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Sacsahuaman – A Historic Creation 

Sacsayhuaman which are also known as Saksaq Waman is considered to be one of the most ancient Inca ruins. They are located at an elevation of about 3,071 meters from the ground. Sacsayhuamán is a wall complicated structure that holds an overloaded amount of mystery and anonymity, located near the old city of Cusco, Peru.

This enormous fortification has said to be carried out by huge stone particles each weighing about 300 tons. These stones are arranged and designed in such a manner that nobody could tell how they were manufactured, arranged and cited. The

production methods which builders used to construct these gigantic walls are still a mystifying thought. The techniques that were assembled were so fine that you cannot even put a single piece of paper among the wall distances. The accurate and diligent artwork is exhibited bent corners and turns made by limestone blocks. It’s varyingly shaped up wall features are still considered in modern architecture. The measurements of these Sacsayhuamán wall structures are about 400 meters in length and 6 meters height. About 6,000 cubic meters volume of stone blocks is supposed to be consumed during the construction work. The limestone blocks that comprise the shapes of the walls weigh about 300 tons each which is quite massive. By these instincts, you can visualize of the effective transportation people had in such century. Some of the bigger stones were carried on more than 50 miles across the mountain ranges. This approves of the vehicles they had to implement at that time; they were not wheeled for sure. However, the identification of the chief architect following Sacsayhuamán still remains conflicted.


  “A good example of Inca stonework at Sacsayhuamán, Peru. They cut and hauled huge stones to make walls like this, and fit them together — without mortar! — so tightly that you coudn’t get a knife-tip or a piece of paper between them. Solid enough to have survived tremendous earthquakes.”

  Another interesting construction is the Muyuqmarca or Muyucmarka, which is a small Inca ruin consisting of 3 concentric circular walls, all connected with radial walls located within the Sacsayhuamán archaeological site.

  Cusco Sacsayaman Round Tower

  Sacsayhuamán. Peru The Spanish, who invaded the region, extracted a large quantity of rock from the walls of Sacsayhuamán walls to build churches in Cuzco region. For this reason, the walls are perfect up to a certain height and then suddenly missing beyond that point. The relic is famous for extensive underground crisscrossing passages called Chincanas. These Chincanas also connect the fortress with other parts of the Inca remnants. Mystery continues to be unfolded at Sacsayhuamán. In 2008, a temple was discovered in

the premises. The temple dates back to sometime between 900 and 1200 AD.

The mysteries around the construction of Sacsayhuamán have boosted its claim to fame. The fortress, which could contain about 5000 people, still has an impressive size and can raise the eyebrows of some of the most renowned architects of today’s age. Some of the stone blocks are really huge and as large as a medium-sized truck! Most importantly, they are still in their designated place even today! Some of the bigger blocks weigh over 50 tons and are still tightly stuck together like bits of puzzles. At times, you cannot but remain wonderstruck at how the biggest block, weighing over 120 tons, was moved to the site with precision at that age? What tools did the Incas had in their possession for cutting these gigantic blocks that precisely fitted together?


  The Spanish invaders considered themselves superior in military technology than the Incas. They were shocked at the Incas’ achievement. Some Spanish chroniclers have degraded the Incas in their chronicles and have written that the fortress had been built by evil spirits and demons. Some people even today believe that the structure was not constructed by the Incas. They believe that extraterrestrials could have arrived in our planet and built the Sacsayhuaman fortress. Alternatively, they might have taught the Incas how to build it.

  Ruins of Sacsayhuamán, a grand ceremonial and shaman burial site near Cusco. This entrance is double walled, which in Inca architecture always leads to a temple

  Stones in Saqsaywaman However, the specialists after a simple analysis of the structure and style of construction have come to the conclusion that the Sacsayhuamán fortress was indeed a construction work of the Incas. The estimated workforce behind the fortress was around 20,000 – 30,000 men and the approximate time of construction was about 60 years.

Inca festival

  Inca ruins at Saqsaywaman, Cuzco, Peru