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Challenger 2 Main

Battle Tank 1987-2006
$l MOI'I OUNSTAH " .
.uthot,
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CONTENTS
THE CHIEFTAIN REPLACEMENT
PROGRAMME
• Slalr Requirement ( Land} 4U26
• Vick.. ", D..f.. nc.. co nlran
• For.. ign cO"' I"' litor«
• Chall"llgl' r 2 I'rulo l'1>t·,
THE CHOICE OF CHALLENGER 2
• Th.. po lilic. of d..f..ncl' pronlr.. ", ..m
CHALLENGER 2 TRIALS AND
TRIBULATIONS
• Rl'l iahilil\ Gm wlh Trial s
• Chalk n!!:l' r 2 Fielding Tl' a m
OPERATIONAL DEPLOYMENT
OF CHALLENGER 2
• [x.. rci", SaifSarl' l'a
OPERATION TELIC
• Thl' assault on AL ZllhaH
• Th.. ad,·ance o n Bas",
• 10 I ll.. rl'seu..
• TIll' batik tor Bitsr..
COLOUR PLATE COMMENTARY
INDEX
3
9
14
18
25
44
48
New Vanguard · I 12
Challenger 2 Main Battle
Tank 1987-2006
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Acknowl edgements
ArmooredTriaI.andDevek>pmen1UnrtBovington;BA£
Sys tem. lMid Systemo; Sgto..vid B8Ntl SCOTS CXt Col
(field) Pel er Barry; W02 T"""" Boyd QRI-i; Mai Andrew
ll<rt1on RTR; Gapl Breen 6ro1IIe<1onSOOTS 00; '1'102S
D. RE; Capt Andrew Doug... RE; Ll Col o.. vid E"" '"
DRL;$Sgt LJ,Edward.REME; Cpl Tam F"'l1-JSOO RTR;
LlCol(R.td)Geo<ge Forty RTR: MrGalyFOSterlBAE, CoI
IRetd) JaM Gillman; 00, Frar>l< Hack "" RTR; Maj Gi....
I-iamson ORL;Ll Gen (Retdj SirRobert Hayman--Joyce
KCB DL CBE; Cpl M_ Heriderson RTR
1-I<>a<lQuart "", 0ifec10r Royal ArmouredCorps Bovington;
I-k>me The0.-'0 Royal Lane.... ,
Home Hea<lq"""",,, The RoyalDrllQOOl1Guardo; Home

I-leadquarlers The Royal Tank Reqi menl ; Mai 51ll<1 ing
KMlo:sleadORL;Gapl' Rab' living.toneRTR;Mlnio!ry
ofDrrl"""",Drrectorat.of Oeten<:ePubloclly(A.rmy);
oot Ben McNamara RTR; Sgt Ar4y Pott ", SOOTS 00:
Maj o..n Rawl .... ROO; Gpi Graham Reil!)' RTR; Ll Col Mi...
F\ossRII; M,o..vid Rowland.; Royal Eng"-,, Trial. arid
O""'eiopmenl Unil; SgtJusbn $lmon. REME; GoI (Retd)
DavidSOmpsonORL;$Sgt'Rab' SpiersRTR; The T_
M"""""""ll<MngIon;$SgtAndrewTopp;ngRTR;M, !.es
Tylef BA£;Vick"""Oetence Systems
David Rowlands is oneolthflmosl accomplistledmdrtary
ar11S1 .opec
pm l."",,*,

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CHALLENGER 2
MAIN BATTLE TANK
1987-2006
THE CHIEFTAIN REPLACEMENT
PROGRAMME
By th.· Ill<' S",i.'( Uni, ,,, W;" p...'h,,- i"K"wr :l,lXM) \1"i" l\.;,uk
ra"le, ( MBT ) a ..ar . p"""'rf"IIll<"ld" "Kh a' th,· T-6-! ami
T-n. ",,,,.. ht-ing illlroduced that p"""d a ';gnilicaJU threalWlh" Briti'h
mix.>d tI,·.. , "r (:hidiaill and (:halle"l/;t"r \.lRT,. Acconlingly. th"
Chi,.ftain / C1Mll,·ng,·r 1"' 1"' '' '' '' ''' " l I' n 'll)''''' '' '' · (Cl I I !') wa, i"'plt'-
Ilwnt,,,II,,;,,,,,,iI,- ,,,,,,.><l,"rni,,·,h,·;rlllrrt"' "'W"U'IIli,-, ,,,HI fin...-,,"trol
'y'lt'm'. COllcurITnth -, tI Cl l -\R\I "'- CHid'milli e l bU,',,!:.'r AR\b"l("m
I''''l:r.ulllllt' 'lOt, lllHl ", · In dt""l"p a ,ww high-p.',fom""Ke
ril1<-dI'(\lll. rh.. XC\O t:4. ami illlp",,..<1 a",mnnil;on h" h"lh
120",,,, Lli ....ric." an<l ne,, - tank l:'''L In add;li"". a ""par-.ue
"p-an"o"ri llg I''''gr-..,,,,,, .. rlc·..ignal ..d Slill!>,.,·" "Of< illlmducerl for
Chieftain to Ih",lIt all'Kl fro", . 1,.. 12'·'"nn ", ,,in "nlla""'''l "I' II,..
I:fi4 an<l-1'72. Ttl<"CHII' an" CH-\ R\ ll>n>p"dlnrnt'" ""n' In h.· "I'pli,·" 10
pt·"rlinR intrnd"eti"n of" n....' \IBT
S, ..·c-r-"I0I'.in"'''..r.. p'''l'o....·dlolhe E'l"il'''''·n' Poli<)'C.munil '' ....
ind"diug funh.·rp"'d,a...." "fCl",ll..nl':..r "'l':,'d,..r"; th "O""I""hc'",i\'<"
pro<lnetimpro,..nwrupn>p""""' ... forlhc·c,,11lpleleCh,lIl,,ug.'rfk.· t. n<t.
purcha.... .,fah'reign \ IBT,,,d,a'lh.· \11 Ahr-.uu, "r I.e " pa rd 2"·... ,,,1 '"
c"",i<lc·rerl , .....lheywe.... malUred.."ign'an<llhead"I"i .. uofeilher"nnId
.."hallce :-;_\1'0 illl..mpe rahility d" , ' In Ih.. fan 111011tlwy' e"'plO)" 'd a
mutu;olh' "" "' IMlihk ,n" K,thh<",- ",,,in 'trilla",..,,!. III :\",.. ", her
1'I!'lI ;,<"'"..ral Sir Richard Vi"...·ll1. t1>.. \I;o", 'r (;"",'r,,1"ft1>.. Ord " " n, ·e .
,i,i"'d \ "id." I'< . "' f, ' n...· Snt,·"" (\ l )S) ;n :\".. to
i"''''li!!:ate ",h..th..r Ih.. COllljMUyco"ld mgg, ·q a repl;on'Il1<'1l1 \18 1' for th..
9!'l1) Chi,itain, Ih"n ill ,, ·ni n· . -0,.. d,,,i,,, 1conn' pt '"'' hrW'" i"n",..
tn...-d nil a co",hi""tioll of " re,i",-d \ 'id,,,,,, i lI",...t and an
npgrad'-d Chall"ll':"r d "" , i, - tIl<"\ !"rk i a pri"'k \ 'DS
oll.. rt-d on th" int..mati""al ",,, rk..t. Th.. li"'t offi,-ial presentatioll "f
the Chall" ng,.'r 2' 1». \ 'DS 1Utl,.. \l ini, ,, )' of Dd'-nn· (MOD) ",",urn-<!
on :lI1 1911i at Tow..r. th.. head o!fic.. of \ 'irk.." pk .
"'erl""kingtl'" Riwr TIta""" in I . ", <lon.
Sta ff Re quirem ent (L8nd1 4028
Aft..r <I" .. ("n",ilk""i"". La " d S<''''Il'' Op ..ratio"al Requirem..,,!., 1
(L'>O R I ) prortmllr"tt-d SR(L)'ltI'2ti.th.. Staff Rrqui""""tj",- tJv !vplam1im1
ofC}'iRjla;Tl. " " :II) :>:,.,elllhrr H11l7. Th i, !<,l1"Wfflth.. di","ro,t, Canadian
Army' Trophy' (CATI :>: .\1'0 tan k "'"l1l ..ry uHnJ"'titi"n of J un.. 19Hi
wh"1\ Chall.. , 'alll'" !«,t. Th.. mh:s<·'1u..n1 Brili' h Army i"'1" i",' h..ld
i" July'id..nti li..<l",any'f"iling'and ..q"iprn"ntd..fifi ..nci..,that
n ''l" ir' 'd 1"·C1ilk " li" n.' \ \1", ,, ,-or"l'an'd 10 lh.. Abra"" .
L..opard 2 or lh.. I.... op:ml 1. Chall'·"j1;..r "'a' ,1"lTlon'lrably' ,lowe r
to and ta'1':'-I', parlicular!>' ",I... " Hri"j!; 0" the m",... " I'
"!Iain,t m",i"K ta'1':..t" H"'....""r. neith ..r Ih.. Abram' "or
in their CUrr..m f"nn fully m"l the ...qui ...·"' .. "!.,of SR(L)4lr2li
Furlb ..rn,or.. . lb" probl ..m, ofoJ"'rating lwo typ'" firing dilferent
amlTlUnili"n, kt alon.. l"w,tk ' I",r"" ""'n' apl",r"1l1 if Chi"hai"
"a, r..p!a,-"d on a o nH o·-{) " .. tn,i, 10 sen'" Chall" " g..r. y..t th..
req "ire"'''111 to Chit"ft<>i" ..a, ,,,,,,; ''' ','1'"'''I' .. ut)l..m Wwn tIl<"
p"rl<,rn,a"c" of Ch all..nger dnrinj!; e n ·Hi . a, th''Y' ""semialh
,har..dth,·sarn.. fir"""' )I[lml"'1<"lll.\1IS"'a' ,c,k, ..lwl't-fi " .. it' p[l' 1" ",II
I,,, th.. ( :h i..ftaill r" l' l""" ", ..m I,mgr.mun .. a.,a maH..r of nIX""C)', Ha' t ng
.." rk,·d tlrmul/;hont th, ' Chri , un"., peri'KI. \'D S , ,, bmil,, ..1 it, ftlm",l
1''''1'0",1 to lh" \ I() I) on HI . '..bma'Y l!lHH_ "tlh a funh..r two am.."d ..<1
",,,,;o,,,d,,rinl/;they·,·ar -,,II,,,,,fi,,,..lpri,·.. ,-ontrarl.
Th" .\ tafj &/"imnrn l f ar IJv lVp/arnnnll of Chi.' ftai n. SR(L)4026. ",a,

th" Abram' a" d I....'pard 2 or a rigom", ,,,lidalio" of th.. \ US
pro p<' '' ' l fo r ..ngt'r 2. III dkn. all th,,'" p""I""a l, ""''-'' ...r
I'ruj .. ....'pard2",,, r.. b:,,,..don
",atur.. ill.... :nic.. de,ign, wh"n"" the \ llS " ", · w""lr,'wn onl y'frurn
.. "p.. ri.."c" with lh.. pmlo1''P'" oflh.. \ ,,-k..,,, .\18 1' .\Iark 7 a"d th..
En;!;"'" FE..TI O' o ri" for 1I1' u il. irs ,,,,,,,, . \'t 'a!" "I
1. ._....... ... ...._,... _ ....,, -..
__... ..... '"" __."...,.,.• _-..no....._.....
__..... _""""'-""""P""'I"'_.... __... _
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__-.. _ _ ""'.. ... _ _ .. c"' _" """".. __,
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...-_ ..,.,......,._. _ . __ 0.000.. _ _ ..........
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....FYd....iKlIand pmd"oi"n, IIm...·wr , Ihn ,' "'n,' tho,,' "i , hin 'h t' hiKI,..r
....,h...lon. "f the Ikili'h ,\ nl l>' Ihat "i,ht><! In broo k "'. funhn ,kla,· '''ul
denldndedlhe inllu ....liat... procureme"t of the ir pre f...rred "h"ire, TI, i,
" •."he Abrau",i"'Tlhe [A·"pard 2h"d IK..·1l rejecl edou account
ofa f""'[''''I'(·nt,,1 d, ...iKIIflaw in th. -anno,u· illWw1'""fthr tIlrret fnJllI
.\ oS'u d, a ",Ir.-.i"" had ,iguilicant politi" al r,,,nific,,ti,,,,,, ,I,.. ",atwr
wa, refe rr ... d to Ihe Cahi"e!. The rl....-i,i"" to procure an A"'erira" .\ 1BT
wa, rt'j"rt,"<Illlll of h... ,,[ h' I' li lll<' \lini,t,"r \larg",,·t Thatcher. She

Vlc lte ,. De l . nc e S , at e ma co ntr act
On 20 Decemher 1911!l, thr s.'("r.-''' f)' or St"t .. Ii,r .. . Georg ...
Y"""K'·r. anllo,u,c..d to tl ... I1,,",,: "f Con"noll' that , in "'der togi....
\ "lIS "" to d.. mon " r,,'" that Ih"ir prol",,,,1 o",ld ",,",·t
SR(l)4026. the ""'npan)' wa, to he awarded a £9(1 milli"" contraO In
nnd .. rtake a ' de", on, tra, i" n pi",,,, ' la,'i"g 2 1 n"'nth,. Th .. ·pr.".fof
llrind l' lr ' cuntrMt """iK,wd 01' 21'lJ" ""."'" l'IIN. \"lIS"·a'l/:i,.. ,,a
,pt><:'ific " '1 of cli u'ria for th. - '''''>ran ","hid .- I,,-,fonn.,,'n· al\ain" which
the s"cce" "f th, ' demnnstratioll pha",wa' to I,,· ",,·,c'lm·d, Th .. ni,"ria
c"wrt><! s"ch a'pect' a, reliabilin'. 'l,,,,i,,,hilin' a!H1.
.."prciall,'.lil/:htabili"·.F.,,,,,uiall,·\US,,a, re'l,,i redlndem,,,,strate that
il.,Chidtainrt·I'Lln-rn,·ntc""ld·I"·'mTt·"f,,lh·d,·\'r! op,·dandproduct><!
Inther.-qui.-..d,ta"dard"'a'toachie'·etl' .. rt>qllirt"li,,..... ·"';'·r,Lllr.a",1
ala pricewhi"h th.. compan)' ha, .. red· . Within th.. c"ntr•..-,.
Iher.-wer.- three 'p''("ific ·mi[, ....",w, ·'na,,,,,,,artnal pmg'''''. Th... set
d."'... fd l in S.·p'rmh,-r 199(1 ""d ,hr final une on :Ill
s..pt ..",I,,·r ]99(), when the "'a, .-..quirt'd tu a''''''''r II 'I,,'("ific
que'tionsaboUlth"'polentialpt'rhmnallcealldcapahilin'ofthe"n"er...1
product, Th ..", we.. ' k,,,"wn a, ' '1' 1", Fle, ..n Co mmand ment' and tht;,
hood'0he Illrl hefo", Chall"uK"r2 <" ould I,,· ,"\-.,Iua'rd wi' h Ih.. othr'
cOTllt ·nd ..[';"-"h.. prt"pt'ni,,.. (:hi ..ftain rt'pbte"'''II1.
A, pan of th.. agr.-emem. \ US he ..am.. re'I"""ible a' prim ..
contrartor f(>r th.. C1IAR\I I, mlo p"' " ll11.. . th.. llunder de""loplllent m'
R", ·"IO,·dn.mct' . CIL,I,R\lI,'mhr•..-...1 thrd,...igo andd..,.,.lopment 01
th.. hij(h·pr ....'ur.. Xl30£4 120mrn rifl"d lIu" and Ihe XI.2ti Am",,,r
Piercilli/: Fin Slahili,rd Disra,ding SabOl (APFSDS) projenil.. ,,;th a
Deplett><! Ur" nium (DC) I"nl/: rod pt'n .. ,.."to r. Th .. comhination ofth...
L26f,n ruundandLI4 p,,-,pt'll.mtrl""lI:,·wa' ""'d t" d' ...·a'talinl\enect
I,,· Chall. -nK,·r \ IT\Ts anned ,,;,h ,h,' IZO,nrn Kun duriog til<"
Gul f War of 1991, :1"'Hnpri,,'n a ""w Il l' AI' FSnS pmj.·nil.· -
1.2; ..\1 with a newpmprllant cha rl/:e 1.Hi.-\1 (lat .. rl.1;A1) -thatjl;",'ea
2" IM'rCt'nt greater pt ·,,.."ati,,,, ,hao thr I.tf> round. togeth.. r
"i ,hlh.-,lt-.:r''''f)',ightinR. r",'kinR"",I,t''''''K,·i ...""f,,,Ch,,lIeng..r2
I" it,definiti"" form . the L:lU.\1120mm rifletlj(IlIlIK·ca"""lt... ",,,i,,
anuam.. "tofChanenl/:er2.Atlhi"tal/:e.lheint.. ntionwa, torrtrofilthe
.....al" '" 10 an Chall"nKrr \lBn h' gi,' e commonality arro" the
<""IllI,kWl;lnkO,·el.
1'0r . lon co mpa Ut o n
The ha'ic r..quir"",,"n' " 'a, for jillO MRT, to repb..e Chieftai" and "''''.,
al"n!<,ide the Oret "f 4W Ch"lln'K""', A, Chid' "f Protur..",ell\
for ,Il<"\lOD. Sir I'et ..r Lt·""", · d,-.:rt..·t1 ,hat . in th,· flft'
noeCh__
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Sb' _.C..... _ .. OT, .. .... '
_ 'o'Iel<ers.. .... 71Z_
,"-*" v,• . (llAC e-o.. ,
",a ..k.., . th.. Chi..liain r.. plac..",,·"t I"''I(,.-a"u"r ""o"ld hr 01"'" w th,,,,'
lan l·"'a""farturi,,!: rOllntri .., prod"ri"!: modrl, that ro"ld fultil
SR(l.j.tlr.!6 "ithin till" tilll,·h'lln,·. At th,' ,,,,, ...·t. tit.....· '''"' linl.·
Tl"pou,,·wth.··imitatio" to trud..r·",,,ow.nk-I,,od,,ri"llrU"nll")'had
rwr h.. ld au ol"·nn>l"I,,·titiu,, h,·for.. tl"'t mi!:ht.Luna!:e"rrol1lpromi,,'
it,ml11 lallk ",a,u,I;lt:t"ri"K inrl" 'tn'. '\ "n"ofth,' t:" ml" ' an nMnuf,lt:hll" ' "
or lIlt" Cnit"rl Stat... r..ally hrli"',ed that th.. rllmp .. tition wo"ld hr lair
and "I"'u. '\0"""fth,.".· n>lIntrieswo"lrl '''.... r h" ld"...h acollll",titi""
11"·"',,·1....,..... it \1',,-, ...·e" ,,-,a 1"'r"'r ...· an<l not \I',.«h
,ill"ilirantim,,,ulI .. nt
" ....-.. rthd...., bo th Ji:"IU,... amI ( :'''It' ml Il "" ami,-, Laud
...t,·m, «(;Ill$) 'nh"' ith'd I'ropo,al, Ii ... th.. Chid"ain "·plan·",..nt
pmg,.-anullr in '-\"!:"" 19Ki. Th.. N-a"" ....\ blr..i entrant wa, an illlpro ..... d
",,,,illn "ftht' 2A4 (,,,I .... ,k,iK''''''·dl...·op,lrl I2 A5) willt
a Il..w w.·dK,... IMI,,'dmrrrt fmnt th, ,, owrra"'r thr ""'akuK' HI'I't"t','i"u,
uu"I .. I,a,i.l.. ntili,'db\·II't' llriti,h.a,w.. lla'otht'r .. nha'K..m""t'.Atthi,
timt' . tht' l...·"pOlr<l'l Illlpru"" d w,,, ,till IIm"'l' d""'I0I''''''1I\, Th.· Gil l: ;
.. "tt"".mt"",L',h .. MI Illnd'l (,,,h'..q,, ..,, tly d,.,.ignat ..d Again, Ihi'
"u "I..lwa,,,nd..r tl, ...dopmt'lI1,,;th lh.. fi"'tpmuml't' appearin!:iIlJ,,I)
1'.-1'.-1(1. Hotlt "",h .... r rrarnu'd .... ith ..... "'io",,,fth.· RI,..irm...talll'lOmlll
'Ill,,,,thh,,r"i\"" liri,,!: 11l"tually compatihl" typ'""famt1lunitill"
r n ll" " i ll!: a ' ....i .... ,.fhiKh·I....,·lm...·ti"l('lx·t"" ..·lI H,iti,h,i,il ....",«""
and Il,ilit,,,y oflirial' ";th thrir Am.. rira" and C......",'" """'t"'1,,,rt' in
.-\I,ril ( ;n LS ami Ji:rd",... ..i w..rt' 1'.. """,,1<-<1 thaI all th.. "ntra,,"
"t'..t · to Ix· exa",i,u'd th'''''''l':hl..- and fai,h ' "' to ,,1...th,·1' th,., · fllllillt-d
th.. r"'l,,;r.. nu·nt' of SR(I.)-tU'lIi. R01h «,mpani.., th..n ,,,hmitt ..d
",or.. d.-tail..d 'I"'('ili.-,,,i,,,,, f"r th..ir r"'I"..·ti.-.. G"'"",, a' "",,11a'th..ir
OIlH·ntpn"/rKt;onnlt"I..I,I(>rin; ,ialt,,,,i,,l':_ n...thp"'I"",..ld,,,il':',,,,,·n·
ofronwntio"al la)nU1";th a fOllr-man rrt'w, ,illlilar to ChaJl" " g.. r '1. and
b"lh f"alll""d a rOl11m"n,!t-r's ind'"lx·ud. ,llt 'tahiliH'd pa,,<>rami,' 'il':ht tt"'t
arrn.... ,'d .... hal .... as th..n t..rnu'd th.. 'h"nt..r-kirr..r' ta'"g..t ,u'"\'rirra"""a,,d
,·n!:a!:.-", ..nt pn"-,·d,,r.·, In ' -' ''·'''-t' . tht' n >l1l1nander " "" ·, ,,, th.. battl ..lield
tl111'"l':h hi, :lIiU-d"gt"t' .. p""o,.-.1I,,;r 'ight_ On '1)O,"i"K a h.."ik thn ·at.
he th.. " ,,,; trh .., fmm a ,,;d,' lield of ,i ..w to a "am,w..r 0"" at a high,-r
to lay hi, m;o,k "H t" it
id,>ntil'" th" 10(1):'"' I""iti,...h-. lI, ' th..n tin ..
hi, l;o",..r to p",,'id, ' , h.. th .... "ntml co"'pu... r
will, th,· il "' ... ·d, to a tirinK
" ,hni"", 11", th, '" prt",,,,,;o ",itch
..
pr ..ri" ·pointof,i,·.... lhali,''''''''tor..ct inll,,.
fir..·."' ''' tm l r o''' pllt..r. TI,i, ,,IIo''' , th,'W"""" ''''
..,,!!;ag" Ih.. 10'1):'"imm"diat..ly"itholl1 In
la....· th" 10"'1:'" "gain _ th" c"",,,,and..,
ha' '''"''''''! th.. " " ""W,,,,,· ,,t ""'I'"·,,r.. agai n,t a
",I"'·qu..m 10",,"1. tn thi, .... multipl,' l<ll'l{t·t, in
ctin"r ..nt dir ..ctio'" r an he ..""a"..da"dd..,tr,')'''''
.,rpi cth' with tt". mini",,,,,, of tim". In Ih,·,,·
polil; ,-"lIy rorn><:t time,. tI,,· ttn" ' hm1l, 'r·killer
i, "0 10ll""r lIsect ill th" Ro: »a l .-\m,olln ·d n.'P'
and th.. ,h-,iK",r ti"n ·han l" I, ..lct ma n,r""",,,nt'
i' I',,·/i-m...1
I' k , id," th" Iw" r"""·nd ,',,. C;IAT
"I' F,,r,,c,, ,,,b>.t'<J"""tl , ' I,roposed tI,.. A.\IX
1...r1.. ,.., an ..ntr ant in th" Chi ..liain
"' ·p"'t.·"",,,, pn'l'r,ull""· . Coml-"tt -' "n<l hiKhl)'
mohile. thi, d.., il:" f.."lu,...d an
"",,,, nniti,,,, loactin" ,,,,t .. ,,, and a
n, '''' "I' "mll",,,ndt·r. K"nn .., amI
dri"",. TIll" L"" le, c wa' iurl",!,...1in till' "''' ''p''l i,i"n
mnre om of a "·n .... "fElIropean ",hlluity Iha"
..ct C"''P'ha,h1t l..
bith in "uto""n;" I,,,,d,',, or th, · "''''''''1'1"f " th,..·....,"'" t-rt'W. tIl 111,'
meantime, in late \"DS bt'"an Ih" ro "<tmuio" of a ",,,nher ofturre"
mingcoml",,,,'l'u n<t, .i ni liall,£;.i;,,,ill io,, .,,ithth.. fi"t,,,,.. co"' plet""
dur in" "u"""n IYI'!K. .'\1 ..II,· "'"". tim". num ..ro,,, 'ull...,,,u,,, 'w" Wt'rr
app" "' c" "" '" iudu ,trial """m',,"ith th,,,... co",,,,,ni.., u"'''Hitti""
appmxi" "" ..h £2l) mill inn "fpm"le ..at Ih..ir 0"" risk in the
r " l1owing Il,,' ,i WlinK <>ftilt" 'pmo/' pri ,wipl,, ' "m"r.WI <>"20 J anua r\'
1\lllY. tI". manufacture b..",m of "i",' Ch"lk"l:"r 2 protol)l""' "nd a
funher t•..., turrel" oue a, a weapon' t...., ri" ami one for ' atlar k on
arm" " r" trj" l,
Ch 81I en".r 2 protottpe .
The n iuel"" t''''I)<'< w",e huilt at the new fu m !>" w Worl<. , in l .t·ect" All
",..,-" ... n"pl,·,,·d t" ':l/l St·I" ..",tlrr I<J<WJ.<>nS<"hnl"k;u"l"ithin !>llct ,,"I
f",tl". ,.mnpelitiwpl",seof tl" ·Chidt"inr'·I'I;..-e"" ·ntpr''l{l"",,m,,..TI,i,
wa, to nm from OCloher to the end of Ih.. y.. a, . when Ihe "inn..r would
he anno" " r ..ct_ DUli ng thi, I",,-ioct. ' U S wa, t" r"r"i,'e a 'hrid"in"
r onlr ar f froHl tl". \ !Of) p,io r w a full ct..""lopmt·nt;u'dp"..-t"C1ion
rt>lllr;oninJanuar\' 1991 ..r 2 won theromp'·titi",,, itm,," b.·
, t"tedthatlhi'wa'''''ttohearompa,atiwrompt·ti ti''nhetw.....nth.. fou r
... mtende"a't"lh.. ·hr , t" tankow,,rll but t" ict..nt il1.. "hich m' '' t rl " se h
f"lfIl1..<llhe ' p' ·t ific "·'l"i",·rn,·",_, "f r",-[, ", .n"·"tkr ,,"-, to
b.. tri,lIl,-d b)' a "'par"t.. d...!i..", .. of Briti, h pe",.nnel "illr
experi.."n'<l crew, from each ofthe"'>In""ni..,,:-;o t..am wa, 10 haw au )'
_ I.., ..m' ....
_ ' oonl '"
IM y,...,. oontrot....
_ n_ _"'
____m_
_ I fonn . __
"' C... "_ 2. n.. _ Ion
lrom c _
.0.0 _"..._
...., ,".... _lal....
.......... _Pf'Ol>l*m. totodr(o
_ ...... 01 .-"",.. From lett
to tlll"' . M _
IM d _" ...
tM! ""',tIca , .
••""""_ '_1.,
w..pon _ -...,__
_ ...... _ • • ion lh umb
oontrollor:_n.. odju. ........
_ n....,. II<1"l1i
bun
on
.. _I ..
..... .... ....., -
""' ..- _ .1'0'....
_jo ... . bo
"'P _ ",.-._lI<In9
__· l$O....... _ _
06llPG3, V7• .......,.
to ..,..., _
__ 55"ea ll_
1ontL.3OA112Omm _ ......
___ 10__
.............
"'-(llSl_Io... 1Mptowood
......... oI to


