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By

MynulbinAhmad

Composition of Deen
CompositionofDeen
Deen
Humanhas
Akal(Intellect)
Badan(Body)
Qalb(Heart)
Iman==Heart>>belief
Islam==Body>>Submission
y
Ihsan==Qalb>>Purification

Definition from Hadith


DefinitionfromHadith

LevelsofIman
Islam,Iman&Ihsan
Thebedouinssay,"Wehavebelieved."Say,"Youhavenot[yet]believed;
butsay[instead],'Wehavesubmitted,'forfaithhasnotyetenteredyour
hearts.AndifyouobeyAllahandHisMessenger,Hewillnotdepriveyou
from your deeds of anything Indeed Allah is Forgiving and Merciful
fromyourdeedsofanything.Indeed,AllahisForgivingandMerciful.
[SurahAlHujurat:14]

Islam & Iman


Islam&Iman
Imanisnotonlybelieving
Imanis
convictioninHeart(tasdiqbilqalb)
ConfirmationofTongue(Iqraar
C fi
i
fT
(I
bil li
billisan)
)
DeedsofLimbs(wal`amalbilarkan)
ImamImamAhmed,ImamShafiandImamIbnKathiragreed
Imam Imam Ahmed Imam Shafi and Imam Ibn Kathir agreed

thatIMANandAmal(Islam)isoneandthesameanddonot
existwithouteachother.
ImamAbuHanifasaystheyarenotsamebutcannotexist
withouteachother
Howcanwebemuminifwedontactasone??
H
b
i if
d t t
??

Islam & Iman


Islam&Iman
IbnTaymiyahsaidinAlIman

That()actionsattestexistenceofImanatheart.A
p
p
completeinactionrepresentsnoImanatheart,asitisnot
possiblethatapersonbelievedinAllah(swt)andheldthe
rightaqeeda(belief)andthenhe/sheneverfollowedany
commandmentfromAllah(swt).

Islam&Iman:WhowillhaveJannah

AllahisJust
Allah
is Just
HowcanapersoncangotoJannahjustbecausehewasborninaMuslimfamilyandsameasaperson
whosacrificeforAllah?
Forthosewhobelieveanddorighteousdeeds areGardensashospitablehomesfortheir(good)deeds.
[SurahSajdah:19]

ThatHemayrewardthosewhobelieveandworkrighteousdeeds outofHisBounty:forHelovesnotthose
who reject Faith
whorejectFaith.
[SurahShura :22]
Sameconcepts
SurahRum:45
SurahLuqman:89
SurahMuhammad:39
SurahKaf:107
S h B j 11
SurahBuruj:11
SurahHajj:23,56
SurahM'umin:40
Insurance
Insurance gooddeeddoesnotwork.Allahasksforsubmission.
good deed does not work Allah asks for submission
"Asforthosewhodisbelieve,theirdeedsarelikeamirageinadesert.Thethirstyonethinksitbewater,until
hecomesuptoit,hefindsittobenothing,buthefindsAllahwithhim,Whowillpayhimhisdue(Hell).
[surat AlNuor,(Verse39)]
"Andwecametowhatthey(thedisbelievers)did,andWeshallmakesuchdeedsasscatteredfloatingparticles
ofdust.
[surat AlFurqan,(Verse23)]

Islam:Shahadah

Islam:Salat
FirstthingtobeAccountedfor

ThefirstmatterthattheslavewillbebroughttoaccountforontheDayofJudgment
istheprayer. Ifitissound,thentherestofhisdeedswillbesound. Andifitis
incomplete then the rest of his deeds will be incomplete
incomplete,thentherestofhisdeedswillbeincomplete.
[AlTabarani]
AllahPromisedSuccesstothosewhopray
Allah Promised Success to those who pray

Certainlywillthebelievershavesucceeded:Theywhoareduringtheirprayerhumbly
submissive
[
[SuratAlMuminoon:12]
]
QuranStartwithSalat

ThisistheBookaboutwhichthereisnodoubt,aguidanceforthoseconsciousof
Allah.Whobelieveintheunseen,establishprayer,andspendoutofwhatWehave
providedforthem.
[SurahBaqara:12]

Islam:Salat
AllahAsksMusa(as)toPraytalkingtohimdirectly

AndIhavechosenyou,solistentowhatisrevealed[toyou].Indeed,Iam
All h Th
Allah.ThereisnodeityexceptMe,soworshipMeandestablishprayerfor
i
d i
M
hi M
d
bli h
f
Myremembrance.
[
[SurahTaha:1213]
]
Importantthanlife

Say,"Indeed,myprayer,myritesofsacrifice,mylivingandmydyingarefor
Allah,Lordoftheworlds.
[Surat Al Anam:
162]
[SuratAlA
nam:162]

Islam: Salat
Islam:Salat
DifferentiatorofFaith(andprotector?)

