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Type

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

F1A
F1B
F2A
F2B
F2C
F2D
F3A
F3B
F3C
F3D
F3E
F3F
F3G
F3H
F3I
F3J
F3K

Re-Bar
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

TOP
22
22
19
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22

175
175
125
175
175
175
175
175
175
175
175
175
175
125
175
175
175

D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

BOTTOM
22
22
19
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
25
22
-

NODE
175
175
200
200
100
150
100
175
175
175
175
150
175
200
100
100
175

12
138
6
7
9
14
137
139
140
13
15
100 ##### 20
5
0
103
105
11
16
102
117
199
116
19

142

9.

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

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Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

PILE CAP DESIGN

9.1. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 1 Pile (F1A)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
1,500.0
1,500.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
:
12
Pu
= 1,069.4 kN
( max LC:
395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY
1,069.4
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,069.43 kN
1
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm
Column Dimension :
Bcol =
Column Type:

430

Hcol =

mm

STEEL COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

430

mm

( CORNER COLUMN

; node 12 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

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Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

For Tension
For Shear

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 1,069.4 kN (Due to Column Load)

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

f Rebar

0.5

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

1,088.9 mm

430 + 1,088.9
1,518.9 mm > 1,500.0 mm
430
+ 1,088.9
1,518.9 mm > 1,500.0 mm

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1500
x
4=
6,000 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

430

430

m =

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

= 0.17 1 2
b

0.17 x (

fc' bo d
2
1

)x

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

30

6000.0

1088.90

18,250,302

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

b. Vc

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

c. Vc

0.083

= 0 . 33
=

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

30 x

1088.9
6000.0

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6000.0

fc ' bo d

0.33

Vu
Vu

x(

fc' bo d

30

11,809,019

Pu
1069.432
kN
0.75

>

Vu

1088.90

22,111,261

1088.90

11,809,019

1,425,909.33

OK!

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 1069.432 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1088.9
1,688.9 mm
=
bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


2080.12 mm
520.03
x
4 =

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


6000.0

Page:

1,500.0 m

1,500.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


1

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

as

20 ( for corner column )

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

= 0.17 1 2
b

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 x (

fc' bo d
2
1

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

20 x

)x

1088.9
2080.1

2080.1

Use, Vc

4,094,029.38 N

Vc

Pu
1069.432
kN
0.75

>

2080.1

1088.90

Vu

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
43.20 kN/m

6327136

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

2080.1

1088.90

1,425,909.33

4094029 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

1088.90

= 12840065 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

30

=
f
Therefore

fc ' bo d

30

fc' bo d

0.33

Vu
Vu

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1.2 m

1.5 m

Pilecap Loading

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

eP0
My1

= Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge


=
0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 43.2 x 0.75
=
12.15 kNm
=
(Top Reiforcement)

750

eRw1-sh = Distance from column edge to pile center line


=
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1,069.4
x 0.20 ) - ( 0.5 x 43.2 x ( 0.75 207.35 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)

Page:

mm

200

mm

1 pile

2
0.20 ) )

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
Muy
207.35
=
fFX
0.90
=
230.39
kNm

Mny

Mny

Rn

Rn =

Mny
Lpc x d2

230.392
1,500.0

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.129539

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
178
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000309

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.1295

600
600 + 420

1,500.0

0.018803

1,088.9

2,940.0 mm2

7.6
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 2,940.0 mm2 OK!
=
3,372.43

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Top Reinforcement
Mny

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

12.15
0.90

Rn

Mny
Lpc x d2

Rn =

13.500 kNm

13.500
x
1,500.0 x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.00759

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
178
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000018

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00759

600

600
+ 420

1,500.0

1,088.9

0.018803

2,940.0 mm2

7.60 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
2
2
mm
=
3,372.43
> As = 2,940.0 mm OK!

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

9.2. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 1 Pile (F1B)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
1,500.0
1,500.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
: 138
Pu
= 1,572.7 kN
( max LC: 391 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL2 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY ; node 138 )
1,572.7
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,572.68 kN
1
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm
Column Dimension :
Bcol =
Column Type:

1500

mm

Hcol =

1500

CONCRETE COLUMN (PEDESTAL)

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

mm
CORNER COLUMN

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 1,572.7 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

1500
+
2,588.9 mm
1500
+
2,588.9 mm

f Rebar

0.5

1,088.9
> 1,500.0 mm
1,088.9
> 1,500.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

1,088.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is not Applicable

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 1572.679 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1088.9
1,688.9 mm
=
bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


480.65
x
4
1922.6 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC =

1,500.0 m

Group Piles

1,500.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


1

20 ( for corner column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

20 x

1088.9
1922.6

1922.6

30

Use, Vc

3,784,003.27 N

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
1572.679
kN
0.75

>

1922.6

1088.90

Vu

OK!

5848005

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

1922.6

fc ' bo d

fc' bo d

0.33

Vu
Vu

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1088.90

= 12684112 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


1088.90

2,096,905.33

3784003 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

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Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

Pilecap Loading
qc

My

Mx

Moment

2
= 0.5 x qc x (0.5 x Bpc-0.5 x Bcol)
= 0.5 x 43.2 x ( 0.5 x 1.5
=
0.00 KNm

0.5

1.5 )

2
= 0.5 x qc x (0.5 x Lpc-0.5 x Hcol)
= 0.5 x 43.2 x ( 0.5 x 1.5
=
0.00 KNm

0.5

1.5 )

0.00

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
43.20 kN/m

1.2 m

KNm

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Top/Bottom Reinforcement
Muy
=
fFX
=
0.00

Mny

Mny

0.00
0.9
kNm

Rn

Mny
Lpc x d2

Rn =

0.000
1,500.0

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

=
=
=

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

0.836

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


(

30

28

1.5 m

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

r min
r calc

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

Page:

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
178
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600
600 + fy
30

387.00 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.0000

600
600 + 420

1,500.0

0.018803

1,088.9

2,940.0 mm2

7.6
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 2,940.0 mm2 OK!
=
3,372.43

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.3. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 2 Pile (F2A)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
1,500.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
:
7
6
9
Pu
= 2,676.41 kN
( max LC:
395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY
2,676.4
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,338.21 kN
2
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm
Column Dimension :
Bcol =
Column Type:

430

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Hcol =

430

mm

; node 9 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Material Grade :
30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Concrete Grade, fc' =


Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =
Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

For Tension
For Shear

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 2,676.412 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY


; node 9 )

shear area

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

f Rebar

0.5

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

1,088.9 mm

430 + 1,088.9
1,518.9 mm < 3,000.0 mm
430
+ 1,088.9
1,518.9 mm > 1,500.0 mm

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1500
x
2=
3,000 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

30 ( for edge column )

430

430

m =

1
ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

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Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

30 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

5,904,509

Pu
2676.412
kN
0.75

>

Vu

3000.0

1088.90

= 9,125,151 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

3000.0

1088.90

19,141,113

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

3000.0

fc' bo d

1088.9
3000.0

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1088.90

5,904,509 N

3,568,549.33

OK!

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 2676.412 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY


; node 9 )

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1088.9
1,688.9 mm
=

shear area

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


480.65
x
8
3845.2 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC =

1,500.0 m

Group Piles

3,000.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.5

30 ( for edge column )

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.5

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

30 x

1088.9
3845.2

Use, Vc
Vu
Vu

=
=

7,568,006.54 N
Pu
2676.412
kN =
0.75

>

Vu

3845.2

30

Vc

3845.2

1088.90

= 19493350 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

3845.2

fc ' bo d

fc' bo d

0.33

f
Therefore

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

OK!