-----,..
_ .. In 1htoIogh
---
colllan or dial ,,!!:,,,' "'ilh anmh..r and all data " .,,, to be by a
, liff,· r,·m ho, h- ..ntir ..h-i nth.. int ..r"",offaim""'"l<ltho"'lUl(hn,'"
l n l h.. .. .. re n''the!d;nI99l10nacco''ut
of th.. lr<lqi im'a'iou of I\.nwa it on 2 Ang"'t . Th.. ",hoI .. r..,ource, of
\ TIS " ..,... nowde'nted wlh.. 'n pport of the Challt'ng-erfket and
7th Arm ou red I\rig--J(k that was d,' plon ..:! to Saud i Arahia a' part of
Op era tion Gm,,!') '. It co mpri,....{two annonred regiment' equipped "ith
Cha1l"nl(" " and an an"oured infalllr)" oonation mou nit'd in Warrior
IFY,. On 2'! ""owmbt' r, 4th Anno"red I\riirad.. bt' jO(an d.' plo yn,.. nl to , he
( ;ulfwfonn 1,, (L· l\.j Armollf ..d Di'i'ion ",ithalotalof221 Chall ..nger
"'"m"con, modifi cation' were d",i",d forlhe t"n ls to impro'"
r.. liahilit "and ' '' T\i , -ahitil' . On I October 19911. tbe:li"" 160 'Chall.. ng..r
improw"'''lI1 kiT. ' d.."e!oped In' VDS ",ere ,hipped to the port of
AI ]u!>ail in Sandi Ar"bia . As the Ch"lIenl(..r MBT. arrin-d in the" ' rt".
th.." w.. .....modifi" d b)' REME trchmrians and an ..njO(iueering .upport
te"m from \ l)S, Ib.. 'Vickers , ,ohmt .... "' ·, a, w.. n ". t..am, from
I\<t n and Slroud. D",id Bmwn • .'!<tIToni . P..rki", t"t "I. Thro ul(h Iheir
nn<tim injO( ..fforts antl th. ·'lt-dica, inn ...f tl,..l<mlc..... "'. ,174ontoft h..
176 Ch alle nger .\mT, co mmiued to oo"]e cro,,,,d the ,tan tine at the
o"'-'.:·toflh.. landoff..
collid ..d an d d'U'l;lg..d th";r jO( un. _ Th ....... m"ind..r ofth.. ChaU..ng..r<
" ",,,,,,1",ldin th.. War.\laimenance R..",,,-e. ln,,ddition.12Ch,,lIeng..r
,\ rnumr..d Rq l<lir and R.·...' w o · \H,id," (CR.'\ RRV) ".·r" d'''Vl''''ed to
the Gulf. dire ct from th.. Armst ron!/: Wor"-, faclnl) ' in "' ..",ca,tI ... ",, ·.. n
nHlIlth, priu r to Iheir schedu led ..ntry into "'nice "i1 h Ihe Bri tish Army.
<:RARR\, . pr." ....l to b. · hil(hl y dT."(",;", · ,,"d achieved a lOll per c.. nt
rate durin!/: Ih.. land o tT.. n,i, '". O" ..r 300 en .. my AI'\ ', ",..re
d..,tr "'·edb} ·Ch"llenger.\IBT,butn",,, ,ingl .. un .. uf tl,.. l,,tt. ·r ,,·a., lost

In it, ....po rt on th.. " ",,r. th.. li n"''' of Cummo", Defence Committe..
•tated : ·Th.. tanl " ·... ,th.·tl."('i,i"' ·!J;"'I.·"inn.-r"fth,·I,,ntl f<.J"("... ca" lp<tiRO
and th... British Chall ...n""r fore... in th... h t ( U \.j Armour...d Di" ' ion
mad.. animportanlrOnlrihlllion"' lhi"urc....'. ' ln'.....p'>Il""<la'!"...S1ion
on 19\1ardll99lilllh... Il <l" · " f O.HnlTl " n' . th... Prim \lini,l...rJohn
\l aj or d...clar... d, ·Th...ChaJl r tank pt'rh,mlt'd ab,olul h' ...nlly
in,h.. Gulf _ tJ.r ab"' ·...lh xpt'Ctali,,"sthala"'''n...n'''ldha'... ha<l,,fiI '
H""... ·w r. d'''pile: til""" rinl{in" ,·ndo",·rn,'ut'. th,' d,,,,i'ion as to th...
Chiefu in rt'phr ...m..m had slill 10 he marl... Th... silualion wa, rom -
p'>tmdn:!m' Ih... lall "flh... II<·r1inWan and II,.. n.nal"'; "fS,ni"1 LTlli" n
a<TO'" ,h.. n.tnltri", of Ea-st..m Europe thai IMd f"m,n:! th...
WaNl WPaCLTh..."..t) ' raliona l...f<,rIh.. h... a", \IBT " as called iIllO'!""" ' i" n
d"'l' il" its un<l"uht<..1 ,,,cr,,,s in Ih... Gulf War. Alth"""h III("
r..plM'..melll,,«sa ·C<lrepn!iect' ami Ih.. Tr..a'ury-' had auth ori, ... d its full
hmding,th..rer...main..d comid..rabl.. d...oo, ... ast<'lh"'lolalnumhe,of
lanks ""'luirt' d for th.· Bri, i'h Am,y' f"l1'''';n" tI,,· Str'{("l{i c fkf.·,,.-..
Th... comparali".. ",«lualiol1 ofth.. fourcoTl1 ..."d ..." " ..., dul)'h...lrl in
Ih.. ' pri ng of 199 1. All four ..xc..n..d in on.. a'p..rt or ..n" tI,,'r hll, f" ,
Ih.. rea-""" <t.. I' '<! ahm.... t1,,· Lt"'I,'f(' "·",.·Ii ,,,i,mll·d . TI,.. th"'''''lh.."
m.. t Ih...r..quire m.. nts of SR(L)4026. Wilhin Ih...Briti, h Anny, panicnlarl"
th.. Royal ArmoHt ed Co 'll " th..r .. wa, an inl h, ..mi al lar lion Ihal ,,""-,
.... ·duc..d tn· , h. · n", ion thai G•.-nnan ,·nl{i,,,...rins"-as 't' I',:ri"r III .. ny'
oth ..r. [)"bbed th.. ·B.\!W sm drom...'. il " «' ,uffici ..m to C1...al...a bod\' of
opi nio n tha i bwmrn:! Ih.. l.... ol>J.rd2 Imp''''....\. A111""'ghChall...ng.-r 2
"-a'l-"·rn·il'{·d luha"-'KT'-'al.. ..
l.eopar d 2 Imprm' ... d ,,«' a' '''''''d to ha'''' lo r· ...ho l.. lif.. c' '' Ls' "'.... rall.
al...a,s a m..tI .. r "fulm",1c,, ",...rn 10 lh.. T ""'i.Olh...,." lill ..,,, I,,,,, 'd
Ih.. \ IIA2 Abr..",s. '" the Def..n,·" PnKut em..mAj.: ...n0' passed lh.. matt ...r
to th.. Go"" rnm..m.
THE CHOICE OF CHALLENGER 2
l h final d... ci,ion a, to th.. Chieftain r... placem...nt lay' ,,;th th.. Cahin","
Th re " ...r.. num..."'tlS a' I"'CL' ,0 ,onsid..r. Fi" l and fo... n" .. 1 ...... ' lh..
qm"l iun of f"I1",.;nl( lh.. Str..leg;c rkf...nc.. R",i ..w. This " ...'
... xacerba l..d ffi' afin ancial , honfallin th.. MOD'<I 90: lILoni\T..rm (n.lings
fur "'l uip"' '''' 1 p"KU"''''''''!. and il kd l"asiw,ifi,anl-eali"!I: d'''''' in
th.. nu mber of n..w tanks Ihat ,,·"'s afftttd..hle in th.. ,Ium tenn. Th i, "'''''
pr..duded a ...hol .. n t rep br ..m..nl of bolh Ch i..l'tain and Chall " " !1:""
n ,... An....rican'.md na'''''.... r.. f"riut .. ..t "'h at Ih...., pt· ", .. i"."lt" b.·
a ch..n"" in th... ml , but the ori¢nal r..quir ... m...nt had al,,·.. .. been
for a replac..m..m for Chi..liain 10 se"... alongsid.. Chall...ng..' and ,h..
n..." · 'tr.tl<XiCK''''I'"liti(a lsitu''li"nf"II,''' ;n" dlt"cull..p" ,,,flh.. Iron
Curta in "«' an unfo...........n circu m'tanc.. , Th..r..fore, th... argum...nt for
int.. of a , moothb"... mai n arma m...nl "i lh Britain', SATO
partn ...., <I, ,,·n,..d nu I"" " "r ,-..lid "i lhuut a full n. ·.·1 n' plan''''''1ll
\ lini ste" conclud..d Ih..1 Britain', oper..li" nal con tri buti "n 10 ARRC
(SATO Allin:! Rallid Reaction (;0 '1"') "nuld he slm "i\ ,'r hr maintaining
inl.....' p. ·r.I!>i lityhe l>l-..·..nCtl;\l k ngo'ra ndth.. ,..""',ta"k,a' lh.. im..mi"" "-as
III r..ann Chall..ng..r ,,; th th.. L30 IWmm higlJ.p,,>, ",ur.. gu n. It ...... ,
ak",'lanori nth..irlinal d..risio n
TIw........,.....I", th... implicati" '" "f pure ha' in" tanks.
pan i.-uI.. a foreig n on.. , Wilh f.........r Ihan .'>00 tan ks, c01'rooun ion
I><-.;-a",.. a I."" ,i;thk financ ial prop, ,, it;o,, . f " r 2. Kra'''<;-. \ Iatf..i
....,irlMtt'<l ,hat "I' W 00 pt'r U'm of ,hl' ", nk co"ld hl'
1><'1'1fe un; , n " l' n"<' ,ilo\nilicanth·. But ,h.. S"i" "xp"riem'"
,,,!O......"-.:Ioll1<''"''', ...,. ln a ,0,,,1 pnocllr..", ..m <>f:J,'ll) I., ·o l", rd 2..\4 \ II\Ts.
:>..15 .. huilt lInd..r ]ice"c .. in S"'"l'rlmrd bm il look 01'...·1"'1'.".·
cnnrr..etn,w·,i;ui,,,,, ,,,irh"Mhmhcnmr..n or l><·!<,, .. ,,,anuJaetureb.-ga,,.
",hid, r.,i....dlh.. ""i,o", In' a, Il' "'' 25 pc.. price
as ",..II a, a d..1a)inlo\ ilS..nt ')· int" <;t'nir- .. "';Ih ,h.. S"i", 1"""' labh ·.
i, 'o"""ld kad '<>a ' "'' .. f j ot" in BriMi,, \ lank..n;"",fanuring ind'l" n '
""h i" ,ulxonmKu",; dom ..l ;rno" ,h.. COUHI') ' in n""xinal
c"' ''lil'' ..,1<' i..... TI lr C.on....",""iw gowmme", "",-, .. a" a r.. "f,h.. If",
in II,,' "'''n"facrurinKindu'"'.....of lh.. Sonh
,,, ·..r ,he pr ..'i<lll'd....ad pani cularh'on ....id... In addilion, ,h.. ..
dark m"nt'rinK";r1\'kkc· I,k a, '0 ",Iwlh ..r til<' 0''''1''''''' ",,,,Id t... pam '
Wan" co·1'n)(lu('(ion d"al al "II ifi, should f<ri l ,o",n Ih..... ,,"p"li,i.....
procu rt>nwn1l'noc..,,,.Finall,,.th.. ol'ponunio',o,,,n Bri' i, h 'a nk. s ou dw
im'·l1l;"ioual lTl; lTM·I\\', ."ldh,.. I,,,,I("·o·,.. r. do·, pi' l' ,I,.. f;rrIt ll;t, nn C<>llnl') '
had pulThaSl'<!Challe" K..r,
Th e p oli ti c . of d e f enc e pr o c ur ement
.-\ !l ", ;rjnr ,,·..al'''''' pron,relll"'" pro!:rarnlll ..s haw " , i!:uilica", po]i,ir al
d i", .. " sion; ,,' £2 hilli"". ill<'Chi"flain r"l ,l" n ' [l", n , wa"
r", ",xu 'I" ion , Aft..r Ih... , e, ·..HI Airborn .. borly W"mi Tl K (AEW)
aircral'! lhsc o ,hal w:",1;"(l hilli"", "fl'OlllHl,.'h.. Bri, i, h gowrnlll ..nt
",,,-, <I..!t'nnim..l l" " h,,,i,, , .. hw for ,h nn'Klr" n " I"'n CO"'I)(",i,io"
Th, ' f" il", ...of "hl iKl ·d 11... Rm';o1 Air F"rc .. to pllr cha ...· ,I,,·
]\oe i" !: f..3 S.. n' ') 's's'..mlha'w",,ld ha, 'el><'.." si!:nilkanl1" cheaper iu
'h .. lil"'pla' ·... h is apri."c· "..... I.. ""ihih' yof gm.... n lll " ·r1l ,ol"">el rre,he
m""dJ''C'iwlllihta ') 'eqlliplll..m al lhemillilllUlllc''''to,h.. taxp a)·..r,
Thec-...-"""""....
""'---' - , ... c......II\l, __..
RoyalE_ _ Mooe_

