberings of History and Myth in the Poetry of
Three African Caribbean Writers: Walcott, Brathwaite, and Philip. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[4], 1349. 2002. University of
North Carolina, Greensboro. 2002.
Huggan, Graham. Blue Myth Brooding in Orchid: A Third-World Reappraisal of Island Poetics. The
Journal of West Indian Literature 1.2 (1987): 20-28.
---. A Tale of Two Parrots: Walcott, Rhys, and the Uses of Colonial Mimicry. Contemporary Literature
35.4 (1994): 643-60.
Innes, Christopher. Dreams of Violence: Moving Beyond Colonialism in Canadian and Caribbean
Drama. Theatre Matters: Performance and Culture on the World Stage. Ed. Richard Boon
and Jane Plastow. Cambridge Studies in Modern Theatre. Cambridge, England: Cambridge
University Press, 1998. 76-96.
Ismond, Patricia. Walcott Versus Brathwaite. The Caribbean Quarterly 17.September-December
1971 (1971): 54-71.
---. Walcotts Later Drama: From Joker to Remembrance. Ariel: A Review of International English
Literature 16.3 (1985): 89-101.

126
---. Self-Portrait of an Island: St. Lucia through the Eyes of Its Writers. The Journal of West Indian
Literature 1.1 (1986): 59-73.
---. West Indian Literature as an Expression of National Cultures: The Literature of St. Lucia. World
Literature Written in English 29.2 (1989): 104-15.
---. Walcott Versus Brathwaite. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 220-36.
---. Abandoning Dead Metaphors: the Caribbean Phase of Derek Walcotts Poetry. Kingston:
University Press of the West Indies, 2001.
---. Landscape as Possibility: Derek Walcotts Guyana. Agenda 39.1-3 (2002): 236-57.
Issen, Laura Michelle. Expressions of Socioeconomic and Cultural Complexities in Works by Derek
Walcott, Jamaica Kincaid, and Michelle Cliff. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A:
The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[8], 3180. 2001. University of Texas, Austin. 2000.
Izevbaye, D. S. The Exile and the Prodigal: Derek Walcott as West Indian Poet. The Caribbean
Quarterly 26.March-June (1980): 70-82.
James, Louis. Landscape Locked in Amber. Commonwealth Newsletter 6 (1974): 14-15.
Jimnez Williams, Ivn. Paradigmas de identidad caribea frente a la globalizacin en Derek Walcott
y Luis Rafael Snchez. El artista caribeo como guerrero de lo imaginario. Ed. Rita De
Maeseneer, An Van Hecke, and Silvio Torres Saillant. Madrid; Frankfurt: Iberoamericana;
Vervuert, 2004. 165-78.
Johnson, Lemuel A. The Inventions of Paradise: The Caribbean and the Utopian Bent. Poetics
Today 15.4, Loci of Enunciation and Imaginary Constructions: The Case of (Latin) America, I
(1994): 685-724.
Juhsz, Mininberg Emeshe. Esttica insular y potica de la identidad en el Caribe: Paradiso, Lisol
soleil y Omeros. Dissertation Abstracts International 57[6], 2486A. 1996. Yale University,
1996.
Juneja, Renu. Derek Walcott. Post-Colonial English Drama: Commonwealth Drama Since 1960. Ed.
Bruce King. x, New York; London: St. Martins; Macmillan, 1992. 236-66.
Kellman, Anthony. Projective Verse as a Mode of Socio-Linguistic Protest. Ariel 21.2 (1990): 45-57.
---. Projective Verse as a Mode of Socio-Linguistic Protest. Ariel: A Review of International English
Literature 21.2 (1990): 47-57.
Kessler, Joyce. All the Horned Islands Birds: The Transformative African Symbols of Walcotts
Omeros. Arkansas Review 5.1-2 (1996): 1-9.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
---. Derek Walcott: The Artist and Community. Individual and Community in Commonwealth
Literature. Ed. Daniel Massa. Msida: University of Malta Press, 1979. 84-89.
---. Derek Walcott and West Indian Drama: Not Only a Playwright but a Company, the Trinidad
Theatre Workshop 1959-1993. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.
---. Derek Walcott: a Caribbean Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
---. Religion and Education in Derek Walcotts St Lucia. Missions of Interdependence: A Literary
Directory. Ed. Gerhard ed. and introd. Stilz. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial
Literatures in English: 58. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 65-74.
King, Lloyd. Derek Walcott: THe Literary Humanist in the Caribbean. The Caribbean Quarterly
16.December (1970): 36-42.
King, Nathalie R. I-tie-all my people-together: New World appropriations of the Yoruba deity Oshun
in Toni Morrisons Tar Baby and Derek Walcotts Omeros. Journal of Caribbean Studies 15.12 (2000): 61-94.
Kosters, Onno. Tijdelijk verblijf: Derek Walcott, Omeros. Raster: Tijdschrift in boekvorm 70.61 (1995):
69.
Lane, M. Travis. At Home in Homelessness: The Poetry of Derek Walcott. Dalhousie Review 53
(1973): 325-38.
---. A Different Growth of a Poets Mind: Derek Walcotts Another Life. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 9.4 (1978): 65-78.
Lawton de Torruella, Elena. Caribbean Domestic Spaces in Four Modes: Walcott, Hippolyte,
Brathwaite and Rhys. Torre: Revista de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 7.26 (2002): 657-62.
Livingston, James T. Derek Walcotts Omeros: Recovering the Mythical. Journal of Caribbean
Studies 8.3 (1991): 131-40.
Lock, Charles. Derek Walcotts Omeros: Echoes from a White-Throated Vase. The Massachusetts
Review: A Quarterly of Literature, the Arts and Public Affairs 41.1 (2000): 9 (23).
Macarie, Gilles. Not His, but Her Story: The Place of Women in Derek Walcotts Poetry.
Commonwealth Essays and Studies 26.1 (2003): 71-74.

127
Makris, Paula Catherine. Beyond the Classics: Legacies of Colonial Education inC.L.R. James and
Derek Walcott. Revista Interamericana Review 31.1-4 (2001).
Martin-Jordache, Corina. Postcolonialism and the Experience of Place: Derek Walcotts Another Life.
Dalhousie Review 81.3 (2001): 389-407.
Martin, Jonathan. Nightmare history: Derek Walcotts Omeros. The Kenyon Review 14.4 (1992): 197
(8).
Martyniuk, Irene. The Irish in the Caribbean: Derek Walcotts Examination of the Irish in Omeros.
South Carolina Review 32.1 (1999): 142-48.
Mason, D. Derek Walcott: Poet of the New World. The Literary Review: An International Journal of
Contemporary Writing 29.3 (1986): 269-75.
McClure, Charlotte S. Helen of the West Indies: History or Poetry of a Caribbean Realm. Studies in
the Literary Imagination 26.2 (1993): 7-20.
Mccorkle, J. Re-Mapping the New World: The Recent Poetry of Derek Walcott. Ariel 17.2 (1986): 314.
McDougall, Russell John. A Casement, Triple-Archd: Cultural Kinetics: The Fusion of Music, the
Dance and the Word in African and Caribbean Culture. Dissertation Abstracts International
47[5], 1721A. 1986.
Mierlo, Wim van. Derek Walcott of Het Gevecht met de geschiedenis. De Vlaamse gids: Algemeen
tweemaandelijks tijdschrift 77.2 (1993): 2-8.
Mikics, David. Derek Walcott and Alejo Carpentier: Nature, History, and the Caribbean Writer.
Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community. Ed. Lois Parkinson Zamora and Wendy B.
Faris. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995. 371-404.
Minkler, Julie A. Helens Calibans: A Study of Gender Hierarchy in Derek Walcotts Omeros. World
Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 67.2 (1993): 272 (5).
Morris, Mervyn. Derek Walcott. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King.London: Macmillan, 1979.
144.
---. Walcott and the Audience for Poetry. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 174-92.
Morrison, James V. Homer Travels to the Caribbean: Teaching Walcotts Omeros. The Classical
World 93.1 (1999): 83-99.
---. Shipwreck Encounters: Odyssean Wanderings, The Tempest, and the Post-Colonial World.
Classical and Modern Literature: A Quarterly 20.4 (2000): 59-90.
Nelson, Emmanuel S. Black America and the Anglophone Afro-Caribbean Literary Consciousness.
Journal of American Culture 12.4 (1989): 53-58.
Nepaulsingh, Colbert I. Islands and Continents. Latino Review of Books: A Publication for Critical
Thought and Dialogue 2.2 (1996): 8-10.
Neri, Francesca. Modern Versus Postmodern Models of Identity in Caribbean Literature. Colonizer
and Colonized. Ed. Theo Dhaen and Patricia Krs. Textxet: Studies in Comparative Literature
(Textxet): 26. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000. 277-87.
Nettleford, Rex. Derek Walcott. The Caribbean Quarterly 38.4 (1992): III-143.
Nichols, Ashton. Colonizing Consciousness: Culture and Identity in Walcotts Another Life and
Wordsworths Prelude. Imagination, Emblems and Expressions: Essays on Latin American,
Caribbean, and Continental Culture and Identity. Ed. Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green,
OH: Popular, 1993. 173-89.
Okpewho, Isidore. Walcott, Homer, and the Black Atlantic. Research in African Literatures 33.1
(2002): 27-44.
Olaniyan, Tejumola. The Poetics and Politics of Othering: Contemporary African, African-American,
and Caribbean Drama and the Invention of Cultural Identities. Dissertation Abstracts
International 52[8], 2922A. 1992. Cornell University.
---. Corporeal/Discursive Bodies and the Subject: Dream on Monkey Mountain and the Poetics of
Identity. Imagination, Emblems and Expressions: Essays on Latin American, Caribbean, and
Continental Culture and Identity. Ed. Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green, OH: Popular,
1993. 155-71.
---. Derek Walcott: Liminal Spaces/Substantive Histories. Caribbean Romances: The Politics of
Regional Representation. Ed. Belinda Joy Edmondson. New World Studies. Charlottesville,
VA: University Press of Virginia, 1999. 199-214.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. Beyond Mimicry: The Poetics of Memory and Authenticity in Derek
Walcotts Another Life. Memory and Cultural Politics: New Approaches to American Ethnic
Literatures. Ed. Amritjit Singh, Joseph T. Skerrett, Jr., and Robert E. Hogan. Boston:
Northeastern University Press, 1996. 194-210.

128
Parker, Michael and Roger Starkey. Postcolonial Literatures: Achebe, Ngugi, Desai, Walcott.
Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995.
Pesch, Natascha. Walcott, Dante, Homer-Dilation and Intertextuality in Derek Walcotts Caribbean
Epic Omeros. Studies: Das Wissenschaftsforum fr Studierende 1 (1996): 37-40.
Phillips, Rowan Ricardo. Derek Walcott: imagination, nation and the poetics of memory. Small Axe: A
Caribbean Journal of Criticism.11 (2002): 112-32.
Pollard, Charles W. Traveling with Joyce: Derek Walcotts Discrepant Cosmopolitan Modernism.
Twentieth Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal 47.2 (2001): 197-216.
---. New World Modernisms: T.S. Eliot, Derek Walcott, and Kamau Brathwaite. Charlottesville:
University of Virginia Press, 2004.
Ramazani, Jahan. The Wound of History: Walcotts Omeros and the Postcolonial Poetics of
Affliction. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America 112.3 (1997):
405-17.
---. The Hybrid Muse: Postcolonial Poetry in English. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Ramchand, Kenneth. An Introduction to the Study of West Indian Literature. Sudbury-on-Thames:
Nelson Caribbean, 1976, 183.
Ramsaran, J. A. West Indian Gallery: The Works of Derek Walcott. Black World 24.8 (1975): 39-48.
---. Derek Walcott: New World Mediterranean Poet. World Literature Written in English 21.1 (1982):
133-47.
Reichardt, Ulfried. Diaspora Studies and the Culture of the African Diaspora: The Poetry of Derek
Walcott, Kamau Brathwaite and Linton Kwesi Johnson. Diaspora and Multiculturalism:
Common Traditions and New Developments. Ed. Monika Fludernik. Cross/Cultures: Readings
in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 66. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2003. 287-327.
Reiss, Timothy J. Caribbean Knights: Quijote, Galahad, and the Telling of History. Studies in the
Novel 29.3 (1997): 297-322.
Richards, David. So Where Is Cythera? Walcotts Painted Islands. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial
Writing 25.1 (2003): 43-52.
Roberts, Adam. Dropping the H: Derek Walcotts Omeros (1990). English: The Magazine of the
English Association 51.199 (2002): 45-62.
Rodman, Selden. Derek Walcott. Tongues of Fallen Angels. Ed. Selden Rodman. New York: New
Directions, 1974. 233-59.
Rohlehr, Gordon. Facing the Past: Some Themes in the Writings of Eric Williams, George Lamming,
and Derek Walcott. Pelican.July-October 1964 (1964): 13-16.
---. Derek Walcotts The Gulf and Other Poems. Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on Black Arts and
Culture 1.1 (1972): 66-69.
Rothman, David J. Caribbean Dialect and Cultural Identity in Derek Walcotts The Schooner Flight.
PSA News: Newsletter of the Poetry Society of America 41 (1993): 30-35.
Rowell, Charles Henry. An Interview With Derek Walcott: Part 1. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters .34 (1988): 80-89.
Sahr, Wolf Dietrich. The Traveller and the Transport Driver: Concepts of Postmodernity in the
Caribbean. Anales del Caribe: Centro de Estudios del Caribe 19-20 (1999): 273-92.
Saj, Natasha and George Browning Handley. Sharing in the Exhilaration: An Interview with Derek
Walcott. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 32.2 (2001): 129-42.
Sampietro, Luigi. Beating a Four-Stress Line: Derek Walcotts The Schooner Flight. Imagination and
the creative impulse in the new literatures in English. Ed. Maria Teresa Bindella and Geoffrey
V. Davis. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993. 67-77.
Sandoval Snchez, Alberto. Paul Simons The Capeman: The Staging of Puerto Rican National
Identity As Spectacle and Commodity on Broadway. Latino/a Popular Culture. Ed. Michelle
Habell Palln and Mary Romero. New York, NY: New York University Press, 2002. 147-61.
Sauerberg, Lars Ole. Repositioning Narrative: The Late-Twentieth-Century Verse Novels of Vikram
Seth, Derek Walcott, Craig Raine, Anthony Burgess, and Bernadine Evaristo. Orbis
litterarum: Revue danoise dhistoire littraire 59.6 (2004): 439-64.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Strategies for Survival: Anti-Imperialist Theatrical Forms in the Anglophone
Caribbean. Imperialism and Theatre: Essays on World Theatre, Drama and Performance. Ed.
J. Ellen Gainor. xv, London: Routledge, 1995. 243-56.
Scaglia, Cristina. The Teatro Nazionale of Milan goes Caribbean with the Complicity of Derek
Walcotts Ti-Jean. Caribana 4 (1994): 35-41.
Sickle, John B. Van. The Design of Derek Walcotts Omeros. The Classical World 93.1 (1999): 7-28.
Sinnewe, Dirk. Replaying Crusoe: the hybridization of language and culture in Derek Walcotts
Pantomime. Wadabagei: Journal of the Caribbean and Its Diaspora 2.2 (1999): 87-113.

129
---. Divided to the Vein? Derek Walcotts Drama and the Formation of Cultural Identities. Wrzburg:
Knigshausen & Neumann, 2001, 138.
Smith, Stan. Darkening English: Post-Imperial Contestations in the Language of Seamus Heaney and
Derek Walcott. English: The Magazine of the English Association 43.175 (1994): 39-55.
Steele, Peter. Derek Walcott: Prizing and appraising. Quadrant: An Australian Quarterly Review 38.9
(1994): 55 (10).
Stevens, Camilla. The Future of Old Trinidad: The Performance of National Cultural Identity in Two
Plays by Derek Walcott. Modern Drama 46.3 (2003): 450-69.
Stewart, Marian. Walcott and Painting. Jamaica Journal 45.May (1981): 56-68.
Stewart, Susan. Derek Walcotts Omeros. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association
of America 113.1 (1998): 130.
Styron, Rose. Derek Walcott: An interview. The American Poetry Review 26.3 (1997): 41 (6).
Taylor, Patrick David Michael. Myth and Reality in Caribbean Narrative: Derek Walcotts Pantomime.
World Literature Written in English 26.1 (1986): 169-77.
Taylor, Patrick David Michael. The Narrative of Liberation: Historical Consciousness in the AfroCaribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International 47[1], 193A-4a. 1986.
Taylor, Robert. Derek Walcott. The Crisis: A Record of the Darker Races 106.3 (1999): 30 (4).
Terada, Rei. Derek Walcotts Poetry: American Mimicry. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1992.
Thieme, John. A Caribbean Don Juan: Derek Walcotts Joker of Seville. World Literature Written in
English 23.1 (1984): 62-75.
---. Derek Walcott. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.
---. Beyond Manicheism: Derek Walcotts Henri Christophe and Dream on Monkey Mountain.
Comparing Postcolonial Literatures: Dislocations. Ed. Ashok Bery, Patricia Murray, and Wilson
Harris. Basingstoke, England; New York, NY: Macmillan; St. Martins, 2000. 219-28.
Thomas, Ned. Derek Walcott: Poet of the Islands. Cardiff: Welsh Arts Council, 1980.
Thomson, Jeff. Necessary Work: The Artist in Derek Walcotts Tropic Zone. Journal of Caribbean
Studies 13.3 (1998): 191-200.
Todd, Loreto and Derek Alton Walcott. Derek Walcott, Selected Poems: Notes. Harlow: Longman,
1993.
Uhrbach, Jan R. A Note on Language and Naming in Dream on Monkey Mountain. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters.29 (1986): 578-82.
Voisset, Georges. Trois archipels. Maunick, Glissant, Walcott - Sexuipotique et gopolitique.
Ecritures carabes. Ed. Georges Voisset and Marc Gontard. Presses universitaires de
Rennes, 2002. 107-19.
Walcott, Derek Alton and Frank M. Birbalsingh. Derek Walcott: The Sea Is History. Frontiers of
Caribbean Literatures in English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 2228.
Walcott, Derek Alton and William Baer. Conversations With Derek Walcott. Ed. William Baer. Jackson:
University Press of Mississippi, 1996.
Walcott, Elizabeth. Ti Jean, a Caribbean Hero. Dissertation Abstracts International 56[2], 547A. 1995.
Boston University.
Walmsley, Anne. Dimensions of Song: A Comment on the Poetry of Derek Walcott and Edward
Brathwaite. Bim 13.July-December (1970): 152-67.
Watts, Margaret. The Gulf and Other Poems by Derek Walcott. Legon Journal of the Humanities 1
(1974): 131-36.
Wieland, James. Confronting His Madness: History as Amnesia in the Poetry of Derek Walcott. New
Literature Review 7 (1979): 73-83.
---. Making Radiant the Moment: Notes Towards a Reading of Derek Walcotts Sea Grapes.
ACLALS Bulletin 5.3 (December) (1980): 112-21.
---. The Ensphering Mind: History, Myth, and Fictions in the Poetry of Allen Curnow, Nissim Ezekiel,
A.D. Hope, A.M. Klein, Christopher Okigbo, and Derek Walcott. Washington, D.C.: Three
Continents, 1988.
Wienen, Mark W. Van. Derek Walcott and the Poetics of Responsibility From The Fortunate Teller to
Omeros. World Literature Written in English 37.1-2 (1998): 24-41.
Williams, Edward M. Truth and Representation: The Confrontation of History and Mythology in
Omeros. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 24.1 (2001): 276-86.
Wilson, Elizabeth Betty. Translating Caribbean Landscape. Palimpsestes 12 (2000): 15-29.
Zoppi, Isabella Maria. Omeros, Derek Walcott and the Contemporary Epic Poem. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 22.2 (1999): 509-28.

130

ST VINCENT
GENERAL STUDIES
Abrahams, Roger D. Folklore and Communication on St. Vincent. Folklore: Performance and
Communication. Ed. Dan Ben-Amos and Kenneth S. Goldstein. Approaches to Semiotics: 40.
The Hague: Mouton, 1975. 287-300.
---. Storytelling Events: Wake Amusements and the Structure of Nonsense on St. Vincent. The
Journal of American Folklore 95.378 (1982): 389-414.
---. A Riddling on St. Vincent. Western Folklore 42.4 (1983): 272-95.
---. Folktales and Event-Centered Analysis: Anansi Stories on St. Vincent. Le Conte, Pourquoi?
Comment?/Folktales, Why and How? Ed. Genevive Calame-Griaule, Veronika GrgKarady, and Michle Chiche. Colloques Internationaux du C.N.R.S. Paris: Centre Nat. de la
Recherche Scientifique, 1984. 485-509.
Young, Virginia Heyer. Becoming West Indian: Culture, Self, and Nation in St.Vincent.
Washington;London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.
KEANE, SHAKE
Nanton, Philip. Shake Keanes Nonsense: An Alternative Approach to Caribbean Folk Culture.
Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 14 (2003): 71-92.
THOMAS, H.NIGEL
Marsh-Lockett, Carol P. The Colonial State as Supreme Being: Visions and Revisions in H. Nigel
Thomas Spirits in the Dark. South Atlantic Review 62.4 (1997): 18-29.

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO


GENERAL STUDIES
The Woman, the Writer, and Caribbean Society: Critical Analyses of the Writings of Caribbean
Women. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles, CA: Centre for African American Studies,
University of California, 1998.
Tussen droom en werkelijkheid: Een keuze uit de literaire pagina van de ware tijd. Ed. Jan Bongers.
Paramaribo: Okopipi, 2001. 1-307.
Aho, William R. Sex Conflict in Trinidad Calypsoes 1969-1979. Revista Interamericana Review 11.1
(1981): 76-81.
Beckles, Hilary McD. Capitalism, Slavery and Caribbean Modernity. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 777-89.
Civil, Gabrielle. From Body to Nation, Black Womens Poetry in the United States, Haiti, and Canada.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[4],
1388. 2000. New York University.
Dupuy, Alex. Toussaint-Louverture and the Haitian Revolution: A Reassessment of C.L.R. Jamess
Interpretation. C.L.R. James: His Intellectual Legacies. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe and William E.
Cain. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1995. 106-17.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. Race, Tradition, and the Construction of the Caribbean Aesthetic. New
Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 25.1, Literary History and Other
Histories (1994): 109-20.
Gilkes, Michael. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981, 168.
Hill, Errol. The Trinidad Carnival: Mandate for a National Theatre. Austin: University of Texas Press,
1972.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.
Mendes, Alfred. A Commentary. From Trinidad: An Anthology of West Indian Writing. Ed. Reinhard
Sander. New York: Africana Publishing Company, 1978. 21-26.
Midgett, Douglas K. Cricket and Calypso: Cultural Representation and Social History in the West
Indies. Culture, Sport, Society 6.2/3 (2003): 239-68.
Morrison, Dorothy. Trinidad Field Recordings in the Archive of Folk Culture. Washington, D.C.: Lib. of
Congress Archive of Folk Culture, 1982, 1.

131
Myers, Helen. Music of Hindu Trinidad: Songs From the India Diaspora. Chicago, IL: University of
Chicago Press, 1998, xxxii, 510.
Quevedo, Raymond. Atillas Kaiso: A Short History of Trinidad Calypso. St.Augustine, Trinidad:
University of the West Indies Department of Extra-Mural Studies, 1983.
Rohlehr, Gordon. Calypso Reinvents Itself. Carnival: Culture in Action-The Trinidad Experience. Ed.
Milla Cozart Riggio. Worlds of Performance. New York, NY: Routledge, 2004. 213-27.
Roo, Jos de. Een belangrijk werk voor de Antillen: Kenneth Ramchands The West Indian Novel and
its Background. Kristf 2.5 (1975): 244-51.
Sander, Richard W. The Trinidad Awakening: West Indian Literature of the Nineteen-Thirties. New
York: Greenwood Press, 1988.
Taylor, Patrick David Michael. Ethnicity and Social Change in Trinidian Literature. Trinidad ethnicity.
Ed. Kevin Yelvington. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993. 254-74.
Theroux, Paul Edward. V.S. Naipaul: An Introduction to His Works. New York / London: Africana Pub.
Corp / Deutsch, 1972, 144.
Thorpe, Marjorie. Mythe and the Caribbean Woman Writer. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean
Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University
of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 34-40.
Walcott, Derek Alton. Necessity of Ngritude. Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott. Ed. Robert D.
Hamner.Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1993. 20-23.
Warner, Keith Q. The Trinidad Calypso: A Study of the Calypso As Oral Literature. London:
Heinemann, 1983.
ALEXIS, ANDR
Chariandy, David. Haunted diasporas: the second generation stories of Andr Alexis. The Journal of
West Indian Literature 12.1-2 (2004): 79-89.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. Beginners Luck among Caribbean-Canadian Writers: Nalo Hopkinson, Andr
Alexis and Shani Mootoo. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 22.1 (1999): 89-96.
Sugars, Cynthia. Theres No Place Like Home: The Unhomely Paradox of Andr Alexiss Childhood.
Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 25.2 (2003): 7-23.
Verduyn, Christl. Breath on a Window Pane: Identity, Community and Nation in Andr Alexis
Childhood. Identity, Community, Nation: Essays on Canadian Writing. Ed. Danielle Schaub
and Christl Verduyn. Canadian Studies Series. Jerusalem, Israel: Magnes, 2002. 18-33.
ANTHONY, MICHAEL
Barratt, Harold. Michael Anthony and Earl Lovelace: The Search for Selfhood. ACLALS Bulletin Fifth
Series.3 (1980): 62-73.
---. Michael Anthony. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series. Ed.
Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1993. 3-7.
Carter, Steven R. Michael Anthonys All That Glitters: A Golden West Indian Experimental Mystery.
The Journal of West Indian Literature 2.1 (1987): 41-54.
Cerutti, Ornella. Michael Anthonys Carnival: Myth and Non-Myth. Cross-cultural Voices:
Investigations into the Post-Colonial. Ed. Claudio Gorlier and Isabella Maria Zoppi. Roma:
Bulzoni, 1997. 257-80.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Michael Anthony (1932- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical
Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 19-25.
Edwards, Paul and Kenneth Ramchand. The Art of Memory: Michael Anthonys The Year in San
Fernando. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 7 (1969): 59-72.
Harney, Stefano. Nation Time: Earl Lovelace and Michael Anthony Nationfy Trinidad.
Commonwealth: Essays and Study 13.2 (1991): 31-39.
Luengo, Anthony. Growing Up in San Fernando: Change and Growth in Michael Anthonys The Year
in San Fernando. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 6.2 (1975): 8195.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. The Detours of Narrative Voice: A Precondition of Self-Narration in Caribbean
Literature. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 19.1 (1996): 71-75.
Niven, Alastair. My Sympathies Enlarged: The Novels of Michael Anthony. Commonwealth Essays
and Studies 2 (1976): 45-62.
Noel, Dexter. The Muses Inhabit Mayaro: Michael Anthonys Cricket in the Road. The International
Fiction Review: A Biannual Periodical Devoted to International Fiction 5 (1978): 61-62.

132
Salick, Roydon. Author Knows Best: Revisiting Michael Anthonys Green Days by the River.
Commonwealth Essays and Studies 25.2 (2003): 57-71.
Sander, Reinhard. The Homesickness of Michael Anthony: The Predicament of a West Indian Exile.
Literary Half-Yearly 16.1 (1975): 95-124.
---. The Homesickness of Michael Anthony: The Predicament of a West Indian Exile. World Literature
Written in English.21 (1982): 148-59.
Sander, Reinhard W. The Caribbean Writer at Home: An Interview with Michael Anthony. World
Literature Written in English 33-34.2-1 (1993): 3-16.
Smyer, Richard. Enchantment and Violence in the Fiction of Michael Anthony. World Literature
Written in English 21.1 (1982): 148-59.
BELGRAVE, VALERIE
Belgrave, Valerie. On Combining Batik Art and Novel Writing. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays
from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 31724.
---. Thoughts on the Choice of Theme and Approach in Writing Ti Marie. Caribbean Women Writers:
Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux,
1990. 325-27.
Harney, Stefano. Men Goh Respect All o We: Valerie Belgraves Ti Marie and the Invention of
Trinidad. World Literature Written in English 30.2 (1990): 100-19.
Smith, Faith L. Beautiful Indians, Troublesome Negroes, and Nice White Men: Caribbean Romances
and the Invention of Trinidad. Caribbean Romances: The Politics of Regional Representation.
Ed. Belinda Joy Edmondson. New World Studies. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of
Virginia, 1999. 163-82.
Tanifeani, William. Interview with Valerie Belgrave: Novelist, Visual Artist. Wasafiri 11 (1990): 24-25.
BISSOONDATH, NEIL DEVINDRA
Davetian, Benet. Out of the melting pot and into the fire: An essay on Neil Bissoondaths book on
multiculturalism. Canadian Ethnic Studies 26.3 (1994): 135 (6).
Fourny, Jean-Franois. In Defense of the State: On Neil Bissoondaths Selling Illusions, Michael
Lindens The Next American Nation, and Tzvetan Todorovs Morals of History. Research in
African Literatures 28.4 (1997): 142-53.
Kruk, Laurie. All Voices Belong to Me: An Interview with Neil Bissoondath. Canadian Literature: A
Quarterly of Criticism and Review.180 (2004): 53-69.
Li, Xiaoping. A Response to Neil Bissoondaths Illusions. Journal of Canadian Studies 30.2 (1995):
130 (8).
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. The Cityscape in a Few Caribbean-Canadian Short Stories. Journal of the
Short Story in English 31 (1998): 9-22.
Peepre, Mari. Home, Hybridity, and the Caribbean Diasporas. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a
Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language
and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 221-31.
Riemenschneider, Dieter. Intercultural Communication: Minority Writing in the Post-Colonial World:
The Caribbean-Canadian Connection. Crabtracks: Progress and Process in Teaching the
New Literatures in English. Ed. Gordon Collier and Frank Schulze-Engler. Cross/Cultures:
Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 59. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002. 383-400.
Van Thoorn, Penny. Positioning Neil Bissoondath: Post-Colonial, Multicultural and National
Formations. New Literatures Review.27 (1994): 78-90.
Willinsky, J. The educational politics of identity and category. Interchange 29.4 (1989): 385-402.
BLONDEL, EAULIN
Thorpe, Marjorie. Mythe and the Caribbean Woman Writer. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean
Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University
of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 34-40.
BRAND, DIONNE
Bannerji, Himani. Dionne Brand (1953- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 46-57.

133
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Dionne Brand: No Language Is Neutral. Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in
English. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 120-37.
Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. Dionne Brands Winter Epigrams in Poets and Politics. Canadian
Literature: A Quarterly of Criticism and Review.105 (1985): 18-30.
Brydon, Diana. Reading Dionne Brands Blues Spiritual for Mammy Prater. Inside the Poem: Essays
and Poems in Honour of Donald Stephens. Ed. W. H. New. Toronto: Oxford University Press,
1992. 81-87.
---. Postcolonial Gothic: Ghosts, Iron and Salt in Dionne Brands At the Full and Change of the Moon.
Ebony, Ivory & Tea. Ed. Zbigniew Bialas and Krzysztof Kowalczyk-Twarowski. Prace
Naukowe Uniwersytetu Slaskiego w Katowicach (PNUSK): 2203. Katowice, Poland:
Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Slaskiego, 2004. 211-27.
Casas, Maria Caridad. Orality and the Body in the Poetry of Lillian Allen and Dionne Brand: Towards
an Embodied Social Semiotics. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary)
33.2 (2002): 7-32.
Clarke, George Elliott. Harris, Philip, Brand: Three authors in search of literate criticism. Journal of
Canadian Studies 35.1 (2000): 161-89.
Forster, Sophia. Inventory Is Useless Now but Just to Say: The Politics of Ambivalence in Dionne
Brands Land to Light On. Studies in Canadian Literature/Etudes en littrature canadienne
27.2 (2002): 160-82.
Garvey, Johanna X. K. The Place She Miss: Exile, Memory, and Resistance in Dionne Brands
Fiction. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 26.2 (2003): 486-503.
Georgis, Dina. Mother Nations and the Persistence of Not Here. Canadian Woman Studies/Les
Cahiers de la Femme 20.2 (2000): 27-34.
Goldman, Marlene. Mapping the Door of No Return: Deterritorialization and the Work of Dionne
Brand. Canadian Literature: A Quarterly of Criticism and Review 182 (2004): 13-28.
Hunter, L. After Modernism: alternative voices in the writings of Dionne Brand, Claire Harris, and
Marlene Philip. The University of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities
62.2 (1992/1993): 256-81.
Johnson, Erica L. Unforgetting Trauma: Dionne Brands Haunted Histories. Anthurium: A Caribbean
Studies Journal 2.1 (2004).
Luft, Joanna. Elizete and Verlia Go to Toronto: Caribbean Immigrant Sensibilities at Home and
Overseas in Dionne Brands In Another Place, Not Here. Essays on Canadian Writing 77
(2002): 26-49.
Mccallum, Pamela and Christian Olbey. Written in the Scars: History, Genre, and Materiality in
Dionne Brands In Another Place, Not Here. Essays on Canadian Writing.68 (1999): 159 (24).
McCutcheon, Mark. She Skin Black as Water: The Movement of Liquid Imagery in Dionne Brands In
Another Place, Not Here. Post Identity 3.2 (2002): 133-52.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. The Cityscape in a Few Caribbean-Canadian Short Stories. Journal of the
Short Story in English 31 (1998): 9-22.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Settling into Unhomliness: Displacement in Selected Caribbean and Caribbean
Canadian Womens Writing. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 26.1 (2004): 182-95.
Olbey, Christian. Dionne Brand in Conversation. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature
33.2 (2002): 87-102.
Renk, Kathleen J. Her Words Are Like Fire. The Storytelling Magic of Dionne Brand. Ariel: A Review
of International English Literature 27.4 (1996): 97-111.
Sanders, Leslie. I Am Stateless Anyway: The Poetry of Dionne Brand. Zora Neale Hurston Forum
3.2 (1989): 19-29.
Saul, Joanne. In the Middle of Becoming: Dionne Brands Historical Vision. Canadian Woman
Studies/Les Cahiers de la Femme 23.2 (2004): 59-63.
Smyth, Heather Ann. Sexual Citizenship and Caribbean-Canadian Fiction: Dionne Brands In Another
Place, Not Here and Shani Mootoos Cereus Blooms at Night. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature 30.2 (1999): 141-60.
Sturgess, Charlotte. Sprits and transformation in Dionne Brands sans souci and other stories.
Etudes Canadiennes/Canadian Studies: Revue Interdisciplinaire des tudes canadiennes en
France 19.35 (1993): 223-29.
---. Dionne Brand: Writing the Margins. Caribbean Women Writers: Fiction in English. Ed. Maryse
Cond and Thorunn Lonsdale. New York, NY: St. Martins, 1999. 202-16.
Ventura, H. Dionne Brand: Photograph. Lapparentement de lartiste dans une nouvelle des
Carabes ou la potique de la trace, Entre image photographique et magie de lempreinte. La
Nouvelle anglo-saxonne contemporaine: Rflexions sur un genre. Ed. Liliane Louvel. Licorne:
63. Poitiers: UFR Langues Littratures, Universit de Poitiers, 2002. 61-71.

134
Walcott, Rinaldo and Leslie Sanders. At the Full and Change of CanLit: An Interview with Dionne
Brand. Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la Femme 20.2 (2000): 22-26.
Wiens, Jason. Language Seemed to Split in Two: National Ambivalence(s) and Dionne Brands No
Language Is Neutral. Essays on Canadian Writing 70 (2000): 81-102.
Wild, Brendan John. Overhearing Dionne Brand: Genre and the Organic Intellectual Project.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[7],
2497. 2004. University of Alberta. 2003.
Zackodnik, Teresa. I am blackening in my way: Identity and place in Dionne Brands No Language is
Neutral. Essays on Canadian Writing.57 (1995): 194-211.
CHEN, WILLI
Lass, Rolf H. Nigrescent Ganesh: Cultural Nationalism and the Culture of Writing in Chen, Glissant,
and Naipaul. Writing the Nation: Self and Country in the Post-Colonial Imagination. Ed. John
C. Hawley. Critical Studies: 7. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1996. 1-22.
CLARKE, LEROY
Fernndez Olmos, Margarite and Heidi Holder. My Work Is Obeah: An Interview With Poet/Painter
LeRoy Clarke. Healing Culture: Art and Religion as Curative Practices in the Caribbean and
Its Diaspora. Ed. Margarite Fernndez Olmos and Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert. New York, NY:
Palgrave, 2001. 203-09.
DE BOISSIRE, RALPH
Birbalsingh, Frank M. The Novels of Ralph de Boissire. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 9
(1970): 104-08.
Sander, Reinhard. A Caribbean Writer in Australia: An Interview with Ralph de Boissire.
Komparatistische Hefte 5-6 (1982): 195-208.
ESPINET, RAMABAI
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. The Double Vision: Ethnic Identity and the Caribbean Woman Writer. The
Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen PyneTimothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998.
140-51.
GUY, ROSA
Cameron, Ann M. Rosa Cuthbert Guy (1925- ). Writers of multicultural fiction for young adults: a biocritical sourcebook. Ed. M. Daphne Kutzer. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1996. 137-48.
Robinson, Cherrel V. Love and Sex in Rosa Guys Trilology: The Friends, Ruby and Edith Jackson.
The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen
Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African American Studies,
1998. 187-98.
HARRIS, CLAIRE
Clarke, George Elliott. Harris, Philip, Brand: Three authors in search of literate criticism. Journal of
Canadian Studies 35.1 (2000): 161-89.
Hunter, L. After Modernism: alternative voices in the writings of Dionne Brand, Claire Harris, and
Marlene Philip. The University of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities
62.2 (1992/1993): 256-81.
Kuwabong, Dannabang. Reading the Gospel of Bakes: Daughters Representations of Mothers in the
Poetry of Claire Harris and Lora Goodison. Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la
Femme 18.2-3 (1998): 132-38.
---. The Mother as Archetype of Self: A Poetics of Matrilineage in the Poetry of Claire Harris and
Lorna Goodison. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 30.1 (1999): 105-29.
Verduyn, Christl. Perspectives critiques dans des productions littraires migrantes au fminin, au
Qubec et au Canada. Journal of Canadian Studies 31.3 (1996): 78-86.
Williams, Emily Allen. An Interview with Claire Harris. Wasafiri 32 (2000): 41-44.

135
---. Triadic Revelations of Exilic Identity: Claire Harriss Fables from the Women Quarters, Dipped in
Shadow, and She. Studies in the Literary Imagination 37.2 (2004): 53-76.
Zackodnik, Teresa. Writing Home. Claire Harriss Drawing Down a Daughter. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 30.3 (1999): 163-90.
HODGE, MERLE
Balutansky, Kathleen M. We Are All Activists: An Interview With Merle Hodge. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters.41 (1989): 651-62.
Cobham-Sander, C. Rhonda. Revisioning Our Kumblas: Transforming Feminist and Nationalist
Agendas in Three Caribbean Womens Texts. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 16.1 (1993): 44-64.
---. Revisioning Our Kumblas: Transforming Feminist and Nationalist Agendas in Three Caribbean
Womens Texts. Postcolonial Theory and the United States: Race, Ethnicity, and Literature.
Ed. Amritjit Singh and Peter Schmidt. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.
300-19.
Dickison, Swift Stiles. Transnational Carnival and Creolized Garden: Caribbean Cultural Identity and
Rooting in the Narratives of Sam Selvon and Merle Hodge. Dissertation Abstracts
International 56[6], 2246A. 1995. Washington State University, 1994.
Gikandi, Simon. Narration in the Post-Colonial Moment: Merle Hodges Crick Crack, Monkey. Ariel
20.4 (1989): 18-30.
Japtok, Martin. Two Postcolonial Childhoods: Merle Hodges Crick Crack, Monkey and Simi Bedfords
Yoruba Girl Dancing. Jouvert: A Journal of Postcolonial Studies 6.1-2 (2001).
Lawrence, Leota S. Three West Indian Heroines: An Analysis. College Language Association
Journal 21 (1977): 238-50.
---. Merle Hodge (1944- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 224-28.
Marshall, Joanna Barszewska. Resisting the attempt to civilize family and appetite in Merle Hodges
Crick Crack, Monkey: the struggle for sovereignty and the development of an eating disorder.
Sargasso: Literature, Language, Culture.2 (2004): 19-30.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. The Detours of Narrative Voice: A Precondition of Self-Narration in Caribbean
Literature. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 19.1 (1996): 71-75.
Niesen de Abruna, Laura. Twentieth-Century Women Writers From the English-Speaking Caribbean.
Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R.
Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 86-97.
Putnam, Amanda Ann. Mothering the Motherless: Portrayals of Alternative Mothering Practices within
the Caribbean Diaspora. Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la Femme 23.2 (2004):
118-23.
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. Language as Subversion in Postcolonial Literature: The Case of Two
Caribbean Women Writers. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women
Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 101-14.
Rahim, Jennifer. Laughter in Crick Crack, Monkey: An Exploration in Comic Discourse. The Woman,
the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy.
Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 208-19.
---. Recreating the Womans Relationship to the House: Towards Spacial Sovereignty in Merle
Hodges For the Life of Laetitia. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women
Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 154-60.
Rampersad, Sheila. Merle Hodges Revolutionary Douglas Poetics: a Reading of Crick Crack,
Monkey and For the Life of Laetitia. Centre of Remembrance: Memory and Caribbean
Womens Literature. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo. London: Mango Publishing, 2002. 147-63.
Stevenson, Peggy Lee Denise. Conflicts of Culture, Class and Gender in Selected CaribbeanAmerican and Caribbean Womens Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International 50[10],
3222A. 1990.
Thomas, Ena V. Crick Crack Monkey: A Picaresque Perspective. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays
from the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 20914.
Thorpe, Marjorie. The Problem of Cultural Identification in Crick Crack, Monkey. Savacou: A Journal
of the Caribbean Artists Movement 13 (1977): 31-38.
JAMES, C.L.R.

