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Content

Introduction 2

Modernism .. 3

Conclusion .. 8

Literature

Introduction
1

Modernism itself refuses to be easily defined. Its fragmentary nature, and the
continuing need for progress and new forms, excludes the possibility of a single
definition. Therefore, the term modernism in Neil Leach is adopted as suitable to
group works more thinkers with a broad modernist perspective, focusing on social
issues and aesthetic practices of modern times. Texts written in the early twentieth
century, a period of great social change, talk about sudden attacks of modernization.
Central to them is the shock of the new. Characteristic moments of reflection in the
face of the shock. The metropolis and mental life," offers insight into the modern
metropolis. Modernity can be said to be edged sword, and these texts serve as the
necessary verification utopias largely represented in modernist culture, as well as in
architectural discourse.

Charles Jencks, in his work Modern developments in

architecture, whose title "in the plural," reads the emphasized diversity and the many
faces of modern architecture, we propose theory polyvalence, through which it is
possible to estimate the values of modern architecture without "calling for help" any
dominant ideology. Polyvalence theory seeks sincerely to present us the language of
modern architecture, which usually taught as rational functionalistic dogma in relation
form-function, which actually completely used different architectural assets:
ornament, symbolism, art craft, polychrome and metaphor.
In this essay I will write about modernism.

Modernism

Modernism has been defined as a rejection of traditional 19th-century norms,


whereby artists, architects, poets and thinkers either altered or abandoned earlier
conventions in an attempt to re-envision a society in flux. In literature this included a
progression from objectivist optimism to cynical relativism expressed through
fragmented free verse containing complex, and often contradictory, allusions,
multiple points of view and other poetic devices that broke from the forms in Victorian
and Romantic writing, as can be seen in T.S. Eliot's "The Waste Land".1
Modernism has been defined as a rejection of traditional 19th-century norms,
whereby artists, architects, poets and thinkers either altered or abandoned earlier
conventions in an attempt to re-envision a society in flux. In literature this included a
progression from objectivist optimism to cynical relativism expressed through
fragmented free verse containing complex, and often contradictory, allusions,
multiple points of view and other poetic devices that broke from the forms in Victorian
and Romantic writing, as can be seen in T.S. Eliot's "The Waste Land" .
Modernism is a term that has a double meaning, means:

1) the occurrence of certain phenomena compliance with the spirit of the times
and the demands of fashion and
2) literary movement.
The term was originally created in theology and philosophy, and marked the
emergence of criticism of church canons and moral regulations. The label on the one
hand, identifies the literary and artistic tendencies as an expression of contemporary
phenomena, on the other hand, wants to highlight these developments is exactly
what the modern, which transcends tradition and brings with it innovation.
In this sense, the term is taken from the French, and in German literature
received concrete forms, as a "die Moderne" (Modern) for the efforts that occur at the
end of the 19th century, mainly with naturalism. In this sense the term is perhaps
even more pronounced presence in Slavic literature.

http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/eliot/wasteland.htm.

http://knjizevnicki.blogspot.com/2010/07/modernizam.html.

Clear features of "Modernism" has in Latin American literature. However, in


the world of literature, there is an hour as a mark of naturalism, the hour of
decadence, Impressionism, Symbolism, Futurism, Dadaism, Expressionism, NeoRomanticism, surrealism, existentialism. Although the term modernism is very
dynamic and relative, in our science literature has settled on the view that the
modernist tendencies occur early 20th century.
Modernism as a literary movement in Latin America caused by the
simultaneous effects of French romantic, Parnassian and symbolist, and using
elements of Spanish literature, especially baroque and romantic. It represented a
reaction of young writers Realism, Naturalism and kostumbrism in literature and
positivism in philosophy. During the last decades of the 19th century modernist
elements appear in the newspaper works H.Martija Cuban, Mexican MGNahere,
Uruguayan H. del mash, Colombian H.A.Silve. Disclosure of Marty collection of
songs Ismaelillo 1882nd marks the beginning of modernism in poetry. As an
affirmation of years of modernism is considered to be the 1888th When Nicaraguans
R.Dario published a book of prose poems and Azul (azure). Dario became the
undisputed modernist model, most notably the Mexican A.Nervo, L.Lugones
Argentinian, Bolivian RHFrejre, MDRodriges Venezuelan, Guatemalan EGKariljo.
In the early 20th century and gained many followers among young Spanish
writers: HRHimenes, M.Maado, R.de Your-Inklan, F.Vijaespesa, becoming the
general Hispanic movement that would radically change and restore Spanish
language literature in America and Europe. The main innovation of modernism are a
variety of themes and motifs from many sources (classical history and mythology,
Eastern