- _...... .... _-
_ . The I>ydr8uliea'ly_ .
-----
.- - __...
52-. 5 t OllN. wtth t llOon
... wln< h ..,.... n.o fn>nt __
_ean .on _
_ . ..... .... "'0.-- __.
_
AII _Mljil>c.-- lo _
... 1I1'I .... .
--.. _-
"' __.N""' _ _
- --ilmly _ ...... .. e AV._ __10 _

"' __' lIH·(MOD1

• .....,kcNring .n ....
_ "- Rov-l
-_.......
_ ..L_ ..-.
TM_Io_... __
_ ....
___ of _ 1m...
"' .... ..'''' ' _"_
........................... _-
"' ........ ofZ.OOOoft.{\'ll$)
:\,·,.. nl",k." rh.. r"marlahle pe rf"rmance " I Chall .. ng..r dlr ring th..
,.. 'H·m libt"rarion of ,",u,,'ail co" ld nor ho' n", c""ld th..
",h"l eh ..ane,1 'l'PIH,rl Rrirain ', ran l 'll, anufanur;"1'; ind"'I1)'
th,on!,;hont Ihe crisis, Furtht'm,ort' .lht' a
cu"'pklt· ,indiratio" "fth.. Briti,h phil""'pl,,',,fLanl d..,ign ", Ir..rd,)
h..aw armour pror,',',;on f<>r Ilw ",...,." and d' ''''''''a,ing n"·I.. "...· r to
..ngag .. and h'''I;le .\ 1' '', ar 1<>,,1'; ,-.ml';" "" 'n ' rlre primal)'
anrihut ..,ofa.\ lai" Baul.. 'b " k. ll o""' H' r. all th" cOlH,·", I,·,.. , htl ""..d
SlKhd"'''Kleri,lic,
Th.. Cab;l1<"r,,,h ... ,"',"itH... · Ltsl,'il ",ith malillg th,' final d..d,i""
cotTlpri",d the Prime Jnhn Ih, ' Ikf,·"...· s. ·,'n ·tal) ',
Tom King. the For eilln St'<:re"'l) '. Bougla, IInrd ami th.. Trad .. and
[ndu,tl)' s,-r....'aw. \ litha..1 Il .....·hin .., th.. l'rim.. \Iillister
qu"'li,mt'<1 Ih.. "'... ·d f"ra ",.,. ·\Ia;n Ba.t1k Tanl at all;:i",n tlw chan;:ing
gt'<'p"li/iral sima/;"n in Eastern Europ.. and tl", pr,"'un'"'' publit
spt'nding"U>"'iths"'ndinllther..cellt ..mbarr""ingd..fe"ceprocllre",..111
fail"r ..,hil';hliKht.. .., The B..fenc .. Secre"'l)'
..kp...... ..-d th,·,i.·", thai tl... r.. "'ere ,,,,sil';n;firant,lt-f<-nr.. rt'a"""{tl nta l ..
a particular (t>(tlmmendal;on. Tire For"ij{ll S.:creral'" rt·,nai,,,,d
b.'y"n<i'!atin!,:that/heexpofto{<:hallenller2wlhe.\lid,UeF...,twuld
lead to ","'.. for ..ign poli0'benetir"
Only \ lithad l"·,,·lti,,.. a, th,' Trad .. and 1" " " Sll) ' s.·cr .. tan
"kp1t'S",d "wnK ,ie"'" " " tIl<" ,"bjo·n. II<- aTgr,,'" fordhl,' th,lt an
indillenOl" mn l -m:rmrlacturillll,';ndu' Il)' !or aw a nation poliri.-al ludm
in tb.. ",m ... '''')' ", l",,.,,,,,,inll mrd ...ar ",eap"ns. Furtherm"re. the
purd ' ...", of a f<>lt'il';l1 ,,"ould r"pn.,...nt a I""l "f faith on bt"hal!
ofth.. (;",,'eml1lt'm;n Rritain', n'uional ..n,p',....ri"l'; capahility lh,1\
",,,uld S<"nda negat;".. ,ignal wforeigll tradinll,'parlne,-.; a' 10 the qua lit),
ofhoth th.. Britj, " d..fence ",cWr and Rrili. h ..ngirlt"t'rinll in g..n..ral
/ It- al"o hil';hlill,"un:l tlr,' impact on th.. un""'l'!,)\'m"'rll fillr" ....
t"Sp"cialh'in lll.. north
mn....ln:o. i"n . 2 .. ",lrelO'd bo Pri" 1<" \ linisl..,..,- ;000
..ndo.ono:dbo t t..... commi".... with t po...... WI \ US bt
1<.;0 rij{o "t"1 of eon lr.>("l .ntn'I ;And ce.ndi ti"."- 0" 21 junt
1991. Ilrl ..no: .. I'rucurnntm \linisl. .,..,- .'lbn ( :Lor" ."no"" ...O'd in , ....
n......., >fO..,, __..... G'l'I...mmMlt ·. dn-N..n,,,...Ire, 2
..... r..-pbo: " ..mr..r Cl\irluin
j " don ""·r.... Friet: 2llj'''1<" 1991• • e... ur- W'O'd
I:>.- n t \ IO () and \US ror' dto ...k>prIN"n•• >fCl14n ,II:..r 2 ;000
.u'-<j,...m 1Tlil""f....lU .... or 127 un'" to mf'I:"1 ,h .. rr<jui m..nr-uf
SR(Lj.fll'!t;. Thr fiN h;o.eh of 127 , ,,,t"<luip th.. ;lm.. .urO'd
.. r·hh ;o,.. 17'h .-\r!,.. ",rtd I\rig-.od ,'h tit "' .. ininll: , .. hid I:>.-i nll:
u....tl.. rlr..inin ll:_Th.. ln-St-" ...... Oat.. (lSD ) , pl..n" 1 ,,, I ;" .. ...
19!:1:\. III addi ,;" " . 1:\ n riw. Trai ninll:T;onl ' orrn .....r " l.. rtd ..;th
th.. Ii", d..li' ·..ri -hrrl"lrrl ill 19'1:\. Th.. 1;"...11,ri.·" e""tr.e' ...o nh
( :' 20 ", i lh" " ' I,,·ei fi 12:\ "'il....u>ll..... . l1rrl""dt...... lli ......"'..m .-l" rinII:
d....·.. I"p"'.·ut . J' pl <1 ,h .. " IH" .. fr"' I"" ,,i hilit), "' ;'ll \TIS ,,- , , h..
......
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--- -,"'"
prim .. c""lran.". 1<,,',,11'''I''''n, or lIlt" ind,,,li"K w"i"i"K
c"Clllil,m"lll. lir 'l ·h,,.. 'I"'''''' and a c" " 'I' rd "· " , i.... I"K;'ti,- 'upp"rt
p,,,.\.-aK'·;ndudi"K fieldi" K w;llIi" Ill,' I\,; ti, h Ann" . In additi,,". Ih..r..
w,·r' ·H'r,-liKhl'tiIHllatio,,'c,,",..·r niIlKa.-hi, ·'·..n" ·nt uf , p.... il;'-I ..\"<'l\ol
r.. 1<>whi.-h ">I"" I",·t .... Ill "I' th.. ,laK" p"yr""nl' w..r.. li..d
n ... li"t 117 C11"llc' ''Kc'r2 \ Iln,"""r1<>I"" ·'l"iplw·dwi'h Cl1.-\R\ 1I
"""n""ili.,,, ",hil, ' Ih.. 'uh"·'I"'·1lI i"",·"f Cll.-\ R\ 1 3 ,ulll11llniti"n",,,
pla1ll,..d for ..ptahl,· ""'rtrial" FUrl lH'r " ..d.·I"SI<)f
Chall, ·ng..r2 '...·r....xl)t"("t ..dlobt"1,1a.-..din hatcl ,..,"f20(l
CHALLENGER 2 TRIALS AND
TRIBULATIONS
C",ur-d n., ,,·..n· n"w 'iKI1t"C1 1""lw"" 1I \ Th " " tI mOT(' Ih"n 2,,0 ,,,I>-
uHlIr-dn Or' a", 1 , upl, li.." 'hrollKh"'" Gr..al I\rimin a"d """r",,,, to
r..n" .. th.. d,·,ign "fCh"lI..nK.. t 1 ""d " lInw prod ucti"" '" b' ·Ki". A,
th. · sa", .. tin",. II,.. tri"ls and tI..,;..I" I,,,,.. ,, 1 ph ... ", " fth,' Ch,dl" " K<'r 2
l' ''' >I ''' Yl'' ' ' n.nt;nm·t! ", Ih, ' Ar11lourt·t! Tri" l, a", l lIn, .. I"pnl<·nt L',, ;t
(ATOU) "I I\m; nKton C"mp. 11or... ' , Ih.. h" Ill" of th, · Arn" '1lJt'd
Cnrp ' . Th,'''' " '..r.. di"i<!c"Ci in1n·r..hah iliIYKrowth trial, 'and 'u ,,·rtrial,·
m ing a c" ",h in" ti"n "I' "·,,,,·k.. I,..r,onn..l mann ing th.. lanl'Sl II'I">r!,"CI
h,· \l)S t.. Tit.. nim' 1'''''''1'1-'''' W"J(' nurnb,· r..d m' "rd ..r "f
build. \'1 (OriSI'S7 ) wa, " K.. n..r-al ""h id .. and c"rrit'd
"m ..n,irunl11,·tHal and olh ..r a' l...ct' "f,·..hid .. 1"·rfon1lan. ·.. . It " 'a,
,uh"'qu.. ntly bt"' Kh, h;.cl rrnm Ih.. \IOn hy' \ n s and Ih,' b",,'
"u"I..1 f"r F' rojr et Cop, ·nh"K,·n. Ih,' n«"l ili... 1 Chal l,·ng..r 2 \I 8T for
On", ,,. \'2 (OriSI' H-X). \'3 (Ori SI'!'!')) "nd \'4 " ..t .. th..
f"'J\ 'i"j;\\ ,..h id.., and di a m"" " f lh" " uw",,,,i,,,,
milt""K", l' H>totyp' "S\ ." and \ 11 .....rt· IIt"two ""'r
....hjd ..,. 1'''''''I' p'', \' fi an d \ 7 (OIiSf'93} .....r.. the finnK
tri " I, ",,'ap"n pr ", i uj;\,·..hid ..,. \ll wa,
k..pIW thelat..st h" ild'tandard. II""""..... lli)Jsal..' I'Ulp",..'an. l"ft,·"
apl>t'art 'd at "'I"ip,,,nu It I....-an... th .. f,," Pr"jrtt
Exmouth . ,,,h""q""ll1ly th.. Ch"l k n" ... 2E and expon "",d,-l for\l ) S
h " "" liuffi "ith pr<"I"nion lUrr..' :-.:", 2 '"'' r"nh..r tun.·t " '"
rnan"I"rnnrtl at the conrl"'ion of the p""lunion m n. A r"nher t"."
" , rr.... ",e rehuilt:T.-\1 hnri!:te"ingolthe "'eapt"'<)'ten"andTA2a'
""·", mour fire..." t" ,, e,' _
l ',,-r ,rial< "f \ '5 anrl \'H "e"- r " nrln, ,, '" ht-'" ,.., n s.·p,e",ht-r
"", I Fd,wa'" 19!H. Th., ai'" "f th ..,,· triab w,.< to ....tahli,h ",I,..th ..r
Ch"n ,·nK..r2 r"II, ' ",, ·t tilt' pt,.f"nn""...·<p' ·' ili...1 in SR(l. j-«r2tiiu II...
hands of R-\C 1"''''''''''' 1 and " I" , jIi"" I. >j\i s,i.- "'pp"n "' ,"i . ·..,. s"d,
a, the R,»:al Elrttriral and Enjlin.... " inc",,,,,'"
..xp.-rie nr e " f the n..", to help ,h.. preparation "frlrill,. tra inin!:

..., 'in!:t,,"anrl l .ul"'o rthli"
the an w" " ,ti", w" ing ,un'Kun' " 'ry liri " g r"' I'."(',iw l,,_Suspe n, i,, n and
ha", ni "j!; tri"l, "' ... e al" . ro " d" ctt·" at th.. l " " " u , o<s and lI un , ,.."
r o" ",·s. C.,ld -"·.. trial' und,>na ke" in th,· dimat;r d>a",h...
at a"d at Catt ..ri,k in ro, ut'w 'old
hahi"' hiliw _ Chane,,!:er 2 was Ihe lir<1 Briti' h lank "ith
int eg ral ai r conrl i,;""i,,!: and he ating- ')"t'm, Tanical a'''''\llle,m
", u k ru k" n 0"Sali,h",' , PI"in Tcainin!: Ar..a (SI'TAl anrl the , rainin!:
I'ha"·,ulr"i '>a,,·tli,, a !:un,,..ry ..x...-tisr at Wacr"l' T,.. ..ininK Ar..a_
"f ,h,'''' trial,w,·"·ro,, ,It..-lt'rl " ,i" " a..-stnn uf ·" ,lttididdda,,' ,i ' nila,
tn tI,,,,,·dt"i,,·tl fnr tlw n'ncu n,·nt Rd iabilir,' ( ;" ".,h Trials (RC;T )
Reli ability Growt h Tr Ial .
fhe", RGT ,,-..re .ucce"f"lIy complet..d in 19!H wllt'n th ree
",er t" t' " ..rl",-..rapla"'lt'rlt"talof21-k;hattldielrlrla)" Fortht'purp"'...
"ftlte RGT ph.' ... . a hattl"fielrlda" con,i ,"-d ,,1', 271:.m" I' marl tra"el;
:n k", " f .. tran'l; tl,.. licin" " I' ,uain...,m'anwn, "nrl
1.0017.1;2",,,, ""..-loi","K"" "",,,,h wi,1t If>h,,,,,, "I' "ral">11 ",,,,ms
"I',.,....,i"";",,,, "'" I"",,, "f ,,, ,,i,, en"i ,,.. idliu" h,,,""uf,,,ai"
' ·u!:i", · " m" i" " ..t,·..rio""I"·, 'tI" lh,ri""dt'",·I"I-',,,e'lttl,.. (:h,,11""""r2
d". ·k...1"I-' W.4(Klk'n of",..d an d """,i"" a",1
fi rffi I L6lKI ",,,,,d,,,f 120,,,,,, a",,,,uniti,,,, . British Am '" forr""n, ·
_,_W._.
C....... RV _ .... __..
___' .d;__
.......... _.......... -
"' '''''.. £.... P<'"''o UKI2.
'o'O.. .. _.o_to_
"''''''.. £001'''' • ...- .....
t"", IoIIOWlng_ G<JH Wot
........ ... _ ....
"" K '_.
1On• ......,...-_......
_ .t;"......... ._Of _ .. _to_
__a.-....... 2 .. ..
.... """ ful . Fol ......... f\In_
' rIot
_""-',_""' ol_, ot
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lvur C Irh_lwO_
,........... _-

___"_ 20 "' .,.. ....
pOK..... __, lK11 _
I\nol del_ .. :lOOO..('o'DSI
____-'lIM "

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_
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_10 _
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- -
a<'<'<"f'I •..:1lhe Chall ..nW·r 2 on If; " Ia.. 19!H . S ...." rthd,·.." lh.. d..bal ..
... nl1inutod a, In h"w Chalknw'r 2 "IBTs wer .. to b.. prtKur ..d and
whal n",,,-'u,,,s w..re to be impl ..m..nt ..d for lh.. Chief tain /C halleng.' r
lmprowm..m Programme (CI IIP) . In Ihe eWIll, CI IlI' wa , nOi pursne<!
an d il was de<:idt' d to rep brt' hnlh Chieftain and Challenger "'i lh a
rn"'pl..l.. neet of 426 ehall""Ker 2 "mT, . 0 , ,,, 10 financial n"'strai"ts,
lhi, " umber was r.-<Iur..d I,,· 40 '0 TI, .. ord .. r for II... n ' mai ning
259 "IBTsa"H"lI ... ,,,in.. fnrther OTI, ,,.,,, announced in J ul, -1994
Th .. fiN production ",hide ""a' com pleted Oil I AUj.\ll'119') 4, !l ow........
th.. " ' OD wa, de l..rmine<! {(. en,ur.. lhat th.. p,wl uctio n mod ..l, of
Challenger 2 mel the slring ..m demamh of Ih.. original sl't'd6ca,io". tTl
Sr plt'mber l90:t4,a·firsloffl'"K!uCli' lIl lria l'"ftlm_'<'ofdw6rsl,i"",hicl...
. ......akdthal \ TlSha<1n"I'l"'......d,.di" "'m,f..rrinj.\lh.. I."" lofbllild
and reliabi lin' achi ·e<! ill d,, ' ..ustom-mad.. model, '"
Ih.. manuf;onurinK proc , and lh.. produ ction v.. hid ... . .-\ccord inj.\lyt!le
firslbalchoflanks"<l,nOlacc.. ..... "ere hddin
.un-age nmil lh.. fault, were rerti!ied. [n....i lahly. lh.. origi nal hh...·,..,iu
Dale slipped much 10 ,h.. dis",a, ' of .h.. fiN al1"o ",·..d nWm.'m
.,.h..d"I,..:1 10 reed.... Chal k""... 2 _ TIl<· R,)\a l Scots Or;oWKJn Guards.
" ' '' '' , ' arrnie-s I' ...·ft-r 10 iUUlK!U"" a I,i.'(·.. "f ..quipment imo ",,..,;c.. an d
ll... n .'Ii",inal<" ,my l..... hing prohl ..n"sub't'quemly. Bm for Chall ..
th..
am! In time , lhe I"ohl..tm were sol\'ed and n,,>dificatinns made
10 all the tank.,held in s"',... . To achi.. imp•.....-!a .. ·ri...
of I' md uctio ll Reliahility <;"""h Trials (PRGT), l'a,-h ,,; ,h i"Hl'rnenta lil
more rlillicnh la<)l;. ·t,. PR( ;T 1" ..... ' ",,,n pl" l..d in r-;')\·..mb.. r 1997
"il h PRC;T2, 3 ""d 4 "-h..d ,,led 10 b.· held in March, J un.. and Oc to!>. ·r
19YIl, lnth....n-mlh.. prt>dunio"lin.. tanksachi....'edth.. rle-sir..ddegree
of rcli"bilil" ";lhin .h.. firsl lhre.. PReas so lh.. ta,t was not held. E\ e n s,-,.
lh.. MOl) d..lIlanrled an [n... 'iel'o;"" Reli ahili n' De", ,, ,, ,, rauon (ISKIll of a
co"'plete am",,,,rd "'I"-,,dmn "rChalienger 2 "IRTs a, a final p" . ,f "flh..
tank 'sm-..rallperformanre
Chil ll e nge , 2 .. Ie l dlng Te em
From the out....r, Chal1"Ojo(l"r 2 (la t.. r AFY) Fiddilljo( Tl' am plaw-d a
"ilal rol ,· in th.. pron or...m...nt Ihe ir ",as 10 th...
qt",l it,· " f th" l.ank, a'th'1 ' ro lk doff th.. l"nltran'port,·"" aodo"to till.'
re l(iment al mnk par ..... FieldinK was su'pend..d from October
lY95 untiIJanuar\' 1991'\",hik th,· Production Gruwth Trial,
" .. re und ...rtak ...n to impro\"<' th... of Ihe produn cm" inl( off
th,' Iin..s in 1...,·,1> and .. Oo c(' ddin·ti ,·s in
Januar\' 1Y91'\ . th... tan ... ",...re i"'pe<:l<' d in hatches of 311: number of
Ch" lk nKer 2 .\IBTs allocal....-lto each rejo(iuwnI in tIll.' Type 311
o rga nizalion th" n extant. With a total productio" rtlTlof 31'\6tanh. Ihe
fi, ·ldinjo(teaml..'t ..dl..nhatchMoflank,o\'t"raperi,K1uft"'<J-dlld.a.half
..a,-.;, Th,· ChallenKer 2 Fiddinl( T...am " ·d' task... d "ith ..nsuti"K the
mitahility of ..ach and tanl b..-for.. il ",a, accepted from \l)S, Tb..
team con,i",O(] of an RAe major . a RE.\lE AS.\l a"d ", ,'eral ,kill ed
,md ...xperi ..ne..d R-\C in'lntC!",", and RE.\IE artilk .. ,....AUKlll<'ntingIh...
Fiddi"g T... am smff were ere",'! fromlh...regiment that ,,"asto r..c...i'·e Ihe
tdnh ill Ihat hatch, Th e,... ert"'" too k parlin th.. handu",·roflb"'lanl
to the . 'ielding T... am. a"i,red in all of th... i"'pection'!. perfonned th...
Batrh T..'t lInd ..r Armoured Ttials and O..........lopm .·m Unil (ATOLl)
, " pe rti , ion'llId dccompani... dthe "'"bdutinl(lh.... irdeh.... r\·tolh.... ir
f<'l{i", .... n" in C.. rmam' and Ih.. l·K. b ·..n' on ....ofth .. tanks in ""rbb'''rb
of 31l "'a' 'ubjeet..d loan inspertion that cO\'ered""er\'a'Il<'C! of the
tdnl in the most ..xartinjo( ,I<'"t"il. from a ",ft"'are jo( lilr h in
th.. fire<ull1rol syst ...m Ihroul(h inaccuraei.., in ,'ehide co ufigu rdtio n
donuu,·ota tjo n h. p«int m·l·,'sp.... on a jo("' . ...... n ipple "' a' rerortl,o(]
h 'er\ 'tanl",t\ 1"'''rc1 on a road rtll1 tuandfrom the Lulworth K'll1ner\'
' .. nl{'.. ,,·h..r.. th.. ordna'H" ('w"-'r<>tnmi"'inn....-land th, · l{und ud'i/::htin/::
"" t..m · ,,· n ><· d · fur accuraC'!·. In ..xce" of 22.()()(J ·incid..ms w.. re
;, I<'"mifi..d on Ih... lOl,,1 Chalkng.. r 2 .\lRT, and 22 OIT, . A pand
of expen, ,,' nttini,..d all of Ihe i", 'ide,," and appli ..d correnin",
" hr ...... n.... d....-l, a, ajo(re...d belw' ·n th.. Fi...ld injo( T" am and tlw \ l) S
on-site tr ..m. Additionally. out of ..ach halch of 3fl I"nh. fnur wrre
r ho", n and ,...nt to ATDU for a R.. Ilo lt b 1',-,; 1 tlMt put lh"",
panin,lar t;n,'" thro ul(h a ti l{or om thrr.. banJ ..fidd day" Irial. Th.. fat..
nfl l,...." ·hole batch of3 H. ar r .... p'ann·mr... j n: ti" n, hnujo( " n tl ' e r.... ' ..l,-",f
the Kneh 1',''' . Th.. re,ull was thai nu annour..d r"Kiment rec..i",d a
,inl{l... tank Ihat hat! a majo r f"ull. Any r...maininjo( minorfauhs. and
tl,..", w<'le rare . were identified 10 Ihe ree";,i ng regiment M'
th.. Fi..ldingTeam prio r to 'h e l'lIll ·, tl ..li,'el) 'and fix..d bY'\1)S
rep r.."'nt"li",·" a, ",on a, tl,.. pdrt' ar tiH'd "ithin one n r twu
day'! of lhe tanl', arri\'al
Th.. first eijo(htChall..nger 2 .\IBn "" 'r e d. ·liwn·d to The Royal Sum
])ral{oon Guard, al Fallingb".,...1in C.. rmany in lat.. J anuary I9'JIl. Th ..
1"'1 of Ih reg;nwnt -' .'Il' n.·", tau h "'''-' hand ..d ''''er in a
on 3UJ un J99fl. ",itn ..,,...dby,nmeof lh.. l..adin/::luminari,·,in th..
Chall<-nger 2 ""n.- , inrluding th.. .\1;l'l<"r ( ;"' I1('ral uf lhe Ordnar,.-...
Li..utenant Ge neral Sir Rob.-rt Il ayman-:Joyr e , who h"d t>t-..." a .. n
au d(" onsist.. nt ad'H("alenfChall""jo(...r2. Tbe firMI d"d 1\10 '" diffirult
hurdle in th...Challenl(er 2 prol(ramm.. acceptanc... proc .. was the
In-St'"I"\ 'ir e R.. Oe:mn l1strati" u {ISRD) . Thi, Wit' ...mdurl ...d by
R Squadrun. The Rop l Scot, Dral{o"n Guard,. be tw.... " AUK'''I and

