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One Sample t Test for Mean

H 0 : µ = 3 (The average number of TV sets in M’sia ho mes is equal t o 3) H 1 : µ 3 (The average number of TV sets in M’sia ho mes is not equal to 3)

α = 0.05, d.f = n – 1 = 99 Critical Value: t αααα/2,n-1 = t 0.025,99 = ±±±±1.98 Decisi on Rule:

=
100
0.8
n
s
Decisi on:
t =
µ
2.84
X −
3
Reject H 0 if t > 1.98 or t < −1.98
Test S tatistics:
= − 2
X = 2.84,
n = 100,
s = 0.8

t = 2 less t han t α/2,n-1 = 1.98, r eject H 0 at α = 0.05 Conclusion:

There is sufficient evidence to conclude t hat the average number of TV sets in M ’sia ho mes is not eq ual to 3.

H 0 : µ 3 (The average number of TV sets in M’sia ho mes is at least 3) H 1 : µ < 3 (T he average number of TV sets in M’sia ho mes is less t han 3)

α = 0.05, d.f = n – 1 = 99 Critical Value: t αααα,n-1 = t 0.05,99 = 1.658 Decisi on Rule:

=
100
0.8
n
s
Decisi on:
t =
µ
2.84
X −
3
Reject H 0 if t < −1.658
Test S tatistics:
= − 2
X = 2.84,
n = 100,
s = 0.8

t = 2 less t han t α,n-1 = 1.658, rej ect H 0 at α = 0.05 Conclusion:

There is sufficient evidence to conclude t hat the average number of TV sets in M ’sia ho mes is less tha n to 3.

H 0 : µ 3 (The average number of TV sets in M’sia ho mes is at most 3) H 1 : µ > 3 (T he average number of TV sets in M’sia ho mes is more t han 3)

α = 0.05, d.f = n – 1 = 99 Critical Value: t αααα,n-1 = t 0.05,99 = +1.658 Decisi on Rule:

Reject H 0 if t > 1.658 Test S tatistics:

 X − µ 2.84 − 3 t = s = 0.8 n 100

= − 2

Decisi on:

X = 2.84,
n = 100,
s = 0.8

t = 2 less t han t α,n-1 = 1.658, do not reject H 0 at α = 0.05 Conclusion:

There is insufficient

evidence to co nclud e that the

aver age

number of TV sets in M ’sia ho mes is more tha n to 3.

 p-value = P(t > 2) + P(t < −2) α/2 = 0.025 α/2 = 0.025 -1.98 0 1.98 t 99 -2.0 2.0 α = 0.05 0.025 0.01 0.005 α = v = 40 1.684 2.021 2.423 2.704 v = 40 60 1.671 2.000 2.390 1.980 < t < 2.358 1.960 2.326 2.660 60 120 1.658 2.617 120 ∞ 1.645 2.576 ∞ (0.01)(2) < p-value < (0.025)(2) = 0.02 < p -value < 0.05 p-value < 0.05, reject H 0
 p-value = P(t < −2) α = 0.05 -1.658 0 t 99 -2.0 0.05 0.025 0.01 0.005 α = 1.684 2.021 2.423 2.704 v = 40 1.671 2.000 2.390 1.980 < t < 2.358 1.960 2.326 2.660 60 1.658 2.617 120 1.645 2.576 ∞ 0.01 < p-value < 0.025 p-value < 0.05, reject H 0

p-value = P(t > 2)

1.658 t 99
α = 0.05
0

-2.0

0.05

0.025

0.01

0.005

2.000
2.390
1.980
2.358
1.960
2.326
< t <
2.423
1.645 2.576
2.660
2.617
2.704
1.684
1.658
2.021
1.671

1 – (0.01 < p-value < 0.025) = 0.975 < p -value < 0.99 p-value > 0.05, do not reject H 0