Thatwhichdifferentiatesusfromthedisbelieversandhypocritesisour
Th
hi h diff
i
f
h di b li
dh
i i
performanceofSalat.Hewhoabandonsit,becomesadisbeliever
[AtTirmidhi,Muslim]
BetweenamananddisbeliefandpaganismistheabandonmentofSalat
(prayer) ''
(prayer).
[Muslim].

Islam:Sawm/Zakat/Hajj
/
/ jj
Sawm /ZakatWillbecoveredinanothersessionsinsha

Allah
Hajj
Onlyobligationremainsafterdeath
O l bli i
i
f d h
Ulamaagreesshouldbedoneinyoungage

Iman: Believe in Allah Tawheed


Iman:BelieveinAllah
TawheedArRububiyah
TawheedAlIbadah
TawheedAlAsmaulSifat
Tawheed Al Asma ul Sifat

Tawheed Ar Ruboobiyah
TawheedArRuboobiyah
Rabb:
AllahistheCreatorofallthings,andHeis,overallthings,Disposerofaffairs.
[SurahAzZumar:62]

Meaning
MeaningofRabb
of Rabb
Rabb:AbsoluteOwner
AlSayiid(CompleteAuthority)
AlQayim(powerful reasonforexistance)
AlMunim(GiverofFavors)
(
)
Mu;utee(whogivesalot)
Muraabi(Onewhoensuresthegrowthandmaturityof
something)
Mursheed(hewhoguides)

Tawheed Ar Ruboobiyah
TawheedArRuboobiyah
Rabb&Abd
Competesubmission
NoQuestionsasked
Firaun/SlaveofNafs/LittleFirauns
BecarefulaboutTakingourNafsasIlahorDunya
AndmostofthembelievenotinAllahexceptwhiletheyassociateotherswith
Him.
[SurahYusuf:106]
[
]
Oyouwhohavebelieved,indeed,amongyourwivesandyourchildrenare
enemiestoyou,sobewareofthem.Butifyoupardonandoverlookand
g
thenindeed,AllahisForgivingandMerciful.
,
g g
forgive
[SurahTaghabun:14]

Tawheed Al Ibadah
TawheedAlIbadah
beliefonlydoesnotsuffice
QuraishbelievedinAllahtoo
Say,"Whoprovidesforyoufromtheheavenandtheearth?Orwhocontrols
hearingandsightandwhobringsthelivingoutofthedeadandbringsthe
deadoutofthelivingandwhoarranges[every]matter?"Theywillsay,"Allah
,
,"sosay,"ThenwillyounotfearHim?
y,
y
[SurahYunus:31]
Andifyouaskedthemwhocreatedthem,theywouldsurelysay,"Allah."So
howaretheydeluded?
[]SurahAzSukhruf:87]

Tawheed Al Asma us Seefat


TawheedAlAsmausSeefat
ThereisnothinglikeAllah
ThereisgodlikeAllah
[Heis]Creatoroftheheavensandtheearth.Hehasmadeforyoufrom
yourselves,mates,andamongthecattle,mates;Hemultipliesyouthereby.
ThereisnothinglikeuntoHim,andHeistheHearing,theSeeing.
[Surat AshShra: 11]
[SuratAshShra:11]
SurahIkhlas

ComponentsofIman:Angels,
Components
of Iman: Angels
p
p
Prophets&Scriptures
Angels
Looks,size,numbers&createdforspecificpurpose
L k i
b &
t df
ifi
Prophets:
Webelieveinallofthem
ImportanceofSunnah&Hadith
LoveforProphet
Scriptures
ImportanceoflearningQuran&Arabic

ComponentsofIman:
Predestination Judgement Day &
Predestination,JudgementDay&
LifeafterDeath
Predestination
JJudgementDay&LifeafterDeath
d
D & Lif f D h
Jahannam/Jannat

Believewithallyouheart,imaginewithallyoursenses
l
h ll
h
h ll

Branches of Iman
BranchesofIman
Tree

Types of People
TypesofPeople
Kafir
Kafir
Mushreeq
AhlulKitab
Ahlul Kitab
Munafeeq
M
Mumin
umin/Muslim/Muhsin/Muttaqeen
/ Muslim/ Muhsin/ Muttaqeen

Munafeeq
ComesfromwordNifaq.Tunnel
AMuslimcanbeMunafeeq
Andofthepeoplearesomewhosay,"WebelieveinAllahandtheLast
Day "buttheyarenotbelievers.
Day,
but they are not believers They[thinkto]deceiveAllahandthose
They [think to] deceive Allah and those
whobelieve,buttheydeceivenotexceptthemselvesandperceive[it]not.

