45 views

Uploaded by Gurunath Aero

Aero Engineering Thermodynamics

- SST-9000 Data Sheet.
- Steam Turbines Fundamentals
- Capstone Micro Turbine & ORC
- 07. Steam Turbine Theory
- Steam Turbine
- Applied thermodynamics EME-401.pdf
- Alka NTPC Index
- Allen Steam Turbines
- Basics of Thermal Power Plant
- HP HEATER
- ch03 heat pump
- 13-PT12-Steam turbines-New0810 63 [Compatibility Mode].pdf
- Reaction Turbine
- Reducing Manufacturing Lead Time of Steam Turbine Casing
- Dynamic Model of NPP Steam Turbine
- Course Specs Power Plant II CHED Adjusted
- Thermodynamics
- steamturbinefundamentals2-131009050035-phpapp01
- IES CONV Mechanical Engineering 1985
- brochure-06 USC

You are on page 1of 5

AUC R2013

Question Bank

2 Marks

Unit I

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

When is work said to be done by a system?

Define indicated power and brake power of an engine.

What is meant by Thermodynamic Substance and Thermometric Property?

Define Zeroth law of thermodynamics.

Define extensive and intensive property.

Unit II

7. State Second law of thermodynamics.

8. State the Clausius Inequality theorem and what its inference is?

9. What is a PMM2? Why is it impossible?

10. Prove that COPHP=COPR+1.

11. Define the Coefficient of Performance for a Refrigerator.

12. What are the causes of entropy increase?

Unit III

13. Show the P-V diagrams of two stroke and four stroke engines.

14. For a given compression ratio; the air standard Diesel cycle is less efficient than air

standard Otto cycle. Explain.

15. Define Compression ratio, Pressure ratio.

16. Compare the combustion process of Otto, Diesel and Dual cycles.

17. What are cyclic and non-cyclic heat engines? Give examples.

18. State the four processes of the Diesel cycle.

19. Define the Break Mean Effective Pressure for any IC Engine.

20. Plot the Ideal Otto cycle on a P-V diagram.

Unit IV

21. What is a pure substance?

22. What is normal boiling point?

23. Define the Critical Point.

24. What is meant by Specific Steam Consumption in a Rankine cycle?

25. Name the different process of Rankines cycle T-s diagram.

26. Sketch the diagram of Components of Rankines cycle.

Unit V

27. Define Specific Impulse.

28. Define critical pressure ratio and super saturated flow with reference to flow through

a steam nozzle.

29. Define propulsive power and propulsive efficiency.

30. What are Nozzles and Diffusers?

31. Define Mach number and state the condition for subsonic flow.

32. What do you understand by chocking in nozzle flows?

33. What are air breathing and non-air breathing engines? Give examples.

Gurunath K AE 6301 Aero Engineering Thermodynamics | 1

AUC R2013

16 Marks

Unit I

1. Air flows steadily at the rate of 0.5 kg/s through an air compressor, entering at 7 m/s

velocity, 100 kPa pressure and 0.95 m3/kg volume and leaving at 5 m/s, 700 kPa and

0.19 m3/kg. The internal energy of the air leaving is 90 kJ/kg greater than that of the

air entering. Cooling water in the compressor jackets absorbs heat from the air at the

rate of 58 kW. (a) Compute the rate of shaft work input to the air in kW. (b) Find the

ratio of the inlet pipe diameter to outlet pipe diameter.

2. (a)

(b)

(6)

0.3 m3 and 0.105 MPa to a final state of 0.15 m3 and 0.105 MPa, the pressure

remaining constant during the process. There is a transfer of 37.6 kJ of heat from

the gas during the process. How much does the internal energy of the Gas change. (10)

3. (a)

Derive the expression for the work done in an adiabatic process for a closed

system.