1088.90

= 19977903 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


x

1088.90

3,568,549.33

7568007 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

x
24 kN/m3
43.20 kN/m

qcy

=
=

1.2 m

eP0
My1

= Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge


=
0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 43.2 x 0.75
=
12.15 kNm
=
(Top Reiforcement)

1.5 m

750

mm

eRw1-sh = Distance from column edge to pile center line


535
mm 1 pile
=
2
My2a = ( 1 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x (qc+qv) x (ePO + eRW1-sh) )
2
1,338.2
=( 1
x 0.535 ) - ( 0.5 x 43.2 x ( 0.75 + 0.535 ) )
x
680.27 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
Mx

0.00

kNm

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

19 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

680.27
0.9

Rn

19.1 mm ;
0.5

19.1

Mny
Bpc x d2

As
=

284.000 mm2

1,090.5 mm
755.860
1,500.0

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,090.5

Pilecap Loading

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Mny

755.86

Rn =

kNm

0.423778

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.05 (fc'-28)

7
0.05
7

Page:

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}
0.85

r max

30

420

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 19
As
=
275
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

0.85

600
+ fy
30

0.0018

284.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

30.00

0.001018

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

0.4238

600
600 + 420

1,500.0

0.018803

1,090.5

10.4
Required number
nos
200
mm c.t.c.
=
19 @
mm2 > As = 2,944.2 mm2 OK!
=
4,331.00

Top Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

19 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 X fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Muy
=
fFX

12.15
0.9

19.1 mm ;
0.5

Rn

Rn =

13.500 kNm

As

19.1

Mny
Lpc x d2

284.000 mm2

1,115.5 mm

13.500
x
3,000.0 x

10 ^ 6
1,115.5

0.003617

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

2,944.2 mm2

0.836

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

r min
r calc

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

Page:

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 19
As
=
134
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

284.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000009

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00362

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,115.5

6,023.4 mm2

21.21 nos
Required number
125
mm c.t.c.
=
19 @
mm2 > As = 6,023.4 mm2 OK!
=
6,759.20

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

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Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.4. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 2 Pile (F2B)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
1,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
:
14
Pu
= 2,746.8 kN
( max LC: 393 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL4 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY
2,746.8
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,373.42 kN
2
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

; node 14 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

960

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

360

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

For Tension
For Shear

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 2,746.8 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Assume use reinforcement :


d=
=
Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

22 mm

HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar


1,200.0
- 100

f Rebar

0.5

960 + 1,088.9
2,048.9 mm < 3,000.0 mm
360
+ 1,088.9
1,448.9 mm < 1,800.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

1,088.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

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Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1800
x
2=
3,600 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

360

960

m =

0.4

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.4

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

30 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

7,085,411

Pu
2746.839
kN
0.75

>

Vu

OK!

3600.0

1088.90

23,117,049

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

3600.0

1088.90

19,735,143

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

3600.0

fc' bo d

1088.9
3600.0

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1088.90

3,662,452.00

7,085,411 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 2746.839 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1088.9
1,688.9
mm
=
bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


+ 1827.94 x
483.10
x
4
2
5588.28 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC =

1,800.0 m

Group Piles

3,000.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.6

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.6

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

30 x

)x

30

5588.3

1088.90

= 24552618 N

fc' bo d

1088.9
5588.3

fc ' bo d

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

5588.3

1088.90

= 21703638 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

c. Vc

0 .33

0.33

30

Use, Vc

10,998,683.97 N

Vu
Vu
f

fc ' bo d

Pu
2746.839
kN
0.75

Therefore

Vc

>

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

5588.3

3,662,452.00

Vu

1088.90

10998684 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qcx
qcy

eP0
My1

=
=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
51.84 kN/m
x
24 kN/m3
86.40 kN/m

1.2 m

1.8 m

Pilecap Loading

1.2 m

3.0 m

Pilecap Loading

= Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge


=
0.5 x qcx x eP02
0.5 x 51.8 x 0.75
=
14.58 kNm
=
(Top Reiforcement)

750

eRw1-sh =
570
mm

1 pile
2
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qcx x (ePO + eRW1-sh) )
2
= ( 1,373.4
x 0.57 ) - ( 0.5 x 51.8 x ( 0.75 + 0.57 ) )
782.01 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =

230

mm ;

Page:

730

mm

2 piles

mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

ePO
Mx

1050 mm
=
= ( 1 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qcy x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
1,373.4
=( 1
x 0.73 ) - ( 0.5 x 86.4 x ( 1.05
x
998.17 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

Page:

2
0.73 ) )

998.17 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement

Mny

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

998.17
0.9

1,109.08

Rn

Rn =

kNm

Mny
1 x d2

1,109.081
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.935378

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= hp
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0023 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
248
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

Top Reinforcement

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

0.85

0.0023

30.00

0.00227

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.9354

600
600 + 420

1,800.0

0.018803

1,088.9

4,449.2 mm2

11.5
Required number
nos
200
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 4,449.2 mm2 OK!
=
5,901.75

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Muy
=
fFX

14.58
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

16.200 kNm

As

22.2

2
387.000 mm

1,113.9 mm

16.200
x
1000 x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.013056

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

30

28

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.836

r min
r calc

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

Page:

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000031

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.01306

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,113.9

0.018803

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
22 @
mm c.t.c.
=
2
mm > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

9.5. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 2 Pile (F2C)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
1,500.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
: 137 139 140 142
Pu
= 3,596.25 kN
( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY ; node 140 )
3,596.2
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,798.12 kN
2
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm
Column Dimension :
Bcol =

1500

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

1500

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.90
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

2
750
750
1500
750

mm
mm
mm
mm

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 3,596.2 kN (Due to Column Load)

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

1500
+
2,613.9 mm
1500
+
2,613.9 mm

( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY


; node 140 )

f Rebar

0.5

1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
> 1,500.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is not Applicable

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1500
x
2=
3,000 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

1500

30 ( for edge column )

1500

m =

1
ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

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Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

30 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

6,040,071

Pu
3596.247
kN
0.75

>

Vu

3000.0

1113.90

= 9,334,655 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

3000.0

1113.90

19,960,366

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

3000.0

fc' bo d

1113.9
3000.0

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

6,040,071 N

4,794,996.00

OK!

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 3596.247 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY


; node 140 )

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9 mm
=

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

bo

as

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


3845.20 mm
480.65
x
8 =

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC =

1,500.0 m

Group Piles

3,000.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.5

30 ( for edge column )

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.5

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

30 x

1113.9
3845.2

3845.2

30

Use, Vc

7,741,760.02 N

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
3596.247
kN
0.75

>

3845.2

1113.90

= 19940897 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

3845.2

fc ' bo d

fc' bo d

0.33

Vu
Vu

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

Vu

OK!

1113.90

= 20816367 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


1113.90

4,794,996.00

7741760 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

1 m

Pilecap Loading

qv

=
=

x
17.7 kN/m3
7.08 kN/m

0.4 m

1 m

Soil Loading

My1

=
=
=

0.5 x ( qc + qv ) x eP02
0.75
0.5 x 35.9 x
10.09 kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
750
mm

1 pile
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x (qc+qv) x ePO2 )
= ( 1,798.1
x 0.75 ) - ( 0.5 x ( 35.9 + 7.08 )
= 1336.51 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)
My

0.00

x 0.75

kNm

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 -

22.2 mm ;
0.5

22.2

As
=

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Mny

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

1336.51
0.9

1,485.01

Rn

Rn =

kNm

Mny
1 x d2

1,485.011
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

1.252431

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

0.85

30

420

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0031 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
110
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

2
0.85

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

30.00

0.003059

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

0.0031

1.2524

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,088.9

0.018803

use :

Mny

Mny

=
;

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Muy
=
fFX

10.09
0.9

11.213 kNm

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

9,992.8 mm2

25.8
Required number
nos
100
@
mm
c.t.c.
=
22
2
2
=
11,416.50 mm > As = 9,992.8 mm OK!

Top Reinforcement

Cc

Page:

22.2

As

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm

11.213
x
1000 x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.009037

Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

= cs
1

0.85 -

0.85

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

75

0.5

86.1

22.2 =

mm

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

x f Rebar

0.836

r min
r calc

0.5

Page:

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000022

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00904

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,113.9

0.018803

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
2
2
mm
=
6,689.57
> As = 6,015.1 mm OK!