136
Afras Review Talks to C.L.R. James. Afras Review 2 (1976): 4-8.
Essay and Lectures by C.L.R. James: A Tribute. The Caribbean Quarterly 35.4 (1989).
Aching, Gerard. Beyond Sites of Execution: Haiti and the Historical Imagination in C.L.R. James and
Alejo Carpentier. Sisyphus and Eldorado: Magical and Other Realisms in Caribbean
Literature. Ed. Timothy J. Reiss.Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2002. 103-25.
Beckles, Hilary McD. Capitalism, Slavery and Caribbean Modernity. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 777-89.
Boggs, Grace Lee. Thinking and acting dialectically: C.L.R. James, the American years. Monthly
Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine 45.5 (1993): 38 (9).
Bogues, Anthony. The C.L.R. James letters (1948). The Caribbean Quarterly 39.2 (1993): 26-32.
Boyagoda, Randy. Just Where and What Is the (Comparatively Speaking) South? Caribbean Writers
on Melville and Faulkner. Mississippi Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Cultures 57.1
(2003): 65-73.
Brennan, Timothy. Thackeray at the Movies. Race & Class: A Journal for Black and Third World
Liberation 45.1 (2003): 111-17.
Buhle, Paul and P. L. Berman. C.L.R. James: His Life and Work. Chicago: Sojourner truth
organization, 1981.
Buhle, Paul and C.L.R. James. C.L.R. James: His Life and Work. Rev.ed. ed. London: Allison and
Busby, 1986.
---. C.L.R. James: the Artist As a Revolutionary. London: Verso, 1988.
Buhle, Paul. C.L.R. James: West Indian George Lamming Interviewed. C.L.R. Jamess Caribbean.
Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1992. 28-38.
Buhle, Paul and C.L.R. James. The Making of a Literary Life: C.L.R. James Interviewed by Paul
Buhle. C.L.R. Jamess Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham, NC:
Duke University Press, 1992. 56-62.
Campbell, Horace. C.L.R. James, Walter Rodney and the Caribbean Intellectual. C.L.R. James: His
Intellectual Legacies. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe and William E. Cain. Amherst: University of
Massachusetts Press, 1995. 405-31.
Collier, Eugenia. C.L.R. James (1901- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 229-38.
Cripps, Louise L. C.L.R. James: Memories and Commentaries. New York: Cornwall Books, 1997.
Cudjoe, Selwyn R. The Audacity of It All: C.L.R. Jamess Trinidadian Background. C.L.R. Jamess
Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham, NC: Duke University Press,
1992. 39-55.
---. C.L.R. James and the Trinidad & Tobago Intellectual Tradition, Or, Not Learning Shakespeare
Under a Mango Tree. The New Left Review.223 (1997): 114-25.
Darity, William Jr. Eric Williams and Slavery: A West Indian Viewpoint? Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 801-16.
Dhondy, Farrukh. C.L.R. James. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 2001.
---. C.L.R. James: a Life. New York: Pantheon books, 2001.
Dupuy, Alex. Toussaint-Louverture and the Haitian Revolution: A Reassessment of C.L.R. Jamess
Interpretation. C.L.R. James: His Intellectual Legacies. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe and William E.
Cain. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1995. 106-17.
Edmondson, Belinda Joy. Race, Tradition, and the Construction of the Caribbean Aesthetic. New
Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 25.1, Literary History and Other
Histories (1994): 109-20.
Farred, Grant. Rethinking C.L.R. James. Cambridge, Ma.: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.
Frank, Kevin Fitz-Mauritz. Caught in the slips: boundaries of C.L.R. James imagination. Journal of
Caribbean Studies 15.3 (2000): 223-44.
Gair, Christopher. Beyond Boundaries: Cricket, Herman Melville, and C.L.R. Jamess Cold War.
Symbiosis: A Journal of Anglo-American Literary Relations 6.2 (2002): 159-77.
Gilkes, Michael. The West Indian Novel. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981, 168.
Grimshaw, Anna. The C.L.R. James Archive: a Readers Guide. New York: The C.L.R. James
Institute, 1991.
Grimshaw, Anna and Keith Hart. C.L.R. James and the Struggle for Happiness. New York: C.L.R.
James Institute and Cultural Correspondence, 1991.
Hall, Stuart. C.L.R. James: A Portrait. C.L.R. Jamess Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and
Paul Buhle. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1992. 3-16.
Hamilton, Cynthia. A way of seeing: Culture as political expression in the works of C.L.R. James.
Journal of Black Studies 22.3 (1992): 429 (15).

137
Henry, Paget Elseworth and Paul Buhle. Caliban As Deconstructionist: C.L.R. James and PostColonial Discourse. C.L.R. Jamess Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1992. 111-42.
Henry, Paget Elseworth. C.L.R. James and the Caribbean Economic Tradition. C.L.R. Jamess
Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham, NC: Duke University Press,
1992. 145-73.
Henry, Paget Elseworth and Paul Buhle. C.L.R. Jamess Caribbean. Durham, NC: Duke University
Press, 1992, xvi, 287.
Hunter, Donna. Historically Particular Uses of a Universal Subject. French Civilization and Its
Discontents: Nationalism, Colonialism, Race. Ed. Tyler Stovall and Georges Van Den
Abbeele. After the Empire: The Francophone World and Postcolonial France. Lanham, MD:
Lexington, 2003. 129-45.
Idahosa, Paul. James and Fanon and the Problem of the Intelligentsia in Popular Organizations.
C.L.R. James: His Intellectual Legacies. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe and William E. Cain. Amherst:
University of Massachusetts Press, 1995. 388-404.
Juan, E. San Jr. Beyond Postcolonial Theory: The Mass Line in C.L.R. Jamess Imagination. The
Journal of Commonwealth Literature 31.1 (1996): 25-44.
King, Nicole Roberta. C.L.R. James and Formulations of Caribbean Cultural Identity. Dissertation
Abstracts International 56[3], 954A. 1995. University of Pennsylvania. 1994.
---. C.L.R. James and Creolization: Circles of Influence. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi,
2001, xvii, 168.
Lamming, George. C.R.L. James: West Indian (George Lamming Interviewed by Paul Buhle). C.L.R.
Jamess Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham: Duke University
Press, 1992. 28-36.
Lawrence, Leota S. Three West Indian Heroines: An Analysis. College Language Association
Journal 21 (1977): 238-50.
Lazarus, Neil. Cricket and National Culture in the Writings of C.L.R. James. C.L.R. Jamess
Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham, NC: Duke University Press,
1992. 92-110.
Levin, D. E. C.L.R. James: A radical West Indian vision of American studies. American Quarterly
43.3 (1991): 486 (16).
Lpez Springfield, Consuelo. What Do Men Live By? Autobiography and Intention in C.L.R. Jamess
Beyond a Boundary. The Caribbean Quarterly 35.4 (1989): 73-88.
---. Through the Peoples Eyes: C.L.R. Jamess Rhetoric of History. The Caribbean Quarterly 36.1-2
(1990): 85-97.
---. Caribbean autobiography: the voice of Caliban. SECOLAS Annals: Journal of the Southeastern
Council on Latin American Studies 21 (1990): 52-58.
Makris, Paula Catherine. Beyond the Classics: Legacies of Colonial Education inC.L.R. James and
Derek Walcott. Revista Interamericana Review 31.1-4 (2001).
Mars, Perry, Harry Goulbourne, and John Solomos. Caribbean influences in African-American
political struggles. Ethnic & Racial Studies 27.4 (2004): 565-83.
Martin, Tony. C.L.R. James and the Race/Class Question. Race 14.October 1972 (1972): 183-93.
Miller, Paul Benjamin. Where Was Aufklrung? The Enlightenment in the Modern Caribbean Historical
Imagination. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 60[11], 4000. 2000. Emory University, 1999.
---. Enlightened Hesitations: Black Masses and Tragic Heroes in C.L.R. Jamess The Black Jacobins.
Modern Language Notes 116.5 (2001): 1069-90.
Moitt, Bernard. Transcending Linguistic and Cultural Frontiers in Caribbean Historiography: C.L.R.
James, French Sources, and Slavery in San Domingo. C.L.R. James: His Intellectual
Legacies. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe and William E. Cain. Amherst: University of Massachusetts
Press, 1995. 136-60.
Moten, Fred. Not in Between: Lyric Painting, Visual History and the Postcolonial Future. TDR: The
Drama Review: A Journal of Performance Studies 47.1 [T177] (2003): 127-48.
Munro, Ian Hamilton, et al. Kas-Kas: Interviews With Three Caribbean Writers in Texas: George
Lamming; C.L.R. James; Wilson Harris. Ed. Ian Hamilton Munro and Reinhard Sander. Austin:
African and Afro-American Research Institute, University of Texas at Austin, 1972, 56.
Oxaal, Ivor. Black Intellectuals Come to Power: The Rise of Creole Nationalism in Trinidad and
Tobago. Cambridge: Schenkman, 1986.
Pease, Donald E. Doing Justice to C.L.R. Jamess Mariners, Renegades, and Castaways. Boundary
2: An International Journal of Literature and Culture 27.2 (2000): 1-19.

138
Phillips, Caryl. C.L.R. James: The Most Noteworthy Caribbean Mind of the Twentieth Century.
Journal of Blacks in Higher Education 33 (2001): 118-20.
Richards, Glen. C.L.R. James on Black Self-Determination in the United States and the Caribbean.
C.L.R. James: His Intellectual Legacies. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe and William E. Cain. Amherst:
University of Massachusetts Press, 1995. 317-27.
Rohlehr, Gordon. C.L.R. James and the Legacy of Beyond a Boundary. A spirit of dominance:
cricket and nationalism in the West Indies: essays in honour of Viv Richards on the 21st
anniversary of his test dbut. Ed. Keith A. P. Sandiford and Hilary McD. Beckles. Kingston:
Canoe Press, 1998. 138-62.
Sander, Reinhard. C.L.R. James. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125.
Detroit, MI: Gale, 1993. 41-47.
Santiago-Valles, W.F. The Caribbean intellectual tradition that produced James and Rodney. Race &
Class: A Journal for Black and Third World Liberation 42.2 (2000): 47-66.
---. C.L.R. James: Asking Questions of the Past. Race & Class: A Journal for Black and Third World
Liberation 45.1 (2003): 61-78.
Schwarz, Bill. Unspeakable Histories: Diasporic Lives in Old England. Philosophies of Race and
Ethnicity. Ed. Peter Osborne and Stella Sandford. i London, England: Continuum, 2002. 8196.
---. C.L.R. James and George Lamming: The Measure of Historical Time. Small Axe: A Caribbean
Journal of Criticism 14 (2003): 39-70.
Scott, David. Conscripts of Modernity: The Tragedy of Colonial Enlightenment. Durham, NC: Duke
University Press, 2004, 279.
Stewart, John. The Literary Work As Cultural Document: A Caribbean Case. Literature and
Anthropology. Ed. Philip Dennis and Wendell Aycock. Studies in Comparative Literature: 20.
Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 1989. 97-112.
Worcester, Kenton W. The Question of the Canon: C.L.R. James and Modern Politics. C.L.R.
Jamess Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle. Durham, NC: Duke
University Press, 1992. 210-24.
---. A Victorian With the Rebel Seed: C.L.R. James and the Politics of Intellectual Engagement.
Intellectuals in the twentieth-century Caribbean. Ed. Alistair Hennessey. London: Macmillan
Caribbean, 1992. 115-30.
---. C.L.R. James, Mid-Century Marxism, and the Popular Arts. Reconstruction: Studies in
Contemporary Culture 2.4 (2002).
Wynter, Sylvia. Beyond the Categories of the Master Conception: The Counterdoctrine of the
Jamesian Poiesis. C.L.R. Jamess Caribbean. Ed. Paget Elseworth Henry and Paul Buhle.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1992. 63-91.
JAMES, CYNTHIA
Kuwabong, Dannabang. Apocrypha of Nannys Secrets: The Rhetoric of Recovery in Africaribbean
Womens Poetry. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 59[8], 2993-94. 1999. McMaster University, 1997.
JOHN, ERROL
Brannigan, John. Errol John. British and Irish Dramatists Since World War II: Second Series. Ed.
John Bull. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 233. Detroit, MI: Thomson Gale, 2001. 16772.
JOHNSON, AMRYL
Narian, Denise de Caires. Amryl Johnson: Audacious Poet and Sister (1944-2001). Wasafiri 33
(2001): 64-65.
Pagnoulle, Christine. In Memory of Amryl Johnson. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a
Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language
and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 313-17.
Roberts, Maureen. Came to Find You, Talking Soft to Me Like These Island Whispers. MaComre:
Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 4 (2001): 8-13.

139
KHAN, ISMITH
Drayton, Arthur D. Ismith Khan (1925- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 246-54.
Juneja, Renu. Representing History in The Jumbie Bird. World Literature Written in English 30.1
(1990): 17-28.
Katarak, Ketu H. Ismith Khan. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second
Series. Ed. Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125.
Detroit, MI: Gale, 1993. 48-53.
LA ROSE, JOHN
Couper, K. and U. Santamaria. Le massacre de New-Cross. Archipelago.3 (1983): 4-127.
Kelman, James. John La Rose. Variant.16 (1994): 30-33.
LOVELACE, EARL
Aching, Gerard. Un impasse ideolgico: Carnaval, visibilidad y protesta social en una nacin
poscolonial. Revista Iberoamericana 69.205 (2003): 863-79.
Barratt, Harold. Michael Anthony and Earl Lovelace: The Search for Selfhood. ACLALS Bulletin Fifth
Series.3 (1980): 62-73.
---. Metaphor and Symbol in The Dragon Cant Dance. World Literature Written in English 23.Autumn
1984 (1980): 405-13.
Cary, Norman Reed. Salvation, Self, and Solidarity in the Work of Earl Lovelace. World Literature
Written in English 28.1 (1988): 103-14.
Dance, Daryl Cumber. Earl Lovelace (1935- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 276-83.
---. Journey to an Expectation: A Reflection and a Prayer. Journal of Caribbean Literatures 1.1
(1997): 49-51.
Down, Lorna. Hybridity as Resistance to the Homogenizing Pulse of Western Culture in Earl
Lovelaces The Wine of Astonishment. The Journal of West Indian Literature 11.2 (2003):
58-71.
Dubois, Dominique. Espace Urbain Et Transformations Sociales Dans The Dragon Cant Dance
DEarl Lovelace. La Ville plurielle dans la fiction antillaise anglophone: Images de
linterculturel. Ed. Corinne DuBoin and Eric Tabuteau. Interlangues: Littratures. Toulouse:
Presses universitaires du Mirail, 2000. 41-58.
Frickey, Pierrette M. Jamaica and Trinidad. Post-Colonial English Drama: Commonwealth Drama
since 1960. Ed. Bruce King. x, New York; London: St. Martins; Macmillan, 1992. 217-35.
Griffith, Glyne A. Struggling with a Structure: Narrating Gender and Agency across Discursive
Boundaries. Bucknell Review: A Scholarly Journal of Letters, Arts and Sciences 44.2 (2001):
160-78.
Harney, Stefano. Nation Time: Earl Lovelace and Michael Anthony Nationfy Trinidad.
Commonwealth: Essays and Study 13.2 (1991): 31-39.
Hodge, Merle. Dialogue and Narrative Voice in Earl Lovelaces The Schoolmaster. The Journal of
West Indian Literature 8.1 (1998): 56-72.
Jaggi, Maya. Interview: Earl Lovelace. Wasafiri 12 (1990): 25-27.
James, Louis. Making the Dragon Dance. Wasafiri 1 (1984): 13-15.
---. Writing the Ballad: The Short Fiction of Samuel Selvon and Earl Lovelace. Telling Stories:
Postcolonial Short Fiction in English. Ed. Jacqueline Bardolph. Cross/Cultures: Readings in
the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 47. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 103-08.
Juneja, Renu. Culture and Identity in Lovelaces The Wine of Astonishment. Imagination, Emblems
and Expressions: Essays on Latin American, Caribbean, and Continental Culture and Identity.
Ed. Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green, OH: Popular, 1993. 193-212.
---. Spirited Bodies in Earl Lovelaces The Wine of Astonishment. Reading the Social Body. Ed.
Catherine B. Burroughs and Jeffrey David Ehrenreich. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press,
1993. 202-17.
Kohn, James. Narrators Polyphony in the Short Stories of Earl Lovelace. Language & Literature
(1997): 119-26.
Laroche, Maximilien, et al. Juan Bobo, Jan St, Ti Jan et Bad John: Figures littraires de la Carabe.
Sainte-Foy: GRELCA, Dpartement des littratures, Universit Laval, 1991.

140
Lewis, Linden. Masculinity and the dance of the dragon: Reading Lovelace discursively; La
masculinite et la danse du dragon: lire Lovelace du point de vue du discours. Feminist
Review.59 (1998): 164-85.
Lovelace, Earl. From Freedom to Liberation: An Interview with Earl Lovelace. By H.Nigel Thomas.
World Literature Written in English 31.1 (1991): 8-20.
Meek, Sandra. The penitential island: the question of liberation in Earl Lovelaces Salt. Journal of
Caribbean Studies 15.3 (2000): 273-97.
Nair, Supriya Mundadath. Diasporic Roots: Imagining a Nation in Earl Lovelaces Salt. South Atlantic
Quarterly 100.1 (2001): 259-85.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. The Modernization of the Trinidadian Landscape in the Novels of Earl
Lovelace. Ariel 20.1 (1989): 41-54.
Palmer, Paulina. Lovelaces Treatment of Some Marinesque Motifs. Comparative Literature 29.4
(1977): 300-12.
Pollard, Velma. Mixing codes and mixing voices -- language in Earl Lovelaces Salt. Changing
English: Studies in Reading and Culture 6.1 (1999): 93 (9).
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. Earl Lovelace: His View of Trinidad Society. New World 4.Cropover 1968
(1968): 60-65.
Ranchard, Kenneth. Indian-African Relations in Caribbean Fiction: Reflected in Earl Lovelaces The
Dragon Cant Dance. Wasafiri 2 (1985): 18-23.
Ramchand, Kenneth. Why the Dragon Cant Dance: An Examination of Indian-African Relations in
Lovelaces The Dragon Cant Dance. The Journal of West Indian Literature 2.2 (1988): 1-14.
Reyes, Angelita Dianne. Carnival: Ritual Dance of the Past and Present in Earl Lovelaces The
Dragon Cant Dance. World Literature Written in English 24.1 (1984): 107-20.
Rogers, Elsa. Proverbs and the African oral tradition: An examination of selected novels by Earl
Lovelace. The Caribbean Quarterly 45.1 (1999): 95-100.
Sankar, Celia. Earl Lovelace: unsettled accounts. Amricas 50.1 (1998): 38-43.
Savory Fido, Elaine. Strategies for Survival: Anti-Imperialist Theatrical Forms in the Anglophone
Caribbean. Imperialism and Theatre: Essays on World Theatre, Drama and Performance. Ed.
J. Ellen Gainor. xv, London: Routledge, 1995. 243-56.
Shetty, Sandhya. Masculinity, National Identity and the Feminine Voice in The Wine of Astonishment.
The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 29.1 (1994): 65-79.
Stewart, John. The Literary Work As Cultural Document: A Caribbean Case. Literature and
Anthropology. Ed. Philip Dennis and Wendell Aycock. Studies in Comparative Literature
(SCLit): 20. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 1989. 97-112.
Sunitha, K. T. The Discovery of Selfhood in Earl Lovelaces Fiction. The Commonwealth Novel in
English 5.1 (1992): 27-37.
Thompson-Cager, Chezia. Earl Lovelaces Bad Johns, Street Princes, and the Masters of Schools.
Imagination, Emblems and Expressions: Essays on Latin American, Caribbean, and
Continental Culture and Identity. Ed. Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green, OH: Popular,
1993. 213-29.
---. Earl Lovelace. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series. Ed.
Bernth Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit, MI:
Gale, 1993. 70-77.
Thorpe, Marjorie. In Search of the West Indian Hero: A Study of Earl Lovelaces Fiction. Critical
Issues in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and
Lloyd W. Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 90-100.
Walicek, Don E. Creole Talks Back: Language and Earl Lovelaces: The Wine of Astonishment.
Sargasso: Literature, Language, Culture.1 (2003): 63-78.
Warner, Keith Q. The Trinidad Calypso: A Study of the Calypso As Oral Literature. London:
Heinemann, 1983.
Williams, David. The Artist As Revolutionary: Political Commitment in The Dragon Cant Dance and
Interim. West Indian Literature and its Social Context. Ed. Mark A. McWatt. Barbados:
Department of English, Cave Hill, 1985. 141-47.
LYONS, JOHN
Burns, Susan. Masquerade. Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 3.2 (2003): 136-37.
MAXWELL, MARIAN AMA OMOWALE

141
Forde, Maarit. Comin All the Way From Africa Land: The Global Cosmology of a Local Religion.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 233-44.
MENDES, ALFRED
Bass, Margaret Kent. Race, Class, and Gender in Four West Indian Novels: Pitch Lake, Corentyne
Thunder, The Hills Were Joyful Together, Wide Sargasso Sea. Imagination, Emblems and
Expressions: Essays on Latin American, Caribbean, and Continental Culture and Identity. Ed.
Helen Ryan-Ransom. Bowling Green, OH: Popular, 1993. 127-37.
Levy, Michle. With Alfred H. Mendes in New York, 1936. A Darkness That Murmured: Essays on
Malcolm Lowry and the Twentieth Century. Ed. Frederick Asals and Paul Tiessen. Toronto,
ON: University of Toronto Press, 2000. 39-44.
Sander, Reinhard W. The Turbulent Thirties in Trinidad: An Interview with Alfred H. Mendes. World
Literature Written in English 12 (1973): 66-79.
MOOTOO, SHANI
Brning, Angela. The Corporal and the Sensual in Two Novels by Shani Mootoo and Julia Alvarez.
Beyond the blood, the beach and the banana: new perspectives in Caribbean studies. Ed.
Sandra Courtman. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle, 2004. 356-72.
Casteel, Sarah Phillips. New World Pastoral: The Caribbean Garden and Emplacement in Gisle
Pineau and Shani Mootoo. Interventions: The International Journal of Postcolonial Studies
5.1 (2003): 12-28.
Garvey, Johanna X. K. Complicating Categories: Race and Sexuality in Caribbean Womens
Fiction. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 10.1 (2003): 94-120.
Hoving, Isabel. Gardening in the Jungles of Post-Coloniality: Representing Multiculturality and
Hybridity. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature.
Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit
de Lige, 2004. 211-19.
Misrahi-Barak, Judith. Beginners Luck among Caribbean-Canadian Writers: Nalo Hopkinson, Andr
Alexis and Shani Mootoo. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 22.1 (1999): 89-96.
OCallaghan, Evelyn. Settling into Unhomliness: Displacement in Selected Caribbean and Caribbean
Canadian Womens Writing. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 26.1 (2004): 182-95.
Smyth, Heather Ann. Sexual Citizenship and Caribbean-Canadian Fiction: Dionne Brands In Another
Place, Not Here and Shani Mootoos Cereus Blooms at Night. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature (Calgary) 30.2 (1999): 141-60.
NAIPAUL, SEEPERSAD
Firth, Kathleen. Resisting the Bible and the Whip: Trinidads East Indians and the Canadian
Presbyterian Missions. Colonies, Missions, Cultures in the English Speaking World: General
and Comparative Studies. Ed. Gerhard ed. and introd. Stilz.ZAA Studies: Language Literature
Culture: 12. Tbingen Stauffenburg, 2001. 168-77.
NAIPAUL, SHIVA
Barratt, Harold. Shiva Naipaul. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third Series.
Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1996. 21826.
Bureau, Marie-Christine and Emma Mbia. Shiva Naipaul ou Linvention quotidienne de soi; Shiva
Naipaul, or the everyday reinvention of himself. Tangence (Rimouski).74 (2004): 111-26.
---. Shiva Naipaul ou Linvention quotidienne de soi. Tangence (Rimouski) 74 (2004): 111-26.
Holcomb, Gary Edward. Writing Travel in Anglophone Caribbean Literature: Claude McKay, Shiva
Naipaul, and Jamaica Kincaid. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 57[1], 201. 1996. Washington State University, 1995.
Teekah, Tyrone. The Geometry of Identity: Postcolonial West Indian Selves in Shiva Naipauls Love
and Death in a Hot Country. The Commonwealth Novel in English 9-10 (2001): 110-22.

142
NAIPAUL, V.S.
V.S. Naipaul Discusses How Writing Changes the Writer. Ndaanan 4.1-2 (1974): 61-63.
El vientre de la ballena - Felicity Hand: V.S. Naipaul: el enigma del emigrante. Quimera: Revista de
Literatura.210 (2002): 60-66.
AbdelRahman, Fadwa Kamal. Hybridity and Assimilation: The Effect of the Racial Encounter on V.S.
Naipaul and Chinua Achebe. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 61[11], 4373. 2001. Georgia State University, 2000.
Alliot, B. Transcultural Vision in V.S. Naipauls Fiction: Looking for a Way in the World in Recent
Naipaul. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature.
Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit
de Lige, 2004. 101-15.
Anaya Ferreira, Nair Mara. El sentido del humor en las tres primeras novelas de V.S. Naipaul.
Anuario de Letras Modernas 11 (2002): 149-61.
Anderson, Linda R. Ideas of Identity and Freedom in V.S. Naipaul and Joseph Conrad. English
Studies: A Journal of English Language and Literature 59 (1978): 510-17.
Angrosino, Michael V. Identity and Escape in Caribbean Literature. Literature and Anthropology. Ed.
Philip Dennis and Wendell Aycock. Studies in Comparative Literature (SCLit): 20. Lubbock:
Texas Tech University Press, 1989. 113-32.
Applewhite, James. A trip with V.S. Naipaul. Raritan: A Quarterly Review 10.1 (1990): 48 (7).
Arenes, Carolina. Entender la Argentina. Suplemento Cultura La Nacin (Buenos Aires) (2001): 2.
Argyle, Barry. V.S. Naipauls A House for Mr. Biswas. Literary Half-Yearly 14.2 (1973): 81-95.
Bakari, Mohamed. V.S. Naipaul: From Gadfly to Obsessive. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of
International Relations 2.3/4 (2003): 243-59.
Ball, John Clement. Imperial Monstrosities: Frankenstein, the West Indies, and V.S. Naipaul. Ariel:
A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 32.3 (2001): 31-58.
---. Satire & the Postcolonial Novel: V.S. Naipaul, Chinua Achebe, Salman Rushdie. New York, NY.
[etc.]: Routledge, 2003.
Barfoot, C.C. A style for Mr Biswas: freedom, fantasy and romance in The Enigma of Arrival. DQR
Studies in Literature 11 (1993): 249-68.
Bartens, Angela. Concerning A House for Mr.Biswas and the Translation of English Address Forms
into Portuguese and Spanish. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 103.4 (2002): 423-33.
Bawer, Bruce. Civilization and V.S. Naipaul. The Hudson Review 55.3 (2002): 371-84.
Beck, Ervin. Naipauls B. Wordsworth. Explicator 60.3 (2002): 175-76.
Berger, Roger A. Writing Without a Future: Colonial Nostalgia in V.S. Naipauls A Bend in the River.
Essays in Literature 22.1 (1995): 144 (13).
Bertonneau, Thomas. Post-Imperium: The Rhetoric of Liberation and the Return of Sacrifice in the
Work of V.S. Naipaul. Anthropoetics: The Electronic Journal of Generative Anthropology 8.2
(2002).
Bhabha, Homi K. Naipauls Vernacular Cosmopolitans. Chronicle of Higher Education 48.9 (2001):
13.
Bhat, Yashoda. V.S. Naipaul: an Introduction. Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corporation, 2000.
Blaber, Ronald. This Piece of Earth: V.S. Naipauls A Bend in the River. A Sense of Place in the
New Literatures in English. Ed. Peggy Nightingale. St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press,
1986. 61-67.
Blaise, Clark. The Commonwealth Writer and His Material. Awakened Conscience: Studies in
Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 118-26.
Blodgett, Harriet. Beyond Trinidad: Five Novels by V.S. Naipaul. South Atlantic Quarterly 73 (1974):
388-403.
Boxill, Anthony. The Casualties of Freedom: V.S. Naipauls In a Free State. World Literature Written
in English 12 (1973): 106-16.
---. The Concept of Spring in V.S. Naipauls Mr. Stone and the Knights Companion. Ariel: A Review
of International English Literature (Calgary) 5.4 (1974): 21-29.
---. The Physical and Historical Environment of V.S. Naipauls The Mystic Masseur and The Suffrage
of Elvira. Journal of Canadian Fiction 3.4 (1975): 52-55.
---. The Paradox of Freedom: V.S. Naipauls In a Free State. Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction 18.1
(1976): 81-91.
---. The Little Bastard Worlds of V.S. Naipauls The Mimic Men and A Flag on the Island. The
International Fiction Review: A Biannual Periodical Devoted to International Fiction 3 (1976):
12-19.

143
---. Mr. Biswas, Mr. Polly and the Problem of V.S. Naipauls Sources. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature (Calgary) 8.3 (1977): 129-41.
---. V.S. Naipauls Fiction: in Quest of The Enemy. Fredericton, N.B., Canada: York Press, 1983.
Brice-Finch, Jacqueline LaVerne. V.S. Naipauls dystopic vision in Guerillas. Studies in the Literary
Imagination 26.2 (1993): 33-43.
Brown, John L. V.S. Naipaul: A Wager on the Triumph of Darkness. Twayne Companion to
Contemporary World Literature: From the Editors of World Literature Today, I: Parts 1-5; II:
Parts 6-8, Appendices, Index. Ed. Pamela A. Genova. New York, NY: Twayne; Thomson
Gale, 2003. 421-26.
Bureau, Marie-Christine and Emma Mbia. Shiva Naipaul ou Linvention quotidienne de soi.
Tangence (Rimouski).74 (2004): 111-26.
Burnett, Paula. Hegemony or Pluralism? The Literary Prize and the Post-Colonial Project in the
Caribbean. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 16.1 (1993): 1-20.
---. Intertextualities: Half a Life, Maugham and Rhys. Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural
Writings 2.1 (2002): 18-25.
Buruma, Ian. Auf der Suche nach dem Mittelpunkt. Der Schriftsteller V.S. Naipaul. Merkur: Deutsche
Zeitschrift fr europisches Denken 48.3 (1994): 254-60.
Calder, Angus. Worlds End: V.S. Naipauls The Mimic Men. The Commonwealth Writer Overseas:
Themes of Exile and Expatriation. Ed. Alastair Niven. Brussels: Didier, 1976. 271-82.
Campbell, Elaine. A Refinement of Rage: V.S. Naipauls A Bend in the River. World Literature
Written in English 18 (1979): 394-406.
Carthew, John. Adapting to Trinidad: Mr Biswas and Mr. Polly Revisited. The Journal of
Commonwealth Literature 13.1 (1978): 58-64.
Chatterjee, Chandra. Surviving Colonialism: a Study of R.K. Narayan, Anita Desai, V.S. Naipaul. New
Delhi: Radha Publications, 2000.
Chew, Shirley. Routes. Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 2.1 (2002): 1-68.
Clarke, Joseph Nathaniel. An Acre of Ground: Figuring Identity in Anglophone Caribbean Fiction.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[9],
3052. 2002. Rutgers U, New Brunswick. 2001.
Cooke, John. A Vision of the Land: V.S. Naipauls Later Novels. Journal of Caribbean Studies 1
(1980): 140-61.
Cordua, Carla. La carrera crtica de Naipaul. Sin Nombre 11.1 (1980): 7-22.
Coussy, Denise and Jacques Chevrier. LErrance chez Williams Sassine et V.S. Naipaul. Notre
Librairie: Revue des Littratures du Sud 155-156 (2004): 68-75.
Crew, Gary. V.S. Naipauls The Suffrage of Elvira. Commonwealth Literature in the Curriculum. Ed.
Ken L. Goodwin.St. Lucia: Journal of the South Pacific Association for Commonwealth
Literature and Language Studies, 1980. 47-57.
Crivelli, Renzo S. The Paradox of Arrival: Naipaul and De Chirico. Caribana.3 (1993): 79-95.
Cudjoe, Selwyn R. V.S. Naipaul and the Question of Identity. Voices From Under: Black Narrative in
Latin America and the Caribbean. Ed. William Luis.Contribs. in Afro-Amer. & Afr. Studies: 76.
Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1984. 89-99.
Davis, Roco G. Negotiating Place/Re-Creating Home: Short-Story Cycles by Naipaul, Mistry, and
Vassanji. Telling Stories: Postcolonial Short Fiction in English. Ed. Jacqueline Bardolph.
Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 47. Amsterdam: Rodopi,
2001. 323-32.
de Kock, Leon. Mimic Men in African and Caribbean Writing. Unisa English Studies: Journal of the
Department of English 32.2 (1994): 33-37.
Degras, Priska. V.S. Naipaul: LExil ultime. Notre Librairie: Revue des Littratures du Sud 143
(2001): 102-07.
Derrick, A. C. Naipauls Technique as a Novelist. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 7 (1969):
32-44.
Dhahir, Sanna. Mistress of the Tomb, I Fear You: Feminine Archetypes in V.S. Naipauls Mr Stone
and the Knights Companion. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 24.2 (2002): 93-105.
Dissanayake, Wimal and Carmen Wickramagamage. Self and Colonial Desire: Travel Writings of V.S.
Naipaul. New York [etc.]: Peter Lang, 1993.
Dooley, Gillian. Alien and Adrift: The Diasporic Sensibility in V.S. Naipauls Half a Life and J. M.
Coetzees Youth. New Literatures Review 40 (2003): 73-82.
Dubois, Dominique. A Palimpsestic Journey towards Creation and Self-Awareness. Commonwealth
Essays and Studies 25.1 (2002): 79-87.

144
Duck, Leigh Anne. Travel and Transference: V.S. Naipaul and the Plantation Past. Look Away!: The
U.S. South in New World Studies. Ed. John Smith and Deborah Cohn. New Americanists.
Durham [etc.]: Duke University Press, 2004. 150-70.
Durix, Jean-Pierre. La Creation dans A House for Mr Biswas. Etudes Anglaises: Grande-Bretagne,
Etats-Unis 40.1 (1987): 51-61.
Eid, Haidar. Naipauls A Bend in the River and Neo-Colonialism as a Comparative Context.
CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture: A WWWeb Journal 2.3 (2000).
Englibert, Jean Paul. La ve dplace: La condition urbaine postcoloniale chez V.S. Naipaul. La Ville
plurielle dans la fiction antillaise anglophone: Images de linterculturel. Ed. Corinne DuBoin
and Eric Tabuteau. Interlangues: Littratures. Toulouse: Presses universitaires du Mirail,
2000. 187-206.
Epstein, Joseph. Father Knows Best. The New Criterion 18.7 (2000): 58-62.
Erapu, Leban. V.S. Naipauls In a Free State. Bulletin of the Association for Commonwealth
Literature and Language Studies 9 (1972): 66-85.
Fairless, John Keith. The Negro as Performance in V.S. Naipaul. Paragraph: A Journal of Modern
Critical Theory 19.2 (1996): 156-74.
Ferracane, Kathleen K. Images of the Mother in Caribbean Literature: Selected Novels of George
Lamming, Jean Rhys and V.S. Naipaul. Dissertation Abstracts International 48[2], 398A. 1987.
Fido, Martin. Mr. Biswas and Mr. Polly. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary)
5.4 (1974): 30-37.
Figueroa, John J. M. Introduction - V.S. Naipaul: A Panel Discussion. Revista Interamericana Review
6 (1976): 554-63.
Firth, Kathleen. Aspects of V.S. Naipauls Caribbean Fiction. Dissertation Abstracts International 50[3].
1989.
---. V.S. Naipaul: East Indian-West Indian. Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses 28 (1994): 95-108.
---. Resisting the Bible and the Whip: Trinidads East Indians and the Canadian Presbyterian
Missions. Colonies, Missions, Cultures in the English Speaking World: General and
Comparative Studies. Ed. Gerhard ed. and introd. Stilz.ZAA Studies: Language Literature
Culture: 12. Tbingen Stauffenburg, 2001. 168-77.
Foster, Kevin. A Country Dying on Its Feet: Naipaul, Argentina, and Britain. MFS: Modern Fiction
Studies 48.1 (2002): 169-93.
Garca-Passalacqua, Juan M. and Blanca Facundo. Education for Decolonization: The Work of Paulo
Freire and the Caribbean World Views of Franz Fanon and V.S. Naipaul. Cupey: Revista de
la Universidad Metropolitana 1.2 (1984): 143-58.
Garebian, K. The Grotesque Satire of A House for Mr Biswas in V.S. Naipaul. Modern Fiction
Studies: A Critical Quarterly 30.3 (1984): 487-96.
Gerholm, T. On Ritual: A Postmodernist View. Ethnos 53.3-4 (1988): 190-203.
Gorra, Michael and James Wood. Half a Life and Earlier: A Conversation. Moving Worlds: A Journal
of Transcultural Writings 2.1 (2002): 2-9.
Gorra, Michael. V.S. Naipaul (1932- ). World Writers in English, Volume I: Chinua Achebe to V.S.
Naipaul. Ed. Jay Parini.New York, NY: Scribners, 2004. 367-83.
Gottfried, Leon. Preface: The Face of V.S. Naipaul. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 30.3
(1984): 439 (5).
Gowda, H. H. A. Naipaul in India. Literary Half-Yearly 11.2 (1970): 163-70.
---. India in Naipauls Artistic Consciousness. Literary Half-Yearly 16.1 (1975): 27-39.
Greenberg, Robert M. Anger and the Alchemy of Literary Method in V.S. Naipauls Political Fiction:
The Case of The Mimic Men. Twentieth Century Literature: A Scholarly and Critical Journal
46.2 (2000): 214-37.
Greenwald, Roger Gordon. The Method of V.S. Naipauls Fiction (1955-1963). Dissertation Abstracts
International 39, 4240A. 1979. Ann Arbor, MI.
Griffith, Glyne A. Travel Narrative as Cultural Critique: V.S. Naipauls Travelling Theory. The Journal
of Commonwealth Literature 29.2 (1993): 87-92.
Gudrian, Waltraud. Le Je au pluriel: La Construction de lidentit exilique chez Vidiadhar Surajprasad
Naipaul et Elias Canetti. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 64[10], 3681. 2004. Universit de Montral. 2003.
Guinness, Gerald. Naipauls Four Early Trinidad Novels. Revista Interamericana Review 6 (1976):
564-73.
Gurr, A. J. Third-World Novels: Naipaul and After. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 7.1
(1972): 6-13.
Gyssels, Kathleen and Paul Pelckmans. Het Labyrint van de bevrijding. Tien postkoloniale
auteursportretten. Kapellen: Uitgeverij Pelckmans, 1999.

