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Course 1.

Engineering Mechanics (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. U. S. Dixit
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology , Guwahati
North Guwahati, Guwahati 781039
Email :
Telephone : (91-361)

Off

Detailed Syllabus :
M1 Basics of Statics
L1 Fundamental principles & concepts: Vector algebra, Newtons laws, gravitation,
axis), Varignons theorem, resultant of concurrent and non-concurrent coplanar forces,
static equilibrium, free body diagram, reactions.
L2 Problem formulation concept; 2-D statics, two and three force members, alternate
equilibrium equations, constraints and static determinacy; 3-D statics.
M2 Analysis of Structures I (Trusses, Frames, Machines)
L3 Trusses: Assumptions, rigid and non-rigid trusses; Simple truss (plane and space),
analysis by method of joints.
L4 Trusses (contd): Analysis of simple truss by method of sections; Compound truss
(statically determinate, rigid, and completely constrained).
L5 Analysis of frames and machines.
M3 Analysis of Structures II (Beams, Cables)
L6 Internal forces; Beams: types of loading and supports; shear force, bending
moment, and axial force diagrams.
L7 Beams (contd): shear force and bending moment diagrams and equations relating
L8 Cables (coplanar): assumptions, parabolic and catenary cables.
M4 Friction - I
L9 Coulomb dry friction laws, simple surface contact problems, friction angles, types of
problems, wedges.
L10 Disk friction (thrust bearing); Belt friction (flat, V).
L11 Square-threaded screw (self locking, screw jack).

M5 Friction - II
L12 Journal bearings (axle friction).
L13 Wheel friction and rolling resistance.
M6 Center of Mass & Area Moments of Inertia
L14 First moment of mass and center of mass, centroids of lines, areas, volumes,
composite bodies.
L15 Area moments- and products- of inertia, radius of gyration, transfer of axes,
composite areas.
L16 Rotation of axes, principal area-moments-of-inertia, Mohrs circle.
M7 Mass Moment of Inertia
L17 Second moment of mass, Mass moments- and products- of inertia, radius of
gyration, transfer of axes, flat plates (relation between area- and mass- momentsand products- of inertia), composite bodies.
L18Rotation of axes, principal mass-moments-of-inertia.
M8 Virtual Work and Energy Method - I
L19 Virtual displacements, principle of virtual work for particle and ideal system of
rigid bodies, degrees of freedom.
L20 Active force diagram, systems with friction, mechanical efficiency.
M9 Virtual Work and Energy Method - II
L21 Conservative forces and potential energy (elastic and gravitational), energy
equation for equilibrium.
L22 Applications of energy method for equilibrium.
L23 Stability of equilibrium.
M10 Review of particle dynamics
L24

Rectilinear motion; Plane curvilinear motion (rectangular, path, and polar

coordinates).

L25

3-D curvilinear motion; Relative and constrained motion; Newtons 2nd law
(rectangular, path, and polar coordinates).

L26

L27

L28

L29

L30

L31

Rotating reference frames, 3-part velocity and 5-part acceleration relations,

Coriolis acceleration.

L32

L33

L34

Translation.

L35

L36

L37

L38

L39

L40

L41

L42

L43

L44

M denotes the module and L the lecture under that module.

Books to be followed:
1.
2.

J. L. Meriam and L. G. Kraige, Engineering Mechanics: Statics (V.1), Dynamics (V.2),

5th edition, Wiley 2002.
I. H. Shames, Engineering Mechanics: Statics & Dynamics, 4th edition, PHI, 1996.
F. P. Beer and E. R. Johnston, Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics (V.1),
Dynamics (V.2), 3rd SI edition, TMH, 1998

Design of Machine Elements 1 (Web)

Faculty Coordinator(s):
1.

Prof. S. K. RoyChowdhury
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Kharagpur - 721302
Email : skrc@mech.iitkgp.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-3222) 282 972 (Office)
(91-3222) 282 973 (Residence)

2.

Prof. B. Maiti
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Kharagpur - 721302
Email : bmaiti@mech.iitkgp.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-3222) 282 936 (Office)
(91-3222) 282 937, 277 536 (Residence)

3.

Prof. G. Chakraborty
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Kharagpur - 721302
Email : goutam @ mech.iitkgp.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-3222) 282994 (Office)
(91-3222) 282995 (Residence)

Detailed Syllabus :
Module:1 Fundamentals of machine design
Lesson 1 Design philosophy
Lesson 2 Engineering Materials
Lesson 3 Brief overview of design and manufacturing

Module:2 Stresses in machine elements

Lesson 1 Simple stresses
Lesson 2 Compound stresses in machine parts
Lesson 3 Strain analysis

Module:3 Design for Strength

Lesson 2 Stress Concentration
Lesson 4 Low and high cycle fatigue

Module:4 Fasteners
Lesson 1 Types of fasteners: Pins and keys
Lesson 2 Cotter and knuckle joint Lesson 3 Threaded Fasteners Lesson 4 Design of bolted
joints

Module:5 Couplings
Lesson 1 Introduction, types and uses
Lesson 2 Design procedures for rigid and flexible rubber-bushed couplings

Module:6 Power Screws

Lesson 1 Power Screw drives and their efficiency
Lesson 2 Design of power screws

Module:7 Design of Springs

Lesson 1 Introduction to Design of Helical Springs
Lesson 2 Design of Helical Springs for Variable Load
Lesson 3 Design of Leaf Springs

Module:8 Design of Shaft

Lesson 1 Shaft and its design based on strength
Lesson 2 Design of shaft for variable load and based on stiffness

Module:9 Thin and thick cylinders

Lesson 1 Thin Cylinders
Lesson 2 Thick cylinders- Stresses due to internal and external pressures
Lesson 3 Design principles for thick cylinders

Module:10 Design of Permanent Joints

Lesson 1 Riveted Joints : Types and Uses
Lesson 2 Design of Riveted Joints
Lesson 3 Welded Joints: Types and Uses
Lesson 4 Design of Welded Joints
Lesson 5 Design of Adhesive Joints

Lesson 1 Design of Eccentrically Loaded Bolted/Riveted Joints
Lesson 2 Design of Eccentrically Loaded Welded Joints

Module:12 Design of brakes

Lesson 1 Design of shoe brakes
Lesson 2 Design of Band and Disc Brakes

Module:13 Belt drives

Lesson 1 Introduction to Belt drives
Lesson 2 Design of Flat Belt drives
Lesson 3 Design of V- Belt drives

Module:14 Brief overview of bearings

Lesson 1 Fluid Film bearings
Lesson 2 Rolling contact bearings

Course 43. Basic Thermodynamics (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :

1.

Prof. K. Srinivasan
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Bangalore - 560 012
Email :
Telephone : (91-80)

Off

Res :

2.

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
Bangalore - 560 012
Telephone : (91-80)

Off

293 2332

Res :

293 2589

Detailed Syllabus :

Module 1 : Thermodynamics Relations (Total 4 hours)

Topics to be Covered

Hours.

Enthalpy, entropy, internal energy, and specific heat relations ; Tds equations for entropy
change ; Difference in heat capacities, Ratio of specific heats, Evaluation of thermodynamic
properties from an equation of state.

Helmoltzs and Gibbs functions ; Some mathematical theorems ; Maxwell's relations.

Applications of Maxwells relations to ideal and real gases ; Joule-Thomson effect and
coefficient ; Clausius-Clapeyron equation.

Real gas equation of state (Van-der Walls, Verial, Peng-Robinson, Redlich Kwong, etc) ;
Compressibility factor ; General compressibility charts and applications.

Module 2 : Property Relationships for pure substance and Mixtures (Total 5 hours)
Topics to be Covered

Hours.

a. Mixture of gases : Dalton's law of partial pressures and Amagots law of partial volumes
for ideal gas mixtures ; Volumetric and gravimetric analysis ; Principle of corresponding states
; Evaluation of ideal gas mixture properties and applications to various processes.

Properties of real gas mixtures ; Use of compressibility charts for real gas mixtures.

b. Pscychrometry : Atmospheric air and Psychometric properties ; Dry bulb temperature,

wet bulb temperature, dew point temperature, partial pressures, specific and relative humidity
and the relation between the two.

Enthalpy and adiabatic saturation temperature. Construction and use of psychrometric chart ;
Analysis of various processes- heating, cooling, dehumidifying and humidifying.

Adiabatic mixing of stream ; Summer and winter air-conditioning ; Cooling load calculations.

Module 3 : Combustion Thermodynamics (Total 7 hours)

Topics to be Covered

Hours.

Stoichiometric air for combustion of fuels ; Excess air ; Mass balance, A/F ratio and
equivalence ratio ; Exhaust gas analysis (Orsat apparatus).

Composition of various solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. ; Properties of fuels.

Energy balance for a chemical reactions (First law analysis) ; Enthalpy and internal energy of
combustion ; Enthalpy of formation and bond energy ; Sensible energy.

