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Examination directives for candidates:

Try to answer all questions.

Each question carries equal marks.

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Copying questions in any manner in strictly prohibited.

Allowable Maximum Time: 30 minutes

Answer the questions by highlighting the respective circle by pencil

Questions:
72) Incomplete joint penetration can be caused by
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Insufficient root opening


Excessive travel speed
Excessive electrode diameter
All of the above
A and C above

73) Macro examination will reveal the microstructure of the ...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Base metal
Heat-affected zone
Fusion zone
All of the above
B and C above

74)The upper limits of preheat and interpass temperatures for quenched and tempered steels are
specified for what reason (s) r
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Keep deposit rate to a minimum


Maintain the strength in the base metal heat-affected zone
Kelp the weld metal from becoming too strong
Avoid cracking in the weldment
Letters B and D above

75) Which of the following is NOT important pr essential to good record keeping?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Clearly and concisely stated facts


A good company policy manual
Well organized reports presenting a total picture
Logical sequence to reporting
All supporting forms, reports and data included or referenced

76) In a welding procedure qualification test, a reduced section tensile test specimen measured
14 inch x 1-1/2 inches before testing and failed at a load of 24,375 lbs. what was the tensile
strength in pounds per square inch of the specimen?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

73,125
65,000
56,000
6,500
9,140

77) Oxyacetylene welding of 16 gauge steel requires absorptive eye protection of a...
a) Shade # 4 or 5
b) The same absorptive lens as required for submerged arc welding
c) Shade # 6 or 8
d) Shade # 10 0 12
e) Just safely glasses
78)Liquid penetrant inspection is used for detecting...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Weld undercut
Excessive weld reinforcement
Weld discontinuities open to the surface
Short fillet weld leg size
Depth of weld penetration

Using the figure number 1 answer the following


79) The symbol above requires:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Penetrant testing on the other side of part


Proof testing on the other side of the part
Penetrant testing on the arrow side of the part
Proof testing on the arrow side of the part
Penetrant and radiographic testing from the other side

80) A stress relief heat treatment (approximately 1150F on carbon steel ) is intended to ...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Change the microstructure of the weld


Increase the tensile strength of the weld
Reduce the residual weld stresses across the weld.
Increase the impact strength of the weld.
Provide a method of oven heating for the removal of gas pockets trapped in the weld.

81) The liquid penetrant applied to the surface of a test specimen...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

flows into discontinuities upon application of developed.


is adsorbed by discontinuities
is drawn into a discontinuity by capillary action,
runs into discontinuities by gravity.
penetrates the surface by chemical action.
STUDY THE DESIRED WELD & SYMBOL BELOW:
Refer Fig No : 2

82) Identify the correct welding symbol for the desired weld.
a) 1

b)
c) 3
d) 4

e) 5
83) Mid steel (A36) steel is more weldable than...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Low carbon steel (A53)


Medium carbon steel (SAE140)
High carbon steel (SAE 1095)
All of the above
B and C

84) Air carbon arc cutting


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Requires an electrode holder


Require an air supply
May be done manually or mechanically
All of the above
A and B above

85) Prior to welding, a CWI should check...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

If the welding procedure is qualified in accordance with the contract spec


If the welder is qualified for the process and position
If the joint designs and joint preparations meet the requirements of the welding procedure
The inspection requirements called out by the contract spec
All of the above

86) A welder may be required to retest because...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

He or she fails their initial welding test


In case there is a change in an essential variable
His or her ability to deposit sound weld metal is questioned
All of the above
B and C above

87) A CWI's records may be used...


a) to help recall and verify past decisions
b) used to verify the payment of work invoices
c) to verify man-hour records for the shop
d) for packing slips for shipping
e) all of the above
88). The factor which is most important to the reliability of a test is...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Ease of conducting test


Cost of required equipment
Reproducibility of test conditions
Speed of testing
Portability of equipment

89) During electroslag welding, cracks may be avoided by maintaining...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Proper electrode feed rate


Proper current
Proper spacing between electrodes or guide tubes
All of the above
A and C above

90) Magnetic particle inspection is most suitable for the detection of...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Surface cracks perpendicular to the magnetic lines of force


