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Site

and

Safety

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The Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) and other government agencies
have regulations that lay down the legal requirements to ensure the safety and health of not
only the workers at the place of work but also the public. It is applied to all place of work in
building operation and work
of engineering construction activity in Malaysia covered by the Occupational
Safety And Health Act 1994 (Act 514), the Factories And Machinery Act 1967 (Act 139), and all
the regulations made there under.

Safety Equipment
Everyone that entering the construction site are required to wear safety equipment to
reduce the risk of getting injuries.

Site

and Safety
SAFETY EQUIPMENT & SIGNBOARD

By Wong Teng Chun

Signboard
Signboards are placed all the place around the construction site to provide the information
and reminder to people around.

Safety helmet

Safety signboard is placed at the
entrance of the site to remind of the
authorised visitors and workers to wear
safety equipment before entering and
to be caution of the activities inside as it
could heavily injure or kills a person.

Safety boot

Safety helmets made of thermoplastics, help to protect people's head from falling
object from the top. The safety helmet might not be able to fully protect a person's
head but it does reduce the injury on that individual. Safety helmets come in different
colours to indicate the roles of individuals that accessing the site. Yellow and blue are
commonly worn by workers of the site, white by architects, engineers or visitors and
red is by safety agent.

Project signboard shows all information that is
involved in the project which includes address
of the site, name of the developer's company,
architect's company, engineer's company,
contractor's company, date approved, beginning
and end of construction date and the funders of
the project.

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Site

Construction Site Office
A construction site office keeps all the documents and
information about every construction methods, specification
of materials used and work progress. Every visitor to the
site have to report to the constrcution site office to get
permission to enter the site.

and Safety
CONSTRUCTION SITE OFFICE
AND WAREHOUSE
By Wong Teng Chun

Samples in the site office

Warehouse

The materials and equipments are sort out by category on the
shelft for easier searching when it is in need to use.

Materials can be transport easily by hanging it on the hoist that can
be found on the ceiling of the warehouse.

All the equipment and materials are kept in a
warehouse that can be found around the construction
site and tend to be tidy and organised. Besides that,
forklift can be found there which is used to transport
heavy materials.

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Site

and Safety
HOARDING , COVERING,
WHEEL WASHING & SCAFFOLDING
By Wong Teng Chun

Wheel Washing

Hoarding

Temporary fencing or hoarding around
the construction site not only to keep out
unauthorised people but also ensure the
safety of general public and people who
pass by the site area.

Trucks or any vehicles that are going out of the construction site are required to undergo washing to
ensure the public road to be clean and not polluted by the dirt and dust from the construction site. There
is a place where it’s lowered ground for vehicles to wash itself and this system is called drive-through
system. The vehicles are drive forward and backward repeatedly washing the wheels until clean before
moving to the public road.

Another system for wheel washing is roller
where the wheels vehicles are moved on the
roller and turn around as like the vehicles is
driving while the water are spray on the tire
until it is clean.

Covering

Scaffolding
Scaffolding provides a temporary barrier
that prevent workers from falling off
accidentally. It also act as temporary
supporting for the materials and rubbish
chute for easier way to dispose rubbish and
as well as walk way.

Any unused materials that are placed on the site are being covered to prevent rainwater and direct sunlight from
reaching it which could damage and distrub the materials’ properties.

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Plants

and Machinery
BACKHOE-LOADER, FORKLIFT &
TELESCOPING-BOOM TRUCK MOUNTED
MOBILE CRANES
By Wong Teng Chun

Backhoe-loader
backhoe

stick

cab

Forklift

tractor
loader

Used in digging shallow excavations and trenches, general grading, lifting loads, loading and carry light building materials around
the site. The backhoe bucket can be replaced with others such as
breaker, grapple, auger or stump grinder

bucket
Stabilizer legs

Telescoping-boom
Truck Mounted Mobile
Cranes
Also called mobile crane, is used in lifting and transporting materials around the site by hanging it on the hook. It can lift loads up to
5 storey height. It’s function can be changed by changing the hook
into another equipment such as demolition ball, clamshell bucket
or dragline.
main boom
tip (head)

Forklift is used to lift and transport building materials around the site. It is found
near warehouse. It is said to be dangerous and to be handle carefully as the lifting
of the materials increases the height of centre of gravity together with the speed
when transporting causing it to be unstable.

Mast assembly
Hydraulic
Hose
Hose
Keepers
Tilt Cylinder

hook
boom
Operator
cab

main hoist
truck cab

Gauges

Overhead
Guard

Fork

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Driving
Wheels

Steering
Wheels

Plants

Truck

A big transportation vehicles that
used to transport huge amount of
excavated materials over a long
distance.

and Machinery
TRUCK, CONCRETE MIXER TRANSPORT
TRUCK, CEMENT MIXER & EXCAVATOR
By Wong Teng Chun

Cement Mixer
A device used to mix the cement,
aggregate and water to form concrete.
The cement mixer is portable and can be
found at the site as it helps for the workers
to apply the concrete before it hardens.

Concrete mixer transport Truck

Excavator

Excavator is a vehicles that
used in digging trenches
and holes, handling
materials and demolition.

Hydraulic
Pile Driver

A transportation vehicles that transport readily mixed concrete in a large quantities to the
construction site. During the transportation, the drum of the truck rotates continuously
to prevent the cement from hardening and maintaining in liquid form with a spiral blade
build inside the drum. When the truck pouring the cement, the drum rotates in opposite
directions to force the cement flows out from the drum.

drum

arm cylinder
arm

bucket
cylinder

side cutter
bucket

boom
boom cylinder

cab

muffler counterweight

It is a device that is
used to drive piles
into the ground to
provide foundation
support for the
buildings. The weight
is raised by hydraulics
to the highest point
and then released and
smashes on the pile to
drive into the ground.

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Plants

and Machinery
TRACTOR, BULLDOZER & ROAD ROLLERS
By Wong Teng Chun

Tractor

Tractor’s main task in building site is to
push or drag. It can be equipped with dozer
blades, buckets, hoes and rippers.

Bulldozer

Road Rollers
Road roller also sometimes called a roller
compactor or roller. The function of this vehicle
is to compact the ground with its large and
heavy metal tires at the front of the vehicle.
It is very useful as it reduces the time of the
construction and the labour costs for land
flattening. Roller also can be used in landfills,
road construction and agriculture.

This vehicle is equipped with a substantial metal plate at the front and is
used to push a large quantities of soil, sand or rock during construction.
Bulldozer also equipped with continuous track instead of tires which allows
the vehicles to go through uneven ground easily.

hydraulic cylinder

roller drum

pushing beam

blade

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Power Trovel

Power trowel is a device used to apply a smooth
and flat finish to concrete slabs. It consists of fan
type abrasive blades moving on the surface of the
concrete slabs with moving motors. There are two
type of power trowel; ride-on power trowel and
walk-behind power trowel.

Plants

and Machinery
POWER TROVEL, BAR BENDING MACHINE,
WATER PUMP & AIR COMPRESSOR
By Wong Teng Chun

Water Pump
Water pump is used to suck out
the water in the construction site,
preventing in flooding and channel
it outside the site. The flow of
water pump can be reversed by
turning the fan of the motor in
opposite direction.

Ride-on power trowel

Walk-behind power trowel

Bar Bending Machine
A machine used to bend rebar according to specifications. It is
portable and can be found and move around at the site.

Air Compressor

This devices convert power into kinetics energy by compressing and pressuring
air and release it in a quick burst. Air compressor is used filling tires and supply a
moderate amount of air pressure for tools and equipment such as jackhammers.

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