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International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) - volume4Issue4 April 2013

Research on Property of Steel-Encased


Concrete Composite Beams with Superior
Performance
Chao Liu#1
#1

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013,China

Abstract On the basis of the study and

segregation in construction is not easy , therefore it is

application of ordinary steel-encased concrete

more suitable for harsh environment . Composite

composite beam theory, this essay puts forward a

beams using high - strength materials can not only

kind of new high strength steel encased concrete

enhance its carrying capacity , but also save a lot of

composite

high

material , extend the life of the structure and

performance steel Q420 and Q460, also high

maintenance cycle and receive better economic effect.

strength concrete C60 and C80. Besides, the essay

Therefore, the study of high - performance steel -

has the experimental study of 5 simply-supported

Strength Concrete makes sense [1].

beams,

and

mainly

studies

beams, and analyses the load-deflection curves of


new high strength steel encased concrete composite

. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

beams. Calculation formula of load which changes

A. The brief introduction of experimental

with depth of section and flexural strength is

To study the mechanical properties of steel

given, and suggests that the calculated results

encased concrete composite beams made of high

announced

strength grade of steel and concrete, five specimens

should

be

identical

with

the

experimental results.

using simplified the plastic calculation method and


the theory of elasticity has been made (Figure 1).

Keywordshigh-strength concrete, high-performance,

Three major changes in the parameters are included.

High strength steel encased concrete composite beams,

They are the strength of steel, concrete strength and

flexural bearing capacity.

the steel beam cross-sectional dimension.

. INTRODUCTION
With the rapid development of society , a variety
of structural forms of new buildings springing up ,
the structure of the twenty-first century has gradually
entered the era of composite structure :" high -

(a) HSCB1/HSCB2/HSCB3

performance steel + high-strength concrete .


Compared with ordinary steel , the superiority of
high-performance steel is obvious , because not only
the tensile strength has been greatly enhanced ,but
also corrosion resistance is much stronger than
ordinary steel . Compared with ordinary concrete,
high strength concrete has advantage of high
(b) HSCB4/HSCB5

strength , creep small , resistance to corrosion,


abrasion resistance , impermeability , etc. ,with the

Fig 1 cross-section of composite part

superiority of relatively uniform quality, the Qinghai

ISSN: 2231-2803

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International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) - volume4Issue4 April 2013

B. Experiment process and failure phenomena


The loading process and failure phenomena of 5
chirp are similar. This paper will take HSCB1 for
example .
In the early loads , the longitudinal shear at the
junction surface of concrete flange steel beams is
mainly resisted by natural adhesion and studs, when
loaded to 60kN,composite beams give out big noise,

Fig 2 Experiment setting

indicating that the chemical bond starts to break ,the


interface longitudinal shear transits to be solely beard
by the studs ;when loaded to 80kN,at the junction of
the side of the concrete and steel beams appears a
slip cracks ,but they can still work together ,as the
load increases, the bottom of the steel reaches the
yield point, deflection development starts at a rate
greater than the loading rate, composite beam flange
side begins to appear first longitudinal cracks , and is
accompanied by the sound of cracking of the

Fig 3 The Figure of damage experiment of beam

concrete slab laterally through slowly. when loaded

C. Test results
The result of this experiment is shown in Table 2.
In the table, Fy the equivalent yield strength of the
steel beam cross-section when steel beam reaches the
yield strength. M yt M ut means beam span in yield
and the ultimate moment of the measured value
respectively. yt ut means corresponding mid-span
deflection measured values. And M u means the
capacity of test beams ultimate flexural in simplified
theory of plasticity [2].

to 160kN later, the surface of the concrete on pure


bending section begins to show significant muster, as
the load increases, the scope of muster continues to
expand, meaning that the specimen will reach the
ultimate load, then continue to load, concrete of
midspan in pure bending section is crushed, the
charpy losses bearing capacity and damaged.

