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LatPile Function

Pile bending moments, forces and deflection due to lateral loads using a finite difference analysis

=LatPile(Segments, Loads, Soil table, Sections table, PY tables, Defaults, Output code, Koption)

Optional input in italics

Input:

Segments

Loads

Soil table

Sections table

Optional input:

PY tables

Defaults

Output Code options

7 row single column range listing applied loads at head of pile:

See below for details of load input

Range listing soil properties, 7-9 rows x 1 column for each soil type

Effective depths at the top of each layer may optionally be entered in rows 8 and 9

See SoilProps sheet for further details of how Effective Depths are calculated.

Range listing pile section properties, 3 to 13 rows x 1 column for each section type

Notes: If the depth specified for Soil types and section types does not extend to the bottom

then the last provided value is applied to nodes to the bottom of the pile

Section stiffness (EI) may be specified as constant in row 3, or calculated for reinfor

piles of circular or rectangular cross section, to Eurocode 2 method.

Contiguous range with 2 columns for each table: pile deflection(Y) and support force per u

PY curves are used for those soil layers with "PY" in row 2 of the soil table, and Table Num

Change system defaults; available parameters and default values are shown in the examp

1: Output array includes 6 output columns (see below for details)

2: Output Pile EI and soil stiffness only

3: Output array includes all 11 output columns (see below for details)

KOption

1: initial stiffness (P/Y) for soil type 2 and 3 = Ki * Depth (as COM625 Manual and LPile)

2: initial stiffness (P/Y) for soil type 2 and 3 = Ki * Diam

Sign Convention

Deflections and loads are positive from left to right

Positive bending moments cause compression in the right side of the pile

Units

Reinforcement bar diameter and cover (mm)

Concrete Shrinkage (microstrain)

Any other consistent units may be used if a fixed value is entered for the pile flexural stiffn

The calculated pile flexural stiffness takes account of post-cracking behaviour of reinforced

concrete, including tension stiffening and shrinkage effects if a C (circular) or R (rectangul

is entered in row 3 of the Sections Table. If a numerical value is entered in row 3 this is us

fixed stiffness (EI) and the entries below are ignored.

Note that non-linearity due to steel yielding, or concrete crushing is not included in

A separate check must be made of steel and concrete stresses.

Output:

Output is a 6 or 11 column array, enter as an array function:

To enter an array function:

Enter the function in the top left cell of the output range

Select the entire output range

Press F2

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Column 5

Column 6

Column 7

Column 8

Column 9

Column 10

Column 11

Press Ctrl-shift-enter

Node Position from top, m

Deflection, m

Bending Moment, kNm

Shear force, KN

Pile EI, kN/m2

Soil spring stiffness, kN/m2

Soil layer number

Effective Depth 1, m

Effective Depth 2, m

Maximum soil force per metre length, kN/m (pf)

Soil force/metre length

Other Functions

PY624tab Function

Table of soil stiffness values at a specified effective depth

=PY624tab(Soil data, Pile Sections, Loads, Deflections, Koption)

Optional input in italics

Input:

Soil data

Pile Sections

Loads

Deflections

As LatPile function

As LatPile function

Single column range listing pile deflection in ascending order

Optional input:

KOption

As LatPile function

Output:

Output is a single column array , enter as an array function:

Spring force/m of pile for each input deflection

PfEffDepth Function

Returns the maximum soil resistance per metre due to wedge failure at a specified effective depth

=PfEffDepth(Soil data, Pile EffDepth, PYTabsA)

Optional input in italics

Input:

Soil data

Eff Depth

PYTabsA

As LatPile function, except that row 1 is pile diameter and rows 8 and 9 are not required

Effective depth at which the soil stiffness is required

As LatPile function

Output:

Maximum Spring force/m due to wedge failure

hs are calculated.

n for each section type

does not extend to the bottom of the pile

bottom of the pile

ow 3, or calculated for reinforced concrete

de 2 method.

f the soil table, and Table Number in row 3.

alues are shown in the example.

a C (circular) or R (rectangular)

e is entered in row 3 this is used as a

crushing is not included in the analysis.

