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eLTE2.

3
V200R003C00

eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD


Basic Feature Description
Issue

Draft A

Date

2014-02-10

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2014. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions


and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and
the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be
within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements,
information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or
representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
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recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address:

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Website:

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Email:

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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

Contents

Contents
1 Basic Features ................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 Standards Compliance .................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1.1 LBFD-001001 3GPP R8 Specifications..................................................................................................................... 1
1.1.2 LBFD-001007 3GPP R9 Specifications..................................................................................................................... 2
1.1.3 LBFD-001008 3GPP R10 Specifications................................................................................................................... 2
1.1.4 LBFD-001002 FDD mode ......................................................................................................................................... 3
1.1.5 LBFD-001003 Scalable Bandwidth ........................................................................................................................... 4
1.1.6 LBFD-001004 CP length ........................................................................................................................................... 5
1.1.6.1 LBFD-00100401 Normal CP .................................................................................................................................. 5
1.1.7 LBFD-001005 Modulation: DL/UL QPSK, DL/UL 16QAM, DL 64QAM .............................................................. 6
1.1.8 LBFD-001006 AMC .................................................................................................................................................. 7
1.2 RAN Architecture & Features ....................................................................................................................................... 8
1.2.1 LBFD-002001 Logical Channel Management ........................................................................................................... 8
1.2.2 LBFD-002002 Transport Channel Management ........................................................................................................ 9
1.2.3 LBFD-002003 Physical Channel Management ....................................................................................................... 10
1.2.4 LBFD-002004 Integrity Protection .......................................................................................................................... 11
1.2.5 LBFD-002005 DL Asynchronous HARQ ................................................................................................................ 12
1.2.6 LBFD-002006 UL Synchronous HARQ .................................................................................................................. 13
1.2.7 LBFD-002007 RRC Connection Management ........................................................................................................ 14
1.2.8 LBFD-002008 Radio Bearer Management .............................................................................................................. 15
1.2.9 LBFD-002009 Broadcast of system information ..................................................................................................... 16
1.2.10 LBFD-002010 Random Access Procedure ............................................................................................................ 17
1.2.11 LBFD-002011 Paging ............................................................................................................................................ 18
1.2.12 LBFD-002012 Cell Access Radius up to 15km ..................................................................................................... 19
1.2.13 LBFD-002023 Admission Control ......................................................................................................................... 20
1.2.14 LBFD-002024 Congestion Control ........................................................................................................................ 21
1.2.15 LBFD-002025 Basic Scheduling ........................................................................................................................... 22
1.2.16 LBFD-002026 Uplink Power Control.................................................................................................................... 23
1.2.17 LBFD-002016 Dynamic Downlink Power Allocation ........................................................................................... 25
1.2.18 LBFD-002018 Mobility Management ................................................................................................................... 26
1.2.18.1 LBFD-00201801 Coverage Based Intra-frequency Handover ............................................................................ 26
1.2.18.2 LBFD-00201802 Coverage Based Inter-frequency Handover ............................................................................ 27
1.2.18.3 LBFD-00201803 Cell Selection and Re-selection .............................................................................................. 29

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Contents

1.2.18.4 LBFD-00201804 Distance Based Inter-frequency Handover ............................................................................. 30


1.2.18.5 LBFD-00201805 Service Based Inter-frequency Handover ............................................................................... 30
1.2.19 LBFD-002020 Antenna Configuration .................................................................................................................. 31
1.2.19.1 LBFD-00202001 UL 2-Antenna Receive Diversity ........................................................................................... 31
1.2.20 LBFD-002021 Reliability ...................................................................................................................................... 32
1.2.20.1 LBFD-00202101 Main Processing and Transport Unit Cold Backup ................................................................ 32
1.2.20.2 LBFD-00202102 Cell Re-build

Between Baseband Processing Units ............................................................ 33

1.2.20.3 LBFD-00202103 SCTP Multi-homing ............................................................................................................... 34


1.2.20.4 LBFD-00202104 Intra-baseband Card Resource Pool (user level/cell level) ..................................................... 35
1.2.21 LBFD-002027 Support of UE Category 1 ............................................................................................................. 36
1.2.22 LBFD-002031 Support of aperiodic CQI reports .................................................................................................. 38
1.2.23 LBFD-002032 Extended-QCI ................................................................................................................................ 39
1.2.24 LBFD-002033 SCTP Congestion Control ............................................................................................................. 40
1.2.25 LBFD-002034 RRU Channel Cross Connection Under MIMO ............................................................................ 41
1.2.26 LBFD-070102 MBR>GBR Configuration ............................................................................................................ 43
1.3 Transmission & Security ............................................................................................................................................. 43
1.3.1 LBFD-003001 Transmission Networking ................................................................................................................ 43
1.3.1.1 LBFD-00300101 Star Topology ........................................................................................................................... 43
1.3.1.2 LBFD-00300102 Chain Topology ........................................................................................................................ 45
1.3.1.3 LBFD-00300103 Tree Topology ........................................................................................................................... 46
1.3.2 LBFD-003002 Basic Qos Management ................................................................................................................... 47
1.3.2.1 LBFD-00300201 DiffServ QoS Support .............................................................................................................. 47
1.3.3 LBFD-003003 VLAN Support (IEEE 802.1p/q) ..................................................................................................... 48
1.3.4 LBFD-003005 Synchronization ............................................................................................................................... 49
1.3.4.1 LBFD-00300501 Clock Source Switching Manually or Automatically ............................................................... 49
1.3.4.2 LBFD-00300502 Free-running Mode ................................................................................................................... 50
1.3.4.3 LBFD-00300503 Synchronization with GPS ....................................................................................................... 51
1.3.4.4 LBFD-00300504 Synchronization with BITS ...................................................................................................... 52
1.3.4.5 LBFD-00300505 Synchronization with 1PPS ...................................................................................................... 53
1.3.5 LBFD-003006 IPv4/IPv6 Dual Stack ...................................................................................................................... 53
1.4 Operation & Maintenance ........................................................................................................................................... 54
1.4.1 LBFD-004001 Local Maintenance of the LMT ....................................................................................................... 54
1.4.2 LBFD-004002 Centralized U2000 Management ..................................................................................................... 55
1.4.3 LBFD-004003 Security Socket Layer ..................................................................................................................... 56
1.4.4 LBFD-004004 Software Version Upgrade Management ......................................................................................... 57
1.4.5 LBFD-004005 Hot Patch Management ................................................................................................................... 58
1.4.6 LBFD-004006 Fault Management ........................................................................................................................... 59
1.4.7 LBFD-004007 Configuration Management ............................................................................................................. 60
1.4.8 LBFD-004008 Performance Management ............................................................................................................... 61
1.4.9 LBFD-004009 Real-time Monitoring of System Running Information .................................................................. 63
1.4.10 LBFD-004010 Security Management .................................................................................................................... 64
1.4.11 LBFD-004011 Optimized eNodeB Commissioning Solution ................................................................................ 64

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Contents

1.4.12 LBFD-004012 Environment Monitoring ............................................................................................................... 65


1.4.13 LBFD-004013 Inventory Management .................................................................................................................. 66
1.4.14 LBFD-004014 License Management ..................................................................................................................... 67
1.4.15 LBFD-004015 License Control for Urgency ......................................................................................................... 68

2 Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................................... 70

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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

Figures

Figures
Figure 1-1 3*10M 2T2R ..................................................................................................................................... 34
Figure 1-2 Stream Control Transmission Protocol .............................................................................................. 35
Figure 1-3 RRU channel cross connection under MIMO .................................................................................... 42
Figure 1-4 Comparing with no MIMO load Sharing ........................................................................................... 42
Figure 1-5 Star topology ...................................................................................................................................... 44
Figure 1-6 Chain topology .................................................................................................................................. 45
Figure 1-7 Tree topology ..................................................................................................................................... 46
Figure 1-8 License file management ................................................................................................................... 68

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

Tables

Tables
Table 1-1 Preamble formats and cell access radius.............................................................................................. 19
Table 1-2 Downlink physical layer parameter values set by the field UE-Category ........................................... 37
Table 1-3 Uplink physical layer parameter values set by the field UE-Category ................................................ 37
Table 1-4 Total layer 2 buffer sizes set by the field UE-Category ....................................................................... 37
Table 1-5 Relationship between QCI and DSCP ................................................................................................. 48
Table 2-1 Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................................................... 70

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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Basic Features

About This Chapter


1.1 Standards Compliance
1.2 RAN Architecture & Features
1.3 Transmission & Security
1.4 Operation & Maintenance

1.1 Standards Compliance


1.1.1 LBFD-001001 3GPP R8 Specifications
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Huawei LTE eNodeB is compliant with 3GPP Release 8 specifications 2009Q3.

Benefits
None

Description
Huawei LTE eNodeB is compliant with 3GPP Release 8 specifications 2009Q3.
Huawei is an active participant and great contributor to 3GPP specification development. This
high-level involvement enables Huawei to actively contribute, and closely follow 3GPP

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

standard development during Huawei product development. LTE eNodeB supports 3GPP
Release 8 2009Q3.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.1.2 LBFD-001007 3GPP R9 Specifications


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.1

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Huawei LTE eNodeB is compliant with 3GPP Release 9 specifications 2010.09 version.

Benefits
None

Description
Huawei LTE eNodeB is compliant with 3GPP Release 9 specifications 2010.09 version.
Huawei is an active participant and great contributor to 3GPP specification development. This
high-level involvement enables Huawei to actively contribute, and closely follow 3GPP
standard development during Huawei product development. LTE eNodeB supports 3GPP
Release 9 specifications 2010.09 version, which is the latest version of LTE standard.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.1.3 LBFD-001008 3GPP R10 Specifications


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN3.0

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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

1 Basic Features

Summary
Huawei LTE eNodeB is compliant with 3GPP Release 10 specifications.

Benefits
None

Description
Huawei LTE eNodeB is compliant with 3GPP Release 10 specifications 2011.03 version.
Huawei is an active participant and great contributor to 3GPP specification development. This
high-level involvement enables Huawei to actively contribute, and closely follow 3GPP
standard development during Huawei product development. LTE eNodeB supports 3GPP
Release 10 specifications 2011.03 version.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.1.4 LBFD-001002 FDD mode


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Huawei LTE supports the Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) mode .

Benefits
None

Description
The 3GPP specifications support the FDD mode. In FDD mode, separate frequency bands are
used for the uplink and the downlink.

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Enhancement
None

Dependency

Others
The related network elements (NEs) should support FDD mode.

1.1.5 LBFD-001003 Scalable Bandwidth


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Huawei LTE eRAN1.0 supports the bandwidths of 5 MHz, 10 MHz, 15 MHz, and 20 MHz.
Huawei LTE eRAN2.0 supports two new bandwidths of 1.4 MHz and 3 MHz to extend the
range of bandwidth support for the LTE technology. Micro eNodeB does not support 1.4 MHz
and 3 MHz bandwidth.

Benefits

Larger bandwidth produces higher throughput and better user experience.

Flexible bandwidth configuration helps operators use frequency bands.

Besides the existing bandwidths supported by eRAN1.0, the introduction of 1.4 MHz
and 3 MHz bandwidths enables the flexibility for operators to allocate smaller bandwidth
less than 5 MHz, thus saving radio resources. This is not applicable to Micro eNodeB.

Description
Huawei LTE eRAN2.0 supports the channel bandwidths from 1.4 MHz to 20 MHz, including
1.4 MHz, 3 MHz, 5 MHz, 10 MHz, 15 MHz, and 20 MHz. The bandwidth can be configured
by the software.

Enhancement

In eRAN2.0
Huawei LTE eRAN1.0 supports the bandwidths of 5 MHz, 10 MHz, 15 MHz, and 20
MHz.
Huawei LTE eRAN2.0 supports two new bandwidths of 1.4 MHz and 3 MHz.

Dependency

UE
UEs should support the same bandwidth as the eNodeB.

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1.1.6 LBFD-001004 CP length


1.1.6.1 LBFD-00100401 Normal CP
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
In an OFDM symbol, the Cyclic Prefix (CP) is a time-domain replication of the end of the
symbol and is appended to the beginning of the symbol. It provides the guard interval in the
OFDM to decrease the inter-symbol interference due to the multipath delay.

Benefits
The CP is used to decrease the inter-symbol interference due to the multipath delay.

