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Chemistry Midterm Exam Study Guide

2009 - 2010

1. What is chemistry? 2. What is an atom? 3. What are subatomic particles? Which are they, what are their charges, how do their masses compare? 4. T/F the atomic mass is equal to the number of protons and e-. 5. What does the atomic number represent? 6. What is the difference b/w mass number and atomic mass? 7. Compare and contrast: a. Mass and weight b. Elements and compounds c. Substance and mixtures d. Heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures e. Physical property vs. chemical property f. Physical change vs. chemical change. g. Qualitative vs quantitative data h. Observation and inference 8. What are isotopes? Give various examples of how to write them. 9. In the following isotope Carbon-14, the #14 represents ________________.
10. T/F There are 18 protons in this isotope of oxygen:

.

11.

Give the names of groups 1A to 8A on the periodic table.

12. Elements in the periodic table are classified as____________, ______________, and ______________. 13. The period gives the number of _____________ levels where the group number represents the ___________________. 14. Elements in the same group have the same number of outer shell e- called _____________ electrons and therefore have similar ___________ properties.

Chemistry Midterm Exam Study Guide
2009 - 2010

15. Scientific method: know the steps involved and be able to identify independent variable, dependent variable, control and constants. 16. T/F a cathode ray is deflected toward a negatively charged plate in an electric field. 17. Calculating density. A post 1982 penny has a mass of 2.50 gram. When it is dropped in a 10mL cylinder, it changes the water level from 5mL to 5.4mL.
18. A watch glass contains 3 cm3 of beryllium a poisonous but sweet metal. IF the mass

of the watch glass and beryllium is 11.55g, what is the density of beryllium? 19. Significant figures, a. identify the number of significant figures: i. 111 ii. 13.0
iii. 1.03

iv. v. vi.

0.2 0.070 1.3400 x 103

b. Round the following i. 123 (2 sf) iv. 206 (1sf) v. vi. 1000 (2 sf) 0.7800 (1 sf)

ii. 0.0345 (2sf) iii. 34098 (3 sf)

c. Perform the following and round the answer to the correct # of sig figs i. 1.45 + 2.1 + 6.925 ii. 3.2 – 5 – 6.345 – 2.22 20. Scientific notation: a. When adding/ subtracting numbers in scientific notation, the powers must be ____________. b. When multiplying numbers in sci not, multiply the numbers and (add/subtract) the exponents c. When dividing numbers in sci not, divide the numbers and (add/subtract) the exponents 21. Formulas: (know how to use them) iii. iv. (3.4)(2.85)(3.121) 2.5 ÷ 3 + 5.379

Chemistry Midterm Exam Study Guide
2009 - 2010

a. Percent error b. Percent by mass c. Atomic mass d. Speed of electromagnetic radiation e. Energy of a photon/quantum
22. Compare and contrast: a.

Quantum and a photon.

b. Representative elements and transition elements c. Solids, liquids, and gases (shape, volume, Kinetic energy) d. Law of conservation of mass, definite proportions, and multiple proportions. 23. Periodic trends: know the meaning of the following, where it increases/decreases in the periodic table. a. Ionization energy b. Electronegativity/ Electron Affinity c. Atomic radius/ Ionic radius 24. What are ions? a. Cations are atoms with a ___________ charge due to (gaining/losing) electrons. b. _______________ are atoms with a negative charge due to (gaining/losing) electrons.
25. Lithium contains 3 protons and 4 neutrons. Calculate its mass in amu for 75

atoms. (hint: the mass of a proton = 1.0007276 amu, mass of a neutron = 1.008665 amu). 26. Methods of separating mixtures (crystallization, filtration, chromatography, distillation).

Chemistry Midterm Exam Study Guide
2009 - 2010