(8)

(b)

An insulated and evacuated rigid tank of 15 litres capacity contains a 0.5 litre

balloon containing water at 500 kPa and 150 C. The balloon bursts and its

contents occupy the entire volume of the tank. Find out the end pressure and also

the temperature.

(8)

4. 1500 kJ of heat transferred to 1 m3 of air at 15 bar and 220 C. Find (a) the final

temperature and pressure if the volume remains constant, (b) the final temperature and

volume if the pressure remains constant. After which process, the internal energy of

the air has the greater value? (c) After the heating process, if the air is expanded

isothermally to a pressure of p3 = 5 bar, what is the final volume in each case. Take

Cp = 1005 J/kg-K, Cv = 718 J/kg-K and R = 287 J/kg-K.

5. Derive the steady flow energy equation and deduce it for a heater and a nozzle.

6. 0.4 m3 of air at 3.2 bar and 110 C is contained in a system. A reversible adiabatic

expansion takes place till the pressure falls to 1.02 bar. The gas is then heated at

constant pressure till enthalpy increases by 74.5 kJ. Calculate the network done, change

in specific enthalpy, specific internal energy and specific entropy.

Unit II

7. An air turbine forms part of an aircraft refrigerating plant. Air at a pressure of 295 kPa

and a temperature of 58 C flows steadily into the turbine with a velocity of 45 m/s.

The air leaves the turbine at a pressure of 115 kPa, a temperature of 2 C, and a velocity

of 150 m/s. The shaft work delivered by the turbine is 54 kJ/kg of air. Neglecting

changes in elevation, determine the heat transfer per unit mass of air flowing. For air,

take cp = 1005 J/kg-K and the enthalpy h = cpT.

AUC R2013

8. A heat pump working on the Carnot cycle takes in heat from a reservoir at 5 C and

delivers heat to a reservoir at 60 C. The heat pump is driven by a reversible heat engine

which takes in heat from a reservoir at 840 C and rejects heat to a reservoir at 60 C.

The reversible heat engine also drives a machine that absorbs 30 kW. If the heat pump

extracts 17 kJ/s from the 5 C reservoir, determine (a) the rate of heat supply from

840 C source and (b) the rate of heat rejection to 60 C sink.

9. (a)

(b)

Prove that the Kelvin-Plank Statement and Clausius Statements are equivalent.

(8)

expanded reversibly and adiabatically from a specific volume of 0.06 m3/kg and

a temperature of 600 K to a specific volume of 0.18 m3/kg, while its temperature

drops by 165 K. when the gas is expanded into an evacuated space from its same

initial state to the same final specific volume, the temperature drop is only 50 K.

Calculate the entropy change in each of the two processes.

(8)

10. A reversible heat engine operates between two reservoirs at temperature of 600 C and

40 C. The engine drives a reversible refrigerator which operates between reservoirs at

temperature of 40 C and -20 C. The heat transfer to the heat engine is 2000 kJ and

the network output of the combined engine refrigerator plant is 360 kJ. (a) Evaluate the

heat transfer to the refrigerant and the net heat transfer to the reservoir at 40 C.

(b) Reconsider (a) given that the efficiency of the heat engine and the COP of the

refrigerator are each 40 % of their maximum possible values.

11. Two reversible heat engines A and B are arranged in series. A rejects heat directly to

B. A receives 1200 kJ at 427 C from the hot source while B rejects heat to cold sink

at 15 C. Work output of A is twice that of B. Find the intermediate temperature

between A and B, efficiency of each engine and heat rejected to the sink.

12. A heat engine operating between two reservoirs at 1000 K and 300 K is used to drive

a heat pump which extracts heat from the reservoir at 300 K at a rate twice that at which

the engine rejects heat to it. If the efficiency of the engine is 40 % of the maximum

possible and the COP of the heat pump is 50 % of the maximum possible, what is the

temperature of the reservoir to which the heat pump rejects heat? What is the rate of

heat rejection from the heat pump if the rate of heat supply to the engine is 50 kW?

