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Reinforce Concrete Pile Introduction
Precast Concrete Pile are commonly to be constructed in a casting yard and transported to the job site.
They are either regularly reinforced or prestressed to resist handling and driving stresses. Precast
concrete piles may be manufactured full length or in sections which can be spliced during installation.
These piles are suitable as friction piles when driven in sand or clay, or as an end bearing piles when driven
through soft materials to firm strata.

Reinforce Concrete Pile
by Evelyn Sinugroho

Piling Process

Before Piling Installation
Site Clearing and Locate Piles

Piles shall be positioned as indicated on the approved pile location drawings. Pilings shall be located not more than twelve (12)
inches from design location on the Pile Location Drawing, unless
approved otherwise by the contractor’s design Engineer. Remove
any encountered obstructions, or add/relocate pile and adjacent
piles as required by the pile layout designer.

During Piling Installation
Drive in Piles

Drive each pile continuously until refusal. Avoid interruptions in
the driving process that may cause soil freeze-up resulting in early
refusal. In order to allow some time for clay soil to remold without
significantly rebounding upward, at Refusal, maintain the hydraulic
jack pressure for a minimum period of 5 minutes before removing
the jack.

After Piling Installation
Pile Caps

After completion of the driving process, temporarily cap
and shim off the pile to prevent pile rebound. Install
specified pile cap horizontally on top of the driven pile
segment and install shims. After all piles are installed,
adjust all pile caps and shims as required to correct any
shims that may have been dislodged during the driving of
adjacent piles to
provide full contact bearing at pile locations.


Reinforce Concrete Pile
by Evelyn Sinugroho

Extension of pile driving
Rock Shoe

Precast concrete piles : commonly manufactured in square and ranging from about 250 mm to about 450 mm,
with a maximum section length of up to about 20 m.

The piles are hammered in one by one until it reaches a certain depth or until it reaches
the bed rock. Each pile has a length of the of 20 metres, if needed extension, another pile
will be added on top of it. The excess length of the pile will be cut off, then a pile cap will
be set on top of it.

They are made of concrete, yams, threads, filaments or the like having a basis of a thermoplastic material
The maximum allowable structural working load (Safe
Working Load) of the pile is calculated in accordance with
BS 8004.


Pile Cap Detailings
Pile Cap Elevation


Concrete Pile

by Evelyn Sinugroho

Floor Slab
Crushed Stones


Pile Cap Construction Process

Pile Cap

1.Shuttering and Reinforcing

Placing the Re-bar inside the frame work before pouring in the cement. The materials used are long
twisted steel bars between piles held in shape by thinner tie wires.
Pile Cap

Pile Cap Section
Reinforce Bar N3

2. Setting up Framework

Once the steel mat is laid, timber is attached around the perimeter to contain the wet concrete

3.Pouring in the Concrete

The concrete contains an aggregate of small rocks and cement. Once poured, The concrete is
stirred to remove any air pockets that might weaken the structure when set. The concrete undergoes
an exothermic chemical change as it hardens and this produce a lot of heat.

Reinforce Bar N2
Reinforce Bar N1
Mud Slab


Pile Cap Plan



Column Load

Concrete Pile

by Evelyn Sinugroho

Load Bearing Wall


Reinforced Concrete

Pile Foundation

Thickness :6”
Thickness may vary from
column load

Pile Section


Spaced 2’-6” to 4’-0”

Types of Pointed Pile
Reinforce Steel Bar

Standing Pile Foundation
Piles depend on the bearing
resistance of the rock or soil layer
beneath their feet for support

X-pointed shoe: Moderate to hard driving

Fabricated Pointed Shoe: Normal hard driving

Steel Shoe
Rock Shoe

Cast-iron Pointed Shoe: Normal hard driving

Olso Point: Hard Driving