You are on page 1of 8

Works Cited

Primary Sources
Alpha Phi Alpha Pledges at Lincoln University. Nu1912. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.nu1912.org/nu-chapter-history.html>.
The Amendment That Freed U.S.All; 13th Amendment. 2011. Modern American History. Web.
28 Nov. 2014. <http://blogs.baruch.cuny.edu/his1005spring2011/tag/civil-war/>.
"Attorneys for Negro Plaintiffs." Library of Virginia. Library of Virginia, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.lva.virginia.gov/exhibits/brown/whatwas.htm>.
Black/White & Brown: Brown Versus The Board of Education of Topeka. 2014. GPB. Web. 1
Dec. 2014. <http://www.gpb.org/blackwhiteandbrown>.
"Brief for Appellants." Library of Congress. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/brown-brown.html>.
Carpenter, Francis Bicknell. First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation before Lincoln's
Cabinet. 1864. White House Historical Association. Web. 28 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_classroom/classroom_documents-1863.html>.
Charles Hamilton Houston. Portraits of a City: The Scurlock Photographic Studio's Legacy to
Washington, D.C. Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.
<http://amhistory.si.edu/archives/scurlock/about_the_scurlocks/notables/Houston.htm>.
Charles Houston. N.d. Lib. of Cong. Library of Congress. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2002706885/>.
Civil Rights History Project. Cecilia Suyat Marshall Oral History Interview Conducted by
Emilye Crosby in Washington, D.C., 2013-06-30. Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web.
18 Oct. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/item/afc2010039_crhp0097/>.

Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C. 28 Aug. 1963. Photograph. Library of Congress,
Washington D.C.
"Civil Rights Movement." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 2005. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Civil_Rights_Movement.aspx>.
Discussing the Supreme Court's Rulings May 20. 20 May 1963. Library of Congress. Library of
Congress. Web. 30 Nov. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/00651536/>.
"Frederick Douglass High School." Public School Review. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.publicschoolreview.com/school_ov/school_id/35876>.
Frederick Douglass High School Student Demographic. Movoto. Movoto Real Estate, n.d. Web.
1 Dec. 2014. <http://www.movoto.com/schools/baltimore-md/frederick-douglass-highschool-240009000209/>.
Hon. Thurgood Marshall. The Trial Lawyer Hall of Fame. Temple University, 2014. Web. 8 Oct.
2014. <http://www.triallawyerhalloffame.org/inductee/thurgood-marshall/>.
Howard Rabble at Hampton. 1914. Washington D.C. Howard University. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.howard.edu/explore/history.htm>.
Ida B. Wells. 2014. BlackUSA. Web. 1 Dec. 2014. <http://blackusa.com/ida-b-wells-barnett/>.
Johnson, Lyndon B., President. "Thurgood Marshall's Nomination into the Supreme Court."
Letter to Thurgood Marshall. 13 June 1967. TS. National Archives. The National
Archives and Records Administration, Washington. 306369.
John W. Davis Discussing Brown v. Board of Education. Separate Is Not Equal: Brown v. Board
of Education. Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/5-decision/defenders.html>.

Justice Thurgood Marshall. N.d. My-ecoach.com. Web. 6 Dec. 2014. <http://myecoach.com/modules/custombuilder/popup_printable.php?id=14794>.
Justice Thurgood Marshall Speaks with President Lyndon Johnson on August 1967. CNN. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/02/24/thurgood.marshall.court/>.
Little Rock Nine. N.d. Marquette University. Web. 22 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.marquette.edu/littlerocknine/>.
Lyndon B. Johnson. N.d. National Archives. Washington, D.C. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 6
Dec. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/12125/Lyndon-B-Johnson>.
March on Washington. 28 Aug. 1963. Archives Foundation. National Association of the Deaf.
Web. 30 Nov. 2014. <http://nad.org/news/2013/8/nad-celebrates-50th-anniversary-civilrights-movement>.
Martin Luther King, Jr. N.d. The Think Tank. Web. 22 Nov. 2014.
<http://thinktank.uchicago.edu/blog/2014/1/15/the-purpose-of-education-according-to-drmartin-luther-king-jr>.
Middle-Aged Thurgood Marshall. America's Story. Lib. of Cong., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/marshallthrgd/aa_marshallthrgd_subj.html>.
NAACP Legal Defense Fund Attorneys, 1962. 1962. Blackpast.org. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.blackpast.org/aah/naacp-legal-defense-and-educational-fund-founded1940>.
O'Halloran, Thomas J. School Integration, Barnard School, Washington, D.C. 27 May 1955.
Lib. of Cong. Library of Congress. Web. 18 Oct. 2014.

<http://blogs.loc.gov/picturethis/2012/05/brown-v-board-of-education-getting-thepicture-one-year-later/>.
Older Thurgood Marshall. Osu.edu. Ohio State U., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.
<http://u.osu.edu/mcncomm3404blog/>.
Rosa Parks. N.d. Bio. Web. 22 Nov. 2014. <http://www.biography.com>.
Segregated Fountains. N.d. Johnson's Legacy. Web. 29 Nov. 2014.
<http://ows.edb.utexas.edu/site/marys-site/social>.
Segregation Signs. 2013. UMBC. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.umbc.edu/cadvc/foralltheworld/section1/segregation.php>.
Theatre in Leland, Mississippi. June 1937. Library of Congress, Washington D.C. Library of
Congress. Web. 30 Nov. 2014. <http://loc.gov/pictures/resource/fsa.8b32104/>.
Thurgood Marshall and his Team for Brown v. Board of Education. Legal Defense Fund.
NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.naacpldf.org/case/brown-v-board-education>.
Thurgood Marshall and the Integrationists' Legal Team. Columbia Law School Magazine.
Columbia Law School, n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.law.columbia.edu/magazine/interactive/18148/a-common-purpose-imagegallery>.
Thurgood Marshall as a Child. Bio.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.biography.com/people/thurgood-marshall-9400241/videos/thurgoodmarshall-early-life-1468483803#related-video-gallery>.
Thurgood Marshall Between 1935 and 1940. 1935. Photograph. Library of Congress.

