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Question 1

1 out of 1 points

Crossing over occurs during which phase?


Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

Prophase I
Correct Answer:

b.

Prophase I

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

Chromatids can be found in which of the following types of cell division?


I. Mitosis
II. Meiosis I
III. Meiosis II
Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

I, II and III
Correct Answer:

b.

I, II and III

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

The following are consequences of meiotic recombination:


I. Increased genetic diversity
II. Exchange of parts of homologous chromosomes
III. Stabilization of chromosomes at the metaphase plate
Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

I, II and III
Correct Answer:

b.

I, II and III

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

During this step, the nuclear membrane breaks down.


Answer
Selected Answer:

d.

Prometaphase
Correct Answer:

a.

Prophase

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

What happens in the 'S' phase in the diagram?

Answer
Selected Answer:

d.

The DNA of the cell doubles via synthesis


Correct Answer:

d.

The DNA of the cell doubles via synthesis

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following statements about gametes are true?


I. In sexual reproduction, each parent provides genetic material in the form of a gamete cell.
II. Gametes are produce by mitosis.
III. If a sexually reproducing organism is diploid, the gametes are haploid.

Answer
Selected Answer:

e.

I and III
Correct Answer:

e.

I and III

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

Sister chromatids segregate to opposite poles during which of the following types of cell division?
I. Mitosis
II. Meiosis I
III. Meiosis II
Answer
Selected Answer:

e.

I and III
Correct Answer:

e.

I and III

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following statements is TRUE?


Answer
Selected Answer:

d.

Chromosome replication occurs during S phase.


Correct Answer:

d.

Chromosome replication occurs during S phase.

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

During animal cell division, actin filaments organize into the following structure:
Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

Contractile ring
Correct Answer:

b.

Contractile ring

Question 10

1 out of 1 points

The organelle that serves as a microtubule organizing center during cell division is the
Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

Centrosome
Correct Answer:

a.

Centrosome

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

A chromatid is a what?
Answer
Selected Answer:

d.

one-half of a newly replicated eukaryotic chromosome.


Correct Answer:

d.

one-half of a newly replicated eukaryotic chromosome.

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following structures do NOT participate in the cell division of a sunflower cell?
I. Contractile ring
II. Cell plate
III. Vesicle
Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

I
Correct Answer:

a.

Question 13
1 out of 1 points

Place the following steps in the cell cycle into the order in which they occur.
I. G1
II. G2
III. S phase

IV. M phase
Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

I, III, II, IV
Correct Answer:

b.

I, III, II, IV

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

Chromosome de-condensation occurs during this step.


Answer
Selected Answer:

e.

Telophase
Correct Answer:

e.

Telophase

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

The primary type of microtubule that positions the chromosome in preparation for mitosis is the ______
microtubule.
Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

Kinetochore
Correct Answer:

b.

Kinetochore

Question 16
1 out of 1 points

The protein structure on a chromosome to which microtubules may attach is a


Answer
Selected Answer:

d.

Kinetochore
Correct Answer:

d.

Kinetochore

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following are primary functions of the centromere?


I. Hold sister chromatids together
II. Protect chromosomes
III. Repair DNA damage
Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

I
Correct Answer:

a.

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

A protein that plays a central role in DNA packaging


Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

histone
Correct Answer:

a.

histone

Question 19
1 out of 1 points

A diploid cell which has one copy of chromosome 16 would be called


Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

Monosomic
Correct Answer:

a.

Monosomic

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

Segregation of ribosomes occurs during:


Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

Cytokinesis
Correct Answer:

b.

Cytokinesis

Question 21
0 out of 1 points

Two aberrant cells are found in the dividing skin tissue of an otherwise normal human. One cell has only
one copy of chromosome 16 while the other has two copies. The cause of these aberrant cells is most likely
due to
Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

Nondisjunction during mitosis


Correct Answer:

d.

Nondisjunction during meiosis I

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following statements about the mitotic spindle is true?


Answer
Selected
Answer:

Correct
Answer:

a.

It is composed of microtubules, which help separate the chromosomes to opposite poles


of the cell.
a.

It is composed of microtubules, which help separate the chromosomes to opposite poles


of the cell.

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

The process in which the duplicated DNA of a diploid cell is separated into identical daughter cells is
called
Answer
Selected Answer:

c.

Mitosis
Correct Answer:

c.

