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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter

NAME

Pag.

GENERAL INFORMATIONS

DRILLING PROGRAM

DRILLING WELL DATE

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS

CASING PROGRAM

DIRECTIONAL PROGRAM

11

DRILL STRING

19

MUD PROGRAM

20

BIT & HIDRAULICS PROGRAM

21

LOGGING PROGRAM

22

10

CEMENTING PROGRAM

23

11

WELLHEAD AND BOP CONFIGURATION

26

12

RISK ASSESSMENT. OFFSET WELLS REVIEW

27

13

SEQUENCE OF OPERATIONS

30

14

WELL MONTAGE

33

DESIGNING TEAM

34

ANNEXES

35

Pag 1

GENERAL INFORMATIONS
1
2
3
4

Well
Structure
Type
Depth

Casing program (MD)

490 Tintea
Tintea
Production
1830 m, MD / 1705 m, TVD
20 in x 40 m, hammered
13.3/8 in x 250 m
9.5/8 in x 820 m
7 in x 1830 m
F 200 topdrive

Drilling Rig
6

- maxim hook

- normal hook
Estimated drilling time

200 t
125 t
30 days

DRILLING PROGRAM
1. DRILLING WELL DATA
Well type: Production;
Objective: Drader 2+3;
Pag 2

Depth: 1830m, MD / 1705m, TVD;


Drilling Rig: F 200 topdrive;
Surface coordinates:
Target coordinates (Top Drader 2+3):

X = 393280.05 m;
Y = 570237.60 m;
Z=
285 m;
X = 393540 m;
Y = 570500 m;
Z = 1600 m, TVD;

Required tolerance: circle, 20 m radius;


Horizontal displacement: 369m / 34.2, at 1600m, TVD (1703m, MD);
Geological limits:
- Breccia + Salt / Dacian =
795 m, TVD / MD;
- Top Drader
=
1535 m, TVD / 1625 m, MD;
- Top Drader 2+3
=
1600 m, TVD / 1703 m, MD;
- Dacian / Ponian
=
1660 m, TVD / 1776 m, MD;
Well construction:
conductor (hammered) 20 in x 40m;
surface casing 13.3/8 in x 250m; TOC = 0 m;
intermediate casing 9.5/8 in x 820m; TOC = 0 m;
production casing 7 in x 1830m; TOC = 600m;
Note:
For avoiding mud losses while drilling surface formations, its recommended to
drill the first 50-100m with reduced drilling parameters (low flowrate and ROP) and
using high viscosity mud (100-120 sec).
9.5/8 in intermediate casing depth is conditioned by closing Salt.
For obtaining good results in reducing drilling time and a closely checking of
the traject, is recomanded to drill all 12.1/4 and 8.1/2 sections using PDM with MWD.

2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
13 3/8 Surface Casing Section
Section
Formations
Mud

0 250m
Breccia + Salt
Salt saturated mud. MW=1280-1350kg/m3.
For avoiding mud losses while drilling surface formations, its recommended
to drill the first 50-100m with low flowrate and high viscosity mud (100-120
Pag 3

Traject
BHA
Bits &
hidraulics
Logging
Casing

sec).
Vertical. Directional survey using TOTCO/Anderdrift.
Rigid BHA with 3 stabilizers.
17 Roller bit.
WOB=5-15t; RPM=100-120; Flow rate=40-60l/s
For avoiding mud losses while drilling surface formations, its recommended
to drill the first 50-100m with reduced ROP and using bit without nozzles.
No logging.
13 3/8, 54.5 lb/ft (9.65 mm), J55 STC (stock)
TOC - surface

9 5/8 Intermediate Casing Section


Section
Formations
Mud
Traject
BHA
Bits &
hidraulics
Logging
Casing

250 820m
Breccia + Salt
Salt saturated/Polimer. MW=1400-1450(1500) kg/m3.
Mud weight will be increased only in case of hole instability.
Vertical. Directional survey using MWD.
PDM & BHA with 2 stabilizers.
12 Roller bit.
WOB=8-12t; RPM=30-50 + PDM; Flow rate=45-50l/s
GR, Laterolog, CAL, Deviation survey. Mudlogging in all section
9 5/8, 43.5 lb/ft (11.05 mm), N80 LTC (stock)
TOC 0m

7 Production Casing Section


Section
Formations
Mud
Traject

BHA
Bits &
hidraulics
Logging
Casing

820 1830
Dacian
NaCl/KCl/Polimer. MW=1250-1320 kg/m3.
For avoiding mud losses while drilling, its recommended to maintain MW at
low value and increase it just in case is necessary.
Directional (J shape). KOP -840m.
Build with 3/30m to 34.2 inclination at 0.0 - 50.3 azimuth to EOC-1240m,
using PDM.
Hold tangent at 34.2 inclination and 50.3 azimuth to TD, using PDM.
Directional survey using MWD.
PDM & BHA with 2 stabilizers.
8 PDC bit.
WOB=5-12t; RPM=30-50 + PDM; Flow rate=30-35l/s
Full logging in open hole including XPT. Mudlogging in all section.
7, 26.0 lb/ft (9.19 mm), N80 XC (stock)
TOC 600m

Pag 4

3. GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS

Pag 5

Pag 6

4. CASING PROGRAM
Pag 7

4.1. Casing program


Casing

Interval

Surface
Intermediate
Production

m -m
0- 250
total
0- 820
total
0-1830
total

Length
m
250
250
820
820
1830
1830

Size
in

Gradeconnection
-

13.3/8

J55-STC

9.5/8

Wall
thickness
mm
9.65

Nominal
weight
kg/m
80.78

N80-LTC

11.05

65.64

N80-XC

9.19

38.40

Total
weight
kg
20195
20195
53825
53825
70272
70272

4.2. Technical conditions and casing characteristics


No

Specifications

U.M.

