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Wall System.

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Super Structure

Wall are the vertical construction of a building that enclose seperate,
and protect its interior spaces. some wall are constructed as loadbearing structure with combination or fusion of construction that are intend to
support loads from slabs to roofs; and some use as partition wall to distinguish one space with other.

WALL SYSTEM

by Alexander Chung Siang Yee

Function of walls:
1. To support vertical load
2. Exteriior wall, able to withstand horizontal wind loading.
3. Serve as shear walls and transfer
lateral win and seismic forces to the
ground foundation..

Types of wall (at site):
1. concrete wall
2. mansory wall.
3. retaining wall.

retaining wall

concrete wall

mansory wall

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Super Structure
WALL SYSTEM

by Alexander Chung Siang Yee

Construction of Concrete Wall:
1st step
Prepare timber formwork.

2nd step
Nailed to side shutter

3rd step
Erect formwork

BEAM,
OVERHAND CENTILEVER,

SLAB.

4th step

Concrete mix is poured into
formwork

5th step

Formwork is removed

6th step

Completed reinforece concrete
shear wall

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Super Structure

Construction of Concrete column:

WALL SYSTEM

CONSTRUCTION METHOD OF CONCRETE
COLUMNS ARE SIMILAR TO CONCRETE WALL.

by Alexander Chung Siang Yee

1ST STEP

4TH STEP

PREPARE TIMBER FORMWORK.

CONCRETE MIX IS POURED INTO FORMWORK

2ND STEP

5TH STEP

NAILED TO SIDE SHUTTER

FORMWORK IS REMOVED

3RD STEP

6TH STEP

ERECT FORMWORK

COMPLETED REINFORECE CONCRETE SHEAR WALL

FOR ALUMINIUM FORMWORK SEE
TUPIC FORMWORK, REINFORMENT,
AND SCAFFOLDING.

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Mansory wall consist of modular building blocks bonded together with
mortar to form walls that are durable, fire-resistant, and structurally
efficient in compression. In our site, clay brick are commonly use due to
its thermal insulation property. Most of the wall (semi-detached house)
are non-load bearing except wall that seperate the two house and related
wall. There is a wall warranty that cover first 5 years only.

Clay brick.

Super Structure
WALL SYSTEM

by Alexander Chung Siang Yee

Mansory at at top
level.
Running bond.

commonly used for
cavity and veneer
walls, is composed of
overlapping strechers.

Rowlock.

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in a reinforced concrete, steel bars/rebars resist tensile forces and shear
while concrete resists compression force. there are

2

types of rebar: plain or

deformed. deformation improve the bond between steel and concrete.

Super Structure
WALL SYSTEM

by Alexander Chung Siang Yee

Cement or Mortar

Dowel Bars
It is fixed to reinforce
concrete wall about
every 4 course
brickwall.

Chicken Wire mesh
or Exmet
Reinforcement
component that apply
to reinforece concrete
every 4 course
brickwall.

Damp proof Concrete

Ensure the first layer of bricks placed
within the damp proof membrane area.

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Super Structure
WALL SYSTEM

by Alexander Chung Siang Yee

Typical erection at selected site:

4th stage
1st stage

substrate must be clean, and free of
surface contaminat. Remove dust,
laitance, grease, oils, curing compound,
form release agent and all foreign
particles by mechanical means. create a
floor slab before start laying claybrick.

2nd stage

apply damp proof concrete
whence, this site has been
using Sika product as their
building material.

Start laying brick on top of the slab
and apply the mixture to adhensive the
following claybrick in a running english
order. A manson’s line act as a guide to
set bricks in a straight row.

5th stage

Remove the excessive mortar
to prepare a clean surface for
plastering work.

3rd stage

Gauging method are carried
out to ensure that the correct
designation of mortar is
achieved. In our selected
site, cement, lime, sand, are
used to construct reinforce
concrete wall. This particular
type of material, the working
quality are guarantee, water
retention, and adhesion.

Sika apply inside toilet wall system to prevent water
penetration from attacking the material.

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Super Structure
WALL SYSTEM

by Alexander Chung Siang Yee
Concrete beading
Act a guide or plaster work
to straighten the edges, act
as a guide line and often use
on arc.

Use nylon threat act
as a guide line to get
straight the beading
straight.

Corner beading
Act as a reinforce
exterior angles of
plasterwork. Flexible
corner beads may be
bent for curve edges.
In this case the edge
of this wall has used
F-reveal at the corner.

In this photograph,
a F-reveal also
has been applied
to the column for
plasterwork.

Concrete beading
also been use at a
curve arc.

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Brick Wall Extrude
inward to create
requried degree
space of acoustical
seperation, and
accommodate
when necessary the
distribution and outlets
of mechanical and
electrical

This illustration shows
a fire alarm box set into
the hollow on brickwall
afterward.

Super Structure
WALL SYSTEM

by Alexander Chung Siang Yee

Process of Plasterwork:
Substrate surface preparation
shall provide a clean and sound
surface with a finish profile of a
CSP-1 to 4 as per ICRI Technical
Guidlines.
Pre-soak to provide saturated
surface dry (SSD) substrate
condition before apply coating
material.

Apply 2 coats of SikaTop Seal
107 with a stiff bristled brush,
broom, notched trowel, or hopper
type spray equipment.
In this case, the wall
has extrude inward
to accomodate the
electrical system of the
building.

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