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60

KiKK









60

2008 KiKK 5
km RR 1.6
2.2 KiKK




1

1950 Folley 1952
1950 Stewart 1958
BEIR, 1990;

Preston , 1994; IARC, 1999

Forman , 1987; Gardner, 1991; Pobel and Viel, 1997




1980 1990

COMARE
1986; 1988; 1989; 1996

10,000

Laurier Bard1999Laurier 2008


2
60
Fairlie Krblein, 2010

Laurier Bard Laurier


IRSN

Fairlie Krblein2010



2 Baker
Hoel2007
136 17 9
524 1421
Spix Blettner2009

Krblein2009 2
RR = 1.33;
p = 0.0246Guizard
, 2001; Hoffman , 2007
COMARE2005; 2006

Bithell 2008Laurier 2008

Bithell
Laurier
5


p
Whitley
Ball, 2002
p = 5%

Sterne Smith, 2001

Everett ,
1998Axelson2004



2. KiKK

KiKK 5 km 5
120 60
Kaatsch , 2008b; Spix , 2008
p = 0.0034, P =
0.0044

KiKK

BfS, 2008 [
]

KiKK



3. KiKK

KiKK Nussbaum, 2009
COMARE, 2011Sermage-Faure , 2012
Spycher , 2011KiKK
Kaatsch , 2008a

4 5
km 1Table 1


Krblein Fairlie2012 4 5 km
5 5 km
SIR 1 SIR 1.3790 CI: 1.13-
1.66, p = 0.042,


Krblein Fairlie
20124
1Figure 1



5 km >5 km
r 5 km
SIR 0.950.90-1.00 2 SIR
1.37/0.95 = 1.44p = 0.0018
p = 0.0009



4

KiKK

[KiKK ]
Kaatsch , 2008b

1984

1980


Kinlen, 2004
Greaves, 2006
KiKK


Garder 1990

Koppe , 2006; Wheldon , 1989KiKK



Krblein2008

5 km

Fairlie, 2010

1 10


KiKK

4Figure 4


KiKK


30
[]
Provincial Government of Ontario,
1978BEIR III


5

5 km

KiKK
1 10


5.1

2Table 2KiKK

Evrard 2006

Sv


C14 14 H3
H-3
12.3 14 5730

2Figure 2 PWR
BWR

RIFE,
2011


1Figure 11/r2
10 km 2
KiKK 5 km


5.2

Figure 32011 9 1925 38


C 30
14



IPPNW, 2011
1 3 kBq/m3 2011 9 22-23
1470 kBq/m3
500
Krblein, 2008

20 100

Bq



NDAWG, 2011

20
Hinrichsen, 2001 100

23 km



5.3

KiKK

Rssig Jrgens2008
4

5.4

1950 1970 Stewart 1956


OSCC
Wakeford2008 30

15
Wakeford Little2003OSCC
X 15
RR 1 5295 CI: 28,76


3
23 5
KiKK 15
1.5

90
5
Stewart , 1958

X

Fucic 2008
X
45
05


RR = 1 52x 1.505
x 5x 5
= 1 1,950 = 1 2

1 mGy

Wakeford , 2009;
Mobbs , 2009

1 mGy 2
Stevenson2001

2 mSv
Stewart 1956 X
23 mGy

KiKK RR = 2.19
KiKK
mSv
1 Deutscher Bundestag,
2007Sv 1000


5.5

3
Gardner 1990BMJ
Morris1990
10

1001000
10
1.8
Morris1992Morris 1989


23 Lord 1992
1000



Ohtaki 2004

100
Wakeford2008




KiKK



6 1 10

KiKK
1000
SSK2008KiKK
1.4 mSv
1.8 mSv
1000 100,000

4-5

KiKK

2

KiKK
1 mSv
mSv


6.1



(i)
20 NDAWG, 2011 100 Hinrichsen, 2001

(ii) Stather 2002
60
HTO

HPA, 2008
1.52
14

(iii) Fairlie,
2008ICRP
WR)
2 AGIR, 2007 3 Fairlie, 2007
1 ICRP
OBT
OBT
HTO 4

OBT
OBTHTO


(iv) Richardson2009ICRP

Bq Sv 10

20 x
2 x RBE 2 x 2 x
10 = 1600

Fairlie, 2005
CERRIE 2004

KiKK
KiKK

6.2

Richardson2009

10
Ohtaki 2004
100


100
1000
KiKK 1 10

1950 1960

Garnier , 2012

10

7

KiKK

ICRP

KiKK

KiKK



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