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RHINO

The Trusted Force in Scooter Control
DS52K, DS72K(A), DS112K, DS162K
Installation manual

GBK51140 Issue 6, August 2009

About this manual
This manual can help you understand and install the Dynamic Controls (DYNAMIC) RHINO scooter
controller. It describes the general principles, but it gives no guidelines for specific applications.
If there is a specific requirement for your application, please contact Dynamic Controls or one
of the sales and service agents to assist you.
This manual must be read together with all other relevant scooter component manuals.
In this manual, a few symbols will help you identify the purpose of the paragraph that follows:
Notes & Precautions:
Notes provide supporting information in order to install, configure, and use
the product. Not following the instructions given in notes or precautions can
lead to equipment failure.
Warnings:
Warnings provide important information that must be followed in order to
install, configure, and use the product safely and efficiently. Not following the
instructions given in a warning can potentially lead to equipment failure,
damage to surrounding property, injury or death.
The term ‘programming’ used in this manual refers to adjusting parameters and configuring
options to suit an application. ‘Programming’ does not change or alter any software within the
controller and is performed using a controlled programming tool available only to authorised
personnel.
The product is not user serviceable. Specialised tools are necessary for the repair of any
component.
Do not install, maintain or operate this equipment without reading, understanding and
following this manual – including the Safety and Misuse Warnings – otherwise injury or damage
may result. This manual contains integration, set-up, operating environment, test and
maintenance information needed in order to ensure reliable and safe use of the product.
Due to continuous product improvement, DYNAMIC reserves the right to update this manual.
This manual supersedes all previous issues, which must no longer be used.
DYNAMIC reserves the right to change the product without notification.
Any attempt to gain access to or in any way abuse the electronic components and
associated assemblies that make up the scooter system renders the manufacturer’s warranty
void and the manufacturer free from liability.
DYNAMIC, the DYNAMIC logo, the RHINO logo and the R-series logo are trademarks of Dynamic
Controls. All other brand and product names, fonts, and company names and logos are
trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
DYNAMIC owns and will retain all trademark rights and DYNAMIC or its licensors own and will retain
all copyright, trade secret and other proprietary rights, in and to the documentation.
All materials contained within this manual, in hardcopy or electronic format, are protected by
copyright laws and other intellectual property laws.
© Copyright 2009 Dynamic Controls. All rights reserved.

Contents

1

Introduction to the Rhino........................................7

2

Features of the RHINO ..............................................8

3

Specifications..........................................................9
3.1
3.2
3.3

4

Electrical Specifications ............................................................ 9
Mechanical Specifications ..................................................... 10
DC Connector Material Specifications ................................ 11

Installation .............................................................12
4.1
4.2

Mounting ................................................................................... 12
Connections and wiring.......................................................... 14
4.2.1 General wiring recommendations ............................. 15
4.2.2 Connector pinouts........................................................ 16
4.2.3 Wiring diagram for DS52K, DS72K, DS112K ................ 18
4.2.4 Wiring diagram for DS72KA (Actuators) .................... 18
4.2.5 Wiring diagram for DS162K .......................................... 19
4.2.6 Motor and Parkbrake Connector Wiring................... 20
4.2.6.1
4.2.6.2

Motor protection ............................................................. 21
Manual parkbrake release ............................................ 21

4.2.7 Battery and Battery Charger Connections Wiring... 22
4.2.7.1

On-Board Charger wiring............................................... 23

4.2.8 Throttle / Wig-Wag Wiring ............................................ 24
4.2.9 Speed Limit Pot / Reduce Speed Switch Wiring....... 25
4.2.9.1
4.2.9.2
4.2.9.3

Reduce Speed Switch .................................................... 25
Analog Speed Limit Pot.................................................. 26
Reduce Speed Switch & Analog Speed Limit Pot ..... 26

4.2.10 Key Switch and Status Light Wiring............................. 27
4.2.11 Horn / Buzzer wiring....................................................... 28
4.2.12 Brake / Reversing lights wiring ..................................... 28
4.2.13 Actuator / Seat Lift Wiring (DS72KA only) .................. 29

5

Programming ........................................................31
5.1

The hand held programmer ................................................... 32
5.1.1 Fault menu ..................................................................... 33
5.1.2 Read Menu (DS2K-PI only) ........................................... 33
5.1.3 Setup Menu.................................................................... 34
5.1.4 Options Menu ................................................................ 35
5.1.5 Profiles Menu (DS2K-PI only)......................................... 36
5.1.5.1
5.1.5.2
5.1.5.3

5.2
4

Upload a Profile from the RHINO .................................... 36
Download a Profile to the RHINO ................................... 37
Edit a Profile that is stored in the RHINO Programmer. 38

5.1.6 Speed Lever In Neutral Menu ..................................... 39
5.1.7 Controller Version Menu............................................... 39
Wizard Parameter List .............................................................. 40

GBK51140: Issue 6 - August 2009

.. 50 Reduce Speed (Mode 2) .... 47 Speed Pot Neutral..... 46 Pot Reverse...3.. 58 I2T Parameters (Rev................. 63 5..........................6...8......................7 5.......8........... 45 5.... 44 Soft Start Damping ..............................3.................. 43 Maximum Speed ....... 52 Sleep Mode...........................6 5...6....................3 5...... 62 5................ 61 Battery Saver Threshold .........................................3...4 5........7....2 5..........August 2009 5 ... 49 Speed Pot Dead-Band .....5 5.2...................................... 43 Reverse Speed......3.........................4........3............. B and Rev.......3............................................3..........................8...3........................................1 5.............3..................3......4.3.6................ 46 5....2............4............ 52 Sound Faults . 52 5........... 62 5............3....4 5.................5 5.5........ 56 Motor Reverse.. 54 5....3. 50 5..7..........................3..............................6........ 49 5...2................3..3 5............... 46 Demand Curve.....8.........................................8..........................3...................3.........3.......................................5............................3.......5..................2 5............................. 54 Boost Current (DS162K/KD only)..6 Buzzer Reverse .......3...........4............. 59 I2T Parameters (Rev.................... 64 5......5 General Options. 63 5.............6 Enable PB Release 2 ......3......................................3 Parkbrake Delay .........4 Check For Slope / Slope Current ....... 48 Speed Pot Fault Threshold........ 64 GBK51140: Issue 6 .................................... 60 5...................................... 58 I2T / Motor Derating ............................. 50 Speed Derating (Enable Mode 2) .................................................5.. 43 Acceleration ..................2 5..................................................................3...................................4 Battery Derating (Battery Saver)........ 45 Slam Brake ............7........3............3 5..... 61 5.............5............... 47 Creep Speed .1 5.................3........................3........3..................................3..............................3......................... 55 Load Compensation / Motor Resistance ........... 53 Enable Reverse Lights .....3.......1 5.............3..........2 5.8 Rollaway Speed..................7 Push Speed..............5 Enable PB Release 1 ......8 5...6 Motor Options................................3..........3...... 51 Scale Turn Speed (Mode 2) ......... 64 5.....3 Throttle Options .......5 5..................................3............................3..............3...............................3.... 54 Current Limit Time .........8 Parkbrake Options .2................................3...........3...........4 5..................8 Maximum Current ..................... 62 5...................7 Battery Options.............3.....3...........3............................5 Speed Limit Pot Minimum............... 52 Sleep Beep ..3.............3 5................................2........................................ 62 BDI Threshold .......................3.........3. 42 5.............3....................... D and Rev............................5..................5 5............... C)..7 Forward Speed ....................3.........................1 5. 43 5......... F) .3...4...1 5.................................................2 Drive Performance........................................................................2..........6....7 5................ 48 Standard Speed Pot ............................ 44 Deceleration .........3.....................................3.................... 49 Speed Pot Full Scale Deflection (FSD)........ 53 Enable Brake Lights ...............3.......1 Brake Checking ................ 51 Invert Turn Input (Mode 2).......4 Speed Reduction Options ........................... 61 Battery Circuit Resistance .........3 Parameter Descriptions .......................4 5........4 5.5...2 PB Open Circuit Drive Test .....6 5........3........................2 5..2...3......7.......6 5............ 53 5............................3...2 5.......3..................6........8......... 42 5....................................6......................................1 5..3..............3.......3...1 Software revisions .3 5..3.....8. 62 5.....3..9 Single Ended Pot ................................3....................................8.............. 64 5.....................................................3......3 5...............3. 51 5....................6................................................3.........3..............................

... 76 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) ................... 70 RHINO Fault Log & Run-Time Log .........................................................................................................4 Can't achieve full speed .................3 6.........1 Status Light ON........6 Diagnostics..............................1 7................. 75 Safety and Misuse Warnings.............................65 6...................................................................................4 7.1.. 68 6................2 RHINO Programmer ......1 6..... 65 6.............................3 The PC-based Wizard program ............................1......................3.... 65 Out Of Neutral At Power Up (OONAPU)... but scooter does not move................3.......1 The Status Light . 73 Intended Use and Regulatory Statement ................... 78 GBK51140: Issue 6 .... 65 6....................................................73 7....................... 66 6............. 66 Diagnosing RHINO Faults.......................................................................................5 7 Appendices ........................................2 7.................. 67 6...........................................................2 6................... 78 Environmental statement............................................... 74 Maintenance .................1.......6 7.... 75 Warranty .............................4 6................................3 7.... 68 6.......................3..............7 6 Diagnostic tools .........3......3 Status Light Flashing ..... 71 Programming Accessories .................................................... 69 Flash Codes................................................................ 65 6......August 2009 ................5 7.........2 Status Light OFF .

RHINO is housed in a solid die-cast aluminium case. **The DS162K is no longer available. DS112K. smooth. For maximum performance. protection and convenience. programming and feature benefits demanded by the scooter industry. and DS162K. Notes: Unless otherwise specified. DS72KA. DS72K. It has been replaced by the R-series DR50. yet RHINO drives with the smoothness of an analog controller. *The DS52K is no longer available. For maximum versatility. cost-effective control solution for most mobility scooters and includes: DS52K - RHINO 50 A Controller* DS72K - RHINO 70 A Controller DS72KB - RHINO 70 A Controller with lights DS72KA - RHINO 70 A Controller with seat lift DS112K - RHINO 110 A Controller DS112KB - RHINO 110 A Controller with lights DS162K(D) - RHINO 160 A Controller with lights** The brains of RHINO is a microcontroller.1 Introduction to the Rhino The RHINO family of scooter controllers provides a reliable. New circuitry gives RHINO more sustained power capability than many equivalent controllers. Unless otherwise noted. everything that applies to the DS162K applies to the DS162KD as well. Sample RHINO Installation GBK51140: Issue 6 . all references in this manual apply to the DS52K. RHINO is fully programmable by the manufacturer to optimise matching the RHINO to the scooter. which gives it all the digital safety. as well as exceptional load compensation to provide excellent speed stability over various driving terrains. It has been replaced by the DS162KD.August 2009 7 .

safe stop. right hand. • Electromagnetically compatible See the appendices on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) and Safety and Misuse Warnings. improving diagnostics and product servicing. giving maximum range for each battery charge. • Run-Time Log The Run-Time Log provides information on the total time RHINO has been driven.August 2009 . • Optimised case design The case has been mechanically designed to optimise performance. • Diagnostic indication If the Status Light is installed. • Best range per charge RHINO’s electronics return energy to the battery during braking. the controller tells the driver which scooter component needs attention. • Flexible throttle The throttle (wig-wag. • Protection from Motor Burn-Out A motor protection algorithm calculates when the controller needs to ease back to protect the motor. • Innovative new S3-TEC technology This algorithm gives RHINO its smooth driving performance and power. • Self-protection RHINO automatically senses when it is being pushed too hard and eases back control to protect the controller. • Smooth driving RHINO’s special “S-curve” drive algorithm gives the scooter smooth take-off and braking. GBK51140: Issue 6 . • Soft stop If the RHINO detects a fault. • Fully programmable The scooter can be programmed to suit the needs of each user. This may also be indicated by the reversing beeper. • Sleep mode RHINO can automatically turn the scooter off after a programmable time period. • Fault Log A Fault Log is available for approved service personal to view up to the last 16 faults generated. or single ended operation. • Safety on slopes The RHINO-equipped scooter automatically detects roll-away down a slope and limits roll speed to a safe programmable value – even when the parkbrake is off. • Battery saver RHINO has sophisticated software that helps prevent battery damage.2 Features of the RHINO RHINO has a number of safety features and performance enhancements including: 8 • Increased Safety RHINO has incorporated additional safety features including: a programmable Wigwag Fault Threshold parameter and an Analog Reduce Speed Input. or speed input) can be programmed for left hand. • “Ever Test” keeps the driver safe RHINO’s Ever Test software regularly checks the electronics to ensure scooter safety. engager. it brings the scooter to a controlled.

5 A A A A s Units V A Units V A 9 .5 2 50 6 x 1/4" Quick Connect Tabs Units V V V mA mA mA 3-wire 5 kΩ + 20% linear Bi-directional wig-wag. DS162K DS72KB.5 16.1 Vbat 1. 10 s max Nominal braking current DS52K DS72K(A) DS112K DS162K Stall timer (programmable) Motor/Parkbrake Connectors Parkbrake Output Output voltage Output current Actuator Output (DS72KA only) Voltage Peak current GBK51140: Issue 6 .3 Min Nom Max 17 24 32 10 12.3 Specifications 3.August 2009 50 70 110 160 5 15 50 4 x 1/4" Quick Connect Tabs Molex 2-way Mini-fit (DS162K only) Min Nom Max Vbat -1.5 22 1.1 Electrical Specifications Parameter Battery Battery Voltage Battery Saver High threshold (programmable) Low threshold Quiescent Current Key Off Sleep Mode On (Neutral) Battery Connector Throttle Throttle potentiometer Forward/Reverse control Speed Limit potentiometer DS52K. DS162KD Logic connector Motor Output Motor Type (permanent magnet) Motor Armature Resistance Maximum output voltage Continuous motor current (@ 25˚C ambient temperature) DS52K DS72K(A) DS112K DS162K Peak motor current DS52K DS72K(A) DS112K DS162K Min 17.5 17.5 Units DC mΩ V 10 25 43 50 A A A A 50 70 110 160 A A A A 180* *Boost current.7 kΩ logarithmic AMP 8-way MiniMate-N-Lock (MnL) Min Nom Max 24V 5 23.1 Value Nom Max 24 32 19. DS112KB. or Single direction throttle with reverse switch 3-wire 10 kΩ logarithmic 3-wire 4.

1” DS162K only DS162K only Isometric View 44 mm 1. IPx4 rating does not imply RHINO is suitable for use in wet or damp conditions.August 2009 .2 Mechanical Specifications 100 mm / 3.3. If necessary.1 and fit a boot over the logic connector. mount the RHINO as shown in section 4.9” 155 mm / 6.73” Top View DS162K only Front View Side View s ole 3 H mm 4. 10 GBK51140: Issue 6 . add a water shielding cover to protect the RHINO from water entry as appropriate to the environment that the vehicle will be used in.1 Bottom View Parameter Material: Weight Operating Temperature Range Operating Humidity Range (non-condensing) Protection rating Battery Connector Cycles Motor/Parkbrake/Logic Connector Cycles Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Performance and Safety Min Nom Max Units Case top: Die-cast aluminium Base plate: Nylon 66 650 g -25 60 C (-13) (140) (°F) 0 85 %RH IPx4 cycles 10 cycles 10 ISO7176-21 ISO7176-14 Warning: To achieve the specified IPx4 rating.