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.6. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 2 Pile (F2D)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
1,500.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
:
13
2,429.24
kN
Pu
=
( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY
2,429.2
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,214.62 kN
2
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm
Column Dimension :
Bcol =
Column Type:

1500

Hcol =

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

1500

mm

; node 13 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

2
750
750
1500
750

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

mm
mm
mm
mm

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 2,429.2 kN (Due to Column Load)

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

1500
+
2,613.9 mm
1500
+
2,613.9 mm

( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY


; node 13 )

f Rebar

0.5

1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
> 1,500.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is not Applicable

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1500
x
2=
3,000 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
Hcol / Bcol =
1500 m
/
1500
m =
1

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

as

30 ( for edge column )

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

30 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

6,040,071

Pu
2429.244
kN
0.75

>

Vu

3000.0

1113.90

= 9,334,655 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

3000.0

1113.90

19,960,366

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

3000.0

fc' bo d

1113.9
3000.0

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

6,040,071 N

3,238,992.00

OK!

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 2429.244 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY


; node 13 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9 mm
=
bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


480.65
x
8
3845.20 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC =

1,500.0 m

Group Piles

3,000.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.5

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.5

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

30 x

1113.9
3845.2

3845.2

30

Use, Vc

7,741,760.02 N

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
2429.244
kN
0.75

>

3845.2

1113.90

= 19940897 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

3845.2

fc ' bo d

fc' bo d

0.33

Vu
Vu

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

Vu

OK!

1113.90

= 20816367 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


1113.90

3,238,992.00

7741760 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

1 m

Pilecap Loading

qv

=
=

x
17.7 kN/m3
23.01 kN/m

1.3 m

1 m

Soil Loading

My1

=
=
=

0.5 x ( qc + qv ) x eP02
0.75
0.5 x 51.8 x
14.57 kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
750
mm

1 pile
2
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x (qc+qv) x ePO )
= ( 1,214.6
x 0.75 ) - ( 0.5 x ( 51.8 + 23.01 )
889.92 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
My

0.00

kNm

x 0.75 2 )

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

889.92
0.9

988.80

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
988.804
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.833939

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85

30

420

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0020 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
167
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

0.85

600
+ fy
30

30.00

0.0020

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

1,088.9

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

22.2 mm ;
0.5

0.018803

6,595.5 mm2

17.0
Required number
nos
150
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,595.5 mm2 OK!
=
7,740.00

Top Reinforcement
use :

0.002019

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

0.8339

22.2

As
=

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Mny

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

14.57
0.9

Rn

Rn =

16.191 kNm

Mny
1 x d2

16.191
x
1000 x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.013049

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

Page:

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000031

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.01305

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,113.9

0.018803

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
@
mm c.t.c.
=
22
2
mm > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.7. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3A)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

Ultimate Pedestal Load

600
3,000.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

=
=
=
=

, node number
Pu
( max LC:

Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)


Concrete Cover, cs

mm
mm
mm
mm

Pu
75

mm

:
=

15
3,648.8 kN
362 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL1
3,648.8
=
= 1,216.28 kN
3
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

Column Dimension :
Bcol =
Column Type:

1620

Hcol =

mm

CORNER COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

900

mm

; node 15 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

2
1500
750
1500
140 ;

mm
mm
mm
260

1050 mm

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 3,648.8 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 362 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


+ 1.615
CTL1
; node
)

shear area

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d
Hcol+d

bo

=
=
=
=

1620
+
2,733.9 mm
900
+
2,013.9 mm

f Rebar

0.5

1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1756.95 + 1633.05 +
2610 =

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
Hcol / Bcol =
900
/
1620
m =
m
0.6

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


6,000.0 mm
ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

as

20 ( for corner column )

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.6

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

20 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

12,080,142

Pu
3648.833
kN
0.75

>

Vu

6000.0

1113.90

28,626,275

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6000.0

1113.90

17,358,029

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6000.0

fc' bo d

1113.9
6000.0

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

12,080,142 N

4,865,110.67

OK!

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 3648.833 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 362 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


; node
+ 1.615
CTL1
)

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9 mm
=

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

shear area

bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


+ 1826.75 x
2
480.65
x
8
7498.7 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC

3,000.0 m

Group Piles

3,000.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


1

20 ( for corner column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

20 x

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

7498.7

1113.90

= 23332592 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
7498.7

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

7498.7

fc ' bo d
x

7498.7

0.33

30

Use, Vc

15,097,559.52 N

1113.90

= 18875881 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


x

1113.90

15097560 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
3648.833
kN
0.75

>

Vu

4,865,110.67

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

My1

=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

1 m

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 750
8.10
kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

Pilecap Loading

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

eRw1-sh =
140
mm ;

1 pile
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh1) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh1)2 )
= ( 1,216.3
x 0.14 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75
158.87 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
260
mm

2 piles
My2b = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
=( 2
0.26 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x 1216.28 x
629.01 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
1050 mm

1 pile
2
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh) )
1050 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
= ( 1216.28 x
= 1230.44 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

2
0.14 ) )

( 0.75

( 750

2
0.26 ) )

1050

)2)

1230.44 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

1230.44
0.9

1,367.15

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
1,367.151
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

1.153029

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


(

30

28

r min

r calc

= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

0.836

0.0018

0.85

420

30

0.85

1.1530
30.00

0.00281

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

r max

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0028 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
120
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

0.0028

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

Page:

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,088.9

9,179.4 mm2

23.7
Required number
nos
100
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
2
2
=
11,416.50 mm > As = 9,179.4 mm OK!

Top Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

Mny

9.000

8.10
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm
9.000
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.85 - 0.05
(
30
28
)
=
7
0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}
x
0.85
30
2
=
{
1
1
420

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85 -

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design

0.836

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,113.9

0.018803

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @

6,015.1 mm2

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

ctc = center to center

As provide

6,689.57

mm2

Page:

2
> As = 6,015.1 mm OK!

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.8. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3B)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
2,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
: 100 20
Pu
= 3,123.5 kN
( max LC: 367 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL6
3,123.5
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,041.18 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

; node 20 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

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Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

1620

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

900

mm

INTERIOR COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.90
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

2
1500
750
1500
300 ;

mm
mm
mm
260

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 3,123.5 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Assume use reinforcement :

22 mm

f Rebar

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

60 mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar


1,200.0
75

d=
=
Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

bo

as

1620
+
2,733.9 mm
900
+
2,013.9 mm

0.5

1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
< 2,800.0 mm

22.2

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


2354.62 x
2
+
2013.9
+ 1653.52

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

Hcol

Bcol =

900

1620

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


8,376.66 mm

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.6

40 ( for interior column )

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.6

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

40 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

16,865,206

Pu
3123.537
kN
0.75

>

Vu

OK!

8376.7

1113.90

39,965,428

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

8376.7

1113.90

31,046,412

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

8376.7

fc' bo d

1113.9
8376.7

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

4,164,716.00

16,865,206 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 3123.537 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9
mm
=
bo

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


929.94
+
x
2
480.65
x
4
6540.86 mm

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
LPC / BPC = 2,800.0 m
/
3,000.0 m =
0.9

as

1379.19

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


Group Piles

40 ( for interior column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.9

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

x(

40 x

)x

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

6540.9

1113.90

= 21321377 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
6540.9

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6540.9

1113.90

= 29187152 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

c. Vc

=
=

0 .33

fc ' bo d

30

Use, Vc

13,169,085.73 N

Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
3123.537
kN
0.75

>

Vu

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6540.9

0.33

1113.90

4,164,716.00

13169086 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

My1

=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

Page:

1 m

Pilecap Loading

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 750
8.10
kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
60
mm
1 pile
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1,041.2
x 0.06 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75

2
0.06 ) )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

55.61

kNm

(Bottom Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
260
mm
2 piles
My2b = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
=( 2
0.26 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x 1041.18 x
537.96 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
300
mm
1 pile
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1041.18 x 0.30 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
296.48 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

( 0.75

( 0.75

2
0.26 ) )

2
0.30 ) )

537.96 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

537.96
0.9

597.73

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
597.728
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.504113

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

f'c

0.836
420

600
600 + fy
30

0.85

30.00

0.001212

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.5041

600

600
+ 420

0.018803

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

Using bar D 22
As
=
201
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

0.0018

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2,800.0

1,088.9

Page:

5,488.1 mm2

14.2
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 5,488.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Top Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

Mny

9.000

8.10
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm
9.000
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,113.9

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.9. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3C)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
2,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
: 174
Pu
= 4,256.2 kN
( max LC: 365 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL4
4,256.2
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,418.74 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

; node 174 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

2120

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

1400

mm

INTERIOR COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 4,256.2 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Assume use reinforcement :


d=
=
Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

22 mm

HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar


1,200.0
- 100 -

2120
+
3,208.9 mm
1400
+
2,488.9 mm

f Rebar

22.2 mm ;

0.5

1,088.90 mm

1,088.9
> 3,000.0 mm
1,088.9
< 2,800.0 mm

22.2

As

2
387.00 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is not Applicable

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

bo

as

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


2354.62 x
2
+
2013.9
+ 1653.52

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

Hcol

Bcol =

1400

2120

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


8,376.66 mm

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.7

40 ( for interior column )

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.7

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

40 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

16,486,689

Pu
4256.234
kN
0.75

>

Vu

8376.7

1088.90

34,215,233

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

8376.7

1088.90

29,854,593

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

8376.7

fc' bo d

1088.9
8376.7

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1088.90

5,674,978.67

OK!

