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Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 1 of 23 Page ID #:1

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JOHNSON & PHAM, LLP


Christopher D. Johnson, SBN: 222698
E-mail: cjohnson@johnsonpham.com
Christopher Q. Pham, SBN: 206697
E-mail: cpham@johnsonpham.com
Hung Q. Pham, SBN: 276613
E-mail: ppham@johnsonpham.com
6355 Topanga Canyon Boulevard, Suite 326
Woodland Hills, California 91367
Telephone: (818) 888-7540
Facsimile: (818) 888-7544
Attorneys for Plaintiff
SPECULATIVE PRODUCT DESIGN, LLC, dba
SPECK PRODUCTS

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

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CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA

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SPECULATIVE PRODUCT DESIGN,


LLC, dba SPECK PRODUCTS, a
California Limited Liability Company,

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Case No.:
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES
AND DECLARATORY RELIEF:

Plaintiff,
vs.
PATRICK MATTSON, an Individual;
STU DISTRIBUTION SERVICES,
LLC, a Texas Limited Liability
Company; MD5 TECHNOLOGIES, a
business entity of unknown status; and
DOES 1-10, Inclusive,
Defendants

(1) FEDERAL TRADEMARK


INFRINGEMENT [15 U.S.C.
1114/Lanham Act 43(a)]
(2) FALSE DESIGNATION OF
ORIGIN/UNFAIR
COMPETITION/FALSE OR
MISLEADING ADVERTISING
[15 U.S.C. 1125(a)];
(3) TRADEMARK DILUTION [15
U.S.C. 1125(c)];
(4) UNFAIR BUSINESS
PRACTICES [CALIFORNIA
BUSINESS & PROFESSIONS
CODE 17200];
(5) FEDERAL COPYRIGHT
INFRINGEMENT [17 U.S.C.

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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 2 of 23 Page ID #:2

501(a)];
(6) COMMON LAW COPYRIGHT
INFRINGEMENT
[CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE
980 ET SEQ., AND
CALIFORNIA COMMON
LAW]
(7) FEDERAL DESIGN PATENT
INFRINGEMENT [35 U.S.C.
271]

DEMAND FOR JURY TRIAL

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COMES NOW, Plaintiff SPECULATIVE PRODUCT DESIGN, LLC, dba

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SPECK PRODUCTS (hereinafter Plaintiff and/or SPECK), hereby alleges as

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follows:

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PARTIES
1.

Plaintiff, is now, and was at the time of the filing of this Complaint,

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and at all intervening times, a California Limited Liability Company, duly

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authorized and licensed to conduct business in the State of California, with its

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principal place of business located in San Mateo, California.

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2.

Plaintiff alleges, on information and belief, that Defendant PATRICK

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MATTSON (Defendant MATTSON), is now and was at the time of the filing of

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this Complaint, an individual doing business in McKinney, Texas.

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further alleges, on information and belief, that Defendant MATTSON is the owner

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and operator of STU DISTRIBUTION SERVICES, LLC, and the business of

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unknown status MD5 TECHNOLOGIES.

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3.

Plaintiff

Plaintiff alleges, on information and belief, that Defendant STU

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DISTRIBUTION SERVICES, LLC (Defendant STU), is now and was at the

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time of the filing of this Complaint, a Texas Limited Liability Company owned by

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Defendant MATTSON, doing business at the address of 194 Industrial Boulevard,


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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 3 of 23 Page ID #:3

Suite 102, McKinney, Texas.


4.

Plaintiff alleges, on information and belief, that Defendant MD5

TECHNOLOGIES (Defendant MD5, collectively Defendants), is now and

was at the time of the filing of this Complaint, a business entity of unknown status

that is a subsidiary of Defendant STU and is also owned by Defendant

MATTSON, doing business at the address of 194 Industrial Boulevard, Suite 102,

McKinney, Texas.
5.

Defendants conduct business in the jurisdiction of the United States

District Court for the Central District of California by offering counterfeits goods

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for sale in Los Angeles, California, that infringes on Plaintiffs registered

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trademarks, copyright, and patent.


6.

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The true names and capacities, whether individual, corporate,

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associate or otherwise, of Defendants herein named as DOES 1-10, inclusive, are

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unknown to Plaintiff. Plaintiff therefore sues said Defendants by such fictitious

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names.

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ascertained, Plaintiff will amend this pleading accordingly.


7.

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When the true names and capacities of said Defendants have been
Plaintiff further alleges that Defendants, and DOES 1-10, inclusive,

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sued herein by fictitious names are jointly, severally and concurrently liable and

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responsible with the named Defendant upon the causes of action hereinafter set

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forth.

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8.

Plaintiff is informed and believes and thereon alleges that at all times

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mentioned herein Defendants, and DOES 1-10, inclusive, and each of them, were

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the agents, servants and employees of every other Defendant and the acts of each

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defendant, as alleged herein, were performed within the course and scope of that

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agency, service or employment.


JURISDICTION/VENUE

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9.

This Court has Federal subject matter jurisdiction over this matter

pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1331 and 1338(a) and (b), in that the case arises out of
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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 4 of 23 Page ID #:4

claims for trademark infringement, false designation of origin, unfair competition

and dilution under the Lanham Act (15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq.), and copyright

infringement under the Copyright Act (17 U.S.C. 501(a)); and this Court has

supplemental jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1367(a) and 1338 (a)(b).

10.

This Court has personal jurisdiction over Defendants since

Defendants have committed the tortious and illegal activities of trademark

infringement, copyright infringement, patent infringement, and unfair competition

in this district and/or Defendants have sufficient minimum contacts with this

district such that the exercise of jurisdiction over Defendants by this Court does

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not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Among other

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things, Defendants have advertised, offered to sell and have sold products that

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infringe the trademarks of Plaintiff to consumers within this judicial district.

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Defendants have also offered to sell and actually sold counterfeit products

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(described more fully below) using an interactive internet website and knowing or

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having reason to know that consumers throughout the United States, including

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within this judicial district, would purchase said counterfeit goods from

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Defendants, believing that they were authentic goods manufactured and

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distributed by Plaintiff or its authorized manufacturers.

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11.

Additionally, supplemental jurisdiction exists over Defendants

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because, on information and belief, Defendants conduct business in California and

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in this judicial district, have purposefully directed action to California and this

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district, or have otherwise availed themselves of the privileges and protections of

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the laws of the State of California, such that this Courts assertion of jurisdiction

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over Defendants does not offend traditional notions of fair play and due process.

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12.

Venue is proper, inter alia, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1391(b) because

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on information and belief, a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise

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to the claim occurred in this judicial district, and has caused damages to Plaintiff

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in this district. The counterfeit Speck-branded products were purchased from


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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 5 of 23 Page ID #:5

California and Defendants purposefully shipped these counterfeit products into

California. Defendants actions within this district directly interfere with and

damage Plaintiffs commercial efforts and endeavors and harms Plaintiffs

goodwill within this venue. Additionally, Plaintiff conducts a substantial business

within this venue.

GENERAL ALLEGATIONS

Plaintiff and its Famous Speck-Branded Products


13.

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California in 2001 as a form fit cellular telephone case company. Plaintiff creates
cases for the mobile accessories market.
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Plaintiff is a privately held U.S. corporation founded in Palo Alto

Plaintiff is one of the leading companies in their industry and has

gained numerous awards and recognition for its innovative products and designs.
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Plaintiff is one of the worlds leading manufacturers of protective

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carrying cases for electronic devices, including but not limited to, portable

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electronic listening devices and music players, namely, mp3 players, and for

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portable computers, global positioning systems (GPS devices), mobile and cellular

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telephones, portable media players, and personal digital assistants.


16.

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Plaintiff develops and manufactures protective carrying cases for

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products such as the Apple iPhone, Apple iPad, Apple iPod, Apple

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MacBook, Notebook bags and sleeves, Smartphones including Blackberry,

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HTC, Sharp, Samsung, and Motorola models, TomTom GPS navigation

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devices, portable hard drives such as WD My Passport Elite/Essential, and the

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Kindle 3.
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Plaintiff is continually striving to discover and develop new,

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advanced technologies and designs to meet the needs of the ever-advancing

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consumer electronics industry. Plaintiff offers over 250 products and is sold in

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over 75 countries worldwide.

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///
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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 6 of 23 Page ID #:6

18.

Plaintiff has spent substantial time, money and effort in developing

consumer recognition and awareness of its marks. Through the extensive use of

the Plaintiffs marks, Plaintiff has built up and developed significant goodwill in

its entire product line. A wide array of newspapers, magazines and television

networks has included advertising of Plaintiffs products, which are immediately

identified by Plaintiffs marks.

19.

Plaintiff is the exclusive owner of federally-registered and Common

law trademarks. The following is a partial (non-exhaustive) list of the registered

trademarks owned by Plaintiff:

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A.

SPECK, registered trademark number 3,663,010, registered on

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August 4, 2009, for use on or in connection with protective carrying cases for

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portable electronic listening devices and music players, namely, mp3 players, and

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for portable computers, global positioning systems (GPS devices), mobile and

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cellular telephones, portable media players, and personal digital assistants, in

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Class 9 (U.S. CLS. 21, 23, 26, 36 and 38);

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B.

[Design Mark], registered trademark number 3,666,082,

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registered on August 11, 2009, consisting of an asterisk between parentheses

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followed by the word SPECK in stylized letters; for use on or in connection

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with protective carrying cases for portable electronic listening devices and music

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players, namely, mp3 players, and for portable computers, global positioning

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systems (GPS devices), mobile and cellular telephones, portable media players,

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and personal digital assistants, in Class 9 (U.S. CLS. 21, 23, 26, 36 and 38);

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C.

