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Malla Reddy Engineering College

(Autonomous)
Maisammaguda, Dhulapally Secunderabad 500 100

MR14 Regulations
L T/ P/D
4-/-/4

I B.Tech I semester
Engineering Physics I
(Common to all branches)
Objectives:
1. To teach the students classification of materials based on the arrangement of atoms,
basic concepts of crystallography.
2. To make the students learn the concepts of defects in crystals.
3. To make the students understand the concept of SHM, and different kinds of
oscillations.
4. To teach the students the concept of dual nature of matter and experimental support to
this concept
5. To expose the students to classical free electron theory and quantum free electron
theory and their drawbacks.
6. To teach the students the Band theory and classification of materials based on band
theory.
7. To make the students understand the concepts of Fermi level and charge carrier
concentrations in semi conductors.
8. To make the students get acquainted with the p n junction diode and its characteristics.
9. To teach the basics of Electromagnetic theory.

Unit I
Crystallography and Crystal Structures:
Classification of materials Crystalline, Amorphous, Poly crystalline; Lattice point, Space
Lattice, Basis, Crystal structure, Unit Cell, Crystallographic axes, Lattice Parameters; Crystal
Systems Bravais Lattices; Atomic Radius, Co-ordination Number and Packing Factor of SC, BCC,
FCC and Diamond structures; Crystal Planes and Directions - Miller Indices, Expression for
interplanar distance in cubic system
10 periods

Defects in Crystals:
Defects and their classification; Point Defects Vacancies, Interstitial, Impurities, Electronic
defects; Qualitative discussion of Schottky and Frenkel defects; Qualitative treatment of line
defects (Edge and Screw dislocations); Burgers Vector
3 periods
Unit II
Oscillations :
Introduction; Differential equation for S.H.M. and its solution; velocity and acceleration;
expression for period and frequency; graphs of displacement, velocity and acceleration; energy
of the simple oscillator; Damped oscillations under damping, critical damping and over
damping; Qualitative treatment of Forced vibrations; sharpness of resonance, Qualitative
treatment of electrical oscillator circuit containing inductor, capacitor and resistor
8 periods
Unit III
Principles of Quantum Mechanics:
Waves and Particles - de Broglies concept of Matter Waves; Davisson and Germer's
experiment; G.P.Thomson's experiment. Heisenbergs Uncertainty Principle; Schrdingers Time
Independent Wave Equation - Physical Significance of the Wave Function; Energy of a particle in
a one dimensional infinite potential well.
8 periods
Band Theory of Solids:
Qualitative discussion of Classical free electron theory; Expression for electrical conductivity of
metals; Qualitative discussion of Quantum free electron theory; Electron in a periodic Potential
(Bloch Theorem), Kronig-Penny Model (Qualitative Treatment), Origin of energy Band
formation in solids, Classification of materials into Conductors, Semi Conductors & Insulators,
Concept of effective mass of an electron
7 periods
Unit IV
Semiconductor Physics:
Introduction, Classification of Semiconductors; Formation of p type and n type materials; Charge carrier
concentration in Intrinsic semiconductors; Qualitative treatment of charge carrier concentration in
Extrinsic semiconductors; Qualitative treatment of Fermi Level in Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors;
Direct & Indirect Band Gap Semiconductors; Hall Effect; formation of p n junction diode; forward bias
and reverse bias, I-V characteristics of p n junction diode; Zener Break down, Avalanche Break down

8 periods
Unit V

Electro Magnetic Theory:


Scalar and Vector fields, Gradient of Scalar field and its physical significance; Divergence and
Curl of Vector field; Amperes Law, Faradays Law of electromagnetic induction; Induced E.M.F.

in a conductor; Lenzs Law, Displacement current, Maxwell equations in differential and integral
form, wave equation .
12 periods
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Modern Engineering Physics by K. Vijaya Kumar, S. Chandralingam: S. Chand & Co.Ltd
2. Engineering Physics P.K.Palanisamy - SciTech Publications Pvt. Ltd., 3rd Edition.
3. Applied Physics S.O. Pillai & Sivakami-New Age International (P) Ltd., 2nd Edition 2008.
4. Unified Physics Vol I by S L Gupta and Sanjeev Gupta JNPN Publications.
5. Engineering Physics by B K Pandey, S Chaturvedi, Cengage learning

REFERENCES:
1. Solid State Physics M. Armugam (Anuradha Publications).
2. A Text Book of Engg Physics M. N. Avadhanulu & P. G. Khsirsagar S. Chand & Co.
3. Introduction to Solid State Physics C. Kittel (Wiley Eastern).
4. Basic Electronics and Linear Circuits by D C Kulshreshtha, S C Gupta, N N Bhargava, TTTI,
Chandigarh
5. Solid State Physics A.J. Dekker (Macmillan).
6. Applied Physics T. Bhima Shankaram & G. Prasad (B.S. Publications, Third Edition 2008).
7. A text book of Engineering Physics S.P. Basvaraju Subhas store
8. Electricity and magnetism by Edward Purcell Berkeley series vol 2
9. Physics Vol 2 Resnick, Halliday & Krane Fifth edition, Wiley Student edition.
10.Physics B.Sc. First Year by Dr B Sanjeeva Rao, et al, Telugu Akademi
Outcomes:
1. Students shall learn the classification of materials into three categories. With an
emphasis on Crystals, they shall learn the concepts of unit cell and Bravais lattices and
evaluation of packing factors for different cubic structures and diamond structure.
2. Students shall learn in detail about various point defects like Vacancies, interstitials etc
and extend their understanding up to one dimensional defect like Edge and screw
dislocations.
3. Student shall understand and appreciate the physics behind the mathematical equations
that govern free oscillations, damped oscillations and forced oscillations. Also they shall
understand the concept of resonance
4. Students shall get introduced to the fascinating world of quantum mechanics with the
basic and key concepts like de Broglies concept of matter waves and the experimental
support given by Davisson and Germer and G.P.Thomson and learn to solve the Particle
in one dimensional infinite potential well problem.
5. Students shall learn the Kronig Penney model which gives rise to Band theory of solids.
Also they understand the concept of effective mass of electron.

6. Students shall learn the mathematical treatment of charge carrier concentration in


intrinsic and extrinsic semi conductors. Also they shall learn a very interesting
phenomenon called Hall Effect and its applications besides learning p n junction diode,
its characteristics and the associated breakdown mechanisms.
7. They shall be able to understand the Faradays laws of electromagnetism and get introduced to
Maxwells equations.