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 4256.234 kN (Due to Column Load)

16,486,689 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1088.9
1,688.9 mm
=
bo

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


929.94
+
x
2
480.65
x
4
6540.86 mm

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
LPC / BPC = 2,800.0 m
/
3,000.0 m =
0.9

as

1379.19

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


Group Piles

40 ( for interior column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.9

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

40 x

6540.9

30

Use, Vc

12,873,523.16 N

Pu

6540.9

1088.90

= 20842847 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6540.9

fc ' bo d

fc' bo d

1088.9
6540.9

0.33

Vu

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1088.90

= 28037061 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


x

1088.90

12873523 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Vu

f
Therefore
Vc

4256.234
kN
0.75

>

Vu

5,674,978.67

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qcx
qcy

eP0
My1

=
=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
86.40 kN/m
x
24 kN/m3
80.64 kN/m

1.2 m

3 m

Pilecap Loading

1.2 m

2.8 m

Pilecap Loading

= Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge


=
0.5 x qcx x eP02
0.5 x 86.4 x 0.75
=
24.30 kNm
=
(Top Reiforcement)

750

eRw1-sh =
310
mm
1 pile
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1,418.7
x 0.31 ) - ( 0.5 x 86.4 x ( 0.75
431.45 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
510
mm
2 piles
My2b = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
=( 2
0.51 ) - ( 0.5 x 86.4 x
x 1418.74 x

mm

2
0.31 ) )

( 0.75

2
0.51 ) )

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

1444.63 kNm

(Bottom Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
50
mm
1 pile
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1418.74 x 0.05 ) - ( 0.5 x 86.4 x
43.29 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

Page:

( 0.75

2
0.05 ) )

1444.63 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

1444.63
0.9

1,605.15

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Rn

22.2

Mny
Lpc x d2

Rn =

kNm

As
=

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
1,605.146
3,000.0

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.45125

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

7
30
28
0.85 - 0.05
(
)
=
7
0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
188
@
mm c.t.c.

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design

2
0.85

0.836

0.0018

30.00

0.001084

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.4513

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,088.9

0.018803

15.2
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @

5,880.1 mm2

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

ctc = center to center

As provide

6,689.57

mm2

Page:

2
> As = 5,880.1 mm OK!

Top Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Muy
=
fFX

24.30
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Rn

Rn =

27.000 kNm

As

22.2

Mny
Lpc x d2

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm

27.000
x
3,000.0 x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,113.9

0.018803

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
2
mm > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

9.10. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3D)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

Ultimate Pedestal Load

600
2,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

, node number
Pu

:
=

=
=
=
=

Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)


Concrete Cover, cs

Pu
75

mm

5
4,052.2 kN
( max LC: 392 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL3 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY
; node 5 )
4,052.2
=
= 1,350.73 kN
3
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

430

Column Type:

mm

Hcol =

430

mm

INTERIOR COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.90
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 4,052.2 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

2
1500
750
1500
300 ;

mm
mm
mm
215

615 mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

f Rebar

0.5

430 + 1,113.9
1,543.9 mm < 3,000.0 mm
430
+ 1,113.9
1,543.9 mm < 2,800.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

Page:

2
387.00 mm

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1521.95 x
2
+
1543.9
= 4,587.80 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

430

430

m =

40 ( for interior column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

40 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

9,236,879

Pu
4052.186
kN
0.75

>

Vu

OK!

4587.8

1113.90

14,275,176

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

4587.8

1113.90

27,209,133

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

4587.8

fc' bo d

1113.9
4587.8

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

5,402,914.67

9,236,879 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 4052.186 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9 mm
=
bo

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


929.94
+
x
2
480.65
x
4
6540.86 mm

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
LPC / BPC = 2,800.0 m
/
3,000.0 m =
0.9

as

1379.19

40 ( for interior column )

Group Piles

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.9

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

x(

40 x

)x

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

6540.9

1113.90

= 21321377 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
6540.9

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6540.9

1113.90

= 29187152 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

c. Vc

=
=

0 .33

fc ' bo d

30

Use, Vc

13,169,085.73 N

Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
4052.186
kN
0.75

>

Vu

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6540.9

0.33

1113.90

5,402,914.67

13169086 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

My1

=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

Page:

1 m

Pilecap Loading

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 750
8.10
kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
615
mm
1 pile
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1,350.7
x 0.62 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75
830.44 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)

2
0.62 ) )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

eRw1-sh =
215
mm
2 piles
My2b = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
=( 2
0.22 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x 1350.73 x
576.69 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
300
mm
1 pile
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1350.73 x 0.30 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
389.34 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

( 0.75

( 0.75

2
0.22 ) )

2
0.30 ) )

830.44 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

830.44
0.9

922.71

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
922.706
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.778193

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

Therefore use

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

f'c

0.836
420

600

600
+ fy
30

0.85

)
(

0.7782
30.00

0.001882

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

600
600 + 420

0.018803

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

0.0019 As

Using bar D 22
As
=
180
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

0.0019

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

3,000.0

1,113.9

Page:

6,289.1 mm2

16.3
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,289.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Top Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

Mny

9.000

8.10
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm
9.000
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

30

28

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.836

r min
r calc

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,113.9

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.11. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3E)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

Ultimate Pedestal Load

=
=
=
=

600
2,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

, node number
: 173
Pu
= 4,014.9 kN
( max LC: 391 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL2 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY ; node 173 )
4,014.9
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,338.29 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

1500

Column Type:

mm

Hcol =

1215

mm

INTERIOR COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.90
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

2
1500
750
1500
300 ;

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 4,014.9 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

mm
mm
mm
215

615 mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

1500
+
2,588.9 mm
1215
+
2,303.9 mm

f Rebar

0.5

1,088.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,088.9
< 2,800.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

Page:

2
387.00 mm

1,088.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


2463 +
750 x
2=
3963 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

1215

1500

m =

0.8

40 ( for interior column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.8

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

40 x

)x

30

3963.0

1088.90

fc' bo d

1088.9
2463.0

fc ' bo d

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

13,939,363

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

3963.0

1088.90

38,615,966

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

c. Vc

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

7,799,857

Pu
4014.878
kN
0.75

>

Vu

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

3963.0

Page:

1088.90

7,799,857 N

5,353,170.67

OK!