[Design Mark], registered trademark number 3,666,072,

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registered on August 11, 2009, consisting of an asterisk between parentheses; for

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use on or in connection with protective carrying cases for portable electronic

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listening devices and music players, namely, mp3 players, and for portable

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computers, global positioning systems (GPS devices), mobile and cellular

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telephones, portable media players, and personal digital assistants, in Class 9 (U.S.
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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 7 of 23 Page ID #:7

CLS. 21, 23, 26, 36 and 38);

D.

CANDYSHELL, registered trademark number 3,817,709,

registered on July 13, 2010, for use on or in connection with protective carrying

cases for mp3 players, mobile and cellular telephones, portable media players, and

personal digital assistants in Class 9 (U.S. CLS. 21, 23, 26, 36 and 38);

Attached hereto as Exhibits A-D are true and correct copies of the

certificates of registration for each of the Marks that are federally-registered

(hereinafter Plaintiffs Marks).


20.

Plaintiff is also the owner of several international trademarks in the

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following locations: Canada, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Malaysia,

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European Community, Hong Kong, Intl Registration Madrid Protocol, Taiwan,

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Australia, Singapore, Japan, Russian Federation, Thailand, and the Peoples

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Republic of China.
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Plaintiff is also the exclusive owner of federally-registered and

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common law copyrights related to and used in connection with the distribution of

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its SPECKbranded products, with the following (non-exhaustive) copyright

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names, registration numbers, and registration dates: (hereinafter Plaintiffs

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Copyright)

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A.

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May 27, 2011);

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B.

PixelSkin iPhone 4 Apple, VA1778433 (Registered May 27,

C.

GeoMetric iPhone 4 Apple, VA1778429 (Registered May 27,

D.

Fitted iPhone 4 Core, VA 1778411 (Registered May 27,

E.

Fitted iPhone 3 Core, VA1778403 (Registered June 3, 2011);

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2011);

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2011);

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Fitted Arts Projekt iPhone 3 Core, VA1778313 (Registered

2011);

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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 8 of 23 Page ID #:8

F.

ToughSkin iPhone 3 Core, VA1778414 (Registered June 3,

G.

SeeThru iPhone 3 Core, VA1778421 (Registered June 3,

H.

CandyShell iPhone 3 Core, VA1778406 (Registered June 3,

I.

SeeThru Satin iPhone 4 Core, VA1778423 (Registered June

J.

SeeThru Satin iPhone 3 Core, VA1791177 (Registered May

K.

SeeThru iPhone 4 Core, VA1778418 (Registered June 3,

L.

Fitted Burton iPhone 4, VA1778646 (Registered June 3,

M.

Fitted iPhone 4 Apple, VA1778642 (Registered June 3,

N.

ToughSkin iPhone 4 Core, VA1791169 (Registered May 27,

O.

PixelSkin iPhone 4 Core, VA1791185 (Registered May 27,

P.

Fitted Flex iPhone 4 Core, VA1791188 (Registered May 27,

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Q.

SeeThru Satin iPhone 4 Apple, VA1791189 (Registered

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May 27, 2011);

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R.

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2

2011);

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4

2011);

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2011);

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3, 2011);

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27, 2011);

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2011);

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2011);

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2011);

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2011);

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2011);

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2011);

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May 6, 2011);

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S.

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CANDYSHELL FOR iPHONE 4, VA1772394 (Registered


Fitted Flex iPhone 4 Apple, VA1791186 (Registered May 27,

2011);
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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 9 of 23 Page ID #:9

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U.

GeoMetric iPhone 4 Core, VA1791182 (Registered May 27,

V.

ToughShell iPhone 4 Core, VA1791178 (Registered May 27,

W.

iPhone 5 ShieldView Envelope, VA1879078 (Registered

2011);

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ToughSkin iPhone 4 Apple, VA1791180 (Registered May

27, 2011);

3
4

T.

2011);
November 20, 2012);
X.

iPhone 5 GemShell Core 2 Wedge 2- Cardstock, VA1879027

(Registered November 20, 2012);


Y.

iPhone 5 CandyShell Core2 Wedge2- Cardstock, VA1879028

(Registered November 20, 2012);


Z.

iPhone 5 SmartFlex CARD Core2 Wedge2- Cardstock,

VA1879029 (Registered November 20, 2012);


AA. iPhone 5 CandyShell FLIP Core2 Wedge2- Cardstock,
VA1879012 (Registered November 20, 2012);
BB. iPhone 5 CandyShell GRIP Core2 Wedge2- Cardstock,
VA1879031 (Registered November 20, 2012);
CC. iPhone 5 CandyShell SATIN Core2 Wedge2- Cardstock,
VA1879076 (Registered November 20, 2012);
DD. iPhone 5 SmartFlex View Core2 Wedge2- Cardstock,
VA1879010 (Registered November 20, 2012);
EE.

iPhone 5 FabShell Core2 Wedge2 - Cardstock, VA1879074

(Registered November 20, 2012);


FF.

iPhone 5 PixelSkin Core2 Wedge2 - Cardstock, VA1879056

(Registered November 20, 2012);


GG. iPhone 5 PixelSkin HD Core2 Wedge2 - Cardstock,
VA1879051 (Registered November 20, 2012);
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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 10 of 23 Page ID #:10

HH. iPhone 5 FabShell Burton Core2 Wedge2 - Cardstock,

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VA1879040 (Registered November 20, 2012);


II.

3
4

VA1879009 (Registered November 20, 2012);


JJ.

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LL.

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Apple

Packaging

Milk

Carton,

iPhone 5 ToughSkin Apple 2 Carton- Cardstock, VA1879035

(Registered November 20, 2012);


MM. iPhone

SmartFlex

Apple

Packaging Milk

Carton,

VA1879034 (Registered November 20, 2012); and


NN. iPhone 5 SmartFlex Shine Apple Packaging Milk Carton,

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GemShell

VA1879036 (Registered November 20, 2012);

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KK. iPhone 5 CandyShell Card Apple Packaging Milk Carton,

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iPhone

VA1879038 (Registered November 20, 2012);

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iPhone 5 CandyShell Apple Packaging Milk Carton,

VA1879013 (Registered November 20, 2012);


22.

Additionally, Plaintiff owns a valid and lawfully issued United States

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Design Patent, patent no. US 8,204,561 B2, for its one piece co-formed exterior

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hard shell case with an elastomeric liner for mobile electronic devices (Design

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Patent).

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registration certificate and design drawing.


Defendants Wrongful and Infringing Conduct

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Attached hereto as Exhibit E is a true and correct copy of the

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Defendants use, amongst other things, the Internet auction website

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known as www.ebay.com (eBay) to sell and distribute products, including

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counterfeit hard goods bearing Plaintiffs Marks, Copyrights, and Design Patent

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described above, to consumers. At any given time, there are millions of items

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listed on eBay.com for purchase by its more than 200 million registered users.

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24.

Beginning on a date that is currently unknown to Plaintiff and

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continuing to the present, Defendants have, without the consent of Plaintiff,

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offered to sell and sold within the United States (including within this judicial
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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 11 of 23 Page ID #:11

district) goods that were neither made by Plaintiff nor by a manufacturer

authorized by Plaintiff (such goods are hereafter referred to as Counterfeit

Good(s)) using reproductions, counterfeits, copies and/or colorable imitations of

one or more of the subject Marks, Federally-Registered Copyrights, Common-

Law Copyrights, and/or Design Patent.

further alleges that Defendants imported said Counterfeit Goods into the United

States, or encouraged others to import said Counterfeit Goods into the United

States, for the purpose of reselling the Counterfeit Goods in the United States.
25.

On information and belief, Plaintiff

Defendants own and operate web stores on eBay using the seller IDs

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drsmartphonesgroup and md5technologies. Through these web stores,

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Defendants regularly and systematically advertised, marketed, distributed and sold

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products bearing unauthorized Speck registered trademarks.


26.

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On or about January 29, 2013, Plaintiff purchased a purported

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IPHONE 5 SPECK CANDYSHELL WHITE / BLUE COLOR. NEW, USA

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SELLER

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drsmartphonesgroup, for a cost of $13.53, shipping inclusive, charged to the

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PayPal electronic payment account of Plaintiff.

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payment receipt clearly identifies Plaintiffs payment was made to STU

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Distribution Services (Defendant STU), with a Customer Service URL of

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http://www.md5tech.com

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igor.pogorely@md5tech.com.

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Angeles, California within this Courts jurisdiction and was received with

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shipping label identifying the seller as Patrick Mattson (Defendant MATTSON)

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in the return address. A true and correct copy of the PayPal electronic payment

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receipt is attached hereto as Exhibit F. A true and correct copy of the shipping

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label identifying the seller Defendant MATTSON in the return address is attached

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hereto as Exhibit G.

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///

(Item

#300852917445)

from

(Defendant

Defendants

eBay

seller

ID

Plaintiffs PayPal electronic

MD5),

and

PayPal

ID

The Counterfeit Good was shipped into Los

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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 12 of 23 Page ID #:12

27.

The purported IPHONE 5 SPECK CANDYSHELL WHITE / BLUE

COLOR. NEW, USA SELLER (Item #300852917445) purchased from

Defendants was inspected by Plaintiff to determine authenticity.

inspection of the purchased item using security measures confirmed that the item

Defendants sold to Plaintiff was in fact a counterfeit Speck-branded product.


28.

Plaintiffs

On or about January 29, 2013, Plaintiff purchased a purported

IPHONE 5 SPECK CANDYSHELL DEEP VIOLET / AQUA COLOR. NEW,

USA SELLER (Item #271164615042) from Defendants eBay seller ID

md5technologies, for a cost of $18.75, shipping inclusive, charged to the PayPal

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electronic payment account of Plaintiff. Plaintiffs PayPal electronic payment

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receipt clearly identifies Plaintiffs payment was made to STU Distribution

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Services

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http://www.md5tech.com

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igor.pogorely@md5tech.com.

