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Post weld heat treatment of vessel welds generally results in:


Improvement in ductility
Increase of tensile strength
Increase of strength and ductility
None of the above


The __________ shall be responsible to the owner-user for determining that
the requirements of API 510 for inspection, and testing are met.


Vessel engineer
Authorised inspector
Repair organisation
Operating personnel


Vessels that are known to have a remaining life of over __________ years or
that are protected against external corrosion need not have insulation
removed for the periodic external inspection.




After an inspection interval is completed and if calculations indicate that an
inaccurate rate of corrosion has been assumed initially, how do you
determine the corrosion rate for the next inspection period?
Check the original calculations to find out what the error is in the original
Unless the corrosion rate is changed by Jurisdiction, the initial rates shall be
The corrosion rate shall be adjusted to agree with the actual rate found.
Call in a corrosion specialist


If a vessel is made up of unknown materials and computations must be made
to determine the MAWP what can the inspector or the vessel engineer do to
establish the MAWP?
The lowest grade material and highest joint efficiency in the applicable code
may be assumed for calculations.
Assume MOC as SA 283 Gr.C and joint efficiency = 0.7
The vessel made of the unknown material must be removed from service and
vessel of known material must be installed.

. d. A third party conducts the RBI Both A and B above 7. a. The vessel of unknown material shall be subjected to hydrostatic tests while having strain gages on it to determine its yield strength and thus allowable stress. c. d.10. 11. wet locations Warmer dry locations a. whichever is greater. An RBI assessment can be used to alter the inspection strategy provided: The degradation methods are identified and evaluated The RBI is fully documented. b. a. b. 9. means area lying away from weld __________ on either side of the weld or __________ times the minimum measured thickness on either side of the weld. 8. b. Soil-to-air (S/A) interfaces for partially buried vessels are a location where localized corrosion may take place. c. c. a. c. d. how deep should the excavation be to determine if there is hidden damage? 12 to 18 inches 6 to 12 inches 12 to 24 inches 6 to 18 inches Environmental cracking of austenite stainless steels is caused many times by: Exposing areas to high-velocity and high-turbulence streams Excessive cyclic stresses that are often very low Exposure to chlorides from salt water Creep of the material by long time exposure to high temperature and stress Where can fatigue cracking typically be first detected? a. c. b. What climatic area may require a very active program for corrosion under insulation? Cooler dry locations. At points of low-stress intensification such as reinforced nozzles At points of high-stress intensification such as branch connections At points where cyclic stresses are very low At points where there are only the primary stresses The term “away from weld” for recalculating the required thickness (Vessels with E<1). b. d. 6. Very cold locations with year round temperature less than 25°F Warmer. If the buried part is excavated for inspection. d. d.

9. b. 10. c. As per ASME Sec. d. HCl is more corrosive in refining sour crudes because: a.3mm. Sour crude is more corrosive than sweet crude because: a. Brittleness due to low temperature operation b. HCl liberates chlorine in presence of sulpher which causes stress corrosion cracking HCl liberates Hydrogen in presence of sulpher causing Hydrogen embrittlement. b. Brittleness due to Hydrogen Sulphide attack at high temperatures (exceeding 700°F) Loss of ductility in Cr–steels due to incorrect PWHT and High temperature service d.1.2 mm. What type of repairs and procedures may the inspector give prior general authorisation to continue (provided the inspector is satisfied with the competency of the repair organization)? Major repairs and minor procedures Limited or routine repairs Major alterations and re-ratings d. 4 Minimum Design thickness for a vessel shell is 10 mm. Temper embrittlement is: a. of corrosion None of the above 16. None of the above . 2 2”. Sour crude is heavier than is sweet crude Sweet crude has more waxing tendency (compared to sour crude) which forms protective layer on c. Sour crude contains high content H2S and sulpher compared to sweet crude which lead to several types d. c. 1 2 3 All 4 13. VIII Div. c. d. c. 2 2". d. 12. corrosion of iron by HCl becomes cyclic reaction regenerating HCl. In presence of H2S. how many plates will you release for vessel fabrication? a. 4 1".6 mm. None of above 15.7mm. and 9. 1”. c. b. b. Minor re-ratings and alterations 14. metallic surfaces hence sweet crudes are less corrosive. Following four plates were received with actual thickness equal to: 10. a. b.a.

