RESIDUAL

ARCADIA

Inter BAÚ/TU Berlin — atelier le balto — CoRDA / Epoka — Universal

Image cover page: Robert Venturi contemplating Durana‘s urbanized landscape

A new narrative for the future of the Durana Region cannot be developed from
scratch, we have to start in media res—in the middle of things. Durana‘s reality,
it‘s fragmented urban growth has to be accepted.
The project Residual Arcadia is aiming at the strengthening of the landscape
qualities in the region and the orchestration of urban growth in view of its
ecological, social and economic opportunities.
Instead of being controlled by an overall masterplan, the Tirana-Durres corridor
will rather gradually deploy its specific qualities if its fragmented texture will be
embedded within the overall framework of the cultural landscape of the Durana
Region.
The future narrative for Residual Arcadia is composed by two constitutional
elements:
1
THE FIELD
2
THE PROMENADES

3

FIG 2.
Arcadic Landscape
Otto Magnus von Stackelberg, 1847

FIG 3.
Green Archipelago
O.M. Ungers, R .Koolhaas, 1978

FIG 4.
Linear City Magnitogorsk
Ivan Leonidov, 1930

FIG 2-4. Reference images for the three programmatic claims

PROGRAMMATIC CLAIMS
4

PERFORMATIVE PLANNING

Based on the two constitutional elements of the narrative for Residual Arcadia
(the field, the promenades) the performance of diverse actors and agencies
will be tested through proto-typical interventions aiming at the exploration of
the potential oportunities for the future development of the Durana Region.
CULTIVATING THE LANDSCAPE
The main quality of the Durana Region lies in its landscape features: the topography of the Tirana-Durres corridor, its land that has been cultivated by
the Albanian people and that is marked by the abundant vegetation of the
Mediterranean. Residual Arcadia developes the cultivated landscape of Durana
further by paying particular attention to in-between and left-over spaces.
CITIZEN PARTICIPATION
The future vision of Residual Arcadia is anchored in the concept of an archipelago of urban and rural fragments that are embedded in an overall green carped
of arcadic landscape. Both, the green carped and the fragmented urbanized
patches are to be developed according to negotiation processes and mutual
agreements between various comunes and stakeholders.
COORDINATED DIVERSITY
Qualitative improvement of Resdiual Arcadia can only be achieved through
coordinated orchestration and with the constructive will of the people. Programmatic diversification, consciousness for natural resources and a certain
level of self-organization are crucial preconditions for a new type of living
model situated between city and nature.

PROGRAMMATIC CLAIMS
5

FIG 5-8. Durana‘s urbanized landscapes

MAPPING THE FIELD
6

1

THE FIELD

FIG 9. Figure-ground map versus green spaces

The Durana Region is marked by green spaces that are more and more consumed by
urbanization processes resulting in a heterogeneous patchwork that is neither representing
the city nor the country side or pristine nature. The project accepts the hybird nature of
urban sprawl but considers the landscape as the framework that holds the divers patches
together.
MAPPING THE FIELD
7

ABANDONED GREEN

ABANDONED GREEN

AGRICULTURE

ABANDONED GREEN

COMMERCIAL

AGRICULTURE

ABANDONED GREEN

ABANDONED GREEN

COMMERCIAL
ABANDONED GREEN
INBETWEEN GREEN

COMMERCIAL RESIDENTIAL

AGRICULTURE

ABANDONED GREEN
AGRICULTUREPRIVATE GREEN

INSTITUTIONAL
ABANDONED GREEN

INBETWEEN GREEN

FOREST/
UNCULTIVATED GREEN

RESIDENTIAL

COMMERCIAL

INSTITUTIONAL
INSTITUTIONAL

FOREST/
INBETWEEN GREEN
UNCULTIVATEDRESIDENTIAL
GREEN

COMMERCIAL
INBETWEEN GREEN

PRIVATE GREEN

AGRICULTURE

PRIVATE GREENABANDONED GREEN
ABANDONED GREEN

PRIVATE GREEN
COMMERCIAL INSTITUTIONAL

INBETWEEN GREEN

FOREST/
GREEN
AGRICULTUREUNCULTIVATEDRESIDENTIAL

FOREST/
UNCULTIVATED
GREEN
ABANDONED
GREEN

RESIDENTIAL

FIG 10-14. Programmatic maps showing land-use, zoning and parcel structures
PRIVATE GREEN

