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It consists of NSEP test paper and soln of the year 2011-2012

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You are on page 1of 29

Date of Examination 27th November 2011

Time 9.30 to 11.30 Hrs

Instruction to candidates

1.

In addition to this question paper, you are given answer sheet for part A and an answer paper

for part B.

2.

On the answer sheet for part A, fill up all the entries carefully in the space provided, ONLY In

BLOCK CAPITALS.

Incomplete / incorrect / carelessly filled information may disqualify your candidature.

3.

On part A answer sheet, use only BLUE of BACK BALL PEN for making entries and marking

answer.

4.

Part A has two parts. In part A1 (Q.No. 1 to 10) each question has Four alternatives, our of

which only one is correct. Choose the correct alternative and mark a cross (X) in the

corresponding box on the answer sheet.

For example,

Part A2 (Q.Nos. 41 to 50) has four alternatives in each question, but any number of these (4, 3,

2, or 1) may be correct. You have to mark ALL correct alternatives and mark a cross (X) for

each, like

5.

For Part A1, each correct answer gets 3 marks; wrong answer gets a penalty of 1 mark. For

Part A2 full marks are 6 for each question, you get them when ALL correct answer only are

marked.

6.

Any rough work should be done only on the sheets provided with part B answer paper.

7.

8.

No candidate should leave the examination hall before the completion of the examination.

9.

After submitting your answer papers, read the instructions regarding evaluation given at the

end of the question paper.

PLEASE DO NOT MAKE ANY MARKS OTHER THAN (X) IN THE SPACE PROIDED ON

THE ANSWER SHEET OF PART A.

Answer sheets are evaluated with the help of a machine. Hence, CHANGE OF ENTRY IS

NOT ALLOWED.

Scratching or overwriting may result in wrong score.

DO NOT WRITE ANYTHING ON THE BACK SIDE OF PART A ANSWER SHEET.

NSEP-2011-12

NATIONAL STANDARD EXAMINATION IN PHYSICS 2011-2012

Total Time : 120 Minutes (A-1, A-2 & B)

PART A

MARKS = 180

N.B. : Physical constants are given at the end.

Sub-Part A1

1.

A piece of n-type semiconductor is subjected to an electric filed Ex. The left end of the semiconductor is

exposed to a radiation so that electron-hole pairs are generated continuously. Let n be the number density of

electrons. The electron current density Je is given by Je = eneEx + eDe

dn

. The dimension of electron drift

dx

Ans.

(a) [M1 T2 1] and [L 2 T1 ]

(b) [M 1 T2 1] and [M 1 L 2 T1]

1

2 1

2

1

(c) [M T ] and [L T ]

(d) [M1 T 2 2] and [L 1 T2 1]

(c)

Sol.

J = eneEx + eDe

dn

dx

L2 = MLT2L3e

e = M1T+2

L2 = TL4De

De = L2T1

Aliter : unit of

= unit of e

AeE

neAVd

AeE

Vd .q

F

meter

q(sec)2

.

= unit of e

sec mass.meter

I1 m1T2

Ans. (c)

2.

Ans.

A metal sample carrying a current along X axis with density Jx is subjected to a magentic field Bz (along Z

axis). The electric field Ey (Hall field) developed along Y axis is directly proportional to Jx as well as Bz. The

constant to proportionality (Hall coefficient) has S unit

(a) C/m2

(b) m2 s / C

(c) m2 / C

(d) m3 / C

(d)

Sol.

Ey = CJXBZ

C=

Ey

J XB Z

LT 1

L2

RESONANCE

= m3/C

PAGE - 2

NSEP-2011-12

3.

3

A

. The resultant amplitude of the motion

x = 2A cos t + A cos t + A cos (t + ) +

cos t

2

2

2

is

(a)

Ans.

9A

2

(b)

5A

2

(c)

5A

2

(d) 2A

(b)

Sol.

4.

( A )2 ( A / 2)2

5A

2

Ans.

Therefore, the power delivered by the force varies with its displacement as

(a) s2/3

(b) s1/2

(c) s5/3

(d) s0

(d)

Sol.

F S 1/ 3

S 1/ 3

V 2 S2 / 3

V S1/ 3

P = F.V

P F.V S 1/ 3 .S1/ 3 S 0

5.

Ans.