civilization,

Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Scandinavian

mythology,

Byzantine, 18th century France, the Spanish Middle Ages and Renaissance), strong
artistic individualism The pursuit of originality, the cult of beauty, nurturing form,
striving to liberate poetry utility and social functions, the cultivation of sensitivity and
sensuality, elitism, cosmopolitanism, which, however, does not exclude elements of
Americanism, restoration of poetic language, experimenting with traditional metrical
forms of Spanish poetry. Most of modernist poetry was nurtured, some are (such as
Dario) and written narrative sung patriotic; renewed prose forms - short story and
novel and created the Hispanic Literatures new kind of prose: the prose poem, essay
impressionist and modernist chronicle.

France is represented by a multiple model, of which many thought was their


spiritual homeland. While there are disputes about the end of modernism (range
1910-1940. Was) still prevalent view that end of 1918. The modern art ceases to be
dominant in Hispanic literature, although modernist elements still exist in some of the
works of Hispanic writers, which some call the second generation of modernists and
post-modernists some.
In Virginia Woolfs last novel Between the Acts (1941), history is a central
matter extending from prehistoric times through the various areas of English
civilization to the critical year 1939 the present day. The acts of the play between
which the narrative of the novel takes place are analogous to the two acts of the
World Wars between which the novel is set. Despite its fragmentary appearance, the
novel conforms to unities of time and place: it opens on a June evening at Pointz
Hall, the home of Oliver family and ends in the following evening at the same
location.
The village players perform their annual pageant, written and directed by Miss
La Trobe, on the Olivers terrace on a summers day. The audience includes the
Oliver family, Bart-Giles-Isa Oliver and the aunt-Mrs. Lucy Swithin, and the
unexpected visitors William Dodge and Mrs. Manresa. The pageant concentrates
on relatively simple, insignificant situations and persons rather than major events or
makers of history; yet, the narrative is marked by the recognition of the emerging
plot of history that would soon change the life of everyone.
The condensed history in Between the Acts is for a Iremote village in the very
heart of England" (1984: 22) where time seems to have stood still, and for which the
guidebook written over a century before hardly requires revision. The village is
characterized by a sense of historical continuity rather than change: the Swithins
Iwere there before the Conquest" (1984: 39). 3If you were to look down on the
countryside from the plane Iyou could still see, plainly marked, the scars made by
the Britons; by the Romans; by the Elizabethan manor house; and by the plough,
when they ploughed the hill to grow wheat in the Napoleonic wars" (1984: 7).

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?
q=cache:KL0NYVKWmBsJ:www.phil.muni.cz/plonedata/wkaa/BSE/BSE_200935_Offprints/BSE%25202009-35-1-%28077085%29%2520Atilla.pdf+Between+the+Acts+-+Virginia+Woolf+and+identity&hl=en

This setting suggests nostalgy for a rural and feudal kind of community for
which the village suggests an essentially stable and traditional place that is
apparently resistant to the forces of the present time.
Between the Acts is no doubt a work of a strongly historical imagination,
because it embodies a new understanding of history by defying the demands of the
traditional historical novel genre. Apparently, Woolfs concern is not merely with the
past but with the nature of ones knowledge of the past and the determining power of
it to shape the present. Her own attitude towards history in Between the Acts is
displayed not through the perception of a participant in the historical action, but by
placing a self-conscious parodic narrative plane which is situated between the
represented past and the existing present. Such a complicated rendering of the
retrospective reconstruction of the past definitely belongs to a further stage in the
historical novel tradition.
Products of modern times violate the former idyllic image - people accept
disorientation and exclusion forget the values that had previously been the price.
Waste popular products such as wipes, cards, and industrial production remains
swim the river, which was previously was a symbol renewal and life. River itself is
reduced to a "dull canal", whose hand is a direct contrast of his Thames views - Eliot
opposite beauty of the places described in the traditional romantic literary to the
current state in modern times. At the moment they appear to not gotten into every
pore of life in an unreal city, we think that still has a hope because - we look forward
to real life sailor who visits the pubs in the sub-no. Pub, although the legacy of
popular culture which influences most negative associations - drunkenness, adultery
and violence, now becomes the only place where I can hear real, shanty on the river.
Pleasant sounds mandolin, the murmur and fishermen who drop by the place is very
popular and contemporary but we hope to return to the redemption of the human
race is still not entirely impossible. Unfortunately, here the voices sing "out of empty
cisterns and sources." Their re-song becomes a song of desperation lament. Even a
"grass-pervert sings over the graves." Sometimes not even the silence. And when
there is, it is a reflection of the empty-no, not peace. Even the fog of unreal city dirt.
Like many other modernist artists, Eliot is interested of differences between high and
popular culture, which is a symbolic motif deleted him in The Waste Land.