Description
The CP is the guard interval used in the OFDM to decrease the interference due to the
multipath delay.
There are two CP lengths defined in 3GPP specifications: normal CP and extended CP.
In the case of 15 kHz subcarrier spacing, the normal CP corresponds to seven OFDM symbols
per slot in the downlink and seven SC-FDMA symbols per slot in the uplink. The normal CP
length (time) is calculated as follows:

In the downlink

Normal CP: TCP = 160 x Ts (OFDM symbol #0), TCP = 144 x Ts (OFDM symbol #1 to #6)

In the uplink

Normal CP: TCP = 160 x Ts (SC-FDMA symbol #0), TCP = 144 x Ts (SC-FDMA symbol #1
to #6)
Where, Ts = 1 / (2048 x Df), Df = 15 kHz

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

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1.1.7 LBFD-001005 Modulation: DL/UL QPSK, DL/UL 16QAM, DL


64QAM
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature shows the different modulation schemes supported by the UE and eNodeB.

Benefits
This feature provides a wide range of modulation schemes to be chosen based on the channel
condition. Higher-order modulation schemes, such as DL 64QAM, can be used under
excellent channel conditions to achieve higher data rates, which improves the system
throughput and spectrum efficiency.

Description
This feature provides a wide range of modulation schemes that can be used by both the
eNodeB and the UE in uplink and downlink.
The following modulation schemes are supported:

Uplink/downlink Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK)

Uplink/downlink 16 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (16QAM)

Downlink 64QAM

The characteristics are as follows:

QPSK allows up to two information bits modulated per symbol due to four different
neighboring alternatives.

16QAM allows up to four information bits modulated per symbol due to 16 different
neighboring alternatives.

64QAM allows up to six information bits modulated per symbol due to 64 different
neighboring alternatives.

This feature allows the eNodeB and UE to choose an optimal modulation scheme based on the
current channel condition to achieve the best tradeoff between the user data rate and the frame
error rate (FER) during transmission.
A more favorable channel condition is required to support a higher-order modulation scheme.
For example, when a UE is in a poor radio environment, it may use a low-order QPSK
modulation scheme for uplink transmission to meet the requirement of the call quality. When
a UE is in an excellent radio environment, it can use a high-order QAM modulation (such as
16QAM) scheme for uplink transmission to achieve high bit rates.

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Enhancement
None

Dependency

UE
The UE should support the same modulation scheme.

1.1.8 LBFD-001006 AMC


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The Adaptive Modulation and Coding (AMC) function allows an eNodeB to adaptively select
the optimal Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) according to the channel condition. This
improves the spectrum efficiency after the system resource and transmitting power are fixed.
Therefore, the throughput can be maximized and the Quality of Service (QoS) requirements
can be met.

Benefits
The AMC provides the following benefits:

Maximizes the system throughput by selecting the optimal MCS.

Meets the QoS requirement (such as the packet loss rate) by selecting the optimal MCS
to achieve the best tradeoff between data rate and block error rate.

Description
The AMC function allows an eNodeB to adaptively select the optimal MCS according to the
channel information. This improves the spectrum efficiency after the system resource and
transmitting power are fixed. Therefore, the throughput can be maximized and the QoS
requirements can be met.
In the uplink, the initial MCS can be selected on the basis of the Signal to Interference plus
Noise Ratio (SINR) of the uplink Reference Signal (RS) measured by the eNodeB. It can also
be adjusted on the basis of whether the uplink transmission involves control signals. Note that
control signals might require a lower-order MCS for ensuring a reliable transmission.
In the downlink, the eNodeB first selects the MCS for each UE based on the CQI reported
from the UE and assigned power for the UE. Then, the eNodeB can adjust the CQI to impact
MCS based on the BLER, in order to maximize the usage of the radio resources.

Enhancement
None

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Dependency
None

1.2 RAN Architecture & Features


1.2.1 LBFD-002001 Logical Channel Management
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The logical channels are provided between the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer and the
Radio Link Control (RLC) layer. Each logical channel type is defined according to the type of
the transmitted data. They are generally classified into two types: control channels and traffic
channels.
In Huawei LTE eNodeB, all logical channels are supported except those related to the evolved
Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (eMBMS) functionality.

Benefits
The logical channels are responsible for what type of information is transferred.

Description
The logical channels are provided between the MAC layer and the RLC layer. They are
responsible for "what is transported". They are generally classified into two types:

Control channels: for transmitting the control plane information

Traffic channels: for transmitting the user plane information

Control channels include:

Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH)

Paging Control Channel (PCCH)

Common Control Channel (CCCH)

Multicast Control Channel (MCCH)

Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH)

Traffic channels include:

Dedicated Traffic Channel (DTCH)

Multicast Traffic Channel (MTCH)

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In Huawei LTE eNodeB, all logical channels are supported except those related to the
eMBMS functionality, such as MCCH and MTCH.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.2 LBFD-002002 Transport Channel Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Transport channels that are provided between the MAC layer and the physical layer, are
defined according to the type of transmitted data and the method of data transmission over the
radio interface. They are used to offer the information about transmission services for the
MAC and higher layers. In Huawei LTE eNodeB, all transport channels except those related
to the eMBMS functionality are supported.

Benefits
The transport channels are responsible for what type of data is transmitted and how the data is
transmitted.

Description
The transport channels are provided between the MAC layer and the physical layer. They are
responsible for what type of data is transmitted and how the data is transmitted over the radio
interface.
Downlink transport channels are classified into the following types:

Broadcast Channel (BCH)

Downlink Shared Channel (DL-SCH)

Paging Channel (PCH)

Multicast Channel (MCH)

Uplink transport channels are classified into the following types:

Uplink Shared Channel (UL-SCH)

Random Access Channel (RACH)

In Huawei LTE eNodeB, all transport channels are supported except those related to the
eMBMS functionality, such as MCH.
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Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.3 LBFD-002003 Physical Channel Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The physical layer is responsible for coding, physical-layer hybrid-ARQ processing,
modulation, multi-antenna processing, and mapping from the signal to the appropriate
physical time-frequency resources. Based on the mapping, a transport channel at the higher
layer can serve one or several physical channels at the physical layer.
In Huawei LTE eNodeB, all physical channels are supported except those related to the
eMBMS functionality, such as PMCH.

Benefits
Each physical channel provides a set of resource blocks for information transmission.

Description
Each physical channel corresponds to a set of resource blocks carrying the information from
higher layers.
Downlink physical channels are classified into the following types:

Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH)

Physical Control Format Indicator Channel (PCFICH)

Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH)

Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel (PHICH)

Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH)

Physical Multicast Channel (PMCH)

Uplink physical channels are classified into the following types:

Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH)

Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH)

Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH)

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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

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In Huawei LTE eNodeB, all physical channels are supported except those related to the
eMBMS functionality, such as PMCH.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.4 LBFD-002004 Integrity Protection


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The feature offers the integrity protection for signaling data. It enables the receiving entity
(either UE or eNodeB) to check whether the signaling data has been illegally modified. It
encrypts or decrypts the signaling data by using a certain integrity algorithm through an RRC
message.

Benefits
The integrity protection procedure prevents the signaling data from illegal modification.

Description
LTE offers the integrity protection for RRC signaling messages at the PDCP layer. The sender
calculates a message authentication code MAC-I based on the RRC message and some
parameters (such as the key, bearer ID, direction, and count) by using an integrity algorithm,
and then send the code to the receiver together with the message. The receiver recalculates the
code and compares it with the code in the message. If the two codes are inconsistent, the
receiver knows that the message has been modified illegally.
The eNodeB decides which integrity algorithm to use and informs each UE of it through an
RRC message.

Enhancement

In eRAN2.0
In addition to the AES, Huawei eRAN2.0 also supports integrity algorithm SNOW3G.

In eRAN6.0
Macro also supports intergrity algorithm ZUC.

In eRAN7.0
Micro also supports integrity algorithm ZUC.

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Dependency

UE
The UE should support the same integrity algorithm as the eNodeB.

1.2.5 LBFD-002005 DL Asynchronous HARQ


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) provides robustness against transmission
errors. It is also a mechanism for capacity enhancement. As HARQ retransmissions are fast,
many services allow one or multiple times of retransmissions, thereby forming an implicit
(closed loop) rate-control mechanism. An asynchronous protocol is the basis for downlink
HARQ operation. Hence, downlink retransmissions may occur at any time after the initial
transmission, and an explicit HARQ process number is used to indicate the HARQ process.

Benefits
DL HARQ functionality is a fast retransmission protocol to ensure successful data
transmission from the eNodeB to a UE at the physical layer and MAC layer. A UE can request
for retransmissions of data that was incorrectly decoded through an NACK message and
soft-combine the retransmitted data with the previously received data to improve the decoding
performance.
This feature helps improve user throughput and reduce transmission latency in the downlink.

Description
The HARQ is a link enhancement technique combining Forward Error Correction (FEC) and
ARQ technologies. Compared with the ARQ, the HARQ can provide faster and more efficient
retransmissions with lower transmission latency. In the downlink, if the data received by the
UE is decoded correctly by the FEC and passes the Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC), the UE
will send an ACK message to inform the eNodeB that the data was received correctly.
Otherwise, the UE will send a NACK message to the eNodeB to request for data
retransmission.
Downlink HARQ is an asynchronous adaptive transmission process, which means that the
scheduler of the HARQ transmission is not predetermined to the UE. In addition, the DL
HARQ information, such as the location of the allocated resource blocks and MCSs, may be
different from that of the previous transmissions.
In LTE specifications, the DL HARQ scheme is based on an Incremental Redundancy (IR)
algorithm. After the retransmitted data is received, the HARQ process in the UE will
soft-combine the retransmitted data with the previously buffered content and then forward the
combined data to the FEC for decoding. The soft-combined data will help increase the
probability of successful FEC decoding, thus increasing the data reception success rate.

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In LTE specifications, multiple downlink HARQ processes are adopted to fully utilize system
resources. It greatly improves the system throughput and reduces the latency, but it requires
more buffer space and signaling overhead.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.6 LBFD-002006 UL Synchronous HARQ


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Compared with the downlink HARQ, uplink retransmission is based on a synchronization
protocol. It occurs at a predefined time after the initial transmission and the number of
retransmissions can be implicitly derived.

Benefits
The UL HARQ functionality is a fast retransmission protocol to ensure successful data
transmission from the UE to the eNodeB at the physical layer and MAC layer. An eNodeB
can request for retransmissions of data that is incorrectly decoded and soft-combine the
retransmitted data with the previously received data to improve the decoding performance.
This feature helps improve the user throughput and reduce transmission latency in the uplink.

Description
The HARQ is a link enhancement technique combining FEC and ARQ technologies.
Compared with the ARQ, the HARQ can provide faster and more efficient retransmissions
with lower transmission latency. In the uplink, if the data received by the eNodeB is decoded
correctly by the FEC and passes the CRC check, the eNodeB will send an ACK message over
the PHICH to inform the UE that the data was received correctly. Otherwise, the eNodeB will
send an NACK message to the UE to request for data retransmission.
In eRAN1.0, Uplink HARQ is a synchronization non-adaptive transmission process, which
means that HARQ transmission blocks are predetermined for transmission and retransmission.
In addition, the UL HARQ information, such as the location of the allocated resource blocks
and MCSs, is predetermined by the eNodeB.
In eRAN2.0, Huawei supports a synchronous adaptive UL HARQ transmission. While
retransmitting, the allocated resource block, coding and modulation scheme may be changed

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1 Basic Features

according to the channel quality. But the retransmission transport block size remains the same
as the first transmission.
In LTE specifications, UL HARQ scheme is based on an IR algorithm. After the retransmitted
data is received, HARQ process in the eNodeB will soft-combine the retransmitted data with
the previously buffered content and forward the combined data to the FEC for decoding. The
soft-combined data will help increase the probability of successful FEC decoding, thus
increasing the data reception success rate.
In LTE specifications, multiple uplink HARQ processes are adopted to fully utilize system
resources. It greatly improves the system throughput and reduces the latency, but it requires
more buffer space and signaling overhead.

Enhancement

In eRAN2.0
Huawei supports a synchronous adaptive UL HARQ transmission. While in eRAN1.0,
Uplink HARQ is a synchronization non-adaptive transmission process.