145
Hamilton, Ian. Without a Place: V.S. Naipaul Interviewed. Savacou: A Journal of the Caribbean
Artists Movement 9-10 (1974): 120-26.
Hamner, Robert D. An Island Voice: The Novels of V.S. Naipaul. Dissertation Abstracts International
32, 6427A. 1972. Ann Arbor, MI.
---. V.S. Naipaul. New York: Twayne, 1973, 181.
---. Critical Perspectives on V.S. Naipaul. Washington: Three Continents, 1977, 299.
---. Critical Perspectives on V.S. Naipaul. Ed. Robert D. Hamner. London: Heinemann, 1979.
---. Aspects of National Character: V.S. Naipaul and Derek Walcott. Language and Literature in
Multicultural Contexts. Ed. Satendra Nandan and James A. Maraj. Suva, Fiji: University of the
South Pacific, 1983. 179-88.
---. V.S. Naipaul (1932- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed.
Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 357-67.
Harrell, Elizabeth Nunez. The Tempest and the Works of Two Caribbean Novelists: Pitfalls in the Way
of Seeing Caliban. Dissertation Abstracts International 38, 2775A. 1977. Ann Arbor, MI.
Hassan, Dolly Zulakha. West Indian Response to V.S. Naipauls West Indian Works. Dissertation
Abstracts International 47[2], 536A. 1986.
---. The Messianic Leader in V.S. Naipauls West Indian Works. Revista Interamericana Review 19.12 (1989): 151-62.
---. V.S. Naipaul and the West Indies. New York: Peter Lang, 1989, 376.
Hayward, Helen. Tradition, innovation, and the representation of England in V.S. Naipauls The
Enigma of Arrival. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 32.2 (1997): 51 (15).
Hayward, Helena Martyn. The Enigma of V.S. Naipaul: Sources and Contexts. Basingstoke [etc.]:
Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.
Healy, J. J. Friction, Voice, and the Rough Ground of Feeling: V.S. Naipaul after Twenty-Five Years.
The University of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities 55.1 (1985): 4563.
Hedi, Ben Abbes. A variation on the theme of violence and antagonism in V.S. Naipauls fiction.
Caribbean Studies 25.1-2 (1992): 49-61.
Huggan, Graham. Anxieties of Influence: Conrad in the Caribbean. Commonwealth Essays and
Studies 11.1 (1988): 1-12.
---. V.S. Naipaul and the political correctness debate. College Literature 21.3 (1994): 200 (7).
Hughes, Peter. V.S. Naipaul. London: Routledge, 1988.
---. Tropics of candor: V.S. Naipaul. Contemporary Literature 38.1 (1997): 205 (8).
Idris, Farhad Bani. Reimagining India: Narratives of Nationalism in V.S. Naipaul and Salman Rushdie.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[9],
3042-43. 2002. University of Arkansas. 2001.
Jalalzai, Zubeda. The ethics of love and indifference: readings of brotherhood and isolation in Wilson
Harris and V.S. Naipaul. The Journal of West Indian Literature 9.1 (2000): 70-82.
Jargy, S. Islam-Occident. Entre lidologisation et les ralits in LIslam. Foi et Vie 82.3 (1983): 1-13.
Ji, Bong Geun. Colonial Mimicry and Hybridity in Naipauls The Mimic Men. Studies in Modern
Fiction 9.1 (2002): 239-58.
Jones, Stephanie. The Politics and Poetics of Diaspora in V.S. Naipauls A Way in the World. The
Journal of Commonwealth Literature 35.1 (2000): 87-97.
Joris, Lieve and Maurus Pacher. V.S. Naipaul: Eine Begegnung Auf Trinidad. Mnchen: Piper, 2001.
Jussawalla, Feroza F. V.S. Naipaul, September 11, and the Nobel. Moving Worlds: A Journal of
Transcultural Writings 2.1 (2002): 26-32.
Kabat, Geoffrey. Historical Disorder and Narrative Order in Naipauls The Mimic Men. The
Commonwealth Novel in English 9-10 (2001): 208-17.
Kakutani, Michiko and Zoraida J. Valcrcel. Avatares de un Nobel provocador: V.S. Naipaul.
Suplemento Cultura La Nacin (Buenos Aires) (2004): 3.
Kamra, Shashi and V.S. Naipaul. The Novels of V.S. Naipaul: a Study in Theme and Form. New Delhi:
Prestige Books;Indian Society for Commonwealth Studies, 1990.
Kantak, V. Y. Man and Landscape in Naipauls Fiction. ACLALS Bulletin 4.2 (1975): 43-51.
Karamcheti, Indira. Tradition and originality in Third World literature. V.S. Naipaul and Aim Csaire.
Dissertation Abstracts International XLVIII (1987): 124A.
Kaul, Suvir. On V.S. Naipaul on India. A History of Indian Literature in English. Ed. Arvind Krishna
Mehrotra. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2003. 232-42.
Killam, Douglas. Notes on Adaptation and Variation in the Use of English in Writing by Haliburton,
Furphy, Achebe, Narayan and Naipaul. The Commonwealth Writer Overseas: Themes of
Exile and Expatriation. Ed. Alastair Niven. Brussels: Didier, 1976. 121-35.
King, Bruce. V.S. Naipaul. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King.London: Macmillan, 1979. 161.

146
---. Naipaul, Harris and History. The New English Literatures: Cultural Nationalism in a Changing
World. London: Macmillan, 1980. 98-117.
---. V.S. Naipaul. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1993.
---. V.S. Naipaul. 2nd [rev.and extended] ed. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, ix, 230.
King, Jane. A Small Place Writes Back. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 25.3
(2002): 885-909.
Koh, Boo Eung. The Formation of the Nation in V.S. Naipauls The Mimic Men. Journal of English
Language and Literature/Yongo Yongmunhak 46.3 (2000): 579-97.
Kortenaar, Neil ten. Writers and Readers the Written and The Read: V.S. Naipaul and Guerillas.
Contemporary Literature 31.3 (1990): 324-34.
Kravetz, Marc. LAlternative Nomade. Magazine littraire 432 (2004): 63-64.
Labaune-Demeule, Florence. V.S. Naipauls Reconciliation with Himself: The Ultimate Enigma of
Arrival. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 23.1 (2000): 59-69.
---. De Chirico Revisited: The Enigma of Creation in V.S. Naipauls The Enigma of Arrival.
Commonwealth Essays and Studies 22.2 (2000): 107-18.
Laroui, Fouad. Pleins feux sur - V.S. Naipaul. Jeune Afrique.1962-1963 (1998): 122-26.
Lass, Rolf H. Nigrescent Ganesh: Cultural Nationalism and the Culture of Writing in Chen, Glissant,
and Naipaul. Writing the Nation: Self and Country in the Post-Colonial Imagination. Ed. John
C. Hawley. Critical Studies (CritSt): 7. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1996. 1-22.
Leclerc, Jean. V.S. Naipaul et la condition antillaise. Commonwealth Miscellanies 1 (1975): 72-78.
Lindroth, J. R. The Figure of Performance in Naipauls The Mimic Men. Modern Fiction Studies: A
Critical Quarterly 30.3 (1984): 519-29.
Liyong, Taban lo. V.S. Naipaul, Chinua Achebe, Nobel Literature Prizes and African Writers as Cats,
Dogs and Chameleons. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 38.1 (2003): 1-3.
Lockwood, Bernard. V.S. Naipauls The Middle Passage. Revista Interamericana Review 6 (1976):
580-86.
Lopez de Villegas, Consuelo. Matriarchs and Man-Eaters: Naipauls Fictional Women. Revista
Interamericana Review 7 (1977): 605-14.
Macdonald, Bruce F. The Birth of Mr. Biswas. JLC 11.3 (1977): 50-54.
Macedo, Lynne. Auteur and Author: A Comparison of the Works of Alfred Hitchcock and V.S.
Naipaul. EnterText: An Interactive Interdisciplinary E-Journal for Cultural and Historical
Studies and Creative Work 1.3 (2001): 73-84.
Mahood, M. M. The Colonial Encounter: A Reading of Six Novels. London: Collings, 1977, 211.
Mair, Christian. Naipauls Miguel Street and Selvons Lonely Londoners Two Approaches to the Use
of Caribbean Creole in Fiction. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 24.1 (1989): 138-54.
Manlove, Clifford T. James with Naipaul in Charleston, South Carolina: Modern Perception of The
Tradition of the Transatlantic South. South Atlantic Review 64.4 (1999): 36-67.
Mann, H. S. Variations on the Theme of Mimicry: Naipauls The Mystic Masseur and the Suffrage of
Elvira in V.S. Naipaul. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 30.3 (1984): 467-85.
Matos, Jacinta Maria. A educao (ps-)imperial de V.S. Naipaul [V.S. Naipauls (post)imperial
education]. Revista crtica de ciencias sociais.65 (2003): 175-85.
May, Brian. Memorials to Modernity: Postcolonial Pilgrimage in Naipaul and Rushdie. ELH 68.1
(2001): 241-65.
McLeod, John. Naipauls London: Mr Stone and the Knights Companion. Moving Worlds: A Journal
of Transcultural Writings 2.1 (2002): 42-50.
McSweeney, Kerry. V.S. Naipaul: Sensibility and Schemata. Critical Quarterly 18.3 (1976): 73-79.
Mishra, Vijay. Mythic Fabulation: Naipauls India. New Literature Review 4 (1978): 59-65.
---. Lives in Halves: A Homage to Vidiadhar Naipaul. Meanjin 61.1 (2002): 123-26.
Mordecai, Pamela. The West Indian Male Sensibility in Search of Itself: Some Comments on Nor Any
Country, The Mimic Men, and The Secret Ladder. World Literature Written in English
21.Autumn (1982): 629-44.
Morgan, Paula. East/West Indian/Woman/Other: At the Cross-Roads of Gender and Ethnicity.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 3 (2000):
107-22.
Morris, Mervyn. Sir Vidia and the Prize. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University
of Oklahoma 76.2 (2002): 11-14.
Morris, Robert K. Paradoxes of Order: Some Perspectives on the Fiction of V.S. Naipaul. Columbia:
University of Missouri Press, 1975, 105.
---. Substance into Shadow: V.S. Naipauls The Mimic Men (1967). Old Lines, New Forces: Essays
on the Contemporary British Novel, 1960-1970. Ed. Robert K. Morris. Rutherford; London:
Fairleigh Dickinson University Press; Associated University Press, 1976. 131-50.

147
Mukherjee, Meenakshi. Inside the Outsider. Awakened Conscience: Studies in Commonwealth
Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 86-91.
---. The Unhoused Mr Naipaul. Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 2.1 (2002): 33-37.
Murray, Stuart. Naipaul among the Critics. Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 2.1
(2002): 51-62.
Mustafa, Fawzia. V.S. Naipaul. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1995, xii, 255.
Naik, M. K. Irony as Stance and as Vision: A Comparative Study of V.S. Naipauls The Mystic
Masseur and R.K. Narayans The Guide. Journal of Indian Writing in English 6.1 (1978): 1-13.
---. Two Uses of Irony: V.S. Naipauls The Mystic Masseur and R.K. Narayans The Guide. World
Literature Written in English 17 (1978): 646-55.
Naipaul, V.S. Au fond, je suis un parasite. LInfini. 11 (1985): 80-85.
Naipaul, V.S. Two Worlds. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America
117.3 (2002): 479-86.
---. Two Worlds: The 2001 Nobel Lecture. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the
University of Oklahoma 76.2 (2002): 4-10.
---. Nobel lecture 2001 - Two Worlds. Publications of the Modern Language Association of America
117.3 (2002): 479-86.
---. Acceptance Speech of the First David Cohen British Literature Prize. Wasafiri 21 (1995): 7-8.
Naipaul, V.S. and Feroza F. Jussawalla. Conversations With V.S. Naipaul. Ed. Feroza F. Jussawalla.
Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1997.
Naipaul, V.S. and Adrian Rowe-Evans. V.S. Naipaul. Transition: An International Review.75/76
(1997): 192-203.
Naipaul, V.S. and Pankaj Mishra. The Writer and the World: Essays. New York, NY: Knopf, 2002, xv,
524.
Nandan, Satendra. A Study in Context: V.S. Naipauls A House for Mr. Biswas. New Literary Review
1 (1977): 21-28.
---. The Immigrant Indian Experience in Literature: Trinidad and Fiji. Awakened Conscience: Studies
in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 346-59.
---. Beyond Colonialism: The Artist As Healer. South Pacific Images. Ed. Chris Tiffin. Queensland:
South Pacific Assn. for Commonwealth Lit. & Lang. Studies, 1978. 11-25.
Ngai, Mbatau Kaburu Wa. The Relationship between Literature and Society and How It Emerges in
the Works of G. Lamming, V.S. Naipaul and W. Harris. Busara 8.2 (1976): 53-67.
Nightingale, Margaret. V.S. Naipauls Journalism: To Impose a Vision. New Literature Review 7
(1979): 53-65.
---. George Lamming and V.S. Naipaul: Thesis and Antithesis. ACLALS Bulletin 5 (1980): 40-50.
Nightingale, Peggy. Journey Through Darkness: The Writings of V.S. Naipaul. St. Lucia: University of
Queensland Press, 1987, viii, 255.
Niven, Alastair. V.S. Naipauls Free Statement. Commonwealth Literature and the Modern World. Ed.
Hena Maes-Jelinek. Brussels: Didier, 1975. 69-78.
---. Crossing the Black Waters: N.C. Chaudhuris A Passage to England and V.S. Naipauls An Area
of Darkness. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 9.3 (1978): 21-36.
---. VS Naipaul Talks to Alastair Niven. Wasafiri 21 (1995): 5-6.
---. V.S. Naipaul. Writing across Worlds: Contemporary Writers Talk. Ed. Susheila Nasta. London,
England: Routledge, 2004. 102-12.
Nixon, Rob. London Calling: V.S. Naipaul, Postcolonial Mandarin. New York [etc.]: Oxford University
Press, 1992.
Nunez-Harrell, Elizabeth. Lamming and Naipaul: Some Criteria for Evaluating the Third-World Novel.
Contemporary Literature 19.1 (1978): 26-47.
Omer, Garth. The Writer as Naive Colonial: V.S. Naipaul and Miguel Street. Carib (Kingston) 1
(1979): 7-17.
Ormerod, David. Theme and Image in V.S. Naipauls A House for Mr. Biswas. Texas Studies in
Literature and Language: A Journal of the Humanities 8 (1967): 589-602.
---. In a Derelict Land: The Novels of V.S. Naipaul. Contemporary Literature 9.1 (1968): 74-90.
Pachet, Pierre. V.S. Naipaul: Un Combat entre cration et destruction. Magazine littraire 411
(2002): 62-63.
Padhi, B. Naipaul on Naipaul and the Novel in V.S. Naipaul. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical
Quarterly 30.3 (1984): 455-65.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. Documents of West Indian History: Telling a West Indian Story. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 764-76.

148
Park, Jong Seong. [A New Paradigm in Postcolonial Discourse: V.S. Naipauls Guerrillas and A Bend
in the River]. Journal of English Language and Literature/Yongo Yongmunhak 49.2 (2003):
349-68.
Parrinder, Patrick. V.S. Naipaul and the Uses of Literacy. Critical Quarterly 21.2 (1979): 5-13.
Pelckmans, Paul. Welk einde voor Eldorado: over de laatste werken van V.S. Naipaul. Het labyrint
van de bevrijding: tien postkoloniale auteursportretten. Ed. Kathleen Gyssels and Paul
Pelckmans. Kapellen: Pelckmans, 1999. 49-65.
Phillips, Caryl. Foreword to The Mystic Masseur: The Screenplay. Moving Worlds: A Journal of
Transcultural Writings 2.1 (2002): 38-41.
Pitt, Rosemary and V.S. Naipaul. A House for Mr Biswas: Notes. Harlow: Longman, 1982.
Prescott, Laurence E. Past and Present Darkness: Sources for V.S. Naipauls A Bend in the River in
V.S. Naipaul. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 30.3 (1983): 547-59.
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. V.S. Naipaul and Politics: His View of Third World Societies in Africa and the
Caribbean. College Language Association Journal 28.3 (1985): 247-62.
Raghavacharyulu, D. V. K. Naipaul and Narayan: The Sense of Life. Awakened Conscience: Studies
in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 216-25.
Ramchand, Kenneth. Partial Truths: A Critical Account of V.S. Naipauls Later Fiction. Critical Issues
in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and Lloyd W.
Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 65-89.
Rampersad, Arnold. V.S. Naipaul: Turning in the South. Raritan: A Quarterly Review 10.1 (1990): 24.
Ramraj, Victor J. The All-Embracing Christlike Vision: Tone and Attitude in The Mimic Men. Common
Wealth. Ed. Anna Rutherford and A. Norman Jeffares. Aarhus: Akademisk Boghandel, 1972.
125-34.
---. Diminishing Satire: A Study of V.S. Naipaul and Mordecai Richler. Awakened Conscience:
Studies in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. C. D. Narasimhaiah. New Delhi: Sterling, 1978. 26174.
Rao, Ranga. Naipauls Nobel Poise? Indian Literature 47.3 [215] (2003): 199-210.
Rao, Venkat. Self Formations: Speculations on the Question of Postcoloniality. Wasafiri 13 (1991): 710.
Rastogi, Pallavi. A Million Enigmas Now: V.S. Naipauls Use of Landscape in the Construction of the
English Self. Issues in Travel Writing: Empire, Spectacle, and Displacement. Ed. Kristi
Siegel. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2002. 269-80.
Rowe-Evans, Adrian and V.S. Naipaul. V.S. Naipaul: A Transition Interview. Transition: An
International Review.40 (1971): 56-62.
S., Waiyaki. V.S. Naipaul and the West Indian Situation. Busara 5.1 (1973): 61-75.
Salih, Sabah A. V.S. Naipauls A Way in the World: Taking Issue with Culturalism. Notes on
Contemporary Literature 33.1 (2003): 2-3.
Samantrai, Ranu. Claiming the Burden: Naipauls Africa. Research in African Literatures 31.1 (2000):
50-62.
Saracino, Maria Antonietta. V.S. Naipaul (1932- ). Multicultural Writers since 1945: An A-to-Z Guide.
Ed. Alba Amoia and Bettina L. Knapp. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2004. 376-80.
Saraithong, Wilailak. Citizen of the World: Post-Colonial Identity in the Works of V.S. Naipaul.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[4],
1334. 2002. Washington State University, 2001.
Seeber, Hans Ulrich. Salims Truth About the Mingling of Peoples in Africa: A Comment on Naipauls
A Bend in the River (1979). English Literatures in International Contexts. Ed. Heinz Antor and
Klaus Stierstorfer. Anglistische Forschungen (AF): 283. Heidelberg: Carl Winter
Universittsverlag, 2000. 141-48.
Shelnutt, E. Estimating V.S. Naipaul: An Oblique Approach. Genre: Forms of Discourse and Culture
22.1-2 (1989): 69-84.
Shenfield, Margaret. Mr. Biswas and Mr. Polly. English: The Journal of the English Association 23
(1974): 95-100.
Simpson, L. Disorder and Escape in the Fiction of V.S. Naipaul. The Hudson Review 37.4 (1984):
571-77.
Singh, H. B. V.S. Naipaul: A Spokesman for Neo-Colonialism. Literature and Ideology 2.Summer
(1969): 71-85.
Singh, Ricky, et al. V.S. Naipaul: Nobel laureate for literature, 2001 call and response. The
Caribbean Quarterly 48.2-3 (2002): 1-126.
Singh, Veena. Inner World of V.S. Naipaul: The Enigma of Arrival. Panjab University Research
Bulletin (Arts) 31.1-2 (2000): 43-54.
Smyer, Richard. A New Look at V.S. Naipaul. Contemporary Literature 33.3 (1992): 573 (9).

149
Speerstra, Uldrik. V.S. Naipauls The Enigma of Arrival: Van Realisme Naar Postmodernisme.
Tussen twee werelden: Het gevoel van ontheemding in de postkoloniale literatuur. Ed. Theo
Dhaen and Peter Liebregts. Semaian: 21. Leiden: Opleiding Talen en Culturen van ZuidoostAzi en Oceani, Universiteit Leiden, 2001. 149-72.
Spence, J. E. Two Novels of Africa. African Research and Documentation 14 (1977): 3-10.
Stephanides, Stephanos and Karna Singh. Translating Kalis Feast: The Goddess in Indo-Caribbean
Ritual and Fiction. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000, xii, 200.
Subramani. The Historical Consciousness in V.S. Naipaul. Commonwealth Quarterly (New Delhi)
4.13 (1979): 3-22.
---. Historical Consciousness in V.S. Naipaul. New Literature Review 15 (1988): 21-32.
Suleri, S. Amorphous India - Questions of Geography. Southwest Review 71.3 (1986): 389-400.
Swinden, Patrick. The English Novel of History and Society, 1940-80: Richard Hughes, Henry Green,
Anthony Powell, Angus Wilson, Kingsley Amis, V.S. Naipaul. New York: St. Martins Press,
1984.
ten Kortenaar, Neil. Writers and Readers, the Written and the Read: V.S. Naipaul and Guerrillas.
Contemporary Literature 31.3 (1990): 324-34.
Tewarie, Bhoendradatt. V.S. Naipaul: Nobel Laureate for Literature, 2001: Call and Response. The
Caribbean Quarterly 48.2-3 (2002): 1-127.
Theroux, Paul Edward. V.S. Naipaul: An Introduction to His Works. New York / London: Africana Pub.
Corp / Deutsch, 1972, 144.
---. V.S. Naipaul in V.S. Naipaul. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical Quarterly 30.3 (1984): 445-54.
Thieme, John. Apparitions of Disaster: Brontean Parallels in Wide Sargasso Sea and Guerillas. The
Journal of Commonwealth Literature 14.August (1979): 116-32.
---. Authorial Voices in V.S. Naipauls The Middle Passage. Prose Studies: History, Theory, Criticism
5.1 (1982): 139-50.
---. A Hindu Castaway: Ralph Singhs Journey in The Mimic Men. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical
Quarterly 30.3 (1984): 505-18.
---. Naipauls English Fable: Mr Stone and the Knights Companion. Modern Fiction Studies: A Critical
Quarterly 30.3 (1984): 497-503.
---. An Introduction to A House for Mr. Biswas. A Sense of Place: Essays in Post-Colonial Literature.
Ed. Britta Olinder. Gteborg: The English Department, Gteborg University, 1984. 151-61.
---. The Mimic Men: A Critical View. London: Collins and the British Council, 1985.
---. The Web of Tradition: Uses of Allusion in V.S. Naipauls Fiction. Aarhus;Coventry: Dangaroo Press
and Hansib, 1987.
---. V.S. Naipaul. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1993. 121-44.
---. Naipauls Nobel. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 37.1 (2002): 1-7.
Thorpe, Michael and Ian Scott-Kilvert. V.S. Naipaul. Ed. Ian Scott-Kilvert. Harlow: Published for the
British Council by Longman Group, 1976.
Tiffin, Helen M. Freedom After the Fall: Renaissance and Disillusionment in Water With Berries and
Guerrillas. Individual and Community in Commonwealth Literature. Ed. Daniel Massa. Msida:
University of Malta Press, 1979. 90-98.
---. New Concepts of Person and Place in The Twyborn Affair and A Bend in the River. A Sense of
Place in the New Literatures in English. Ed. Peggy Nightingale. St. Lucia: University of
Queensland Press, 1986. 22-31.
---. Rites of Resistance: Counter-Discourse and West Indian Biography. The Journal of West Indian
Literature 3.1 (1989): 28-46.
---. Travelling Texts: Intertextuality and Resistance in V.S.Naipauls Guerillas and Jean Rhyss Wide
Sargasso Sea. The Journal of West Indian Literature 6.1 (1993): 58-66.
Tinkler-villani, V. Fact and Fiction in V.S. Naipauls The Killings in Trinidad and Guerillas. DQR
Studies in Literature 11 (1993): 235-48.
Updike, John. Un p pourrie. V.S. Naipaul in Afrika. Du: europische Kunstzeitschrift.631 (1993): 4245.
Varela-Zapata, Jesus. Staying on After the Empire: The Changing Role of Church Missions in Africa
From Colonial to Post-Colonial Times. Colonies, Missions, Cultures in the English Speaking
World: General and Comparative Studies. Ed. Gerhard ed. and introd. Stilz.ZAA Studies:
Language Literature Culture: 12. Tbingen Stauffenburg, 2001. 99-110.
---. Narratives of Displacement: V.S. Naipauls Indians in Exile. Revista Alicantina de Estudios
Ingleses 16 (2003): 269-81.

150
Verut, A. Alination et dlimitation de lespace: A House for Mr Biswas de V.S. Naipaul. LAutre dans
la sensibilit anglo-saxonne. Reims: Presses universitaires de Reims, 1983.
Villegas, Consuelo L. The Paradox of Freedom: Naipauls Later Fiction. Revista Interamericana
Review 6 (1976): 574-79.
Walder, Dennis. How Is It Going, Mr Naipaul?: Identity, Memory and the Ethics of Post-Colonial
Literature. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 38.3 (2003): 5-18.
Walker, W. John. Unsettling the sign: V.S. Naipauls The Enigma of Arrival. The Journal of
Commonwealth Literature 32.2 (1997): 67 (18).
Walsh, William. V.S. Naipaul: Mr. Biswas. Literary Criterion 10.2 (1972): 27-37.
Ware, T. V.S. Naipauls The Return of Eva Pern and the Loss of True Wonder. Ariel 24.2 (1993):
101-14.
Warner, Keith Q. The Trinidad Calypso: A Study of the Calypso As Oral Literature. London:
Heinemann, 1983.
Wawell, Stuart and Zoraida J. Valcrcel. V.S. Naipaul: La ira de un triunfador. Suplemento Cultura
La Nacin (Buenos Aires) (2001): 1-2.
Weiss, Timothy F. On the Margins: the Art of Exile in V.S. Naipaul. Amherst, MA: University of
Massachusetts Press, 1992.
---. V.S. Naipauls Fin de sicle: The Enigma of Arrival and A Way in the World. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 27.3 (1996): 107 (18).
White, Landeg. V.S. Naipaul: A Critical Introduction. London: Macmillan, 1975, 217.
---. On V.S. Naipaul and Letters between a Father and Son. Moving Worlds: A Journal of
Transcultural Writings 2.1 (2002): 10-17.
Williams, Adebayo. The Autumn of the Literary Patriarch: Chinua Achebe and the Politics of
Remembering. Research in African Literatures 32.3 (2001): 8-21.
Williams, Haydn Moore. Reactions to Entrapment in Backward Places: V.S. Naipauls Miguel Street
and Ruth Jhabvalas A Backward Place. A Sense of Place in the New Literatures in English.
Ed. Peggy Nightingale. St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1986. 68-74.
---. Exile As Vision in the New Literatures in English. Literature and Exile. Ed. David Bevan. Rodopi
Perspectives on Modern Literature (RPML): 4. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1990. 107-19.
Winser, Leigh. Naipauls Painters and Their Pictures. Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction 18.1 (1976):
67-80.
Wirth-nesher, H. The Curse of Marginality: Colonialism in Naipauls Guerillas. Modern Fiction
Studies: A Critical Quarterly 30.3 (1984): 531-45.
Wise, Christopher. The garden trampled: Or, the liquidation of African culture in V.S. Naipauls A
Bend in the River. College Literature 23.3 (1996): 58 (15).
Woodcock, George. Two Great Commonwealth Novelists: R.K. Narayan and V.S. Naipaul. Sewanee
Review 87 (1979): 1-28.
---. V.S. Naipaul and the Politics of Fiction. Queens Quarterly 87 (1980): 679-92.
Zahlan, Anne R. Literary Murder: V.S. Naipauls Guerrillas. South Atlantic Review 59.4 (1994): 89106.
NUEZ-HARRELL, ELIZABETH
Creque-Harris, Leah. When Rocks Dance: An Evaluation. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from
the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 159-63.
Frye, Karla Yvette Evangeline. An Article of Faith: Obeah and Hybrid Identities in Elizabeth NunezHarrells When Rocks Dance. Sacred Possessions: Vodou, Santera, Obeah, and the
Caribbean. Ed. Margarite Fernndez Olmos and Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert. New Brunswick,
NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1997. 195-215.
Rahming, Melvin Bert. Theorizing Spirit: The Critical Challenge of Elizabeth Nunezs When Rocks
Dance and Beyond the Limbo Silence. Studies in the Literary Imagination 37.2 (2004): 1-19.
Robinson, Kim Dismont. Probing the Wound: Re-Membering the Traumatic Landscape of Caribbean
Literary Histories. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 64[6], 2090. 2003. University of Miami. 2003.
Tejani, Bahadur. When Rocks Dance: Historical Vision in Elizabeth Nunez-Harrells First novel.
World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 68.1 (1994): 53-58.
PERSAUD, LAKSHMI

151
Mehta, Brinda J. Cultural Hegemony and the Need to Decentre the Brahmanic Stranglehold of Hindu
Womanhood in an Indo-Caribbean Context: A Reading of Lakshmi Persauds Sastra and
Butterfly in the Wind. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 6.1 (1999): 125-52.
---. Indo-Trinidadian Fiction: Female Identity and Creative Cooking. Alif: Journal of Comparative
Poetics 19 (1999): 151.
Morgan, Paula. East/West Indian/Woman/Other: At the Cross-Roads of Gender and Ethnicity.
MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 3 (2000):
107-22.
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. The Double Vision: Ethnic Identity and the Caribbean Woman Writer. The
Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen PyneTimothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998.
140-51.
Ramchand, Kenneth. Coming Out of Repression: Lakshmi Persauds Butterfly in the Wind. Framing
the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo.London:
Whiting and Birch, 1996. 225-38.
PHILIP, MARLENE NOURBESE
Cilano, Clara N. Place-ing Postcolonial Identity in Contemporary Literature by Women. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[11], 4380. 2001.
Duquesne University, 2000.
Clarke, George Elliott. Harris, Philip, Brand: Three authors in search of literate criticism. Journal of
Canadian Studies 35.1 (2000): 161-89.
DiMarco, Danette. Taking Their Word: Twentieth-Century Women Reinvent the Victorian. Dissertation
Abstracts International 56[10], 3951A. 1996. Duquesne University, 1995.
Flockemann, Miki. If I Were Her-Fictions of Development from Cape Town, Canada and the
Caribbean: A Relational Reading. Journal of Literary Studies/Tydskrif vir Literatuurwetenskap
15.1-2 (1999): 176-94.
Fumagalli, Maria Cristina. The Smallest Cell Remembers: She Tries Her Tongue, Her Silence Softly
Breaks and Marlene Nourbese Philips Journey Back to Africa. EnterText: An Interactive
Interdisciplinary E-Journal for Cultural and Historical Studies and Creative Work 3.2 (2003):
162-79.
Gallou, Claire. Speaking the Unspeakable: Marlene Nourbese Philips Poetry and the Creation of a
New Caribbean Identity. Paroles Geles: UCLA French Studies 20.2 (2003): 60-66.
Godard, Barbara. Marlene Nourbese Philips Hyphenated Tongue or Writing the Caribbean Demotic
Between Africa and Arctic. Major Minorities: English Literatures in Transit. Ed. Raoul
Granqvixt. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 11.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993. 151-75.
---. Deterritorializing Strategies: Nourbese Philip As Caucasianist Ethnographer. Ebony, Ivory & Tea.
Ed. Zbigniew Bialas and Krzysztof Kowalczyk-Twarowski. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu
Slaskiego w Katowicach (PNUSK): 2203. Katowice, Poland: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu
Slaskiego, 2004. 228-42.
Guttman, Naomi. Dream of the Mother Language: Myth and History in She Tries Her Tongue, Her
Silence Softly Breaks. MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic
Literature of the United States 21.3 (1996): 53-68.
Hollingsworth, Joyce Tingle. The Empowering Re-Memberings of History and Myth in the Poetry of
Three African Caribbean writers: Walcott, Brathwaite, and Philip. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[4], 1349. 2002. University of
North Carolina, Greensboro. 2002.
Hoving, Isabel. The Dark Dank Places of My Silence: Silence, Sexuality, and the Experience of Two
Caribbean Women Writers. Journal of Caribbean Studies 9.3 (1993): 202-09.
---. Love in the Third World: Two Caribbean Women Writers on Myths about the Relation between
Sexuality and Race. Thamyris: Mythmaking from Past to Present 2.2 (1995): 151-75.
Hunter, L. After Modernism: alternative voices in the writings of Dionne Brand, Claire Harris, and
Marlene Philip. The University of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities
62.2 (1992/1993): 256-81.
Johnson, Newtona A. O. Gender and Diasporic Connections in Marlene Nourbese Philips Harriets
Daughter. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars
3 (2000): 84-93.
Jones, Dorothy. Writing the Silence: Fiction and Poetry of Marlene Nourbese Philip. Kunapipi:
Journal of Postcolonial Writing 26.1 (2004): 196-206.

152
Kuwabong, Dannabang. Apocrypha of Nannys Secrets: The Rhetoric of Recovery in Africaribbean
Womens Poetry. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 59[8], 2993-94. 1999. McMaster University, 1997.
Lehmann, Sophia. Identity in Diaspora: A Cross-Cultural Subversion and Redefinition of Nationhood.
Vanishing Point 2 (1996): 25-31.
Mahlis, Kristen and Marlene Nourbese Philip. A Poet of Place: An Interview with M. NourbeSe Philip.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 27.3 (2004): 682-97.
Marriott, David. Figures of Silence and Orality in the Poetry of M. Nourbese Philip. Framing the
Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan Anim-Addo.London:
Whiting and Birch, 1996. 72-85.
Morton, Stephen. Postcolonial Poetics and the Trauma of Slavery in Marlene Nourbese Philips She
Tries Her Tongue, Her Silence Softly Breaks. Atlantic Literary Review 3.2 (2002): 92-109.
Narain, Denise deCaires. Body Language in the Work of Four Caribbean Poets. Wasafiri 16 (1992):
27-31.
Philip, Marlene Nourbese. Managing the Unmanageable. Caribbean Women Writers: Essays from
the First International Conference. Ed. Selwyn R. Cudjoe.Wellesley: Calaloux, 1990. 295-300.
Pigeon, Elaine. Speaking Her Difference: Marlene Nourbese Philips She Tries Her Tongue.
Postscript: A Journal of Graduate School Criticism and Theory 4.2 (1998): 3-11.
Pyne-Timothy, Helen. Language as Subversion in Postcolonial Literature: The Case of Two
Caribbean Women Writers. MaComre: Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women
Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 101-14.
Saunders, Patricia Joan. Beyond Caliban: (Dis)Forming Identity and Being in Contemporary
Anglophone Caribbean Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 60[4], 1140-41. 1999. University of Pittsburgh. 1999.
---. The Project of Becoming for Marlene Nourbese-Philip and Erna Brodber. Bucknell Review: A
Scholarly Journal of Letters, Arts and Sciences 44.2 (2001): 133-59.
Savory Fido, Elaine. En/Gendering Spaces: The Poetry of Marlene Nourbese Philip and Pamela
Mordecai. Framing the Word: Gender and Genre in Caribbean Womens Writing. Ed. Joan
Anim-Addo.London: Whiting and Birch, 1996. 12-27.
---. Marlene Nourbese Philip. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Third Series.
Ed. Bernth Lindfors. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 157. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1996. 296306.
---. Ex/Isle: Separation, Memory and Desire in Caribbean Womens Writing. MaComre: Journal of
the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 170-78.
Thomas, H. Nigel. Calibans voice: Marlene Nourbese Philips poetic response to western hegemonic
discourse. Studies in the Literary Imagination 26.2 (1993): 63-76.
Verduyn, Christl. Perspectives critiques dans des productions littraires migrantes au fminin, au
Qubec et au Canada [Critical perspectives in feminine migrant literary productions, in
Qubec and Canada]. Journal of Canadian Studies 31.3 (1996): 78-86.
ROACH, ERIC
Breiner, Laurence A. The Ambivalent Aesthetic of Eric Roach. Ariel 19.2 (1988): 3-19.
SCOTT, LAWRENCE
Donnell, Alison. Sex in Our Times: Reading for Reconciliation in Lawrence Scotts Aelreds Sin.
Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 3.2 (2003): 98-109.
Dubois, Dominique. Guilt, Penance and Reconciliation in Lawrence Scotts Witchbroom.
Commonwealth Essays and Studies 23.1 (2000): 43-50.
Maes-Jelinek, Hena. Interculturalism and Alternative Fictions in Britain Today. English Literatures in
International Contexts. Ed. Heinz Antor and Klaus Stierstorfer. Anglistische Forschungen (AF):
283. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universittsverlag, 2000. 1-14.
Scott, Lawrence. Extravagant Strangers: Contribution to a Round Table Discussion. Bridges Across
Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent.
Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 13-17.
Wroe, Emily. A Strange Synchronicity: The Language of Landschapes in Lawrence Scotts Aelreds
Sin. Beyond the Blood, the Beach and the Banana: New perspectives in Caribbean Studies.
Ed. Sandra Courtman. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle, 2004. 426-43.

153
SELVON, SAMUEL
Ball, John Clement. Towards a Transcultural London: Early West Indian Fiction and the Metropolis.
Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in Caribbean Literature. Ed.
Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English Department, Universit de
Lige, 2004. 117-26.
Barratt, Harold. From Colony to Colony: Selvons Expatriate West Indians. Critical Perspectives on
Sam Selvon. Ed. Susheila Nasta. Washington, DC: Three Continents, 1988. 250-59.
---. Sam Selvon. Twentieth-Century Caribbean and Black African Writers, Second Series. Ed. Bernth
Lindfors and Reinhard Sander. Dictionary of Literary Biography (DLB): 125. Detroit, MI: Gale,
1993. 281-90.
---. An Island Is Not a World: A Reading of Sam Selvons An Island Is a World. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 27.2 (1996): 25-34.
Bentley, Nick. Black London: The Politics of Representation in Sam Selvons The Lonely Londoners.
Wasafiri 39 (2003): 41-45.
Bernhardt, Stephen A. Dialect and Style Shifting in the Fiction of Samuel Selvon. Studies in
Caribbean Language. Ed. Lawrence D. Carrington, Dennis Craig, and Ramon Todd Dandare.
St. Augustine, Trinidad: Society for Caribbean Linguistic, 1983. 266-76.
Birbalsingh, Frank M. Samuel Selvon and the West Indian Literary Renaissance. Ariel: A Review of
International English Literature (Calgary) 8.3 (1977): 5-22.
---. Samuel Selvon: The Open Society or Its Enemies? Frontiers of Caribbean Literatures in English.
Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh.New York: St. Martins, 1996. 54-67.
Buzelin, Hlne. The Lonely Londoners in French: A Test of Hybridity. TTR: Traduction,
terminologie, rdaction: Etudes sur le texte et ses transformations 13.2 (2000): 203-43.
---. Creolizing Narratives across Languages: Selvon and Chamoiseau. Canadian Literature: A
Quarterly of Criticism and Review 175 (2002): 67-92.
---. Sur le terrain de la traduction. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 64[11], 4040. 2004. McGill University, 2002.
Chakraborty, Chandrima. Interrupting the Canon: Samuel Selvons Postcolonial Revision of Robinson
Crusoe. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature (Calgary) 34.4 (2003): 51-72.
Clarke, Austin C., et al. Sam Selvon: A celebration. Ariel: A Review of International English Literature
(Calgary) 27.2 (1996): 49-63.
Dickinson, Swift. Sam Selvons Harlequin Costume: Moses Ascending, Masquerade, and the
Bacchanal of Self-Creolization. MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the MultiEthnic Literature of the United States 21.3 (1996): 69-106.
Dickison, Swift Stiles. Transnational Carnival and Creolized Garden: Caribbean Cultural Identity and
Rooting in the Narratives of Sam Selvon and Merle Hodge. Dissertation Abstracts
International 56[6], 2246A. 1995. Washington State University, 1994.
Dyer, Rebecca Gayle. Immigration, Postwar London, and the Politics of Everyday Life in Sam
Selvons Fiction. Cultural Critique 52 (2002): 108-44.
Ellis, David. The Produce of More Than One Country: Race, Identity, and Discourse in PostWindrush Britain. JNT: Journal of Narrative Theory 31.2 (2001): 214-32.
Fabre, Michel. The Queens Calypso: Linguistic and Narrative Strategies in the Fiction of Samuel
Selvon. Commonwealth Essays and Studies 3 (1977): 69-76.
---. From Trinidad to London: Tone and Language in Samuel Selvons Novels. Literary Half-Yearly
20.1 (1979): 71-80.
---. Samuel Selvon. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King.London: Macmillan, 1979. 111.
---. Moses and Queens English: Dialect and Narrative Voice in Samuel Selvons London Novels.
World Literature Written in English 21.1 (1982): 385-92.
Forbes, Curdella. Revisiting Samuel Selvons trilogy of exile: Implications for gender consciousness
and gender relations in Caribbean culture. The Caribbean Quarterly 43.4 (1997): 47-63.
Hall, Stuart. Lamming, Selvon and Some Trends in the West Indian Novel. Bim 6.December 1955
(1955): 172-88.
Ingrams, Elizabeth. The Lonely Londoners: Sam Selvon and the Literary Heritage. Wasafiri 33
(2001): 33-36.
James, Louis. Writing the Ballad: The Short Fiction of Samuel Selvon and Earl Lovelace. Telling
Stories: Postcolonial Short Fiction in English. Ed. Jacqueline Bardolph. Cross/Cultures:
Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 47. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 103-08.
Joseph, Margaret Paul. Caliban in Exile: the Outsider in Caribbean Fiction. New York: Greenwood
Press, 1992.
King, Bruce. West Indian Literature. Ed. Bruce King. London: Macmillan, 1979.