Short fillet throat dimensions of fillet welds
Lamination in plate that are less than % inch below the surface
Excessive weld reinforcement in butt joints done with SMAW
The residual magnetism of a weldment

91) Hardness test method (s) for metals include (s)...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Rockwell
Knoop
Vickers
Brinell
All of the above

92) The weld face refers to the...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Surface of a cross section of the weld


Appearance of the heat-affected zone
Original groove face
Exposed surface of the weld on the side from which welding was done
Exposed surface of the weld on the side opposite from which welding sas done

93)A welding inspector must be ethical primarily in order to...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Insure that the employer receives fair value for inspection fees
Render impartial decisions
Reject every weld the first time of inspection
Safeguard the public's health and well-being
B and D above

94) A welder performing SMAW with too high travel speed can...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Decrease penetration
Cause undercutting at the edges of the weld
Cause difficulty in slag removal
All of the above
A and B above,

95) The only forms may be used for welding qualification records are shown in the AWS and ASME code books.
the above statement is...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

True
False
True only for city government owned Weldments
Not to be verified by a CWI
True, except for approved computer generated records keeping systems

96) What should be known for proper interpretation of liquid penetrant indications?

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Previous manufacturing processes performed on the part


Technique used in applying and removing the penetrant
Method used to clean part prior to inspections
All of the above
None of the above

97)Which of the following is an advantage of fluorescent penetrants over visible dye penetrants?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

The inspection can be carried out in a well-lighted area


Small indications are more easily seen
It can be used where contact with water is objectionable
It is less sensitive to contamination of discontinuities
The dye requires no vehicle or solvent

98) Shielding gases used for GMAW include...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Argon
Helium
C02
All of the above
Letters A and B above

99) Reverse polarity is a nonstandard term for...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Direct current electrode negative


Direct current electrode positive
Direct current straight polarity
Direct current reverse polarity
None of the above

100) Under most code rules, welders may be qualified by their employers providing they have...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Passed a prescribed set of tests


Been employed for a minimum of six months
Qualified by at least one previous employer
A and B above
A and B above

101)Destructive tests of welds are designed to...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Determine the mechanical properties (i.e. tensile strength, ductility toughness)


Determine the Modulus of Elasticity of a weld metal
Calculate the percent of reduction in area for an all-weld-metal specimen
Determine the soundness of weld metal
All of the above

102) In comparison to surface cracks, the sensitivity of magnetic particle inspection to flaws%inch or more below the surface of a thick.
a) generally much less
b)
c)
d)
e)

approximately equal
nearly equal if the flaws are fine nonmetallic strings
nearly equal if the internal and external flaws have equal widths
greater if the flaws are located near the weld's axis and AC current is used

103) The welding inspector should evaluate critical joint fit-ups before welding begins. Which of the
following in NOT an essential part of the evaluation?
a) Tack welds
b) Root opening
c) Post heat temperature
d) Edge preparation
e) Dimensions and alignment
104) Torch brazing is accomplished by the use of
a) a neutral oxyfuel gas flame
b) a slightly reducing oxyfuel gas flame

c) an air-fuel gas flame


d) all of the above
e) A and C above
105) Which of the following defects does NOT occur when a weld is made by the GTAW Process?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Porosity
Slag inclusions
Cracks
Incomplete fusion
Overlap
STUDY THE SYMBOL BELOW :
Refer Fig No: 3

106) What is indicated by the welding symbol shown above?


a) two %-inch fillet welds on 4-inch centers
b) four 2-inch fillet welds 4-inches long at 1/8-inch spacing
c) Intermittent 1/8 -inch fillet welds 2-inches long on 4-inch centers
d) intermitten 1/8 inch fillet welds 4-inches long on 2-inch centers
e) none of the above.
107) The qualification of a CWI covers the responsibility to... . ..
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
.

specify welding procedures


compute allowable stresses
perform radiographic examinations
conduct test for analysis of base material composition
none of the above

108) When other welding variables are held constant, increasing the welding current During
FCAW will
a) Increase electrode deposition rate
b) Increase penetration
c) Produce concave weld beads with poor appearance
d) All of the above
e) A and B above
109) yield strength may be determined by
a) tension tests
b) charpy tests
c) hardness tests
d) none of the above
e) A or C above
110) Which of the following is/are used to perform
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

colored ferro-magnetic oxide powders


AC and DC articulated leg yokes
DC coils
all of the above
only A and C above

MT?

