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1.

The following are organic compounds except:


=Benzene, Formaldehyde, Sodium hydroxide, Isopropyl alcohol
2. Functional isomers with molecular formula of C6H12O:
=Aldehyde and Ketone
3. Which form/structure is the least stable conformation:
= twist-boat form
4. Geometric isomerism (cis-trans) is exhibited by what class of hydrocarbon?
=alkene
5. How many structural position isomers can hexene have?
=5
6. A ketohexose can have how many possible optically active structures?
=8
7. How many mole/s of water is/are formed from linking 30 sugar units??
=29
8. The type of chemical reaction involved in linking sugar units together is called?
=condensation
9. The type of bond that links sugar units in carbohydrates is called?
= glycosidic/ether bond
10. The disaccharide lactose consist of sugars glucose and_____ via ______ glycosidic bond?
=a 1-4 galactose b 1-4
11. Stereoisomeric forms of monosaccharides/amino acids present in mammalian carbohydrate/protein respectively
=dextrorotatory/levorotatory
12. Which of the following is considered as workhorse in the biological system?
= proteins
13. Structural polysaccharides obtained from fibrous plants?
=Cellulose
14. The following are all composed of glucose units except?
=Chitin
15. Which of the following is an example of a homopolysaccharides
=Chitin
16. The only non-reducing sugar
=Sucrose
17. Molecules that both contain polar and non-polar groups in their structure like Fatty acids are called?
=amphipathic molecules
18. Which of the following fatty acids will have the lowest melting point?
=16:1
19. Which of the following fatty acid is also called as w-3?
=linolenic acid (18:1D9,12,15)
20. When lipid-rich foods are exposed too long to air, they become rancid as a result from? =oxidative cleavage of double
bonds in the chain
21. Which of the following is an example of a wax, except?
=Heparin
22. Which among the following is a storage lipid Which among the following is a storage lipid
= Triacylglycerol
23. A genetic disease caused by the accumulation of ganglioside in the brain and spleen because of the lack of
hexoamnidase A, resulting to progressive retardation in development, paralysis, blindness and death Vitamin E
deficiency leads to death by age of 3 or 4 years
=Tay-Sachs disease
24. Vitamin E deficiency leads to
= scaly skin
25. Which of the following is an example of w-3 essential fatty acids?
=DHA and EPA

26. Amino acids containing equal numbers of positive and negative charges?
= Zwitterion amino acids
27. Amino acids that are not synthesized by the body and can be obtained from dietary source? =Non- essential amino
acids
28. Which is true about secondary structure of proteins?
=The most prominent structures are the a-helix and b-conformations
29. Keratin and collagen=provide structure and support in tissues
30. Actin and Myosin are examples of what proteins Nutrient and storage proteins
= Structural and support proteins
31. Hemoglobin is an example of a
=quarternary structure protein
32. It provides the 3-dimensional arrangement of atoms in the protein molecule
=tertiary structure protein
33. A location in the enzyme where substrate binds to is called?
= active site
34. 1 pts Person with blood type AB can donate blood to person/s with blood type Person with blood type AB can donate
blood to person/s with blood type
= AB
35. Which is not a nucleotide base in DNA
=Thymine
36. One species DNA differ from others in its
=Base Sequence
37. DNA consists of the following components except for
=D-Ribose
38. The bond formed between nucleotides is _______.
=3- phosphodiester bonds 5
39. Which is incorrect about B-form DNA?
=B-DNA is the most common structural conformation in living organisms
40. When pyrimidine and and purine bases are linked to sugar units respectively, they are collectively called as.
=Nucleosides
41. The orientation of the glycosidic bond in A-form DNA?
=Anti
42. The following are pyrimidine bases except
=Adenine
43. Which of these components of a tossed salad will pass through the human digestive tract with the least digestion
=Cellulose (lettuce leaves)
44. Which one among the choices would be more thermally stable than the others?
= Guanine-Cytosine
45. Which of the following is the most abundant molecule in cells?
=carbohydrates
46. Which is/are the correct DNA base-pairs?
=Thymine-Adenine
47. Given a DNA which consists of 37% Guanine, what is its other base percent composition?
= A:13%, T: 13%, C: 37%
48. The sum of all genes on all the different chromosomes of a cell is referred to as ______.
=Genome
49. It is a segment of DNA that encodes the information required to produce a functional biological
=Gene
50. Insulin and Glucagon are examples of a
=defense proteins