154
Krsak, Rka. What Words Can Tell: Notions of the Stepmother Tongue in Anglophone PostColonial Literature. Tales of Two Cities: Essays on New Anglophone Literature. Ed. John
Skinner. Anglicana Turkuensia (AnT): 22. Turku, Finland: University of Turku, 2000. 89-98.
Kuhlmann, Deborah J. Selvons Come Back to Grenada: Bridges and Boundaries. Griot: Official
Journal of the Southern Conference on Afro-American Studies, Inc. 17.2 (1998): 38-42.
Lee, Hermine. Samuel Dickson Selvon. A Readers Companion to the Short Story in English. Ed.
Erin Fallon et al. Westport, CT: Greenwood, for Society for the the Study of the Short Story,
2001. 375-81.
Looker, Mark. Atlantic Passages: History, Community, and Language in the Fiction of Sam Selvon.
New York: Peter Lang, 1996.
Macdonald, Bruce F. Language and Consciousness in Samuel Selvons A Brighter Sun. English
Studies in Canada 5 (1979): 202-15.
Mair, Christian. Naipauls Miguel Street and Selvons Two Approaches to the Use of Caribbean
Creole in Fiction. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature 24.1 (1989): 138-54.
Morris, Mervyn. Introduction to Samuel Selvons Moses Ascending. London: Heinemann, 1984.
Nasta, Susheila. The Moses Trilogy: Sam Selvon Discusses His London Novels with Susheila Nasta.
Wasafiri 2 (1985): 5-9.
---. Critical Perspectives on Sam Selvon. Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1988.
---. Setting Up Home in a City of Words: Sam Selvons London Novels. Kunapipi: Journal of
Postcolonial Writing 17.1 (1995): 78-95.
---. Sam Selvon. Writing across Worlds: Contemporary Writers Talk. Ed. Susheila Nasta. London,
England: Routledge, 2004. 12-19.
Nazareth, Peter. The Clown in the Slave Ship. The Caribbean Quarterly 23.June-September (1977):
24-30.
---. Interview with Sam Selvon. World Literature Written in English 18 (1979): 420-37.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. Samuel Dickson Selvon. Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical
Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986. 43949.
---. Samuel Dickson Selvon (1923- ). Fifty Caribbean Writers. A Bio-Bibliographical Critical
Sourcebook. Ed. Daryl Cumber Dance. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. 439-49.
Petithomme, Moya Jones. Forty Years Hence: Immigrants and Yardies in Selvon and Headley.
Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 12 (1994): 35-44.
Phillips, Caryl. Following On: The Legacy of Lamming and Selvon. Wasafiri 29 (1999): 34-36.
Procter, James. The Articulation of Arrival in Early Postwar Caribbean Writing in Britain. Moving
Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings 3.2 (2003): 110-18.
Ramchand, Kenneth. The Lonely Londoners as a Literary Work. World Literature Written in England
21.Autumn (1982): 644-84.
---. Sam Selvon Talking: A Conversation with Kenneth Ramchand. Canadian Literature: A Quarterly
of Criticism and Review 95.Winter (1982): 56-64.
---. Introduction to Samuel Selvons The Lonely Londoners. Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1985.
---. Cascadura dub: versions of a legend. Journal of Caribbean Studies 16.3 (2001): 161-74.
Ramjaj, Victor. Selvons Londoners: From the Centre to the Periphery. Language and Literature in
Multicultural Contexts. Ed. Satendra Nandan and James A. Maraj. Suva, Fiji: University of the
South Pacific, 1983. 297-306.
Ramraj, Victor J. Turning Christian: Samuel Selvons postcolonial convert narrative. Journal of
Caribbean Studies 16.3 (2001): 175-87.
Salick, Roydon. Selvon and the Limits of Heroism: A Reading of The Plains of Caroni. Kunapipi:
Journal of Postcolonial Writing 17.1 (1995): 102-13.
---. Selvons philosophy of man. Journal of Caribbean Studies 16.3 (2001): 145-59.
Schwarz, Bill. Unspeakable Histories: Diasporic Lives in Old England. Philosophies of Race and
Ethnicity. Ed. Peter Osborne and Stella Sandford. i London, England: Continuum, 2002. 8196.
Selvon, Samuel. Oldtalk: Samuel Selvon interviewed by Alessandra Dotti. Caribana.1 (1990): 7784.
---. Interview with Reed Dasenbrock and Feroza Jussawalla. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial
Writing 17.1 (1995): 114-25.
---. Christened with Snow: A Conversation with Sam Selvon. By Kevin Roberts and Andra Thakur.
Ariel 27.2 (1996): 89-115.
Srivastava, Aruna. Images of Women in Indo-Caribbean Literature. Indenture & Exile: The IndoCaribbean Experience. Ed. Frank M. Birbalsingh. Toronto: TSAR, 1989. 108-14.

155
Tabuteau, Eric. Love in Black and White: A Comparative Study of Samuel Selvon and Frantz Fanon.
Commonwealth Essays and Studies 16.2 (1993): 88-95.
---. Solo Soho: The Lonely Londoners de Sam Selvon. La Ville plurielle dans la fiction antillaise
anglophone: Images de linterculturel. Ed. Corinne DuBoin and Eric Tabuteau. Interlangues:
Littratures. Toulouse: Presses universitaires du Mirail, 2000. 167-86.
Tiffin, Helen M. Under the Kiff-Kiff Laughter: Stereotype and Subversion in Moses Ascending and
Moses Migrating. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing 17.1 (1995): 130-39.
Warner-Lewis, Maureen. Samuel Selvons Linguistic Extravaganza: Moses Ascending. Critical
Issues in West Indian Literature. Ed. Erika Sollish Smilowitz, Roberta Quarles Knowles, and
Lloyd W. Brown. Parkersburg, IA: Caribbean Books, 1984. 101-11.
Warner, Keith Q. The Trinidad Calypso: A Study of the Calypso As Oral Literature. London:
Heinemann, 1983.
Watson, Timothy. Colonization in Reverse? Caribbean Migration to the UK at the End of Empire.
Ciudadana: Apropiaciones y definiciones. Ed. Marta Lpez-Luaces and Alicia Cipria.
Washington, DC: Literal, 1999. 107-16.
WHITE, EDGAR
Casado, N. An Imaginative Return, a Hybrid Agon and a Polyphonic Redemption: Syncretism in
Edgar Whites Redemption Song. Bridges Across Chasms: Towards a Transcultural Future in
Caribbean Literature. Ed. Bndicte Ledent. Lige: Lige Language and Literature, English
Department, Universit de Lige, 2004. 159-67.
WILLIAMS, ERIC EUSTACE
Beckles, Hilary McD. Capitalism, Slavery and Caribbean Modernity. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 777-89.
Bosch, Gerald R., Jr. Eric Williams and the Moral Rhetoric of Dependency Theory. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 817-27.
Cudjoe, Selwyn R. Eric Williams and the Politics of Language. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 753-63.
Darity, William Jr. Eric Williams and Slavery: A West Indian Viewpoint? Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 801-16.
Henry, Ralph M. Eric Williams and the Reversal of the Unequal Legacy of Capitalism and Slavery.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 829-48.
Jones, Anthony Mark. Eric Eustace Williams, Ph.D. Oxon.: a Very Private Person and His Publics.
Barataria, Trinidad and Tobago: Educo Press, 1989.
Lamming, George. The Legacy of Eric Williams. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 20.4 (1997): 731-36.
---. The Legacy of Eric Williams. Capitalism and slavery. Ed. Eric Williams. New York: Peter Lang,
2000. 29-35.
Mohammed, Patricia. Midnights Children and the Legacy of Nationalism. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 737-52.
---. A Very Public Private Man: Trinidads Eric Eustace Williams (1911-81). Caribbean charisma:
reflections on leadership, legitimacy and populist politics. Ed. Anton L. Allahar.
Kingston;Boulder, CO: Ian Randle;Lynne Rienner, 2001. 155-91.
OShaughnessy, Andrew. Eric Williams As Economic Historian. Capitalism and slavery. Ed. Eric
Williams. New York: Peter Lang, 2000. 99-117.
Palmer, Colin A. Eric Williams and His Intellectual Legacy. Capitalism and slavery. Ed. Eric Williams.
New York: Peter Lang, 2000. 37-47.
Paquet, Sandra Pouchet. Documents of West Indian History: Telling a West Indian Story. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 764-76.
---. Eric Williams and the Postcolonial Caribbean. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 20.4 (1997): 703-900.
Rohlehr, Gordon. Facing the Past: Some Themes in the Writings of Eric Williams, George Lamming,
and Derek Walcott. Pelican. July-October 1964 (1964): 13-16.
---. The Culture of Williams: Context, Performance, Legacy. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora
Arts and Letters 20.4 (1997): 849-88.

156

VIRGIN ISLANDS
GENERAL STUDIES
Dookhan, Isaac. A History of the Virgin Islands of the United States. Kingston, Jamaica: Canoe Press,
1994.
MacWatt, Mark A. West Indian Literature and Its Social Context: Proceedings of the Fourth Annual
Conference on West Indian Literature: University of the West Indies: Cave Hill, Mona,
St.Augustine, College of the Virgin Islands, University of Guyana.Annual Conference on West
Indian Literature (4,1984,Barbados) Cave Hill, St.Michael,Barbados: University of the West
Indies, Department of English, 1988.
CREQUE, CYRIL FELIX WILLIAM
Simmonds, Ruby. The Words beneath the Sand: An Examination of the Works of Three Virgin Islands
Poets, Cyril Creque, J. P. Gimenez and J. Antonio Jarvis. Dissertation Abstracts International
56[9], 3586A. 1996. Clark Atlanta University, 1995.
GIMENEZ, J.P.
Simmonds, Ruby. The Words beneath the Sand: An Examination of the Works of Three Virgin Islands
Poets, Cyril Creque, J. P. Gimenez and J. Antonio Jarvis. Dissertation Abstracts International
56[9], 3586A. 1996. Clark Atlanta University, 1995.
JARVIS, JOS ANTONIO
Simmonds, Ruby. The Words beneath the Sand: An Examination of the Works of Three Virgin Islands
Poets, Cyril Creque, J. P. Gimenez and J. Antonio Jarvis. Dissertation Abstracts International
56[9], 3586A. 1996. Clark Atlanta University, 1995.

157

3. FRENCH CARIBBEAN LITERATURES


GENERAL STUDIES
La littrature antillaise. Notre Librairie 49 (1979).
La littrature hatienne. Notre Librairie 48 (1979).
Martinique, Guadeloupe, Littratures. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612, 3-173. 1980.
Prsence antillaise. Guadeloupe, Guyane, Martinique. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du
monde noir 121-122, 447 p. 1982.
Francophone Women Writers From Sub-Saharan Africa and Its Diaspora: A Preliminary
Bibliography. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters.25, Recent Essays
from Europe: A Special Issue (1985): 594-629.
Aim Csaire ou lathanor dun alchimiste. Actes du 1er colloque International sur luvre littraire de
Csaire, Paris, 21-22-23 Nov 1985. Paris: Editions caribennes - Agence de coopration
culturelle et technique, 1987.
Figures et fantasmes de la violence dans les littratures francophones de lAfrique subsaharienne et
des Antilles. Istituto Universitario Orientale, Naples 29-30 nov-1er dc. 1990. Ed. Carla Fratta.
Bologna: Ed. CLUEB, 1992.
Hati literature and culture. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.2-3 (1992).
LHritage de Caliban. Ed. Maryse Cond. Pointe--Pitre, Guadeloupe: Jasor, 1992.
New French Language Plays. Martinique, Qubec, Ivory Coast, Belgium. New York: Ubu Repertory
Theater, 1993.
Lire/crire en pays crole. Le franais aujourdhui 106 (1994).
Nouvelles critures fminines, 1: La parole aux femmes. Notre Librairie 117 (1994).
Nouvelles critures fminines, 2: Femmes dici et dailleurs. Revue du livre: Afrique, Carabes, Ocan
Indien. Notre Librairie 118 (1994).
Cinq ans de littratures 1991-1995. Hati. Ocan Indien. Notre Librairie 128 (1996).
500 nouveaux titres de littrature des Carabes et de lOcan Indien. 1991-1995. Notre Librairie 130
(1997).
Black Accents. Writing in French From Africa, Mauritius and the Caribbean. Proceedings of the
ASCALF Conference Held in Dublin, 8-10 Apr 1995. Ed. J. P. Little and Roger Little. London:
Grant and Cutler, 1997.
Littrature hatienne de 1960 nos jours. Notre Librairie 133 (1998).
Rayonnants crivains de la Carabe. Ed. Rgis Antoine. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1998.
Femmes et crations littraires en Afrique et aux Antilles. Palabres: Revue culturelle africaine 3.1-2
(2000).
Ecritures carabes. Ed. Georges Voisset et Marc Gontard. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes,
2002.
Outre-mers, notre monde. Entretiens dOudinot. Mutations 215 (2002).
Un Dbat autour des conditions dune posie nationale chez les peuples noirs. Prsence africaine:
Revue culturelle du monde noir 165-166 (2002): 219-69.
Un espace comparatiste, la Carabe. Revue de littrature compare 76.2 (2002): 133-260.
Ici-L. Place and Displacement in Caribbean Writing in French. Ed. Mary Gallagher. 308p.
Amsterdam;New York: Rodopi, 2003.
La francophonie dans le monde, 2002-2003. Paris: Larousse, 2003.
Ecrire dici, crire dailleurs. Notre Librairie 155-156 (2004): 8-45.
Adamson, Judith. Fact, Fiction, and Film: Graham Greenes The Comedians. Transformations: From
Literature to Film. Ed. Douglas Radcliff-Umstead. Kent: Romance Languages Department,
Kent State University, 1987. 198-204.
Alante-Lima, Willy. Tendances actuelles de la posie en Guadeloupe. Lettres et Cultures de Langue
franaise 7 (1985): 31-43.
Alexis, Jacques-Stephen. Of the Marvellous Realism of the Haitians. The Post-Colonial Studies
Reader. Ed. Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen M. Tiffin. London: Routledge, 1995. 19498.
Alexis, Stephen. Modern Haitian Thought. Books Abroad (1956): 261-65.
Anderson, Debra Lynn. Martinique: Culture and Identity. The Francophone World: Cultural Issues
and Perspectives. Ed. Michelle Beauclair. Francophone Cultures and Literatures (FCL): 20.
New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2003. 91-102.

158
Anglade, Georges. Les Lodyanseurs du soir: il y a 100 ans, le passage lcrit. Hati: crire en pays
assig/Writing under Siege. Ed. Marie-Agns Sourieau and Kathleen M. Balutansky.
Francopolyphonies: 1. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004. 61-87.
Antoine, Rgis. Les crivains franais et les Antilles. Des premiers Pres blancs aux surralistes
noirs. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1979.
---. La Martinique et la Guadeloupe en 1980. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612 (1980): 3-7.
---. Martinique, Guadeloupe: Littratures. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612 (1980).
---. La nouvelle en Martinique et en Guadeloupe. Culture franaise 1-2 (1981): 131-43.
---. Le planteur des Antilles et son monde. Komparatistische Hefte 9-10 (1984): 69-81.
---. Le souci humaniste dans les littratures des Antilles francophones. Philologica Pragensia 32
(1989): 140-52.
---. 1980-1990 en Martinique-Guadeloupe. Notre Librairie 104 (1991): 49-55.
---. Affirmation littraire en Martinique-Guadeloupe-Hati. Lettres et Cultures de Langue franaise 17
(1992): 67-77.
---. La Littrature franco-antillaise. Paris: Karthala, 1992.
---. Le surralisme Martinique. Parents, rsistances et conversion. Littratures francophones. Ed.
Immaculada Linares. Universidtad de Valncia: Departamento de Filologa Francesa y
Italiana, 1996. 67-73.
---. Voyages et implications. Lendemains: Etudes compares sur la France/Vergleichende
Frankreichforschung 21.81 (1996): 62-69.
---. Les crivains franais et les Antilles. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1997.
---. Rayonnants crivains de la Carabe. Hati, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane. Anthologie et
analyses. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1998.
---. Sur le roman antillais moderne. Le roman francophone actuel en Algrie et aux Antilles. Ed.
Danile de Ruyter[-Tognotti] and Madeleine van Strien-Chardonneau. Amsterdam; Atlanta,
GA: Rodopi, 1998. 75-83.
---. The Caribbean. A Multirelational Literary Domain. An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone
writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed. Sam Haigh. Oxford; New York: Berg, 1999. 195-205.
Arnold, A. James. Animal Tales, Historic Dispossession, and Creole Identity in the French West
Indies. Monsters, tricksters, and sacred cows. Ed. A. James Arnold. New World Studies.
Charlottesville/London: University Press of Virginia, 1996. 255-68.
Asselin, Charles. Voodoo Myths in Haitian Literature. Comparative Literature Studies (Urbana) 17
(1980): 391-98.
Atterbury, Janine Tavernier. Une tentative de morphologie du conte hatien: suivie dune analyse
psychologique. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 63[8], 2877. 2003. University of California, Davis.
Aubin, Danielle. Approche du roman historique antillais. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du
monde noir 148 (1988): 30-43.
Auffray-Follain, R. Charmes croles (Martinique, Hati, Guadeloupe). Paris: Editions Soulanges, 1960.
Bader, Wolfgang. Aim Csaire. Kritisches Lexikon zur fremdsprachigen Gegenwartsliteratur. Ed. H.
L. Arnold. Mnchen: Edition Text + Kritik, 1983.
---. Martinique, Guadeloupe, Guyane. Eine periphere Literaturgeschichte. Franzsisch Heute 17.1
(1986): 182-201.
Balutansky, Kathleen M. A Conversation at the Haitian Studies Association Meeting, October 15,
1994. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.2 (1995): 439-50.
Bapst, Annick. Salt for the Zombies. Index on Censorship 13.6 (1984): 36-38.
Baridon, S. F. and R. Philoctte. Posie vivante dHati. Paris: Lettres Nouvelles; Maurice Nadeau,
1978.
Baudot, Alain. A la Martinique, les chiens ne se sont pas encore tus. Prsence francophone: Revue
internationale de langue et de littrature 3 (1971): 154-62.
---. Antilles et Guyane. Guide culturel. Civilisations et littratures dexpression franaise. Ed. A.
Reboullet and Michel Ttu. Paris: Hachette, 1977. 163-205.
Benelli, Graziano. Dalla Negritudine allAfricanismo. Letture 12 (1972): 837-64.
---. Verso una letteratura per il Terzo Mondo. Le Ragioni Critiche 8 (1973): 153-59.
---. Il movimento della ngritude come occasione per un lavoro interdisciplinare. Lingue e didattica 30
(1977): 1-5.
---. Da un Mediterraneo allaltro: la letteratura caraibica francofona in Italia (1950-1978). Africa,
America, Asia, Australia 18 (1995): 149-59.
Bernab, Jean. La Fable Crole. Martinique [et al.]: Ibis Rouge; Presses universitaires
croles/GEREC-F, 2001.

159
Bestman, Ajoke Mimiko. LAfrique dans limaginaire antillais. Neohelicon: Acta Comparationis
Litterarum Universarum XXXI.2 (2004): 303-16.
Biondi, Carminella. Le soleil des Antilles. Rflexions et problmes. Neohelicon: Acta Comparationis
Litterarum Universarum 7.2 (1980): 143-68.
---. Dal Nuovo Al Vecchio Mondo Con Jean-Baptiste Labat. La letteratura di viaggio. Storia e
prospettive di un genere letterario. Ed. M. E. DAgostini. Milano: Guerini e Associati, 1987. 1930.
---. La rivolta nera di Haiti: Ricezione Di Un Evento Storico. Robespierre & Co. La letteratura
francese della Rivoluzione. Ed. D. Gallingani. Bologna: CLUEB, 1988. 203-25.
---. De la Rvolution la rvolte noire de Saint-Domingue. Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth
Century 263 (1989): 374-77.
---. Il rapporto di Toussaint Louverture al Direttorio del 18 Fruttidoro, anno V: Dramma o sceneggiata
storica? Robespierre & Co. La letteratura francese della Rivoluzione. Ed. M. Lorgnet.
Bologna: CLUEB, 1989.
---. Le personnage noir dans la littrature franaise: essai de synthse minimale dune aventure
humaine et littraire. Mmoire Spiritaine 9 (1999): 89-101.
Bisanswa, Justin and Isaac Bazi. Chaos, absurdit, folie dans le roman africain et antillais
contemporain. Variations autour du ralisme et de lengagement. Prsence francophone:
Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 63 (2004): 5-202.
Boisseron, Bndicte. Pays mls, chiens croles. Pour une criture relais. Etudes francophones
XIX.1 (2004): 59-71.
Boisvert, Jayne Ritchie. The Myth of Erzulie and Female Characters in the Haitian Novel. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[8], 3012. 1999.
State University of New York, Buffalo.
Bonnefoy, C. Le roman des Antilles. Les nouvelles littraires 2493 (1975): 4.
Bonnet, Vronique. La Voix du petit peuple. Notre Librairie 135 (1998): 108-11.
---. Les traces intertextuelles ou laffirmation dun champ littraire franco-antillais. Les champs
littraires africains. Ed. Romuald Fonkoua, Pierre Halen & Katharina Stdtler. Paris: Karthala,
2001. 135-49.
Bostick, Herman F. Toward literary freedom: a study of contemporary Haitian literature. Phylon: The
Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture 17 (1956): 250-56.
Bouvier, P. Fanon. Paris: Editions universitaires, 1971.
Bouygues, Claude. Texte africain et voies/voix critiques. Essais sur les littratures africaines et
antillaises de graphie franaise (Maghreb, Afrique Noire, Antilles, Immigration). Paris:
LHarmattan, 1992.
Brahimi, Denise. Appareillages. Dix tudes comparatistes sur la littrature des hommes et des
femmes dans le monde arabe et aux Antilles. Paris: Deuxtemps Tierce, 1991.
Broek, Aart G., et al. Une branche emporte par le vent: Franstalige literatuur uit de Cariben. Curaao:
Carilexis, 1997.
Brooks, Jane. Challenges to Writing Literature in Creole. The Cases of Martinique and Guadeloupe.
An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed. Sam
Haigh. Oxford; New York: Berg, 1999. 119-34.
Buck-Morss, Susan. Hegel and Haiti. Critical Inquiry 26.4 (2000).
Burton, Richard D.E. Towards 1992: Political-Cultural Assimilation and Opposition in Contemporary
Martinique. French Cultural Studies 3.1 [7] (1992): 61-86.
---. Maman-France doudou. Family images in French West Indian colonial discourse. Diacritics: A
Review of Contemporary Criticism XXIII.3 (1993): 69-90.
Burton, Richard D.E. and Fred Reno. French and West Indian: Martinique, Guadeloupe and French
Guiana Today. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995.
Butel, Paul. Histoire des Antilles franaises XVIIe - XXe sicle. Perrin, 2002.
Carbet, Marie-Magdeleine. Aux Antilles. Culture franaise 22.4 (1973): 21-25.
---. La posie en Martinique. Lettres et Cultures de langue franaise 7 (1985): 61-71.
Castera, Georges. Surralisme en Hati? Notre Librairie 132 (1997): 90-97.
Cauna, Alexandra de. LImage des quartiers populaires dans le roman antillais. Paris: Karthala, 2003.
Csaire, Aim. Socit et littrature dans les Antilles. Etudes littraires 6.1 (1973): 9-20.
---. La Martinique telle quelle est. The French Review 53.2 (1979): 183-89.
Chamoiseau, Patrick and Raphal Confiant. Lettres croles. Traces antillaises et continentales de la
littrature. Hati, Guadeloupe, Guyane 1635-1975. Paris: Hatier, 1991.
Chanc, Dominique. Lauteur en souffrance. Essai sur la position et la reprsentation de lauteur dans
le roman antillais contemporain (1981-1992). Paris: PUF, 2000.
---. Potique baroque de la Carabe. Paris: Karthala, 2001.

160
Chancy, Adeline and Anna Kovac-Abdr. Sobre la nueva literatura haitiana. Casa de las Amricas
20.120 (1980): 162-64.
Chancy, Myriam Josphe Aime. Framing Silence. Revolutionary Novels by Haitian Women. New
Brunswick; London: Rutgers University Press, 1997.
Chanover, Pierre. Martinique and Guadeloupe. A checklist of modern literature. Bulletin of the New
York Public Library 74 (1970): 514-31.
Chanson, Philippe. Nous sommes Paroles sous lcriture... Identit et altrit dans luvre thorique
de la nouvelle littrature antillaise. Le Franais dans le monde n spcial (2004): 130-39.
Charles, Christophe. La posie fminine hatienne. Histoire et anthologie: de Virginie Sampeur nos
jours. Port-au-Prince: Editions Choucoune, 1981.
Chauleau, Liliane. La socit la Martinique au XVIIe sicle (1635-1713). Caen: Imprimerie Ozanne,
1966.
---. Histoire antillaise: la Martinique et la Guadeloupe du XVIIe la fin du XIXe sicle; lements
dhistoire antillaise. Fort-de-France: . Gros Desormeaux, 1973.
Chemla, Yves. La question de LAutre dans le roman hatien contemporain. Matoury: Ibis Rouge,
2003.
---. Dire lailleurs. Notre Librairie 155-156 (2004): 48-53.
Cherki, Alice. Frantz Fanon. Portrait. Paris: Seuil, 2000.
Chevrier, Jacques. Littrature ngre. Afrique, Antilles, Madagascar. Paris: Colin, 1974.
Chilcoat, Michelle. In/Civility, in Death: On Becoming French in Colonial Martinique. Boundary 2: An
International Journal of Literature and Culture 31.3 (2004): 47-73.
Chivallon, Christine. Espace et identit la Martinique. Paysannerie des mornes et reconqute
collective (1840-1960). Paris: CNRS ditions, 1998.
Clark, VeVe A. Contemporary Forms of Popular Theatre in Haiti. Ufahamu: Journal of the African
Activist Association 12.2 (1983): 93-100.
---. Fieldhands to Stagehands in Haiti: The Measure of Tradition in Haitian Popular Theatre.
Dissertation Abstracts International 44[8], 2481A. 1984.
---. Haitis Brechtian Playwrights. Communications from the International Brecht Society 13.2 (1984):
28-34.
---. When Womb Waters Break: The Emergence of Haitian New Theater (1953-1987). Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.3, Haitian Literature and Culture, Part 2
(1992): 778-86.
Claverie, Chantal. Labolition de 1848 dans la littrature des Antilles franaises. LittRalit 10.1
(1998): 113-21.
Coates, Carrol F., et al. Haitian Literature and Culture: A Special Issue in Two Parts. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.2-3 (1992).
Coates, Carrol F. The Haitian Intellectual Scene: Creative Writers, Essayists, and Visual Artists.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.3, Haitian Literature and Culture,
Part 2 (1992): 863-73.
---. Haitian Culture: The Division Within and Without. Multicultural Perspectives: New Approaches.
Ed. Anne Paolucci. Council on National Literatures/World Report (CNLR): 6. Whitestone, NY:
Council on National Literature, 1993. 5-13.
Coates, Nick. Stubborn Chunks. Chaotic Soups and Caribbean Identity. Ici-l. Place and
Displacement in Caribbean Writing in French. Ed. Mary Gallagher. Cross/Cultures 62.
Amsterdam;New York: Rodopi, 2003. 253-78.
Cond, Maryse. Autour dune littrature antillaise. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde
noir 81 (1972): 170-76.
---. La Civilisation du Bossaie: Reflexions sur la littrature orale de la Guadeloupe et de la Martinique.
Paris: LHarmattan, 1978.
---. Limage de la petite fille dans la littrature fminine des Antilles. Recherche, pdagogie et
culture8.44 (1979): 89-43.
---. Survivance et mort des mythes africains dans la littrature des Antilles francophones. LAfrique
littraire 54-55 (1979): 56-64.
---. La Parole des femmes. Essai sur des romancires des Antilles de langue franaise. Paris: Editions
LHarmattan, 1993.
---. Des hros et des cannibales. Rcriture et transgression dans la littrature des petites Antilles de
langue franaise. Portulan 3 (2000): 29-38.
---. Order, Disorder, Freedom, and the West Indian Writer. Yale French Studies.97 (2000): 151.
Confiant, Raphal and G.E.R.E.C. Dictionnaire des titim et sirandanes (devinettes et jeux de mots du
monde crole). Martinique - Guyane - Guadeloupe: Ibis Rouge - Presses universitaires
croles, 1998.

161
Confiant, Raphal. Crolit et francophonie, un loge de la diversalit. Mutations 233 (2004): 24053.
Conort, Benot. Du ct de la francophonie. Antilles, du cri la parole. Magazine littraire 396
(2001): 37.
Constantine, Peter and Roger Clestin. Molly Goes to Haiti. Sites: Journal of the Twentieth-Century/
Contemporary French Studies 5.2 (2001): 439-44.
Constantini, Alessandro. Fantasmi narrativi e sovversione linguistica nel romanzo haitiano moderno e
contemporaneo. Milano: Cisalpino, Istituto Editoriale Universitario, 2002.
Conteh-Morgan, John, et al. Thtre noir francophone; French-speaking black theatre. uvres et
critiques 26.1 (2001): 15-143.
Cordova, Sarah Davies. De la littrature hatienne: travers de mmoire ou allgorie contemporaine.
Hati: Ecrire en pays assig: Writing under Siege. Ed. Marie-Agns Sourieau and Kathleen
M. Balutansky. Francopolyphonies: 1. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004. 479-99.
Corzani, Jack. La littrature crite dexpression franaise la Guadeloupe et la Martinique.
Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612 (1980): 19-36.
---. La littrature des Antilles - Guyane franaise. Pointe--Pitre / Fort-de-France / Paris: Desormeaux /
LHarmattan, 1982.
---. A propos dun archipel inachev. Lantillanit, rve et ralit dans la littrature des Antilles
franaises. Congrs mondial des littratures de langue franaise, ngro-africaine, nordafricaine et qubcoise. En Mditerrane, lieu de rencontre de lart potique. Actes, Padoue,
23-27 mai 1983. Universit degli studi di Padova, 1984. 207-15.
---. La traverse transatlantique au XVIIe sicle et au dbut du XVIIIe sicle. Revue du CERC
(Universit des Antilles-Guyane). 2 (1985): 9-38.
---. LImage fantomatique du port dans la littrature des Petites Antilles francophones. Les quais sont
toujours beaux. Ed. Rgis Antoine and Grard Jaeger. Thonon-les-Bains: LAlbaron, 1990.
221-33.
---. La littrature face la violence. Le cas des Antilles-Guyane. La deriva delle francofonie. Atti dei
seminari annuali di Letterature Francofone: Figures et fantasmes de la violence dans les
littratures francophones de lAfrique subsaharienne et des Antilles. Istituto Universitario
Orientale, Naples 29-30 nov-1er dc. 1990. Bologna: Ed. CLUEB, 1992. 13-38.
Corzani, Jack, Lon-Franois Hoffmann, and Marie-Lyne Piccione. Littratures Francophones II. Les
Amriques: Hati, Antilles-Guyane, Qubec. Paris: Belin, 1998.
Costantini, Alessandro. Per unintroduzione alla letteratura haitiana: le opere tradotte in italiano.
Africa, America, Asia, Australia 22 (1999): 235-49.
---. Per unIntroduzione alla letteratura haitiana: Le opere tradotte in italiano. Haiti attraverso la sua
letteratura. Ed. Louis-Philippe Dalembert. Roma: Istituto Italo-Latinoamericano, 2000. 9-31.
---. Eros politico ed eros magico (Origini e peculiarit della rappresentazione delleros nelle letterature
francofone dei Caraibi). Africa, America, Asia, Australia 23 (2002): 151-82.
---. Fantasmi narrativi e sovversione linguistica nel romanzo haitiano moderno e contemporaneo.
Milano: Cisalpino-Istituto Ed. Universitario, 2002.
Couffon, Claude. Ren Depestre. Paris: Seghers, 1986.
Courlander, Harold. Haiti Singing. New York: Cooper Square, 1973.
Crosta, Suzanne. Pour une tude smantique et rfrentielle de lonomastique dans la littrature
antillaise. Texte africain et voies/voix critiques. Essais sur les littratures africaines et
antillaises de graphie franaise (Maghreb, Afrique noire, Antilles, immigration). Ed. Claude
Bouygues. Paris: LHarmattan, 1992. 245-60.
---. Rcits de la vie de lAfrique et des Antilles. Exil, errance, enracinement. Sainte-Foy: Grelca,
Universit Laval, 1998.
---. History and cultural identity in Haitian literature. International Journal of Francophone Studies 5.1
(2002): 22.
Cunningham, Catriona. Beyond translation into chaos: exploring language movement in the French
Caribbean. Linguistica antverpiensia 2 (2003): 61-73.
Dacy, Elo. Actualit de Frantz Fanon. Actes du colloque de Brazzaville (12-16 Dc 1984). Paris:
Editions Karthala, 1986.
Dahouda, Kanat. Les aventures de la littrature antillaise. Neohelicon: Acta Comparationis
Litterarum Universarum XXXI.1 (2004): 171-80.
Dalembert, Louis-Philippe. Profil du thtre hatien contemporain. Notre Librairie 102 (1990): 74-76.
Danticat, Edwidge. Haiti, 1804-2004: Literature, Culture, and Art. Research in African Literatures
35.2 (2004).
Dash, J. Michael. The Peasant Novel in Haiti. African Literature Today 9 (1978): 77-90.

162
---. Literature and Ideology in Haiti, 1915-1961. Totowa, New York: Barnes and Noble; London:
Macmillan: 1981.
---. Through the Looking Glass: Haitian-American Relations in the Literature of the Occupation.
Komparatistische Hefte 9-10 (1984): 41-56.
---. Haiti and the United States. National Stereotypes and the Literary Imagination. Basingstoke:
Macmillan, 1988.
---. The World and The Word: French Caribbean Writing in The Twentieth Century. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters.34 (1988): 112-30.
---. A Selected Bibliography of Books on Haiti in English. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 15.2 (1992): 555-56.
---. Engagement, Exile and Errance: Some Trends in Haitian Poetry 1946-1986. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.3, Haitian Literature and Culture, Part 2 (1992): 74760.
---. Les miroirs tincelants: la crise de lintellectuel hatien. Etudes croles 17.2 (1994): 75-86.
---. Edouard Glissant. Cambridge University Press, 1995.
---. Hati imaginaire: LEvolution de la littrature hatienne moderne. Notre Librairie 133 (1998): 4651.
---. Carabe Fantome: The Play of Difference in the Francophone Caribbean. Yale French
Studies.103 (2003): 93-105.
Dauphin, Claude. Gense et closion du mtalangage musical dans le conte-chant hatien.
Ethnomusicology in Canada. Ed. Robert Witmer. CanMus Documents: 5. Toronto: Institute for
Canadian Music, 1990. 271-76.
Davis, Gregson. Aim Csaire. Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Davis, Mella Jean. African Trickster Tales in Diaspora: Resistance in the Creole-Speaking South
Carolina Sea Islands and Guadeloupe, French West Indies. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[5], 1554. 1998. Northwestern
University.
Dayan, Joan. Hallelujah for a Garden-Woman: The Caribbean Adam and His Pretext. The French
Review 59.4 (1986): 581-95.
Dayan, Joan. Erzulie. A womens history of Haiti. Research in African Literatures 25[2] (1994).
---. Haiti, History, and the Gods. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995, xx, 338.
---. Erzulie: A Womens History of Haiti. Postcolonial Subjects: Francophone Women Writers. Ed.
Mary Jean Green et al. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996. 42-60.
---. Erzulie: A Womens History of Haiti. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on
Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center
for African American Studies, 1998. 41-66.
Dayan, Joan. A Few Stories about Haiti, or, Stigma Revisited. Research in African Literatures 35[2]
(2004). 157-72.
Decius, Philippe. Pour situer Hati. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 501 (1971): 3-20.
Degras, Priska and Bernard Magnier. Littratures des Carabes. Hati, Martinique, Guadeloupe,
Guyane. Paris: CLEF, 1989.
Delaporte, Michle. Lectures en archipel. Littratures des Antilles en cours de franais au lyce. MontSaint-Aignan: CRDP de Rouen, 1996.
Delarue, Paul and Marie Louise Teneze. Le conte populaire francais: Catalogue raisonn des versions
de France et des pays de langue francaise dOutre-Mer: Canada, Louisiane, Ilots Francais
des Etats-Unis, Antilles francaises, Hati, Ile Maurice, La Reunion. Paris: G.-P. Maisonneuve &
Larose, 1964.
Delas, Daniel. Aim Csaire. Paris: Hachette, 1991.
---. Ecrire crole aux Antilles. Entretien avec Marie-Christine Hazal-Massieux. Le franais
aujourdhui 106 (1994): 9-19.
---. Littrature des Carabes de langue franaise. Paris: Nathan, 1999.
Delpech, Catherine and Maurice Roelens. Socit et littrature antillaises aujourdhui. Actes de la
rencontre de novembre 1994, Universit de Perpignan. Presses Universitaires de Perpignan,
1997.
Desplanques, Franois and Anne Fuchs. Ecritures dailleurs, autres critures. Afrique, Inde, Antilles.
Paris: LHarmattan, 1994.
Develter, Suzanne Marie. Ritual Embodiment: A Study in the Caribbean Grotesque. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[12], 4760. 2001.
University of California, Davis. 2000.
Devsa, Jean-Michel. Aim Csaire. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle LXXVI.832-833 (1998): 3178.

