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Student name:
Name of experiment:

Design criterion


1. Defining the problem
and selecting variables

States the research question clearly, where the dependent and independent
variables are easily identified
States the correct dependent (or measured) variable
States the correct independent (or manipulated) variable
States the relevant controlled variable(s).
Lists apparatus and materials, including uncertainty in the measuring instruments,
size, quantity, concentration of solutions, etc.
Presents a good quality diagram showing arrangement of apparatus
Gives a clear and logical sequence of steps to be taken
Where appropriate, describes the rationale behind the method.
Describes how the controlled variables are to be held constant or otherwise,
Describes how the independent variable is varied.
The dependent variable is correctly measured or can be deduced from raw data.
States the relevant range of values for the independent variable, including the
intended values to be used within the range
Plans to collect a sufficient number of data points.
If appropriate, plans a suitable number of repeated readings.
Plans to collect relevant raw data only.

2. Controlling Variables

3. Collection of data

Complete ü

Data Collection and Processing Criterion


1. Recording raw data

Records all raw data (qualitative observations and/or quantitative)
Presents raw data clearly and correctly in tabulated manner (e.g. independent
variable in the leftmost column)
Uses correct and clear headings including units and the accurate reporting of
Records consistently the correct level of precision for each quantitative reading
Describes how the uncertainties in the measurements were obtained (e.g. half of
the least count of the measuring instrument, reaction time, etc)
Employs the appropriate calculations to process raw data (e.g. averages)
Performs calculations that are precise to the required level.
Converts the appropriate data into the correct graphical form.
Where relevant, selects appropriate quantities to plot to produce a straight line
Extracts relevant quantities from the graph (e.g. gradient, y-intercept)
Presents calculations in a clear and organized manner
Where relevant, converts absolute uncertainties to percentage uncertainties and
propagates uncertainty calculations correctly.
Where appropriate, uses proper scientific conventions in processed-data tables
Uses proper conventions for graphs (e.g. correct graph size, scale)
Draws correctly the line of best fit.
Draws correctly the lines of maximum and minimum gradient
Draws correctly the error bars. (states if too small and can not be drawn)
Calculates the uncertainty in the gradient (and/or y-intercept) correctly

2. Processing raw data

3. Presenting processed

Complete ü

calculates correctly the percentage difference between the experimental value and the literature value and comments on this accordingly. do the time measurements have a greater percentage uncertainty than the distance measurements?) Discusses any limitations of the method used. (Where relevant. Evaluating procedures 3. Discusses clearly how the improvement/modifications would improve the results 2. Jjustify your results in reference to background theory. limited instrument precision) Identifies limitations due to the precision and accuracy of the equipment.g. no air resistance) Identifies possible sources of errors and discusses their potential effects on the results (is it systematic or random?). If appropriate. identifies the presence of systematic error and its direction. compares the experimental result with the accepted value. identifies any anomalous data and thus. (e. compares the experimental value with the literature value. Describes assumptions that were made which may have affected the results. the source of the literature value is cited. states the correct graphical relationship.e. Concluding Draws a valid conclusion that is related to the initial problem. Where relevant. Where relevant. that is within the limits of the uncertainties. the presence of random errors.) Where relevant. (e. Improving the investigation Manipulative Skills Complete ü Aspect 1 Aspect 2 Aspect 3 Following Instructions Carrying Out Techniques Working Safely Complete/2 Follows instructions accurately. that is within the limits of uncertainties.g. adapting to new circumstances (seeking assistance when required) Competent and methodical in the use of a range of techniques and equipment Pays attention to safety issues Partial/1 Follows instructions but requires assistance Usually competent and methodical in the use of a range of techniques and equipment Usually pays attention to safety issues Not at all/0 Rarely follows instructions or requires constant supervision Rarely competent and methodical in the use of a range of techniques and equipment Rarely pays attention to safety issues MS . If determining a value. low resistance instruments.g. limited data range.Conclusion and evaluation criterion Total Aspect Descriptor 1. If a graph is present. Compares the relative uncertainties of each type of data. frictionless apparatus. to reduce systematic errors and random errors) Suggests a reasonable alternative method to obtain a better experimental result. (e. Suggests a reasonable alternative equipment if applicable. Suggests appropriate modifications in the steps taken to improve the results of the investigation (i.