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The Mathematics Department, recognizing the responsibility to future

generations to overcome the ignorance, fear and failure that are currently
present in mathematics education, strives to democratize its ideas and
practices by utilizing effective and up-to-date teaching strategies and
methodologies such as:
a. Constructivists Approach. Constructivism advocates the learners
active participation in the formation of meanings and the extension
and reproduction of idea, as opposed to having him accept from
authority, as in knowledge being simply transmitted or handed to him.
b. Problem solving. Problem solving is a process of using mathematics in
unfamiliar situations. May it be a real-world or within mathematics
situation, both involve the ability to use previously acquired skills,
knowledge and understanding to meet the demands of the unfamiliar
c. Mathematical Investigations. Problem solving is considered to be a
convergent activity where student have to reach a solution to a defined
problem, while mathematical investigation is an open-ended problem
solving where no explicit problem is stated. It is then more of a
divergent activity where students are encourage to think of alternative
strategies to think of what would happen if a particular line of action is
pursued or to find out if some changes would affect the result. There
may be cases where situation starts as a problem but once solve and
the students start to explore other paths, then the problem becomes
d. Group Work. Group work is considered as an instructional strategy in
mathematics, which provides an alternative to the traditional whole
class expository instruction and the personalized system of instruction.
Actually, this alternative strategy involves more than just putting
students together in small groups and giving them a task. It involves a
very careful thought on how students can be made to work together in
small groups to enhance each other mathematical knowledge,
proficiency and enjoyment.
e. Technology Options. The use calculators, computers and other forms
of electronic media has been a part of the teaching and learning of
mathematics to facilitate the understanding of some topics in
Mathematics through the use of graphic and visual presentations.
f. Learning Styles. Through a quick and easy survey, students learning
styles were determined and served as bases for planning classroom
g. Interdisciplinary Schematic Webbing. Students engaged themselves in
interdisciplinary activities related to current and future life needs for
solving personal and social problems. Modules are prepared each
quarter focusing on an issue, value or event. These activities facilitate
the understanding of concepts and mastery of certain skills by
interconnecting with other fields of study.


Other Options.
Deductive Method
Flash Cards
Guided Discovery
Inductive Method
Outdoor Activity
Paper Folding (Origami)

These teaching strategies have been and continue to be very effective

tools in the teaching and learning of mathematics. They develop higher-level
skills such as analytical thinking, critical thinking and correct reasoning. Also,
they eliminate the traditional method of the teaching-learning process being
monopolized by the teacher by engaging students in different activities.
Use of Instructional Aids
To improve classroom instruction, the department extensively used the
available instructional materials. Students used a variety of investigative tools,
which are more visual and more convincing, to solve real-world problems.
However, a need for the acquisition of additional instructional materials is felt.
Several devices and instruments are used in mathematics to facilitate
understanding of certain concepts and principles and to engage learners in
hand-on experiences. Materials such as board compass, protractor, meterstick,
graphing board, geoboards, overhead projector, transparencies, and tape
measure were extensively used to improve classroom instruction.
Using the Overhead Projector in a mathematics classroom can be specifically
mathematics purposes, such as demonstrating congruence for overlapping
triangles and rotations and translations. All these in addition to the advantages of
being able to note errors and corrections directly on the screen, of having
students write their homework assignment directly on an acetate sheet for quick
review, and for preparing in advance complicated diagrams and tables.
Diagrams or Branching technique are often useful when a student faces a variety
of choices and alternatives. It may provide insight into the overall view of a
problem in question, and may even offer direction as to decision that must be
considered on its solution. The strategy may arise in virtually in any branch of
mathematics through not necessarily for every topic.
Mathematical models and manipulative. Mathematicians and artists continue
their attempts to produce physical models such as the five regular polyhedra,
string art, roulette wheels and transits and whatever else the imagination

conjures up. It should be noted that even routinely used items such as ruler,
compasses and protractors are examples of mathematical models.
Using Paper Folding or Cutting is a strategy use to demonstrate concepts and
theorems that require a higher level of mathematical community.