Bamboo strips are hinged to from three rhombi as shown. Point A0 is fixed to a rigid support. The lengths of

the sides of the rhombi are in the ratio 3 : 2 : 1. Point A3 is pulled with a speed . Let AI and A2 be the speeds

with which points A1 and A2 move. Then, the ratio AI : A2 is :

(a) 2 : 3

(b)

RESONANCE

(b) 3 : 5

(c) 3 : 2

(d) 5 : 3

PAGE - 3

NSEP-2011-12

Sol.

d

d

[12 cos] = 12 sin

dt

dt

V=

A A2

d

d

[10 cos] = 10 sin

dt

dt

A A1

d

d

[6 cos] = 6 sin

dt

dt

VA1

VA 2

6.

3

5

A particle of mass m is made to move with uniform speed along the perimeter of a regular hexagon.

Magnitude of impulse applied at each corner of the hexagon is

(a) m

(b) m 3

Ans.

(a)

Sol.

Pi mv i

(c)

m

2

(d) zero

3 mv

j

i

2

2

Impulse = Pf Pi

Pf mv

3

mv

mvj

i

2

2

2

3

mv

mv

= mv

7.

Two chambers of different volumes, one containing m1 g of a gas at pressure p1 and other containing m2 g of

the same gas at pressure p2 are joined to each other. If the temperature of the gas remains constant, the

common pressure reached is

(a)

m1p1 m 2p 2

m1 m 2

(b)

m1p 2 m 2p1

m1 m 2

Ans.

(d)

Sol.

P1 V1 =

m1

RT

M

.........(1)

P2 V2 =

m2

RT

M

.........(1)

m1 m 2

P (V1 + V2) =

RT

M

M

(c)

m1p 2 (p1 p 2 )

m12

m2

(m1 m 2 ) p1 p 2

(d) m p m p

1 2

2 1

........(3)

(m1 m 2 ) P1P2

P = m P m P

1 2

2 1

RESONANCE

PAGE - 4

NSEP-2011-12

8.

Two liquid drops of equal radii are falling through air with the terminal velocity . If these two drops coalesce

to form a single drop, its terminal velocity will be :

(a)

Ans.

Sol.

(b) 2

9.

4v

An elevator of mass M is accelerated upwards by applying a force F. A mass m initially situated at a height

of 1m above the floor of the elevator is falling freely. It will hit the floor of the elevator after a time equal to :

(a)

2M

F mg

(b)

Ans.

(c)

Sol. :

acceleration of elevator =

2M

F mg

(S = ut +

1

t

(c)

2M

F

(d)

2M

F Mg

F mg

M

Ans.

Sol.

(d) 3 2

(c)

mg = 6rv

2mg = 6.21/3r v

v = 22/3v = 41/3v =

10.

(c) 3 4

F mg F

M

M

1 2

at ) w.r. to elevator

2

1 F 2

t

2 M

2M

F

The formation of solid argon is due to van der Waals bonding. In this case the potential energy as a function

of interatomic separation can be written as (Lennard Jones 6-12 potential energy) E (r) = Ar6 + Br12 where

A and B are constant. Given that A = 8.0 1077 Jm6 and B = 1.12 10133 Jm12, the bond length for solid argon

is :

(a) 3.75 nm

(b) 0.0375 nm

(c) 0.750 nm

(d) 0.375 nm

(d)

E(r) = Ar6 + Br12

dE

0

dr

6Ar7 12Br13 = 0

F=

r6 =

2B

A

2B

r=

A

11.

Ans.

Sol.

1/ 6

2 1.12 10 56

= 3.75 1010 = 0.375 nm

8

Let A and B be the points respectively above and below the earths surface each at a distance equal to half

the radius of the earth. If the acceleration due to gravity at these points be gA and gB respectively, then

gB : gA is :

(a) 1 : 1

(b) 9 : 8

(c) 8 : 9

(d) zero

(b)

GR R

3 2

gB

9

R

4GM

gA

8

9R 2

RESONANCE

PAGE - 5

NSEP-2011-12

12.

Ans.

Let rms, and avg represent the root mean square, the most probable and the average velocities respectively,

in case of a gaseous system in equilibrium at certain temperature. Then, rms : : avg is :

(a) 8 : 3 : 2

(b) 8 : 2 : 3

(c) 3 : 2 : 8

(d) 3 : 2 : 8

(c)

Sol.

vrms : v : vavg =

3RT

:

M

2RT

:

M

8RT

M

a 3 : 2 : 8/

3 : 2 : 8

Aliter. Vrms =

3RT

M

Vm.p =

2RT

M

Vave =

8RT

M

Vrms : V : Vave =

3 : 2 :

13.

In the arrangement of resistances shown below, the effective resistance between points A and B is :

Ans.

(c)

Sol.

By folding

(b) 38.0

RAB = 19

RESONANCE

PAGE - 6

NSEP-2011-12

14.