1
2
3
4
5

Outside diameter
Casing depth
Casing length
Bottom formation pressure
Calculation
surface ... Pg
pressure
shoe.... Ps
Maximum internal pressure, Pga
Mud weight
FIT
Cementing interval (MD)
Empty casing depth
Casing
Type
coupling
Outside diameter
Bit diameter

in
m
m
bar
bar
bar
bar
kg/m3
EMW
m-m
m
mm
in
mm
mm
mm
bar
bar
to
daNxm
daNxm
daNxm

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Surface
13.3/8
250
250
25
76
78
170
1280-1350
250-0
250
STC
365.1
17.1/2
444.5
0.0893
320.4
316.46
77
188
233
1.10
1.00
1.50
530
710
890

Casing
Intermed.
9.5/8
820
820
83
150
163
210
1400-1500
LOT
820-0
820
LTC
269.9
12.1/4
311.2
0.0663
222.4
218.41
262
436
374
1.10
1.00
1.50
855
1140
1420

Casing factor
Minimum inside casing diameter
Drift diameter
Collapse resistance
Burst resistance
Tensile strength
Supplementary conditions
Safety
Burst
factor for
Colapse
(min. values) Tensille
21
Make-up
min.
torque **
opt.
max.
Notes:
- Pg / Ps: maximum pressure to surface/shoe, gas inside;
(* means that the pressure is limited by fracture gradient);
- Pga: maximum internal pressure admited for whole casing, water inside;
- ** Make-up torque have to be communicated by the casing supplier.

Product.
7
1830
1830
176
150
176
210
1250-1320
1830-600
1830
XC
187.7
8.1/2
215.9
0.0653
159.4
156.24
372
499
274
1.10
1.00
1.50

Pag 8

850

4.3. Casing accesories

No
1.
2.
3.

4.3.1. Casing 13.3/8 in


Accesories
Characteristics
Float shoe, single
valve
Float collar,
single valve
Centralizers

Size

Conn.

Pieces Position (distance


above shoe)
nr.
m
1
-

9.65mm; J55

in
13.3/8

STC

9.65mm; J55

13.3/8

STC

ST A3

13.3/8

13

Size

Conn.

11.05mm; N80

in
9.5/8

LTC

11.05mm; N80

9.5/8

LTC

ST A2

9.5/8

25

Size

Conn.

9.19mm; N80

in
7

XC

9.19mm; N80

XC

10

ST A0

38

int. 1790-1700:1c/1j
int. 1650-1250:1c/5j
int. 1240- 820:1c/3j
int. 800- 600:1c/5j
2s/c

20

int. 250-150:1c/1j
int. 100- 50:1c/5j
4. Stop collars
13.3/8
26
2s/c
Note: Float equipment and cementing plugs must be Weatherford PDC drillable.

No
1.
2.
3.

4.3.2. Casing 9.5/8 in


Accesories
Characteristics
Float shoe, single
valve
Float collar,
single valve
Centralizers

Pieces Position (distance


above shoe)
nr.
m
1
20

int. 820-720:1c/1j
int. 700- 50:1c/5j
4. Stop collars
9.5/8
50
2s/c
Note: Float equipment and cementing plugs must be Weatherford PDC drillable.

No
1.
2.
3.

4.3.3. Casing 7 in
Accesories
Characteristics
Reamer shoe,
single valve
Float collar,
single valve
Centralizers

Pieces Position (distance


above shoe)
nr.
m
1
-

4. Stop collars
7
76
Note: Float equipment and cementing plugs must be Weatherford.
The position of the centralizers will be establish before set casing.

Pag 9

6. DRILL STRING
String components
Bit
Downhole
motor (PDM)
Stabilizers:

Nonmagnetic
drill collars
Drill collars
(Helicoidally)

Jar
Heavy Weight
Drill pipe

Drill pipe:

Kelly:

M.U.

Diameter
Outside diameter
Length
Type
Outside diameter
Body diameter
Bow type
Position
Max. admis. wear
Outside diameter
Length
Connection

in
in
m
in
in
m
in
in
m
in

Outside diameter

in / mm

Inside diameter
Connection
Wear
Make-up torque
Weight
Length
Weight in air
Outside diameter
Connection
Position
Outside diameter
Inside diameter
Connection
Make-up torque
Box OD
Pin ID
Weight
Length
Weight in air
Outside diameter
Wall Thickness
Steel
Wear
Connection
Make-up torque
Box OD
Pin ID
Weight
Length
Weight in air
Dimension
Profile

in / mm
daN*m
kg/m
m
kg
in
in
m
in / mm
in / mm
daN*m
mm
mm
kg/m
m
kgf
in
mm
daN*m
mm
mm
kg/m
m
kgf
in
kgf
kgf