Unit III

13. An engine working on the Otto cycle is supplied with air at 0.1 MPa, 35 C. The

compression ratio is 8. Heat supplied is 2100 kJ/kg. Calculate the maximum pressure

and temperature of the cycle, the cycle efficiency and the mean effective pressure.

Take Cp, Cv and R as 1005 J/kg-K, 718 J/kg-K and 287 J/kg-K respectively.

14. Find the air standard efficiency for the Otto and Diesel cycles on the basis of equal

compression ratio of 10 and equal heat rejection of 840 kJ/kg. The suction conditions

are 1 bar and 328 K.

AUC R2013

15. Drive the Thermal Efficiency and the Mean Effective Pressure of an Ideal Diesel Cycle

in terms of the compression ratio, pressure ratio and the adiabatic index.

16. In an engine working on a dual cycle the temperature and pressure of beginning of

cycle are 100 C and 1 bar. The compression ratio is 10. The maximum pressure is

limited to 70 bar and total heat supplied per kg of air is 1680 kJ. Find the following

(a) Pressure and Temperature at salient point, (b) Efficiency of the cycle and (c) Mean

Effective Pressure.

17. In an air standard diesel cycle the condition of air at the beginning of compression is

1.2 bar and 303 K. The compression ratio is 16. The heat supplied is 900 kJ/kg.

Determine (a) p, V, T at all points, (b) Thermal Efficiency, (c) Mean Effective Pressure.

18. An ideal air-standard Brayton cycle operates with air. At compressor inlet, the air is at

300 K and at the turbine inlet the gas is at 1100 K. The pressure ratio of the cycle is 6.

Accounting for the variation of specific heats with temperature, determine (a) The gas

temperature at the compressor and turbine exits, (b) Thermal efficiency, (c) Heat

supplied to air, (d) Work output and (e) Heat rejected in the cooler.

Unit IV

19. In a Rankine cycle steam enters the first stage turbine at 10 MPa and 500 C, expands

to 0.1 MPa. It is then reheated to 450 C before expansion in the LP turbine. It then

expands to a condenser pressure of 0.01 MPa. Net power developed is 100 MW. Both

the turbines have an efficiency of 80 %. Calculate (a) Thermal Efficiency of the cycle,

(b) Mass flow rate of steam.

20. In a reheat cycle, the initial steam pressure and the maximum temperature are 150 bar

and 550 C respectively. If the condenser pressure is 0.1 bar and the moisture at the

condenser inlet is 5 % and assuming ideal processes, determine (a) The reheat pressure,

(b) The cycle efficiency and (c) The steam rate.

21. (a)

Describe a simple ideal Rankine cycle with a schematic diagram. Explain the

processes involved by T-s diagram.

(8)

(b)

A steam power plant operates between a boiler pressure of 4 MPa and 300 C and

a condenser pressure of 50 kPa. Determine the thermal efficiency of the cycle

assuming the cycle to be a simple ideal Rankine cycle.

(8)

22. Rankine Cycle works between the Pressure of 30 bar and 0.04 bar. The initial condition

of steam being dry saturated. Calculate the cycle efficiency, work ratio and specific

steam consumption. Also find the cycle efficiency when the pump is neglected.

23. Steam at 20 bar, 360 C is expanded in a steam turbine to 0.08 bar. It is then enters a

condenser, where it is condensed to saturated liquid water. The pump feeds back the

water into the boiler. Assuming ideal processes, find the network per kg of steam and

Rankine cycle efficiency. Also determine the percentage reduction in network and

efficiency if the turbine and the pump each have 80 % efficiency.

Gurunath K AE 6301 Aero Engineering Thermodynamics | 4

AUC R2013

24. Dry saturated steam expands isentropically in a nozzle from 1 bar to 0.7 bar with the

help mollier diagram (a) Find the velocity and dryness fraction of steam issuing from

the nozzle if the friction is neglected. (b) Also find the velocity and dryness fraction of

steam if 15 % of heat drop is lost in friction.