A block of material of specific gravity 0.4 is held submerged at a depth of 1m in a vessel filled with water. The

vessel filled with water. The vessel is accelerated upwards with acceleration of a0 =

Ans.

g

. If the block is

5

released at t = 0, neglecting viscous effects, it will reach the water surface at t equal to (g = 10 ms2).

(a) 0.60 s

(b) 0.33 s

(c) 3.3 s

(d) 1.2 s

(b)

Sol.

geff = 12

a=

m

4

w 10

V w 12 Vm 12

V. m

= 18 m/sec2

1=

15.

1

18 t2

2

t=

1

sec

3

The maximum tension in the string of a simple pendulum is 1.2 times the minimum tension. If 0 is the

angular amplitude, then 0 is :

4

(a) cos1

5

Ans.

3

(b) cos1

4

15

(c) cos1

16

7

(d) cos1

8

(c)

Sol.

mu2

T = mgcos0

T = mg +

mu2

= mg (1 cos0)

2

T = mg + 2mg(1 cos0) = 3mg 2mgcos0

T = mgcos0

16.

Ans.

cos 0

T' 5

15

=

cos 0 =

T 6

3 2 cos

16

A uniform line charge with density = 50 C/m lies along X axis. The electric flux per unit length crossing the

portion of the plane z = 3m bounded by y = 2m.

(a) 4.68 C/m.

(b) 9.36 C/m.

(c) 50C/m.

(d) 18.7 C/m.

(wrong)

RESONANCE

PAGE - 7

NSEP-2011-12

2k

Sol.

32 x 2

2k

2k

2

dx

dx

2

12k tan 1

Q

3

12 109 50

17.

Ans.

A plane mirror perpendicular to XY plane makes an angle of 30 with the X axis. An object placed at ( 20, 0).

Forms an image in the mirror. The point of incidence is (0, 0) and the plane of incidence is the XY plane. The

coordinates of the image are(a) (10 3 ,10 )

(c)

(c) ( 10,10 3 )

(d) ( 10 3 ,10 )

Sol.

18.

Magnetic flux through a stationary loop with a resistance R varies during the time interval as = a t

( t) where a is a constant. The amount of heat generated in the loop during the time internval is (a)

Ans.

Sol.

a 2 3

6R

(b)

a 2 3

4R

(c)

a 2 3

3R

(d)

a 2 3

2R

(c)

= at at2

d

= a 2at

dt

P =(a 2at)2 /R

e=

H Pdt

1

H=

R

19.

(a 2at )3

2 3

= a

6a

3R

Four functions given below describe motion of a particle . (I) y = sin t cost, (II) y = sin3t, (III) y = 5

3

Ans.

(c)

RESONANCE

PAGE - 8

NSEP-2011-12

Sol.

20.

Ans.

Sol.

21.

I, III

A magnetic field is established with the help of a pair of north and south poles as shown. A small bar magnet

placed freely in the field will undergo

(b) pure rotational motion

(c) rotational motion superimposed on translational motion

(d) oscillatory motion

(c)

Due to nonuniform magnetic field force as well as torque will act.

In a hydrogen atom, the magnetic field at the center of the atom produced by an electron in the nth orbit is

proportional to

(a)

(b)

n2

Ans.

(d)

Sol.

B=

0 qv

4 r 2

1

n

1

n3

(c)

(d)

n4

1

n5

r n2

B

22.

1

n5

A particle of mass m carries a charge + q. It enters into a region of uniform magnetic field B existing below

the line ' as as shown. The time spent by the particle in the magnetic field is

(a) 2

(c) 2

Ans.

m

qB

m

qB

(d) 2

m

qB

(d)

RESONANCE

PAGE - 9

NSEP-2011-12

Sol.

r=

mv

qB

qB

m

( + 2) = t

=

t=

23.

( 2)m

qB

A 2F capacitor is charged as shown in the figure. The charge in its stored energy after the switch S is turned

to position 2 is :

Ans.

(a) 96%

(a)

Sol.

E=

(b) 20%

(c) 4%

(d) 80%

1

2v2

2

Q = 2V

Q1

Q

= 2

2

8

Q2

4

Q1 + Q2 = 2V

5Q1 = 2V

Q1 =

Q1 =

2

V

5

1

1 4 V2

2V 2

2

2 25 2 100

percentage change in stored energy =

1

2V 2

2

=

24

100 = 96%

25

Extra

2V = 2VC + 8 VC

2V = 10 VC

VC =

V

5

1

V2

(2)

2

25

V=

V2

25

24 V 2

25 100

RESONANCE

PAGE - 10

NSEP-2011-12

24.