3.Motor Terminals: 2 x AMP series Receptacle w/o latch 14-12 AWG Motor Terminals: 2 x AMPINNERGY Connector GBK51140: Issue 6 .August 2009 11 .Park Brake Terminals: 2 x AMP series Receptacle w/o latch 22-20 AWG or DS162K .3 DC Connector Material Specifications Parameter DC Part Number Material Type Flammability Rating Value GCN51315 Zytel nylon resin V-2 DS112K .

replace the sealing bung securely or fit a replacement label (GLA51612). allow easy access to the RHINO programming socket. locate RHINO so that air can flow over and around the case. A location such as midway between the rear wheels might be suitable. Protect the tiller head circuitry. water splashes and/or water ingress. Warning: Do not mount the controller in a position where the user can come into contact with the unit. α 15˚ ≤  ≤ 75˚ The position and orientation should give maximum mechanical protection to RHINO. If desired. After programming.4 Installation 4. Mount RHINO out of the path of water splashes from wheels or cowling. 12 GBK51140: Issue 6 . A position close to the batteries and motor is recommended to reduce the length of high current wires. and route the cabling so that water will not run down into the connector system. protect scooter wiring and connectors from the risk of damage.August 2009 . Regardless of mounting orientation. Failure to adhere to the mounting orientations specified might lead to water ingress.1 Mounting Mount RHINO in a well-ventilated and free-draining location with orientations as shown in the first two drawings. For peak performance. The use of cable boots is highly recommended. The case temperature can exceed 41°C. wiring and components from water splashes.

M4 x 30mm socket cap screws are recommended. as shown in Figure 2 on the previous page. 72.9" 155 mm / 6. • The RHINO is mounted onto a plate covering the entire area of the base. • The RHINO is mounted away from water splashes and a mudguard installed to prevent water from the wheels splashing over the controller.1" Use all three screw positions to mount the RHINO.5 mm / 2.71" Use (3) M4 screws The model below shows a highly recommended mounting configuration. • The motor and battery wiring is as short as possible. Short wiring Mounted on slope and away from water splashes No water travel into connector Base plate GBK51140: Issue 6 . • All cabling is secured in such a way that water cannot run down into the rear of the connector.August 2009 13 .90 mm / 3.5" 100 mm / 3. Note that: • The RHINO is mounted at an angle to drain the connector area.85" 145 mm / 5.

or 2) disconnect the batteries 14 GBK51140: Issue 6 .11.6) (4. When all wiring has been completed.7) Notes: Ensure that all wiring is suitably routed and restrained to prevent snagging.2. Connector housings must be fitted to prevent incorrect connections.2.2.12.2.2 Connections and wiring RHINO connections are located along the front of the case as shown.2. 4.2. it must be securely fastened to the scooter frame to ensure there is no strain on the connectors or any chance of snagging.4.8. disable the scooter by one of the following means to prevent accidental movement or arcing: 1) place the battery circuit breaker in the open position.2.10.August 2009 . Warning: Before making any connections to RHINO.2. 4.2. 4. Programming Connector (Chapter 5) Parkbrake Logic Connector Connector (4. 4. 4.2. 4.13) Motor Connector (4.9. The illustration below indicates the different connectors and gives a section reference for specific installation instructions.7.6) Battery Connector (4.

where possible. do not use wire sizes smaller than 0.5 mm2/AWG20. • Protect all cables against possible contact with flammable material. • For best electrical performance. • To minimise electromagnetic emissions by the motor brushes. abuse or damage. • Avoid wire loops. controller case and tiller head assemblies. Recommended minimum wire sizes are shown in the wiring sections. maximise EMC and ESD immunity. Take particular care on scooters with movable structures such as seat raise. • Keep all cables as short as possible. it may be necessary to fit capacitors between the brush holders and the motor case. the installation must prevent and/or discourage the user to access any cable. Make sure that the leads are kept as short as possible.August 2009 15 . Warning: 1. • For low-current signals. • Do not leave electrical connections unnecessarily exposed. • Where possible. the wire size must be as large as possible.4. particularly the transaxle. are electrically connected. • Make sure that the controller and speed setting potentiometers are electrically connected to the vehicle frame. 2. Any electrical low-resistance connection to the frame is a safety risk and is not allowed by international safety standards. • Fasten cables to the scooter frame to prevent strain on the connectors. A damaged cable can potentially produce localised heat. because smaller wires are physically not strong enough for this application. • Do not use the vehicle frame as the earth return. 3. please observe the following guidelines. such as cutting or crushing. The user maintenance schedule and the service instructions of the powerchair must include the appropriate inspection and maintenance requirements for the connectors and the cables. • Try to run wires in pairs or bunches. • Do not use damaged or abused cables. A suitable capacitor is 4n7. the connectors and the connector sockets of the RHINO do not allow water entry or suffer from physical strain. GBK51140: Issue 6 . • Do not route the motor cable near the motor case. Disconnect all the cables of the scooter at the powered end whenever units are replaced or moved. 2kV Ceramic. especially loops of single wires instead of wire pairs. Bind wires together and fix them to the chassis. sparks or arcing and as such it can cause a fire.1 General wiring recommendations To minimise EMC emissions. Route the cables and fasten all scooter components in a position so that the cables. Make sure that the cables do not extend from the scooter so that they cannot be caught or damaged by external objects.2. • Make sure that all vehicle sub-frames. and to keep the cabling of the scooter safe and tidy.

4 5 6 1 2 3 Battery Connector 3 4 1 2 Motor/Parkbrake Connector 2 1 Parkbrake Connector (DS162K only) 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 Logic Connector Battery Connector Pinout Pin Function Battery Positive / 1 Actuator (DS72KA) 2 Battery Positive 3 Battery Positive Battery Negative / 4 Actuator (DS72KA) 5 Battery Negative 6 Battery Negative Motor Connector Pinout Pin Function Parkbrake Negative / 1 Motor Positive (DS162K) Parkbrake Positive / 2 Motor Negative (DS162K) 3 Motor Positive 4 Motor Negative Parkbrake Connector Pinout (DS162K only) Pin Function 1 Parkbrake Positive 2 Parkbrake Negative Logic Connector Pinout Pin Function 1 Key Switch 2 Throttle – 3 Throttle Wiper 4 Throttle + 5 Buzzer – / Brake lights – 6 Reduce Speed/Analog Speed Pot Forward/Reverse / 7 Drive/Actuator select (DS72KA) 8 Inhibit Note: If the controller is used in a scooter system that is fitted with lighting. the lighting should be independently fused. [Reference EN12184 . Connecting a DS72KA to a scooter wired for a standard RHINO will result in damage to the controller.Section 9.4.4] Warning: Connecting a DS72K to a scooter wired for a DS72KA will cause the seat actuator to drive on connection to the battery terminals and may result in injury. The table on the following page shows the recommended mating connector information. motor and logic connectors. 16 GBK51140: Issue 6 .2.2 Connector pinouts This table shows pinouts for the battery.August 2009 .

0mm² DS112K: 5.Recommended Battery Mating Connector Part Description Housing AMP 6-way 250 series Plug Housing Battery Pins AMP 250 series Receptacle w/o latch 14-12 AWG Battery: DS52K 2 x 2mm² or 1 x 3mm² per circuit DS72K(A) 2 x 2mm² or 1 x 3mm² per circuit Wire Gauge DS112K 2 x 3mm² per circuit DS162K 2 x 3mm² & 1 x 2mm² per circuit Tillerhead/Charger: 1mm² Battery Boot RHINO Battery/Motor Connector Boot Recommended Motor Mating Connector Housing DS52K: AMP 4-way 250 series Plug Housing DS72K(A): AMP 4-way 250 series Plug Housing DS112K: DYNAMIC Connector DS162K: DYNAMIC Connector (2) AMP 250 series Receptacle w/o latch Motor Pins DS52K: 14-12 AWG (2) AMP 250 series Receptacle w/o latch DS72K(A): 14-12 AWG (2) AMPINNERGY Connector Contact.August 2009 17 .2mm² Logic Boot RHINO Logic Connector Boot Supplier/Part # AMP 171898-1 AMP 170258-2 AMP DC 170032-2 GCN0787 AMP AMP DC DC 172134-1 172134-1 GCN51315 GCN51315 AMP 170258-2 AMP 170258-2 AMP 556880-2 AMP 556880-2 AMP 170258-2 AMP 170384-2 DC GCN0787 Molex 39-01-3028 Molex 39-00-0039 AMP AMP 770579-1 170365-1 DC GCN0786 The following connector kits are available from DYNAMIC: RHINO Model No. DS112K: dual-beam.5mm² Motor Boot RHINO Battery/Motor Connector Boot Recommended Parkbrake Connector (DS162K Only) Housing Mini-Fit Jr. 10-12 AWG (2) AMP 250 series Receptacle w/o latch 14-12 AWG Parkbrake Pins (2) AMP 250 series Receptacle w/o latch 22-20 AWG Wire Gauge Motor: DS52K: 2.5mm² DS72K(A): 4. 10-12 AWG (2) AMPINNERGY Connector Contact. DS52K. DS72KA DSLOOM-72K DS112K DSLOOM-112K DS162K DSLOOM-162K Warning: Do not use the frame of a wheelchair or scooter as the earth return for any lights or actuators. DS162K: dual-beam.0mm² DS162K: 1 x 5mm² & 1 x 3mm² / circuit Parkbrake: 0. GBK51140: Issue 6 . 2-Way Pins Molex Mini-Fit Receptacles. DS72K. Connector Kit Part No. Making any low resistance connection to the frame is regarded as a possible safety hazard and is not allowed by international performance and safety standards for wheelchairs and scooters. 18-24 AWG Recommended Logic Mating Connector Housing AMP 8-way Mini Mate’N’Lok Plug Housing Logic Pins AMP Mini Universal Mate’N’Lok Socket Contact Wire Gauge 0.

3 Wiring diagram for DS52K.August 2009 Drive/Actuator A D . DS72K.2. DS72K.4. DS112K Battery – RHINO 50: 30–40A 70: 35-40A 110: 50-75A Battery + Circuit Breaker – + – + TILLER HEAD 24V Supply Battery + 8-12A Fuses Battery – Battery – Motor – Park Brake Motor 1 Key Switch 3 Manual Park Brake Release Inhibit PB+ PB – 2 Charger Socket M RHINO DS52K.2. DS112K Battery + Motor + External Status Light Inhibit Throttle + Throttle + Throttle Wiper Throttle Wiper Throttle – Throttle – Key Switch Buzzer – Reduce Speed or Analog Speed Pot Wiper 10k-100kΩ Resistor 5kΩ _ Horn Switch Forward/Reverse + Reverse Buzzer Analog Speed Pot Reduce Speed Programmer Forward/Reverse 4.4 Wiring diagram for DS72KA (Actuators) Battery – RHINO 70: 35-40A Circuit Breaker Battery + – + – + 24V Supply Battery + TILLER HEAD 8-12A Fuse Battery + PB+ PB – 8-12A Fuse Battery – Charger Socket Motor M Manual Park Brake Release Motor + 2 Key Switch 1 3 Inhibit RHINO DS72KA Actuator 2 Battery Motor – Park Brake External Status Light Inhibit Throttle + Throttle + Throttle Wiper Throttle Wiper Throttle – Throttle – Key Switch Buzzer – Reduce Speed or Analog Speed Pot Wiper Drive/Actuator 10k-100kΩ Resistor 5kΩ _ Horn Switch + Reverse Buzzer Reduce Speed Programmer 18 GBK51140: Issue 6 .

4.August 2009 Forward/Reverse 19 .5 Wiring diagram for DS162K Battery – RHINO 160: 80-100A Circuit Breaker or Fuse Battery + – + + – TILLER HEAD 24V Supply Battery + Battery + 8-12A Fuses Battery – Motor – Charger Socket Motor Motor + Manual Park Brake Release 2 1 Key Switch 3 Inhibit M RHINO DS162K Battery – PB – PB+ Inhibit Throttle + Throttle Wiper Throttle – Key Switch Buzzer – Throttle + Throttle Wiper Throttle – Reduce Speed or Analog Speed Pot Wiper Forward/Reverse External Status Light 10k-100kΩ Resistor 5kΩ _ Horn Switch + Reverse Buzzer Analog Speed Pot Reduce Speed Programmer GBK51140: Issue 6 .2.

the motor and parkbrake terminals are located on separate connectors.0mm2 / 10 + 12 AWG [4] Motor – [2] Park Brake + Battery - Normally open switch closed when mechanical brake released Park Brake For RHINO DS162K.2) to 'Yes' instead.6 Motor and Parkbrake Connector Wiring For RHINO DS52K.August 2009 .0mm2 / 12 AWG DS112K 5. The parkbrake is connected to QC Pins 1 (PB –) and 2 (PB +).5) reverses the polarity of Pin 3 and 4.0mm2 / 10 AWG DS162K 5. the motor turns in the opposite direction.5mm2 / 20 AWG Motor Connections RHINO Model Recommended Wire Gauge DS52K 2. The motor is connected to Quick Connect (QC) Pins 3 (Motor +) and 4 (Motor –). However.0mm2 & 3. set the Pot Reverse parameter (5. do not use this parameter for left-handed use.4.2.6. and DS112K.3.5mm2 / 14 AWG DS72K(A) 4. If this parameter is set to 'Yes'. Park Brake – Park Brake + Motor - [8] Inhibit Motor + M Battery Normally open switch closed when mechanical brake released Note: The Motor Reverse parameter (5. the motor and parkbrake terminals are located on the same connector. DS72K(A).3. Warning: Motor and battery connectors must not be accessible without the use of tools. 20 GBK51140: Issue 6 .3. Motor + [3] Park Brake – [1] M [8] Inhibit Parkbrake Connections RHINO Model Recommended Wire Gauge All RHINO Models 0.

1 Motor protection In the event of an overheated motor.August 2009 Alternative Parkbrake Connections for DS162K Park Brake – Park Brake + Normally closed switch opened when mechanical brake released 21 . If this lever is fitted.6. For scooters without a Status LED. Cycling the power will clear the fault. Engage the parkbrake and turn the power off and then on again to clear the fault.2 Manual parkbrake release Some scooters can be fitted with a manual parkbrake release lever to allow the scooter to be pushed when RHINO is turned off. An alternative is to place a normally closed micro switch in series with the parkbrake. When wiring the parkbrake like this. three standard variants for motor burnout protection are available from DYNAMIC. DS162K will reduce the performance of the scooter before shutting it down. DS72K(A). For the DS52K.6. This creates a safety interlock that inhibits driving when the parkbrake is disengaged. and the scooter will not be able to drive. 4. Alternative Parkbrake Connections for DS52K.4. note the following: For scooters with a Status LED.2. as shown on the previous page. disengaging the manual-release lever of the parkbrake causes a fault (Flash Code 5). as shown below.2. Please contact us to have RHINO optimized for your scooter. it is recommended that a normally open micro switch be placed across Pin 8 (Inhibit) of the logic connector and Battery Negative (–) of the battery connector. the fault exists but is not displayed to the operator. The switch should be wired such that the switch is open when the manual-release lever is disengaged. DS112K Park Brake – [1] Normally closed switch opened when mechanical brake released [2] Park Brake + Park Brake GBK51140: Issue 6 . the motor protection algorithm on all DS52K.