Dependency
None

1.2.7 LBFD-002007 RRC Connection Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
RRC connection is the layer 3 connection between the UE and eNodeB. The RRC connection
management aims to manage the layer 3 connection, including establishment, maintenance,
and release of the connection.

Benefits
The RRC connection management is essential from the UE to E-UTRAN, and serves all
service procedures and NAS procedures.

Description
RRC connection management involves RRC connection establishment, RRC connection
reconfiguration, RRC connection re-establishment, and RRC connection release.

RRC connection establishment: This procedure is performed to establish an RRC


connection. RRC connection establishment involves Signaling Radio Bearer 1 (SRB1)
establishment. The procedure is also used to transmit the initial NAS dedicated
information or messages from the UE to the E-UTRAN.

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RRC connection reconfiguration: This procedure is performed to modify an RRC


connection, for example, to establish, modify, or release radio bearers, to perform
handovers, and to configure or modify measurements. As a part of the procedure, NAS
dedicated information may be transmitted from the E-UTRAN to the UE.

RRC connection re-establishment: This procedure is performed to re-establish an RRC


connection after a handover failure or radio link failure. RRC connection
re-establishment involves the restoration of SRB1 operation and the re-activation of
security. A UE in RRC_CONNECTED mode, for which security has been activated, may
initiate the procedure in order to continue the RRC connection. The connection
re-establishment will succeed only if the cell has a valid UE context.

RRC connection release: This procedure is performed to release an RRC connection.


RRC connection release involves the release of the established radio bearers and the
release of all radio resources.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.8 LBFD-002008 Radio Bearer Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Radio bearer management aims to manage SRB2 and Data Radio Bearer (DRB). The radio
bearer management includes the establishment, maintenance, and release of radio bearers.

Benefits
This feature provides configuration function of radio resources.

Description
Radio bearer management involves the establishment, maintenance, and release of radio
bearers, as well as the configuration of associated radio resources, for example PDCP, RLC,
logical channel, DRX,CQI, power headroom report (PHR), and physical layer configuration.
The radio bearer management is implemented during the RRC connection reconfiguration
procedure.

Enhancement
None

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Dependency
None

1.2.9 LBFD-002009 Broadcast of system information


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
System information (SI) includes:

Basic information for a UE to access the E-UTRAN, such as basic radio and channel
parameters

Information about cell selection and reselection parameters used by the UE in


RRC_IDLE mode

Information about neighboring cells

Important messages that should be send to each UE, such as earthquake warning
information

The SI broadcasted over the BCCH can be read without setting an RRC connection, and it can
be read by the UE in RRC_IDLE mode and RRC_CONNECTED mode. SI may also be
provided to the UE by means of dedicated signaling, for example, in the case of handover.

Benefits
This feature is the basis for the UE to access the E-UTRAN.

Description
SI is classified into the MasterInformationBlock (MIB) and a number of
SystemInformationBlocks (SIBs):

MasterInformationBlock defines the information about the most essential physical layers
of the cell required for receiving further system information;

SystemInformationBlockType1 contains the information for checking whether a UE is


allowed to access a cell and for defining the scheduling of other system information
blocks;

SystemInformationBlockType2 contains the information about common and shared


channels;

SystemInformationBlockType3 contains cell re-selection information, mainly related to


the serving cell;

SystemInformationBlockType4 contains the information about the serving frequency and


intra-frequency neighboring cells related to cell re-selection (including common cell
re-selection parameters for a frequency and cell-specific re-selection parameters);

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SystemInformationBlockType5 contains the information about other E-UTRA


frequencies and inter-frequency neighboring cells related to cell re-selection (including
common cell re-selection parameters for a frequency and cell-specific re-selection
parameters);

SystemInformationBlockType6 contains the information about UTRA frequencies and


UTRA neighboring cells related to cell re-selection (including common cell re-selection
parameters for a frequency and cell-specific re-selection parameters);

SystemInformationBlockType7 contains the information about GERAN frequencies


related to cell re-selection (including cell re-selection parameters for each frequency);

SystemInformationBlockType8 contains the information about CDMA2000 frequencies


and CDMA2000 neighboring cells related to cell re-selection (including common cell
re-selection parameters for a frequency and cell-specific re-selection parameters);

SystemInformationBlockType9 contains a home eNodeB identifier (HNBID);

SystemInformationBlockType10 contains an ETWS primary notification;

SystemInformationBlockType11 contains an ETWS secondary notification.

The paging message is used to inform the UEs in RRC_IDLE and the UEs in
RRC_CONNECTED of the change of the system information.
Huawei eNodeB supports MIB, SIB1, SIB2, SIB3, SIB4, SIB5, SIB6, SIB7, SIB8, SIB10 and
SIB11.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.10 LBFD-002010 Random Access Procedure


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Random access is the essential function of LTE system, which allows a UE to achieve the
uplink synchronization and to request for a connection setup. It is performed for the following
five events:

Initial access from RRC_IDLE

RRC Connection Re-establishment procedure

Handover

DL data arrival during RRC_CONNECTED and UE is out-of-sync with eNodeB in


uplink

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UL data arrival during RRC_CONNECTED and UE is out-of-sync with eNodeB in


uplink

Benefits
This feature is the basis for the UE to access the E-UTRAN.

Description
The random access procedure enables the UE to establish uplink timing synchronization and
to request for setup of a connection to an eNodeB.
The procedure can be either contention-based (applicable to all the preceding five events) or
non-contention-based (applicable to only handover and DL data arrival). Normal DL/UL
transmission may occur after the random access procedure.
Huawei eNodeB supports the two types of random access procedures. In addition, Huawei
eNodeB supports random access preamble formats 03 and PRACH configurations 063 (TS
36.211).

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.11 LBFD-002011 Paging


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The purpose of paging is to transmit paging information to a UE in RRC_IDLE mode, and/or
to inform UEs in RRC_IDLE and UEs in RRC_CONNECTED mode of a system information
change.

Benefits
This feature is used to page a UE or inform UEs of system information change.

Description
E-UTRAN initiates the paging procedure by transmitting the paging message, which can be
sent by the MME or eNodeB.

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When an eNodeB receives a paging message from an MME over the S1 interface, the eNodeB
shall perform paging of the UE in cells which belong to tracking areas indicated in the "List
of TAIs" Information Element (IE) in the paging message.
When the system information changes, the eNodeB should inform all UEs in the cell through
paging, and should guarantee that every UE can receive the paging message, that is, the
eNodeB should send the paging message on each possible paging occasion throughout a DRX
cycle. Support for UE discontinuous reception must be broadcasted to the entire cell coverage
area and mapped to physical resources.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.12 LBFD-002012 Cell Access Radius up to 15km


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

not applicable to Micro

not applicable to Lampsite

Summary
To improve wireless network coverage, 3GPP TS 36.211 has defined four types of preamble
formats (0, 1, 2, 3) for frame structure type 1, among which the basic format 0 corresponds to
15 km of cell access radius.

Benefits
This feature is used in small cell scenarios.

Description
This feature provides operator with support of 15km cell radius. According to 3GPP TS
36.211, four types of preamble format (0, 1, 2, 3) for PRACH are defined to support different
values of cell access radius, as shown in Table 1-1.
Table 1-1 Preamble formats and cell access radius
Preamble Format

Cell Access Radius

About 15 km

About 70 km

About 30 km

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About 100 km

For format 0, the supported cell access radius is about 15 km, which is used in small cell
scenarios, and considered as basic cell radius. For format 3, the supported cell access radius is
about 100 km, which is used in large cell scenarios to enhance the system coverage.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.13 LBFD-002023 Admission Control


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Admission control function ensures the system stability and guarantees the QoS performance
by controlling the establishment of the connections within the maximum resource utilization
while satisfying the QoS requirements.

Benefits
Admission control function provides the following benefits:

Reducing the risk of cell instability by controlling the number of admitted calls

Achieving an optimal tradeoff between maximizing resource utilization and ensuring


QoS, by avoiding congestion and checking QoS satisfaction

Description
Admission control is a cell-based operation applied to both uplink and downlink. It is one of
the key Radio Resource Management (RRM) functions. Admission control is performed when
there are new incoming calls or incoming handover attempts. In Huawei admission control
solution, system resource limitation and QoS satisfaction ratio are the main considerations for
admission control.
When a new incoming call or incoming handover request arrives, admission control is first to
check the system resource limitation (including hardware resource usage, and system
overload indication). If any of the resources is found to be limited, the new service request
will be rejected.

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If the resource limitation checking passes, for Non-GBR service it will be admitted and for
the GBR service it will check the QoS satisfaction ratio The QoS satisfaction ratio is
evaluated based on the QoS Class Identifier (QCI). If the QoS satisfaction ratio for the
evaluated QoS class is better than a predefined admission threshold, the call request would be
accepted; otherwise, it will be rejected.
Note that an incoming handover request has a higher priority than a new incoming call request,
because admission control gives a preference to an existing call (handover request) over a
new call.
The Allocation/Retention Priority (ARP) can be used to classify Gold, Silver, and Bronze
categories with different admission control thresholds. ARP is an attribute of services and is
inherited from Evolved Packet Core (EPC).

Enhancement

eRAN7.0

In user admission, UE numbers are reserved for privileged UEs to increase the admission
success rate of these UEs. Privileged UEs include emergency UEs and high-priority UEs
whose cause value of RRC connection establishment request is "highPriorityAccess".

Dependency
None

1.2.14 LBFD-002024 Congestion Control


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The congestion control feature is used to adjust the system loading when the system is in
congestion or the QoS cannot be met.
The main goal of congestion control feature is to guarantee the QoS for the admitted services
while achieving the maximum radio resource utilization.

Benefits
The congestion control feature provides the following benefits:
Prevent system from being unstable due to overload;
Guarantee QoS satisfaction rate of services in the system by effectively reduce the system
loading;

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Description
This feature is critical to maintain the system stability and deliver acceptable Quality of
Service (QoS) when the system is in congestion.
In eNodeB, congestion control is provided in which a method are introduced:
The method is to release low-priority services to alleviate the overloaded system, where the
priority is determined based on the ARP assigned to the service.

Enhancement
Size reduction on GBR service is not accepted by most operators and is not recommended
according to 3GPP. Function of size reduction on GBR service is removed when cell is in
congestion.

Dependency
None

1.2.15 LBFD-002025 Basic Scheduling


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The basic scheduling feature provides three common scheduling algorithms (MAX C/I and
RR and PF). The operator can select either algorithm.

Benefits
This feature provides the flexibility for the operator to select the scheduling algorithm,
considering the system capacity and fairness among the users.

Description
Scheduling algorithm enables the system to decide the resource allocation for each UE during
each TTI. This feature provides different scheduling algorithms, considering the tradeoff
between system capacity and fairness among the users.
There are three scheduling algorithms provided and the operator can decide which algorithm
to take.

MAX C/I

Round Robin

PF (proportional fair)

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With MAX C/I, users are scheduled based on their radio channel quality. The radio channel
quality is the only factor to be considered in this algorithm and therefore, the fairness among
users cannot be guaranteed.
With Round Robin, users are scheduled on turn and neglects of their radio quality. So all the
users have the same chance to get the resource and the fairness among uses is guaranteed. But
the system capacity is lowest among three scheduling algorithm.
With PF, users are scheduled according to the value of R/r, where R is the maximum data rate
corresponding to the channel quality, and r is the average data rate of the user. The PF
scheduler, based on the radio channel quality of an individual user, provides the user with an
average throughput proportional to its average channel quality. This algorithm is typically
used by a wireless system to achieve a moderate cell capacity while to ensure fairness among
users.

Enhancement

In eRAN2.0
Round Robin is added in this feature.

Dependency
None

1.2.16 LBFD-002026 Uplink Power Control


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Uplink power control in LTE system is essential to the control of the eNodeB over the uplink
transmitting power of UEs. It also controls the interference to the neighboring cells, to
improve the system throughput. Uplink control power applies to Physical Uplink Shared
Channel (PUSCH), Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH), Sounding Reference Signal
(SRS), and Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH).