STUDY THE SYMBOL BELOW:


Refer Fig No 4 in the last page
111) The above Non destructive testing symbol refers to which of the following?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

visual test and penetrant test made on both sides of part


visual test made on other side of part and penetrant test made on arrow side
visual test made in arrow side of part and penetrant test made on other side of part
visual test made on back of part and penetrant test made on front of p
none of the above

112) Any records that require the fabricator's signature should be prepared by
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

the inspector
the fabricator
both the shop foreman and the inspector
the QA Manager
an engine

113) Preheat is sometimes used for shielded metal arc welding of materials which have Very
high thermal conductivity. Preheat, in this case.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Reduces the amperage required for welding


Improves penetration
Aids fusion
All of the above
A and B above

114) Direct current electrode positive means the work piece is connected to...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

"reversible" (alternating) current


the positive terminal
the negative terminal
all of the above
none of the above

115)A traveller, or production plan, requires UT examination of the laying surface of a weld
Joint. The-raying surface is described as... . ..
a) The surface of the joint which will be ground upon completion of welding
b) The face-side of a weldment.
c) The surface of a weldment which will come in contact with any other surface
d) B or C above
e)

The mating surface of a member that is in contact with or in close proximity to another member
to which it is to be joined

116) To maintain weld quality during Arc Stud Welding it is necessary to...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

..

have sufficient welding power


use DC Electrode Negative (straight polarity) for aluminum
make test welds before starting
A and B above
A and C

117)The charpy V-Notch impact test is...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

the most common fracture toughness test


often used in specifying minimum acceptance criteria for base metal
often used for welding procedure qualification
all of the above
A and C above

118) What aspects of fabrication can be checked through visual inspection during Welding?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Sequence of weld passes


Inter pass cleaning
Proper pre ,eat
All of the above
A and B above

119) Which of the following could interfere with liquid penetrant testing?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

an oily surface
a wet surface
a rough weld
all of the above
only A and B above

120) The distance between the tip of the welding electrode and the weld Surface is called...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Arc force
Arc length
Arc blow
Arc strike
Arc chamber

121)The certified welding inspector may be required to verify the following records are Maintained...
a) Welding procedure qualification
b) Control of welding materials
c) Welder qualification
d) All of the above
e) A and C above
122)Optimum results are more likely when EXX16 and EXX18 low-hydrogen electrodes ....
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

used with a long arc on downhill welding and a short arc on uphill welding
stored in refrigerator when the container has been opened
stored in a holding oven at proper temperature
Used with a "whipping" technique on light gage metal
Replaced with EXX13 electrodes on vertical work

123)Guided bend specimens may be


a) longitudinal or transverse to the weld axis
b) bend in tensile test machines
c) bend in wrap-around bend test jigs
d) all of the above
e) A and C above

124) Brazed joints scan be inspected by which of the following testing methods
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

ultrasonic
leak
torsion
any of the above
A and B above

125) Manufactures recommend that E 7018 electrodes be used with a "short arc" Welding
technique. The helps..........
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Speed the metal transfer across the arc


Maintain good shielding of the molten weld pool
In welding thin sheet metal
Root pass "whipping burn through
The GMAW process weld as sheet metal

126) Why should the CWI keep accurate and up-to-date records and reports?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

to keep the superintendent informed


to impress the chief inspector
so that he can write better procedures
to satisfy government agencies
to assure compliance with standards and specifications

127) If a welding inspector feels he or she is not qualified to make judgment as to The acceptability off a weldment,
he or she should
a) Do the best he or she can and report accordingly
b) Call for assistance from someone who is qualified
c)

Wait to make judgment until he or she has had time to get additional Training

d) Stop all work until procedures are developed within the inspector'
Qualification
e) Allow work to continue because further welder experience will improve
128) Ultrasonic waves can be coupled to the test object effectively ...
a)
b)
c)
d)

through a film of oil


through a film of air
through a layer of water
through a layer of grease

e)