[SurahAlBaqara:8,9]

ItsaDisease
Intheirheartsisdisease,soAllahhasincreasedtheirdisease;andforthemis
a painful punishment because they [habitually] used to lie
apainfulpunishmentbecausethey[habitually]usedtolie.
[SurahAlBaqara:8,9]

MunafeeqmightnotknowheisaMunafeeq
q g
q

Munafeeq: Punishment
Munafeeq:Punishment
LowestHell
Indeed the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire andneverwillyoufindforthema
Indeed,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepthsoftheFire
and never will you find for them a
helper
[SurahNisa:145]
Allah Makes Fun of Them
AllahMakesFunofThem
Givegoodtidingstothehypocritesthatthereisforthemapainfulpunishment
[SurahNisa:138]
No Lights
NoLights
Onthe[same]Daythehypocritemenandhypocritewomenwillsaytothosewhobelieved,"Wait
forusthatwemayacquiresomeofyourlight."Itwillbesaid,"Gobackbehindyouandseek
light."Andawallwillbeplacedbetweenthemwithadoor,itsinteriorcontainingmercy,buton
theoutsideofitistorment. Thehypocriteswillcalltothebelievers,"Werewenotwithyou?"
Theywillsay,"Yes,butyouafflictedyourselvesandawaited[misfortuneforus]anddoubted,and
wishfulthinkingdeludedyouuntiltherecamethecommandofAllah.AndtheDeceiverdeceived
you concerning Allah
youconcerningAllah
[SurahAlHadid:1314]

CharacteristicofMunafeeq:ShowOff&Not
q
Steady

Thehypocrites theythinktheyareoverreachingAllahSWTButHewillover
reach them: when they stand up to prayer they stand without earnestness to
reachthem:whentheystanduptoprayer,theystandwithoutearnestness,to
beseenofmen,butlittledotheyholdAllahSWTinRemembrance.
[AlMuminun:142]
StoryofAbdullahIbnUbay
ThosewhobreakAllahSWTsCovenantafteritisratified
[Al B
[AlBaqara:27]
27]
Indeed, the hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah , but He is deceiving them. And
Indeed,thehypocrites[thinkto]deceiveAllah,butHeisdeceivingthem.And
whentheystandforprayer,theystandlazily,showing[themselvesto]the
peopleandnotrememberingAllahexceptalittle,
[ Ni 142]
[anNisa:142]

CharacteristicofMunafeeq:TriestoChange
q
g
Religion

Whenitissaidtothem:Makenotmischiefontheearth, theysay:Why,
we only Want to make peace! Ofasurety,theyaretheoneswhomake
weonlyWanttomakepeace!
Of a surety they are the ones who make
mischief,buttheyrealise(it)not.Whenitissaidtothem:"Believeasthe
othersbelieve"theysay:"Shallwebelieveasthefoolsbelieve?
(AlBaqarah:11 13]
Themunafiqs,menandwomen,(haveanunderstanding)witheachother:
munafiqs men and women (have an understanding) with each other:
The
Theyenjoinevil,andforbidwhatisjust,andareclosewiththeirhands.They
haveforgottenAllahSWT.SoHehathforgottenthem.Verilythemunafiqsare
b lli
d

rebelliousandperverse.
[AtTaubah:67]

CharacteristicofMunafeeq:Others
q
Lies/Cheats/DonotKeepWords/ExcessiveArguments
RasulullahSAWsaid,
Rasulullah SAW said And
Andwhenquarrelling(indisagreement),heisexcessive.
when quarrelling (in disagreement) he is excessive
RasulullahSAWsaid,TherearethreesignsofMunafeeq;WhenhespeaksheLies,

whenhepromiseshebreaksthosepromisesandwhenheisentrusted,heembezzles.
when
he promises he breaks those promises and when he is entrusted he embezzles
(HadithBukhari andMuslim).
Whenthehypocritescometoyou,[OMuhammad],theysay,"Wetestifythatyouare
Wh th h
it
t
[O M h
d] th
"W t tif th t

theMessengerofAllah."AndAllahknowsthatyouareHisMessenger,andAllah
testifiesthatthehypocritesareliars.
[Al Munaafiqun: 1]
[AlMunaafiqun:1]
LyingIDagerus