Benefits
The uplink power control can reduce the interference between neighboring cells by carefully
controlling the transmitting power of UEs by the eNodeB and therefore, increase the overall
throughput in an LTE system. The uplink power control can also ensure the quality, such as
the block error rate (BLER), of service applications. In addition, uplink power control can
reduce the power consumption of UE

Description
Uplink power control is one of the most important features for an LTE system. By controlling
the UE transmission power carefully, the interference to the neighboring cells can be reduced

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and therefore the overall system throughput is improved. The uplink power control includes
the mechanisms of PUSCH power control, PUCCH power control, SRS power control, and
PRACH power control.
The PUSCH power control includes power adjustment for both Dynamic Scheduling and
Semi-persistent scheduling.
For Dynamic Scheduling:

Based on the difference between the estimated transmission power spectrum density
(PSD) and PSDTarget, the transmitting power of the PUSCH is periodically adjusted
according to the channel environment change. If the estimated PSD is greater than
PSDTarget, the eNodeB sends a TPC command, ordering a decrease of the transmitting
power. If the estimated PSD is smaller than PSDTarget, the eNodeB sends a TPC
command, ordering an increase of the transmitting power.

For Semi-persistent Scheduling:

In Semi-persistent Scheduling, based on the difference between the measured IBLER


and IBLERTarget, the transmitting power of the PUSCH is periodically adjusted
according to the channel environment change. If the measured IBLER is greater than
IBLERTarget, the eNodeB sends a TPC command to the UE, ordering an increase of the
transmitting power. If the measured IBLER is smaller than IBLERTarget, the eNodeB
sends a TPC command to the UE, ordering a decrease of the transmitting power.

The PUSCH TPCs of multiple VoIP users are sent to the UEs through DCI Format 3/3A.
By doing so, signaling overheads over PDCCH are reduced.

For PUCCH power control:

Based on the difference between the measured SINR and SINRTarget, the transmitting
power of the PUCCH is periodically adjusted according to the channel environment
change. If the measured SINR is greater than SINRTarget, the eNodeB sends a TPC
command, ordering a decrease of the transmitting power. If the measured SINR is
smaller than SINRTarget, the eNodeB sends a TPC command, ordering an increase of the
transmitting power.

The uplink SRS power control also employs the same power control mechanism as the
PUSCH power control with identical parameter settings. Note that the initial power is
calculated in the same way as PUSCH, except that a power offset configured by RRC is
added.
For the PRACH power control, the UE will calculate the transmitting power for the initial
Random Access (RA) preamble by estimating the downlink path loss and based on the
aforementioned "expected received power from UE at eNodeB" obtained by monitoring the
broadcast channel. If the RA preamble attempt fails (e.g. no RA preamble response for the
eNodeB), the UE can increase the transmitting power for the next RA preamble attempt
according to the settings configured by the RRC layer.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

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1.2.17 LBFD-002016 Dynamic Downlink Power Allocation


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Dynamic Downlink Power Allocation allows an eNodeB to dynamically set the transmitting
power at downlink channels to reduce power consumption while maintaining the quality of
radio links. It provides flexible power allocation for downlink channels based on the user's
channel quality and maintains acceptable quality of the downlink connections.

Benefits
This feature allows flexible power allocation for downlink channels based on the user's
channel quality and maintains acceptable quality of the downlink connections. Therefore, it
can improve the edge user throughput and transmission power usage.

Description
The LTE downlink power allocation consists of several parts corresponding to different types
of downlink channels, such as Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH), Physical
Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH), Physical HARQ Indicator Channel (PHICH), Physical
Broadcast Channel (PBCH), and Physical Control Format Indicator Channel (PCFICH).

A Fixed power setting is performed for the cell-specific reference signal, synchronization
signal, PBCH, PCFICH, and channels carrying common information of the cell such as
PDCCH and PDSCH; since the transmitting power of those signals and channels are
needed to ensure the downlink coverage of the cell.

SINRRS estimation is based on the CQI report. Based on the difference between the
estimated SINRRS and SINRTarget, the transmitting power of the PHICH is periodically
adjusted according to the path loss and shading. If SINRRS is smaller than SINRTarget,
the transmitting power is increased. Otherwise, the transmitting power is decreased.)

In dynamic scheduling, the power of the PDSCH is determined by PA, and the power
is adjusted by updating PA. When the eNodeB receives a reported CQI from the UE,
it compares it with that reported in the previous time. If there is a great difference
between the two CQI values, the power adjustment is performed, and a process of
re-calculating the PA for the UE is started.

In semi-static scheduling, based on the difference between the measured IBLER of


VoIP packets and IBLERTarget, the transmitting power of the PDSCH is periodically
adjusted to meet IBLERTarget requirements. If the measured IBLER is smaller than
IBLERTarget, the transmitting power is decreased. Otherwise, the transmitting power
is increased. The transmit power for the PDCCH is periodically adjusted according to
the DTX. If the DTX cannot meet system demand, transmit power is increased.

Enhancement

In eRAN2.0

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PDSCH and PDCCH dynamic power control is optimized.

Dependency
None

1.2.18 LBFD-002018 Mobility Management


1.2.18.1 LBFD-00201801 Coverage Based Intra-frequency Handover
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Handover functionality is important in any cellular telecommunications network. It is
performed to ensure no disruption to services. Handover plays a significant role in LTE
system performance since its main purpose is to decrease the communication delay, enlarge
the coverage and then enhance the system performance.
Intra-Frequency Handover enables a UE in RRC-CONNECTED mode to be served
continuously when it moves across different cells that are operating at the same frequency.

Benefits
The coverage-based intra-frequency handover feature provides supplementary coverage in
intra-frequency LTE systems to prevent call drop, enable seamless coverage and therefore
improve the network performance and end user experience.

Description
This feature is one of the fundamental functions of an LTE system. The purpose of handover
is to ensure that a UE in RRC-CONNECTED mode is served continuously when it moves.
Handover in LTE is characterized by the handover procedure in which the original connection
is released before a new connection is set up.
Intra-frequency handover refers to the handover between cells operating at the same
frequency band. It can be triggered by coverage or load. In eRAN1.0, the coverage-based
intra-frequency handover is supported.
The intra-frequency handover procedure can be divided into three phases: handover
measurement, handover decision, and handover execution.
E-UTRAN configures the handover-related measurement through the RRC Connection
Reconfiguration message. The UE could measure either Reference Signal Received Power
(RSRP) or Reference Signal Received Quality (RSRQ) for intra-frequency handover.
Upon receiving a measurement report from the UE, the eNodeB makes a handover decision
according to certain triggering criteria. If a handover is required, the handover execution
procedure will be invoked and the UE will be handed over from the source eNodeB to the

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target eNodeB. Huawei eRAN1.0 follows the intra-frequency handover procedures specified
in 3GPP TS 36.300.
The following scenarios are considered in the intra-frequency handover:

Handover between two cells configured in the same eNodeB. No external neighbor cell
is needed. This scenario is not applicable to Micro eNodeB because Micro eNodeB only
supports one cell.

Handover between two cells configured in different eNodeBs with an X2 interface


available. In this case, the source eNodeB sends a HANDOVER REQUEST message
over the X2 interface.

Handover between two cells configured in different eNodeBs with no X2 interface


available. In this case, the source eNodeB sends a HANDOVER REQUIRED message
over the S1 interface.

In eRAN2.2

Enhancement
Each PLMN id of eNodeB will have its own PLMN list; each PLMN list can contain at
most 8 PLMN Identities; PLMN list is used as an access list for serving cell to judge
whether UE could handover to target cell in Inter-PLMN handover; Other cell, whose
PLMN ids are all different with serving cell PLMN id in which UE is located and at
same time are not in its PLMN list, will not be considered as target cell in handover
process for this UE.

Dependency
None

1.2.18.2 LBFD-00201802 Coverage Based Inter-frequency Handover


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Inter-Frequency Handover enables a UE in RRC-CONNECTED mode to be served
continuously when it moves across different cells that are operating at different frequencies.

Benefits
The coverage-based inter-frequency handover provides supplementary coverage in
inter-frequency LTE systems to prevent call drop, enable seamless coverage, and therefore
improve the network performance and end user experience.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Description
This feature is one of the fundamental functions for an LTE system. The purpose of
inter-frequency handover is to ensure that a UE in RRC-CONNECTED mode is served
continuously when it moves across different cells operating at different frequencies.
The inter-frequency handover procedure can be divided into four phases: measurement
triggering, handover measurement, handover decision, and handover execution.
In inter-frequency handover, neighboring cell measurements are inter-frequency
measurements. The measurement is gap assisted for UEs with one RF receiver. The
measurement is triggered by an event A2 and stopped by an event A1, based on the
monitoring on the value of RSRP or RSRQ.
In inter-frequency handover, the UE sends measurement reports to the eNodeB when the
RSRP or RSRQ meets the criteria set in the measurement configuration.
Upon receiving a measurement report from the UE, the eNodeB makes a handover decision.
If the measurement meets the handover criteria, the eNodeB will perform the corresponding
inter-frequency handover as specified in TS 36.300.
The following inter-frequency handover scenarios are applicable:

Handover between two cells configured in the same eNodeB. In this case, the UE
performs the handover between two cells configured in the same eNodeB and no
external interface is required. This scenario is not applicable to Micro eNodeB because
Micro eNodeB only supports one cell.

Handover between two cells configured in different eNodeBs with an X2 interface


available. In this case, the source eNodeB sends a HANDOVER REQUEST message
over the X2 interface.

Handover between two cells configured in different eNodeBs with no X2 interface


available. In this case, the source eNodeB sends a HANDOVER REQUIRED message
over the S1 interface.

eRAN2.2

Enhancement
Each PLMN id of eNodeB will have its own PLMN list; each PLMN list can contain at
most 8 PLMN Identities; PLMN list is used as an access list for serving cell to judge
whether UE could handover to target cell in Inter-PLMN handover; Other cell, whose
PLMN ids are all different with serving cell PLMN id in which UE is located and at
same time are not in its PLMN list, will not be considered as target cell in handover
process for this UE.

eRAN3.0
The inter-frequency handover based on UL power is supported. It guarantees service
continuity in uplink limited power when a UE moves to the cell edge.

eRAN6.0
The urgent redirection function has been provided by this feature. After a UE accesses a
cell, the eNodeB delivers two sets of event A2 configurations. One is used for triggering
measurements, and the other is used for triggering urgent redirection. The triggering of
event A2 for urgent redirection indicates that the signal quality in the serving cell has
become too poor to provide services for the UE. In this case, the eNodeB blindly
redirects the UE to a neighboring GERAN, UTRAN, or E-UTRAN cell.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Dependency
None

1.2.18.3 LBFD-00201803 Cell Selection and Re-selection


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Cell selection/reselection is a mechanism for UE in idle mode to select/reselect a cell to camp
on and to receive the most appropriate service support upon session activation in LTE
systems.

Benefits
This feature provides a mechanism for UE in idle mode to select/reselect a cell to camp on by
supplementary coverage in LTE systems.
This feature facilitates the automatic selection of the network for UE in idle mode and avoids
the complexity of manual operations.
The UE is always bound to a relatively good cell to obtain better service quality.

Description
When UE selects a PLMN or transition from RRC-CONNECTED to RRC-IDLE, cell
selection is required. The Non-Access Stratum (NAS) can determine the RAT(s) in which the
cell selection should be performed, for instance, by indicating the RAT(s) associated with the
selected PLMN and by maintaining a list of forbidden registration areas and a list of
equivalent PLMN. The UE shall select a suitable cell based on idle mode measurements and
cell selection criteria.
UE in RRC_IDLE can perform cell reselection if UE find a cell with a better radio
environment. When camping on a cell, UE shall regularly search for a better cell according to
the cell reselection criteria. If a better cell is found, that cell is reselected.
Absolute priorities of different E-UTRAN frequencies can be provided to the UE in the
system information and optionally in the RRC message releasing the RRC connection.
Compared with Macro eNodeBs, higher priorities will be set for frequencies of Micro
eNodeBs so that the UE prefers to camp on Micro eNodeB cells.
In case a Micro cell is on the same frequency with a Macro cell, the eNodeB configuration
also makes the cell selection or reselection to the Micro cell easier than to the Macro cell.

Enhancement
None

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Dependency
None

1.2.18.4 LBFD-00201804 Distance Based Inter-frequency Handover


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN3.0

not applicable to Micro

not applicable to Lampsite

Summary
Huawei LTE eNodeB supports distance based inter-frequency handover.

