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# The University of Texas at Dallas

## EE 2300 APPLIED LINEAR ALGEBRA

Section 501, Fall 2005

Instructor: Dr. Edward Esposito Office hours: Tue, Thu 4:30 – 6:00 pm
Office: ECSN 3.724 (Dean’s area) ... or by appt.
Phone: 883-4119 Class schedule: Mon, Wed 5:30 – 6:45 pm
e-mail: edward.esposito@utdallas.edu Class location: ECS-South 2.312

## PREREQUISITE: MATH 2419 (3-0) S or 1472

Textbook (required): Kenneth Hardy, Linear Algebra for Engineers and Scientists Using MatLab,
1st Edition, Prentice Hall, 2005

Textbook (recomm.): Steven J. Leon, Linear Algebra with Applications, 7th Edition, Prentice Hall,
2005

Software (req’d): MAT LAB Student Edition (latest version), available from Math Works,
www.mathworks.com

Workbooks (optional): S. Leon, E. Herman, & R. Faulkenberry, ATLAST Computer Exercises for
Linear Algebra, Prentice Hall, 1996 (may be packaged with above text as
ISBN 0-13-096706-8)

Course description: Systems of linear equations, matrices, Gauss-Jordan elimination. Rank of a matrix.
Matrix algebra, inverses, and LU factorization. Vector spaces, linear dependence/independence, bases,
and dimension. Linear transformations and matrix representation. Scalar products, orthogonality, Gram-
Schmidt process, and QR factorization. Determinants. Eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and diagonalization;
singular-value decomposition. Introduction to MATLAB.

## Goals: 1) To provide an understanding of the conceptual framework and computational aspects of

modern linear algebra, and an introduction to its application in a variety of engineering and scientific
problems; and 2) To provide an introduction to the utility and power of the software tool MATLAB.

TOPICS:

## Linear systems of equations and matrices (Chaps. 1, 2)

1. Systems of linear equations: consistency and equivalence; geometric interpretation; matrix repre-
sentation; Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan reduction; rank of a matrix.
2. Matrix algebra: addition, multiplication; identity matrix; inverse and transpose; symmetric and
skew-symmetric matrices.
3. Solutions of linear systems: existence and uniqueness; singularity and nonsingularity; elementary
matrices and equivalence; LU (triangular) factorization
Vector spaces, linear transformations, and orthogonality (Chaps. 3, 4)
1. Matrices and vectors: Euclidean n-space; other vector spaces.
2. Subspaces; span and spanning sets.
3. Linear independence; basis and dimension; change of basis
4. Matrices: row and column spaces; rank and nullity; implications for linear systems
5. Linear transformations and operators: range and kernel; matrix representation.
6. Dot product and norm; orthogonality; orthogonal subspaces, projection, and bases; orthogonal
matrices; least-squares problems.
7. Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization; QR factorization

## Determinants and eigenvalue problems (Chaps. 5, 6)

1. Determinants: definition and computation; inverses, products, and singularity.
2. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors: definition; characteristic polynomial; product and sum of eigenvalues;
similar matrices
3. Independence of eigenvectors; multiplicity/degeneracy of eigenvalues; diagonalization
4. Complex matrices and eigenvalues; Hermitian, unitary, and normal matrices; orthonormal basis of
eigenvectors
5. Singular value decomposition (SVD) and applications (optional)

Numerical methods in linear algebra; MATLAB (Textbook Appendix A and workbook Appendix A)
Selections from the following topics, interspersed throughout the course as appropriate:
1. Introduction to MATLAB
2. Floating-point arithmetic; error analysis; catastrophic cancellation
3. Linear systems: Gaussian elimination; LU factorization; matrix inversion
4. Linear systems: ill-conditioned systems; matrix norms and condition numbers
5. Orthogonal transformations
6. Eigenvalue problems; eigenvalues by iteration (power method); QR factorization
7. Singular value decomposition and least-squares problems
8. Numerical differentiation and integration
9. Introduction to iterative methods

There will be a midterm exam and a final exam. The midterm will cover the first half of the course
material. The final will be comprehensive but will emphasize material from the second half of the course.

There may also be occasional, unannounced short quizzes. These could occur at the beginning or at the
end of a class period. Quizzes will be graded, and each will count as an equivalent homework assignment.

## Midterm exam: Mon., Oct. 10 (5:30 pm)

Final exam: Wed., Nov. 30, 5:00 – 7:30 pm

## The final semester grade breaks down as follows:

Midterm exam: 40%
Final exam: 40%
Homework/Quizzes: 20%

No exam grades will be dropped, so it is important not to miss either exam. Make-up exams will be
given only in very special circumstances and at the discretion of the instructor.
Homework will be collected at the beginning of the class period on the date it is due. Students should
keep a copy of their homework in case they need it for reference (or in preparing for exams) before they