Interval, m - m
0 - 250

250 - 820

820 - 1830

17.1/2
17.1/2+17.7/16
8
Helicoidally
bit; 9;18
1/16

12.1/4
7.3/4
9
PDM
12+11.7/8
8
bit; 9
1/16
8
18
NC 56

8.1/2
6.3/4
9
PDM
8.1/4-8.1/8
6.1/2
bit; 9
1/16
6.1/2
18
NC 50

6 / 165.1

6 / 165.1

8 / 203.2 +
6 / 165.1
NC 56 / NC 50
6534 / 4022
223.11 /136.59
27 + 54
13400
6.1/2
NC 50
150

19
619

2 13/16 / 71.44
NC 50
Premium
4022
136.59
54
11392
6.1/2
NC 50
150
5 / 127
3 / 76.2
NC 50
3985
165.1
79.4
73.4
150
11010
5
9.19
G 105
Premium
NC 50
3030
156
82.55
32.6
589
19201
Top drive

NC 50
4022
136.59
54
9834
6.1/2
NC 50
150

1599
52127

25029
41603
72971
Weight of string in air
50000
80000
49000
Over pull reserve
Note: Over pull reserve is limited by the drill pipe tensile yield strength.
The position of stabilizers will be in conforming to the well behavior while drilling.
Can use more HWDPs instead of DCs in case of stuck pipe danger.
The jar position will be established in according to speciality provider. One or two stands
above jar, have to set an accelerator.
Pag 10

Drill string components will be decided before starting each section, according to Petrom
demand and can be changed depending on the well condition while drilling.

7. MUD PROGRAM
Mud program and Waste management process was recomanded by OMV PETROM.
While drilling, the mud contractor and the owner, with one accord, can change the
mud program, depending on new drilling information.
7.1. Mud parameters
No

Parameters

U.M.

SECTION/ INTERVAL [m-m]

[m-m]

I (0-250)

II (250-820)

III (820-1830)

Type

SALT SATURED

SALT SATURED/
POLIMER

NACl/KCL/
POLIMER

kg/m3

1280-1350

1400-1450(1500)

1250-1320

2 Funnel Viscosity

70-100

50-60

55-60

3 Plastic Viscosity

cP

25-40

25-35

24-34

20-35

20-24

16-22

1 Mud Weight

4 Yield Point

lb/100ft

5 10 sec Gel

lb/100ft 2

6 10min Gel
7 Fann 6 rpm

6-10

6-10

6-10

lb/100ft

25-35

15-25

15-22

lb/100ft

17-18

10-12

7-8

8-14

7-8

4-5

8 Fluid loss

cm

9 Filter cake

mm

1.5-2.0

0.5-1

0.5-1

9.0-10.0

8.5-9.0

8.5-9.0

11 Chlorides Cl-

ppm

185000-193000

185000-193000

75000-100000

12 Alcalinity pf.

mlx H2SO4

0.3-0.6

0.3-0.60

0.25-0.4

13 Alcalinity pm.

mlx H2SO4

0.5-1.0

0.5-1.0

0.5-0.8

14 Alcalinity Mf

mlx H2SO4

1.2-1.5

1.2-1.5

1.2-1.4

15 Total hardness Ca++

ppm

< 250

<180

<180

16 Total solids:

%vol

21-25

22-26

14-19

17 LGS

% vol

8-9

7-8

<6

18 Salt

% vol

7-8

7-8

3-5

19 HGS

%vol

5-7

7-9

5-7

20 Sand

%vol

max 1

<1

<1

21 MBT

kg/m3

< 63

< 48

< 40

70

75

75

10 pH

22 SCE Efficiency
NOTE:

The Solids Removal Efficiency is based on using 3 Shakers and 2 Centrifuges with a
Flocculation Unit for liquid recovery
The details of drilling mud program and waste management process, included products and
services, will be found in IFE Proposal Drilling Mud Company.

Pag 11

8. BIT & HIDRAULICS PROGRAM

Phase

Interval
(MD)

(m-m)

0 - 250

II

250 - 820

III

820 - 1830
TOTAL

Back-up bits =

Form.

Drilling
system

Type (IADC)

Bits
Nozzles

Pieces

WOB

nrxin/32

to

R 17.1/2
(115)
R 12.1/4
(117)
PDC 8.1/2
(M223)

3 x 18/32
1 x 16/32
3 x 18/32
1 x 16/32

Breccia +
Salt
Breccia +
Salt
Dacian,
Pontian

Rotary
Rotary
+ PDM
Rotary
+ PDM

int. 820 - 1830m:

5 x 12/32

5-15

8-12

5-12

3
R 8.1/2 (117) 1 piece;

Mechanicals & hydraulics parameters


RPM
Flow
Jet
Specific Press.
rate
speed
hydr.
losses
power
r.p.m.
l/s
m/s
CP/in2
bar

100-120
30-50 +
PDM
30-50 +
PDM

Pump
press.
bar

40-60

66-99

0.7-2.5

32-73

70-140

45-50

74-82

2.3-3.2

45-56

150-180

30-35

84-98

3.7-5.9

52-71

155-190

Note: The flow rate has to be decrease on possible mud losses intervals.
For avoiding mud losses whille drilling surface formations, its recommended to drill the first 50-100m with reduced
drilling parameters (low flowrate and ROP) and using high viscosity mud (100-120 sec).

Pag 12

9. LOGGING PROGRAM
9.1. Geophysical logging
Section

Hole size
inch

Wireline log Type

I
II
III

17.1/2
12.1/4
8.1/2

GR in cased hole
DLL, CAL, GR, CBL-VDL
GR, CNL, DLL, CAL, BHC, LDL, LEH-T, CBL-VDL, XPT

* Geophysical logging will be performed by a program drawn up at the moment.