Benefits
Better End user Experience (Always Best Connected)

Description
When moving around away from the serving eNodeB with frequency F1, the user may still
experience a relatively strong signal from F1 so that the condition of A2 event can't be
satisfied to trigger an inter-frequency handover, even though the neighboring inter-frequency
eNodeB signal is much better than F1. In order to make the user always keep the best
connection, a distance based inter-frequency handover is employed.
When distance based HO algorithm is used, eNodeB should continuously measure the
distance to each UE based on the TA measurement, once the distance exceeds an operator
configured distance threshold, inter-frequency gap measurements of neighboring eNodeB will
be triggered to find an optimal handover candidate to improve user performance

Enhancement
None

Dependency

UE
UE should support for inter-frequency Gap measurements

1.2.18.5 LBFD-00201805 Service Based Inter-frequency Handover


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN3.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Summary
Huawei LTE eNodeB supports service based inter-frequency handover. UE with specific
service would be moved to the cell of the configured frequency.

Benefits
Service Based Inter-frequency Handover is used to improve efficiency and capacity of whole
system.

Description
The operator could configure specific group of policies for service-based inter-frequency
handovers. Each group will be associated with a QCI. The default policy is to prohibit
handovers. A bearer of QCI 5 and QCIs of default bearers are not recommended to be
configured to allow handovers.
When service based Inter-frequency handover algorithm is used, eNodeB should continuously
monitor the UE service state. If QCI (each type of service is mapping to a QCI index) is
changed, inter-frequency measurements of configured group will be triggered to find an
optimal handover candidate.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

UE
UE should support for inter-frequency Gap measurements

1.2.19 LBFD-002020 Antenna Configuration


1.2.19.1 LBFD-00202001 UL 2-Antenna Receive Diversity
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Receive diversity is a common type of multiple antennas technology to improve signal
reception and to combat signal fading and interference. It improves network capacity and data
rates. Huawei eNodeB supports both RX diversity mode and no RX diversity mode.

Benefits
This feature can improve the receiver sensitivity and uplink coverage.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Description
Receive diversity is a technique to monitor signals at multiple frequencies from the same
signal source, or to monitor time division signals at the same frequency from the same signal
source, in order to combat signal fading and interference.
Receive diversity is one way to enhance the reception over uplink channels, including
PUSCH, PUCCH, PRACH, and SRS.
Huawei eNodeB supports both RX diversity mode and no RX diversity mode. In RX diversity
mode, the eNodeB can be configured with 2 antennas (2-way).
In RX diversity mode, the eNodeB does not require additional devices and works with the
Maximum-Ratio Combining (MRC) or Interference Rejection Combining (IRC) algorithms.
Compared with 1-way reception without RX diversity, 2-way RX diversity requires twice the
number of RX channels. The number of RX channels depends on the settings of the antenna
connectors.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

eNodeB
RX diversity requires the eNodeB to provide enough RF channels and demodulation
resources that can match the number of diversity antennas.

1.2.20 LBFD-002021 Reliability


1.2.20.1 LBFD-00202101 Main Processing and Transport Unit Cold Backup
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

not applicable to Micro

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The feature provides cold backup capability to the LMPT (LTE Main Processing and
Transport Unit) or UMPT(Universal Main Processing and Transport Unit) board of Huawei
eNodeB.

Benefits
If there is only one LMPT board configured in the system, the failure of this board will cause
long-time service outage of the base station. However, service can be automatically recovered
within 3 minutes with LMPT redundancy. LMPT redundancy design is helpful for eNodeB to
reach higher availability, greater than 99.999%.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Description
Two LMPT boards are configured in the system. When the system starts, the arbitrator
module located on each LMPT board decides which board becomes active or standby. The
active board handles several control and operation functions and provides for the most
common transport network connectivity requirements. When it detects hardware or software
faults on the board, it will switch to the standby state. Meanwhile, the standby board switches
to the active state. The service can be automatically recovered within 3 minutes. The operator
can also manually trigger LMPT switchover by EMS (Element Management System).

Enhancement

In eRAN3.0
The UMPT board also supports cold backup capability.

Dependency

eNodeB
To support this feature, the eNodeB must be configured with two LMPT/UMPT boards.

1.2.20.2 LBFD-00202102 Cell Re-build Between Baseband Processing


Units
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

not applicable to Micro

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
In Huawei eNodeB, multiple LTE Baseband Processing (LBBP) boards can be configured to
serve multiple cells. When an LBBP fails, the cell/cells served by the failed LBBP can be
rebuilt on another operating LBBP with spare resources or on a backup LBBP if available.

Benefits
This feature ensures the cell coverage by cell re-establishment and improves the system
reliability in case of an LBBP failure.

Description
Generally an eNodeB is equipped with multiple LBBP boards that serve multiple cells. The
following figures show the example of configurations of 3*10M 2T2R with CPRI interface
backup respectively.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Figure 1-1 3*10M 2T2R

When an LBBP board fails due to a hardware fault, communication interface failure, etc., the
eNodeB is able to detect and locate the failure and tries to choose a target LBBP board on
which the cell/cells are to be rebuilt. The target LBBP should have a CPRI connection with
the RRU serving the cell/cells involved, as shown in the preceding figures. The selection of a
target LBBP board mainly depends on the spare resources at the potential target LBBP board.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

eNodeB
The eNodeB should be equipped with at least two LBBP boards.

1.2.20.3 LBFD-00202103 SCTP Multi-homing


Availability
This feature is
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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

1 Basic Features

Summary
Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) is the signaling bearer protocol of the S1/X2
interface. It provides the similar service features of TCP and UDP, but ensures reliability,
in-sequence transport of messages with congestion control, and offers multi-homing support
for fault recovery by failover between redundant network paths.

Benefits
This feature provides reliability of signaling bearers.

Description
Figure 1-2 Stream Control Transmission Protocol

SCTP is the signaling bearer protocol of the S1/X2 interface. With this function, one SCTP
association has two paths (IP-couple). An SCTP association is the logical channel between
two SCTP ends. The two paths in one SCTP association are a master path and a slave path.
Generally, the master path is active. When the master path fails, the slave path is activated.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.20.4 LBFD-00202104 Intra-baseband Card Resource Pool (user level/cell


level)
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

not applicable to Micro

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

1 Basic Features

Summary
In this feature, the processing resources in a baseband processing board of Huawei eNodeB
are aggregated into a baseband resource pool in which all they are shared for the load
processing.

Benefits
This feature ensures the stability and robustness of eNodeB, in which the processing resources
are aggregated into a pool to share all load and thus to prevent individual resource from
outage due to overload. The feature also improves the average cell capacity of eNodeB.

Description
The baseband processing board of Huawei eNodeB consists of several processing resources. A
baseband processing board is capable of supporting multiple cells depending on the
bandwidths. In this feature, the processing resources are aggregated into a resource pool to be
shared for user data processing by multiple cells. A new user will be assigned to a resource
which has the least load. In an occasional situation, if a resource should be overloaded or in
outage, the eNodeB can reduce the load of the individual resource or move its existing users
to other resources.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

eNodeB
This feature is only applicable to LBBPc.

1.2.21 LBFD-002027 Support of UE Category 1


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
E-UTRAN needs to respect the signaled UE radio access capability parameters when
configuring the UE and when scheduling the UE. There are five categories defined in the
protocol. This feature can enable base station to support UE category 1.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Benefits
This feature can enable base station to support UE category 1.

Description
E-UTRAN needs to respect the signaled UE radio access capability parameters when
configuring the UE and when scheduling the UE. There are five categories defined in the
protocol. This feature can enable base station to support UE category 1.
Table 1-2 Downlink physical layer parameter values set by the field UE-Category
UE Category

Maximum
number of
DL-SCH
transport blocks
bits received
within a TTI

Maximum
number of bits
of a DL-SCH
transport block
received within
a TTI

Total number of
soft channel
bits

Maximum
number of
supported
layers for
spatial
multiplexing in
DL

Category 1

10296

10296

250368

Category 2

51024

51024

1237248

Category 3

102048

75376

1237248

Category 4

150752

75376

1827072

Category 5

299552

149776

3667200

Table 1-3 Uplink physical layer parameter values set by the field UE-Category
UE Category

Maximum number of bits of


an UL-SCH transport block
transmitted within a TTI

Support for 64QAM in UL

Category 1

5160

No

Category 2

25456

No

Category 3

51024

No

Category 4

51024

No

Category 5

75376

Yes

Table 1-4 Total layer 2 buffer sizes set by the field UE-Category
UE Category

Total layer 2 buffer size [KBytes]

Category 1

150

Category 2

700

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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Category 3

1400

Category 4

1900

Category 5

3500

Enhancement
None

Dependency

UE
UE should support the same category as eNodeB.

1.2.22 LBFD-002031 Support of aperiodic CQI reports


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN3.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Aperiodic CQI is reported on PUSCH and the UE can be configured to report periodic CQI
and aperiodic CQI together or individually.

Benefits
Aperiodic CQI can offer more detailed channel quality information which may make the
downlink spectrum efficiency better.

Description
Aperiodic CQI is triggered by the UL scheduler periodically when needed and the CQI
Request field in the UL grant is used to indicate the aperiodic CQI report. Higher
layer-configured reporting modes will be supported, and the given mode is configured by the
RRC.
Higher layer-configured

Mode 3-0: A wideband CQI and one sub-band CQI for each sub-band are reported.

Mode 3-1: A wideband CQI and one sub-band CQI for each sub-band per codeword are
reported. A wideband PMI is also reported.

Huawei eNodeB supports aperiodic CQI reporting , the reporting interval depends on the UL
load. The interval will be lengthened adaptively when the UL load is high.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.2.23 LBFD-002032 Extended-QCI


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN3.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Huawei support extended QoS Class Identifier (extended QCI) (255 QCI including 9 standard
QCI defined in 3GPP). Extended QCI can be used as operator defined QCI to support
customer zed non-GBR service. Extended QCI index can be defined by operator and need
SAE to support it.

Benefits
It can be configurable flexibly by operator and meet multi need of operator who wants to
operate the differentiated service.

Description
This feature supports extended QCI, which means that MME send one extended QCI index in
RAB assignment message. The eNodeB can configure these extended QCI and can be
assigned radio resource differently according to the different QCI number and different
scheduling weight factor.
The extended QCI can be configurable with Gold, Silver, and Bronze, which is the same as
the ARP.
Huawei currently support extended non-GBR QCI, and the configurable scenario is that
eNodeB get the QCI index firstly, set the ARP and QoS parameter ( PDB, PLER, schedule
weight) related with QCI index.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

Others
It relates with SAE.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

1.2.24 LBFD-002033 SCTP Congestion Control


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN6.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN6.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
If a network has heavy traffic, Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) congestion
control can be used to prevent SCTP association exceptions caused by SCTP signaling
congestion. SCTP congestion control is triggered when the SCTP resources, including the
central processing unit (CPU) and buffer resources, are insufficient.
In eRAN6.0, only downlink SCTP Congestion Control is supported.

Benefits
This feature enhances the signaling message handling robustness in scenarios where the
network is heavily loaded.

Description
In an LTE system, control plane messages are used to ensure that the E-UTRAN runs properly
and service connections are set up and released properly. The reliability of control plane
messages plays a fundamental role in the LTE system. S1 signaling messages between an
eNodeB and an MME and X2 signaling messages between eNodeBs are transmitted in
compliance with SCTP.
As smartphones and applications such as instant messaging (IM) are popularized, signaling
traffic increases sharply. SCTP resources, including the CPU and buffer resources, become a
bottleneck in scenarios where the service traffic and signaling traffic are heavy. In such
scenarios, SCTP congestion control helps to maintain signaling transmission robustness and
reduce impacts on service key performance indicators (KPIs).
The SCTP congestion control procedure includes SCTP congestion detection, back-pressure,
and signaling congestion control at the application layer. The eNodeB determines whether
SCTP signaling is congested based on the SCTP resource usage. If downlink SCTP signaling
is congested, the eNodeB informs EPC by normal SCTP mechanism. EPC side decreases
signaling traffic to reduce signaling load of eNodeB by congestion control procedure. If
uplink SCTP signaling is congested, the eNodeB informs the application layer of the
congestion by back-pressure.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

CN

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Downlink SCTP control depends on the support of congestion control procedure in EPC
side as defined in RFC 4960.