Notes: *On the DS72KA. These pins are also used for a battery charger connection and to provide power to the tiller head and logic functions. 22 GBK51140: Issue 6 .2.2. Connecting the battery across these two pins will result in damage to the controller.August 2009 .4.7 Battery and Battery Charger Connections Wiring On all RHINOs except the DS72KA* (refer section 4.6). one in each battery circuit (Battery + and Battery –). battery connector pins 1 and 4 are used for the actuator output. as illustrated. two of the three Battery Positive terminals and two of the three Battery Negative terminals MUST be used for battery connections. To prevent driving while the charger is plugged in. but refer to the appropriate sections for further details. An example of battery charger and tiller head wiring is illustrated here. A thermal circuit breaker or fuse must be installed in the battery wiring. an inhibit wire must be connected to Pin 8 (Inhibit) of the logic connector. to protect the batteries and wiring loom from external short circuits.2. the battery connector provides three Battery Positive (+) and three Battery Negative (–) pins. Warning: Make sure that the battery wiring cannot touch the opposite battery terminal. An in-line 8–12A fuse must be installed in the Battery Positive (+) and Battery Negative (-) wires connecting to the battery charger socket and should be as close to RHINO as possible. Battery wire gauge should match that of the motors (refer to section 4. [4*-6] Battery – [8] Inhibit Recommended circuit breaker ratings are: DS52K: 30-40A DS72K(A): 35-40A Charger Socket DS112K: 50-75A (viewed from front) DS162K: 80-100A [1*-3] Battery + 8-12A Fuses 2 1 3 Circuit Breaker + + 24V Supply An acceptable alternative is for the manufacturer to use two separate circuit breakers.4). The charger plug should provide a connection from Inhibit to Battery – when the charger is plugged in. A battery charger socket may be connected between any of Pins 1-3* (Battery +) and Pins 4-6* (Battery –) of the battery connector. For the DS112K and DS162K.

1.August 2009 23 . When the switch is in the Charge position.1 On-Board Charger wiring Battery - [8] Inhibit 8-12A Fuses On-board Charger Battery + Circuit Breaker + + 24V Supply When an on-board battery charger is used. For battery chargers that supply more than 8 A.2.4. Use a minimum of 1 mm2 wire gauge for battery chargers that supply 8 A or less.2 mm2 wire gauge is recommended.5 . GBK51140: Issue 6 . make sure that the charger has a Battery Charge/Run switch.7. the Inhibit should connect to Battery – as shown.

the scooter drives reverse when the switch is closed.3. We recommend the use of a high-quality. the resistance between Throttle Wiper and Throttle + decreases.2) to 'Yes'.3.1) to 'Yes'. If ISO resistors are fitted. measured to Battery –. connect a switch between Pin 7 (Forward/Reverse) of the logic connector and any of the Battery Negative (–) pins of the battery connector and set the Single Ended Pot parameter (5. For single-ended (unipolar) throttle operation. the Pot Reverse parameter determines the direction of the Forward/Reverse switch. In single-ended mode. Alternatively. For neutral.2. Make sure that the connections between the ISO resistors and the throttle terminals are insulated.8 Throttle / Wig-Wag Wiring RHINO supports a short travel (60°) 5kΩ linear potentiometer for speed control. such an arrangement may lead to erratic operation of the scooter. Standard Throttle Connection Forward/Reverse Switch Forward/Reverse [7] Throttle Connection with ISO Resistors for Improved Fault Detection Battery – 5kΩ Throttle 5kΩ Throttle – [2] 330Ω [3] Throttle Wiper 330Ω [4] Throttle + Throttle – [2] Forward/Reverse Switch Forward/Reverse [7] Battery – [4] Throttle + [3] Throttle Wiper 5kΩ Throttle 5kΩ We recommend fitting 330Ω ISO resistors directly to the throttle potentiometer for improved fault detection (see section 5. adopt one of the recommended solutions. Connect the Throttle – and Throttle + terminals to the potentiometer such that when the user gives a normal forward signal. If this parameter is set to 'No'. Warning: Connecting a speed reducing potentiometer in series with the main speed control wiper terminal may result in a loss of ability of the system to detect wiring faults.4. Under certain fault conditions. For left-handed driving operation. If this parameter is set to 'Yes'.3. set the wiper to 2.3.August 2009 .3. This reverses the polarity of Pins 2 and 4 so the scooter drives in the opposite direction. long-life (greater than 10 million cycles) potentiometer.5v when in neutral. set the Pot Reverse parameter (5. it may be necessary to decrease the Speed Pot Full Scale Deflection (FSD) parameter (5.8).3. Connect the throttle to the logic connector as illustrated. 24 GBK51140: Issue 6 . while the resistance between Throttle Wiper and Throttle – increases. set the impedance between Throttle – and Throttle Wiper to half the potentiometer rating (typically 2. such as a conductive plastic type.5kΩ).3.6 . the scooter drives forward when the switch is closed. If speed reduction is desired. The use of carbon or wire-wound potentiometers is not recommended.Speed Pot Fault Threshold). This option is not available on the DS72KA.3.

useful for driving indoors or in a busy shopping area • Limit the speed when the scooter is turning • Limit the speed when the seat of the scooter is raised to a height at which it becomes unsafe to drive at full speed.4.3).9 Speed Limit Pot / Reduce Speed Switch Wiring 4. Parameters Reduce Speed [6] Battery – Speed Derating Reduce Speed = Yes = 1-10 (as required) Speed Limit Pot Minimum = 100% Reduce Speed Switch Notes: To enable the reduce speed mode.9.3.4.4. set the Speed Derating (Enable Mode 2) parameter (see 5. Use this feature to. The Invert Turn Input parameter (5.August 2009 25 .1 Reduce Speed Switch RHINO offers a slow speed driving mode that is activated when the Reduce Speed Switch is closed. GBK51140: Issue 6 . for example: • Create a 'slow speed' switch for the user. Connect the potentiometer as a variable resistor between Pin 6 and Battery –.3.3. If the switch is closed.2) to 'Yes'.2.4. the maximum forward and reverse speed of the scooter will be limited to the value set with the Reduce Speed parameter (5.5) decides if the Reduce Speed Switch must be normally open or normally closed.2.

Notes: The Invert Turn Input parameter (5.2. Analog Speed Pot Wiper [6] Parameters Battery – Analog Speed Pot Speed Derating = No Reduce Speed = ignored Speed Limit Pot Minimum = 0-100% (as required) Dependent on the model of the RHINO. No: 0Ω = min speed.3.7 kΩ Log 10 kΩ Log Not supported RHINO models DS72KB DS112KB DS162KD DS52K DS162K All other models We recommend the use of a high-quality.9.4.3.4.2 Analog Speed Limit Pot In addition to a reduce speed switch. long-life (greater than 10 million cycles) potentiometer. If the potentiometer is fully turned to the minimum position. The use of carbon or wire-wound potentiometers is not recommended.7 kΩ or a 10 kΩ logarithmic potentiometer.4. Yes: max Ω = min speed. 4. Reduce Speed or Analog Speed Pot Wiper [6] Parameters Battery – Analog Speed Pot Reduce Speed Switch 26 GBK51140: Issue 6 .5) reverses the direction in which the pot decreases speed.August 2009 Speed Derating Reduce Speed = Yes = 1-10 (as required) Speed Limit Pot Minimum = 0-100% (as required) . RHINO also supports the use of an analog Speed Limit Potentiometer to limit the maximum speed of the scooter. the maximum speed of the scooter limited to the Speed Limit Pot Minimum parameter (5. use either a 4.1). such as a conductive plastic type.9.2.3 Reduce Speed Switch & Analog Speed Limit Pot The Speed Limit Pot can be connected in parallel with the reduce speed switch. This results in a Speed Pot that can be implemented as either a digital input or an analog input. Potentiometer 4. Connect the potentiometer as a variable resistor between Pin 6 and Battery –.

GBK51140: Issue 6 . Battery + To buzzer 200 mA Fuse 8-12A Fuse Connect a fuse or circuit breaker in series with the Key Switch as close to RHINO as possible in the Battery + lead. Other wiring Status Light This indicator that for example can be installed in the tiller head. Note: The voltage drop across the LED should be less than 5 V at 10 mA.4.August 2009 27 . The fuse or circuit breaker should be rated to protect associated wiring. two LEDs may be connected in series. therefore.4) for more details about flash codes. LEDs with voltage ratings. Key Switch [1] nominally 200 mA. as shown. We recommend a Key Switch type with fast switching action that is rated for at least 1 million cycles of operation and at least 350 mA DC continuous. Connect the Status LED in series with the Key Switch circuit. or • if there is currently a fault somewhere in the system. If there is a fault.2. for example 12V or 24V. Be sure the polarity is correct. See the Diagnostics section (6. no series resistor is required. If the LED is connected the wrong way. RHINO will limit the current through the Status LED to 10 mA. the RHINO will not turn on. If more brightness is desired. have internally fitted resistors and must not be used. a flash code (a rhythmic flashing of the indicator) is shown. • if the battery voltage is too high or too low.10 Key Switch and Status Light Wiring Connect the Key Switch between Pin 1 (Key Switch) of the logic connector and any of the Battery + pins of the battery connector. RHINO supports a Status Light (LED) to tell the External Key Switch user the status of the scooter system. tells the user at a glance • if the scooter is on or off.

For more information on the difference between the Wizard and the HHP for this parameter. The Brake/Reversing light functions use the buzzer output of the RHINO as a Light output. see section 5.5. DS112KB and DS162KD. Sound Faults and Sleep Beep must all be set to 'Off'. If any of these parameters is set to 'On'.1.3. Lighting functionality is only available on DS72KB. Buzzer Reverse. 4.5.6). but not both. The buzzer output is limited to 10 mA.4.SPST 1N4148 BC807 1N4148 2K2 [5] Buzzer – 1N4148 Battery – To use the lighting functions.August 2009 . If Sleep Beep (5. [5] Buzzer – (10 mA max) _ Reverse Buzzer 10-100k Resistor [1] Key Switch + External Status Light Key Switch Battery + Battery – Horn Switch If Buzzer Reverse (Wizard) is set to 'Yes' or Buzzer Volume (HHP) is set higher than 1. If Sound Faults (5.3. add a switch between Pin 5 and Battery –. lighting functions are disabled the buzzer output is used as an audible output.3) is set to "Yes". If both light functions are set to 'Yes'. This output can be used as either a buzzer output or a light output. To use the buzzer as a horn. 28 GBK51140: Issue 6 .5.3. Place a 10k–100kΩ resistor in parallel across the Buzzer if wired as in section 4. the same light is used for both functions.2) is set to 'Yes'.3.5. the buzzer beeps the same number of beeps as the flash code number when a flash code is shown on the Status LED. in order to use the lighting functions.2. the buzzer beeps three times when the controller goes to sleep.3.2. Wiring the buzzer to the battery and the fuse side of the key switch enables the horn to be used even when the key switch is off.5. Battery + RELAY . all buzzer parameters must be set to 'Off'.3. Connect the Horn/Buzzer between Pin 5 (Horn/Buzzer) and Pin 1 (Key Switch) of the logic connector.5) and the Enable Reverse Lights parameter (5. the buzzer beeps when the scooter drives reverse.12 Brake / Reversing lights wiring The RHINO Brake/Reversing Light feature is enabled with the Enable Brake Lights parameter (5.11 Horn / Buzzer wiring RHINO provides an output for an external horn or buzzer. Therefore. The light output can sink 10 mA in total and is shared between the brake light and the reverse light functions.2.

4. Battery connector Pin DS72K 1 Battery Positive 4 Battery Negative Logic connector Pin DS72K 7 Forward / Reverse DS72KA (with actuator) Actuator Output 1 Actuator Output 2 DS72KA (with actuator) Actuator / Drive Select The DS72KA offers an output for one actuator. except for the following actuator details. the throttle controls the actuator. the throttle controls driving as normal.3. When Pin 7 is not connected. Warning: If a standard RHINO (DS72K) is used on a scooter wired for a RHINO with Seat Lift (DS72KA). Seat/Drive Select [7] [4] Seat Output 2 [1] Seat Output 1 [2] Battery + Drive Seat/Drive Select Switch Seat Key Switch Actuator Note: Set Single Ended Pot (5.1) to 'No'. Actuator wiring should be a minimum of 0.8mm2 (18AWG).August 2009 29 . otherwise the actuator function is not available. Using a DS72KA on a scooter wired for a standard RHINO will result in damage to the controller. for example a seat lift.2. Actuator Output Power is supplied to the actuator through Pin 1 (Seat Output 1) and Pin 4 (Seat Output 2) of the battery connector. The maximum output current of the actuator output is 12. GBK51140: Issue 6 .5 A.3. This output can be used for any actuator function. Wiring the drive select switch through the key switch reduces battery drain when 'drive' is selected and the scooter is off.13 Actuator / Seat Lift Wiring (DS72KA only) RHINO with Seat Lift (DS72KA) has an identical wiring layout to the standard DS72K. Drive Seat Select Switch When Pin 7 (Seat/Drive Select) on the logic connector is connected to Battery +. the seat actuator will start to move as soon as the battery is connected to the pins of the battery connector.

August 2009 .30 GBK51140: Issue 6 .

5 Programming Warning: Performance adjustments must only be made by healthcare professionals. With inappropriate programming settings. or damage to the vehicle or surrounding property. The RHINO can be programmed with two different programming tools: • A hand held programmer (see 5. It is responsibility of the health care professional to make sure that the user is capable of both cognitively understanding and physically operating the programmed features and functions. If the scooter is turned off during programming. contact your service agent. Repeat this procedure until the vehicle performs to specifications. If the wanted operation cannot be reached. reprogram it. If the vehicle does not perform to specifications. Using a programmer. After you have configured the vehicle.1 for a parameter list) • The PC-based Wizard programmer (see 5. GBK51140: Issue 6 . these settings can be modified to suit a specific scooter model or end user. check to make sure that the vehicle performs to the specifications entered in the programming procedure. Ensure that the deceleration parameters are always higher than the acceleration parameters for a safe response. any changed settings are not saved and RHINO defaults back to the previously programmed settings. Wrong settings. Plug in the programmer while the controller is turned on. certain features and options may not be accessible or perform as expected.August 2009 31 . Programming Socket Note: The scooter does not drive while a programmer is plugged into the RHINO.2 for a parameter list) After programming. put the rubber protection plug back into the programming socket. RHINO is programmed during manufacture with default settings that should suit most scooter end-users. or programming in a location that is not safe. otherwise the new settings will be lost. can cause injury to the operator or bystanders. or by persons who completely understand the adjustment process and the capabilities of the operator.

Two versions of the programmer offer different levels of access to modify settings.7 32 GBK51140: Issue 6 .1. 5.1. The following sections describe the menus of the hand held programmers and give a parameter listing if applicable. • • • Turn on the scooter before you connect the programmer to the RHINO. DS2K-PI - The installation (OEM) programmer additionally gives access to system settings such as motor resistance and motor reverse. turn off the scooter before you disconnect the programmer from the RHINO. DS2K-PD - The dealer programmer gives access to drive parameters. Note: The obsolete DZ-DS-PD and DZ-DS-PM hand held programmers require an adapter cable (DSADAPT72K) to connect to the RHINO. and they cannot access all current RHINO parameters.3 Options Menu. such as speed and acceleration.5 Speed Lever In Neutral Menu. 5. For this reason.1 The hand held programmer The hand held RHINO programmer is a tool that allows modification of RHINO driving and system settings.1.2 Programmer Main Menu Screen Setup Menu. Fault menu. and can read extensive system diagnostics such as motor voltage. The installation programmer is only meant for scooter manufacturers and repair centres. All the changes will be lost.1.6 Controller Version Menu. 5. disconnect the programmer from the RHINO while the scooter is still on and wait until the status light of the scooter lights up (around 2 seconds).August 2009 Press ENTER to go to SETUP MENU MENU ENTER Go to the next Main Menu Option Enter this menu . Some listed parameters are only available on specific RHINO variants. only use a DS2K-PD/PI hand held programmer to program the RHINO. 5. To save all changes.1.5.1. To cancel all changes. 5.4 Profiles Menu (DS2K-PI only). 5.1 Read Menu (DS2K-PI only).1. 5.

