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CO2 Supermarket

System
Case Study of a Warm
Climate CO2 Booster
System

Case Study of a Warm


Climate CO2 Booster System

Topics:
A Sprouts Farmers Market Store
and the Advansor CO2 Booster
System Installed There
-

Elimination of HFCs and Reduce the Carbon


Footprint

Energy Comparison With the Customers


Traditional R407A System for That Location

The Adiabatic Condenser applied to the


system

Sprouts Farmers Market

Google and the Google logo are registered trademarks of Google Inc., used with permission

Sprouts Farmers Market

Sprouts Farmers Market

Advansor System

Standard Advansor System

Adiabatic Gas Cooler


Operated Dry in Cooler Weather

Operated With Wet Adiabatic Pads to


Pre-Cool the Air in Warmer Weather

Baltimore Aircoil Company, used with permission

Adiabatic Gas Cooler


At Sprouts

Analysis was performed by Emerson using Emersons model based on inputs from Hillphoenix.

Analysis was performed by Emerson using Emersons model based on inputs from Hillphoenix.

BAC Adiabatic Gas Cooler

Sprouts Future Study

A Case Study of the CO2


System at Whole Foods
Market.

Agenda
Owners Expectations
Project Delivery Method
System Schematic
Comparative System Cost
Comparative Energy Use
Lessons Learned
Future Development

Owners Expectations
Refrigerant Reduction (GreenChill Partner)
Low Energy Consumption
Advancing Natural Refrigerant Technology
Minimal Change Orders
(no surprises)

Stable System Operation

Project Delivery Method

System Schematic
Mixed-Use Mid-Rise
Closed Loop Fluid Cooler
Racks and HVAC Heat Pump Loop
High Side 407A
Med-Temp CO2 overfeed
Low-Temp CO2 DX

System Schematic

System Schematic

System Schematic

System Schematic

System Cost
Equipment (BTUs equalized)

Cascade CO2/407A: baseline


LT DX / MT Glycol:
(4) DX Distributed Units:

100
93%
112%

Fluid Cooler/pumps excluded from CO2 & Glycol stores.


Plate Hx condensers included.
Hybrid condensers excluded from Distributed.
Distributed does include insulated enclosures.

Installation (actual stores)

Cascade CO2/407A: baseline


LT DX / MT Glycol:
(4) DX Distributed Units:

100
95%
80%

Refrigerant Charge
Whole Foods Market Individual Store Refrigerant Charge
1,800

1,600

1,200

CO2

1,000

800

407A

600

407A

400

200

407A

Refrigerant Charge(lbs)

1,400

0
December

CO2/407A

January

DX LT / Glycol MT
February

Individual Refrigeration Systems

March

Distributed Units

April

Energy Use
Store

System

Sq Feet MBH Description

Cascade
CO2/407A cascade, closed loop heat pump
33,030 735
CO2
fluid cooler system
Med Temp Glycol and 407A Low Temp DX,
LT DX / MT
26,632 731
OCN
closed loop heat pump fluid cooler system
Glycol
(4) Distributed 407A units, hybrid
FRE Distributed 39,026 847
condensers
CAS

Refrigeration Energy Use


50,000

Whole Foods Market


Refrigeration Electrical Usage Comparison:
Cascade CO2 vs. DX / Glycol

47,500
45,000
Refrigeration System Electrical Usage (kWh)

42,500
40,000
37,500
35,000
32,500
30,000
27,500
25,000
22,500
20,000
17,500
15,000
12,500
10,000
7,500
5,000
2,500
0
December December

January
January
CO2/407A

February
February
Monthly Store Usage
407A

March

Glyco Pump

March

April

April

Refrigeration Energy Use


Whole Foods Market
Refrigeration System's Electrical Usage Comparison
50,000
47,500
45,000
Refrigeration System Electrical Usage (kWh)

42,500
40,000
37,500
35,000
32,500
30,000
27,500
25,000
22,500
20,000
17,500
15,000
12,500
10,000
7,500
5,000
2,500
0
December

January
CO2/407A

February
Monthly Store Usage
DX LT / Glycol MT

March
Distributed Units

April

Whole Store Energy Use


Whole Foods Market
Monthly Store Main Feed Usage (kWh)
180,000

Main Electrical Feed (kWh)

160,000
140,000
120,000
100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
December

January

February

March

Monthly Store Usage


CO2/407A

DX LT / Glycol MT

Distributed Units

April

Lessons Learned
Controls collaboration is key
VFD application offers significant benefits
CxA, EOR, OEMs, and contractors all work
together
High grade CO2 not immediately available
(stocking on-site, bottle disposition)
Training of Service Technicians
Anticipated energy penalty does not apply
Overall experience has been good

Future Development
Continued focus on Natural Refrigerant
solutions
Transcritical CO2
Subcritical/cascade CO2
Ammonia
Propane
Both energy and refrigerant reduction are
very high priorities for Whole Foods.

A Case Study of the CO2


System at Whole Foods
Market, Castro