Ans.

An infinite number of charges each equal to 0.2 C are arranged in a line at distances 1,2,4,8.......meter from

a fixed point. The potential at the fixed point is :

(a) 1800 volt

(b) 2000 volt

(c) 3600 volt

(d) 2250 volt

(c)

Sol.

V=

K 0.2 10 6

1

= 9 10 9

1 1 1

1 2 4 8

2

10 6

10

1

1

1

2

= 3600 Volt.

25.

A ball of mass m moving with a speed u along a direction making an angle with the vertical strikes a

horizontal steel plate. The collision lasts for a time interval t. If e is the coefficient of restitution between the

ball and the plate, the average force exerted by the plate on the ball is :

(a)

Ans.

emu

t

(b)

emu cos

t

(c)

2 (e 1) mu cos

t

(d)

(1 e) mu cos

t

(d)

Sol.

26.

P ( e 1)mu cos

t

t

In a Youngs double slit experiment sources of equal intensities are used. Distance between slits is d and

wavelength of light used is ( << d). Angular separation of the nearest points on either side of central

maximum where intensities become half of the maximum value is :

(a)

(b)

Ans.

(b)

Sol.

2 I = I + I + 2 I I cos

=

(c)

4d

(d)

6d

x =

=

2d

4d

RESONANCE

PAGE - 11

NSEP-2011-12

27.

Ans.

28.

The variation of magnetic field along the axis of a solenoid is graphically represented by (O is the centre with

I, I as the extremities of the solenoid along the axis)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Ans.

(d)

A wooden cube is placed on a rough horizontal table. A force is applied to the cube. Gradually the force is

increased. Whether the cube slides before toppling or topples before sliding is independent of :

(a) the position of point of application of the force.

(b) the length of the edge of the cube.

(c) mass of the cube

(d) coefficient of friction between the cube and the table.

(c)

Sol.

For toppling mg

= F1 h

2

For sliding mg = F2

Condition for sliding to occurs first F1 > F2

mg

> mg

2h

> h

29.

Ans.

There are two organ pipes of the same length and the same material but of different radii. When they are

emitting fundamental notes.

(a) broader pipe gives note of smaller frequency

(b) both the pipes give notes of the same frequency

(c) narrower pipe gives note of smaller frequency

(d) either of them gives note of smaller or larger frequency depending on the wavelength of the wave.

(a)

Sol.

f=

RESONANCE

v

v

( e)

PAGE - 12

NSEP-2011-12

f=

v

4 (L e)

(e = 0.3 r)

Broader pipe has more value of e therefore it gives note of smaller frequency

30.

Ans.

The wavelength of sodium line observed in the spectrum of a star is found to be 598nm, whereas that from the

sodium lamp in the laboratory is found to be 589 nm. Therefore, the star is moving with a speed of about

(a) 2.7 106m/s away from the earth

(b) 5.4 106 m/s towards the earth

6

(c) 1.6 10 m/s away from the earth

(d) 4.6 106 m/s away from the earth

(d)

Sol.

= 1 v

c

589

598 = 1 v

c

31.

In a series LCR circuit, impedance Z is the same at two frequencies f1 and f2. Therefore, the resonant

frequency of this circuit is

(a)

Ans.

(d)

Sol.

Z=

f1 f2

2

2f1f2

(b) f f

1

2

(c)

f12 f22

2

(d)

f1f2

( x L x C )2 R 2

(xL xC)f = (xC xL)f2

1

1

2f1L 2f C = 2f C 2f2L

2

1

1 1 1

2 (f1 + f2) L = 2C f f

1 2

1 1 1

42 (f1 + f2) = LC f f

1 2

1

wr =

42 =

LC

w r2

f1 f2

4 2 fr2

f1 f2

2

fr = f1 f2

42 =

fr =

32.

Two particles are moving along X and Y axes towards the origin with constant speed u and v respectively. At

time t = 0, their respective distance from the origin are x and y. The time instant at which the particles will be

closest to each other is

(a)

Ans.

f1 f2

x2 y2

u2 v 2

(b)

vx uy

2

u v

(c)

ux vy

2

u v

(d)

2 x2 y2

uv

(c)

RESONANCE

PAGE - 13

NSEP-2011-12

Sol.

Use

| r12 v 12 |

rmin = | v |

12

33.

Ans.