GBK51140: Issue 6 .1.255 (FS = 34V) Bus Voltage 0 . the fault menu comes up as the first option.1 Fault menu If a fault has occurred.255 (FS = 34V) B Motor Voltage 0 . which are read and shown in real time. Press ENTER to go to READ MENU MENU ENTER Go to the next Menu Option Go to the Read Menu READ Controller S/Ware Version:2.August 2009 33 .180 A Speed Pot (Throttle) Voltage 0 .2 Read Menu (DS2K-PI only) The read menu gives access to a number of diagnostic parameters.255 (FS = 5V) 128 (2.93 MENU NEXT PREV Next Go back to Main Menu Parameter Previous Parameter Parameter Possible Values Typical Controller Software Version - 2. The fault menu gives a description of the fault and the value of the parameter that has caused the fault.5 V) NTC Voltage 0 .255 (FS = 34V) 185 15 V Rail Voltage 0 .93 Motor Current 0 .255 (FS = 34V) 178 Battery Voltage 0 .1.255 (FS = 34V) 116 Speed Limit Pot Voltage 0 . the fault menu is not shown.255 (FS = 5V) 255 (no pot) PD PI Some listed parameters are only available on specific RHINO variants. Press ENTER to go to FAULT MENU FAULT Speed Pot Error MENU ENTER MENU Go to the next Main Menu Option Go to the Fault Menu Go back to Main Menu 44 0 Parameter Value If no fault condition is present.5. 5.255 67 (@20 C) A Motor Voltage 0 .

3.6.3.3 0 .3.4 V) Speed Pot Fault Threshold* 5.1 1 .Unit Rating (A) Unit Rating Boost Current* 5.20 (0 .10 6 Reduce Speed (Mode 2) 5.3.165 146 Battery Circuit Resistance* 5.255 255 (100 %) Creep Speed* 5.2 s) 75 Slope Current* 5.3.3.3.4 0 .127 72 (1.5.8 30 .3.3.180 128 (2.05 s) 6 Current Limit Time* 5.3 0 .7 25 .3.2.10 7 Deceleration 5.5.3.30 (x 0.100 A 20 A BDI Threshold* 5.250 (x 0.3 0 .August 2009 PI .3.4 0 .6.2 1 .78 V) Std Speed Pot Dead-band 5.255 255 (100 %) Forward Speed 5.4.3.3.2 V) * Only available on specific RHINO variants or newer software versions.8.3.2.10 5 Buzzer Reverse Volume 5.4 5 .1.3.3.4.3.3.63 10 (0.1 s) 10 (1 s) Soft Start Period 5.180 A 180 A Boost Time* 5.6.3.50 mΩ 0 mΩ Speed Limit Pot Minimum* 5.3.4 157 .8 73 .4 V) Alt Speed Pot Dead-band 5.3.250 128 (34 min) Motor I2T Brush/Case Ratio* 5.10 10 Motor Resistance 5.3.63 10 (0.225 mΩ 60 mΩ Sleep Time 5.9 5 .3.5 V) Std Speed Pot FSD 5.2 25 .3.7 25 . 34 GBK51140: Issue 6 .7.6.6 0 .5.250 128 (256 s) Motor I2T Case Time* 5.3.2 V) Alt Speed Pot FSD 5.3.3 10 .8.255 255 (100 %) Demand Curve* 5.200 (x16 ms) 50 Parkbrake Delay 5.5 102 .195 (x 2/15 V) 175 Battery Saver Threshold* 5.5 1 .7.8.6.10 7 Maximum Speed 5.7. For a detailed description see the section that is shown after the parameter name.3 1 .2.1 1 .3. Main Menu Setup Menu Press ENTER to go to SETUP MENU MENU ENTER Go to the next Menu Option Go to the Setup Menu SETUP Acceleration: 3 MENU NEXT PREV VARY Parameter Adjustment SETUP Acceleration: 3 MENU UP DOWN ENTER Next Previous Adjust this Back to Adjust this Confirm the Main Menu Parameter Parameter Parameter Setup Menu Parameter new value Parameter Section Possible Values Default PD Acceleration 5.3.6.2 128 .3.6.7 5 .6.127 40 (0.4 5 .3.3.3 1 .3.8 15 .3.7 5 .10 10 Reverse Speed 5.3 Setup Menu The setup menu contains all analog programmable parameters (not On/Off values).3.8 %) 0 Push Speed* 5.8.250 85 (33 %) Speed Pot Neutral 5.63 20 (0.7 51 .1 10 .3.60 min 30 min Maximum Current 5.100 (x 0.2.1 51 .100 A 20 A Motor I2T Brush Time* 5.3.3 127 .4 1 .3.255 204 (80 %) Motor I2T Continuous Current* 5.2.3.6 10.9 5 .3.6.2.3.3.255 255 (100 %) Rollaway Speed* 5.

1 5.3.5 5.4 5.3.3.3.4.3.6. GBK51140: Issue 6 .August 2009 35 .3 5.7 5.5.8.8.4 5.5.1 5.6 5.6 5.3.3.4.5 5.3.5.4.5 5.1 On / Off On On / Off On 5.1.6.2.3.5.6 5.7 5.3.3.3.3.2 Possible Values On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off Default Off Off Off Off On / Off On 5.5.2 5.2.5 5.3.3.3.6.5.3. For a detailed description of each parameter see the section that is shown after the parameter name.2.3.3.4 Options Menu The options menu contains all digital (On/Off) programmable parameters.3.3.3.4 5.4 5.3.7.2 5.3.2 5.2 5.8.6.8.6 On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On / Off On Off On Off On On On On Off Off Off On On On On Off Off PD PI *Only available on specific RHINO variants or newer software versions.7 5.3.8. Main Menu Options Menu Press ENTER to go to OPTIONS MENU MENU ENTER Go to the next Menu Option OPTIONS Single-ended Pot: OFF MENU NEXT PREV VARY Parameter Adjustment OPTIONS Single-ended Pot: OFF MENU VARY ENTER Back to Change Confirm the Next Previous Adjust this Go to the Main value new value Options Menu Menu Parameter Parameter Parameter Options Menu Parameter Single Ended Pot Standard Speed Pot Motor Reverse Pot Reverse Speed Derating (Enable Mode 2) Brake Checking Battery Derating (Battery Saver)* Load Compensation Motor Derating (Enable I2T) Enable Sleep* Check For Slope Current Limit Timer Enable Soft Start Sleep Beep Sound Faults* Enable PB Release 2* Enable PB Release 1* Invert Turn Input (Mode 2)* Enable Slam Brake* PB Open Circuit Drive Test* Key-off Slam Brake* Scale Turn Speed (Mode 2)* Enable Brake Lights* Enable Reverse Lights* Section 5.3.3.

5. read from and written to the RHINO.1 Upload a Profile from the RHINO Main Menu Profiles Menu Upload Profile Press ENTER to go to PROFILES MENU PROFILES Press ENTER To UpLoad Profile MENU NEXT ENTER UPLOAD PROFILE Store As Profile #: 1 MENU VARY ENTER MENU ENTER Go to the next Menu Option Back to Choose Write to Go to the Main Next Option (Upload. Edit the parameters in one of the three stored profiles. The profiles menu has three options: Upload a profile from the RHINO to the programmer. Press VARY to select the profile number inside the programmer that the RHINO profile will be stored in (1 or 2). 4. The programmer has three profiles stored in its permanent memory: 1 and 2 can be edited by the programmer. 2. 5. press MENU until the Profiles menu is shown. DEFAULT is a profile with DYNAMIC factory default settings. 3. This profile cannot be edited by the programmer or overwritten by a profile from a connected RHINO controller.1. Press ENTER. Press NEXT until the Upload option is selected. Edit) Option Profiles Menu Menu 1. Download a profile from the programmer to the RHINO.5 Profiles Menu (DS2K-PI only) A profile is a set of all the scooter parameters as they are listed in the Setup and Options menu. It is possible to edit the parameters of the DEFAULT profile. Press ENTER. This makes sure that it is always possible to go back to the default factory settings as they have been set by DYNAMIC. These parameters together define the behaviour of the scooter. Press MENU twice to return to the Main Menu.5. however this must then be saved as profile 1 or 2.1. • • • 5. In the Main Menu screen. Choose this Profiles Menu Profile chosen Profile Download. 36 GBK51140: Issue 6 . Press ENTER to upload the profile from the RHINO to the chosen profile inside the programmer.August 2009 . • • The profiles can be used by manufacturers and servicing agents to reprogram controllers quickly and efficiently with their custom performance settings.

Check if the buzzer sounds. To prevent downloading of the wrong profile during manufacturing.. After downloading. Choose this Profiles Menu Profile Download. press the LOCK key in the Download Profile screen and enter the password. Press ENTER.5. Edit) Option Profiles Menu Menu Write to Rhino 1. the programmer shows the 'Check Profile' screen. To lock or unlock the programmer. Downloading Check Profile PLEASE WAIT. GBK51140: Issue 6 . In the Main Menu screen. 3. press MENU until the Profile menu is shown. When you are satisfied with the parameter values. This way. the programmer automatically returns to this same screen when it is plugged into another RHINO controller. 6. the throttle is not in the zero-speed position. Note: If the programmer is unplugged while the Download Profile screen is shown. Profile #: 1 MENU LOCK VARY ENTER CHECK PROFILE Acceleration: 3 MENU NEXT Continue Check next parameter Check Throttle SPEED LEVER NEUTRAL Buzzer Will Sound When Lever Centered MENU Back to Download Profile screen 5.August 2009 37 . For further details. Press NEXT to check all the parameters that have been written. contact Dynamic Controls or a Sales and Service Agent. Adjust the throttle potentiometer until the buzzer sounds. If the buzzer does not sound. The programmer now shows the ' Speed Lever in Neutral' screen. 2.. Press MENU to return to the Download Profile screen. 2 or DEFAULT).2 Download a Profile to the RHINO Main Menu Profiles Menu Download Profile Press ENTER to go to PROFILES MENU PROFILES Press ENTER To DownLoad Profile MENU NEXT ENTER DOWNLOAD PROFILE Profile #: 1 MENU LOCK VARY ENTER MENU ENTER Go to the next Menu Option Back to Choose Go to the Main Next Option (Upload. Press VARY to select the profile that you want to write to the RHINO (1.5. 4. Press ENTER to download the chosen profile from the programmer to the RHINO. the same profile can be downloaded to multiple RHINO controllers with a minimum of time spent. press MENU.1. Press NEXT until the Download option is selected. use the LOCK function to restrict access to a single profile. Press ENTER.

2. Choose this Profiles Menu Profile Download. Press ENTER to edit the chosen profile. 6.5. if desired.August 2009 Edit chosen Profile . Press ENTER.3 Edit a Profile that is stored in the RHINO Programmer Main Menu Profiles Menu Profile Selection Press ENTER to go to PROFILES MENU PROFILES Press ENTER To Edit Programmer Profile MENU NEXT ENTER EDIT PROFILE Profile #: 1 MENU VARY ENTER MENU ENTER Go to the next Menu Option Back to Choose Go to the Main Next Option (Upload. Press NEXT / PREV to view the parameter values of this profile. 8. you must save the changes to profile 1 or 2 in step 11. After you have edited all the parameters. 38 GBK51140: Issue 6 . See 5. Press MENU to go back to the 'Edit Profile' screen. press MENU until the Profile menu is shown.5. press MENU in the 'Edit Profile' screen to save the profile.1. Press NEXT until the Edit option is selected. Press ENTER. 4. Press ENTER to save the settings to the chosen profile. 3. Edit Profile Edit Parameter EDIT PROFILE SETUP Acceleration: 3 MENU NEXT PREV VARY EDIT PROFILE SETUP Acceleration: 3 MENU UP DOWN ENTER Save Next Previous Adjust this Profile Parameter Parameter Parameter Back to Edit Profile Adjust this Confirm the Parameter new value 5. Edit) Option Profiles Menu Menu 1. You can now download this profile to the RHINO. Save Profile EDIT PROFILE Store As Profile #: 1 MENU VARY ENTER Back to Profile Selection screen Choose Save to Profile chosen Profile 11. Press ENTER to confirm the new value (to cancel. Press UP / DOWN to change the value of the selected parameter.1. Press VARY to select the profile that you want to edit (1. 10. Press VARY to select the parameter you want to adjust. press MENU). Press VARY to select the profile you want to save the new settings to (1 or 2). 2 or DEFAULT).5. 9. If you choose DEFAULT. In the Main Menu screen. 12. 7.2.

5). the buzzer will sound and the status light will light up* as long as the RHINO thinks that the throttle is in the neutral position.7 Controller Version Menu This menu shows the software version of the controller.38Hr MENU Go back to Main Menu Notes: In the DS2K-PI. In this menu.5 V.3.August 2009 39 . the software version is also shown in the Read Menu. Rotate the potentiometer slowly until the buzzer sounds. *RHINO controllers with a software versions lower than 2. Check that the buzzer sounds when the throttle is in neutral. but this can be changed with the Speed Pot Neutral parameter (5.3. and for small deflections to either side of neutral. GBK51140: Issue 6 .5. The DS2K-PI also shows the run time (the time that the throttle has been deflected).93 Run Time: 7.46 use only the buzzer and not the status light for this function.1. Notes: The zero speed input voltage is normally 2. 5. Press ENTER to go to SPEED LEVER IN NEUTRAL MENU MENU ENTER Go to the next Menu Option • • • • Go to the Neutral Menu SPEED LEVER NEUTRAL Buzzer Will Sound When Lever Centered MENU Go back to Main Menu Mechanically disconnect the throttle potentiometer from the throttle. Press ENTER to go to CONTROLLER VERSION MENU MENU ENTER Go to the next Menu Option Go to the Version Menu CONTROLLER VERSION Version: 2.1.6 Speed Lever In Neutral Menu This menu allows you check if the physical neutral position of the throttle produces a voltage at the throttle wiper input (pin 3 of the logic connector) that the RHINO sees as zero speed. Lock the potentiometer body in this position to the throttle.

48 V 0.100 % 100 % No / Yes No 1 .48 V 1.2 .4 V 0.3.25 V 0.0 .3.5 V 2.2 Wizard Parameter List Key: Editable at this level 1 Viewable at this level Section 5.24 V 0.3 describes the parameters listed below in detail.5 V 0.78 V 0.10 .3200 ms 800 ms No/Yes Yes No/Yes No Throttle Options (5.2) 1 .3) No (Wig-Wag) No Yes (Throttle) No / Yes No 0 .5.2.2. Some listed parameters are only available on specific RHINO controllers.60 min 5 min Enable Brake Lights* No / Yes No Enable Reverse Lights* No / Yes No *Only available on specific RHINO variants or newer software versions.1.58 .20 V 0.40 V Speed Reduction Options (5.10 7 1 .August 2009 Lite Std Adv .10 5 No (Limit) No Scale Turn Speed (Mode 2)* Yes (Scale) Invert Turn Input (Mode 2)* No / Yes No General Options (5.10 .3.2 V No / Yes No 0. 40 GBK51140: Issue 6 . 5 .10 7 No/Yes Yes 0 .3.1.24 V 0. Parameter Forward Speed Reverse Speed Maximum Speed Acceleration Deceleration Enable Soft Start Soft Start Period Enable Slam Brake* Key-off Slam Brake* Single Ended Pot Pot Reverse Demand Curve* Creep Speed* Speed Pot Neutral Speed Pot Fault Threshold* Standard Speed Pot Std Speed Pot FSD Std Speed Pot Dead-band Alt Speed Pot FSD Alt Speed Pot Dead-band Speed Limit Pot Minimum* Speed Derating (Enable Mode 2) Reduce Speed (Mode 2) Possible Values Default Drive Performance (5.3 .3.10 10 1 .1.10 6 50 .4) 20 .100 % 80 % 0-8% 0% 2.5) Buzzer Reverse Off / On On Sound Faults* No / Yes No Sleep Beep No / Yes Yes Sleep Time Off.100 % 100 % 1 .