Unit V

25. Explain the working principle of turbofan engine with a neat sketch.

26. A turbojet engine flies with a velocity of 300 m/s at an altitude where the air is at

0.35 bar and - 40 C. The compressor has a pressure ratio of 10, and the temperature

of the gases at the turbine inlet is 1100 C. Air enters the compressor at a rate of

50 kg/s. Estimate (a) The temperature and pressure of the gases at the turbine exit,

(b) The velocity of gases at the nozzle exit and (c) The propulsive efficiency of the

cycle.

27. Derive the efficiencies of each component of a non-ideal jet engine.

28. In an ideal Brayton cycle, air from the atmosphere at 1 atm, 300 K is compressed to

6 atm and the maximum cycle temperature is limited to 1100 K by using a large

air-fuel ratio. If the heat supply is 100 MW, find (a) the thermal efficiency of the cycle,

(b) work ratio, (c) power output and (d) exergy flow rate of the exhaust gas leaving the

turbine.

29. Explain the working principle of turbo jet engine with a neat sketch and derive the

thrust equation.

30. In an ideal jet propulsion cycle, air enters the compressor at 1 atm, 15 C and leaves at

a pressure of 5 atm. The maximum temperature is 870 C. The air expands in the

turbine to such a pressure that the turbine work is equal to the compressor work. On

leaving the turbine the air expands isentropically in a nozzle to 1 atm. Determine the

velocity of the air leaving the nozzle.

- SST-9000 Data Sheet.Uploaded byUhrin Imre
- Steam Turbines FundamentalsUploaded bysevero97
- Capstone Micro Turbine & ORCUploaded byandy131078
- 07. Steam Turbine TheoryUploaded byjose_manuel_freitas4189
- Steam TurbineUploaded byPOWERBOOKONE
- Applied thermodynamics EME-401.pdfUploaded byRohit Grewal
- Alka NTPC IndexUploaded byAakash Raj
- Allen Steam TurbinesUploaded byEduardo Pedraza
- Basics of Thermal Power PlantUploaded byMansoor Chowdhury
- HP HEATERUploaded byRajneesh Vachaspati
- ch03 heat pumpUploaded bydarkzaini
- 13-PT12-Steam turbines-New0810 63 [Compatibility Mode].pdfUploaded byHadi BaBa
- Reaction TurbineUploaded byGokulAg
- Reducing Manufacturing Lead Time of Steam Turbine CasingUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- Dynamic Model of NPP Steam TurbineUploaded byviveksingh061
- Course Specs Power Plant II CHED AdjustedUploaded byClark Llamera
- ThermodynamicsUploaded bydebashishota4417
- steamturbinefundamentals2-131009050035-phpapp01Uploaded byRoozbeh P
- IES CONV Mechanical Engineering 1985Uploaded bycoolpawan10
- brochure-06 USCUploaded bySantosh Kumar
- Chapter 6Uploaded byonkod1
- Heat TransferUploaded bySari Al Jabal
- Ex#1 2014 Fall Problem #1Uploaded bymikemcchezz
- 2013_REC_The Reality of Organic Rankine Cycle Applications in Alaska_Daisy Huang & Vamshi AvadhanulaUploaded byHime Chan
- UntitledUploaded bymahesh_eil
- ProjectUploaded byrais
- Thermo II-Chapter 1aUploaded byKamarul Azrin
- cap1Uploaded byNicolas Alvarez Gomez
- Biomass Pyrolysis: Comments on Some Sources of Confusions in the Definitions of Temperatures and Heating RatesUploaded byatsomech132206
- Cool XLUploaded byRikudo Sennin

