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K thi: Retake Exam - Ngy thi: 16.08.

2013
Question 1
Marks: 1
Suppose the financial analysis as below:

Calculate the discounted benefits -costs of year 3 (item 8)


Choose one answer.
a. 44530
b. 45430
c. 40534
d. 43450
Question 2
Marks: 1
____ involves using incentives to induce people to do things.
Choose one answer.
a. Referent power
b. Legitimate power
c. Coercive power
d. Reward power
Question 3
Marks: 1
Key inputs for preparing the project scope statement include the ____________________,
requirements documentation, and organizational process assets such as policies and procedures
related to scope statements as well as project files and lessons learned from previous, similar
projects.

Choose one answer.


a. project scope
b. project plan
c. project charter
Question 4
Marks: 1
____ involves shifting the consequence of a risk and responsibility for its management to a third
party.
Choose one answer.
a. Risk avoidance
b. Risk acceptance
c. Risk transference
d. Risk mitigation
Question 5
Marks: 1
A(an) ____ is a document that formally recognizes the existence of a project and provides
direction on the project's objectives and management.
Choose one answer.
a. net present value analysis
b. balanced scorecard
c. project charter
d. business case
Question 6
Marks: 1
Which of the following is incorrect?
Choose one answer.
a. Project managers in matrix organizations have staff from various functional areas
working on their projects.
b. According to the symbolic frame, what is most important about any event in an
organization is what actually happened.
c. An organization that uses a project organizational structure earns their revenue primarily
from performing projects for other groups under contract.
d. Most colleges and universities have very strong functional organizations.
Question 7
Marks: 1
____ uses highly organized and intensive workshops to bring together project stakeholders-the
sponsor, users, business analysts, programmers, and so on-to jointly define and design
information systems.
Choose one answer.

a. Prototyping
b. RAD
c. JAD
d. Use case modeling
Question 8
Marks: 1
The ____ model requires heavy user involvement, and developers use a model to generate
functional requirements and physical design specifications simultaneously.
Choose one answer.
a. spiral life cycle
b. RAD life cycle
c. prototyping life cycle
d. incremental build life cycle
Question 9
Marks: 1
From the supplier's perspective, there is the least risk with a/an ____ contract.
Choose one answer.
a. CPFF
b. FFP
c. CPFP
d. CPPC
Question 10
Marks: 1
____ tools are often recommended for small projects and single users.
Choose one answer.
a. High-end
b. Expensive
c. Low-end
d. Midrange
Question 11
Marks: 1
You often try to find similar project and then customize or modify it for know differences. What
cost estimating technique are you using?
Choose one answer.
a. Parametric
b. Analogous

c. Bottom-up
d. None of the others
Question 12
Marks: 1
____ involves shifting the consequence of a risk and responsibility for its management to a third
party.
Choose one answer.
a. Risk avoidance
b. Risk acceptance
c. Risk mitigation
d. Risk transference
Question 13
Marks: 1
The ____ process involves gaining stakeholder and customer acceptance of the final products
and services and bringing the project, or project phase, to an orderly end.
Choose one answer.
a. developing
b. closing
c. ending
d. completing
Question 14
Marks: 1
In the mathematical formula for determining the NPV, the variable n is ____.
Choose one answer.
a. the discount rate
b. the last year of the cash flow
c. the year of the cash flow
d. the amount of cash flow each year
Question 15
Marks: 1
____ involve estimating individual work items or activities and summing them to get a project
total.
Choose one answer.
a. Actual estimates
b. Analogous estimates
c. Bottom-up estimates
d. Parametric estimates

Question 16
Marks: 1
____ involves reducing the impact of a risk event by reducing the probability of its occurrence.
Choose at least one answer.
a. Risk transference
b. Risk acceptance
c. Risk mitigation
d. Risk avoidance
Question 17
Marks: 1
The core functions of project management framework are _______________________
Choose one answer.
a. Scope management, Time management, Cost management, Risk management
b. Scope management, Time management, Cost management, Human resource
management
c. Scope management, Time management, Cost management, Quality management
d. Scope management, Time management, Quality management, Communications
management
Question 18
Marks: 1
Select the correct statement about Project Procurement Management
Choose one answer.
a. Many private companies use the term procurement instead of purchasing.
b. Few organizations use some form of outsourcing to meet their information technology
needs.
c. The cost savings and use of offshore resources lower inflation, increase productivity, and
lower interest rates.
d. Most people view offshore outsourcing as being good.
Question 19
Marks: 1
Top Ten Risk Item Tracking is a __________ risk analysis tool that helps to identify risks and
maintain an awareness of risks throughout the life of a project
Choose one answer.
a. quantitative
b. listing
c. qualitative
d. diagramming
Question 20
Marks: 1