Mitosis

Question 24
1 out of 1 points

Replication precedes which of the following types of cell division?


I. Mitosis

II. Meiosis I
III. Meiosis II
Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

I and II
Correct Answer:

b.

I and II

Question 25
1 out of 1 points

Otherwise known as one of two copies of a replicated chromosome


Answer
Selected Answer:

e.

Chromatid
Correct Answer:

e.

Chromatid

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following statements about kinetochores on mitotic chromosomes is true?


Answer
Selected Answer:

e.

All of these statements are true.


Correct Answer:

e.

All of these statements are true.

Question 27
1 out of 1 points

The egg cell of a rabbit, which is a diploid organism, has 22 chromosomes. How many chromosomes can
be found in a rabbit's neuron cell?
Answer
Selected Answer:

d.

44
Correct Answer:

d.

44

Question 28
0 out of 1 points

Which of the following statements about chromatids is true?


Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

They are identical in meiotic chromosomes.


Correct Answer:

b.

Copies of chromosomes produced during replication.

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following is an example of aneuploidy?


I. A haploid cell with one copy of chromosome 21
II. A diploid cell with three copies of chromosome 21
III. A diploid cell with four copies of the X chromosome
Answer
Selected Answer:

e.

II and III
Correct Answer:

e.

II and III

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following events occur during prophase?


I. Centrosome duplication
II. Centrosome movement to the spindle poles
III. Centrosome organization of the spindle apparatus
Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

II and III
Correct Answer:

a.

II and III

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

The primary type of microtubule that anchors the spindle poles in preparation for mitosis is
Answer

Selected Answer:

a.

Astral
Correct Answer:

a.

Astral

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

If the cell of a diploid organism (2n = 6) undergoes meiosis, how many chromosome are present in each
daughter cell at the end of meiosis II?
Answer
Selected Answer:

c.

3
Correct Answer:

c.

Question 33
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following structures is unique to meiosis?


Answer
Selected Answer:

a.

Tetrads
Correct Answer:

a.

Tetrads

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

All of the following occur during interphase EXCEPT:


Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

Cell division
Correct Answer:

b.

Cell division

Question 35
1 out of 1 points

If the chromosome count in a domestic cat is 2n = 38, the haploid chromosome count for a domestic cat is
Answer
Selected Answer:

c.

19
Correct Answer:

c.

19

Question 36
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following characteristics or structures are unique to meiosis?


Answer
Selected Answer:

d.

Reduction of chromosome number


Correct Answer:

d.

Reduction of chromosome number

Question 37
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following events occur during prophase II?


I. Kinetochores assemble on each tetrad
II. Chromosome condensation
III. Spindle apparatus assembly
Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

II and III
Correct Answer:

b.

II and III

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following statements about meiosis is true?


Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

The chromosome number in the resulting cells is halved.


Correct Answer:

b.

The chromosome number in the resulting cells is halved.

Question 39
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following statements about asexual reproduction is NOT true?


Answer
Selected Answer:

c.

It is an outdated, seldom used form of reproduction.


Correct Answer:

c.

It is an outdated, seldom used form of reproduction.

Question 40
1 out of 1 points

If the diploid chromosome count in humans is 46, how many pairs of homologous chromosomes are there?
Answer
Selected Answer:

e.

23
Correct Answer:

e.

23

Question 41
1 out of 1 points

What is the difference between G0, G1, and G2 in the cell cycle? Refer to the diagram below for a
reminder of the timing for these events.

Answer
Selected
Answer:

a.

In G0 the cell is at rest and has left the cell cycle. In G1 the cell increases in size and

prepares for chromosome replication in S. In G2, the cell is also increasing in size in
preparation for M and cell division.
Correct
Answer:

a.

In G0 the cell is at rest and has left the cell cycle. In G1 the cell increases in size and
prepares for chromosome replication in S. In G2, the cell is also increasing in size in
preparation for M and cell division.

Question 42
1 out of 1 points

A discrete unit of DNA that produces a protein that provides the functionality a cell needs is
Answer
Selected Answer:

c.

gene
Correct Answer:

c.

gene

Question 43
1 out of 1 points

A picture in which all of the homologous chromosomes of an organism have been stained and organized is
called a(n)
Answer
Selected Answer:

b.

Karyogram
Correct Answer:

b.

Karyogram