"Thecompletebelievermayhaveanycharacteristicinhisnatureexcepttreacheryand
lying.
AMuslimcanbeacowardoramiserbutcanneverbealiar.
ProphetPBUHsaid:"IguaranteeahouseinthemiddleofParadiseforhewholeaveslying
evenwhenjoking."

Characteristics of M'umin:
CharacteristicsofM
umin:Taqwa
Taqwa
FearofAllah/BeconsciousaboutAllahineverything
RemembersAllahandhisguidanceoneverything
R
b All h d hi
id
hi
Taqwacanbecomparedtowalkingthroughanarrowpathwiththorny

bushesonbothsidesandapersonpassingthroughittrieshislevelbestto
p
p
g
g
savehisclothesfrombeingtorn.Thethornsarethesinsandtheclothesis
one'sIman.
AllahLoves/HonorsMuttaqeen
Allah Loves/Honors Muttaqeen
"Verily,themosthonourableofyouintheSightofAllahisthat(believer)who

hasTaqwa."

[SurahalHujurat(49):13]
Taqwagivesguidance
"O
Oyouwhobelieve!HaveTaqwaofAllah.HewillgiveyouaFurqaan(criterion
you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah He will give you a Furqaan (criterion

tojudgebetweenrightandwrong)."[SurahalAnfaal(8):29]

Characteristics of M'umin:
CharacteristicsofM
umin:Sabr
Sabr
Means
Patience,perseverance,constancy,steadfastness,firmnessofpurpose;(3)
Patience, perseverance, constancy, steadfastness, firmness of purpose; (3)
systematicasopposedtospasmodicorchanceaction;thankful
3Types
Patienceinthefaceofacalamity
y
Sabrinthefaceofdesires
SabrinfulfillingthecommandsofAllah

Purificationishalfofiman(faith).Saying'AlHamdulillah'(PraisebetoAllah)
fillsthescales.Saying'SubhanallahwaalHamdulillahi'(ExaltedbeAllahand
PraisebetoAllah)fillsthespacebetweentheheavensandtheearth.Salah
(prayer)isalight.Sadaqah(charity)isaproof.Sabr(patience)isashining
glory.TheQur'anisanargumenteitherforyouoragainstyou.Everybody
goesoutinthemorningandsellsthemselves,therebysettingthemselvesfree
or destroying themselves "
ordestroyingthemselves.

Sabr: Patience in the face of a calamity:


Sabr:Patienceinthefaceofacalamity:
Believersmustbetested
"Alif,Lam,Mim.Dopeoplethinkthattheywillbeleftalonebecausethey

say,'Webelieve,'andwillnotbetested?IndeedWetestedthosewho
( ed) be o e e
(lived)beforethem."
[SurahAnkabut29:13]
HeWhocreatedDeathandLife,thatHemaytrywhichofyouisbestindeed:
andHeistheExaltedinMight,OftForgiving. (AlMulk67:2)
AllprophetswereTested
p p
Ibrahim(as)
Whatifonedoesnothaveanyproblem?

Sabr: Patience in the face of a calamity:


Sabr:Patienceinthefaceofacalamity:
HowtoDealwithIt?
AndsurelyWeshalltryyouwithsomethingoffearandhunger,andlossof
d
l
h ll
h
h
ff
dh
dl
f

wealthandlivesandcrops;butgivegladtidingstothepatient,Whosays,when
afflictedwithcalamity:ToAllahWebelong,andtoHimisourreturn:They
are those on whom (descend) Blessings from Allah and Mercy and they are
arethoseonwhom(descend)BlessingsfromAllah,andMercy,andtheyare
theonesthatreceiveguidance.
[AlBaqarah2:155157]
AllahputsnoburdenonanypersonbeyondwhatHehasgivenhim.Allahwill

grantafterhardship,ease.
[atTalaaq,
65:7]
[at
Talaaq,65:7]
Surelywitheverydifficultythereisrelief.Surelywitheverydifficultythereis

relief.
relief.
[SurahInShirah,94:56]