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Angeles, California within this Courts jurisdiction and was received with

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shipping label identifying the seller as MD5 TECHNOLOGIES (Defendant

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MD5) in the return address. A true and correct copy of the PayPal electronic

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payment receipt is attached hereto as Exhibit H. A true and correct copy of the

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shipping label identifying the seller Defendant MD5 in the return address is

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attached hereto as Exhibit I.


29.

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(Defendant

STU),

with

(Defendant

Customer
MD5),

Service
and

URL

PayPal

of
ID

The Counterfeit Good was shipped into Los

The purported IPHONE 5 SPECK CANDYSHELL DEEP VIOLET

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/ AQUA COLOR. NEW, USA SELLER (Item #271164615042) purchased from

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Defendants was inspected by Plaintiff to determine authenticity.

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inspection of the purchased item using security measures confirmed that the item

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Defendants sold to Plaintiff was in fact a counterfeit Speck-branded product.


30.

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Plaintiffs

Defendants intentionally and knowingly accepted Plaintiffs money

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from a financial institution located in the State of California.

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///
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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 13 of 23 Page ID #:13

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31.

Defendants

also

intentionally

and

knowingly

delivered

the

counterfeit products into the State of California.


32.

Through such business activities, Defendants purposely derived

benefit from their interstate commerce activities by expressly targeting

foreseeable purchasers in the State of California. But for Defendants advertising,

soliciting and selling of counterfeit Speck-branded products, Plaintiff would not

have been able to make a purchase of the subject products.

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33.

Defendants use images and names confusingly similar or identical to

Plaintiffs Marks to confuse consumers and aid in the promotion and sales of its

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unauthorized and counterfeit product.

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Copyright, and Design Patent include importing, advertising, displaying,

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distributing, selling and/or offering to sell Counterfeit Goods.

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34.

Defendants use of Plaintiffs Marks,

Defendants use began long after Plaintiffs adoption and use of its

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trademarks, and after Plaintiff obtained the trademark and copyright registrations

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alleged above. Neither Plaintiff nor any authorized agents have consented to

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Defendants use of Plaintiffs Marks, Federally-Registered Copyrights, Common-

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Law Copyrights, and/or Design Patent.

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35.

Defendants actions have confused and deceived, or threatened to

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confuse and deceive, the consuming public concerning the source and sponsorship

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of the counterfeit Speck products sold and distributed by Defendants. By their

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wrongful conduct, Defendants have traded upon and diminished Plaintiffs

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goodwill.

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Defendants have infringed upon Plaintiffs Marks, Federally-Registered

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Copyrights, Common-Law Copyrights, and/or Design Patent.

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36.

Furthermore, the sale and distribution of Counterfeit Goods by

Defendants offering to sell, selling, importing and encouraging

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others to import Counterfeit Goods in this manner was and is likely to cause

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confusion or to cause mistake and/or to deceive consumers who purchase the

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Counterfeit Goods.

Defendants also offered to sell, sold, imported, and/or


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COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 14 of 23 Page ID #:14

encouraged others to import for purpose of resale within the United States

Counterfeit Goods consisting of reproductions and/or copies of products bearing

Plaintiffs Marks, Federally-Registered Copyrights, Common-Law Copyrights,

and Design Patent.

Copyrights, Common-Law Copyrights, and Design Patent was done without

Plaintiffs authorization.

Defendants use of such Marks, Federally-Registered

FIRST CAUSE OF ACTION

(Trademark Infringement Against Defendant PATRICK MATTSON,

Defendant STU DISTRIBUTION SERVICES, LLC, Defendant MD5

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TECHNOLOGIES, and DOES 1-10, Inclusive)

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[15 U.S.C. 1114/Lanham Act 43(a)]

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37.

Plaintiff hereby incorporates by reference each of the other

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allegations set forth elsewhere in this Complaint as though fully set forth in this

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cause of action.

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38.

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17

Defendants actions as described herein constitute direct and/or

contributory trademark infringement in violation of 15 U.S.C. 1114(1)(a).


39.

As a proximate result of Defendants trademark infringement,

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Plaintiff has been damaged in an amount to be proven at trial. Further, Plaintiff

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alleges on information and belief that, as a proximate result of Defendants

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trademark infringement, Defendants have unlawfully profited in an amount to be

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proven at trial.

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40.

At all relevant times, Defendants acted intentionally and/or willfully

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in using the Marks on the Counterfeit Goods, knowing that said Marks belonged

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to Plaintiff, that the Counterfeit Goods were in fact counterfeit, and that

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Defendants were not authorized to use said Marks on the Counterfeit Goods.

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Plaintiff is therefore entitled to recovery of treble damages pursuant to 15 U.S.C.

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1117(a). Further, Defendants knowing, intentional and/or willful actions make

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this an exceptional case, entitling Plaintiff to an award of reasonable attorney fees


14
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 15 of 23 Page ID #:15

1
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pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 1117(a).


41.

Defendants actions also constitute the use by Defendants of one or

more counterfeit mark as defined in 15 U.S.C. 1116(d)(1)(B).

therefore reserves the right to elect, at any time before final judgment is entered in

this case, an award of statutory damages pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 1117(c)(1)

and/or (2).

42.

Plaintiff

The acts of direct and/or contributory trademark infringement

committed by Defendants have caused, and will continue to cause, Plaintiff

irreparable harm unless they are enjoined by this Court.

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SECOND CAUSE OF ACTION

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(False Designation of Origin, False or Misleading Advertising Against

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Defendant PATRICK MATTSON, Defendant STU DISTRIBUTION

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SERVICES, LLC, Defendant MD5 TECHNOLOGIES, and DOES 1-10,

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Inclusive)

15

[15 U.S.C. 1125 (a)]

16

43.

Plaintiff hereby incorporates by reference each of the other

17

allegations set forth elsewhere in this Complaint as thought fully set forth in this

18

cause of action.

19

44.

Defendants actions as described herein constitute direct and/or

20

contributory violation of 15 U.S.C. 1125(a)(1)(A), as such actions are likely to

21

cause confusion, or to cause mistake, or to deceive as to the affiliation,

22

connection, or association of Defendants with Plaintiff and/or as to the origin,

23

sponsorship, and/or approval of such Counterfeit Goods by Plaintiff.

24

45.

As a proximate result of Defendants violation as described herein,

25

Plaintiff has been damaged in an amount to be proven at trial. Further, Plaintiff

26

alleges on information and belief that, as a proximate result of defendants direct

27

and/or contributory trademark infringement, Defendants have unlawfully profited,

28

in an amount to be proven at trial.


15
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 16 of 23 Page ID #:16

46.

Defendants acts of violating, directly and/or contributorily, Section

1125 have caused, and will continue to cause, Plaintiff irreparable harm unless

they are enjoined by this Court.

THIRD CAUSE OF ACTION

(Trademark Dilution Against Defendant PATRICK MATTSON, Defendant

STU DISTRIBUTION SERVICES, LLC, Defendant MD5

TECHNOLOGIES, and DOES 1-10, Inclusive)

[15 U.S.C. 1125(c)]

47.

Plaintiff hereby incorporates by reference each of the other

10

allegations set forth elsewhere in this Complaint as though fully set forth in this

11

cause of action.

12

48.

13

the Lanham Act.

14

49.

Plaintiffs Marks are distinctive and famous within the meaning of


Upon information and belief, Defendants unlawful actions began

15

long after Plaintiffs Marks became famous, and Defendants acted knowingly,

16

deliberately and willfully with the intent to trade on Plaintiffs reputation and to

17

dilute Plaintiffs Marks. Defendants conduct is willful, wanton and egregious.

18

50.

Defendants intentional sale of fake, pirated and counterfeit items

19

bearing Plaintiffs Marks is likely to cause confusion, mistake, or to deceive,

20

mislead, betray, and defraud consumers to believe that the substandard imitations

21

are genuine products manufactured by Plaintiff.

22

complained of herein have diluted and will continue to dilute Plaintiffs Marks,

23

and are likely to impair the distinctiveness, strength and value of Plaintiffs

24

Marks, and injure the business reputation of Plaintiff and its marks.

25

51.

The actions of Defendants

Defendants acts have caused and will continue to cause Plaintiff

26

irreparable harm. Plaintiff has no adequate remedy at law to compensate it fully

27

for the damages that have been caused and which will continue to be caused by

28

Defendants unlawful acts, unless they are enjoined by this Court.


16
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 17 of 23 Page ID #:17

52.

As the acts alleged herein constitute a willful violation of section

43(c) of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. 1125(c), Plaintiff is entitled to injunctive

relief as well as monetary damages and other remedies provided by 15 U.S.C.

1116, 1117, 1118, and 1125(c), including Defendants profits, treble damages,

reasonable attorneys fees, costs and prejudgment interest.

FOURTH CAUSE OF ACTION

(Unfair Competition Against Defendant PATRICK MATTSON, Defendant

STU DISTRIBUTION SERVICES, LLC, Defendant MD5

TECHNOLOGIES, and DOES 1-10, Inclusive)

10

California Business & Professions Code 17200 et seq.

11

53.

Plaintiff hereby incorporates by reference each of the other

12

allegations set forth elsewhere in this Complaint as thought fully set forth in this

13

cause of action.

14

54.

Defendants actions described herein constitute unlawful, unfair

15

and/or fraudulent business acts or practices. Defendants actions thus constitute

16

unfair competition pursuant to California Business & Professions Code

17

17200.

18

55.

As a proximate result of Defendants actions, Plaintiff has suffered

19

an injury in fact, including without limitation, damages in an amount to be proven

20

at trial, loss of money or property, and diminution in the value of its trademarks.

21

Plaintiff therefore has standing to assert this claim pursuant to California Business

22

& Professions Code 17204.

23

56.

Defendants actions have caused, and will continue to cause Plaintiff

24

to suffer irreparable harm unless enjoined by this Court pursuant to California

25

Business & Professions Code 17203. In addition, Plaintiff requests that the

26

Court order that Defendants disgorges all profits wrongfully obtained as a result of

27

Defendants unfair competition, and order that defendant pay restitution to

28

Plaintiff in an amount to be proven at trial.