100 60 5 .8) No/Yes Yes No/Yes Yes 0.3 s On / Off Off 5 .645122 A s 30720 A2s 1 .100 A 20 A 10 .50 s 15 s 0 .5 V 0 .9 . For a detailed description of each parameter see the section that is shown after the parameter group name.22.510 s 256 s 7 .3.05 .180 A 0 0 . 5 .225 mΩ 50 mΩ No / Yes No No / Yes No 5 .0 V 19.100 % 100 % 30 .Parameter Possible Values Default Motor Options (5.105 A 20 A Battery Options (5.Unit rating Unit rating Off.5 s 0.6) 30 .10 s 1s No / Yes Yes 5 . GBK51140: Issue 6 .0 V 23.100 % 100 % * Only available on specific RHINO variants or newer software versions.August 2009 41 .1 .100 A 20 A No/Yes No No/Yes No 20 .68 min 34 min 10 .3.3 V Parkbrake Options (5.50 mΩ 0 mΩ 20.26.3.1.30 s 4s 5 .98 % 33 % 2 1024 .7) Maximum Current Current Limit Time Boost Current* Boost Time* Load Compensation Motor Resistance Motor Reverse Motor Derating (Enable I2T) Motor I2T Continuous Current* Motor I2T Brush Time* Motor I2T Case Time* Motor I2T Brush/Case Ratio* Motor Capacity* Motor Ramp Down Rate* Motor Recovery Rate* Motor Continuous Current* Battery Derating (Battery Saver)* Battery Saver Threshold* Battery Circuit Resistance* BDI Threshold* Brake Checking PB Open Circuit Drive Test* Parkbrake Delay Check For Slope Slope Current* Enable PB Release 1* Enable PB Release 2* Push Speed* Rollaway Speed* No / Yes Lite Std Adv No 17.

DS112K Not released DS52K. DS162KD *You can check the software version of your controller with • • 42 the Controller Version Menu of the DS2K programmer (see 5.1.79 2. DS72KSP. For example: Parameter BDI Threshold Possible Values Default Wizard HHP Parameter Acceleration 20.26. A list of software revisions and which controller they refer to is given below.7).90 2.79 2. DS72KB. it means that the values in the Wizard and in the hand held programmers are the same. If the values that are shown in the Wizard are different from the values that are shown in the hand held programmers (DS2K-PI and DS2K-PD).3 V 175 Possible Values Default Wiz &HHP Lite 7 5.195 1 .5. DS112KB DS162K.0 V 157 .3 Parameter Descriptions This section describes each parameter in detail. the values of the hand held programmers will be shown on the second line of the parameter table. GBK51140: Issue 6 .August 2009 .3.9 . DS72KA.92 and higher Controller Original Rhino DS72K. Software Revision Rev B Rev C Rev D Rev E Rev F Software version* Lower than 2.88 2. If the parameter table has only one line.1 Software revisions Some parameters are only available to specific software revisions.10 Std Adv PD PI Lite Std Adv PD PI 23. or the Wizard: Tools J Change Module Version.

use the Forward Speed and Reverse Speed parameters instead. Note: If local regulations require that the scooter speed is limited to a specific value.2. if Maximum Speed is set at 50% and the Forward Speed parameter is set to 8 (of 10). GBK51140: Issue 6 .3.3.5.10 Lite Std Adv PD PI 6 Sets the maximum speed in the reverse direction when the throttle is fully deflected reverse.3.100 % 127 .1 Forward Speed Parameter Possible Values Default Forward Speed 1 . use this parameter to set the speed limit for a particular scooter model.2. Note: The overall maximum speed of the scooter is limited by the Maximum Speed parameter (5. Note: Anti-tip wheels may be required if high Reverse Speed settings are used.2 Drive Performance 5.3 Maximum Speed Parameter Possible Values Default Maximum Speed 50 .255 Lite Std Adv PD PI 100 % 255 The Maximum Speed parameter scales all other speed demands to the maximum physical achievable speed of the scooter.3) that has been set by the scooter manufacturer.3.2.10 Lite Std Adv PD PI 10 Sets the maximum speed in the forward direction when the throttle is fully deflected forward. Dealers can adjust this parameter to the preference of an individual user or to the terrain that a specific scooter will be used in. 5. This parameter is set by the scooter manufacturer to suit a particular scooter model with a specific motor and a specific wheel diameter.August 2009 43 . For example.2.3. the scooter will drive at 50% x 80% = 40% of its maximum achievable speed when the throttle is fully deflected forward.2 Reverse Speed Parameter Possible Values Default Reverse Speed 1 . Dealers can adjust this parameter to the preference of an individual user or to the terrain that a specific scooter will be used in. For the speed preferences of individual customers. 5. Normally this is set much lower than the Forward Speed.

4 Acceleration Parameter Possible Values Default Acceleration 1 . 5.2.3. SPEED Too high Good • Too sensitive • Smooth • Dependent on user • Jerky and environment Too low • Unresponsive • Long delays TIME Low acceleration values give a softer performance and a less sensitive throttle response.10 Lite Std Adv PD PI 7 Sets the rate at which the speed decreases after the throttle has been released to neutral. Warning: Setting the Deceleration too low or too high can result in a scooter that is unsafe. High acceleration values give a more aggressive performance and a fast throttle response. Adjust this parameter to the preference of the user.3. 44 GBK51140: Issue 6 . SPEED Too high • Rough • The user can fall out of the scooter Good • Smooth • Dependent on user and environment Too low • Unresponsive • Braking distance too long Low deceleration values produce a gentle stop.5.August 2009 . but can be uncomfortable.5 Deceleration Parameter Possible Values Default Deceleration 1 .2. but increase the braking distance. High deceleration values produce a more aggressive stop.10 Lite Std Adv PD PI 7 Sets the rate at which the speed increases after the throttle has been deflected. Test thoroughly after programming to make sure that the scooter complies with local regulatory requirements for maximum allowable braking distance.

2. the value of Soft Start Period is ignored. a slam brake will occur. GBK51140: Issue 6 .2. 2.6) is not applied during a Slam Brake. or when Enable Slam Brake is set to 'No'. The resulting deceleration rate will never be more than the maximum value 10. so if the Deceleration parameter already has a high value.3200 ms 800 ms 0 .5. test thoroughly after programming to make sure that the scooter still complies with local regulatory requirements for maximum allowable braking distance. The default setting generally gives the best performance. normal deceleration is applied when the scooter is switched off while driving. Warning: If Soft Start Period is set to a very high value. the throttle is instantly moved more than 30% in the reverse direction.3. the scooter will decelerate immediately at approximately twice the deceleration rate that is set with the Deceleration parameter (5. During a slam brake. during the time that is set with Soft Start Period. whenever the speed demand changes. Notes: Slam Braking is not applied while driving reverse.3. the effect of a slam brake will be limited.3. Otherwise.200 (x16 ms) 50 Lite Std Adv PD PI Yes Soft Start temporary reduces the acceleration or deceleration rate when the user moves the throttle to go faster or slower.6 Soft Start Damping Parameter Possible Values Default Enable Soft Start No/Yes Soft Start Period 0 . except during an emergency stop or slam stop. a slam brake will also be applied when the scooter is switched off while driving.5). Notes: 1. This makes the speed change smoother.7 Slam Brake Parameter Possible Values Default Enable Slam Brake No/Yes Yes Key-off Slam Brake No/Yes No Lite Std Adv PD PI If. especially with high acceleration/deceleration rates or high motor resistance settings. but also during driving.2.3. Soft Start damping is applied while starting and stopping. 3.2. Soft Start damping is not only applied from standstill.August 2009 45 . Soft Start Damping (5. If Enable Soft Start is set to 'No'. If Key-off Slam Brake is set to 'Yes'. 5. while driving forward.

3. the reversing buzzer will beep when the scooter moves forward. If the throttle is moved out of the centre position in either direction.1 Single Ended Pot Parameter Possible Values Default Single Ended Pot No (Wig-Wag) Yes (Throttle) Lite Std Adv PD PI No Yes . Notes: If Single Ended Pot is set to 'Yes'. If Motor Reverse is set to 'Yes'. but it does not swap the behaviour of the reversing buzzer or the speed limit parameters.3. The direction of the scooter is selected with a Forward/Reverse switch that is connected between pin 7 of the logic connector and Battery Negative. pin 7 now acts as a Drive / Actuator Selector.The polarity of the throttle is reversed. For this reason.2 Pot Reverse Parameter Possible Values Default Pot Reverse No / Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI No Yes . set Single Ended Pot to 'No' otherwise the actuator function is not available. Use Pot Reverse instead. 5.The polarity of the throttle is normal.3.3. this parameter reverses the directions of the Forward/Reverse switch. No . Typically used for left-handed operation. For the DS72KA. Typically used for right-handed operation. Moving the throttle in the direction that normally causes forward movement now results in reverse movement while the reverse buzzer beeps.5 kΩ. the neutral position is still halfway the pot at 2. and the forward speed will be limited by the Reverse Speed parameter.August 2009 .The throttle controls speed and direction. In the other RHINO models. pin 7 can now act as a parkbrake release switch if Enable PB Release 2 (5.3.8. otherwise pin 7 is ignored. the scooter starts to move in the direction that has been selected with the Forward/Reverse switch. No .5. 46 GBK51140: Issue 6 . Notes: The Motor Reverse parameter also reverses the direction of the scooter.3 Throttle Options 5.The throttle controls speed only.6) is set to 'Yes'. This allows left-handed and right-handed operation of the same wigwag without reprogramming the scooter. do not use Motor Reverse for lefthanded operation. In the DS72KA (with actuator).3. If Single Ended Pot is set to 'Yes'. No Forward/Reverse switch is required.

100 % 0 . 0% - The response to the throttle is linear. it will be treated as zero demand and the parkbrakes will stay engaged.255 Lite Std Adv PD PI 80 % 204 Defines the scooter response to movement of the throttle. If the throttle is held halfway.August 2009 47 .3. the scooter will drive at half its programmed speed.5. Reduced Speed and Speed Limit Pot processing). 100% - The response to the throttle is curved. so the scooter will still drive at full maximum speed when the throttle is fully deflected. Reverse Speed. the scooter will start to drive at the requested speed demand (so if Creep Speed is set at 8%. Forward Speed. the scooter will drive at around 25% of its programmed speed. this parameter increases the dead-band of the speed demand after all speed processing is done (Demand Curve.3 Demand Curve Parameter Possible Values Default Demand Curve 0 . If the throttle is held halfway. or heating up of the motor because the speed demand is low enough to stall the motor without reaching the current limit.20 Lite Std Adv PD PI 0% If the speed demand of the throttle is below the creep speed. Speed 100% 0% 100% 50% Movement 100% 5.3. The curve does not change the maximum speed. rollback on slopes.3. GBK51140: Issue 6 .3. Note: The Speed Pot Neutral and Speed Pot Dead-band parameters increase the dead-band of the throttle itself.4 Creep Speed Parameter Possible Values Default Creep Speed 0-8% 0 . Once the speed demand exceeds the creep speed. the speed demand will jump from zero to 8%). This prevents crawlaway. This gives the user finer control at low speed.

This usually happens when a short circuit exists between the throttle wiper and either terminal of the throttle potentiometer. Warning: If the throttle wiper is not connected.5 V 102-180 Lite Std Adv PD PI 2.4 for flash codes) is generated. please consider one of the recommended options described in section 4.5 Speed Pot Neutral Parameter Possible Values Default Speed Pot Neutral 2.3.9 instead.3.6 Speed Pot Fault Threshold Parameter Possible Values Default Speed Pot Fault Threshold 0. 48 GBK51140: Issue 6 . the scooter can start to drive by itself if the throttle wiper becomes disconnected.2 V 10 Defines how close the voltage of the speed pot (throttle) wiper can get to 0 or 5 Volt without generating a fault. Reducing the valid voltage range results in a Speed Pot Fault if such a short is present. Increase this parameter if • ISO resistors are fitted to the wig-wag potentiometer. if Speed Pot Neutral is set away from 2. shorts between the wiper input and either wig-wag potentiometer end may not be detected and will result in a full speed runaway.3.5V (50% of the throttle wiper range). If the voltage at the wiper terminal is lower than the threshold value.5 V by default.5 V by more than the Speed Pot Dead-Band parameter (see 5.3. or • a speed reduction pot is connected in series with the speed pot wiper. Normally this is at 2. a Speed Pot Fault (see 6. Note: A speed reduction pot in series with the speed pot wiper is not recommended.3. 5. If speed reduction is required.5. the wiper input reads 2.2 .9).2.63 Lite Std Adv PD PI 0.3.3.25 V 10 . For this reason.8 and 4.5 V 128 Defines the throttle wiper position that RHINO interprets as "neutral" (zero speed).2. In this case.August 2009 . or higher than 5V minus the threshold value.1.0 .

3. If ISO resistors are fitted.63 0.40 V 20 Lite Std Adv PD PI Sets the amount of throttle wiper movement away from the zero-speed position (as set with the Speed Pot Neutral parameter.5.2V) (1. Choose with this parameter which preset (standard or alternative) you want to use.2.3 V 4. If set too low.3.7 Standard Speed Pot Parameter Possible Values Default Standard Speed Pot No / Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI No The RHINO gives the possibility to use two different software presets (standard and alternative) for speed pot settings.4V) (0. 5.1.24 V 5 .2 V 0.3.8 V 5 V 49 .63 0. it may be necessary to decrease this parameter.4V) (2. Fault SP Threshold FSD (0.2V) Full Fault Speed 4.10 . as shown below.3.8 Speed Pot Full Scale Deflection (FSD) Parameter Possible Values Default Std Speed Pot FSD 0.9 Speed Pot Dead-Band Parameter Possible Values Default Std Speed Pot Dead-band 0.5 V 2.7 V SP Dead SP SP Dead Band Neutral Band (0. at the zero speed position.4 V 72 Lite Std Adv PD PI Sets the amount of throttle wiper movement between zero speed (as set with the Speed Pot Dead-Band parameter. see 5.3 .5V) (0.127 1.3.127 0.58 .3.9 V Typical throttle parameter setup GBK51140: Issue 6 .5) at which the scooter starts to drive.2.1. For both presets.78 V 40 Alt Speed Pot FSD 0.3.1 V 2.August 2009 SP SP Fault FSD Threshold (1. the scooter will reach maximum speed with only a small deflection of the throttle. If set too high.10 .4V) Fault Full Speed 0 V 0.20 V 10 Alt Speed Pot Dead-band 0.4V) Throttle Range REV Zero Zero Speed Speed Throttle Range FWD 2.48 V 15 . see below) and maximum speed. 5.24 V 5 .3. it is possible to enter a separate length of travel (FSD.48 V 30 . Full Scale Deflection) and dead band. Throttle Parameter This defines the size of the dead-band at the start of the throttle range. the scooter will not achieve maximum speed no matter how much the throttle is deflected.