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 4014.878 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1088.9
1,688.9 mm
=
bo

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


929.94
+
x
2
480.65
x
4
6540.86 mm

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
LPC / BPC = 2,800.0 m
/
3,000.0 m =
0.9

as

40 ( for interior column )

1379.19

Group Piles

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.9

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

40 x

1088.9
6540.9

6540.9

30

Use, Vc

12,873,523.16 N

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
4014.878
kN
0.75

>

6540.9

1088.90

= 20842847 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6540.9

fc ' bo d

fc' bo d

0.33

Vu
Vu

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

Vu

1088.90

= 28037061 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


1088.90

5,353,170.67

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

12873523 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

qcx
qc

eP0
My1

=
=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
86.40 kN/m
x
24 kN/m3
80.64 kN/m

1.2 m

3.0 m

Pilecap Loading

1.2 m

2.8 m

Pilecap Loading

= Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge


=
0.5 x qcx x eP02
0.5 x 86.4 x 0.75
=
24.30 kNm
=
(Top Reiforcement)

750

eRw1-sh =
835
mm
1 pile
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1,338.3
x 0.84 ) - ( 0.5 x 86.4 x ( 0.75
= 1117.16 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
750
mm
2 piles
My2b = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
=( 2
0.75 ) - ( 0.5 x 86.4 x
x 1338.29 x
= 2007.44 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
0
mm
1 pile
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1338.29 x 0.00 ) - ( 0.5 x 86.4 x
-24.30 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

( 0.75

2
0.84 ) )

( 0.75

mm

2
0.75 ) )

2
0.00 ) )

2007.44 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

19 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

2007.44
0.9

2,230.49

kNm

19.1 mm ;
0.5

Rn

Rn =

19.1

Mny
Bpc x d2

As
=

284.000 mm2

1,090.5 mm
2,230.488
2,800.0

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,090.5

0.669931

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

r min
r calc

0.85

0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}
0.85

r max

30

420

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 19
As
=
151
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

0.85

600
600 + fy
30

284.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

30.00

0.001617

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

0.0018

0.6699

600
600 + 420

2,800.0

0.018803

1,088.9

5,488.1 mm2

19.3
Required number
nos
150
mm c.t.c.
=
19 @
mm2 > As = 5,488.1 mm2 OK!
=
5,680.00

Top Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

19 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Muy
=
fFX

24.30
0.9

19.1 mm ;
0.5

Rn

Rn =

27.000 kNm

As

19.1

Mny
Lpc x d2

284.000 mm2

1,115.5 mm

27.000
x
3,000.0 x

10 ^ 6
1,115.5

0.007233

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.836

r min
r calc

Page:

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

0.85

30

0.00723

0.000017

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

r max

= 0.63
= 0.63

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 19
As
=
134
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600
600 + fy
30

284.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

0.85

0.0018

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

30.00

Page:

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,115.5

0.018803

6,023.4 mm2

21.21 nos
Required number
125
mm c.t.c.
=
19 @
2
2
mm
=
6,759.20
> As = 6,023.4 mm OK!

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.12. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3F)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

Ultimate Pedestal Load

=
=
=
=

600
2,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

, node number
:
11
Pu
= 1,390.4 kN
( max LC: 395 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.2 CDL6 + 1.6 LLTEMPORARY ; node 11 )
1,390.4
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 463.46 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

430

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

430

mm

INTERIOR COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.90
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

2
1500
750
1500
1085 ;

mm
mm
mm
215

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 1,390.4 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Assume use reinforcement :

22 mm

f Rebar

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

535 mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar


1,200.0
75

d=
=
Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

0.5

430 + 1,113.9
1,543.9 mm < 3,000.0 mm
430
+ 1,113.9
1,543.9 mm < 2,800.0 mm

22.2

Page:

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1521.95 x
2
+
1543.9
= 4,587.80 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

430

430

m =

40 ( for interior column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

40 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

9,236,879

Pu
1390.376
kN
0.75

>

Vu

OK!

4587.8

1113.90

14,275,176

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

4587.8

1113.90

27,209,133

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

4587.8

fc' bo d

1113.9
4587.8

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

1,853,834.67

9,236,879 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 1390.376 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9 mm
=
bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


929.94
+
x
2
480.65
x
4
6540.86 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC

2,800.0 m

3,000.0

1379.19

m =

Group Piles

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.9

40 ( for interior column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.9

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

x(

40 x

)x

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

6540.9

1113.90

= 21321377 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
6540.9

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6540.9

1113.90

= 29187152 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

c. Vc

=
=

0 .33

fc ' bo d

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6540.9

0.33

30

Use, Vc

13,169,085.73 N

Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore

Pu
1390.376
kN
0.75
Vc

=
>

1113.90

1,853,834.67
Vu

13169086 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

My1

=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

Page:

1.2 m

1 m

Pilecap Loading

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 750
8.10
kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
1085 mm
1 pile
Mxa = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 463.5
x 1.09 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75
454.36 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
215
mm
2 piles
Mxb = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
463.46 x
=( 2
0.22 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x

2
1.09 ) )

( 0.75

2
0.22 ) )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

195.17 kNm

(Bottom Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
535
mm
1 pile
My
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 463.46
x 0.54 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
224.17 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

Page:

( 0.75

2
0.54 ) )

454.36 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

454.36
0.9

504.85

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
504.850
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.425781

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design

0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.001022

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.4258

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,113.9

0.018803

15.5
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @

6,015.1 mm2

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

ctc = center to center

As provide

6,689.57

mm2

Page:

2
> As = 6,015.1 mm OK!

Top Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

Mny

9.000

8.10
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm
9.000
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

30

28

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.836

r min
r calc

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,113.9

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.13. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3G)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
2,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
:
16
Pu
= 3,017.0 kN
( max LC: 362 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL1
3,017.0
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,005.65 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

; node 16 )

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

1620

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

900

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.90
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 3,017.0 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

2
1500
750
1500
450 ;
60 ;

mm
mm
mm
850 mm
60 mm

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

1620
+
2,733.9 mm
900
+
2,013.9 mm

f Rebar

0.5

1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
< 2,800.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

Page:

2
387.00 mm

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


2703.52 + 1730.62 x
2 = 6,164.76 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

900

1620

m =

0.6

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.6

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

30 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

12,411,862

Pu
3016.954
kN
0.75

>

Vu

OK!

6164.8

1113.90

29,412,352

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6164.8

1113.90

23,165,570

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6164.8

fc' bo d

1113.9
6164.8

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

4,022,605.33

12,411,862 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 3016.954 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9
mm
=
bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


929.94
+
x
2
480.65
x
4
6540.86 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC

2,800.0 m

3,000.0

1379.19

m =

Group Piles

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.9

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.9

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

30 x

)x

30

6540.9

1113.90

= 21321377 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
6540.9

fc ' bo d

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6540.9

1113.90

= 23546476 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

c. Vc

=
=

0 .33

fc ' bo d

30

Use, Vc

13,169,085.73 N

Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
3016.954
kN
0.75

>

Vu

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6540.9

0.33

1113.90

4,022,605.33

13169086 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

My1

=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

Page:

1 m

Pilecap Loading

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 750
8.10
kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
850
mm
1 pile
Mxa = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1,005.7
x 0.85 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75
817.94 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
450
mm
2 piles
Mxb = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
=( 2
0.45 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x 1005.65 x

2
0.85 ) )

( 0.75

2
0.45 ) )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

903.79 kNm

(Bottom Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
60
mm
1 pile
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1005.65 x 0.06 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
53.48 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
60
mm
1 pile
My2b = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1005.65 x 0.06 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
53.48 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
810
mm
1 pile
ePO
1500 mm
=
My2c = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 1005.65 x 0.81 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
807.72 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

( 0.75

2
0.06 ) )

( 0.75

2
0.06 ) )

( 1.50

2
0.81 ) )

903.79 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

903.79
0.9

1,004.21

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
1,004.211
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.846933

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.05 (fc'-28)

7
0.05
7
0.0018
-

30

28

r min

r calc

= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

0.85

420

30

0.836

0.85

0.8469
30.00

0.002051

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

r max

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0021 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420
r

Using bar D 22
As
=
165
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

0.0021

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

Page:

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,088.9

6,700.0 mm2

17.3
Required number
nos
150
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,700.0 mm2 OK!
=
7,740.00

Top Reinforcement
387.000 mm2
22 mm f rebar
=
22.2 mm ;
As =
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
- 0.5 x 22.2 = 1,113.9 mm
Muy
8.10
Mny
9.000
x
10 ^ 6
=
=
Rn =
=
2
1
x
d
fFX
0.9
1000 x
1,113.9

use :

Mny

Mny

9.000

Rn =

kNm

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.85 - 0.05
(
30
28
)
=
7
0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85 -

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420
r

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.836

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,113.9

0.018803

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.14. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3H)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
3,000.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
: 102
Pu
= 2,437.4 kN
( max LC: 368 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL7
2,437.4
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 812.45 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

; node 102 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

1620

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

900

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.9
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
1 =

2
1500
750
1500
140 ;

mm
mm
mm
260

1050 mm

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 2,437.4 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 368 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


+ 1.6102
CTL7
; node
)

shear area

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

bo

as

1620
+
2,733.9 mm
900
+
2,013.9 mm

f Rebar

0.5

1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

Hcol

900

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


6,000.0 mm

1620

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.6

30 ( for edge column )

2
387.00 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


1993.05 +
1340
+ 2666.95 =

Bcol =

1,113.9 mm

=
=

As

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.6

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

30 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

12,080,142

Pu
2437.356
kN
0.75

>

Vu

OK!