Examples

Example 1: 20 m pile in a layered soil with one input PY curve and 2 calculated PY Curves

Layers

Loads

Length, m

Subdivisions

Type

18.55

40 Shear

Moment

Axial at head

Axial at base

Depth of zero axial

Number of cycles

Water table depth

Shear and moment are specified at the head of the pile. There is currently no provision for

applying loads at other locations.

Axial load is assumed to vary linearly from the head to toe of the pile, or bi-linearly from the

head to the depth of zero axial, and depth of zero axial to the base.

If Depth of zero axial is <=0, >= pile length, or blank, it is ignored.

Soil Tables

Depth of layer base

Soil cohesion, Cu; or "PY" to use PY table

Soil friction angle, Phi, or PY Table number

PY

Soil Density

Strain at 50% ultimate stress, Eps50

PY

Soil Type

Initial stiffness, ki

Layer top Effective depth for wedge failure (optional)

Layer top Effective depth for initial stiffness (optional)

Soil Type, 0 = "void", 1 = "Soft to firm clay", 2 = "Stiff Clay", 3 = "Sand"

30

20.000

3

85000

PY Tables

Y

0.000E+00

3.000E-03

6.000E-03

9.000E-03

1.200E-02

1.500E-02

1.800E-02

2.100E-02

2.400E-02

2.700E-02

3.000E-02

3.300E-02

3.600E-02

3.900E-02

4.200E-02

4.500E-02

4.800E-02

Page 5

P

0.000E+00

4.970E+01

6.270E+01

7.170E+01

7.890E+01

8.500E+01

9.040E+01

9.510E+01

9.950E+01

1.035E+02

1.071E+02

1.106E+02

1.139E+02

1.169E+02

1.199E+02

1.227E+02

1.253E+02

Examples

5.100E-02

5.400E-02

5.700E-02

6.000E-02

1.200E-01

1.260E-01

1.279E+02

1.303E+02

1.327E+02

1.350E+02

1.350E+02

1.350E+02

Sections Table

Depth of base of section

m

Pile diam or width

m

EI or Section Type (C or R) for RC

kNm2

Bar diameter

Diat

mm

Number of bars*

Numt

Bar cover

Covt

mm

Concrete compressive strength f'c

kPa

Steel yield stress

fys

kPa

E steel

Es

kPa

E concrete

Ec

kPa

Concrete flex. tens. strength

f'ct

kPa

Concrete shrinkage strain

Epscs

Microstrain

Section depth (rectangular sect.)

m

* Total number for circular section, or bars on tensile face for rectangular section

Defaults Table (default values in brackets)

Tension stiffening Beta value (0.5)

Maximum iterations (20)

Tolerance on deflection norm (0.001)

Tolerance on soil stiffness norm (0.001)

Tolerance on section stiffness norm (0.001)

Output

X

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Deflection

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Page 6

Moment

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Examples

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Soil Resistance

0

10

15

20

12.000

Depth, m

10.000

8.000

6.000

4.000

2.000

0.000

LatPile

Bending Moment

12.000

10.000

8.000

Page 7

25

30

35

Examples

Bending Moment

12.000

10.000

8.000

6.000

4.000

2.000

0.000

0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

LatPile

Page 8

20.0

25.0

30.0

35.0

Examples

2 calculated PY Curves

Loads

m, kNm

74

192.4

881

1

30

Page 9

Examples

18.6

0.8

C

16.0

8.0

30.0

30,000

400

200,000,000

20,000,000

2

600.0

0.5

100

0.001

0.001

0.001

Shear Force

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Pile EI

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Spring

stiffness

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Page 10

layer

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

EffDepth1

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

EffDepth2

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Examples

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

35

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Deflection

0.000000

12.000

10.000

Depth, m

30

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

8.000

6.000

4.000

2.000

0.000

LatPile

Shear Force

12.000

10.000

8.000

Page 11

Examples

Shear Force

12.000

10.000

8.000

6.000

4.000

2.000

30.0

35.0

0.000

0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

LatPile

Page 12

20.0

25.0

30.0

Examples

Page 13

Examples

pf

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Spring force

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Page 14

Examples

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Page 15

Examples

25.0

30.0

35.0

Page 16

Examples

m

kPa

degrees

kN/m3

0.800

0.00

PY

20.00

PY

1 to 3

KN/m3

3.00

85000.00

0.800

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Page 17

0.800

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.800

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.800

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Examples

Page 18

Examples

Page 19

Examples

Page 20

Examples

0.800

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Page 21

Examples

Page 22

Examples

Page 23

Examples

Page 24

Source: COM624 Manual

Clay Consistency

Soft

Medium

Stiff

Average

Undrained Shear

Strength, kPa

10 to 25

25 to 50

50 to 100

100 to 200

200 to 400

Eps50

0.02

0.01

0.007

0.005

0.004

0

100

200

50 to 100

100 to 200

200 to 400

Stiff Clay

Static load, kN/m3

Cyclic load, kN/m3

Submerged kN/m3

Above water table kN/m3

Unit conversion:

140,000

50,000

270,000

110,000

540,000

220,000

Loose

5,000

7,000

Medium

15,000

25,000

Dense

35,000

60,000

140000

50000

1 lb/in3 = 272 kN/m3

Effective Depth

When a pile with a layered soil is analysed, the upper soil layers affect the lower layers in three respects:

If the ultimate resistance is controlled by wedge sliding, the resistance at any level is the sum of the

resistances from each layer above.

If the ultimate resistance is controlled by flow with a granular soil the reisitance is related to the vertical

pressure at the level of analysis.

The initial stiffness for type 2 and 3 soils is proportional to the vertical pressure at the level of analysis.

To allow for these effects the LatPile function calculates two effective depths:

1) The effective depth for wedge failure for a point within any layer, L, has two components:

i) The depth of soil with the same properties as Layer L that would have the same wedge sliding

resistance as the actual soil layers above the top of Layer L.

ii) The depth of the point below the top of Layer L

2) The effective depth for vertical pressure for a point within a layer, L, is the depth of material that

would have the same vertical pressure as that due to the actual soils layers above the point.

Depths 1) and 2) are calculated by the LatPile function, or may optionally be specified for the top

of each layer as rows 8 and 9 of the Soil Properties Table.

Example PY Curves; Data from Examples sheet

Soil Tables

Depth of point

Soil cohesion, Cu; or "PY" to use PY table

Soil friction angle, Phi, or PY Table number

Soil Density

5

0.00

0

0.000

25

0.00

0

0.000

Soil Type

Initial stiffness, ki

Effective depth for wedge failure

Effective depth for initial stiffness

0.0000

0

0

5

5

PY624tab

Deflection

Force

m

kN/m

0

#VALUE!

0.005

#VALUE!

0.01

#VALUE!

0.015

#VALUE!

0.02

#VALUE!

0.025

#VALUE!

0.03

#VALUE!

0.035

#VALUE!

0.04

#VALUE!

0.045

#VALUE!

0.05

#VALUE!

0.055

#VALUE!

0.06

#VALUE!

0.065

#VALUE!

0.07

#VALUE!

0.075

#VALUE!

0.08

#VALUE!

PY624tab

Deflection

Force

m

kN/m

0

#VALUE!

0.0025

#VALUE!

0.005

#VALUE!

0.0075

#VALUE!

0.01

#VALUE!

0.02

#VALUE!

0.03

#VALUE!

0.04

#VALUE!

0.05

#VALUE!

0.06

#VALUE!

0.07

#VALUE!

0.08

#VALUE!

0.09

#VALUE!

0.1

#VALUE!

0.11

#VALUE!

0.0000

0

0

25

25

12.0

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0

0

12.0

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0

0

0.02

0.

PT624tab

.0

.0

.0

.0

.0

.0

.0

0

PY624Tab

2.0

0.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0

0

0.02

0.04

0.06

0.08

0.1

0.12

12

10

8

Colu

mn

AL

6

4

2

0

0

10

12

Disclaimer

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or

modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License

as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2

of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,

but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of

MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the

GNU General Public License for more details.

A copy of the GNU General Public License may be obtained from:

The Free Software Foundation, Inc.

59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

dougjenkins@interactiveds.com.au

www.interactiveds.com.au

http://newtonexcelbach.wordpress.com/

Copyright 2012 Interactive Design Services Pty Ltd. all rights reserved

Revision History

Current Version

Rev

Date

1.02

By

1.01

### DAJ

1.02

### DAJ

###

Description

First release

Code to read first row in input PY tables corrected (row and column ind

KOption added; PY624tab function added; PY_624 function modified, e

624 function modified, effective depth input added

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