.. _ .. __10
-.... *"_durIn9 _ e".,.. __.e_,_
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..
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_ ....... .... (VDSJ
I:k ct' mhe , ",·h.." \2 Challt'Ilv;.-r 2 \ lBTs '...·r .. ,e,lt'd at Xf n U in
BI,,'inl:{unand al lhe GIJlltl.." 'Sch,,,,1 in L" h. " rt h.The ,rial.inmh...rl
th .. tan les cow,illjl; 5.04Ukm dllrinjl;!H m.uldi.. ld rlay' ",hil .. lirin"
2,/('lllro"",h"fI20""" alllrn""it;'m ,u,,1 SVJ(JI) round,,,f7,fi2mrn
armm",;,i"". Th.. f"" d ""lull nrISRD ,,"'-, an "'"!ualili"d SlK... ·" "ilh
all,lw1;\'W'" fnr I"..,.f""""",..and .·x, ....'kd ,,,,wl,,,i,..·]},.
TI" · ... cund an""nrrd '<"I,:;"'rn, 'oht-t'q"iPI..-d Wilh <'hall..""..,2
"a, 2nd Rop\ Tanl R..gimrnl (2 RTR) during late J'j'Jl\ anrlearh 19':1'.1.
The la' l of th,· 3il(, Ch all,·ng.. r 2 \ IBT' '' ·<i 'pre'' -Ill..dlOth,-Briti,hAm.)'
"n 17 April al a .. ren"",)· h.. ld "n Sali,hn,,' Plain, riuinKh'. ,h.·
l<lnk,,-a' <It'liwred l<>.\S<luadro", (RTR, tran'it,Ii"""K"10
lh .. """'Ii"'t ""il '" ,,, ... ' ,h .. ", " k to"-,,ron 15 S<- I'''''nh.. r 1916_.\
Corllpa",·. 1/,-",) , \lachin" Gun Corp', ,uh"·'I",-ntl,'.\ of lh ..
torhi,da,·, r"rth"fir,r .illl ....wr. th" Brili,h
rrtei",,'r! a reliahility-proM'" thai wa, . "ad,· to llo ttl wa,' '"
">0.'" a, it aniwd Oil the tank park ofan armo"red r"j\irn"nt -and,,",r
wa, Ilot 1r>r'Kin cOlllinK.
OPERATIONAL DEPLOYMENT OF
CHALLENGER 2
Challenll." 2 ,,'a, lirst d.. pl,»ffi"per.ui,,n allyin th..
.. th"i<·di'p"lt'h.·."-.... n .'\ lhalli<la" d St' rhia "","
tll<' I.-ni;:h"..( pn""",,,,,f 1,0""' ,, A' pal1 "f " FOR (I,,,,,,,,, roo" -) _ B
Sq""drun.n,,· R<o:oalSctlr'])'<Ij(.>o.m ( ;,,,,,,h . ,,...,cmllllli!U..(,,,,Ol,..,,.u;<>n
J "ith it' compl"",.. m of Ch"lIenll"r :1 "I lil.. lh.. tlth"r
"lw,dron'''·.. re'di'llltlurued' . Theh..a' )'<lnll",rraeteda"adt"lern'mI')o'e
to tin' ""ni"K fani",,, b\' und,-na kinj\ "",d patro(. and n:p, (\ '.. hirk
O,... ·k I'oi",,) al k" "'1T!fuL,hpo;lIt, " "hin II... An:a ..f Op. -ralio", (N lK)
tlr th.. Brigade (C"''',"al). ,urh a, C..u .. 3 on rh. ' ",,,in ro" ,..
1m '" l'Tistina 1<J SI·rhi", ba..nd...l march ... ",ithin , Il<" hriv;,,<I .. ·, AOR
,hm ugh' '' " lh.. ,i"·",,,ruhmul,·,,,, ·ru,,,.,rt·d'''';l{IlauodOp,·rdli,,nS(m"m",
(" ... ;lIl<lafl ..<la'dl'lIlKihl.. sho"'off"n-,·."tirn"''',·rinK
a, m'Kh a.' 2.' ''Oklll b\' nM'1. :'\on.. oflh.. ,,,ri,,,,, ..,h nic factiu"s in K" s",,,
d...·m..dil,..."sihlrlnconlnl lhrl'n"'S( ·n...·of(:hall.·IlW·r 2 .. "ringilsfil'\!
np.. rdli"nald'·ploull..m.
E".rcl •• Self Se re . e
Th, ' ,,,Ialilt- silUdlion in Ill<" .. Ea.st 'lIld Saddalll lI us""in 's
cumi" " i" g r..h,sal rn ahid.. IIw , ·.,ri"", r..s.,l"rions pmnmlg;l(.-d
I,,· til<"Cnil ,",1 :\ alinn' I""mpl..d Ih.. K"""mm..m I<> u",duC! a
major milila')' ,,,, ,·rci,, · in lh.. rc'Ki"" ,n r..'1 ll". .roin, Ro,pi<lR"'Kli""
Fore.' (JRRF) con""pr in a ",..t1illlll-scal.·. cOlTlhin...-larms ""rfiv;hlinv;
......nario .Old..nalllr <l t "..rci"" SaifSan...... Il . ·S,,; f! .<;"u rd · ill F.nKli,h .
il was ,""",1",." ..1 in On", ,, in conjllncr im, ,,; rh His .\la j" ' I)' lh,' S"ltan's
-\ rcn..d Forc, .. t><.· ,,,..·.·,, St'l'w",l...r;o ml :'\" , .. ", h,: r 2IK11. In addirio" 10
rh.. mai" Irai"ing ill dt'<;('n cnIHIiri"ns . rh.. L"K arm ..<1f.,rc ....
I"''''r<l lh,' 1"'>(""" a",l "'pp"rl sU' Klllr..s "'...·.1<>01 ro
, ,,,ta ill a,,d r...-,, w r ,,,,,, r 20.0IKl l' Kmiliral')-p.. r<,onn..lrhollsa,,dsofmil ,..
fro m rh"; r 11""'" h""", . Th,' in",!> l .. "" .. 22.;)()(1I"',.,.m"' ... .
l)., ·,1)(1""hid.., an<l tr;oil..". !I:\ aircrah all Iyp ami 21 ' ];0,,,,1 ww·h a,
d p....j,...I... IC<"'of .. ,,". ·£9l) millioll . Th.·.·"I"-..lirim,al')·foR.. i",-h,,1<' <1
"n.\JoYs. or"'hich fili w..r.. Chdll""K'" 2
n,.. li""' pan ofrh.· ."'. ·R i..... cOIllI,ri,inK fm' .... alo" ... "'a'
...>n.luet...-l in Ih.. h"sril .. d..""n co"dilionsof,h",·i"",, lh· unl)('I,,,I ..... <I
" " nl,.. m ,,,,,I ,-..mr"l poni""s of Oman - an "r ..a ",h.....· rh..
Om"ni Army ran·l y c"n<llla, .. .. rci.. ", <I, .. pir,' ",,,d, of irs '"'luipll"'1Il
ht·inK sp... ·i" lh· lHo. liti. ·d for . l......nco"'liri""s. such,,, rh..ir "",.,.i"""I
Chan""V;..r 2_TI", pI;"",..... "'rl'<' """.... of , I", <lilli.-lIlri.·s of "l}("r;ui"K
'''' ''r ll... "pl",llinK r..rr;oi" ""d in 'nch arduou,co"<liriu,,,. hut co"
,""mlra int' rli<lnol alln", 1<" an\' sp...·ifit mo,lifi,'alio", W '''j nip" ...m. In
p" n ic" l;lf. ir w", rh.. ad,;,'" 'If rh.. l l,·adqnam·... ll i.-...:rm
0--1" __..
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ol ....
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.................... . _-....
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-------

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- "-'
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_·_Irl ......,__...
_... ... _.....-
.... - .. _--
........, --_ .. _...... __01_
............ on .... _ _ ."""
............ _..
_'..........
- - ,
n"l" (DRAq ror ,til Chall"" I!W 2 \IRIS t<> h. · litwd "ilh ])<>r eh"' t" r
l.e ...... 1 2 appliq ue ann""r ... owr ,h t" fmm alltl , i<l .. , 01 tit.· bnls
during major nrrri..... ,neh a,S"il ..........a 10 ,illl"l"tr ","'Ii"hti""
eond ili"", a, el' .... lyas po.,ihle. h ,,"', al", knmm from ""IK'rirnn, in ,Ilt'
Gnlf War 01 IWI th", the .i<l.. Ch"hham ann""r pant"I' ,<'duH'd ,he
a'nollllt olrlllsthtoinK,hrm"'''ph,·th,, 'rade,in,;au<ly(Ollditiom,h''t
r""lrlhe in"e,,,... 1 iu'<>Ihe en!/;i'lt... and call'""'wre dama"e. n uriujl;
tilt' Iantl oll-..",i", <>1 Oper." ion / J...m F" hn MTY 1991 thi, did not
p<"",a prohl. ·", a, ,he "·t"a,h""·ondilio,,, ,,'.. ,.. '0 10\l1 " orl 'h edt"....rt
,;and ",ore grim. 1I" " ,·,...r. 11,.. n"t "I 'ran'I""ti"" aud lilliu" th,'
anu""r ...a, ...ell a.othrr ·d......rti'atio"· "-'Iwrt ' r"r Cha Il"n" "T2 ",l'
,·"kulatetl"t£343.(J(J( lpertanl:.,,.,,,,...r£20mili ioll!'Jrfif,tanl:..,,amm
,1r ", ,,·,...,I<I haw arld.·d a funher 211perrell\ wlhemer"l1 "lS 'ofthe
..serri,,·. A, ,h, · l,riuri p,,1aim or .<;;,;1 Si,,.....a "a' to te<1 the
or 3 n,m",a" d" IIrig- ad. , Rrn,t1 \I ariut " . "ill ,i" Ih.. JRRf
Ih, ' ....ni/.aliu,,· Oflh .. Ch ... ..r t ........s nol d...."' ..d (0
t..... ,ihl<' ";lhin Ih" "'I'ph,!", ' '<nIlo"r ...rr ...
in ""rage ..... o"ld ht· rt'(luirffi if ...n " I",r-,Ili,,,,,,-I dep l",mt'n( b.:ram,·
nen' , ,, " )· , lurinlo: lhe u mrst· of lhe ,·xeITi.....'
fhe Chall"nK,'r 2 for...• r""'pri"..d f"nr ,<nll"lIrt 'd ' qu ad " " " 01
rh ,' Royal Dragoo n G" ar d, (RIlG ) '" ..... ell a, headqllarleN elemen(,
,,,,, t a ronli"Jo:t"lll "fTh,' Q" n ' n\ Ro"" l l.al"'·" (QRL). The RDG had
,m ho recenll\' com'ert ,"<l '" Ch all"nger '2 hu( had umdllrh"<l hiKhh
'lIrrt ·" ful . ·xe ,, ·i...., in l' oland ...",1 R\Tl 'Sin Can atl.... Afle ra I...riod of
Mdi lllali, alion f<"ll,..!nK'I" _lh.. wmp"I'JlUr,"in Om, ut ru,,· ro 54
d, ·!,: re,... ,'entij(rade-Ihe tanks ..... ere ,oon I' ll! 10 Ihe le,1 inl he haN h
cOlldili " n. , In p;orrin 'lar Ih,· \'t'ry fint· "'ntl blo"ll up 1»- ' Ir"c ks
ral' idly d ogged ai r lillef'<. call. in!': a loss"fl'"...... ·rinlhe .. nJ'(inr •. TIl<"
roc h lo:n."md al'o look a l{"[' rible Inll on Irarkpad' and ruadw h.... I, . Air
ti ll, ' " weI''' n" ..... nlall,'r in''''ad ofmolllh' ...nd. UlHlrr
tlw mo' l ..xl r"lI1econdilion,.hadmbt'change d afler amall.. r of ho uf'<
[n Iwnh.".... l Eu",p" . ;oir lilwr, ,,,... ,'xp"oed 10 la'i " I' I<l 121Tlonr h,
... ntinanorlllallr-ainingy..
h6 lan h in Oman um,,,minK46 filte " ..arh tI"'y' '''1a cost off l .(J(JO
", Kb, Th" "'1'1'1\ ' of air filter. an d Ir-Mku"" umahl... in (I1rall'(''',,,
rapid!)' Ix,col11inJ'(..xhall'led. lhe final day of lhe di,i,iona l -"".. rciSt'
l k ' .: rl Rhi no. hMh .\ ,,,1<1 [) Squ,ulnm, "' ......... hk In atl,,,,k final
" hjer li"" \\i lh j n' t I.... o'-"nks ..ach . Ear h "flh"f'lIlr IUl(;squadmn.\\a,
obhj(r d In 'l, md du",n a of (...nk, ami lhe QRl. ctHuinl{t"nt was sent
h" "' '' to r..dn c.. d" mand. nn Ihe ,upl'ly cha ill . II ",a. no", appa rc111
lhe R' )\'" l Oillani Anm' did nOl rea,lil,'collduCl"xerci...., in the '''''Ith
\'aluahl" airliH c"'I"..-it, · ,,'a, nr...:kd tu mit a con,oli,];,t"d load of
' pare parts " ...iJ'(hinj( "'Hn" "'n,. " ;Ih air lill"" hei nJ'(drawn from .."...1)'
" .uIT('. 11ti, pl't"l,.· nt...:l th" , upph· .,f , pa .... pan,fordlr· B· \ ·ehid ..
" ll' ply and "'pp< lf! 'l·hirl.... "'c h a, I..tnd Rml' I'Sand {"iJ'(h\-lnl1lt.·rs-,lS
"...11a' the helicop ters and C,.-I3O Hercul"' lran. pon ai rcr- .u1 in th.-...lre.
Olh" r ('(jniplll<"ut, "'.. rr al""",lkringfrolll the ho'l ik cUl1ditiun,. , nch a,
Ih,. AS'!oIO", lf-pro pe llt"d I" ", i u er and th,. l.y1lxbiJul"l i..ldh..lir opl.' r: Ih.·
l11ain rotor bl... d,", of the latwr [;"ro"<lun a' .. r-aJ'(eju,t 27 ho" " in Oma n a,
"'/fainst a hf.. ""p<'('tanc"\,of.'">!)I) in EI" " I" ';lI1t uwl ili" n, . l1 w fO' IlMil1ing
tanks 1110, ...<1 to th.. nonh..m 1't"J':i')\l of the .--.H""I)· to take pan in a major
joim ('"e rdsr " 'lh 12.ROO" ' K' I" of IIlr Omani Anm'. 11le .... the
pMe of oper-alinn' '' ''-' I..,., int enSt' and lhe r.. '' di lions l....' h,,,t ilr.Al lhe
fillal ro mbillt' d lin ..firing ex..rri,,· and firep<l",.. r d..",,,mtr-ation . 42 Briti.h
and O", ani Chal k ng.-r 2 "e .... usr d. ";I h C Squadrn n. RDG. firinj(
11)1) li n ...nd HESH fOund, in th ree Bill by no", lh.. 1' 1' ..... "',.,
publi, hing alallni,( ,tori .., ah.,ul th,' dJ. ·"I;,....n..,.' ufChallrlll{t"r 2 lhal
t'\... led to a parl iaJllel1tal)' "nqnil)'. (Sr (' IlFpmt fTJ' 1M G;n"IJlmiln
""d A"dit<w(";n,/'mi He /097 ,<in.sitm / A",o:wl 2002. ....hich i'
O\'t' I"\ IYCrllical of th" \ lini,(r"\,of [lel " nr (' on "' any'''-' p' '('l. of ('(jnipnlt' nt'
._...,. ,"""-.•_ - _...-------... ... """"""'*"-
----_-... ..
__ __ Tho_....... _... _ ..
__"",.-",, ,,'''' _ 1_,_ '''_ '_ _
__...JO_ ,, _ _ """"II _' __...
__. "" __. _ """"' _ ; w_ooo<wd.t:23_...
...._ ""'&"'-' ..81'0-...... ... ...-_""""""''''' .. ..,._...
__
__. ........ •••"
T1Wo<>loMk:'"'- ......Iea '1y
H.......... _ptOblem.