Mud logging from 250m.
9.2. Directional survey
Section
I

Interval
(MD)
mm
0 - 250

Distance
between points
m
-

II

250 - 820

30 - 50

III

820 - 1830

10 - 30

Tool

Method

TOTCO/ -while drilling at 100 and 200 m


Anderdrift
MWD
-while drilling every 50m;
-made by directional contractor
MWD
-while drilling every 30-50m;
-made by directional contractor

Pag 13

10. CEMENTING PROGRAM


Before beginning preparations for the casing operation it is necessary to analyze the
compatibility between the drilling fluid and the cement slurry to establish whether spacer
fluids are necessary.
10.1. Properties of cement stones and cement slurries
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Properties
Casing diameter
Liquids / solids ratio
Density
Free water (Separation)
Fluid loss (A.P.I. filtration)
Plastic viscosity (PV)
Yield Point (YP)
Thickening time
Compressive after 8 hours
strength
after 12 hours
after 24 hours

M.U.
in.
kg/m3
%
cm3/30
cP(m Pa s)
lb/100 ft2
(Pa)
min
daN/cm2

13 3/8
0.60
1800
0
63
90
40
(19.2)
150
25-30
60

Values
9 5/8
0.60
0.55
1800
1800
0
0
64
128
100
55
40
25
(19.2)
(11)
180
210
25-30
40
65
80

10.2. Cementing program


DATA

UM

VALUES
Pag 14

0.45
1900
0
48
90
30
(14.4)
180
60
120

Yield Point (YP)


Maximum admissible casing running
speed
Circulation
Maximum flow rate
with
Pump pressure
the casing
Max ECD(*) at the shoe
at bottom
hole
Complete circuit time
Preflushes Density
/ Spacers
Plastic viscosity (PV)
Yield Point (YP)
Total volume pomped
Cemented interval

Cement
slurry

Type of cement
Cement slurry density
Volume of cement slurry
Cement/mixture quantity
Volume of solution (**)
Pumping flow rate
Time of preparation and
pumping slurry on string
The
displace
ment
fluid
of cement
on string

lbf/100ft2
(Pa)
m/s

28 (13.4)

24 (11.5)

20 (9.6)

1.0

1.0

0.7

dm3/s
bar
kg/m3
minutes
kg/m3
cP (mPas)
lbf/100ft2
(Pa)
m3
m-m

40
12
1402
18
1200
cem. sol.
0

30
19
1588
37
1600
15
6(2.9)

20
48
1521
55
1450
20
15(7.2)

5
250-0

8
820-0

kg/m3
m3
t
m3
dm3/s

G
1800
24
27
16.5
13

G
1800
34
38.5
23.5
14

minutes

30
150
19
30
1350

40
180
32
30
1500

25
1871

47
1907

93
1861

2
10
Yes
60

11
24
Yes
85

41
62
Yes
100

Thickening time
Total volume pumped
Max rate of pumping
Density
Maximum pressure at the
aggregates/pumps

minutes
m3
dm3/s
kg/m3

Maximum ECD at shoe


Loss of maximum
pressure in the annular

kg/m

(*)

The diferential pressure


The string reciprocation (length,speed)
Estimated time of the whole job

bar
3

bar
bar
m,m/s
minutes

1200600
G
1800
10.5
12.5
7
12

18301200
G
1900
12
16
7.5
10

15
210

20
180
35.5
20
1320

(*) The equivalent density of fluids in the annular space, during circulation.
(**) The preparation solution volume of the cement slurry is calculated without reserve.

10.3. Materials for cement slurries


No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

DESIGNATION OF THE
ELEMENTS
Casing diameter
Casing length
Cement G, Type API
D 044 (Salt)
Bentonite* (D 020)-extender
CaCl2 - accelerator
BDC 031 - fluid loss
Gas Seal- gas control agent
NF 6 (DF-540) - antifoam

M.U.
in
m
t
kg
kg
kg
kg
l
l

CASING (STAGE )
13 3/8
250
27
1485
1215
81
1620
54

9 5/8
820
38.5
2180
1350
116
2310
77

TOTAL

7
1830
12.5
16
94
Pag 15

94
3665
94
2565
197
3930
131

10
11
12
13
14
15

D 167 fluid loss


D 080A - dispersant
D 145A - dispersant
D 500 - gas control agent
D 206 - antifoam
D 201 - retarder
*)
Bentonite yield > 12 m3/t

kg
l
l
l
l
kg

50
25
13
6

53
1270
18
8

50
25
53
1270
31
14

For cementing operations are recommended 2 Cementing Pump Unit for the
13 3/8 in surface casing, 2 for the 9 5/8 in intermediate casing and 1 for the 7 in production
casing.
Cementing solution for 13 3/8 in casing (5 m3 density 1200 kg/m3):
- Salt = 1610 kg;
- DF-540 (antifoam) = 10 l
Spacer for 9 5/8 in casing (8 m3 density 1600 kg/m3):
- CSP 0500 (spacer) = 165 kg;
- Barite = 660 kg;
- Salt = 1130 kg;
- DF540 - antifoam = 16 l
Spacer for 7 in casing (5 m3 density 1450 kg/m3):
- D031 (barite)= 3000 kg;
- D182 (MUDPUSH II) = 65 kg;
- D206 = 3 l

11. WELLHEAD & BOP CONFIGURATION


11.1. Wellhead
No

Casing head
components

Size/
Pressure

Casing head flange

Casing spool

Tubinghead

in / bar
13.5/8 x 13.3/8 x
210
13.5/8 x 11 x
210
11 x 7.1/16 x 210

Primary
seal
in
9.5/8

Casing
Hang
in
9.5/8

Secondary
seal
in
-

9.5/8

2.7/8

2.7/8

Wellhead: 13.5/8 x 13.3/8 x 11 x 9.5/8 x 7 x 7.1/16 x 2.9/16 x 2.7/8 x 210 bar.