5) decides if the input on pin 6 is high active or low active.2.2 Speed Derating (Enable Mode 2) Parameter Possible Values Default Speed Derating (Enable Mode 2) No / Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI No The Speed Derating feature allows a second driving mode that limits the speed of the scooter when a Reduce Speed Switch (see 4. If the switch is activated. Pin 6 can be called the "Reduce Speed" input or the "Turn" input. dependent on the application.9.3.100 % 51 .2. Note: Set to 100% if no speed limit pot is connected to pin 6 of the logic connector. for example: • Create a 'slow speed' switch for the user • Limit the speed when the scooter is turning • Limit the speed when the seat of the scooter is raised to a height at which it becomes unsafe to drive at full speed. Speed Limit Pot Minimum sets the maximum speed of the scooter when the speed limit potentiometer is turned fully to the minimum position.1) is activated. If this parameter is not listed in the parameter list. See the Speed Limit Pot Minimum parameter description (5.3. Use this feature to.255 Lite Std Adv PD PI 100 % 255 This parameter is meant for an optional Analog Speed Limit Pot (see 4.3.5. 5. Note: If Speed Derating is set to 'No' .4 Speed Reduction Options 5.4. 50 GBK51140: Issue 6 . the speed of the scooter will be limited to the value set with the Reduce Speed parameter (5. an analog speed limit pot between pin 6 and battery negative can still limit the speed of the scooter.2.August 2009 .2) that is connected between pin 6 of the logic connector and battery negative.4.3.9.1) for details.1 Speed Limit Pot Minimum Parameter Possible Values Default Speed Limit Pot Minimum 20 .1).3). your Rhino does not support the use of an Analog Speed Limit Pot. It is not meant for the throttle/wig-wag Speed Pot. The Invert Turn Input parameter (5. otherwise a speed limit pot error may occur. only the use of a Reduce Speed switch.3. The switch must be connected between pin 6 of the logic connector and battery negative.4. The speed is given as a percentage of the Forward Speed and Reverse Speed parameters (5.4.3.4.3.

to reach the reduced maximum speed the throttle must be fully deflected. if the Reduce Speed parameter is set to half the Forward Speed value.4. This means that the throttle may have a dead zone.2. the upper half of the throttle range will not increase the forward speed of the scooter any further. This parameter also affects the direction of the Analog Speed Limit Pot (4. The speed reduction method is dependent on the setting of the Scale Turn Speed parameter. For example. A short circuit between pin 6 and battery negative activates the reduced speed mode. GBK51140: Issue 6 .2) is set to 'Yes'.4.4 Scale Turn Speed (Mode 2) Parameter Possible Values Default Scale Turn Speed (Mode 2) No (Limit) Yes (Scale) Lite Std Adv PD PI No This parameter is only used when Speed Derating (5. Set to 'No' if the input is from an automatic speed limit switch such as a steering sensor. 5. if Reduce Speed is set to 7.The switch between pin 6 and battery negative is normally closed.3. This makes sure that the speed of the scooter does not change while driving if the switch becomes activated when the speed is already below the Reduced Speed limit. Set to 'Yes' if the input is from a 'slow speed mode' switch that is operated by the user.4.The switch between pin 6 and battery negative is normally open.3. the maximum forward speed will reduce to 7. For example.4. 5.3. The throttle will not have a dead zone. slope sensor or seat position switch. as it is already lower than Reduce Speed.3.9. This parameter defines the speed reduction method that is used when the maximum speed of the scooter is limited to the value of the Reduce Speed parameter.4.10 Lite Std Adv PD PI 5 This parameter is only used when Speed Derating (5. An open circuit between pin 6 and battery negative activates the reduced speed mode. No (Limit) - Limits the speed in both directions to the Reduce Speed value.3.5. Forward Speed to 10 and Reverse Speed to 6.2). but the maximum reverse speed will stay at 6.August 2009 51 . Yes (Scale) - Scales the maximum speed in both directions to the Reduce Speed value. the controller will automatically limit the forward and reverse speed to the value set by Reduce Speed. No .3 Reduce Speed (Mode 2) Parameter Possible Values Default Reduce Speed (Mode 2) 1 .2) is set to 'Yes'. When pin 6 of the logic connector is connected to battery negative.5 Invert Turn Input (Mode 2) Parameter Possible Values Default Invert Turn Input (Mode 2) No / Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI No Yes .

5.3.5 General Options
5.3.5.1 Buzzer Reverse
Parameter

Possible Values Default

Buzzer Reverse
Buzzer Volume

Off / On
1 - 10

Lite

Std

Adv

PD

PI

On
10

Wizard:
On

-

The buzzer beeps if the RHINO drives reverse.

Off

-

The buzzer does not beep if the RHINO drives reverse.

HHP:
2-10 -

The buzzer beeps on full volume if the RHINO drives reverse.
The volume of the buzzer is not dependent on the value of this parameter. Any
value other than 1 activates the reverse buzzer with full volume.

1

The buzzer does not beep if the RHINO drives reverse.
This value does not affect the functionality of Sound Faults or Sleep Beep.
If these are set to 'Yes' they will cause beeps even if Buzzer Volume is set to '1'.

-

Note:
The buzzer output is located on pin 5 of the logic connector.

5.3.5.2 Sound Faults
Parameter

Possible Values Default

Sound Faults

No / Yes

Lite

Std

Adv

PD

PI

No

Yes

-

If a flash code is shown on the Status LED, the buzzer beeps the same number
of beeps as the flash code number.

No

-

The buzzer does not beep during a fault.

5.3.5.3 Sleep Beep

52

Parameter

Possible Values Default

Sleep Beep

No / Yes

Lite

Std

Adv

Yes

Yes

-

When the controller goes to sleep, the buzzer beeps three times.

No

-

When the controller goes to sleep, the buzzer does not beep.

GBK51140: Issue 6 - August 2009

PD

PI

5.3.5.4 Sleep Mode
Parameter

Possible Values Default

Enable Sleep

On / Off

On

Sleep Time

Off, 5 - 60 min
5 - 60

5 min
30

Lite

Std

Adv

PD

PI

If Enable Sleep is set to 'On', the RHINO automatically "goes to sleep" if no throttle activity
is detected for Sleep Time minutes. When the RHINO is in Sleep Mode, the Status Light is
OFF and the scooter does not respond to commands. To wake up the RHINO, turn the
power off and then on again.
The Wizard does not have an Enable Sleep parameter. To turn off Sleep Mode, set Sleep
Time to 'Off'.
5.3.5.5 Enable Brake Lights
Parameter

Possible Values Default

Enable Brake Lights

No / Yes

Lite

Std

Adv

PD

PI

No

Yes - The light output will be turned on when the scooter decelerates.
No

- The light output is not used when the scooter decelerates.

The brake light must be connected to the buzzer output of the RHINO. This output can
be used as either a buzzer output or a light output, but not both. Therefore, in order to
use the lighting functions, all buzzer parameters (Buzzer Reverse, Sound Faults and Sleep
Beep) must be set to 'Off'. If any of the buzzer parameters is set to 'Yes', the value of
Enable Brake Light is ignored and the buzzer output is used as an audible output.
The light output can sink 10 mA in total and is shared between the brake light and the
reverse light functions. If both functions are set to 'Yes', the same light will be used for
both functions.
Lighting functionality is only available on DS72KB, DS112KB and DS162K(D).
5.3.5.6 Enable Reverse Lights
Parameter

Possible Values Default

Enable Reverse Lights

No / Yes

Lite

Std

Adv

PD

PI

No

Yes - The light output will be turned on when the scooter drives reverse.
No

- The light output is not used when the scooter drives reverse.

The reverse light must be connected to the buzzer output of the RHINO. This output can
be used as either a buzzer output or a light output, but not both. Therefore, in order to
use the lighting functions, all buzzer parameters (Buzzer Reverse, Sound Faults and Sleep
Beep) must be set to 'Off'. If any of the buzzer parameters is set to 'Yes', the value of
Enable Reverse Lights is ignored and the buzzer output is used as an audible output.
The light output can sink 10 mA in total and is shared between the brake light and the
reverse light functions. If both light functions are set to 'Yes', the same light will be used
for both functions.
Lighting functionality is only available on DS72KB, DS112KB and DS162K(D).
GBK51140: Issue 6 - August 2009

53

5.3.6 Motor Options
5.3.6.1 Maximum Current
Parameter

Possible Values Default

Maximum Current

30 - Unit rating
10 - Unit rating

Lite

Std

Adv

PD

PI

Unit rating
Unit rating

Sets the maximum output current in Ampere that RHINO will deliver to a motor. A low
value can affect the performance of the scooter, for example when the scooter tries to
climb up a curb.
The maximum useable setting corresponds with the current rating for the controller
type, for example 50A for the DS52K. Higher settings than the controller rating have no
effect on the controller.
5.3.6.2 Current Limit Time
Parameter

Possible Values Default

Current Limit Timer

No / Yes

Yes

Current Limit Time

Off, 5 - 50 s
25 - 250 (x 0.2)

15 s
75

Lite

Std

Adv

PD

PI

If the throttle is deflected but the scooter can not drive because


It is on a slope that is too steep,
It tries to climb up a curb that is too high, or
It is trapped,

the maximum current (as set by the Maximum Current parameter) will flow through the
motor continuously, because the motor is still trying to drive. This can cause motor
damage when the motor becomes too hot. To prevent motor damage, the RHINO
disables drive after Current Limit Time* seconds of maximum continuous current.
If a current limit timeout has occurred, the scooter will not drive and the Status Indicator
LED shows Flash Code 4 (see section 6.4 for flash code descriptions).
To reset the fault, turn the scooter off and turn it back on again.

Notes:
Some safety standards specify a particular current limit time (also referred to as
stall time or stalling timeout). See the regulations of the country in which the
scooter is to be used to determine what the correct Current Limit Time value is.
If Current Limit Time is set to 'Off', the RHINO will deliver as much power as it can,
for as long as it can, while still protecting itself. This is not recommended
because it can be against local regulations and can cause motor damage.

*Rev. B models use a fixed value of 15 s, and use the Current Limit Timer parameter
to turn the option on or off.

54

GBK51140: Issue 6 - August 2009

5.3.6.3 Boost Current (DS162K/KD only)
Parameter

Possible Values Default

Boost Current

0 - 180 A
10 - 180

0A
180

Boost Time

0 - 10 s
0 - 100 (x 0.1)

1s
10

Lite

Std

Adv

PD

PI

Boost Current provides a short boost of additional power for climbing a curb or starting
on a hill. The maximum duration of the boost is set with Boost Time.
If the current drops below 75% of the Maximum Current value, the Boost Time will
recover at 25% of the actual time. For example, if Boost Time is set to 10 seconds, and
the current has been above Maximum Current for 7 seconds, the remaining boost time
is 3 seconds. If the current now stays below 75% of Maximum Current for 8 seconds, the
remaining boost time increases with 8 x ¼ = 2 seconds to 5 seconds.
A Boost Current value less than the value of Maximum Current has no effect.

GBK51140: Issue 6 - August 2009

55

curbs or slopes. vibrates or surges • May creep forward after stopping on a slope • Motor becomes hotter than normal very easily. If the Load Compensation or Motor Resistance parameter is changed after the scooter has been set up. the complete speed/acceleration programming and testing procedure must be repeated. Set Load Compensation to 'Yes' for normal operation.6. Note: The Load Compensation and Motor Resistance parameters affect the performance of all other speed and acceleration parameters. decreased motor life If the scooter gives poor performance on carpet or at low speeds. Load Compensation uses the Motor Resistance parameter to calculate the correct compensation value.August 2009 .4 Load Compensation / Motor Resistance Parameter Possible Values Default Load Compensation No / Yes Yes Motor Resistance 5 . Motor Resistance Too low Correct Too high Scooter behaviour • Drives like it is going through thick mud • Slows down when it goes up a sidewalk edge or up a ramp • Slows down with heavier users • Rolls back significantly after stopping on a slope • Drives smoothly • Keeps the speed reasonably constant. Only slightly slows down on a slope • Does not roll back after stopping on a slope • Drives very rough • Hard to control. Set Motor Resistance to the resistance of the motor that is installed on the scooter.225 mΩ 0 . and it is important to set these parameters correctly before you program anything else. the most probable cause is a Motor Resistance value that is set too low.5. 56 GBK51140: Issue 6 .3.225 50 mΩ 60 Lite Std Adv PD PI Load Compensation automatically compensates for changes in motor speed when the scooter drives over loads such as sidewalks.

perform this procedure when the motor has been used for several hours. If possible. For this reason.Determining the correct motor resistance by looking at the scooter behaviour Tools needed 1 1. A DS2K Hand Held Programmer or a laptop with the Wizard Programmer 3. 2. Reduce Motor Resistance by 20% to make sure that the scooter is still comfortable to drive when the motor is cold.August 2009 57 . perform a series of scooter tests (drive on a slope. up a sidewalk edge. Notes: 1. A scooter with a RHINO controller fitted 2. A slope that you can drive up to 2 3 Procedure • • • Set Load Compensation to 'Yes' Set Motor Resistance to 20. the resulting value for Motor Resistance is too high. Scooter responsive AND smooth Nervous Unresponsive Aim for this point: 20% back from the top of the hill Uncontrollable Motor Resistance parameter GBK51140: Issue 6 . To test if Motor Resistance has the correct value. because the motor brushes that are inside the motor do not make optimal contact until they are "worn in". This test procedure causes the motor to become hot. and over thick carpet) and check if the scooter behaviour is similar to the correct behaviour described above. A new motor usually has a higher motor resistance than a motor that has been used for some time. Performance Optimum Motor Resistance. Drive the scooter onto a slope and increase the Motor Resistance value until the scooter does not roll back after it has stopped on the slope.

August 2009 . set the Pot Reverse parameter (see 5. The motor may last longer. even with I2T activated. the current output of the RHINO is reduced to protect the motor from burning out.3. For this reason. In RHINO software revision D. the parameters of the two versions are described in two different sections on the following pages.6 I2T / Motor Derating Parameter Possible Values Default Motor Derating (Enable I2T) Motor Derating No / Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI No I2T or Motor Derating is a function that calculates the approximate temperature of the motor by measuring the motor current over time.2. a new algorithm was introduced that is more accurate than the old algorithm.5 Motor Reverse Parameter Possible Values Default Motor Reverse No / Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI No Yes .6. not other forward/reverse features such as the Forward/Reverse speed setting and the reversing beeper. the calculation resets the motor temperature to the ambient temperature. 5. 58 GBK51140: Issue 6 . it cannot completely prevent the motor from burning out. If the calculated motor temperature becomes too high.3.2) to 'Yes' instead. Using Motor Reverse to setup the scooter for left-handed use will result in the reversing beeper beeping while the scooter drives slowly forward.3. Motor Reverse only swaps the motor polarity. Note: The I2T algorithm assists in motor protection.6. but specific conditions can still burn out a motor.The polarity of the motor pins on the motor connector is as described in section 4.The polarity of the motor pins on the motor connector is reversed and the motor turns in the opposite direction.3. Note: Do not use Motor Reverse to setup the scooter for left-handed use. No .2. However. The new algorithm uses different parameters with a different name. When the power of the scooter is turned off.5.

This calculation updates more slowly. The algorithm estimates the temperature of both the motor brush assembly and the motor case. GBK51140: Issue 6 . Motor I2T Continuous Current defines the current that the motor can handle continuously without becoming too hot. This calculation updates at intervals proportional to Motor I2T Brush Time.6. A heating term and a cooling term are also calculated for the motor case. and the complement of the Ratio will be used to multiply the case cooling term. Match these parameters to the thermal characteristics of the motor that is installed on the scooter.5.68 min 25 . Thus a Ratio of 66% will cause the estimated case temperature to stabilise at two-thirds of the estimated brush temperature.250 33 % 85 Lite Std Adv PD PI These parameters only have effect if Motor Derating (Enable I2T) is set to 'Yes'.August 2009 59 .100 A 20 A Motor I2T Brush Time 10 . Motor I2T Brush Time / Motor I2T Case Time. Therefore the higher the Ratio value. Motor I2T Brush/Case Ratio specifies what fraction the motor case temperature rises compared to the brush temperature. A heating term and a cooling term are calculated for the motor brush assembly. The Ratio term will also be used to scale the brush cooling term.250 34 min 128 Motor I2T Brush/Case Ratio 10 . This Ratio term will be used to multiply the case heating term. the smaller the difference between brush and case temperatures for a given amount of brush cooling.98 % 25 .3. but the actual multiplier will be (1/(1-Ratio)).7 I2T Parameters (Rev. at intervals proportional to Motor I2T Case Time. F) Parameter Possible Values Default Motor I2T Continuous Current 5 . while a Ratio of 25% will cause the estimated case temperature to stabilise at 1/4 of the estimated brush temperature.510 s 5 . D and Rev.250 256 s 128 Motor I2T Case Time 7 .