6000.0

1113.90

28,626,275

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6000.0

1113.90

22,998,704

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6000.0

fc' bo d

1113.9
6000.0

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

3,249,808.00

12,080,142 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile

Pu = 2437.356 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 368 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


; node
+ 1.6102
CTL7
)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9 mm
=
bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


+ 1826.75 x
2
480.65
x
8
7498.70 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC

3,000.0 m

Group Piles

3,000.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


1

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

x(

30 x

)x

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

7498.7

1113.90

= 23332592 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
7498.7

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

7498.7

1113.90

= 24516557 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

c. Vc

=
=

0 .33

fc ' bo d

30

Use, Vc

15,097,559.52 N

Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
2437.356
kN
0.75

>

Vu

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

7498.7

0.33

1113.90

3,249,808.00

15097560 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

My1

=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

Page:

1 m

Pilecap Loading

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 750
8.10
kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
140
mm

1 pile
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh1) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh1)2 )
= ( 812.5
x 0.14 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75

2
0.14 ) )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

102.34 kNm

(Bottom Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
260
mm

2 piles
My2b = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
812.45 x
=( 2
0.26 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x
419.02 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
300
mm

2 piles
Mxa = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
812.45 x
=( 2
0.30 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x
471.60 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
300
mm

1 pile
Mxb = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 812.45 x
0.30 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75
227.86 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

( 0.75

2
0.26 ) )

( 0.75

2
0.30 ) )

2
0.30 ) )

471.60 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

471.60
0.9

523.99

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
523.995
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.441927

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


(

30

28

r min

r calc

= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

0.836

0.0018

0.85

420

30

0.85

0.4419
30.00

0.001061

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

r max

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
188
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

0.0018

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

Page:

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,088.9

5,880.1 mm2

15.2
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 5,880.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Top Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

Muy
8.10
=
fFX
0.9
=
9.000 kNm

Mny

Mny

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn
Rn =

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm
9.000
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.85 - 0.05
(
30
28
)
=
7
0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85 -

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design

2
0.85

0.836

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,113.9

0.018803

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @

6,015.1 mm2

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

ctc = center to center

As provide

6,689.57

mm2

Page:

2
> As = 6,015.1 mm OK!

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.15. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3I)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

Ultimate Pedestal Load

=
=
=
=

600
1,500.0
4,500.0
1,500.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

, node number
: 117
Pu
= 4,070.1 kN
( max LC: 370 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL9

; node 117 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)


Concrete Cover, cs

Pu
75

mm

Page:

4,070.1
= 1,356.71 kN
3
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

2600

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

920

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.90
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0

= number of pile in row-1


= Distance from column center line to pile center line
= Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =

eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

= Distance between two pile center line


= Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
=
x Dp =
=

2
1500
750
2250
1500
1040

mm
mm ( eP01 )
mm ( eP02 )
mm
mm

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 4,070.1 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 370 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


+ 1.6117
CTL9
; node
)

shear area

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,500.0
75
Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

2600
+
4,013.9 mm
920
+
2,333.9 mm

f Rebar

0.5

1,413.9
< 4,500.0 mm
1,413.9
> 1,500.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

22.20

Page:

mm2

1,413.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is not Applicable

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 4070.128 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 370 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


; node
+ 1.6117
CTL9
)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1413.9
2,013.9 mm
=
bo

as

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


480.65
x 12
5767.80 mm

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC

1,500.0 m

30 ( for edge column )

4,500.0

Group Piles

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.3
ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.3

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

30 x

1413.9
5767.8

Use, Vc

14,740,202.65 N

Vc

Pu
4070.128
kN
0.75

>

1413.90

= 53154064 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

5767.8

Vu

1413.90

= 34679258 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

5767.8

30

=
f
Therefore

5767.8

fc ' bo d

fc' bo d

0.33

Vu
Vu

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1413.90

5,426,837.33

14740203 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section
qc

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
36.00 kN/m

1.5 m

1 m

Pilecap Loading

qw

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
60.00 kN/m

2.5 m

1 m

Wall Loading

My

=
=
=

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 36.0 x 0.75
10.13 kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

eo

=
e1

My

= ( 3 x Pu x eo) - ( 0.5 x qc x eo2 ) - ( 0.5 x qw x e12 )


=( 3
x 1,356.71 x 0.55 ) - ( 0.5 x 36.0
= 2228.33 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)

0.55

Page:

Distance between pile


center line to baseplate
center line
550 mm
Distance between wall
center line to pile center
line
400 mm

3 piles
) - ( 0.5 x 60.0

2
0.40 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

eRw1-sh =
1040 mm

1 pile
2
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO1 + eRW1-sh) ) - ( 0.5 x qw x ePO12 )
= ( 1356.71 x 1.04 ) - ( 0.5 x 36.0 x ( 0.75 + 1.04 ) 2 ) - (
= 1336.43 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

0.5

60.0

Page:

2
0.75 )

2228.33 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,500.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

2228.33
0.9

2,475.92

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.00 mm2

1,388.9 mm
2,475.917
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,388.9

1.283495

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0031 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
258
@
mm c.t.c.

600
600 + fy
30

387.00 mm2
For Design

0.85

0.0031

30.00

0.003137

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

1.2835

600

600
+ 420

1,500.0

1,388.9

0.018803

16.9
Required number
nos
200
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @

6,535.5 mm2

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

ctc = center to center

As provide

8,804.25

mm2

Page:

2
> As = 6,535.5 mm OK!

Top Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,500.0
75
Muy
=
fFX

10.13
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

11.250 kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,413.9 mm

11.250
x
1000 x

10 ^ 6
1,413.9

0.005627

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
147
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000013

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00563

600
600 + 420

4,500.0

0.018803

1,413.9

11,452.6 mm2

29.59 nos
Required number
125
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
2
2
=
13,854.60 mm > As = 11,452.6 mm OK!

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.16. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3J)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
2,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

, node number
: 199
Pu
= 2,912.6 kN
( max LC: 373 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL12
2,912.6
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 970.85 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

Page:

Ultimate Pedestal Load

; node 199 )

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

2600

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

1500

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0

= number of pile in row-1


= Distance from column center line to pile center line
= Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =

eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

= Distance between two pile center line


= Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
=
x Dp =
=

2
1500
750
2250
1500
1040

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 2,912.6 kN (Due to Column Load)
Assume use reinforcement :
D
25 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

2600
+
3,712.3 mm
1500
+
2,612.3 mm

( max LC: 373 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


+ 1.6199
CTL12
; node
)

f Rebar

0.5

1,112.3
> 3,000.0 mm
1,112.3
< 2,800.0 mm

25.4

25.4 mm ;

As

2
510.00 mm

1,112.3 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is not Applicable

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

shear area

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 2912.557 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 373 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


; node
+ 1.6199
CTL12
)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1112.3
1,712.3 mm
=
bo

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


929.94
480.65
x
3
+
480.64
+
6540.83 mm

929.92

Group Piles

1379.19

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

as

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

LPC

BPC

2,800.0 m

3,000.0

m =

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


0.9

30 ( for edge column )

Page:

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.9

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

x(

30 x

1112.3
6540.8

Use, Vc

13,150,109.41 N

Vc

Pu
2912.557
kN
0.75

>

1112.30

= 21290653 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6540.8

Vu

1112.30

= 23488352 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6540.8

30

=
f
Therefore

6540.8

fc ' bo d

fc' bo d

0.33

Vu
Vu

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1112.30

3,883,409.33

13150109 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section
qc

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

1 m

Pilecap Loading

qw

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
60.00 kN/m

2.5 m

1 m

Wall Loading

My

=
=
=

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 0.75
8.10 kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

eo

e1

e2

My

= ( Pu x eo) - ( 0.5 x qc x e12 ) - ( 0.5 x qw x e22 )