1.2.25 LBFD-002034 RRU Channel Cross Connection Under


MIMO
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

not applicable to Micro

not applicable to Lampsite

Summary
This feature enables eNodeB provides service to one sector through two RRUs. When one
RRU fails, it will not lead to the total outage of that sector.
This feature is changed to basic feature from optional feature since eRAN6.0.

Benefits
When deployed in the field, perhaps the RRU is installed on top of the tower or the base
station is installed in inaccessible area. The equipment cannot be easily maintained. In this
case, if one RRU fails, the sector will be out of service for a long time. However, with this
new scheme, one RRU failure will not cause the outage of the whole sector so that the service
coverage can be ensured.
By reliability prediction, the availability of RRU will increase from 5 nine's (0.99999844) to 6
nine's (0.99999932). In addition, this scheme does not increase any hardware cost.

Description
This scheme can greatly increase equipment reliability with no additional hardware cost. By
utilizing the independency of the MIMO channels, the sector service can be processed
through different RRUs. When one RRU fails, the other RRU can still process the service data
of that sector so the total outage of that sector will not occur. Meanwhile, the performance of
that faulty sector will be decreased. This scheme can be applied in multiple sectors
configuration and MIMO architecture.
Taking 2T2R RRU for example, there are three RRUs (from left to right which are RRU1,
RRU2 and RRU3) The left chart is for the legacy scheme and the right one is for the load
sharing scheme. Antenna 1 is connected to RRU1 and RRU2. Antenna 2 is connected to
RRU2 and RRU3. Antenna 3 is connected to RRU3 and RRU1. In the legacy scheme, when
one RRU fails, the sector connected is totally out of service. While applying MIMO load
sharing scheme, when one RRU, for example RRU1 fails, the other antenna of that sector is
connected to RRU2, service in that faulty sector can still be processed. In the meanwhile, that
operation mode is changed from 2T2R to 1T1R and the performance decreases (such as
coverage area, throughput, etc). On the other hand, as sector 3 uses one transmit/receive
channel of RRU1, the performance decreases as well. Moreover, because the antenna mode
has change for both sector1 and sector3, it is necessary to reconfigure the cell data, which will
cause 20s outage of service.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Figure 1-3 RRU channel cross connection under MIMO

Figure 1-4 Comparing with no MIMO load Sharing

Enhancement
None

Dependency

Others
This feature is more suitable for RRUs installed on top of the tower.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

1.2.26 LBFD-070102 MBR>GBR Configuration


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN7.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN7.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN7.0

Summary
The eNodeB allows the maximum bit rate (MBR) to be greater than the guaranteed bit rate
(GBR).

Benefits
Setting of the MBR to be greater than the GBR allows applications to take advantage of
additional system capacity when it is available, thereby improving resource utilization and
user experience. For details, see 3GPP TS 23.860.

Description
The definition of MBR allows the increasing real-time services (such as voice and video
services), whose data rates are elastic, to make use of additional network resources that may
be available. The GBR can be set to the minimum data rate at which the real-time services can
be carried, and the MBR can be set to the maximum data rate at which the optimal user
experience is achieved. When the E-UTRAN is not congested and idle network resources are
available, the real-time services carried on the GBR bearers can reach rates between the GBR
and the MBR.

Enhancement
None.

Dependency
None.

1.3 Transmission & Security


1.3.1 LBFD-003001 Transmission Networking
1.3.1.1 LBFD-00300101 Star Topology
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

1 Basic Features

Summary
Star topology is easy to implement and manage with high reliability. It provides simple
topology between eNodeB interfaces.

Benefits

The simplest topology

Simple management and high reliability

Description
Figure 1-5 Star topology

The eNodeB supports star topology. eNodeBs connect to the core network by layer2 or layer3
data network. The interface between the eNodeB and core network element is the S1
interface.
There are also connections between eNodeBs by the X2 interface, which enable information
exchange between the eNodeBs

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

1.3.1.2 LBFD-00300102 Chain Topology


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
eNodeBs can be connected in chain topology applied to the strip-shape areas of sparse
population.

Benefits
Chain networking can reduce costs of transmission equipment, engineering, construction, and
transmission link lease.

Description
eNodeBs can be connected in chain topology. This network topology is applicable to the
strip-shape areas of sparse population, such as expressways and railways. In these areas, the
chain topology can meet the requirement with much less transmission equipment. However,
chain networking reduces reliability because signals are transferred across many intermediate
systems.
The following figure shows the chain topology.
Figure 1-6 Chain topology

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

1.3.1.3 LBFD-00300103 Tree Topology


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

not applicable to Micro

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
eNodeBs can be connected in tree topology applied to microwave transmission networks.

Benefits
Tree networking is suitable for microwave transmission networks. Tree topology requires
fewer transmission links than star networking.

Description
The eNodeB can be connected in tree topology. In most scenarios, the MW (Microwave)
network is typically in tree topology. It is suitable for the MW network.
The use of transport lines is less than that for star networking. However, tree connections
reduce reliability because signals are transferred across many intermediate systems. A fault
occurring in the upper-level eNodeB may affect the operation of the lower-level eNodeBs.
The networking topology is applicable to a large, sparsely populated area. Capacity expansion
may result in reconstruction of the network.
The following figure shows the tree topology.
Figure 1-7 Tree topology

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Enhancement
None

Dependency

eNodeB
The UMPT card, which provides E1/T1 interfaces, is required.

1.3.2 LBFD-003002 Basic Qos Management


1.3.2.1 LBFD-00300201 DiffServ QoS Support
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Huawei supports DiffServ (Differentiated Services) to provide QoS guarantee by classifying
and managing different traffic in the network.

Benefits
This feature provides a kind of QoS guarantee mechanism. It is a standard mechanism used by
Mainstream vendors.

Description
DiffServ can provide QoS in the network. It is a kind of QoS guarantee mechanism that
classifies and manages different traffic with parameters of IP packets, such as DSCP (DiffServ
Code Point) or TOS (Type of Service).
There are three important concepts in the DiffServ mechanism, including Classification,
Marking, and PHB (Per-Hop Behavior). The relationship between them is that Marking marks
different traffic with different PHBs by Classification.
The definition of PHB is as follows:

Default PHB is typically for best-effort traffic.

Expedited Forwarding (EF) PHB is for low-loss and low-latency traffic.

Assured Forwarding (AF) is a behavior group.

Class Selector PHB is defined to maintain backward compatibility with the IP


Precedence field.

The classification of LTE traffic is based on QoS Class Indicators (QCIs). With Huawei
configuration tool, users can configure the relationship between QCI and DSCP, i.e. the
Marking way. The DSCP is used to describe the priority of PHB. The table below is an
example of relationship between QCI and DSCP.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Table 1-5 Relationship between QCI and DSCP


Data Type

QCI

Resource Type

DSCP

User plane

GBR

0x2E

0x1A

0x22

0x1A

Control plane

Non-GBR

0x2E

0x12

0x12

0x0A

SCTP

0x2E
0x30

OM

MML

0x2E
0x30

FTP
IP clock

0x0E
0x2E
0x30

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.3.3 LBFD-003003 VLAN Support (IEEE 802.1p/q)


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Summary
This feature enables Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) functionality to provide traffic
differentiation, manage data priority and security scheduling at the MAC layer.

Benefits

Traffic isolation at the MAC layer

Priority at the MAC layer

Security at the MAC layer

Description
The eNodeB supports the Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) functionality, complying with
the IEEE 802.1p/q protocol. It provides traffic isolation, such as marking different VLANs for
OAM data and traffic data, and priority and security at the MAC layer.
The following two VLAN Marking ways are applicable:

Marking VLAN tag according to DSCP

Marking VLAN tag according to the next-hop IP address

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.3.4 LBFD-003005 Synchronization


1.3.4.1 LBFD-00300501 Clock Source Switching Manually or Automatically
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature enables manual or automatic switching between clock sources.

Benefits
If unexpected events occur in the current clock sources, the system will not be affected.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Description
The eNodeB can work in multiple clock synchronization modes. The system clock source can
be chosen in a convenient and flexible manner. When one clock source fails, the system clock
can be manually or automatically switched to another available one.
1.

For phase synchronization, the clock source can be manually or automatically switched.
Following clock source supports manually switching:

Synchronization with GPS

Synchronization with the clock over IP (IEEE 1588V2)

Synchronization with 1PPS + TOD

Following clock resource supports automatically switching:

2.

Between GPS and IEEE 1588V2

Between GPS and 1PPS+TOD

For frequency synchronization, the clock source can be manually switched. Following
clock source supports manually switching:

Synchronization with Ethernet(ITU-T G.8261)

Synchronization with the clock over IP (IEEE 1588V2)

Synchronization with the clock over IP (Huawei proprietary solution)

Synchronization with GPS

Synchronization with the BITS

Synchronization with E1/T1 interface

Synchronization with 1PPS

In addition to the previous clock sources, the eNodeB can work with the local oscillator.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.3.4.2 LBFD-00300502 Free-running Mode


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The free-running mode is an alternative mode to the clock sources if all clocks fail.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Benefits
When all clock sources are lost, this feature can keep the eNodeB in normal service for up to
90 days.

Description
When all clock sources are lost, the eNodeB internal clock can work in the free-running mode
to keep the eNodeB running.
The enhanced stratum 3 Oven Controlled Crystal Oscillator (OCXO) with a high accuracy
works as the master clock of the eNodeB. The OCXO can keep the eNodeB in normal service
for up to 90 days.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.3.4.3 LBFD-00300503 Synchronization with GPS


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The eNodeB can work in multiple clock synchronization modes to suit different clock
topologies. Global Positioning System (GPS) can be one of the synchronization sources.

Benefits
This feature provides GPS as one of the synchronization sources. The eNodeB internal clock
can be synchronized with the transport network and no auxiliary clock equipment is needed,
in order to reduce the cost. The synchronized clock is of the required accuracy to meet both
radio frequency and transmission network requirements.

Description
In compliance with 3GPP, the eNodeB clock must have a higher clock precision. The
frequency stability of the 10-MHz master clock of the eNodeB should be lower than 0.05
ppm.
It is required if a GPS clock is used as the clock source.
The clock signals are processed and synchronized as follows:

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

The GPS antenna and feeder system receives GPS signals at 1575.42 MHz, and transmits the
signals to the GPS card. The system can simultaneously trace up to eight (normally three or
four) satellites. The GPS card processes the signals and transmits them to the main clock
module.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.3.4.4 LBFD-00300504 Synchronization with BITS


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

not applicable to Micro

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The eNodeB can work in multiple clock synchronization modes to suit different clock
topologies. Building Integrated Timing Supply System (BITS) can be one of the
synchronization sources.

Benefits
This feature provides BITS as one of the synchronization sources. The eNodeB internal clock
can be synchronized with the transport network and no auxiliary clock equipment is needed,
in order to reduce the cost. The synchronized clock is of the required accuracy to meet both
radio frequency and transmission network requirements.

Description
In compliance with 3GPP, the eNodeB clock must have a higher clock precision. The
frequency stability of the 10-MHz master clock of the eNodeB should be lower than 0.05
ppm.
The eNodeB can synchronize its clocks with the 2-MHz clock signal from an external
reference clock. The reference clock can be a BITS or a 2-MHz clock from the transmission
equipment. Through phase locking and frequency dividing, the main clock module converts
the clock signals into various clock signals required by the eNodeB.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

eNodeB

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

USCU(Universal Satellite Card and Clock Unit) card is required

1.3.4.5 LBFD-00300505 Synchronization with 1PPS


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

not applicable to Micro

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The eNodeB can work in multiple clock synchronization modes to suit different clock
topologies. 1PPS+TOD can be one of the synchronization sources.

Benefits
This feature provides 1PPS+TOD as one of the synchronization sources. The eNodeB
internal clock can be synchronized with the transport network and no auxiliary clock
equipment is needed, in order to reduce the cost. The synchronized clock is of the required
accuracy to meet both radio frequency and transmission network requirements.

Description
In compliance with 3GPP, the eNodeB clock must have a higher clock precision. The
frequency stability of the 10-MHz master clock of the eNodeB should be lower than 0.05
ppm.
This feature provides 1PPS+TOD as one of the synchronization sources.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

eNodeB
USCU(Universal Satellite Card and Clock Unit) card is required

1.3.5 LBFD-003006 IPv4/IPv6 Dual Stack


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.2

not applicable to Micro

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Summary
A fundamental IPv4-to-IPv6 transition technology involves the presence of two Internet
Protocol software implementations in an operating system, one for IPv4 and another for IPv6.
This feature provides support for IPv6 protocol stack. It also enables IPv4 and IPv6 protocol
stack work at the same time. Application level protocols (e.g. S1 and X2) over IPv6 are not
supported by this feature.