163
Dhanvantari, Sujaya. French Revolutionary Song in the Haitian Revolution 1789-1804. African
Diasporas in the New and Old Worlds: Consciousness and Imagination. Ed. Genevive Fabre
and Klaus Benesch. Cross/Cultures: Readings in the Post/Colonial Literatures in English: 69.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004. 101-19.
Dia, Hamidou. Posie africaine et engagement. Essai. 159p. Paris: Acoria, 2003.
Dominique, Max. Hati littraire: Positions et propositions. Notre Librairie 133 (1998): 12-18.
Doret, Michel R. Alination dans la posie dHati du XXe sicle. Dissertation Abstracts International 43
(1982): 461A.
Dorsinville, Max. Violence et reprsentation fminine dans le roman hatien. La Deriva delle
francofonie, atti dei seminari annuali di Letterature Francofone: Figures et fantasmes de la
violence dans les Littratures francophones de lAfrique subsaharienne et des Antilles, II: Les
Antilles. Ed. Carla Fratta, M.R. Baldi, and M. Mengoli. Bussola: Atti di Ricerche, Seminari e
Convegni: 12. Bologna: Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice, 1992. 63-78.
Douaire, Anne. Contrechamps tragiques. Contribution antillaise la thorie du littraire. Presses de
lUniversit de Paris-Sorbonne, 2004.
Doumenge, Franois and Yves Monnier. Les Antilles franaises. Paris: PUF, 1989.
Dreyfus, Simone and Edmond Jouve. Les crivains de la ngritude et de la crolit. Actes du 3e
colloque international francophone du canton de Payrac organis par lAssociation des
crivains de langue franaise (ADELF) au Roc (Lot), du 2 au 5 septembre 1993. Paris: Sepeg
International, 1994.
Dumontet, Danielle. Figures de femmes dans la littrature des Antilles franaises. Der
Fremdsprachliche Unterricht 33.42 (1999): 44-48.
Dupland, Edmond. Les potes de la Guadeloupe. Anthologie bio-bibliographique et critique. Paris:
Grassin, 1978.
Durand, Guillaume. The Survival of Names of African Origin in Martinique after Emancipation.
Dialectical Anthropology 26.3-4 (2001): 193-233.
Durocher, Dennis Orel, Jr. Reactions to the French Canon in the Francophone Novel. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[4], 1401-02. 2001.
Tulane University.
Eikenaar, Marie Gralde. LEnfant dans la littrature francophone des Antilles-Guadeloupe, Hati,
Martinique-et de la Guyane franaise. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 64[6], 2089. 2003. State University of New York, Stony
Brook.
tienne, Grard. La femme noire dans le discours littraire hatien. Prsence francophone: Revue
internationale de langue et de littrature XVIII (1979): 109-26.
---. La femme noire dans le discours littraire hatien. Boulogne-Billancourt: Balzac-Le Griot, 1998.
Favre, Yves-Alain and Antonio Ferreira de Brito. Horizons dEdouard Glissant. Actes du Colloque
International organis par le Centre de Recherches sur la posie contemporaine de
luniversit de Pau et le Dpartement de franais de luniversit de Porto, octobre 1990. Pau:
J. et D. Editions, 1992.
Fendler, Ute and Jnos Riesz. Maryse Cond. Kritisches Lexikon zur fremdsprachlichen
Gegenwartsliteratur 31.1-12 (1993): A1-A2, B1, C1, D1-D2.
Fendler, Ute. Cond. Von Afrikanischen Wurzeln zur Karibischen Mangrove. Franzsische Literatur
der Gegenwart. Ein Autorenlexikon. Ed. Petra Metz and Dirk Naguschewski. Mnchen: Beck,
2001. 51-54.
Ferdinand, Joseph. The New Political Statement in Haitian Fiction. Voices From Under: Black
Narrative in Latin America and the Caribbean. Ed. William Luis.Contributions in Afro-American
& African Studies: 76. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1984. 127-46.
---. Doctrines littraires et climats politiques sous les Duvalier. Hati: Ecrire en pays assig: Writing
under Siege. Ed. Marie-Agns Sourieau and Kathleen M. Balutansky. Francopolyphonies: 1.
Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004. 193-229.
Ferrarini, M. De la ngritude lantillanit. Caribana 2 (1991): 121-25.
Fleischmann, Rose Marie. Die haitianische Literatur. Ein Uberblick. Die Neueren Sprachen 12
(1963): 117-29.
Fleischmann, Ulrich. Para una aproximacin sociolgica a la literatura haitiana. Revista de Crtica
Literaria Latinoamericana 9.17 (1983): 65-87.
---. Haiti und die Dominikanische Republik. Neue Romania 14 (1993): 109-23.
---. Small is beautiful. Inselmythen und die Fraktionierung von Rumen in der Karibik. Neue
Romania 30 (2004): 141-64.

164
Fonkoua, Romuald. Discours du refus, Discours de la diffrence, Discours en situation de
francophonie interne. Le cas des crivains antillais. Convergences et divergences dans les
littratures francophones. Actes du colloque 8-9 fvr. 1991 [Universit Paris X-Nanterre,
Centre de recherches interdisciplinaires sur les textes modernes]. Paris: LHarmattan, 1992.
55-80.
---. Rsistance aux discours et critures des limites dans la littrature antillaise. An-assimilation,
histoire et territorialit. Aspects de linterprtation. (Actes du sminaire du centre de
recherche texte/histoire, Universit de Cergy-Pontoise, juin 1994). Universit de CergyPontoise: Centre de recherche texte/histoire, 1994. 109-32.
---. Les Discours des Voyages. Afrique-Antilles. Paris: Karthala, 1999.
Forsdick, Charles. Transatlantic Displacement and the Problematics of Space. Ici-l. Place and
Displacement in Caribbean Writing in French. Ed. Mary Gallagher. Cross/Cultures 62.
Amsterdam;New York: Rodopi, 2003. 181-209.
Fouche, Frank. Guide pour ltude de la littrature hatienne. Port-au-Prince: Panorama, 1964.
Fouch, Jacqueline E. Haitian Theatre in Montreal: Building a Base. Canadian Theatre Review 83
(1995): 28-29.
Fowler, Carolyn. A Knot in the Thread. The Life and Work of Jacques Roumain. 2nd ed. Washington:
Howard University Press, 1980.
Franois, Jean Avin. Lexprience romanesque hatienne pour une relecture de loption identitaire.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4],
1376. 2004. City University of New York.
Fratta, Carla. Bilancio di un soggiorno di studio e di ricerca nelle Antille francofone. Africa, America,
Asia, Australia 9 (1990): 151-53.
---. Avant-Propos. Figures et fantasmes de la violence dans les littratures francophones de lAfrique
subsaharienne et des Antilles. Ed. Carla Fratta. Bologna: CLUEB, 1992. 7-12.
---. La fauna antillese e il bestiario antillano del Pre Labat. Africa, America, Asia, Australia 12
(1992): 165-76.
---. Le double viol des Antilles amrindiennes dans la littrature antillaise de langue franaise.
Figures et fantasmes de la violence dans les Littratures francophones de lAfrique
subsaharienne et des Antilles. Ed. Carla Fratta. Bologna: CLUEB, 1992. 79-104.
---. Il Bestiario Dei Racconti Tradizionali Di Area Caraibica. Miscellanea in onore di Liano Petroni.
Studi e ricerche sulle letterature di lingua francese. Il Ventaglio: Miscellanee 8. Bologna:
CLUEB, 1996. 393-402.
---. La Letteratura caraibica francofona fra immaginario e realt. Roma: Bulzoni, 1996.
Fuchs, Sonja. Die Haitianischen Tiersprichwrter und Ihre Herkunft. Kultelles Erbe Afrikanischer
Sklaven und Europischer Siedler in einer ehemaligen Franzsischen Kolonie. Hamburg:
Buske, 1996.
Fulton, Dawn Hioryun. Romans des Nous. The first person plural and collective identity in Martinique.
The French Review 76.6 (2003): 1104-14.
Gallagher, Mary. Caribbean literature. The Years Work in Modern Language Studies (1997): 247-50.
---. Caribbean literature. The Years Work in Modern Language Studies LXI (1999): 196-99.
---. Caribbean literature. The Years Work in Modern Language Studies LXII (2000): 196-99.
---. French studies. Caribbean literature. The Years Work in Modern Language Studies LXIII (2001):
204-07.
---. Circuitous Connections. Ireland and the Francophone Caribbean. Ici-l. Place and Displacement
in Caribbean Writing in French. Ed. Mary Gallagher. Cross/Cultures 62. Amsterdam;New
York: Rodopi, 2003. 279-92.
---. Contemporary French Caribbean Poetry: The Poetics of Reference. Forum for Modern Language
Studies 40.4 (2004): 451-62.
Garca Sierra, Silvia. Vigencia del tema historico en la literatura haitiana. Espace Carabe.1 (1993):
139-45.
Garret, N. M. The Renaissance of Haitian Poetry. Paris: Prsence africaine, 1963.
Georges, Jacques Raphal. Literary Cacoism: Function of the American Character in the Haitian
Novel as of 1915. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 60[9], 3370-71. 2000. University of Connecticut.
Gewecke, Frauke. Le chemin pineux de la dcolonisation culturelle. Le cas hatien. Romanistische
Zeitschrift fr Literaturgeschichte/Cahiers dHistoire des Littratures Romanes VI.1-2 (1982):
171-96.
---. Die Literaturen der Karibik. Kritisches Lexikon zur fremdsprachlichen Gegenwartsliteratur 62
(2003): 1-48.

165
Gibson, Nigel Clive. Rethinking Fanon. The Continuing Dialogue. Amsterdam, MA: Humanity Books,
1999.
Gigure, Ronald Grard. Ecrivains noirs dAfrique et des Antilles. New York [et al.]: Lang, 1997.
Gilles, Jean Elie. Patriotism, Humanism and Modernity: Three European Concepts as a Basis for the
Investigation and Affirmation of the Negro Soul in Francophone Literature of Haiti from the
Nineteenth through the Late Twentieth Century. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section
A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[1], 204. 2002. University of Washington.
Giraud, Michel and Jean Luc Jamard. Travail et servitude dans limaginaire antillais: une littrature
orale en question. LHomme: Revue francaise danthropologie 25.96 (1985): 77-96.
Glmaud, Michle. La littrature des femmes hatiennes migrantes. Le cas du Canada. Multi-culture,
multi-criture. La voix migrante au fminin en France et au Canada. Ed. Lucie Lequin and
Mar Verthuy. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 123-30.
Glissant, douard. Le discours antillais. Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1981.
---. Michel Leiris: the Repli and the Depli. Yale French Studies.81 (1992): 21-27.
Glover, Kaiama L. Physical Internment and Creative Freedom: The Spiralist Contribution. Hati:
Ecrire en pays assig: Writing under Siege. Ed. Marie-Agns Sourieau and Kathleen M.
Balutansky. Francopolyphonies: 1. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004. 231-55.
Gontard, Marc. Mtissage et crolisation. Une thorie de laltrit. Ecritures carabes. Ed. Georges
Voisset and Marc Gontard. Plurial 10. Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2002. 137-44.
Goolcharan[-Kumeta], Wendy. My Mother, My Country. Reconstructing the Female Self in
Guadeloupean Womens Writing. 240p. Berne: Lang, 2003.
Gordon, Lewis R., T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting, and Rene T. White. Fanon. A Critical Reader.
Oxford; Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1996.
Gor, J.-L. Littratures insulaires. Carabes et Mascareignes. Paris: LHarmattan, 1983.
Goslinga, Marian. Guadeloupe. Oxford: Clio Press, 2000.
Gouraige, Ghislain. Les meilleurs potes et romanciers hatiens. Port-au-Prince: Impr. La Phalange,
1963.
---. Le Roman hatien. Le roman contemporain dexpression franaise. Introduit par des propos sur la
francophonie. Actes du Colloque organise luniversit de Sherbrooke du 8 au 10 oct 70,
sous les auspices du CELEF. Ed. A. Naaman and L. Painchaud. Universit de Sherbrooke:
Facult des Arts, 1972.
---. Hati, source de la ngritude. Littratures ultramarines de langue franaise: gense et jeunesse.
Ed. Thomas H. Geno and Roy Julow. Sherbrooke: Naaman, 1974. 58-67.
---. Histoire de la littrature hatienne. De lIndpendance nos jours. Genve: Slatkine reprints, 2003.
Grlich, E. J. Die Franzsiche Literatur Hatis. Antares 5.7 (1967): 41-43.
Gratiant, G. Contribution des Antilles la culture franaise. Culture franaise 5.4 (1956): 95-107.
Gratiant, Isabelle. Francophonie et pratiques culturelles aux Antilles franaises. Etat des lieux et
perspectives. La francophonie panamricaine. Etat des lieux et enjeux. Les actes du 18e
colloque du Centre dtudes franco-canadiennes de lOuest tenu au Collge universitaire de
Saint-Boniface, les 20, 21 et 22 mai 1999. Ed. Andr Fauchon. Winnipeg: Presses
universiatires de Saint-Boniface, 2000. 303-22.
Gregorio, R. Di, A. Di Sapio, and C. Martinenghi. Arcipelago Mangrovia. Narrativa Caraibica e
Intercultura. 254p. Bologna: EMI, 2003.
Gyssels, Kathleen. Le pouvoir des mots, Les mots du pouvoir. Literatuur op Hati. Europa
buitengaats. Koloniale en postkoloniale literaturen in Europese talen. Ed. Theo Dhaen.
Amsterdam: Bakker, 2002. 38-54.
---. Du guerrier de limaginaire aux auteurs virtuels. Liberts et limites de lInternet pour les auteurs
antillais. Africultures 54 (2003): 117-27.
---. Haitian literature at the crossroad of postcolonial theory and francophone studies. Francophone
Postcolonial Studies I.1 (2003): 55-63.
Hadorn-Planta, Deta. Les Antilles, une histoire darchipel ou comment voyager en classe de franais.
Der Fremdsprachliche Unterricht 33.42 (1999): 4-13.
Haigh, Sam. An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone Writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Oxford;
New York: Berg, 1999.
---. Caribbean Francophone Writing. An Introduction. Oxford: Berg, 1999.
---. Mapping a Tradition: Francophone Womens Writing From Guadeloupe. Leeds, England: Maney,
2000, 234.
---. LEcriture fminine aux Antilles: une tradition fministe? LittRalit 13.1 (2001): 21-38.
Hale, Thomas A. Csaire. His literary and political writings, with a bio-bibliography. Dissertation
Abstracts International XXXV (1974): 2268A.
---. Les crits de Csaire. Bibliographie commente. Les Presses de luniversit de Montral, 1978.

166
Hawkins, Peter and Annette Lavers. Prote noir. Essais sur la littrature francophone de lAfrique
noire et des Antilles. Paris: LHarmattan, 1992.
Hazal-Massieux, Marie-Christine. Des Berceuses la lanterne des magies: Regard sur le monde
des comptines et refrains traditionnels en Guadeloupe. Etudes croles 5.1-2 (1982): 13-38.
---. Chansons des Antilles. Comptines, formulettes. Paris: Editions du Centre national de la recherche
scientifique, 1987.
---. Ecrire en crole, oralit et criture aux Antilles. Paris: LHarmattan, 1993.
---. Un Regard sur le thtre en crole de 1994 1998 (Guadeloupe, Martinique et Guyane). Notre
Librairie 135 (1998): 118-21.
Heller, Iris. Le cinma en Martinique. Quo vadis, Romania? 12-13 (1998): 166-87.
Henriquez, Pradel. Mdias et littrature en Hati: Ecrire envers et contre tout. Notre Librairie 133
(1998): 178-81.
Hewitt, Leah D. La Crolit Haitian Style. Penser la crolit. Ed. Maryse Cond and Madeleine
Cottenet-Hage. Paris: Karthala, 1995. 237-49.
Hezekiah, Randolph. Martinique and Guadeloupe: Time and Space. A History of Literature in the
Caribbean, I: Hispanic and Francophone Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold et al. Amsterdam:
John Benjamins, 1994. 379-87.
Hilaire, Jeannot. Haiti: The Creole Heritage Today. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society
27-28 (2003): 199-212.
Hoffmann, Lon-Franois. French Negro Poetry. Yale French Studies.21, Poetry Since the Liberation
(1958): 60-71.
---. Etat prsent des tudes littraires hatiennes. The French Review XLIX (1975): 750-58.
---. Ltranger dans le roman hatien. Lesprit crateur XVII (1977): 83-102.
---. Coup dil sur la littrature hatienne. Notre Librairie 48 (1979): 41-52.
---. Les Etats-Unis et les Amricains dans les lettres hatiennes. Etudes littraires 13.2 (1980): 289312.
---. Le roman hatien. Idologie et structure. Sherbrooke: Naaman, 1982.
---. Essays in Haitian Literature. Washington: Three Continents, 1984.
---. LAfrique et les Africains dans limagination collective hatienne entre lindpendance et
loccupation amricaine (1804-1915). Notre Librairie 73 (1984): 47-55.
---. Bibliographie des tudes littraires hatiennes, 1804-1984. Vanves: Edicef, 1992.
---. Haitian Crole Literature: An Overview. Literary Generations: A Festschrift in Honor of Edward D.
Sullivan by His Friends, Colleagues, and Former Students. Ed. Alain Toumayan, Robert F.
Goheen, and Sara Vagliano. French Forum Monographs (FrFM): 78. Lexington, KY: Fr.
Forum, 1992. 231-35.
---. Hati, lettres et ltre. Toronto: Ed. du GREF; University Glendon, 1992.
---. The Haitian Novel During the Last Ten Years. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 15.3, Haitian Literature and Culture, Part 2 (1992): 761-69.
---. Haitian Sensibility. A History of Literature in the Caribbean, I: Hispanic and Francophone
Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold et al. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1994. 365-78.
---. Haitian Fiction Revisited. Pueblo, Colorado: Passeggiata Press, 1999.
---. Creolization in Haiti and National Identity. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 27-28
(2003): 3-16.
Honorien-Rostal, Rolande. Aux sources des genres au lamentin (Guadeloupe). Cahiers de littrature
orale 21 (1987): 37-60.
Hoyet, Marie-Jos. Le Serpent Plumes: nouvelle francophone, nouvelle francophonie. Brnice 2.6
(1994).
---. Poeti di Haiti. Pagine 5.12 (1994): 12-20.
---. La poesia in Guadalupa. Pagine 6.14 (1995): 20-25.
---. Ecriture et magie dans le roman antillais contemporain. Palaver 11-12 (1998): 45-64.
---. Poesia e schiavit 1: Dallepopea tragica alla farsa grandiosa. Pagine 12 (1998): 28-33.
---. Poesia e schiavit 2: Il marron, eroe popolare della storia e della letteratura di Haiti. Pagine 13
(1998): 15-21.
---. Poesia e schiavit 3: Luoghi di memoria in Africa e oltre. Pagine 14 (1998): 11-16.
---. Dal creolo alla creolia, dalla creolit alla creolizzazione. Madrugada 36 (1999): 18-21.
---. Ecriture et esclavage dans la littrature africaine et antillaise dexpression franaise. Mmoire
Spiritaine 9 (1999): 103-26.
---. Paris dans les Lettres des Antilles-Guyane. Paris en France et ailleurs, jadis et aujourdhui. Ed.
Ryszarda Siwka. Krakw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akad. Pedagogycznej, 1999. 89-98.
---. Sguardi sulla poesia della terra guianese. Pagine 25 (1999): 28-32.

167
---. Da Ainsi parla loncle (1928) a Ainsi parle le fleuve (1998): Panorama Della Letteratura Haitiana
Contemporanea. Haiti attraverso la sua letteratura. Ed. Louis-Philippe Dalembert. Roma:
Istituto Italo-Latinoamericano, 2000. 31-42.
---. LImage de Paris dans la littrature des Antilles-Guyane. Paris, ici et ailleurs, jadis et aujourdhui.
Atti del convegno della Scuola normale superiore di Cracovia, dic. 1997. Cracovia: 2000. 8998.
Jack, Belinda. Ngritude and Literary Criticism: the History and Theory of Negro-African Literature in
French. Westport,CT / London: Greenwood Press, 1996.
Jamin, Jean. Antilles, Hati, 1948. Bataille - Leiris. Lintenable assentiment au monde. Colloque
dOrlans 1997. Ed. Francis Marmande. Paris: Belin, 1999. 11-20.
Jardel, Jean-Pierre. Franais et crole dans le conflit interculturel la Martinique. Le franais hors de
France. Ed. Albert Valdman. Paris: Champion, 1979. 52-57.
Jenson, Deborah. Mimetic Mastery and Colonial Mimicry in the First Franco-Antillean Creole
Anthology. The Yale Journal of Criticism: Interpretation in the Humanities 17.1 (2004): 83106.
Jermann, Alexandra. Les traditions croles dans la littrature contemporaine de la Guadeloupe et de
la Martinique. Caribbean writers between orality and writing. Ed. Marlies Glaser and Marion
Pausch. Amsterdam - Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1994. 93-110.
Jonassaint, Jean and J. Michael Dash. Haitian Writers in Exile: A Survey of North America. The
Caribbean Quarterly 27.4 (1981): 13-20.
Jonassaint, Jean. Le pouvoir des mots, les maux du pouvoir. Des romanciers hatiens de lexil.
Entretiens. Presses de luniversit de Montral, 1986.
---. Des romans de tradition hatienne: sur un rcit tragique. Paris; Montreal, QC: LHarmattan;
Editions du Centre international de documentation et dinformation hatienne, caribenne et
afro-canadienne (CIDIHCA), 2002, 370.
---. Haitian Literature in the United States, 1948-1986. American Babel: Literatures of the United
States from Abnaki to Zuni. Ed. Marc Shell. Harvard English Studies (HES): 20. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press, 2002. 431-49.
---. Literatures in the Francophone Caribbean. Yale French Studies.103 (2003): 55-63.
---. Tragic Narratives: The Novels of Haitian Tradition. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 26.1 (2003): 203-18.
Jones, Bridget. Telling the story of King Bhanzin. ASCALF Yearbook III (1998): 13-22.
---. Theatre and Resistance? An Introduction to Some French Caribbean Plays. An Introduction to
Caribbean Francophone writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed. Sam Haigh. Oxford; New
York: Berg, 1999. 83-100.
Joubert, Jean-Louis. Littrature hatienne: des origines 1960. Notre Librairie 132 (1997): 1-167.
Jourdain, Anne Marie Louise Dujon. Le vocabulaire du parler crole de la Martinique. Paris: C.
Klincksieck, 1956.
Joyau, Auguste. Panorama de la littrature la Martinique, I: XVIIIe et XIXe sicles. Morne-Rouge
(Martinique): Editions des Carabes, 1974.
---. Panorama de la littrature la Martinique, II: XIXe sicle. Fort-de-France: Horizons Carabes,
1978, 406.
Juin, H. Une littrature en question. Magazine littraire 142 (1978): 63-65.
Julien, Eileen. Terrains de rencontre: Csaire, Fanon, and Wright on Culture and Decolonization.
Yale French Studies 98 (2000): 149-66.
Jurt, Joseph. Sklaverei, Menschenrechte und karibische Identitt. Zu einem Kolloquium in Fort-deFrance (Martinique). Neue Zrcher Zeitung 11 (1986): 4C.
---. Esclavage, droits de lhomme et identit caribienne. Colloque international pluridisciplinaire sur
La priode rvolutionnaire aux Antilles 1750-1850 (Fort-de-France, 24-30 novembre 86).
Romanistische Zeitschrift fr Literaturgeschichte/Cahiers dHistoire des Littratures Romanes
11 (1987): 480-89.
Kadish, Doris Y. The Black Terror: Womens Responses to Slave Revolts in Haiti. The French
Review 68.4 (1995): 668-80.
---. Guadeloupean women remember slavery. The French Review 77.6 (2004): 1181-93.
Kaussen, Valerie Mae. Romancing the Peasant: History and Revolution in the Modern Haitian Novel.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[9],
3576. 2001. University of California, Santa Cruz.
Klaus, Peter G. Kanada und Haiti, eine literarische Sd-Nord-Beziehung besonderer Art. Neue
Romania 17 (1996): 7-16.

168
---. Kanada und Haiti, Eine Literarische Nord-Sd-Beziehung besonderer Art. Dulce et decorum est
philologiam colere. Festschrift fr Dietrich Briesemeister zu zeinem 65. Geburtstag. Ed. Sybille
Grosse and Axel Schnberger. Berlin: Domus Editoria Europaea, 1999. 1355-65.
Klein, Sarah Elizabeth. Running Away, Coming Home: Women, Crolit and La Case Crole in Four
Contemporary Novels from Martinique and Guadeloupe. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[1], 190. 2000. Brandeis University.
Knight, Vere W. Haiti and Martinique. A Celebration of Black and African Writing. Ed. Bruce King,
Kolawole Ogungbesan, and Iya Abubakar. Zaria; Oxford: Ahmadu Bello University Press;
Oxford University Press, 1975. 46-59.
Kun, Tibor. Az Antillk s Francia Guyana francia nyelv irodalmai. Filolgiai Kzlny 1-2 (1990): 6883.
Kwaterko, Jzef. Les fictions identitaires des romanciers hatiens du Qubec. Revue de littrature
compare LXXVI.2 (2002): 212-29.
Kyoore, Pascal B. Kyiiripuo. The African and Caribbean Historical Novel in French. A Quest for
Identity. New York [et al.]: Lang, 1996.
Lafontant, Julien J. De limitation lauthenticit dans la posie hatienne. The French Review 54.4
(1981): 551-57.
Lafortune, Ambroise. Il y a plus dun an. Fort-de-France, Martinique: s.n., 1968.
Lahens, Yanick. Exile: Between Writing and Place. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 15.3, Haitian Literature and Culture, Part 2 (1992): 735-46.
Lancien, Thierry. Dtonnants voyageurs Saint-Malo. Le Franais dans le monde 335 (2004).
Landner, C. Une table ronde sur les littratures insulaires. Studia Neophilologica LIII (1981): 377-81.
---. Le regard de la Sude sur les Antilles et les Mascareignes. Littratures insulaires. Carabes et
Mascareignes. Ed. J.-L. Gor. Paris: LHarmattan, 1983. 149-54.
Lang, George. LEspace entortill des littratures croles. Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the
International Comparative Literature Association / Actes du XIIe Congrs de lAssociation
Internationale de Littrature Compare, Mnchen 1988. Ed. Roger Bauer and Douwe W.
Fokkema. Mnchen: Iudicium-Verlag, 1990. 97-102.
Lang, George. A Primer of Haitian Literature in Kreyl. Research in African Literatures 35[2] (2004).
128-40.
Langan, Kathleen. Perspectives on World Literature. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of
the University of Oklahoma 73.1 (1999): 224.
Laroche, Maximilien. Hati et sa littrature. Montral: Association gnrale des tudiants de luniversit
de Montral, 1963.
---. Littratures du Qubec et dHati. LAction Nationale 55 (1966): 612.
---. Violence et langage dans les littratures dHati et des Antilles franaises. Prsence francophone:
Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 16 (1978): 111-21.
---. La littrature hatienne. Nouvelle problmatique. Etudes littraires 13[2], 255-372. 1980.
---. Tradition et novation dans la littrature en hatien. Anthropologie et Socits 8.2 (1984): 121-37.
---. Quest-ce que la littrature hatienne? Prsence francophone: Revue internationale de langue et
de littrature 26 (1985): 77-91.
---. Haitian Postmodernisms. Latin American Postmodernisms. Ed. Richard A. Young. Postmodern
Studies (PmdnS). Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1997. 119-26.
---. Displacement, Repositioning, Metamorphosis. Ici-l. Place and Displacement in Caribbean
Writing in French. Ed. Mary Gallagher. Cross/Cultures 62. Amsterdam; New York: Rodopi,
2003. 125-41.
Larrier, Rene. New Directions in Haitian Fiction: 1915-1934. Dissertation Abstracts International
47[8], 3061A. 1987.
---. Haitian writers and the American Occupation. Literary responses to a political crisis. College
Language Association Journal 33 (1989): 203-14.
---. Crier/Ecrire/Cahier: Anagrammatic Configurations of Voice in Francophone Caribbean
Narratives. The French Review 69.2 (1995): 275-83.
Latortue, Rgine. The Woman in the Haitian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International 44.1 (1983):
181A-2a.
---. Idologie fminine dans le roman hatien. Congrs mondial des littratures de langue franaise,
ngro-africaine, nord-africaine et qubcoise. En mditerrane, lieu de rencontre de lart
potique. Actes, Padoue, 23-27 mai 1983. Universit degli studi di Padova, 1984. 283-90.
Le Rumeur, Marie-Dominique. Histoire sainte. Les intertextes dans lexpression franco-caribenne.
ASCALF Yearbook III (1998): 52-62.
Leiner, Jacqueline. Imaginaire, Langage, Identit culturelle, Ngritude. Afrique, France, Guyana, Hati,
Maghreb, Martinique. Tbingen: Narr; Paris: Place: 1980.

169
Leiris, Michel and Unesco. Contacts de civilisations en Martinique et en Guadeloupe. Paris: Unesco,
1955.
Lerebours, Michel Philippe. The Indigenist Revolt: Haitian Art, 1927-1944. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.3, Haitian Literature and Culture, Part 2 (1992): 711-25.
Leung, Joyce. Esthtique de la canneraie dans le roman des Antilles et des Mascareignes [Maurice,
Runion]. Paris: LHarmattan, 1999.
Leung, Joyce. Esthtique de la canneraie dans le roman des Antilles et des Mascareignes.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[10],
3652. 2000. University of Toronto.
Levasseur, Jean. Actualits littraires de lAfrique et des Antilles. Etudes francophones 18.2 (2003):
175-76.
Lotin, Georges-Henri and Suzanne Houyoux. A Summary Overview of Antillean Literature in Creole:
Martinique and Guadeloupe (1960-1980). Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 15.1 (1992): 190-98.
Lionnet, Franoise and Joseph Heath. Inscriptions of Exile: The Bodys Knowledge and the Myth of
Authenticity. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of
Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992): 30-40.
Lorenz, Denise. Baron samedi ou la fleur dor? La culture populaire dans la littrature hatienne.
Caribbean writers between orality and writing. Ed. Marlies Glaser and Marion Pausch. Matatu
12. Amsterdam - Atlanta: Rodopi, 1994. 115-35.
Lubeth, J. Note sur lecriture et le creole. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir.121122 (1982): 140-41.
Lubin, Maurice A. Posie Hatienne. Rio de Janeiro: 1956.
---. LAfrique dans la posie hatienne. Port-au-Prince: Panorama, 1965.
---. Quelques potes hatiens de la jeune gnration. Journal of Inter-American Studies (1965): 12p.
---. Jacmel et la posie hatienne. Port-au-Prince: Imprimerie des Antilles, 1967.
---. Hati et culture. Paris: Louis Soulanges, 1974, 62.
---. Marronnage et posie. Notre Librairie 73 (1984): 89-93.
Lsebrink, Hans-Jrgen. La priode rvolutionnaire aux Antilles (1750-1850) entre histoire et fiction.
Lendemains: Etudes compares sur la France/Vergleichende Frankreichforschung 12.45
(1987): 115-19.
Magns, Claire Anne. Fables, contes, souvenirs. En crole, en franais des Antilles, quelques libres
rcents. Francophonie vivante 41 (2001): 213-19.
Magnier, Bernard. Hati de Port-au-Prince, de Jrmie, de Paris ou de Miami. Prsence
francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 58 (2002): 85-95.
Makward, Christiane. Haiti on stage. Franco-Caribbean women remind. (On three plays by Ina
Csaire, Maryse Cond and Simone Schwarz-Bart). Sites: Journal of the Twentieth-Century/
Contemporary French Studies 4.1 (2000): 129-37.
Mancini, S. Note pour une approche historico-religieuse de la littrature orale antillaise. Etudes
croles 17.2 (1994): 95-100.
Manigat, Max. Le livre hatien en diaspora. Problmes et perspectives. Etudes littraires 13.2 (1980):
335-45.
---. The Haitian Book Abroad. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.3, Haitian
Literature and Culture, Part 2 (1992): 824-26.
Marazza, C. Crolit, Oralit/Oraliture: Verso Un Nuovo Concetto Di Identit. Oralit nella parola e
nella scrittura/Oralit dans la parole et dans lcriture. Analyses linguistiques. Valeurs
Symboliques. Enjeux professionnels. Ed. M. Margarito, Enrica Galazzi, and M. Lebhar Politi.
Torino: Ed. Cortina, 2001. 177-85.
Marchetti, A. Uno sguardo sulla letteratura di Hati. Francofonia: Studi e ricerche sulle letterature di
lingua francese 1 (1981): 125-30.
Marin La Mesle, Valrie. Ecrire en Hati. Magazine littraire 431 (2004): 96-103.
Marinas, Luis. Evolucion del pensamiento haitiano. Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos: Revista
Mensual de Cultura Hispnica 61 (1965): 325-47.
Marty, Anne. La littrature hatienne en qute didentit. LAfrique littraire et artistique 38 (1975): 29.
---. Le Personnage fminin dans les romans hatiens et qubcois de 1938 1980. Traitement et
signification. Villeneuve-dAscq: Presses universitaires du Septentrion, 1997.
---. Hati en littrature. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 2000.
Massart, Robert. Le roman antillais de langue franaise. Francophonie vivante XLI (2001): 205-11.

170
Mass, Raymond, Universit de Montral, and Centre de recherches carabes. Les Adventistes du
septime jour aux Antilles franaises: anthropologie dune esprance millnariste. Montral:
Universit de Montral, Centre de recherches carabes, 1978.
Maximin, Daniel. LIdentit de la littrature aux Antilles. Le roman francophone actuel en Algrie et
aux Antilles. Ed. Danile de Ruyter[-Tognotti] and Madeleine van Strien-Chardonneau.
Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1998. 71-73.
McCusker, Maeve. Troubler lordre de loubli. Memory and forgetting in French Caribbean
autobiography of the 1990s. Forum for Modern Language Studies XL (2004): 438-50.
Meehan, Kevin Vincent. Titid Ak Pp La Se Marasa: Jean-Bertrand Aristide and the New National
Romance in Haiti. Caribbean Romances: The Politics of Regional Representation. Ed.
Belinda Joy Edmondson. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1999. 105-22.
Menc-Caster, Corinne. De la proposition de traduire en langue carabe les uvres caribennes
comme mode daffirmation de la perception dune ide commune. Ecritures carabes. Ed.
Georges Voisset and Marc Gontard. 173p. Plurial 10. Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2002.
29-35.
Mercier, Roger. La posie dans les Antilles franaises, facteurs et caractres de sa transformation.
Etudes littraires 7 (1974): 299-306.
Mnard, Nadve. The Occupied Novel: The Representation of Foreigners in Haitian Novels Written
during the US Occupation, 1915-1934. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 63[5], 1853. 2002. University of Pennsylvania.
Mnil, Alain. Rue Cases-Ngres ou les Antilles de lIntrieur. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du
monde noir 129.1 (1984): 96-110.
Mnil, Ren. Mythologies antillaises. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612 (1980): 37-45.
---. Traces. Identit, Ngritude, Esthtique aux Antilles. Paris: Laffont, 1981.
---. Antilles, dj jadis; [prcd de] Traces. Identit, Ngritude, Esthtique aux Antilles. Paris: J.-M.
Place, 1999.
Mtellus, Jean. Entre crole et franais. Roman 2 (1982): 137-39.
Mtellus, Jean and Paul Laraque. Voix dHati. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 757 (1992): 14369.
Mtellus, Jean and Marie-Agns Sourieau. The Process of Creolization in Haiti and the Pitfalls of the
Graphic Form. Caribbean Creolization: Reflections on the Cultural Dynamics of Language,
Literature, and Identity. Ed. Kathleen M. Balutansky, Marie-Agns Sourieau, and Yanick
Lahens. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1998. 118-28.
Middelanis, Carl Hermann. Imperiale Gegenwelten. Haiti in den Franzsischen Text- und Bildmedien.
Frankfurt / Main: Vervuert, 1996.
Milde, Robert Lyall. The Harp and the Sword: Rhetorical Depictions of Haiti in Early Twentieth Century
U.S. Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 60[8], 2927. 2000. University of North Carolina, Greensboro.
Mininni, Maria Isabella. Ombre Di Realt e Ladri Di Anime. Modelli Di Narrativa Haitiana. Torino:
Tirrenia, 2002.
Mokwenye, Cyril. La littrature fminine antillaise (Guadeloupe et Martinique). Vers une bibliographie
gnrale. Peuples noirs, peuples africains IX.49 (1986): 109-20.
Molinari, Chiara. Littrature et didactique des langues: une dmarche douverture la pluralit
culturelle. Travaux de didactique du franais langue trangre 46 (2001): 21-34.
---. Dynamiques linguistiques, culturelles et identitaires dans la littrature francophone: quelques
exemples de mdiation interculturelle. Une identit plurielle. Ed. D. Groux and H. Holec.
Paris: LHarmattan, 2003. 445-57.
Montilus, Guerin C. Africa in Diaspora: The Myth of Dahomey in Haiti. Journal of Caribbean Studies
2.1 (1981): 73-84.
Morisseau, Roland. La posie hatienne en exil. Notre Librairie 73 (1984): 95-99.
Morre, Gerald. Par la multiplicit lunit de ltre. Lcriture contemporaine des Antilles franaises.
Caribana 1 (1990): 51-61.
Mossetto, Anna Paola. Conversazioni in Guadalupa. Africa, America, Asia, Australia 19 (1997): 5562.
---. Pour un trs tendre Tourment damour. Les mots de la terre. Gographies et littratures
francophones. Ed. Antonella Emina [Martinetto]. Roma: Bulzoni, 1998. 127-44.
---. Assiomi e teoremi dello straniero: esempi nella francofonia americana. Africa, America, Asia,
Australia 22 (1999): 163-74.
---. Port-au-Prince sur Saint-Laurent. Canada: le culture della globalizzazione. Ed. A. Rizzardi and G.
Dotoli. Fasano: Schena, 2001. 105-16.

171
---. Una Straordinaria Illuminazione, Introduzione a. Ombre di realt e mangiatori di anime. Ed. Maria
Isabella Mininni. Torino: Tirrenia Stampatori, 2002.
---. Pour ne pas perdre son ombre: lobsession de lhistoire dans le thtre hatien. Thtre et
Histoire. Dramaturgies francophones extraeuropennes. Ed. Anna Paola Mossetto. Torino:
LHarmattan Italia / ERTEF, 2003.
Mudimb-Boyi, Elisabeth. Luvre romanesque de Jacques-Stephen Alexis. Montral: HumanitasNouvelle optique, 1992.
Munro, Martin. Cant Stand Up for Falling Down: Haiti, Its Revolutions, and Twentieth-Century
Ngritudes. Research in African Literatures 35.2 (2004): 1-17.
Murdoch, H. Adlai. Ddoublement crolis et performance narrative. Le discours postcolonial des
Antilles francophones. Regards sur la francophonie. Ed. Marc Gontard and Maryse Bray.
Presses universitaires de Rennes, 1996. 211-16.
NZengou-Tayo, Marie-Jos. Imaginary City, Literary Spaces: Port-au-Prince in Some Recent Haitian
Fiction. Matatu: Journal for African Culture and Society 27-28 (2003): 375-97.
Nesbitt, Nick F. Voicing Memory: History and Subjectivity in French Caribbean Literature.
Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2003.
Nourry, Pierre. A la Martinique antisle de lAmrique. Paris: ditions dHistoire et dArt, 1967.
Ntonfo, Andr. Roman hatien, roman africain. Etudes littraires 13.2 (1980): 357-72.
---. LHomme et lidentit dans le roman des Antilles et Guyane franaise. Sherbrooke: Naaman, 1982.
---. Le Roman indigniste hatien. Esthtique et idologie. New Orlans: University Press of the South,
1997.
---. Ecriture romanesque, appropriation linguistique et identit dans la Carabe francophone. Le cas
de la Martinique. Francophonie et identits culturelles. Ed. Christiane Albert. Paris: 1999. 5974.
Nzabatsinda, Anthre. Reprsentation dHati chez quelques crivains hatiens au Canada.
LittRalit 8.1 (1996): 121-34.
Ojo-Ade, Femi. Maran, the Black Frenchman. A Bio-Critical Study. Washington: Three Continents,
1984.
Okam, Hilary. Aim Csaire, une prsentation. Ecriture franaise II.1-2 (1980): 64-68.
Ormerod, Beverley. An Introduction to the French Caribbean Novel. London: Heinemann, 1985.
---. French West Indian Writing Since 1970. French and West Indian: Martinique, Guadeloupe and
French Guiana Today. Ed. Richard D. E. Burton and Fred Reno. Charlottesville: The
University Press of Virginia, 1995. 167-87.
---. The Representation of Women in French Caribbean Fiction. An Introduction to Caribbean
Francophone writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed. Sam Haigh. Oxford; New York: Berg,
1999. 101-17.
Ousselin, Edward. An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone Writing: Guadeloupe and Martinique.
World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 74.2 (2000): 341.
Pageaux, Daniel-Henri. Hati: un espace pour limaginaire. Notre Librairie 132 (1997): 30-37.
Pallister, Janis L. Aim Csaire. Boston, MA: Twayne; Hall: 1991.
Parisot, Yolaine. LOptique fantastique dans le roman hatien contemporain. Iris: Les Cahiers du Gerf
26 (2004): 113-26.
Parme, D. Cric? Crac? Fables of La Fontaine in Haitian Creole. A literary ethno-socio-linguistic
curiosity. Nottingham French Studies 15.2 (1976): 12-26.
Paultre, mile. La vie et luvre de M. Price Mars depuis 1930, Essai dur M. Price Mars. 2nd ed. Portau-Prince: Les Editions des Antilles, 1966.
Pean, Michel Archange. The passant in the Haitian novel. Dissertation Abstracts International 46
(1985): 2706A.
Peterson, Michel. De quelques Antillais en marche vers un destin cosmique des humanits. Nuit
blanche 92 (2003): 44-47.
Petitjean, Roget J. Archologie de lesclavage la Martinique (1635-1660). Dialogues dHistoire
Ancienne 69.11 (1985): 738-52.
Ppin, Ernest. The Place of Space in the Novels of the Crolit Movement. Ici-l. Place and
Displacement in Caribbean Writing in French. Ed. Mary Gallagher. Cross/Cultures 62.
Amsterdam; New York: Rodopi, 2003. 1-23.
Pierre-Charles, Grard. Sobre la problemtica actual del hombre negro: el caso de Hait. Casa de
las Amricas .67 (1971): 119.
Pinet, Christopher P. and Thomas A. Hale. Special issue on Martinique and Guadeloupe. The
French Review 76 (2002): 1095-224.
Pompilus, Pradel. La langue franaise en Hati. Paris: Institut des hautes tudes de lAmrique latine,
1961.