Calculation of heat release for various combustion processes; Use of enthalpy tables ;

Rate of chemical reactions ; Law of mass action ; Collision theory for reaction kinetics ;
Arehnius factor and activation energy ; Multi-step reactions.

Dissociation and chemical equilibrium ; Reversible reactions ; Gibbs and Helmotzs free
energy ; Relation between equilibrium constants and free energy.

Calculation of equilibrium composition of reacting mixtures ; Effect of pressure and

temperature on equilibrium composition ; Combustion efficiency and emissions.

Module 4 : Gas Power Cycles (Total 4 hours)

Topics to be Covered

Hours.

Air standard cycle approximations ; Carnot, Otto, Diesel Cycles p-v and T-s diagrams ;
Numerical Problems.

Description-efficiency, mep, etc. ; Comparison of Otto, Diesel cycles for same compression
ratio and heat input ; Dual cycles- p-v and T-s diagrams.

Stirling cycles, Ericsson cycle, Atkinson cycle ; Basic Gas turbine (Brayton) cycle (for open and
closed systems).

Efficiency of gas turbine cycle ; Regenerative gas turbine cycle ; Inter-cooling and reheating in
gas turbine cycles ; Numerical problems.

Module 5 : Vapour Power Cycles (Total 4 hours)

Topics to be Covered

Hours.

Carnot vapour power cycle & its associated difficulties ; Simple Rankine cycle description, Ts diagram & analysis of performance ; Application to thermal power plants.

Comparison of Carnot and Rankine cycle ; Effect of pressure and temperature on Rankine
cycle performance ; Numerical problems.

Reheat Rankine cycle ; HPT and LPT steam expansion; Efficiency of reheat cycles ; Numerical
problems.

Ideal and practical regenerative Rankine cycles ; open and closed feed water heaters ;
Efficiency of regenerative cycles ; Numerical problems.

Module 6 : Refrigeration Cycles (Total 4 hours)

Topics to be Covered

Hours.

Reversed Carnot cycle and its limitations ; Basic vapour compression refrigeration system ;
Refrigeration effect ; COP ; Capacities ; Unit of refrigeration ; ph & Ts diagrams.

Practical vapour compression refrigeration system ; Refrigerants and their desirable properties
; Numerical problems.

Vapour absorption refrigeration system & COP ; Comparison between VCRS and VARS and
their applications.

Air cycle refrigeration ; Reversed Brayton cycle ; Steam jet refrigeration ; Vortex tube ;
Introduction to cryogenics.

Module 7 : Reciprocating Compressors (Total 4 hours)

Topics to be Covered

Hours.

Single stage reciprocating compressor cycle without clearance ; Work input and power

Effect of clearance and volumetric efficiency ; Work input and power through p-v diagrams ;
Adiabatic, isothermal and mechanical efficiencies ; Multi-stage compressors (Why?).

Module 8 : Compressible Flows (Total 5 hours)

Topics to be Covered

Hours.

Propagation of infinite pulse in a fluid ; Velocity of sound ; Disturbance propagation in

subsonic and supersonic flows ; Mach cone ; stagnation property.

1D isentropic flow in a variable area duct ; Critical properties ; Choking in a isentropic flow ;
Shapes of supersonic/subsonic nozzles and diffusers.

Variation of pressure and Mach number with area ratio ; C-D nozzle ; Effect of back pressure ;
Flow with normal shocks ; Numerical problems.

Adiabatic flow with friction (Fanno flow) ; Flow in constant area duct without friction and with
heat transfer (Rayligh flow) ; Normal shocks.

Normal shock relations ; Numerical problems ; Introduction to oblique shocks and bow
shocks.

Course 26. Machine Design 2 (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. R. Gopinath
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Chennai- 600036
Email : mgopinath@iitm.ac.in,

gopinath@acer.iitm.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-44)

2.

Off

2257 8507

Res :

2257 9507

Prof. M. M. Mayuram
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Chennai- 600036
Email :

mmme@iitm.ac.in

Telephone : (91-44)

Off

Res :

2257 8547
2257 9547

Detailed Syllabus :
Fatigue consideration in design

12

Cyclic

stressing/straining - materials response and the origin of fatigue failure. Stress life relations;
S-N curve-fatigue strength and endurance limit

Factors influencing fatigue and endurance

strength modification factors Effect of stress concentration and fatigue stress concentration
definition Effect of mean stress - Goodman and Soderberg's relations

Design approach to

fatigue - design for infinite life and finite life Design of members under combined (steady and

Design of gear tooth

14

Law of gearing - conjugate action and gear tooth profile-basics Analysis of forces on spur,
helical, bevel and worm gears - determination of bearing reaction forces Bending and contact
stress in gear tooth-dynamic loading and wear-Lewis and Buckingham equations for design.
Design of fixed ratio gear box-general design procedure

Design of sliding and journal bearings

Types of lubrication-hydro dynamic, hydro static and EHD lubrication. Petroffs equation and
the bearing haracteristic number-boundary and film lubrication Pressure distributioneccentricity and minimum film thickness Heat generation and thermal equilibrium

Design/analysis of Brakes clutches and fly wheels

8
Plate clutches design for uniform pressure and wear Shoe breakes short and long shoe
analysis automotive shoe breake design/analysis Ply wheel design basic concepts.

Module I - Fatigue consideration in design

12 Hours

Patterns of load or stress variations
Lecture 3 -The mechanism of fatigue failure; origin and propagation of crack
Lecture 4- Stress life relations; S-N curve-fatigue strength and endurance limit
Lecture 5 -Factors influencing fatigue
Lecture 6 -Endurance strength modification factors
Lecture 7 -Effect of stress concentration and fatigue stress concentration definition and its
estimation from geometric stress concentration factor
Lecture 8 -Effect of mean stress- Goodman and Soderberg's relations
Lecture 9 -Design approach to fatigue- design for infinite life and finite life
Lecture 10 -Approach/Methods for design of members under combined (steady and variable)
Lecture 11- Worked out examples on fatigue design problems
Lecture 12-

--do-

14- Hours

Lecture 1 -Gears-types and application and gear terminology

Lecture 2 -Law of gearing-conjugate action and interference in gears
Lecture 3 -Gear tooth profiles, involute profile -basics, Influence of number of teeth and
pressure angle Lecture 4- Analysis of forces on spur, and helical gears
Lecture 5 -Bending and contact stress in gear toothLecture 6 -Lewise equation for design

Lecture 8 -Gear quality and selection aspects

Lecture 9-Force analysis on bevel and worm gears
Lecture 10- Design approach for bevel gears- equivalent tooth
Lecture 1 I -Design of fixed ratio gear box- general design procedure
Lecture 12 -Worked out example on design of a single stage reduction gear unit
Lecture 13- and 14- Determination of bearing reaction due to gear forces- Worked out
examples

Module 3 -Design of sliding and journal bearings

6 Hours

Lecture I -Types of lubrication- hydro dynamic, hydro static and EHD lubrication.
Lecture 2 -Petroff's equation and the bearing characteristic number
Lecture 3- Lubrication regimes- boundary and film lubrication
Lecture 4 -Hydro dynamic bearings- Pressure distribution-eccentricity and minimum
film thickness
Lecture 5 -Reynolds equation and use of bearing design charts
Lecture 6 -Heat generation and thermal equilibrium

Module 4 -Design/analysis of Brakes clutches and fly wheels

Lecture 1- Brakes and clutches -need and functioning -dynamic model
Lecture 2 -Plate clutches- design for uniform pressure and wear
Lecture 3- Shoe brakes- short and long shoe analysis
Lecture 4- Automotive shoe brake-design/analysis
Lecture 5 -Fly wheel basic concepts -design requirements
Lecture 6 -Moment diagram and energy estimations
Lecture 7- Worked out examples on brakes and clutches
Lecture 8 -Worked out examples on fly wheels

8 Hours

Course 9. Mechanical Measurements and Metrology (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. S. P. Venkateshan
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Chennai- 600036
Email :

spv@iitm.ac.in

Telephone : (91-44)

2.

Off

2257 8529

Res :

2243 3825

Prof. M. S. Shanmugam
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Chennai- 600036
Email :

shun@iitm.ac.in, shun@acer.iitm.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-44)

Off

Res :

2257 8520
2257 9520

Detailed Syllabus :
Mechanical measurements:
(S.P. V enkateshan)
1. Introduction to measurements, Errors in measurements, Statistical analysis of data,
Regression analysis, correlation, estimation of uncertainty and presentation of data, design of
experiments.
2. Measurement of field quantities like temperature, pressure, velocity by intrusive and nonintrusive techniques under various conditions met with in practice like steady and transient
conditions.
3. Measurement of derived quantities like heat flux, volume/mass flow rate, temperature in
flowing fluids.
4. Measurement of thermo-physical properties, radiation properties of surfaces,
vibration and noise.
s. Computer assisted data acquisition, data manipulation, data presentation.
Metrolo2V:
(M.S.Shanmugam)
1. Measurement of length, measurement of angle 2. Limits and fits

3. Measurement of geometric forms, straightness, flatness, roundness etc. Mechanical and

optical methods.
4. Measurement of screw threads and gears.
5. Measurement of surface roughness and texu1re 6. Introduction to CMM. In-process gages.
7. Inspection and quality monitoring.