A,Cand D above

129) When the weld structure is to be examined at magnifications over 1Ox, are used.
a) Macro-specimens
b) micro-specimens
c) Tensile specimens
d) Charpy specimens
e) Chemical tests

130)Plasma Arc Cutting (Pac) is,better suited than Oxyfule Gas Cutting (OFC) for Cutting...
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Ferrous sheet metal


Nonferrous , metals(i.e. aluminum copper, brass, etc)
Any metals with a thickness over5-inches
Stainless steel sheet and plate
A, B and D above

131)What is meant by " buttering a groove face?


a) a form of surfacing in which one or more layers of weld metal is (are) deposited on the
surface m(s) of the joint(s) to be subsequently welded
b) a surfacing variation to achieve required dimensions
c) a surfacing variation to achieve metallurgical characteristics such as corrosion resistance
d) the condition which results iii metal melt-thru
e) none of the above
132) A welding procedure specification (WPS) has been qualified for production Welding with the GMAW (short
circuiting transfer process , Which condition (s)Below is correct for a welder qualified only for FCAW regarding
production Welding using the GMAW WPS?
a) The welder has been checked out on the GMAW equipment, allowing him/her to weld GMAW for production
b) The welder's supervisor assigned him to the job, which qualifies him/her because the supervisor
knows the welder's ability
c)

The welder has welded with GMAW process in the past, qualifying him/her for production welding

with GMAW
d) The welder is qualified to weld FCAW only and is not qualified to weld the procedure parts
e)

If the welder is qualified with FCAW, he/she is qualified for GMAW short circuiting t transfer
because FCAW is more difficult to process

133) An inspector may check which of the following during welding?


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

preheat and interpass temperature requirements and measuring methods


filler metal control and handling
use of welders qualified for specific operations
all of the above
A and B above

134) Gas Metal Arc Welding( GMAW ) is suitable for what metals?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

carbon steel
stainless steel
aluminum
all of the above
A and B above

135) For SMAW, which of the following require (s) higher preheat temperature?
a)
b)
c)
d)

high carbon steels


low hydrogen electrodes
high strength low allo7 steels
all of the above

e)

A and C above

136) A welding performance qualification test serves to...


a) determine a welder's reliability
b) determine the mechanical properties of a weidment
c) provide statistical input for the purpose of estimating the ratio of accepted /rejected welds
d) determine the welders ability to deposit or produce sound weld metal
e) A and C above

137) At which of the following times should the CWI Inspect to assurance compliance with the welding procedure?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Only during the qualification activity


Prior to, during and after production welding
When requested to by the welding foreman
Once each job
Approximately every 6 months

138) A welding inspection should ... .


a)
b)
c)
d)

make sure records meet specified requirements


make sure records are available when needed
make sure records are in as much detail as`necessary
all of the above

139) Low hydrogen should be stored...


a) at 350F the container is ready to be opened
b) at 350 F until the container is ready to be 'opened
c) in open cans located around the job site ready for use
140) Which one of the following conditions will afrXthe rate and extent a liquid penetrant will enter cracks, fissures,
and other small opening?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

the hardness of the specimen being tested


the surface condition of the specimen being tested
the color of the penetrant
the conductivity of the specimen being tested
the magnetic field residual in the specimen

141)A proper travel speed is essential to good welding performance. Which of the following factors influence (s) travel
speed
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Surface condition of the base metal


joint fit-up
welding current
All of the above
A and B above

142) In film radiography, IQI's (pentameters) in most instances are placed to show the quality of the radiograph for the
least favourable geometry. Which of the following answers would be correct for the placement of the IQl for least

favourable geometry?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

between the intensifying screen and the film


on the source side of the test object
on the film side of the test object
between the operator and the radiation source
at the window of the X-ray tube

143)The hardness of a ferrous material...


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

is the ability to withstand a sudden b low


is the ability to withstand indentation
cannot be estimated by a bend test
has no useful purpose to the inspector
can be measured by the Izod test

144) During examination of a production weldment, the inpector noted that discontinuity indications found by MT the
method were not found by the PT method. What does that indicates?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

there are no flaws


the'discontinuities are all on the surface
the discontinuity sizes are too small for PT sensitivity
the discontinuities are not exposed to the surface
None of the above

Figure No:3

Fig No:1

FIG No 2

Fig No:4