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CE Chemistry

Paper I Marking Schemes

Dr. Samuel Chong

Dr. Samuel Chong

AB C

04 05 (SWA)

05 06

Marks
1.

(a) (i) calcium carbonate


(ii) gas bubbles are given off.
(b) (i) Compound A calcium oxide ; Gas B carbon dioxide

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(ii) Brick-red colour

(iii) Test the gas B with limewater which will turns milky.

(c) calcium hydroxide


It is used to neutralize the acidity of soil.

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2.

(a) There is strong covalent bond between oxygen atoms.


There is weak van der Waals force between oxygen molecules
(b)(i) Fractional distillation
(ii) The liquefied gases is separated by fractionating column under different
boiling points.

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(c) No, it is not a good conductor of electricity.


It is because there is no mobile electrons or ions.

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By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

3.

(a) Add both concentrated sulphuric acid and concentrated nitric acid to copper.
Concentrated nitric acid gives reddish-brown gas while concentrated
sulphuric acid does not.

(b) Bromine in tetrachloromethane is added to both propene and propan-1-ol.

Propene decolourize bromine while propan-1-ol cannot.

4.

Marks
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(a) Zinc sulphate crystals cannot conduct electricity because there is no mobile

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ions.
(b)(i) P, hydrogen
(ii) The gas burns with a pop sound with a burning splint.
(iii) The zinc electrode dissolves gradually.
(c) Valid. Bromine gas liberating in cell B is toxic.

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(6)

By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

Marks
5.

(a) adding an alkaline solution / sodium hydroxide solution / ammonia


solution into sewage and filter the precipitate

Cu2+ + 2OH-

Cu(OH)2

(b) Soapy detergent can be precipitated by adding solution containing

calcium ion / magnesium ions / hard water, then remove the white solid
(scum) by filtration.
(c) Incineration / burning of polystyrene waste.
This will greatly reduce the volume of the waste. Or

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Recycling of polystyrene waste. This can save petroleum.

(6)

By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

Marks
6.

(i)

Cl2 + 2OH OCl + Cl + H2O

(ii) Test with moist blue litmus paper , the colour of the paper will be bleached.
(iii) Bleaching agent.

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OCl + dye Cl + (dye + O)

(iv) Formula mass of NaOCl = 23 + 16 + 35.5 = 74.5


Molarity of sodium hypochlorite =

2.6
/ 0.1 = 0.35 M
74.5

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7.

(a)

(i)

D: copper(II) oxide
E: copper(II) hydroxide

(ii)

3Cu(s) + 8HNO3(aq) 3Cu(NO3)2(aq) + 2NO(g) + 4H2O(l) /

3Cu(s) + 2NO3-(aq) + 8H+(aq) 3Cu2+(aq) + 2NO(g) + 4H2O(l)


(iii)

(1)

Heat E (copper(II) hydroxide) strongly.

Cu(OH)2(s)
(2)

heat

CuO(s) + H2O(l)

No. The oxidation number of all elements remain


unchanged during the reaction.

(b)

Use a clear platinum / nichrome wire.


Dip the wire in concentrated hydrochloric acid and stick some of the solid
on it.
Heat the wire in a non-luminous (blue) Bunsen flame and observe the flame
colour.

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(8)

By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

Marks
8.

First, adding bromine water to all samples, the one


decolorizing bromine is sodium sulphite,
the one forming a darker brown solution is sodium iodide.
Others have no observable change.

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Then adding red dye solution to the three remaining samples, the one
decolorizing the dye is sodium hypochlorite. Others have no observable
change.
Afterwards, adding dilute HCl to the two remaining samples, the one

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giving out a colourless gas is sodium carbonate. Other has no observable


change.
Finally, the remaining sample is sodium sulphate.

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By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

Marks
9.

(a)

(i) 4NH3(g) + 3O2(g) 2N2(g) + 6H2O(l)


(ii) It is reducing agent because the oxidation number of N increase

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from -3 to 0.
(iii) According to the equation in (a),
the mole ratio of NH3 to O2 = 4 : 3
Hence, oxygen is in excess.
According to the equation in (a),

the mole ratio of NH3 to N2 = 2 : 1


Hence, number of moles of nitrogen formed = 0.4 / 2 = 0.2 mol
Mass of nitrogen formed = 0.2 (14 2) = 5.6 g

(b)

(i) Place about 2 cm3 of each acid in separate test tubes. Add a few drops of
silver nitrate solution to each test tube. A white precipitate will be

observed in the test tube containing hydrochloric acid.

(ii) Dilute hydrochloric acid is a strong acid and ethanoic acid is a weak
acid. Dilute hydrochloric acid dissociates fully in water whereas
ethanoic acid dissociates partially in water to form less hydrogen ions,
H+(aq).

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(9)

By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

Marks
10. (a) (i)

I: anti-bumping granules
III: cold water bath

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(ii) Provide a large surface area for condensation and vapourization of the mixture

II: direction of water in condenser

(iii) When hex-l-ene is added, addition reaction occurs and all hex-l-ene are used
up. Since addition reaction cannot be reversed by heating, hex-l-ene will not
be found in the distillate

By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

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(b)

(-1 for wrong method to collect the product)


(-1 for no catalyst)
(-1 for heating decane directing)
The porcelain is heated strongly in the absence of air.

The gaseous products are collected by displacement of water

(3)

By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

a
N
OO
C
6
1
)2
H
C
(3
H
C
3

H
O
H
C

H
O
a
N
3
+

O
H
C

H
O
H2
C

H3
C6
)1
H2
C
(

O
H2
C

(c)

H
O
H2
C

O
H2
C

(b)

H3
H3
C
C6
6
)1
)1
H2
H2
C
C
(
(
O C O C O

11. (a)

The hydrocarbon tail is hydrophobic which is readily soluble in the greasy


dirt.
The COO (ionic) end is hydrophilic which is readily soluble in water.
Agitation will cause the grease to break down into droplets.
The negative charge on the droplets repels each other and emulsion is
formed.

No, I do not agree.


Hard water contains Ca2+ or Mg2+ ions .
Soaps react with Ca2+ or Mg2+ ions to form scum which is difficult to
remove.
Soapless detergent reacts with Ca2+ or Mg2+ ions to form no scum.

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By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

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Marks
12. Wash a 25.0cm3 pipette with distilled water and sodium carbonate solution.

Transfer 25.0 cm3 of sodium carbonate solution to a clean conical flask with the
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pipette and add a few drops of methyl orange.


Wash the burette with distilled water and nitric acid before filling it with the acid.
Put a white tile under the conical flask and run the acid from the burette until there

is colour change.
Record the volume of nitric acid added and repeat the titration 2 or 3 times for
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accurate result.
Calculation of the molarity of the sample of sodium carbonate solution:
Na2CO3 + 2 HNO3 2NaNO3 + CO2 + H2O
Number of moles of HNO3(aq) = average volume of HNO3(aq) used
concentration of HNO3(aq)

Number of moles of Na2CO3(aq) = number of moles of HNO3(aq) 2


Volume of Na2CO3(aq) molarity of Na2CO3(aq) = Number of moles of
Na2CO3(aq)
Effective Communication

By Dr. Samuel Chong Chemistry Team

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