17
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 18 of 23 Page ID #:18

FIFTH CAUSE OF ACTION

(Federal Copyright Infringement Against Defendant PATRICK MATTSON,

Defendant STU DISTRIBUTION SERVICES, LLC, Defendant MD5

TECHNOLOGIES, and DOES 1-10, Inclusive)

[17 U.S.C. 501(a)]

57.

Plaintiff hereby incorporates by reference each of the other

allegations set forth elsewhere in this Complaint as thought fully set forth in this

cause of action.

58.

Plaintiff is the exclusive owner of copyrights in and related to its

10

Speckbranded products packaging, having numerous applications relating to

11

the same pending with the United States Copyright Office and possessing

12

copyright registrations with the United States Copyright Office.

13

59.

Defendants did not seek and failed to obtain Plaintiffs consent or

14

authorization to utilize, manufacture, reproduce, copy, display, prepare derivative

15

works, distribute, sell, transfer, rent, perform, and/or market Plaintiffs copyright-

16

protected materials.

17

60.

Without permission, Defendants intentionally and knowingly

18

reproduced, counterfeited, copied, displayed, and/or manufactured Plaintiffs

19

protected works by offering, advertising, promoting, retailing, selling, and

20

distributing counterfeit Speck-branded products contained within product

21

packaging which is at a minimum substantially similar to Plaintiffs copyright

22

protected product packaging.

23

61.

Defendants acts as alleged herein, constitute infringement of

24

Plaintiffs copyright, including Plaintiffs exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute

25

and/or sell such protected material.

26

62.

Defendants knowing and intentional copyright infringement as

27

alleged herein has caused and will continue to cause substantial and irreparable

28

harm to Plaintiff and has and will continue to cause damage to Plaintiff. Plaintiff
18
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 19 of 23 Page ID #:19

is therefore entitled to injunctive relief, damages, Defendants profits, increased

damages, and reasonable attorneys fees and costs.

SIXTH CAUSE OF ACTION

(Common Law Copyright Infringement Against Defendant PATRICK

MATTSON, Defendant STU DISTRIBUTION SERVICES, LLC, Defendant

MD5 TECHNOLOGIES, and DOES 1-10, Inclusive)

[California Civil Code 980 et seq., and California Common Law]

63.

Plaintiff hereby incorporates by reference each of the other

allegations set forth elsewhere in this Complaint as thought fully set forth in this

10

cause of action.

11

64.

At all times relevant herein, Plaintiff has held and still holds the

12

exclusive rights under California law and common law to reproduce, distribute, or

13

license the reproduction and distribution of the artwork, design, pictures,

14

representation, model and patterns protected by Plaintiffs Common-Law

15

Copyrights in any and all formats and mediums, throughout the United States.

16

65.

The artwork, design, pictures, representation, model and pattern of

17

protected by Plaintiffs Common-Law Copyrights are original works in tangible

18

form which have been widely disseminated and published since at least in or

19

about September 2001.

20

66.

The conduct herein complained of was extreme, outrageous,

21

fraudulent, and was inflicted on Plaintiff in reckless disregard of Plaintiffs

22

rights. Defendants acts have irreparably harmed and continue to harm Plaintiffs

23

exclusive proprietary rights and constitute common law copyright infringement

24

and unfair competition. Defendants outrageous conduct supports an award of

25

exemplary and punitive damages in an amount sufficient to punish and make an

26

example of Defendants and to deter them from similar conduct in the future.

27
28

67.

Each infringing transfer, duplication, sale, rental, distribution, display

and other exploitation of the artwork, design, pictures, representation, model and
19
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 20 of 23 Page ID #:20

patterns protected by Plaintiffs Common-Law Copyrights constitutes a separate

claim against Defendants under common law copyright and California Civil Code

980.

SEVENTH CAUSE OF ACTION

(Federal Design Patent Infringement Against Defendant PATRICK

MATTSON, Defendant STU DISTRIBUTION SERVICES, LLC, Defendant

MD5 TECHNOLOGIES, and DOES 1-10, Inclusive)

[35 U.S.C. 71]

68.

Plaintiff hereby incorporates by reference each of the other

10

allegations set forth elsewhere in this Complaint as though fully set forth in this

11

cause of action.

12

69.

13
14

Plaintiff is the owner of the Design Patent with the USPTO

Registration No.: US 8,204,561 B2. (See Exhibit E, Design Patent hereto)


70.

Defendants have infringed and continue to infringe Plaintiffs Design

15

Patent by using, selling and/or offering to sell, in the United States and/or

16

importing into the United States, Counterfeit Goods which embody the designed

17

covered by the Design Patent. Defendants infringing products include all of the

18

ornamental designs in Plaintiffs Design Patent drawings.

19

Defendants have violated 35 U.S.C. 271 by direct infringement of Plaintiffs

20

Design Patent.

21
22
23

71.

By its conduct,

On the basis allege, Defendants have gained profits by virtue of its

infringement of the Design Patent.


72.

As a direct and legal result of Defendants wrongful conduct,

24

Plaintiff has been and will be irreparably and permanently harmed; wherefore

25

Plaintiff is without an adequate remedy at law. Accordingly, Plaintiff is entitled

26

to, among other things, an order enjoining and restraining Defendants from further

27

engaging in the infringement of the Design Patent.

28

73.

Defendants infringement of the Design Patent is and has been willful.


20
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 21 of 23 Page ID #:21

Accordingly, Plaintiff is entitled to its monetary damages, in an amount to be

proven at trial, and award of treble damages, and its reasonable attorneys fees and

costs.
REQUEST FOR RELIEF

4
5

WHEREFORE, Plaintiff hereby respectfully requests the following relief

against Defendant PATRICK MATTSON, Defendant STU DISTRIBUTION

SERVICES, LLC, Defendant MD5 TECHNOLOGIES, and DOES 1-10,

inclusive, and each of them as follows:

1. An order and judgment preliminary and permanently enjoining

10

Defendants and their officers, directors, agents, servants, employees,

11

affiliates, attorneys, and all others acting in privity or in concert with

12

them, and their parents, subsidiaries, divisions, successors and assigns

13

from further acts of infringement of Plaintiffs asserted Design Patent;

14

2. For an award of Plaintiffs damages and Defendants profits adequate to

15

compensate Plaintiff for Defendants infringement of the Design Patent,

16

and in no event less than a reasonable royalty for Defendants acts of

17

infringement, including all pre-judgment and post-judgment interest as

18

the maximum rate permitted by law;

19

3. For an award of all damages, including treble damages, based on any

20

infringement found to be willful, pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 284, together

21

with prejudgment interest;

22
23

4. For an award of all profits, pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 289 together with


prejudgment interest;

24

5. For an award of Defendants profits and Plaintiffs damages in an

25

amount to be proven at trial for trademark infringement under 15 U.S.C.

26

1114(a);

27

6. For an award of Defendants profits and Plaintiffs damages in an

28

amount to be proven at trial for false designation of origin and unfair


21
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 22 of 23 Page ID #:22

1
2
3

competition under 15 U.S.C. 1125(a);


7. For $2,000,000.00 per counterfeit mark per type of goods sold, offered
for sale, or distributed under 15 U.S.C. 1117(c);

8. For an award of Defendants profits and Plaintiffs damages in an

amount to be proven at trial for trademark dilution under 15 U.S.C.

1125(c);

9. In the alternative to actual damages and Defendants profits for the

infringement and counterfeiting of Plaintiffs trademarks pursuant to the

Lanham Act, for statutory damages pursuant to 15 U.S.C. 1117(c),

10

which election Plaintiff will make prior to the rendering of final

11

judgment;

12

10. For restitution in an amount to be proven at trial for unfair, fraudulent

13

and illegal business practices under Business and Professions Code

14

17200;

15

11. For damages to be proven at trial for common law unfair competition;

16

12. For temporary, preliminary and permanent injunctive relief from this

17

Court prohibiting Defendants from engaging or continuing to engage in

18

the unlawful, unfair, or fraudulent business acts or practices described

19

herein, including the advertising and/or dealing in any counterfeit

20

product; the unauthorized use of any mark, copyright or other

21

intellectual property right of Plaintiff; acts of trademark infringement or

22

dilution; false designation of origin; unfair competition; and any other

23

act in derogation of Plaintiffs rights;

24

13. For an order from the Court requiring that Defendants provide complete

25

accountings and for equitable relief, including that Defendants disgorge

26

and return or pay their ill-gotten gains obtained from the illegal

27

transactions entered into and or pay restitution, including the amount of

28

monies that should have been paid if Defendants complied with their
22
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 23 of 23 Page ID #:23

lega l obligations, or as equity requires;


2

14. For an order from the Court that an asset freeze or constructi ve trust be

imposed over all moni es and profits in Defendants' possession which

rightfully belong to Pl aintiffs;

5
6

IS.For destruction of the infr inging articles in Defendants' possession under


15U.S.C. III 8;

16. For treble damages suffered by Plaintiff as a result of the willful and

intentional infringements and acts of counterfeiting engaged in by

Defendants, under 15 U.S.C. I I 17(b );

I0

17. For damages in an amount to be proven at trial for unjust enrichment;

II

18. For an award of exemplary or puniti ve damages in an amount to be

12

determined by the Court;

13

19.for Plaintiff s reasonable attorney 's fees;

14

20.For all costs of suit; and

15

2 1. For such other and further reiief as the Court may deem just and

16

17
18
19

eq uitable.
Q~MAND

FOR JURY TRIAL

Plaintiff SPECULATIVE PRODUCT DESIGN, LLC, dba SPECK


PRODUCTS, respectfull y demands a trial by jury in this ac tion.

20
21

DATED: August 13,2014

JOHNSON & PHAM, LLP

22

23
24

25

26
27

28

~~;istop'Vli,$sq

Chri stopher Q. Pham, Esq.