- Flight DynamicsUploaded byAnonymous 8pCXXs
- Slip Test 3 Questions_20190806_SUploaded byGurunath Aero
- AE8301 AET Questions for Slip Test 2_20190717_SUploaded byGurunath Aero
- 201804 AUC UG R2013 AD IIUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Stability DerivativesUploaded byGurunath Aero
- 2014 - 2015_FD Model Exam 2Uploaded byGurunath Aero
- 201711 AUC UG R2013 AETUploaded byGurunath Aero
- 201804 AUC UG R2008 AETUploaded byGurunath Aero
- FM Lab - AUC R2013_SUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Lession Plan Rc008 Flight DynamicsUploaded byGurunath Aero
- 201711 AUC UG R2013 AETUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Auc r2017_20180906_aet Question Paper, Iat 2Uploaded byGurunath Aero
- RESPOND Projects 2000 - March 2015Uploaded byGurunath Aero
- ClustersUploaded byGurunath Aero
- AUC R2017_20181008_AET Question Paper, Model ExamUploaded byGurunath Aero
- SBSI Report Alambadi 20180901.CompressedUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Course OutcomesUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Fluid PropertiesUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Elements of AeroelasticityUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Unit I_Single Degree of Freedom Systems_2 MarksUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Unit III & IVUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Lateral and Directional StabilityUploaded byGurunath Aero
- AUC R2013_FD 2 Marks Q & A_20161107_S.pdfUploaded byGurunath Aero
- Vibration Isolation (Transmissibility)Uploaded byGurunath Aero
- 2014 - 2015_FD Model Exam 1Uploaded byGurunath Aero
- FD AUC Question PapersUploaded byGurunath Aero
- 2014 - 2015_FD Model Exam 3Uploaded byGurunath Aero

- Timber RoofUploaded byRamón Del Río Peláez
- Vol_6_6_695_708_EHSAN AHMEDUploaded byEhsan Ahmed
- Ijsurfse0505 0609Uploaded byTC Yap
- Pittie Kourtyard Kharadi,Pune_DPR 15.07.2017 - CopyUploaded byshailesh goral
- 38tra-2pdUploaded byGaurav Gujar
- Tension Members.pdfUploaded byArnie Arruejo San Jose
- TFP1580_02_2017Uploaded byJulio César Arce Calvo
- GANTREX®-MK6-Rail-PadUploaded bywickremasinghe
- Cable-loss-analyses-and-collapse-behavior-of-cable-stayed-bridges-(Wolff-Starossek).pdfUploaded bym8r0ocvbs7
- Brittle PHI Factors for RebarUploaded by2001S4
- 02 Comminution TheoryUploaded byPham tony1604
- BoqUploaded byeph
- Formicary CorrosionUploaded byjaimerheem
- Base Ring and SkirtUploaded byduazo2009
- Sewer Design GuidelinesUploaded bySooraj Rajendran
- Connection DesignUploaded bytagore 87
- AUSTRALIA_mounting-systems-guide.pdfUploaded byfernando
- Manual Servicio Mini Split 36Uploaded byFredy Alvarado Rodriguez
- Analysis of Reasons Causing Riser Feeding FailureUploaded bymarcotulio123
- Roof Truss Installation InstructionsUploaded byroy jack
- 2 Prof. Masaki Kitazume Deep Mixing Method the Japanese Experience and Recent AdvancementUploaded byZaky Prawira
- Solution to Problem 112 Normal Stress _ Strength of Materials ReviewUploaded byNagaraj Muniyandi
- Gabriel Lake Pipe SpecUploaded byAnonymous JDzpaaC
- 196423194-Piping-Inspector-Questions-1.docUploaded byBadiuzzama786
- gm13pp.pdfUploaded bykirtclem
- ACI 352.1 -89 -ASCE - ReportUploaded byioanna_123
- 1428560947 Hollow SectionUploaded bynahzatmuj
- TRM Advantages of Ductile Iron Pipe SystemsUploaded bymariusmihaib
- Engineering MaterialsUploaded byErick Aparejado Pallada
- Air entraning admixturesUploaded byKannan Kandappan