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SPE 54361

Progressive Cavity Pump-Jet Pump Production Method for Lateral Directional Drilling
Well
ZhuJun JiangMinZheng XuXiuFen,Daqing Petroleum Institute,China

Copyright 1999, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
This paper was prepared for presentation at the 1999 SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference
and Exhibition held in Jakarta, Indonesia, 20–22 April 1999.
This paper was selected for presentation by an SPE Program Committee following review of
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presented, have not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to
correction by the author(s). The material, as presented, does not necessarily reflect any position of
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Abstract
To realize the high comprehensive production economic benefit
of the lateral directional drilling well, one method, progressive
cavity pump−jet pump production method, for lateral directional
drilling well is studied in this paper. Its principle is introduced
and the main characteristics are analyzed. The field test result for
one well is given too. The experiment verified that the
progressive cavity pump−jet pump production method has deeper
pump setting depth and less investment cost and higher well oil−
producing compared with other artificial lift methods. The
progressive cavity pump−jet pump production method is one
advanced and effective artificial lift method for the lateral
directional drilling well’s comprehensive economic production.
Introduction
The amount of the casing deformation well is increasing when
the oil field has been into the middle or later production time.
Some deformation seriously wells are shut−in , so the oil field
production is influenced. To reproduce this off−production wells
is possible with the technique of the lateral directional drilling
well occurs and successively mature used. The basic principle of
the lateral directional drilling well is to : slot and deflect at point
above the casing−damaged point in the old well, and then drill to
the set depth ,well cementing and completion, thus utilizing
surface pipe−network ,facilities and perfect upper−casing in the
old well sufficiently ,and saving drilling cost. But on the other
hand ,since the method is equal to “drilling directional well in the
old well” ,and the diameter of the bit in deflection segment is
smaller than that of the casing ,the diameter of the casing in the
deflecting segment after well cementing is far smaller than that
of the old

casing, which brings about new problems in later producing
technology.
For example ,in Daqing oil−field ,the diameter of the casing is
usually 5 1 2 in. ,the maximum bit−diameter used in the lateral
directional drilling well is 4 1 2 in. ,and 3 1 2 in. ID casings in the
deflecting segment are mostly selected. At present ,downhole
pump of the artificial lift equipment is hardly run in slim−
diameter casing in the deflecting segment, so the downhole pump
of the lateral directional drilling well is also run in the 5 1 2 in.
OD casing in straight−well segment , which leads to shallow
pump setting depth and low oil−producing .To improve oil−
producing of the lateral directional drilling well and realize its
comprehensive economic production , one new artificial lift
method, the progressive cavity pump−jet pump production
method for lateral directional drilling well is studied in this paper.
A Brief Introduction Of Process
The main problem to be settled by the progressive cavity pump−
jet pump production method for lateral directional drilling well is
to deepen pump setting depth, and improve individual well’s oil−
producing and accomplish high comprehensive production
economic benefit of the lateral directional drilling well. Jet pump
structure is simple ,and there is no movable component inside , so
it’s easy to realize structure miniaturization. “SJP−66 slim−
diameter jet pump” studied in this paper, the maximum OD of
which is 2 3 4 in. ,can be run in the 3 1 2 in. ID casing , which
results in enough annulus space for fluid flow.
A schematic drawing of the progressive cavity pump−jet
pump production technological process is shown in Fig.1.
It’s working principle is as follows1: The high−pressure power
fluid discharged by progressive cavity reaches jet pump through
pipe, when the power fluid flows through injecting nozzle , its
speed increases greatly and low−pressure area is formed in the
outlet of the injecting nozzle. The formation fluid ( Q S ) enters
into the area and mixes with the power fluid ( Q N ) to enter into
throat and diffusion pipe with the aid of pressure difference .The
power fluid and formation fluid are mixed sufficiently in the
diffusion pipe , where kinetic−energy is converted to pressure
energy , entering into the annulus through the discharge of the jet