Sabr:Patienceinthefaceofacalamity:Tawaqqul
y
qq
NoonebutAllahCanhelp(Tawaqqul)
If
IfGodhelpsyou,nonecanovercomeyou;andifHeforsakesyou,whoisthere
God helps you none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you who is there
afterHimthatcanhelpyou? AndinGod(Alone)letbelieversputtheirtrust.
[SurahAlImran:160]
Donotcomplain(especiallytootherhuman)/dontbeaMunafeeq

Therefore,rememberMe(God)andIwillrememberyou,andbegratefultoMe
(forMycountlessFavoursonyou)andneverbeungratefultoMe.
[SurahBaqara2:152]
AndofthepeopleishewhoworshipsAllahonanedge.Ifheistouchedbygood,
heisreassuredbyit;butifheisstruckbytrial,heturnsonhisface[totheother
direction].Hehaslost[this]worldandtheHereafter.Thatiswhatisthemanifest
loss.
[Surah Al Hajj:21]
[SurahAlHajj:21]

Sabr in the face of desires & Fulfilling Commands of Allah

Bewareofyourenvironment
Youarewhoyouarewhenalone
NoExcuse
Indeed,Allahhaspurchasedfromthebelieverstheirlivesandtheirproperties
[inexchange]forthattheywillhaveParadise.TheyfightinthecauseofAllah,
so they kill and are killed [It is] a true promise [binding] upon Him in the
sotheykillandarekilled.[Itis]atruepromise[binding]uponHiminthe
TorahandtheGospelandtheQur'an.Andwhoistruertohiscovenantthan
Allah?Sorejoiceinyourtransactionwhichyouhavecontracted.Anditisthat
which is the great attainment
whichisthegreatattainment.
[SurahAtTawba]

Characteristics of M'umin:
CharacteristicsofM
umin:Haya
Haya
FirstWeaponofShaytanisshamelessness
OchildrenofAdam,letnotSatantemptyouasheremovedyourparents
fromParadise,strippingthemoftheirclothingtoshowthemtheirprivate
p
parts.Indeed,heseesyou,heandhistribe,fromwhereyoudonotseethem.
,
y ,
,
y
Indeed,Wehavemadethedevilsalliestothosewhodonotbelieve.
[SurahAlAraf:27]

Ourlevelofmodestyis.Kissinginamovieseemsok.
l l f
d
k
Hadith
"I d d h
( d
) dI
C
i
Wh
f h
i lif d
"Indeedhaya(modesty)andImanareCompanions.Whenoneofthemislifted,
theotherleavesaswell."(Baihaqi)

(Hay[bashfulness,modesty]isabranchfrommn.)
[Bukhr]

Characteristics of M'umin:
CharacteristicsofM
umin:Haya
Haya
Loweryourgaze
Tellthebelievingmentoreduce[some]oftheirvisionandguardtheirprivate
parts.Thatispurerforthem.Indeed,AllahisAcquaintedwithwhattheydo.

[Surah An Nur :30]


[SurahAnNur:30]

Hadith
TheZinaoftheeyeisthe(lustful)look,theZinaoftheearsisthelistening(to
The
Zina of the eye is the (lustful) look the Zina of the ears is the listening (to
voluptuoussongsortalk),theZinaofthetongueis(thelicentious)speech,
theZinaofthehandisthe(lustful)grip,theZinaofthefeetisthewalking(to
the place where he intends to commit Zina) the heart yearns and desires and
theplacewhereheintendstocommitZina),theheartyearnsanddesiresand
theprivatepartsapproveallthatordisapproveit.'
[Bujhari&Muslim]

BalanceinIman
Love,Fear&Hope
SurahFatihah
S h F ih h

HowtoIncreaseIman
1.Recite&Understand&PonderonQuran
ItisaBookWehavesentdowntoyou,fullofblessing,soletpeopleof
It is a Book We have sent down to you full of blessing so let people of

intelligenceponder(liyaddabbaru)itsSignsandtakeheed."
[Saad,38:29]
"WilltheynotthenpondertheQur'anoraretherelocksupontheirhearts?
[Muhammad,47:24]

2 Salah
2.Salah
3.GainKnowledge
4 Sadaqah
4.Sadaqah
5.AttendGatherings
6. Think of Death & Afterlife (Uthman/ Abu Bakr)
6.ThinkofDeath&Afterlife(Uthman/AbuBakr)