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Laboratory # 6

Deflection of Beams.

Prepared for
Chris Parker, CEE 370L
Department of Civil Engineering
University of Nevada Las Vegas.

Prepared by;
Mlay, Hemed
Group A
Test performed 10/08/2009
Date 1/15/2009
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......... ......... Analysis and Conclusion…………………………………………………......................................5 6............... Material and equipment ...............................................................6 7.. 8 2 ...TABLE OF CONTENTS 1... Table calculation and graph ……………………………..........3 4.................. Abstract ………………………………………………………………….. Equations used ……………………………………............................. Result ........-7 6... 3 2... Introduction ………………………............... …………………………………………3 3....................................... Procedure…………………………………………………………………….4 5................................

Introduction. due to equipment used. The main objectives of the experiment is to familiarize ourselves with the bending stress equations and be able to calculate bending stresses at any point along the beam. and a load is applied along the beam. and location of the load. and geometry of material used as a beam. This experiment explains how the experiment values was obtained. as well as how the deflection was estimated based on the means of calculation.1. A square tube of Maximum load of 225lb was applied and carefully deflection in inches was recorded. material properties. If a beam supported at two points. The effect of the beam can be mathematically estimated. depend on the magnitude. the procedure was well understood. deformation will occur along the beam. In most cases deflection o the beam depends on the stiffness and cross sectional area and the location of loading system. 2. Abstract. This report outlines the procedure for calculating deflection of beams. and human error factor. However my result and theoretical comparison was of high percentage error than expected. 3 .

The strain gage was fixed to the specimen to detect the strain and deflection through the beam.75 x 1. Equipment needed The following picture represent the sample specimen Aluminum 6061 Square tube of the following measurements 2 IN X 2 IN external and Inside 1. The following procedure was followed. Procedure. The centre of the specimen was marked as well the two ends points where the point of reactions where 4 .  Aluminum specimen A6061 with strain gages  Tinius-Olsen Universal Testing Machine  Strain indicator gage 4. during conducting this experiment.75 in. Central Loading.3.

 The specimen was carefully mounted and centered in the Tinius-Olsen Universal Testing Machine  The cross head of testing machine was lowered until it slightly contacted the specimen for balancing purposes. from this point the following steps was carefully followed. Maximum Moment M = P*L^3/14 Maximum deflection δ= P*L/48*E*I Modulus of elasticity E=σ/ε Theoretical Stress σtheor = M*C/I.indicated.  The loading process was done slowly and carefully in the centre of the specimen while the deflection and strain was recorded at the interval of every 25 lb up to the max of 225 lb. Equations used. Mesuments of the distance from the centre of one end reaction to the centre of the Strain gage was taken in order to be able to calculate the moment.  We measure the out side and inside dimensions of the specimen in oerder to be able to calculate the moment of inertia I  Measurement was taken from the centre of the support to the centre of strain gage. 3. M= P*X/2. Where C=h/2. The following equations was used in order to calculate deflection of the specimen. 5 .

I believe the main source of error may be due to the method used and equipment.(1/12*b2*h2^3)) 6. The second reason may be caused to human error during balancing and loading the specimen. 6 . Results and calculation My result somewhat has a significant error compare to theoretical values. for example based upon the simple supported beam with one end fixed and the second support allowing the movement my help some how to control deflection. so it may be one of the cause of the significant amount of error.Actual stress σactu = E* ε Moment of inertia I= 1/12*b*h^3 Specimen I =( (1/12*bı*hı^3).. In our case the beam was not restricted at ant point.

998 -1362.00098 0.007 0.428 1350 0.717 260 495.009 0.00" 1.218 7 .016 0.858 120 227.534 750 0.133 Theor Defl 0.434 510 1040.012 0.000039 0.241 1200 0.009 890 1856.551757810 strain 12 26 39 51 65 77 89 101 114 micro strain 0.898 450 0 815.75" Measured deflection VS calculated deflection Moment δ (lb-in) Deflection theoretical δ actual % error 150 0 271.000114 b1 = b2 = 1 h1 =2.208 -919.718 300 0 543.292 650 1311.498 -1050.150 770 1583.02 2446.L=12 Force (lb) 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 0.756 600 0 1087.012 1903.75" 2.000012 0.00049 0.000077 0.00114 0.726 1140 2400.000051 0.02 % ERROR 0.00082 0.00147 Actu Defl 0 0 0 0 0.473 900 0.00016 0.00065 0.065 -858.033 0.000026 0.009 1631.00130 0.867 1010 2128.00" h2 = 1.575 390 767.016 0.007 1359.853 -1225.000089 0.016 2174.000065 0.000101 0.945 1050 0.049 0.00033 0.

my result came up with a huge amount of error compare to calculated deflection.551758 0.551758 0.5 3 3.7181372 0. 7.551758 4 100 -63. This error may have caused by the equipment we use and some how human error. 8.551758 0.E = 10*10^6 C = h/2 = 2/2=1 Dist x force lb Defl in I =in^4 1 1.7181372 -48.5 100 100 100 100 100 100 -4.281862796 -9.281862796 -15.5 2 2.7181372 -24.7181372 -35.7181372 0.551758 The chart below shows deflection along the beam at the given points Loads given P=100 lb.551758 0. Moment of inertia used is the same as used in the experiment. 8 . Length of the sample 12 in. Conclusion. however the results was not as expected.551758 0. Analysis The goal of this experiment was fulfilled.

9 . stress. This lab helped us to understand causes of deflections and how to calculate deflection at any point along the beam. Through this experiment also we explore the relationship between Load. Modulus of Elasticity and strain. We learned and understand procedures for conducting deflect test from a given specimen. moment.This experiment shows the relationships between a horizontal member (Beams) and their behavior on loading. deflection.