.... 10 _"'-
_ E ....
_NlnOmaft .........
............. _0.:_2001. The_. __1y
-_._-,
___... 320 ..._
_15IIm _
___ M .........
-_ _..-
_... - -_...
__.ThMepn>bleono ...
. -..." l<loooln _
unj ....Iy-.....--- oICM1_2 __
- -...
---"-
..mpl ,»ffi during Ex..reise Saifs.. ....... a lI ,j' Howe, er . th.. fundamental
probl ..m ,,"... , th.. inadN) ltal.. "'a ling of'llare parts for the pr....ailini/:
fUnditium. Thi' "-J,., n"npuund..d by a lam,·ntabl.. fail"re in ' '''' '' ':1
mKk;ng·";lhinthelol(i"icehain,wllt.,...byspar... ... ilabl..
but their exan wher ..about, remained unknown on immediat .. demand
Th i' ,,-J,., 10 come hick and haulll the Briti' b during Operation TPbt'
;112003
Out of all th.. l'\ATO memb,·n;. onl y th.. Cii. and Unitffi Slat... ha"e
..ployini/:any·formationofbrill:... de,ileorlarger
in an ('''peditiollary' role m'er meh di'tallee" ... nd in ,ueh a demanding
{'TI,;",,,,nenl _ "I' the eo"'emp""-a,",!' \lBT design, wilhin
", eh ... , Ariete ,le<:lere or Leol"lrd 2, ha'" fired a ,hot in ange r and
ther ..fo.... remain unprm-en in banle. E"erci'" Saif Sareea wa, a cla... ,ic
n ampk of pr..parini/: for the most lik.. P""llrtl of war in the ""...,
diffin,[1 cirnun'tanu'" r,,,her tha" a aMldl threM... " n ,'rei", in
Limbollrg or Bergen-Hohne during a tempe rdte a",un", in Europe.
!>e'pite the mgg..-d temin and conditiom. Cha llenger 2 perfonnffi
admirahlywh..n 'I"'.....,w'·.... to hand , although the performance oflhe
tr"'-bWa'eri..... f"rrun'·em. Plan' """ 'e ": 1 in hand tofind ... sulut;un.
the problem' of d"" jng... tion were addr.., ....d to make
Cha ll..nge r 2 ... , banl ..wonhy as I""',illl .. in desen condiliom. In 'pile of
th.. probl..m,. 4th Armour..d Brigdde 'till m.., il_'Col1ecti'" r..rfonnanre
T,.-"ini"KStandard and g-ained it, I.e ad Ann'''"'ed T... 4 Fore..
readin"""I...tu,in january200'2.Attainini/:,hi''''"l1,,,,·en,,,dallth.. mor ..
urg.. m ...' Ih.. 9/11 t..rrori" amKks in ..w York and Wa'hington DC
o.; curr..ddllringE"erci",SaifSar..ea ll,and'h.. prospeetofwar in ,he
r.-gio" be-ca"' ...... '.. rmor.. likely
• df _b_... _... df .... _
--..'""ll"'Q_ dfO> __......... __ .. "" _
_ __Io df" __.. _
-_
OP ERATION TELIC
Sp'Kep..... dlld"'"dt·tail..dhi ,"'I), of lh.. cam!"'iKT,dlln"!:th.. I,.<lqWarof
2003. Thi' aen ll"' ! .... i ll highli,:;:ht rhel'rrli,nnanct" " f Cl Mlk nK,'r 2 ourinl(
Operatio n INu th""'Kh npical "l"adron and troop acti "'" dr",,,,, hum
... "ell of th.. tim..... ann""rt'd "'!{irm'rus to th.. r'1;;"''' TI,e R"p .1
SWt, Drago"" Gua rd, (Ca rhin i.." and Grn ",) - SCO TS D(; - "1111 A,
Band C Squadron.; 'The Q"...." .' l .ann ' ,.. _ QRI. _ {fro m
Annou..... d Bri lr"de j .... ·;,11 B ,md C S'llMdrom amI 2nd
Tanl ReWm.." , - 2 KTR - "; Ih e n[0l'_, EK'pl and F;,k o n Squallro",
I' ll" headquan..", .. Ieme"t,. In all. 7th Anu",,,ffi Brigad.. t'Ill I,I"yt"d
116 Chant"1IK'" 2 .\ lI n. and sc CR-\RRV, (juri,,!: Opennioll Tr/ic. tilt'
British «xl.."ame tor the rampai!l'l that the Ame riGUls te-rme-d0 1":,,<11;' '''
lr"'liFIWtimrI. Duri ng ..nt , th.. ""p"rienc'" "f ..ach r.-gim..m w.. r..
,im il..r. but fur Ilwsal .. " f thi' IMIT."; '''' \h, lSt"of2 RTR" r.. rt'n..,lIlt'd htT....
Followinjl the <:h ri' lma, and " ...w Y...ar c...l..hrati"", . th.. rrjlinwlll
tt.'tllrn .-d to worl o n 6 200 3 to " •• " "anlM of th... lil ...lihood of
d'·p lnHn..nl to th.. \ liddk Ea,!- r o r th.. n..xl r.... o w. ·.·b . th.· n.' jlim,·nt
cond" et ..d indi,idllal and troop Ir"i ning !lefor .. condnel;n" a ra"jI"
]l'Kl "g... al Bt·tgl ·n·Hohrw b...I" ·n 20 'Illd 24J"nua')'. Th ...tt.' follo",..l a
comhin.-d-arm' taet ical tra;n .. r "ion at St-mw la".-r from 25 to 27
ja nua') '. A hattl ..group fidd·training ...x""'i,,, wa,conduct...d for th... n..xt
Ih" ... II" ),, on in hlinarrl' an d <lri'ing 'n ow " i th A and D
C" ' mpani.... of 1st Ih ttalion . Th... Light Infant ,) '. in th..ir Warrior IF"' , in
tr mpt ·ratur..., a,lowa, ·17dq.:n...'S centigr",k: a,o"... Scotti,h troopt'r
obs.-,, -..d. ' Su m...-", .. t..lIth.. "l""ddi.., ii 's Ih.. \ liddk Fa'tt'rll fmn!-
nu' Ih... Ea'l ..rn Front w...·tt.' suppt_'ti ta... b.. fightin ' oon .' l b .. trai ning
n m...·nt r.II<'tiOn "'1""drnn! c""'panyjlrnupmanu' ·..' TI... "loraiustS"".·t·
f _ E. __
_..--
_ _--.UnIt


2 c.......... _.IuI_et


-........ ........
E....-1fon_.The_
.......... --
__
--_...""'-
_.....___to
_ _ _ _ "'·etJIe

_ _TES. ...
----
........
o...o...of lMtln-p.. ll a-v- __"'-.
The _of __""",-
... "'_tor
Opeo'atIaIt_,Juot _

D: CHALLENGER 2, A SQUADRON,
THE KING'S ROYAL HUSSARS,
EXERCISE SABRE'S THRUST,
SALISBURY PLAIN, FEBRUARY 2006
a
EJ
NO
1 lXJ,1l,1 12Q1vn rilled \Pl
2 F""" e<trac1co
3 ThennalImI>;lo3r SensorHood(TiSHI
4 ThennalIrnaging S\o>tem[TlS ) bartlene
5 Gurw'>ef'$pr'nWyoigl>t
6 Go.n-ief'surotaryVlSion pMscope

B Comma-ders p-imlwy oigl>!
9 Comma-der'scontmlhw>dles

11 Comma-der'scupola Wttn9i\t<tL.<liWy'lision
-
12 E\ow<lwl User s-::lor Box (LISB)
'3 Commarder'scon1rolp<nel
'4 'W"",,, WUf'O<'1· lIastling haz ard OOooon
1S Commarder's _
1e F"'-()" ''l1rol sys tem met roloQcal SOltl9Ol'
17 3X Bowrnan radio a'll ...-.-
le _ sing <liffict.... in<loca tors t....

2O t 75-klre e>1ama1!ue1m.n
21 F..... _cap
22 Tl.ffllt Slowagello'lS

24 D<rvar'stool bin
25 OnveSl)<OCke1

27 13owman1lHFra<1Io se1s
28 DuslmotogaloOOsidegg,s
29 TOP guiOOfoIier
30 PowetOO1rJt>utoobo,
31 Rat.", 00



35 1!roodl a-,g _

37 CoanoIl94A171l2nwT1a->gun
" ..-

4(J CrewT"",,*_ ConIroI Syslem lCTCSl
41 on-'a"""",, _
42 St-.g ........
43 _ -.c1C>' lx1.x
..a KTTdnlcl ....... controI .......


47 on-"so..nlar)''''Sionper1SCOpe

49 l94A1 <:Nwl fJoll """'"-<l l'll'>::l spenl case aperl <.nl
50 Barrelallgnment m.=le <e1<Jrfll'Ol SyStam IMRS)
M i g i" " @"3 M iI .
lAngt/1 18Oin14.57m)
Crew
Weiglrt 62.5OJkg
length 11,5mll"'lorw.lrd;9.136m1JU",-:8,33m tUt
WOdth 3,52ffi
H.igIrt 2A9m
Groundclear ance O.5m

on ground 419m
Ground p.-e...... O.9· ·9i cm'
M••
Me.itnum g, ed ient 6OperC<lnl
Ye<tiealotI s_ O,9m
TrenclI crou.ing 2.34m
Fon:lingdepth 107m
M". imumroed ", nge
F.... capac iIy 1.59:2Ot re5
E"lIi...


MoOal No,3 Ma-1<&I

T,-.ni""i on o...;d Brown Def<n;:e EQUipmen1Lmi1ed
.... Iorw.lrdw>d1WQ


--
Suspension l+,<jrogas
WlliamGo:>l<doul>I&-p01trocl<
Main Artnam.rt 12Cm'nL.XtAlrifledlJU"
s.co" ' .....ylumament Coa><.. 7.I52mmU!4AlchainlJU"
w>droo/'moII'too 7,62rrmL37A2"""""",,,1JU"

...

_.""" --...,...
_c ....
-....- _e-I....... _; .... _._1<1
-_... __.....
_____In _
....
__... _ ..t _
_ " _"Sol_,
SCO T$pQ.(JmI)
..lt,, rofl"""I,,,,illl'\ lofight ,h"
Gulf War or 19'JI al!:ain Ih..t ""ul.-l he far rt'nwwrl fm m lh,· Mtn;ll
.. trooP". [)llrinl!:"arlyFd"'''''')',th"litnk.,a nd
,·.. hides ufth...... riou, arnumred rt'"gi",ent' ""Ie loa<l...-Iahoard ,hip, at
the ponof Emrle"anrl rle'palcherl '0 "hat ".... , ten",..:! in ol'"rational
·","dyplace' - Kuw;li, .
The main of the reg iment' , pt'",,,,,,d arri\'e.-I in Kuwai t
het"'".." " a"d II .\ larc h "i th lhe unh ani,ing on foll owing The
tank.. to l 'd airi r.. nge co mpl" " do"", [o lhe Kllwai l/l raq
From 10 to 13 \-larch. 2 \-IBT, ..ent
, em;ll l!: "i th lhe L2iA I ()... l ' ral1iu", ( UU) roun d
!" lIow..dbj. 'a,-"'nbi,wdarlll'li\l.·..firillKt·xt·rd ...·. n w Llnl , llwn rno\l.'"d
l<J th.. barr Ml , of Ih.. Kuwaiti lith Armo" r..d 8 rill: ad" where lh.., ' were
" I..ar mnured an el tiu..el with ·el..... n i,.ation· m,>cl ificatiou,. On 111"'la rch
th.. ammu ni tion arriwel and th.. lank. w..r.. · homh..d lip'. 0 " th..
follo"i ng da )'. D Da)'. 71h Am,n ur..,1 8 rig"d .. anrl h t (L'K) Anllollrt·d
Di,i ,iun dnlan..:l op,:ration"l. ;lltho uKh there n'"mai'wd """"
, hnl'(ag "I' equ ipme"l SIKh a' n..w f,I,..", for Ih.. tauk. and
p.. .....",a l it..m, of uniform. Th .. war began in ..am .." on 20 "'Ia rch,
G Day, with a '-Ollt' .. n..d air camp<.ign an",' tilt' l""gtl, and hrt·,,,lth uf
Ir,,') . A, th,' 1I"l""p' w"ilt'd in tht· Fo..ward A,...·mhl)' Area (FA\ ) "" lh..
KUI ' ,;l il/ l raq horda lht"}' were ,"hj..ct..d to rep"al<:"<i Scud and ga. anad
al..r1. •. At 0307h", on 21 "'lar ch. Ih.. Chall..ng.. r 2 ...lIr r. of 3rd and
!th Tron p' . B Stluadmn. Th .. Qu....,, ·, Royal La,,,- ..,,. anrl th. · Warrio"
of YCo mp<lfl)'. h I Bandlion. TI,.. RO)'al R"ginll'llt of Fu, ili...., (I RRF)•
k d th.. ;l, saull of h i (L'K) Armoured Di"i, ion ;lcn"" lh.. hord ..r
el..ten. i,'" lin... anel;nto Iraq
The •••• ult on AK Zub. , r
fh" ;Ko " ml n" w fl,lI""s th.. e"plo;l' of C"d op' Squadron of 2 RTR in
th.. a'«a llllo" ... vZllhan " ,th.. "owh -w.. .cof lraq·" ....condcin,of lb'rd
and .h .. pri ncipal ..ni,·" of h t (L'K) Armo "",,1 Divisio" . Cyd op'
Squadron ,-"",,,-'d th, · K""" il/ l r,,'1 l...lI'd,·" oil 110 .- mor ningof.Sit",nld'·
"'Iar ch. It II,.." kd the 2 RTR BaukKfO"p in lhe c1eara'l(e "I' Rn" re
r0p" b lhal ran parallel t<l lIi gh",a)' l'l (Roult' Tampa ) , which wa. Ih..
\ lain S" pplv Rout .. ( \ ISR) ofth.. L'S hI \ Iari n.. Expt."lilio"al) Fun-.. -
tht· pan'll! f"n""ti"n f"r hi (L'K) Am" ,,,n'd Oi,i, i"" . Tloi, "' ;l' ;lChi',\"'d
"; lh" Ul indd.. nt hy nighllal1 ali ..r ...ing "' "" " " " " d......n..d .." .."'"
I" " ition•. "' ..•....nh .. I..". th.. "' I"ad,..", I('ad..r. \ lajor Anelr..", Rrinon,
.. call"""
One Oneol_Tlvop, tE"""
$q ...... _21lTR, ..
0fI 18Ma<d12003:._
_..."._.... .. lm m........
but .... ... ....., __....
_ .. t_.
... _Ior .....
n.._IlUl'...l APFSDS .........
..itII_,_pI'Ot.., u..
_ c...l>Oo_ _ ....
'-"""<I _ _ Ll ' l
p<opet .... IG'-vn_-. ...t __01.... _ ....
t ... l.on n _ 1on
...tloth _ .......,..In ....
• • "..,1.0_01 _ ......
. ......... butlh.. -..rnangoed
t o'lO fSH _ .. __.; ..
.....• CIlTR)

.-tr . _
01 __"'''''''_ Io ..........
..... _
.-._- -.....-
_rn:Col_Io_ ••_
...-10_110<_10_
.-..... _--_..
__"-.00-
----.-
.. ft__...... _
f'>tery-junctloB.--
Cydopo----
_01 ... _
_ 01 _

- bI'
__
21lTll, _ _. __
___01 .... _
__"'-"'_1(_
_ 2:2_2003 .. _
..-01 __.ft_ .
_01 _
---- __200 T·72MB-r. .....
l00 __li'InlIln__
_01__. ___
nol ..d lh If,"('l;n·n. ·,,,, of lhd r """"Un,,!(.· ,,,,, I , ,,, ,, ...,,lllInu. wilh
<I, ...p f"n ifi l ,""hid .. ""r"p'"' llMl un·..r..d all "Wilt,.., nr "pproarh.
Fonun,u..h·. the )' wer.. awndon.-d aud thr "Iuadron tnol up a ni!(hl
def ..",ivrp'"ili"nlnlh.. ,nwh-wrSl"f. -vZ"ha.-r _ ,\Z", Bl'il i,hm.. .p' _
ah r r r<'lit' vinl( A S<lu,,<!wn, S<:OTS 1)( ;. n l(> !<I'l.l<of II,,' "IIMdron w", to
,It-m·'·'H"nl\·movrm..,,' n"l nflh.. " ....'ern ,id .. nfAi. and ' '' pr..wnt
;lll<'rf,·r..nre "ilh R" " le T " npa ' o lh.. "."<;,
rh .. "llladron d"ployrd lhr .... "fit, In'''l'' ftllwar<l, with lith Tn " '!,
nla nninl( a ,·,·hid." d"'rl p"i", (\ 'CP) . lilh Troo !, t" It,..ir ",wh. call,i!("
Br", .,. alld lh.. h ' rw,ml Ot"""""' '' lion Oll;r .. r ( FO O ) ill o"............l'h
and i lh Tro op 10 Ihr ""uh. Squadron lI ..a<l'l"a,',,;...,
->lit Troo p 'Illd til<' L\() (I .ii(lu Aid 1l,·t,l( h nW' l1) r.. in n·"·"",,,.'
·\ s <law" was h. ..aki"". an inc ident occurr..d tlw Sth Troo p \'(]'
l..d to lh.. <I.. of St<'H' n 'TC Kohen •. [kspit..
this ·t l",rk , f<mt iu.... d th";r mission and ,, 'on i,l<-mifi"d lh.·
F..da" " mililia in Al. A t.. of sn ip"" mO\'t'<II, "",,", u d
to plM" th.. buil.ling und ..r ob ,, ·........tion u'''''rt"<! by Th r.... 0 " .. of
i , h TrtK'p (SKt Amh' Toppi"j.( ), Z,'ro lI.a\'O Amlr""' BritlOn )
th.. FOO (Capl J o.. I' ow..r ) in h i. Warri o r AOr (Artilt.. ry Ohst' -ation
/'OM) in suppo n .. nt·H·"....!") ·. How..\'t'r. th nipt'rl
,,·n .. sp"twd tl\ iht iauwn dd:>o ,ud wn from , h.. huil din"
th.. lan"-, "i th KI'( " an d h..a, )' fir ... Th.. tanh r..tu rn..d
firt> with coax HESU roun ds Ix 'for...... ·tiring Wilh th.. lHl'\(-ath..d
,nip," r \t",ul'. II now ...nt Ih"t the I' '''l i I"n,·,. b"th n·""lar and
irr"h'ular. w.. r.. t!")ing l<l lur .. for c.., inTOurhan ar ..a, wh.. r..
thei r . " ·.·...... -]whuingfin·p""·t'Two"ltlh.. mini"' i,,·d ..ndh..a' -,. 'ca'u..hit ·,
inllitt"d upon ,h ..m in .... t.lighling
Armourt"<! , ..ids against sp..cific target, id..mili,'fl hy Spffial h , rc...
tro0 l" or 1" ,:..1intdlig"n n ' now b, th.· nonll in or d"r to minimi,..
r i' ili..nr'''' ...lti... an.-lelim inat .. th n'·m\'m ililia.orF....I",·{"l· n,md Ha"ll h
/'am' infra,mrclllr.. . At da"'1 on 26 (\ -dop' Sq, ...dro" altar k..d
th.· militia 'I 'ppol1 "d I,,· p 'l ..-ision1(ui d..tl d,,,,· supp"n
from CS .. C0'l" ai rr , ..h Ihal deslroy..d Ohj..... ,i"'· Ik ..in, lh. · mili,ia
II Q "ithoUl a singl .. shot h.. in!t fir..d in r..tllm.A'"oon , th.. "'luadron
n",ulllt...1 ano,l,..rraid inlo lh, " ,o" 'n f(,I1"...ing wl'0"' tlMt militi,un..n
w..r.. ",ilhdra"in/: horn lh.. ,;c inil\ ' of Ohj..ni", ik ..in. n Ul Ihi. lim.. Ih..
.. ..-asrt>ally"ith nu m..rous RPG t..,uns " "aiting in amh",h. ith Tro0l'
It...1 ,h,· "s....,rlt in ....' \ " 1',mM,i"n .-Iown Ih" Hldin r an i "g.....-,,,
thro ugh ,h.. lown. Thr O n,>·Cru",d... "'HI..r th.. r n mlllan.-lofSerg..am
.-\mho TOPI,in" (" ... Colou r H) """ on lh.· lefT "i th TI ,ret' Z.. ro
., ""'__• "'0_...
_-.... __f ; __IO _ •
.-._ "" .. "'... --"""""""'''' '''''_ _- --''' ....
, .. 0..'0>;>"."...,. .. "' ... _ _ .. ... _
c_.. 0- ...... of Sjh T-.
Cpc lopo Squad""', 2 RTR,
. pproae_ _ ...... _o,_
&0 ,, __.. _ .....
Z yr_Objec:..... ....... _ ...
__• • oIM__2OO3 ....