Thurgood Marshall during his Earlier Cases. The New Yorker. N.p., 2 May 2014. Web. 8 Dec.
2014. <http://www.newyorker.com/books/double-take/letter-from-the-archive-a-journeywith-thurgood-marshall>.
Thurgood Marshall Memorial Statue. Maryland State Archives. Maryland State Archives, 21
June 2006. Web. 9 Nov. 2014.
<http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/stagser/s1259/121/6259/html/0001.html>.
Walter White. 1942. Brittanica Online. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
<http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/art-165122/Walter-Francis-White-in-1942>.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois. 2009. naacp.org. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.naacp.org/pages/naacp-history-w.e.b.-dubois>.

Secondary Sources
Aldred, Lisa, and Coretta Scott King. Thurgood Marshall: Supreme Court Justice. Philladelphia:
Chelsea House, 1990. Print.
"Alpha History." Nu1912. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.nu1912.org/alpha-phi-alpha-history.html>.
"A Brief History." Alpha Phi Alpha. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.alpha-phi-alpha.com/index.php>.
Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence, and Research. Brown v. Board Journey
to Freedom and Equality. Topeka: Brown Foundation, n.d. Print.
Charles H. Houston Biography. Charles Hamiliton Houston Institute for Race and Justice.
Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race & Justice, 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.charleshamiltonhouston.org/charles-hamilton-houston/>.

Christophe, Kevin, and Dan A. Biddle. "Profile and Timeline of Thurgood Marshall." African
American Heritage Sourcebook: A Tribute to Thurgood Marshall. Sacramento: Progress
Consulting, 2002. 2:1-2:8. PDF file.
Civil Rights Cases of 1883. PBS. Educational Broadcasting, 2002. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_uncivil.html>.
"Civil Rights Chronology." The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. The
Leadership Conference Education Fund, 2014. Web. 28 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.civilrights.org/resources/civilrights101/chronology.html>.
Civil Rights Timeline. N.d. Visionary Project. Web. 6 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.visionaryproject.org/education/>.
Friedman, Michael Jay. "Enlisting the Courts in the Civil Rights Fight." IIP Digital. U.S.
Department of State, 1 May 2008. Web. 27 Nov. 2014.
<http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/publication/2008/05/20080501212358eaifas0.
4675823.html#axzz3KC7p3CgI>.
"History." LDF. NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, 2014. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.naacpldf.org/history>.
Howard University. N.d. howard.edu. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.
<http://www.howard.edu/newsroom/AboutUs.htm>.
"Ida B. Wells." BlackUSA. BlackUSA Foundation, 2014. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
<http://blackusa.com/ida-b-wells-barnett/>.
Interview with Jack Greenberg. Erin Miller, 22 Feb. 2010. Web. 8 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.scotusblog.com/2010/02/podcast-with-jack-greenberg/>.

"Martin Luther King, Jr." History. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 5 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/martin-luther-king-jr>.
"NAACP Logo." NAACP Tri-State. NAACP Tri-State Conference, n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2014.
<http://naacptristateinu.org>.
"NAACP: W.E.B. Du Bois." NAACP. National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People, 2014. Web. 7 Dec. 2014. <http://www.naacp.org/pages/naacp-history-w.e.b.dubois>.
"The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow." PBS. Educational Broadcasting, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events.html>.
"Separate Is Not Equal: Brown v. Board of Education." The National Museum of American
History. Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2014.
<http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/5-decision/segregation-argument.html>.
Somervill, Barbara A. Brown v. Board of Education: The Battle for Equal Education.
Chanhassen: Child's World, 2005. Print.
"Supreme Court Justices: Thurgood Marshall." Laws.com. Laws.com, 2013. Web. 5 Dec. 2014.
<http://supreme-court.laws.com/thurgood-marshall>.
"Thurgood Marshall Biography." Bio.com. Ed. Laura Grimm, Leanne French, and Eudie Pak.
A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 9 Oct. 2014.
<http://www.biography.com/people/thurgood-marshall-9400241#synopsis>.
"The Thurgood Marshall Memorial." Maryland State Archives. Maryland State Archives, 21
June 2006. Web. 9 Nov. 2014.
<http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/stagser/s1259/121/6259/html/0001.html>.

Thurgood Marshall - NAACP Legal Defense Fund. Bio.com. A&E Television Networks, 2014.
Web. 4 Dec. 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/thurgood-marshall9400241/videos/thurgood-marshall-naacp-legal-defense-fund-1468483876>.
Thurgood Marshall - The Brown vs. Board of Education Case. Bio.com. A&E Television
Networks, n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/thurgoodmarshall-9400241/videos/thurgood-marshall-the-brown-vs-board-of-education-case1467971633#personal-life>.
U.S. Postage Stamp of Thurgood Marshall. United States History. u-s-history.com, n.d. Web. 28
Nov. 2014. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1668.html>.
"Walter White Biography." Bio.com. Ed. Laura Grimm, Leanne French, and Eudie Pak. A&E
Television Networks, 2014. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.biography.com/people/walter-white-9529708#naacp-leader>.