____ involves reducing the impact of a risk event by reducing the probability of its occurrence.
Choose one answer.
a. Risk mitigation
b. Risk avoidance
c. Risk acceptance
d. Risk transference
Question 21
Marks: 1
The ____ run rule states that if _______data points in a row are all below the mean, above the
mean, or are all increasing or decreasing, then the process needs to be examined for non-random
problems.
Choose one answer.
a. ten
b. seven
c. nine
d. eight
Question 22
Marks: 1
____ provide(s) a standard format for displaying project schedule information by listing project
activities and their corresponding start and finish dates in a calendar format.
Choose one answer.
a. Gantt charts
b. PERT analysis
c. Critical path analysis
d. Critical chain scheduling
Question 23
Marks: 1
Gantt charts provide a standard format for displaying project ___________ information by
listing project activities and their corresponding start and finish dates in a calendar format
Choose one answer.
a. Scope
b. Cost
c. Human resource
d. Schedule
Question 24
Marks: 1
________ involves making needed information available to project stakeholders in a timely
manner.

Choose one answer.


a. Reporting performance
b. Managing stakeholder expectations
c. Distributing information
d. Planning communications
Question 25
Marks: 1
Which of the following is not benefit of resource leveling technique?
Choose one answer.
a. It may enable project managers to use a just-in-time inventory type of policy for
using subcontractors or other expensive resources
b. When resources are used on a more constant basis, they require less management
c. It helps project managers to reduce the project duration
d. It results in fewer problems for project personnel and accounting department
Question 26
Marks: 1
When using the ____, project managers retreat or withdraw from an actual or potential
disagreement.
Choose one answer.
a. forcing mode
b. confrontation mode
c. withdrawal mode
d. smoothing mode
Question 27
Marks: 1
Select correct statement:
Choose one answer.
a. Few business and information technology students understand the concepts of systems
and performing a systems analysis.
b. When you separate business and organizational issues from project management
planning, you do a better job of ensuring project success.
c. Organizational issues are often the least difficult part of working on and managing
projects.
d. If project managers lead projects in isolation, it is unlikely that those projects will ever
truly serve the needs of the organization
Question 28
Marks: 1
Assume you have completed three months of the project. The BAC was 200.000 USD for this
six-month project. Also assume the following :

PV = 120.000 USD
EV = 100.000 USD
AC = 90.000 USD
What is the schedule perfomlance index (SPI )?
Choose one answer.
a. 90%
b. 75%
c. 111%
d. 83%
Question 29
Marks: 1
Select triple constraint of project
Choose one answer.
a. Cost, Time, Scope
b. Scope, Time, Quality
c. Quality, Cost, Time
d. Scope, Quality, Cost
Question 30
Marks: 1
In a weighted scoring model, the sum of all of the criteria's weights must total ____ percent.
Choose one answer.
a. 150
b. 50
c. 100
d. 200
Question 31
Marks: 1
When using the ____, the project manager deemphasizes or avoids areas of differences and
emphasizes areas of agreement.
Choose one answer.
a. forcing mode
b. withdrawal mode
c. confrontation mode
d. smoothing mode
Question 32
Marks: 1
Which of the following is not one task in pre-initiation tasks?
Choose one answer.

a. Identify stakeholders
b. Select project manager
c. Develop a business case for a project
d. Identify the project sponsor
Question 33
Marks: 1
____ is an iterative software development process that focuses on team productivity and delivers
software best practices to all team members.
Choose one answer.
a. ROP
b. RIP
c. RUP
d. RAP
Question 34
Marks: 1
In a ____ relationship, one task cannot finish before another finishes.
Choose one answer.
a. start-to-finish
b. finish-to-finish
c. finish-to-start
d. start-to-start
Question 35
Marks: 1
What approach to developing a WBS involves reviewing WBSs of similar projects and tailor to
your project?
Choose one answer.
a. Analogy
b. Mind mapping
c. Bottom-up
d. Top-down
Question 36
Marks: 1
Suppose the financial analysis as below:

Calculate the payback time of project


Choose one answer.
a. In year 2
b. In year 3
c. Do not have payback
d. In year 4
Question 37
Marks: 1
An item you need for a project has a daily lease cost of 200 USD. To purchase the item , there is
an investment cost of 6000 USD and a daily cost of 100 USD.
Calculate the number of days when the lease cost would be the same as the purchase cost.
Choose one answer.
a. 30
b. 40
c. 60
d. 50
Question 38
Marks: 1
A ____ is a bell-shaped curve that is symmetrical regarding the average value of the population
(the data being analyzed).
Choose one answer.
a. polynomial distribution
b. symmetrical distribution
c. normal distribution
d. skewed distribution

Question 39
Marks: 1
A __________ is a bar graph of a distribution of variables. Each bar represents an attribute or
characteristic of a problem or situation, and the height of the bar represents its frequency
Choose one answer.
a. control chart
b. histogram
c. scatter diagram
d. cause-and-effect diagram
Question 40
Marks: 1
Which of the following are methods for selecting from among possible projects?
Choose one answer.
a. Using a weighted scoring model
b. Implementing a balanced score card
c. Focusing on broad organizational needs
d. All of the others
e. Categorizing information technology projects
Question 41
Marks: 1
Give a network diagram below:

Select the amount of time that activity A can be delayed


Choose one answer.
a. 2 days
b. 4 days
c. 5 days
d. 3 days
Question 42
Marks: 1
____ should serve as the foundation for deciding which projects to pursue.
Choose one answer.
a. Strategic plannings

b. Employee abilities
c. Project managers
d. Successful past projects
Question 43
Marks: 1
Which of the following is not a phase of the traditional project life cycle?
Choose one answer.
a. Initiating
b. Development
c. Implementation
d. Concept
e. Close-out
Question 44
Marks: 1
Assume you have completed three months of the project. The BAC was 200.000 USD for this
six-month project. Also assume the following :
PV = 120.000 USD
EV = 100.000 USD
AC = 90.000 USD
What is the estimate at completion (EAC) for this project?
Choose one answer.
a. 180180 USD
b. 125521 USD
c. 125000 USD
d. 218218 USD
Question 45
Marks: 1
Important tools used in the ____ phase of the DMAIC process include a project charter, a
description of customer requirements, process maps, and Voice of the Customer (VOC) data.
Choose one answer.
a. define
b. analyze
c. measure
d. improve
Question 46
Marks: 1
____ is best known for developing Theory X and Theory Y.
Choose one answer.

a. Douglas McGregor
b. Abraham Maslow
c. Frederick Herzberg
d. David McClelland
Question 47
Marks: 1
Suppose the financial analysis as below:

Calculate the discounted costs of year 3 (item 2)


Choose one answer.
a. 20750
b. 18750
c. 21750
d. 19750
Question 48
Marks: 1
Suppose the financial analysis as below:

Calculate the discounted benefits of year 2 (item 4)


Choose one answer.
a. 78520
b. 68750
c. 68800
d. 26050
Question 49
Marks: 1
Suppose the financial analysis as below:

Calculate the total discounted benefits (item 6)


Choose one answer.
a. 191200

b. 181200
c. 192200
d. 192300
Question 50
Marks: 1
If the cost estimate will be the basis for contract awards and performance reporting, it should be
a ____ and as accurate as possible.
Choose one answer.
a. rough order of magnitude estimate
b. final estimate
c. budgetary estimate
d. definitive estimate
Question 51
Marks: 1
Project management software highlights the critical path in ____ on a network diagram.
Choose one answer.
a. white
b. black
c. blue
d. red
Question 52
Marks: 1
____ uses highly organized and intensive workshops to bring together project stakeholders, such
as: the sponsor, users, business analysts, programmers, and so on... to jointly define and design
information
Choose one answer.
a. RAD
b. JAD
c. Use case modeling
d. Prototyping
Question 53
Marks: 1
Poor conflict management, poor project organization and definition of responsibilities, and
absence of leadership are risk conditions associated with the ____ project management
knowledge area.
Choose one answer.
a. Human Resources

b. Integration
c. Quality
d. Time
Question 54
Marks: 1
The ____ is an estimate of what it will cost to complete the project based on performance to date.
Choose one answer.
a. SV
b. EAC
c. SPI
d. CPI
Question 55
Marks: 1
The first step in the framework for defining and assigning work is ____.
Choose one answer.
a. defining how the work will be accomplished
b. breaking down the work into manageable elements
c. assigning work responsibilities
d. finalizing the project requirements
Question 56
Marks: 1
____ are/is a qualitative risk analysis tool, and in addition to identifying risks, it maintains an
awareness of risks throughout the life of a project.
Choose one answer.
a. Risk registering
b. Probability/impact matrices or charts
c. Risk factor analysis
d. Top Ten Risk Item Tracking
Question 57
Marks: 1
Just as passing the CPA exam is a standard for accountants, passing the ____ exam is becoming
a standard for project managers.
Choose one answer.
a. PMP
b. PM
c. PMI

d. PMO
Question 58
Marks: 1
A _________ is a document prepared by sellers providing pricing for standard items that have
been clearly defined by the buyer
Choose one answer.
a. quote
b. request for Quote
c. proposal
d. request for Proposal
Question 59
Marks: 1
Based on Blake and Mouton (1964) delineated five basic models for handling conflicts, when
using the ______________ mode, project managers directly face a conflict using a problemsolving approach that allows affected parties to work through their disagre
Choose one answer.
a. Smoothing
b. Compromise
c. Collaborating
d. Confrontation
Question 60
Marks: 1
Select correct statement:
Choose one answer.
a. A project should be developed using progressive elaboration, starting from specific
details and broadening in scope as it progresses.
b. Every project is constrained in different ways by its scope and cost goals; these
limitations are sometimes referred to in project management as the double constraint.
c. Questions about how long a project's schedule should be are related to the issue of the
project's scope.
d. One attribute that helps define a project is that a project has a unique purpose.