CHAPTER 1: THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION “All across the world, in every kind of environment and

region known to man, increasingly dangerous weather patterns and devastating storms are abruptly putting an end to the long-running debate over whether or not climate change is real. Not only it is real, it's here, and its effects are giving rise to a frighteningly new global phenomenon: the man-made natural disaster.”
Barack Obama

Global Warming, also known as the Climate Change, is the increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere, oceans, and landmasses of Earth. The earth’s climate has warmed and cooled for millions of years, since long before we appeared on the scene. At present, Earth appears to be facing a rapid warming, which most scientists believe results, at least in part, from human activities. The chief cause of this change is thought to be the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which releases into the atmosphere carbon dioxide and other substances known as greenhouse gases. As the atmosphere becomes richer in these gases, it becomes a better insulator, retaining more of the heat provided to the planet by the Sun. The average surface temperature of Earth is about 15°C. Scientists predict further warming of 1.4 to 5.8 Celsius degrees by the year 2100. This temperature rise is expected to melt polar ice caps and glaciers as well as warm the oceans, all of which will expand ocean volume and raise sea level by an estimated 9 to 100 cm, flooding some coastal regions and even entire islands. Some regions in warmer climates will receive more rainfall than before, but soils will dry out faster between storms.

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This soil desiccation may damage food crops, disrupting food supplies in some parts of the world. Plant and animal species will shift their ranges toward the poles or to higher elevations seeking cooler temperatures and species that cannot do so may become extinct. The potential consequences of global warming are so great that many of the world's leading scientists have called for international cooperation and immediate action to counteract the problem. The energy that lights and warms Earth comes from the Sun. Most of the energy that floods onto our planet is short-wave radiation, including visible light. When this energy strikes the surface of Earth, the energy changes from light to heat and warms Earth. Earth’s surface, in turn, releases some of this heat as long-wave infrared radiation. Much of this long-wave infrared radiation makes it all the way back out to space, but a portion remains trapped in Earth’s atmosphere. Certain gases in the atmosphere, including water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane, provide the trap. Absorbing and reflecting infrared waves radiated by Earth, these gases conserve heat as the glass in a greenhouse does and are thus known as greenhouse gases. As the concentration of these greenhouse gases in the atmosphere increases, more heat energy remains trapped below. All life on Earth relies on this greenhouse effect—without it, the planet would be colder by about 33 Celsius degrees, and ice would cover Earth from pole to pole. However, a growing excess of greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere threatens to tip the balance in the other direction—toward continual warming.

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STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The research entitled “The Global Warming: The Endless Climate Change” aims to find out the answers of the following questions as stated below. 1. What are the effects of the Climate Change to mankind, animals, and to the mother Earth? 2. What are the top causes and factors of this endless climate change? 3. What are the possible solutions to slow down the progress/development rate of global warming?

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The significant goal of the study is to motivate and educate every people that Global Warming is a huge problem that will cause destruction here on Earth surfaces. The significance also of this research paper is to awaken people’s consciousness about the adverse effect of the said phenomenon. This study may help people develop better understanding of the concepts and ideas in the Climate Change. This research study may likewise challenge every people in their responsibility as human being not to make the crisis more critical, but to prevent this from being more dangerous. The useful and relevant information acquired from the study may provide the people’s insights on how to maintain a globally balanced world and a peaceful environment. This study will help people to fully understand the causes and the consequences of the topic. Moreover, the study’s contribution hopes to mark a lesson for us to be prepared and open-minded at all times.

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SCOPE AND DELIMITATION The research study is delimited to my fellow Filipino countrymen such as my friends, classmates, and commonly to the residents of Bahayang Pag-asa Subdivision, Imus, Cavite. The study is involved of matured high school students and teachers that will be surveyed regarding the questionnaires. The research paper will aim to motivate and improve the knowledge of my fellow citizens. This study will serve as their information and guide for this present time. Furthermore, the study was confined to get the responses of the students and teachers-respondents in the given area of Cavite. Moreover, the study is hope to be conducted its’ information and lesson to chosen individuals of my country. DEFINTION OF TERMS Climate – The meteorological conditions, including temperature, precipitation and the wind that characteristically prevail in a particular region. Desiccation - Excessive loss of moisture and the process of drying up. Greenhouse Effect - The phenomenon whereby the earth's atmosphere traps solar radiation, caused by the presence in the atmosphere of gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane that allow incoming sunlight to pass through but absorb heat radiated back from the earth's surface. Fossil Fuels - A hydrocarbon deposit, such as petroleum, coal, or natural gas, derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel. Atmosphere - The gaseous mass or envelope surrounding a celestial body, especially the one surrounding the earth, and retained by the celestial body's gravitational field. Temperature - The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment. Radiation - Energy radiated or transmitted as rays, waves, in the form of particles. 4.

QUESTIONNAIRES Respondent’s Name: _______________________________________ Age: __________ Year and Section: _________________________________________ Date:__________ General Instruction: Blacken the letter of the desired

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