Pag 16

11.2. BOP
No

Casing size

in
13.3/8

9.5/8

Inside
diameter
in
13.5/8
13.5/8
11
11

BOP
Type

Pressure

Rams
(diameter)
Drilling

DF
VH
DF
VH

bar
210
210
210
210

in
0;5
annular
0;5
annular

Run
casing
in
0;9.5/8
annular
0;7
annular

12. RISK ASSESSMENT


While drilling there is the possibility to appear the next difficulties
Mud losses in Drader;
Severely hole instability in Breccia and Salt;
Increase gas content in Drader;
Drilling on intea Seninu field was generally done with difficulties while drilling in
Breccia and Salt. Most of these difficulties generated complications and technical accidents
which needed even abandonment the hole.
The appearance of mud losses can be avoided or attenuated using recommended
mud parameters.
If these mud losses still appear it will be necessary to treat mud with LCM (calcium
carbonate).
Drilling in gas zone involve intermediary circulations to eliminate gas from mud, using
low flow rate and ROP. It will be avoided as much as possible the breaks of circulation.
It is recommended to permanently use the mud cleaning system, to maintain mud
parameters.
Pag 17

Probability

Risk

Bit/BHA balling

NPT due to low ROP/trips to


clean BHA.

Hole instability in Salt

NPT due to reaming,


overpull. Stuck pipe. Fishing
operations.

Potential
Risk/Hazard

Consequence

Mitigation and Control

Use the proper additives in the


active system. Use high flow
rate.
Use proper mud parameters.
Best practices for reaming and
tripping.

Remnant Risk

Impact

Risk assessment 17 1/2" Section

L
L

Hole Cleaning

NPT due to reaming,


overpull. Stuck pipe. Fishing
operations.

Hole instability in Salt

NPT due to reaming,


overpull. Stuck pipe. Fishing
operations.

Use proper mud parameters. Use


best practices for hole cleaning.
Best practices for reaming and
tripping.
Use proper mud parameters.
Best practices for reaming and
tripping.

Remnant Risk

Mitigation and Control


Risk

Consequence

Probability

Potential
Risk/Hazard

Impact

Risk assessment 12 1/4" Section

Hole Cleaning

NPT due to reaming,


overpull, cavings. Stuck
pipe. Fishing operations.

Mud losses in Drader

NPT due to low ROP and


mud treatment or even
cement plug. Stuck bit.

Possible increase gas


content in Drader

NPT due to more circulation

Use proper mud parameters. Use


best practices for hole cleaning.
Best practices for reaming and
tripping.
Use proper mud parameters.
Best practices for loss
circulation. Use LCM.
Use proper mud parameters.
Reduce number of trips for
evoiding suplimentary
circulations. Use mud logging
unit for faster detection.

Pag 18

Remnant Risk

Mitigation and Control


Risk

Consequence

Probability

Potential
Risk/Hazard

Impact

Risk assessment 8 1/2" Section

Pag 19

Offset well:

Pag 20

13. SEQUENCE OF OPERATIONS


No
Phase Operation Steps
.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Depth
[m]

[hrs]

Plan
cum. [d]

2.0

0.1

Drill with 17-1/2" bit adding 8 DCs, circulate mud to clean hole

60

16.0

0.8

POOH to surface

60

1.0

0.8

RIH BHA with 3 stabilizers to 60m, possible reaming, circulate

60

3.0

0.9

Drill with 17-1/2" bit, circulate mud to clean hole

250

48.0

2.9

Wiper trip for gauging hole, circulate

250

4.0

3.1

POOH to surface, L/D stabilizers

250

2.0

3.2

Run 13-3/8 casing to 250m

250

6.0

3.4

Cementing job

250

3.0

3.5

WOC

250

8.0

3.9

N/U BOPs

250

20.0

4.7

Test (pressure & function) BOP


Spud works for resume drilling, make up 12-1/4 bit, PDM & BHA, RIH,
mill float collar, plugs, float valve and cement, casing pressure test, mill
float shoe, mud treatment

250

4.0

4.9

250

16.0

5.5

14

Drill vertical with 12-1/4" bit & PDM, circulate mud to clean hole

450

30.0

6.8

15

Wiper trip to 13 3/8 in shoe for gauging hole, circulate, possible overpull
& reaming

450

4.0

7.0

16

Drill vertical with 12-1/4" bit & PDM, circulate mud to clean hole

650

36.0

8.5

17

Wiper trip to 13 3/8 in shoe for gauging hole, circulate, possible overpull
& reaming

650

6.0

8.7

18

Drill vertical with 12-1/4" bit & PDM, circulate mud to clean hole

820

36.0

10.2

19

Wiper trip to 500 for gauging hole, circulate, possible overpull &
reaming

820

6.0

10.5

POOH to surface, possible overpull & reaming

820

8.0

10.8

Wireline logging
Wiper trip before running casing, POOH with L/D 8" DC's and
stabilizers
Run 9-5/8 casing to TD