c. Wet H2S) Sulphur a and c above 18. Hydrogen blistering near liquid level Hydrogen blistering on top dished head c.. d. 21. Hydrotesting of valve body Radiographic testing d. b. c. In planning for an internal inspection of a vertical vessel that has acidic corrodents. 19. b. Which of the following tests must be conducted on a valve as soon as it has been received in the shop for inspection? a. Oxygen Water (i. d. d. API 576 does not address: a. H2S is in sour crude is more harmful in presence of: The leak tightness of the relief valves is tested on the test block at a pressure equal to: Same as set pressure 90% of the set pressure Same as reseat pressure None of the above 20. b. d. The remaining life of pressure relief device. Valve testing on test benches in shop Application of rupture discs c. Training requirements for mechanics involved in inspection and repair of pressure relieving devices All of the above . c. c. what type of corrosion would you expect to find on the vessel shell from inside? a. b. Visual inspection b.e. Check set-pressure 22. The body thickness. The spring coil diameter. Condition of pressure relief device and if it is functioning properly b. Hydrogen blistering near the bottom of vessel None of above a. The principal reason for inspecting a pressure relief device is to determine: a. a.17. d.

d. 27.23. = 1/8” showed metal loss of 1/4” in areas 8” on either side of the longitudinal welds. 100 mils per year. Carry out temper-bead welding as alternative to PWHT. b. After 10 years when repaired by welding PWHT is to be carried out. A cylindrical shell with thickness = 4.A. 1 ½ mils per year. 10 mils per year. Recalculate shell thickness „t‟minimum considering E=1. c.85 and C. vessel which required impact testing was required to have PWHT initially according to code requirement. Carry out both hydro-testing and pneumatic testing in lieu of the PWHT. d. Which of the following is relevant (as per API-510)? a. At the anchor bolts in the foundation At the Points of contact of the metal surface with the concrete All of the above None of the above 24. b. c. (Thk. Inspection records contain the following information for a particular (TML) on a dished head. 5 mils per year. PWHT may be exempted. A certain C.425 5 0. Prepare repair procedure and restore the metal loss as per API -510 d. You analysis of situation is: a. b. b. For vessels which are supported on concrete saddles and working in an area where the humidity is high which areas on them are typically susceptible to external corrosion? a. S=17100 and E=0.0”. b and c above Materials used for making repair by welding in carbon steel vessels shall have the following limitations? .S. ID=96”. Carry out preheating to minimum 200°F 26.500 0 0. c.0 The thinned area is on or within weld area hence (a) above can not be adopted c. in inches) thickness measurement location On the basis of this information.400 10 a. Performing PWHT is found to be impracticable. if proper NDE is carried out. the long-term corrosion rate for the location is: 25. d. Thickness Year 0.

c.9 inches 15. b.955 inch Minimum thickness required = 0.a. What should its spherical (crown) radius be? 76. c. c. 30. which of the following is acceptable? The root and final pass of weld shall be radiographed.6 inches 68. Weld metal shall be deposited for second pass while the first pass below the second pass is still not cooled down and its cooling rate is retarded due to the heat of second pass After depositing each layers of the weld. b. c.5 years 5 years None of above An ellipsoidal head has an internal diameter of 76 inches and depth of 21 inches (including a straight face dimension of 2 inches). 20 years. a. 28. c. the weld shall be DP checked. d.025 inch a. 29. The carbon content shall not be over 0. a. d. Both b and c Calculate the remaining life and external insp. b. b.4 inches All of the above For carrying out temper – bead welding technique in lieu of PWHT. d.755 inch Thickness at previous inspection 5 years prior to present inspection = 1. 5years 28 years. 10 years 14 years. external inspection shall be performed not later than: 10 years 12. They shall meet the requirements stipulated in NACE Standard. d. d. b. 31.35% Welding repair shall be done by using only the GTAW process All of the above For non-continuous corrosive service with remaining life 25 years. interval of a vessel given the following data: Actual thickness = 0. apart from other requirements. 10 years None of the above . a.

