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# Chapter 11: Quantitative data analysis

1.
You want to provide an overview of the characteristics of the respondents
Which of the following would you use to provide insight in the
*a.
A frequency table and a bar chart.
b.
The mode, median and the standard deviation.
c.
A frequency table and a correlation matrix.
d.
The mean and the variance.
2.
a.
*b.

The mode and the median always have the same value.
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3.
Which of the following descriptive statistics provide a useful overview of
ordinal data?
a.
The mean and the median.
*b.
The median and the mode.
c.
The mode and the mean.
d.
The mean, the median, and the mode.
4.
A Chi-square test can be used if the independent variable is measured on
a .(1). scale
and the dependent variable on a ..(2).. scale.
a.
(1) nominal (2) nominal.
b.
(1) nominal (2) ratio.
c.
(1) interval (2) nominal.
d.
(1) ratio (2) nominal.
5.
If you would have to determine the reliability of a scale (a set of
questions), what measure
would you use?
*a.
Cronbachs alpha.
b.
Kendalls tau.
c.
Levenes test of equality of variances.
d.
Pearsons correlation coefficient.
6.
a.
*b.
c.
d.

## Computing the Cronbachs alpha allows you to check if a:

Multi-item measure is valid.
Multi-item measure is reliable.
Null hypothesis is significant.
Conceptual model is relevant.

7.
*a.
b.

The closer the Cronbachs alpha is to 1, the higher the reliability of a scale.
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8.
Chi-square analysis is used when the independent variable and the
dependent variable are nominal in nature.
*a.
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b.
F
9.
Chi-square analysis is a suitable technique to determine if the sample is a
reflection of the
access).
*a.
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b.

10.
a.
*b.

## Chi-square analysis does not allow us to test hypotheses.

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11.
Cronbachs alpha and the split-half reliability coefficient are both
instruments to determine
the reliability of a scale.
*a.
T
b.
F
12.
Discriminant validity can be determined by means of, amongst others,
correlations and
factor analyses.
*a.
T
b.
F
13.
Data coding involves assigning a number to the participants responses so
they can be entered into a database.
*a.
T
b.
F
14.
Data editing deals with detecting and correcting illogical, inconsistent, or
illegal data and
omissions in the information returned by the participants of
the study.
*a.
T
b.
F
15.
a.
*b.

## An outlier response is an example of an illegal response.

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F

16.
a.
*b.

Illogical codes are values that are not specified in the coding instructions.
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17.
Which of the following alternatives provides a way to deal with blank
responses?
a.
Ignore them.
b.
Look at the participants pattern of responses to other questions and from
deduce a logical answer to the question for the missing
response.
c.
Assign to the item the mean value of the responses of all those who have
responded to that particular item.
*d.
All of the above
18.
Data transformation, a variation of data coding, is the process of changing
the original numerical representation of a quantitative value to another value.
*a.
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b.
F
19.
Data transformation is necessary when several questions have been used
to measure a
single concept.
*a.
T
b.
F

20.
a.
*b.

Measures of dispersion include the mean, the median, and the mode.
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21.
The median of a set of 10 observations, is the sum of the 10 individual
observations divided
by 10.
a.
T
*b.
F
22.
The median is the central item in a group of observations when they are
arrayed in either an
ascending or a descending order.
*a.
T
b.
F
23.
The standard deviation offers an index of the spread of a distribution or
the variability in the
data.
*a.
T
b.
F
24.
A Pearson correlation matrix will indicate the direction, strength, and
significance of the bivariate relationships of all the variables that were measured
at an interval or ratio level.
*a.
T
b.
F
25.
A hypothesis that postulates a significant positive relationship between
two variables can be
tested by examining the correlation between the two.
*a.
T
b.
F
26.
Factorial validity can be established by submitting the data for factor
analysis.
*a.
T
b.
F
27.
The variance is calculated by subtracting the mean from each of the
observations in the data set, taking the square of this difference, and dividing
the total of these by the number of
observations.
*a.
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b.
F
28.
*a.
b.

## Range refers to the extreme values in a set of observations.

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29.
Three measurements of dispersion connected with the mean are the
range, the variance,
and the mode.
a.
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*b.
F
30.
The annual salaries of nine employees in a department are \$65,000,
\$30,000, \$25,000, \$64,000, \$35,000, \$63,000, \$32,000, \$60,000, and \$61,000.
The mean salary here works out

*a.
b.
c.
d.

\$48,333
\$ 55.000
\$60,000
\$ 61,000

31.
The annual salaries of nine employees in a department are \$65,000,
\$30,000, \$25,000, \$64,000, \$35,000, \$63,000, \$32,000, \$60,000, and \$61,000.
The median salary here works out to be about:
a.
\$48,333
b.
\$ 55.000
*c.
\$60,000
d.
\$ 61,000
32.
*a.
b.

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