820

6.0

11.0

820

12.0

11.5

820

10.0

12.0

Cementing job

820

3.0

12.1

WOC

820

8.0

12.4

N/U BOPs

820

16.0

13.1

Test (pressure & function) BOP


Spud works for resume drilling, make up 8-1/2 PDC bit, PDM & BHA,
RIH, mill float collar, plugs, float valve and cement, casing pressure
test, mill float shoe, change the mud

820

3.0

13.2

820

32.0

14.5

Drill directional with 8-1/2" PDC bit & PDM to 1100m, including LOT
after drilling first 5m, circulate mud to clean hole

1100

40.0

16.2

Wiper trip to 9 5/8" shoe for gauging hole, circulate, possible overpull &
reaming

1100

4.0

16.4

31

Drill directional with 8-1/2" PDC bit & PDM to 1400m, circulate mud to
clean hole

1400

42.0

18.1

32

POOH to surface to check the bit, PDM & BHM, possible overpull &
reaming

1400

6.0

18.4

33
34

RIH 8-1/2" PDC bit & PDM, circulate and ream the hole
Drill directional with 8-1/2" PDC bit & PDM to 1650m, circulate mud to
clean hole

1400
1650

6.0
36.0

18.6
20.1

17-1/2 section

Prepare to start drilling

20
21
22

12-1/4 section

13

23
24
25
26
27

29
30

8-1/2 section

28

Pag 21

35

Wiper trip to 1300m for gauging hole, circulate, possible overpull &
reaming

1650

6.0

20.4

36

Drill directional with 8-1/2" PDC bit & PDM to 1830m, circulate mud to
clean hole

1830

30.0

21.6

37

Wiper trip to 1500m for gauging hole, circulate, possible overpull &
reaming

1830

6.0

21.9

38
39
40
41
42
41
42
43
44

POOH to surface, possible overpull & reaming

1830

6.0

22.1

RIH to bottom 8-1/2" bit & BHA with 3 stabilizers, circulate, reaming

1830

12.0

22.6

POOH to surface, possible overpull & reaming

1830

6.0

22.9

Wireline logging

1830

12.0

23.4

Wiper trip for gauging hole, circulate, possible overpull & reaming

1830

12.0

23.9

Wireline logging

1830

12.0

24.4

RIH 8-1/2" bit & BHA with 3 stabilizers to 9-5/8" casing shoe, circulate

1830

4.0

24.5

Rig mentenance. Slip and cut drilling line

1830

6.0

24.8

RIH to bottom 8-1/2" bit & BHA with 3 stabilizers, circulate, reaming

1830

6.0

25.0

45

POOH to surface, possible overpull & reaming, L/D DC's and loosing
drillstring

1830

10.0

25.5

46
47
48
49
50
51

Run 7 casing to TD

1830

16.0

26.1

Cementing job

1830

4.0

26.3

WOC

1830

8.0

26.6

Lay down Drill pipes

1830

24.0

27.6

N/D BOP, M/U tubinghead, N/U ram's preventer

1830

10.0

28.0

Test (pressure & function) BOP

1830

2.0

28.1

52

RIH mill 6" with clean-up tools 7" & 2.7/8" tb, circulate, replace mud
with brine, POOH to surface

1830

24.0

29.1

53
54
55
56

Wireline logging

1830

5.0

29.3

Pick up & RIH 2-7/8" tubing with shoe to bottom

1830

6.0

29.6

M/U tubing hanger, N/D ram's preventer, N/U X-tree, pressure test

1830

4.0

29.8

Ending works

1830

6.0

30.0

17-1/2 section
12-1/4 section
8-1/2 section

133.0
216.0
371.0

5.5
9.0
15.5

TOTAL WELL

720.0

30.0

Pag 22

Pag 23

14. WELL MONTAGE

Pag 24

ANNEXES

Annex 1 - General considerations (Romanian);


Annex 2 - Geological conditions (Romanian);
Annex 3 - Services & special operations. Materials transport (Romanian);
Annex 4 - HSEQ (Romanian);