172
---. Manuel illustr de la littrature hatienne. Port-au-Prince: Editions H. Deschamps, 1961.
---. La langue franaise en Hati. Le franais hors de France. Ed. Albert Valdman. Croles et franais
rgionaux. Paris: Champion, 1979. 119-43.
Price, Richard and Sally Price. Shadowboxing in the mangrove. Cultural Anthropology 12.1 (1997):
3.
---. Shadowboxing in the Mangrove: The Politics of Identity in Postcolonial Martinique. Caribbean
Romances: The Politics of Regional Representation. Ed. Belinda Joy Edmondson. New World
Studies. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1999. 123-62.
Primus, Wilma. A Bibliography of Haitian Literature, 1900-1972. Black Images: A Critical Quarterly on
Black Arts and Culture 2.1 (1973): 43-59.
Proa, F. Lgitime Dfense. Brnice 1.3 (1993).
Prudent, Lambert Felix. Lmergence dune littrature crole aux Antilles et en Guyane. Prsence
africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir.121-122 (1982): 109-29.
Racine, Daniel. La posie des Antilles franaises face au problme de lidentit. Prsence
francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 9 (1974): 72-75.
---. Dialectique culturelle et politique en Guadeloupe et Martinique. Prsence francophone: Revue
internationale de langue et de littrature 13 (1976): 169-88.
---. Dialectique culturelle et politique en Guadeloupe et Martinique. Prsence africaine: Revue
culturelle du monde noir 104 (1977): 7-27.
Radford, Daniel. Edouard Glissant. Paris: Seghers, 1982.
Regourd, Franois. Lumires coloniales. Les Antilles franaises dans la rpublique des lettres. Dixhuitime sicle 33 (2001): 183-99.
Restuccia, L. Creolit e scrittori creoli. Scrittori a Palermo. Palermo: Edizioni Guida, 1999.
Rey-Hulman, Diana. Une Conteuse anonyme (Marie-Galante, Guadeloupe). Cahiers de littrature
orale 11 (1982): 168-69.
---. Experiencing Marriage in Guadeloupe. Merveilles et Contes 6.2 (1992): 411-32.
Rice-Maximin, Micheline. The Maroon in Guadeloupean Literature. West Virginia University
Philological Papers 32 (1986): 15-20.
---. Karukra, Prsence littraire de la Guadeloupe. New York [et al.]: Lang, 1998.
Richman, Karen E. With Many Hands, the Burden Isnt Heavy: Creole Proverbs and Political
Rhetoric in Haitis Presidential Elections. Folklore Forum 23.1-2 (1990): 115-23.
Rinne, Suzanne and Jolle Vitiello. Elles crivent les Antilles... Hati, Guadeloupe, Martinique. Paris:
LHarmattan, 1997.
Rochmann, Marie-Christine. LEsclave fugitif dans la littrature antillaise. Sur la dclive du morne.
Paris: Karthala, 2000.
Romain, Guerda. LExil et les fantmes: The Search for Identity in the Haitian National Novel, 18951915. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[12], 4461A. 1994. Princeton University.
---. Before black was beautiful. The representation of women on the Haitian national novel. The
French Review 71.1 (1997): 55-65.
Rosello, Mireille. De la rvolte la rvulsion. Les mtaphores de lassimilation chez les potes
antillais. The French Review LXV.4 (1992): 602-15.
---. Littrature et identit crole Aux Antilles. Paris: Karthala, 1992.
---. Magie et crolit aux Antilles. Le lecteur-dormeur entre suspicion et intimie conviction. Le
Ralisme merveilleux. Ed. Xavier Garnier. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1998. 53-67.
Rosemain, Jacqueline. Comment parler Dieu: linstruction des esclaves et laction missionaire la
Guadeloupe pendant lAncien Rgime. Cahiers de littrature orale 21 (1987): 15-36.
Rouch, Alain and Grard Clavreuil. Littratures nationales dcriture franaise: Afrique Noire,
Carabes, Ocan Indien: histoire littraire et anthologie. Paris: Bordas, 1986.
Rumpf, Helmtrud. Littratures et modles de socit en Martinique et en Guadeloupe dans les
annes quatre-vingt-dix. Anales del Caribe: Centro de Estudios del Caribe 19-20 (1999): 26171.
Ruprecht, Alvina. Haitian Theatre: Incursions into Dramaturgy and Performance. Essays in
Theatre/Etudes Thtrales 20.1 (2001): 51-65.
---. Les thtres francophones/crolophones de la Carabe. La question de leur rceptivit. uvres
et critiques XXVI.1 (2001): 101-09.
---. Les thtres francophones et crolophones de la Carabe. Paris: LHarmattan, 2003.
Rutil, Alain and Guy Tirolien. Contes marie-galantais de Guadeloupe: Krik! Rt Kout ... Krak! Kout
Pou Konpwann. Paris: Ed. Caribennes, 1981.
Ruyter[-Tognotti], Danile de and Madeleine van Strien-Chardonneau. Le roman francophone actuel
en Algrie et aux Antilles. Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1998.

173
Saint-Eloi, Rodney. Lcriture. Le cas dHati. Moi-lAutre-lcartel. Littrature et dialogue
interculturel. Culture franaise dAmrique. Ed. Franoise Ttu de Labsade. Sainte-Foy:
Presses de lUniversit Laval, 1997. 89-102.
Salien, Jean-Marie. Francophonie et sous-dveloppement. Aspects historiques et sociolinguistiques
du franais en Hati. Contemporary French Civilization: An Interdisciplinary Journal Devoted
to the Study of French Speaking Cultures throughout the World V (1980): 169-78.
Samedy, Jean Claude. Literatura e historia en Haiti. Revista de la Universidad Nacional de Cordoba
12.4-5 (1971): 263-99.
Sarter, Peter. Lectures de lAutre. Congrs mondial des littratures de langue franaise, ngroafricaine, nord-africaine et qubcoise. En Mditerrane, lieu de rencontre de lart potique.
Actes, Padoue, 23-27 mai 1983. Universit degli studi di Padova, 1984. 291-94.
Scarboro, Ann Armstrong. The New Cultural Orientation in Caribbean Literature in French and
Jocelyn Valverdes Entre pierre et soleil. The French Review 65.2 (1991): 216-25.
---. A Shift Toward the Inner Voice and Creolit in the French Caribbean Novel. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992):
12-29.
Schmidt, Nelly. Chansons des Nouveaux Libres de Guadeloupe et de Martinique, 1848-1951.
Chansons dAfrique et des Antilles. Ed. Jacqueline Arnaud. Paris: LHarmattan, 1988. 107-34.
Schon, Nathalie. LAuto-exotisme dans les littratures des Antilles franaises. Paris: Karthala, 2003.
Seguin-Cadiche, Daniel. Vincent Placoly, une explosion dans la cathdrale ou regards sur luvre de
Vincent Placoly. Paris: LHarmattan, 2002.
Semujanga, Josias. Les littratures francophones de lAfrique et des Antilles. Tangence (Rimouski)
49 (1995): 5-111.
Shelton, Marie Denise. Haitian Womens Fiction. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 15.3, Haitian Literature and Culture, Part 2 (1992): 770-77.
Shelton, Marie Denise and Carrol F. Coates. Literature Extracted: A Poetic of Daily Life. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and
Martinique (1992): 167-78.
Silenieks, Juris. Toward Crolit: Postngritude Developments. A History of literature in the
Caribbean. Volume 1: Hispanic and Francophone regions. Ed. A. James Arnold, Julio
Rodrguez-Luis, and J. Michael Dash. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1994. 51725.
Smetak, Jacqueline R. Continuum or Break. New Orleans Review 17.4 (1990): 89-97.
Smith, Jennie M. Singing Back: The Chan Pwen of Haiti. Ethnomusicology: Journal of the Society for
Ethnomusicology 48.1 (2004): 105-26.
Souffrant, Eddy. Transitional identities. Haiti, the Caribbean, and the Black Atlantic. Bucknell
Review: A Scholarly Journal of Letters, Arts and Sciences 54.2 (2001): 104-22.
Sourieau, Marie-Agns and Kathleen M. Balutansky. Hati: Ecrire en pays assig: Writing Under
Siege. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004, 545.
Souza, Pascale Marie de. La reprsentation du paysage dans la littrature romanesque des Antilles
franaises. Dissertation Abstracts International 58 (1997): 171A.
---. Folie de lcriture, criture de la folie dans la littrature fminine des Antilles franaises. Prsence
francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 63 (2004): 130.
Spear, Thomas C. LEnfance crole. La nouvelle autobiographie antillaise. Rcits de la vie de
lAfrique et des Antilles. Exil, errance, enracinement. Ed. Suzanne Crosta. Sainte-Foy: Grelca,
Universit Laval, 1998. 143-67.
Spoor, Suzanne Jacqueline. Searching for a Black Republic: The Textual Invention of Haiti by U.S.
Black Artists in the 1930s. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and
Social Sciences 61[1], 170. 2000. University of Maryland, College Park.
Stackelberg, Jrgen von. Aim Csaire. Kritische Lexikon der romanischen Gegenwartsliteraturen 1
(1984): 4+4 pp.
Stahl, Aletha Dawn. Nation at sea? Crolit and the mapping of Martinican identities. Dissertation
Abstracts International LVII.12 (1996): 5157A.
Stdtler, Katharina. Exotische Anthologien. Literatur aus den Franzsischen Kolonien (1920-1950).
Approches francophones. Ed. Jnos Riesz and Vronique Porra. Bayreuth: Schultz und
Stellmacher, 1997. 91-99.
Stevens, Christa. Entre fatalit et contestation. La littrature des femmes. Le roman francophone
actuel en Algrie et aux Antilles. Ed. Danile de Ruyter[-Tognotti] and Madeleine van StrienChardonneau. Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1998. 149-61.

174
Tassel, Alain. Les Antilles au miroir du journal et de la correspondance. Roger Martin du Gard et les
crises de lhistoire (colonialisme, seconde guerre mondiale). Actes du colloque des 16, 17 et
18 nov 2000 (Universit de Nice, Facult des lettres, arts et sciences humaines). Ed. Andr
Daspre and Alain Tassel. Publ. de la facult des lettres de Nice, 2001. 35-48.
Ttu, Michel. La violence et ses manifestations dans la civilisation et la littrature antillaises. Une
lecture qubcoise. Figures et fantasmes de la violence dans les littratures francophones de
lAfrique subsaharienne et des Antilles. Istituto Universitario Orientale, Naples 29-30 nov-1er
dc. 1990. Bologna: Ed. CLUEB, 1992. 105-27.
Thodore, Jean-Marie. Une introduction la littrature antillo-guyanaise. Fort-de-France: CRDP
[Centre Rgional de Documentation Pdagogique] des Acadmies de la Guadeloupe, de la
Guyane et de la Martinique, 1999.
Torchi, Francesca. La letteratura francofona dei Caraibi in Italia. Francofonia: Studi e ricerche sulle
letterature di lingua francese 24.46 (2004): 49-66.
Torchi, Francesca, C. Minelle, and L. Picard. Les littratures francophones en Italie. Prsence
francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 61 (2004): 152-64.
Toumson, Roger. La littrature antillaise dexpression franaise. Problmes et perspectives.
Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir.121-122 (1982): 130-34.
---. La transgression des couleurs. Littrature et langage des Antilles, XVIIIe, XIXe, XXe sicles. Paris:
Editions Caribennes, 1989.
---. Littrature des Antilles. Cahiers de lassociation internationale des tudes franaises 55 (2003):
101-218.
Trouillot, Henock. Deux concepts de la ngritude en Hati. Prsence francophone: Revue
internationale de langue et de littrature 12 (1976): 183-94.
---. Hati ou la ngritude avant la lettre. Ethiopiques Special issue (1976): 128-34.
Trouillot, Lyonel. Hati 90: LEsthtique du dlabrement. Notre Librairie 133 (1998): 22-25.
Viatte, Auguste. Littrature dexpression franaise dans la France doutre-mer et ltranger: Suisse
romande, Belgique, Canada, Louisiane, Hati, Petites Antilles et Guyane, Afrique du Nord,
Afrique Noire, Ocan indien, Proche-Orient. Histoire des littratures 3 (1958): 1365-413.
---. Indignisme et culture franaise dans la littrature hatienne. Proceedings of the IVth Congress of
the International Comparative Literature Association. Ed. Francois Jost. The Hague - Paris:
Mouton, 1966. 1169-74.
---. Anthologie littraire de lAmrique francophone. Littratures canadienne, louisianaise, hatienne,
de la Martinique, de la Guadeloupe et de la Guyane. Sherbrooke: CELEF, 1971.
---. Le Roman de la Louisiane, des Antilles franaises et de la Guyane Franaise. Le roman
contemporain dexpression franaise. Introduit par des propos sur la francophonie. Actes du
Colloque organise luniversit de Sherbrooke du 8 au 10 oct 70, sous les auspices du
CELEF. Ed. A. Naaman and L. Painchaud. Universit de Sherbrooke: Facult des Arts, 1972.
136-44.
Violaines, R. Mon ami Maran. Sa vie et son uvre travers ses lettres et mes souvenirs. Hommage
Ren Maran. Prsence africaine, 1965. 15-41.
Voisset, Georges. Magie Noire / Posie Blanche, Magie Blanche / Posie Noire. Magie, Interdits et
posie aux Indes Extrmes. Littrature et interdits. Ed. Jacques Dugast and Franois Mouret.
Presses universitaires de Rennes, 1998. 179-93.
Wolitz, Seth L. Black Poetry of the French Antilles: Haiti, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Guiana. Berkeley:
Fybate Lecture Notes, 1968.
Wylie, Hal. Henri Christophe: King of Haiti. Crisscrossing Boundaries in African Literatures, 1986. Ed.
Kenneth Harrow, Jonathan Ngat, and Clarisse Zimra. Washington, DC: Three Continents,
1991. 99-108.
Zphir, Jacques J. La ngritude et le problme des langues en Hati. Prsence francophone: Revue
internationale de langue et de littrature 5 (1973): 15-25.
Zimra, Clarisse. Ngritude in the Feminine Mode: The Case of Martinique and Guadeloupe. The
Journal of Ethnic Studies 12.1 (1984): 53-77.

PER REGION
FRENCH GUIANA
GENERAL STUDIES

175
Baudot, Alain. Antilles et Guyane. Guide culturel. Civilisations et littratures dexpression franaise.
Ed. A. Reboullet and Michel Ttu. Paris: Hachette, 1977. 163-205.
Burton, Richard D. E. and Fred Reno. French and West Indian: Martinique, Guadeloupe and French
Guiana Today. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995.
Hazal-Massieux, Marie-Christine. Un regard sur le thtre en crole de 1994 1998 (Guadeloupe,
Martinique et Guyane). Notre Librairie 135 (1998): 118-21.
Hoffmann, Francois. French Negro Poetry. Yale French Studies.21, Poetry Since the Liberation
(1958): 60-71.
Hoyet, Marie-Jos. Paris dans les Lettres des Antilles-Guyane. Paris en France et ailleurs, jadis et
aujourdhui. Ed. Ryszarda Siwka. Krakw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akad. Pedagogycznej,
1999. 89-98.
---. Sguardi sulla poesia della terra guianese. Pagine 25 (1999): 28-32.
John, Catherine Amelia. Clear Word and Third Sight: Folk Groundings and Diasporic Consciousness
in African Caribbean Writing. 241 p. Durham (NC) / London: Duke University Press, 2003, xi,
241.
Magaa, Edmundo. Contribuciones al Estudio de la Mitologa y Astronoma de los Indios de las
Guyanas. Amsterdam: CEDLA, 1987.
Maximin, Colette. Littratures caribennes compares. Pointe--Pitre: Jasor, 1996.
Ormerod, Beverley. French West Indian Writing Since 1970. French and West Indian: Martinique,
Guadeloupe and French Guiana Today. Ed. Richard D. E. Burton and Fred Reno.
Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1995. 167-87.
Prudent, Lambert Felix. Lemergence dune littrature crole aux Antilles et en Guyane. Prsence
africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir.121-122 (1982): 109-29.
Thodore, Jean-Marie. Une introduction la littrature antillo-guyanaise. Fort-de-France: CRDP
[Centre Rgional de Documentation Pdagogique] des Acadmies de la Guadeloupe, de la
Guyane et de la Martinique, 1999.
BOUSSENARD, LOUIS
Chevrier, Thierry. Le ple par trois chemins. Boussenard, Salgari, Danrit. Le Rocambole 15 (2001):
47-75.
Collomb, Grard. Sur la Guyane de Boussenard. Le Rocambole 16 (2001): 121-31.
Cordi, Carlo. La narrativa per linfanzia, dal Seizento a oggi (in Francia). La Scuola (Bellinzona)
(1964).
DAMAS, LON-GONTRAN
Hommage posthume Damas. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 112 (1979):
430p.
Ngritude Revisited. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner.
Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 23-28.
Lon-Gontran Damas, Un Homme, un Ngre en qute de luniversel. Actes du colloque international
de Cayenne, 3-8 Nov 1998. Montral: Ed. Elaeis, 2000.
Benelli, Graziano. La Negritudine in Italia. A. Csaire, L.G. Damas, L.S. Senghor (1950-1994). Roma:
Bulzoni, 1995.
Brown, Thomas H. Filling in Reader Gaps in Poems by Damas. Strategies of rhetoric. Ed. Freeman
G. Henry. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1992. 47-56.
Cartey, Wilfred. Damas, Exile and Return. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith
Q. Warner. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 67-85.
Combe, Dominique. Une posie plenne. La Revue des Lettres Modernes 1544-1548 (2001): 13140.
Cond, Maryse. Damas. Notre Librairie 41 (1978): 89-93.
Cook, Mercer A. The Poetry of Damas. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q.
Warner. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 115-18.
Cornevin, Robert. Damas. Culture franaise XXVII.1 (1978): 57-58.
Dahouda, Kanat. Lon-Gontran Damas et Saint-Denys Garneau, posies et figures de la violence.
Prsence francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 53 (1999): 45-57.
---. Lon-Gontran Damas et Saint-Denys Garneau, posies et figures de la violence. Neohelicon:
Acta Comparationis Litterarum Universarum XXVI.1 (1999): 135-45.
Dailly, Christophe. Damas et la ngro-renaissance. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde
noir 112 (1979): 162-80.

176
---. Damas et la ngro-renaissance. Propos sur la littrature ngro-africaine. Ed. Christophe Dailly
and Barthlmy Kotchy-NGuessan. Abidjan: CEDA, 1984. 131-51.
Decraene, Philippe. Damas nest plus. LAfrique littraire et artistique 48 (1978): 64-66.
Delaporte, Michle. Dcouverte et ralit de lesclavage par les images et les textes. Der
Fremdsprachliche Unterricht XXXIII.42 (1999): 37-43.
Delas, Daniel. Lon-Gontran Damas, jazz et posie ngre. Potes dOutre-Mer. Ed. Marie-Paule
Berranger and Danile Deltel. Universit Paris X-Nanterre: Centre de recherches
interdisciplinaires sur les textes modernes, 1998. 41-54.
Emina [Martinetto], Antonella. Esilio e identit. Il caso Damas. Africa, America, Asia, Australia 12
(1992): 177-85.
---. Di antologia in antologia. Senghor chiama Damas. Africa, America, Asia, Australia 22 (1999):
191-97.
---. Orphe au miroir. Llaboration de la nostalgie. Cahiers de lAssociation Internationale des
Etudes Franaises 55 (2003): 139-54.
Fratta, Carla. Veilles noires de Lon-Gontran Damas ou le faire-part dune culture. Considrations
sur la spcificit dun patrimoine smantique. Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Michel Ttu. Paris:
ACCT/Prsence africaine, 1989. 105-11.
Hodge, Merle. Beyond Ngritude. The Love Poems. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas.
Ed. Keith Q. Warner. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 119-45.
Hoffmann, Francois. French Negro Poetry. Yale French Studies.21, Poetry Since the Liberation
(1958): 60-71.
Holder, Gerard. Damas in Politics. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q.
Warner. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 63-64.
Hurley, Edward Anthony. Pigments - a Dialogue With Self. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran
Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 99-110.
Ita, J. M. On Black Label. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner.
Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 111-14.
John, Catherine Amelia. Clear Word and Third Sight: Folk Groundings and Diasporic Consciousness
in African Caribbean Writing. 241 p. Durham (NC) / London: Duke University Press, 2003, xi,
241.
Jones, Bridget. Damas. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner.
Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 31-42.
---. Damas As Storyteller. Sur un air de guitare. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed.
Keith Q. Warner. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988.
Jones, Edward A. Other Poets of the Ngritude School. Voices of Ngritude. The expression of black
experience in the poetry of Senghor, Csaire and Damas. Ed. Edward A. Jones. Valley Forge:
Judson Press, 1971. 75-115.
---. Lon-Gontran Damas. Voices of Ngritude. The expression of black experience in the poetry of
Senghor, Csaire and Damas. Ed. Edward A. Jones. Valley Forge (Pa.): Judson Press, 1971.
63-73.
---. In Memoriam. A tribute to Damas. College Language Association Journal XXI (1977): 453-54.
Juminer, Bertne. Damas or the Rehabilitation of Marronnage. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran
Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 43-48.
Kala-Lobe, I. Veilles Noires by Damas. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q.
Warner. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 159-60.
Kesteloot, Lilyan. An Important Essay, Retour De Guyane. Washington D.C. Ed. Keith Q. Warner.
Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 155-58.
---. Damas, au fil de la mmoire. Portulan 3 (2000): 231-34.
Kotchy-NGuessan, Barthlmy. Lexpression potique chez Damas. Prsence africaine: Revue
culturelle du monde noir 112 (1979): 181-218.
Laude, Andr. Adieu, Damas. Les nouvelles littraires 2621 (1978): 4.
Leiner, Jacqueline. Damas ou du surralisme comme moyen daccs lidentit. Romance Notes
XX.1 (1979): 17-23.
---. Damas ou du surralisme comme moyen daccs didentit. Imaginaire, langage, identit
culturelle, ngritude. Afrique, France, Guyana, Hati, Maghreb, Martinique. Ed. Jacqueline
Leiner. Tbingen: Narr; Paris: Place: 1980. 69-74.
Michel, Jean-Claude. Damas et le surralisme. Les crivains noirs et le surralisme. Ed. JeanClaude Michel. Sherbrooke: Naaman, 1982. 117-22.
Moore, Gerald. The Politics of Ngritude. Protest and conflict in African literature. Ed. C. Pieterse
and D. Munro. London: Heineman, 1969. 26-42.

177
Munro, Martin. Cant Stand Up for Falling Down: Haiti, Its Revolutions, and Twentieth-Century
Ngritudes. Research in African Literatures 35.2 (2004): 1-17.
Pinalie[-Dracius], Pierre. Honneur et respect Damas. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du
monde noir 148 (1988): 165-69.
Racine, Daniel. Hommage Damas, co-fondateur de la Ngritude. Prsence francophone: Revue
internationale de langue et de littrature 17 (1978): 189-96.
---. The Aesthetics of Lon-Gontran Damas. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir.121122 (1982): 154-65.
---. Lon-Gontran Damas, lhomme et luvre. Paris; Dakar: Prsence africaine, 1983.
---. Lart du conteur chez Damas. Ecriture franaise dans le monde VI.17-18 (1984): 19-23.
---. Damas and Africa. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner.
Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 49-62.
Radcliffe, P. T. Damas and the Short Story. The French Short Story. Ed. Philip Crant. Columbia:
University of South Carolina. College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of
Foreign Languages and Literatures, 1975. 221-24.
Sephocle, Marie Line Gabrielle. The Reception of Ngritude Writers in the Federal Republic of
Germany: Aim Csaire, Lon Gontran Damas, Lopold Sdar Senghor. Dissertation
Abstracts International 48[3], 659A. 1987.
Sphocle, Marilyn. Die rezeption der Ngritude in Deutschland. Stuttgart: Heinz, 1991.
Tacoli, Anna Chiara. Limb di Damas, proposta di lettura. Francofonia: Studi e ricerche sulle
letterature di lingua francese 1 (1981): 91-103.
Walker, Keith Louis. Toward a Sociology of Humor. Damas and Body Talk. Countermodernism and
Francophone literary culture. The game of slipknot. Ed. Keith Louis Walker. Durham, NC;
London: Duke University Press, 1999. 67-92.
Warner, Keith Q. Damas devant la critique. uvres et critiques III,2 - IV, 1 (1978): 125-31.
---. Damas and His Critics. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner.
Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 1-10.
---. New Perspective on Damas. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner.
Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 87-98.
---. Damas and the Calypso. Critical perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Ed. Keith Q. Warner.
Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988. 147-52.
---. Critical Perspectives on Lon-Gontran Damas. Washington D.C.: Three Continents, 1988.
JADFARD, REN
Vignes, Herv. Guyane fleur de mots. Essai littraire. La reprsentation du milieu naturel guyanais
dans les uvres de Jean Galmot, Ren Jadfard et Micheline Hermine. Vitry-sur-Seine (Valde-Marne): Aguer, 1995.
PARPOU, ALFRED
Lony, Marc. Remembrance of the lost Guianese novel, Atipa. Studies in Twentieth Century Literature
XXVI (2002): 130-43.
PATIENT, SERGE
Martinetto, Antonella Emina. Schiavo o marron. Le ngre du gouverneur di Serge Patient. Africa,
America, Asia, Australia 15 (1993): 97-103.
STEPHENSON, ELIE
Favre, Isabelle. Elie Stephenson. Paroles de feu pour un pays nomm Guyane. French Forum
XXIX.2 (2004): 107-26.

GUADELOUPE
GENERAL STUDIES
La littrature antillaise. Notre Librairie 49 (1979).
Martinique, Guadeloupe, Littratures. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612, 3-173. 1980.

178
Prsence antillaise. Guadeloupe, Guyane, Martinique. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du
monde noir 121-122, 447p. 1982.
Studies in Caribbean and South American Literature: An Annotated Bibliography, 1990. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and
Martinique (1992): 199-313.
A History of Literature in the Caribbean . Vol. 1: Hispanic and Francophone Regions. Ed. A. James
Arnold et al. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1994.
Black Accents. Writing in French From Africa, Mauritius and the Caribbean. Proceedings of the
ASCALF Conference Held in Dublin, 8-10 Apr 1995. Ed. J. P. Little and Roger Little. London:
Grant and Cutler, 1997.
La Carabe: des les au continent. Cahiers dtudes africaines 37.4 (1997).
Alante-Lima, Willy. Tendances actuelles de la posie en Guadeloupe. Lettres et Cultures de Langue
franaise 7 (1985): 31-43.
Alexander, Simone A. James. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Columbia,
MO: University of Missouri Press, 2001, x, 215.
Antoine, Rgis. La Martinique et la Guadeloupe en 1980. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612
(1980): 3-7.
---. Martinique, Guadeloupe: Littratures. Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612 (1980).
---. La nouvelle en Martinique et en Guadeloupe. Culture franaise 1-2 (1981): 131-43.
---. 1980-1990 en Martinique-Guadeloupe. Notre Librairie 104 (1991): 49-55.
---. Affirmation littraire en Martinique-Guadeloupe-Hati. Lettres et Cultures de Langue franaise 17
(1992): 67-77.
---. La Littrature franco-antillaise. Paris: Karthala, 1992.
---. Rayonnants crivains de la Carabe. Hati, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane. Anthologie et
analyses. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1998.
---. The Caribbean. A Multirelational Literary Domain. An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone
writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed. Sam Haigh. Oxford; New York: Berg, 1999. 195-205.
Auffray-Follain, R. Charmes croles (Martinique, Hati, Guadeloupe). Paris: Editions Soulanges, 1960.
Bader, Wolfgang. Martinique, Guadeloupe, Guyane. Eine periphere Literaturgeschichte. Franzsisch
Heute 17.1 (1986): 182-201.
Baudot, Alain. Antilles et Guyane. Guide culturel. Civilisations et littratures dexpression franaise.
Ed. A. Reboullet and Michel Ttu. Paris: Hachette, 1977. 163-205.
Bestman, Ajoke Mimiko. LAfrique dans limaginaire antillais. Neohelicon: Acta Comparationis
Litterarum Universarum XXXI.2 (2004): 303-16.
Boisseron, Bndicte. Pays mls, chiens croles. Pour une criture relais. Etudes francophones
XIX.1 (2004): 59-71.
Bonnet, Vronique. La Voix du petit peuple. Notre Librairie 135 (1998): 108-11.
Brooks, Jane. Challenges to Writing Literature in Creole. The Cases of Martinique and Guadeloupe.
An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed. Sam
Haigh. Oxford; New York: Berg, 1999. 119-34.
Burton, Richard D. E. and Fred Reno. French and West Indian: Martinique, Guadeloupe and French
Guiana Today. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995.
Chamoiseau, Patrick and Raphal Confiant. Lettres Croles. Traces antillaises et continentales de la
littrature. Hati, Guadeloupe, Guyane 1635-1975. Paris: Hatier, 1991.
Chanc, Dominique. Lauteur en souffrance. Essai sur la position et la reprsentation de lauteur dans
le roman antillais contemporain (1981-1992). Paris: PUF, 2000.
Chanover, Pierre. Martinique and Guadeloupe. A checklist of modern literature. Bulletin of the New
York Public Library 74 (1970): 514-31.
Cond, Maryse. La Civilisation du bossaie: rflexions sur la littrature orale de la Guadeloupe et de la
Martinique. Paris: LHarmattan, 1978.
Cooper, Carolyn Joy. Mix Up the Indian with all the Patwa: Rajamuffin Sounds in Cool Britannia.
Language & Intercultural Communication 4.1/2 (2004): 81-99.
Corzani, Jack. La littrature crite dexpression franaise la Guadeloupe et la Martinique.
Europe: Revue littraire mensuelle 612 (1980): 19-36.
Davis, Mella Jean. African Trickster Tales in Diaspora: Resistance in the Creole-Speaking South
Carolina Sea Islands and Guadeloupe, French West Indies. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 59[5], 1554. 1998. Northwestern
University.
Degras, Priska and Bernard Magnier. Littratures des Carabes. Hati, Martinique, Guadeloupe,
Guyane. Paris: CLEF, 1989.

179
Dupland, Edmond. Les potes de la Guadeloupe. Anthologie bio-bibliographique et critique. Paris:
Grassin, 1978.
Durocher, Dennis Orel, Jr. Reactions to the French Canon in the Francophone Novel. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[4], 1401-02. 2001.
Tulane University.
Eikenaar, Marie Gralde. LEnfant dans la littrature francophone des Antilles-Guadeloupe, Hati,
Martinique-et de la Guyane franaise. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 64[6], 2089. 2003. State University of New York, Stony
Brook.
Fendler, Ute and Jnos Riesz. Maryse Cond. Kritisches Lexikon zur fremdsprachlichen
Gegenwartsliteratur 31.1-12 (1993): A1-A2, B1, C1, D1-D2.
Fendler, Ute. Cond. Von Afrikanischen Wurzeln zur Karibischen Mangrove. Franzsische Literatur
der Gegenwart. Ein Autorenlexikon. Ed. Petra Metz and Dirk Naguschewski. Mnchen: Beck,
2001. 51-54.
Giraud, Michel and Jean Luc Jamard. Travail et servitude dans limaginaire antillais: Une Littrature
orale en question. LHomme: Revue Francaise dAnthropologie 25.96 (1985): 77-96.
Goolcharan[-Kumeta], Wendy. My Mother, My Country. Reconstructing the Female Self in
Guadeloupean Womens Writing. 240p. Berne: Lang, 2003.
Goslinga, Marian. Caribbean Literature: A Bibliography. XIII Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, Inc.,
1998.
---. Guadeloupe. Oxford: Clio Press, 2000.
Gyssels, Kathleen. La migration des mots et le nerlandais comme langue mineure dans la
mosaque linguistique caribenne. TTR: Traduction, Terminologie, Rdaction: tudes sur le
texte et ses transformations 13.2 (2000): 179-201.
Haigh, Sam. An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone Writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Oxford;
New York: Berg, 1999.
---. Mapping a Tradition: Francophone Womens Writing From Guadeloupe. Leeds, England: Maney,
2000, 234.
---. LEcriture fminine aux Antilles: Une Tradition fministe? LittRalit 13.1 (2001): 21-38.
Hazal-Massieux, Marie-Christine. Des Berceuses la lanterne des magies: Regard sur le monde
des comptines et refrains traditionnels en Guadeloupe. Etudes croles 5.1-2 (1982): 13-38.
---. Un Regard sur le thtre en crole de 1994 1998 (Guadeloupe, Martinique et Guyane). Notre
Librairie 135 (1998): 118-21.
Hezekiah, Randolph. Martinique and Guadeloupe: Time and Space. A History of Literature in the
Caribbean, I: Hispanic and Francophone Regions. Ed. A. James Arnold et al. Amsterdam:
John Benjamins, 1994. 379-87.
Hoffmann, Francois. French Negro Poetry. Yale French Studies.21, Poetry Since the Liberation
(1958): 60-71.
Honorien-Rostal, Rolande. Aux sources des genres au Lamentin (Guadeloupe). Cahiers de
littrature orale 21 (1987): 37-60.
Hoyet, Marie-Jos. La poesia in Guadalupa. Pagine 6.14 (1995): 20-25.
Jermann, Alexandra. Les traditions croles dans la littrature contemporaine de la Guadeloupe et de
la Martinique. Caribbean writers between orality and writing. Ed. Marlies Glaser and Marion
Pausch. Amsterdam - Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1994. 93-110.
John, Catherine Amelia. Clear Word and Third Sight: Folk Groundings and Diasporic Consciousness
in African Caribbean Writing. 241 p. Durham (NC) / London: Duke University Press, 2003, xi,
241.
Jones, Bridget. Telling the story of King Bhanzin. ASCALF Yearbook III (1998): 13-22.
---. Theatre and Resistance? An Introduction to Some French Caribbean Plays. An Introduction to
Caribbean Francophone writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed. Sam Haigh. Oxford; New
York: Berg, 1999. 83-100.
Kadish, Doris Y. Guadeloupean women remember slavery. The French Review 77.6 (2004): 118193.
Klein, Sarah Elizabeth. Running Away, Coming Home: Women, Crolit and La Case Crole in Four
Contemporary Novels from Martinique and Guadeloupe. Dissertation Abstracts International,
Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[1], 190. 2000. Brandeis University.
Leiris, Michel and Unesco. Contacts de civilisations en Martinique et en Guadeloupe. Paris: Unesco,
1955.
Lotin, Georges-Henri and Suzanne Houyoux. A Summary Overview of Antillean Literature in Creole:
Martinique and Guadeloupe (1960-1980). Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 15.1 (1992): 190-98.

180
Lionnet, Franoise and Joseph Heath. Inscriptions of Exile: The Bodys Knowledge and the Myth of
Authenticity. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of
Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992): 30-40.
Makward, Christiane. Haiti on stage. Franco-Caribbean women remind. (On three plays by Ina
Csaire, Maryse Cond and Simone Schwarz-Bart). Sites: Journal of the Twentieth-Century/
Contemporary French Studies 4.1 (2000): 129-37.
McCusker, Maeve. Troubler lordre de loubli. Memory and forgetting in French Caribbean
autobiography of the 1990s. Forum for Modern Language Studies XL (2004): 438-50.
Mitchell, Keith Bernard. In the Wake of the World: Legacies of Colonial and Postcolonial Violence in
the Contemporary West Indian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4], 1357-58. 2004. University of North Carolina, Chapel
Hill.
Mokwenye, Cyril. La littrature fminine antillaise (Guadeloupe et Martinique). Vers une bibliographie
gnrale. Peuples noirs, peuples africains IX.49 (1986): 109-20.
Mossetto, Anna Paola. Conversazioni in Guadalupa. Africa, America, Asia, Australia 19 (1997): 5562.
Nesbitt, Nick F. Voicing Memory: History and Subjectivity in French Caribbean Literature.
Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2003.
Ormerod, Beverley. French West Indian Writing Since 1970. French and West Indian: Martinique,
Guadeloupe and French Guiana Today. Ed. Richard D. E. Burton and Fred Reno.
Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1995. 167-87.
---. The Representation of Women in French Caribbean Fiction. An Introduction to Caribbean
Francophone writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed. Sam Haigh. Oxford; New York: Berg,
1999. 101-17.
Ousselin, Edward. An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone Writing: Guadeloupe and Martinique.
World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 74.2 (2000): 341.
Pinet, Christopher P. and Thomas A. Hale. Special issue on Martinique and Guadeloupe. The
French Review 76 (2002): 1095-224.
Prudent, Lambert Felix. Lmergence dune littrature crole aux Antilles et en Guyane. Prsence
africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir.121-122 (1982): 109-29.
Racine, Daniel. Dialectique culturelle et politique en Guadeloupe et Martinique. Prsence
francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 13 (1976): 169-88.
---. Dialectique culturelle et politique en Guadeloupe et Martinique. Prsence africaine: Revue
culturelle du monde noir 104 (1977): 7-27.
Relouzat, Raymond. 1992 dans la Carabe. Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane. - Carabe. Martinique,
Guadeloupe, Guyane [1993]. AFI (1992): 137-42.
Relouzat, Raymond and Maryse Cond. Carabe [1994]. La Martinique; La Guadeloupe; La Guyane.
AFI (1995): 159-68.
Rey-Hulman, Diana. Une Conteuse anonyme (Marie-Galante, Guadeloupe). Cahiers de littrature
orale 11 (1982): 168-69.
---. Experiencing Marriage in Guadeloupe. Merveilles et Contes 6.2 (1992): 411-32.
Rice-Maximin, Micheline. The Maroon in Guadeloupean Literature. West Virginia University
Philological Papers 32 (1986): 15-20.
---. Karukra, prsence littraire de la Guadeloupe. New York [et al.]: Lang, 1998.
Rinne, Suzanne and Jolle Vitiello. Elles crivent les Antilles... Hati, Guadeloupe, Martinique. Paris:
LHarmattan, 1997.
Rochmann, Marie-Christine. LEsclave fugitif dans la littrature antillaise. Sur la dclive du morne.
Paris: Karthala, 2000.
Rosello, Mireille. Littrature et identit crole aux Antilles. Paris: Karthala, 1992.
Rosemain, Jacqueline. Comment parler dieu: LInstruction des esclaves et laction missionaire la
guadeloupe pendant lancien regime. Cahiers de littrature orale 21 (1987): 15-36.
Rumpf, Helmtrud. Littratures et modles de socit en Martinique et en Guadeloupe dans les
annes quatre-vingt-dix. Anales del Caribe: Centro de Estudios del Caribe 19-20 (1999): 26171.
Rutil, Alain and Guy Tirolien. Contes marie-galantais de Guadeloupe: Krik! Rt Kout ... Krak! Kout
Pou Konpwann. Paris: Ed. Caribennes, 1981.
Scarboro, Ann Armstrong. The New Cultural Orientation in Caribbean Literature in French and
Jocelyn Valverdes Entre pierre et soleil. The French Review 65.2 (1991): 216-25.
---. A Shift Toward the Inner Voice and Creolit in the French Caribbean Novel. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992):
12-29.