The field test result of main parameters is shown in Table 1.e. when the valve 1 is shut−in . when the progressive cavity pump works well . 4. It improves lateral directional drilling well oil-producing. the other is to change the injecting nozzle or throat. There are two basic methods: one is to replace belt-wheel of input shaft and adjust discharged flow rate of the progressive cavity pump.successively . the oil-producing of the wells has more or less been improved.When the mixed liquid ( Q D ) reaches the well head . 2.Oil (Q) separated enters into metering plant directly and water ( Q X ) separated enters into the suction of the progressive cavity as sucked liquid . 2.1997. The pump setting depth is 2. production data of the wells as shown in table 2. until shut−in . It can be seen from the data in the table 2: Since the pump setting depth has increased. The tubings of two different specifications are employed in the straight−well segment above and the deflecting segment below respectively. alter area ratio of the jet pump. while the progressive cavity pump2 adapts to various mediums. It is easy to adjust parameters for the progressive cavity pump-jet pump production method for lateral directional drilling well. Before start−up . into which liquid flow rate entering is adjusted by the valve 4 and 5 . only 2~3 men required and finished within 1~3 hours. The surface power pump such as plunger displacement pump. Moreover .e. One advantage is that it is a simple and low cost system. yet in industrial test period so far. then: (2) QD = Q + QX Therefore . and downhole back-liquid can be as suction liquid without special treatment. Feature of The Method 1. and that actuating device of the progressive cavity pump was repaired and maintained and replaced twice bearings damaged since the well was put into production . Although this technique has prominent advantages. whose design parameters are also shown in table 2. North 3-4-052 and North 2-J2-31at present.646 ft. The slot depth of the Z5-23 well is 2. and wellhead water is as sucked liquid. there should be Q X  Q N to ensure that the pump works well . which increase by 498 ft and 151 bbl/day respectively . Which has a complex surface equipment and a high cost.the downhole jet pump and packer have been working well . On-the-spot Test On-the-spot test of the progressive cavity pump−jet pump production for lateral directional drilling well was made in the Z5-23 well in Daqing oil−field . a construction program as shown in Fig. then (3) QN =QX It can be seen from above that the actual well oil−producing Q is equal to the formation oil−producing Q S .e. and the packer set once successfully .. The progressive cavity pump-jet pump production method for lateral directional drilling well is one advanced and effective artificial lift method. is also needed.631 ft and the well oil−producing is 434 bbl/day when the pump−jet pump production method adopted. so the surface equipment is simplified. on an overage. It can be seen that the progressive cavity pump−jet pump production XUXIUFEN SPE54361 method is applied to oil field if the surface progressive cavity pump and its actuating device are ensured.133 ft and 283 bbl/day respectively when the rod−pumping production program adopted . i.2 ZHUJUN JIANGMINZHENG pump . The pump was run on 16 December. The well was formally put into production on 19 December 1997. and operating so far . If the progressive cavity pump-jet pump production method is adopted in the wells.The on-the-spot experiment verified that the progressive cavity pump-jet pump production method has advantages of both . initial investment decreases by 20~30 percent compared with rod-pumping production equipment. and other components are perfect except that the surface progressive cavity pump was replaced once stator being off−cementing . the valve 1 is shut−down . i. Q  Q S . Both methods are simple and save time. Q = Q S . The distribution between Q and Q S can be adjusted by the valve 4 and 5. the oil-producing of individual well added 82 bbl/day . the watered valve 1 is firstly open . pump setting depth and oil-producing would be increased.From the jet pump working principle we can know : (1) Q D = Q N + QS If not considering flowing liquid loss beyond the progressive cavity pump. Moreover. which are mainly used to decrease resistance loss when liquid flowing through the tubing and annulus to acquire high efficiency of the entire pumping system.195 ft and the top bound depth of perforated interval is 2. thus regulating well oil-producing. Conclusions 1. it enters into the separator firstly and oil−water separation is done .2. The progressive cavity pump-jet pump production method for lateral directional drilling well can improve well production greatly and realize the high comprehensive production economic benefit of the lateral directional drilling wells. i. there are also some disadvantages. Submerged electric pump or rod-pumping production methods are adopted in three lateral directional drilling wells in the North 2-3-62. and accessory equipment like filtering and cleaning liquid etc. such as less reliability of the surface actuating device and lower efficiency compared with other artificial lift methods.the jet pump and the packer run through the deflecting segment. which is just to be solved for the progressive cavity pump-jet pump production method. 3.. while 2. which has an obvious effect on improving well production. Since it is inevitable for the liquid loss when the progressive cavity pump working . and the actual oil−producing Q is also less than the formation oil−producing Q S correspondingly . multistage centrifugal pump used for common jet pump production all require independent liquid-source as suction liquid. When the work goes well . thus also regulating well oil-producing and operation parameters..