Gra 1 Test parameters and results

specimen
number
HSCB1
HSCB2
HSCB3
HSCB4
HSCB5

ut
yt

Mu

mm

M ut
M yt

24.45
24.49
20.64
23.78
25.57

1.22
1.23
1.25
1.24
1.19

2.01
1.66
2.33
1.99
2.13

313.6
300.0
339.8
312.6
337.6

f cu

fy

M yt

M ut

ut

yt

MPa

MPa

KN m

KN m

mm

51
51
62.7
51
62.7

425
465
465
465
425

273.4
256.7
280.3
250.6
280.7

333.6
315.8
352.1
311.8
338.3

49.23
40.745
48.26
47.29
54.51

. THEORETICAL ANALYSIS

AFormula of bending-moment capacity


We can learn from the experimental results that
when the composite beam reaches its ultimate
bearing capacity ,the stress of the cross-section of the

ISSN: 2231-2803

KN m

Mu
M ut
0.941
0.950
0.965
1.003
0.998

steel beam has reached to the yield stress. Hence we


can calculate the flexural capacity of the composite
beam by the simplified plasticity theory

Neutral axis is within the flange plate of the

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International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) - volume4Issue4 April 2013
concrete component and the whole cross-section of

the composite beam is conservative, making the

the steel beam reaches to the tensile yield status.

result on the safe side. The reason may be that the

According to the equilibrium condition of the X

x 0

direction

factors of the bearing capacity ,The stress coefficient


and

the

moment-equilibrium

condition of the censored position of the beams

M 0 ,we

bottom flange

bottom of the plate plays a major role in the various


is suggested to be raised when meeting with such
cross-section. Overall, the calculated value is safe ,
from which we can make conclusion that the

can separately get the

strengthening effect of the steel girder webs can

equations.

make up for limit slip effect caused by the ultimate

x 0

bending strength by improving the flexural carrying


capacity to the limit. Therefore we can neglect the

1 fc bcf x ftby A tb 2 ftwy Atw 4 ftwy A tf

slip effect by the bending strength of the new

M 0

still applicable

ftwy ( Atw 2 Atf )(htw ttb )

high-strength

concrete

bending moment

represents the design value of

axial compressive strength ; x is the width of the


concrete flange ; is the concrete plastic depth of the
,

ftwy

B. Conclusion
its testing process, failure phenomena and test results,

In these equations , M stands for the design


;f

Through the experiment study of 5 charpy,analyses

Atb b ttbAtw htw ttwAtf btf ttw

flange ;

steel

Composite Beam. The simplified plasticity theory is

M M u 1 fc bcf x(h0 x / 2)

ftby

high-strength

are the design values of steel yield

Atb Atw Atf

and verifies a more reliable bearing capacity formula,


conducts contrastive analysis of the parameters of
charpoy and put forward the idea, mainly has the
following conclusions:
1 New high-strength steel and high-strength
concrete composite beams have high flexural

strength ; , , separately represents the areas of


cross-section of the bottom steel plate ,the side

capacity and high ductility, but blindly increase the

plate

economical method.

,the

overhang

of

the

beam

btb btw btf

strength of the material is not reasonable and


2The simplified plasticity theory can be adopted

flange . , , separately represents the depth of the


bottom steel plate ,the side plate ,the overhang of the

to calculate the flexural capacity, the cross-sectional

beam flange .The stress coefficient of high strength

form of thick steel plate at the bottom has good

concrete

is taken by the Code for design of

concrete structures
GB500102010

flexural capacity and ductility, the stress factor

can be appropriately improved in the calculation.


.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The bending bearing force is calculated by the


simplified plastic theory and method with the
measured strength values of the concrete and the
steel bar .It is shown in table2 together with
measured results. It can be learned from the table2
that when the depths of the beam cross-section are

The writers would like to thank Synthetic


Industries, Chattanooga, Tennessee, for funding part
of the research presented here. In addition, the
continued support of the Natural Sciences and
Engineering Research Council of Canada _NSERC_
to the second writer is gratefully acknowledged.

the same ,calculated and measured values for


composite beams are in better agreement. The
calculated value for thick steel plate at the bottom of

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International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) - volume4Issue4 April 2013
REFERENCES
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Experimental study on composite steelHsc beams. Journal

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[2]

Guoliang Bai, Fuhua Qin Design and principal of SRC

[4]

Jianguo Nie, Jumin Shen. Slip effect on strength of


composite

steel-concrete

beams

[J].

China

Engineering Journal 1997, 30 (1): 31-36. ( In Chinese)

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Civil

GB50010-2010 code for design of concrete structures [S]


(In Chinese).

[5]

Jianguo Nie, Hongyou Li, Liang Tang. Experimental study


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