9kA2. A greater capacity increases both the reaction and recovery times from heating.100 0 .3.August 2009 . Its units are in thousands of AmperesSquared Seconds.9kA2 = 1. For example.1* 60 0. Motor Ramp Down Rate is a ramp time that determines the rate at which the current is limited from maximum current limit to Motor Continuous Current when the Motor Capacity is exhausted. corresponds to just under 2 seconds at 100 Amperes (100 Amperes-30 Amperes = 70A excess. Match these parameters to the thermal characteristics of the motor that is installed on the scooter. The Motor Recovery Rate controls the rate at which the Motor Capacity is rejuvenated when the controller current is below the threshold Motor Continuous Current.65500* Lite Std Adv PD PI 30720 A2s Motor Ramp Down Rate 1 .8 I2T Parameters (Rev. so a capacity of 9kA2S divided by 4. but the current used for this calculation is the amount of current in excess of or below the Motor Continuous Current Parameter. Use the Wizard or the obsolete DS-DZ-PD hand held programmer to access these parameters. Motor Capacity sets the thermal mass of the motor.30 s 4s Motor Recovery Rate 5 .8 seconds). Motor Continuous Current is the current that the controller will be limited to if the Motor Capacity has been exhausted.105 A 20 A These parameters only have effect if Motor Derating (Enable I2T) is set to 'Yes'. 60 GBK51140: Issue 6 . a value of 9kA2S with a 30A continuous current.6. B and Rev. squared is 4.645122 A2s 100 . Motor Recovery Rate defines how quickly the motor cools down. C) Parameter Possible Values Default Motor Capacity 1024 . Note: *The DS2K-PI hand held programmer does not support these parameters.5.6 Motor Continuous Current 5 .

5 Volt. Older models use the fixed value of 19. The scooter will drive slower but should still be able to climb small obstacles such as curbs. the RHINO reduces the maximum throttle input value.5 V.5 V 146 Sets the voltage at which the Battery Saver feature starts to work.7. especially on slopes. Maximum Throttle *Battery Saver Threshold is only available on Rev. so the user cannot ask for full speed anymore. If the battery voltage falls below 16.3. GBK51140: Issue 6 .5. 5.0 V 128 .7 Battery Options 5.3. A low value provides increased performance when the battery is low.August 2009 61 .1 . This • • • protects the battery gives the scooter a longer range before the battery is completely empty gives the user a physical warning that the battery is almost empty before the battery is damaged.5 V Battery Saver Threshold V 5.22. Battery Almost Empty Battery Empty 16.1 Battery Derating (Battery Saver) Parameter Possible Values Default Battery Derating (Battery Saver) No / Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI No If the battery Voltage falls below Battery Saver Threshold*. F models (see Software revisions. the scooter stops driving because the throttle is reduced to zero.165 Lite Std Adv PD PI 19.1).2 Battery Saver Threshold Parameter Possible Values Default Battery Saver Threshold 17. A high value provides additional battery protection but limits the performance of the scooter.7. but may shorten the life of the battery.3.3.

5.3. In all other cases set this parameter to 'Yes'.August 2009 PI . No .50 mΩ Lite Std Adv PD PI 0 mΩ If the resistance of the battery circuit is entered.3. 5.9 . the controller can calculate a more accurate battery voltage used in features such as the Battery Saver.8 Parkbrake Options 5. Always set this option to 'Yes' if the scooter has an electric parkbrake.8.5.3.0 V 157 .8. In some circumstances.7.4 BDI Threshold Parameter Possible Values Default BDI Threshold 20.3. If this is the case. set this parameter to 'No'.The RHINO checks the parkbrake for open circuit and short circuit faults before and during driving.3 V 175 Sets the Voltage below which the Battery Discharge Indicator (BDI) indicates that the battery is almost empty. 62 GBK51140: Issue 6 .2 PB Open Circuit Drive Test Parameter Possible Values Default PB Open Circuit Drive Test No/Yes Lite Std Adv PD Yes The RHINO checks the parkbrakes for open circuits before and while driving. the parkbrake checking during driving may result in audible noise and/or incorrectly generated faults.3 Battery Circuit Resistance Parameter Possible Values Default Battery Circuit Resistance 0 .1 Brake Checking Parameter Possible Values Default Brake Checking No/Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI Yes Yes .195 Lite Std Adv PD PI 23. This option allows the RHINO to be used without an electric parkbrake. the value of this parameter is ignored.The RHINO does not check the parkbrake at all.7. 5.3. Note: If Brake Checking is set to 'No'.26.

August 2009 63 .3) is skipped and the parkbrakes are applied immediately. The correct value of this parameter is dependent on the mechanics of the parkbrake that is used on the scooter.05 . there may be too much rollback when stopping on a slope. *Slope Current is not available in Rev.8. These models use the fixed value of 20A. and the motor current is higher than Slope Current* after the scooter has stopped. 5.4) have been setup correctly. B models.8.3. the Parkbrake Delay (5.8.3 Parkbrake Delay Parameter Possible Values Default Parkbrake Delay 0.3.6. check if Load Compensation and Motor Resistance (5. Note: If this function makes the scooter stop too abruptly. GBK51140: Issue 6 . If that does not help.5 s 1 .30 Lite Std Adv PD PI 0. otherwise the scooter will roll away. If the value is set too low. the motors need power to stand still. If the value of Parkbrake Delay is set too high.1.4 Check For Slope / Slope Current Parameter Possible Values Default Check For Slope On / Off Off Slope Current 5 . the scooter may stop too abruptly.3.100 A 20 A Lite Std Adv PD PI On a slope. If Check For Slope is set to 'Yes'.5. This can reduce the amount of rollback on a slope. The delay must be longer for fast acting parkbrakes.3. increase Slope Current or set Check For Slope to 'No'.3 s 6 The Parkbrake Delay parameter sets the delay between zero speed demand (after the scooter has decelerated and stopped) and the moment that the parkbrakes are engaged.

7 Push Speed Parameter Possible Values Default Push Speed 20 .8 Rollaway Speed Parameter Possible Values Default Rollaway Speed 30 .8.3.3.8.5 Enable PB Release 1 Parameter Possible Values Default Enable PB Release 1 No/Yes Lite Std Adv PD PI Lite Std Adv PD PI No This function is reserved for future use. If the Rollaway Speed is exceeded.3. the Forward/Reverse switch can be used as an electronic parkbrake release switch. This parameter is not available on the DS72KA or on Rev.3. 5.5.8.1) is set to 'No(Wig-Wag)'.100 % 51 . Note: This function is only available if Single Ended Pot (5. the scooter will perform a controlled stop.255 Lite Std Adv PD 100 % 255 The speed at which the scooter can be pushed when the scooter is switched off and the parkbrake is manually released.August 2009 PI .8.100 % 73 .255 Lite Std Adv PD PI 100 % 255 The speed at which the scooter can be pushed when the scooter is switched on and the parkbrake is electrically released with a parkbrake release switch.6 Enable PB Release 2 Parameter Possible Values Default Enable PB Release 2 No/Yes No If set to 'Yes'. Leave at 'No'. If the Push Speed is exceeded.3. B models. 5. 5.3. 64 GBK51140: Issue 6 . the scooter will perform a controlled stop.

the Status Light is continuously on.1. click on the icon with the wrench or click Tools J Diagnose controller.4 for a detailed description of the Flash Codes and the possible solutions to the faults. If the RHINO detects a fault. RHINO will react differently.3 The PC-based Wizard program The Wizard provides a full fault history and shows a description of any current faults.1 The Status Light The RHINO controls a Status Light to indicate the status of the controller. GBK51140: Issue 6 . Depending on the severity of the fault and its impact on user safety.6 Diagnostics RHINO provides diagnostics information to assist technicians with diagnosing and correcting faults within the scooter system. stop the scooter and prevent driving until the scooter has been turned off and then back on again.2 RHINO Programmer If you plug a RHINO Programmer into the RHINO when a fault condition exists. If the scooter is on and there are no faults present.August 2009 65 . See section 6. To create a diagnostic report. 6. 6. indicates the nature of the fault. The number of flashes or ‘beeps’ in each burst. A fault in the scooter will cause the RHINO Status Light to flash and the Horn to sound in bursts. It can: • • • Display the flash code as a warning but allow normal driving and operation.1.1 Diagnostic tools 6. separated by a pause. also referred to as the flash code. Display the flash code. the programmer will display the detected fault on its screen. 6.1. Create Diagnostic Report If the fault cannot be identified and assistance is required. the Status Light shows a Flash Code that indicates the cause of the fault. Display the flash code as a warning but allow limited driving and operation. please save the diagnostic report as a file on the computer (File J Save as) and email it to one of our service centres. together with a detailed description of the fault and circumstances.

If the fault does not go away after the scooter has been turned off and on. 66 GBK51140: Issue 6 . 6. If the throttle is not returned to the centre within 10 seconds. Required equipment: Voltmeter. To clear the fault. The scooter does not drive.3 Diagnosing RHINO Faults Use the following troubleshooting guide if the scooter fails to operate. If an OONAPU fault exists. Elevate the drive wheels before carrying out the following tests.6 for more information. The guide will help identify whether the fault exists within RHINO or another part of the scooter system. the throttle may be faulty or incorrectly calibrated. Warning: Testing should only be carried out by qualified service personnel. optionally a DS2K-PI hand held programmer.1.August 2009 . 2. 3. The voltages shown are nominal values.2 Out Of Neutral At Power Up (OONAPU) An Out Of Neutral At Power Up (OONAPU) fault occurs if the throttle is not in the centre position when the scooter is switched on. Return the throttle to the centre. This makes sure that the scooter does not suddenly start to drive. switch the scooter off and then on again. the OONAPU fault becomes a latching fault.6. The fault goes away and the scooter drives normally. See section 5. Turn the key switch on before beginning any diagnostics. Notes: 1. the Status LED shows flash code 6.

Check the voltages on the Motor terminals. If you can hear the relay operating but not the solenoid. but scooter does not move If the External Indicator Light is PERMANENTLY ON. check the motor. an incorrect throttle potentiometer is being used and/or it is not correctly calibrated. check the throttle programming settings (section 5. If you can hear the solenoid but the motor does not turn.August 2009 67 . If the voltage swing does not occur. check that you are not using a DS72KA in actuator mode. The voltmeter should measure 24V when the throttle is out of neutral. When 0V is applied to this terminal. Check the voltages on the Throttle terminals with the throttle in neutral. Connect a voltmeter between Inhibit and Battery –. check the parkbrake and parkbrake wiring.1 V (128 on DS2K-PI programmer) The DS2K-PI hand held programmer also shows the throttle wiper voltage in its Read Menu (see section 5. Connect a voltmeter between Battery – and the following Throttle pins: Battery – Battery – Battery – » » » Pin 2: Throttle – Pin 4: Throttle + Pin 3: Throttle Wiper 0. Check the voltages on the Parkbrake terminals. The voltmeter should measure 24V as the throttle is moved out of neutral to full forward. Move the throttle to the full-speed position and listen carefully for the operation of the parkbrake solenoid or the relay in the RHINO.3. Connect a voltmeter between Motor + and Motor –. • If the voltages are incorrect. the problem is not with the throttle or the inhibit circuitry.3).5 ± 0. look for an open circuit in the motor wiring. When the Throttle is moved in the forward and reverse directions. • • • If the throttle voltages are not correct. GBK51140: Issue 6 . The voltmeter should measure 0V when the throttle is in neutral. the voltage on Throttle Wiper should increase and decrease by 2V (or + 102 on the programmer). check that an inhibit switch is not engaged (for example. • If the voltage is 0V. driving will be inhibited.1 Status Light ON. If the voltage swing does occur but the relay and parkbrake solenoid do not operate. and connectors.1. but the scooter does not move Check that the relay and the parkbrake solenoid are working. • • • If you can hear the solenoid or the relay operating.5 ± 0.1 V 4. The centre value should be approximately 128.3.2). Connect a voltmeter between Parkbrake + and Parkbrake –. from a battery charger).5 ± 0. The voltmeter should measure 5V. The voltmeter should measure 0V when the throttle is in neutral.1 V 2. check the potentiometer and wiring for open circuits.6. Check inhibit status. motor wiring. • If the voltage out of neutral is above 0V but the motor is not driving.

August 2009 .3.3. 68 GBK51140: Issue 6 . negative probe on Battery –. is fitted correctly. check the circuit breaker and for open circuit wiring. If the voltage is 0V. Confirm that the key switch is on and that its wiring and fuses are intact. The voltmeter should read at least 20 volts. • • If the voltage is negative. Confirm that the battery supply voltage is present on the RHINO Battery +/– terminals. Plug in the RHINO Hand Held Programmer to determine the cause of the fault. The status light will be out. check for correct battery wiring polarity. if present. The voltmeter should measure between 23 and 27 volts.2 Status Light OFF If the Status Light is OFF Check whether the RHINO Programmer is plugged in. • If the voltage is 0V. Connect a voltmeter between Battery + and Battery –. use the voltmeter to check the wiring from Battery + to the key switch itself and back to the Key Switch terminal. and driving is not enabled when a Programmer is plugged in to the RHINO.3 Status Light Flashing If the Status Light is FLASHING Count the number of flashes and refer to the following section. 6. Flash Codes. Connect a voltmeter between the Key Switch terminal and Battery –. Confirm that the Status LED.6.