181
Schmidt, Nelly. Chansons des Nouveaux libres de Guadeloupe et de Martinique, 1848-1951.
Chansons dAfrique et des Antilles. Ed. Jacqueline Arnaud. Paris: LHarmattan, 1988. 107-34.
Schon, Nathalie. LAuto-exotisme dans les littratures des Antilles franaises. Paris: Karthala, 2003.
Shelton, Marie Denise and Carrol F. Coates. Literature Extracted: A Poetic of Daily Life. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and
Martinique (1992): 167-78.
Souza, Pascale Marie De. Folie de lcriture, criture de la folie dans la littrature fminine des
Antilles franaises. Prsence francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 63
(2004): 130.
Viatte, Auguste. Anthologie lttraire de lAmrique francophone. Littratures canadienne, louisianaise,
hatienne, de la Martinique, de la Guadeloupe et de la Guyane. Sherbrooke: CELEF, 1971.
Wolitz, Seth L. Black Poetry of the French Antilles: Haiti, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Guiana. Berkeley:
Fybate Lecture Notes, 1968.
Zimra, Clarisse. Ngritude in the Feminine Mode: The Case of Martinique and Guadeloupe. The
Journal of Ethnic Studies 12.1 (1984): 53-77.
ABRAHAM, MARIE
Kadish, Doris Y. Guadeloupean women remember slavery. The French Review 77.6 (2004): 118193.
Mugnier, Franoise. Structure de femmes des Antilles de Marie Abraham et Gisle Pineau.
LittRalit 14.2 (2002): 39-49.
ALANTE-LIMA, WILLY
Cohen, Henry. Willy Alante-Lima: Caisse de rsonance de la Guadeloupe: Plaquettes de dfoliants.
Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 131 (1984): 89-106.
---. Mmoires dun bananier de Willy Alante-Lima: Roman-ouragan antillais. RLA: Romance
Languages Annual 7 (1995): 23-27.
ARCHELON-PPIN, MARCELLE
Hurley, Edward Anthony. Loving Words: New Lyricism in French Caribbean Poetry. World Literature
Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 71.1 (1997): 55-60.
---. Loving Words: New Lyricism in French Caribbean Poetry. Twayne Companion to Contemporary
World Literature: From the Editors of World Literature Today, I: Parts 1-5; II: Parts 6-8,
Appendices, Index. Ed. Pamela A. Genova. New York, NY: Twayne; Thomson Gale, 2003.
450-56.
BAGHIOO, JEAN-LOUIS
Rice-Maximin, Micheline. The Maroon in Guadeloupean Literature. West Virginia University
Philological Papers 32 (1986): 15-20.
Scheel, Charles Werner. Les romans de Jean-Louis Baghioo et le ralisme merveilleux redfini.
Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 147.3 (1988): 43-62.
Yoder, Lauren W. Mythmaking in the Caribbean: Jean-Louis Baghioo and Le Flamboyant fleurs
bleues. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 12.4 (41) (1989): 667-79.
BBEL-GISLER, DANY
Kadish, Doris Y. Guadeloupean women remember slavery. The French Review 77.6 (2004): 118193.
Malena, Anne. Lonora, auteure delle-mme. Authorship, authority = Auteur, autorit. Actes du
cinquime colloque tudiant annuel de littrature franaise, francophone et compare,
Columbia University, 3 et 4 mars 1995. Ed. Vincent Desroches and Geoffrey Turnovsky. New
York: Columbia University Press, 1995. 138-44.
Malena, Anne. The Dynamics of Identity in Francophone Caribbean Narrative. Dissertation Abstracts
International 57[5], 2045A. 1996. Cornell University.
---. En anglais, Lonora parle-t-elle encore et qui? TTR: Traduction, Terminologie, Rdaction:
Etudes sur le texte et ses transformations 10.1 (1997): 197-217.

182
---. The Negotiated Self: The Dynamics of Identity in Francophone Caribbean Narrative. New York,
NY: Peter Lang, 1999, x, 192.
Mesh[-Ferguson], Cynthia Jane. Language conflict and the Francophone Guadeloupean novel. An
interdisciplinary inquiry. Dissertation Abstracts International 56 (1995): 960A.
Romero-Cesareo, Ivette. The Voice Recaptured: Fiction by Dany Bebel-Gisler and Ana Lydia Vega.
Journal of Caribbean Studies 8.3 (1991): 159-65.
COND, MARYSE
Maryse Cond and Rita Dove. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 14.2 (1991):
347-438.
Maryse Cond. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995).
Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de
luvre de Maryse Cond, organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre
(Guadeloupe), 14-18 Mars 1995. Ed. Nara Arajo. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996.
Black Accents. Writing in French From Africa, Mauritius and the Caribbean. Proceedings of the
ASCALF Conference Held in Dublin, 8-10 Apr 1995. Ed. J. P. Little and Roger Little. London:
Grant and Cutler, 1997.
Order, disorder, and freedom. An homage to Maryse Cond. The Romanic Review 94.3-4 (2003):
235-470.
Aas-Rouxparis, Nicole. Espace antillais au fminin: Prsence, absence. The French Review 70.6
(1997): 854-64.
Abeysinghe, Nayana P. Shattered pasts, fractured selves. Trauma and memory in Desirada. The
Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 319-27.
Abramson, Julia. Cond, Clanire cou-coup. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the
University of Oklahoma LXXV (2001): 306.
Adesanmi, Pius. Anti-Manichean aesthetics. The economy of space in Conds Crossing the
Mangrove and Calixthe Beyalas Loukoum. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde
noir 167-168 (2003): 319-27.
Adjarian, Maude Madeleine. Looking for home. Postcolonial womens writing and the displaced female
self. Dissertation Abstracts International LVI (1995): 182A-3A.
Aime, Marco. Viaggiando alla ricerca di s... Nigrizia: Fatti e Problemi del Mondo Nero 115.7-8
(1997): 54-56.
Alexander, Simone A. James. The Mystic Return: Reconfiguring Home in Maryse Conds
Hrmakhonon. MAWA Review 16.1-2 (2001): 67-84.
---. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri
Press, 2001, x, 215.
Allerkamp, Andrea. Reise in die schwarze Haut - Frauen in Afrika. Maryse Cond und Gertraud
Heise. Die innere Kolonisierung. Bilder und Darstellungen des/der Anderen in
Deutschsprachigen, Franzsischen und Afrikanischen Literaturen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Ed.
Andrea Allerkamp. Kln - Weimar - Wien: Bhlau, 1991. 45-54.
Alonso de Len, Rosario. La representacin de la alteridad en la narrativa de Maryse Cond
(Guadalupe). Horizontes: Revista de la Universidad Catlica de Puerto Rico 43.84 [1] (2001):
239-51.
Altagrce Latortue, Rgine. Francophone Caribbean Women Writers and the Diasporic Quest for
Identity. Marie Chauvets Amour and Maryse Conds Hrmakhonon. Winds of change. The
transforming voices of Caribbean women writers and scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson and
Linda Strong-Leek. New York [et al.]: Lang, 1998. 55-59.
Anagnostopoulou[-Hielscher], Mara. Viol maternel et dconstruction de lhistoire coloniale. Vers
llaboration dune potique du dtour dans Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem de Maryse
Cond et Pluie et vent sur Tlume Miracle de Simone Schwarz-Bart. Chimres: A Journal of
French Literature XXIII.1-2 (1996): 55-66.
---. Espace et parcours identitaires de la femme antillaise dans La migration des curs de Maryse
Cond. LittRalit 10.1 (1998): 123-31.
---. Parcours identitaires de la femme antillaise. Un entretien avec Cond. Etudes francophones
XIV.2 (1999): 67-81.
Anagnostopoulou[-Hielscher], Mara. Subjectivits fminines et rcriture des histoires antillaises dans
luvre romanesque de Maryse Cond, Simone Schwarz-Bart, et Myriam Warner-Vieyra.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[4],
1140. 1999. Rice University.

183
---. Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem de Maryse Cond. Francographies: Bulletin de la socit
des professeurs franais et francophones dAmrique 8 (1999): 35-48.
Anderson, Debra Lynn. (Re)Visions of America: Maryse Conds Tree of Life and I, Tituba, Black
Witch of Salem. The Image of America in Literature, Media, and Society. Ed. Will Wright and
Steven Kaplan. Pueblo, CO: Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Social Imagery,
University of Southern Colorado, 1999. 132-36.
---. Teaching Francophone Literature in Translation: Maryse Conds I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem.
South Carolina Modern Language Review 1.1 (2002).
Andrade, Susan Zulema. The Nigger of the Narcissist: History, Sexuality and Intertextuality in Maryse
Conds Hrmakhonon. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 16.1
(1993): 213-26.
Angrey, Francis Unimna. La littrature et le principe de la coopration entre peuples et races dans le
monde contemporain. La voix de Cond. French Studies in Southern Africa XXX (2001): 112.
Antoine, Rgis. Un romantisme de la dsillusion. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune
crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis
par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris;
Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 57-75.
---. Adieu Foulards, Adieu Madras. La rupture amoureuse et son traitement littraire [Actes du
colloque de Nantes, 16-18 mai 1994]. Ed. Rgis Antoine and Wolfgang Geiger. Championvaria. Paris: Champion, 1997. 241-56.
---. LArt du roman dans Les derniers rois mages. Maryse Cond: Une Nomade inconvenante. Ed.
Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge,
2002. 121-29.
Apter, Emily. Crossover Texts/Creole Tongues: A Conversation with Maryse Cond. Public Culture
13.1 [33] (2001): 89-96.
---. Maryse Conds crolit in literary history. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 437-50.
Arentsen, Mara Fernanda. O Realismo Marabilloso en Moi Tituba Sorcire... de Maryse Cond.
Grial: Revista Galega de Cultura 35.135 (1997): 353-61.
Arnold, A. James. The novelist as critic. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University
of Oklahoma LXVII (1993): 711-16.
---. Pour Maryse. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and
Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 33-34.
Arowolo, Bukoye. The Black Caribbean Womans Search for Identity in Maryse Conds Novels.
Feminism and Black Womens Creative Writing: Theory, Practice, and Criticism. Ed. Aduke
Adebayo. Ibadan, Nigeria: AMD, 1996. 220-28.
Ball, Nicole and Leyla Ezdinli. Land of Many Colors and Nanna-Ya. Lincoln, NE: University of
Nebraska Press, 1999, xviii, 113.
Balutansky, Kathleen M. Crolit in Question. Caliban in Conds Traverse de la mangrove. Penser
la crolit. Ed. Maryse Cond and Madeleine Cottenet-Hage. Paris: Karthala, 1995. 101-11.
Bandot, A. Maryse Cond, ou la parole du refus. Recherche, pdagogie et culture57 (1982): 30-35.
Barbour, Sarah E. Hesitating between irony and the desire to be serious in Moi, Tituba, sorcire.
Maryse Cond and her readers. Studies in Twentieth and Twenty First Century Literature
XXVIII (2004): 329-51.
Barnes, Paula C. Meditations on Her/Story: Maryse Conds I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem and the
Slave Narrative Tradition. Arms Akimbo: Africana Women in Contemporary Literature. Ed.
Janice Lee Liddell, Yakini Belinda Kemp, and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Gainesville, FL: University
Press of Florida, 1999. 193-204.
Baudot, Alain. Maryse Cond ou la parole du refus. Recherche, pdagogie et culture57 (1982): 3035.
Beach, Cecilia. The Mother(Land) in Plays by Maryse Cond. The Mother in/and French Literature.
Ed. Buford Norman and Nancy Lane. xi French Literature Series (FLS): 27. Amsterdam:
Rodopi, 2000. 195-208.
Becel, Pascale. Moi, Tituba, sorciere noire de Salem as a Tale of Petite Marronne. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 608-15.
Beck, Lois K. Cond, Desirada. The French Review LXXIII.161-162 (1999).
---. Cond, Le cur rire et pleurer. Contes vrais de mon enfance. The French Review LXXIII
(1999): 1251-52.

184
Bernstein, Lisa. Whose Child Is This?: Textual Construction of Hybrid Identities in Maryse Conds
Tree of Life. Critical Studies on the Feminist Subject. Ed. Giovanna Covi. Labirinti: Collana
del Dipartimento di Scienze Filologiche e Storiche (Labirinti): 30. Trento: Dipartimento di
Scienze Filologiche e Storiche, Universit degli Studi di Trento, 1997. 279-306.
---. Ecrivaine, sorcire, nomade. La conscience critique dans Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem de
Cond. Etudes francophones XIII.1 (1998): 119-34.
Berrian, Brenda F. Masculine Roles and Triangular Relationships in Maryse Conds Une saison
Rihata. Bridges: An African Journal of English Studies/Revue Africaine dEtudes Anglaises 3
(1991): 5-20.
Bestman, Ajoke Mimiko. LAfrique dans limaginaire antillais. Neohelicon: Acta Comparationis
Litterarum Universarum XXXI.2 (2004): 303-16.
Bcel, Pascale. Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem as a Tale of Petite Marronne. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 608-15.
---. Errance et enracinement dans La vie sclrate de Cond. Etudes francophones XIII.1 (1998):
135-49.
Brard, Stphanie. Entretien avec Maryse Cond, 2 juillet 2002. Women in French Studies 12
(2004): 119-29.
Bhana, Hershini. Diasporic Conversations: Reconceptualizing Black Identity in African and Caribbean
Womens Novels. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 60[5], 1553. 1999. University of California, Berkeley. 1999.
Bloch, R. Howard and Lydie Esther Moudileno. Les dialectes de la diaspora: le crole et le yiddish:
Traverser la mangrove dans le Upper West Side. Maryse Cond: Une nomade
inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French
Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 175-83.
Boisseron, Bndicte. Pays mls, chiens croles. Pour une criture relais. Etudes francophones
XIX.1 (2004): 59-71.
Boivin, Pierrette. Maryse Cond, Histoire de la femme cannibale. Nuit blanche 92 (2003): 26.
Bosshard, Marianne. Entretien avec Cond sur le Prix des Amriques insulaires et de la Guyane.
Etudes francophones XVI.2 (2001): 33-40.
---. Cond, Clanire cou-coup; La belle Crole. The French Review LXXV (2001): 1311-13.
---. Maryse Cond: Desirada ou lironie du sort. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed.
Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge,
2002. 149-56.
Bouraoui, H. Maryse Cond. Interview. Ecriture franaise dans le monde III.5 (1981): 67-71.
Bowman, Joye. Maryse Conds Segou. African Novels in the Classroom. Ed. Margaret Jean Hay.
Boulder, CO: Rienner, 2000. 85-95.
Bozon-Scalzitti, Yvette. La mort de Francis Sancher, ou ladieu aux armes de Cond dans Traverse
de la mangrove. Women in French Studies 6 (1998): 65-75.
Breu, Christopher. Practicing Disruptive Economics: The Remapping of the Economic Space of the
Americas in Maryse Conds Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem. Re-Placing America:
Conversations and Contestations. Ed. Ruth Hsu, Cynthis Franklin, and Suzanne Kosanke.
Literary Studies East and West (LStEW): 16. Honolulu, HI: College of Languages, Linguistics
and Literature, University of Hawaii, with East-West Center, 2000. 272-90.
Brison, Danile. Clanire cou-coup, Cond. Magazine littraire 391 (2000): 79.
Britton, Celia M. Breaking the Rules: Irrelevance/Irreverence in Maryse Conds Traverse de la
mangrove. French Cultural Studies 15.1 (2004): 35-47.
Bruner, Charlotte H. and David K. Bruner. Buchi Emecheta and Maryse Cond. Contemporary writing
from Africa and the Caribbean. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University
of Oklahoma LIX (1985): 9-13.
Bruner, Charlotte H. Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem. World Literature Today: A Literary
Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXI (1987): 337-38.
---. Cond, Pays ml. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma
LXXII (1998): 438.
Bruner, David K. Maryse Cond. Creative writer in political world. Lesprit crateur XVII (1977): 16873.
---. Une saison Rihata. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma
LVI (1982): 390-91.
---. Sgou. 2: La terre en miettes. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of
Oklahoma LX (1986): 509.
Burkhard, Angelica. Segu; Wie Spreu im Wind. Zeitschrift fr Kulturaustausch XLIII (1993): 429-31.
Casanova, Nicole. ... dans le fond dun panier carabe. La Quinzaine littraire 723 (1997): 9.

185
Csaire, Ina. Interview de Maryse Cond. La parole des femmes. Essai sur des romancires des
Antilles de langue franaise. Ed. Maryse Cond. Paris: Editions LHarmattan., 1979. 124-29.
Chamoiseau, Patrick and Kathleen M. Balutansky. Reflections on Maryse Conds Traverse de la
mangrove. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 14.2 (1991): 389-95.
Chanc, Dominique. Lauteur en souffrance. Essai sur la position et la reprsentation de lauteur dans
le roman antillais contemporain (1981-1992). Paris: PUF, 2000.
Chevrier, Jacques. Une saison Rihata. Notre Librairie 65 (1982): 86-97.
---. Maryse Cond: Une femme-matador? Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed.
Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge,
2002. 21-23.
Chinosole. Maryse Cond as Contemporary Griot in Segu. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora
Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 593-601.
Clark, VeVe A. and Cecile Daheny. Je me suis rconcilie avec mon le: Une Interview de Maryse
Cond/I have made peace with my island: An Interview with Maryse Cond. Callaloo: A
Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 12.1 [38] (1989): 85-133.
Compagnon, Antoine. La Ttue. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine
Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 2528.
Cond, Maryse. Au-del des langues et des couleurs. La Quinzaine littraire 436 (1985): 36.
---. The Role of the Writer. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma
67.4 (1993): 697-99.
Cond, Maryse and Richard Philcox. The Voyager In, the Voyager Out. Sites: Journal of the
Twentieth-Century/Contemporary French Studies 5.1 (2001): 179-87.
Cond, Maryse. The Role of the Writer. Twayne Companion to Contemporary World Literature: From
the Editors of World Literature Today, I: Parts 1-5; II: Parts 6-8, Appendices, Index. Ed.
Pamela A. Genova. New York, NY: Twayne; Thomson Gale, 2003. 441-44.
Corte, Jacqueline de. Cond, Sgou, les murailles de terre. Indications LVII.2 (2000): 19-22.
Cotille-Foley, Nora. Sacr potique et dsacralisation politise dans Tituba. Une irruption dans la
modernit antillaise. Etudes francophones XVIII.2 (2003): 67-76.
Cottenet-Hage, Madeleine. Traverse de la mangrove. Rflexions sur les interviews. Luvre de
Maryse Cond. A propos dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de
luvre de Maryse Cond, organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre
(Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 157-71.
---. Maryse dune rive lautre. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 261-63.
Cottenet-Hage, Madeleine and Lydie Esther Moudileno. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante.
(Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002.
Cottille-Foley, Nora Corinne. Unsettling the axis of power. Triangular relationships in Marie de France,
Annie Ernaux and Maryse Cond. Dissertation Abstracts International LIX (1998): 1596A.
Couffon, Claude. Au cur de la terre antillaise. Magazine littraire 276 (1990): 57.
Coursil, Jacques. La Belle Crole de Maryse Cond, un art dcriture. The Romanic Review XCIV
(2003): 345-69.
Cox, Timothy J. Postmodern Tales of Slavery in the Americas: From Alejo Carpentier to Charles
Johnson. New York, USA: Garland Publishing, 2001, 151.
Crosta, Suzanne. Exil, migration, criture. Une entrevue avec Cond. Rcits de la vie de lAfrique et
des Antilles. Exil, errance, enracinement. Ed. Suzanne Crosta. Sainte-Foy: Grelca, Universit
Laval, 1998. 121-28.
---. Breaking the Silence. Cultural Identities and Narrative Configurations in the French Caribbean
Novel. An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone writing. Guadeloupe and Martinique. Ed.
Sam Haigh. Oxford; New York: Berg, 1999. 159-76.
---. Potiques de relation et de globalisation dans la Carabe francophone. Convergences and
Interferences: Newness in Intercultural Practices/Ecritures dune nouvelle re/aire. Ed.
Kathleen Gyssels, Isabel Hoving, and Maggie Ann Bowers. Thamyris: Intersecting Place, Sex,
and Race: 8. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. 29-41.
Dhaen, Theo. Caribbean Migrations. Cond on the Track of Emily Brnte. Histoire, jeu, science dans
laire de la littrature. Mlanges offerts Evert van der Starre. Ed. Sjef Houppermans, Paul
Julian Smith, and Madeleine van Strien-Chardonneau. Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA: Rodopi,
2000. 202-14.
Dash, J. Michael. Vital signs in the body politic. Eroticism and exile in Maryse Cond and Dany
Laferrire. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 309-17.

186
Dayan, Joan and Madeleine Cottenet-Hage. Sang et os: regards sur la mangrove. Maryse Cond:
Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno.
(Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 107-12.
Dayan, Joan. Maryse Conds trials of the spirit. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 429-36.
Debrauwere-Miller, Nathalie. Au carrefour de la ngritude et du judasme. Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire
de Salem. The Romanic Review XC (1999): 223-33.
Degras, Priska. Maryse Cond: dAfriques en Amriques. Notre Librairie 104 (1991): 72-75.
---. Maryse Cond: lcriture de lHistoire. Lesprit crateur 33.2 (1993): 73-81.
Delas, Daniel. De lcole lcriture littraire en pays crole. Cinq crivains antillais rpondent aux
questions du FA. Maryse Cond, Raphal Confiant, Monchoachi, Ernest Ppin, Gisle
Pineau. Le franais aujourdhui 106 (1994): 48-56.
Delmeule, Jean-Christophe. Maryse Cond. Migrations, exil, errance. Des Odysses travers le
temps. Voyages, migrations, dcouvertes. Ed. Jean-Paul Barbiche. Paris: LHarmattan, 2002.
397-405.
Diamond, Marie Josephine. Remembering Differently: The Madwoman, the Hysteric and the Witch in
Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea, Hlne Cixous Portrait De Dora and Maryse Conds Moi,
Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem. Gendered Memories. Ed. John Neubauer and Helga GeyerRyan. Textxet: Studies in Comparative Literature (Textxet): 28. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000. 920.
Du Rivage, Franoise. Rcriture de la folie dans La Migration des curs de Maryse Cond. RLA:
Romance Languages Annual 10.1 (1998): 22-27.
Duffey, Carolyn. Tituba and Hester in the Intertextual Jail Cell: New World Feminisms in Maryse
Conds Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem. Women in French Studies 4 (1996): 100-10.
Dukats, Mara Laimdota. Antillean challenges to universalism. Narrativizing the diverse. A study of
selected works by Patrick Chamoiseau, Maryse Cond, Edouard Glissant, and Daniel
Maximin. Dissertation Abstracts International LIV (1993): 1790A.
---. A Narrative of Violated Maternity: Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem. World Literature Today: A
Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 67.4 (1993): 745-50.
---. The Hybrid Terrain of Literary Imagination: Maryse Conds Black Witch of Salem, Nathaniel
Hawthornes Hester Prynne, and Aim Csaires Heroic Poetic Voice. Race-ing
Representation: Voice, History, and Sexuality. Ed. Kostas Myrsiades and Linda Myrsiades.
Culture and Education. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998. 141-54.
Echevarra, Ana M. Performing Subversion: A Comparative Study of Caribbean Women Playwrights.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[9],
3351. 2000. Cornell University, 2000.
Erlam, Rosemary. Tentative de communication dans Traverse de la mangrove de Cond. New
Zealand Journal of French Studies XVIII.2 (1997): 29-38.
Ette, Ottmar. Certains rejetons qui prennent racine. Proliferationen und Textmangroven in Frankreich
und der Francophonie von Deleuze/Guattari bis Cond/Glissant. Der Franzsischsprachige
Roman heute. Theorie des Romans - Roman der Theorie in Frankreich und Francophonie.
Ed. Andreas Gelz and Ottmar Ette. Tbingen: Stauffenburg-Verl., 2002. 271-93.
Fau, Christine. Traverse de la mangrove de Maryse Cond: La cration dun mythe antillais? Revue
francophone 9.2 (1994): 53-63.
Fendler, Ute and Jnos Riesz. Maryse Cond. Kritisches Lexikon zur fremdsprachlichen
Gegenwartsliteratur 31.1-12 (1993): A1-A2, B1, C1, D1-D2.
Fendler, Ute. Interkulturalitt in Der Frankophonen Literatur Der Karibik. Der Europisch-AfrikanischAmerikanische Intertext Im Romanwerk Von Maryse Cond. Frankfurt am Main: IKO - Verlag
fr Interkulturelle Kommunikation, 1994.
---. Cond. Von Afrikanischen Wurzeln Zur Karibischen Mangrove. Franzsische Literatur der
Gegenwart. Ein Autorenlexikon. Ed. Petra Metz and Dirk Naguschewski. Mnchen: Beck,
2001. 51-54.
Ffrench, Patrick. Community in Maryse Conds Traverse de la mangrove. French Forum XXII
(1997): 93-105.
Flad, Brbel. Kritik und Markt Franzsischer Literatur aus Sicht eines Publikumsverlages.
Literaturimport und Literaturkritik. Das Beispiel Frankreich. Ed. Fritz Nies and Bernd
Kortlnder. Tbingen: Narr, 1996. 38-47.
Flannigan, Arthur. Reading below the belt. Sex and sexuality in Franoise Ega and Maryse Cond.
The French Review LXII (1988): 300-12.
Force, Pierre. Deux ou trois choses que je sais delle. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante.
Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis
Rouge, 2002. 31-32.

187
Franois, Anne M. The Return to Africa Revisited: Voices of Three Guadeloupean Women Writers.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 63[12],
4318. 2003. New York University.
Fratta, Carla. Entrevue avec Maryse Cond, crivain guadeloupen. Caribana 1 (1990): 85-92.
Fulton, Dawn Hioryun. Reading Death: Allegory in Maryse Conds Crossing the Mangrove. Callaloo:
A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 24.1 (2001): 301-09.
Fulton, Dawn Hioryun. Traces of Collectivity: The Novels of Patrick Chamoiseau, Maryse Cond, and
Edouard Glissant. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social
Sciences 61[7], 2706. 2001. Duke University.
Fumagalli, Maria Cristina. Maryse Conds La migration des curs, Jean Rhyss Wide Sargasso Sea
and (the Possibility of) Creolization. Journal of Caribbean Literatures 3.2 (2002): 65-87.
Furomoto, Atsuko. Seiramu no kuroi majo: Mittsu no Tichuba zo. Kobe Jogakuin Daigaku Kenkyujo
Yakuin/Kobe College Studies 43.1 [125] (1996): 19-30.
Gaensbauer, Deborah B. Geography and Identity in Maryse Conds Dieu nous la donn. The
French Review 74.2 (2000): 287-95.
---. Protean Truths: History as Performance in Maryse Conds An Tan Revolisyon. The French
Review 76.6 (2003): 1139-50.
---. Reconfiguring Boundaries in Maryse Conds Crossing the Mangrove. Studies in Twentieth and
Twenty First Century Literature 28.2 (2004): 396-410.
Garane, Jeanne Marcella. History, Identity and the Constitution of the Female Subject: Maryse
Conds Tituba. Moving beyond Boundaries, II: Black Womens Diasporas. Ed. Carole Boyce
Davies. New York, NY: New York University Press, 1994. 153-64.
Gewecke, Frauke. Der Titel Als Chiffre Einer Subversion. Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem Von
Cond. Titel - Text - Kontext. Randbezirke des Textes. Festschrift fr Arnold Rothe zum 65.
Geburtstag. Ed. Jochen Mecke and Suzanne Heiler. Glienicke/Berlin; Cambridge, MA: Galda
und Wilch, 2000. 159-77.
Glinga, Werner. Van Ghana Bis Segu. Die Epen Der Westafrikanischen Grossreiche in Den
Historischen Romanen Von Amadou NDiaye, Assoka ou les derniers jours de Koumbi Und
Von Maryse Cond, Sgou, les murailles de terre. Frankophone Literaturen ausserhalb
Europas. Vorlagen der Sektion 1c des Romanistentages in Siegen (30.9.85-3.10.85). Ed.
Jnos Riesz. Frankfurt/Main - Bern - New York - Paris: Lang, 1987. 105-28.
Glover, Kaiama L. Sur les traces de Maryse Cond. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 255-60.
Gyssels, Kathleen and Paul Pelckmans. Het Labyrint Van De Bevrijding. Tien Postkoloniale
Auteursportretten. Kapellen: Uitgeverij Pelckmans, 1999.
Gyssels, Kathleen. Sages Sorcires? Rvision de la mauvaise mre dans Beloved (Toni Morrison),
Praisesong for the Widow (Paule Marshall), et Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem (Maryse
Cond). Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2001, xiv, 311.
---. Maryse Cond on Crolit. A Pepper-Pot of Cultures. Aspects of Creolization in the Caribbean.
Ed. Gordon Collier. Matatu 27-28. Amsterdam; New York: Rodopi, 2003. 301-20.
Hadorn-Planta, Deta. Au plaisir de lire les Carabes. Maryse Cond, Le cur rire et pleurer.
Contes vrais de mon enfance. Der Fremdsprachliche Unterricht XXXIII.42 (1999): 49.
---. Victor et les barricades. Der Fremdsprachliche Unterricht XXXIII.42 (1999): 35-36.
Halloran, Vivian Nun. Family Ties: Africa as Mother/Fatherland in Neo Slave Narratives. Ufahamu:
Journal of the African Activist Association 28.1 (2000): 1-13.
Hancock, Hugh W. Conds I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem. Explicator 59.3 (2001): 165-67.
Hanquier-Baroghel, Magalie Dorothe. Le jeu de lamour et du pouvoir. The quest for an elusive
identity through intermarriage in eight francophone novels. Dissertation Abstracts International
LVI (1995): 2710A.
Hardy, Sarah Boykin. A poetics of immediacy. The short story and oral narrative theory. Dissertation
Abstracts International LIV.1791A (1993).
Hayes, Jarrod. Looking for Roots among the Mangroves: Errances Enracines and Migratory
Identities. The Centennial Review 42.3 (1998): 459-74.
Heckenbach, Ida Eve. Violence and feminine literary discourse by francophone women writers from
the Caribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International LIX (1998): 178A.
---. La Violence et le discours antillais au fminin: une approche la littrature des Carabes.
LittRalit 10.1 (1998): 37-45.
Hemert, Eveline van. Het valse leven: De schrijversfiguur in de romans van Maryse Cond. Het
labyrint van de bevrijding: Tien postkoloniale auteursportretten. Ed. Kathleen Gyssels and
Paul Pelckmans. Kapellen: Pelckmans, 1999. 13-27.

188
Herndon, Crystal Gerise. Gendered fictions of self and community. Autobiography and
autoethnography in Caribbean womens writing. Dissertation Abstracts International LIV.8
(1993): 3019A.
---. Gender construction and neocolonialism. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the
University of Oklahoma LXVII (1993): 731-36.
Herndon, Crystal Gerise. Gendered Fictions of Self and Community: Autobiography and
Autoethnography in Caribbean Womens Writing. Dissertation Abstracts International 54[8],
3019A. 1994. University of Texas, Austin. 1993.
---. Gender Construction and Neocolonialism. Twayne Companion to Contemporary World Literature:
From the Editors of World Literature Today, I: Parts 1-5; II: Parts 6-8, Appendices, Index. Ed.
Pamela A. Genova. New York, NY: Twayne; Thomson Gale, 2003. 444-50.
Hewitt, Leah D. Mediations of Identity Through the Atlantic Triangle. Conds Hrmakhonon.
Autobiographical tightropes. Ed. Leah D. Hewitt. Lincoln, 1990. 159-90.
---. Autobiographical Tightropes. Simone De Beauvoir, Nathalie Sarraute, Marguerite Duras, Monique
Wittig, and Maryse Cond. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.
---. Inventing Antillean narrative. Maryse Cond and literary tradition. Studies in Twentieth Century
Literature XVII (1993): 79-96.
---. Conds Critical Seesaw. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995):
641-51.
---. Rencontres explosives. Les intersections culturelles de Cond. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A
propos dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse
Cond, organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars
1995. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 45-56.
---. Transmigrations in Conds True Tales. French prose in 2000. Ed. Michael Bishop and
Christopher Elson. Amsterdam; New York: Rodopi, 2002. 75-82.
Hewitt, Leah D. and Madeleine Cottenet-Hage. Vrits des fictions autobiographiques. Maryse
Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther
Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 163-68.
Higginson, Francis. Un Cahier de racines: Maryse Cond et la traverse impossible. Maryse Cond:
Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno.
Matoury: Ibis Rouge, 2002. 95-105.
---. Of dogs and men. La belle Crole and the global subject. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003):
291-307.
Hina, Horst. Vers un modle du roman carabe? Maryse Cond, Patrick Chamoiseau et Raphal
Confiant face Garca Mrquez. Potiques et imaginaires. Francopolyphonie littraire des
Amriques. Ed. Pierre Laurette and Hans-George Ruprecht. Paris: LHarmattan, 1995. 21924.
Jacquey, Marie Clotilde and Monique Hugon. LAfrique, un continent difficile. Entretien avec Maryse
Cond. Notre Librairie 74 (1984): 21-25.
Jacquey, Marie Clotilde. Sgou, est-il un roman malien? Entretien avec Maryse Cond. Propos
recueillis. Notre Librairie 84 (1986): 56-62.
James, Simone Alexis. Mother/Motherland/Mothercountry Trichotomy: Negotiating Maternity and
Maternal Spaces in the Works of Afro-Caribbean Women Novelists. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[2], 429-30. 1999. Rutgers U,
New Brunswick. 1999.
Jeay, Anne Marie. Sgou, les murailles de terre: Lecture anthropologique dun roman daventure.
Nouvelles du Sud 4 (1986): 115-37.
Jonassaint, Jean. Sur des lectures de Traverse de la mangrove de Maryse Cond. Unit et
diversit des critures francophones: Quels dfis pour cette fin de sicle? Cahiers
Francophones dEurope Centre-Orientale: 10. Leipzig: Leipziger Universittsverlag, 2000.
419-41.
---. For a Caribbean Intertext: On Some Readings of Maryse Conds Crossing the Mangrove.
French Civilization and Its Discontents: Nationalism, Colonialism, Race. Ed. Tyler Stovall and
Georges Van Den Abbeele. After the Empire: The Francophone World and Postcolonial
France. Lanham, MD: Lexington, 2003. 147-71.
Jones, Bridget. Telling the story of King Bhanzin. ASCALF Yearbook III (1998): 13-22.
Jouanny, Robert. Lectures de Pension les Alizs de Cond. Africa, America, Asia, Australia 12
(1992): 79-85.
---. Lectures de Pension Les Alizs (1988) de Cond. Espaces littraires dAfrique et dAmrique.
Ed. Robert Jouanny. Paris: LHarmattan, 1996. 251-59.

189
Jurney, Florence Ramond. Voix sexualise au fminin dans Moi, Tituba sorcire de Maryse Cond.
The French Review 76.6 (2003): 1161-71.
---. Double jeu et subversion postcoloniale dans Clanire cou-coup de Maryse Cond. Etudes
francophones 19.1 (2004): 45-57.
Kadima-Nzuji, M. Entretien avec Maryse Cond, essayiste et romancire antillaise. Recherche,
pdagogie et cultureV.28 (1977): 53-54.
Kadir, Djelal. Focus on Maryse Cond. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University
of Oklahoma 67.4 (1993).
Kadish, Doris Y. Tituba et sa traduction. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune crivaine
politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis par le
Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris; Montral:
LHarmattan, 1996. 231-47.
Kadish, Doris Y. and Franoise Massardier-Kenney. Traduire Maryse Cond: Entretien avec Richard
Philcox. The French Review 69.5 (1996): 749-61.
Kadish, Doris Y. Guadeloupean women remember slavery. The French Review 77.6 (2004): 118193.
Karavanta, Assimina. Sorcery and Storytelling: Reconfigurations of the Feminine Topos in Simone
Schwarz-Barts Pluie et vent sur Tlume Miracle and Maryse Conds Nanna-Ya. Women in
French Studies 10 (2002): 108-20.
Kavaliunas, Jolita. Pnombre et clair-obscur dans la Traverse de la mangrove de Maryse Cond.
Francographies: Bulletin de la socit des professeurs franais et francophones dAmrique 2
Special (1993): 31-39.
Kemedjio, Cilas. Le Miroir bris: Afrique victime, Afrique coupable chez Maryse Cond et Myriam
Warner-Vieyra. Notre Librairie 117 (1994): 98-101.
---. Les Enfants De Sgou. Murailles en miettes, Identits en drive. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A
propos dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse
Cond, organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars
1995. Ed. Nara Arajo. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 23-44.
Kemedjio, Cilas and Ruthmarie H. Mitsch. The Curse of Writing: Genealogical Strata of a Disillusion:
Orality, Islam-Writing, and Identities in the State of Becoming in Maryse Conds Sgou.
Research in African Literatures 27.4 (1996): 124-43.
Kemedjio, Cilas. De la ngritude la crolit. Edouard Glissant, Maryse Cond et la maldiction de la
thorie. Hamburg: Lit, 1999.
---. De Rihata Montebello: Trajectoires de mes rencontres diasporiques avec Maryse. Maryse
Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther
Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 45-52.
---. Larrire-pays contre la violence coloniale. Etudes littraires XXXV.1 (2003): 41-54.
---. Les Antillais du Front National sont des victimes de la lpenisation. Entretien avec Cond.
Contemporary French Civilization: An Interdisciplinary Journal Devoted to the Study of French
Speaking Cultures throughout the World XXVII (2003): 385-405.
Kesteloot, Lilyan. Maryse Cond, une certaine ngritude outsider. Notre Librairie 118 (1994): 66-70.
King, Adele. Two Caribbean Women Go to Africa: Maryse Conds Hrmakhonon and Myriam
Warner-Vieyras Juletane. College Literature 18.3 (1991): 96-105.
---. Deux Antillaises vont en Afrique. Hrmakhonon (1976) De Maryse Cond, Juletane (1982) De
Myriam Warner-Vieyra. Ecritures dailleurs, autres critures. Afrique, Inde, Antilles. Ed.
Franois Desplanques and Anne Fuchs. Paris: LHarmattan, 1994. 117-29.
Lamiot, Christophe. A Question of Questions Through a Mangrove Wood. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992):
138-46.
---. Maryse Cond, La Rpublique des corps. Penser la crolit. Ed. Maryse Cond and Madeleine
Cottenet-Hage. Paris: Karthala, 1995. 275-88.
---. Potique de Cond. Lcriture comme politique. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune
crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis
par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris;
Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 77-90.
Larrier, Rene. A Roving I. Errance and Identity in Conds Traverse de la mangrove. Lesprit
crateur XXXVIII.3 (1998): 84-94.
Lartey, Belinda Nerissa. Defining Cultural Identity: The Art of Maryse Cond. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 64[12], 4471. 2004. Tulane
University.