Manufacturing Processes 1 (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s):
1.

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Kharagpur - 721302
Email : akc @ mech.iitkgp.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-3222) 282914 (Office)
(91-3222) 282915 (Residence)

2.

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Kharagpur - 721302
Email : abcme @ mech.iitkgp.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-3222) 282912 (Office)
(91-3222) 282913 (Residence)

3.

Prof. S. Paul
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Kharagpur - 721302
Email : spaul@mech.iitkgp.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-3222) 282 954 (Office)
(91-3222) 282 955, 279 191 (Residence)

Detailed Syllabus :
Module:1 Classification of Metal Removal Processes and Machine tools
Lesson 1 Introduction to Manufacturing and Machining
Lesson 2 Basic working principle, configuration, specification and classification of machine
tools

Module:2 Mechanics of Machining (Metal Cutting)

Lesson 3 Geometry of single point cutting tools
Lesson 4 Conversion of tool angles from one system to another
Lesson 5 Mechanism of chip formation Lesson 6 Orthogonal and oblique cutting Lesson 7 Use
of chip breaker in machining
Lesson 8 Machining forces and Merchants Circle Diagram (MCD) Lesson 9 Analytical and
Experimental determination of cutting forces Lesson 10 Dynamometers for measuring cutting
forces
Lesson 11 Cutting temperature causes, effects, assessment and control
Lesson 12 Control of cutting temperature and cutting fluid application

Module:3 Machinability
Lesson 13 Concept of Machinability and its Improvement
Lesson 14 Failure of cutting tools and tool life
Lesson 15 Cutting Tool Materials of common use
Lesson 16 Advanced Cutting Tool Materials

Module:4 General Purpose Machine Tools

Lesson 17 Kinematic systems and operations of lathes
Lesson 18 Kinematic system and operations of drilling machines
Lesson 19 Kinematic system and operations of milling machines
Lesson 20 Construction, working principle and applications of shaping, planing and slotting
machines
Lesson 21 Methods of mounting of jobs and cutting tools in machine tools

Lesson 22 Use of various Attachments in Machine Tools

Lesson 23 Construction, Operation and Tool layout in Semiautomatic and Automatic lathes
Lesson 24 Forces developing and acting in machine tools
Lesson 25 Estimation of machining time
Lesson 26 Broaching Principles, Systems and Applications

Module:5 Abrasive Processes (Grinding)

Lesson 27 Basic principle, purpose and application of grinding
Lesson 28 Selection of wheels and their conditioning
Lesson 29 Classification of grinding machines and their uses

Module:6 Superfinishing processes

Lesson 30 Superfinishing processes, Honing, Lapping and Superfinishing

Module:7 Screw threads and Gear Manufacturing Methods

Lesson 31 Production of screw threads by Machining, Rolling and Grinding
Lesson 32 Manufacturing of Gears

Module:8 Jigs and Fixtures for Machine shops

Lesson 33 Purposes of jigs and fixtures and their Design principles
Lesson 34 Design and Application of typical jigs and fixtures

Module:9 Non-conventional machining

Lesson 35 Introduction and Abrasive Jet Machining
Lesson 36 Ultrasonic Machining (USM)
Lesson 37 Water Jet and Abrasive Water Jet Machining
Lesson 38 Electro Chemical Machining
Lesson 39 Electro Discharge Machining
Lesson 40 Electron Beam and Laser Beam Machining

Course 23. Heat and Mass Transfer (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. U. N. Gaitonde
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email :

gaitonde@me.iitb.ac.in

Telephone : (91-22)

Off

Res :
2.

25767508
2576 8508

Prof. S. V Prabhu
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email :

svprabhu@me.iitb.ac.in

Telephone : (91-22)

Off

Res :

Module No.
1
2
3
4
5
6

8
9

Content
INTRODUCTION Typical heat transfer situations,
Modes of heat transfer
Introduction to laws, some heat transfer parameters
CONDUCTION Fouriers law and thermal
conductivity
Differential equation of heat conduction,
boundary conditions and initial conditions
Simple one dimensional steady state situations
plane wall, cylinder, sphere (simple and compex
situations), concept of thermal resistance,
variable thermal conductivity (exercise)
Special one dimensional steady state situations heat
generation, pin fins
Other fin configurations (exercise)
Transient conduction
Lumped capacitance model
One dimensional transient problems analytical
solutions
One dimensional Heisler charts
Product solutions

Number of hours
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
3 hours

2 hours

1 hour
2 hours

10

11
12

13
14

15
16
17
18
19

20
21
22

23

24

25

Numerical methods in conduction

Steady state one dimensional and two dimensional
problems
One dimensional transient problems Explicit and
implicit
Basic ideas, spectrum, basic definitions
Stefan Boltzman law, Wiens Displacement law,
Lambert cosine law
shape factor
Parallel plates
Enclosures (non-participating gas)
FORCED CONVECTION
Concepts of fluid mechanics
Differential equation of heat convection
Laminar flow heat transfer in circular pipe
constant heat flux and constant wall
temperature, thermal entrance region, Turbulent
flow heat transfer in circular pipe, pipes of other
cross sections
Heat transfer in laminar flow and turbulent flow
over a flat plate, Reynolds analogy
Flow across a cylinder and sphere, flow across
banks of tubes, impinging jets
NATURAL CONVECTION
Introduction, governing equations,Vertical plate
Pohlhausen solution, horizontal cylinder, horizontal
plate, enclosed spaces
HEAT EXCHANGERS
Types of heat exchangers, LMTD approach parallel,
counter-flow, multi-pass and cross flow heat
exchanger, NTU approach parallel, counterflow, shell
and tube, cross flow heat exchanger
Condensation and Boiling
Dimensionless parameters, boiling modes, correlations,
Forced convection boiling, laminar film condensation on
a vertical plate, turbulent film condensation
Mass Transfer
Analogy between heat and mass transfer, mass
diffusion, Ficks law of diffusion, boundary conditions,
steady mass diffusion through a wall, transient mass
diffusion, mass convection, limitations of heat and
mass transfer analogy.
Total number of hours

2 hours

One hour
one hour

Three hours
Two hours

One hour
One hour
One hour
One hour
Two hours

One hour
One hour
Three hours

Four hours

Two hours

Three hours

42

heat transfer

Course 34. Finite Element Method (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. P. M. Dixit
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology , Kanpur
Kanpur - 208 016,
Email : pmd@iitk.ac.in
Telephone : (91-512)

Off

2597094

Res :

2598784

Fax :

2597048

Detailed Syllabus :
Module 1

(3 hrs)

Objective of the Course, Basic Steps in FEM Formulation, General Applicability of the Method;
Variational Functional, Ritz Method.
Module 2

(4 hrs)

Variational FEM : Derivation of Elemental Equations, Assembly, Imposition of Boundary

Conditions, Solution of the Equations.
Module 3

(3 hrs)

Approximations.
Module 4

.(3 hrs)

Module 5

(3 hrs)

Module 6

(4 hrs)

Alternate Formulation: Weighted Residual Method, Galerkin Method;

Problems with C1 Continuity: Beam Bending, Connectivity and Assembly of C1 Continuity
Elements.
Module 7

(5 hrs)

Variational Functional; 2-D Elements (Triangles and Quadrilaterals) and Shape Functions.
Module 8

(3 hrs)

Natural Coordinates, Numerical Integration, Elemental Equations, .Connectivity and Assembly,

Imposition of Boundary Conditions.
Module 9

(4 hrs)

Axisymmetric (Heat Conduction) Problem, Plane Strain and Plane Stress Solid Mechanics
Problems.
Module 10

(3 hrs)

Module 11

(3 hrs)

Free Vibration Problems, Formulation of Eigen Value Problem, FEM Formulation.

Module 12

(3 hrs)

Time-dependent Problems, Combination of Galerkin FEM and FDM (Finite Difference Method),
Convergence and Stability of FD Scheme.
Module 13

(2 hrs)

Course 24. Project and Production Management (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :

1.

Prof . Arun Kanda

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Hauz Khas, New Delhi -110 016
Email : akanda@mech.iitd.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-11)

Off

Res :
2.

26591124
26436332

Prof S. G. Deshmukh
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Hauz Khas, New Delhi -110 016
Email : deshmukh@mech.iitd.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-11)

Off

Res :
Detailed Syllabus :
PROJECT MANAGEMENT (16 lectures)
AN
1.

OVERVIEW

(1 lecture)

2.
3.
4.
5.