Hung Q. Pham , Esq.
Attorneys fo r Plainti ff
SPECULATIVE PRODUCT DESIGN ,
LLC dba SPECK PRODUCTS
2.1
COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 1 of 28 Page ID #:24

EXHIBIT A

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 2 of 28 Page ID #:25

nrf, C!,: 9

ftior u,$,

ils.: 2tr, 23, 26, 36 rnd 30

[-luited Ststes Farleut and Tnademarlr

Feg. i{o, 3,653,010


Orffriee

Rlgleluel

.3-!8, 4, 2009

lllL4!]EtldAM
F&ryCryAL EEGISTEF.

SPECK
SPECULATWE IRODUCT DESION, INC. ICr\LI.

FO.IUflA CORPONAIION). DEA

SPECIC

DIJCTS

Fll0.

2]? FOREIiT AVE:\'IJE


PALO ALTo.

Ftl(ST USE l:n)?001;

C{,r'E0t

1]lE

.J

FOII

PITOTECTITE CiRN]'INO C,\SES FO]I


FOII'TADLE ELEfiROhtIC LETEI\iING DEYICT'S
.IJ.ID l{UslC FL4!ERs, NAME'y, IvIPJ PLAYEnS,
ANO FOR PO]ITAI}LE COI{PUTTIIs, OLOBAL I.

srTloMNG sysiEhts (GDs DEvrcEs), ldoBrLE


/U{D CELLUTA

fA PhYSI$ ,Vr'D PERIONT\I DIGITAL A5Sl5,


CLust (U.S. Cts, tt,3l, -'6,t6 AJ{D lll},

TANTS, tN

TELEP:IONE5, PORTNILE

ulD'

:!Hfl.

N COI\lifEJtlE ll'll-lcoJ,

CoNSItrfS oF SL/WDI

AC'ERs \\ITHOUT

lD

CfiAn.

gL{M TD-.tl'II' IA RTICUI."A R

GDHT, gTyLE, SIZE, OR C0L0R,

sER, NO. 7t.it8,150, FILED t0-e-:008.

Ajslli, sAl-[hr, e{n]r,flNING ATToP,Nn'

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 3 of 28 Page ID #:26

EXHIBIT B

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 4 of 28 Page ID #:27

lint

C3.;

hior

[J,S. rCls,l ?I, ?3, 26,36awd33

IPeg, Itlo. 3r656,il82

{Jmirled States F;rtemrl aman Tradernurrlq tDffice

Regislerej

trr

?n!9

t'[tAD]0MIARI{
DiTEqCFtI,IPJC1STER

,Aii,\
\t

Irrhd/
trj

spEcuLAt$E ploDucr DEsloN, INq (cALI-

FOn'r-lA CoRFoRnTloN). DBA SPECK PRO'

DUCTS
]17 FOREST AVENUE
PALO ALTD, C/t 9+301

FoRr PROTECmTE CARRYINO 4ASES FOn

PORTATLE ELECTROI\IC USTlh'lNc DE1'ICES


.AND I{USIC PLAYERS. N,l]vtELy, hlPl PLAyEnS,
3I.iD FOR !ORT,{FLE COM!I.JTER$, GLOBAL PO,

stTJol.lING sYsTElrs (cps DEytcEs), t?tornrE


AT.ID CELLUIAR TELEPHONES, PORT..\I]LE ItED,

IA TIA1

ENS, AND PENSONAI DIGTIAL ASSIS.


TnuYni, rr't cL^ss I (u,s, clg, ll , !1, 26, 16 AI'JD 3E),

FmST USE ).3:-2007it1\- COMdERCE t-3t-:007

Tl{6 hrAFl( coNsisls oF r'J.l isTEldsl(

TWEEN FARENTHESES FOLLONED


WORD

TSPECTCI

sE!,. NO,

IN STYLIZED TFIT.ENS,

77.600,,1O,

FILED

10.34.1008,

AISH.{ 5ArEM, .EL l,{tNtN.*c ATtC'tU.tE]'

BE-

gY TH8

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 5 of 28 Page ID #:28

EXHIBIT C

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 6 of 28 Page ID #:29

&lt, Ci.:9

Elisr U.S, CIs,!

11, 23, 26, 36 ard 3ts

trinlted Stbtes Patemrl and Tradeuaark t0ffiee

E-ez, Itlo, J,666,07?


ItcEtbnC .i-q. JJ, 2889

ITEADEMA$I!'
P!\trllclPF3 BlEGISlE.il

S!!CULATI'E PNODUCT DESIGN.,INC. I CALI.


T'-ONNL,\ CORPORANOI'I), DBA STJECI(

DUgIS

llto.

::7 FOIE5T AVlr'{U.E


I'ALO ALTO, CA tU0t

FOItr P!oTECIn'E CARltl'll'{G O\SES FoR


IOJTTAIILE ELECIITOI'IC U5TENN{G DE\ICES
N.tD ItUSIC PLA)'ERS, H,\l\tELl" hIpJ .tIERs,
AI.TD FOR IORTA!LE COhlFUNif{s. GLODAL PO.
slTtol{rNo sysThts (ors DEvIsEt, h.toErLr
AhD CELLULAR TELETHONIT, t'ORTAELE NtED.

lA FLAYEIiS, A)'lD FIIISONAI


TAi.:TS,

i]tcrAl

,ISSIJ,

CLA5S I0J.S. Cls. ?1, ]J,36, J6 AND lB),

FnST USr

l-31-!00?i

I.l CoNIItIIRCE

t.lt.zCD?.

THE ]IARI( Col'lslSTS OF /U,l ASTERI]K


T{'EIN'I PAREI\THESE5,
SEIL N0,

?7-it8,l5l FlLrD

10.?t-?!00.

6lSH,1 SALE I, EliLlv'lNlNo AITOn}TEy

Bb'.

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 7 of 28 Page ID #:30

EXHIBIT D

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 8 of 28 Page ID #:31

@lrrotoi

eb FtCIrteg of
Gnvrite!

trlgte# jFotert

Rmryre ,ytf,ry

runb @i'ebaliler6 @'t!fte

CAI-JDYS}TELL
ltcp. Ho, 3.17.709
'
ReFis*rcretX Jely 13, 2010

lnt.

s0ECrJL^[\'li

PJrorJUc'f DEsrc]t, $lc.

:zr ronmrrrvr+nn,
l''/\!O ALI'O. C'1 $llu

CE,: 9

(crltForu'n^ collFoMlioN), DD\ sl'ri$a

FI{O]}UCIS
I

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Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 9 of 28 Page ID #:32

EXHIBIT E

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 10 of 28 Page ID #:33

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sficll rllDws 0tc dcvicL mdxinul! prcllcLion frdar implcE
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DOCUIVIENTS

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8,204"561 82

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DEVICE.5
J
IUifjUfD.^PUUCAIIONS

-_

lilic rhc tdil

ot

rs

o.iiBJ

pbodc usd would likc lo

0h dur fctl bm still *!!l llmrcsliod for rhcir dcdcc.


ltebrdlmrccrivccxtcdnrshcllofdl'prcscotisv@0oob!!

Elli

low cocfficicntofllictior1 Tbis alloNs th! dcviccro cosily bc


$lirpral h llod our of poEkcc catily wi$oul bccdt{ng
ollscLld or wi$oul Ercxt rcsist&le.lo clolhjoE EDleri!|s. r1
o

rrujor coElhiql.lioE cuErtrl (,'lilstc@criu q.lsc usJrs.

lho c.se lmgl! by lbc ltlccnl iuvcrtioD br's trn inlcrior


Tbis lpplication i5 0 coMINUAIoN of u.s. pltctrt
Dppticali;; Scr, No. U.,lf6,?69, lllq.d f.cb, 6 | 200r, ll.!; cD!- cla onc;c lortior lh!l. Frovid6.shork Prclecliod for lhc
r0 da'icc f|!D1 d'ofFr.E8; ljrls' or olhcr iftlnta TlL i!te'io'
d;b of which is iDcolronltb l"r"ir ry

'ILOIMCAI- lil|jLD

OF TIIE

'.roio*,
INVLN]ION

o c{rsurcs thc dcvicc ond thD tasc Jit


q$c is ! singlc pictc ossetbly,
Io lhollc DEd fcEI6
IIID cre b!3 0 vcry Eolid mnorcliotl
lalrcErly hilh quDlily ud li8lnvciShl
\{lul mokcs lLdr cascdiJlcrc[l ie lhcgcollclry !!der!u_

clustoncdc loaion

rogerlrlrrviu !o

nL

guire us tho

lo

1tc prEstlr iqvcotloE rluca $inoElly ro llldbrld Eobilu


elect$iic drviujr. sucll I|J{ pcr:onaldicitol ossislopl, ccllu. 15
Ior rdlcplouq lab top compirtcn nr poiobl rliBitr Ercdh frcluritrgofthecsre Thcc](lcliorhltJdsll!:llnsd ic lorucd to
lil lhc tlq.jrc cl0$sly wilh n lnnqll olTFet lmn tho dcviccs
plryv.
ttlorc 4ccifiirlly llie pnscoi iouurion nlotcs ro a
'arulriph+oopincnr
pnxrcLivi: crsc for mobilc qlc{trcnic curlsca T[c cxlsrior hard sllcli rJls lJotlnd Lha cd8cf oltltc
du'icc it is lbrmd for. lo lllow *rc 6hcll to bc ablc lo bc
dEviar,
:o lDo olcd on d$ devlcc tllc corluls ot lhc blJtl Ehcll all, cur
BACKCIROIJND OF 1'I IJi IIWENIION
opus- Tlis alloivs coc)r sidqf,all 10 fls ovty whc! ! d$,ie is
i'$cncd srd snlr bnEL orcc ir iE io CocllTtDuEiflc r+nr
nr th'E crs is rhnl 6c elndomeriE malrdd ls formud in

Tlcru ilro m!$y sJscs for lEndheld elcclrloic dcviccs.