People are alienated from nature, so idyllic images of fishing on beautiful


rivers become unreal. The reality is fishing in troubled waters channel to "the music"
horn

and

engine-changing

birds

and

serene

silence.

Popular

Products

culture in which people are used to so much longing, which are desired, now lose
its positive connotation. I do not look forward to more amazing inventions (such as
Car or turntable), we become their slaves, they inundate us creating a new,
monstrous society. Alienation of people from their own nature and the nature that
surrounds them is inevitable. Even innocuous and their childhood memories
that remind them of their former state, they become threatening and ominous. Girl
Mary was afraid sledding, because the very act of linking a popular way of life and
the primordial and original in man. At this point, in the mountains of the "man
still feels free "(Eliot 1988: 19), while in every other situation of girls, and all mankind,
trapped in the wasteland of the modern world.
Popular culture has an important and multifaceted role in The Waste Land.
Lively

and

colorful

use

of

its

elements

Eliot

shows

how

herself contributed, how much further contribute to the decline, but also enriching
modern society. The elements of popular culture are sometimes very destructive,
materialistic, vulgar and worthless, but there are moments that shine in giving hope
for a better tomorrow. Also, given the importance of Eliot creations popular culture
putting them side by side with the highest achievements of traditional literature.
As it is, as noted by Fisk, and Shakespeare might have belonged to popular culture
his time, and only later was classified as a high art that gave him
of meaning, and so may some of the songs of sailors in London pubs in the early
twentieth century in the foreseeable future will be seen as a sincere, good and
substantial

enough

to

erase

the

boundaries

set

by

sharply

between high and popular culture.

Conclusion
The term was originally created in theology and philosophy, and marked the
emergence of criticism of church canons and moral regulations. The label on the one
hand, identifies the literary and artistic tendencies as an expression of contemporary
phenomena, on the other hand, wants to highlight these developments is exactly
what the modern, which transcends tradition and brings with it innovation.
In this sense, the term is taken from the French, and in German literature
received concrete forms, as a "die Moderne" (Modern) for the efforts that occur at the
end of the 19th century, mainly with naturalism. In this sense the term is perhaps
even more pronounced presence in Slavic literature.
In Virginia Woolfs last novel Between the Acts (1941), history is a central
matter extending from prehistoric times through the various areas of English
civilization to the critical year 1939 the present day. The acts of the play between
which the narrative of the novel takes place are analogous to the two acts of the
World Wars between which the novel is set. Despite its fragmentary appearance, the
novel conforms to unities of time and place: it opens on a June evening at Pointz
Hall, the home of Oliver family and ends in the following evening at the same
location.
The village players perform their annual pageant, written and directed by Miss
La Trobe, on the Olivers terrace on a summers day. The audience includes the
Oliver family, Bart-Giles-Isa Oliver and the aunt-Mrs. Lucy Swithin, and the
unexpected visitors William Dodge and Mrs. Manresa. The pageant concentrates
on relatively simple, insignificant situations and persons rather than major events or
makers of history; yet, the narrative is marked by the recognition of the emerging
plot of history that would soon change the life of everyone.
Although Waste Land is seen as a mosaic made up of once totally opposite,
unconnected, at the same time close and inseparable elements, the message they
convey, imposed through English, French, German or even Sanskrit, is unique.

Literature

Hays, K. Michael. Ed. Architecture. Theory since 1968. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998. 2.
Jencks, Charles and Karl Kropf, ed. Theories and manifestoes of contemporary architecture.
Sussex: Academy editions, 1997.

http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/eliot/wasteland.htm.
http://knjizevnicki.blogspot.com/2010/07/modernizam.html.