_ ._. (MOOI
·C.-. .... ChaI_ 2
.. _-- ---
_or-... ...:rn._,

..- ......--polnI - .... __.. ... ZUbarr
... 28 _
.. "., __hlt_ ".
... RPG -..... _ ....
-_ -
__.. ... RPO- 7 ... _
__" _ ,",,,"0....
,...,,-
'Om'l' " 'mr" (U Sam in 1I,., and T",o
(Cpl .l"" Ihk) <>I' th" riKlll follo",,"(\ d""'h' hy Bram 'Cy,I0I" and
,hI' "l uatl mll 1,·atl, ·1', \1;oj..,.AJul. ' B,il1"'" "'ith 51h Tn" ' I' foll""';Il K nl'
hd, ind. \\'i lh tilt· militia IU'(; Wam, "p"'ned lire
at lh.. 6:')-l<>n'l<' rhargilll'","hal \'irln allypoim-blankran!(e.
A, 7th Tn"'I ) ",a, pa",i,, !: th.. 10"''' h'''l'i",1 d,,'" to a r m"",, "' l, ,
Th n... On.· "'""-,,tmrk Il\'an RP(;"7 ..., ,,,hir h had
no ..lI'Tl I"'yn"d hla'ti "K ,h.. ,-n''''' , I""[:,,,nal df.·,-., ha"KiuK nil the
.·x,...-ior of th.. ",n k,S , ·rK..allt T" l' l' inK irnr1lt,t1iawly, tran-",,'( 1hi' lIl lT .. t
and . 'nlfaK,·d th.· '''''' mili'iamen ",ilh r m, xial llMchill""gllll tir.. at a
ran!:,' of 10m. killillK lhern h"th, A ",c"nd I'>ln-m"n mililia team "',L'
p" , iti" " n! at th.. ha", "fa h"iltli"K arr"", th.. junrti"" hrhind a 10'"
,ton.· "'all. n,i,"'am " nK"K"d ,ll,d hit n"·...·7.<.·ro", ·itha" RP(; ata
'·.l1' K,· " f 411m. " rikillK, h'· lIlTT.·t aW,ollr hut. -all, ing no dauMj\.·..
S,·'X' ·"1I11"ppinK'Iui ..kly'p"ned th.·.·Il.·l11yandenK"K..t1Ihem"';tha
l 2Qrnrn H"SII "",,,d killing them all. AmHh"r militia le"m ",a, .. nlfaWnll
Three Zero "'ilh RI'(; rocke" and , rnall-arm_, li r" frmnlhe npp.. rfloor
ofa hllilding " , th...;r 1,,,,,1. St''X' 'ant Tol'pi"K alfain "nll aKn1 ",ill, a
II F_''I l round n ll" i'' K, h, · e' " npl.·te ' k ' !n ,u im, uf th" firinKP''" i, iOil. He
,1l<'npn"id..t1funh,·r.·ftNti""'''ppn''"i'' .. r"axialm,U' hin''1/;<ll1lir.. in
of hi' troup a' ,he ,,!uadmn I"'-,,,,d through and
7th'lh",p t" Ohj" n i.'e Brain, On the rml1e ha ..k t'''''arrl,th" "!u,,dmn
lorati"n. Srrg"ant T"l'pinll 'I""tn! militia ;lni,;t,· amllnd a
\ lTUIAPC i" th""irinity"fll"'\""'l'ital d""',n tht""'Kiual aml""h
OI",'"i"K militiaro. ·" ",-ith RI'G """ "1"'''''. he opt'""d fir" "';lh lhree
" f !I "SJI, killinK the """,il "m,. The compl..te contart l"''' '' d
approximately 15 mi"m", . Srrg..alll And ..""" T" pl, i" K r.....e;""d a
'C.(,mmand,·r·, Cornm"ndati",,' fmm th" oe, 71h .-\rrn" " ,...d Briga' ,,",
I<,rhi'l l'mft ...,ionah,m and ,h,l1 of rh.. ,....."" "f ·Cm"" Ir r· .
n ,i, "'" , " ,klini"K "oioll a' it p"'M'(1 ChallengtT 2 h,KI a high
raW ag-"in" Iraqi inh"un anti-lank """aI"'''''' . ..,.,.n in an
urha n ..",imnment ,,;thout illlimll) ' '"pl"'rl. which """-S traditi"nally
a r Ol1lplNely nnarc..pta!>le t"ni..al 'lC" " ario f"r tank-s, Th" lhr"...
Chan"ng"r 2 \IBh of 71h Tn ..,p, O,'dop' StI,,,,,l mu , ,"Il-"rn1 ......... " <lir -t
fmm RPG rt,,·k'·""'th no 'iK"ificaJII
dam"K··t
oth.
·tanb "rilyUD'l<>lheircr"""
Ope ratiunal planll inK n"",rapital iled ""
lh" oWrl p<", .. r p,...", ,,,.e " f e hall" ngr r 2,
"'ith iL' imnwdiate and llexihl"firrl"",·"r
1' >rnnd...r"'kin""lroekalladc<th'l1 n'(l<rc...1
, h.. "e.'(1 f" r ,he illfam", ,,,di,,,,ount from
'h " ir Warrior in lh" far.. "fconrerl"d
lire. Thi' 1n1 tn the inn"" " i\'e
L1rti.. " fnlld"rtakinl'(· rairl and aid' 0p"r.
atiu", thmn",hmll th.. Brili,h ar"a nf
ol"·'·,lli"m. "'ing imdl i""n .." ,h""", fmm
nu""·n>l""",rn ... ,md ,, riki"K a' tlr.. k'1'
i"",i,ioll,hddln,thernilitiaur »a'ath l'arty
run n"ing the raid. humanitarian
aid ""a."he n p,mid,'d to the \ocal p"l'ular"
.. ,."nlid""..... in ,h..
The advan ce o n Baar a
.\kauwhik . 1\ amI C ,'"'I""dro us. Th" Q"'''''' 's I.m' n ·' '' . w,·r,·
"I" ·,.,,riuj\";ll , upp"rt "f tlw Fit'S1 iu rlw 'b,url,' (HI
rl,,' 1>r1<1 I('" "wr 11... Sh" u·AI·&" ra on rl,.. "..., r,'rn " I'I'HMdu" ro rl",
dr ,·, Th.. lil(hrinl( W'IS fernc;o" , aud ,u srain..d ' " 110 ,' 1, ,,,,. h"n l' 'gmll p,
"I' 7rh An",,"rt..l Bril\,uk a", 1 :>rd C""'''MIl.lo Bril(,,,1<·. 11.0)',,1
ril(lor,·",' d llu'ir I(li p " roulld &,,, a. Ar m\!Ohr, 0" \!,., IC"l\ir
·h·;elUllyfirt·· ;ur ;d,·nr ocr um ·<lro rl,.. , o" rh"" ·sr ,, I'Br;dl\,· 3. u " I,·nall,..d
[",;n "'1I'r, wh"n {',,1Is;j( 1l Oll e T",u of C Sll""dm ll , ''''-' , m,, 'll,,· a
ltl hlll11 Ht SH round fired I,, · a <:1o,,1I"1II:" r 2 or Ill<' hr Bhr l W"lrh
Ih rrl" jI; H>up, n,.. t'<,11l11l,,,,,I..,.. O''1 "" oll Sr..w l> .-\lIhulI. autl rh,' tlrin.,. .
Tn"'I"-' n",id Cl"rl ,· . ",..,..·lill.·d <>ur rif/;hr aud rl,.. r.-maiud. ·,. <>1' rl,,'
,-rt''''. L...l"-.. Twidd\' and T""<>l", r Jnli ..n. .-.11;,-all)' Tlml
"""lilt" ,,, ,,i,·,..1 al all " ",IS m;ran,l<>"" h "", a """ ' r<' hi"", 11> rh.·
hanlt' j(rtmp blll 1I,.. war cmui"' ''' d "uab"l,·d. M"j<>r( ;il.·s l b l'risoll , lh.·
WlIlHM,uk r " f 1\''"'l"",huu QII.[" ",l." "l' lh.. '110'" oflh.· lliml.· for II,,, ,,,
At 023U1,,-,;Zl :LU [063UhrslrKallillle]on W"d",,,,,b) '3ApriltlKr3.
rl"',<"l, mhti"", B ,'"'luadron s"pp on ,·ct hy (I.! Un;s
1I..· .. ... ....1
fo...." ,d 10 tI,,· " ",, I "''' ''1'''-''' kno""1 '" Ill<' to p"t in " "d,;d. ·
C1,..rl l'"im (\'CI' )wh; rhl'han!:edlh'>l;ml'lahl .. (mrh.-!ib<'rali"u
o( B;" r... n,,,lIrif/;ml,, C"mlll""''''' [Ilrijl;(;",lo;o lll llinlls] lmrl Kin' u
p"rllli"ion "n a hold "''''e f,' ....-.ml, \\·hir h \\''' ' ld ,, ·ud '' u,..,, '' l\..
10 lh....'lt'my tha t c. ",lil;" Ur .. rn " ""'re rt'arh'aud 1",;"..1 lOmle
th. ·dtr Wilho"llav;lll\si. 'gl· I"B;,,,-ai'.,, ·lf.th.·.· ll.·"' }',, ·,·,... hdllfo(
st'll1an' Ille'l "i , u,-"IIll"''''!:t'lhallhe(;o"lil ;ou",,, incrmlrol.h,,,as
a K,uuhk; this "·,IS II... ("nl""'l f••no"rd lhal fri" mll)' (" ,n'" hatll""'ll
allo""'d h'l'" ,h and mau" amic;l'ah'fllhal B S<]uadron ( ;ro" I'
""uld I"·p",h...l olfth.· .. rio••·1lt>m)' lil"'po"" ' r, Th. ·
pl,". ""L, f" r t"". r' lllh ro "" "" " l' rlw , lipfl Mds. m ' " th.·, ,,,,,'1"'-v,
lnrtM>l'..ast"ud".."t.whil,10U. · laukIHlSh.·rlf" ....-ard"ud,'l'tl,..
fl Md h,i.lf/;<· 10 (' ''''r "o,th. n ... li,,,r Wani",., ",o"l tllI, ...1IllO\'( ' "I'
,mtolhem''''l''l.",audpmiutl,..\l:l',\\i lhlhei,.whidt''i splil ill1<>
z.." Ch._,_ Ch.. o.ng.r 2
of (2I1c)
ofe,.,_ ........""',2fml,
..k.. .... pos/tIo<I ·mono_
_0_.__........' 0<
.. lcuIoIrnot ..
_ _ lon ol . ... GPS .._ ,
..... .... .I>O.oI _
. ' __.u .....
_ , ..
_ • • Niot.dIn !IfJInII
___01_ _
_ .... _ ... """ 10 _
.... .....
........""'.(IITJIl
lhoeto.l........ 2MS ...


_ .....,2nd_-,
_ .. ...-lnto__
01 .... _01'201_2003
----......
....,__-
. .... _ oI lho _
----.......
--,
pa;", ill <1i tl nt <1irffl ion,. Ihi' ''''''ld allo'" 10
Mop ""(.. an<1lm "nl tlw p..",ibilin ' of a dri","..by
In ...."Ill. and pr ..<1inabl". Ih.. plan di <111<>1 , ,,,,i,'"
"ilhlh.. .. II..my.A.. lh.. .. IHlllinginl"I''''i'ion.tlwl..ad
",hid.. 'pout"d a T.. l,OlMh"",ilh it,nIlT..I tra" ..",ing 10
hring lh.. Illain annam..1ll 10 h..ar. Tank Z..ro Bram (lIlt"
"'Iuadronl..a<1..r'stank)l'ul1t"dliHwardan<1..n!("g,><I .li"'l"i lh
II ESII a"d lh.." " ilh [) U 10 mak.. ",re. A, a, lit.. [) U "'''nd
hil . Ih.. ..",ylanl:.'larl..<1lObrt ·"'"I) _ar"nlim,..<1l:.iI I.AI lh"
",u" .. Ii", .. ralbign T",o On .. ISgI (;a r<1n..r ), nn<1..r lh.. hridg ..,
lJ<'gau10 r"pon f"''''a larg.. "' ''nht"r " f " " .. my RI'(; l" am,
m",inginlol',,,itil)n 10 hi,fmn!. [ ....ali' ..<1lha l "n l,.,.,
I r<Jmmilwd n",r.. r"",hal ..r I "",,1<1 run lh.. ri'k ofht"iuK
li,rr ..dhark. I <1ffidt"dl"ral1 1<"""'ar<1TI' ...... Z..rn (SSgl S", ,,ham )
an<1TIm... Two [Cpr Drh ..rJ; TIm ... h'rn ",,,,'I'([ ",,<1..r lh.. bri<l!,:"
1<> Two O" e. Thr.... Two ",,,,,,<I "p ,'" " , lh.. ""''1'""''' '"
'''1'1)<'"Two (Cpl Ul' rir har<l) who wa, "ri ..nl,il ..<lea,l and had
,poll ... l (unh..r RI'G wam, in lh.. b" ildings I" hi , fmn!. TI, .. pL'"
""rk,><I , Call,igl1 Thr .... 1... ", inull<><I;aldy n>nlwl I)f Ih..
,;lIIal;On and k"l'l n,,· inf" mlt"d a, Ill' and Two On e d..all w;lh Ih..
..n..my di,mount'. O"re an RI' ( ; I..am n'("!':" in a l>II ildi ng " ,
ami dlh"'0thingn>aKIiI'''.lh''lanbw""[<1drnp llwh"i l<l;ng,,ilh
IIESII, Th i' tartir ... r..-d lod..m'>rali,, · II,,· """m,' whl) Iud nl)
nwan, ot' rt'phing
TIle H>", matld.. RRF Baul..gro,, 1' IU Co l I)a, id l' al..,,,,,n),
whnhadht·..Il"alrhi " go"rprogr..... wilhinl,·".,.I, ra ll,><Imrha<-I:. '"
Ih...lipwad()nlolh.. ·I.. ......'l<'e;h (·"a.' ...>nI'·III
lhal wt" pwht" Ih.. ""'·Illy".hil'l r<>ntin"ing ,,-;,h ""r la,l:.. TI, ;,
..... mt"d 10 me 10 he an ..Krd l..nt i'lt"a. Ah" "l II'" I" ,,, ,,, illlo lll<"
la'k, Ih.. l ·S '-id d Tt"alll (fl IT) "'l";I'Ilt"d "ilh
Arab " .... ' nil l<> "l<", Th"1' pro,...d '" ht" t"Xlrt'"l1lt' ly " ... 1',,1
and 'tan"d,o gain .. ...
Pt"rhal" lh,' "" ""i"",ilitant fanl";uTlnl '''ts lhal
Ill.· OMlili"" IMd Ih.· B;"ra l ·niwr\i,, · ;u,d Ill,·
marked un "ur m"p'
weI''' ,,1'0 luld lhal had lwo1'·5:;';
, '" guard u" l. , idt" i' . 1 rr;l li,, -d f....
,nn·lll'Ol .if thi'w"-' ''',llwn tl" 'fi rsl lank,ha, Iud
h.·.·nd'""mwdw"... 'pmb"hly ()l1..
P; ;-". 1 forward '-' ,ur [Capl Humr ] '"

I" ha,,' a I,.,k . As h'm Rra'" m"",1<-d cumrr
b,din" '" lh.·l."niwrsi,,· dw.-.. r a 1'-""
at 4110m. !I;nnn..r pumped a Il U ro"n d imo il
and imoamil ila".-trncl. lhal ....'mnl",m..whal
'"rpri..-dlu .. .... ''-'-Wrh,ltln''''· cmlfim'n1th..
1' ",·ali"" " f lM, ra U" iw rsir.'.
.\I ..anwhil.., llnd..rlh.. brid" ... Thr .... h ·roand
I"" II'er.. still ligh ting hard , I 10
comm;l FOllr Z..m '0 lht" It wa, "uw apparem
tI"'l il ,,-... ' in Ihi, ar" a Ih,u lh...." r m, ' " r rr
n"'...·lllraliIlKth..ir Eflon . Shorn" an"r lhi,
d..r i,ioll . w.. w..r.. for th.. linll lim.. thaI
<la,'. Lncl ily fm m, ....eo"..-lpr..{{yb"d
at acljllSli ngfire, ahhu"gh i, ,,,,-, .. ,,,,.·...-halp''''l;c
lhal lh.· f OO [f orward Ob, .. " .uion Officr r ] "01
hi, K.",n sighl lnoc1...doll1bj.,th.. fin<l round
Th.. indirect tire did nut all"et our mi"ion
l ord..r..d
tI.... of lh. · di,,,,ount' 10 ",mo"nl and
a""il f"nh"r ord.·I>. TI,.. FHT pull..d t"lt'1. fmlll
th.. 'Loop ' until Ih.. ",ortar fir.. di..<1 brca"'" w...r..
nHmmnl in HUllune"". l 'n dr r tl,.. hridge lhe n",ffihih tn",p
p" shnl t',,.,,ard; disn"rrrd a lllllullt'r of mn:hankal
dilQl;t"1" anti Ih.· ' tan of all .."nhwur1., ,0000io,,,I,' d..,iW,..d 10
our pnWt'" imo Ba' ra. Th e d;lQI;"'''' ""'" deslr<,yt'd to pr..wm
th..ir funh ..r "se . Th.. ' Troop' ",,,n gut on 10 th.. Iraq; :s.:a, -al
Acadelllyand desp it.. con'lantl' e ti"hting. dnri ng ",hich T" "
IIa, hil an RJ'G lhal fail 1." dt'''",a,.., lht;" lIm"ghl in ''' '
dli'nis r fi", m;ssionl.illinKowr 30 in,id .· Ih. · Anul ..my
O''''t'tl... indire<:l fir.. hadstopped , Jtall ..db;",klh.. f HTand
carri ..d OHW;lh lh.. yC P. 1 ",a, delenn in..d locollap'" lh.. yCP
un l.. rm•• n01 lh.... nemy' •. Afler l..n hOUN ",e had larg..ly
,;l ..nct'd en .."" , J"t",i'lanc... anti call,ign. Tw., Oll e, Thrr t' Z"ru
and f o" r Z"m ""'''' an"",,,,ilion . al lhi, I'" im
J tI,"('i,kd 10 pull ",,, 1.. Th ai ", ..ning. Ih.. GOC G.. n Robin
i\ ri ", . j audth.. Brigad.. O,,,,,,,anderHlHgralU!al ..dlhe"'luadron
ullajob",eUdonealldstaflullkersstoppe<l "" ing lhal Ra, ra
wou ld notl'all until ah.. r Raghdad
REME 10 Ih . r••cu .
FunlrlT 10 th.. ",, "h . Ih.. S<OTSlX; Batd'"Kf"up ",,-'aning a' th.. brigad ..
r..",rs".alth""gh ,\Sq"adrollW"aspanof lqBI",· kWalc hBatlt"wollpand
Tho...-.-,tw\d9t"'- 1o
-'"'-----

_ .... __Nol0
_-.- 10
__..,10 z.a.""","__
__"" 13.&o>-long
Nol'_-,-, ,,_
_ _ 00 __
- __- __hor __

... _---- klI .... __....... plouglI.