190
Latortue, Rgine. Francophone Caribbean Women Writers and the Diasporic Quest for Identity: Marie
Chauvets Amour and Maryse Conds Hrmakhonon. Winds of Change: The Transforming
Voices of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson and Linda StrongLeek.New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1998. 55-59.
Le Rumeur, Marie-Dominique. Langlophilie condenne, Une francophonie blackboule? Regards
sur la francophonie. Ed. Marc Gontard and Maryse Bray. Presses universitaires de Rennes,
1996. 217-22.
---. A la recherche de... la qute de Cond. Black Accents. Writing in French from Africa, Mauritius
and the Caribbean. Proceedings of the ASCALF Conference held in Dublin, 8-10 Apr 1995.
Ed. J. P. Little and Roger Little. London: Grant and Cutler, 1997. 47-57.
Lee, Jane. Conds Desirada, the End of the Quest? Bulletin of the Association for the Study of
Caribbean and African Literature in French 18 (1999): 3-17.
LeSeur, Geta J. Wild Women in the Wilderness: Tituba of I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem and
Tlume of Bridge of Beyond as Maroon Subjects Finding Voice. MaComre: Journal of the
Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 94-100.
Lewis, Barbara and Maryse Cond. No Silence: An Interview with Maryse Cond. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 543-50.
Licops, Dominique M. Expriences diasporiques et migratoires des villes dans La vie sclrate et
Desirada de Cond. Nottingham French Studies 39.1 (2000): 110-20.
Lionnet, Franoise. Autobiographical Voices. Race, Gender, Self-Portraiture. Ithaca, New York:
Cornell University Press, 1989.
---. Traverse de la mangrove de Cond. Vers un nouvel humanisme antillais? The French Review
LXVI.3 (1993): 475-86.
---. Parcours narratif, itinraire culturel. Modernit, fiction, dconstruction. Ed. Jean Bessire. Etudes
romanesques 2. Paris: Lettres Modernes, 1994. 137-.
---. Logiques mtisses. Cultural Appropriation and Postcolonial Representations. Postcolonial
Subjects. Francophone Women Writers. Ed. Mary Jean Green. Minneapolis; London:
University of Minnesota Press, 1996. 321-43.
---. Des clichs et des villes, entre Paris et Los Angeles. Lesprit crateur XLI.3 (2001): 3-8.
---. Narrating the Americas: Transcolonial Mtissage and Maryse Conds La migration des curs.
Mixing Race, Mixing Culture: Inter-American Literary Dialogues. Ed. Monika Kaup and Debra
J. Rosenthal. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2002. 65-87.
---. Prserver le pass... Inventer lavenir: des mots et des images de Maryse Cond. Maryse
Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther
Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 35-39.
Lioure, Franoise. Translating grief. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 277-89.
Little, Roger. Cond, Brnte, Duras, Beyala. Intertextuality or plagiarism? French Studies Bulletin: A
Quarterly Supplement 72 (1999): 13-15.
Lodewick, Victoria Anne. Truth or Lies? Ethnography as Fiction/Fiction as Ethnography in Maryse
Conds Sgou. Romance Review 10 (2000): 65-76.
Lodewick, Victoria Anne. Institutions, Errance and Ethnography: The African Novels of Three
Francophone Caribbean Writers. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 61[12], 4781. 2001. Duke University.
Lopes, Henri. Lettre de Marie-Galante pour Maryse. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed.
Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge,
2002. 57-58.
Magnier, Bernard. Les blessures de lhistoire. La Quinzaine littraire 455 (1986): 16-17.
---. A la rencontre de son pass. La Quinzaine littraire 520 (1988): 13.
Makward, Christiane. Reading Maryse Conds Theatre. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 18.3 (1995): 681-89.
---. Haiti on stage. Franco-Caribbean women remind. (On three plays by Ina Csaire, Maryse Cond
and Simone Schwarz-Bart). Sites: Journal of the Twentieth-Century/Contemporary French
Studies 4.1 (2000): 129-37.
---. La grande marronne du Tout-monde. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine
Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002.
157-61.
---. Cut-Throat or Mocking-Bird? Of Conds Renewals. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 405-20.
Malena, Anne. The Dynamics of Identity in Francophone Caribbean Narrative. Dissertation Abstracts
International 57[5], 2045A. 1996. Cornell University.
---. The Negotiated Self: The Dynamics of Identity in Francophone Caribbean Narrative. New York,
NY: Peter Lang, 1999, x, 192.

191
---. The Figure of the Critic in Conds Novels: The Use of Irony for Dialogism. MaComre: Journal of
the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 3 (2000): 94-106.
---. Migrations littraires: Maryse Cond et Emily Bront. TTR: Traduction, Terminologie, Rdaction:
Etudes sur le texte et ses transformations 13.2 (2000): 47-74.
Manning, Ruth. Interview with Maryse Cond. The Irish Journal of French Studies III (2003): 109-15.
Manzor-Coats, Lillian. Of Witches and Other Things. Conds Challenges to Feminist Discourse.
World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXVII (1993): 73744.
Marc-Lipiansky, E. Des images et des hommes. La qute didentit dans Hrmakhonon de Maryse
Cond. Ethnopsychologie XXXV.2-3 (1980): 129-36.
Massardier-Kenney, Franoise. La question de la traduction plurielle ou les traducteurs de Cond.
Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du
colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe-Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 249-58.
Mazama, Ama. Creole in Conds Work. The Disordening of the Neo-Colonial Order? The Romanic
Review XCIV (2003): 377-90.
McCormick, Robert H., Jr. From Africa to Barbados via Salem: Maryse Conds Cultural
Confrontations. Caribana 5 (1996): 151-57.
---. Maryse Cond: le long retour au pays natal. Annali Istituto Universitario Orientale, Napoli,
Sezione Romanza 40.1 (1998): 49-59.
---. Return Passages: Maryse Cond Brings Tituba Back to Barbados. Black Imagination and the
Middle Passage. Ed. Maria Diedrich et al. vi,W. E. B. Du Bois Institute Series (WDBIS).
Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1999. 271-81.
---. Desirada, a new conception of identity. An interview with Maryse Cond. World Literature Today:
A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXXIV.3 (2000): 519-28.
---. Cond, Le cur rire et pleurer. Contes vrais de mon enfance. World Literature Today: A
Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXXIV (2000): 342-43.
McCusker, Maeve. Troubler lordre de loubli. Memory and forgetting in French Caribbean
autobiography of the 1990s. Forum for Modern Language Studies XL (2004): 438-50.
McKay, Melissa Lynn. Exile and identity in the plays of Cond. Paroles Geles: UCLA French
Studies XV.2 (1997): 105-13.
---. Maryse Cond Et Le Thtre Antillais. New York [et al.]: Lang, 2002.
Mekkawi, Mohamed. Maryse Cond: Novelist, Playwright, Critic, Teacher: An Introductory
Biobibliography. Washington, DC: Howard University Libraries, 1991, 7.
Mesh[-Ferguson], Cynthia Jane. Language Conflict and the Francophone Guadeloupean Novel. An
Interdisciplinary Inquiry. Dissertation Abstracts International 56 (1995): 960A.
---. Cond, La migration des curs. The French Review (1997): 874-75.
Miller, Christopher L. After Negation: Africa in Two Novels by Maryse Cond. Postcolonial Subjects:
Francophone Women Writers. Ed. Mary Jean Green et al. Minneapolis: University of
Minnesota Press, 1996. 173-85.
Mimiko-Bestman, Ajoke. Mre rve, mre relle: Le dsarroi dune rencontre. Franzsisch Heute
18.2 (1987): 163-69.
Miraglia, Anne Marie. Desirada, lcriture pour inventer des vies. La littrature au fminin. Ed.
Montserrat Serrano Maes, Maria Carmen Molina Romero, and Lina Avendao Anguita.
Filologa francesa: Estudios lingsticos y literarios. Universidad de Granada, 2002. 451-58.
Mitchell, Keith Bernard. In the Wake of the World: Legacies of Colonial and Postcolonial Violence in
the Contemporary West Indian Novel. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 65[4], 1357-58. 2004. University of North Carolina, Chapel
Hill.
Mitsch, Ruthmarie H. Maryse Conds Mangroves. Research in African Literatures 28.4 (1997): 5470.
Miura, Nobukata. Maryse Cond et Lafcadio Hearn, un rendez-vous manqu? The Romanic Review
XCIV (2003): 451-56.
Mokwenye, Cyril. Limage de lAfrique dans le thtre antillais francophone. Caribbean writers
between orality and writing. Ed. Marlies Glaser and Marion Pausch. Matatu 12. Amsterdam Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1994. 139-46.
Morel, Armand. La tentation sadomasochiste dans trois romans tiers-mondistes contemporains.
Texte africain et voies/voix critiques. Essais sur les littratures africaines et antillaises de
graphie franaise (Maghreb, Afrique noire, Antilles, immigration). Ed. Claude Bouygues. Paris:
LHarmattan, 1992. 109-26.

192
Morris, Daniel R. A Tragic Mistake?: Vronicas Identity Quest in Maryse Conds Hrmakhonon.
Cincinnati Romance Review 16 (1997): 24-30.
Morrison, Antha. Emancipating the Voice: Maryse Conds La vie sclrate. Callaloo: A Journal of
African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 616-25.
---. Emancipating the Voice: Maryse Conds La vie sclrate. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 616-25.
---. Family and Other Trees: The Question of Identity in the Work of Maryse Cond and Simone
Schwarz-Bart. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean Society. Essays on Literature and
Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University of California; Center for African
American Studies, 1998. 80-90.
---. Exile and Homecoming: Maryse Conds La vie sclrate. The Woman, the Writer & Caribbean
Society. Essays on Literature and Culture. Ed. Helen Pyne-Timothy. Los Angeles: University
of California; Center for African American Studies, 1998. 176-86.
Mortimer, Mildred P. A Sense of Place and Space in Maryse Conds Les derniers rois mages. World
Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXVII (1993): 757-62.
---. Crossing the Mangrove. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of
Oklahoma LXX (1996): 452-53.
---. La migration des curs. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of
Oklahoma LXX (1996): 747-48.
---. Cond, Desirada. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma
LXXII (1998): 437-38.
Moss, Jane. Postmodernizing the Salem Witchcraze: Maryse Conds I, Tituba, Black Witch of
Salem. Colby Quarterly 35.1 (1999): 5-17.
Moudileno, Lydie and Francis Higginson. Portrait of the Artist as Dreamer: Maryse Conds Traversee
de la mangrove and Les derniers rois mages. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 18.3 (1995): 626-40.
---. Maryse Cond and the Fight against Prejudice: Making Room for the Haitian Neighbor. Thamyris:
Mythmaking from Past to Present 5.2 (1998): 239-53.
---. La qualit de lamour chez Maryse Cond. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed.
Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge,
2002. 131-40.
---. Moi, Maryse Cond, libre dtre moi-mme... Women in French Studies 10 (2002): 121-26.
---. Le Rire de la grand-mre: Insolence et srnit dans Desirada de Maryse Cond. The French
Review 76.6 (2003): 1151-60.
---. La gastronomie furtive de Cond. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 421-27.
Moudileno, Sylvie. La qualit de lamour chez Cond. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune
crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis
par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris;
Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 173-90.
Moulaye, Z. Une saison Rihata. Prsence africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 121-122
(1982): 426-28.
Mouralis, Bernard. Une saison Rihata ou le thriller immobile. Nouvelles du Sud 3 (1986): 23-29.
Mudimb-Boyi, Elisabeth. Giving a voice to Tituba. The death of the autor? World Literature Today: A
Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXVII (1993): 751-56.
Mugnier, Franoise. De limpertinence la subversion dans Clanire cou-coup de Cond.
Nottingham French Studies XLII.2 (2003): 104-12.
Munley, Ellen. Mapping the Mangrove: Empathy and Survival in Traverse de la mangrove. Callaloo:
A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and
Martinique (1992): 156-66.
---. Du silence de la mort la parole de la vie. A lcoute de leau et du vent dans Traverse de la
mangrove. Leau. Source dune criture dans les littratures fminines francophones. Ed.
Yolande Helm and Evelyne Wilwerth. Francophone cultures and literatures 4. New York: Peter
Lang, 1995. 113-27.
Murdoch, H. Adlai. Tracking the Colonial Signifier. Cross-Cultural Readings in Identity-Construction
Analyses of Cond, Glissant, Schwarz-Bart, Flaubert and Stendhal. Dissertation Abstracts
International LI (1990): 4141A-2A.
---. Divided Desire: Biculturality and the Representation of Identity in En attendant le bonheur.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 579-92.
---. En attendant le bonheur: Creole Conjunctions and Cultural Survival. Creole Identity in the French
Caribbean Novel. Ed. H. Adlai Murdoch. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001. 62101.

193
---. Creole Identity in the French Caribbean Novel. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001.
NZengou-Tayo, Marie-Jos. Children in Haitian Popular Migration As Seen by Maryse Cond and
Edwige Danticat. Winds of change. The transforming voices of Caribbean women writers and
scholars. Ed. Adele S. Newson and Linda Strong-Leek. New York [et al.]: Lang, 1998. 93-100.
---. The Martinican Writers of the Crolit Movement and History: Giving Back a Voice to the
Disenfranchised. The Francophone Caribbean Today: Literature, Language, Culture. Studies
in Memory of Bridget Jones. Ed. Gertrud Aub-Buscher and Beverley Ormerod. Barbados Jamaica - Trinidad and Tobago: University of West Indies Press, 2003. 125-37.
Naudin, Marie. La vie sclrate. The French Review LXI (1987): 987-88.
---. Cond, la Guadeloupe face la France. Revue francophone 7.1 (1992): 77-83.
---. Maryse Cond: La Guadeloupe face la France. Revue francophone 7.1 (1992): 77-83.
Ndiaye, Christiane. De Csaire Cond, Quelques Retours Au Pays Natal. De paroles en figures.
Essais sur les littratures africaines et antillaises. Ed. Christiane Ndiaye and Josias
Semujanga. Montral: LHarmattan Inc., 1996. 137-77.
Nesbitt, Frank Thompson. Revolution in discourse. Writing history in French Antillean literature.
Dissertation Abstracts International LVIII (1997): 3532A.
Nesbitt, Nick F. Le sujet de lhistoire: Mmoires troubles dans Traverse de la mangrove et le cur
rire et pleurer. Maryse Cond: Une Nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage
and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 113-19.
---. Stepping Outside the Magic Circle. The Critical Thought of Cond. The Romanic Review XCIV
(2003): 391-404.
---. Voicing Memory: History and Subjectivity in French Caribbean Literature. Charlottesville: University
of Virginia Press, 2003.
Ngandu Nkashama, Pius. LAfrique en pointill dans Une saison Rihata de Maryse Cond. Notre
Librairie 74 (1984): 31-37.
Ngat, Jonathan. Maryse Cond and Africa: The Making of a Recalcitrant Daughter? A Current
Bibliography on African Affairs 19.1 (1986): 5-20.
Noakes, Beverley Ormerod. Money, Race and Cultural Identity in the Work of Maryse Cond. Essays
in French literature 37 (2000): 126-43.
Norgaisse, Jean. La dchirure de lespace. Desirada de Cond. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003):
329-43.
Nyatetu-Waigwa, Wangari Wa. From Liminality to a Home of Her Own?: The Quest Motif in Maryse
Conds Fiction. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 551-64.
Nzabatsinda, Anthre. Passage dafricanit chez Cond. The Romanic Review XCIV (2003): 265-75.
Okpanachi, Sunday. LAntillais en Afrique. Du mirage limage. Une rflexion sur Hrmakhonon de
Maryse Cond et Ti Jean lhorizon de Simone Schwarz-Bart. Peuples noirs, peuples africains
VII.40 (1984): 51-63.
---. Une saison Rihata de Maryse Cond et Juletane de Myriam Warner-Vieyra. Ecriture franaise
dans le monde VI.15-16 (1984): 80-86.
Onyeoziri, Gloria Nne. Lironie et le fantastique dans Traverse de la mangrove de Cond. Nouvelles
critures francophones. Vers un nouveau baroque? [Textes prsents lors dun colloque tenu
Dakar, Sngal, du 4 au 7 mai 1998]. Ed. Jean Clo Godin. Les Presses de luniversit de
Montral, 2001. 404-19.
Orlando, Valrie. Writing from An-Other Place: New Feminist Figurations of Francophone Africa and
the Caribbean in the Works of Malika Mokeddem, Maryse Cond and Werewere Liking. RLA:
Romance Languages Annual 11 (1999): 87-94.
Oudraogo, Jean. Rcits de lindicible. Articulation, translation de lhistoire chez Maryse Cond et
Ahmadou Kourouma. Dissertation Abstracts International LVIII (1997): 2206A.
---. Maryse Cond et Ahmadou Kourouma: griots de lindicible. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2004, viii,
180.
Ousselin, Edward. Cond, Histoire de la femme cannibale. World Literature Today: A Literary
Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXXVII.3-4 (2003): 82-83.
Paul, Maritza Adriana. Pluie et vent sur Tlume Miracle and Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem:
Two Francophone Antillean Womens Praisesongs for the Obeah Women. MaComre:
Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 2 (1999): 114-24.
Perret, Delphine and Steve Arkin. Dialogue with the Ancestors. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 652-67.

194
Peterson, Carla L. Le surnaturel dans Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem de Maryse Cond et
Beloved de Toni Morrison. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune crivaine
politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis par le
Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris; Montral:
LHarmattan, 1996. 91-104.
Ppin, Ernest. Un crivain-continent. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine
Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 4143.
Pfaff, Franoise. Entretiens Avec Maryse Cond. Paris: Karthala, 1993.
---. Entretiens avec Maryse Cond. De la parole au texte crit. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos
dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond,
organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995.
Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996.
---. Conversations With Maryse Cond. Lincoln; London: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.
Philcox, Richard. Traduire Traverse de la mangrove. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune
crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis
par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris;
Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 221-30.
Philcox, Richard. Translating Maryse Cond: A Personal Itinerary. Sites: Journal of the TwentiethCentury/Contemporary French Studies 5.2 (2001): 277-82.
Philcox, Richard and Leah D. Hewitt. The Last of the African Kings. Lincoln, NE: University of
Nebraska Press, 1997, xii, 216.
Philcox, Richard and Lydie Esther Moudileno. Traduire Maryse Cond: Un itinraire personnel.
Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther
Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 65-69.
Pierre, Alix. Limage de la femme rsistante chez quatre romancires noires. Maryse Cond, Simone
Schwarz-Bart, Toni Morrison et Alice Walker. Dissertation Abstracts International LVI (1995):
1345A.
Pinarski, Annmarie. Parodic Imaginations: Women/Writing/History. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 57[11], 4737. 1997. Bowling
Green State University.
Piriou, Jean-Pierre. Modernit et tradition dans Traverse de la mangrove. Luvre de Maryse
Cond. A propos dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de
Maryse Cond, organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 1418 mars 1995. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 115-25.
Popkin, Debra. Torn Between Three Continents: The Search for Identity in Maryse Conds Une
saison Rihata and Myriam Warner-Vieyras Juletane. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology
22.3-4 (2001): 137-41.
Praeger, Michle. Cond, mythes et contre-mythes. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune
crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis
par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre, 14-18 mars 1995. Paris; Montral:
LHarmattan, 1996. 205-16.
---. Si Maryse mtait conte Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine CottenetHage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. Matoury: Ibis Rouge, 2002. 59-60.
Proulx, Patrice J. Speaking from the margine. Exile, madwomen and witches in Marie Cardinal,
Maryse Cond and Myriam Warner-Vieyra. Dissertation Abstracts International LII (1991):
2944A.
---. Inscriptions of Female Community and Liberation in Maryse Conds Moi, Tituba sorcire...
Ecrivaines franaises et francophones: Europe plurilingue (1997): 148-61.
Puig, Steve. Le surnaturel dans Traverse de la mangrove de Maryse Cond. Iris: Les Cahiers du
Gerf 26 (2004): 127-39.
Rader, Pamela. Echoes of Performative Histories in Maryse Conds Traverse de la mangrove.
Tropos 27 (2001): 91-112.
Ramond-Jurney, Florence. Double jeu et subversion postcoloniale dans Clanire cou-coup de
Cond, une tude compare. Etudes francophones XIX.1 (2004): 45-57.
Ramsay, Raylene L. The Ambivalent Narrator: Hybridity and Multiple Address as Modernity in Maryse
Cond and Mariama B. AUMLA: Journal of the Australasian Universities Language and
Literature Association: A Journal of Literary Criticism and Linguistics 90 (1998): 63-83.
---. The Nature of Hybridity in Maryse Conds Traverse de la mangrove. Nottingham French
Studies 39.2 (2000): 213-25.
Rea, Annabelle M. Pays ml. The French Review 60.6 (1987): 905-06.

195
---. Le roman-enqute. Les fous de Bassan, un modle pour la Traverse de la mangrove? Luvre
de Maryse Cond. A propos dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de
luvre de Maryse Cond, organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre
(Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 127-43.
Rejouis, Rose-Myriam. Mort, mots et libert. Lcriture de lidentit dans les uvres de Csaire,
Chamoiseau et Cond. Princeton University Press, 2002.
Rengifo Muoz, Alejandra. Une conversation avec Cond. Romance Quarterly XLVII (2000): 157-64.
Ridon, Jean-Xavier. Cond et le fantme dune communaut inoprante. Francophonie et identits
culturelles. Ed. Christiane Albert. Paris: 1999. 213-26.
Roof, Mara. Maryse Cond and Isabel Allende: Family Saga Novels. World Literature Today: A
Literary Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 70.2 (1996): 283-88.
Rosello, Mireille. Littrature et identit crole aux Antilles. Paris: Karthala, 1992.
Rosello, Mireille. Caribbean Insularization of Identities in Maryse Conds Work: From En attendant le
bonheur to Les derniers rois mages. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters
18.3 (1995): 565-78.
---. Le petit cornac des mots damour: Tragi-comdie en un adjectif. Maryse Cond: Une nomade
inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French
Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 169-74.
Rosser, Miriam Margaret. Feminine Textualities of Loss, Mourning, and Compensation: Locating the
Gendered Postcolonial Subject at Home and in Relation to the Nation: A Study of Five
Francophone Novels by Simone Schwarz-Bart, Maryse Cond, Werewere Liking, Assia
Djebar and Calixthe Beyala. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities
and Social Sciences 63[10], 3544. 2003. Columbia University.
Rumpf, Helmtrud. Identitt Und Literarischer Diskurs Auf Den Kleinen Antillen. Frankophone
Literaturen ausserhalb Europas. Ed. Jnos Riesz. Bayreuther Beitrge zur
Literaturwissenschaft: 9. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1987. 47-62.
Ruscito, Donatella. Traces de la rsistance et traverse de la parole dans le roman cariben.
Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 62[4],
1416. 2001. University of Toronto.
Sacotte, Mireille. Quelques usages contemporains du texte de Saint-John Perse. Modernit de
Saint-John Perse? Actes du colloque de Besanon des 14, 15 et 16 mai 1998. Ed. Catherine
Mayaux. Annales littraires de luniversit de Franche-Comt 716. Besanon: Presses
universitaires franc-comtoises, 2001. 351-62.
Sagar, Aparajita. Dr Freud for Visitor: Afro-Caribbean Writers and the Question of Diaspora.
Semiotics 1994. Ed. C. W. Spinks and John Deely. Annual Proceedings Volumes of the
Semiotic Society of America (APVSSA): 19. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 1995. 471-80.
Sanders, Carol. Une si belle enfant ne pouvait pas tre maudite: Polyphony in Maryse Conds
Novel La migration des curs. The Francophone Caribbean Today: Literature, Language,
Culture. Studies in Memory of Bridget Jones. Ed. Gertrud Aub-Buscher and Beverley
Ormerod. Barbados - Jamaica - Trinidad and Tobago: University of West Indies Press, 2003.
151-69.
Satineau, Maurice. Rfrences politiques dans un roman antillais, Une saison Rihata de Maryse
Cond. Figures du pouvoir dans le roman africain et latino-amricain. Actes du colloque de
Lausanne (10-13 mars 1986). Ed. Laurent Monnier. Bruxelles: Centre dtude et de
documentation africaines, CEDAF, 1987. 362-76.
Sato, Mitsushige. Watashi wa Roja Uiriamuzu. Eigo Seinen/Rising Generation 148.2 (2002): 105.
Scharfman, Ronnie and Madeleine Cottenet-Hage. Au sujet dhrones pripattiques et peu
sympathiques. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and
Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 141-48.
Scharfman, Ronnie. A Fugue of Legacies. A Meditation for Maryse Cond. The Romanic Review
XCIV (2003): 457-64.
Schon, Nathalie. Esprits doutre-Mer. The Hundred Secret Senses dAmy Tan et Clanire cou-coup
de Maryse Cond, une tude compare. Ecritures carabes. Ed. Georges Voisset and Marc
Gontard. Plurial 10. Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2002. 85-95.
Shelton, Marie Denise. Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem. The French Review LXI (1987): 314-15.
---. Cond, the Politics of Gender and Identity. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the
University of Oklahoma LXVII (1993): 717-22.
Silenieks, Juris. Les Murailles de terre. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the University
of Oklahoma LIX (1985): 309-10.
Simon, Bruce Neal. The Race for Hawthorne. Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The
Humanities and Social Sciences 59.5, 1575. 1998. Princeton University.

196
---. Hybridity in the Americas: Reading Cond, Mukherjee, and Hawthorne. Postcolonial Theory and
the United States: Race, Ethnicity, and Literature. Ed. Amritjit Singh and Peter Schmidt.
Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2000. 412-43.
Smith, Arlette M. Smiologie de lexil dans les uvres romanesques de Maryse Cond. The French
Review LXII.1 (1988): 50-58.
---. Maryse Conds Hrmakhonon. A Triangular Structure of Alienation. College Language
Association Journal XXXII.1 (1988): 45-54.
---. The Semiotics of Exile in Maryse Conds Fictional Works. Callaloo: A Journal of African
Diaspora Arts and Letters 14.2 (1991): 381-88.
---. Maryse Conds Hrmakhonon: A Triangular Structure of Alienation. International Womens
Writing: New Landscapes of Identity. Ed. Anne E. Brown and Marjanne E. Gooz.
Contributions in Womens Studies: 147. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1995. 63-69.
Smith, Michelle. Reading in Circles: Sexuality and/as History in I Tituba, Black Witch of Salem.
Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 602-07.
Smith, Paulette Anne. Exorcisms of Exoticism. Practices of Intertextuality and Extraterritoriality in
Francophone Literature. Dissertation Abstracts International LIX (1998): 1599A-600A.
Smock, Ann. Maryse Conds Les derniers rois mages. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts
and Letters 18.3 (1995): 668-80.
Snitgen, Jeanne. History, Identity and the Constitution of the Female Subject. Maryse Conds
Tituba. Black Womens Writing. Crossing the Boundaries. Ed. Carole Boyce Davies. Matatu
3, 6. Frankfurt/Main: Ehling, 1989. 55-73.
Soestwohner, Bettina Anna. Narrative margins in Maryse Conds novels Hrmakhonon and La vie
sclrate. Between the myth of the history and the memories of the mothers. Dissertation
Abstracts International LIV.11 (1994): 4084A.
---. Uprooting Antillean Identity: Maryse Conds La Colonie de nouveau monde. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 18.3 (1995): 690-706.
Souffrant, Eddy and Sarah Davies Cordova. Krik? Krak! Pal andaki. Sens en mouvement de
lidentit dans lre/laire caribant-llaise. La revue franaise 10 (2000): 45-63.
Sourieau, Marie-Agns. Traverse de la mangrove de Maryse Cond, un champ de pulsions
communes. Francofonia: Studi e ricerche sulle letterature di lingua francese XIII.24 (1993):
109-22.
---. La vie sclrate de Cond. Mtissage narratif et hritage mtis. Penser la crolit. Ed. Maryse
Cond and Madeleine Cottenet-Hage. Paris: Karthala, 1995. 113-23.
---. Entretien avec Maryse Cond: De lidentit culturelle. The French Review 72.6 (1999): 1091-98.
---. Traverse de la mangrove: Eloge de la crolit, criture de lopacit. The French Review 73.5
(2000): 822-33.
---. La Guiablesse la lanterne. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine CottenetHage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 87-94.
---. Crossing the mangrove of order and prejudice. The Romanic Review 94.3-4 (2003): 361-76.
Sparrow, Jennifer Ruth. Capcia, Cond and the Antillean Womans Identity Quest. MaComre:
Journal of the Association of Caribbean Women Writers and Scholars 1 (1998): 179-87.
Spear, Thomas C. Individual quests and collective history. World Literature Today: A Literary
Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXVII (1993): 723-30.
---. Maryse Cond, Un phare Part. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine
Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 6164.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. The staging of time in Hrmakhonon. Cultural Studies 17.1 (2003):
85-97.
Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty and Lydie Esther Moudileno. La mise en scne du temps dans
Hrmakhonon. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine Cottenet-Hage
and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002. 73-85.
Suk, Jeannie. Postcolonial Paradoxes in French Caribbean Writing. Csaire, Glissant, Cond. Oxford:
Clarendon Press, 2001.
Taleb-Khyar, Mohamed Bouya. An Interview With Maryse Cond and Rita Dove. Callaloo: A Journal
of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 14.2 (1991): 347-66.
Thomas, Bonnie. Intercultural Encounters and Personal Identity: Errance in the Life and Work of
Maryse Cond. Essays in French literature 41 (2004): 171-84.
Thomas, Katherine M. Echoes of Euripides Medea in Maryse Conds I, Tituba ... Black Witch of
Salem. PALARA: Publication of the Afro-Latin/American Research Association 6 (2002): 1825.
Thomas, Viola G. Maryse Cond. Belles Lettres 11.1 (1996): 20-22.

197
Torchi, Francesca. Funzione e Funzionamento dello stereotipo in Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de
Salem Di Maryse Cond. Stereotipi culturali a confronto nella letteratura caraibica. Ed.
Patrizia Oppici. Bologna: CLUEB, 2003. 91-108.
---. Maryse Cond, Histoire de la femme cannibale. Studi francesi XLVIII (2004): 232-33.
Townsel-Griponne, Sylviane. Les femmes dans Sgou. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune
crivaine politiquement incorrecte. Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis
par le Salon du Livre de la ville de Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris;
Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 191-203.
Valens, Keja Lys. Desire between Women in and as Parodic Mtissage: Maryse Conds Clanire
cou-coup. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies 10.1 (2003): 67-93.
Valens, Keja Lys. Between Women: Desire in Caribbean Literatures. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 65[5], 1771. 2004. Harvard
University, 2004.
Verdussen, Monique. La langue dune romancire qui ne veut tre quelle-mme. Pa vw, Cond?
Revue gnrale CXXXVI.1 (2001): 194-96.
Vergs, Franoise. Labyrinthes. Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed. Madeleine
Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge, 2002.
185-90.
Vialet, Michle E. Connais-toi toi-mme. Notre Librairie 118 (1994): 71-76.
Vidal, Flavia Mayrinck. Polyphonic Possibilities in the Caribbean: Explorations of Identity in Maryse
Conds Traverse de la mangrove and Rosario Ferrs Maldito Amor. Dissertation Abstracts
International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 61[12], 4765. 2001. Brandeis
University.
Warner Vieyra, Myriam. Depuis mon navire... Maryse Cond: Une nomade inconvenante. Ed.
Madeleine Cottenet-Hage and Lydie Esther Moudileno. (Matoury, French Guiana): Ibis Rouge,
2002. 53-56.
Wauthier, Claude. Plerinages aux sources dans une famille bambara. La Quinzaine littraire
421 (1984): 14.
Williams, John A. Return of a Native Daughter: An Interview with Paule Marshall and Maryse Cond.
SAGE: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 3.2 (1986): 52-53.
---. Beyond Languages and Color. Discourse: Journal for Theoretical Studies in Media and Culture
11.2 (1989): 109-13.
Williams, Piper Kendrix. Journeys of Dtour in Maryse Conds A Season in Rihata. Canadian
Woman Studies/Les Cahiers de la Femme 23.2 (2004): 76-81.
Wilson, Elizabeth Betty. Sorcires, Sorcires. Moi, Tituba, sorcire noire de Salem, rvision et
interrogation. Luvre de Maryse Cond. A propos dune crivaine politiquement incorrecte.
Actes du colloque de luvre de Maryse Cond, organis par le Salon du Livre de la ville de
Pointe--Pitre (Guadeloupe), 14-18 mars 1995. Paris; Montral: LHarmattan, 1996. 105-13.
---. Translating Caribbean Landscape. Palimpsestes 12 (2000): 15-29.
Wolff, Rebecca. Maryse Cond. BOMB 68 (1999): 74-80.
Wylie, Hal. Pays ml suivi de Nanna-ya. World Literature Today: A Literary Quarterly of the
University of Oklahoma LX (1986): 679.
---. The Cosmopolitan Cond, or Unscrambling the Worlds. World Literature Today: A Literary
Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma 67.4 (1993): 763-68.
---. Cond, Windward heights (transl. by Richard Philcox). World Literature Today: A Literary
Quarterly of the University of Oklahoma LXXIV (2000): 222.
Yelin, Louise. In Another Place: Postcolonial Perspectives on Reading. Reading Sites: Social
Difference and Reader Response. Ed. Patrocinio P. Schweickart and Elizabeth A. Flynn. New
York, NY: Modern Language Association of America, 2004. 83-107.
Zimra, Clarisse. Une saison Rihata. The French Review LVI (1982): 165-66.
---. Sgou. Les murailles de terre. The French Review LIX (1985): 484-85.
DAMBURY, GERTY
Pliya, Jos. Essayer dtre ce que lon est: Entretien avec Gerty Dambury. Notre Librairie 138-139
(1999): 64-67.
JEANNE, MAX
Ruprecht, Alvina. Conflits sociaux et mdiation littraire: Regards sur Max Jeanne. Revue du CERC
(Universit des Antilles-Guyane) 4 (1987): 19-39.

198
Ruprecht, Hans-George. Pour une potique du simulacre. Le cin-pome de Jeanne. Potiques et
imaginaires. Francopolyphonie littraire des Amriques. Ed. Pierre Laurette and Hans-George
Ruprecht. Paris: LHarmattan, 1995. 239-51.
JULIA, LUCIE
Kemedjio, Cilas. La Femme antillaise face au faubourg et la durcification dans Texaco de Patrick
Chamoiseau et Mlody des faubourgs de Lucie Julia. LittRalit 11.2 (1999): 31-47.
JUMINER, BERTNE
Cusset, Jean-Michel and Jacqueline Scott-Lemoine. Bertne Juminer, crivain guyanais (1927-2003).
Xavier Orville, crivain martiniquais (1932-2001). Hommage. Prsence africaine: Revue
culturelle du monde noir 167-168 (2003): 149-60.
Juminer, Bertne. Hommes de la double conscience et de la triple parole. Autrement. Srie
mutations: 1989. 215 (2002): 40-42.
Le Carvennec, Ernest-Joseph. Potique, thique, criture dans les romans de Juminer. Potiques et
imaginaires. Francopolyphonie littraire des Amriques. Ed. Pierre Laurette and Hans-George
Ruprecht. Paris: LHarmattan, 1995. 301-12.
Little, Roger. Fables of melanocracy. Race reversals in French literature. Forum for Modern
Language Studies XXXVII (2001): 1-14.
Smith, Robert P., Jr. Radical Imperialism as Satire and Humour. Bertne Juminers La Revanche de
Bozambo. College Language Association Journal XXVI.1 (1982): 23-33.
LACASCADE, SUZANNE
Cond, Maryse. La littrature fminine de la Guadeloupe, recherche dune identit. Prsence
africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 99-100 (1976): 155-66.
---. Language and Power: Words as Miraculous Weapons. College Language Association Journal
39.1 (1995): 18-25.
Orlando, Valrie. Les politiques de la race et de la patriarchie dans Claire-Solange, me africaine de
Suzanne Lacascade. Etudes francophones XVIII.2 (2003): 77-87.
LACROSIL, MICHLE
Adjarian, Maude Madeleine. Looking for home. Postcolonial womens writing and the displaced female
self. Dissertation Abstracts International LVI (1995): 182A-3A.
Barber-Williams, Patricia. Jean Rhys and Her French West Indian Counterpart. The Journal of West
Indian Literature 3.2 (1989): 9-19.
Bastia, France. Cajous reason. Michle Lacrosil and post-war intellectual liberalism. The Romanic
Review XCV (2004): 171-81.
Bestman, Ajoke Mimiko. LAfrique dans limaginaire antillais. Neohelicon: Acta Comparationis
Litterarum Universarum XXXI.2 (2004): 303-16.
Case, Frederick Ivor. The Crisis of Identity. Studies in the Guadeloupean and Martiniquan Novel.
Sherbrooke: Naaman, 1985.
Cond, Maryse. La littrature fminine de la Guadeloupe, recherche dune identit. Prsence
africaine: Revue culturelle du monde noir 99-100 (1976): 155-66.
Cottenet-Hage, Madeleine and Kevin Vincent Meehan. Our Ancestors the Gauls...: Schools and
Schooling in Two Caribbean Novels. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters
15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992): 75-89.
Fulton, Dawn Hioryun. Cajous Reason: Michle Lacrosil and Post-War Intellectual Liberalism. The
Romanic Review 95.1-2 (2004): 171-81.
Ojo-Ade, Femi. Color, Class and Gender in Michle Lacrosils Novels. Literary Griot: International
Journal of Black Expressive Cultural Studies 5.2 (1993): 25-50.
Ormerod, Beverley. The Plantaton As Hell. The Novels of Joseph Zobel and Michle Lacrosil. An
introduction to the French Caribbean novel. Ed. Beverley Ormerod. London: Heinemann,
1985. 56-86.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. Feminism, Race, and Difference in the Works of Mayotte Capcia,
Michele Lacrosil, and Jacqueline Manicom. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992): 66-74.

199
Rumpf, Helmtrud. Identitt und literarischer Diskurs auf den kleinen Antillen. Frankophone
Literaturen ausserhalb Europas. Ed. Jnos Riesz. Bayreuther Beitrge zur
Literaturwissenschaft: 9. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1987. 47-62.
Smith, Robert P., Jr. Michle Lacrosil, Novelist with a Color Complex. The French Review XLVII.4
(1974): 783-90.
LONARD, NICOLAS-GERMAIN
Biondi, Carminella. Lettre sur un voyage aux Antilles de Nicolas-Germain Lonard. Revue de
luniversit dOttawa (1986): 107-13.
Gardes, G. Nicolas Germain Leonard, 1744-1793, crivain guadeloupen, 250e anniversaire de sa
naissance et rdition de son roman Lettres de deux amants. Bulletin de la Socit dhistoire
de la Guadeloupe 103 (1995): 65-74.
MANICOM, JACQUELINE
Jackson, Sybil Shevron. Dark Phoenix: The Representation of Black Woman in Je suis Martiniquaise
by Mayotte Capcia and Mon examen de Blanc by Jacqueline Manicom. Dissertation
Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 60[6], 2034. 1999.
Louisiana State University.
Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. Feminism, Race, and Difference in the Works of Mayotte Capcia,
Michele Lacrosil, and Jacqueline Manicom. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and
Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992): 66-74.
Romero-Cesareo, Ivette. Witnessing. Womens testimonial narrative in French and Spanish
Caribbean. Dissertation Abstracts International (1993): 3744A.
Wilson, Elizabeth Betty. Sexual, Racial, and National Politics: Jacqueline Manicoms Mon examen de
blanc. The Journal of West Indian Literature 1.2 (1987): 50-57.
Zimra, Clarisse. Societys Mirror: A Sociological Study of Guadeloupes Jacqueline Manicom.
Prsence francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littrature 19 (1979): 143-56.
MAXIMIN, DANIEL
Bongie, Chris. The (Un)Exploded Volcano: Creolization and Intertextuality in the Novels of Daniel
Maximin. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 17.2 (1994): 627-42.
---. The (Un)Exploded Volcano. Maximins Soufrires and the Apocalypse of Narrative. Islands and
exiles. The Creole identities of post/colonial literature. Ed. Chris Bongie. Stanford University
Press, 1998. 348-401.
Britton, Celia M. The (de)construction of subjectivity in Maximins Lle et une nuit. Paragraph: A
Journal of Modern Critical Theory XXIV.3 (2001): 44-58.
Csaire, Ina. Lisol soleil. Notre Librairie 65 (1982): 89-90.
Chanc, Dominique. Lauteur en souffrance. Essai sur la position et la reprsentation de lauteur dans
le roman antillais contemporain (1981-1992). Paris: PUF, 2000.
Chaulet-Achour, Christiane. La trilogie caribenne de Daniel Maximin: analyse et contrepoint. Paris:
Karthala, 2000.
Chevalier, Karine. Potique de la mmoire. Le chaos dans Lle et une nuit de Daniel Maximin.
ASCALF Yearbook V (2003): 7-22.
Dra Wengier, Sabrina. Lle et une nuit de Daniel Maximin: Ecriture dcriture. Romance Review 13
(2003): 45-54.
Dukats, Mara Laimdota. Antillean challenges to universalism. Narrativizing the diverse. A study of
selected works by Patrick Chamoiseau, Maryse Cond, Edouard Glissant, and Daniel
Maximin. Dissertation Abstracts International LIV (1993): 1790A.
Dumontet, Danielle and Suzanne Houyoux. Antillean Authors and Their Models: Daniel Maximin and
Raphael Confiant. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters 15.1, The
Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992): 104-18.
Dumontet, Danielle. Le meurtre du pre dans la littrature antillaise ou lmancipation dune
littrature. Littratures francophones. Ed. Immaculada Linares. Universidad de Valencia:
Departamento de Filologa Francesa y Italiana, 1996. 85-92.
Edlmair, Barbara. Rewriting History: Alternative Versions of the Caribbean Past in Michelle Cliff,
Rosario Ferr, Jamaica Kincaid and Daniel Maximin. Wien: Braumller, 1999.
Emina [Martinetto], Antonella. Le trasformazioni della realt: Daniel Maximin e il mistero della
montagna. Africa, America, Asia, Australia 19 (1997): 77-83.

200
Erickson, John. Maximins Lisol soleil and Calibans Curse. Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora
Arts and Letters 15.1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique (1992): 119-30.
Etienne, Marie. Au-dessous