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# Electric Drives and Control(EEE 402

)

Introduction to Electric Drives

1. A 220 V, 500 A, 600 rpm separately excited motor has armature and field resistance of
0.02 and 10  respectively. The load torque is given the expression
TL = 2000 – 2N,
where N is the speed in rpm. Speeds below the rated are obtained by armature voltage
control and speeds above the rated are obtained by field control.
i) Calculate motor terminal voltage and armature current when the speed is 450 rpm.
ii) Calculate field winding voltage and armature current when the speed is 750 rpm.
Assume the rated field voltage is the same as the rated armature voltage.
V =220V , Ia1 = 500 A, N1 = 600 rpm, Ra = 0.02 ohm, Rf = 10 ohm,
TL = 2000 _ 2N Nm ( separately excited motor)
(i) V =? Ia2 = ? (450 rpm)
T2 = 2000_ 2 (450) = 1100 Nm
E1 = V _ Ia1 Ra = 220 _ 500 (0.02) = 210 V
T1 = P / Wm = (Ea1 Ia1) / Wm
= 210 x 500 / ( 600 x 2  / 60)
= 1671 Nm
T2 / T1 = Ia2 / Ia1
Ia2 = (T2 / T1) x Ia1 = (1100 / 1671 ) x 210 = 138.24 A
E2= V _ Ia2 Ra = 220 _ (138.24 x 0.02) = 217.2 V
600 rpm --------------E = 217.2 V
450 rpm --------------E = ?
E= (450 / 600) x 217.2 = 163 V
V = 163 + (138.24 x 0.02) = 165.8 V
(ii) Vf = ?, Ia2= ?, N = 750 rpm
T2 = 2000_ 2 (750) = 500 Nm
T2 = T2
Keø Ia2 = 500
Keø =(500) / Ia2
V = E2 + Ia2 Ra
220 = Ke ø N2 (2  /60) + 0.02Ia2
220 =(500 / Ia2 ) x 750 x (2  /60) + 0.02Ia2
0 = 0.02I2a2 _ 220Ia2 + 39270
Ia2 = 10818.5 A (or) 181.5 A
Ke ø1 = E1 / Wm1 = 210 / (600 x 2  /60) = 3.342
Ke ø2 = 500 / Ia2 = 2.75
Ke ø1 = 3.342-------------Vf = 220 V
Ke ø2 =2.75--------------- Vf =?
Dr Umashankar, Asso Prof, SELECT-VIT

A 220 V.342) x 220 = 181. motor has an armature resistance of 1 Ohm.C. The armature resistance is 2 ohms.75 / 3.03 V 2. It is fed from a single phase fully controlled bridge converter with an AC source voltage of 230 V. SELECT-VIT . separately excited motor has supply voltage of 230 V DC. 3. Neglecting armature inductance and assuming continuous conduction of motor current.Electric Drives and Control(EEE 402) Introduction to Electric Drives =(2. The chopper used for on-off control of a D. 50 Hz.C. Assuming continuous load current. 10 A separately excited D. Asso Prof. Calculate the average load current when the motor speed is 1500 rpm and has voltage constant of 0. Dr Umashankar. Calculate (i) Motor speed at the firing angle of 300 and torque of 5 N-m. 1500 rpm. an on time of 10 ms and off time of 15 ms. (ii) Developed torque at the firing angle of 450 and speed of 1000rpm.03 V Vf =181.4 V/rad/sec.

Electric Drives and Control(EEE 402) Introduction to Electric Drives 4. Asso Prof. i) Calculate duty ratio of chopper for motoring operation at rated torque and 350rpm ii) Calculate duty ratio of chopper for braking operation at rated torque and 350rpm iii) If maximum duty ratio of chopper is limited to 0. A 230V. A 230 V.5 and motor torque equal to its rated torque? Dr Umashankar.5 times rated motor torque. 1200 rpm. Braking resistance has a value of 20 ohms. Assume continuous conduction. motor has an armature resistance of 1. (ii) The speed of motor for α=45o and Ia =20A. 15 A separately excited D. 5. 960rpm and 200A separately excited dc motor has an armature resistance of 0.2 ohms.95 and maximum permissible motor current rating is twice the rated. The motor runs at 1000 rpm at no load. SELECT-VIT . The motor is fed from a chopper which provides both motoring and braking operations. Find (i) Line to line voltage of the converter so that maximum output voltage of the converter is equal to the rated voltage of the motor. (ii) What will be the motor speed for duty ratio of 0. A three phase full wave bridge converter is connected to the armature of a dc motor. calculate the maximum permissible motor speed obtainable without field weakening and power fed to the ac source 6. Motor is operated under dynamic braking with chopper control.C. when connected to a 220V dc source with Ra=1 ohm.02 ohms. (i) Calculate duty ratio of chopper for motor speed of 1000 rpm and braking torque equal to 1.

970 rpm. A 220V. 150A separately excited dc motor has an armature resistance of 0. It is braked by plugging from an initial speed of 1000 rpm. Asso Prof. 50Hz. Determine i) firing angle at rated motor torque and 750 rpm (3) Dr Umashankar. 875 rpm. Calculate i) Resistance to be placed in armature circuit to limit the braking current to twice the full load ii) Braking torque iii) Torque when speed has fallen zero 8.Electric Drives and Control(EEE 402) Introduction to Electric Drives 7. 100A dc separately excited motor has armature resistance of 0. It is fed from single phase fully controlled converter with an source voltage of 220 volts. Assuming continuous conduction. A 200 volts.06 ohms. SELECT-VIT .05 ohms.

SELECT-VIT . Asso Prof.Electric Drives and Control(EEE 402) Introduction to Electric Drives ii) firing angle for rated motor torque and -500 rpm (3) iii) motor speed for firing angle is 160 degrees & rated torque (2+2) Dr Umashankar.