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Welding Inspection:

Multi-Choice Questions

Paper 3

Please return this paper unmarked


1.

Which type of submerged arc welding flux is susceptible to moisture pick-up?


A
B
C
D

2.

A large grain size, in the HAZ of a C-Mn steel weld joint, may have.....
A
B
C
D

3.

100% Argon
70% Argon + 30% He
Argon + 5% Hydrogen
Argon + 20% CO2

The presence of iron sulphides in a weld bead may cause ........


A
B
C
D

8.

yield strength
co-efficient of thermal expansion
elastic modulus
co-efficient of electrical conductivity

Which of the following is a suitable shielding gas for FCAW of stainless steels?
A
B
C
D

7.

C-Mn steels
austenitic stainless steels
low alloy steels for elevated temp.service
low carbon steels for cryogenic service

The property of a material that has the greatest influence on welding distortion is the.....
A
B
C
D

6.

the tensile strength of the welded joint


the level of residual stress in butt joints
the fracture toughness of the HAZ
the through thickness ductility of a steel plate (the 'Z' direction)

The risk of hydrogen cracking is higher when MMA welding of ........


A
B
C
D

5.

low ductility
low toughness
high toughness
high tensile strength

A STRA test is used to measure........


A
B
C
D

4.

neutral
agglomerated
fused
they are all about the same

solidification cracking
hydrogen cracking
lamellar tearing
weld decay

A macro section is particularly good for showing .........


A
B
C
D

the HAZ microstructure


overlap
the weld metal microstructure
all of the above

TWI North, Middlesbrough

(Rev. 2)

Welding Inspection:

Multi-Choice Questions

Paper 3

(Rev. 2)

Please return this paper unmarked


9.

Which of the following procedures would be expected to produce the least distortion in 15mm straight butt weld ?
A
B
C
D

TIG weld
MMA weld
MMA weld
SAW weld

single sided, multi-pass


single sided, multi-pass
double sided, multi-pass
1 pass per side

10. A suitable gas /gas mixture, for GMAW of aluminium is ......


A
B
C
D

100% CO2
100% Argon
80% Argon + 20% CO2
98% Argon + 2% O2

11. Which of the following is associated with SAW more often than it is with MMA welds is ?
A
B
C
D

hydrogen cracking in the HAZ


solidification cracking in the weld metal
re-heat cracking during PWHT
lamellar tearing

12. EN ISO 5817 (Level C) specifies that the limit for the diameter (D) of a single pore in a weld is: D 0.3s, but max.4mm where s = material thickness.
For which of the following situations is the pore acceptable?
A
B
C
D

s = 20mm, measured pore diameter = 5.0mm


s = 15mm, measured pore diameter = 4.5mm
s = 10mm, measured pore diameter = 3.0mm
s = 10mm, measured pore diameter = 3.5mm

13. To measure arc voltage accurately it is recommended that the voltmeter should be connected .......
A
B
C
D

across the arc and as near as practical to the arc


across the power source terminals prior to arc initiation
across the power source terminals during the welding operation
all of the above are suitable

14. Lamellar tearing has occurred in a steel fabrication. What technique could have been used to find it before the
weld was made ?
A
B
C
D

X-ray examination
liquid penetrant examination
ultrasonic examination
it could not have been found by any inspection method.

15. Pre-heating a low alloy steel prior to welding is done to minimise the risk of ........
A
B
C
D

porosity
excessive distortion
HAZ cracking
lack of fusion

TWI North, Middlesbrough

Welding Inspection:

Multi-Choice Questions

Paper 3

(Rev. 2)

Please return this paper unmarked


16. Typical temperatures used for normalising a C-Mn steel plate are ........
A
B
C
D

600 to 650C
1000 to 1100C
700 to 800C
880 to 920C

17. For GMAW the burn-off rate of the wire is directly related to .........
A
B
C
D

the stick-out length


wire feed speed
the arc voltage
the travel speed

18. For MMA welding of a 60mm wall nozzle to a 100mm wall vessel shell, pre-heat temperature should be checked .
A
B
C
D

before welding starts/re-starts


on the shell and the nozzle
at points at least 75mm from the joint edge
all of the above

19. A crack running along the centreline of a weld bead could be caused by .........
A
B
C
D

use of damp flux


lack of preheat
arc voltage being too high
weld bead being too deep and very narrow

20. In order to improve resistance to service failure caused by cyclic loading, it is good practice to .......
A
B
C
D

use low heat input welding


use steel with a low CEV
ensure there are no features that give high stress concentration
all of the above

21. The use of low carbon austenitic stainless steels and stabilised stainless steels will minimise the risk of .......
A
B
C
D

HAZ cracking
weld decay
weld metal cracking
distortion

22. Which type of SAW flux is susceptible to breaking down into fine particles during circulation?
A
B
C
D

fused
neutral
alloyed
agglomerated

23. The maximum hardness in the HAZ of a steel will increase if the .......
A
B
C
D

heat input is increased


CEV is increased
joint thickness is decreased
all of the above

TWI North, Middlesbrough

Welding Inspection:

Multi-Choice Questions

Paper 3

(Rev. 2)

Please return this paper unmarked


24. BS EN ISO 5817 (Level B) specifies the limit for Excess Weld Metal (h) on a butt weld as: h 1mm + 0.1b, but max. 5mm, b = weld width.
In which of the following situations is the measured Excess Weld Metal acceptable.
A
B
C
D

b = 10
b = 20
b = 35
b = 45

measured excess weld metal = 2.5mm


measured excess weld metal = 3.5mm
measured excess weld metal = 4.5mm
measured excess weld metal = 5.5mm

25. A carbon manganese steel is being welded by MMA and the electrode run-out-lengths that have been used are
much shorter than specified by the WPS. This deviation may give ......
A
B
C
D

an increased risk of hydrogen cracking


an increased risk of solidification cracking
lower values of HAZ toughness
higher values of HAZ hardness

26. The first procedure that is prepared for a Weld Procedure Qualification test weld is a ........
A
B
C
D

pWPS
WPS
WPQR
WPAR

27. Transfer of material identification by hard stamping is sometimes not allowed for high integrity applications
because ......
A
B
C
D

it is too slow
it can be a safety hazard
it may be damaging to the material
all of the above

28. When welding thin plate, distortion can be minimised by ......


A
B
C
D

using back-step welding


minimising weld volume
using bridge tacks
all of the above

29. Which of the following would be considered to be high Heat Input welding?
A
B
C
D

550 J/mm
55 J/mm
5.5 J/mm
5.0 kJ/mm

30. Initiation of a TIG arc by using a High Frequency spark may not be allowed because ..........
A
B
C
D

it often causes tungsten inclusions


it can damage electronic equipment
it is an electrical safety hazard
it often causes stop/start porosity

TWI North, Middlesbrough