]l'ry tall iolD fuu! Elin crlssedcr F:hstolrutidtublcr
ekirs, llJd plarric rhilk, cu! lld sLN $rlctidls lld cobilItjori of fte5c, In gcncn l lbRclaslomcd!crscs llc ! tiodc
ski! wUc!, blx[usc ofttc flcxjhle lBlurE ofdru nulcd0l, m!
uu\ily hc sucrched ovu' tlc devico rnd dlfr oncc illndlql
collorm closely tu tI(. sbq,o ol Uo qcvicc, Tle rubtsry
rrurcriul trrD pr$vidclcry EDorl $o!krEiiellucu. ll)c do$'lsidc offtesc rypcq ofc,acr ii lbal &c dlnorcric llllerial lns
a lriglr ! .ftED friclon scmcilat. tt!-c lruJils fiis ryFc oI
crse dilficuk lu

righl

!llE!

Uru!rlcriorhlrd!!cll nn tll! inlcriorof tllEcncrior


hud slcl, thu cl!!loolL=lE ltilluri!l lllls ir Utc goF ctd(cd ol
ibe corqcrs ollbc srtcdor hdrd $cl) L rll'iw dic Ldrd r[cl to
uddillon lo

Ilcx for!]0untioB, Tlc chsllE ric roalcriul is Frovidcd inl-hls


loEr!ion tc.auu it hll! mucl, gE1rlst inlcrcrt fl$db:liry t0n
lhc trhrlic Drnul lollic cxlcdor blral shull !!d it slilctcs
sulEuicntly to .rlLrw drc sirlc*nlls ofdrc qlctior hard shcu 10
eljll IL* r]ray on mourtilg.Thk cl(stcsa olc..pic'cc c[scdrol
wtats orDuld !phoru oro rumobilc clectronic dcvicc crto
on l,ollllrg Dod plsvcds difl md Ruid! fmo cnrcrioE whur'
cvlr bossible. 'l be clD5toharic lincrolso can bo ftmcd olEr
uru b'r:ttDns 0n thc drouu whufti! u us!.simply pirrll5 rbE
clnnofteric linErmrEr!nndils lo ll)c Iloaioo of Gc mb;lc
cbcrNDlc dLryhc lnput dlol lrdcsircd.

io Dsd rEeovc liom pockcGltodolhci


is r devicc ltul oncre llerery

th@. Whrris nrL{d

cft Lelirflrtricerrcwi$oul w hid]


slrlucc t iclior .ocllicicot mo$rs il morc cowcqil.Ilcc for

good stoElirlj3;Irunccofu n

Ijhrd lloltic rlulls norDouy Bro Ennui0ctlfcd lls roorc


ElnonBplecelosllow tlEdevircl0 Flideinln thcc4qcfu loru
y,ill a0
bElDgcloscd jo\r,jlhrsEcoEdlrypllts,Additiunrllythcf
oftco llrvc s lilcr ofclllromcric Eulfdul, Nhldr h!l!s Io
cuslion te iLvicc. Tb! .r! bo co-mold.d, Irlo cldy
sluclEd nrlloaliog rrith thc ne*:fibly. Cul nad S!"w ce{:s &c
soEtlllly d0dD lloh flli rto![ matcrid, wL]cfi k cut jrlo
lalrenls uod 0rs!!L'wtriDlo u Elups lbrllhc dLaie co! ilido rr
futo.'ftc dcaicc lE dl,n llcld iD lluuo, by friclion or ll dlrnl of
soEc fDrE.'l-hc downsids !o ttlsc dcviccs isrhut it clln bc
difrlulr ro lulchcd u dr{ic{ to ! rigiLl c$e, or+hrfli n casc
hls D sEcoodrry llEcc for $jcurlng s &vicc, it cln !&i bull Io
d'cmmbinndon oldrc dcvlcD qrd cIrE mnkitrg it imtnctic0l, l0
AdditioEllt Ur! nni ullcur! ofcarc'! which uc rlqul$tl to
bc cul uod sc\rh togcthcr gIthdy hclcurcs cosl wh!( is
lll.dlxl G a trrEu tLat combinut bor! lad slcli cEscs oDd
closluEcric E criul! llr ii clry lo Floducc ald ruqulrEs

minlor

raolcriDl ;n

lll

pnduclion.

SUMMTUTY OF

TIIP I}IWNTION

55

BNEF DESCR]TTJON OF'fHTi I)IT41VINCS


TIrc srrompDnyhg dD$in8s, whjc! &c ircorloFlcd
hcrci! Ed lbnn s pan o[ 6c slcsi]icolion. illuslmt! dre
I'Il,rcol

irrslioo u!d, logrLbcr villl

Urc

dr5cril,tion,

fuihcr

ofdlc ilvcllioa ud'l ttr crublc


tltc Fdhcrt irn lo m*! Erd uc Ib

Ecrvc l$ uxtloin d)c nrinEinlc!

o prcon slillc.t

i[vcrlio&

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m9c

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delicllo!

Dod unor

rlrnomcric lrycr oftlru prull.clivs srrting qlse

illills io rc crt co(llerg ofthc'etlertll hrd 5Ic1l hyq;


fIGs. !s nnd 2j lrE scEriold eiL.# ofihDprulo4ivc6tc
ol thc pnrcor lnvmdon slrnvi!8 rhu dcrcnl cr!-lllcd by *t!
inner cl0nancric ldyF lor sccudsg ! dsvice in ro c!sc;
yls of a budlcld dcvicc
$lO, r :s ll lop
'.Elbes!!d
!Iorcclirr- cosc dcf,iclirg$c a(cmo) !atd EhcI lsycrwilL cu!
concts !!d irllcrc'dl1orEsic luycroldLc pNlelivc crdyiDg
ciro vhctc is filh i-o lhr cul comels oI l! cKcrnll L0td shcll
hycr !!dllllsddilionll I orBo cllstoDc[ic ovcrltnd tor sccirn
whcrc

'[tu llrtlrn! illvclrtion is un implowncn! Dwr Oe exigllng


ldg o dcvic!;
flscs bc{ausc il coEbioL.s ll:bcstfEaNftcoIbolhb dcusu! 6!
l;l(1, { iF sl:cLiooul vi!w oIUe pmlEclivc c!5c Ltftlc pt!tctr
pln,
hN'cndo! slowi!8 tlru )urEc closloEctic ovsbrnd for s8!ur'
and thc duroEcriE 6cc \vhjlc tr-ilB ooly r siEsic
iog r duYicli
which i5 lJrdicrlt,lrly uscfbl fro@ i cnnsus]cr vicrvpo_lll lte
ljlc.5 is n pc$pLYlivc vlc? of thc FtDtrttivc c05c oflhc
nrcscor iovcrdon pmvldcr s hld prulcclivc cxlcrior sLtcil,
'Ilir hld Frutccdvc cxlljrior slrEll allow3 $c dcvlcr muxlniE.icD! Invcnrion brfurc dsviEc ir su-Un:] dluI[in;
llC. 6 is Il pc!I!!'cdvlt vjcw ollhc Irutuclivc clls(tlllucbcd
rDuE luolcclio lrom idpacrs wiur slurp Dljclli ]!e bllfd d,
lo a sompls dcvic! shorv'irg &c dclcol crslcd by lbc iolcr
Fml{cdvccxlcdorrbcllEjD cs UicnnirholsEislirgphoncr,
cl!flomlric la)'cr Ior $cclE irg u devicc in lb', cnsq md
MPt4 !)nyc$. d!i.t orlcr Eobilc clccBodc dcvicca. Mrlly

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 19 of 28 Page ID #:42

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34

8,204,561 82

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aDd i!!(.I cLsrlotluric hycr olrhc pDlecries
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posilinn trnd in ar c<pnod,:j, dwice
a rc$lrt,

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5 FIGS. 20 c[d 6 Brc arctiord viE{rs otllle prulectivc cosclo

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DrirAlr.F.DDEscRu'r'roN

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iEB lo slloc o dcvicc tq 6! iNuded lnto $clmllcrivc co5c

I thc inwndon

0I

r! invD'tirrl Nfei.r!!cis!!!d!

lo

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likc cleEuoL5), wlicb form ! pil hclEoi iod in ,,!hc! ls
ihlrvll by w,iy o[ ilhEtntio[ spcciliE ersEplary cobodlments in vhich rbe iBvcnfoo ruy bc plaEticcd; lllese
cmbodlmc[ls llo dcscdbed jn sol5cicot dcuil to enlblc dNsc rs
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proicclivc cllc I 0 b liilcd ro chsp o!!o ! dcvicc 19, ord


hcorf,omtgs B dctcnt 20 l0 cnsule ! FnuE lnd tecurB fir,
ln unaltqHlivc clnhodiEEdl lll ehow[in LrlGS.2, nnd {,

!!'udditiulllllJgc cbno$oric ovcr]Elg 21 Ior

spuriDB g

dsvicc 19 Euy bc i[clrdEJ ja t!! prlrerilJc rasc 10. ftis


illuet&lcs r pos5iblc lllcrDltiye cebodipcut wherc dtbcr
dur! lDvjng sl uEdercur in tbc cxtemd hud sheJl llyEr! 3 Eid
lts comsloodlogsldcs 0[$olrolcctivc coio ]0, thc iloc!

