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Reach the Children, save the Community

:
A Child-focused DRR approach

Billy Sumuan – Humanitarian & Emergency Affairs Director
Febriant Abby Marcel – DRR Specialist
World Vision Indonesia

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

• Background
Disasters in Indonesia
721

2013
399

2014*
0

500

1742

Fatalities
Disaster Events

937
1000

1500

2000

*) until July 2014
Source: BNPB (National Disaster Management Agency)
http://dibi.bnpb.go.id

Why Children?
• Children are psychologically vulnerable and may develop post-traumatic stress
disorder or related symptoms; are physically vulnerable to death, injury, illness,
and abuse; and often experience disruptions or delays in their educational progress
as a result of disasters.
• Children also have the capacity to contribute to disaster preparedness, response,
and recovery activities. In order to promote children’s resilience to disasters, we
must improve their access to resources, empower them by encouraging their
participation, offer support, and ensure equitable treatment.1
1

Peek, Lori (2008). “Children and Disasters: Understanding Vulnerability, Developing
Capacities, and Promoting Resilience – An Introduction.” Children, Youth and Environments

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

• World Vision Indonesia project areas

Six DRR projects are being implemented in some of the most disaster prone areas

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

Child-focused DRR approach aims to
• At the end of the existing projects, the children in the targeted
areas is projected to have a better understanding about the
disaster risks within their areas and be the change agents to
their peers (peer educator) as well as to the rest of the
community where they live.
• The approach comprises of the following components:
- Child participation
- Awareness raising
- Disaster simulation exercises
- Integrated DRR programming

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

• Child participation through children forums:
– DRR Games

Snake & Ladders

Simulation Mock up

Cilincing, Jakarta

Ludo board games
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014

‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

• Awareness raising:
– Comics and Modules on DRR

– DRR movies/cartoon

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

• Disaster Simulation exercises at schools

East Flores, NTT

Sambas, W. Kalimantan

Keerom, Papua

Jayapura, Papua

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

• Integrated DRR programming
– DRR tool kit
A tool to help WV staff in undertaking
the integration of DRR and CCA into Area
Development Programming.
• Assessment tool (i.e. Communityowned vulnerability and Capacity
assessment  COVACA)
• Project monitoring and evaluation
tool

Download link:
http://www.wvi.org/disaster-risk-reduction-andcommunity-resilience/publication/disaster-riskreduction-toolkit
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

Added value for the Post 2015
Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

• How did your work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework
for Action:
– By giving the opportunity for children to involve and participate (Children Forum) in
disaster preparedness, the approach used and done through the projects has
contributed to priority action 5 of the HFA.
– Some of the children forum/groups have even managed to advocate their village
government/elders to allocate more funds to disaster preparedness.
– School-based disaster risk management implemented in the projects has raised the
awareness and sensitivity of disaster risks not only for the students but also for the
teachers (priority action 3).

• Further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for a Childfocused Disaster Risk Reduction implementation.
– Institutionalize participation of children in community and school based disaster
risk management, including trainings, disaster simulation exercises and other
preparedness measures.
– Establish mechanisms where children can engage local government authorities and
community associations and access relevant information, as well as share their
knowledge to community members to contribute to awareness raising on DRR.
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

• Poster Presentations: PB 032 & PB 064

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org

Terima Kasih
Thank You
Billy Sumuan
(billy_sumuan@wvi.org)
Humanitarian & Emergency Affairs Director
World Vision Indonesia

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014
‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org