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,f 78

l¡llnneapollr Trlbune

Sun., June 25, 1978

lmporting U.S. 'goods'

r includingtorture

HIDDEN TERRORS, bY A.J. Lang- gutb (Pantheon Books, tOE Pagcs'

$10).

: Reviewed by GeoffreY'For

' on Julu 31. l9?0, mer nólice'chief

an obscure for'

from Rich¡nond,

tnd.,' was kidnaPPed bY urban

I suerrillas (Tupamaros) in Montevi'

áeo, UruguaY-

-to

Ten daYs later, after

-release

government

150

hed

political

the Urusuavan

refused

orisoners and had launched a mas-

iive hunt for his captors, 50-Year-

old Daniel A. Mitrione was found

shot to death on the back sest of ¡ stolen 1948 Buick convertible.

, Mitrione had joined the U'S. Office

:

of Fublic Safety

according

to

make

ln

'A'J.

1960, prim¿rily'

Langguth,

to support

was

to

-to

his

Pro'

móre moneY

job

large familY. His

curl

tear gas,

soohisticateó

noiice ir, Brazil,

tuav. and train

Litré ottrer

radios and more

police hardware for

and later ln Uru' them ln thelr use.

OPS advisers in other

Vietnem, Iran

lands-including

and other Third

World countries-

I he also instructed police on meth'

i ods of interrogation

more effectlve

paihful than the tredl'

: and more

I tional techniques of beatlng.

; In the mid-1960s,

i

the OPS and its

AcademY'

i w-here Mitrione was an instructor

International

Police

'

from 1967 to 1969, began

electric shock torture as

effective way to

resistance.

ihe

break a

to Push

the most

prisoner't

cIA's Technical

in

so sharP

break quick'

(suPPlied

Interna-

-genitals,

Parts,

to the man's

teeth and

while

the

in a

is strsPended

; Serviees f)ivision

Langguth

devñis

Washington'

tells us, was "developing

to make the Paln

w'ould

that a prisoner

lv and not

tór to hurt him repeatedly."

force a police interroga-

Wires

are run from a geñerator

by

the U.S. AgencY

tional Developntent)

for

,

or r¡'oman's

, other sensitlve

vlctim's

body

:

:br

and

oosition convonlent for the tortur-

Painful tor the tortured;

,then

a'scientifically'calculated

is run

are ln

throug!

the

attendance,

prls'

electric charge

bodv. Doctois

not'to succour the sufferlng

' oners, but to revive them.

The use of this excruciating tor'

ture, a tl.S. imPort,

is esPeclallY

well documented for Chile' Uru'

euav and Brazil, but its use is

ñruih more

widesPread. The Uru'

his records are

Danlel Vig'

iietti trai¡ said that in Argentina

guayan protest singer

and UruguaY,

played duiing torture ln an aPPar-

ónt- attempt

with pain,

to ass<¡ciate protest

Traditional ways of life in the

Third World

are being undermined

b,y' a growing dependencY on im-

value of

absorPtloh of vlllager into the

international market system, and

iven tlie remotest

brimarv- Droducts,

pbrted' coods. declining

the increasing

poverty

iteasa¡its'

of

rstudent

size and increasing

PoPulation.

unlons.

the urban

leagues,

trade

assoclations, professlonal

and small business ortanizations'

i and the as Yet

are all nressing

would

unorganized

for

reforms

Poo-r

which

iedistribute the wealth in

some manner and would cut into

the exceedinglY high

Profit mar'

gins

of

transnatlonal corporations.

'the U.S. government's strrt-egy'

from

Kennédy to Cartcr, has been

"self-help"

examPte,

projects

through

Prc$¡urc

out cosmetlc

the same time

. to stimulate

reforms, while

developing

' for the poor (for

the Peace

, the elites

at

Corps) and to

to

carry

massive police rep_r_es'

slon to

capital investments.

prévont any threats to U.S.

An unfortunate but,

for the State

Department, acceptable cost of

this policy hss been the

suppres-

sion of clvil liberties and the elcc-

toral

process

in numerous

coun-

trles, of which Chile, Argentlna

and Thailand are the most recent

Now, with popular par-

elamples.

ticlpatlon out of the way, the mlli-

tary

regimes of these countries gre

a strategy of encouraglng

penetratlon

economlc

pursulng

stlll

greater

by foreign enterprlses,

kind of

.ricüing

"trlckle up"

thg

ruling

tain this

whlch has a

effect of en-

elite.

the

To main-

lessons

system,

learned and equlpment obtalned

from the Office of Publlc Safety

and its succes!¡ors

formally

(the

OPS

was

abollshed in 1972) have

been invaluable.

A Navy vetcran, a tough cop, a

strongly pro-American son of ltal'

ian immigrants,

Dears

to have

Dan Mitrlone aP'

seen no ethical Prob-

iems in his Fb. He was simulta'

neortsly victim and agent of a

States government strategy

United

fof preventing social revolution in

Lati-n Amerlca. The Public face of

this strategy was the

wlth its economic and aid programs for improv-

technical

Progress,"-

"Alliance for

ing the lot of the Latin Amerlcan

masses;

its hldden face was a net'

political rePression in'

work of

cluding CIA covert actlons, a mod'

ern teóhnology

of torture, and Po-

lice advisers

like Dan Mitrlone'

Langguth,

a MinneaPolis natlve

corresPondent, has

and-loreign

written

ilv difficult to read, because he has

a

book that is unnecessar-

cñosen to break

iles óf

up

his narrative

rel¡ted

sto'

Latin

with flashbacks and intersPersed

passages

telling other,

U.S.

officials and

Amerlcan. revoluUonaries. The

stvle ls awkward and cliche'rid'

din. But despite

useful book

these faults. it ls a

for the new informa-

tion from

Langguth's

interviews

and the extensive documentation

of a story that is a national dis-

grace.

Geoffrey For te¡ches soclologY rt

thc Cotlcge

he

of St. Bcnedlct.

e

member ol

¡

In 197{

commlssion

we¡

thrt

lnvestlg¡ted vlolatlons of hu'

tn Chlle.

man righb