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The Harlem Renaissance – Lecture

What is a Renaissance?
 Rebirth
 Resurgence
 Reinvigoration
 Re-imagination of a cultural identity
Harlem – symbolic capital
Approx. 1919- 1935
A blossoming in the African American community’s culture
Especially in literature + visual arts
Re-conceptualize “the Negro”
Great Migration
Civil War – Emancipation
KKK – depressed economy – WWI (1914)
Massive migration to urban centers
Blacks weren’t recognized as heroes like the white folk after the war.
Harlem – 175,00 Af. Am.
Rising levels in literacy
Blacks had the opportunity to education after gaining of freedom
Racial Pride – NAACP
Reconnect with heritage
Too many were born as slave, confusion of history
“The New Negro”
Key Player
Alain Locke
“Spiritual coming of age” in which the black community was able to seize upon “first chances for group
expression and self-determination.”
First black American Rhode Scholar
He was a philosopher, academic, publisher, and an editor.
WEB DuBois
Sociologist – radical leader
Asked the hard questions
Vs. Booker T. Washington (be part of the white society)
Wants to differentiate from the white society
NAACP – 1909
Pan-African Conference
The Crisis Magazine

probable communist Home To Harlem 1928 Showed the truth about the lives of black people . and for the reasonable and earnest and persistent attempts to gain to these rights and realize these ideals.“…stand for the rights of men. WA Taught Art at UW Great Migration Serious – early 20’s “Dynamic cubism” Shapes and colors of Harlem Augusta Savage 1892 – 1962 Taught Jacob Lawrence Equal rights for African Americans in the Arts Many of those with talent was denied due to the color of their skin 1923 – French gov’t sponsored art program – denied Harlem Rallied to help fund continued education in Europe Return to keep teaching Aaron Douglas 1898 – 1979 Heavily influenced by tribal and Egyptian art (African Art) Kansas to Harlem (1925) “Father of African American Art” Crisis – Helped promote Black Writers Countee Cullen: 1903 – 1946 Poet – Novelist 1929: Guggenheim Scholarship – France – Married Yolande Du Bois Dichotomy – black ideas and yearnings + white formal education Conflicted Poet. Ashanti descent Poet and Novelist.Racial w/o being avert . 1919-1926 Leading publishing for young black authors Langston Hughes Jacob Lawrence 1917 – 2000 – Seattle. irrespective of color of race.wanted acceptance but fought prejudice Claude McKay 1889 – 1948 Jamaican – American.” Jesse Redmon Fauset – Literary editor. for the highest ideals of American democracy.

It merely astonishes me –” Changed American History The image of African Americans – from rural. poor black city life Influenced by jazz music in his rhythm “Not the black writer. but it does not make me angry. was overt in his racial pride Raised by grandmother Talked about her past. being a part of protesting. cosmopolitan sophisticated elites Spurred Civil Rights movement Created an appreciation for Black culture + created new national consciousness . in the Crisis Magazine – Negro Speaks of Rivers Collective memory of Black people Impact of the Harlem Renaissance “Sometimes I feel discriminated against. undereducated peasants to urban. and gave him pride in racial – African heritage and urban. but a black writer.Langston Hughes 1902 – 1967 the voice of the black male experience Nationally most recognized as prominent writer Unlike Cullen.” Brotherhood First published poem.