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Flooring System

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Flooring System
Material & details

by

Masoud Ramedani

Floors are combination of materials in to a horizontal structure. It should support
both the live load which are people and furnishing , and dead loads such as the
weight of floor it self. The most important thing about floor system is to take the
weight and the pressure and than transfer it to the walls or columns. Floors also are
important for being sound resistance between the levels and being fire proof

Rebar

Cement/Concrete

Braces

Welded Wires

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Flooring System
Different floor systems

by

Masoud Ramedani

There are 3 different type of floor system , concrete , wood/timber & steel
Wood/Timber floor system
The wood or timber floor system , usually use in the framing , as an example for the roof and most of the time for top parts they use wood or timber
,
Wood floor system is easier to use , and at the same time is it faster as well , can also connect them in a faster way with simple tools
Here are some examples to show the connection of the wood floor systems and Wood framing method.

Carpet

Steel
Bracket

Plywood
Filling
Felt

Wood Beams

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Flooring System
Construction Method

by

First of all they make a Foundation , after that building the platform framing.
Joists, studs, rafters and plates are the members that are used to construct
platform framing.
After that the sand blinding and the minimum of 100mm concrete will be poured in
to the platform.

Masoud Ramedani

Steel Floor System
Basically steel frame has some benefits over the others , that’s why
now days they try to use steel frame work in their building as floor
system method.
Steel , is cheaper material and lighter as well , hence even these
two reasons can be enough to use this type of method for the floor
system to use. But this is not the end, Steel is a recycle material ,
which means they can use them more times than other materials
and even when it was out of work they can sell it because it is a
recycle material , which means it is more beneficial. Also steel can
be tensioned that is very good to use with the concrete since the
concrete has expansion in some cases.

Here are some examples of the Steel frame method
Rebar

Girder
Steel Bracket

Reinforced
Concrete

Stone

Rebar

Steel Column
Concrete
Slab
Steel Deck

Wood
Beams

Filler Beams

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Flooring System
by

Concrete Floors
For the concrete floor system method , there
are two types , either they mix the concrete
at the site or they just bring the mixed and
ready concrete it and pour it , they mix the
cement and sand and other mixtures , they
pour into the platform that they made
before in the site.
After they made it clear and straight surface ,
than the drying process will start. They also
have to cover it , so the rain or dust won’t
affect on the quality of the job.

Concrete Floor
-Applied on area which frequently
exposed to water
-More durable smooth concrete.

Parallel Grooved
Concrete Floor
-Non–Slip and highly wear resistant.
-Applied on parking lot
-Applied on ramp

Masoud Ramedani

Cement Flooring
Cement floors will be used in some
other special places as ground
levels that they want to put other
materials at the top of it as
ceramics or tiles.
In this type of flooring they pour
some sand or stones first and after
that they put cement on it and wait
for the drying process and after
that they finish it with putting some
tiles or ceramics at the top.

Ceramic tiles
5cm thickness
of cement

Cement
Stone or Sand

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Flooring System
by

Masoud Ramedani

Advantages & disadvantages of all three different methods of floor
systems
Concrete
Advantages




Abundance
Cheap
Familiar
construction
technique
Strength
Durability

Wood/Timber

Disadvantages


Low in tensile
strength
Need reinforcement
Loses the shape in
different temperature




Advantages

Disadvantages

Fast
Light
Quickly
assembled
High fire
resistance
rating



Expensive
Only 3times can
be used
Heavy

Steel
Advantages



Lighter than
timber
Stronger
Easier to join
Recyclable

Disadvantages


Hard to find
Rare material
Expensive material

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