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SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Observe:
Yesterday
Today
8pm 9pm 10pm 11pm
_____________________________________________________________
Yesterday I watched a horror movie on TV. It started at 9pm and finished at 11.30pm.
No passado os verbos se dividem em: REGULAR EVRBS e IRREGULAR VERBS.
REGULAR VERBS (+ED)
(assistir)Watch
watched
(iniciar)Start
started
Verbos terminados em e:
(chegar)Arrive
(gostar)Like

arrived
liked

verbos terminados em y
(jogar, brincar, tocar instrumento musical)
play
consoante+y
cried

(chorar)cry

verbos terminados em
consoante+vogal+consoante
cvc
(parar)
Stop
stopped
(planejar) Planplanned
IRREGULAR VERBS(ED)
(ir)
Go
went
(beber) Drink
drank
(ver) See
saw
(cortar) Cut
cut
(escrever)Write
wrote
(vencer) Win
won
(comprar) Buy
bought
(custar) Cost
cost
(comer) Eat
ate
(ter)
Have
had

vogal+y
played

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
As sentenas afirmativas seguem a seguinte estrutura:
Sujeito + verbo(simple past) + ... .
Mozart wrote wonderful pieces of music.
Pit invited his friends for a party.
We drank orange juice last night.
I watched a great movie on TV.
NEGATIVE SENTENCES
Para as sentenas negativas precisamos do auxiliar DID NOT ou DIDNT. Observe que
o verbo volta a sua primeira forma quando acompanha o auxiliar no passado.
Sujeito + did not/didnt + verbo(infinitivo sem to) + ... .
Sharon didnt write an e-mail to her friend.
The baby did not cry last night.
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
nas sentenas interrogativas usamos DID no incio da sentena como auxiliar do Simple
Past. Observe que na interrogativa o verbo tambm volta a sua primeira forma pois,
acompanha o auxiliar no passado.
Did Mary play well the piano?
Where did you go out last night?
LETS PRACTISE.
1. Fill in the Regular verbs in parentheses into the sentences. Use the Simple Past Tense.
1. Lico __________ soccer yesterday. (to play)
2. Sarah __________ a cartoon on TV. (to watch)
3. They __________ their books. (to carry)
4. He __________ his father last Saturday. (to help)
5. John and Mary __________ the house. (to clean)
2. Fill in the Irregular verbs in parentheses into the sentences. Use the Simple Past Tense.
1. She _________ a beautiful car last week (to drive)
2. Frank _________ the whole pizza. (to eat)
3. They ________ a very good teacher last year. (to have)
4. The candidates _______ their opinion on the paper. (to write)
5. He _________ his favorite song. (to sing)

3. Change the sentences below into the interrogative and negative forms of the Simple
Past Tense.
1. His grandfather died 8 years ago.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
2. My cousin lived in France 2 years ago.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
3. I rode my bike to school this morning.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
4. We had a good holiday.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
5. John visited the Statue of Liberty last summer.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
4. Put the sentences in the Simple Past Tense.
1. My father goes to the office by car.
_____________________________________________________________________
2. I drive his car to work in the morning.
_____________________________________________________________________
3. We eat tuna sandwiches.
_____________________________________________________________________
4. The secretary types many letters.
_____________________________________________________________________
5. Samantha has pizza for dinner.
_____________________________________________________________________
REGULAR VERBS
There are thousands of regular verbs in English. This is a small list of the more common
regular verbs. Complete the chart below
Infinitive
answer

Simple Past

Past Participle

Translation

arrive
ask
borrow
call
clean
cry
dance
discover
enjoy
fail
help
invite
jump
kiss
like
look
miss
need
open
paint
rain
search
stop
IRREGULAR VERBS LIST

This is a list of some irregular verbs in English.


Infinitive

Past Simple

Past Participle

Translation

awake

awoke

awoken

acordar

be

was, were

been

ser, estar

begin

began

begun

comear

break

broke

broken

quebrar

build

built

built

construir

buy

bought

bought

comprar

choose

chose

chosen

escolher

catch

caught

caught

pegar

come

came

come

vir

cost

cost

cost

custar

cut

cut

cut

cortar

do

did

done

fazer

draw

drew

drawn

desenhar

dream

dreamed/dreamt

dreamed/dreamt

sonhar

drive

drove

driven

dirigir

drink

drunk

drunk

beber

eat

ate

eaten

comer

fall

fell

fallen

cair

feel

felt

felt

sentir

find

found

found

achar, encontrar

forget

forgot

forgotten

esquecer

get

got

gotten

conseguir

give

gave

given

dar

go

went

gone

ir

grow

grew

grown

crescer

have

had

had

ter

hear

heard

heard

ouvir

hurt

hurt

hurt

machucar

keep

kept

kept

manter

know

knew

known

saber

learn

learned/learnt

learned/learnt

aprender

leave

left

left

partir, sair

lose

lost

lost

perder

make

made

made

fazer

meet

met

met

encontrar, conhecer

pay

paid

paid

pagar

put

put

put

colocar

read

read

read

ler

ride

rode

ridden

Andar de; cavalgar

run

ran

run

correr

see

saw

seen

ver

sing

sang

sung

cantar

sleep

slept

slept

dormir

speak

spoke

spoken

falar

swim

swam

swum

nadar

take

took

taken

pegar, levar

tell

told

told

contar

think

thought

thought

pensar

understand

understood

understood

compreender

wear

wore

worn

vestir

win

won

won

vencer

write

wrote

written

escrever

1. Pegue uma folha de papel


2. Escreva como o modelo:
Infinitive
Simple Past Past Participle
Traduo
write
wrote
written
escrever
3. Por 3 minutos, escreva quanto verbos irregulares lembrar nas devidas colunas.
4. Confira-os e faa as devidas correes.
5. Faa isso depois de seus exerccios de ingls e veja que sua lista ficar maior a cada
dia que passa.