= ( 970.85
x 1.30 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
= 1245.58 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)

0.65

Distance between pile center line to


baseplate center line

1300

Distance between pile cap center line to


baseplate center line

650 mm

Distance between wall center line to


baseplate center line

590 mm

) - ( 0.5

eo

=
=

e1

e2

e3

Page:

mm

1 pile
60.0

2
0.59 )

Distance between 1st pile center line to


baseplate center line
750 mm

Distance between 2nd pile center line to


baseplate center line = pile cap center line
to baseplate center line

Distance between 3rd pile center line to


baseplate center line

750 mm

Distance between wall center line to


baseplate center line

mm

1400

mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

eRw1-sh =
1040 mm

1 pile
2
Mx
= ( Pu x ( -eo + e1 + e2 ) ) - ( 0.5 x qc x e1 ) - ( 0.5 x qw x e32 )
= ( 970.85 x ( -0.75 + 0.00 + 0.75 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8
= -131.70 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

2
2.25 ) - ( 0.50

60.0

Page:

2
1.40 )

1245.58 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

1245.58
0.9

1,383.98

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.00 mm2

1,088.9 mm
1,383.979
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

1.167222

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
112.7 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
25.4 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0028 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
116
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.00 mm2
For Design
As provide

0.85

0.0028

30.00

0.002846

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

1.1672

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,112.3

0.018803

9,496.8 mm2

24.5
Required number
nos
100
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
2
2
=
11,416.50 mm > As = 9,496.8 mm OK!

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Top Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

Mny

9.000

8.10
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm
9.000
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
87.7 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 25.4 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
184
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,112.3

6,006.4 mm2

15.52 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,006.4 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.17. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3K)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
3,000.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
: 116
Pu
= 3,105.7 kN
( max LC: 372 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL11 ; node 116 )
3,105.7
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 1,035.23 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm
Column Dimension :
Bcol =

2600

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

1500

mm

CORNER COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

0.90
0.75

=
=

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0

= number of pile in row-1


= Distance from column center line to pile center line
= Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =

eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

= Distance between two pile center line


= Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
=
x Dp =
=

2
1500
750
2250
1500
1040

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 3,105.7 kN (Due to Column Load)
Assume use reinforcement :
D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d
Hcol+d

=
=
=
=

2600
+
3,713.9 mm
1500
+
2,613.9 mm

( max LC: 372 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


+ 1.6116
CTL11
; node
)

f Rebar

0.5

1,113.9
> 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is not Applicable

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile

Pu = 3105.679 kN (Due to Column Load)

( max LC: 372 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT


; node
+ 1.6116
CTL11
)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9
mm
=
bo

Group Piles

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


480.65
x
8
+ 1826.75 x
2 =

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
LPC / BPC = 3,000.0 m
/
3,000.0 m =
1

as

7498.70 mm

20 ( for corner column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

0.33

x(

20 x

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

7498.7

1113.90

= 23332592 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
7498.7

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

7498.7

fc ' bo d
30

7498.7

1113.90

= 18875881 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


x

1113.90

15097560 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Use, Vc
Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

15,097,559.52 N

Pu
3105.679
kN
0.75

>

Page:

Vu

4,140,905.33

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section
qc

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

1 m

Pilecap Loading

qw

=
=

x
24 kN/m3
60.00 kN/m

2.5 m

1 m

Wall Loading

My

=
=
=

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 0.75
8.10 kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eo

e1

e2

My

= ( Pu x eo) - ( 0.5 x qc x e12 ) - ( 0.5 x qw x e22 )


= ( 1,035.23 x 1.30 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x

0.65

Distance between pile center line to


baseplate center line

1300

Distance between pile cap center line to


baseplate center line

650 mm

Distance between wall center line to


baseplate center line

590 mm

) - ( 0.5

mm

1 pile
60.0

2
0.59 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

1329.27 kNm

(Bottom Reiforcement)

eo

Distance between 1st pile center line to


baseplate center line

=
e1

e2

e3

570 mm

Distance between 2nd pile center line to


baseplate center line = pile cap center line
to baseplate center line

180 mm

Distance between 3rd pile center line to


baseplate center line

930 mm

Distance between wall center line to


baseplate center line

eRw1-sh =
1040 mm

1 pile
Mx
= ( Pu x ( eo - e1 - e2 ) ) + ( 0.5 x qc x e12 ) + ( 0.5 x qw x e32 )
= ( 1035.23 x ( -0.6 + 0.18 + 0.93 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8
= 1600.57 kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

1480

mm

2
2.25 ) - ( 0.50

60.0

1600.57 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

Cc

25 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

Page:

1600.57
0.9

1,778.41

kNm

25.4 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

25.4

As
=

510.00 mm2

1,087.3 mm
1,778.409
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,087.3

1.504295

Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement

2
1.48 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

= ph
1

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

0.5

x f Rebar

100

0.5 x

22.2 =

7
0.05
7

111.10 mm

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.05 (fc'-28)

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}
0.85

r max

30

420

= 0.63
= 0.63

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0037 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 25
As
=
121
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

0.85

600
+ fy
30

0.0037

510.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

30.00

0.003694

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

1.5043

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,087.3

use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

Mny

9.000

8.10
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.00 mm2

1,113.9 mm
9.000
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.0018

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

12,049.5 mm2

23.6
Required number
nos
100
mm c.t.c.
=
25 @
2
2
=
15,045.00 mm > As = 12,049.5 mm OK!

Top Reinforcement

r min

Page:

0.836

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

r calc

= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

Page:

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600
600 + fy
30

387.00 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,113.9

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
7,021.29

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.19. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F3L)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
2,800.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
:
19
Pu
= 2,707.7 kN
( max LC: 366 1.2 DL + 1.2 EL + 1.6 LLPERMANENT + 1.6 CTL5
2,707.7
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 902.56 kN
3
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

; node 19 )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

1600

Column Type:

Hcol =

mm

600

mm

EDGE COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.90
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

2
1500
750
1500
450 ;

mm
mm
mm
50

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 2,707.7 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Assume use reinforcement :

22 mm

f Rebar

22.2 mm ;

As

2
387.00 mm

250 mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar


1,200.0
75

d=
=
Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

1600
+
2,713.9 mm
600
+
1,713.9 mm

0.5

1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
< 2,800.0 mm

22.2

Page:

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


2614.62 x
2
+ 1665.06 = 6,894.30 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

600

1600

m =

0.4

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.4

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

30 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

13,880,687

Pu
2707.691
kN
0.75

>

Vu

OK!

6894.3

1113.90

45,287,493

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6894.3

1113.90

23,904,433

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6894.3

fc' bo d

1113.9
6894.3

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

3,610,254.67

13,880,687 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 2707.691 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9
mm
=
bo

=
=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


929.94
+
x
2
480.65
x
4
6540.86 mm

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
LPC / BPC = 2,800.0 m
/
3,000.0 m =
0.9

as

1379.19

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1


Group Piles

30 ( for edge column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.9

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

x(

30 x

)x

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

6540.9

1113.90

= 21321377 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
6540.9

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

6540.9

1113.90

= 23546476 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

c. Vc

=
=

0 .33

fc ' bo d

30

Use, Vc

13,169,085.73 N

Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

Pu
2707.691
kN
0.75

>

Vu

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

6540.9

0.33

1113.90

3,610,254.67

13169086 N

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

My1

=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

Page:

1 m

Pilecap Loading

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 750
8.10
kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
50
mm
1 pile
My2a = ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 902.6
x 0.05 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75

2
0.05 ) )

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

38.07

kNm

(Bottom Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
250
mm
2 piles
My2b = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
902.56 x
=( 2
0.25 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x
447.68 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
450
mm
1 pile
Mx
= ( Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
= ( 902.56
x 0.45 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
385.42 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

( 0.75

( 0.75

2
0.25 ) )

2
0.45 ) )