A container of volume 0.1 m3 is filled with nitrogen at a temperature of 47C and a gauge pressure of

4.0 105 Pa. After some time, due to leakage, the gauge pressure drops 3.0 105 Pa and the temperature to

27C. The mass of nitrogen that has leaked out is about

(a) 128 g

(b) 84 g

(c) 154 g

(d) 226 g

most appropriate (b)

Pv =

mRT

mw

4m =

p1vm w

p 2 vm w

RT1 RT2

0.1 28 10 3

=

8.31

4 10 5

3 10 5

300

(273 47)

= 84 103 kg

4m = 84 gm

34.

Ans.

Sol.

Ninety percent of a radioactive sample is left over after a time interval t. The percentage of initial sample that

will disintegrate in an interval 2t is

(a) 38%

(b) 19%

(c) 9%

(d) 62%

(b)

N = Ne et

1

n

t=

2t =

N0

1

1

n

N0

0.9N

0

N02

0.81 N02

35.

Ans.

N0

0.9 N

N

= 1 n 0

N0

N

N = 0.81 N0

The percentage of initial sample that is disintegrated = 19 %

A circuit is arranged as shown. At time t = 0 s, switch S is placed in position l. At t = 5 s, contact is changed

from 1 to 2. The voltage across the capacitor is measured at t = 5 s, and at t = 6 s. Let these voltages be V1

and V2 respectively. Then V1 and V2 respectively are

(c) 9.18 volt and 3.37 volt.

(c)

RESONANCE

(d) 10 volt and 3.67 volt

PAGE - 14

NSEP-2011-12

t

1 e 2RC

V = V0

a)

1 e 2

V = V0

= 9.18 volt

(b)

t

RC

V = V0 e

= 9.18 e1/1

9.18

= 3.37 volt

e

There are two thermocouples A and B made of the same pair of metals. In A each wire is 50 cm long and in

B each wire is 150 cm long. Both the thermocouples are maintained between the same lower temperature 1

and higher temperature 2. Each of the thermocouples is connected to the same microammeter successively. Let be the thermoemf and I be the thermoelectric current. Then which of the following statements is

true ?

(a) Both and I are equal for A and B

(b) Both and I are greater for B than those for A

(c) is the same for both but I is greater for A

(d) is the same for both but I is greater for B

(c)

36.

Ans.

37.

Two identical particles move at right angles to each other, processing de Broglie wavelengths 1 and 2. The

de Broglie wavelength of each of the particles in their centre of mass frame will be

(a)

21 22

2

(b)

Ans.

(d)

Sol.

h

h

= mv , 2 = mv

1

2

21 2

(c)

1

2

1 2

2

2 1 2

(d)

21 22

The de Broglie wavelength of one of the particles in their centre of mass frame is

h

= m v =

rel

h

2

v

v

m 1 2

2

2

2h

2

h

h

m

m 1

m 2

2 1 2

38.

Ans.

21 22

The stopping potential for photoelectrons emitted from a surface illuminated by light of wavelength 400 nm is

500mV. When the incident wavelength is changed to a new value, the stopping potential is found to be 800

mV. New wavelength is about

(a) 365 nm

(b) 250 nm

(c) 640 nm

(d) 340 nm

(a)

l1 = 400 nm

v1 = 500 mV

v2 = 800 mV

2 = ?

hc

eV1 =

1

....(1)

hc

eV2 =

2

.....(2)

RESONANCE

PAGE - 15

NSEP-2011-12

2 = 365 nm

39.

For the logic circuit given below, the outputs Y for A = 0, B = 0 and A = 1, B = 1

Ans.

Sol.

(a) 0 and 1

(b)

When A = 0 and B = 0

(b) 0 and 0

(c) 1 and 0

(d) 1 and 1

Ans. Y = 0

When A = 1 and B = 1

Ans. Y = 0

40.

In a hydrogen like atom electron makes transition from an energy level with quantum number n to another

with quantum number (n 1). If n >> 1, the frequency of radiation emitted is proportional to :

(a)

Ans.

Sol.

(b)

n2

(c) n2

n3

(d)

1

n4

(b)

En En1

=

13.6 Z 2

n2

13.6 Z 2

(n 1)2

1

1

2

2

= 13.6Z

2

n

(n 1)

2

2

2 n (n 1)

13

.

6

Z

hv =

2

2

n (n 1)

13.6Z 2

1

n 2 1 1/ n2

1

13.6Z 2

=

n

n 2

13.6Z 2 2

1 1

n2 n

RESONANCE

2 13.6 Z 2

n

1

n3

(b)

PAGE - 16

NSEP-2011-12

In question 41 to 50 any number of options (1 or 2 or 3 or all 4) may be correct. You are to identify

all of them correctly to get 6 marks. Even if one answer identified is incorrect or one correct

answer is missed, you get zero score.