Benefits
The key to a successful IPv6 transition is compatibility with the large installed base of IPv4
hosts and routers. Maintaining compatibility with IPv4 while deploying IPv6 will streamline
the task of transitioning the Internet to IPv6.

Description
The most straightforward way for IPv6 nodes to remain compatible with IPv4-only nodes is
by providing a complete IPv4 implementation. IPv6 nodes that provide complete IPv4 and
IPv6 implementations are called "IPv6/IPv4 dual-stack nodes". IPv6/IPv4 dual-stack nodes
have the ability to send and receive both IPv4 and IPv6 packets. They can directly
interoperate with IPv4 nodes using IPv4 packets, and also directly interoperate with IPv6
nodes using IPv6 packets.
Huawei eNodeB could be operated in one of the three modes:

With IPv4 stack enabled and IPv6 stack disabled.

With IPv6 stack enabled and IPv4 stack disabled.

With both stacks enabled.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.4 Operation & Maintenance


1.4.1 LBFD-004001 Local Maintenance of the LMT
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Summary
This feature is used in local maintenance of eNodeB.

Benefits
Local maintenance of eNodeB is available when centralized U2000 management is not
available, when the transmission between U2000 and eNodeB is not available or when faults
occur and field operation is required.

Description
The Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) provides the following functions and tools:

Execution of MML commands

Querying of eNodeB alarms

Local eNodeB commissioning functions (applicable, for example, when the transmission
between the Huawei iManager U2000 and eNodeB is not available), such as download
and activation of software

Local eNodeB expert fault diagnosis functions

Real-time performance monitoring functions, such as sector performance monitoring,


RRU performance monitoring, spectrum detection

In eRAN2.0

Enhancement
The LMT functions can be achieved through a web browser.

Dependency

OSS
A web browser is required to achieve the function.

1.4.2 LBFD-004002 Centralized U2000 Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The Huawei iManager U2000 provides FCPSS management functions for operators at the
management center.

Benefits
All LTE network elements can be managed at the management center, which effectively
reduces OPEX.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Description
The Huawei iManager U2000 provides all necessary fault management, configuration
management, performance management, security management and software management
(FCPSS defined by 3GPP) management functions to help operators to manage their network
elements on a sub-network.
FCPSS involves the following contents:

Centralized fault management

Centralized configuration management

Centralized performance management

Centralized security management

Centralized software management

Enhancement
None

Dependency

OSS
The Huawei iManager U2000 is required.

1.4.3 LBFD-004003 Security Socket Layer


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
Security Socket Layer (SSL) is a layer between the TCP layer and the O&M application layer.
SSL provides the secured data transfer function between the eNodeB and the Huawei
iManager U2000

Benefits
All remote operation and maintenance tasks are performed through encrypted protocols.

Description
Security Socket Layer (SSL) is a layer between the TCP layer and the O&M application layer.
SSL provides the secured data transfer function between the eNodeB and the Huawei
iManager U2000. All O&M application data transferred through SSL is encrypted. FTP over
SSL is also supported.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Enhancement

In eRAN3.0
This feature supports TLSv1.2. Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its
predecessor-Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide
communications security between eNodeBs and Huawei iManager U2000 above
Transport Layer. TLSv1.2 is the latest version of TLS series. And TLS1.2 supports
stronger authentication algorithm SHA256.

Dependency

OSS
The Huawei iManager U2000 is required.

1.4.4 LBFD-004004 Software Version Upgrade Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature provides efficient and correct installation and upgrade of the software and version
management functions.

Benefits
The eNodeB software management enables efficient and correct software installation, upgrade,
and version management.

Description
The eNodeB software management covers the following functions:

Efficient and correct installation and upgrade of the software

Automatic compatibility check on the software and hardware versions to verify a


successful software installation and upgrade.

Automatic data conversion for the software upgrade, which requires no manual
configuration updates.

Software download by configuration can reduce 30% of the software package size and
shorten the download time. For adding a board, the system supports automatic download
of software files for the board from the Huawei iManager U2000 if the files are not
downloaded to eNodeB previously.

If the network recovers in 1 hour after breakdown, the system supports resumption of the
software download with no need to download the software from scratch.

A maximum of 600 eNodeBs can be selected to download and activate the software in
batches automatically.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Hot patch can be upgraded together with software in Huawei iManager U2000 software
management wizard.

Version management, for example, the hardware and software version query

The process for upgrading software at a network element involves the following two
activities:

Downloading the software package from the Huawei iManager U2000 to the eNodeB.
This may take some time because of the limited bandwidth of the OM link but does not
have impacts on services.

Running the software activation command on the Huawei iManager U2000 client. The
system will automatically load the software to the target boards and activate the software.
To activate the software, the target boards will be reset and the service on the boards will
be disrupted.

The above-mentioned two activities can be done separately. E.g. downloading software
package to eNodeBs at daytime and activating the software at midnight. The separate
software upgrade procedure helps to reduce the risk of software upgrade failures and service
disruption of the sub-network.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

OSS
The Huawei iManager U2000 is required.

1.4.5 LBFD-004005 Hot Patch Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature provides hot patch management functions, such as installation, uninstall and
rollback.

Benefits
The eNodeB supports the hot patches so that the software bugs can be fixed without
interrupting the ongoing services.

Description
A hot patch is a patch that is used to fix bugs and does not interrupt the ongoing services.
Huawei LTE hot patch management involves the following functions:

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Hot patch installation.

There are two ways to install a released hot patch package on the eNodeB:

Running only a single installation command: In this way, the patch is downloaded,
loaded, activated and confirmed automatically.

Running different commands at separate steps of the patch installation: In this way, users
have full control over the installation procedure: download, load, activate and confirm.

Rollback of the last installed hot patch

Uninstall of the hot patch

Enhancement
None

Dependency

OSS
Hot patch management can be implemented on the Huawei iManager U2000 or the
eNodeB LMT.

1.4.6 LBFD-004006 Fault Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature provides automatic fault supervision and handling of eNodeB.

Benefits
This feature enables the automatic fault supervision of the equipment in the network elements.
With real-time alarm lists and alarm logs, operators can have a comprehensive view of the
actual status of the network at any time.

Description
Fault management involves fault detection, fault handling, fault correlation, and fault
reporting. With these features, operators can be informed as soon as the fault occurs in the
network and take proper actions to minimize or prevent service disruption.

Fault detection

Fault detection includes physical layer and link layer environment monitoring and KPI
alarm monitoring and other fault detection. A small portion of faults may have a negative
impact on the traffic if self-testing, such as RAM self-testing and transport link loopback
testing, is performed. Among those faults, some are detected automatically in the board
startup phase, and some can be manually triggered by executing fault testing commands.
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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Fault detection methods are carefully designed to avoid false alarms and intermittent alarms.

Fault handling

The eNodeB will perform fault isolation and fault automatic recovery to minimize the impacts
on service.

Fault correlation

Fault management supports a run-time fault correlation handling mechanism and makes it
possible to notify operators of the most important alarms (the root cause and impacts on the
traffic) instead of all the related ones when a fault occurs. The number of alarms can be
greatly reduced in this way, which makes it easier to locate and solve the network problems.
This mechanism is predefined and embedded in the network elements, and operators can
customize more alarm correlation handling rules on the Huawei iManager U2000.

Fault reporting

Faults are reported to users in the form of alarms. Because of the alarm correlation function,
the information of the correlation between alarms is contained in alarms. If any correlative
alarms occur, operators can get the root alarm by simply right-clicking the service-affecting
faults.
The operators can browse real-time alarm information, query history alarm information, and
store alarm information. The online help provides detailed troubleshooting methods for each
type of alarm.

Enhancement

In eRAN2.0
Huawei LTE eRAN2.0 supports KPI alarm detection.

In eRAN2.2
When RRU power supply is AC, RRU could detect AC power down and provide
warning signal to the eNodeB.

Dependency

OSS
Fault management can be implemented on the Huawei iManager U2000 or the eNodeB
LMT.

1.4.7 LBFD-004007 Configuration Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature provides online and offline configuration functions which support quick
installation, expansion and configuration of the network.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Benefits
This feature provides a good overview of the current status of the network and supports fast
installation, expansion and configuration of the network.

Description
Configuration management provides operators with a means to collect and manage the data of
the network element. The manageable element data covers the physical aspect (equipment)
and logical/functional aspect (such as cells and links). The graphic user interface makes it
easy to implement the management.
To minimize the impact of reconfiguration on the system, Huawei configuration management
function has the following important features:

Physical modifications are independent of the related logical modifications.

All the required modifications to satisfy a defined task are completely checked to ensure
their validity before the modifications can be applied to the eNodeB.

Configuration data consistency between the NE and the Huawei iManager U2000 are
always ensured.

Both offline configuration and online configuration are supported.

Offline configuration

CME (Configuration Management Express) is a graphic offline configuration tool. In addition


to general configuration functions, it provides some configuration templates to ease site
deployment jobs. It also provides some GUI wizards to help user to finish capacity expansion
and migration jobs.

Online configuration

All configuration data can be modified and queried online through MML commands.

Enhancement

In eRAN2.0
GUI wizards are added to help users with capacity expansion and migration jobs.

Dependency

OSS
Configuration management can be implemented on the Huawei iManager U2000 or the
LMT.

1.4.8 LBFD-004008 Performance Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Summary
This feature provides various performance measurement (PM) counters to monitor the
performance of the eNodeB. The real-time KPI monitoring is an enhanced feature to help user
locate performance problems quickly.

Benefits
The performance management function provides an efficient way to monitor the network
performance so that network troubleshooting and optimization can be implemented, and the
real-time KPI monitoring is a more efficient feature.

Description
Performance measurement gives the detailed information of the network. Such information
facilitates troubleshooting and network optimization.

PM administration

The performance measurement administration provides operators with a means to manage the
available measurements.
For the new commissioning network elements (eNodeB), the predefined performance
measurements will start after initial startup phase. The performance measurements can be
suspended and resumed manually.
The network elements (eNodeB) provide machine-machine interfaces, allowing the Huawei
iManager U2000 to collect the necessary statistics and to set the related parameters including
statistical counters and the measurement period.
The statistics are obtained by the Huawei iManager U2000 in binary format in every
measurement period.
Each eNodeB can store a maximum of 288 files as backups that are useful when data transfer
fails, which makes it possible for the Huawei iManager U2000 to recollect the lost data later.
If the measurement period is 15 minutes, an eNodeB can store measurement results sampled
in a maximum period of 72 hours.
If the measurement period is 60 minutes, an eNodeB can store measurement results sampled
in a maximum period of 288 hours.

PM counters

The PM counters include key counters and other counters. The key counters are used to
generate the key performance indicators (KPIs) of the network, which are defined on the
Huawei iManager U2000, and these counters are predefined and initialized as soon as the
eNodeB starts. The KPIs, related original counters and formulas can be added, modified and
deleted on the Huawei iManager U2000. Other counters reflecting the other aspects of
network performance can be started when needed.

Real-time KPI monitoring

This feature provides the monitoring of KPIs and graphical representation of network
performance. Therefore, it is convenient for troubleshooting, drive tests and network
optimization. The real-time KPI measurement period of each monitoring task can vary, but
must be a multiple of 30 seconds within the range of 30 seconds to 15 minutes. By default,
eNodeBs of eRAN2.2 and later releases use a monitoring period of 1 minute.

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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Enhancement
None

Dependency

OSS
Performance management is implemented on the Huawei iManager U2000 or LMT.

1.4.9 LBFD-004009 Real-time Monitoring of System Running


Information
Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature provides the function of monitoring the running information of the equipment,
RF system, cells, subscribers and transport links.

Benefits
This feature is convenient for troubleshooting, drive tests and network optimization.