INBETWEEN GREEN

FOREST/
UNCULTIVATED GREEN

PRIVATE GREEN

INSTITUTIONAL

RESIDENTIAL

INSTITUTIONAL

Through the mapping of divers green and urbanized spaces the project will identify in the
beginning where the greening strategy and prototypical developments have to be applied.
The research will be undertaken in collaboration with the academic context and includes
field research on site if the information is not yet available. The analysis will be based on
5 different scales of intervention.
FOREST/
UNCULTIVATED GREEN

MAPPING THE FIELD
8

bucolic
scale

urban / landscape design
scale

1200 m

100 m

architecture
scale

object
scale

10 m

1m

texture
scale

12 cm

FIG 15. Grid measurements for various scales of planting and urban design interventions.

MAPPING THE FIELD
9

LANDSCAPE ACTORS
Reference
Projects

Main Actors
TREES

Lines

Lining Up

Rows

Olive grove

Solitaire

Orchard

Field
Supporting
Actors

Urban fields

TEXTURES
Culture

Food

Pleasure

Structure

Landscape
Typology

100x100m

FIG 16. Diagram showing the various ways of using planting actors: a framework,
a clearing or the use of lines in the landscape

The planting scheme aims to highlight the site’s identity in different scales and places
through the introduction of different actors (trees, shrubs, vegetables and climbing
plants). The implantation of specific trees provides a tool for territorial measurement and
development. They can be used as landmarks along the promenades and stage paths,
residual spaces, agriculture & urban landscape.
PLANTING SCHEME
10

Plants

Spring Summer

Autumn Winter

Tyopology

Combination

Quercus ilex
Populus nigra
‚Italica‘
Eucalyptus
camaldulensis

Olea europaea

Salix
rosmarinifolia
Ficus carica

Arundo donax

Ricinus communis
Daucus carota
Allium porrum
Cucumis sativus
Solanum tuberosum
Sorghum Halepense
Zea mays
Triticum aestivum
Avena sativa
Festuca ovina
Trifolium alpestre
Regina prati
Lolium perenne
Humulus lupulus
Tropaeolum majus
Actinidia chinensis
Vitis vinifera

FIG 17. Vocabulary of the planting scheme and its performance during the seasons

An arrangement of trees with lower shrubs and plants will create various atmospheres.
This method aims to implant the projects progressively within the sites without adulterate
them, but rather amplify their own characteristics. The recognizable and adapted vegetal
basis will interweave with the existing landscape as well as encourage and guide agrotourism within a sustainable agriculture development.
PLANTING SCHEME
11

FIG 18.
Public policies from ‚Peopl‘s States Power‘ organizing
collective actions for shaping the landscape.

FIG 19.
‚Voluntary Work‘ executed by the Albanian people
in the 70 s.

FIG 20.
Painting representing collective production
of infrastructure and agricultural land.

Working the fields collectively is traditionally anchored in Albania pertaining to the socialist
period. What has been framed as ‚People‘s State Power‘ or ‚Voluntary Work‘ contributed
largely to the construction of infrastructure and the modelling of the landscape for
terraced agriculture and for drainage systems in the marchlands. By introducing ‚Activators‘
the project proposal refers to the performative quality of collective action for the
implementation of the planting schemes through ‚Action Gardening‘—public happenings
the will enhance the identification with the place.

ACTION GARDENING
12

ACTIVATORS

FIG 22. Temporary structures activating the sites during the phase
of implementation and creating visibility for the project

ACTION GARDENING
13

ACTIVATORS

‚Activators‘ are temporary structures that operate as billboards anouncing the planting
performance and the installment of public equipments with the contribution of locals,
students and other professionals. The ‚activators‘ remain on a site during the gardening
activity and will be removed to another location as soon as the initiation phase of the
project is finished.

ACTION GARDENING
14

FIG 21. Introduction of planting patterns as preparation
for perfoming the art of Action Gardening

ACTION GARDENING
15

ACTIVATORS

The landscape architects from Atelier Le Balto are drawing from manifold experiences
of planting actions that have been realized in various scales. By installing temporary
structures gardening can be realized as cooperative events—activators and green houses
serve as storage for equipment but also as land marks by creating visibility for the event.

ACTION GARDENING
16

FIG 23. Temporary structures activating the sites during the phase of implementation

ACTION GARDENING
17

OBSERVATORIES

After activating specific locations with greenery and public equipments observatories will
be installed in order to guarantee sustainable develpment of the area on a long-term basis.
Observatories are viewing platforms for the contemplation of the Residual Arcadia of
Durana. They can also contain public programs such and they act as civic centers for the
negotiaton of local planning initiatives.