41.

Ans.

Sol.

Consider an electron orbiting the nucleus with speed v in an orbit of radius r. The ratio of the magnetic

moment to the orbital angular momentum of the electron is independent of :

(a) radius r

(b) speed v

(c) charge of electron e

(d) mass of electron me

(a, b)

mv 2 k( ze)e

r

r2

v2 =

v=

kze 2

mr

kze2

mr

ev

i=

2r

ev 4 ev r

= 2r r 2

= mvr

42.

Ans.

evr

2mvr 2m

A current 0 enters into a parallel combination of resistors R1 and R2. Current 1 flows through R1 and 2

through R2. The current 0 distributes in such a way that

(a) Power consumed in R1 and in R2 is the same.

(b) total power consumed in R1 and R2 is minimum.

(c) 1 is proportional to R2 and 2 is proportional to R1.

(d) the power consumed in each of R1 and R2 is minimum.

(c)

Sol.

I1R1 = I2R2

I0 = I1 + I2

R1 R 2

I0 = I2 R

1

R1

I2 = I0 R R

2

1

R2

I1 = I0 R R

2

1

RESONANCE

PAGE - 17

NSEP-2011-12

dP

= 2xR1 2(I x)R2

dx

d 2P

43.

Ans.

44.

Ans.

dx 2

Therefore minimum power

Weight of a body on the surface of the earth depends on :

(a) distance of the body from the centre of the earth

(b) the latitude of the place on the earth surface where the body is placed

(c) the longitude of the place on the earth surface where the body is placed.

(d) the angular speed of rotation of the earth about its own axis.

(a, b, d)

Which of the following is/are involved in the formation of rain drops in a cloud ?

(a) saturation of vapour pressure

(b) temperature

(c) viscosity

(d) surface tension

(a, d)

45.

A cyclic process on P-V diagram is as shown below. The same process can be shown on p-T or V-T

diagrams. Choose the correct alternative/s

Ans.

(a,b)

Test - 01

(a)

RESONANCE

(b)

PAGE - 18

NSEP-2011-12

Sol.

46.

Ans.

(c)

PV = RT

(d)

and

R

T

p=

v

for, v = constant

pT

ans (a), (b)

pV = RT

R

T

v =

p

v = constant

v T

When a bright light source is placed 30 cm in front of a thin lens, an erect image is formed at 7.5 cm from the

lens. A faint inverted image is also formed at 6 cm in front of the lens due to reflection from the front surface

of the lens. When the lens is turned around, this weaker inverted image is now formed at 10 cm in front of the

lens.

Therefore,

(a) the lens is diverging biconcave

(b) the refractive index of the glass of the lens is 1.6

(c) radii of curvature of surfaces of the lens are 10 cm and 15 cm respectively.

(d) the lens behaves as converging lens of focal length 30 cm when immersed in a liquid of refractive index 2.

(a, b, c, d)

Sol.

1 1 1

v u f

2

1

1

15 30 f

f=

4

1

1

30 30 f

30

= 10cm

3

1 1

2

v u R1

5

1

2

6 5 30 R1

6

2

30 R1

R1 =

2 30

10cm

6

1

1

2

10 30 R 2

RESONANCE

PAGE - 19

NSEP-2011-12

3

1

2

30 30 R 2

4

2

30 R 2

R2 =

2 30

= 15 cm

4

1

1 2

1

f 1

R1 R 2

1

1

1

( 1)

10

10

15

1

32

( 1)

10

30

= 1.6

47.

Let n1 and n2 moles of two different ideal gases be mixed. If ratio of specific heats of the two gases are and

2 respectively, then the ratio of specific heats of the mixture is given through the relation

(a) (n1 + n2) = n1 1+ n1 r2

(b)

(n1 n 2 )

n1

n2

1

1 1 2 1

1

2

(c) (n1+n2) 1 n1 1 n 2 1

2

(d) (n1 + n2)( 1) = n1 (1 1) + n2 (2 1)

(b, c)

Ans.

y mix

Sol.

n1 y1 n 2 y 2

y1 1 y 2 1

n1 n 2 = y

y1 1 y 2 1

n1 n 2

( y 1)

n1 n 2

y1 1 y 2 1

(1) : (2)

Aliter

(C v )mix

............(1)

........... (2)

(n1 n 2 ) y n1 y1 n 2 y 2

y 1

y1 1 y 2 1

R

R

n 2

n1

r1 1

r2 1

n1 n 2

R

R

n 2 v 2

n1v 1

r

1

r2 1

1

(Cp )mix

(n1 n 2 )

RESONANCE

PAGE - 20

NSEP-2011-12

Vmix

n1v 1 n 2 v 2

(n1 v 1 )

Vmix

48.

