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On 13 November 2014, dyke on B.

Tb 18 a of West Tarum Canal (WTC) that located in Kabupaten
Karawang area was battered. The incident stopped water supply for Cikarang area and disrupted the
domestic water supply for more than 45,000 PDAM (government owned water supply company)
consumers in four districts in Kabupaten Bekasi1. For almost three days households should rely on
their limited water savings or bought water from nearby water container stalls. The incident was not
the first one. On September 2011, dyke along the canal at East Jakarta was also battered and stop
the water supply for more than 250,000 PDAM consumers2, including stop the water supply for
presidential palace.

Image from : Jasa Tirta II Website
According to Perum Jasa Tirta II, the government owned company that manage the water supply on
WTC, the incident in Karawang was due to the age of the dyke which was more than 40 years3.
Most of water infrastructure in Jabodetabek, including those along West Tarum Canal was old. This
might be a reason why central government willing to revitalize the water infrastructures along
Citarum river (the upstream of WTC). Not to mention that the canal is the major source of water
supply for Jakarta, the Capital city of Indonesia, and for industrial estates and irrigation in Kabupaten
Bekasi and Kabupaten Karawang. The revitalization program, Integrated Citarum Water Resources
Management Investment Program (ICWRMIP), is finance by ADB loan. The investment program is
planned to recover Citarum river for 15 years from 2009 – 2023 and applies IWRM key development
issues from upstream to downstream, including the rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal.
However the rehabilitation of WTC project takes time to be implemented. The rehabilitation project
would not be implemented until the resettlement project is finished (which nearly finish by the end
of this year). The resettlement project is a project to resettle inhabitants along WTC affected area,
which are known as illegal settlement by local government. The project is very hard to be
implemented, due to non-technical problems. Firstly, different point of view between kabupaten’s
government and BBWS, who is stuck to contact with ADB, about compensation for illegal inhabitants
along the WTC. For more than five years, Kabupaten Bekasi’s government has never give
compensation unless for inhabitants who live in their own legal land. What concerns local
government is that when similar case (local government want to resettle illegal inhabitants) appear
in different location, the object wanted to be treated the same with those who get the treatment
from ICWRM project. For information, the corridor of impact defined is up to 8 meters from the
edge of embankment. There are illegal inhabitants who live along the canal within the area more
than 8 meters from the embankment. They do not affected by the project will keep on staying there
until they decided to move or until government asked them to move. The consideration of local
government is that the affected people will only move from the affected area to unaffected area

This is a true example of how inter institutional coordination become one barrier to apply IWRM in Indonesia. Is that social aspect of management is crucial and can be the most taking time process. the coordination between three level of government from central. but the standart for replacements cost is expected to come from local government. Lesson learn from this …. Previously it is expected to addressed by join memorandum between three affected regions : Kabupaten Bekasi. Finnaly the standart is released by West Java Governor and takes more than two years to determine that solutions. provincial and kabupaten/kota government is not an easy task to be achieved. Second. Koesoemo Roekmi Bappeda Kabupaten Bekasi . but the application can be delayed due to social problem. the process of compensation cost to illegal inhabitants is still running with some complaints from those who do not counted by the consultant or new illegal inhabitants that do not get the compensation. The other consideration is that Kabupaten Bekasi government will enforced to spply the same treatment if want to resettle illegal residents along the other rivers. which cannot be done by owned budget.along the canal and the effort will be starting over if government wanted to resettle the illegal inhabitants. Those problems made the implementation of resettlement project takes time more than five years to be implemented. Kota Bekasi and Kabupaten Karawang. Even though budget allocation for canal rehabilitation is already approved by ADB and central government. Additionally. At present. even though budget for resettlement entitlements come from central government.