3. For full speed.3.4. the battery can become overcharged.3. it may reduce the output current to protect the motor (see section 5. • Check the Speed Limit Pot Voltage in the Read Menu of the DS2K-PI hand held programmer (see section 5.1 V Battery – » Pin 3: Throttle Wiper 2.1) reduces the output of the RHINO to increase the range and protect the battery. set Speed Limit Pot Minimum (5. it should be 5V or 0V (depending on Invert Turn Input). an incorrect throttle potentiometer is being used and/or it is not correctly calibrated.2.2. check that it is not activated. Check that the wires are not loose. The polarity can be swapped with the Invert Turn Input parameter (5. the speed reduction mechanism is the problem.3.3. • If the voltage swing does occur but the scooter still does not achieve full speed. When the Throttle is moved in the forward and reverse directions.5 ± 0.4.5). the RHINO reduces the current output. If full speed can now be achieved.6. • To disable the speed reduction switch. GBK51140: Issue 6 . the scooter will still drive but perform less when one of the wires is disconnected.August 2009 69 .4. If you don't have a programmer.3.2. Check that the polarity of the wiring is correct.1) and Motor Resistance (5. Especially on high power scooters where multiple battery wires and motor wires are used in parallel.2).4 Can't achieve full speed If the scooter can't achieve full speed at full throttle Check if the battery is low or overcharged If the battery Voltage is below 19.3.2. check the throttle programming settings (section 5.2) to 'No'. especially the Full Scale Deflection parameter. • If the throttle voltages are not correct.9) of the pot/switch.4) are correct. If the scooter drives downhill with a battery that is completely full.3.1 V (128 on DS2K-PI programmer) The DS2K-PI hand held programmer also shows the throttle wiper voltage in its Read Menu (see section 5.5 ± 0. otherwise performance is reduced.3) = 100%.6. the controller reduces the output current to protect itself. To check if the speed reduction mode is activated. set Speed Derating (5.5 V. If the scooter has a speed reduction switch. Check that Maximum Current (5.7.3).1 V Battery – » Pin 4: Throttle + 4.1) = 10 and Maximum Speed (5.2.6.3.3. disable the mode: • To disable the speed limit pot.1.1) to 100%. • Check that the programming (5.3. Check the battery wiring and the motor wiring • • Check that the diameter of the wiring is at least the recommended size as shown in section 4. Check if the controller or the motor is hot If the RHINO is hot. the voltage on Throttle Wiper should increase and decrease by 2V (or + 102 on the programmer).6). If the RHINO has calculated that the motor is hot. Check if a speed reduction mechanism is active If the scooter has a speed limit pot.5 ± 0.4) matches the wiring (4.1. Check that the throttle has been setup correctly Connect a voltmeter between Battery – and the following Throttle pins: Battery – » Pin 2: Throttle – 0. check the voltage on Pin 6 of the Logic connector. The centre value should be approximately 128.2). Check if the scooter is programmed correctly • • Check that Forward Speed (5. check that it is in the maximum position. the Battery Saver function (5.3.6. To protect the battery.

check for an open circuit in the parkbrake circuit. the battery connector may make intermittent contact.1. If the scooter is left off for a few minutes.6. 4 Route / Temperature The motor current has been at the maximum value for too long. If necessary. The scooter does not drive. • Throttle may need to be adjusted (see section 5. The scooter does not drive.4 Flash Codes Flash Code Fault source Meaning 1 Battery Low The battery is almost empty. o Turn off the scooter. • Return the throttle to neutral. check for a short in the parkbrake circuit. The scooter does not drive. • Check the batteries and the cables. • Wait a few minutes and try again • If this happens often. driving on an empty battery may cause damage to the battery. • If this flash code appears at power-up. 3 Battery Too Full The battery voltage is too high. unplug the motor connector or parkbrake connector and check that all pins are in the correct position. The scooter does not drive. then turn it back on again and choose another route. and then turn the scooter off and on. • Check the battery cables and connectors. • Recharge the battery immediately.August 2009 . turn the power off. The parkbrake is not connected to the RHINO. • Recharge the battery as soon as possible. o Have the motor checked by a service technician. The RHINO is too hot. the battery charger is defective or not adjusted correctly. • If this flash code does not appear until the throttle has been moved out of neutral. • Contact your dealer. o Make sure that the wheels can turn freely. • Contact your dealer If this fault occurs during when you stop or when you travel down a slope. contact DYNAMIC 5 Parkbrake The parkbrake has been released manually. GBK51140: Issue 6 . let it cool down. • Check throttle wiring. The throttle was not in the neutral position when the scooter was turned on. • The motor may not be strong enough for the chosen route (the route is too steep). • Batteries may be damaged: contact your dealer. 2 Battery Empty The battery is completely empty. • Batteries may be overcharged: if driving downhill. and back on again. • Check that the motor and parkbrake cables and connectors are not loose or damaged.6). The scooter does not drive. However. • The wheels may be rubbing on the frame. The scooter does not drive. 6 70 OONAPU Out Of Neutral At Power Up. or there is a short-circuit in the parkbrake connection. • Enable the parkbrake. If this fault occurs during battery charging. slow down and turn on the lights. the battery may recover enough to allow driving again for a short time. and the batteries are not full. • The motor may be faulty.

• If no speed limit pot is fitted. and then turn the RHINO off and on.August 2009 71 . speed limit pot or their wiring may be faulty. 6. Notes: Battery Low warnings (Flash Code 1) are not logged in the Fault Log.5 RHINO Fault Log & Run-Time Log The Fault Log is a useful diagnostic tool for use by approved service technicians. the Speed Limit Pot Minimum parameter (5. The voltage throttle. The log retains information on the last 16 faults. • Check for open or short circuits. 9 Internal fault An internal fault has occurred. The scooter does not drive.3. The Run-Time Log records the total time the RHINO has been driven including time being “pushed” with the parkbrakes electronically released.8. • Contact your dealer. or there is a short-circuit in the motor connection.8. 10 Pushed Too Fast The scooter has been pushed faster than the programmed Rollaway Speed parameter (5.1) must be set to 100%/255. The scooter does not drive. Both logs are accessible with the DS2K Scooter Programmer or the Wizard. • Check that the motor cables are not loose or damaged.3. the motors may be faulty. If this happens often.7) when the Parkbrake Release function has been operated.Flash Code Fault source Meaning 7 Speed Pot (Throttle) The throttle or speed limit pot may not be correctly set up. • Contact your dealer. GBK51140: Issue 6 . • Contact your dealer. The scooter does not drive.3. or the scooter has been pushed faster than the programmed Push Speed parameter (5. • Turn the scooter off and then back on again. 8 Motor Volts The motor is not connected to the RHINO.4. Turn the wheels of the scooter to reconnect the motor brushes.8) when the Parkbrake has been mechanically released. • The motor brushes may have lost connection.

August 2009 .72 GBK51140: Issue 6 .

7 Appendices 7.August 2009 73 .1 Programming Accessories DYNAMIC RHINO Programming Accessories Part Description Wizard software Wizard Kit – Programming Kit Contains software and cables (no dongle) DC Part # Qty/Unit DWIZ-KIT 1 Wizard – Software Only (CD) DWIZ-SW 1 Wizard Dongles – USB port OEM/Advanced version Enhanced dealer/Standard version Dealer/Lite version Factory version DWD-OEM-U DWD-EDL-U DWD-DLR-U DWD-FAC-U 1 1 1 1 Hand Held Programmers OEM/Installation version Dealer version DS2K-PI DS2K-PD 1 1 GBK51140: Issue 6 .

If Dynamic Controls controllers are fitted to vehicles or applications other than wheelchairs and scooters. Product Disclaimer Dynamic Controls products are built to allow customers’ vehicles to conform to national and international requirements. The RHINO with Seat Lift (DS72KA) controller is also fitted with a seat actuator control that is used to adjust seat height through a DC motor driven seat actuator. Final compliance must be obtained by the vehicle manufacturer for each vehicle. The controller will respond to user input demand via an analog input. which are protected independently from the drive circuits such that failure of the lighting circuit will not effect the driving circuit. system and environment in which it operates are also correctly designed. testing to appropriate standards for the particular application must be completed. set up. 74 GBK51140: Issue 6 . The scooter system integrator as well as the end user are provided with all of the integration. DS112KB and DS162K/KD variants only). In particular to: ISO7176-9 Climatic Tests for Electric Wheelchairs and Scooters ISO7176-14 Power and Control Systems for Electric Wheelchairs and Scooters ISO7176-21 Requirements and Test Methods for Electromagnetic Compatibility of Electric Powered Wheelchairs and Scooters The performance of controllers fitted to wheelchairs and scooters depends on the design of the particular wheelchair or scooter. No component certificate issued by Dynamic Controls relieves a wheelchair or scooter manufacturer from compliance testing for the particular vehicle. seat extend and seat retract. The RHINO is designed with a specified input device and with the expectation that the input device. in terms of direction (forward and reverse). as ISO7176 might be inappropriate. test and maintenance information that will be needed in order to ensure reliable and safe use of the controller. tested and adequately maintained. speed.7.2 Intended Use and Regulatory Statement The RHINO scooter controller is intended to provide speed control for scooter systems that utilise a single DC motor fitted with an integrated parkbrake.August 2009 . The RHINO controller is designed for scooters fitted with: • A battery level and flash code indicator installed and visible to the user • A Buzzer with audible output to indicate the scooter is reversing • Optional lighting circuits (DS72KB.

Do not use chemicals. • Has not been connected to third party devices without the specific approval of Dynamic Controls.3 Maintenance 1. • has been properly connected to a suitable power supply in accordance with this manual. terminals. dirt and liquids. There are no user-serviceable parts in any DYNAMIC electronic component. • has been used solely in accordance with this manual and all other manuals of the DYNAMIC electronic components that are used on the scooter. or been modified or repaired by any unauthorised personnel. the company will repair. have it checked by qualified personnel before operating. or if internal damage may have occurred (for example by being dropped). solvents or abrasive cleaners. GBK51140: Issue 6 . as this may cause damage to the product. Restrain all cables to protect them from damage. and all programmable options correctly adjusted for safe operation prior to use. • has been used solely for the driving of electrically powered mobility scooters in accordance with the intended use and the recommendations of the scooter manufacturer. the equipment without charge for materials or labour. 3. For cleaning the product. If any defect is found within the warranty period. consult your nearest service centre or agent. 4. or at its discretion replace.August 2009 75 . 7. damaged or corroded components such as connectors. Warning: If any component is damaged in any way. This warranty is subject to the provisions that the equipment: • has been correctly installed. • has been thoroughly checked upon completion of installation.4 Warranty All equipment supplied by Dynamic Controls is warranted by the company to be free from faulty workmanship or materials. Keep all DYNAMIC electronic components free of dust. else warranty will be voided and the safety of the system may be compromised. Do not attempt to open any case or undertake any repairs.7. Regularly check all vehicle components for loose. Replace damaged components. • has not been subjected to misuse or accident. Where any doubt exists. 2. or cabling. 5. Regularly test all switchable functions on the DYNAMIC electronics system to ensure they function correctly. use a cloth dampened with warm soapy water.

maintain. When this happens. the controller forces the vehicle to slow down until the battery can accept more energy. If you touch the pins. • • • • • • • • • • • 76 Do not install. ask your dealer or vehicle manufacturer. If you do not follow all instructions. If operators of the vehicle are left with limited or no mobility for any reason (for example. Do not try to open or disassemble any case . it is important that they can still call for assistance from wherever they may be. press the On/Off button to perform an emergency stop and turn the controller off. In the case of an emergency while the vehicle is driving. Immediately turn the controller off and consult your service agent if the vehicle o Is damaged o Does not behave the same every time o Does not respond normally. When you turn the controller off the vehicle will halt. they can become dirty or they can be damaged by electrostatic discharge. If you are not sure. After this. However. the way you expect it to o Becomes hotter than normal o Smokes o Arcs o Does not change its speed when you adjust the speed reduction pot or the speed reduction switch (if one is available on your vehicle) o Displays a fault on its fault indicator and the controller does not perform normally. The result of this will be sudden speed changes of the vehicle. The operator has the responsibility to keep the vehicle in a good safe operating condition. if the battery is fully charged. To prevent these speed changes with fully charged batteries. injury or damage can be the result. Advise the operator to go downhill slowly. Follow the instructions of the manuals. the operator must fasten them in optimum positions. This charges the battery. If the battery becomes completely empty it will be damaged. because the vehicle loses electric power or breaks down). the operator must decrease the speed of the vehicle when going downhill. When the vehicle drives downhill. To prevent this risk. Do not touch the connector pins. possibly in dangerous locations such as the middle of the road.5 Safety and Misuse Warnings Warnings to be included in the User Manual The following warnings must be passed on to the operator of the vehicle before use of the product. it cannot accept the generated energy anymore. GBK51140: Issue 6 .August 2009 . and the vehicle will stop suddenly. To protect all the components (for example the cables) from damage. Do not drive the vehicle if the controller indicates that the battery is low. there is a risk of damage to the battery or an explosion.there are no user-serviceable parts inside. it allows the vehicle to speed up again. the motors act as a dynamo and generate energy. Turn the controller off o When you do not use it o Before you get in or get out of the vehicle o Before you use a mobile phone or a portable communications device near the vehicle o If your vehicle drives by itself or against your will.7. The controller sends the generated energy from the motor to the battery. Make sure that the battery charger that is used with the vehicle has a drive inhibit function that is correctly connected for use with the controller. or operate this equipment before you have read and understood all the instructions and all the manuals for this product and all the other products that you use or install together with this product.

or programming in a location that is not safe. check it thoroughly. contact your service agent. make sure that the slope does not exceed the capability of the vehicle. Operation of a vehicle on steep slopes can be dangerous. check to make sure that the vehicle performs to the specifications entered in the programming procedure. or damage to the vehicle or surrounding property. • • • • • • • It is the responsibility of the installer to make sure that accessories that are connected to the wires of the vehicle do not interfere with the operation of the controller. GBK51140: Issue 6 . and the operator must wear this seat belt. Any electrical low-resistance connection to the frame is a safety risk and is not allowed by international safety standards. After maintenance or service of the vehicle. Correctly adjust all programmable options before the vehicle is used. Before you drive up or down a slope. After you have configured the vehicle. The vehicle manufacturer has the responsibility to make sure that the vehicle is tested according to local EMC regulations. but very strong signals can still cause a problem. Dynamic Controls has made every effort to make sure that RFI does not change the behaviour of the controller. the installer must install a seat belt. Performance adjustments must only be made indoors. and the dealer or the therapist who supplies the vehicle to the end user. reprogram it. Wrong settings. If this can be dangerous to the operator. Do not use the parkbrake release on a slope. such as o lights o external switches o actuators o DCI/ACI/OBC resistor switch circuits (including programmed slowdown behaviour) The dealer. Service and configuration warnings The following warnings are applicable to the installation technician. therapist or other agent who supplies the vehicle to the end user has the responsibility to make sure that the vehicle is correctly configured for the needs of that user. check the functional operation of all components that are externally connected to the controller. or outdoors in dry conditions. it is important that an attendant is able to move the vehicle easily. or by persons who completely understand the adjustment process and the capabilities of the operator. Make sure that the controller does not become colder or hotter than the minimum and maximum temperatures specified in this manual. If the vehicle loses electric power.• • • • • • • Inform the operator that the controller can cause the vehicle to come to a sudden stop. Do not use the vehicle frame as the earth return.August 2009 77 . Be careful when portable communications equipment is used in the area around such equipment. If the wanted operation cannot be reached. can cause injury to the operator or bystanders. If the vehicle does not perform to specifications. Repeat this procedure until the vehicle performs to specifications. Performance adjustments must only be made by healthcare professionals. Most electronic equipment is influenced by Radio Frequency Interference (RFI). After you have completed the installation.

78 GBK51140: Issue 6 .8. including the level of disability and capability (where applicable). the vehicle set up and configuration should take into consideration his or her o technical knowledge.2. It is the responsibility of the therapist/ installer to minimize any risk of use error. for example when the seat is raised.1 are written to assist with meeting EMC requirements.1998 Sec 21 Europe: EN12184: 1999 Sec 9.7 Environmental statement This product has been supplied from an environmentally aware manufacturer. Do not dispose of this product in fire. and having them test-drive the vehicle in a safe area in the presence of their agent. each variation must be tested.August 2009 . make sure that users are fully able to operate the product by giving them appropriate training on functionality and safety features. The General wiring recommendations in section 4. Please be environmentally responsible and recycle this product at the end of its life through your local recycling facility. This product may contain substances that could be harmful to the environment if disposed of into a landfill. and o medical and physical condition. It is the responsibility of the OEM and installer to make sure that the maximum driving speed of the vehicle is limited as appropriate when the vehicle is in a mechanically unstable position.• • • • For each individual user. Prior to handing over the vehicle. 7. including those arising from ergonomic features and/or the environment in which the device is intended to be used. 7.6 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) DYNAMIC Electronic Controllers have been tested on typical vehicles to confirm compliance with the following appropriate EMC standards: USA: ANSI/RESNA WC/Vol:2 .1-3 National and international directives require confirmation of compliance on particular vehicles. Since EMC is dependent on a particular installation. experience and education.