Ans.

Sol.

R

R

n 2 v 2

n1v 1

r

1

r2 1

1

(C v )

R

R

n 2

n1

r1 1

r2 1

(C p )

r

r

n1 1 n 2 2

r

r2 1

1

r

r

n1 1 n 2 2

r1 1

r2 1

A resistance of 4 ohm is connected across a cell. Then it is replaced by another resistance of 1 ohm. It is

found that power dissipated in resistance in both the cases is 16 watt. Then,

(a) internal resistance of the cell is 2 ohm.

(b) emf of the cell is 12 volt.

(c) maximum power that can be dissipated in the external resistance is 18 watt.

(b) short circuit current from the cell is infinite.

(a,b,c)

i

4r

p1

( 4)

4r

p1

(1)

1 r

2

( 4)

(1)

4

r

1 r

4

(1 r )

4r

2 + 2r = 4 + r

r=2

2

16 = 4

6

2=

12V

2

12

pmax = 2

4

= 18 volt

RESONANCE

PAGE - 21

NSEP-2011-12

49.

Ans.

Sol.

Two solid spheres A and B of equal volumes but different densities dA and dB respectively, are connected by

a string. They are fully immersed in fluid of density dF. They get arranged in an equilibrium state as shown in

the figure with a tension in the string. The arrangement is possible only if.

(b) dB < dF.

(c) dA < dF.

(d) (dA+dB) = 2dF.

(a, b, d)

2V dF = g = V (dA + dB) g

2dF = (dA + dB)

for B

T + V dF g = V dBg

T + V (dB dF) g

dB > dF

for A

VdFg = T + VdAg

T = V (dF dA) g, dF > dA.

50.

A particle Q is moving along + Y axis. Another particle P is moving in XY plane along a straight line x = d

(d>0) with a uniform speed v parallel to that of Q. At time t = 0, particle P and Q happen to be along X axis

whereas a third particle R situated at x = + d starts moving opposite to P with a constant acceleration a. At

all further instants the three particles happen to be collinear. Then, Q

(a) has an initial speed

v

2

v

a

a

(c) has an acceleration .

2

(d) will return to its initial position after a time interval

Ans.

2v

.

a

(a, b, c, d)

RESONANCE

PAGE - 22

NSEP-2011-12

Sol.

vt

1

1

a v 1t a

2

2

2d

d

1

at 2V 1 a1t d

2

V a

t

L 2

V a

t

L L

PART B

MARKS : 60

1.

Ans.

(a) A 40 watt, 120 volt incandescent bulb has a tungsten filament 0.381 m long. The diameter of the filament

is 33 m. Tungsten has resistivity 5.51 108 ohm-m at room temperature (20 C) Given that the resistivity

of the tungsten filament varies as T6/5, estimate the temperature of the filament when it is operated at its

voltage.

(b) Assume that the electrical power dissipated in the filament is radiated from the surface of the filament. If

emissivity of the filament surface is 0.35, determine the temperature of the filament compare it with that

obtained in part (a).

(a) 2425.53C

Sol.

R Raled =

1 A

=

(120 )2

40

360

A

(360 )

(33 10 6 )2 360

4

0.381

= 80.77108 m

= 5.51108 m

=

T 5

' T'

5

' 6

T= T

RESONANCE

PAGE - 23

NSEP-2011-12

5

80.77 10 8

=

8

5.51 10

6

293

= (14.659)5/6 293

= (14.659)5/6 293 273

= (9.21)293 273

= 2698 273

= 2425.53C

dQ

= Ae (T4 T

T4 )

dt

(b)

40 = S (2 ) e (T4 T4)

T = 852.97C

2.

Ans.

T = 1125.97 K

A parallel plate capacitor with a separation d = 1.0 cm is subjected to a potential difference of 20 kV with air

as a dielectric. Assume that air behaves as a dielectric (insulator) upto a maximum electric field (called

dielectric strength) of 30 kV/cm (after which it breaks down). Now a thin plate of glass (dielectric constant

K = 6.5 and dielectric strength = 290 kV/cm) is inserted. Determine the maximum thickness of glass plate

to avoid breakdown in the capacitor.

13

cm

33

Sol.

0 A

V

t

(d t )

k

E air

0 AV

1

3 10 6

t

A 0

(d t )

k

E med

0 AV

1

29 10 6

t

kA 0

(d t )

k

20000

3 10 6

t

10 2 t

6.5

2 10 4

1

t

1 10 2

6.5

3 10 6

2

1

t

1 10 2 10 2

6

.