As on today the thickness as reported by filed inspection is 0. What was the corrosion rate over last six years? a. b. 10 years b. c. 12 mpy 14 mpy d. 12 years 14 years 35. c. A vessel which was inspected six years ago and had shell thickness = 0. 36. None of the above d. 5 Years b. 37. If the vessel in above question has minimum permissible thickness = 0. a. c. c. 10 mpy b. c. ¼ inch 1/8 inch 1/16 inch 3/16 inch Certification of contaminants shall be obtained for all PT materials used on: Carbon steels Ferritic stainless steels Austenitic stainless steels None of the above . What will be estimated remaining life of the vessel if corrosion rate remains same? a. d.786. 11 Years. 10 Years. Vessel containing lethal substance with shell thickness of 20mm requires: a. None of above What is the maximum defect permitted on the convex surface of a welder qualification bend test after bending? a.870”. none of above 34.618” for the present design conditions. d. b. next planned internal and external inspection shall not be later than: a. d. b. remaining life is estimated as 22 years from now. 5 Years 5 Years.32. c. For a vessel. 5 Years d. Spot radiography (RT-3) Full length radiography (RT-1) No radiography (RT-4) Penetrant is sufficient if radiography testing is not available 33.

According to code formula for spherical heads with head radius equal to 0. b. +5% +10% +15% +20% Which of the following are commonly preferred to know the process side degradation of pressure vessels? a. c. 40. the allowable tolerance is: a. NDE acceptance criteria How to perform NDE to achieve a desired result Where to do NDE (i. Internal inspection External inspection as alternative to internal inspection Any of above is OK 41. For a vertical column. b. c. b. d. None of the above.8 psi . d. = 48'' and height (T-T) = 80ft.e. Prod Spacing Thickness of item under Inspection a & b above None of above 42. c.9 D. what welds to examine) All of above. For Ammeter calibration for magnetizing equipment. c.6 psi 82. b. Code. Section V includes: a. Int. d. d. For MT examination by Prod technique the magnetizing current required depends on: a. While deciding the governing thickness for crown portion for corroded 2:1 ellipsoidal head.38. 39. 94. b. On –stream inspection. According to relevant ellipsoidal dished head formula b. c. Thickness of crown shall be same as knuckle thickness. 43. b. The vessel MAWP is 60 psi. where D is shell dia meter. The vessel part MAWP for bottom dished head (2:1 Ellip type) will be: a. dia. The scope of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel. API 510 stipulates that & crown thickness shall be calculated: a.

c. VIII Div. b.5 inch Large pipes with outer diameter 200 mm and above Heavy castings As per ASME Sec. The inspector may reject the vessel. b. c. b. if permanent deformation is observed due to over pressure during hydrotesting: The inspector should ask for re-test using proper test pressure and new pressure gauges. d. c. d. a. Which is/are advantage of magnetic particle testing over penetrant testing? It can detect surface discontinuities with foreign material imbedded in them. a. As a independent test method for which ASNT Certification in NDT is available As a important tool in the hands of the Authorized inspection only To carry out Carpy impact test Which of the following represent grouping of weld-metals in ASME IX? P – Nos. 45. . 46. d. d. c. a. Follow-up the hydro-testing by a pneumatic test at proper pressure. A – Nos. 47. It is faster on individual parts.5 psi None of above How is hammer testing utilized? As a preliminary survey for thinned areas. 95. taking suitable precautions as given in code The inspector may ask for providing additional stiffening rings around vessel and carry out re-hydro test at proper test pressure.c. Double wall Double image technique is used for the radiography of: Plate welds Tubular products with outer diameter less than 3. It can detect near-surface discontinuities. c. a. 48. b. S – Nos. 1. d. b. F – Nos. 44. All of the above. d. a.