Project
Project
Project
Project

Identification and Screening

Appraisal: Part I
Appraisal: Part II
Selection

PROJECT PLANNING (8 lectures)

Development of Project Network (2 lectures)
6.
Project Representation
7.
Consistency and Redundancy in Project Networks
Project Scheduling (3 lectures)
8.
Basic Scheduling with A-O-A Networks
9.
Basic Scheduling with A-O-N Networks
10.
Project Scheduling with Probabilistic Activity Times

26591056
26591608

Time / Cost Tradeoffs in Projects (1 lecture)

11.
Linear Time-Cost Tradeoffs in Projects: A Heuristic Approach
Resource Considerations in Projects( 2 lectures)
12.
Resource Profiles and leveling
13.
Limited Resource Allocation
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION (2 lectures)
14.
Project Monitoring and Control with PERT / Cost
15.
Team Building and Leadership in Projects
PROJECT COMPLETION (1 lecture)
16.

PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT (24 lectures)

INTRODUCTORY (2 lectures)
1. Introduction to Production Systems and a Generalized Model of Production
2. Life cycle of a Production System and Major managerial Decisions
FINANCIAL EVALUATION OF PRODUCTION RELATED DECISIONS (4 lectures)
3.
4.
5.

Performance Measures of a Production System

Financial Evaluation of Capital Decisions (2 lectures)
Decision Trees and evaluation of risk

6.
7.

Introducing New Products and Services (2 lectures)

Product Mix Decisions

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Plant Location (2 Lectures)

Process Layouts
Product Layouts and Assembly Line Balancing
Cellular Layouts

PRODUCTION PLANNING OVER MEDIUM TERM HORIZON

(5 lectures)
13. Demand Forecasting (3 lectures)
14. Aggregate Production Planning (2 lectures)
OPERATIONAL DECISIONS OVER THE SHORT TERM (4 lectures)
15. Inventory related Decisions (2 lectures)
16. Material Requirements Planning`
17. Scheduling of Job Shops
Total Number of Video Lectures = 40
The Web Based support Material will be based on the above modular design including

Examples
Clarification of Concepts
Problems with and without solutions

Course 5. Fluid Mechanics (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. Gautam Biswas

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
Kanpur - 208 016,
Email :

gtm@iitk.ac.in

Telephone : (91-512)

2.

Off

2597656

Res :

2598564

Fax :

2597408

Prof. S. K. Som
Department of Mechanical Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Kharagpur-721302,
Email : sksom@mech.iitkgp.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-3222)

Off

282978

Res :

282979

Fax :

255303

Detailed Syllabus :
Lecture 1

Definition of Stress

Definition of Fluid

Concept of Continum

Fluid Properties

Lecture 2

Compressibility

Lecture 3

Lecture 4

Lecture 5

Stability of Unconstrained Bodies in Fluid

Period of Oscillation

Lecture 6

Kinematics

Lecture 7

Lecture 8

Translation, Rate of Deformation and Rotation

Vorticity

Existence of Flows

Lecture 9

System

Conservation of Mass

Lecture 10

Stream Function

Conservation of Momentum

Lecture 11

Lecture 12

Application of Moment or Momentum Theorem

Euler's Equation

Lecture 13

Conservation of Energy

Lecture 14

Lecture 15

Lecture 16

Lecture 17

Lecture 18

Lecture 19

The Application of Dynamic Similarity - Dimension of Physical Quantity

Buckingham's Pi-Theorem

Lecture 20

Lecture 21

Vortex Flow

Lecture 22

Lecture 23

Aerofoil Theory

Lecture 24

General Viscosity Law

Navier-Stokes Equations

Lecture 25

A general way of deriving the Navier-Stokes equations from the basic laws of physics

Lecture 26

Couette Flow

Lecture 27

Lecture 28

Lecture 29

Lecture 30

Karman-Pohlhausen approximate method for solution of momentum integral equation

over a flat plate

Lecture 31

Mechanics of boundary layer transition

Lecture 32

Introduction to Turbulence

Characteristics Of Turbulent Flow

Laminar-Turbulent Transition

Correlation Functions

Lecture 33

Turbulent Boundary Layer Equations

Boundary Conditions

Shear Stress Models

Lecture 34

Universal Velocity Distribution Law And Friction Factor In Duct Flows For Very Large
Reynolds Numbers

Lecture 35

Lecture 36

Lecture 37

Lecture 38

Lecture 39

Speed of Sound

Lecture 40

Lecture 41

Normal Shocks

Oblique Shock

Course 7. Applied Thermodynamics (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. T. Sundararajan
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Chennai- 600036
Email :

tsundar@iitm.ac.in

Telephone : (91-44)

2.

Off

2257 8527

Res :

2257 9527

Prof. J. M. Mallikarjuna
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Chennai- 600036
Email :

jmmallik@iitm.ac.in

Telephone : (91-44)

3.

Off

2257 8514

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Chennai- 600036
Email : uspshet@iitm.ac.in

Telephone: (91 -44 ) 2257 8517 (office)

Detailed Syllabus :

1. Property relationships for pure substances and Mixtures

Thermodynamic Relations: Some mathematical theorems, Maxwell's equations, Tds
equations, Difference in heat capacities, ratio of heat capacities, energy equation, JouleThomson effect. Clausius- Clapeyron equation, Evaluation of thermodynamic properties from
an equation of state. Helmoltz and Gibbs functions; Maxwell's relations; Enthalpy, entropy,
internal energy, and specific heat relations; Clausius-Clapeyron's equation; Applications to
ideal and real gases. Joule-Thomson coefficient.
Ideal Gas Mixtures: Dalton's law of additive pressures, Amagat's law of additive volumes,
evaluation of , properties. Analysis of various processes.
Pscychrometry : Atmospheric air and Psychometric properties; Dry bulb temperature, wet

bulb temperature, dew point temperature; partial pressures, specific and relative humidity and
the relation between the two. Enthalpy and adiabatic saturation temperature. Construction
and use of psychrometric chart. Analysis of various processes; heating, cooling, dehumidifying
and humidifying. Adiabatic mixing of stream of moist air. Summer and winter air-conditioning.

2. Combustion Thermodynamics
Theoretical (Stoichiometric) air for combustion of fuels. Excess air, mass balance, Exhaust gas
analysis, A/F ratio. Energy balance for a chemical reaction, enthalpy of formation, enthalpy
and internal energy of combustion. Combustion efficiency. Dissociation and equilibrium,
emissions.
3. Gas Power Cycles
Air standard cycles; Carnot, Otto, Diesel, Dual and Stirling cycles, p-v and T -s diagrams,
description, efficiencies and mean effective pressures. Comparison of Otto and Diesel cycles.
Gas turbine (Brayton) cycle; description and analysis. Regenerative gas turbine cycle. Intercooling and reheating in gas turbine cycles. 4. Vapour Power Cycles
Carnot vapour power cycle, drawbacks as a reference cycle. Simple Rankine cycle; description,
T-s diagram, analysis for performance. Comparison of Carnot and Rankine cycles. Effects of
pressure and temperature on Rankine cycle performance. Actual vapour power cycles. Ideal
and practical regenerative Rankine cycles, open and closed feed water heaters. Reheat
Rankine cycle.
5. Refrigeration Cycles
Vapour compression refrigeration system; description, analysis, refrigerating effect. capacity,
power required, units of refrigeration, COP Refrigerants and their desirable properties. Air
cycle refrigeration; reversed Carnot cycle, reversed Brayton cycle Vapour absorption
refrigeration system. Steam jet refrigeration
6. Reciprocating Compressors
Operation of a single stage reciprocating compressors. Work input through p-v diagram and
isothermal and mechanical efficiencies. Multi-stage compressor, saving in work, optimum
intermediate pressure, inter-cooling, minimum work for compression.
7. Compressible Flows and Steam Nozzles
Compressible Flows: Velocity of pressure pulse in a fluid, stagnation properties, one
dimensional steady isentropic flow, critical properties-choking in isentropic flow, normal
shocks, adiabatic flow with friction and without friction, numerical problems.
Steam nozzles: Flow of steam through nozzles, shape of nozzles, effect of friction, critical
pressure ratio, supersaturated flow.

Course 38. Robotics (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. C. Amarnath
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email :

amarnath@me.iitb.ac.in

Telephone : (91-22)

Off

Res :
2.

25677529
25678529

Prof. B. Seth
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email :

seth@me.iitb.ac.in

Telephone : (91-22)

3.

Off :

25677504

Res:

25678504

Prof. K. Kurien Issac

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email kurien@me.iitb.ac.in
Telephone : (91-22)

4.

Off :

25767540

Fax:

25726875

Prof. P. S. Gandhi
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email :

gandhi@me.iitb.ac.in

Telephone : (91-22)

Off

25767519

5.