Description
This feature provides real-time monitoring and graphical representation of system operation
information and quality. It is a test facility which helps operators to diagnose faults through
precise information about cells, subscribers and links..
The following monitoring items are supported:

Equipment running information monitoring: involving clock source quality

Subscriber-level running information monitoring: involving SIR measurement and UE


TX power

Cell-level running information monitoring: involving the number of cell users,


throughput, and resource block usage

Transport link running information monitoring: involving SCTP links and IP paths

RF monitoring: involving RF performance and RF interference detection

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

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eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

1.4.10 LBFD-004010 Security Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature provides the user authorization, system data backup and restore, security log
auditing and security-related alarms functions.

Benefits
This feature provides the user authorization and management mechanism to enhance network
security.

Description
Security management covers the following functions to enhance system security:

User management: This mechanism allows setting of user accounts and permissions, so
that the related authorized groups and operators can be managed.

System data backup and restoration

Collection of operation logs and auditing of security logs

Triggering of alarms when, for example, network attacks are detected or the number of
unauthorized sessions exceeds the preset threshold

In eRAN2.0

Enhancement
Security alarms are added.

Dependency

OSS
The Huawei iManager U2000 is required.

1.4.11 LBFD-004011 Optimized eNodeB Commissioning Solution


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Summary
The optimized eNodeB commissioning solution supports USB commissioning and automatic
obtaining of software and configuration data from the Huawei iManager U2000.

Benefits
This feature simplifies the eNodeB commissioning procedure.

Description
This feature simplifies the on-site commissioning procedure from the following aspects:

If eNodeB data is ready on the Huawei iManager U2000 and transmission of this
eNodeB is ready, Huawei on-site manual commissioning task is very simple:

Installing the hardware and powering on the eNodeB

Waiting for the eNodeB startup

If field engineer has a laptop, the engineer can use laptop to input DID (Deployment ID).
iManager U2000 can use this information to automatically select a correct configuration
data.

Or , filed engineer can call the administration center and report the Electronic Serial
Number (ESN) of the eNodeB

In the procedure, the newly installed equipment will automatically set up the connection
with the Huawei iManager U2000 by using DHCP, download software and data from the
Huawei iManager U2000, and install the software.

USB commissioning is supported. The associated software and data of the eNodeB can
be copied to a USB disk at the administration center. A local commissioning engineer
only needs to obtain the USB disk, install the hardware, and connect the USB disk to the
USB port on the eNodeB. After that, the eNodeB can automatically install the software
and load data, start up, and set up the connection to the Huawei iManager U2000. No
more local configuration is required.

Enhancement
None.

Dependency

OSS
U2000 or an USB for USB commissioning is required.

1.4.12 LBFD-004012 Environment Monitoring


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Summary
This feature provides environment fault alarming and customized environment alarms
functions.

Benefits
This feature enables centralized environment monitoring of Huawei eNodeB equipment.

Description
This feature enables centralized environment monitoring of Huawei eNodeB equipment in
terms of, for example, the temperature, humidity, smoke, water immersion, access control,
and power supply. Besides, Huawei equipment can be connected to third-party analog and
digital sensors, which enable operators to customize environment alarms.

Enhancement
None

Dependency

OSS
The Huawei iManager U2000 or LMT is required.

1.4.13 LBFD-004013 Inventory Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN1.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
The Huawei iManager U2000 retrieves inventory information automatically from the eNodeB
after commissioning and synchronize the information on the eNodeB every day.

Benefits
With this function, operators can obtain the timely and accurate inventory data of the existing
network for decision making.

Description
Inventory management helps operators to manage the asset information of the network. With
this function, the assets can be queried and managed on the Huawei iManager U2000.
The objects which are managed by this function include physical objects (such as racks,
frames, slots, boards, ports, and fans) and logical objects (such as software and patches).

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

When requested from the Huawei iManager U2000, an asset information file in .xml format is
generated and is sent to the Huawei iManager U2000. The Huawei iManager U2000 stores the
uploaded information in the network inventory database.
The Huawei iManager U2000 retrieves inventory information automatically from the eNodeB
after commissioning and synchronize the information on the eNodeB every day.

Enhancement

In eRAN2.0
The Huawei iManager U2000 retrieves inventory information automatically from the
eNodeB after commissioning.
Inventory change notification function has been added to eNodeB. When inventory
changes in eNodeB, a notification will be sent from eNodeB to U2000(Micro eNodeB
will not send this notification), so that the inventory information could be synchronized
quickly between U2000 and eNodeB.

Dependency

OSS
The Huawei iManager U2000 is required.

1.4.14 LBFD-004014 License Management


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN2.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
This feature involves the eNodeB license control.

Benefits
With this feature, the operators can purchase the license based on the network development,
thus reducing the initial cost of the network deployment.

Description
The license file is used to determine whether the optional features are available and how many
optional features are available.
The license file can be downloaded remotely to the eNodeB. The operators can manage and
query the contents in the license file through the LMT or the U2000 client.
The license file is stored in the eNodeB.

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

Figure 1-8 License file management

New or upgraded license files can be ordered from Huawei.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

1.4.15 LBFD-004015 License Control for Urgency


Availability
This feature is

applicable to Macro from eRAN3.0

applicable to Micro form eRAN3.0

applicable to Lampsite from eRAN6.0

Summary
With this feature, the license limitation is withdrawn in emergencies, so the operator can
handle the sudden increase of network capacity.

Benefits
This feature helps operator to face the situations where there is an unusual increase of traffic
(sport events, New Year) by enabling a temporary increase of RAN resource, avoiding
permanent over-dimensioning and thus adapting the capacity costs to the real usage.

Description
The license limitation is withdrawn through manual execution of the MML commands on the
LMT or U2000. Thus, the equipment can be used effectively to optimum capacity.
For each R version, the operation personnel have three chances to withdraw the license
limitation through the MML commands. The operation takes effect immediately after the

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

1 Basic Features

commands are executed. The validity period is seven days. When the three chances are used
up, a new chance can be obtained only through the software upgrade.

Enhancement
None

Dependency
None

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

2 Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Table 2-1 Acronyms and Abbreviations


3GPP

Third Generation Partnership Project

ABS

Almost-blank subframe

ACK

acknowledgment

ACL

Access Control List

AES

Advanced Encryption Standard

AFC

Automatic Frequency Control

AH

Authentication Header

AMBR

Aggregate Maximum Bit Rate

AMC

Adaptive Modulation and Coding

AMR

Adaptive Multi-Rate

ANR

Automatic Neighboring Relation

ARP

Allocation/Retention Priority

ARQ

Automatic Repeat Request

BCH

Broadcast Channel

BCCH

Broadcast Control Channel

BITS

Building Integrated Timing Supply System

BLER

Block Error Rate

CA

Carrier aggregation

C/I

Carrier-to-Interference Power Ratio

CCCH

Common Control Channel

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

2 Acronyms and Abbreviations

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access

CEU

Cell Edge Users

CGI

Cell Global Identification

CP

Cyclic Prefix

CPICH

Common Pilot Channel

CQI

Channel Quality Indicator

CRC

Cyclic Redundancy Check

CRS

Cell-specific reference signal

CSI-RS

Channel state information reference signal

DCCH

Dedicated Control Channel

DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DiffServ

Differentiated Services

DL-SCH

Downlink Shared Channel

DRB

Data Radio Bearer

DRX

Discontinuous Reception

DSCP

DiffServ Code Point

DTCH

Dedicated Traffic Channel

ECM

EPS Control Management

eCSFB

Enhanced CS Fallback

EDF

Early Deadline First

EF

Expedited Forwarding

eHRPD

Evolved high rate packet data

eICIC

Enhanced Inter-cell Interference


Coordination

eMBMS

evolved Multimedia Broadcast Multimedia


System

EMM

EPS Mobility Management

EMS

Element Management System

eNodeB

evolved NodeB

EPC

Evolved Packet Core

EPS

Evolved Packet System

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

2 Acronyms and Abbreviations

ESP

Encapsulation Security Payload

ETWS

Earthquake and Tsunami Warning System

E-UTRA

Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio


Access

FCPSS

Fault, Configuration, Performance, Security


and Software Managements

FDD

Frequency Division Duplex

FEC

Forward Error Correction

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GBR

Guaranteed Bit Rate

GERAN

GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network

GPS

Global Positioning System

HARQ

Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request

HII

High Interference Indicator

HMAC

Hash Message Authentication Code

HMAC_MD5

HMAC Message Digest 5

HMAC_SHA

HMAC Secure Hash Algorithm

HO

Handover

HRPD

High Rate Packet Data

ICIC

Inter-cell Interference Coordination

IKEV

Internet Key Exchange Version

IMS

IP Multimedia Service

IP PM

IP Performance Monitoring

IPsec

IP Security

IRC

Interference Rejection Combining

KPI

Key Performance Indicator

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

2 Acronyms and Abbreviations

CME

Configuration Management Express

LMT

Local Maintenance Terminal

MAC

Medium Admission Control

MIB

Master Information Block

MCH

Multicast Channel

MCCH

Multicast Control Channel

MCS

Modulation and Coding Scheme

MIMO

Multiple Input Multiple Output

min_GBR

Minimum Guaranteed Bit Rate

MME

Mobility Management Entity

MML

Man-Machine Language

MOS

Mean Opinion Score

MRC

Maximum-Ratio Combining

MTCH

Multicast Traffic Channel

MU-MIMO

Multiple User-MIMO

NACC

Network Assisted Cell Changed

NACK

Non acknowledgment

NAS

Non-Access Stratum

NRT

Neighboring Relation Table

OCXO

Oven Controlled Crystal Oscillator

OFDM

Orthogonal Frequency Division


Multiplexing

OFDMA

Orthogonal Frequency Division


Multiplexing Access

OI

Overload Indicator

OMC

Operation and Maintenance Center

OOK

On-Off-Keying

PBCH

Physical Broadcast Channel

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

2 Acronyms and Abbreviations

PCCH

Paging Control Channel

PCFICH

Physical Control Format Indicator Channel

PCH

Paging Channel

PCI

Physical Cell Identity

PDB

Packet Delay Budget

PDCCH

Physical Downlink Control Channel

PDCP

Packet Data Convergence Protocol

PDH

Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

PDSCH

Physical Downlink Shared Channel

PF

Proportional Fair

PHB

Per-Hop Behavior

PHICH

Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel

PM

Performance Measurement

PLMN

Public Land Mobile Network

PMCH

Physical Multicast Channel

PRACH

Physical Random Access Channel

PUCCH

Physical Uplink Control Channel

PUSCH

Physical Uplink Shared Channel

QAM

Quadrature Amplitude Modulation

QCI

QoS Class Identifier

QoS

Quality of Service

QPSK

Quadrature Phase Shift Keying

RA

Random Access

RACH

Random Access Channel

RAM

Random Access Memory

RAT

Radio Access Technology

RB

Resource Block

RCU

Radio Control Unit

RET

Remote Electrical Tilt

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

2 Acronyms and Abbreviations

RF

Radio Frequency

RLC

Radio Link Control

RRC

Radio Resource Control

RRM

Radio Resource Management

RRU

Remote Radio Unit

RS

Reference Signal

RSRP

Reference Signal Received Power

RSRQ

Reference Signal Received Quality

RSSI

Received Signal Strength Indicator

RTT

Round Trip Time

RV

Redundancy Version

Rx

Receive

S1

interface between EPC and E-UTRAN

SBT

Smart Bias Tee

SC-FDMA

Single Carrier-Frequency Division Multiple


Access

SCTP

Stream Control Transmission Protocol

SDH

Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SFBC

Space Frequency Block Coding

SFP

Small Form factor Pluggable

SGW

Serving Gateway

SIB

System Information Block

SID

Silence Indicator

SINR

Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio

SRB

Signaling Radio Bearer

SRS

Sounding Reference Signal

SSL

Security Socket Layer

STBC

Space Time Block Coding

STMA

Smart TMA

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eLTE2.3
eLTE2.3 DBS3900 LTE FDD Basic Feature Description

2 Acronyms and Abbreviations

TAC

Transport Admission Control

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TDD

Time Division Duplex

TMA

Tower Mounted Amplifier

TMF

Traced Message Files

ToS

Type of Service

TTI

Transmission Time Interval

Tx

Transmission

UE

User Equipment

UL-SCH

Uplink Shared Channel

USB

Universal Serial Bus

U2000

Huawei OMC

VLAN

Virtual Local Area Network

VoIP

Voice over IP

WRR

Weighted Round Robin

X2

interface among eNodeBs

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