C SOI' .....ln'" - ' an""hrd ... ' ann"u r "'l'IM' u lU " C""nnand" Brii<ad...
1«..,,1 \ l.ui "' ''1 ralinj{ i'' th \! Faw l'.." in."la. ·!l ' ..r... C'i<I' .....lnm -
em'" C - r"nd" ...-I ( >j... r.ni j> __ hrr.. n 2':1and :-II Marr h in
' ..nj'''M·'io.., .... ..ri'M a.'h....' a<h" ,M' ...-liIlIOtho:-
..· .-\ho....J.Khoo.,ih.a •.,ho'rb .... " h ofRa. l1w ,,1al'Iffi ' ....JlllalSof
,I><'pom;"."Ia parlirularft· puorln-.-.in fo. , .... Ii'H,."' .. "'''''''and
n.. " ....... m , pr""arioo.... "nd diltiruh ;,h tn.. Ian'" ronfinrd
'o tn.. narn '. rai anhrr'G1'_... ,n 'i'rdt" .......... andGtn
,hoon .\I-"\'.. 0" tl n..,. n inj{of 30 \I .....-h. 0..1101 -lll Conur>;ondo.
IU..'" \Luin..... "'l'P'>o...-I bo 2 Tronp. C 'i<1'lMln tiN.n:t ..;th
,hr- G1ptlln' •..- >obt "" ti ..... rrjoirinj{inrhr o
{;..oo,--.. _ ()pr'ral ';a-. .-.f<Tn"d 10 Jan..... ",..><I ;u ><I ;0/1 In.. <>hjr<:tion
......... ,;n """'" d......n from thr Ian flnninR "'Mn..( :;oJktgn Two T\ffi
........ in , ,"', f........ n! ..u O' .... O>lllm;u,.lord ... Srfxt';u1I n""id &ird.
and T ',n" in!<"f'l ith rhr(:.omrru.nd". in II"';, 1'i1Ult"...... uurl...
..-hilt' in .. ,1',..>0 thr "luadron Jr- ...kT. \1";' .. j<..",m..n RiIO(:Ut.;n
l .Ln ' Rr.o,,,. ,....tHO in h;' Warri<..- AOf' " " d a CR-\RR\ ·. fall\ij{ll Th lft'
Iltlft' Rr """. h"", 2nd B. tul io. ..,. R[ \IE:, n"""""M\,rd bo ...,u John
\ I".pn. T1>rir ....... a r TO'<' mad , ,hoo, ..... n" "" MIni tht' !oolltht'rn
" I'P"....·h... In Ra. .r...
Th.. ..-... ' ..., "anow Iha' rh.. u nk. ami oru.'" ad,:anerd
" " a .i nll l.....hi.-1.. fwn"' f(" ; dl"'p di l<'h." tn ..a,·h ,id ,' ;<1.. , ",ad..
ma "' ..·"'Ti nKn illh nl\i lllIM....ihl... 'i<.. m att ..r l l :'r4 lh.-....... lh.. ... d, ·anrinl:
forr .. 'w... ,.. d th.. er,,,,,oad,. it {·an,.. und" r n "lt''' rl {·t1 RrG ...nd
", ,,rhillt'1r ,,,n,,-ho,,, a I:mul,ol'm,," ,ha d ,., alHl hniltlin K't"th.. l.-h
fn mt. T " T.... " ....... . '''' llI hi, four ,i",.·, 1,,· Rl'( ;' and " ',,, f' ''1:..d tu
..,,,,,Ir,, Oth .. r F.·d... , .... n ""hM .. d j{r;<.'I,inll; r hiltl re n in one
h 1H1 and ..·.·"I.."" in th.. <>Ih..r. Sr rll;";lIll !\;.i rd in T O,'" fom ,d.. hi•
cr · I" r..lu nl Ii.... umi l th.. rh ild....... .. fr.... a"' l ap.-rI. A . inl:le
H[,,<; II o ,und lill ..d .i x ", ililia" ", ,, fol .. ...·...I I"· n .. xial "' hi,, <"1/;Un lin'
Ih..1dimi n"I ...1 a ,k,,,- ,, ",,,r.. . Th .. fIN .." ..m. · h....1 "I' ..",nm...' ;r firr
.ma.hn\ , d m-.-r' . ,;"i..." blod ofT 0.... ... ,h al T.... >pt"r lli. ia. '''''''e'
\ I........"i f n Fij i eo"l d nO ")nj{t'"f " "'lhinj{; a" Rf'( ; rou nd aI-.o
"ruellh.. riRhl.nand ...... adlij{hl. Wi, h d..l..nni,ulion. ......
r .. ,..-d .. il htn..Ian'" and o ..... enlr..,.-d ' ir li ...... ,I.......hic'k<ij{hu. In
.....'" ...r<k'. IU"G'or.... r' . pri tnolry<ij{hl ;o, ......II..,.
t..... c' >;o" ...1 chain It'''' ;ond ... Jt-hand di"-""'1I: ..r.."-'Mllher RI"G
i",.--,rdun , .... 111".... roof;o,nd .in th inll;:....ploo»on uofrhr
com " •• r..;o, .;..... •;";'on bloc ...,.-..d. n... dm fM_ had
nof "td.;,.;. ..,;ond ' eornmandrr-' · litd... to the' l\"M. lnoKk rhr
b1i,.. 1t-d IOInl. , bt-cominj{ .. rainrd. n... lan l conunand... .
Baird . eal mh ordr.-..d rhr dm It> bul an ""'m
..nd " f' inlll;:<l..... tn,d bIoc lrd , ilhd ·,u. Int.. "di nj{to p"-'"
il ".;d.. . Baird p .... ,h .. om..r ' lcf, "ir l ' lu di..... , I.... d m ......
l"nf"nlll"'l ..h·. Ih.. in" " I...rit-"ced Tn" 'P" r " ' ...........i. .. ll" h;od onh · hre n
..-;thl.... Il"Jli" nt<i nr .. <b ,-Nm;o. , .pull ed th.. rill;tu .. ir l in'I ....d . ca ,,<inll:
l.... t;onlt" rotll ll.. r-au_:a'· intl) ...d.... pditeh. ,h n1d inll:" " lh t l ..
llo.. nl h..r tanh j<..-lt;t-rI intu l"><itiun II) Im"ide .. ,1'1',.....,;. .. n un
lh.. ..n..",,·.'Ilo.. H )() ra ll...-lfor a Ii mi"i on 1m", th.. ' '' ppu ni llj{105mm
l .ij{hl ( ;" " . of2!l O",n" "lHln. Ro I .-\nill.. I", i<l,. T.... 0".. thin l{' .... '..Ill
r.. ,m to .... ,,, .... " 'h,.,, " .... . rt"-j{\ ,irl..et .. "nick th.. front
of tJr,' t"m·' . llinJo:'inll; tJr,·I'M,kr. T" " ' I',: r \\'illi ;"" "" , 'l ..,ml, "lid
Im·,," i,, !!;hi, W,i'l. lh.. """"'y lir.. ,b'-""'H'd
u" d..rlh.. ,,,,ui ,,..dho,,,I,,,,drn'·lllofl,,nla,,dartilh·,,,,'
, hd l, . "hh,,"!!;h ' pnr.,di,- , mall-arm, and mnru,r fill"
n >nlinued . It "'as lime «) n·o'....r 11... ,u"''''·'' Two (l u..
hu m Ill<' diKh. Wilh mn,id.. ,.ahl.. ditl imlt\, . CIl -\RR\ '
r hr.... Th r..e Rra, 'o "ln",..l fO"""rd IOlh.·,ilt'llullh..
,illlmin" "'''' dire. Wilh h" lh I,...r'" ,lw<1and jallllllt'd
.n' '' llld (/w '' ' ' J', ·n, ioll llluler j(r..all,·",ioll,d''·lanl
Wit , cnmplelely im",,,hik. 11",mId r<'<luire a Illltt in
exn ·" " f l (lO l" nr' t·' lhal w" , I"' y" " d lhe t·al",bitily·of
powerhll CIl -\RR\ ·. And ,o il pmwd Wh""lh..
" i nd , of Th", .., ThH'e 11,. ",'0fail..d under Ih.. df""
Th.. ( :!l·\RR\' wa., nhlij(l'{II , . " i lhd "-- " "'l " l inj(" i lh i' lh..
i" jnred loa. l..r fmrn T" u One I"r medical lreal",..nt a'
wdla, il'J':onnt·r.T'oop'·rSuMnf'·'j{u",n
Ib .. C Stluadmu. REMF., LiJ':hl Aid l)erad nnelll . "'as
calk d fo",-.lfd "ilh its CIl -\RR\ ·. ,'aU,i"" T,,'O Four
Cha rlie, rn lllmaml ..d rn G''l"w..1J am.., (;';,rr..u with
r<'co\'t'I)' Hwdlanir Co rpo raI J " ' lin Simon, a",1
!<'rhni(ian Co rp" ,a l Rid . PMl . ·, (" ... Coln" r Pial.. E)
hil appm"d,..dth.. ,il .., Two Four Charli.. pi,'kt'<lllp
CO!'p',.. ,1J oh n \ Iorl('all. lh., o",uoan<kr of CRARR\'
Ibr.... 'Ib r.... lI,.aw>.TI,.. disabled Chall ..nj(..r 2. T" " 0"... ".... , ,lilt u"d ..r
""'·Tll y· fire "" lh.· 1ij(hl b" ga n lo "' il in tl ,,· b lt· ...h.·m'KlI,. ,-\ll ht'oU""I ,
n", hmr ( :harh.. lired it' ,mo"<'-!:renad.. d i...-harg.. '" 10 ma.'''lhe r""""'I)'
opt',ali"n ... ' Curpo ral, \ Io",an. Simon' a"d Park"r ,uradlt'(l lh.· "ind,
"'1"·lolh.. ",..ndedra"",mdw.. .. ,-a"...."'a)';h,,we,...r,
lite aUj(l .. ",lS ,,' acUl.. and fit.. ,,' nam,w llral if _li.l d",n, II,,'
"pp.. ,il.·,id,·irnnane'.-e" ",un· difJi('uhp'"ili"n. ln "drlili"n,lh.. "inrh
rop.. ofT"" h ", r Charl i.. ,napl"'<1. ,,' both CR-\ RRV. were now ror all
ill1..nrs ami pU'l""'''' our "fan;"n. L'lldel<'ITt'(l, tI,,· R[ \I E wan, 1";",1
lu hreallh.. u.....l.. Wilh('"",.. ,ui""a l hnld,.. len,ion ,,' a.. much
greal , .-\. , dar""'''-' f..lllhe ..nemy' relllmed in 'frt'nRth. all<'mpli"R I"
intih..u.. lh"p",ilion. bur Co'poral ( ;,IlTeli I"id down ell ''''li", ' '' pp...... i\'<'
lir.. .. m..chanj,-'Hllllin"ed"ilh
till' r<'{'owl)' "l><Tdl;Oll.ThrouRlwllI. the olh"r l<lrll.s p""ilkd S1'PI",rrinR
lir.. andarlill.. ,, 'lired II Eand'mo.... ,h ..n'''' ma.,llh.. ...-..ne.
B, ' nllW lh.. darln..,,, "A' ;me"I",,,,,'d "ilh till' cn,,"p "fiml"Kting
mortarm"n<1.rnmhi"...I"ilhlh.·I"",ar{'<oftra....rlir.. and RI'( ;fOC.... L.
",the ..ne"'y,m.'d wdi,mpllh.. rt'C.l\'t'I)'opt'ralion. fOrc;llR lh..
nlt..'hanies 10 diw I" r u l\'t·r "' l,,·n . ·,,, ·,,'" , m" Il-,Uln, and RP(; lir.. f..n
cI,,,,, rn' hel',r.. rerumin!!;'" fl,.. ta.," in han d , (;o'l"lral Simon, re,,,n..d 10
d, ...I><' ''Il'·Hlt·'C'''''t... rn·mingtocUlllw t""·l,s"ilh,,,.('....·.·ldillR<"l" ip""'''l
lhal hiRh1i!!; hled hi' l" " ilion l" ' h.... n..myi"'h.. darln.. ..d.
....<;,lt,,'hni'IU<·"·l"'fl 'l"
I,., r.. ",hined Ih.. lwn CR....RR\ 's. T"" f on, Charli .. and TI" .... Th r.... Bra",.
which had H'IUIl",d 10 lh.. sc..ne. I<Igelh"r hy'dMin" and "i lh A.frall"·
d, .. "h,rs a!lad,ed In II,,' ,iI'lim fmm T" " f Ullr Ch"rli .., TI,i" anda<'i<""
nlt'lhnd was "Kc",-""I and. "lin.. 14 ho",.. afr..r tI,e "riginal int·id..m. Two
. """"' __.. flE... -."'""""""- .... _"' ............. .... _
__._. " , _ Ont
.......
1'l>ec .... "'lWoOne,
CSqu--, llCon OQ.grab
........ ......... - -
prioo' ''' ........ ..-I".,.,ac:_
_fou9I>I"_"'_
<:om_all Co<rKrIan<Io,110101
M_ ..._ 01-...-. • '
..... """"""....-posltlon .
lloov-nt g__
IUl""' moc:kfC_ ..... ac...r
_.0 .....

S"-'l f .......
. d. _
'2Omm lI"n 10 ..... d_ . '-
_ ' Mac:' M_ " . l$COTS 00)
0,,..""-' t" Ji"M Within fo"r ,L",
r"" "", .... <1"ith ....,i!:ht'. ....l, and trach. h had Ix..-n
hit a t"ta l ol ..i!:ht lim<"'l h\ ' R1,(;'; a"d an ATeW mi,";I,· "itl",,,, P'·Il .. u, ,,i,,n
"f 11,.. cn'W ..nt.'_ F"r tl"'ir prof"',i",,,,1 dilil':"]]'" ..lid h,-.M·"·
"ndtT fi..... (''''1'''",,1, (;;uT.. n 'Illd Simo,,' "f EI....tric..1 and
\1,·"ha llic..1 Ix>!h ...d in
Th e bani . l or Ba sr a
R.. tl,,· fi"" " .... l'ril. I\;"r.. "'" rip.. ]i,. th, ' on,," Itt 'ath r am
amI Ix>th gul ..r amI militia I<)ICf"> had ....ri"n.,)'· d'1(o."I..d h\
r..peat<'<l,- ..id,andprt"Ci'ion ...
among Ih,' ci,ili .." p"pUI;KC, All tI ... l"ml"W""I" "f hI ( l'K) .-\n,,""n:<I
Oi, i , i, ,,, w.·.... '''' th.. B'·no .... , B S( X)TS
[)G. "".... ba......Jat a c""'p ", Ou", l.... Ifom wh..,,. II",, · m"",u<'<l
r..id, into th.. dt'· _On Thn",\a,· :'I Ap'il. th.. "'1",,,lrun """rlun...1 a r..id
al""g Rrlll1f" R"'I.lh.. c"d,·n;onll·fnrlh......
in ,u,ti""ui",, with :\"" 1 ..nd 2 O""pa"i.., of lri, h CHdnts in
W..ni"r ny" By .... moming. "", ",.U """-',>1"'<'<1 in Ih..
prim.. ohj....ti, .. Ihat """ T hni"al C"ll,W' jl"l h......,,<1Bridl':" 4. Ti'
inc...."...·II"'I'I(""urr'''''IIl·." '''}; ...", ..,,,1 "tid'arlm'w..r.. ..n
wilh th.· r.. t"",]'...., 2'2 out of 2-1hon"': ""arding, patrolling ,
fi"hti"" .. the tanh for rtl"n d "ith pern a!,,,
a f..,.., Illinlll... · ,1....1'. All tl,.. whil.· II,.. " I1,''''Y f" " ght ,,;11,
drh"rmi "ati,m and "' ..·.·r blwH'd in th.· f.."" "f tI,.. '''''''''l1d",i,,1'(
,,,,,lauKhtoflh.'C,,,,lil;,mf,,,,,t>S
On th, .... t""'I" ofB S<lttadroll."" " ..U", SCfttadron
"'id''<I htrther ahm!: R,, " t.· R,'<I", th, ' tanl.. am
banicad,""cr.-""their path. Cal""in Rall d," Sih-••• ..,,,I.·r, ,,, ,,I
hi' cn''''' h"d ;0 ntd .. ,..,h.,]] a "' ..",i,,,,1>- "1",,,,I,,,,,,d T-:' :' tir..d
a 100""" ro'lIld th..t th.. , ..mo.d ER.\ pand p'''t ....ti''l'( II'.....
"f tlll·ir Chall"Il!:"r 2. AI....r a 'p ..ctacular .."pl,,,j,,,, , th,''''' w-,,-, n"
I"',,..,ra,ion "I' Withi" "'<'<H"h. wh"l .. ""M']' " 1"'''''<1 "I' Oil
th.. hal.I,.... , th, ' "" ""'}' "o"'pktet:.: TI,e \auk., "0"-
pa",'<Ia""'''pl,·""fh"ildi"",id.·ntifi<'<la, .. I\;t'ath r am' comm.."d a",1
- ... .......
....-...-._-...
__c.<_"... _310
. . ....... bu< .... tI>el 10 __
c __.. _t .. _
_-
_ c.-w_._
CotI.roIleocl_ Ion .. t1t1
",."""", " ncl lnt eo...
___Ion
_ .n-- _
• orlncl;...,l
_ .... _ ..... .. __c.-wto
_ ......,_of __
_Ion _""'.........
d_ __....
.- -.-_..
'..,IdI·_'laKtMCO<I_be
eat<1e<I __............. ' O fill
___;· _ d...,_or
._ ..no._"_Y«I
__bII_ .>lCa'O....
...... ·llli"""'DI>M....)
n mtro l n ·lIIre. l. ih · , h ip, ,, f th, · ljn,·, th.. t,m"-' !1n·dhro,,d,i<l,,,imo til<'
hllild inW'and bllulrr position, as w..n a' Ih.. Im. ·..r
of a ", ·ad.... · td""si,,,. 'tati"". an "wm rffonkd ror British wl..,;"io" b\
a mo"ntffi o u the turret of Z..co Bra,n. th,' Chan" nK"r 2 of
th.. lea.kr. \lajor Chris Brannil(. lll. Th.. raid W.1Sdffmffi '"

B S'lu" d"'" was ta,l..d W """tnt a d''''1'''r raid aIm' " Route ){, ,<!
as far as Obj en i\'<"Graniw. a l ", ,,,'u as Ih.. to Basra' -
who, ·....·r hdd til.. lr" tl'waj' hrl d th.. Jr wa, to h.- anoth" r
.." hatMin" day h,rlh.. SCOTS Il(; Battlel\roup "ud Ih.. ' \ l utant s' of
BSquadro" ...·lm w..'" in th.. , ,,n ollf .. lllore. 2nd and 4th 1'''''' ' 1'' I..d till'
to prm 'idea base of li re at RED "a, 'stand 3rd 'h I"'!" P',,'ed
lhro n" h " nd on lOward , th.. Coll' ·Kl· of l .it..ramr.. . or ( lhj, '('li,·.. t:lj ,i'"n.
f h.. , l;' a brisl tir...lil\hl ..nsu..d ,,'ilh 3rd Tn" ' fl d"sln,, 'i"l\ numerous
b" nk..r p",ition. and fa"sinK wid' ·'I,r..ad "",·m, · fa'"ait i,", It w.ts
hMd p"'lIld inll: all da" as the " '''taIllS int o Basra . c"" sinll'
th.. " ,.t..nMtic d..stn,niun uf ..n..nn· p'"itiom ,,,, d AI'''•. 8,' mi,"'",·.
Ird Tn " ' p h"" e " pend ed virmall" all or th.. ir main armament
" mmunitio n ,mel w..r.. « ·Ii.·yed in pia. ·.. 2nd 1'...",1" .-\tt<·nt ion 11<""
rt"lul1\t' d to th, · 0,11<1:'"or Lito'rall"'" that "emain..d unrl ..ared of tilt"
e n... Supported by ;,Ih Platoon. :<; 0 2 Co mP' '' I\·. Irish ( :" ,,,, Is. Zno
8 r,,' ... sma.h...<1 thr""ll'h the front gaws li,l1"w..d M' Zem Ch arli .. and
2nd Tn" ,p 10 lind the )!,'round litt ..red with bt"li •..,. The infaH1T)' "·,·r..
r all...1forward in Ihdr Warrio ,., 10 th...rompl..."
S"dd ..nl, ·.th.. bt"li ... mseupfrom ·d,·"d ·andl,,¥anto ..ng;' K,·th..
t,,,, 1es"nd W",riol'l ...ilh RP(; s and .small_,um, Ii..... . A ",·sl,,·rat ...
quan ...r .sm,,,,,le ens"ffi , One unfon un,n.. militiama n nlt·t hi. d..,nh in au
"n ..'l,"'12,'m ..llK4':'·lll..nlh(·t.... ' ·enhisKalashni ..m· ...ud., I2tlllllll l l ES"
rou nd h"m a Challenw r 2 " t BT. ,,'hil.. an" lh..r ,,-as, n"h..e1by "\Hk trad" s
",Ill' ...""toli...· his RI'( ;, "''' I <:'-,m)", nj; Irish Gua,.d.s.ntshe<lli,...,,,rd
and di,motlllWd h...", th..ir Warrio['; to d"ar th.. ''''''pl.·" al th,,,,,,h il "''AS
" " ...h UK' 1( "1 a ,a. " I(),. a ,inl(l.. n ''''I );'''Y. .. rthd"", th..
..n..my...-a" "' nt" all,· s"btluffi . alth ,,,, ,,h not ,,;th out ,'a,ua hi"'.A' lhe
li"tn "'A' Eiilinl(. an"ther militiaman I"igning d..ath n"" "I) from Ihe
,ba d,,,,,, and firffi iuto th"');Kk"fa\\'"rrior. l illin" t...·o ll' ''' n J-m.·n and
" ·rim'slj· " " lttHlinll: tw" t>then., \ \l wn th...tl..;ld .......r... ""archedlater.m..st
nfthe m tun",d ",It to h.. f." .... iW"M ti",,,,ls frolll Tunisia. \ I"wo-.-o. r lOpt.