LABORATORIES FOR CIVIC ACTION
18

FIG 24. Observatories for the landscape are marking the field
serving as viewing towers and centers for civic action

LABORATORIES FOR CIVIC ACTION
19

The observatories are situated along the promenades that cross the longitudinal stretch of
the Durana area­and they are meeting places for stakeholders, agencies and institutions
across local comune structures. As each of the observatories is related to a specific topic
they can also extend their function as research centers and laboratories for planning
innovation.

LABORATORIES FOR CIVIC ACTION
20

FIG 25. Observatory located on the border between bucolic
landscape and the fragmented urban

LABORATORIES FOR CIVIC ACTION
21

With the creation of various promenades specific locations will be linked that can serve as
test-sites for the future development of the Durana Region. The promenades are enabling
an understanding of the site in direction of the cross section and they serve also as
connectors for the longitudinal paths: the highway, the secondary road, the railroad track
that will be transformed in a green bicylcle path and the roads in the hinterlands. They are
stimulators for the establishment of new mobility concept and they are scenic pathways
that enable to experience the cultural landscape of Residual Arcadia.

NETWORKS
22

2

THE PROMENADES

URBAN
PROMENADE

RURAL
PROMENADE

FIG 26. Network map showing the intersection of green paths, activators,
observatories and testsite developments

NETWORKS
23

URBAN PROMENADE

24

PUBLIC SPACE & URBAN EXPANSION
25

URBAN PROMENADE

The Urban Promenade is mainly dealing with the improvement of public space and the
sustainable development of urban expansion and further densification. The first test site
links a new sports center established on a former indaustrial site to the communities in the
surrounding. The street scape will be further activated in order to stimulate street life and
formalized commerce in the area of test site B. Empty lots on test site C will be activated
temporarily in relation with existing educational facilities and public equipments. On site
D a new way of urbanizing the area will be tested. Develepment are always linked to the
renaturalization of the river and the creation of green paths.

26

TEST SITE A
SPORTS COMPLEX
& CIVIC CENTER

TEST SITE B
GREEN RAILROAD PATH
& STREETSCAPE

TEST SITE C
EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES
& PUBLIC EQUIPMENT

TEST SITE D
URBAN EXPANSION
& RENATURALIZATION

PUBLIC SPACE AND URBAN EXPANSION
27

Education, Public Space & Urban Expansion

TEST SITE A
Recreation and sports complex

Rehabilitation and
adaptation of the existing
structure into a sports
complex and civic center
for the sourrounding
neighborhoods. Introduction
of plazas within the
communities.

TEST SITE B
Activation of street & plazas, abandoned railroad

Transformation of the
railroad track into a green
bicycle path.
Activation of abandoned
properties with landscape
strategies to revitalize the
neighbourhood.

PUBLIC SPACE & URBAN EXPANSION
28

PUBLIC SPACE & URBAN EXPANSION
29

TEST SITE C
Bridging and activation of the secondary street
and educational spaces

The bridge structure
continues the path for
bicycles and pedestrians
and provides services,
such as market, kiosk
and bus stop to activate
the secondary street.

TEST SITE D
Urban expansion and re-naturalization

The re-naturalization
works as process of
negotiation with the
community, by providing
building permission in
exchange for maintainig
the river front.
The new neighborhoods
will be dense (FAR=1.2)
but in the same time
embedded in a green
landscape.

PUBLIC SPACE & URBAN EXPANSION
30

PUBLIC SPACE & URBAN EXPANSION
31

RURAL PROMENADE

32

AGRICULTURE & RECREATION
33

RURAL PROMENADE

The Rural Promenade is about the stimulation of agriculture- as well as recreational
activities. New agricultural methods are tested such as agro-forestry and organic farming.
On test site A a restaurant for agro-tourism will be initiated in conjunction with an olive mill.
Test site B will be equiped with an observatory that serves as a civic center as well as a
laboratory for agricultural research. On test site C a better connection accross the street
will be establishe by providing a green bidge and other public facilities (market for local
products, bus stop, info-stand). The promenade will also connect to the green bicycle path
that follows the former railroad track. The agricultural fields in the flatlands will be turned in
a test-site for agro-forestry by using the existing channels for the water management.

