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Our Solar System



Mercury is the smallest and closest to the Sun

Orbital period of about 88 Earth days
Radius: 2,440 km
Surface area: 74,800,000 km
Distance from Sun: 57,909,175 km
Length of day: 58d 15h 30m
30% size of Earth
Temperature: 700 Kelvin (Daytime) 100 Kelvin
Mass: 328.5E21 kg (0.055 Earth mass)
Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It has no
natural satellite. It is named after the Roman
goddess of love and beauty
Orbits the Sun every 224.7 Earth days
Surface area: 460,234,317 km
Radius: 6,052 km
Mass: 4.867E24 kg (0.815 Earth mass)
Length of day: 116d 18h 0m
Distance from Sun: 108,200,000 km
Earth, also known as the world, Terra, or Gaia, is the
third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the
Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four
terrestrial planets, and the only celestial body known
to accommodate life.
Radius: 6,371 km
Age: 4.54 billion years
Surface area: 510,072,000 km
Distance from Sun: 149,600,000 km
Population: 7.125 billion (2013)
Moon(s): Moon (Luna)
Orbit: 365 days
Length of a day: 24h
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the
second smallest planet in the Solar System, after
Surface area: 144,798,500 km





Radius: 3,390 km
Mass: 639E21 kg (0.107 Earth mass)
Orbit: 687 days
Moon(s): Phobos, Deimos

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest
planet in the Solar System. It is a gas giant with
mass one-thousandth of that of the Sun but is two
and a half times the mass of all the other planets in
the Solar System combined.
Radius: 69,911 km
Surface area: 61,418,738,571 km
Mass: 1.898E27 kg (317.8 Earth mass)
Gravity: 24.79 m/s
Distance from Sun: 778,500,000 km
Moons (main): Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto,
Amalthea, Adrastea, Metis

Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the

second largest planet in the Solar System, after
Jupiter. Named after the Roman god of agriculture,
its astronomical symbol represents the god's sickle
Surface area: 42,700,000,000 km
Radius: 58,232 km
Mass: 568.3E24 kg (95.16 Earth mass)
Orbital period: 29 years
Distance from Sun: 1,433,000,000 km
Moons: Titan, Enceladus, Dione, Mimas, Rhea,
Tethys, Iapetus,
Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun. It has the
third-largest planetary radius and fourth-largest
planetary mass in the Solar System.Wikipedia
Radius: 25,362 km
Surface area: 8,083,079,690 km
Mass: 86.81E24 kg (14.54 Earth mass)
Orbital period: 84 years
Gravity: 8.69 m/s
Moons: Miranda, Oberon, Ariel, Titania, Umbriel,
Cordelia, Puck
Neptune is the eighth and farthest planet from the
Sun in the Solar System. It is the fourth-largest

planet by diameter and the third-largest by mass.

Among the gaseous planets in the Solar System,
Neptune is the most dense. Wikipedia
Surface area: 7,618,272,763 km
Radius: 24,622 km
Mass: 102.4E24 kg (17.15 Earth mass)
Orbital period: 165 years
Distance from Sun: 4,503,000,000 km
Moons: Triton, Nereid, Proteus, Naiad, Larissa,
Galatea, Thalassa,Despina, Halimede, Neso,
Psamathe, Laomedeia, Sao



What is gravity?

An invisible force that is found in extremely large object.

This force pulls entities towards the centre of that object.

What role does it play in our universe?

Gravity is the powerful force that glues our universe

together. Gravity helped form our solar system, the planets,
and the stars. It holds the planets in orbit around the Sun,
and moons in orbit around the planets. The gravitational pull
of the Sun and Moon creates the tides on Earth. Far beyond
our solar system, the irresistible force of gravity is collapsing
stellar cores into amazing - and bizarre - objects in our
universe--neutron stars and black holes.

Big Bang Theory


Edwin Hubble found out that the universe was expanding by realising that cosmic matter (stars, planets, galaxies,
etc.) were moving further away from earth. From this information Cosmologists have discovered that by
hypothetically reversing time, far back enough it it possible to understand the creation of the universe.
From their understanding of the behaviour of the universe, cosmologists have come to a conclusion that the
universe was created approximately 13.8 billion years ago and was originally no bigger than an atom. But this atom
radiated incredible amounts of energy and burned at an intense heat.
Then it burst forth at an unimaginable speed creating (and expanding) the boundaries of space. It later cooled down
and condensed into matter and antimatter. When the two collide they explode destroying both entities, but luckily
there was more matter than antimatter. The residue of this later explosion(s) is what were the fundamental building
blocks of the universe we know now.
It is possible to say that we were made from the smoke of the big bang


After 10 minutes of the cosmos birth it was already 10, 000 lightyears in diameter
The residue from the later explosions then spread out and cooled in the span of 330,000 years.