ANNEX 1
CONSIDERAII GENERALE. DIFICULTI DE FORAJ
Pag 25

Sparea sondelor pe structura intea Seninu s-a realizat n general cu dificulti,


uneori majore, la traversarea brecciei srii, datorit instabilitii accentuate a gurii de
sond. Aici s-au nregistrat gazeificri ale fluidului, ineri pe gaur i corectri repetate.
Toate aceste dificulti au condus la creterea semnificativ a duratei de spare i
uneori au generat complicaii i accidente tehnice, conducnd chiar la abandonarea unor
sonde din foraj.
Aceste dificulti sunt mai pregnante la sondele spate mai aproape de falia srii,
unde grosimea formaiunii de breccie este mai mare. De aceea este recomandat sparea
dirijat a sondelor, de pe locaii mai deprtate, ce permit astfel traversarea brecciei srii pe o
grosime mai mic.
Reducerea duratei de realizare a forajului sondei este un factor important pentru
finalizarea acestuia fr complicaii sau accidente.
Pentru obinerea unor performane superioare i implicit atenuarea implicaiilor
dificultilor de foraj, n proiect se recomand utilizarea sapelor performante din import i un
regim de foraj intensiv, asigurat printr-un tronson mrit de prjini grele i un debit de
circulaie ridicat, care s asigure o vitez ascensional superioar, necesar evacurii
eficiente a detritusului. De asemenea, este recomandata saparea in totalitate cu motorul de
fund a fazei a III-a, int. 820-1790m.
n cazul apariiei unor pierderi de fluid, ce nu vor putea fi oprite prin meninerea
densitii fluidului de foraj la valori reduse se vor efectua tratamente cu materiale de podire
(carbonat de calciu).
Traversarea zonelor cu acumulri de gaze se va face cu circulaii intermediare pentru
eliminarea acestora din fluid, utilizarea unor debite i viteze mecanice reduse i urmrirea
atent a comportrii puului la extragerea garniturii de foraj pentru evitarea fenomenului de
pistonare.
Trebuie avut n vedere c eventualele creteri necontrolate ale densitii fluidului, pot
conduce la apariia pierderilor de fluid, pierderi care n cazul cnd devin masive i nu sunt
rezolvate n timp util, pot favoriza apariia unor manifestri eruptive violente la traversarea
obiectivelor productive, cu consecine foarte grave asupra siguranei sondei. Se va asigura
la sond cel puin un volum de pu de fluid de foraj de rezerv i materialele necesare
preparrii a nc unui volum de pu de fluid de foraj.
Pentru meninerea proprietilor fluidelor de foraj prin mpiedicarea contaminrii lor cu
solide strine este obligatorie funcionarea permanent a sistemului de curire mecanic a
acestora.
Analiza i determinarea exact a dificultilor de foraj aprute, a cauzelor producerii
lor i a msurilor necesare rezolvrii acestora, se va putea face exact numai n timpul
derulrii lucrrilor de spare.

ANNEX 2
CONDIII GEOLOGO - FIZICE
2.1.

Sonde de corelare
Pag 26

Structura Tintea Seninu face parte din aliniamentul structural intea Bicoi
Floreti Clineti, aliniament situat n cadrul geografic al Subcarpailor Munteniei, n raza
localitii Bicoi, la circa 20 km nord de Ploieti i 14 km sud de Cmpina, extins pe o
lungime de cca 14 km i o lime de 1,5 km.
Din punct de vedere geologic structura intea Seninu se situeaz n sud-estul
Depresiunii precarpatice, n zona de molas a Carpailor Orientali, pe aliniamentului cu
diapirism exagerat al zonei cutelor diapire: Razvad-Tei-Gura OcnieiMoreniBicoi-intea.
Aceast structur este delimitat la nord de Falia Srii, la est de Falia Dmbu i la vest de
Falia Lilieti.
Punerea n eviden a acumulrilor de petrol n Dacianul structurii intea Seninu s-a
realizat n anul 1939 prin sparea sondei 180 Un.
Sonda 490 intea Seninu este amplasat ca poziie de suprafa n blocul K, iar ca
poziie de talp n blocul I i are ca obiectiv principal exploatarea zcmintelor de
hidrocarburi cantonate n depozite Drader + Dacian. Sonda se va spa dirijat, avnd de
ndeplinit o deplasare orizontal de 324 m pe azimut de 38 0, la adncimea de 1600 m TVD
(cap Drader 2+3), va avea adncimea de 1705 m TVD (1830 m MD) i se va spa n poziia
precizat de beneficiar n tema de proiectare.
n vederea determinrii condiiilor geologo-fizice s-au folosit date i informaii
provenind de la urmtoarele sonde de corelare: 202 DGP, 202 bis, 187 SRP, 188 SRP, 201
DGP, 204 MIP, 210 MPC, 214 MPC, 215 MPC, 216 MPC, 231 MPC, 249 MP, 552 SNP, 553
SNP.
2.2.

Consideraii lito-stratigrafice i structurale

n poziia propus, n conformitate cu datele din studiul de zcmnt i tema de


proiectare, sonda proiectat va intercepta urmtoarea succesiune lito-stratigrafic:
Depozite de sare gem + breccie, cuprinse ntre 0 i 795 m TVD, alctuite dintr-o
alternan de sare gem i o breccie cu elemente litologice heterogene smulse n timpul
diapirismului (alctuit din depozite Daciene i Poniene). Faptul ca sonda va traversa
intervale de sare i breccia srii care au prinse ntre ele pachete de roci sedimentare aduse
prin micrile generate de diapirism n poziii superioare, precum i material eterogen ce
umple zonele dizolvate din sare, ar putea genera o serie de dificultati de foraj cum ar fi
instabilitatea mecanica a gurii de sond precum i ineri pe gaur la extragere. De
asemenea, trebuie precizat c este posibil ca zonele de breccie s prezinte acumulri de
hidrocarburi (n special gaze).
Dacianul, cu o grosime n zona sondei proiectat de aproximativ 865 m (pe intervalul
795 - 1660 m TVD) are urmtoarea alctuire:
- Dacianul superior (795 1535 m TVD), constituit dintr-o succesiune de nisipuri fine,
friabile, uneori marnoase cu intercalaii de marne i marne nisipoase sau crbunoase i
crbuni, prezentnd numeroase variaii de facies. Dei greu de corelat s-a reuit o mprire
n mai multe complexe, n majoritate productive: D1 D6.
- n baz apare un complex nisipos cu o grosime medie de circa 125 m (pe intervalul
1535 1660 m) cunoscut sub denumirea de Drader (Dr.), constituit din nisipuri silicioase cu
bob fin. Este mprit n 3 complexe denumite de jos n sus: Dr3, Dr2, Dr1 separate de
pachete marnoase de 6-10 m i care iniial reprezentau zcminte distincte.
Ponianul va fi interceptat de partea final a sondei pe un interval de cca 42 m (ntre
1660 i 1705 m TVD), fiind alctuit numai din marne i marne fin nisipoase.
Stilul tectonic al aliniamentului inteaBicoiFloretiClineti este determinat de
dipirismul exagerat care a generat strpungerea sedimentelor de lama de sare i generarea
unor falii de amploare care compartimenteaz structura n uniti hidrodinamice, n general
distincte.
Pag 27