7 2624. Nomenclature QN= discharge flow rate of progressive cavity pump. P429~439.3 217.2 246.0 1334. bbl/day 3 QX= flow rate mixed-liquid flowing into suction of progressive cavity pump.0 1290. It is easy to regulate parameters simple to be repaired and managed.6 629.5 3674.4 629.SPE54361 PROGRESSIVE CAVITY PUMP-JET PUMP PRODUCTION METHOD FOR LATERAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING WELL progressive cavity pump and jet pump and it can be applied to oil fields.9 2854.0 629.5 2952. “Hydraulic Machine Of Oil Field” .WanBangLie. actual well oil-producing) . Brown.e.7 358.BeiJing:Petroleum Industry Publishing Company 2.0 446.5 wellhead back pressure ( psi ) 133.. bbl/day QD= back-mixing flow rate.5 3133. 3.2 391.6 1063.0 discharged pressure of progressive cavity pump ( psi ) 1247.0 back-mixing flow rate ( bbl/day ) 1050.5 565.7 142. Volume 2b.3 768.8 50.5 113.5 113. “The Technology Of Artificial Lift Methods” . The progressive cavity pump-jet pump production method for lateral directional drilling well is a simple and low cost system.1 Table 2 Parameter Correlation In Different Artificial Lift Methods For Lateral Directional Drilling Well well number Artificial Lift Method Production Parameters So Far Pump Setting Depth (bbl/day) Oil-Producing (bbl/day) Flowing Pressure (psi) If Progressive Cavity Pump Pump Setting Depth (bbl/day) -Jet Pump Production Method Is Used Oil-Producing (bbl/day) Flowing Pressure (psi) North 2-3-62 Submerged electric pump North 3-4-052 Submerged electric pump North 2-J2-31 Rod-pumping unit 2132.5 . LiJiZhi. bbl/day QS= formation oil-producing.4 496.4 1075. bbl/day Q = actual flow rate imported to metering plant(i.4 153.9 261. P288~300.0 434. BeiJing: Petroleum Industry Publishing Company Table and Curves Table 1 On-the-Spot Test Data Of The Progressive Cavity Pump-Jet Pump Production Method For Lateral Directional Drilling Well serial number 1 2 mean values actual oil-producing flow rate discharged by progressive cavity pump ( bbl/day ) ( bbl/day ) 421. bbl/day Reference 1.0 157.Kermit E.

4 ZHUJUN JIANGMINZHENG XUXIUFEN SPE54361 1 7 2 3 8 9 6 5 4 10 11 12 13 14 Fig. 5-valve 6-oil-water separator 7-the trapping tool 8-casing in the old straight-well 9-tubing above 10-the point of slot 11-casing in the deflecting segment 12-tubing in the deflecting segmeng 13-jet pump 14-packer . 1 The Schematic Drawing Of The Progressive Cavity Pump-Jet pump Production Technological Process 1-water valve 2-progressive cavity pump suction 3-progressive cavity pump 4.

ID tubing 5 .1 1 2 in.OD casing 5.3 1 6-jet pump 2 in.ID tubing 2.5 1 2 in. ID casing 7-packer 3-the point of slot 4. 2 The schematic Drawing Of The Setting Pump Operation For Z5-23 Well 1.2 1 2 in.SPE54361 PROGRESSIVE CAVITY PUMP-JET PUMP PRODUCTION METHOD FOR LATERAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING WELL 2165 ft 1 2195 ft 2 3 4 2631 ft 5 6 7 Fig.