447.68 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

Mny

Mny

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 Muy
=
fFX

447.68
0.9

497.42

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
497.424
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.419518

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

=
=

r min
r calc

0.85 -

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

f'c

0.836
420

600
600 + fy
30

0.85

30.00

0.001007

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.4195

600

600
+ 420

0.018803

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

Using bar D 22
As
=
188
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

0.0018

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

3,000.0

1,088.9

Page:

5,880.1 mm2

15.2
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 5,880.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Top Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
-

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

Mny

9.000

8.10
0.9

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,113.9 mm
9.000
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,113.9

0.007254

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
86.1 mm
= cs
=
75 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x 22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3


30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

0.05 (fc'-28)
7
0.05
(
7

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
183
@
mm c.t.c.
ctc = center to center

600

600
+ fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design
As provide

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.000017

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.00725

600
600 + 420

3,000.0

0.018803

1,113.9

6,015.1 mm2

15.54 nos
Required number
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @
mm2 > As = 6,015.1 mm2 OK!
=
6,689.57

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

9.19. Pile Cap Reinforcement Design For 3 Pile (F4A)

Foundation Data :
Pile Diameter
Pile Cap Width
Pile Cap Length
Pile Cap Depth

Dp
BPC
LPC
HPC

=
=
=
=

600
3,000.0
3,000.0
1,200.0

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ultimate Pedestal Load

, node number
: 103 105
Pu
= 3,703.1 kN
( max LC: 211 1.2DL + 1.2EL + 1.2CDL5 + LLP + EQX - 0.3EQZ + PL1 + MX - 0.3MZ
3,703.1
Ultimate Pile Recation (1 Pile)
Pu
=
= 925.78 kN
4
Concrete Cover, cs =
75
mm
Pile Head, ph =
100
mm

; node 10 )

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Page:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Column Dimension :
Bcol =

1620

Column Type:

mm

Hcol =

900

mm

INTERIOR COLUMN

Material Grade :
Concrete Grade, fc' =
Reinf.Grade, fy
=
Concrete Density, =

30 Mpa
420 Mpa
24 kN/m

Reduction Factor
f Fx
f Sh

=
=

0.9
0.75

For Tension
For Shear

ACI 318-05 9.3.2.1


ACI 318-05 9.3.2.3

Pile Formations & Distance From Piles To Center Line of Pile Cap
nrw1
eRw1-CL
eP0
eRw2-CL
eRw1-sh

=
=
=
=
=

number of pile in row-1


Distance from column center line to pile center line
Distance between pile center line to pile cap edge =
Distance between two pile center line
=
Distance from column edge to pile center line

1.25
2.50

=
=
x Dp =
x Dp =
=

Punching Capacity Checking due to Column


Pu = 3,703.1 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

2
1500
750
1500
300 ;

mm
mm
mm
215

615 mm

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Assume use reinforcement :


D
22 mm
d=
HPC - cs - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
75
Bcol+d

=
=
=
=

Hcol+d

1620
+
2,733.9 mm
900
+
2,013.9 mm

f Rebar

0.5

1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm
1,113.9
< 3,000.0 mm

22.2

22.2 mm ;

As

Page:

2
387.00 mm

1,113.9 mm

Punching Shear due to Column is Applicable

bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


2666.95 x
2
+
2013.9
= 7,347.80 mm

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

( ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load


or reaction area )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Hcol

as

Bcol =

900

1620

m =

0.6

40 ( for interior column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

For nonprestressed slabs and footings, Vc shall be smallest of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
0.6

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

40 x

0.083

0 .33

fc ' bo d

0.33

30

Use, Vc

=
f
Therefore
Vc

14,793,744

Pu
3703.129
kN
0.75

>

Vu

OK!

7347.8

1113.90

35,056,690

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

7347.8

1113.90

30,004,404

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35

7347.8

fc' bo d

1113.9
7347.8

Vu
Vu

x(

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

1113.90

4,937,505.33

14,793,744 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Page:

Punching Capacity Checking at corner pile


Pu = 3703.129 kN (Due to Column Load)

shear area

Check over lapping ( interferences ) punching shear area of each pile:


Dp+d
( Dp+d is diameter of shear area of pile )
=
600 +
1113.9
1,713.9
mm
=
bo

=
=

perimeter of critical section for shear in footing


5767.8 mm
480.65
x 12 =

=
=

ratio of long side to short side of the column, concentrated load or reaction area
LPC / BPC = 3,000.0 m
/
3,000.0 m =
1

as

Group Piles

40 ( for interior column )

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

ACI 318-05 11.12.2.1

Concrete shear strength (Vc) is the smallest amount of :


a. Vc

b. Vc

c. Vc

0.17 1 2 fc' bo d
b

0.17 x (

2
1

)x

a d

0.083 s 2
bo

0.083

0 .33

0.33

x(

40 x

30

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-33

5767.8

1113.90

= 17946807 N

fc' bo d

1113.9
5767.8

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-34

)x

30

5767.8

fc ' bo d
30

5767.8

1113.90

= 28404212 N

ACI 318-05 11.12.2 eq 11-35


x

1113.90

11612640 N

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

Use, Vc
Vu
Vu

=
f
Therefore
Vc

11,612,640.03 N

Pu
3703.129
kN
0.75

>

Vu

4,937,505.33

OK!

Moment and Shear Force Due to Pile Reaction at Shear Critical Section

qc

=
=

My1

=
=
=

x
24 kN/m3
28.80 kN/m

1.2 m

1 m

Pilecap Loading

0.5 x qc
x eP02
0.5 x 28.8 x 750
8.10
kNm
(Top Reiforcement)

eRw1-sh =
60
mm
2 piles
My2a = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
925.8
=( 2
x 0.06 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x ( 0.75
x
104.24
=
kNm
(Bottom Reiforcement)
eRw1-sh =
60
mm
2 piles
My2b = ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO - eRW1-sh)2 )
925.78 x
=( 2
0.06 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x
104.24 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)

( 0.75

2
0.06 ) )

2
0.06 ) )

Page:

Gas Turbine & Steam Turbine Building

Document Code:

Rev:

Date:

Foundation Calculation

MTV/51/W/40---/CG/130

01

01-Dec-14

eRw1-sh =
300
mm
2 piles
Mx
= ( 2 x Pu x eRW1-sh ) - ( 0.5 x qc x (ePO + eRW1-sh)2 )
925.78
=( 2
x 0.30 ) - ( 0.5 x 28.8 x
x
539.59 kNm
=
(Bottom Reiforcement)
=

M max

( 0.75

Page:

2
0.30 ) )

539.59 kNm (Bottom Reiforcement)

Pile Cap Reinforcement


Bottom Reinforcement
use :

22 mm f rebar
=
d=
HPC - ph - 0.5 x fRebar
=
1,200.0
- 100 -

Mny

Mny

Muy
=
fFX

539.59
0.9

599.55

22.2 mm ;
0.5

Mny
1 x d2

Rn

Rn =

kNm

As

22.2

387.000 mm2

1,088.9 mm
599.548
1000

x
x

10 ^ 6
1,088.9

0.505648

Cc

; Clear cover from the nearest surface in tension to the surface of flexure tension reinforcement
111.1 mm
= ph
=
100 +
+
0.5 x f Rebar
0.5 x
22.2 =

0.85 -

0.85

r min
r calc

7
0.05
7

30

28

0.836

0.0018
=
= (0.85*fc'/fy)*{1-[1-(2*Rn)/(0.85*fc')]^0.5}

r max

ACI 318-05 10.2.7.3

0.05 (fc'-28)

0.85

= 0.63
= 0.63

30

420

0.85 1
fy
0.85

Therefore use
0.0018 As
=
r

f'c

0.836
420

Using bar D 22
As
=
188
@
mm c.t.c.

600
600 + fy
30

387.0 mm2
For Design

2
0.85

0.0018

30.00

0.001216

ACI 318-05 R9.3.2.2 (max / < 0.63)


for confirming the tension controlled

)
(

0.5056

600

600
+ 420

3,000.0

1,088.9

0.018803

15.2
Required number
nos
175
mm c.t.c.
=
22 @

5,880.1 mm2