Res :

25768519

Fax:

25726875

Prof. P. Seshu
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email :

seshu@me.iitb.ac.in

Telephone : (91-22)

Off :

25767534

Res:

25768534

Detailed Syllabus :
Module 1: Introduction (3 hrs)
Brief History, Types of robots, uses of robots, Present status and future trends in robotics,
Overview of robot subsystems.
Module 2: (3hrs)
Issues in designing and controlling robots: resolution, repeatability and accuracy,
transmission, Robot configurations and concept of workspace, Mechanisms and transmission.
Module 3: Robot Anatomy 1: End effectors and actuators (3hrs)
Different types of grippers, vacuum and other methods of gripping. Pneumatic, hydraulic and
electric actuators.
Module 4: Robot Anatomy 2: Sensors and controllers (4hrs)
Internal and external sensors, position, velocity and acceleration sensors, proximity sensors,
force sensors, laser range finder, camera. Micro-controllers, DSP, centralized controllers, real
time operating systems.
Point to point and continuous motion specifications for typical applications, joint interpolation,
Module 6: Robot analysis 1 (3hrs)
Position and orientation of rigid bodies, spatial mechanism description, Denavit-Hartenberg
notation, homogenous transformation.
Module 7: Robot analysis 2 (3hrs)
Forward and inverse position analysis, velocity mapping, static force analysis, singularities,
acceleration mapping.
Module 8: Robot control (4hrs)
Independent joint control, PD and PID feedback, actuator models, nonlinearity of manipulator
models, issues in nonlinear control, force feedback, hybrid control
Module 9: Motion planning(3hrs)

Obstacle avoidance, configuration space, road map methods, graph search algorithms,
potential field methods.
Module 10: Robot vision 1 (3hrs)
Camera model and perspective transformation, image processing fundamentals for robotic
applications, image acquisition and preprocessing.
Module 11: Robot vision 2 (3hrs)
Segmentation and region characterization, object recognition by image matching and based on
features, Problem of bin-picking.
Module 12: Futuristic topics in Robotics (3hrs)
Micro-robotics and MEMS (Micro electro mechanical systems), Fabrication technology for
micro-robotics, stability issues in legged robots, under-actuated manipulators
Module 13: Case studies (4 hrs)
1. Robot in assembly (Puma)
2. Mobile robot (Nataraj)
TOTAL HOURS : 42

Course 28. Fluid Machinery (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. Anoop. K. Dass

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology , Guwahati
North Guwahati, Guwahati 781039
Email :

anoop@iitg.ernet.in

Telephone : (91- 361)

Off

Res :

2582654
2584654

Detailed Syllabus :
PART I: General Considerations
Introduction
Module-1: Nomenclature Concepts Theoretical aspects
L1: Classification of Fluid Machinery, stage, stator, rotor
L2: Cylindrical co-ordinate system, Moment of momentum, notations
L3: Euler Equation for turbomachinery
L4: Concept of relative velocity, Velocity-vector equation, Velocity triangle
L5: Performance indices like power, efficiency
Module-2: Dimensional Analysis & Similitude
L6: Dimensional Analysis
L7: Similitude
PART II: Hydraulic Turbines
Introduction
Module-3: Impulse Turbines
L8 & L9: Pelton wheel, its geometry and working; performance parameters; conditions for
optimum operation
L10: Brief description of a hydel plant; need for governing; governing technique
Module-4: Reaction Turbines
L11: Radial-flow reaction (Francis) turbine; geometry and working; flow at entry; velocity
diagram.
L12: Francis turbine contd.; net head across a reaction turbine; draft tube; justification of
inward flow arrangement; flow rate; performance parameters;
L13: Axial-flow reaction (propeller and Kaplan turbine); geometry and working; velocity
diagram; performance parameters.
L14: Draft tube and cavitation; net positive suction head (NPSH); Installation of reaction
turbines.
(Note: An additional lecture may be necessary)
Module-5: Dimensional Analysis & Similitude
L15: Dimensional Analysis; head, flow and power coefficient; nondimensional specific speed.
L16: Similitude; geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarity.

PART III: Rotodynamic Pumps

Introduction
Module-6: Centrifugal pumps
L17: Types; geometry and working; elementary pump theory; Euler equation; Bernoulli
equation in rotating coordinates
L18: Velocity diagrams at entry and exit of the impeller; output and performance parameters
manometric head, manometric efficiency, overall efficiency; effect of blade angle on pump
L19: Pump performance curves and similarity rules; NPSH and cavitation; specific speed for
pumps; pumps andf fluid networks.
Module-7: Axial-flow and Mixed-flow Pumps
L 20 & L21: Specific speed and variation of shape; axial-flow pump theory; performance
of axial- and mixed-flow pumps.
Module-8: general Aspects
L22 & L23: Matching of pumps to system characteristics; pumps combined in parallel; multistage pumps.

PART IV: Positive Displacement Pumps

Introduction
Module-9: Reciprocating pumps
L24: Geometry and working; installation; pressure diagram; pump head and efficiency.
L25: Discharge and its variation with crank angle; pump with air cylinders indicator
diagram; theoretical and actual characteristic.
Module-10: Rotary Pumps
L26 & L27: Gear pump and performance curves; rotary vane pump and characteristics; screw
pump.

PART V: Compressors
Introduction
Module-11: Centrifugal Compressors
L28: Geometry, definitions, working; velocity diagrams across the impeller.
L29: Theoretical analysis; enthalpy-entropy diagram of a stage; energy equation for the inlet
casing, impeller and diffuser; conservation of rothalpy.
L30: Inlet velocity limitations; optimum design of inlet; slip factor and correlations.
L31: Head increase; performance efficiency; effect of vane angle; diffuser system;
Module-13: Axial-flow Compressors
L34: Geometry and working; stage stator and rotor blading; velocity diagram across the
rotor;
L35: Thermodynamics of the compressor stage; enthalpy-entropy diagram for a stage; energy
equation across the rotor and the diffuser; degree of reaction; stage loading; off-design
performance.

L36: Stage pressure rise; pressure ratio of a multistage compressor; work done factor;
efficiency;
L37: Stall and surge phenomenon; control of flow instabilities; axial-flow ducted fans.
Module-14: Reciprocating Compressors
L38: Geometry and working; cycle analysis; actual indicator diagram, isothermal and
volumetric efficiency.
L39: Effect of multistage compression on volumetric efficiency; effect of intercooling; work of
a multistage compressor.

PART VI: Miscelleneous

Introduction
Module-15: Hydraulic Transmissions
L40: Fluid coupling
L41: Torque converter
Module-16: Wind Turbine
L42 & L43: Horizontal axis turbine and associated fluid mechanics; geometry and working;
general aspects.
Module-17: Power from sea wave
L44: The Wells turbine
Module-18: Pure Reaction Turbine
L45: Lawn sprinkler etc.
(One or two additional lectures may be added later; minor shifting of topics from one lecture
to another may be a necessity at the time of actual development of the course material)

Books:
1.
2.
3.

S.L.Dixon, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery, 4e, Butterworth

and Heinemann, 1998 (Main text book).
J.F.Douglas, J.M.Gasiorek and J.A.Swaffield, Fluid Mechanics, 3e (Ch 22, 23, 24 & 25),
Addison-Wesley, 1995 (International Student Edition 1999)
B.S.Massey, Mechanics of Fluids, 5e (Ch. 14 &9), Van Nostrand Reinhold (U.K.), 1983.
H.I.H.Saravanamutto, G.F.C.Rogers and H.Cohen, Gas Turbine Theory, 5e (Ch. 4 & 5)
Pearson Education (Singapore), 2001.

Course 16. Manufacturing Processes 1 (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. H. S. Shan
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Roorkee-247 667
Email :

shanhfme@iitr.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-1332)

Off

Res :
2.

285680
271024, 285016

Prof. S. R. Gupta
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Roorkee-247 667
Email :

srmedfme@iitr.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-1332)

Off

Res :
3.

285690
270228, 285122

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Roorkee-247 667
Email :

kumarfme@iitr.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-1332)

Off

Res :

285602
270211, 285130

Detailed Syllabus :
Metal Forming
Elastic and plastic deformation. Concept of strain hardening. Hot and cold working processes
-rolling, forging, extrusion, swaging, wire and tube drawing. Machines and equipment for the
processes. Parameters and force calculations. Test methods for formability.
Sheet Metal Working
Applications of sheet formed products. Shearing mechanism. Processes like blanking, piercing,

punching, trimming, etc. Forming processes like bending, cup drawing, coining, embossing,
etc.
Presses
for
sheet
metal working; Part feeding systems; Elements of die; punch and die clearances; Progressive,
compound
and combination dies. High energy rate forming processes.
Powder Metallurgy
Introduction. Production of metal powders. Compaction and sintering processes. Secondary
and finishing operations. Economics, advantages, and applications of powder metallurgy.
Metal Casting
Introduction: Brief History, Advantages and Limitations, Applications
Patterns: Pattern materials, allowances, types of pattern, color code scheme
Sand Casting: Green and dry sand casting process, types of sand, molding sand and its
properties, molding sand composition.
Cores: Use, core material, types of cores, advantages and limitations, core prints, chaplets
Gating and Risering System: Element of gating systems, types of gates, Riser design
considerations
Special Molding Processes: Carbon dioxide molding process, Investment casting process, Die
casting process, shell molding process, Full molding process, Vacuum-Sealed casting process
Casting defects: Causes and remedies of defects such as blowholes, pinholes, blisters, hot
tears, cold shut, metal penetration,
Melting Practices: cupola: charge calculations, construction; other furnaces: working of
induction furnace, crucible furnace, and reverberate furnace
Welding
Introduction: Principle of welding, general applications such as construction of bridges, towers,
automobiles & electronic circuits, etc.
Classification of welding processes -Classification based on application of filler material &
without filler material, source of energy, fusion and pressure welding processes. Various
joining processes such as welding, brazing and soldering.
Soldering and brazing: Difference between both the processes, consumables used, methods of
brazing, fluxes used, their purpose and flux residue treatment. Arc welding power sources;
Conventional welding transformers, rectifiers & current and voltage. The influence of these
power sources on welding.