cllGtomaric l0ycr 13 fortrs Ic{hrcs $t wolld Eccurc t}a


prolcclivc cage to s device lll.
ottcr chu!8cs Esy be m0dc wirh'iuL d+orlisg fn)m d$
llc5c tcslllrc could !c d0lcnts 2 0 B3 daEribcd nlolg thc
ofthcl'l!$c idvr5lidd,'ltclollowlngdorlilcddcscriJ'tioair Eidoorroplhd boflom ofr-hoc./tuIldtlld sbcu hycrL orlr
6et lirre, oot ro bc lllilll in r limhlng !eDs, old llllcolcof )u could bu o hrg! srla lllu iluslrfitul in Fl6S. 2l lnd C whlTe
tbe prescot ilvudlloll iE dcllncd oDly by dle qrlcldcd
o sddjdo!!] IlBe chnoEctic ovcrtEng zl for E('urirg o
'I]uiDvllriouwi tunv lcdescriLdwitl rEfun:!!! to
dcvicE 19 rruy hc irclirdLrlindclrDtcrLivc cnsc 10 so th[t o
dcvfuc vro!ld bc slippEd uldcr ord sc.urd lbcrcby si{r sod)o
1, rvhich ie 0 prss!cclivo visfl oftbc prolccliyc casc 10
ing rhc ouler ldyer o!.r.bc prolccrivc crsc 1 1, ciEprieillg
loro ofudd$c{l o! lbc olpo6itc c[d NbucrEoldcd'r.nto drc
gEiomlc llycrs, bo filst cncnDl lrnrd lhcll l0ycr l2 nrd
15 cncmalbrd ltull luycrl? or dlc iElcr Ehsloduric hycr 1:l.
lNoDrl ilterior cluslu![cric l!y!'r t3. II0 [Nl lrftmli
As slllv! h lilcs.3 !nds, tu (lcraEl]r&dsllulllryL"rlz
shcll Isycr 12 $nd r sccold inlcdor closl!!rcric Inyc.13
dcfrlcs r fucd ovity 22 finedto chsp ooto q device 19 3!d
coDbiuLal ro iodllaldcady ![!ch lo r hnldllu)d drvlcE
ircorForqcs s dErolr 20 ro Fosurc a EsuB 0!d eci.ue iil, Thc
lnd i.Ecorpomre |lt lc6st ooc vicE inE wioq|lw 11, iryut/oulput h'6dhald dlvicc 19 lrslocEvc cisc dcpicls dlc cxlcrurl llard
lcccss I'orr515,16, nld I?, ood moldcil'clueIDm$ic covu: ]n lbdl lot'trl2 withcul co@q23 lDdi!!crobsloEoriclrycr
l3 of0u prolrllivc qrryinB crsc whcII: 6c lnncrc]eiloncri c
ovcr dsyice bu[ons, l]Eccsriihlc ll10rEh hol':3 h 6c !ord
plolr)ctivc
uhcll 12 ullows
layq $ lllls h Lho cul cohqs 23 of$c l*lcrlll lutd shdl
18 0nd 26. This
'xrc;or
devicc lD0ximum l'rorcrtio! hrn imltlcls wilh sfilrp
loycr 1!,
IYILDI E!kc6 drls cssc difcEol is lhc gcooctry ond ntnuThc cr.lcrlll brrd slil I hycr I2 dri mius Urc Ihlih ol
pbolcr, lvlF3/4 lluyeF, nld orlfi,'rnobllc clcluodc dcviccl.
f0ctudDg oI Uc (nse 1le frelall hlnl sltll Joyq Iz i3
lhlr
fcll
llll!
oligiDrl
0!d
would
IorEcd
lE I]l ll dcvlcc r 9 doscly \ri rlJsDrllofEcl[1]Elic
Mllny rl'crs likc
o
drDn!
ro m0 intairt rhlt trrl bul elill \v!n! n'Er!.ctinn lor lheir
dq/iccs surhEc Tbc o(tcl!!l hlrd shcll iryll 12 rsps lnrund
rr,-lllu q(t|5!!l hurd rlrcll Inyer13 otllc !rcscll 'ravc[liDE dr! cdScs ofu dsvicc I9 il i5 forEsd Ior. To dlow toq(lcra[l
Ilo5 lo$r coclllciclt of frictieo, 1ti5 ollowi thc dwic!
lrsrd slcll ldlcr 12 to be ablc ro b! motrlcd Dn ! dsviEc 1.9 lbc
c'$ily bc 5liplcd i[ old our ofpoclicls eaily wi[rout bcrom- lo coruurs 23 of lbc cltlcfld] ldd shdl Isycr .12 urc ctrt opc!
ioB ultuchdl oruiihour grcrtnsi!tmcE ro clothinE notcridls- Ttis ollorvs otch sidr:ntll oflhc E(lcflrl bEd shcll laJer xt ro
ller nvry whcn r doicc 19 i5 iDr(cd [na snol bldi o!!E it
Nilh lifih:r rEfDnnco 10 FlC. l, lhc cncmll h d
hylr I2 is uruElgrl n Urc sscold iircdor clarlotDcric
is ia llacu, ]lc uiriilrc osDccl ofihe pmleEtivc care 1[ iJ [hut
'I!c
0n innlr ulflsto(oEric jrycr 13 ie tordlGl io oddilio! .lo tllD
13.
e{tclnlrl hnrd shcll ldycr I Z unrl lbc fulcrior
&cric lay$13 lauy hc0tt0c!ed i.usevcrdl wlys;nrch!r ghc, {5 cxlcro lllnl lbcll loycrlz on$e inlgriorolllc cnlelDll lad
cblmicll boadi.Dg, haoLi!& liaqt u!-JLed cllcmiclk
shcll lqtr12.'1!c illcrchslosrctic bycrl3 Ellt itrdc80Fs
oiher mErD! lsow IIl tle 0t1 a{rich pontrllnl.r ly lltdch
crcotcd !t the .oEetl 23 ollbe e cmll hlrd shall llyer U lo
crEmll
rliu l0ycr 12 to lhc llilarior ehsioE{:rjc
rllow de eflcm0l b!!d DhLtl bycrJz lo ocx drlrlng @ollnd,lE
dc sho$a iD FIcs, 7d End 70.
l:1, Thc iltcdor clflrlumlric pofllon I I J'$vides abock
'Ilc i!!cl cllsoEcriE loycr 13 ls lFvidcd i! lhi! lscrtis[
rcrdon for Lhe dlvicc iomdnrlping, hlis; orolrerimpuEli,
jrlcrior
cbst!mcric loniou l3 olno cnsults tb! dlv;cc
bc.ourc it h0s tnrich gr!0lcr inhultol tiedbiliry &os $c til$Tbu
tjc or !)Eb I ofih! cxlcm0l bod shcll loycr 12 !,ld it sEclchc6
nd bc FrDtrrlivc clsc 10 lir togulhq virb !o gDp! u
FrorEcdve crsc I 0 is r iirElo liccll 0sscmbly. ftc pNrcclivc iulllcicr lly I o luov rhu sidp1vdls of ltu &tlcrr.sl furd shcll
6rc lljll rr vsy Fljd comuElitrn ro r dcvjco 19 ultl
loycr 12 to lrill llL't uwsy or nuunlin8 u, sbown it FiGS. 7d

ncnlsdsybculiliEd dlogjcol,Eccl.anjcul,clactriml,a[C

amps

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Flc,
dcpict.
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19

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lo

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hycr
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orutry
dro
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to
I9
th!
fuclu

cxrlcqlely Hsb quJiry lnd


JJ
Depundiog ou B$lfEcturinE roc loG otlcr Eqtcrisls
Endc !c ucd to rcpllEr ihc lsrd plastic uscd !y lLc
I&{ shcll r!)'.? 12 t6 ! FEftrd atrllodlfilnnr oInE
lc u EL'ury
irlvsrli'ro. Fur cxljlsplc, if il uus dasind to
uh$omcdc corDbo for ho pBrccriv! crsc 10 wiuorJl ovcr- dD
banEs in l[c lErd oDrcdal, ir t]'is o{olrlplc rnebi, ! siEplE
bcadil8 prgccss could bu conildc(.d Jor du E ual filrlufacNrin8 A! orcr ooldrxt inrcdor dorlorDlric tlycr 13 eould

cxlijrul
I'crslr

lnd?r,ll ! q6tcs n oD!-I'i'rc

Frotcctivt !3!c

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!&!'nd r dcri.c cvu! oD mmlrB ond prgvcn$ djr


iiaE cotca.iig wharcvcr lossiblc

aholllqclnfloEslclutclri

u13o

wFpE

0od fluidc

ce bclo@El eK'rlE

trsc. siqlPly tnJssc! ftc


cxtoscrJ i[!c. c)Dslorocric Ioycr 1f, corr!.sPoodioE lo tbc lor.
tioa of thc Iooulc elcctrDoic dsvico iDlul tbil it duslcd as
illoslJdrcd by lhc hrlron 18 o!dz6 oE Fl G. 1. FIGS. 7o :ad ?,
rrc Frspccrivc vi6r,s of IlIc prcscst invcdon dsicriDg r.hc
qrunnl hlnl shcll lntrr 12 qtidr clt conlcr! 23 ond Inncr
Fmvldc tfic urderE1)lg lo scq.uE n devicE- lllc ftuhl !r hqrd I 0
Entr:ridl vould ttun siEply pruvidc u fillgr$vork lor lhr: 65 clunorDl.ric hycr 13 oI thc prolccllvo corying cre! I 0 is o
rcsdng, sccorilg losidon z1 ltd ln a! sxlJindcd, dsvicc
fio licrDrlij!ul idlcrior hyt! rnd :r lso prDvidc &u L'ldsric sdFirEonioo losilio! 25.
Dcss ro rllow lbc dcvicc lo bc held i! dl! ol,caiBg. Tbe uldcr-

bultorE on s dlaico 19 1lJhcnji!