5

3

1

5. 5

10 2

t

3

6. 5

65 1

10 2

55 3

RESONANCE

PAGE - 24

NSEP-2011-12

13

cm

33

20000

Similarly:

( t 6.5)(10

t)

29 10 6

2

10 2

3

3

t<

<

6 .5 2 / 3

cm

5. 5

35

cm

33

0 A

v

Aliter : q =

d

0 A

q = d t t

v

0 A

q'

t

A

d t

v

r

v

t

Aq

E=

0

dt

k

20 10 3

30 103 = 1 t t

6.5

t=

3.

13

cm

33

n 1 A 1

2

Hence obtain the condition for achromatic combination of two lenses made from different glasses. Refractive

indices of flint glass and crown glass given below.

Fl int glass

1.644

1.664

Crown glass

1.514

1.524

Ans.

(b) Determine the focal lengths of the two lenses (one of flint glass and the other of crown glass) such that

their combination has focal length of + 40 cm for all colours.

(a) .035 f1 + .18 f2 = 0

(b) f1 = 173.6 cm, f2 = +32.49 cm

Sol.

df

f

1

1

dn

R1 R 2

1

1

1

(n 1)

R

R

f

2

1

RESONANCE

PAGE - 25

NSEP-2011-12

df dn

f

n 1

df1 + df2 = 0

w1 w 2

0

f1

f2

1.664 1.644

1.524 1.514

1.664 .644

1.524 .514

1

1

2

2

0

f2

f1

.02

.01

.654 .534 0

f1

f2

.02 f1 .1 f2

0

.654

.534

.035 f1 + .187 f2 = 0

1 1

1

f1 f2 40

.035 f1 + .18 f2 = 0

1

f1

1

1

.035

40

f1

.187

1

.187

1

f1 .035 f1 40

1

1 .187

1

f1 .035 40

1

1 .035 .187

.035

f1

40

1 5.34

1

f1

f1

40

1

1

1 5.34

f1

40

1

1

f1 40 4.34

f1 = 173.6 cm

.035

f1

f2 =

.187

= +32.49 cm

RESONANCE

PAGE - 26

NSEP-2011-12

4.

Obtain an expression for the magnetic moment associated with a solenoid of length L and number of turns N

carrying current I. The inner and outer radii of the solenoid are r1 and r2.

Sol.

r1

M=

N

0

r2

dxI

(r22 ,2)

x 2.c

0N2 I ( 32 r13 )

0 IN2 (r23 r13 )

= 2 2

=

3

2 r1

3(r22 r12 )

5.

One end of a string is attached to a rigid wall point O, passes over a smooth pulley and carries a hanger S

of mass M at its other end. Another object P of mass M is suspended from a light ring that can slide without

friction, along the string as shown in the figure. OA is horizontal. Find the additional mass to be attached to

the hanger S so as to raise the object P by 10 cm.

Ans.

m=

2 13 7

8 2 13

Sol.

2T cos = Mg

T = Mg

cos =

1

2

= 60

1 = 40 cm

When block moves 10 cm in upward direction block S moves a distance

of = (80 20 13 ) cm

Now By energy conservation

Mg 10 (M m) g [80 20 13 ]

m=

2 13 7

8 2 13

RESONANCE

PAGE - 27

NSEP-2011-12

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

RESONANCE

PAGE - 28

NSEP-2011-12

INSTRUCTION TO CANDIDATES

1.

The answers / solutions to this question paper will be available on our website - www.iapt.org.in

by 3 rd December 2011.

2.

3.

Part A is evaluated of only those students who get marks above a certain cut off marks in

Part A. (e.g. NSEP Total marks for Part A are 180. Students getting (say) 100 or more than 100

marks in Part A are identified and their Part B is evaluated. Thus cut off marks are 100 in this

example.)

4.

Following certificates are awarded by the I.A.P.T. to students successful in NSEP.

i) Certficates to Centre top 10% students on the basis of marks in part A only.

ii) Merit certificates to statewise Top 1% students on the basis of (A + B) marks..

iii) Merit certificate and prize in the form of a book to Nationwise Top 1% students based on

(A + B) marks.

5.

Result sheets and the centre top 10% certificates of NSEP are dispatched to the Professor in charge of the centre. Thus you will get your marks from the Professor in charge of your

centre by January 2011 end.

6.

TOP 300 (or so) students are called for the next examination - Indian Natiqnal Physics Olympiads (INPhO). Individual letters are sent to these students ONLY.

7.

8.

RESONANCE

PAGE - 29

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