Manual metal arc(MMA) or shielded metal arc (SMA) welding: Equipment requirement,
electrodes for welding of structural steels, coating constituents and their functions, types of
coatings; ISI electrode classification for plain carbon steel (IS 815:1974 & IS 814:1991),
current and voltage selection for electrodes.
Submerged arc welding (SAW): Process details, consumables such as fluxes and wires for
welding mild steel, variations in submerged arc welding process like single wire, tandem wire,
parallel wires, field of applications.
Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) or MIG/MAG welding: Process details, shielding gases,
electrode wires, their sizes, and welding current ranges.
TIG welding: Process details, power sources requirements, electrode sizes and materials,
current carrying capacities of different electrodes, shielding gases, application of process.
Resistance welding: General principle of heat generation in resistance welding, application of
resistance welding processes. Process details and working principle of spot, seam, and.
projection welding, electrode materials, shapes of electrodes, electrode cooling, selection of
welding currents, voltages, II manufacture of resistance seam welded (RSW) tubes by seam
welding.
Lecture Details:
1.
2.

Elastic and plastic deformation. Concept of strain hardening. Hot and cold working
Processes: Forging, rolling, extrusion. Equipment for these processes. Parameters and
force calculations.
3. Processes: Swaging, wire and tube drawing. Equipment for these rocesses.Parameters and
force calculations.
4. Tests for formability of sheet metal. Applications of sheet formed products.
5. Sheet metal shearing mechanism.Processes blanking,punching,piercing,trimming.
6. Processes -bending, cup drawing, coining, embossing.
7. Elements of presses for sheet metal working. Sheet metal part feeding systems.
8. Elements of a die: punch and die clearances, Progressive, compound, and combination
dies.
9. Introduction to high-energy rate forming processes.
10. Introduction to powder metallurgy, and P/M processes methods of powder production.
Blending of metal powders.
11. Compaction and sintering of metal powders
12. Secondary and finishing operations of P/M parts. Design considerations for P/M parts.
Economics, advantages and limitations of P/M parts.
13. Introduction: Brief History, Advantages and Limitations, Applications
14. Patterns: Pattern materials, advantages and limitations.
15. Pattern allowances, types of pattern, color code scheme.
16. Sand Casting: Green and dry sand casting process
17. Types of sand and their properties, advantages and limitations.
18. Molding sand and its properties, molding sand composition.
19. Cores: Use, core material, types of cores, advantages and limitations, core prints, chaplets.
20. Gating System: Element of gating systems, types of gates.

21. Riser System: use, placement, riser design considerations.

22. Special Molding Processes: Carbon dioxide molding process, Investment casting process,
23. Die casting process, shell molding process, advantages and limitations.
24. Full molding process, Vacuum-Sealed casting process, advantages and limitations.
25. Casting defects: Causes and remedies of defects such as blowholes, pinholes, blisters, hot
tears, cold shut, metal penetration.
26. Melting Practices: cupola: charge calculations, construction.
27. Other furnaces: working of induction furnace, crucible furnace, and reverberate furnace.
28 & 29 Introduction : Principle of welding, general applications such as construction of bridges,
towers,
automobiles & electronic circuits, etc.
30 & 31 Classification of welding processes -Classification based on application of filler material
& without filler material, source of energy, fusion and pressure welding processes. Various
joining processes such as welding, brazing and soldering.
32 & 33 Soldering and brazing: Difference between both the processes, consumables used,
methods of brazing, fluxes used, their purpose and flux residue treatment.
34 & 35 Arc welding power sources; Conventional welding transformers, rectifiers & current and
voltage. The influence of these power sources on welding.
36 & 37 Manual metal arc(MMA) or shielded metal arc (SMA) welding: Equipment requirement,
electrodes for welding of structural steels, coating constituents and their functions, types of
coatings; ISI electrode classification for plain carbon steel (IS 815:1974 & IS 814:1991),
current and voltage selection for electrodes.
38 & 39 Submerged arc welding (SAW): Process details, consumables such as fluxes and wires
for welding mild steel, variations in submerged arc welding process like single wire, tandem
wire, parallel wires, field of applications.
40 & 41 Gas metal arc welding(GMA W) or MIG/MAG welding: Process details, shielding gases,
electrode wires, their sizes, and welding current ranges.
42 & 43 TIG welding: Process details, power sources requirements, electrode sizes and
materials, current carrying capacities of different electrodes, shielding gases, application of
process.
44 & 45 Resistance welding: General principle of heat generation in resistance welding,
application of resistance welding processes. Process details and working principle of spot, seam,
and projection welding, electrode materials, shapes of electrodes, electrode cooling, selection of
welding currents, voltages, manufacture of resistance seam welded (RSW) tubes by seam
welding.

Course 36. Vibration Engineering (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. Rajiv Tiwari

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
North Guwahati, Guwahati 781039
Email :

rtiwari@iitg.ernet.in

Telephone :(91-361)

Off

Res :
2.

2691174
2582667
2691090
2584667

Prof. S. K. Dwivedy
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
North Guwahati, Guwahati 781039
Email : :

dwivedy@iitg.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-361)

Off

Res :

2582670
2584670

Detailed Syllabus :
S.N.
1

Modules
I. Introduction

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Lectures
i
ii

II.
Single-DOF
Free
Vibrations
III.
Single-DOF
Free
Vibrations
III.
Single-DOF
Forced
Vibrations

i
ii
iii
i
ii
iii
i
ii
iii

Lecture Contents
Overview of the course, practical
applications and research trends
Harmonic and periodic motions, vibration
terminology
Vibration model, Equation of motionNatural Frequency
Energy method, Rayleigh method
Principle of virtual work, Damping models.
Viscously damped free vibration
Special cases: oscillatory, non-oscillatory
and critically damped motions.
Logarithmic decrement, Experimental
determination of damping coefficient.
Forced harmonic vibration, Magnification
factor.
Rotor unbalance, Transmissibility
Vibration Isolation

Remarks
RT-01
RT-02
RT-03
RT-04
RT-05
RT-06
RT-07
RT-08
RT-09
RT-10
RT-11

12
13
14
15
16
17

iv
IV.
Two-DOF Free
Vibrations

V. Vibration
Absorber

ii
iii
iv
i
ii

18
19

VI.
Multi-DOF

20

ii

21
22

iii
iv

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

VII.
Calculation of
natural
frequencies
VIII.
Torsional
vibration

IX.
Continuous
systems :
closed form
solutions
X.
Continuous
systems :
Approximate
solutions
XI.
Finite element
analysis

40
41
42
43
44
45

RT-12
SKD-01
SKD-02
SKD-03
SKD-04
SKD-05
SKD-06
SKD-07
SKD-08
SKD-09
SKD-10

i
ii
iii
iv
i
ii
iii
iv
i
ii
iii
iv
i
ii
iii
i
ii
iii

XI.
Signature
analysis and
preventive
maintenance

Equivalent viscous damping, Sharpness of

resonance.
Generalized and Principal coordinates,
derivation of equations of motion
Lagranges equation
Coordinate coupling
Forced Harmonic vibration
Tuned absorber, determination of mass
ratio.
Tuned and damped absorber, unturned
viscous damper.
Derivation of equations of motion,
influence coefficient method
Properties of vibrating systems: flexibility
and stiffness matrices, reciprocity
theorem
Modal analysis: undamped
Modal analysis: damped

iv
i
ii
iii
iv

Rayleigh method
Stodala method
Matrix iteration method
Holzer method and Dunkerleys method
Simple systems with one or two rotor
masses
Multi-DOF systems-transfer matrix method
Geared system
Branched system
Vibration of strings
Longitudinal and torsional vibration of rods
Transverse vibration of beams: equations
of motion and boundary conditions
Transverse vibration of beams: natural
frequencies and mode shapes
Rayleighs energy method
Rayleigh-Ritz method
Assumed modes and Galerkins method