_ ","_In ._"._
_ R_e-........ _
-..nighI,....... to _
- ... _.........
-- ". _--
Mo-O"w.,To _ ' _OIl
_ --.g..-:IOOlI--'"
_ _ 5.-0.._


_
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MImI __.............
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t .. .......
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----
_ _ _ 10.... _
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............ . 0.-
". In
..... 10__". ._
pIc:ht-'-
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IOptotocl"'" ....... CNW
___ IADGI
r
S"i> iIlltt ,..hcT .v..b "!iIt... m.u had COI1 t" IrMj I" f'Kht f<..-s.ldun
H,....n n tI c. lillit;nn forr ..... X "f thrill ..... ;ollk I" t ...... thor:
mum pom.., nf I ,.;.-li,... Iit-ku fo" nd in 11"';( litlYj(\.
;\f l...- "',, ''''' of r.......o:- liW>tinll: . It... noh;o' .. I.... Mnu n t...........
....Ii.-.".n in pLlCo:' '" C Squ;odron :o. l 15OOhn. Thn I'W'1lutlC'd 10 o. ,n<Jo:-.o:' lO
To:'J'kni..h Ih<"i r """"-' ;11><1 nui"'o:-IWK'" U...L.-."ll" the
, ........,;.,. .......,IeI.... """o<lrlo...n fur ;ll ...._ 12 "' "" fot'"rnl and
rNupo:-r.tio ", . •·, ,, ,r "',"no bt ..r. th.. "tu;odn>fl u. 10 ""pport
3rd f'-q ....h'no:-R.olu lio.... in " furtllt' r " h ifll tl II '>l<k'oIpiI" of & ..-- ...
.. Ill...... "f "11n.. -. , ,, ;11><1 fl;Irn_ "'rn-t., " 1.. ... it tn li'>-1, .." ... \ IB1'•. •-\
1.....'Pnf"'nL...... ;lll;Kh.... to("a("hJ';or- h" ' r r' .."I ... .. ;l h Sq".dron
1I..;o<1.-I,...n.. ", ..in;ninll: j P,-\}l-\ 1'"" tical II Q. n,r rl.-" "'.'K '" ''P'-''"uion
tx;r.."., li""llill:hl- Th... n....:Iin th...r; .. · ..... "',--; li "lI:h·di tTr "' r mth...
h.. l'" r... Rni."'nu · m.. IIHI ;I""'" "n.-l thr (";1 m ' '' ' I I''
II: r.... t lh. ·!r< .. ' I..... thr 1Jd111"'K""'1p' of I" (l' I\ l .-\m" ,urr.-l l>i, ; . io ll
lilll rd"l' in lhr r r nm... of Bit.r.... Wilhi" mimm·•. rr ....- I"' lnlt't....·...r...
..xd"'" Il: ... lr"r ll:n1'. bl.,rl. ma..." ."orll:rrrn l..., .. I........-dl ;.. h, l k. an d
I." n·"·...h"n " ·.. , 'I'h.· Ira", it;oll fro m ...arti ll:ht;n ll: It> 1' ...M lll' p0r!
op.· ... al ;ou . ..'".;,• •lI,I,I,·Il ;.. ;t ..·a....d ..." m· . TIi ,..n th.·l o<>!inll:hq.: all .
.tl
___
Zl'I'flIl, __-""",-
fIII_..,..... __
lEIl.tlI_... _
-----....
-.--... --
c--.. _
_ <»'0 _
----
----
------
__fIII _
---
- ....
----.. -
-.-.---
.. _O"" • ......-.KOn
OQ ....
-_.. _--
-----
..__ .._ ... 7_

......... _----
........... ----...
_ __. l$COTI OOf
COLOUR PLATE COMMENTARY
111, <:HALLIl!NGI R:2 COMMAN D TANK,
REOIM ENtAL HEAD QUART ERS, TH I! ROVA L
s e OTS D"AOOON QUA RDS leARel Hll AS
AND GREYS) , I.X ERCISI ULAN ."Oll ,
POL AND , OC T OB ER 11 811

nlQOmenttobeOQ..OppedwrthChaI1<lnger2andlhefirstto """

8<a\IQ was !he cornroarxl t_01 the oomml>rldong offictIor.
UouI""""' CoioneIAnd ..... PhiIlpO, during IM 7m Armoured
Briga<lef"d l'a inu>g exlOfC'"" conduete<l at Orawsko
f>oororsJ<a Training Area in Polan<IduringOCtober 1999 . fhe
tan!< is painled in ltle $l andard Bmi&1 Army camounage
_oItJlai;ks tnpM """,al>ase c:olo<xol<larl<g<&M.As
..
allltle tacticalmarkJr>;l. ouch""lhecaMoognOneOnolBr a\IQ
..... ...
to denol a lhe CO" Iank, The Lion Ra/npll<ll isaiSOIlying

•. a.II
... ..
... t""
SCOTSOG "kfll>W'1 ...

lhelrontiow<lr hull p!a1aand al Ihe top ng!1t 01 t hO rear "".
Oneacl10id0ollhflIrontVRN isa omallblad<mcIMgl&wrlll

on lhe plalallll<walhol towingbar .. lhe <:«M71
distancemarl< (:O(lSIS!i "'}oIanillo.lmorlatedSQUMlwrtn
__t"" _ oI
a kJllowing tanktomllmtainasaf8 <loslanCf1atnigM
" 2 : CHA LLI Jl GiR 2. B S QUAOII O... ,
THE ROYAL SeOTS 01110000'" OUARD S
leARBI... IIRS 10... 0 OIlEYS), OPIEIlAT IO'"
AO,,,eOLA 3, KOS OVO, ....Y 2000
B SQua<Jr<><l Beauloful B - of The Royal Soof$ OrOQ<>Of'
Guatds W8. t""fltSt ""'lto<leployGl\aIlenge<2ope<a1ional1y

Onfant l'J'","" ,The t_iolil1edwith appliqu6 """"", panel.""

";"le tl>ose""1he lrorotare ol t"" ERAtype, n- are fitted


"",n asmallUnionFlaglo 1he left,62 KK80wascommarlCled
byCorporalAAdyPO!lerand t"" """'""lecall"9'.OneOne. iI
dlsplayOOOn8stencillecloquatil"" t"" .-lurretsidesand
11Irr;g/"TI""1he.-allhetCOTel, Aga...., t"" lacl ical ""'<lc ng •
...... painlOOin !7"Y...-.:jaga;n1hetanO.eame.t""5aII... ""
the turret_.CamouftagenetlOngmasl<s t""tI.J'I'&t...-.:j
mainam",,,,,••
patrol\!"lat was a standard part olOperat"'" SCoI_<luring
1he<lePloymenl to KOSOV<I
.....
SOUTII EII... IIIAQ .

"""""t>eginnong_1hele!ler 'C',lhose of 71h Troop_
_.ft,..IormerBrilislltanO,s-·Conquaror'. ·Comel'and
Crusade(-atIl'IOugh_1he .. n... wasftl8llyappropliate
in the theat re ofoptlf8tOons ""","n. optIfI to <lat>ate.

lJInooCorporaiJasonl-1M'Mntlllas_Iope<aT<:M".Tf'OO\>tII'


32 <1uring1heassaull""lhe townoiAz ZLbayr,Thetanl< is

.........",o"inck>:1onglhe_caIIsogn. n-.ea One, "" Ihe _
""""",ponelo.tlnatOldeS...-.:jolfsel tolherighl""lhe



squadooowrthin lhef1l9imMl. inIl\isC8StlCydOpSSQua<Jr<><l
WJlhn2Anl• ...-.:jIhe __rln9S""tl>e lume extraClOf

tI'liO C8SOl 7111Troop. Thisio rDp8at oo ""tI>e_.- huI
plate as a convoy<1istar>::<> marI<... and_der>tJlying

CI'IoMOnW8SthtlmutUl!llrecogn<tiOn<!eYi<:tll<MIheCoalitoon
n.o_ oI-"""' """'_
10 .-010' __ .....-. " _ _ ......
._ 'o
..-.. ... _-.. .._10 ...... .... _ .. <10 _
...... .. __._-_..
_ .... h.. ..... _
10 "' ....__, . -. _

_ Iy"'_ _ _
_ . /'iDS!
ThooC... I,",,-2E l>eva<lnProjeet
h __
-.""'----
_...... ..... _........
_0I_M8T,_",_
M_........ _
no1 -.oI_Io_""""""",,
l .lIOOI>hI>E_k_ .... 1
-..... ........... _-

__e..._ 2E.t
-.hoIl. __bw,oAd _
_ MeT,VD S --",
__"""'_MOO
_"became_.xpon_
... C... I'""-2 ....
.......,_Wkers Lt<I __
__..
"""""""'----
---_...... -..
_ F_olghb,.
-- -
..".....-_...........
__
. ,....,. _ "' BT, !WSI
!<><ceo. .. paint'" on 1tIe!l.net sides..-.:j offset to lhe letI
onltle!l.net_as_
_ .....,.., ,·erusaaer· parIl... on""""'loIwan:l_
arm<UpaneI,TheVR"'DS35AA "appliedatltleloprig1lof
lhe_hulplaIelogell'lefwrtl1aUnionFIlog.On the<lo<>fol
thensb<lrt>elle hoosing is lf>ered jerboa ol 7tt>Armoumd
BtigacIe- lheOesertRllto.a.--mlhal "Itle01signjaol
CydopsSQuadmn.This .. -,ed oIIset to ltIe letIon the
""" oIltle !l.net , The tank carried combat irOcat co-paneI$
ICIPsjoneadllmnt l""",ol the turr.>lbulnoTlPson!l.net
sidesco-_dIr<"o!IltleaetionatAzZubayf,althrJo.91ltle
mount ng hoIeoMd-'dn/led. T!Iere was a """""",,,of
TlPs alltleoutselbullheyW9f8later_loeadl_of


..... luXlfromlhe
radio ""t .....-..e:aI! hough lhey W9f8pron1l lo combat damage
... in$ul'fic_space tostowtt-..min_ltIe t_.D..oe
10 a .r.ortage of supplie5 . Three One did not display "" ....
"""'IPllonpaneldi..ringltleactionatAzZobfN.
C, CH ALLENGER 2 , B SQUA DRO N. THE
QUEEN' S RO YAL L AN CER S, OP ERAT ION
TIiUC, ' T HI L OOP ' . BA SRA, SO UT HERN
I RA Q, 3 APRI L 2003
This Challenger 2 is It>e mount of SUlft Sergean t Jam
Southarn,lhel""'P_oIThree T""'P,BSquadron.ORL,
di..ring !he action M!he'l.oop · _ on pages 33 to 36
Thecallsigr1.ThreeZero.ispaintedonlhe_arm<UpaneI$
__'lU'l'l"",oI the1UlTe!sides,Alle!lIcI>ableblado.pIate.
oull""",inayellowsq<;<l,e_tingB$Quadron,
cornbinedwrtl1lt>evehiclec.alisign alsoiny1lllow. isattaetled
... lhetroop
_llS<!oestnelennistwlimpaledonlt>eright __


..."..-fac:ingblad<c:tIevmnlMt " ";soapplHld toltle _

oIltIetcnet,A.;jainan orange air-Klerrt i/icabon panel is VISible
onlhelopol!tleturre!,Or"P"<!f(M.nd!tlelrontoflhevtlt-oi<:le
is "" lsrook camoollage net Ctwa<:t _ oI many ORL
lanksdi..ringQperat"",re/o(:,!tIe\t>efmlli-..eoflhe""""
""""""'" WllSnot painted in desert yellow , Therestottne
c<eWcompri$edCorporal8<.nletl .... loaderlopera1co-. Trooper
5I-s--1fug as gonrw ancl Trooper wt1O!bVllSdriv<Y. Sefl}8MI

l"" 'Loop'
0 : CNA LLE NG ER 2 , A SQUADRON, KI NO 'S
ROYA L HUSSARS, 1i1liRCISI SAB RIi'S
TN RUST , SAL IS BURY PL AIN , 'EBRUA RY 2 00 e
Sooplalelco- luloetails
E' CNA L LE NGE R A RM DURI O RIPAI R
AN D RECOVERY YE NIC L£ , LI GH T AI D
DET A CHMENT, ROYAL ELiCT RICAL AN D
MIiCHA NIC A L ENG I NEERS. C SQ UADRO N,
TH E ROYAL SCOTS DR AOODN OUARDS ,
OP ER AT ION TIiUC, A1. f'AW PENI NSUL A,
SOU T NE RN I RAQ, 30 MA RCH 2 003
Wothits cal lsign. Two F"",CharIie._CRIIRRVis depicted
<:lurn}lhe""""""Y epoor atoonporlfay.-.:l on P"II""37 10 40

dusfrrwtigat>::>nsl<.irts.(ln$oOCll_ lStM""""""c.alisignol

[)(; .as isthe5aJt....

ancl"""',lBsIledtolt>e gunpianj<.son thehydraulic""""' ",

-._-
. .
• •• ...:. -.:J "-'..

.... _ .. _---<;: ,,,--
_ .. ......... ..... Yll E) _
__.. Uouno_ . _(CH VL8) .....
T_ Spt_..... IO_ ---.. <>fC... '_2 _ wftII < ,""' . .... _oet_... _
01.... Mll T. TheC.... ....,... ...VII E .. ....-Th>jaro. It .. . _ _ ocIobo __h... _ _bIo
_ _ .. . It.,... ... ..ti __ dltoh _
_._.-------_ -
_.,,,,,. In_... __.. _
m", _ .in • __
""'...--.... ....-._ ...--_.
To_ -. __..."". _""... _.
____M. T· \Si_ _ .... 1



Corpor al Justir>Simons,wasobligedlO...... CI.1tI iI>; eqouipmoorII

.. 1he _commander,Corpora;Jar.-Gamott.!l'M'

IIU"_TIY<>..lQhoul the aclion, the lIag 01the Corps 01 R<:>yal
ElBctricai and Mechanical Engir-../IowtromIheCRAARV's




l e ARe ' " IER' "' ''' 0 ORIi"I,. OPE RATION
..8::::.S OU THE RN IA.o.O,

_ _
00 Basra<:<;><lllnllmodOperat.,..,SinI»d:lhe_"MutanI
c.-.-, _ TO'O<>pW Kevin Young .. _I""",ator,


1hermaI e. hai.>sl cowla(T'E Cs)andd..oslmltigatOollskirts,Tl>e
":m..:
""IJo.."...,..;llhe ...... e>;1ractor_BSQuadron. .. _
1tIe



""" ' lepJu'tt>et_ twosl>apesonltleSlalk, WilhltlecJl:ular
C5qoa<n>n sognat lheboltom,lhe same ",,- _ _
_
_lhecrcle iro:licot... 1st TroopoIC Squadron and 00 on
- two_ being 3Rl TfOO\>. C Squodfon . These st>apes ....
_1hrOlJo1l TOOS otnighl a"ldin poor ..-y. Ano!tlw
iro:licotorol tho Beautrful Sis the ' Mulanl' SQIJlIdr<>ninoq'loo

Not k""""" b-beingltle""""handsome peroonrtfII in the
regimoont ,the l<':o<m 'MulonlS'ongorIO!ed -.5e<geanI 'T"", ·
Spenc;t>.,..;W... .. a g ophic oes;gnC>Mledby
lanoeColporojF,orO<iel' yIO,


Iorwardl)otlomeo:lge. lheVRN DA17AAaw-'" on tho top
...,.. oI tho ..... lUl plat...
'2, CKALLEIUIUI a, TH E QUEEH'S ROYAL
HUSSAAS 8 ATT LEGAOUP , I XER CIS I
MAN 1 , lATUS , CANA DA,
ThIs Chool l<tnger 2 I. P<tinted in tho g.--. Md yellOw


rMi ... "' ....Ii<ing.. , en::isas .... oondI.oc1 edlMfe and ..fely ia
a prmeconsi<le<a toon, To lhioend there"",wtoite S!t'4>eson
tho turrel rool 'nown asthe·45a· lhol _ _



eac:h_so1tlat""'9"sa1aI'Istal!"-nowat all_e><acttv
inwhichdirectJon the CPS is lacing. BeIliOO!hIlC<lrJlrJ--.ders
",-""", is_... klly1eat",, _ a""'metai tMng<4ar_
rdlcat.-.g lhol the _s"""""""' . ySt...... ..... _-. k-.e
__
the _callsign,One Two, ThioieaisoPaio'ledon _ _
SI<orI. ".is thtl"-'zap oooe ·. The VRNis DPl 3AA
GI , CHALLINGEIl 2 , A S QUAOIlO N,
1ST 1l0 YAL TANII 1l1 0IMENT, IX IIlCI SE
CAIIO LINA, USA,
At0745/woon3 Ju1)'2004. theUniledSl..-oIAmeriCo
was ·inva<;led'bylo<eogrttank,-'ChaI\er>;Ier2 MBT.oI
1s1 T..,.,p , A Squadron , l RTR.wadedasllOrfllromLCUs
(Ulnding C<aft ll hllly) al HMS ,>Jo,on on lo 0rW0w _

fourCMllanger 2 MBTsoI A Squadton. 1 RTR. _ acl.-.g

E.""'.... .... 1I'1VOMng1roOpS 1rom_ .
F'once, lioIandandthoUSA, The fourtanl<sb<llongedlOTho
a..-. .. Royal Lancers <Wld .. .... <epainted in Royal T....
Aoqimentma1<.ingstore, _ """"".Asocompo$il"
troop, II had fourW>!<.with the /ourth """....-.;,., tho

Thnoe. ThioIO<2isplaytI<l .. rthin_tnongloolASquadmnand
is Paio'ledin yflllOwon _ lumll si<le!land ..... _ as lhe
torward ode skio:1•. Cenlral lyon thetum'll _lotheleflolthe

n.o__ ..
_0._0_...... _
_ .. , .. ......-.....
- .. _..
ot_-.._.. _
__Of.__. H.UtIII-.
__....... n.o .......
_ loeuP __
......... _l_
__ ..... _UOIl ' _
-----..
------.-...
_-....-.. .... __
__a...r .. _
.. _----


l\,nIII_iltt-.a.- Er- ......


:'=':',lOngIIowhile band ro:licM"",, 'al Troop. TheVR N
---,,-
--_.... - _..
--
_evIZTCA_a ..... __1lOS4E
---
---
--
---
__TIoer_
_._--
--
_10._...
»TreI-_»,",- ___
_ ...YI......... _
.. :rooe..(81 __.....
02, C""LLE NGER 2 , " I GU" b RGN, T" E
RO"' '' L OR" OOON aU"Rb l , OP ER"TIO,.
Tn , c t . MA.lA R_AL_It".IR, 1 0 UT" ERN
IR AG, 2 . DECEM . ER 2004
.... .. ..


''--'oltt-.9nbIft
_ .. bQ. n.cr-.g. 2-.,10
__


<lilt.-pIoote onlt>e_"...Thec>.- __Corl>onII
.SIo.m' Gr..-.to.der/_a!a'.

'*"-.The_. depoCIeddunngOp.-et>on F-., .. lt>e
t"""' oIM....-.. ·Kabi< oYII<"" Chnal p.oodol2004
I( nown .. ·M4I<· to M •
"""t!.ow""" towns of Southefn I<"'l tnd w",,!fIe.e-
of "" rnuta<::nt 01$I'Roy.. MII'I ""1 Polooesold... .. June

__


.. _
TheD.Q
.. .... _ ..
The
....... ... _"""'_.....
__lighIdt.iIl.-lOQelI.-_'_""-"'"
_ _ _ in"-l
_ ...... A_z.oar-.
..-·AVf.IT.PWit8don __oItt-.T1St.bone.The
a-.g.2la"oksin"-l .. no-'-l*flMd"_
..
da-negodbeyond_.The_ ....... "" Dl2F ..........
con'igo..t oon _ fo..-ttw .......... ..
btong incorpoI'lOI<'1dbut d8IAoIa..- CIaM""". -''''''''
'a-..cull ... • to prnloo:t "" CfIIW ""'" ""er!Ilongong
... .... tndboobytraps
_.u. ,,..,..... , ' :hw....n ........
' ... ",.n1 l i :!." " BT ,', • .• , 9.'n, ..
"'.·'tl_"Alx ',f.6..
T, .l L,u:p ,"" ..
Tb>K ', ,
1Or ' n " .... ll 1" .
T"W·"'·""·
Tn'" ,IlTT' ..
T_"".U, '."
--""", ,,.,......
..,"" ·.K'Il · ..
Wh""', Tp< '.'
....w.'lW"'n ' t,"""'u.
"'-.HO ..... , . , " 1...' .' .....,.
-, ,,,,",,,",T "
/ ulw", T '
..... ..,
,..... ""'''', .. ....,. ." "" 2-"
,..n.I. ..,,,.
INDEX
." .0"

","",.-.. "

. ..

."

;;,,-,,;
",..
..
:,':::::::

Om.m"""'. ....... U , I•. ll
'.... ..." H'_''-U
\;"'".,1". ,. ..
,
SERIfS
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New Vanguard . I 12
The design, development ope-anon and history
of the machil'lery of warfare through the ages

f . - ...
..
O SPREY
PUBLISHING
....
Cha lle nge r 2
Main Battl e Tank
198 7- 2006
Tlw 2 Is tM
cunmt M.i.ln \I.Inlir Tank of
the Bril ish Arrny and tq:Jrnn1b
the culmlnoltlon of 80 yun of
unlr. dnign.ln 1987, lbdloslgn
wu 101 M Mlnl, uy
of In response to iI
to ITp I.«e I two
Chldlaln MDT thaI bttn
panla lly superseded by the
Challenger ! MilT. Producti on
began tn 199J , wllh th l'lank
fl nall y l' ntf" lng woM Q ln
2OOO, and duri ng Its r«t'nt
app"';Ir..
Ind lspo-nloll* durtng t lw batt le
... ThI,bool<OOVft1 t lw
of lbt Ctuollmgn 2,
frornlhortglmMld It"Sting.to
lnvoh-mwnl In 1M Middk
u.t uMl lraq.

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