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Chapter 1 Parameters................................................

6
Chapter 2 Pump Calculations......................................... 14
Friction........................................................ 14
Head Calculations............................................... 15
Horsepower...................................................... 20
Specific Speed.................................................. 21
Suction Specific Speed.......................................... 22
Affinity Formulas............................................... 22
Chapter 3 Required Data for Specifying Pumps........................ 24
Chapter 4 Pump Types................................................ 26
Centrifugal Pumps............................................... 26
Axial-Flow and Mixed-Flow Pumps................................. 27
Radial-Flow Pumps............................................... 27
Positive Displacement Pumps..................................... 35
Reciprocating Pumps............................................. 35
Rotary Pumps.................................................... 40
Special-Purpose Pumps........................................... 44
Chapter 5 Specifications............................................ 47
Data Sheets..................................................... 47
Specifications.................................................. 48
Chapter 6 Pump Curves............................................... 50
Centrifugal Pump Curves......................................... 50
Head Capacity Curves............................................ 50
System Curves................................................... 53
Pumps Operating in Parallel..................................... 53
Pumps Operating in Series....................................... 56
Positive Displacement Pump Curves............................... 59
Chapter 7 Effects of Viscosity on Pump Performance.................. 60
Dynamic (Absolute) Viscosity.................................... 60
Kinematic Viscosity............................................. 60
Viscosity Units................................................. 60
Industry Preferences............................................ 61
Chapter 8 Vibration................................................. 66
Terms and Definitions........................................... 66
Testing Procedures.............................................. 67
Vibration Limits................................................ 68
Induced Piping Vibrations....................................... 70
Chapter 9 Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH).......................... 71
Definition...................................................... 71
NPSH Calculations............................................... 71
Additional Requirements......................................... 76
Chapter 10 Pump Shaft Sealing....................................... 79
Packed Glands................................................... 79
Mechanical Face Seals........................................... 80
Cyclone Separator............................................... 87
Flush and Quench Fluids......................................... 87
Stuffing-Box Cooling............................................ 87
Buffer Fluid Schemes............................................ 87
Face Seal Life Expectancy....................................... 87
Chapter 11 Pump Bearings............................................ 88
Bearing Types................................................... 88
Bearing Lubrication............................................. 94
Beating Cooling................................................. 96
Bearing Seals................................................... 96
Chapter 12 Metallurgy............................................... 97
Corrosion....................................................... 97
Pump Materials.................................................. 98
Cast Iron....................................................... 98
Ferritic Steel.................................................. 98
Martensitic Stainless Steel.....................................102

.....166 Appendix 4 Electric Motor Data Sheet......................................................142 Annunciators.....................................................................................................119 Right-Angle Gears..........................126 Typical Service Factors............................................................................................... 138.........159 Appendix 1 Sample Pump Specification..........................................104 Plastic... Alarms...151 Piping and Valves........................151 Installation.......................................................103 Nonferrous Materials............................ Electrical Area Classification............................................142 Instruments............................................................105 Internal Combustion Engines..................................................................141 Chapter 17 Instrumentation.......Austenitic Stainless Steel...134 Minimum Flow Bypass............................................................................126 Types of Couplings.........................102 Duplex Stainless Steel.........................................................................................................170 Appendix 8 API-610 Mechanical Seal Classification Code........138 Surge Control..............................................................................167 Appendix 5 Centrifugal Pump Package..........................156 Centrifugal Pumps..................................... and Shutdowns....................123 Epicyclic Gears....................................................................................116 Hydraulic Drives...............................................................................153 Pump Start-up............147 Hydrostatic Test.........144 Chapter 18 Documentation........133 Capacity Control...........................139 Pulsation Dampeners..................................................................145 Chapter 19 Inspection and Testing............................119 Parallel Shaft Gears...................................................................................138 Modulating Control.................................182 .181 Index......................103 Titanium.158 Appendixes.................................132 Chapter 16 Pump Controls..........................168 Appendix 6 Maximum Viable Suction Lifts at Various Altitudes...................................................................................................148 Performance Test.................................................................................................................................................111 Steam Turbines............180 References.........................156 Reciprocating Pumps................................................................................................137 Liquid Level Control...............................................................................................169 Appendix 7 Suggested List of Vendors................................................104 Chapter 13 Pump Drivers..........................................114 Gas Turbines...........165 Appendix 3 Internal Combustion Engine Data Sheet...........125 Chapter 15 Couplings........139 Control Selection for Positive Displacement Pumps...................148 NPSH Test...........118 Chapter 14 Gears.......147 General Inspection.................................................118 Solar Power............................................159 Appendix 2 Centrifugal Pump Data Sheet......137 On-Off Control...........................................................138 Pressure Control........................142 Functions..........................................154 Chapter 21 Troubleshooting......................................133 Control Valve Types.........150 Chapter 20 Installation and Operation.............105 Electric Motors....................................