34

TEST SITE A
AGRICULTURE ACTIVATION
& AGRO-TOURISM

TEST SITE B
RECREATION, CIVIC CENTER
& AGRICULTURE LAB

TEST SITE C
PUBLIC EQUIPMENT
& GREEN BICYCLE PATH

TEST SITE D
AGRO-FORESTRY
& WATER MANAGEMENT

AGRICULTURE & RECREATION
35

Agricultural Production & Recreation

TEST SITE A
Agricultural site in the hills with restaurant

The agriculture in the hills
will be vitalized with by
improving local farming
activities such as olive
plantations and wineries.
A restaurant where
local products can be
experienced will enhance
agro-tourism. In addition,
an olive mill will serve
as a touristic attraction
for demonstrating local
agricultural production in
an exemplary way.

TEST SITE B
Observatory for the landscape with civic center
& research laboratory for agriculture

AGRICULTURE & RECREATION
36

Implemention of a
terraced system to cultive
olive trees as part of a
community network.
The specific location of the
territory allows different
green houses surrounding
the Kashar Lake.
Creation of a civic center
and research laboratory for
innovative agriculture.

AGRICULTURE & RECREATION
37

TEST SITE C
Public equipment with green bridge
& green railroad path

The green greening of the
bridge structure is creating
visibility for the new test
sites and works as a buffer
between the highway and
the neighbourhood on each
sides.
Different services provide
a diversified street scape
such as a market where
local products are offered
to the commuters who are
passing by.

TEST SITE D
Green houses as activator for agriculture in flat surfaces

AGRICULTURE & RECREATION
38

Stimulation of agroforestry
to create a more diverse
and profitable agricultural
systems.
Prohibition of blind walls
that restrict the views in
favor of interactive property
divisions

AGRICULTURE & RECREATION
39

CATALOGUE OF INTERVENTIONS
ACTIVATORS

PLANTING

PATHS

EQUIPMENT

OBSERVATORIES

URBAN RULES

40

TIMELINE
Research
& Communication

2014

NOV

Fast Track
& Activation

Slow Track
& Consolidation

Anouncement of the Winners
Signing of the Contract

DEC

Meeting with Stakeholders
and Atelier Albania
Design Preparation and Mapping

2015

JAN

Fast Track
Execution Design
Urban Promenade
Rural Promenade

Meeting with Stakeholders
and Atelier Albania
Design Preparation and Mapping

FEB
Communication
Organization of the Participants

MAR

First Action Gardening Event
Rural/Urban Promenade

APR

Implementation of the First
Series of Agriculture
Interventions
Public Equipment

MAY

Public Meetings
for Slow Track
Design Phase

JUN

JUL

Design Revision

Communication
Organization of the Participants

Second Action Gardening
Event

AUG

SEP

Implementation of the First
Series of Agriculture
Interventions
Public Equipment
Public Meetings
for Slow Track
Execution Phase 1

Implementation of the
First Observatory
& Public Equipment

OCT

NOV

Design Revision

Communication
Organization of the Participants

Second Action Gardening
Event

DEC

2016

JAN

Slow Track
Execution Design
Urban Promenade
Rural Promenade

Implementation of the First
Series of Agriculture
Interventions
Public Equipment
Public Meetings
for Slow Track
Execution Phase 1

Implementation of the
Second Observatory
& Public Equipment

FEB

41

PR & COMMUNICATION
get
involved!

In order to mobilze a critical mass for cooperative action perfomative planning is
accompanied by advertisement in the form of posters, brochures and postcards that
announce specific events.
The PR material also aims at creating public awareness for civic consciousness and
constructive will for establishing Residual Arcadia.

INDEX
observatory

equipment

green house urban rules

activator

observatory

housing

education

market

restaurant

olive tree

poppel tree

winery

naturalization

path

forbidden

bike path

agreement

informal

mobility

meeting

42

action gardening

research

sport

agroforestry

green rail

rules

plantation

scenic route

business

TEAM

Inter BAÚ/ TU Berlin
Rainer Hehl, Maria Fernanda Tellez Velasco, Asli Varol, Jonathan Schönberger
atelier le balto
Marc Pouzol, Véronique Faucheur, Eric Dessaer
CoRDA/Epoka University
Egin Zeka, Sokol Dervishi, Frida Pashako, Jurtin Hajro,
Regina Vathi, Fitim Miftari, Fiona Mali, Denis Kalaja
Luan Mema, Genti Tavanxhiu
Universal shpk
Endri Zhuleku

Image back cover page: Denise Scott Brown in front of the bucolic landscape of Druana‘s hinterland