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 20 of 28 Page ID #:43

lt

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is

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pnscDr

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ir suflicics y lsxiblc lo cnsblc tha co.qoldcd ole.Piecc

, rsscEbly lo ddorm ald tcrcby accclt insstiDtr of 0I. Irxr'


sno'il clcctronic dcvic!.
obviuus 5. lfi nnc.Iiocc ctsc ofchlm whut(in lh! a(lcdor hlrd
t luyErircludL:r ul llrlrl f0ur6:dc surtaccslhll illeltEl Io form
llc !l lurs l four comcr Filt6 [[d bvo of Lhc .o'u.joi!ls coE'
lfic ]!isc c!!-m!y ponioDt d$t Lq,oec th! cD'doldld flsdblc
i!!ct luyc!
lhls
7- Tlio onGplccc.ntE oldois I' wbqrEln lhc co-EloldBl
fi$m

rhilE forific pons oflhc iovctri;!, lo i0clude vdriuli0n h sila


motcrirls, !Fc, forr!, fulclioo, ood rn nnur ofolcrJtir)n,
lslsubly snd usa, ors dclmcd rEoaily ollDnnt lDd
|D dnc oiordirlry llill iotcurL urd di iquilElelt rEhlior.
shjpr ro tlosa illunElcd jn rhs dFwh&s qrd dlscribcd !D
!t;va dllcdltlon urc ittl!d!] lo b;cacoEltoatd hy

iEvadion

1 ,

Flrthcrfloru, orhcr Mca6 of da lrloy b.Dc6t


rocdrod &!d ldjrsboEls lo lbs alcsi8! nJr 0.lricilulcd llos, ro oDE.FlEc usscEbly-iu;hdc! da ovtdunE e)(EDNEg trum B
toF I onioa I fone oiinoreofbc sid! surfDccs ill flil-Jlei lo lhE
tLru scolc of ilu iavurrrion r}ouki be d!t!@io!d by llta
ll'Fodcd clnimi fll drcir lcgrl quivdmE, mlll' dron hy bollom srrfucc oflhE oocJ,iKc c!sE.
8. llo goc.PiccB cssc otclai@ l, fildhcr ca6-Plir'r.!-8: .
r6i <noopl,s glvco.
ao oFcdn8 PlrsllEl lo {rc bohon $rdlce of ltE fl4i}lc
lvlut ii clDimcd is:
rhEr
!
olLhc
io5Ltlcal
elclrudc
htrq'hyerPosilioled
tuch
lJ
1. A ouc-plic! c05c tor crclo6ing c lsr5ollrl
Ilordo!
prrsDnil clcEhonic device i6 uot elclosEd by Oc Eo'
rl :vidq comp-ri5ilg:
qtodorluid
noldcd olc.Piccc ossuEbLy.
:tycr
0 llodblc i!!cr taycrco-boldd wi0ru
rod pcrooocnilv ollixcd toqelhcr lo fom ! co.Eolded 9. Thr clse of cLsild I, whcdn 0tr oYc u!3 E(leodj.E8
&om o top ponioa oI ouo or tBolo of lh4 tidc sllrflEd oJld
o*iioo *t"oiblyi
wlErciil lhc co'mo)dcd onq.liccE o!$cmuy is sullicicndy nr cxlcndr comllerely artund [rc Isimclur of thc oPlnlnS.
' flc'lllalc u u:ccpl i!5qriia ofrlc gcrsoaol clccuoric 10. llo one'plcc.D casc ofEilim l,Iudler clEPrisin8:
0rlllErturc sizJ ard Fositioocd lo sligurvid ! fcalurliof
dwicc nml suliicicotLy rigid lo i:lurely rcuin ru
rlc ircned pcrao :t ol8onic dlvicD ald lhcrEby
ilscfled pcrsootl clcd;nicisvicq wllrrcin:
jrclud6
cnsblclcccsF lolhc fcrlutl
0 bollom sljJEcc, eido
$ nodblc iD.rff lullr
rurfoc{.s joinrd 10 &c boltorn $url0ic rl0d cxlcrfiog ?! l]. Ilc onc'Ficcc clsc ofchim l, whcrcin dc Eidc surliccs ofrilllFlotcoflie ll4iblc irDcrhyurmd tiuxlerior
Uprvunl tirunlroa, uErl u llltLd cuvlly conligurul to
D;c! I oid rEuil dic iorudcd pEllotol elcclmBic dlvicc lludlDycr crflcnd rlsve o loP surlucs uf thu inscdcd PcltoDnl
srch rhut dre buttui! $rflcc covcrs0llsl! poflioBof cllclrcDlcdwicq
1?. ]!c o[c.Di.'cc csic otcldo 1' wlcrciE thc tisxiblo
r bollod $rlbcc of lbc iDrrnld Dursolll ;h.lrolic
rluvicc 0!d $c sidc su/uccj covs ii lcast a xnioo o f a lo l[!cr lBycr is E;Bullclurd IrulE !tlcssl olc ofrultcr, sUi
coq plctic, or futic.
sida rurfrcc altc iErtudplrq)nr) clcokDnlc dsrilci
13- llra orl-DicEc orsc olsluiE I. rvllLrci! lhe qlcrior
lhe exlcdor II3J(I Inycr inrjl d!! ll boltoo sllIllcu ud ridE
hod lrycr is dE;ufDctuFd frlE al lcrn oicofPlurlic, slllilr
surloccs sizcd md !l$!$l lo suhslaltirlly mvc! r slcn mtvatto ra dstcdol. or 3 nll-n-lfssid Mlsid.
;or ofrhs boltoln lnd !idt surl.ccs ofllE flodblc inncr
'14;
T[c cilc! otcbin ] wherein lhe coaoklcd onc'piccc
layc. rod I c t Drvay.lurtion dNl ir Fqnn!.ldy 6lled JJ
nssclnbli coloprirs E pluldlty ol ndiirslxl corncR lnd n
\\ irh n Fn;dn of tbc .o-noldL{ llc1{tblc i!-oa. lsys.
?, ltc ons.liece clis ofcloln 1, N[$oh $c cul{r{!y
llunilry oI crrr-ngly J'onionr llnd wlErcin ercit of tbe Ilu.
porior fonDs 0n cxlrffion !uni, in le co.@oltlEd olc.
folit] of ndiurcd clmEN coot.iins one ot dr Ptuality of
cur-fl,ny Ilonl0l)l.
f,ie.c$EcEbly$r!cosgibulGlolhcovcn ncxjbillryolda
in
15. 'nra ons.Ii6tc ltsc of cltiB 1, wbcrciD lbc cncrlor
cn.molibd ooc-pic.c asscEbly.
hrd luvlr hulurlcs ui lclsl lwo sldc sur[dccs rblt foBD a
3. Tlu oDc.!icc cssc ofcliin I , r!/llc!L'ln lhc Iluxlltlc iotdr
lldiufiria $mc. ond hc Etll,rwly lanion i loculul ot sub'
byo! ol'ths t:)-moldcd onc.piccc !56mbly nrnvidus sbnck
Ellr illlv tlc hhcclo! of thl' flditiscd cumcr'
pmluction Iur ftcc!cloicrl pcrsDDrl dlxuoulc d0viEc
16.TicEeotclu,ll r wh!4'l.tr thc cul'nwoy ]lonio! dbt
4,Tlrsonc.i,ic.c c!5ool clql!| I,vbcruh lllcsldc lurfoes
ot r.Ie eftrior hDd luycr [01gl s cumcrluint !!d lhc co. at iE pclmioEnrly lillcd wir! L punjon of rhc ficdb)c i!!!r loycr,
cKcnds dlrouglr ol lorn t[c sidc surftcc ond o Ponjoa ofiLii
ouldcd ocxiblc in[cr liycr 6lls i! ltc oll-lwuy lorlioB
lonoE surf[cc of tbu e(lerior firrd IsyLT
loEulcd rt ftc mrlErjoiflr coltribuling lo t! ovemll ileiibil'
itv of lle ooL.Diecc cqsc.

's.11e ooe-iiccccrrcofclDi.[l

lsycr

ltrl

fitls

i!

1,

\t!Lruid lltll lls(lblu iDns

rc Eqtjrlvny ltortioE clcnlcl

Elrclch_2ooc

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 21 of 28 Page ID #:44

EXHIBIT F

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 22 of 28 Page ID #:45


!!q!r I 4r I liq{L-q!-!!ir!!4r,

PayPa$'

Overurel! Aid rrlr,ne! JurdrcR


'

Trai',sa.tion

Hinory shlernenls

Fssotu'Lon

Cenler

Prcfle

DeI?rils

lloll! e ExFess clrckdr pnyne{ seln (!nique TEnsadlon

tD *2\,357324wH31

3320D)

Originar Transaction

Dn

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oisldbuir

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crbronrer seMre uR!: rr:1i lsi@r tr d51pr b ..m


cGlqnor sMce Ernr : nldji1 r4t|.ulq3eridltrlr

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ned Tolnt s9 99 USD


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SldpDirrg: $351USO

Seller lscdrior cln'res: $000USD

Told no[n:
Fee

fltuxr[:

D .:

-sI3.53 usD
$0.00

Uso

Jan ?9 2013

Tirtr4: ?334 5/ PsT


compleled

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pnyDern

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palmenlisvEritletl)

dtsmarlFhonesEro0P

rqorpoqorely@nd5le.h con

F n(!ru Ti4: lnslanlTtanster


Sorr cr 11 3 53 USD - J P MORoAN CHASE 6ANK NA ChecNnq (Conthed) x ?735
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Fmdr{

TrnckiruNtrtrJDr: 940010S6SSS38334263532]j
order sr.nr6: sh poed (Jon 30,2013)

oesdinihn: shoppl.qcan
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qololhe?+zvFe.o!1'onae.l.rPa',falandeEatslrongVrecor.mendlhatrcuaiempltorcsotreissues
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Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 23 of 28 Page ID #:46

EXHIBIT G

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 24 of 28 Page ID #:47


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Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 25 of 28 Page ID #:48

EXHIBIT H

Case 2:14-cv-06465-ODW-PLA Document 1-1 Filed 08/18/14 Page 26 of 28 Page ID #:49


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?3 34 55 PST

sr.mrs: comploled

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rCA 91 302-1 50?

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