SKD-11
SKD-12
SKD-13
SKD-14
RT-13

Finite element formulation for beams:

Galerkins method
Beams elemental mass and stiffness
matrices, Elemental force vector,
Global finite element assembly and
imposition of boundary conditions and
solution procedure.
Finite element formulation for rods.
Vibration testing equipments: signal
generation, measuring and conditioning
instruments
Vibration testing equipments: signal
analysis instruments
Vibration signatures and standards
Field balancing of rotors

RT-17

RT-14
RT-15
RT-16
SKD-15
SKD-16
SKD-17
SKD-18
SKD-19
SKD-20
SKD-21

RT-18
RT-19
RT-20
RT-21
RT-22
RT-23
RT-24

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s):

1. Prof. M. Ramgopal
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology
Kharagpur
Kharagpur 721302
Email : ramg@mech.iitkgp.ernet.in
Telephone : (91-3222) 282 986 (Office)
(91-3222) 282 987 (Residence)

Detailed Syllabus :
Lesson 1 History of Refrigeration
Lesson 2 History of Refrigeration Development of Refrigerants and Compressors
Lesson 3 Applications of Refrigeration & Air Conditioning
Lesson 4 Review of fundamental principles Thermodynamics: Part I
Lesson 5 Review of fundamental principles Thermodynamics: Part II
Lesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow
Lesson 7 Review of fundamentals: Heat and Mass transfer
Lesson 8 Methods of producing Low Temperatures
Lesson 9 Air cycle refrigeration systems
Lesson 10 Vapour Compression Refrigeration Systems
Lesson 11 Vapour Compression Refrigeration Systems: Performance Aspects And
Cycle Modifications
Lesson 12 Multi-Stage Vapour Compression Refrigeration Systems
Lesson 13 Multi-Evaporator and Cascade Systems
Lesson 14 Vapour Absorption Refrigeration Systems
Lesson 15 Vapour Absorption Refrigeration Systems Based On Water-Lithium Bromide Pair
Lesson 16 Vapour Absorption Refrigeration Systems Based On Ammonia-Water Pair

Lesson 17 Vapour Absorption Refrigeration Systems Based On Ammonia-Water Pair

Lesson 18 Refrigeration System Components: Compressors
Lesson 19 Performance of Reciprocating Compressors
Lesson 20 Rotary, Positive Displacement Type Compressors
Lesson 21 Centrifugal Compressors
Lesson 22 Condensers & Evaporators
Lesson 23 Condensers & Evaporators
Lesson 24 Expansion Devices
Lesson 25 Analysis of Complete Vapour Compression Refrigeration Systems
Lesson 26 Refrigerants
Lesson 27 Psychrometry
Lesson 28 Psychrometric Processes
Lesson 29 Inside And Outside Design Conditions
Lesson 30 Psychrometry of Air Conditioning Systems
Lesson 31 Evaporative, Winter and All Year Air Conditioning Systems
Lesson 32 Cooling and Heating Load Calculations - Estimation of Solar Radiation
Ventilation and Infiltration
Lesson 34 Cooling and Heating Load Calculations - Heat Transfer Through Buildings Fabric
Heat Gain/Loss
Lesson 35 Cooling and Heating Load Calculations - Estimation of Required Cooling/Heating
Capacity
Lesson 36 Selection of Air Conditioning Systems
Lesson 37 Transmission of Air in Air Conditioning Ducts
Lesson 38 Design of Air Conditioning Ducts
Lesson 39 Space Air Distribution
Lesson 40 Ventilation for Cooling

Course 11. Industrial Engineering (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Roorkee-247 667
Email

kumarfme@iitr.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-1332)

Off

Res :
2.

285602
270211, 285130

Prof. H. S. Shan
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Roorkee-247 667
Email :

shanhfme@iitr.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-1332)

Off

Res :
3.

285680
271024, 285016

Prof. P. K. Jain
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Roorkee-247 667
Email :

pjainfme@iitr.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-1332)

Off

285290

Res :

285350

Detailed Syllabus :
Work Study
Historical background; Work study definition; Role of work study in improving
productivity; Ergonomics and work study.
Work study procedure: selection of jobs; Information collection and recording;
Recording techniques -charts and diagrams; critical analysis; developing better
method; installation and follow up of standard method.

Motion Study
Memomotion and micromotion study; therbligs; cyclegraph and
chronocyclegraph; simochart; Principles of motion economy; Design of work
place layout.
Work measurement
Definition; Procedure; Performance rating; Concept of normal time; allowances.
Work sampling technique of work measurement.
Introduction to pre -determined motion time system.

Quality & Reliability

Introduction and definitions of quality Evolution of Quality: Inspection, Quality
Control, Customer-Orientation: Internal & External Customer Concept, Life cycle
approach to quality costs- Prevention; Appraisal and Failure costs. Seven QC
tools (Histogram, Check sheets, Ishikawa diagrams, Pareto, Scatter diagrams,
Control charts). Process capability concepts.
Facilities Design
Site Selection: Factors influencing the selection, rural and urban locations of "")
sites, optimum decision on choice of site and analysis. Plant Layout: Types of
affecting layout, systematic layout planning, Material handling: importance,
principles of material handling,
Operations Research
Introduction, general methodology of OR, application of OR, Formulation of
linear programming, deterministic models, graphical solution, simplex algorithm,
Reliability
Introduction, Definitions, reliability evaluation, maintainability, and availability
concepts.
Capacity Planning
Introduction, measures of capacity, capacity strategies, A systematic approach
for capacity decisions, Long range capacity planning and control, Medium range
capacity planning and control, Short range capacity planning and control.
Inventory Management
Introduction, Inventory related costs, EOO model, EPO model, Inventory models
allowing shortages, Inventory models allowing price discounts, Inventory model
under risk conditions, Inventory control systems: continuous review, periodic
review, optional replenishment etc., Inventory classification systems: ABC, FMS,
VED etc, MRP.
CPM/PERT
Introduction, Project scheduling with CPM, Project scheduling with PERT.

affecting scheduling, Scheduling system, Flow shop scheduling, Job shop
scheduling, Sequencing, Line balancing.
Forecasting
Introduction, Demand patterns, Factors affecting demand, Subjective forecasting
methods, Casual forecasting methods, Time series forecasting methods, Routine
short term forecasting methods, Selection of forecasting model.
PPC
Introduction, System approach, Type of manufacturing systems, Factors
affecting manufacturing systems.
Product design and development
Introduction, marketing aspects, functional aspects, operational aspects,
durability and dependability, aesthetic aspects, economic analysis, profit and
competitiveness, the three S's, break even analysis, economics of a new design,
production aspects.
Lecture Details:
1. Work Study: Historical background. Definition. Role in improving productivity.
Ergonomics
and work-study.
2. Work study Procedure: Selection of job for method study and defining
problem.
Information collection.
3. Information recording techniques: charts and diagrams. 4. Critical analysis of
information recorded.
5. Developing better method and installation as standard method. Follow up. ,
6. Memomotion and micromotion study; therbligs, simochart.
7. Cyclegraph and chronocyclegraph; Principles of motion economy. Design of
workplace layout.
8. Work measurement definition, applications and procedure.
9. Performance rating and concept of normal time; allowances; determination of
standard time.
10. Work sampling technique of work measurement.
11. lntroduction of PMT systems.

12. Introduction and definitions of quality,

13. Evolution of Quality, Inspection, Quality Control, its benefits
14. Customer-Orientation: Internal & External Customer Concept, Life cycle
approach to
quality costs- Prevention; Appraisal and Failure costs.
15. Seven QC tools (Histogram, Check sheets, Ishikawa diagrams, Pareto,
Scatter diagrams,
Control charts).
16. Control charts; x bar chart, c chart 17. P c.hart, u chart
18. Process capability concepts.
19. Site Selection: Factors influencing the selection,
20. Rural and urban Iqcations of sites, optimum decision on choice of site and
analysis.
21. Plant Layout: Types of production, types of layouts, advantages and
22. Factor affecting layout, systematic layout planning,
23. Material handling: importance, & principles of material handling,
24. Introduction, general methodology of OR, application of OR,
25. Formulation of linear programming, graphical solution,
26. Simplex algorithm,
27. Introduction, Definitions, reliability evaluation,
28. Maintainability, and availability concepts.
29. Introduction to capacity, measures of capacity and strategies for capacity.
30. A systematic approach for capacity management
31. Introduction to inventory management and simple inventory models
32. Inventory models with varying market conditions (such as, discounts, risk
factors etc.)
33. Inventory classification and inventory control systems
34. MRP

35. Project scheduling with CPM

36. Project. scheduling with PERT
37. Introduction, strategies and methods for aggregate planning
38. General scheduling problem and factors affecting scheduling
39. Flow shop and job shop scheduling
40. Sequencing and line balancing
41. Introduction to forecasting, demand patterns, factors affecting demand
42. Time series forecasting methods
43. System approach to PPC
44. Types of manufacturing systems, factors affecting manufacturing systems
45. Introduction to product design and development process

Course 18. Dynamics of Machines (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof. P. Seshu
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email :

seshu@me.iitb.ac.in

Telephone : (91-22)

Off

Res :
2.

