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31/10/2014

Energy Sector Operations
and Risk Management
in Viet Nam
Takafumi Kadono
Energy Specialist
31 October 2014

Country Partnership Strategy

20122015

• Energy: one of six priority sectors.
• Focus: reform & market development.
• Investment: energy efficiency, renewable energy, and
transmission network expansion.
• Assessment of operational & financial viability of energy SOEs.
• Regional power interconnection under GMS program.
• Private sector financing including through PPP.

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Energy Sector Operations
Total Commitment = $8.74 bn (31 Dec 2013)

($2,173.4 mn)

Energy= $2.18 bn

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Power Generation by Type

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Source: EVN, Annual Report 2012-2013

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Power Generation by Ownership

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Source: EVN, Annual Report 2012-2013

Number of Customers

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Source: EVN, Annual Report 2012-2013

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Electrification Rate

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Source: EVN, Annual Report 2012-2013

System Losses

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Source: EVN, Annual Report 2012-2013

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Energy Sales - Trend

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Source: EVN, Annual Report 2012-2013

Energy Sales - 2013

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Source: EVN, Annual Report 2012-2013

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Power Development Master Plan VII
695 TWh

490 TWh

329 TWh
194 TWh

Low case
Growth Rate

2006-2010

High case
Base case

14.0%

Base case

High case

2011-2015

2016-2020

2021-2025

2026-2030

16.0%

11.6%

9.2%

8.4%

14.1%

11.3%

8.2%

7.4%
Source: PDP7

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Power Development Master Plan VII
Capacity Addition for Period 2010 – 2030 (Base Case)
Generation (GWh)

2010

2015

2020

2025

2030

100,900

194,300

329,400

489,600

695,100

Peak Demand (MW)

16,048

30,803

52,040

77,084

110,215

Installed Cap. (MW)

19,937

43,547

70,560

101,195

146,395

Hydro PP & PSPP
(MW/%)

7,726
38.8%

14,351
33.0%

17,455
24.7%

19,925
19.7%

21,125
14.4%

Oil & Gas TPP (MW/%)

7,703
38.6%

10,582
24.3%

13,625
17.3%

17,465
17.3%

17,465
11.9%

Coal TPP (MW/%)

3,231
16.2%

15,365
35.3%

32,385
45.9%

45,040
44.5%

77,160
52.7%

Import (MW/%)

750
3.8%

1,073
2.5%

1,839
2.6%

4,609
4.6%

6,359
4.3%

Renewable Energy
(MW/%)

527
2.6%

2,176
5.0%

4,256
6.0%

8,156
8.1%

13,586
9.3%

-

-

1,000
1.4%

6,000
5.9%

10,700
7.3%

Of which:

Nuclear power (MW/%)

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Source: PDP7

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Power Development Master Plan VII
Grid development – Additional Capacity
2011-2015

2016-2020

2021-2025 2026-2030

500kV Substations (MVA)

17,100

26,750

24,400

20,400

220kV Substations (MVA)

35,863

39,063

42,775

53,250

500kV Trans. lines (Km)

3,833

4,539

2,234

2,724

220kV Trans. lines (Km)

10,637

5,305

5,552

5,020

Source: PDP7

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Power Development Master Plan VII
$ billion
2011-2020

2021-2030
Per year

2011-2030
Per year

Per year

Whole
system

48.8

4.9

75.0

7.5

123.8

6.2

Generation

32.5

3.3

49.1

4.9

81.6

4.1

Grid

16.3

1.6

25.9

2.6

42.2

2.1

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Source: PDP7

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ADB-funded Projects - Investments
Generation

(2008)

Song Bung 4 HPP (156MW)

OCR $309.9 mn + KfW €295.0 mn

T&D

Distr Rehab

OCR $196 mn

O Mon 4 CCGT (750MW)

(Ongoing)

(Cancelled in 2013)

PSHPP?

ADF $80.0 mn (1995)

C&S Distr
(Ongoing)

OCR $930.7 mn + KEXIM $510.0 mn
(Ongoing)

Mong Duong 1 TPP (1000MW)

(2007)

Wind Farm?

ADF $100.0 mn (1997)

Northern Power Trans + Expansion

OCR $120.0 mn+$360.0 mn (2004/2005)

RE Dev & Net Exp & Rehab

(Ongoing)

(Ongoing)

MFF Trans T1

ADF $156.0 mn (2009)
OCR $120.5 mn (2011)

MFF Trans T2

OCR $110.2 mn + AFD €80 mn (2012)

HNPC&HCMPC

OCR $172.7 mn + AIF $100 mn (2014)

MFF Trans T3

OCR + cofinance? (2015)

MFF Trans T4

OCR (2016)

RE/EE

(Ongoing)

RE Dev & Net Exp & Rehab

Rural Electrification?
EE ?

Small hydros

Program Loan

Program Loan

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2005

2007

2009

2011

2013

2015

2017

2019

ADB-funded Projects – TAs excluding
PPTAs & REG
Reform/
Tariff

Improving Reg
Framework

Market
Design

Power Company
Commercializat’n

Resident Advisor
VWCM for PCs

Energy Sector
Profile Study

WB lead

Power Sector
Roadmap

Capacity
Development

Fin Recovery
Trans Charges

Energy
Planning

Ongoing

Environment

NPT Cap Dev

NPT

Fin &
Account Sys.

Ongoing

Distribution
Training
O Mon 2

Hydrocarbon
Sector

Generation

Clean Coal
Strategy?

w/ AFD?

Benefit sharing

Safeguards/CC/
Environment

SB4 RP

Son La RP
Son La EMP
Hydro SEA

RE Development

RE/EE
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Nat’l EE Prog

1994

1997

2000

2003

2006

2009

Nat’l Target Prog

2012

2015

2018

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ADB Project Pipeline & Ideas on Potential Technologies
for Risk Management & Low Carbon Footprint
Potential Advanced Technologies for Risk
Management and Low Carbon Footprint

ADB Projects

Song Bung 4 Hydropower Project
(ongoing)

Water level, water quality monitoring system
Early-warning system


Ha Noi & Ho Chi Minh City Power Grid

Development Sector Project
(approved)

Distribution automation system
High temperature – low sag conductors; up-rating
conductors
Amorphous transformers



Grid control systems e.g. FACTS
High temperature – low sag conductors; up-rating
conductors
Amorphous transformers

Rural Electrification (proposed in
pipeline)


Decentralized micro-grid system
Energy storage system

Pumped-Storage Hydropower
(concept)


Automatic frequency control system
Variable-speed pump-turbine

Power Transmission Investment –
Tranches 3 & 4 (proposed in pipeline)

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Thank you!

For inquiries:
tkadono@adb.org

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