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SNC2D Chemistry Unit Test Practice

Multiple Choice (1 mark each):


1.

Which of the following will form positive ions?


(A) the alkali metals (B) the halogens

2.

(B) CaO

(C) CH4

(D) all of the above

Which of the following compounds is a molecular compound?


(A) PCl3

4.

(D) all of the above

Which of the following compounds is an ionic compound?


(A) CO2

3.

(C) the noble gases

(B) PbCl2

(B) Pb(ClO3)2

(D) all of the above

The Roman numeral in the name iron (III) nitride indicates:


(A) the number of iron atoms in the compound
(B) the number of nitrogen atoms in the compound
(C) the valence of the iron
(D) the valence of the nitrogen

5.

The bond in a molecule of Cl2 could be described as:


(A) covalent

6.

(B) ionic

(B) more than


(D) It cannot be determined.

In an equation representing a chemical reaction, the reactants are always written:


(A) to the left of the arrow
(C) above the arrow

8.

(B) a colour change


(D) all of the above

If AlBr3 reacts with Cl2, the products of the reaction will be:
(A) AlCl2 and Br3

10.

(B) to the right of the arrow


(D) below the arrow

Which of the following is an indication a chemical reaction has occurred?


(A) the formation of a precipitate
(C) a temperature change

9.

(D) neither (A) nor (B)

If a strip of magnesium reacts with oxygen gas, the mass of the resulting magnesiumoxide will
be __________ the mass of the magnesium.
(A) less than
(C) the same as

7.

(C) both (A) and (B)

(B) AlCl3 and Br2

(C) Al and Br3Cl2

(D) Al and BrCl

The reaction in Question 9 could be described as a ______________ reaction.


(A) decomposition
(C) single displacement

(B) double displacement


(D) synthesis

11.

The neutralization of hydrochloric acid by potassium hydroxide would be an example of a


_____________ reaction:
(A) decomposition
(C) single displacement

12.

Which of the following is a product of the reaction in Question 11?


(A) potassium chlorate
(B) potassium hydride

13.

(B) 1

(C) 5

(D) 7

The decomposition of sodium chloride will form:


(A) Na and Cl

15.

(B) potassium chloride


(D) potassium oxide

The pH of the products of the reaction in Question 11 will be:


(A) 0

14.

(B) double displacement


(D) synthesis

(B) Na and Cl2

(C) Na2 and Cl

(D) Na2 and Cl2

Which of the following is a synthesis reaction?


(A) the formation of ice crystals on a window
(B) the electrolysis of water
(C) the rusting of an iron sheet
(D) all of the above

16.

When balancing a chemical equation, you can change:


(A) the subscripts that indicate the number of atoms in the molecules
(B) the coefficients that indicate the number of molecules
(C) both (A) and (B)
(D) neither (A) nor (B)

17.

Which of the following is a correct statement of the Law of Conservation of Mass?


In a chemical reaction:
(A) the number of atoms created must be equal to the number destroyed
(B) the number of molecules created must be equal to the number destroyed
(C) atoms cannot be created or destroyed, only rearranged
(D) molecules cannot be created or destroyed, only rearranged

18.

Bases release _____________ ions in solution.


(A) hydrogen (B) hydrocarbon

19.

(D) Bases are not soluble in water.

Which of the following compounds is an acid when in solution?


(A) NH3

20.

(C) hydroxide

(B) NH4OH

(C) HNO3

(D) Na2O

If an acid dissolves magnesium metal, what is the gas released?


(A) hydrogen

(B) oxygen

(C) carbon dioxide

(D) water vapour

21.

Which of the following household chemicals is an acid?


(A) bleach
(C) vinegar

22.

(B) drain cleaner


(D) all of the above

Which of the following could be used to determine whether or not a solution is an acid?
(A) red litmus paper
(C) both (A) and (B)

23.

Which of the following could be used to neutralize an acidic solution?


(A) NaCl

24.

(B) blue litmus paper


(D) neither (A) nor (B)

(B) NaHCO3

(C) NaOH

(D) both (B) and (C)

A solution with a pH of 1 is:


(A) a strong acid
(C) a strong base

(B) a weak acid


(D) a weak base

30. Rainfall is naturally:


(A) acidic

(B) basic

(C) neutral

(D) any of the above

Chemical Names and Formulas (1 mark each):


Write the chemical name for each of the following:

CCl4

__________________________________

HNO3(aq)

__________________________________

K2SO4

__________________________________

FeCl3

__________________________________

N2O

__________________________________

HCl(aq)

__________________________________

Li3PO4

__________________________________

PbO2

__________________________________

NaOH

__________________________________

Ag2S

__________________________________

Write the chemical formula for each of the following:


diphosphorus pentasulphide

__________________

calcium phosphide

__________________

copper (I) oxide

__________________

ammonium bicarbonate

__________________

hydrobromic acid

__________________

nickel (II) carbonate

__________________

potassium sulphate

__________________

lead (II) nitrate

__________________

aluminum hydroxide

__________________

oxygen difluoride

__________________

Chemical Equations (2 marks each):


Balance each of the following equations (1 mark) and identify the type of reaction (1 mark):

1.

_____ K + _____ MgBr2 > _____ KBr + _____ Mg


Type of reaction: ____________________________

2.

_____ NaCl > ____ Na + _____ Cl2


Type of reaction: _____________________________

3.

_____ Pb(NO3)2 + _____ KCl > _____ PbCl2 + _____ KNO3


Type of reaction: _____________________________

4.

_____ P + _____ O2 > ______ P2O5


Type of reaction: _____________________________

5.

_____H2SO4(aq) + _____ Mg(OH)2 > _____ MgSO4 + _____ H2O


Type of reaction: _____________________________

6.

Write the word equations to represent the reactions in Questions 3 and 5:


Question 3:

Question 5:

Predict the products of each of the following reactions:


7.

calcium bromide + barium nitrate >


___________________________ + _____________________________

8.

potassium + water ->


____________________________ + ____________________________

9.

aluminum iodide + bromine >


____________________________ + ____________________________

10.

water > _________________________ + _____________________________

Short Answer (2 marks each):


1.

Explain how the subscripts are determined in the formula Ca 3N2.

2.

Explain the differences between an ionic and a covalent bond.

3.

Explain why equations representing chemical reactions contain an arrow and not an
equals sign. How is the arrow read?

4.

The balancing of chemical equations relates to a physical law.


explain how balancing relates to the law.

5.

Explain how it is possible to test for the presence of lead (II) ions in a solution.

6.

If phenothalein is added to a solution of calcium hydroxide, what is the resulting colour of the
solution? What does the colour indicate?

7.

Explain why the alkaline earth metals are referred to as alkaline.

Identify the law and

The Final Question (1 mark):


What was your favourite part of this unit? Explain what principle of chemistry it illustrated.