25767534
25768534

Prof. K. Kurien Issac

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email kurien@me.iitb.ac.in
Telephone : (91-22)

Off

Fax :
3.

25767540
25726875

Prof. C. Amarnath
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Powai, Mumbai 400 076
Email :

amarnath@me.iitb.ac.in

Telephone : (91-22)

Off :

25767529

Res :

25768529

Detailed Syllabus :
Module 1 (3 hrs)
Dynamics of Rigid Bodies in Plane Motion; Dynamic Force Analysis of Machines.
Module 2 (2 hrs)
Spheric Motion of Symmetrical Bodies and Gyroscopic Effects in Machines.

Module 3 (4 hrs)

Dynamics of Rotating Bodies; Unbalance Effects and Balancing of Inertia Forces; Field
Balancing and Balancing Machines.

Module 4 (2 hrs)
Dynamics of Reciprocating Machines with Single Slider; Unbalance in Single Cylinder Engine
Mechanisms.

Module 5 (3 hrs)
Unbalance in Multicylinder Engines -In-line, V-twin and Radial Engines; Balancing Techniques.
Module 6 (2 hrs)
Turning Moment Diagram for Engines and Speed Fluctuation; Power Smoothening
by Flywheels.

Module 7 (3 hrs)
Speed Control By Governors; Dynamics of Governor Mechanisms.

Module 8 (3 hrs)
Vibration of Mechanical Systems; Types of Vibration; Lumped Parameter Models; Linearization
of System Elements; Degrees of Freedom; Types of Restoration and Dissipation Mechanisms;
Types of Excitation.
Module 9 (3 hrs)
Free Undamped Vibration of Single Degree of Freedom Systems; Determination of Natural
Frequency)"; Equivalent Inertia and Stiffness; Energy Method; Phase Plane Representation.
Module 10 (3 hrs)
Free Vibration with "iscous Damping; Critical Damping and Apcriodic Motion; Logarithmic
Decrement; Systems with Coulomb Damping.

Module 11 (5 hrs)
Forced Vibration with Harmonic Excitation; Undamped Systems and resonance; Viscously
Damped Systems; Frequency Response Characteristics and Phase Lag; Systems with Base
Excitation; Transmissibility and Vibration Isolation; Whirling of Shafts and Critical Speed.
Module 12 (5 hrs)
Vibration of Two and Multidegree of Freedom Systems; Concept of Normal Mode; Free
Vibration Problems and Determination of Natural Frequencies; Forced, Vibration Analysis;
Vibration Absorbers; Approximate Methods -Dunkerley's Method and Holzer Method.

Module 13 (5 hrs)
Free Vibration of Elastic Bodies; Longitudinal Vibration of Bars; Transverse Vibration of Beams;
Torsional Vibration of Shaft; Approximate Methods - Rayleigh's Method and Rayleigh-Ritz
Method.
Module 14 (2 hrs)
Instruments for Dynamic Measurements

Course 14. Kinematics (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Prof . Sudipto Mukherjee

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Hauz Khas New Delhi -110 016
Email

msudipto@mech.iitd.ernet.in

Telephone : (91-11)

Off

Res :
2.

26591138
26591596

Prof . A. K. Mallik
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
Kanpur
Email :

akmallik@iitk.ac.in

Telephone : (91-512)

Off

Res :

2597098
2597408

Detailed Syllabus :
Note on the model curriculum prepared by AICTE
Five of the seven topics listed under the heading Kinematics of Machine belongs to dynamics.
These are:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.

Breaks and dynamometers

Inertia force analysis
Governors
Gyroscope
Balancing

On the other hand, the model curriculum of Dynamics of Machines includes the following topic:
a.

Kinematics of Gears and Gear trains

It is decided that the topics on dynamics listed above (i to v) will be covered in the course on
Dynamics of Machines whereas the topic (a) above will be covered in Kinematics of Machines
course.
Detailed Course Content with modules for video lectures

Module 1 (3 hr)
Kinematics and Dynamics, Mechanisms and Machines, Plane and Space Mechanisms,
Kinematic Pairs, Kinematic Chains, Kinematic Diagrams, Kinematic Inversion
Four Link Planar Mechanisms and their Inversions
Module 2 (3 hr)
Mobility and range of movement - Kutzbach and Grublers criterion, Number Synthesis,
Grashofs criterion
Module 3 (2 hr)
Displacement analysis of plane mechanisms graphical and analytical methods
Module 4 (3 hr)
Plane motion of a rigid body, Instantaneous Centre (IC) of Velocity, Velocity analysis using IC
Module 5 (3 hr)
Velocity and Acceleration Diagrams, Velocity and Acceleration Images, Coriolis component of
acceleration.
Module 6 (2 hr)
Dimensional synthesis of mechanism; motion, path and function generation, precision point
approach, Chebyshev spacing
Module 7 (3 hr)
Three position synthesis, graphical approach for four link mechanisms.
Module 81 (2 hr)
Advanced synthesis solutions, branch and order defects
Module 9 (3 hr)
Analytical methods, straight line mechanisms
Module 10 (2 hr)
Special Mechanisms - Indicator Diagram Mechanisms, Steering Mechanism, Hookes Joint
Module 11 (3 hr)
Cams classification of cams and followers, nomenclature, description and analysis of follower
motion, pressure angle.
Module 12

(4 hr)

Determine of basic dimensions and synthesis of cam profiles, graphical and analytical
methods, cams with specified contours.

Module 13

(3 hr)

Gears terminology, fundamental law of gearing, involute profile.

Module 14 (3 hr)
Interference and undercutting, minimum number of teeth, contact ratio, bevel helical, spiral
and worm gears
Module 15

(3 hr)

Gear Trains simple, compound and epicyclic gear trains; sliding gear boxes and synchronous
gear boxes.

Course 22. Heat and Mass Transfer (Web Course)

Faculty Coordinator(s) :
1.

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Bangalore , India 560 012
Email :

Telephone : (91-80)

Off

2932332

Res :

2932589

Detailed Syllabus :
Modulewise breakup
Module No.
1
2
3
4
5
6

8
9

10

11
12

13

Content
INTRODUCTION Typical heat transfer situations,
Modes of heat transfer
Introduction to laws, some heat transfer parameters
CONDUCTION Fouriers law and thermal
conductivity
Differential equation of heat conduction,
boundary conditions and initial conditions
Simple one dimensional steady state situations
plane wall, cylinder, sphere (simple and compex
situations), concept of thermal resistance,
variable thermal conductivity (exercise)
Special one dimensional steady state situations heat
generation, pin fins
Other fin configurations (exercise)
Transient conduction
Lumped capacitance model
One dimensional transient problems analytical
solutions
One dimensional Heisler charts
Product solutions
Numerical methods in conduction
Steady state one dimensional and two dimensional
problems
One dimensional transient problems Explicit and
implicit
Basic ideas, spectrum, basic definitions
Stefan Boltzman law, Wiens Displacement law,
Lambert cosine law

Number of hours
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
1 hour
3 hours

2 hours

1 hour
2 hours

2 hours

One hour
one hour

Three hours

14

15
16
17
18
19

20
21
22

23

24

25

shape factor
Parallel plates
Enclosures (non-participating gas)
FORCED CONVECTION
Concepts of fluid mechanics
Differential equation of heat convection
Laminar flow heat transfer in circular pipe
constant heat flux and constant wall
temperature, thermal entrance region, Turbulent
flow heat transfer in circular pipe, pipes of other
cross sections
Heat transfer in laminar flow and turbulent flow
over a flat plate, Reynolds analogy
Flow across a cylinder and sphere, flow across
banks of tubes, impinging jets
NATURAL CONVECTION
Introduction, governing equations,Vertical plate
Pohlhausen solution, horizontal cylinder, horizontal
plate, enclosed spaces
HEAT EXCHANGERS
Types of heat exchangers, LMTD approach parallel,
counter-flow, multi-pass and cross flow heat
exchanger, NTU approach parallel, counterflow, shell
and tube, cross flow heat exchanger
Condensation and Boiling
Dimensionless parameters, boiling modes, correlations,
Forced convection boiling, laminar film condensation on
a vertical plate, turbulent film condensation
Mass Transfer
Analogy between heat and mass transfer, mass
diffusion, Ficks law of diffusion, boundary conditions,
steady mass diffusion through a wall, transient mass
diffusion, mass convection, limitations of heat and
mass transfer analogy.
Total number of hours

Two hours

One hour
One hour
One hour
One hour
Two hours

One hour
One hour
Three hours

Four hours

Two hours

Three hours

42

heat transfer