b.49. c. a. Ultrasonic testing d. generally: Cracks run normal to vessels surfaces Lamination runs slant or parallel to surface a and b above None of above 53. d. c. b. The pH of an acidic solution is: Less than 7 Greater than 7 It is 7 Greater than 10 The nonmetallic coating disbonding in a vessel can be better detected by: a. If any setting is noticed on a vessel. 54. b. The rate of erosion varies as: Square of fluid velocity Linearly with velocity Varies as cube of velocity Varies as square root of velocity 52. Acoustic emission testing . a. d. Holiday detection c. The size of a properly deposited equal fillet weld is shown as 10 mm. a. The throat dimension for this weld will be approximately: 10 mm 8 mm 7 mm 9 mm 50. d. c. c. b. a. d. a. 51. b. which of the following should be done: Conduct RT after 48 hours of observing the defective condition Nozzles and adjacent shell areas should be inspected for distortion and cracking Use acoustic emission monitoring All of the above c. Eddy current testing b. Cracks and laminations look similar from surface however. d.

UG – 16 (c) API 510. 6.7 (e) 29 5 6 7 B D C 33 34 8 D 9 C 10 B 11 B 12 C 13 B API 510. Check the progressive history file of the vessel. 3. REFERENCE 1 A General Knowledge 2 B API 510.2. a. Check the original thickness report.3. UG – 11 (a) API 510.4 API 510. skirt and foundation The external surfaces. 1.19 API 510. 6. 6.2.4 Q. 8. QW 163 ASME V. c. walkway and platforms of the vessel Insulation. 6. b. App. Scope ASME V.4 3 A API 510. 6. 5. 6. 6.2 API 510. 7. 202. External inspection of a pressure vessel starts with: Ladder. 30 31 32 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 B B B C B C B API 510.064 API 510.1 API 572.2 API 572. 6. API 510 PREPARATORY Final Exam – Closed Book Answer Key Q. of vessel Dimensional check of the vessel Before carrying out an inter service inspection on a vessel put in-service for quite some time what the inspector should do first Check the material in which it is constructed.7 (d) ASME VIII. REFERENCE C API 510. 8. Check the permanent file of the vessel. ANS. Art.4 API 510.4 B ASME IX. 7. 5. 6. ANS. 6. c.4 ASME VIII. stairs. a. Art.3 4 C API 510. 6.1 B ASME V. Art. Art.3.55. 56. d. II ASME V. b.9 IRE II. 4. 5. 6. T-761 API 510.7 API 510. d. C B B .

6. 10.28 API 576.4 API 510.15 API 576.3 D B D C .2 API 510.3. 7. 10.11 API 510. Table QW . Ch. 80 + 82 x 0.7 (e) BOK.2 C API 572. 10.8 API 510. Page 29 API 572. 10.4. II. Scope & Gen.7 = 7 mm API 572. 6. 10 x 0. Art. Art. Page 10 B API 572. 5.3. 10.1 API 576.442 ASME V. Page 12 API 572. 6. 6. 203.2. 2.5 API 510. 7. Scope API 572. 202.8. 6.3.1 B ASME IX. Page 28 API 576.6 A API 572.2. 10.4.2 API 570.02 C A API 572.023 IRE. Page 31 IRE II. T-271 (b) ASME VIII.3 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 B C A D T-752.2.38 C IRE II. Ch. 5. 7. Knowledge ASME V. II.2 IRE.14 15 C C 16 A 17 A 18 B 19 B 20 A 21 D 22 C 23 B 24 25 C B 26 D 27 B 28 C 7. 5.7 (d) API 510. UG 99 BOK.433 API 572.