Zcmntul intea Seninu Dacian este de tip stratiform ecranat tectonic la nord de
Falia Srii. nclinrile stratelor n zona sondei proiectate sunt de aproximativ 50 - 60 0 .
2.3.

Ageni contaminani pentru fluidul de foraj

Avnd n vedere c traiectul gurii de sond intercepteaz n partea superioar sare


gem i breccie este necesar traversarea acesteia cu un fluid adecvat (srat saturat).
n timpul traversrii depozitelor Daciene exist de asemenea posibilitatea ca particule
fine, provenite din secvenele pelitice traversate, s disperseze n fluidul de foraj,
modificndu-i proprietile reologice.
2.4.

Gradieni de presiune, fisurare i temperatur

Analiza i interpretarea complex a informaiilor existente n ultimul studiu de


zcmnt efectuat de ENID OIL, octombrie 2007, privitor la structura intea Seninu, precum
i a celor obinute prin lucrrile de foraj efectuate pe structur (n special a celor din sondele
de corelare menionate), au permis evaluarea si reprezentarea grafic a gradienilor de
presiune i fisurare pentru succesiunea lito-stratigrafica propus pentru sonda 490 intea
Seninu.
n cele ce urmeaz, reprezentarea grafic va fi discutat explicativ, adaugndu-se
referiri la gradientul de temperatur.
Dacianul este o formaiune relativ tnr, destul de slab consolidat, prezentnd ape
uor saline care au condus la valori ale gradientului de presiune de cca 1,01 1,02 at/10 m.
Calculul gradienilor de fisurare au condus la valori de cca 1,69 1,82 at/10 m.
Din cauza exploatrii ndelungate a zcmntului se apreciaz urmtoarele valori
actuale ale gradienilor de presiune i fisurare: pa 0,8 at/10 m respectiv fa 1,57 at/10 m.
Ponianul este preponderent marnos, avnd o litologie tipic pentru aceast
secven stratigrafic. S-a estimat un gradient normal de presiune de circa 1,03 at/10 m.
n ceea ce privete gradienii de fisurare, calculele efectuate n intervalul ocupat de
depozitele poniene indic valori de 1,84 1,86 at/10 m.
Gradientul geotermic prezint valori de circa 3,1 0C/100 m astfel nct la adncimea
final sonda va avea circa 53 0 C.

ANNEX 3
SERVICII I OPERAII SPECIALE. TRANSPORT MATERIALE
3.1. Servicii i operaii speciale
Nr. crt.
1.

Denumirea operaiei
Montare prevenitoare, cap erupie

U.M.
op

Cantitate
4
Pag 28

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Demontare prevenitoare
Probe instalaie de prevenire
Transport ap cu cisterna
Geal de foraj 6.1/2 in
operare
stand by
verificri, reparaii
Clete mecanizat
Transport clete mecanizat
Casing Running Tool (CRTi) - 7 in
Supervizare lucrri foraj

op
op
3
m x km
zile
zile
op
op
op x km
zile
zile

3
4
900 x 30
22
5
1
5
3 x 50
4
33

3.2. Transport materiale


Nr. crt.
1.
2.
3.

Denumirea materialelor
Burlane
Sape, accesorii
Instalaie prevenire, cap coloan

Distana (km)
30
30
30

Nr. curse
18
9
3

Obs: Distanele de transport sunt dus-ntors.

ANNEX 4
NORME DE SECURITATE I SNTATE N MUNC, DE APRARE MPOTRIVA
INCENDIILOR, LA FORAREA I PROBAREA STRATELOR
La ntocmirea proiectului s-au avut n vedere urmtoarele :
1. Legea Securitii i sntii n munc, Legea nr.319/2006.

Pag 29

2. HG nr.1050/2006 privind cerniele minime pentru asigurarea securitii i sntii


lucrtorilor din industria extractiv i din industria de foraj.
3. HG nr.300/2006 privind cerinele minime de securitate i sntate pentru antierele
temporare sau mobile.
4. HG nr.1058 privind cerinele minime pentru mbuntirea securitii i proteciei
sntii lucrtorilor care pot fi expui unui potenial risc datorat atmosferelor
explozive.
5. Legea privind aprarea mpotriva incendiilor, Legea nr.307/2006.
6. Ordinul Ministrului Administratiei i Internelor (OMAI) nr.163/2007 privind aprobarea
Normelor Generale de aprare mpotriva incendiilor.
7. Regulamentul pentru prevenirea erupiilor la forajul, punerea n producie i
exploatarea sondelor de iei i gaze, ediia 1982.
8. Norme de prevenire i stingere a incendiilor i de dotare cu mijloace tehnice de
stingere pentru Unitile Ministerului Petrolului, ediia 1990.

Pag 30